2N6400 D

2N6400 Series
Silicon Controlled Rectifiers
Reverse Blocking Thyristors
Designed primarily for half-wave ac control applications, such as
motor controls, heating controls and power supplies; or wherever
half−wave silicon gate−controlled, solid−state devices are needed.
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Features
SCRs
16 AMPERES RMS
50 thru 800 VOLTS
• Glass Passivated Junctions with Center Gate Geometry for Greater
Parameter Uniformity and Stability
• Small, Rugged, Thermowatt Construction for Low Thermal
•
•
Resistance, High Heat Dissipation and Durability
Blocking Voltage to 800 V
These are Pb−Free Devices
G
A
K
MAXIMUM RATINGS* (TJ = 25°C unless otherwise noted)
Rating
Symbol
Peak Repetitive Off−State Voltage (Note 1)
(TJ = *40 to 125°C, Sine Wave 50 to 60
Hz; Gate Open)
2N6400
2N6401
2N6402
2N6403
2N6404
2N6405
VDRM,
VRRM
On-State Current RMS (180° Conduction
Angles; TC = 100°C)
IT(RMS)
16
A
Average On-State Current (180° Conduction Angles; TC = 100°C)
IT(AV)
10
A
Peak Non-repetitive Surge Current (1/2
Cycle, Sine Wave 60 Hz, TJ = 25°C)
ITSM
160
A
Circuit Fusing Considerations (t = 8.3 ms)
I2t
145
A2s
Forward Peak Gate Power (Pulse Width ≤
1.0 ms, TC = 100°C)
PGM
20
W
Forward Average Gate Power (t = 8.3 ms,
TC = 100°C)
PG(AV)
0.5
W
Forward Peak Gate Current (Pulse Width ≤
1.0 ms, TC = 100°C)
IGM
2.0
A
Operating Junction Temperature Range
TJ
−40 to
+125
°C
Storage Temperature Range
Tstg
−40 to
+150
°C
Value
V
November, 2012 − Rev. 6
4
50
100
200
400
600
800
TO−220AB
CASE 221A
STYLE 3
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum
Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the Recommended
Operating Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the
Recommended Operating Conditions may affect device reliability.
1. VDRM and VRRM for all types can be applied on a continuous basis. Ratings
apply for zero or negative gate voltage; however, positive gate voltage shall
not be applied concurrent with negative potential on the anode. Blocking
voltages shall not be tested with a constant current source such that the
voltage ratings of the devices are exceeded.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2012
MARKING
DIAGRAM
Unit
1
1
2
2N640xG
AYWW
3
x
A
Y
WW
G
= 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5
= Assembly Location
= Year
= Work Week
= Pb−Free Package
PIN ASSIGNMENT
1
Cathode
2
Anode
3
Gate
4
Anode
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package
dimensions section on page 6 of this data sheet.
Publication Order Number:
2N6400/D
2N6400 Series
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
Characteristic
Thermal Resistance, Junction−to−Case
Maximum Lead Temperature for Soldering Purposes 1/8 in from Case for 10 Seconds
Symbol
Max
Unit
RqJC
1.5
°C/W
TL
260
°C
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (TC = 25°C unless otherwise noted.)
Characteristic
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
−
−
−
−
10
2.0
mA
mA
OFF CHARACTERISTICS
* Peak Repetitive Forward or Reverse Blocking Current
(VAK = Rated VDRM or VRRM, Gate Open)
TJ = 25°C
TJ = 125°C
IDRM,
IRRM
ON CHARACTERISTICS
*Peak Forward On−State Voltage (ITM = 32 A Peak, Pulse Width ≤ 1 ms, Duty Cycle ≤ 2%)
VTM
−
−
1.7
V
* Gate Trigger Current (Continuous dc)
(VD = 12 Vdc, RL = 100 W)
IGT
−
−
9.0
−
30
60
mA
−
−
0.7
−
1.5
2.5
* Gate Trigger Voltage (Continuous dc)
(VD = 12 Vdc, RL = 100 W)
TC = 25°C
TC = −40°C
VGT
TC = 25°C
TC = −40°C
V
Gate Non−Trigger Voltage (VD = 12 Vdc, RL = 100 W), TC = +125°C
VGD
0.2
−
−
V
* Holding Current
TC = 25°C
(VD = 12 Vdc, Initiating Current = 200 mA, Gate Open)
*TC = −40°C
IH
−
18
40
mA
−
−
60
Turn-On Time (ITM = 16 A, IGT = 40 mAdc, VD = Rated VDRM)
tgt
−
1.0
−
Turn-Off Time (ITM = 16 A, IR = 16 A, VD = Rated VDRM)
TC = 25°C
TJ = +125°C
tq
−
−
15
35
−
−
−
50
−
ms
ms
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Critical Rate−of−Rise of Off-State Voltage (VD = Rated VDRM, Exponential Waveform)
TJ = +125°C
*Indicates JEDEC Registered Data.
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2
dv/dt
V/ms
2N6400 Series
Voltage Current Characteristic of SCR
+ Current
Symbol
Parameter
VDRM
Peak Repetitive Off State Forward Voltage
IDRM
Peak Forward Blocking Current
VRRM
Peak Repetitive Off State Reverse Voltage
IRRM
Peak Reverse Blocking Current
VTM
Peak On State Voltage
IH
Holding Current
Anode +
VTM
on state
IH
IRRM at VRRM
Reverse Blocking Region
(off state)
Reverse Avalanche Region
+ Voltage
IDRM at VDRM
Forward Blocking Region
(off state)
Anode −
16
P(AV) , AVERAGE POWER (WATTS)
TC, MAXIMUM CASE TEMPERATURE (° C)
128
124
α
α = CONDUCTION ANGLE
120
116
112
dc
108
104
α = 30°
180°
60°
90°
180°
14
TJ ≈ 125°C
100
10
5.0 6.0 7.0
1.0 2.0
3.0 4.0
8.0 9.0
IT(AV), AVERAGE ON‐STATE FORWARD CURRENT (AMPS)
10
Figure 1. Average Current Derating
dc
α = 30°
8.0
6.0
4.0
α
α = CONDUCTION ANGLE
0
0
120°
60°
2.0
120°
90°
12
5.0 6.0
1.0
2.0
3.0 4.0
7.0
8.0 9.0
IT(AV), AVERAGE ON‐STATE FORWARD CURRENT (AMPS)
0
10
Figure 2. Maximum On−State Power Dissipation
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3
2N6400 Series
200
100
50
30
20
TJ = 25°C
10
125°C
7.0
5.0
160
3.0
1 CYCLE
I TSM , PEAK SURGE CURRENT (AMP)
iTM , INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE FORWARD CURRENT (AMPS)
70
2.0
150
140
1.0
0.7
130
0.5
TJ = 125°C
f = 60 Hz
120
0.3
110
0.2
0.4
0.8 1.2
1.6
2.0
2.4 2.8
4.0
3.2
3.6
vTM, INSTANTANEOUS ON-STATE VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
2.0
1.0
4.4
3.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
10
NUMBER OF CYCLES
Figure 3. On−State Characteristics
r(t), TRANSIENT THERMAL RESISTANCE (NORMALIZED)
SURGE IS PRECEDED AND
FOLLOWED BY RATED CURRENT
Figure 4. Maximum Non−Repetitive Surge Current
1.0
0.7
0.5
0.3
0.2
ZqJC(t) = RqJC • r(t)
0.1
0.07
0.05
0.03
0.02
0.01
0.1
0.2 0.3
0.5
1.0
2.0 3.0
5.0
10
20 30
50
t, TIME (ms)
100
Figure 5. Thermal Response
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4
200 300
500
1.0 k
2.0 k 3.0 k 5.0 k
10 k
2N6400 Series
TYPICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OFF‐STATE VOLTAGE = 12 V
RL = 50 W
30
20
TJ = -40°C
100
10
7.0
5.0
25°C
3.0
2.0
125°C
I GT, GATE TRIGGER CURRENT (mA)
i GT, PEAK GATE CURRENT (mA)
100
70
50
1.0
0.2
0.5
1.0
2.0
5.0 10
20
PULSE WIDTH (ms)
50
100
10
1
-40 -25
200
5
20
35
50 65
80
TJ, JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
95
110 125
Figure 7. Typical Gate Trigger Current
versus Junction Temperature
Figure 6. Typical Gate Trigger Current
versus Pulse Width
1.0
100
0.9
IH , HOLDING CURRENT (mA)
VGT, GATE TRIGGER VOLTAGE (VOLTS)
-10
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
10
0.3
0.2
-40 -25 -10
5
20
35
50
65
80
95
110
1
-40 -25 -10
125
TJ, JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
5
20
35
50
65
80
95
TJ, JUNCTION TEMPERATURE (°C)
Figure 8. Typical Gate Trigger Voltage
versus Junction Temperature
Figure 9. Typical Holding Current
versus Junction Temperature
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5
110 125
2N6400 Series
ORDERING INFORMATION
Device
Package
2N6400G
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
2N6401G
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
2N6402G
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
2N6403G
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
2N6403TG
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
2N6404G
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
2N6405G
TO−220AB
(Pb−Free)
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6
Shipping†
500 Units / Box
50 Units / Rail
500 Units / Box
2N6400 Series
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
TO−220
CASE 221A−07
ISSUE O
−T−
B
F
4
Q
SEATING
PLANE
C
T
S
A
U
1 2 3
H
K
Z
R
L
V
J
G
D
N
NOTES:
1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI
Y14.5M, 1982.
2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: INCH.
3. DIMENSION Z DEFINES A ZONE WHERE ALL
BODY AND LEAD IRREGULARITIES ARE
ALLOWED.
DIM
A
B
C
D
F
G
H
J
K
L
N
Q
R
S
T
U
V
Z
INCHES
MIN
MAX
0.570
0.620
0.380
0.405
0.160
0.190
0.025
0.035
0.142
0.147
0.095
0.105
0.110
0.155
0.014
0.022
0.500
0.562
0.045
0.060
0.190
0.210
0.100
0.120
0.080
0.110
0.045
0.055
0.235
0.255
0.000
0.050
0.045
----0.080
STYLE 3:
PIN 1.
2.
3.
4.
CATHODE
ANODE
GATE
ANODE
MILLIMETERS
MIN
MAX
14.48
15.75
9.66
10.28
4.07
4.82
0.64
0.88
3.61
3.73
2.42
2.66
2.80
3.93
0.36
0.55
12.70
14.27
1.15
1.52
4.83
5.33
2.54
3.04
2.04
2.79
1.15
1.39
5.97
6.47
0.00
1.27
1.15
----2.04
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2N6400/D