1N5820 D

1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
1N5820 and 1N5822 are Preferred Devices
Axial Lead Rectifiers
This series employs the Schottky Barrier principle in a large area
metal-to-silicon power diode. State-of-the-art geometry features
chrome barrier metal, epitaxial construction with oxide passivation
and metal overlap contact. Ideally suited for use as rectifiers in
low-voltage, high-frequency inverters, free wheeling diodes, and
polarity protection diodes.
Features
•Extremely Low VF
•Low Power Loss/High Efficiency
•Low Stored Charge, Majority Carrier Conduction
•Shipped in plastic bags, 500 per bag
•Available in Tape and Reel, 1500 per reel, by adding a “RL'' suffix to
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SCHOTTKY BARRIER
RECTIFIERS
3.0 AMPERES
20, 30, 40 VOLTS
the part number
•Pb-Free Packages are Available*
Mechanical Characteristics:
•Case: Epoxy, Molded
•Weight: 1.1 Gram (Approximately)
•Finish: All External Surfaces Corrosion Resistant and Terminal
Leads are Readily Solderable
•Lead Temperature for Soldering Purposes:
260°C Max. for 10 Seconds
•Polarity: Cathode indicated by Polarity Band
AXIAL LEAD
CASE 267-05
(DO-201AD)
STYLE 1
MARKING DIAGRAM
A
1N
582x
YYWWG
G
A
= Assembly Location
1N582x = Device Code
x
= 0, 1, or 2
YY
= Year
WW
= Work Week
G
= Pb-Free Package
(Note: Microdot may be in either location)
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information on page 3 of
this data sheet.
*For additional information on our Pb-Free strategy and soldering details, please
download the ON Semiconductor Soldering and Mounting Techniques
Reference Manual, SOLDERRM/D.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2007
December, 2007 - Rev. 10
1
Preferred devices are recommended choices for future use
and best overall value.
Publication Order Number:
1N5820/D
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol
1N5820
1N5821
1N5822
Unit
Peak Repetitive Reverse Voltage
Working Peak Reverse Voltage
DC Blocking Voltage
Rating
VRRM
VRWM
VR
20
30
40
V
Non-Repetitive Peak Reverse Voltage
VRSM
24
36
48
V
VR(RMS)
14
21
28
V
RMS Reverse Voltage
Average Rectified Forward Current (Note 1)
VR(equiv) 0.2 VR(dc), TL = 95°C
(RqJA = 28°C/W, P.C. Board Mounting, see Note 5)
IO
Ambient Temperature
Rated VR(dc), PF(AV) = 0
RqJA = 28°C/W
TA
Non-Repetitive Peak Surge Current
(Surge applied at rated load conditions, half wave, single phase
60 Hz, TL = 75°C)
Operating and Storage Junction Temperature Range
(Reverse Voltage applied)
A
3.0
90
85
80
°C
IFSM
80 (for one cycle)
A
TJ, Tstg
-65 to +125
°C
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the
Recommended Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect
device reliability.
*THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS (Note 5)
Characteristic
Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Ambient
Symbol
Max
Unit
RqJA
28
°C/W
Unit
*ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TL = 25°C unless otherwise noted) (Note 1)
Characteristic
Symbol
Maximum Instantaneous Forward Voltage (Note 2)
(iF = 1.0 Amp)
(iF = 3.0 Amp)
(iF = 9.4 Amp)
VF
Maximum Instantaneous Reverse Current
@ Rated dc Voltage (Note 2)
TL = 25°C
TL = 100°C
iR
1N5820
1N5821
1N5822
0.370
0.475
0.850
0.380
0.500
0.900
0.390
0.525
0.950
V
mA
2.0
20
1. Lead Temperature reference is cathode lead 1/32″ from case.
2. Pulse Test: Pulse Width = 300 ms, Duty Cycle = 2.0%.
*Indicates JEDEC Registered Data for 1N5820-22.
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2
2.0
20
2.0
20
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
ORDERING INFORMATION
Package
Shipping†
1N5820
Axial Lead
500 Units/Bag
1N5820G
Axial Lead
(Pb-Free)
500 Units/Bag
1N5820RL
Axial Lead
1500/Tape & Reel
1N5820RLG
Axial Lead
(Pb-Free)
1500/Tape & Reel
1N5821
Axial Lead
500 Units/Bag
1N5821G
Axial Lead
(Pb-Free)
500 Units/Bag
1N5821RL
Axial Lead
1500/Tape & Reel
1N5821RLG
Axial Lead
(Pb-Free)
1500/Tape & Reel
1N5822
Axial Lead
500 Units/Bag
1N5822G
Axial Lead
(Pb-Free)
500 Units/Bag
1N5822RL
Axial Lead
1500/Tape & Reel
1N5822RLG
Axial Lead
(Pb-Free)
1500/Tape & Reel
Device
†For information on tape and reel specifications, including part orientation and tape sizes, please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging
Specifications Brochure, BRD8011/D.
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3
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
NOTE 3 — DETERMINING MAXIMUM RATINGS
use in common rectifier circuits, Table 1 indicates suggested
factors for an equivalent dc voltage to use for conservative
design, that is:
VR(equiv) = V(FM) F
(4)
The factor F is derived by considering the properties of the
various rectifier circuits and the reverse characteristics of
Schottky diodes.
Reverse power dissipation and the possibility of thermal
runaway must be considered when operating this rectifier at
reverse voltages above 0.1 VRWM. Proper derating may be
accomplished by use of equation (1).
TA(max) = TJ(max) RqJAPF(AV) RqJAPR(AV)(1)
where TA(max) = Maximum allowable ambient temperature
TJ(max) = Maximum allowable junction temperature
(125°C or the temperature at which thermal
runaway occurs, whichever is lowest)
PF(AV) = Average forward power dissipation
PR(AV) = Average reverse power dissipation
RqJA = Junction-to-ambient thermal resistance
EXAMPLE: Find TA(max) for 1N5821 operated in a
12-volt dc supply using a bridge circuit with capacitive filter
such that IDC = 2.0 A (IF(AV) = 1.0 A), I(FM)/I(AV) = 10, Input
Voltage = 10 V(rms), RqJA = 40°C/W.
Step 1. Find VR(equiv). Read F = 0.65 from Table 1,
Figures 1, 2, and 3 permit easier use of equation (1) by
taking reverse power dissipation and thermal runaway into
consideration. The figures solve for a reference temperature
as determined by equation (2).
TR = TJ(max) RqJAPR(AV)
VR(equiv) = (1.41) (10) (0.65) = 9.2 V.
Step 2. Find TR from Figure 2. Read TR = 108°C
@ VR = 9.2 V and RqJA = 40°C/W.
(2)
Step 3. Find PF(AV) from Figure 6. **Read PF(AV) = 0.85 W
Substituting equation (2) into equation (1) yields:
@
TA(max) = TR RqJAPF(AV)
(3)
I (FM)
10 and I F(AV) 1.0A.
I (AV)
Step 4. Find TA(max) from equation (3).
TA(max) = 108 (0.85) (40) = 74°C.
**Values given are for the 1N5821. Power is slightly lower
for the 1N5820 because of its lower forward voltage, and
higher for the 1N5822. Variations will be similar for the
MBR-prefix devices, using PF(AV) from Figure 6.
Inspection of equations (2) and (3) reveals that TR is the
ambient temperature at which thermal runaway occurs or
where TJ = 125°C, when forward power is zero. The
transition from one boundary condition to the other is
evident on the curves of Figures 1, 2, and 3 as a difference
in the rate of change of the slope in the vicinity of 115°C. The
data of Figures 1, 2, and 3 is based upon dc conditions. For
Table 1. Values for Factor F
Circuit
Half Wave
Full Wave, Bridge
Full Wave,
Center Tapped*†
Load
Resistive
Capacitive*
Resistive
Capacitive
Resistive
Capacitive
Sine Wave
0.5
1.3
0.5
0.65
1.0
1.3
Square Wave
0.75
1.5
0.75
0.75
1.5
1.5
*Note that VR(PK) 2.0 Vin(PK).
†Use line to center tap voltage for Vin.
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4
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
125
20
15
TR , REFERENCE TEMPERATURE (°C)
TR , REFERENCE TEMPERATURE (° C)
125
10
8.0
115
105
RqJA (°C/W) = 70
50
95
40
28
85
75
15
10
115
8.0
105
RqJA (°C/W) = 70
50
95
40
28
85
75
3.0
2.0
4.0
5.0
7.0
10
20
15
3.0
4.0
5.0
7.0
15
10
30
20
VR, REVERSE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
VR, REVERSE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 1. Maximum Reference Temperature
1N5820
Figure 2. Maximum Reference Temperature
1N5821
40
125
20
10
8.0
105
RqJA (°C/W) = 70
95
50
40
85
MAXIMUM
TYPICAL
35
15
115
R qJL , THERMAL RESISTANCE
JUNCTION-TO-LEAD (° C/W)
TR , REFERENCE TEMPERATURE (° C)
20
30
25
20
15
10
BOTH LEADS TO HEATSINK,
EQUAL LENGTH
5.0
28
0
75
4.0
5.0
7.0
10
15
30
20
40
0
1/8
2/8
3/8
4/8
5/8
6/8
7/8
VR, REVERSE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
L, LEAD LENGTH (INCHES)
Figure 3. Maximum Reference Temperature
1N5822
Figure 4. Steady-State Thermal Resistance
1.0
r(t), TRANSIENT THERMAL RESISTANCE
(NORMALIZED)
1.0
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.1
The temperature of the lead should be measured using a ther‐
mocouple placed on the lead as close as possible to the tie point.
The thermal mass connected to the tie point is normally large
enough so that it will not significantly respond to heat surges
generated in the diode as a result of pulsed operation once
steady-state conditions are achieved. Using the measured
value of TL, the junction temperature may be determined by:
TJ = TL + DTJL
LEAD LENGTH = 1/4″
Ppk
Ppk
tp
TIME
t1
DUTY CYCLE = tp/t1
PEAK POWER, Ppk, is peak of an
equivalent square power pulse.
DTJL = Ppk • RqJL [D + (1 - D) • r(t1 + tp) + r(tp) - r(t1)] where:
DTJL = the increase in junction temperature above the lead temperature.
r(t) = normalized value of transient thermal resistance at time, t, i.e.:
r(t1 + tp) = normalized value of transient thermal resistance at time
t1 + tp, etc.
0.05
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.2
0.5
1.0
2.0
5.0
10
20
50
t, TIME (ms)
100
200
Figure 5. Thermal Response
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5
500
1.0 k
2.0 k
5.0 k
10 k
20 k
PF(AV) , AVERAGE POWER DISSIPATION (WATTS)
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
10
7.0
5.0
NOTE 4 - APPROXIMATE THERMAL CIRCUIT MODEL
SINE WAVE
I
(FM)
p(ResistiveLoad)
I
(AV)
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.7
0.5
Capacitive
Loads
RqS(A)
0.1
0.5 0.7 1.0
2.0
3.0
5.0 7.0 10
IF(AV), AVERAGE FORWARD CURRENT (AMP)
Figure 6. Forward Power Dissipation 1N5820-22
TC(A)
TJ
Mounting Method 1
P.C. Board where available
copper surface is small.
NOTE 5 — MOUNTING DATA
Data shown for thermal resistance junction-to-ambient (RqJA)
for the mountings shown is to be used as typical guideline values
for preliminary engineering, or in case the tie point temperature
cannot be measured.
TYPICAL VALUES FOR RqJA IN STILL AIR
TC(K)
TL(K)
1/8
1/4
1/2
3/4
RqJA
1
50
51
53
55
°C/W
2
58
59
61
63
°C/W
28
É
É
ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ É
É
É
ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ
ÉÉÉÉÉÉÉÉ
L
Mounting Method 3
P.C. Board with
2-1/2, x 2-1/2,
copper surface.
L
L = 1/2″
Mounting Method 2
Lead Length, L (in)
Mounting
Method
3
TA(K)
Use of the above model permits junction to lead thermal
resistance for any mounting configuration to be found. For
a given total lead length, lowest values occur when one side
of the rectifier is brought as close as possible to the heat sink.
Terms in the model signify:
TA = Ambient Temperature
TC = Case Temperature
TL = Lead Temperature
TJ = Junction Temperature
RqS = Thermal Resistance, Heatsink to Ambient
RqL = Thermal Resistance, Lead-to-Heatsink
RqJ = Thermal Resistance, Junction-to-Case
PD = Total Power Dissipation = PF + PR
PF = Forward Power Dissipation
PR = Reverse Power Dissipation
(Subscripts (A) and (K) refer to anode and cathode sides,
respectively.) Values for thermal resistance components
are:
RqL = 42°C/W/in typically and 48°C/W/in maximum
RqJ = 10°C/W typically and 16°C/W maximum
The maximum lead temperature may be found as follows:
TL = TJ(max) n TJL
where n TJL RqJL · PD
TJ ≈ 125°C
0.3
RqS(K)
SQUARE WAVE
0.2
0.2
RqL(K)
RqJ(K)
PD
TL(A)
5.0
10
20
RqJ(A)
TA(A)
dc
0.3
0.1
RqL(A)
L
L
VECTOR PUSH-IN
TERMINALS T-28
°C/W
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6
BOARD GROUND
PLANE
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
100
IFSM , PEAK HALF-WAVE CURRENT (AMP)
50
30
20
TJ = 100°C
7.0
5.0
25°C
3.0
50
TL = 75°C
f = 60 Hz
30
20
1 CYCLE
SURGE APPLIED AT RATED LOAD CONDITIONS
10
1.0
2.0
5.0 7.0 10
3.0
20
50 70 100
30
NUMBER OF CYCLES
2.0
Figure 8. Maximum Non-Repetitive Surge
Current
1.0
100
0.7
50
0.5
20
TJ = 125°C
10
IR , REVERSE CURRENT (mA)
i F, INSTANTANEOUS FORWARD CURRENT (AMP)
10
70
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.07
0.05
100°C
5.0
2.0
75°C
1.0
0.5
0.2
25°C
0.1
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
0.05
vF, INSTANTANEOUS FORWARD VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
1N5820
1N5821
1N5822
0.02
Figure 7. Typical Forward Voltage
0.01
0
4.0
8.0
12
16
20
24
28
32
36
40
VR, REVERSE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
C, CAPACITANCE (pF)
500
Figure 9. Typical Reverse Current
1N5820
300
NOTE 6 — HIGH FREQUENCY OPERATION
200
1N5821
TJ = 25°C
f = 1.0 MHz
Since current flow in a Schottky rectifier is the result of
majority carrier conduction, it is not subject to junction di‐
ode forward and reverse recovery transients due to minority
carrier injection and stored charge. Satisfactory circuit ana‐
lysis work may be performed by using a model consisting
of an ideal diode in parallel with a variable capacitance.
(See Figure 10.)
100
1N5822
70
0.5 0.7 1.0
2.0
3.0
5.0 7.0
10
20
30
VR, REVERSE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
Figure 10. Typical Capacitance
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7
1N5820, 1N5821, 1N5822
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
AXIAL LEAD
CASE 267-05
(DO-201AD)
ISSUE G
K
A
D
1
B
2
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.
DIM
A
B
D
K
K
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.287
0.374
0.189
0.209
0.047
0.051
1.000
---
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
7.30
9.50
4.80
5.30
1.20
1.30
25.40
---
STYLE 1:
PIN 1. CATHODE (POLARITY BAND)
2. ANODE
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1N5820/D
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