Connect and Set Up HSDIO Hardware

GETTING STARTED GUIDE
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer
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This document explains how to install, configure, and test a National Instruments digital waveform
generator/analyzer and how to program it using NI-HSDIO (High-Speed Digital I/O) instrument driver
software. This document applies specifically to the following devices:
•
NI PXI/PCI-6541/6542
•
NI PXIe-6544/6545/6547/6548
•
NI PXI/PCI-6551/6552 (NI 6551/6552)
•
NI PXIe-6555/6556 (NI 6555/6556)
•
NI PXI/PCI-6561/6562 (NI 656x)
For more information about features and programming, refer to the NI Digital Waveform Generator/
Analyzer Help at Start»All Programs»National Instruments»NI-HSDIO»Documentation»
NI Digital Waveform Generator-Analyzer Help.
Refer to the specifications document that ships with your device for detailed specifications.
The most recent versions of product documentation are available at ni.com/manuals. Visit ni.com/
updates for the latest version of NI-HSDIO driver software.
Contents
Conventions ......................................................................................................................................... 2
1. Verifying the System Components .................................................................................................. 3
2. Unpacking ........................................................................................................................................ 3
3. Verifying the Kit Contents............................................................................................................... 4
Documentation............................................................................................................................. 4
Ferrites (NI PXIe-6544/6545/6547/6548 Only) .......................................................................... 4
EMI Gasket (NI PXI-6551/6552 Only) ....................................................................................... 4
4. Installing the Software ..................................................................................................................... 4
Choose and Install Your ADE ..................................................................................................... 4
Install NI-HSDIO......................................................................................................................... 5
(Optional) Install the NI Digital Waveform Editor ..................................................................... 5
5. Installing the Hardware.................................................................................................................... 5
Installing a PXI Module............................................................................................................... 6
Installing a PXI Express Module ................................................................................................. 7
Installing a Two-Slot PXI Express Module................................................................................. 8
Maintaining PXI/PXI Express Systems....................................................................................... 8
Uninstalling PXI/PXI Express Modules ...................................................................................... 8
Installing a PCI Device ................................................................................................................ 9
Maintaining PCI Systems ............................................................................................................ 9
6. Configuring and Testing in MAX.................................................................................................... 10
Using the Test Panel to Generate and Acquire Digital Data ....................................................... 11
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7. Connecting Signals .......................................................................................................................... 12
Connecting Cables ....................................................................................................................... 12
Using Accessories........................................................................................................................ 13
Wiring for Common Measurements ............................................................................................ 17
8. Programming the Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer............................................................... 18
NI-HSDIO Instrument Driver ...................................................................................................... 18
NI LabVIEW SignalExpress Limited Edition (LE)..................................................................... 18
NI-HSDIO Examples................................................................................................................... 19
Appendix A: Device Front Panels ....................................................................................................... 19
Appendix B: Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................. 30
Where to Go for Support ..................................................................................................................... 32
Conventions
The following conventions are used in this guide:
<>
Angle brackets that contain numbers separated by an ellipsis represent a range of values
associated with a bit or signal name—for example, AO <3..0>.
»
The » symbol leads you through nested menu items and dialog box options to a final
action. The sequence Options»Settings»General directs you to pull down the Options
menu, select the Settings item, and select General from the last dialog box.
This icon denotes a tip, which alerts you to advisory information.
This icon denotes a note, which alerts you to important information.
This icon denotes a caution, which advises you of precautions to take to avoid injury,
data loss, or a system crash. When this symbol is marked on the product, refer to the
Read Me First: Safety and Electromagnetic Compatability document that shipped with
your device for precautions to take.
When symbol is marked on a product, it denotes a component that may be hot. Touching
this component may result in bodily injury.
bold
Bold text denotes items that you must select or click in the software, such as menu items
and dialog box options. Bold text also denotes parameter names.
CompactPCI
CompactPCI refers to the core specification defined by the PCI Industrial Computer
Manufacturers Group (PICMG).
italic
Italic text denotes variables, emphasis, or a cross-reference. Italic text also denotes text
that is a placeholder for a word or value that you must supply.
MAX
MAX refers to NI Measurement & Automation Explorer software which provides
access to your NI products.
monospace
Text in this font denotes text or characters that you should enter from the keyboard,
sections of code, programming examples, and syntax examples. This font is also used
for the proper names of disk drives, paths, directories, programs, subprograms,
subroutines, device names, functions, operations, variables, filenames, and extensions.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
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monospace bold
Bold text in this font denotes the messages and responses that the computer
automatically prints to the screen. This font also emphasizes lines of code that are
different from the other examples.
monospace italic
Italic text in this font denotes text that is a placeholder for a word or value that you must
supply.
PCI
Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) is a high-performance expansion bus
architecture originally developed by Intel to replace ISA and EISA.
Platform
Text in this font denotes a specific platform and indicates that the text following it
applies only to that platform.
PXI
PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXI) is a rugged, open system for modular
instrumentation based on CompactPCI, with special mechanical, electrical, and
software features.
PXIe
PCI Express eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXIe) is a rugged, open system for
modular instrumentation based on Express PCI, with special mechanical, electrical,
and software features.
1. Verifying the System Components
Your system must meet certain requirements to use NI digital waveform generator/analyzers with
NI-HSDIO. For more information about minimum system, recommended system, and supported
application development environments (ADEs), refer to the NI-HSDIO Instrument Driver Readme,
which is available on the NI-HSDIO DVD.
Note
After you install NI-HSDIO, you can access the NI-HSDIO Instrument Driver Readme at
Start»All Programs»National Instruments»NI-HSDIO»Documentation.
2. Unpacking
The NI digital waveform generator/analyzer ships in an antistatic package to prevent electrostatic
discharge (ESD). ESD can damage several components on the device.
Caution
Never touch the exposed pins or connectors.
To avoid ESD damage when handling the device, take the following precautions:
•
Ground yourself with a grounding strap or by touching a grounded object.
•
Touch the antistatic package to a metal part of your computer chassis before removing the device
from the package.
Remove the device from the package and inspect it for loose components or any other signs of damage.
Notify NI if the device appears damaged in any way. Do not install a damaged device in your computer
or chassis.
Store the device in the antistatic package when the device is not in use.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
3. Verifying the Kit Contents
Verify that the kit contains the following items:
❑ DVD-sized case, which contains the NI-HSDIO instrument driver software DVD. This DVD
includes the NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Help.
❑ NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
❑ NI digital waveform generator/analyzer
❑ Mounting screw (PCI devices only)
❑ Other documentation included with the digital waveform generator/analyzer and driver software.
Refer to the Documentation section for a list of possible additional documentation.
Documentation
The NI digital waveform generator/analyzer kit may also include the following documents:
•
NI digital waveform generator/analyzer specifications—This printed document provides
specifications for your device.
•
Read Me First: Safety and Electromagnetic Compatability
•
Maintain Forced-Air Cooling Note to Users
•
Using Ferrites to Reduce High-Frequency Emissions Note to Users
(NI PXIe-6544/6545/6547/6548 only)
•
Retrofitting Your PXI Module Note to Users (NI PXI-6551/6552 only)
Ferrites (NI PXIe-6544/6545/6547/6548 Only)
The NI PXIe-6544/6545/6547/6548 kit also includes two ferrites and documentation that describes
under what conditions you should install the ferrites. Refer to the Using Ferrites to Reduce
High-Frequency Emissions Note to Users for more information about using the ferrites.
EMI Gasket (NI PXI-6551/6552 Only)
The NI PXI-6551/6552 kit also includes an EMI gasket and documentation that describes under what
conditions you should install the gasket. Refer to step 5. Installing the Hardware for more information
about the gasket.
4. Installing the Software
This section describes the software installation process for the NI digital waveform generator/analyzer.
Choose and Install Your ADE
You can create applications for your digital waveform generator/analyzer using LabVIEW,
LabWindows™/CVI™, or Microsoft Visual C++.
LabVIEW features interactive graphics, a state-of-the-art interface, and a powerful graphical
programming language. LabWindows/CVI is a complete ANSI C ADE that features an interactive user
interface, code generation tools, and the LabWindows/CVI Data Acquisition and Easy I/O libraries.
Using LabVIEW or LabWindows/CVI can greatly reduce your application development time.
If you have not already installed the ADE, follow the instructions in the product documentation to install
your ADE now.
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Install NI-HSDIO
NI-HSDIO features a set of operations and attributes that allow you to programmatically configure and
control the digital waveform generator/analyzer.
Note NI-HSDIO 1.5 and later also includes NI LabVIEW SignalExpress LE, an interactive software
environment that allows you to choose from the included NI-HSDIO express steps to quickly
program common applications, including acquisition, generation, and hardware comparison
(real-time hardware comparison in NI LabVIEW SignalExpress is supported only on
NI 6547/6548/6551/6552 devices).
To install NI-HSDIO, complete the following steps:
1.
Insert the NI-HSDIO DVD. The NI-HSDIO installer should open automatically. If not, select
Start»Run, and enter x:\setup.exe, where x is the letter of the DVD drive.
2.
Follow the instructions in the installation prompts. For troubleshooting and operating
system-specific instructions, refer to the Hardware Installation/Configuration Troubleshooter
at ni.com/support.
(Windows 7/Vista) Users may see access and security messages during installation. Accept the
prompts to complete the installation.
3.
When the installer finishes, a dialog box appears that asks if you want to restart, shut down, or
restart later. Select Restart.
4.
If you are using a system running the LabVIEW Real-Time Module, download NI-HSDIO to the
target using MAX. Refer to the MAX Remote Systems Help by selecting Help»Help Topics»
Remote Systems in MAX.
NI Script Editor
The NI Script Editor is included on the NI-HSDIO DVD and is installed when you install the driver. The
NI Script Editor provides an intuitive interface to help you develop linking and looping waveform
generation operations. NI Script Editor Help contains more information about the NI Script Editor. You
can access NI Script Editor Help by launching the NI Script Editor and selecting Help»NI Script
Editor Help from the toolbar.
Note
Visit ni.com/updates for the latest version of NI-HSDIO driver software.
(Optional) Install the NI Digital Waveform Editor
The NI Digital Waveform Editor (DWE) is included with the higher-memory versions of NI digital
waveform generator/analyzers and also can be purchased separately at ni.com. The NI DWE allows
you to easily import data from popular third-party electronic design automation (EDA) programs, create
your own waveforms, edit these waveforms, and view acquired waveforms.
If you are using the NI DWE, install it after you install NI-HSDIO.
5. Installing the Hardware
To install your NI digital waveform generator/analyzer, follow the instructions in the section that
describes your hardware platform.
When installing your hardware, follow the instructions in this section to ensure that your device can cool
itself effectively. If the device temperature rises above the optimal operating temperature range, the
device disables itself, and MAX or NI-HSDIO notifies you with an error message. For more information
about re-enabling your device, refer to the I Received a Thermal or Power Shutdown Error section in
Appendix B: Troubleshooting.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Installing a PXI Module
To install a PXI module, refer to Figure 1 and complete the following steps:
1
4
NI
PX
I-1
3
04
2
2
1
2
PXI Chassis
Ejector Handle
3
4
Captive Screw
NI PXI Device
Figure 1. PXI Installation
1.
Power off the chassis before installing the module.
2.
If the chassis has multiple fan speed settings, ensure that the fans are set to the highest setting.
Do not set the fan speed to low or turn the fan off.
3.
Position the chassis to allow plenty of space between the chassis fan intake and exhaust vents.
Blocking the fans affects the air flow needed for cooling. For more information about chassis
cooling, refer to the chassis documentation.
4.
If you need to use an EMI gasket to reduce high-frequency emissions, install it now. Refer to the
Retrofitting Your PXI Module Note to Users for gasket installation instructions.
5.
Remove the packaging material on the PXI connector and on the screws.
6.
Ensure that the ejector handle is in the unlatched (downward) position, as shown in Figure 1.
7.
Holding the module by the ejector handle, slide it into an empty slot, ensuring that the base card
(on the left when looking at the front of the module) engages with the card guides in the chassis.
8.
Slide the module completely into the chassis and latch by pulling up on the ejector handle.
9.
Tighten the captive screws at the top and bottom of the module front panel.
10. Before operating the module, install all chassis covers and filler panels. Missing filler panels
disrupt the necessary air circulation in the chassis.
Note NI recommends that you install slot blockers between modules to maximize air flow. NI
recommends using the PXI Chassis Slot Blocker Kit, part number 778678-01, available for purchase
at ni.com.
11. Plug in and power on the chassis.
NI PXI modules are sensitive instruments that should be handled carefully. Do not expose the module
to temperatures or humidity beyond the rated maximums. Keep the module free of dust by cleaning with
compressed air only. Do not clean the module with any solvents or liquids. For more information about
module cooling, refer to the guidelines in the Maintain Forced-Air Cooling Note to Users included with
your NI digital waveform generator/analyzer.
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Installing a PXI Express Module
Follow the installation instructions in the Installing a PXI Module section to install a PXI Express
module in a PXI Express-compatible slot of the chassis. Refer to the chassis documentation for more
information about which slots are designated for PXI Express modules. Figure 2 shows the correct
installation of a PXI Express module into a compatible chassis slot.
1
4
3
2
1
2
PXI Express Chassis
Ejector Handle in Down Position
3
4
NI PXI Express Module
Captive Screw
Figure 2. PXI Express Module Installation
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Installing a Two-Slot PXI Express Module
Follow the installation instructions in the Installing a PXI Express Module section to install a two-slot
PXI Express module in a PXI Express-compatible slot of the chassis. For dual-slot modules with two
backplane connectors, like the NI 6555/6556, the module must be installed into two adjacent
PXI Express-compatible slots. These slots may be hybrid PXI Express slots. Refer to the chassis
documentation for more information about which slots are designated for PXI Express modules.
Figure 3 shows the correct installation of a PXI Express module into a compatible chassis slot.
1
4
3
2
1
2
PXI Express Chassis
Ejector Handle in Down Position
3
4
NI PXI Express Two-Slot Module
Captive Screw
Figure 3. Two-Slot PXI Express Module Installation
Maintaining PXI/PXI Express Systems
Some chassis include fan filters. Clean the fan filters on the chassis regularly to prevent fan blockage
and ensure efficient air circulation. Cleaning frequency depends on the amount of use and the operating
environment. For specific information about cleaning procedures and other recommended maintenance,
refer to the module specifications and the chassis user documentation.
Uninstalling PXI/PXI Express Modules
When removing PXI/PXI Express modules from the chassis, first power off the chassis. Then, ensure
that you are grounded with a grounding strap or are touching a grounded metal surface. To avoid ESD,
do not touch the exposed pins of the PXI/PXI Express connector or any exposed circuitry on the module.
When not in use, PXI/PXI Express modules should be stored in the original antistatic packaging to avoid
damage.
Hot Surface
During operation, the metal surfaces of PXI/PXI Express modules may become hot. Be
careful when removing the module from the chassis or when moving it to a different peripheral slot.
When removing the module, hold it by only the ejector handle and front panel.
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Installing a PCI Device
To install your PCI device, complete the following steps:
1.
Power off and unplug the PC.
2.
Remove the PC cover.
3.
If the PC has multiple fan speed settings, ensure that the fans are set to the highest setting.
4.
Insert the device into an open PCI slot, as shown in Figure 4.
3
2
1
1
NI PCI Device
2
PCI Slot
3
Personal Computer
Figure 4. PCI Installation
NI recommends either leaving the slot adjacent to the fan side of the device empty or using
lower-profile devices in the slot adjacent to the fan side.
5.
Secure the device with the screw provided in the kit.
Caution It is important to completely screw the device into the PCI slot, both for mechanical
stability and for creating a solid ground connection, which reduces signal noise. Some computer
manufacturers use a plastic securing lever to secure PCI devices; such a lever is unacceptable and
must be removed, or you must use a different chassis. Improperly secured devices may affect the
accuracy of device specifications.
6.
Before operating the device, install all filler panels. Missing filler panels disrupt the necessary air
circulation in the PC.
7.
Replace the PC cover.
8.
Plug in and power on the PC.
Maintaining PCI Systems
Inspect the onboard fan on a regular basis to prevent fan blockage and ensure efficient air circulation.
Cleaning frequency depends on the amount of use and the operating environment.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
6. Configuring and Testing in MAX
To configure and test the NI digital waveform generator/analyzer in MAX, complete the following steps:
1.
Launch MAX to configure and test the digital waveform generator/analyzer. MAX should
automatically detect the device you installed.
2.
Expand Devices and Interfaces.
If you are using an NI digital waveform generator/analyzer with the LabVIEW Real-Time Module,
expand Remote Systems. Find your target IP address or name, expand it, and then expand Devices
and Interfaces.
3.
Check that your device appears under Devices and Interfaces.
Note If your device does not appear under Devices and Interfaces, MAX did not detect the device,
so you might need to refresh MAX by selecting File»Refresh from the MAX menu or pressing <F5>.
4.
You can perform a self-test on devices listed under Devices and Interfaces. The self-test ensures
that the device is installed correctly and can communicate with NI-HSDIO. To perform a self-test,
complete the following steps:
a.
Right-click the device you want to test.
b.
Select Self-Test, shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5. Configuration Tree Shortcut Menu
c.
When the self-test finishes, a dialog box indicates if an error occurred. If an error occurred,
refer to ni.com/support for troubleshooting information.
Tip
If you need to reset the device with a hard reset, you can do so by right-clicking the device and
selecting Reset Device from the shortcut menu shown in Figure 5.
5.
Record the device name assigned to the digital device. You need this information when you
program the device.
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Using the Test Panel to Generate and Acquire Digital Data
To verify your device configuration, use the device test panel in MAX to generate and acquire simple
digital data using your device by completing the following steps:
1.
Remove any signal connections to your device.
2.
Right-click the device under the appropriate Chassis, and select Test Panels as shown in Figure 5.
3.
Click the Generation tab.
4.
Select the Dynamic tab on the side of the pane.
5.
Click Select All to select all of your channels. The digital waveform now appears in the graph.
6.
Enter the frequency in the Clock Frequency control, located on the left side of the test panel.
7.
Enter values for the generation and acquisition voltages in the controls below the Clock Frequency
control. You can choose from standard logic families (NI 654x/655x) or enter High and Low values
to create your own custom levels (NI 655x).
8.
Choose a fill pattern. The following figure shows the pattern control and the first few signals in the
window.
Tip
When generating a Marching Ones or Marching Zeroes waveform, it is convenient to make the
waveform size a multiple of the number of selected channels.
9.
Click Play to generate the waveform shown in the graph on the selected channels. The default
generation option is Continuous, but you can toggle this setting using the control below the graph.
The Play and Stop buttons are shown in the following figure.
Because the data channels on the NI digital waveform generator/analyzer are bidirectional, while
the data is being continuously generated on all of the channels, as in the previous step, you can
acquire the data being generated.
Note
Refer to the specifications for your device for information about the setup and hold times and
propagation delays associated with generation and acquisition operations. At some frequencies,
generating and acquiring data on the same channels when no cable is attached to the DIGITAL DATA
& CONTROL (DDC) connector violates these timing parameters and results in incorrectly sampled
data. For information about proper signal acquisition, refer to the NI Digital Waveform
Generator/Analyzer Help.
To acquire the waveform, complete the following steps:
1.
Click the Acquisition tab.
2.
Click Play. The device acquires the digital data that you generated in the previous steps, and the
data is displayed on the graph.
3.
Click Close when you are finished.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
7. Connecting Signals
This section discusses connections you can make to the device and how to connect signals to the device
for performing dynamic acquisition and dynamic generation. For device front panel diagrams and
connector descriptions, refer to Appendix A: Device Front Panels.
Connecting Cables
SMA/SMB Cabling
To make connections to the NI digital waveform generator/analyzer front panel SMA/SMB jack
connectors, use a shielded 50 coaxial cable with an appropriate plug end.
NI 654x/655x Cabling
Use an NI SHC68-C68-D4 cable for connections to the NI 654x/655x Digital Data and Control (DDC)
connector and the REMOTE SENSE connector (NI 6555/6556 only). The NI SHC68-C68-D4 is
designed for single-ended, high-speed digital signal transmission. The cable is shielded, with individual
microcoaxial 50 lines for each signal. An unshielded NI C68-C68-D4 cable may also be used.
NI 6555/6556 Cabling
If leakage is a concern for your application, use the NI SHC68-C68-D4 low-leakage cable (NI part
number 152870A-01) when connecting to the DDC and REMOTE SENSE connectors on the
NI 6555/6556.
For ease of use and safety, always operate connections to the AUX I/O connector on the NI 6556 with
the backshell provided in the shipping kit. Additional backshell kits can be purchased from NI (part
number 762916-01). Operating the device without the provided backshell can expose users to high
voltage. The following image illustrates the NI 6556 and backshell connector. Refer to the
NI PXIe-6555/6556 Specifications for the working voltage levels of the AUX I/O connector.
Figure 6. NI 6556 with Backshell
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NI 656x Cabling
Use an SHB12X-B12X cable for connections to the NI 656x DDC connector. This cable is designed for
differential, high-speed digital signal transmission.
Using Accessories
You have different accessory options based on whether you are using a single-ended or differential
NI digital waveform generator/analyzer.
Note
Whether you use NI cables and accessories or design your own, you should properly terminate
cables to avoid improper measurements due to signal reflections, overshoot, and undershoot. Refer
to the NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Help for more information about signal termination.
Single-Ended Accessories
NI recommends using the NI CB-2162 single-ended digital I/O accessory to access the signals on the
68-pin DDC connector and to terminate the DIO channels. The NI CB-2162 also provides a platform
for circuit prototyping and DUT testing. The NI CB-2162 is specifically designed for use with
single-ended NI digital waveform generator/analyzers (NI 654x/655x). For more information about the
NI CB-2162, refer to the NI CB-2162 User Guide.
NI also offers the NI SMB-2163 breakout box for National Instruments single-ended digital waveform
generator/analyzers. The NI SMB-2163 offers coaxial SMB connectors for each channel on the DDC
connector, providing an easy way to connect to other devices for testing and debugging. For more
information about the NI SMB-2163, refer to the NI SMB-2163 User Guide.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Figures 7 and 8 show how to connect a single-ended NI digital waveform generator/analyzer and the
NI CB-2162 and NI SMB-2163, respectively, using the NI SHC68-C68-D4 cable.
2
NI PXI-1042
NI PXI-6551
50 MHz Digital I/O
ACCESS
ACTIVE
CLK
IN
PFI 0
CLK
OUT
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
J15
J5
J6
3
1
1
PXI Chassis with NI Digital Waveform
Generator/Analyzer
2
3
NI SHC68-C68-D4 Cable
NI CB-2162 Accessory
Figure 7. Connecting the NI CB-2162 Accessory
NI PXI-1042
NI PXI-6551
50 MHz Digital I/O
ACCESS
ACTIVE
CLK
IN
PFI 0
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
CLK
OUT
1
2
3
1
PXI Chassis with NI Digital Waveform
Generator/Analyzer
2
3
NI SMB-2163 Accessory
NI SHC68-C68-D4 Cable
Figure 8. Connecting the NI SMB-2163 Accessory
The NI SHC68-H1X38 cable is a single-ended cable that breaks out each single-ended NI digital
waveform generator/analyzer signal into two 0.1 inch header receptacles, one receptacle each for the
signal and ground. The NI SHC68-H1X38 cable provides an easy way to connect NI single-ended
high-speed digital waveform generator/analyzer devices to various types of devices and circuits for
interfacing, testing, or analysis.
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This cable offers connectivity similar to that found on a typical logic analyzer, so you can use it in logic
analyzer-type applications. Unlike a typical logic analyzer, however, this cable also allows for
simultaneous pattern generation and acquisition so that you can use it in stimulus/response applications
as well. The following figure shows the parts locator diagram for the single-ended digital flying lead
cable.
1
2
3
1
Lead Pairs
2
Removable Sleeving
3
68-Pin VHDCI Connector
Figure 9. Single-Ended Flying Lead Cable Parts Locator Diagram
Differential Accessories
The NI SMA-2164 test fixture is a breakout box for National Instruments differential digital waveform
generator/analyzer modules (NI 656x). This fixture provides an easy way to connect to other devices for
testing and debugging. For more information about using the NI SMA-2164, refer to the NI SMA-2164
User Guide.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Figure 10 shows how to connect a differential NI digital waveform generator/analyzer to the
NI SMA-2164, using the NI SHB12X-B12X cable.
2
NI PXI-1042
NI PXI-6561
100 MHz LVDS DIO
ACCESS
ACTIVE
CLK
IN
PFI 0
–
PF I _1
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+
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67
64
61
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34
31
28
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22
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16
1
V OS
V OS
+
V OS
–
PF I _2
+ –
– +
CL K _ L V P E CL CL K _ L V DS
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
CLK
OUT
PF I _3
V OS
–
+
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I O_ 5
–
I O_ 8
I O_ 9
+
–
+–
I O_ 1
I O_ 6
I O_ 7
I O_ 1 0
V OS
I O_ 1 1
I O_ 1 3
–+
+–
I O_ 1 4
V OS
V OS
–
V OS
V OS
–
V OS
–
–
+
–
+
+
I O_ 1 2
+
V OS
–
+
+
I O_ 3
+
V OS
–
V OS
V OS
–
+
V OS
1
3
1
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer,
installed in a PXI chassis
2
3
NI SHB12-B12X Cable
NI SMA-2164
Figure 10. Connecting the NI SMA-2164 Accessory
A flying lead cable, the NI SHB12X-H3X24, is also available for differential NI digital waveform
generator/analyzers (NI 656x). This cable offers connectivity similar to that found on a typical logic
analyzer, so you can use it in logic analyzer-type applications. The cable is shown in Figure 11.
1
2
1
2
3
Leads (1 x 3 Header Receptacle)
12x Infiniband Connector
3
Removeable Sleeving
Figure 11. NI SHB12X-H3X24 Flying Lead Cable
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
16
ni.com
Creating a Custom Accessory
Many common NI digital waveform generator/analyzer applications may require you to create a custom
accessory to easily access the signals of your device under test (DUT). If you are creating a custom
accessory to use with a device with a VHDCI DDC connector, you can purchase the mating connector
for the VHDCI cable from NI. If you are designing a custom accessory to use with a device that uses an
Infiniband connector, you can also purchase this connector. For more information about creating these
custom accessories, refer to the Interfacing to the NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer using the
VHDCI Connector application note, available by entering rdinwa in the text field at ni.com/info.
Refer to Appendix A: Device Front Panels for signal descriptions and pinout illustrations.
Note
Whether you use NI cables and accessories or design your own, you should properly terminate
cables to avoid improper measurements due to signal reflections, overshoot, and undershoot. Refer
to the NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Help for more information about signal termination.
Note If you are designing a custom cabling solution with connector (779157-01) and the
NI SHB12X-B12X cable (192344-01), the NI 656x pinout is reversed at the end connector. Refer to
Figure 18 for an illustration of the pinout at the end connector.
Wiring for Common Measurements
Dynamic generation and dynamic acquisition are two categories of applications that you can create for
NI digital waveform generator/analyzers. This section provides information about the general wiring
considerations for each type of application. Both examples use the NI 655x and the NI CB-2162 for
signal termination.
Dynamic Generation
When performing dynamic generation, an NI digital waveform generator/analyzer (NI 654x/655x)
generates data through a matched impedance system that consists of a 50 output impedance, a 50 
cable, and a 50 accessory. Figure 12 shows a diagram of such a system, using the NI 655x as an
example. Depending on the loading of the peripheral device, you may need additional parallel
termination resistance at the destination for optimal signal quality. Refer to the NI Digital Waveform
Generator/Analyzer Help for more information about signal termination.
50
NI 655X
50
Peripheral
Device
Cable
NI CB-2162
Figure 12. Dynamic Generation Functional Diagram
© National Instruments Corporation
17
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Dynamic Acquisition
When performing dynamic acquisition with the NI 654x/655x, the source generating the signals needs
a matched source impedance as close to 50 as possible to minimize signal reflections and maintain
optimal signal quality. Figure 13 shows a diagram of a dynamic acquisition system using the NI 655x as
an example.
RT
NI 655X
50
Cable
RS
Peripheral
Device
NI CB-2162
Figure 13. Dynamic Acquisition Functional Diagram
Note
NI digital waveform generator/analyzers have various input impedances (RT). Refer to the
specifications document for your device for supported input impedance settings.
Refer to the NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Help for more information about signal
termination.
8. Programming the Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer
You can generate or acquire digital data with the NI digital waveform generator/analyzer using
NI-HSDIO or NI LabVIEW SignalExpress. You also can run the NI-HSDIO examples to demonstrate
the functionality of your device.
NI-HSDIO Instrument Driver
The NI-HSDIO API features a set of operations and attributes that exercise all the functionality of the
device, including configuration, control, and other device-specific functions.
Information about programming with NI-HSDIO is available in the NI Digital Waveform Generator/
Analyzer Help. This online document contains hardware information, concepts, a detailed function/VI
reference for NI-HSDIO, and information specific to your device.
NI LabVIEW SignalExpress Limited Edition (LE)
NI-HSDIO 1.5 and later includes a stand-alone, evaluation version of NI LabVIEW SignalExpress that
allows you to quickly configure your NI hardware to acquire, generate, or perform hardware comparison
using your NI digital waveform generator/analyzer. This software integrates with the NI Digital
Waveform Editor to allow you to create and modify complex digital waveforms and then generate the
data on your NI digital waveform generator/analyzer.
LabVIEW SignalExpress LE gives you a 30-day trial of the Full Edition of LabVIEW SignalExpress.
After that period, you must activate your version of LabVIEW SignalExpress LE, which is free, or
purchase the Full Edition. LabVIEW SignalExpress LE includes the NI-HSDIO express steps, and the
Full Edition includes analysis, signal processing, and other advanced features. If you activate your
version of LabVIEW SignalExpress LE before your 30-day trial of the Full Edition is complete, the full
features are still available for the remainder of your 30-day trial.
Note
The NI 6555/6556 is not supported in NI LabVIEW SignalExpress.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
18
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NI-HSDIO Examples
Examples demonstrate the functionality of the device, serving as programming models and building
blocks for your own applications. The NI Example Finder is a utility available for some software
applications that organizes examples into categories and allows you to easily browse and search installed
examples. You can see descriptions and compatible hardware models for each example or see all the
examples compatible with one particular hardware model.
To locate examples, refer to the following table.
Software Application
Locating Examples
LabVIEW or
LabWindows/CVI
Locate examples with the NI Example Finder. Within LabVIEW or
LabWindows/CVI, select Help»Find Examples and navigate to
Hardware Input and Output»Modular Instruments»NI-HSDIO.
ANSI C or Visual Basic
Locate examples in the <NIDocDir>\NI-HSDIO\examples
directory, where <NIDocDir> is one of the following directories:
•
(Windows 2000/XP) Documents and Settings\All Users\
Shared Documents\National Instruments
•
(Windows Vista) Users\Public\Documents\National
Instruments
•
(Windows 7) Users\Public\Public Documents\
National Instruments
Appendix A: Device Front Panels
This section contains front panel connector figures and connector description tables that describe the
signal connection options for NI digital waveform generator/analyzers.
NI 654x/6551/6552 Front Panels and Connectors
The NI 654x/6551/6552 front panels contain four connectors—three SMB jacks
(NI 6541/6542/6551/6552) or SMA connectors (NI 6544/6545/6547/6548) named CLK IN, PFI 0, and
CLK OUT, and one 68-pin VHDCI connector named DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL, or DDC.
Figure 14 shows the NI 6541 front panel and DDC pinout, which is identical to the DDC pinout of the
NI 6542/6544/6545/6547/6548, though the NI 6544/6545/6547/6548 uses SMA instead of SMB
connectors. The DDC signals are described in Table 1. The SMB connectors are described in Table 7.
The LEDs are described in Tables 8 and 9.
© National Instruments Corporation
19
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
DIO 30
GND
DIO 28
GND
DIO 26
GND
DIO 24
GND
DIO 22
GND
DIO 20
GND
DIO 18
GND
DIO 16
GND
DIO 14
RESERVED
DIO 12
GND
DIO 10
GND
DIO 8
GND
DIO 6
RESERVED
DIO 4
GND
DIO 2
PFI 2
DIO 0
GND
STROBE
GND
NI PCI-6541
NI PXI-6541
50 MHz Digital I/O
ACCESS
CLK
IN
ACTIVE
PFI
0
CLK
IN
CLK
OUT
PFI 0
CLK
OUT
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
DIO 31
GND
DIO 29
GND
DIO 27
GND
DIO 25
RESERVED
DIO 23
GND
DIO 21
GND
DIO 19
GND
DIO 17
GND
DIO 15
GND
DIO 13
GND
DIO 11
GND
DIO 9
GND
DIO 7
PFI 1
DIO 5
GND
DIO 3
PFI 3
DIO 1
GND
DDC CLK OUT
GND
DIGITAL
DATA &
CONTROL
The Digital Data & Control connector pinout
is the same for PXI and PCI devices.
Figure 14. NI 654x Front Panel Connectors
Table 1. NI 654x DDC Connector Pins
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
33
DDC CLK OUT
Control
Output terminal for the exported
Sample clock.
67
STROBE
Control
Terminal for the external Sample clock
source, which can be used for dynamic
acquisition.
1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13,
15, 17, 19, 21, 23,
25, 27, 29, 31, 35,
37, 39, 41, 43, 45,
47, 49, 51, 53, 55,
57, 59, 61, 63, 65
DIO <0..31>
Data
Bidirectional digital I/O data
channels 0 through 31.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
20
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Table 1. NI 654x DDC Connector Pins (Continued)
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
26, 30, 64
PFI <1..3>
Control
Input terminals to the NI 654x
for external triggers, or output
terminals from the NI 654x for events.
2, 4, 6, 10, 12, 14,
16, 18, 20, 22, 24,
28, 32, 34, 36, 38,
40, 42, 44, 46, 48,
50, 54, 56, 58, 62,
66
GND
Ground
Ground reference for signals.
8, 52, 60
RESERVED
N/A
These terminals are reserved for future
use. Do not connect to these pins.
Figure 15 shows the NI 6551 front panels and pinout, which are identical to those of the NI 6552. The
DDC signals are described in Table 2. The SMB connectors are described in Table 7. The LEDs are
described in Tables 8 and 9.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
DIO 18
GND
DIO 16
GND
DIO 14
RESERVED
DIO 12
GND
DIO 10
GND
DIO 8
GND
DIO 6
RESERVED
DIO 4
GND
DIO 2
PFI 2
DIO 0
GND
STROBE
GND
NI PXI-6551
50 MHz Digital I/O
ACCESS
NI PCI-6551
CLK
IN
ACTIVE
PFI
0
CLK
IN
CLK
OUT
PFI 0
CLK
OUT
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
RESERVED
RESERVED
GND
RESERVED
GND
DIO 19
GND
DIO 17
GND
DIO 15
GND
DIO 13
GND
DIO 11
GND
DIO 9
GND
DIO 7
PFI 1
DIO 5
GND
DIO 3
PFI 3
DIO 1
GND
DDC CLK OUT
GND
DIGITAL
DATA &
CONTROL
The Digital Data & Control connector pinout
is the same for PXI and PCI devices.
Figure 15. NI 6551/6552 Front Panel Connectors
© National Instruments Corporation
21
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Table 2. NI 6551/6552 DDC Connector Pins
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
33
DDC CLK OUT
Control
Output terminal for the exported
Sample clock.
67
STROBE
Control
Terminal for the external Sample clock
source, which can be used for dynamic
acquisition.
13, 15, 17, 19, 21,
23, 25, 27, 29, 31,
47, 49, 51, 53, 55,
57, 59, 61, 63, 65
DIO <0..19>
Data
Bidirectional digital I/O data
channels 0 through 19.
26, 30, 64
PFI <1..3>
Control
Input terminals to the NI 6551/6552
for external triggers, or output
terminals from the NI 6551/6552 for
events.
2, 4, 6, 10, 12, 14,
16, 18, 20, 22, 24,
28, 32, 34, 36, 38,
40, 42, 44, 46, 48,
50, 54, 56, 58, 62,
66
GND
Ground
Ground reference for signals.
1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11,
35, 37, 39, 41, 43,
45, 52, 60
RESERVED
N/A
These terminals are reserved for future
use. Do not connect to these pins.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
22
ni.com
NI 6555/6556 Front Panels and Connectors
The NI 6555/6556 front panels contain six connectors—three SMA connectors named CLK IN, PFI 0,
and CLK OUT, two 68-pin VHDCI connectors named DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL (DDC) and
REMOTE SENSE, and a COMBICON connector named AUX I/O.
Note
The NI 6555 does not have the AUX I/O connector.
Figure 16 shows the pinouts of the NI 6556 VHDCI connectors, which are identical to the pinouts of the
NI 6555 VHDCI connectors. The DDC signals are described in Table 3. The REMOTE SENSE signals
are described in Table 4. The NI 6556 AUX I/O signals are described in Table 5. The SMA connectors
are described in Table 7. The LEDs are described in Tables 8 and 9.
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
GND
PFI 4 SENSE
GND
DIO 1 SENSE
NC
DIO 3 SENSE
GND
DIO 5 SENSE
PFI 1 SENSE
DIO 7 SENSE
GND
DIO 9 SENSE
GND
DIO 11 SENSE
GND
DIO 13 SENSE
GND
DIO 15 SENSE
GND
DIO 17 SENSE
GND
DIO 19 SENSE
GND
DIO 21 SENSE
GND
DIO 23 SENSE
GND
NC
GND
NC
GND
NC
GND
CAL DMM
NI PXIe-6556
200 MHz Digital I/O with PPMU
ACTIVE
ACCESS
AUX I/O
CLK
IN
EXT
FORCE
GUARD
EXT
SENSE
PFI 0
GUARD
CAL
CLK
OUT
–3 to 8.5V
MAX to
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
68
67
66
65
64
63
62
61
60
59
58
57
56
55
54
53
52
51
50
49
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
REMOTE SENSE
GND
PFI 5 SENSE
GND
DIO 0 SENSE
PFI 2 SENSE
DIO 2 SENSE
GND
DIO 4 SENSE
NC
DIO 6 SENSE
GND
DIO 8 SENSE
GND
DIO 10 SENSE
GND
DIO 12 SENSE
GND
DIO 14 SENSE
GND
DIO 16 SENSE
GND
DIO 18 SENSE
GND
DIO 20 SENSE
GND
DIO 22 SENSE
GND
NC
GND
NC
GND
EXTERNAL FORCE
GND
EXTERNAL SENSE
PFI 31
GND
PFI 29
GND
PFI 27
GND
PFI 25
GND
DIO 23
GND
DIO 21
GND
DIO 19
GND
DIO 17
GND
DIO 15
GND
DIO 13
GND
DIO 11
GND
DIO 9
GND
DIO 7
PFI 1
DIO 5
GND
DIO 3
PFI 3
DIO 1
GND
PFI 4 / DDC CLK OUT
GND
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
PFI 30
GND
PFI 28
GND
PFI 26
GND
PFI 24
GND
DIO 22
GND
DIO 20
GND
DIO 18
GND
DIO 16
GND
DIO 14
GND
DIO 12
GND
DIO 10
GND
DIO 8
GND
DIO 6
RESERVED
DIO 4
GND
DIO 2
PFI 2
DIO 0
GND
PFI 5 / STROBE
GND
Figure 16. NI 6556 Front Panel Connectors
© National Instruments Corporation
23
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Table 3. NI 6555/6556 DDC Connector Pins
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
9, 11, 13, 15, 17,
19, 21, 23, 25, 27,
29, 31, 43, 45, 47,
49, 51, 53, 55, 57,
59, 61, 63, 65
DIO <0..23>
Data
Bidirectional PPMU-capable digital
I/O data channels 0 through 23.
26, 64
PFI <1..2>
Control
PPMU-capable input terminals to the
NI 6555/6556 for external triggers, or
output terminals from the
NI 6555/6556 for events.
1, 3, 5, 7, 30, 35,
37, 39, 41
PFI 3,
PFI <24..31>
Control
Single-ended input terminals to the
NI 6555/6556 for external triggers, or
output terminals from the
NI 6555/6556 for events. Refer to the
NI 6555/6556 Specifications for signal
voltage levels.
33
PFI 4 / DDC CLK
OUT
Control
Bidirectional PPMU-capable terminal
for an exported Sample clock or for
trigger and event routing.
67
PFI 5 / STROBE
Control
Bidirectional PPMU-capable terminal
for external Sample clock source that
can be used only for dynamic
acquisition or for trigger and event
routing.
2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12,
14, 16, 18, 20, 22,
24, 28, 32, 34, 36,
38, 40, 42, 44, 46,
48, 50, 52, 54, 56,
58, 62, 66, 68
GND
Ground
Ground reference for signals.
60
RESERVED
N/A
These terminals are reserved for future
use. Do not connect to these pins.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
24
ni.com
Table 4. NI 6555/6556 REMOTE SENSE Connector Pins
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
9, 11, 13, 15, 17,
19, 21, 23, 25, 27,
29, 31, 43, 45, 47,
49, 51, 53, 55, 57,
59, 61, 63, 65
DIO <0..23>
SENSE
Analog
Remote sense pins for PPMU
channels 0 through 23.
26, 64
PFI <1..2> SENSE
Analog
Remote sense pins for PFI <1..2>.
33
PFI 4 SENSE
Analog
Remote sense pin for PFI 4.
67
PFI 5 SENSE
Analog
Remote sense pin for PFI 5.
3, 5, 7, 30, 39, 41
NC
No connect
Do not connect to these terminals.
60
CAL GND
Analog
ground
Ground reference for external
calibrator.
2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12,
14, 16, 18, 20, 22,
24, 28, 32, 34, 36,
38, 40, 42, 44, 46,
48, 50, 52, 54, 56,
58, 62, 66, 68
GND
Ground
Ground reference for signals.
1
CAL DMM
Analog
Resource used during external
calibration.
35
EXTERNAL
SENSE
Analog
Resource used for external SMU or
DC sense functions.
37
EXTERNAL
FORCE
Analog
Resource used for external SMU or
DC force functions.
Table 5. NI 6556 AUX I/O Connector Pins
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
1
External Force
Analog
Resource for external SMU or DC
force functions.
2, 4
Guard
Analog
Guard connection for external SMUs
or DC sources.
3
External Sense
Analog
Resource for external SMU or DC
sense functions.
5
Cal
Analog
Resource used during external
calibration.
6
GND
Ground
Ground reference for external signals.
© National Instruments Corporation
25
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
NI 656x Front Panels and Connectors
The NI 656x front panels contain four connectors—three SMB jacks (CLK IN, PFI 0, and CLK OUT)
and one 73-pin 12x Infiniband connector (DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL, or DDC).
Figure 17 shows the NI 6561 front panels and pinout, which are identical to those of the NI 6562.
Signals marked with an asterisk represent the complementary terminal for the differential signal of the
same name. The DDC signals are described in Table 6. The SMB connectors are the same as those
described in Table 7, and the LEDs are the same as those described in Tables 8 and 9.
GND
1
PFI_2*
6
2
PFI_1
5
PFI_2
GND
4
GND
7
PFI_3* / GND
RESERVED (NC)
DIO 0*
DIO 1*
DIO 2*
DIO 3*
DIO 4*
DIO 5*
DIO 6*
DIO 7*
DIO 8*
DIO 9*
DIO 10*
DIO 11*
DIO 12*
DIO 13*
DIO 14*
DIO 15*
STROBE*
DDC CLK OUT LVDS*
RESERVED (NC)
DDC CLK OUT LVPECL*
9 8
10
12 11
13
15 14
16
18 17
19
21 20
22
24 23
25
27 26
28
30 29
31
33 32
34
36 35
37
39 38
40
42 41
43
45 44
46
48 47
49
51 50
52
54 53
55
57 56
58
60 59
61
63 62
64
66 65
67
69 68
70
72 71
73
PFI_3
GND
RESERVED (NC)
GND
DIO 0
GND
DIO 1
GND
DIO 2
GND
DIO 3
GND
DIO 4
GND
DIO 5
GND
DIO 6
GND
DIO 7
GND
DIO 8
GND
DIO 9
GND
DIO 10
GND
DIO 11
GND
DIO 12
GND
DIO 13
GND
DIO 14
GND
DIO 15
GND
STROBE
GND
DDC CLK OUT LVDS
GND
RESERVED (NC)
GND
DDC CLK OUT LVPECL
GND
NI PCI-6561
NI PXI-6561
100 MHz LVDS DIO
ACCESS
ACTIVE
CLK
IN
CLK
OUT
PFI 0
CLK
OUT
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
3
DIGITAL DATA & CONTROL
PFI_1*
CLK
IN
Figure 17. NI 656x Front Panel Connectors
Note If you are designing a custom cabling solution with connector (779157-01) and the
NI SHB12X-B12X cable (192344-01), the NI 656x pinout is reversed at the end connector. Refer to
Figure 18 for an illustration of the pinout at the end connector.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
26
ni.com
Table 6. NI 656x DDC Connector Pins
Pins
Signal Name
Signal Type
Signal Description
65
DDC CLK OUT
LVDS
Control
Positive terminal for the exported
Sample clock.
66
DDC CLK OUT
LVDS*
Control
Complementary terminal for the
LVDS exported Sample clock.
71
DDC CLK OUT
LVPECL
Control
Positive terminal for the LVPECL
exported Sample clock.
72
DDC CLK OUT
LVPECL*
Control
Complementary terminal for the
LVPECL exported Sample clock.
62
STROBE
Control
Positive external Sample clock source
which can be used for dynamic
acquisition.
63
STROBE*
Control
Complementary external Sample
clock source which can be used for
dynamic acquisition.
14, 17, 20, 23, 26,
29, 32, 35, 38, 41,
44, 47, 50, 53, 56,
59
DIO <0..15>
Data
Bidirectional digital I/O data
channels 0 through 15.
15, 18, 21, 24, 27,
30, 33, 36, 39, 42,
45, 48, 51, 54, 57,
60
DIO <0..15>*
Data
Complementary bidirectional digital
I/O data channels 0 through 15.
2, 5, 8
PFI <1..3>
Control
Positive input terminals to the NI 656x
for external triggers, or output
terminals from the NI 656x for events.
3, 6, 9
PFI <1..3>*
Control
Complementary input terminals to the
NI 656x for external triggers, or output
terminals for the NI 656x for events.
1, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16,
19, 22, 25, 28, 31,
34, 37, 40, 43, 46,
49, 52, 55, 58
GND
Ground
Ground reference for signals.
11, 12, 68, 69
RESERVED
N/A
These terminals are reserved for future
use. Do not connect to these pins.
Note If you are designing a custom cabling solution with connector (779157-01) and the
NI SHB12X-B12X cable (192344-01), the NI 656x pinout is reversed at the end connector. Refer to
Figure 18 for an illustration of the pinout at the end connector.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Note If you are designing a custom cabling solution with connector (779157-01) and the
NI SHB12X-B12X cable (192344-01), the NI 656x pinout is reversed at the end connector.
The following figure is an illustration of the pinout at the end connector.
PFI_1*
PFI_2*
PFI_3* / GND
RESERVED(NC)
DIO 0*
DIO 1*
DIO 2*
DIO 3*
DIO 4*
DIO 5*
DIO 6*
DIO 7*
DIO 8*
DIO 9*
DIO 10*
DIO 11*
DIO 12*
DIO 13*
DIO 14*
DIO 15*
STROBE*
DDC CLK OUT LVDS*
RESERVED (NC)
DDC CLK OUT LVPECL*
73
71 72
70
68 69
67
65 66
64
62 63
61
59 60
58
56 57
55
53 54
52
50 51
49
47 48
46
44 45
43
41 42
40
38 39
37
35 36
34
32 33
31
29 30
28
26 27
25
23 24
22
20 21
19
17 18
16
14 15
13
11 12
10
8 9
7
5 6
4
2 3
1
GND
PFI_1
GND
PFI_2
GND
PFI_3
GND
RESERVED(NC)
GND
DIO 0
GND
DIO 1
GND
DIO 2
GND
DIO 3
GND
DIO 4
GND
DIO 5
GND
DIO 6
GND
DIO 7
GND
DIO 8
GND
DIO 9
GND
DIO 10
GND
DIO 11
GND
DIO 12
GND
DIO 13
GND
DIO 14
GND
DIO 15
GND
STROBE
GND
DDC CLK OUT LVDS
GND
RESERVED (NC)
GND
DDC CLK OUT LVPECL
GND
Figure 18. NI 656x End Connector Pinout
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
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ni.com
Table 7. NI 654x/655x/656x Front Panel SMA/SMB Connectors
Connector
Signal Name
Signal Type
Description
CLK IN
Reference/
Clock Input
Control
Terminal for the external
Reference clock used for the
PLL or for the external Sample
clock used for dynamic
generation and/or acquisition.
PFI 0
Programmable
Function Interface
(PFI) 0
Control
Input terminal to the device for
external triggers, or output
terminal from the device for
events.
CLK OUT
Reference/
Clock Output
Control
Terminal for the exported PLL
Reference clock or the
exported Sample clock.
Tables 8 and 9 describe the different conditions indicated by the two NI PXI LEDs.
Table 8. ACTIVE LED Indicators
Color
Indications
Off
Device not armed and not triggered.
Amber
Device armed and awaiting Start trigger. If performing a dynamic acquisition
operation, the device may be acquiring pretrigger samples.
Green
Device received Start trigger.
Red
Error condition.
Table 9. ACCESS LED Indicators
Color
Indications
Off
Device not ready.
Amber
Device being accessed by software.
Green
Device ready to be programmed.
Red
Running the niHSDIO Self Test VI or calling niHSDIO_self_test
produced a failure.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Appendix B: Troubleshooting
Device Front Panel ACCESS LED on PXI Module is Off When PXI Chassis is On
If the ACCESS LED is not lit after you power on the PXI chassis, a problem may exist with the PXI
power rails, a hardware device, or the LED.
Note The LEDs may not light until the device has been configured in MAX. Before troubleshooting
this issue, verify that the device appears in MAX.
Troubleshoot this issue by completing the following steps:
1.
Power off your PXI chassis.
2.
Disconnect any signals from the PXI module front panel.
3.
Remove the PXI module and inspect for signs of damage. Do not reinstall a damaged device.
4.
Reinstall the PXI module using the procedure described in step 5. Installing the Hardware.
5.
Power on your PXI chassis.
6.
Verify the device appears in MAX.
7.
Reset the device in MAX and perform a self-test. Refer to step 6. Configuring and Testing in MAX
for information about performing device resets and self-tests in MAX.
8.
If the ACCESS LED still fails to light, contact NI support at ni.com/support.
Device Does Not Appear in MAX
Complete the following steps if the NI device does not appear in MAX:
1.
In the MAX Configuration pane, click Devices and Interfaces to expand the category.
2.
Click the appropriate Chassis and press <F5> to refresh the list of installed devices.
3.
If the device is still not listed, power off the system, ensure the device is correctly installed,
and restart.
4.
If the device still does not appear under Devices and Interfaces, contact NI support at
ni.com/support.
Device Failed the Self-Test
The MAX self-test performs a brief test of device resources. If the device does not pass the self-test,
complete the following steps:
1.
Reboot your system.
2.
Launch MAX and perform the self-test again. If the device still fails the self-test, proceed to step 3.
3.
Uninstall and reinstall NI-HSDIO.
4.
If the device still fails the self-test, contact NI support at ni.com/support.
NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
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I Received a Thermal or Power Shutdown Error
I received the kErrorDeviceShutDownDueToHighTemp or the
NIHSDIO_ERROR_DEVICE_POWER_LIMIT_EXCEEDED error, and my device shut down. What
should I do next?
To re-enable your device after a hardware shutdown, you must perform a hard reset, in which the device
integrated circuits (ICs) are reloaded. To re-enable your device after thermal shutdown, complete the
following steps:
1.
Power off the computer or chassis that contains the device.
2.
Review the procedure in step 5. Installing the Hardware and make any necessary adjustments to
ensure that your device is effectively cooled.
3.
Call the niHSDIO Reset Device VI or the niHSDIO_ResetDevice function or perform a
device reset in MAX. For more information about performing a device reset in MAX, refer to
step 6. Configuring and Testing in MAX. The thermal shutdown error continues to be reported
until the device has been successfully reset.
Note The thermal shutdown error is reported until the device has cooled to an acceptable operating
temperature and has been successfully reset.
Note Due to power and cooling constraints, not all features of the NI 6555/6556 may be active at
the same time. Refer to the NI 6555/6556 Specifications for power limits and to the NI 6555/6556
book in the NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Help for more information about the power
monitoring properties provided by NI-HSDIO.
Performance Issues Using MXI Connection
When using a MXI connection to control the PXI chassis, the MXI Optimization Application must be
run prior to using the NI device. By default, this application runs automatically when Windows starts.
Use of a MXI connection without running this application may result in a time exceeded or internal
software error, or an initialization, timeout, or performance issue when using the NI device.
If you are experiencing errors and are uncertain whether the MXI Optimization Application ran,
navigate to Start»All Programs»National Instruments MXI, and select MXI Optimization to launch
the application.
If the application is not installed, refer to the software CD included with the MXI kit to install the
software. After installation, you may be required to reboot the computer before using the MXI
Optimization Application.
If you continue to have initialization or performance issues, refer to the MXI documentation at Start»
All Programs»National Instruments MXI, or visit NI Technical Support at ni.com/support.
© National Instruments Corporation
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NI Digital Waveform Generator/Analyzer Getting Started Guide
Where to Go for Support
The National Instruments Web site is your complete resource for technical
support. At ni.com/support you have access to everything from
troubleshooting and application development self-help resources to email
and phone assistance from NI Application Engineers.
A Declaration of Conformity (DoC) is our claim of compliance with the
Council of the European Communities using the manufacturer’s
declaration of conformity. This system affords the user protection for
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) and product safety. You can obtain
the DoC for your product by visiting ni.com/certification. If your
product supports calibration, you can obtain the calibration certificate for
your product at ni.com/calibration.
National Instruments corporate headquarters is located at
11500 North Mopac Expressway, Austin, Texas, 78759-3504.
National Instruments also has offices located around the world to help
address your support needs. For telephone support in the United States,
create your service request at ni.com/support and follow the calling
instructions or dial 512 795 8248. For telephone support outside the United
States, visit the Worldwide Offices section of ni.com/niglobal to access
the branch office Web sites, which provide up-to-date contact information,
support phone numbers, email addresses, and current events.
CVI, LabVIEW, National Instruments, NI, ni.com, the National Instruments corporate logo, and the Eagle logo are trademarks of National Instruments
Corporation. Refer to the Trademark Information at ni.com/trademarks for other National Instruments trademarks. The mark LabWindows is
used under a license from Microsoft Corporation. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and other
countries. Other product and company names mentioned herein are trademarks or trade names of their respective companies. For patents covering
National Instruments products/technology, refer to the appropriate location: Help»Patents in your software, the patents.txt file on your media,
or the National Instruments Patent Notice at ni.com/patents. Refer to the Export Compliance Information at ni.com/legal/
export-compliance for the National Instruments global trade compliance policy and how to obtain relevant HTS codes, ECCNs, and other
import/export data.
© 2003–2011 National Instruments Corporation. All rights reserved.
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