CAT3200HU2 D

CAT3200HU2
Low Noise Regulated
Charge Pump DC-DC
Converter
Description
The CAT3200HU2 is a switched capacitor boost converter that
delivers a low noise, regulated output voltage. The CAT3200HU2
gives a fixed regulated 5 V output when the FB pin is tied to ground,
otherwise it provides an adjustable output using external resistors. The
constant frequency 2 MHz charge pump allows small 1 mF ceramic
capacitors to be used.
Maximum output loads of up to 100 mA can be supported over a
wide range of input supply voltages making the device ideal for
battery−powered applications.
A shutdown control input allows the device to be placed in
power−down mode, reducing the supply current to less than 1 mA.
In the event of short circuit or overload conditions, the device is
fully protected by both foldback current limiting and thermal overload
detection. In addition, a soft start, slew rate control circuit limits inrush
current during power−up.
The CAT3200HU2 is available in the tiny 8−pad UDFN
2 mm x 2 mm package.
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Constant High Frequency (2 MHz) Operation
100 mA Output Current
Regulated Output Voltage (5 V Fixed or Adjustable)
Low Quiescent Current (1.7 mA Typ.)
Soft Start, Slew Rate Control
Reverse Leakage Protection
Thermal Overload Shutdown Protection
Low Value External Capacitors (1 mF)
Foldback Current Overload Protection
Shutdown Current less than 1 mA
8−pad UDFN 2 mm x 2 mm Package
These Devices are Pb−Free, Halogen Free/BFR Free and are RoHS
Compliant
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UDFN−8
HU2 SUFFIX
CASE 517AW
MARKING DIAGRAM
CAX
YM
CA = Product Name
X = Assembly Location
Y = Production Year (Last Digit)
M = Production Month (1−9, O, N, D)
PIN CONNECTIONS
CPOS
1
VOUT
VIN
FB
CNEG
SHDN
PGND
SGND
(Top View)
ORDERING INFORMATION
See detailed ordering and shipping information in the package
dimensions section on page 2 of this data sheet.
Typical Applications
•
•
•
•
3 V to 5 V Boost Conversion
2.5 V to 3.3 V Boost Conversion
White LED Driver
Handheld Portable Devices
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2014
September, 2014 − Rev. 5
1
Publication Order Number:
CAT3200HU2/D
CAT3200HU2
5 V Output
Adjustable Output
1 mF
1 mF
CPOS
OUT
CNEG
IN
VIN
3.3 V
5V
ON OFF
1 mF
VOUT
3.3 V
100 mA
CAT3200HU2
VOUT
CPOS
OUT
100 mA
CAT3200HU2
R1
ON OFF SHDN
FB
SGND PGND
1 mF
1 mF
SHDN
FB
SGND PGND
CNEG
IN
VIN
V OUT + 1.27 V
VOUT = 5 V
1 mF
R2
ǒ
Ǔ
R
1) 1
R2
Figure 1. Typical Application Circuits
Table 1. ORDERING INFORMATION
Orderable Part Number
Output Voltage
Package
Lead Finish
Shipping (Note 1)
CAT3200HU2−GT3
5 V and Adjustable
UDFN−8
NiPdAu
3,000
1. For information on tape and reel specifications, including part orientation and tape sizes, please refer to our Tape and Reel Packaging
Specifications Brochure, BRD8011/D.
Table 2. PIN FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
Pin No.
Pin Name
1
CPOS
Description
Positive connection for the flying capacitor
2
VIN
3
CNEG
Negative connection for the flying capacitor
4
PGND
Power ground
5
SGND
Ground reference for all voltages
6
SHDN
Shutdown control logic input (Active LOW)
7
FB
8
VOUT
Tab
Input power supply
Feedback to set the output voltage
Regulated output voltage
Connect to ground on PCB
Table 3. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Rating
Value
Unit
VIN, VFB, SHDN, CNEG, CPOS Voltage
−0.6 to +6
V
VOUT
−0.6 to +7
V
VOUT Short Circuit Duration
Indefinite
Output Current
200
mA
ESD Protection (HBM)
2000
V
Junction Temperature Range
150
°C
Storage Temperature Range
−65 to +160
°C
300
°C
Lead Soldering Temperature (10 sec)
Stresses exceeding those listed in the Maximum Ratings table may damage the device. If any of these limits are exceeded, device functionality
should not be assumed, damage may occur and reliability may be affected.
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CAT3200HU2
Table 4. RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
Parameter
Input Voltage
Conditions
Symbol
Min
5 V output
VIN
3.3 V adjustable output
CIN, COUT, CFLY (Note 2)
Max
Unit
2.7
4.5
V
2.2
3.0
V
4.7
mF
100
mA
85
°C
1.0
Load Current
ILOAD
Ambient Temperature Range
TAMB
Typ
2.2
−40
Functional operation above the stresses listed in the Recommended Operating Ranges is not implied. Extended exposure to stresses beyond
the Recommended Operating Ranges limits may affect device reliability.
2. Refer to the Application Information section of this datasheet for more details.
Table 5. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(Recommended operating conditions unless otherwise specified. CIN, COUT, CFLY are 1 mF ceramic capacitors and VIN is set to 3.6 V.)
Conditions
Parameter
Regulated Output
ILOAD v 40 mA, VIN w 2.7 V, VFB = 0 V
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Units
VOUT
4.8
5.0
5.2
V
ILOAD v 100 mA, VIN w 3.1 V, VFB = 0 V
Line Regulation
3.1 V v VIN v 4.5 V, ILOAD = 50 mA,
VFB = 0 V
VLINE
6
mV
Load Regulation
ILOAD = 10 mA to 100 mA,
VIN = 3.6 V, VFB = 0 V
VLOAD
20
mV
Switching Frequency
FOSC
1.3
2.0
2.6
MHz
VR
25
30
45
mVp−p
h
77
81
85
%
1.6
4
mA
1
mA
1.32
V
50
nA
Output Ripple Voltage
ILOAD = 100 mA, VOUT = 5 V, COUT = 1 mF,
excluding ESR on COUT and PCB
Efficiency
ILOAD = 50 mA, VIN = 3 V, VOUT = 5 V
Ground Current
ILOAD = 0 mA, SHDN = VIN
IGND
Shutdown Input Current
ILOAD = 0 mA, SHDN = 0 V
ISHDN
FB Voltage
Adjustable output only
FB Input Current
VFB
1.22
IFB
−50
1.27
Open−Loop Resistance
ILOAD = 100 mA, VIN = 3 V
ROL
10
W
VOUT Turn−on time (10% to 90%)
ILOAD = 0 mA, VIN = 3 V
TON
0.5
ms
SHDN Logic High Level
VIH
SHDN Logic Low Level
VIL
Reverse Leakage into OUT pin
VOUT = 5 V, Shutdown mode, VIN = 3.0 V
IROUT
Reverse Leakage from IN pin
VOUT = 5 V, Shutdown mode, VIN = 3.0 V
IRIN
Short−circuit Output
VOUT = 0 V
1.3
V
15
0.4
V
30
mA
1
mA
ISC
80
mA
Thermal Shutdown
TSD
160
°C
Thermal Hysteresis
THYST
20
°C
Product parametric performance is indicated in the Electrical Characteristics for the listed test conditions, unless otherwise noted. Product
performance may not be indicated by the Electrical Characteristics if operated under different conditions.
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CAT3200HU2
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
(VIN = 3.3 V, VFB = GND (5 V output), CIN = COUT = CFLY = 1 mF, [C0805C105K9RACTU], TAMB = 25°C)
2.2
QUIESCENT CURRENT (mA)
SHUTDOWN VOLTAGE (V)
1.50
1.25
1.00
0.75
0.50
0.25
0
2.0
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.5
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.5
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 2. Shutdown Input Threshold vs. Input
Voltage
Figure 3. Quiescent Current vs. Input Voltage
(No Load)
5.2
5.2
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
5.1
IOUT = 40 mA
5.0
IOUT = 100 mA
4.9
4.8
5.1
VIN = 3.6 V
5.0
VIN = 3.3 V
4.9
4.7
4.6
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
4.5
0
30
VIN = 3.0 V
60
90
120
150
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
Figure 4. Output Voltage vs. Input Voltage
Figure 5. Output Voltage vs. Output Current
250
CURRENT LIMIT (mA)
3.0
SWITCHING FREQUENCY (MHz)
VIN = 2.7 V
4.8
2.5
2.0
1.5
200
150
100
50
0
1.0
2.7
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
2.7
4.5
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.9
4.2
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 6. Oscillator Frequency vs. Input
Voltage
Figure 7. Short Circuit Current vs. Input
Voltage
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4.5
CAT3200HU2
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
(VIN = 3.3 V, VFB = GND (5 V output), CIN = COUT = CFLY = 1 mF, [C0805C105K9RACTU], TAMB = 25°C)
100
VIN = 2.7 V
90
VIN = 3.0 V
EFFICIENCY (%)
1
0
−1
−2
−40
80
VIN = 3.3 V
70
VIN = 3.6 V
60
50
40
IOUT = 10 mA
30
−20
0
20
40
60
80
100
1
10
TEMPERATURE (°C)
100
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
Figure 8. Output Voltage Change vs.
Temperature
Figure 9. Efficiency vs. Output Current
Figure 10. Power Up Waveform
(IOUT = 100 mA)
Figure 11. Output Ripple Voltage
(IOUT = 100 mA)
6
5
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE CHANGE (%)
2
VIN = 4.2 V
4
VIN = 3.8 V
3
2
VIN = 3.3 V
1
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
Figure 12. Load Transient Response
Figure 13. Foldback Current Limit
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5
300
CAT3200HU2
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
(VIN = 2.5 V, VOUT = 3.3 V (adjustable output), R1 = 16 kW, R2 = 10 kW, CIN = COUT = CFLY = 1 mF, [C0805C105K9RACTU], TAMB = 25°C)
3.6
3.5
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.2
IOUT = 50 mA
3.4
3.3
VIN = 2.5 V
VIN = 2.7 V
3.2
3.1
3.0
VIN = 2.2 V
3.1
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0
0
30
VIN = 3.0 V
60
90
120
150
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
Figure 14. Output Voltage vs. Input Voltage
Figure 15. Output Voltage vs. Output Current
5
90
80
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
EFFICIENCY (%)
VIN = 2.2 V
70
VIN = 2.5 V
60
VIN = 2.7 V
50
VIN = 3.0 V
40
4
3
VIN = 3.0 V
VIN = 2.7 V
2
VIN = 2.5 V
1
VIN = 2.2 V
30
0
20
1
10
0
100
25
50
75
100
125
150
175
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
LOAD CURRENT (mA)
Figure 16. Efficiency vs. Output Current
Figure 17. Foldback Current Limit
Figure 18. Power Up Waveform
(IOUT = 50 mA)
Figure 19. Output Ripple Voltage
(IOUT = 50 mA)
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200
CAT3200HU2
Pin Functions
VIN is the power supply. During normal operation the
device draws a supply current which is almost constant. A
very brief interval of non−conduction will occur at the
switching frequency. The duration of the non−conduction
interval is set by the internal non−overlapping
“break−before−make” timing. VIN should be bypassed with
a 1 mF to 4.7 mF low ESR (Equivalent Series Resistance)
ceramic capacitor.
For filtering, a low ESR ceramic bypass capacitor (1 mF)
in close proximity to the IN pin prevents noise from being
injected back into the power supply.
SHDN is the logic control input (active low) that places the
device into shutdown mode. The internal logic is CMOS and
the pin does not use an internal pull−down resistor. The
SHDN pin should not be allowed to float.
CPOS, CNEG pins are the positive and negative
connections respectively for the charge pump flying
capacitor. A low ESR ceramic capacitor (1 mF) should be
connected between these pins. During initial power−up it
may be possible for the capacitor to experience a voltage
reversal and for this reason, avoid using a polarized
(tantalum or aluminum) flying capacitor.
VOUT is the regulated output voltage to power the load.
During normal operation, the device will deliver a train of
current pulses to the pin at a frequency of 2 MHz. Adequate
filtering on the pin can typically be achieved through the use
of a low ESR ceramic bypass capacitor (1 mF to 4.7 mF) in
close proximity to the VOUT pin. The ESR of the output
capacitor will directly influence the output ripple voltage.
When the shutdown mode is entered, the output is
immediately isolated from the input supply, however, the
output will remain connected to the internal feedback
resistor network (400 kW). The feedback network will result
in a reverse current of 10 mA to 20 mA to flow back through
the device to ground.
Whenever the device is taken out of shutdown mode, the
output voltage will experience a slew rate controlled
power−up. Full operating voltage is typically achieved in
less than 0.5 ms.
SGND is the ground reference for all voltages on the
CAT3200HU2.
FB is the feedback input pin. An output divider should be
connected from VOUT to FB to program the output voltage
when used in adjustable output mode. When used in 5 V
fixed output mode, connect the FB pin directly to GND.
PGND is the power ground.
error signal. A 2−phase non−overlapping clock activates the
charge pump switches. The flying capacitor is charged from
the IN voltage on the first phase of the clock. On the second
phase of the clock it is stacked in series with the input voltage
and connected to VOUT. The charging and discharging the
flying capacitor continues at a free running frequency of
typically 2 MHz.
In shutdown mode all circuitry is turned off and the
CAT3200HU2 draws only leakage current from the VIN
supply. VOUT is disconnected from VIN. The SHDN pin is
a CMOS input with a threshold voltage of approximately
0.8 V. The CAT3200HU2 is in shutdown when a logic LOW
is applied to the SHDN pin. The SHDN pin is a high
impedance CMOS input. SHDN does not have an internal
pull−down resistor and should not be allowed to float. It
must always be driven with a valid logic level.
Short−Circuit and Thermal Protection
The CAT3200HU2 has built−in short−circuit current
limiting and over temperature protection. During overload
conditions, output current is limited to approximately
225 mA. At higher temperatures, or if the input voltage is
high enough to cause excessive chip self heating, the thermal
shutdown circuit shuts down the charge pump as the junction
temperature exceeds approximately 160°C. Once the
junction temperature drops back to approximately 140°C,
the charge pump is enabled. The CAT3200HU2 will cycle in
and out of thermal shutdown indefinitely without latch−up
or damage until a short−circuit on VOUT is removed.
Programming the CAT3200HU2 Output Voltage (FB Pin)
The CAT3200HU2 version has an internal resistive
divider to program the output voltage. The programmable
CAT3200HU2 may be set to an arbitrary voltage via an
external resistive divider. Since it employs a voltage
doubling charge pump, it is not possible to achieve output
voltages greater than twice the available input voltage.
Figure 20 shows the required voltage divider connection.
The voltage divider ratio is given by the formula:
R1 + V OUT * 1
R2
1.27 V
Typical values for total voltage divider resistance can
range from several kW up to 1 MW.
1
CPOS
2
IN
Device Operation
3
CNEG
OUT
FB
The CAT3200HU2 uses a switched capacitor charge
pump to boost the voltage at IN to a regulated output voltage.
Regulation is achieved by sensing the output voltage
through an internal resistor divider (FB pin = GND) and
modulating the charge pump output current based on the
PGND
6
SHDN
SGND
8
7
4
ǒ
R1
COUT
R2
5
Figure 20. Programming the Adjustable Output
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Ǔ
V OUT + 1.27 V 1 ) R1
R2
CAT3200HU2
Application Information
Efficiency
Ceramic Capacitors
The efficiency is basically set by the ratio between the
input voltage VIN and the output voltage VOUT, and can be
calculated using the formula below:
Ceramic capacitors of different dielectric materials lose
their capacitance with higher temperature and voltage at
different rates. For example, a capacitor made of X5R or
X7R material will retain most of its capacitance from −40°C
to 85°C whereas a Z5U or Y5V style capacitor will lose
considerable capacitance over that range.
Z5U and Y5V capacitors may also have voltage
coefficient causing them to lose 60% or more of their
capacitance when the rated voltage is applied. When
comparing different capacitors it is often useful to consider
the amount of achievable capacitance for a given case size
rather than discussing the specified capacitance value. For
example, over rated voltage and temperature conditions, a
1 mF, 10 V, Y5V ceramic capacitor in an 0603 case may not
provide any more capacitance than a 0.22 mF, 10 V, X7R
available in the same 0603 case. For many CAT3200HU2
applications these capacitors can be considered roughly
equivalent.
Efficiency [%] + 100 @ P OUT ń P IN
+ 100 @ V OUT @ I LOAD ń (V IN @ I IN)
where FOSC is the switching frequency, and
I IN + I GND ) 2 @ I LOAD
If we neglect the Ground current (IGND), then the
efficiency is basically equal to:
Efficiency [%] ^ 100 @ V OUT ń (2 @ V IN)
Layout Guidance
The CAT3200HU2 2 MHz switching frequency requires
minimum trace length and impedance for CIN, COUT, and
CFLY capacitors. This can be accomplished by placing these
components close to the IC. The CIN capacitor ground
connection can connect directly to PGND and a wide, single
trace should connect PGND and SGND. COUT should be
star-connected to SGND, along with FB resistor network, if
used.
Output Ripple
The output ripple voltage is related to the output capacitor
size COUT and ESR (equivalent series resistance) and can be
calculated using the formula below:
V R + I LOAD ń (2 @ F OSC @ C OUT) ) 2 @ ESR COUT @ I LOAD
where FOSC is the switching frequency.
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CAT3200HU2
PACKAGE DIMENSIONS
UDFN8, 2x2
CASE 517AW−01
ISSUE O
D
A
D2
DETAIL A
E
E2
PIN #1
IDENTIFICATION
A1
PIN #1 INDEX AREA
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
SYMBOL
MIN
NOM
MAX
A
0.45
0.50
0.55
A1
0.00
0.02
0.05
b
0.18
0.25
0.30
D
1.90
2.00
2.10
D2
1.50
1.60
1.70
E
1.90
2.00
2.10
E2
0.80
0.90
1.00
e
L
BOTTOM VIEW
b
L
e
0.50 BSC
0.20
0.30
DETAIL A
0.45
Notes:
(1) All dimensions are in millimeters.
(2) Complies with JEDEC MO-229.
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are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC) or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries.
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or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and
specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets
and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each
customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended,
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CAT3200HU2/D
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