DN286 - Fast and Accurate 80MHz Amplifier Draws Only 2mA

Fast and Accurate 80MHz Amplifier Draws Only 2mA
Design Note 286
Glen Brisebois, William Jett, Dahn Tran
Introduction
The 80MHz LT®1800 amplifier provides the high speed
and DC accuracy required by low voltage signal conditioning and data acquisition systems while consuming
a mere 2mA max supply current. The LT1800 operates
with supplies from 2.4V to 12V and its rail-to-rail inputs
and outputs allow the entire supply range to be used.
DC performance is exceptional; the maximum offset
voltage is only 350μV and the maximum input bias
current is only 250nA. The amplifier is also available in
dual and quad versions as the LT1801 and the LT1802,
respectively. All are available in commercial and industrial temperature grades. The LT1800 is available in
SO and SOT-23 packages, the LT1801 dual in an SO-8
package and the LT1802 quad in an SO-14 package.
Single Supply 1A Laser Driver
Figure 1 shows the LT1800 used in a 1A laser driver
application. The LT1800 is well suited to this control
task because its 2.4V operation ensures that it is awake
at power-up and in control before the circuit can cause
significant current to flow in the 2.1V threshold laser.
Raising the noninverting input of the LT1800 causes its
output to rise, turning on the FMMT619 high current
NPN transistor and the SFH495 IR laser.
The transistor and laser turn on until the input voltage
appears back at the LT1800 inverting input. This voltage
therefore also appears across the 1Ω resistor R1. In
order for this to occur, a current equal to VIN/R1 must
exist and the only place it can come from is through
the laser. The overall circuit is thus a V-to-I converter
with a 1A/V characteristic.
Lower values for R1 may be selected but the designer
is reminded to keep series loop traces very short: for
example, even 10nH of lead inductance causes a 16MHz
pole into 1Ω and a 1.6MHz pole into 0.1Ω! Also when
decreasing the value of R1, consider the total of the
dynamic impedances of the transistor VBE and the laser.
They reduce the feedback voltage to R1 thus increasing
circuit noise gain. This has the effect of degrading the
DC precision and reducing the achievable bandwidth.
Frequency compensation components R2 and C1 are
chosen for fast but zero overshoot time domain response
which avoids overcurrent conditions in the laser. Their
values may vary from design to design depending upon
desired response characteristics, circuit layout, the
value of R1 and the actual laser and transistor devices
selected. Figure 2 shows the time domain response of
this circuit, measured at R1 and given a 500mV 230ns
input pulse. While the circuit shown is capable of 1A
operation, the laser and the transistor are thermally
limited and so must be operated at low duty cycles.
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5V
VIN
(DO NOT FLOAT)
+
–
R3
10Ω
LT1800
100mA/DIV
Q1
ZETEX
FMMT619
C1
39pF
R2
330Ω
IR LASER
INFINEON
SFH495
R1
1Ω
DN286 F01
Figure 1. Small 1A Low Duty Cycle Laser Driver
05/02/286_conv
50ns/DIV
DN286 F02
Figure 2. Pulse Response of 1A Laser Driver Circuit
Shows Better Than 50ns Rise Time on 500mA Pulse
Low Power Amplifier with 250V Output Swing
Some recently developed materials have optical characteristics that depend on the presence and strength
of a DC electric field. Many applications require a bias
voltage applied across such materials, sometimes as
high as hundreds of volts, precisely in order to achieve
and maintain desired properties in the material. The
materials are not conductive and present an almost
purely capacitive load.
Figure 3 shows the LT1800 used in an amplifier intended
for capacitive loads and capable of 250V output swing.
When no input signal is present, the op amp output
sits at about mid-supply. Transistors Q1 and Q3 create bias voltages for Q2 and Q4 which are forced into
a low quiescent current by degeneration resistors R4
and R5. When a transient signal arrives at VIN, the op
amp output jumps away from mid-supply and causes
current through Q2 or Q4 depending on the signal polarity. The current, limited by the output swing of the
LT1800 and the 3kΩ of total emitter degeneration, is
level shifted to the high voltage supplies and mirrored
into the capacitive load. This causes a voltage slew at
VOUT until the feedback loop (through R3) is satisfied.
The LT1800 output then returns back to near mid-supply,
providing just enough DC output current to maintain the
output voltage across R3. The circuit thus alternates
between a low current hold state and a higher transient,
but limited, current slew state.
Careful attention to current levels minimizes power
dissipation allowing for a dense component layout, and
also provides inherent output short-circuit protection.
To further save power, the LT1800 is operated single
supply with its inputs at ground. With the inputs at
ground, the LT1800 turns off its internal bias current
cancellation and adding R2 externally restores input
precision.
Figure 4 shows the time domain response of the amplifier providing a ±100V output swing into a 100pF load.
130V
4.99k
5V
1k
Q6
Q5
10k
0.1μF
5V
Q2 5V
Q1
+
R2
2k
R4
2k
R6
2k
R5
2k
R7
2k
VOUT
LT1800
–
Q3
MATERIAL UNDER
ELECTRIC FIELD
100pF
Q4
VIN
R1
2k
C1
39pF
C2
8pF
150V
R3
200k
Conclusion
The LT1800 and its LT1801 dual and LT1802 quad derivatives, provide low power solutions to high speed,
low voltage signal conditioning. Rail-to-rail input and
output maximize dynamic range and can simplify
designs by eliminating the negative supply. Circuits
that require source impedances of 1k or more, such
as filters, benefit from the low input bias currents and
low input offset voltage. The combination of speed,
DC accuracy and low power makes the LT1800 a top
choice for low voltage signal conditioning.
10k
Q8
Q7
4.99k
1k
–130V
AV = VOUT/VIN = –100
±130V SUPPLY IQ = 130A
OUTPUT SWING = ±128.8V
OUTPUT OFFSET % 20mV
OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT % 3mA
10%–90% RISE TIME % 8μs, 200V OUTPUT STEP
SMALL SIGNAL BANDWIDTH % 150kHz
Q1, Q2, Q7, Q8: ON SEMI MPSA42
Q3, Q4, Q5, Q6: ON SEMI MPSA92
DN286 F03
Figure 3. Low Power High Voltage Amplifier
Data Sheet Download
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Linear Technology Corporation
VIN
2V/DIV
VOUT
50V/DIV
10μs/DIV
DN286 F04
Figure 4. Large-Signal Time Domain Response
of the Material Bias Amplifier
For applications help,
call (408) 432-1900
dn286f_conv LT/TP 0502 341.5K • PRINTED IN THE USA
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900
●
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© LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 2002
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