ENA2047 D

Ordering number : ENA2047A
LV47022P
Monolithic Linear IC
4-Channel BTL Power Amplifier
for Car Audio Systems
http://onsemi.com
Overview
The LV47022P is the IC for 4-channel BTL power amplifier that is developed for car audio system.
Pch DMOS in the upper side of the output stage and Nch DMOS in the lower side of the output stage are
complimentary. High power and high quality sound are realized by that.
This IC incorporate various functions (standby switch, muting function, and various protection circuit) necessary for
car audio system. Also, it has a self-diagnosis function.
Functions
 High output : PO max = 48W (typical) (VCC = 15.2V, f = 1kHz, RL = 4, Max Power)
: PO max = 28W (typical) (VCC = 14.4V, f = 1kHz, THD = 10%, RL = 4)
: PO max = 21W (typical) (VCC = 14.4V, f = 1kHz, THD = 1%, RL = 4)
 Built-in muting function (pin 22)
 Built-in Standby switch (pin 4)
 Built-in Self-diagnosis function (pin 25) :
Signal output in case of output offset detection, shorting to VCC, shorting to ground, load shorting and over voltage.
 Circuit that decrease of Electric mirror noise and GSM noise.
 Built-in various protection circuit (shorting to ground, shorting to VCC, load shorting, over voltage and thermal shut
down)
Note 1 : Please do not mistake connection.
A wrong connection may produce destruction, deterioration and damage for the IC or equipment.
Note 2 : The protective circuit function is provided to temporarily avoid abnormal state such as incorrect output
connection. But, there is no guarantee that the IC is not destroyed by the accident.
The protective function do not operate of the operation guarantee range. If the outputs are connected incorrectly,
IC destruction may occur when used outside of the operation guarantee range.
Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2013
May, 2013
41812 SY/40412 SY 20120328-S00001 No.A2047-1/12
LV47022P
Specifications
Absolute Maximum Ratings at Ta = 25C
Parameter
Maximum supply voltage
Symbol
Conditions
Ratings
Unit
VCC max1
No signal, t = 1 minute
26
VCC max2
During operations
18
V
IO peak
Per channel
4.5/ch
A
Allowable power dissipation
Pd max
With an infinity heat sink
50
W
Operating temperature
Topr
-40 to +85
C
Storage temperature
Tstg
-40 to +150
C
Maximum output current
Junction temperature
Tj
Thermal resistance between the junction
j-c
150
1
V
C
C/W
and case
Stresses exceeding Maximum Ratings may damage the device. Maximum Ratings are stress ratings only. Functional operation above the Recommended Operating
Conditions is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses above the Recommended Operating Conditions may affect device reliability.
Recommended Operating Ranges at Ta = 25C
Parameter
Symbol
Recommended load resistance
RL op
Operating supply voltage range
VCC op
Conditions
Ratings
A range not exceeding Pdmax
Unit
4

8 to 16
V
Electrical Characteristics at Ta = 25°C, VCC = 14.4V, RL = 4, f = 1kHz, Rg = 600
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Ratings
Min.
Typ.
Quiescent current
ICCO
RL = , Rg = 0
Standby current
Ist
Vst = 0V
Voltage gain
VG
VO = 0dBm
25
23
Voltage gain difference
VG
Output power
PO
THD = 10%
PO max1
Max Power
200
26
-1
Unit
Max.
400
mA
3
A
27
dB
+1
dB
28
W
43
W
PO max2
VCC = 15.2, Max Power
Output offset voltage
Vn offset
Rg = 0
48
Total harmonic distortion
THD
PO = 4W
Channel separation
CHsep
VO = 0dBm, Rg = 10k
55
65
dB
Ripple rejection ratio
SVRR
Rg = 0, fr = 100Hz, VCCR = 0dBm
50
65
dB
Output noise voltage
VNO
Rg = 0, B.P.F. = 20Hz to 20kHz
Input resistance
Ri
Mute attenuation
Matt
VO = 20dBm, mute : on
Standby pin control voltage
Vstby H
Amp : on
2.5
Vstby L
Amp : off
Mute pin control voltage
Vmute H
Mute : off
Vmute L
Mute : on
0.0
-100
0.02
W
+100
mV
0.10
%
60
120
Vrms
80
100
120
k
80
90
dB
VCC
V
0.0
0.5
V
2.9
6.0
V
1.0
V
±2.4
V
Output offset detection
Detection threshold voltage
Vosdet
±1.2
±1.8
* 0dBm = 0.775Vrms
No.A2047-2/12
LV47022P
Block Diagram
C8
Tab
1
C1
VCC1/2
6
VCC3/4
20
IN 1
11
9
8
7
C2
DC
+
10
5
2
Ripple
Filter
3
AC GND
C5
PRE GND
C3
16
25
13
Mute
circuit
22
17
18
19
IN 4
Protective
circuit
14
21
STBY
High:Amp ON
Low:Amp OFF
PWR GND1
RL
OUT 1-
4
Stand by
Switch
OUT 2+
PWR GND2
24
23
RL
OUT 2OFFSETDIAG
R2
Mute
5V
R1
C9
IN 3
15
C4
OUT 1+
Protective
circuit
IN 2
12
C6
VCC
+ C7
High:Mute OFF
Low:Mute ON
OUT 3+
PWR GND3
RL
OUT 3OUT 4+
PWR GND4
RL
OUT 4-
Important points
Please connect Pin1 line near C7 and C8. Because Pin1 is substrate of IC.
No.A2047-3/12
LV47022P
Package Dimensions
unit : mm (typ)
3236A
Pd max -- Ta
29.2
25.6
( 2.5)
4.5
14.5
(14.4)
(11.0)
21.7
18.6 max
(R1.7)
(5.0)
(12.3)
(8.5)
0.4
25
(1.0)
2.0
0.52
3.5
1
(2.6)
4.0
4.2
2.0
Maximum power dissipation, Pd max -- W
70
(22.8)
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
Ambient temperature, Ta -- °C
SANYO : HZIP25
External Components
Part Name
Recommended Value
Purpose
C1 to C4
0.22F
Cuts DC voltage
Remarks
The larger the constant value, the lower the cut-off frequency.
When AMP ON, bigger value worse pop noise.
The values of C1 to C4 must be the same.
C1 to C4 must use capacitor of low leak current.
C5
1F
Cuts DC voltage
The ratio of the input capacitance (C1 to C4) to the ACGND capacitance
(C5) should be 1:4.
If the ratio deviates, pop noise and SVRR are worse.
Use capacitor same as C1 to C4.
C6
22F
Reduces pop noise
The larger the constant value, the longer the amplifier ON/OFF time.
(AMP ON/OFF)
The larger the constant value, SVRR is good.
Reduces ripples
On the other hand, the smaller constant value. AMP ON/OFF will be
shoeter.
C7
2200F
Ripple filter
Eliminating power supply ripples.
C8
0.1F
Improves oscillation stability
Reducing high-frequency noise.
C9
1F
Reduces pop noise
47k
(Mute ON↔OFF)
Please put near IC.
Please put near IC.
R1
The larger the constant value, pop noise is small.
The large the constant value, the longer the mute ON/OFF time.
On the other hand, the smaller constant value.
Mute ON/OFF will be shorter.
And, Mute ON↔OFF pop noise will be worse.
R2
4.7k
Pull-up resistor
Because of transistor ability in IC, Please use 2.2k or more.
* The components and constant values within the test circuit are used for confirmation of characteristics and are not guarantees that incorrect or trouble will not
occur in application equipment.
No.A2047-4/12
LV47022P
Explanation for the function
1. Standby switch function (pin 4)
Threshold voltage of the Pin 4 is set by about 2VBE.
The amplifier is turned on by the applied voltage of 2.5V or more. Also, the amplifier is turned off by the applied
voltage of 0.5V or less.
STBY
4
Fig1 Standby equivalent circuit
2. Muting function (Pin 22)
The muting function is turned on by the applied voltage of 1.0V or less to 22pin. And the muting function is turn off by
the applied voltage 2.9V or more.
Also, the time constant of the muting function is determined by external capacitor and resistor constants.
It is concerned with mute ON/OFF. After enough examination, please set it.
Switching time
Mute ON: C9  R1
Mute OFF: (C9  V) / I (V= When Mute ON Pin 22 voltage, I=about 5A)
MUTE
OFF
ON
MUTE
22
R1
+
C9
about
2.1V
Fig2 Mute equivalent circuit
3. Input pin (Pin 11/ Pin 12/ Pin 14/ Pin 15), ACGND pin (Pin 16)
The ratio of the input capacitance (C1 to C4) to the ACGND capacitance (C5) should be 1:4.
Please use same kind of capacitor.
Please connect the ACGND capacitor to PREGND.
It is all five pin 100kΩ of input resistance.
Do not input below 0V to Pin-IN (Pin 11/ Pin12/ Pin 14/ Pin15).
If you input below 0V to Pin-IN, LV47022P can not function well.
No.A2047-5/12
LV47022P
4. Self-diagnostics function (Pin 25)
In four modes to write below, the signal is output to the Pin 25.
Also, by controlling the standby switch after the signal of the Pin 25 is detected by the microcomputer, the burnout of
the speaker can be prevented.
(1) Shorting to VCC/Shorting to ground : The Pin 25 becomes the low level.
(2) Load shorting
: The Pin 25 is alternated between the low level and the high level
according to the output signal.
(3) Over voltage
: When the voltage of VCC exceeds voltage 21V (typical), the Pin 25
becomes the low level.
(4) Output offset detection
: When the output offset voltage exceeds the detection threshold voltage,
the Pin 25 becomes the low level.
In addition, the Pin 25 has become the NPN open collector output (active low).
The Pin 25 must be left open when this function is not used.
Output voltage
Speaker pin
output voltage
+1.8V (typical)
0V
-1.8V (typical)
time
25 pin voltage
time
Fig3 Offset detection
5V
OFFSET
DIAG
25
IN
+
AC GND
16
+
OUT+
RT
-
-
OUT-
Fig4 Operating Pin 25
No.A2047-6/12
LV47022P
5. Sound quality (low frequencies)
By varying the value of input capacitor, low-frequency characteristic can be improved.
However, it is concerned the pop noise. Please confirm in each set when the capacitance value varies.
6. Pop noise
For pop noise prevention, it is recommended to use the muting function at the same time.
At AMP ON
Set MUTE ON first, then set STBY pin High ( AMP ON).
About 1.5sec later, set to be MUTE OFF.
At AMP OFF
After 10msec later MUTE ON, please do STBY pin Low ( AMP OFF).
STBY
(Pin4)
STBY
(Pin4)
DC
(Pin10)
DC
(Pin10)
Mute
(Pin22)
Mute
(Pin22)
OUT
OUT
more than 1.5sec
more than 10msec
7. Oscillation stability
Pay due attention on the following points because parasitic oscillation may occur due to effects of the board layout,
etc.
Board layout
 Provide the VCC capacitor of 0.1F in the position nearest to IC.
 PREGND must be independently wired and connected to the GND point that is as stable as possible, such as the
minus pin of the 2200F VCC capacitor.
In case of occurrence of parasitic oscillation, any one of following parts may be added as a countermeasure.
Please check your capacitor of optimal value at set
 Series connection of CR (0.1F and 2.2) between each output pin and GND.
8. EMC countermeasure
LV47022P has function that decrease of Electric mirror noise and GSM noise.
When you connect capacitor of more than 1000pF between out and GND because of EMC countermeasure, please add
oscillation cut parts. Value of oscillation prevention parts recommends 2.2 + 0.1F.
No.A2047-7/12
LV47022P
ICCO -- VCC
200
150
100
50
0
6
8
10
12
VN -- VCC
14
Output midpoint voltage, VN -- V
Quiescent current, ICCO -- mA
250
14
16
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
6
18
8
Supply voltage, VCC -- V
PO -- VCC
50
Output power, PO -- W
16
18
PO -- f
20
all channel is similar
15
all channel is similar
10
5
10
12
14
0
10
18
16
THD -- PO
3
2
1
7
5
3
2
0.1
7
5
3
2
CH2
CH1
CH3
2
3
5 7 1
2
3
5 7 10
2
3
Output power, PO -- W
THD -- PO
10
7
5
3
2
1
7
5
3
2
0.1
7
5
2
0.01
0.1
CH3
CH2
CH1
3
10
2
3
5 7 1
2
3
2 3
CH4
5 7 10
Output power, PO -- W
2
3
5 7 100
5 7 1k
2 3
5 7 10k
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7100k
THD -- PO
3
2
1
7
5
3
2
0.1
7
5
CH2
3
2
0.01
0.1
5 7 100
Total harmonic distortion, THD -- %
0.01
0.1
CH4
5 7 100
10
7
5
Total harmonic distortion, THD -- %
10
7
5
2 3
CH3
CH1 CH4
2
3
5 7
1
2
3
5 7 10
2
3
Output power, PO -- W
5 7 100
THD -- f
10
7
5
3
2
1
7
5
3
2
0.1
7
5
1
8
CH
Output power, PO -- W
30
Supply voltage, VCC -- V
Total harmonic distortion, THD -- %
14
20
10
Total harmonic distortion, THD -- %
12
25
40
0
10
Supply voltage, VCC -- V
CH2
CH3
3
2
0.01
10
CH4
2 3
5 7 100
2 3
5 7 1k
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7 10k
2 3
5 7100k
No.A2047-8/12
LV47022P
Respomse -- f
Response -- dB
27
26
all channel is similar
25
24
10
2 3
5 7 100
2 3
5 7 1k
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7 10k
2 3
20
1
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7 10k
2 3
CH
2
60
CH3 C
H1
CH3 CH
4
20
2 3
5 7 100
2 3
5 7 1k
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7 10k
2 3
SVRR -- VCC
80
all channel is similar
40
20
8
10
12
14
Supply voltage, VCC -- V
2 3
16
5 7 10k
2 3
18
5 7100k
CH3
CH
2
CH CH4
2
CH
1
20
2 3
5 7 100
2 3
5 7 1k
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7 10k
2 3
5 7100k
CH.Sep -- f
CH4 CH3
CH
4
CH
CH
4
2
CH
1
60
40
20
2 3
5 7 100
2 3
5 7 1k
2 3
Frequency, f -- Hz
5 7 10k
2 3
5 7100k
5 7 10k
2 3
5 7100k
SVRR -- fR
80
60
0
5 7 1k
40
0
10
5 7100k
Ripple rejection ratio, SVRR -- dB
Channel separation -- dB
3
0
10
2 3
CH.Sep -- f
80
CH
40
5 7 100
60
0
10
5 7100k
CH.Sep -- f
80
Ripple rejection ratio, SVRR -- dB
Channel separation -- dB
40
5 7 1k
2 3
CH2
1
CH CH4
1
CH
2
2 3
50
3
CH
60
5 7 100
all channel is similar
CH
Channel separation -- dB
Channel separation -- dB
1
2 3
100
80
CH
0
10
150
0
10
5 7100k
CH.Sep -- f
80
VNO -- Rg
200
Output noise voltage, VNO -- V
28
all channel is similar
60
40
20
0
10
2 3
5 7 100
2 3
5 7 1k
2 3
Ripple frequency, f R -- Hz
No.A2047-9/12
LV47022P
Offset DIAG -- VCC
Rg = 0
RL = 4
VCC=14.4V
50
3
Detection Level
2
all channel is similar
1
0
8
10
12
14
16
ICCO -- Vst
200
150
100
50
0
0
1.0
2.0
3.0
Standby control voltage, Vst -- V
30
20
10
2
3
5 7
4.0
5.0
2
1
3
5 7 10
2
3
Output power, PO -- W
5 7 100
Mute ATT -- V Mute
100
Mute attenuation, Mute ATT -- dB
250
40
0
0.1
18
Power supply, VCC - V
Quiescent current, ICCO -- mA
Pd -- PO
60
Power dissipation, Pd -- W
Detection threshold voltage, VOSDET - V
4
80
60
all channel is similar
40
20
0
0
1.0
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
Mute control voltage, V Mute -- V
PS No.A2047-10/12
LV47022P
HZIP25 Heat sink attachment
Heat sinks are used to lower the semiconductor device junction temperature by leading the head generated by the device to
the outer environment and dissipating that heat.
a. Unless otherwise specified, for power ICs with tabs and power ICs with attached heat sinks, solder must not be
applied to the heat sink or tabs.
b.
Heat sink attachment
· Use flat-head screws to attach heat sinks.
· Use also washer to protect the package.
· Use tightening torques in the ranges 39-59Ncm(4-6kgcm) .
· If tapping screws are used, do not use screws with a diameter larger
than the holes in the semiconductor device itself.
· Do not make gap, dust, or other contaminants to get between the
semiconductor device and the tab or heat sink.
· Take care a position of via hole .
· Do not allow dirt, dust, or other contaminants to get between the
semiconductor device and the tab or heat sink.
· Verify that there are no press burrs or screw-hole burrs on the heat sink.
· Warping in heat sinks and printed circuit boards must be no more than
0.05 mm between screw holes, for either concave or convex warping.
· Twisting must be limited to under 0.05 mm.
· Heat sink and semiconductor device are mounted in parallel.
Take care of electric or compressed air drivers
· The speed of these torque wrenches should never exceed 700 rpm,
and should typically be about 400 rpm.
Binding head
machine screw
Countersunk head
mashine screw
Heat sink
gap
Via hole
c.
Silicone grease
· Spread the silicone grease evenly when mounting heat sinks.
· Our company recommends YG-6260 (Momentive Performance Materials Japan LLC)
d.
Mount
· First mount the heat sink on the semiconductor device, and then mount that assembly on the printed circuit board.
· When attaching a heat sink after mounting a semiconductor device into the printed circuit board, when tightening
up a heat sink with the screw, the mechanical stress which is impossible to the semiconductor device and the pin
doesn't hang.
e.
When mounting the semiconductor device to the heat sink using jigs, etc.,
· Take care not to allow the device to ride onto the jig or positioning dowel.
· Design the jig so that no unreasonable mechanical stress is not applied to the semiconductor device.
f.
Heat sink screw holes
· Be sure that chamfering and shear drop of heat sinks must not be larger than the diameter of screw head used.
· When using nuts, do not make the heat sink hole diameters larger than the diameter of the head of the screws used.
A hole diameter about 15% larger than the diameter of the screw is desirable.
· When tap screws are used, be sure that the diameter of the holes in the heat sink are not too small. A diameter about
15% smaller than the diameter of the screw is desirable.
g.
There is a method to mount the semiconductor device to the heat sink by using a spring band. But this method is not
recommended because of possible displacement due to fluctuation of the spring force with time or vibration.
PS No.A2047-11/12
LV47022P
ON Semiconductor and the ON logo are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC owns the rights to a number
of patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and other intellectual property. A listing of SCILLC’s product/patent coverage may be accessed at
www.onsemi.com/site/pdf/Patent-Marking.pdf. SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. SCILLC makes no
warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the
application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental
damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual
performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical
experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use
as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in
which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for
any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates, and distributors
harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or
death associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the
part. SCILLC is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. This literature is subject to all applicable copyright laws and is not for resale in any manner.
PS No.A2047-12/12
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