AK8186B

Preliminary
AK8186B
Multi Output Clock Generator with
Integrated 2.0GHz VCO
AK8186B
DESCRIPTION
FEATURES
The AK8186B is a multi-output clock generator with
sub-ps jitter performance. The on-chip VCO tunes
from 1.75GHz to 2.25GHz.
Low phase noise PLL : RMS Jitter < 300fs
On-chip VCO tunes from 1.75GHz to 2.25GHz
External VCO/VCXO to 500MHz optional
1 differential or 2 single-ended Inputs
Reference Switchover/Holdover modes
Lock Detect
3 pairs of 1GHz LVPECL outputs
2 pairs of 800MHz LVDS outputs
8 250MHz CMOS outputs (two per LVDS)
Serial control register interface
3.3V+/-5% Operating Voltage
2.5V-3.3V LVPECL Drive Voltage
Operating Temperature: -40 to +85°C
Package: 64-pin Leadless QFN (Pb free)
Pin compatible with AD9516-3
The distribution section has three pairs of LVPECL
buffers (6 outputs) and two pairs of LVDS buffers (4
outputs)/eight CMOS buffers (two per LVDS
outputs). The LVPECL outputs operate up to
1GHz, the LVDS outputs operate up to 800MHz
and the CMOS outputs operate up to 250MHz.
Each pair of the outputs has a divider. The
LVPECL outputs have the division range of 1 to 32.
The LVDS and CMOS outputs have the 1 to 1024.
The AK8186B operates at 3.3V and the LVPECL
outputs are supplied independently from 2.375V to
3.6V. The operating temperature range is from -40
to +85°C. The part is available in a 9mm 9 mm
64-pin Leadless-QFN (Pb free) package.
ORDERING INFORMATION
Part Number
Marking
Shipping
Packaging
Package
Temperature
Range
AK8186B
AK8186B
Tape and Reel
64-pin
Leadless QFN
-40 to 85 ℃
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Sep-2012
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AK8186B
BLOCK DIAGRAM
REF_SEL
REFMON
RSET
CPRSET
DISTRIBUTION
REFERENCE
REFERENCE
SWITCHOVER
PLL
REFERENCE
REF1
LD
LOCK
DETECT
STATUS
REF2
R
DIVIDER
STATUS
HOLD
REFIN/REF1
REFIN/REF2
P,P+1
PRESCALER
PHASE
FREQUENCY
DETECTOR
A/B
COUNTER
CHARGE
PUMP
CP
N DIVIDER
BYPASS
STATUS
LDO
VCO STATUS
LVPECL
LF
VCO Divider
VCO
DIVIDE by
2 to 6
OUT0
OUT0
Divider 0
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
OUT1
OUT1
CLK
CLK
OUT2
OUT2
Divider 1
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
OUT3
OUT3
PD
SYNC
RESET
OUT4
OUT4
Divider 2
DIGITAL
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
LOGIC
OUT5
OUT5
LVDS/(CMOS)
SCLK
SDIO
SDO
CS
SERIAL
Divider 3.1
Divider 3.2
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
Divider 4.1
Divider 4.2
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
DIVIDE by
1 to 32
CONTROL
PORT
OUT6
OUT6
OUT7
OUT7
OUT8
OUT8
OUT9
OUT9
Figure 1.
AK8186B Block Diagram
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AK8186B
Loop Filter for an External VCO ............................ - 24 FEEDBACK DIVIDER (N DIVIDER) .......................... - 24 LOCK DETECT ....................................................... - 26 HOLDOVER ........................................................... - 28 Frequency Status Monitors .................................. - 30 CLOCK DISTRIBUTION ................................................ - 31 VCO DIVIDER ........................................................ - 31 Channel Dividers for LVPECL OUTPUTS ................ - 31 Channel Dividers for LVDS/CMOS OUTPUTS ........ - 31 Synchronizing the Outputs: SYNC FUNCTION ....... - 32 Phase Offset......................................................... - 32 LVPECL OUTPUTS : OUT0 to OUT5 ....................... - 34 LVDS/CMOS OUTPUTS : OUT6 to OUT9 ............... - 34 RESET ......................................................................... - 35 Power-on reset (POR) .......................................... - 35 Asynchronous reset by
pin ...................... - 35 Soft reset by 0x00[5] ............................................ - 35 POWER DOWN MODES .............................................. - 36 Chip Power Down by PDn pin ............................... - 36 PLL Power Down .................................................. - 36 REF1, REF2 Power Down ...................................... - 36 VCO and CLK Input Power Down .......................... - 36 Distribution Power Down ..................................... - 36 Individual Clock Output Power Down (OUT0 to OUT9) 37 SERIAL CONTROL PORT .............................................. - 38 SERIAL CONTROL PORT PIN DESCRIPTIONS ......... - 38 GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SERIAL CONTROL PORT- 38
Communication Cycle .......................................... - 38 The Instruction Word (16 bits) ............................. - 39 WRITE .................................................................. - 39 READ .................................................................... - 40 BUS STALLING IN READ/WRITE ACCESS ............... - 40 MSB/LSB FIRST TRANSFERS.................................. - 41 REGISTER MAP ........................................................... - 43 REGISTER MAP FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS ................. - 46 Serial Port Configuration ..................................... - 46 PLL Configuration................................................. - 47 LVPECL Outputs ................................................... - 56 LVDS/CMOS Outputs............................................ - 58 LVPECL Channel Dividers ...................................... - 60 LVDS/CMOS Channel Dividers .............................. - 62 VCO Divider and CLK Input ................................... - 64 System ................................................................. - 65 Update All Registers ............................................ - 65 -
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FEATURES .....................................................................- 1 DESCRIPTION ................................................................- 1 ORDERING INFORMATION ............................................- 1 BLOCK DIAGRAM ..........................................................- 2 PIN DESCRIPTION .........................................................- 4 PIN CONFIGURATION................................................... - 4 PIN FUNCTION ............................................................. - 5 ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING .....................................- 7 RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS ...................- 7 ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS......................................- 7 POWER DISSIPATION ......................................................... - 7 PLL CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................... - 8 CLOCK INPUT CHARACTERISTICS ........................................... - 9 CLOCK OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS ...................................... - 10 TIMING CHARACTERISTICS ................................................. - 11 CLOCK OUTPUT ADDITIVE PHASE NOISE (DISTRIBUTION ONLY; VCO
DIVIDER NOT USED) ........................................................ - 12 CLOCK OUTPUT PHASE NOISE (INTERNAL VCO USED) ............ - 13 CLOCK OUTPUT ABSOLUTE TIME JITTER (CLOCK GENERATION USING
INTERNAL VCO) ............................................................. - 14 CLOCK OUTPUT ABSOLUTE TIME JITTER (CLOCK GENERATION USING
EXTERNAL VCXO) .......................................................... - 14 CLOCK OUTPUT ADDITIVE TIME JITTER (VCO DIVIDER NOT USED) .. 15 CLOCK OUTPUT ADDITIVE TIME JITTER (VCO DIVIDER USED) ... - 15 SERIAL CONTROL PORT .................................................... - 16 ,
AND
................................................. - 17 LD, STATUS AND REFMON ........................................... - 17 TIMING DIAGRAMS.................................................... - 18 THEORY OF OPERATION ............................................. - 19 OPERATIONAL CONFIGURATIONS ............................. - 19 Internal VCO and Clock Distribution .................... - 19 External VCO and Clock Distribution .................... - 20 PLL ............................................................................. - 21 REFERENCE INPUT ............................................... - 21 REFERENCE SWITCHOVER .................................... - 22 R DIVIDER (REFERENCE DIVIDER) ......................... - 22 PHASE FREQUENCY DETECTOR (PFD) .................. - 23 CHARGE PUMP (CP) ............................................. - 23 On-Chip VCO ........................................................ - 23 External VCO/VCXO ............................................. - 24 PLL EXTERNAL LOOP FILTER ................................. - 24 Figure 12 Example of External Loop Filter for the
Internal VCO
Figure 13 Example of External
PACKAGE INFORMATION ........................................... - 66 MECHANICAL DATA ......................................................... - 66 MARKING ..................................................................... - 66 -
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AK8186B
PIN DESCRIPTION
64 REFIN/REF1
63 REFIN/REF2
62 CPRSET
61 VDD
60 VDD
59 GND
58 RSET
57 VDD
56 OUT0
55 OUT0
54 VDD_LVPECL
53 OUT1
52 OUT1
51 VDD
50 VDD
49 VDD
PIN CONFIGURATION
VDD 1
REFMON 2
LD 3
VCP 4
CP 5
STATUS 6
REF_SEL 7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Top View
OUT6/OUT6A
OUT6/OUT6B
OUT7/OUT7A
OUT7/OUT7B
GND
OUT2
OUT2
VDD_LVPECL
OUT3
OUT3
VDD
GND
OUT9/OUT9B
OUT9/OUT9A
OUT8/OUT8B
OUT8/OUT8A
CS
NC
NC
NC
SDO
SDIO
RESET
PD
OUT4
OUT4
VDD_LVPECL
OUT5
OUT5
VDD
VDD
VDD
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
LF
BYPASS
VDD
VDD
CLK
CLK
NC
SCLK
48
47
46
45
44
43
42
41
40
39
38
37
36
35
34
33
Figure 2.
Pin Configuration
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AK8186B
PIN FUNCTION
Pin
No.
Pin Name
Pin
Type
Description
1
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power Supply.
2
REFMON
OUT
Reference Monitor.
3
LD
OUT
Lock Detect.
4
VCP
---
3.3V Power Supply for Charge Pump (CP)
5
CP
OUT
Charge Pump Output. Connect to external loop filter.
6
STATUS
OUT
7
REF_SEL
IN
8,
SYNC
IN
Status Indication.
Reference Select. L: REF1 H: REF2.
Pulled down with 30k internal resistor.
Manual Synchronization and Manual Holdover.
Active Low. Pulled up with 30 k internal resistor.
9
LF
IN
Loop Filter Input.
10
BYPASS
---
This pin is for bypassing the LDO to ground.
11
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
12
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
13
CLK
---
Differential Input for the external VCO/VCXO
14
CLK
---
Differential Input for the external VCO/VCXO
15
NC
--
16
SCLK
IN
17
CS
IN
18
NC
---
No Connect. Leave open or connected to GND.
Serial clock for the Serial control port.
Pulled down with 30k internal resistor.
Chip Select for the Serial control port.
Active low. Pulled up to VDD with 30 k internal resistor.
No Connect. Leave open or connected to GND.
19
NC
---
No Connect. Leave open or connected to GND.
20
NC
--
No Connect. Leave open or connected to GND.
21
SDO
OUT
Unidirectional Serial Data Out for Serial Control Port.
22
SDIO
IN/OUT
Bidirectional Serial Data In/Out for Serial Control Port.
23
RESET
IN
24
PD
IN
25
OUT4
OUT
LVPECL Output 4
26
OUT4
OUT
LVPECL Output 4
27
VDD_LVPECL
PWR
28
OUT5
OUT
2.5V to 3.3V Power Supply for LVPECL Output (OUT4/OUT4,
OUT5/OUT5).
LVPECL Output 5
29
OUT5
OUT
LVPECL Output 5
30
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply
31
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
32
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply for OUT8/OUT8 and OUT9/OUT9.
Reset.
Active low. Pulled up with 30 k internal resistor.
Power Down.
Active low. Pulled up with 30 k internal resistor.
(Continued on next page)
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AK8186B
Pin
No.
Pin Name
Pin
Type
Description
33
OUT8/OUT8A
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 8
34
OUT8/OUT8B
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 8
35
OUT9/OUT9A
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 9
36
OUT9/OUT9B
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 9
37
GND
PWR
Ground. Includes External Pad (EPAD).
38
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
39
OUT3
OUT
LVPECL Output 3
40
OUT3
OUT
41
VDD_LVPECL
PWR
42
OUT2
OUT
LVPECL Output 3
2.5V to 3.3V Power Supply for LVPECL Output (OUT2/OUT2,
OUT3/OUT3).
LVPECL Output 2
43
OUT2
OUT
LVPECL Output 2
44
GND
PWR
Ground. Includes External Pad (EPAD).
45
OUT7/OUT7B
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 7
46
OUT7/OUT7A
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 7
47
OUT6/OUT6B
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 6
48
OUT6 /OUT6A
OUT
LVDS/CMOS Output 6
49
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply for OUT6/OUT6 and OUT7/OUT7.
50
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
51
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
52
OUT1
OUT
LVPECL Output 1
53
OUT1
OUT
LVPECL Output 1
54
VDD_LVPECL
PWR
2.5V to 3.3V Power Supply for LVPECL Output (OUT0/OUT0,
OUT1/OUT1).
55
OUT0
OUT
LVPECL Output 0
56
OUT0
OUT
LVPECL Output 0
57
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
58
RSET
---
59
GND
PWR
Ground.
60
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
61
VDD
PWR
3.3V Power supply.
62
CPRSET
---
Charge pump current control. Nominal value = 5.1k
63
REFIN
/REF2
IN
Differential input for the PLL reference.
Alternatively single-ended input for REF2.
64
REFIN
/REF1
IN
Differential input for the PLL reference.
Alternatively single-ended input for REF1.
EPAD
GND
PWR
Internal bias current control. Nominal value = 4.12k
Ground.
The EPAD is connected with other GND pins.
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AK8186B
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATING
Over operating free-air temperature range unless otherwise noted (1)
Table 1
Items
Symbol
Min
Max
Unit
Supply voltage(VDD,VDD_LVPECL,VCP)
VDD
-0.3
4.3
V
Input voltage
VIN
GND-0.3
VDD+0.3
V
Input Current
IIN
-10
10
mA
Tstg
-55
125
C
Storage temperature
(1) Stress beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress
ratings only. Functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “Recommended
Operating Conditions” is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rating conditions for extended periods may affect device
reliability. Electrical parameters are guaranteed only over the recommended operating temperature range.
ESD Sensitive Device
This device is manufactured on a CMOS process,
therefore, generically susceptible to damage by excessive
static voltage. Failure to observe proper handling and installation procedures can cause damage.
AKM recommends that this device is handled with appropriate precautions.
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
Table 2
Parameter
Symbol
Operating temperature
Supply voltage (1)
Conditions
Min
Ta
-40
VDD, VCP
3.135
VDD_LVPECL
2.375
Typ
3.3
Max
Unit
85
C
3.465
V
VDD
V
RSET Pin Resistor
Rr
Connect to GND.
4.08
4.12
4.16
k
CPRSET Pin Resistor
Rc
Connect to GND.
4.3
5.1
6.2
k
BYPASS Pin Capacitor
CBP
Connect to VCOGND.
(1) Power of 2.5V or 3.3V requires to be supplied from a single source.
should be located close to each VDD pin.
220
nF
A decoupling capacitor of 0.1F for power supply line
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Power Dissipation
Table 3
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Power on default
PD1
*1
0.4
0.52
W
Full Operation
PD2
*2
1.6
2.0
W
Full Operation
PD3
*3
1.4
1.7
W
Power Down
PD4
0.4
mW
(*1)No clock input. Default register values. Not include power dissipation in external resistors.
(*2) REF1/REF2=246.575MHz, Rdiv=16, Ndiv=146, VCO=2.25GHz, VCO div=2, LVPECL=562.5MHz, CMOS(10pF load)=225MHz.
Not include power dissipation in external resistors.
(*3) REF1/REF2=246.575MHz, Rdiv=16, Ndiv=146, VCO=2.25GHz, VCO div=2, LVPECL=562.5MHz, LVDS=225MHz. Not include
power dissipation in external resistors.
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AK8186B
PLL Characteristics
Table 4. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD, Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
Conditions
Parameter
On Chip VCO
Frequency Range
Min
Typ
1750
18
16
14
Fvco=2.25GHz
Fvco=1.97GHz
Fvco=1.75GHz
VCO Gain
Tuning Voltage
Frequency Pushing
Open Loop
Phase [email protected] Offset
Fvco=2.00GHz
Fvco=2.00GHz
Phase [email protected] Oddset
Reference Inputs (Differential Mode)
Input Frequency
Max
2250
67
52
41
Unit
MHz
146
128
114
MHz/V
1.0
2.5
V
-5
5
MHz/V
-105
-130
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
REFIN, REFINn
0
250
MHz
Input Duty
40
60
%
Input Sensitivity(AC-Couple)
200
mVpp
Input Slew Rate
0.2
V/ns
Below 1MHz should be dc-coupled
Self-Bias Voltage,REFINn
1.35
1.3
1.6
1.5
1.75
1.7
V
V
Input Resistance,REFIN
Input Resistance,REFINn
3.3
3.7
4.8
5.3
6.2
6.9
k
k
250
250
MHz
MHz
Vpp
Self-Bias Voltage,REFIN
Reference Inputs (Single-Ended Mode)
Input Frequency(AC-Couple)
Input Frequency(DC-Couple)
Input Sensitivity(AC-Couple)
REF1, REF2
20
0
0.6
40
at VDD/2
Input Duty
60
0.2
Input Slew Rate
V/ns
2.0
Input Logic HIgh
Input Logic Low
-100
Input Logic Current
Phase Frequency Detector
PFD Input Frequency
Icp Leakage
Sink/Source Matching
Icp vs Vcp
*2
Icp vs Temperature
*1
V
V
+100
A
pF
100
Antibacklash Pulse Width
Charge Pump
Icp Sink/Source
High Value
Low Value
0.8
5
REFIN/REF1, REFINn/REF2
INPUT Capacitance
1.4
Programmable
CPRSET=5.1kΩ, VCP=3.3V,
CP =1.65V, Temp=25℃
4.32
0.54
CP = 0.5 to VCP-0.5V
-1
CP = 0.5 to VCP-0.5V
-10
CP = 0.5 to VCP-0.5V
-8
CP = 0.5*VCP
-5
Sep-2012
%
4.8
0.60
MHz
ns
5.28
0.66
mA
mA
+1
μA
2.2
+10
%
3.6
+8
%
+5
%
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AK8186B
Conditions
Parameter
Prescaler (Part of N divider)
Prescaler Input Frequency
P = 1 FD
P = 2 FD
P = 3 FD
P = 2 DM (2/3)
P = 4 DM (4/5)
P = 8 DM (8/9)
P = 16 DM (16/17)
P = 32 DM (32/33)
Prescaler Output Frequency
Noise Characteristics
In-Band Phase Noise of the Charge
Pump/Phase Frequency Detecter
PLL Figure of Merit (FOM)
Min
Typ
1E1[1]=0
1E1[1]=0
1E1[1]=0
1E1[1]=0
1E1[1]=0
1E1[1]=0 or 1
1E1[1]=0 or 1
1E1[1]=0 or 1
A,B counter input.
Max
Unit
300
500
500
500
500
2250
2250
2250
300
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
MHz
@500 kHz PFD Frequency
@1MHz PFD Frequency
@10MHz PFD Frequency
@50MHz PFD Frequency
-169
-166
-155
-147
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
FOM
= Phase Noise - 10log(fPFD)
- 20log(Ndiv) + 20log(Odiv);
where Ndiv = N divider ratio, Odiv =
VCO divider ratio * Channel divider
ratio.
-226
dBc/Hz
0x18[4] = 1
0x18[4] = 0
0x18[4] = 1
0x18[4] = 0
3.5
7.5
7
15
ns
ns
ns
ns
PLL Digital Lock Detect Window
Required to Lock
To Unlock After Lock (Hysteresis)
*1) [(|Isink|-|Isource|)/{(|Isink|+|Isource|)/2}] * 100 [%]
*2) (|I1-I2|)/(|I1+I2|/2)*100 [%]
Clock Input Characteristics
Table 5.
Conditions
Min
Below 1MHz should be dc-coupled.
0
Parameter
CLOCK INPUTS (CLK,
Typ
Unit
500
MHz
)
Input Frequency
150
Input Sensitivity, Differential
Input Level, Differential
1.3
Input Common-Mode Voltage, Vcm
Input Common-Mode Range, Vcm
Input Sensitivity, Single-Ended
Input Resistance
Max
With 200mVpp signal applied.
dc-coupled
CLK ac-coupled,
CLK ac-bypassed to RF ground.
1.3
4.7
2
Input Capacitance
draft-E-02
2
Vpp
1.8
V
1.8
V
150
3.2
Self-biased
1.57
mVpp
mVpp
6.1
kΩ
pF
Sep-2012
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AK8186B
Clock Output Characteristics
Table 6. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
LVPECL CLOCK OUTPUT
Symbol
Conditions
Output High Voltage(VOL)
Min
VDD_LVPECL-2V
0xFn[3:2] = 00 (n=0 to 5)
0xFn[3:2] = 01 (n=0 to 5)
0xFn[3:2] = 10 (n=0 to 5)
0xFn[3:2] = 11 (n=0 to 5)
Max
Unit
1000
MHz
0xFn[3:2] = 00 (n=0 to 5)
VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL
-1.23
0xFn[3:2] = 01 (n=0 to 5)
-1.38
-1.10
-1.58
-1.31
VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL
-2.03
0xFn[3:2] = 11 (n=0 to 5)
V
-0.73
VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL
-1.86
0xFn[3:2] = 10 (n=0 to 5)
-0.98
VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL
-1.67
Differential Output Voltage
Typ
Vterm = 50Ω to
Output Frequency
Output High Voltage(VOH)
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
-1.77
V
-1.49
VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL VDD_LVPECL
-2.20
-1.94
-1.65
0xFn[3:2] = 00 (n=0 to 5)
250
400
550
0xFn[3:2] = 01 (n=0 to 5)
430
600
770
0xFn[3:2] = 10 (n=0 to 5)
550
790
980
0xFn[3:2] = 11 (n=0 to 5)
740
960
1180
mV
LVDS CLOCK OUTPUT
800
Output Frequency Maximum
Differential Output Voltage
0x14n[2:1] = 00 (n=0 to 3)
124
180
227
0x14n[2:1] = 01 (n=0 to 3)
247
360
454
0x14n[2:1] = 10 (n=0 to 3)
186
270
340
0x14n[2:1] = 11 (n=0 to 3)
247
360
454
Delta VOD
0x14n[2:1] = 01 (n=0 to 3)
Output Offset Voltage
0x14n[2:1] = 01 (n=0 to 3)
Delta VOD
0x14n[2:1] = 01 (n=0 to 3)
Short-Circuit Current
0x14n[2:1] = 01 (n=0 to 3)
Output shorted to GND.
1.125
1.24
3.5
MHz
mV
25
mV
1.375
V
25
mV
24
mA
250
MHz
CMOS CLOCK OUTPUTS
Output Frequency Maximum
load=10pF
Output High Voltage(VOH)
Ioh=1mA
Output High Voltage(VOL)
Iol=1mA
V
VDD-0.2
0.2
Sep-2012
V
draft-E-02
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AK8186B
Timing Characteristics
Table 7. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
LVPECL Output
Rise/Fall time
Symbol
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
Conditions
MIN
20% to 80% / 80% to 20%
Unit
175
225
ps
TBD
TBD
Output Skew *1
Same Divider
Different Dividers
Output Duty
750MHz ≤ Fout
500M ≤ Fout < 750MHz
250M ≤ Fout < 500MHz *2
Fout < 250MHz *2 *3
ns
ps/C
5
13
40
40
ps
ps
50
50
50
50
50
70
65
60
55
55
%
%
%
%
%
20% to 80% / 80% to 20%
190
350
ps
For All Device Values
TBD
TBD
Fout<1000MHz, VDD_LVPECL=3.3V5%
Rise/Fall time
MAX
Termination =
50Ω to VDD-LVPECL-2V
0xFn[3:2] = 10 (n=0 to 5)
Propagation Delay,
CLK-to-LVPECL Ouput
Variation with Temperature
LVDS Output
TYP
30
35
40
45
45
Termination = 100Ω @3.5mA
0x14n[2:1] = 01 (n=0 to 3)
Propagation Delay,
CLK-to-LVPECL Ouput
Variation with Temperature
Output Skew *1
Output Duty
CMOS Output
Rise/Fall time
Propagation Delay,
CLK-to-LVPECL Ouput
Variation with Temperature
Output Skew *1
Output Duty
Same Divider
Different Dividers
ns
ps/C
6
25
62
150
ps
ps
50
55
%
Cload = 10pF
400
1000
ps
For All Device Values
TBD
TBD
*2 *3
45
20% to 80% / 80% to 20%
Same Divider
Different Dividers
*2 *3
45
ns
ps/C
4
28
66
180
ps
ps
50
55
%
*1) Skew: The Difference between_______
any two similar delay paths while operating at the same voltage and temperature.
*2) Differential input through CLK/CLK pins: Clock input is assumed to be 50% duty.
*3) Single-end input through CLK pin: Clock input is assumed to be 50% duty and Fout < 150 MHz.
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 11 -
AK8186B
Clock Output Additive Phase Noise (Distribution Only; VCO Divider Not Used)
Table 8. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
Unit
Test Conditions/Comments
Does not include PLL and VCO
CLK-TO-LVPECL Additive Phase Noise
Input slew rate > 1 V/ns
CLK=500MHz, Output=500MHz,
Divider=1
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
-108
-130
-142
-149
-150
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Input slew rate > 1 V/ns
CLK=500MHz, Output=250MHz,
Divider=2
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
-114
-133
-143
-151
-152
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Does not include PLL and VCO
CLK-TO-LVDS Additive Phase Noise
Input slew rate > 1 V/ns
CLK=500MHz, Output=500MHz,
Divider=1
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
-106
-126
-141
-145
-147
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Input slew rate > 1 V/ns
CLK=500MHz, Output=250MHz,
Divider=2
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
-114
-133
-143
-150
-152
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 12 -
AK8186B
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions/Comments
Dose not include PLL and VCO
CLK-TO-CMOS Additive Phase Noise
Input slew rate > 1 V/ns
CLK=500MHz, Output=250MHz,
Divider=2
-113
-135
-143
-149
-152
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Input slew rate > 1 V/ns
CLK=500MHz, Output=50MHz,
Divider=10
-129
-139
-149
-156
-160
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Clock Output Phase Noise (Internal VCO Used)
Table 9. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
Unit
Test Conditions/Comments
through VCO divider and channel divider
LVPECL Phase Noise
Fvco=2.24256GHz, Fout=280.32MHz
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
At 40 MHz Offset
-94
-103
-105
-125
-135
-136
dBc/Hz REF=122.88MHz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
-89
-102
-106
-127
-136
-137
dBc/Hz REF=122.88MHz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
-96
-105
-108
-129
-137
-138
dBc/Hz REF=122.88MHz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
dBc/Hz
Fvco=1.96608GHz, Fout=245.76MHz
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
At 40 MHz Offset
Fvco=1.75104GHz, Fout=218.88MHz
At 1 kHz Offset
At 10 kHz Offset
At 100 kHz Offset
At 1 MHz Offset
At 10 MHz Offset
At 40 MHz Offset
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 13 -
AK8186B
Clock Output Absolute Time Jitter (Clock Generation Using Internal VCO)
Table 10.
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions/Comments
LVPECL Output Absolute Time Jitter
Internal VCO; through dividers
Fvco=1.96608GHz, Fout=245.76MHz
REF=122.88MHz, PLL BW=140kHz
156
284
fs rms
fs rms
200kHz to 10MHz
12kHz to 20MHz
REF=122.88MHz, PLL BW=140kHz
Fvco=1.96608GHz, Fout=122.88MHz
169
293
fs rms
fs rms
200kHz to 10MHz
12kHz to 20MHz
REF=122.88MHz, PLL BW=140kHz
Fvco=1.96608GHz, Fout=61.44MHz
193
325
fs rms
fs rms
200kHz to 10MHz
12kHz to 20MHz
Clock Output Absolute Time Jitter (Clock Generation Using External VCXO)
Table 11.
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions/Comments
External VCXO:
Reference = 15.36MHz, R=1
LVPECL Output Absolute Time Jitter
TBD
fs rms
fs rms
fs rms
Integration BW = 200kHz to 5MHz
Integration BW = 200kHz to 10MHz
Integration BW = 12kHz to 20MHz
TBD
fs rms
fs rms
fs rms
Integration BW = 200kHz to 5MHz
Integration BW = 200kHz to 10MHz
Integration BW = 12kHz to 20MHz
TBD
fs rms
fs rms
fs rms
Integration BW = 200kHz to 5MHz
Integration BW = 200kHz to 10MHz
Integration BW = 12kHz to 20MHz
LVPECL=245.76MHz, PLLBW=125Hz
LVPECL=122.88MHz, PLLBW=125Hz
LVPECL=61.44MHz, PLLBW=125Hz
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 14 -
AK8186B
Clock Output Additive Time Jitter (VCO Divider Not Used)
Table 12
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions/Comments
Distribution Section Only
LVPECL Output Additive Time Jitter
CLK=500MHz,Output=500MHz,Divider=1
39
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
CLK=500MHz,Output=250MHz,Divider=2
92
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
CLK=500MHz,Output=100MHz,Divider=5
137
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
Distribution Section Only
LVDS Output Additive Time Jitter
CLK=500MHz,Output=500MHz,Divider=1
76
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
CLK=500MHz,Output=250MHz,Divider=2
92
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
CLK=500MHz,Output=100MHz,Divider=5
237
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
Distribution Section Only
CMOS Output Additive Time Jitter
CLK=500MHz,Output=100MHz,Divider=5
131
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
Clock Output Additive Time Jitter (VCO Divider Used)
Table 13
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Distribution Section Only
LVPECL Output Additive Time Jitter
CLK=500MHz,Output=100MHz,Divider=5
129
fs rms
219
fs rms
12kHz to 20MHz
Distribution Section Only
CMOS Output Additive Time Jitter
CLK=500MHz,Output=100MHz,Divider=5
12kHz to 20MHz
Distribution Section Only
LVDS Output Additive Time Jitter
CLK=500MHz,Output=100MHz,Divider=5
Test Conditions/Comments
120
fs rms
draft-E-02
12kHz to 20MHz
Sep-2012
- 15 -
AK8186B
Serial Control Port
Table 14. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
Symbol
CS (INPUT)
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
Conditions
MIN
TYP
MAX
Unit
internal 30k pull-up resistor
Input High Level Voltage
VIH
2.0
Input Low Level Voltage
VIL
Input High Level Current
IIH
-3
Input Low Level Current
IIL
45
Input Capacitance
CIN
V
110
0.8
V
3
A
220
A
5
pF
internal 30k pull-down resistor
SCLK (INPUT)
Input High Level Voltage
VIH
2.0
Input Low Level Voltage
VIL
Input High Level Current
IIH
45
Input Low Level Current
IIL
-3
Input Capacitance
CIN
V
110
0.8
V
220
A
3
A
5
pF
SDIO (INPUT)
Input High Level Voltage
VIH
Input Low Level Voltage
VIL
Input High Level Current
IIH
Input Low Level Current
IIL
Input Capacitance
CIN
2.0
V
0.8
V
-3
3
A
-3
3
A
11
pF
SDIO, SDO (OUTPUT)
High Level Output Voltage
VOHS
SDO,SDIO(OUT), IOH =-1mA
Low level Output Voltage
VOLS
SDO,SDIO(OUT) , IOL =1mA
2.7
V
0.4
V
20
MHz
Load=100pF
TIMING
Clock Rate(SCLK)
1/ tSCLK
Pulse Width High
tHI
20
ns
Pulse Width Low
tLO
20
ns
SDIO to SCLK Setup
tDS
8
ns
SCLK to SDIO Hold
tDH
8
ns
SCLK to Valid SDIO and SDO
tOV
CS to SCLK Setup and Hold
tS
12
ns
SCLK to CS Holdup and Hold
tH
8
ns
CS Minimum Pulse Width High
tPWH
5
ns
15
Sep-2012
ns
draft-E-02
- 16 -
AK8186B
,
and
Table 15. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
MIN
TYP
MAX
Unit
internal 30k pull-up resistor
INPUT
Input High Level Voltage
VIH
Input Low Level Voltage
VIL
2.0
Input High Level Current
IIH
-3
Input Low Level Current
IIL
45
Input Capacitance
CIN
V
110
0.8
V
3
A
220
A
5
pF
RESET TIMING
Pulse Width Low
tLO
50
ns
1.5
Cycle
SYNC TIMING
Pulse Width Low
tLO
Refer to Input signal cycle
LD, STATUS and REFMON
Table 16. All specifications at VDD=3.3V5%, VDD_LVPECL= 2.375V to VDD,
Parameter
Symbol
Conditions
Ta: -40 to +85℃, unless otherwise noted
MIN
TYP
MAX
Unit
OUTPUT
High Level Output Voltage
Low level Output Voltage
VOH
IOH =-1mA
VOL
IOL =1mA
2.7
V
0.4
V
132
A
0x1A[5:0]=04h
LD Output Current
MAXIMUM TOGGLE RATE
ILD
0V < LD Output voltage < 2V,
Load=10pF
88
110
50
100
MHz
9
pF
ANALOG LOCK DETECT
Capacitance
FREQUENCY STATUS MONITOR
REF1, REF2, VCO
0x1A[6]=0 (Default)
REF1, REF2
0x1A[6]=1
1.02
2.00
4.00
MHz
8
16
32
MHz
Trip Point L to H
1.58
1.73
1.88
V
Trip Point H to L
1.32
1.47
1.62
V
Hysteresis
170
260
350
mV
LD COMPARATOR
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 17 -
AK8186B
TIMING DIAGRAMS
Figure 3. LVPECL Timing, Differential
Figure 4. LVDS Timing, Differential
Figure 5. CMOS Timing, Single-Ended, 10pF Load
Figure 6. Serial Control Port - READ -
Figure 7. Serial Control Port - WRITE -
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 18 -
AK8186B
THEORY OF OPERATION
OPERATIONAL CONFIGURATIONS
The AK8186B can be configured in two ways below.
 Internal VCO and Clock Distribution
 External VCO and Clock Distribution
Each functional block must be set by the registers through a serial control port.
Internal VCO and Clock Distribution
When using the internal VCO and PLL, the things below are to be cared.
- Prescaler divide ratio : 8/9, 16/17 and 32/33 can be used to meet the maximum input frequency of A,B
counter, 300MHz.
- VCO calibration must be executed after the internal VCO is enabled.
Table 17 Settings for Internal VCO
Register
0x10[1:0] = 00b
0x10 to 0x1E
0x18[0] = 0
0x232[0] = 1
0x18[0] = 1
0x232[0] = 1
0x1E0[2:0]
0x1E1[0] = 0
0x1E1[1] = 1
Function
PLL normal operation (PLL on).
PLL settings. Select and enable a reference input; set R,
N(P,A,B) PFD polarity, and Icp according to the intended loop
configuration.
Reset VCO calibration.
Register Update.
Initiate VCO calibration.
Register Update.
Set VCO divider ratio.
Use the VCO divider as source for distribution section.
Select VCO as the source.
Figure 8 Internal VCO and Clock Distribution
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 19 -
AK8186B
External VCO and Clock Distribution
When using the external VCO and PLL, the things below are to be cared.
- Prescaler divide ratio : 1, 2/3, 4/5, 8/9, 16/17 and 32/33 can be used to meet the maximum input
frequency of A,B counter, 300MHz.
- Maximum frequency of the External VCXO is 500MHz.
Table 18 Settings for External VCO
Register
0x10[1:0] = 00b
0x10[7] = 0 or 1
0x10 to 0x1E
0x1E0[2:0]
0x1E1[0] = 0 or 1
0x1E1[1] = 0
Function
PLL normal operation (PLL on).
PFD polarity 0: positive 1:negative
PLL settings. Select and enable a reference input; set R,
N(P,A,B) PFD polarity, and Icp according to the intended loop
configuration.
Set VCO divider ratio.
Select the source for distribution section.
0: VCO divider 1: CLK input
Select the CLK input as the source.
Figure 9 External VCO and Clock Distribution
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 20 -
AK8186B
PLL
The AK8186B integrates a PLL with a VCO which can be configured to meet user’s application. The
following functions are set through a serial control port. The setting registers are mapped into 0x10 to 0x1F
in a register.
-
PLL Power down
Charge pump current
R counter for Reference input
A counter, B counter and Prescaler in loopback path
Pin function of STATUS,LD and REFMON pins
VCO calibration
Lock Detect
Frequency monitor of REF1, REF2 and VCO
Switchover
Holdover
Figure 10. PLL
REFERENCE INPUT
The reference input section of the AK8186B allows a differential input or two single-ended inputs. Both types
of inputs are self-biased. It allows easy ac-coupled input signals. The desired reference input is selected by
0x1C[2:0].
Single-ended input
A dc-coupled CMOS level signal or an ac-coupled sinewave or square wave signal can be input.
Differential input
An ac-coupled signal or a dc-coupled signal can be input. If a single-ended signal is applied to the
differential REFIN, the REFINn should be decoupled through a capacitor to a ground.
Note
All reference inputs are powered down by default.
When PLL is powered down, all the reference inputs are powered down.
When the differential mode is selected, the single-ended inputs are powered down and vice versa.
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 21 -
AK8186B
The maximum input frequency of both type of inputs is 250MHz.
REFERENCE SWITCHOVER
When dual single-ended CMOS inputs are imposed to REF1 and REF2, the AK8186B could support
automatic and manual PLL reference clock switching between REF1 and REF2. The automatic switchover
is enabled by setting 0x1C[4].
0x1C[4] =
0 : manual switchover
1 : automatic switchover
Note;
The single-ended inputs should be dc-coupled CMOS levels and not go to high impedance. If these go to
high impedance, input buffers may cause chattering due to noise. A false detection might occur.
Manual Switchover
A PLL reference input can be selected by a register or a pin.
0x1C[5] assigns the register 0x1C[6] or the REF_SEL pin to select a PLL reference input.
Automatic Switchover
Automatic switchover has two modes of operation. Both of them switch from REF1 to REF2 when REF1 is
lost. The difference of the two modes is whether the AK8186B would stay on REF2 or not when REF1
returns. 0x1C[3] selects one of the two modes.
0x1D[3] =
0 :
1 :
Switch to REF1.
Stay on REF2. It can be switched to REF1 manually.
Condition to switch from REF1 to REF2
If the reference switchover circuit detects three consecutive rising edges of REF2 without any REF1 rising
edges, the REF1 is considered to be lost. On the 2nd subsequent rising edge of REF2, the reference clock
input to PLL is switched from REF1 to REF2.
Condition to switch back to REF1 when 0x1D[3]=0
If the reference switchover circuit detects four consecutive rising edges of REF1 without three consecutive
REF2 rising edges between REF1 edges, the REF1 is considered to be returned. On the 2nd subsequent
rising edge of REF2, the reference clock input to PLL is switched from REF2 to REF1.
R DIVIDER (REFERENCE DIVIDER)
The reference input goes into the R divider ( a 14-bit counter). It can be set to any value from 0 to 16383 by
0x11 and 0x12. When 0 is set, the input is divided by 1.
Maximum output frequency
The output of the R divider goes to one of the PFD inputs which is compared to the output of the N divider.
The frequency applied to the PFD must not exceed 100MHz.
Reset
The R is divider can be reset under the following conditions.
1) Power on reset
2) When RESET is asserted low.
3) When 0x16[6] is set to 1 (reset of the R divider)
4) When 0x16[5] is set to 1 (shared reset bit of the R, A and B counter)
5) When SYNC is released from L to H.
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 22 -
AK8186B
PHASE FREQUENCY DETECTOR (PFD)
The PFD has two inputs of R divider and N divider. It outputs an up/down signal for the charge pump, which
is proportional to the phase and frequency difference between the inputs. Both input frequencies must not
exceed the maximum frequency of 100MHz.
CHARGE PUMP (CP)
The charge pump pumps up/down controlled by the output of the PFD. The output current of the CP goes
out through the CP pin and integrated and filtered by the external loop filter, then is finally turned into a
voltage. The voltage goes into the VCO via the LF pin to tune the VCO frequency.
The CP has four modes of operation and eight current values. Each of them can be set by the registers
below.
Table 19 Register for Charge Pump Operation Mode
Item
Operation Mode
CP Current
Register
0x10[3:2]
0x10[6:4]
Description
Normal, High Impedance, Pump up, Pump down
0.6 to 4.8 mA with 0.6mA step (CPRSET=5.1kΩ)
On-Chip VCO
The AK8186B integrates a VCO working in the range of 1.75GHz to 2.25GHz. The VCO requires a
calibration to achieve optimal operation around the REFIN frequency. After power-up or reset. a initial
calibration is required along with the procedure shown below. The calibration can be executed at anytime
after power-up or reset from the step marked (*). SYNC function is executed during the VCO calibration.
Distribution outputs remain static in this period. Maximum time of the VCO calibration is 4400 cycles of a
VCO calibration clock supplied by a VCO calibration divider. The VCO calibration divider divides the R
divider output (= the PFD input clock) with the divider value of 2,4,8 or 16 set to 0x18[2:1]. When the
calibration is finished, a logic true (1b) is returned to a readback bit 0x1F[6].
After power-up or reset.
Set the PLL registers to the proper values for
the PLL loop.
(*)
Initiate VCO calibration
0x18<0>=0
0x232<0>=1 (Update registers)
0x18<0>=1
0x232<0>=1 (Update registers)
VCO calibration starts.
A SYNC function starts.
Outputs goes into static state.
Sets the PLL to proper values.
VCO calibration finishes.
Internal SYNC signal is released.
The outputs start clocking.
The PLL locks.
Figure 11. Procedure of VCO calibration
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 23 -
AK8186B
External VCO/VCXO
The AK8186B supports an external VCO/VCXO. The CLK/CLK input can be used as a differential feedback
for an external VCO/VCXO. The input frequency is up to 500MHz.
PLL EXTERNAL LOOP FILTER
The loop filter supplies a voltage to the VCO via the LF pin to move the VCO frequency up or down. When
using the internal VCO, the external loop filter should be referenced to the BYPASS pin for optimal noise
and spurious performance. An example is shown in Fig.13. The values of loop filter must be calculated for
each PLL. It depends on the VCO frequency, the Kvco, the PFD frequency, the CP current, the desired loop
bandwidth and the desired phase margin.
Figure 12 Example of External Loop Filter for the Internal VCO
Figure 13 Example of External Loop Filter for an External VCO
FEEDBACK DIVIDER (N DIVIDER)
The N divider consists of a prescaler (P), A and B counters.
Figure 14. N divider
PRESCALER
The prescaler is a dual modulus counter which has two modes of operation. Division value of A counter
defines the mode as below.
1) When A = 0: a fixed divide (FD) mode where the prescaler divides by P.
2) When A  0: dual modulus (DM) mode where the prescaler divides by P and (P+1).
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 24 -
AK8186B
Since the maximum output frequency of the prescaler is 300MHz, the prescaler input frequency is limited by
the modes as shown in Table 4. The prescaler must divide its input frequency by appropriate divide ratio
defined by Register 0x016[2:0]. In case of using the internal VCO, its output (1.75GHz min) must be
divided by P = 8, 16 and 32. (See the “PLL Configuration in Register Map Function Descriptions”)
FD mode (A=0)
The Prescaler divider value is P. It is divided by B counter.
N=PxB
Where
P = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 for an external VCO/VCXO.
P = 8, 16 or 32 for an internal VCO.
B : 3 to 8191 when B = 1, B counter is bypassed. Not allowed for B = 0 and 2.
DM mode (A0)
The prescaler divider value is P for (B-A) times and P+1 for A times.
N=PxB+A
Where
P = 1, 2/3, 4/5, 8/9, 16/17 or 32/33 for an external VCO/VCXO.
P = 8/9, 16/17 or 32/33 for an internal VCO.
B : 3 to 8191 when B = 1, B counter is bypassed. Not allowed for B = 0 and 2.
The output frequency of the N divider fVCO/N is equated to the output of the R divider f REF/R at the PFD.
Then the VCO frequency is
1) When A = 0:
fVCO = fREF x N/R where N = P x B
2) When A  0: fVCO = fREF x N/R
where N = P x B + A
A and B COUNTERS
The division value of the A and B counters is defined by the registers below.
A counter : 0x13[5:0]
B counter : 0x14[7:0] and 0x15[4:0]
Note;
- Both division values should be set A ≤ B.
- P = 1, 2, 4, 8, 16 or 32 when A=0.
- B = 0 and B = 2 are not allowed.
- Maximum input frequency of A/B counters is 300MHz.
Reset Counters
SYNC pin resets all of P, A and B counters simultaneously. This is allowed by the register 0x19[7:6].
A/B counters can be reset by the register 0x16[5][4].
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 25 -
AK8186B
LOCK DETECT
The AK8186B has three kinds of lock detect function. Each Lock Detect function is able to report to LD,
STATUS and REFMON pins.
.Table 20 Registers for Lock Detect
Mode
Digital Lock Detect (DLD)
Current Source DLD (CLD)
Analog Lock Detect (ALD)
Enable/Disable
Register
0x18[3]
-----
LD
0x1A[5:0]



OUTPUT pin
STATUS
0x17[7:2]

REFMON
0x1B<4:0>

Digital Lock Detect (DLD)
The Digital Lock Detect function detects a lock when the phase difference of the rising edges at the PFD
inputs is less than the Lock Detect Window (3.5ns typical). The lock is indicated when the number of
consecutive “lock detection” reaches the threshold of the Lock Detect Counter defined by 0x18<6:5>.
The “unlock” is indicated when the DLD function detects the larger phase difference at the PFD inputs than
the Lock Detect Window. The unlock threshold is just one value.
Figure 15. Digital Lock Detect
Current Source Digital Lock Detect (CLD)
The lock indication by the DLD is normally not stable until the PLL gets in lock completely. In some
application, it might be required to get a lock detect after the PLL gets solidly locked. The Current Source
DLD function (CLD) could be useful for that requirement.
The CLD provides a current of 110uA to LD pin when the DLD detects a lock (DLD = H). While the PLL
continues to be in lock state, the voltage of LD is going up with the current. But if the PLL is back to unlock
state, the charge on a capacitor externally connected to LD is discharged instantly.
The voltage of LD can be sensed by an internal or external comparator. When the internal LD pin
comparator is used (0x1D[3]=1b), its output can be read at STATUS pin (0x17[7:2]) or REFMON pin
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AK8186B
(0x1B[4:0]). Selecting a properly value of capacitor allows a lock detect indication to be delayed. The LD pin
comparator trip point is shown in Table 16.
AK8186B
110µA
300Ω
DLD
LD
C
LD PIN
COMPARATOR
REFMON or
STATUS
Figure 16. Current Source Lock Detect
Analog Lock Detect (ALD)
When 0x1A[5:0] is set to the value shown below, the Analog Lock Detect is indicated at the LD pin. The ALD
function requires a external R-C filter to indicate lock/unlock state.
0x1A[5:0] = 01h
0x1A[5:0] = 02h
: P-channel open drain ALD (Active Low)
: N-channel open drain ALD (Active High)
VDD=3.3V
AK8186B
ALD
R2
LD
ALD
R1
LD
VOUT
C
R1
R2
VOUT
C
AK8186B
Figure 17. Analog Lock Detect (N/P-channel open drain)
N-channel open drain
The ALD signal is derived from the up/down control outputs of the PFD.
 When the PLL is in lock, the ALD signal is mainly low with minimum high-going pulse. This leads the
voltage of LD to getting up to VDD.
 When the PLL in in unlock, the ALD signal has a wider high-going pulse. This leads the voltage of LD to
getting down to ground.
P-channel open drain
The ALD signal is the inverting of the ALD.
 When the PLL is in lock, the ALD signal is mainly high with minimum low-going pulse. This leads the
voltage of LD to getting down to ground.
 When the PLL in in unlock, the ALD signal has a wider high-going pulse. This leads the voltage of LD
getting up to VDD.
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AK8186B
HOLDOVER
Some application requires holding the output frequency to be constant even though the REF input is lost out.
A holdover function is for such a requirement. In the AK8186B, the holdover function puts the charge pump
into high-impedance state so that the VCO keeps its frequency constant. However, any leakage could occur
at the charge pump output, which leads the unwanted VCO frequency shift. Adequate capacitive value in
the loop filter should be selected to avoid shifting the VCO frequency out of the required limit.
The AK8186B has two modes of holdover function, manual or automatic mode. Manual holdover is
activated by the SYNC pin. Automatic holdover is activated by the voltage of LD pin. Both holdover modes
are enabled with 0x1D[2:0].
Table 21 Setting Holdover
Mode
Manual Holdover
Automatic Holdover
Holdover Enable
0x1D[2]
1
1
Mannual/Automatic
0x1D[1]
1
0
Holdover Enable
0x1D[0]
1
1
Manual Holdover Mode
A manual holdover puts the charge pump into a high impedance state immediately when the SYNC pin is
asserted low. This is trigged by the falling edge of the SYNC.
Getting into the holdover
Condition
: the falling edge of the SYNC
Operation Timing : immediately
Operation
: puts the charge pump into a high impedance state
Leaving the holdover
Condition
: the SYNC = High
Operation Timing : synchronous with the first PFD rising edge after the SYNC goes high.
Operation
: puts the charge pump into a normal state, resets the B-counter.
Figure 18. Manual Holdover
Note: Set the channel divider to ignore the SYNC pin at least after an initial SYNC event. Otherwise, every
time SYNC is asserted low to invoke the manual holdover, the distribution outputs become DC output state.
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AK8186B
Table 22 Setting the channel divider to ignore the SYNC
Divider
0
1
2
3
4
Nosync
register bit
0x191[6]
0x194[6]
0x197[6]
0x19C[3]
0x1A1[3]
Value to
ignore SYNC pin
1
1
1
1
1
Automatic Holdover Mode
An automatic holdover puts the charge pump into a high impedance state immediately when the unlock
state is detected. A flow chart of the automatic holdover function is shown in Figure 16.
Getting into the holdover
Condition
: LD pin = H when DLD = low (false)
Operation Timing : immediately
Operation
: puts the charge pump into a high impedance state
Leaving the holdover
Condition
: DLD = High (true)
Operation Timing : synchronous with a first PFD rising edge after DLD goes high.
Operation
: puts the charge pump into a normal state, resets the B-counter.
LD pin is able to report the status of DLD, ALD and CLD. The CLD is recommended to use for the automatic
holdover to avoid re-triggering a holdover due to chattering on the LD. The register 0x1A[5:0] defines the
function of the LD.
The auto holdover function uses the LD pin comparator to sense the status of the LD pin. When the register
0x1D[3]=0, the LD comparator is disabled and the LD pin is treated as always high by the automatic
holdover function. When 0x1D[3]=1, the LD comparator is enabled and can be used for DLD, ALD and CLD.
The registers shown in Table are required to be set to use the automatic holdover function.
Table 23 Setting Automatic Holdover Function
Register
Name
Description
0x18<6:5>
Lock Detect Counter
Select PFD cycles to determine lock.
0x18[3]
Disable Digital Lock Detect
Set 0 to operate normally.
0x1A[5:0]
LD pin Control
Set 04h to select Current source lock detect if
using the LD pin comparator.
0x1D[3]
LD pin Comparator Enable
0x1D[1]
External Holdover Control
Set 1 if using. When set 0 (disabled), the
automatic holdover function treats the LD pin
as always high.
Set 0 to use the automatic holdover function.
0x1D[2][0]
Holdover Enable
Set 1 to enable holdover.
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AK8186B
Figure 19. Automatic Holdover
Frequency Status Monitors
The AK8186B has a frequency status monitor to indicate if the REF1/2 and the VCO frequency below a
threshold frequency. There are two threshold frequencies such as normal and extended for REF1/2. The
VCO frequency is monitored at the output of the prescaler.
Table 24 Setting Frequency Status Monitors
Monitored
signal
VCO
Monitor
Enable
register
0x1B[7]=1
REF2
0x1B[6]=1
REF1
0x1B[5]=1
Minimum threshold frequency
0.5 MHz
Status
indication
register
0x1F[3]
0x1F[2]
normal
0.5 MHz (0x1A[6]=0)
extended 4 kHz
(0x1A[6]=1)
Sep-2012
0x1F[1]
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AK8186B
CLOCK DISTRIBUTION
VCO DIVIDER
The VCO divider provides frequency division between the internal VCO and the clock distribution section.
The VCO divider can be set to divide by 2,3,4,5 and 6 (0x1E0[2:0]). The output of the VCO divider has 50%
duty even though the division is 3 and 5 due to the duty cycle compensation circuit. VCO divider can be
bypassed when using an external VCO/VCXO. When bypassed, the input duty through CLK/CLK pins is not
compensated.
_______________
Channel Dividers for LVPECL OUTPUTS
There are three channel dividers for LVPECL outputs. Each divider drives a pair of LVPECL outputs. The
divider value Dx can be set 1 to 32.
Dx : M + N +2
(M,N : 0 to 15,
Dx = 1 when the bypass bit is set.)
Table 25 Registers for LVPECL Channel Divider 0,1 and 2
Channel
Divider
0
1
2
Low Cycles
M
0x190[7:4]
0x193[7:4]
0x196[7:4]
High Cycles
N
0x190[3:0]
0x193[3:0]
0x196[3:0]
Bypass
LVPECL outputs
0x191[7]
0x194[7]
0x197[7]
OUT0, OUT1
OUT2, OUT3
OUT4, OUT5
The divider has the duty cycle correction. It always operates and outputs 50% duty clocks.
Channel Dividers for LVDS/CMOS OUTPUTS
There are two channel dividers for LVDS/CMOS outputs. Each divider drives a pair of LVDS outputs(or two
pair of CMOS outputs). The divider value Dx can be set 1 to 32.
Dx : M + N +2
(M,N : 0 to 15,
Dx = 1 when the bypass bit is set.)
Table 26 Registers for LVPECL Channel Divider 3 and 4
Channel
Divider
3
3.1
3.2
4
4.1
4.2
Low Cycles
M
0x199[7:4]
0x19B[7:4]
0x19E[7:4]
0x1A0[7:4]
High Cycles
N
0x199[3:0]
0x19B[3:0]
0x19E[3:0]
0x1A0[3:0]
Bypass
LVDS/LVCMOS outputs
0x19C[4]
0x19C[5]
0x1A1[4]
0x1A1[5]
OUT6(A,B), OUT7(A,B)
OUT8(A,B), OUT9(A,B)
The divider has the duty cycle correction. It always operates and outputs 50% duty clocks.
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AK8186B
Synchronizing the Outputs: SYNC FUNCTION
The AK8186B clock outputs can be synchronized to each other. The SYNC function starts to operate by the
following conditions.
1) The SYNC pin is forced low and then released (Manual sync).
2) By setting and then resetting the soft sync bit 0x230[0]
3) After a VCO calibration is completed.
The channel divider output status depends on the register setting of the channel divider such as Bypass bit,
NoSync bit, Force High bit, Start High bit and Phase offset bits.
Input to
VCO Divider
1
Input to
Channel Divider
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
SYNCb PIN
Output of
Channel Divider
Start Low
Output of
Channel Divider
Start High
14 or 15 cycles at channel divider
Figure 20. SYNC timing
Sync function can be disabled by NOSYNC bit. When the NOSYNC bit is set to 1, the SYNC function is
disabled.
Table 27 SYNC Disable on Channel Divider
Channel
Divider
0
1
2
3.1, 3.2
4.1, 4.2
NOSYNC bit
0x191[6]
0x194[6]
0x197[6]
0x19C[3]
0x1A1[3]
Phase Offset
Each channel divider has a programmable phase offset function. Phase offset means a delay to rising edge
of output clock from zero offset output. Two kinds of bits such as Start High bit and Phase Offset bits affect
Total Phase Offset. The phase offset is effective when the SYNC function is invoked.
Table 28 Start High and Phase Offset Registers on Channel Divider
Channel
Divider
0
1
2
3.1
3.2
4.1
4.2
Start High
Phase Offset
0x191[4]
0x194[4]
0x197[4]
0x19C[0]
0x19C[1]
0x1A1[0]
0x1A1[1]
0x191[3:0]
0x194[3:0]
0x197[3:0]
0x19A[3:0]
0x19A[7:4]
0x19F[3:0]
0x19F[7:4]
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AK8186B
When the Start High bit =1, the default phase offset exists before the phase offset defined by the phase
offset bits. The default phase offset varies depending on the divider ratio. When the divider is bypassed, the
Default Offset is equal to zero.
Total Phase Offset = Default Phase Offset + Phase Offset bits
Default Phase Offset
Start High bit = 0 : Zero
Start High bit = 1 : Roundup(Divider Ratio/2)
where Divider Ratio >=2
Example;
Divider ratio = 3, Phase Offset bits = 2, then Default phase offset = 2
Total Phase Offset = 2 + 2 = 4 clock cycles
Figure 21, 22 shows how those offsets work.
Input to
VCO Divider
1
Input to
Channel Divider
2
14
15
SYNCb PIN
Total Phase Offset
= Default Phase Offset + Phase Offset (by register bits)
Output of Channel Divider
Start High = 0
Divide Ratio = 2
Phase Offset = 0
Start Low
Total Phase Offset = 0 + 0 = 0
Start High = 0
Divide Ratio = 2
Phase Offset = 1
Phase Offset = 1
Start High = 0
Divide Ratio = 2
Phase Offset = 2
Total Phase Offset = 0 + 1 = 1
Phase Offset = 2
Total Phase Offset = 0 + 2 = 2
Start High = 0
Divide Ratio = 3
Phase Offset = 0
Total Phase Offset = 0 + 0 = 0
Start High = 0
Divide Ratio = 3
Phase Offset = 1
Phase Offset = 1
Total Phase Offset = 0 + 1 = 1
Figure 21. Channel Divider Phase Offset with Start High bit = 0 (Start Low)
Input to
VCO Divider
1
Input to
Channel Divider
2
14
15
SYNCb PIN
Total Phase Offset
= Default Phase Offset + Phase Offset (by register bits)
Output of Channel Divider
Start High = 1
Divide Ratio = 2
Phase Offset = 0
Start High = 1
Divide Ratio = 2
Phase Offset = 1
Start High = 1
Divide Ratio = 2
Phase Offset = 2
Start High = 1
Divide Ratio = 3
Phase Offset = 0
Start High = 1
Divide Ratio = 3
Phase Offset = 1
Start High
Default Phase Offset = 1
Total Phase Offset = 1 + 0 = 1
Phase Offset = 1
Phase Offset = 2
Default Phase Offset = 2
Phase Offset = 1
Total Phase Offset = 1 + 1 = 2
Total Phase Offset = 1 + 2 = 3
Total Phase Offset = 2 + 0 = 2
Total Phase Offset = 2 + 1 = 3
Figure 22 Channel Divider Phase Offset with Start High bit = 1 (Start High)
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AK8186B
LVPECL OUTPUTS : OUT0 to OUT5
The AK8186B has three pair of LVPECL buffers. Each pair has dedicated VDD supply pin, VDD_LVPECL,
allowing for a separate power supply to be used. VDD_LVPECL can be from 2.5V to 3.3V.
Table 29 LVPECL OUTPUTS Control Register
Control Item
Register
Invert Polarity
0xF0 to F5 [4]
Differential Voltage
0xF0 to F5 [3:2]
Power down*
0xF0 to F5 [1:0]
*)LVPECL outputs Hi-Z.
There are two modes of power down.
- Partial power down
- Power down
In Partial power down, an output stage is off but
a differential input stage is on.
Output Stage
Differential Input Stage
Figure 23. LVPECL Equivalent Circuit
LVDS/CMOS OUTPUTS : OUT6 to OUT9
OUT6 to OUT9 can be configured as an LVDS output or a pair of CMOS outputs.
Table 30 LVDS/CMOS outputs control register
Control Item
Register
Output Polarity
0x140 to 143 [7:5]
CMOS B turn on/off
0x140 to 143 [4]
Select LVDS/CMOS
0x140 to 143 [3]
LVDS Output Current
0x140 to 143 [2:1]
Power down*
0x140 to 143 [0]
*)LVDS outputs Hi-Z. CMOS outputs Low.
Figure 24. LVDS/CMOS Equivalent Circuit
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AK8186B
RESET
The AK8186B has three types of reset as below.
1) Power-on reset
2) Asynchronous reset by RESET pin
3) Soft Reset by 0x00[5]
Power-on reset (POR)
At power on, an internal power-on reset signal is generated which initializes the register to the default
settings. Note that the AK8186B does not execute the SYNC operation after power-on reset. To
synchronize the clock outputs by SYNC function after power-up, SYNC_B pin must be released more than
0.5μs after starting a VCO calibration.
POR Theshold
1.575V typ
3.135V
VDD
POR
POR on
POR off
1μs ≤
____________
RESET pin
Register access is effective 1 μs after the VDD rises over 3.135V.
Register
Access
Disable
Enable
PLL Status
Power Down
Update Registers
(0x232[0]=1)
Update Registers
Power On
Calibration
0.5μs ≤
__________
SYNC pin
__________
SYNC pin must be released more
than 0.5μs after a VCO calibration.
Figure 25. Recommended Power-up Sequence
Asynchronous reset by
pin
When the RESET pin is asserted, the AK8186B is immediately initialized to the default settings.
Soft reset by 0x00[5]
When the Soft reset bits 0x00[5] and [2] are set to 1, the AK8186B is immediately initialized to the default
settings except the Soft reset bits without setting the update register 0x232[0] to 1. Both soft reset bits must
be cleared by setting 0 since they are not self-cleaning bits.
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AK8186B
POWER DOWN MODES
The AK8186B has two modes of power down.
1) Chip power down
2) Block power down (PLL, REF1/2, VCO, VCO divider, CLK Input, OUT0 to 9)
Chip Power Down by PDn pin
Operation
Condition
Operation Timing
Note
: Puts all the blocks except the bias to the analog block into power down mode.
: PDn pin is asserted low
: immediately
: The registers are not reset. Serial Control Port is active. If the AK8186B clock outputs
must be synchronized to each other, a SYNC is required upon exiting power down (see
the SYNCHRONIZING THE OUTPUTS – SYNC FUNCTION). A VCO calibration is not
required when exiting power down.
PLL Power Down
Operation
: The PLL goes into power-down.
Condition
: Write 0x10[1:0] = 01b or 11b, then updates the register ( 0x232[0] =1b).
Operation Timing :
Asychronous power-down mode : 0x10[1:0] = 01b
immediately after the register update is executed.
Synchronous power-down mode : 0x10[1:0] = 11b
synchronized with the up/down signal for the CP after the register update is executed.
This is for preventing the unwanted frequency jumps.
REF1, REF2 Power Down
Operation
Condition
: The REF1and/or REF2 goes into power-down.
: REF1: Write 0x1C[1] = 0b, then updates the register ( 0x232[0] =1b).
REF2: Write 0x1C[2] = 0b, then updates the register ( 0x232[0] =1b).
Operation Timing : immediately after the register update is executed.
Note
: The REF1/REF2 can not be powered down when Automatic Switchover is active.
VCO and CLK Input Power Down
Operation
Condition
: The VCO, VCO divider and CLK input section can be power down by 0x1E1[4:1]..
: Set 0x1E1[4:1] to the adequate value depending on your need, then updates the
register ( 0x232[0] =1b). See the register map function description of VCO, VCO divider
and CLK Input register (0x1E1).
Operation Timing : immediately after the register update is executed.
Distribution Power Down
Operation
: All of output buffers go into power-down.
Condition
: Write 0x230[1] = 1b, then updates the register ( 0x232[0] =1b).
Operation Timing : immediately after the register update is executed.
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AK8186B
Individual Clock Output Power Down (OUT0 to OUT9)
Operation
: Any of the clock outputs goes into power-down.
Condition
: Write the appropriate registers below, then updates the register ( 0x232[0] =1b).
Operation Timing : immediately after the register update is executed.
Table 31 Power down register for OUTPUTS
Output
Port
Register
LVPECL
OUT0
OUT1
OUT2
OUT3
OUT4
OUT5
OUT6
OUT7
OUT8
OUT9
0xF0[1:0]
0xF1[1:0]
0xF2[1:0]
0xF3[1:0]
0xF4[1:0]
0xF5[1:0]
0x140[0]
0x141[0]
0x142[0]
0x143[0]
LVDS/
CMOS
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AK8186B
SERIAL CONTROL PORT
The AK8186B has a 3 or 4-wire serial control port which is compatible with both the Motorola SPI and Intel
SSR protocols. The function of the serial control port is as follows.
- Read/write access to all registers
- Single/Multiple byte access
- MSB/LSB first transfer format
- Data output on SDIO pin (3-wire access: default) or SDO pin (4-wire access)
- Long instruction only (16 bits)
SERIAL CONTROL PORT PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Figure 26. Serial Control Port
Table 32 Serial Control Port Pin Descriptions
Pin No.
Pin Name
Descriptions
16
SCLK
17
CS
21
SDO
22
SDIO
Serial Clock Input.
Write data bits are sampled at the rising edge of this clock.
Read data bits are sampled at the falling edge of this clock.
Pulled down by an internal 30k resistor.
Chip Select. An active low input.
When CS=low, read/write access is allowed.
When CS=high, SDIO and SDO become high impedance.
Pulled up by an internal 30k resistor.
Serial Data Output.
Used only in the unidirectional mode (0x00[7]=1,[0]=1).
Serial Data Input/Output.
When 0x00[7]=0,[0]=0, this works in the bidirectional mode.
When 0x00[7]=1,[0]=1, this works in the unidirectional mode.
GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SERIAL CONTROL PORT
The following section describes the function of the serial control port.
Communication Cycle
Serial communication cycle consists of two parts. The first one is a 16-bit instruction section. The second
one is a data section. Multibyte data can be transferred.
SDIO
16-bit Instruction Word
Data Byte 1
Data Byte 2
Data Byte n
Figure 27. Serial Port Communication Cycle
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AK8186B
Since the AK8186B supports only the long instruction (16 bits) mode, the register 0x00[4:3] must be 11b.
The Instruction Word (16 bits)
The instruction consists of 3 parts; Read/Write command, Byte to transfer and Address. See below.
MSB
LSB
I15
I14
I13
I12
I11
I10
I9
I8
I7
I6
I5
I4
I3
I2
I1
I0
W1
W0
A12=0
A11=0
A10=0
A9
A8
A7
A6
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
A0
-
R/W
Figure 28. 16-bit Instruction Word
Table 33 16-bit Instruction Word
Bit
Name
Description
-
I15
R/W
Read or Write
I14 - I13
W1 - W0
I12 - I0
A12 - A0
Length of a transfer in bytes (See Table 34)
Address
For multibyte transfers, this address is the starting byte address.
Table 34 Byte Transfer Count
W1
W0
Byte to transfer
0
0
1
0
1
2
1
0
3
1
1
Streaming mode
Streaming mode is to transfer more than three bytes. It does not skip over reserved or blank registers.
WRITE
When I15=0, write operation is executed. The timing chart of 2-byte data write is shown below. Write data is
sampled at the rising edge of SCLK.
Figure 29. Serial Contorl Port - WRITE - MSB First
Write in Streaming mode
When data is transferred in streaming mode, the reserved and blank registers are not skipped over. Any
data written to those registers does not affect the operation of the AK8186B.
Update Register
The serial control port has a two-step registers. It consists of a buffer register and an active register.
When data is transferred to the serial control port, the data is written into the buffer register. At this point, the
written data is not active. To make this data active, an update register operation is needed. When set
0x232[0]=1, the data in the buffer register is transferred to the active register. This is called “update register”
and makes the data active. Any number of data can be written into the buffer register before executing the
update register. 0x232[0] is self-clear bit register.
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Serial
Control
Port
CS
SDO
SDIO
Update
Registers
Active Registers
SCLK
Buffer Registers
AK8186B
Update register operation is executed
when set 0x232<0>=1.
Figure 30. Buffer/Active Register
The serial control port configuration registers of 0x00 and 0x04 does not require the update register. The
written data is immediately effective.
READ
When I15=1, read operation is executed. The timing chart of 3-byte data read is shown below. Read data is
valid at the falling edge of SCLK.
Figure 31. Serial Control Port - READ - MSB First
CS
SDO
Serial
Control
Port
SDIO
Active Registers
SCLK
Buffer Registers
The serial control port can read back the data in the buffer registers or in the active registers. 0x04[0] selects
which register is read.
Readback of the buffer registers or the active registers
Figure 32. Readback Registers
Read in Streaming mode
When data is transferred in streaming mode, the reserved and blank registers are not skipped over.
Bidirectional/Unidirectional mode
By default, the serial control port operates in the bidirectional mode. Both write data and readback data are
transferred on the SDIO pin. In unidirectional mode, the readback data is on the SDO pin. 0x00[7][0]
enables the SDO pin.
BUS STALLING IN READ/WRITE ACCESS
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AK8186B
When 1, 2 or 3-byte transfer, but not streaming, CS can rise up on boundary of every data byte to stall the
bus. While CS is high, read/write operation is suspended and the state machine of the serial control port
stays in wait state. The operation resumes after CS goes down.
Figure 33. Bus Stalling
If the system gets out of the wait state, the state machine should be reset by the following procedure.
Return CS low and complete the transfer of remained data.
Return CS low for at least one complete SCLK cycle (but less than 8 cycles).
If CS goes high on non-boundary area, the read/write access is immediately cancelled.
MSB/LSB FIRST TRANSFERS
The AK8186B serial control port transfer the data by MSB first or LSB first. 0x00[6][1] selects one of which.
Default is MSB first.
MSB first
The instruction and data are transferred from MSB. When the AK8186B executes multibyte access, the
address included in the instruction is the start address. Address decrements at every data byte access.
Figure 34. MSB First Transfers
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 41 -
AK8186B
LSB first
The instruction and data are transferred from LSB. When the AK8186B executes multibyte access, the
address included in the instruction is the start address. Address increments at every data byte access.
Figure 35. LSB First Transfers
In both MSB and LSB first modes, streaming mode stops at the address of 0x232. Note that the reserved
and blank registers are not skipped.
Table 35 Stop Sequence in Streaming mode
Mode
Address Direction
Stop Sequence
LSB first
Increment
0x230, 0x231, 0x232, Stop
MSB first
Decrement
0x001, 0x000, 0x232, Stop
The serial control port is configured by the register 0x00[7:4]. 0x00[3:0] should be mirrored to 0x00[7:4]. This
makes it no matter whether the data is written from MSB or LSB.
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 42 -
AK8186B
REGISTER MAP
Addr
(HEX)
Parameter
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Default
Value
SDO Active
LSB
First
Soft
Reset
Long
Instruction
Long
Instruction
Soft
Reset
LSB
First
SDO
Active
18
Serial Control Port
00
Serial Port
Configuration
01
Blank
02
Reserved
03
04
Part ID (read only)
Read Back
Control
43
Read Back
Active
Registers
Blank
00
PLL
10
PFD & CP
11
R Counter
PFD Polarity
A Counter
14
B Counter
Charge Pump Mode
PLL Power Down
14-bit R Divider Bits<7:0>
12
13
Charge Pump Current
01
Blank
14-bit R Divider Bits<13:8>
00
Blank
6-bit A counter
00
13-bit B counter Bits<7:0>
15
Blank
Set CP Pin
To VDD/2
Reset R
Counter
03
13-bit B counter Bits<12:8>
Reset A&B
Counters
16
PLL Control 1
17
PLL Control 2
18
PLL Control 3
19
PLL Control 4
1A
PLL Control 5
Reserved
Reference
Frequency
Monitor
Threshold
1B
PLL Control 6
VCO
Frequency
Monitor
REF2
Frequency
Monitor
REF1
Frequency
Monitor
1C
PLL Control 7
Blank
Select
REF2
Use
REF_SEL
Pin
1D
PLL Control 8
1E
PLL Control 9
1F
PLL
Readback
Reset All
Counters
B Counter
Bypass
Lock Detect Counter
R,A,B Counters SYNC
Pin Reset
00
Prescaler P
STATUS Pin Control
Reserved
06
Reserved
Digital Lock
Detect
Window
Disable
Digital Lock
Detect
VCO Calibration Divider
Reserved
00
VCO Cal
Now
Reserved
00
00
REFMON Pin Control
Automatic
Reference
Switchover
Stay on
REF2
REF2
Power On
REF1
Power On
Differential
Reference
00
PLL Status
Register
Disable
LD Pin
Comparator
Enable
Holdover
Enable
External
Holdover
Control
Holdover
Enable
00
00
Reserved
VCO Cal
Finished
Holdover
Active
06
00
LD Pin Control
Reserved
Reserved
7D
REF2
Selected
20 to
4F
VCO
Frequency
Threshold
REF2
Frequency
Threshold
REF1
Frequency
Threshold
Digital
Lock
Detect
--
Blank
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 43 -
AK8186B
Addr
(HEX)
Parameter
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
A0
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Blank
A1
Blank
A2
Blank
Bit 0
Reserved
Reserved
01
00
Reserved
A3
Default
Value
00
Blank
Reserved
01
A4
Blank
Reserved
00
A5
Blank
Reserved
00
A6
Blank
Reserved
01
A7
Blank
Reserved
00
A8
Blank
Reserved
00
A9
Blank
Reserved
01
AA
Blank
Reserved
00
AB
Blank
Reserved
00
AC to
EF
Blank
LVPECL Outputs
F0
OUT0
Blank
OUT0
Invert
OUT0 LVPECL
Differential Voltage
OUT0 Power-Down
08
F1
OUT2
Blank
OUT1
Invert
OUT1 LVPECL
Differential Voltage
OUT1 Power-Down
0A
F2
OUT2
Blank
OUT2
Invert
OUT2 LVPECL
Differential Voltage
OUT2 Power-Down
08
OUT3 LVPECL
Differential Voltage
OUT3 Power-Down
0A
F3
OUT3
Blank
OUT3
Invert
F4
OUT4
Blank
OUT4
Invert
OUT4 LVPECL
Differential Voltage
OUT4 Power-Down
08
Blank
OUT5
Invert
OUT5 LVPECL
Differential Voltage
OUT5 Power-Down
0A
F5
OUT5
F6-13
F
Blank
LVDS/CMOS Outputs
140
OUT6
OUT6 CMOS Output
Polarity
141
OUT7
OUT7 CMOS Output
Polarity
142
OUT8
OUT8 CMOS Output
Polarity
143
OUT6
OUT9 CMOS Output
Polarity
OUT6
LVDS/CMOS
Output
Polarity
OUT7
LVDS/CMOS
Output
Polarity
OUT8
LVDS/CMOS
Output
Polarity
OUT9
LVDS/CMOS
Output
Polarity
OUT6
CMOS B
OUT6 Select
LVDS/CMOS
OUT6 LVDS Output
Current
OUT6
Power-Down
42
OUT7
CMOS B
OUT7 Select
LVDS/CMOS
OUT7 LVDS Output
Current
OUT7
Power-Down
43
OUT8
CMOS B
OUT8 Select
LVDS/CMOS
OUT8 LVDS Output
Current
OUT8
Power-Down
42
OUT9
CMOS B
OUT9 Select
LVDS/CMOS
OUT9 LVDS Output
Current
OUT9
Power-Down
43
144-1
8F
Blank
LVPECL Channel Dividers
190
191
Divider 0 Low Cycles
Divider 0
(PECL)
Divider 0
Bypass
192
Divider 0
No Sync
Divider 1
(PECL)
Divider 1
Bypass
Divider 1
No Sync
198
Divider 1
Force High
Divider 1
Start High
Blank
196
Divider 2
Bypass
Divider 0 Phase Offset
80
Reserved
Divider 2
No Sync
Divider 2
Force High
Divider 2
Start High
Blank
Reserved
Sep-2012
00
Divider 1 High Cycles
BB
Divider 1 Phase Offset
00
Reserved
Divider 2 Low Cycles
Divider 2
(PECL)
00
Reserved
Divider 1 Low Cycles
195
197
Divider 0
Start High
Blank
193
194
Divider 0
Force High
Divider 0 High Cycles
Reserved
00
Divider 2 High Cycles
00
Divider 2 Phase Offset
00
Reserved
00
draft-E-02
- 44 -
AK8186B
Addr
(HEX)
Parameter
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Default
Value
LVDS/CMOS Channel Dividers
199
19A
19B
Divider 3
(LVDS/CMO
S)
19C
Reserved
19D
Blank
High Cycle Divider 3.1
22
Phase Offset Divider 3.2
Phase Offset Divider 3.1
00
Low Cycles Divider 3.2
High Cycles Divider 3.2
11
Bypass
Divider3.2
Bypass
Divider 3.1
Divider 3
No Sync
Divider 3
Force High
Start High
Divider 3.2
Reserved
19E
19F
1A0
Low Cycles Divider 3.1
Divider 4
(LVDS/CMO
S)
Reserved
1A2
Blank
00
Reserved
00
Low Cycles Divider 4.1
High Cycle Divider 4.1
22
Phase Offset Divider 4.2
Phase Offset Divider 4.1
00
Low Cycles Divider 4.2
1A1
Start High
Divider 3.1
Bypass
Divider4.2
High Cycles Divider 4.2
Bypass
Divider 4.1
Divider 4
No Sync
Divider 4
Force High
Start High
Divider 4.2
Reserved
1A3
Reserved
1A4
to
1DF
Blank
11
Start High
Divider 4.1
00
Reserved
00
VCO Divider and CLK Input
1E0
VCO Divider
1E1
Input CLKs
Blank
Reserved
Power-Down
Clock Input
Section
Reserved
1E2
to
22A
Power-Down
VCO clock
interface
VCO Divider
02
Power-down
VCO & CLK
Select VCO
or CLK
Bypass VCO
Divider
00
Power-Down
Sync
Power-Down
Distribution
Soft Sync
00
Blank
System
230
Power Down
and Sync.
231
Reserved
Blank
Reserved
00
Update All Registers
232
Update all
Registers
Blank
draft-E-02
Update All
Registers
00
Sep-2012
- 45 -
AK8186B
REGISTER MAP FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS
Serial Port Configuration
Register
Address Bit(s) Name
(Hex)
0x000
Description
7
SDO Active
Selects unidirectional or bidirectional data transfer mode.
0: Bidirectional mode: (default)
SDIO pin used for write and read; SDO set high impedance.
1: Unidirectional mode:
SDO pin used for read; SDIO pin used for write.
6
LSB First
MSB or LSB data orientation
0: data-oriented MSB first: addressing decrements. (default)
1: data-oriented LSB first: addressing increments.
5
Soft Reset
Soft Reset
1: Soft Rest (not self-clearing); restores default values to internal registers.
Must be cleared to “0” to complete operation.
4
Long Instruction Should be always “1”: 16bit instruction(long).
3:0
Mirror[7:4]
Bit[3:0] should be always mirror [7:4] so that it does not matter whether the part
is in MSB or LSB first mode( see Register 0x00[6]). User should set bits as
follows.
[0]=[7]
[1]=[6]
[2]=[5]
[3]=[4]
0x003
7:0
Part ID
Part ID of the AK8186B. (read only)
AK8186B : 0x43
0x004
0
Read Back Active
Reg.
Select register bank used for read back.
0: read back buffer registers (default)
1: read back active registers
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 46 -
AK8186B
PLL Configuration
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
7
Description
Name
PFD Polarity
Sets the PFD Polarity. The on-chip VCO requires positive polarity.
0 : Positive ; higher control voltage produces higher frequency (default)
1 : Negative; higher control voltage produces lower frequency
CP Current
Charge Pump current (with CPRSET=5.1kΩ).
[6:5:4]
Icp(mA)
000
0.6
001
1.2
010
1.8
011
2.4
100
3.0
101
3.6
110
4.2
111
4.8 (default)
CP Mode
Charge pump operating mode.
[3:2]
Charge pump mode
00
High impedance state
01
Force source current (pump up)
10
Force sink current(pump down)
11
Normal operation. (default)
1:0
PLL
Power Down
PLL operating mode.
[1:0]
PLL Mode
00
Normal operation.
01
Asynchronous power-down. (default)
10
Normal operation.
11
Synchronous power-down.
0x011
7:0
14-Bit R Divider
Bits[7:0] (LSB)
0x012
5:0
14-Bit R Divider
R divider MSBs, upper six bits (default=0x00).
Bits[13:8] (MSB)
0x013
5:0
6-Bit A Counter
0x014
7:0
13-Bit B Counter
B counter (part of N divider). Lower eight bits (default=0x03).
Bits[7:0]
0x015
4:0
13-Bit B Counter
B counter (part of N divider). Upper eight bits (default=0x00).
Bits[12:8]
6:4
0x010
3:2
R divider LSBs, lower eight bits (default=0x01).
A counter (part of N divider) (default=0x00).
7
Set CP pin
To VDD/2
Sets the CP pin to one-half of the VDD supply voltage.
0: CP normal operation (default).
1: CP pin set to VDD/2.
6
Rest R
Counters
Resets R counter (R divider)
0: normal (default)
1: reset R counter.
0x016
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 47 -
AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
5
Reset A&B
Counters
Resets A&B counters (part of N divider)
0: normal (default)
1: reset A & B counter.
4
Reset All
Counters
Resets R, A&B counters.
0: normal (default)
1: reset R, A & B counter.
3
B Counter
Bypass
B counter bypass. This is valid only when operating the prescaler in FD mode.
0: normal mode (default)
1: B counter is set to divide-by-1. This allows the prescaler setting to
determine the divide for the N divider.
Prescaler: DM=Dual modulus and FD = fixed divide.
0x016
2:0
Prescaler P
External VCO/VCXO ; 1E1[1]=0
[2:1:0] Mode Prescaler
000
FD Divide-by-1
001
FD Divide-by-2
010
DM Divide-by-2 (2/3 mode)
011
DM
Divide-by-4 (4/5 mode)
100
DM Divide-by-8 (8/9 mode)
101
DM Divide-by-16 (16/17 mode)
110
DM
Divide-by-32 (32/33 mode) (default)
111
FD Divide-by-3
Internal VCO ; 1E1[1]=1
[2:1:0] Mode Prescaler
0XX
DM
Divide-by-32 (32/33 mode)
100
DM Divide-by-8 (8/9 mode)
101
DM Divide-by-16 (16/17 mode)
1 1 X DM
Divide-by-32 (32/33 mode)
0x017
7:2
STATUS
Pin Control
Selects the signal that is connected to the STATUS pin.
Level or
Dynamic
[7:6:5:4:3:2] Signals
Signal at STATUS Pin
000000
LVL
Ground(dc) (default).
000001
DYN
N divider output
000010
DYN
R divider output
000011
DYN
A divider output.
000100
DYN
Prescaler output.
000101
DYN
PFD up pulse
000110
DYN
PFD down pulse
0xxxxx
LVL
Ground(dc);for all other cases 0xxxxx not specified
Above.
The selections that follow are the same as REFMON.
100000
LVL
Ground(dc).
100001
DYN
REF1 clock
100010
DYN
REF2 clock (N/A differential mode)
100011
DYN
Selected reference to PLL
100100
DYN
Unselected reference to PLL
100101
LVL
Status of selected reference
100110
LVL
Status of unselected reference
100111
LVL
Status REF1 frequency.(active high)
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 48 -
AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
0x017
7:2
6:5
STATUS
Pin Control
Lock Detect
Counter
0x018
4
Description
Name
Digital Lock
Detect Window
Level or
Dynamic
[7:6:5:4:3:2] Signals
Signal at STATUS Pin
101000
LVL
Status REF2 frequency. (active high)
101001
LVL
(Status REF1 Freq.) AND (Status REF2 Freq.)
101010
LVL
(DLD) AND (Status of selected reference)
AND (status of VCO)
101011
LVL
Status of VCO Frequency (active high)
101100
LVL
Selected reference (Low=REF1,High=REF2)
101101
LVL
Digital Lock Detect(DLD); active High
101110
LVL
Holdover active(active high)
101111
LVL
LD pin comparator output (active high).
110000
LVL
VDD (PLL supply)
110001
DYN
(REF1 Clock)n
110010
DYN
(REF2 Clock)n
110011
DYN
(Selected reference to PLL)n
110100
DYN
(Unselected reference to PLL)n
110101
LVL
Status of selected reference: active low
110110
LVL
Status of unselected reference: active low
110111
LVL
Status of REF1 frequency(active low)
111000
LVL
Status of REF2 frequency(active low)
111001
LVL
((Status REF1 Freq.) AND (Status REF2 Freq.))n
111010
LVL
((DLD) AND (Status of selected reference)
AND (status of VCO))n
111011
LVL
Status of VCO Frequency (Active low)
111100
LVL
Selected reference (Low=REF2,High=REF1).
111101
LVL
Digital Lock Detect(DLD): Active Low
111110
LVL
Holdover active(active low)
111111
LVL
LD Pin comparator output(Active low)
[6:5]
00
01
10
11
PFD Cycles Determine Lock
5 (default)
16
64
255
Digital Lock Detect Window Size
Lock
Unlock
0 : High Range
7.5ns 15ns (default)
1 : Low Range 3.5ns
7ns
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 49 -
AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
3
2:1
Disable DLD
Digital Lock Detect operation
0: normal lock detect operation (default)
1: disable lock detect
VCO Cal
Divider
VCO Calibration Divider. Divider used to generate the VCO calibration clock
from the PLL reference clock.
[2:1]
VCO Calibration Clock Divider
00
2
01
4
10
8
11
16 (default)
0x018
0
0x019
0x01A
7:6
6
Description
Name
VCO Cal Now
R,A,B
Counters
SYNC Pin
RESET
Reference
Frequency
Monitor
Threshold
Bit used to initiate the VCO calibration. This bit must be toggled from 0 to 1 in
the active registers. The sequence to initiate a calibration is: program to 0,
followed by an update bit(Register 0x232[0]),; then programmed to 1, followed
by another update bit(Register 0x232[0]). This sequence gives complete
control over when the VCO calibration occurs relative to the programming of
other registers that can impact the calibration.
[7:6]
00
01
10
11
Action
Do nothing on SYNC(default)
Asynchronous reset
Synchronous reset
Do nothing on SYNC
Sets the reference (REF1/REF2) frequency monitor’s detection threshold
frequency. This does not affect the VCO frequency monitor’s detection
threshold. See Table 16: REF1, REF2 and VCO Frequency Status Monitor
parameter.
0: frequency valid if frequency is above the higher frequency threshold
(default).
1: frequency valid if frequency is above the lower frequency threshold.
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 50 -
AK8186B
Register Bit(s)
Address
(Hex)
0x01A
5:0
Description
Name
LD Pin
Control
Selects the signal that is connected to the LD pin.
[5:4:3:2:1:0] Signals
Signal at LD Pin
000000
LVL
DLD (High=lock, Low=unlock) (default)
000001
DYN
P-Channel, open-drain lock detect(analog LD)
000010
DYN
N-Channel, open-drain lock detect(analog LD)
000011
HIZ
High-Z LD pin.
000100
CUR
Current source LD(110uA when DLD is true).
0xxxxx
LVL
Ground(dc);for all other cases 0xxxxx not specified
Above.
The selections that follow are the same as REFMON except 101111 and
111111.
100000
LVL
Ground(dc).
100001
DYN
REF1 clock
100010
DYN
REF2 clock (N/A differential mode)
100011
DYN
Selected reference to PLL
100100
DYN
Unselected reference to PLL
100101
LVL
Status of selected reference
100110
LVL
Status of unselected reference
100111
LVL
Status REF1 frequency.(active high)
101000
LVL
Status REF2 frequency.(active high)
101001
LVL
(Status REF1 Freq.) AND (Status REF2 Freq.)
101010
LVL
(DLD) AND (Status of selected reference)
AND (status of VCO)
101011
LVL
Status of VCO Frequency (Active high)
101100
LVL
Selected reference (Low=REF1,High=REF2)
101101
LVL
Digital Lock Detect(DLD): Active High
101110
LVL
Holdover active(active high)
101111
LVL
N/A do not use.
110000
LVL
VDD (PLL supply)
110001
DYN
(REF1 Clock)n
110010
DYN
(REF2 Clock)n
110011
DYN
(Selected reference to PLL)n
110100
DYN
(Unselected reference to PLL)n
110101
LVL
Status of selected reference: active low
110110
LVL
Status of unselected reference: active low
110111
LVL
Status of REF1 frequency(active low)
111000
LVL
Status of REF2 frequency(active low)
111001
LVL
((Status REF1 Freq.) AND (Status REF2 Freq.))n
111010
LVL
((DLD) AND (Status of selected reference)
AND (status of VCO))n
111011
LVL
Status of VCO Frequency (active low)
111100
LVL
Selected reference (Low=REF2,High=REF1).
111101
LVL
Digital Lock Detect(DLD): active low
111110
LVL
Holdover active(active low)
111111
LVL
N/A do not use.
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 51 -
AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
7
VCO Frequency
Monitor
Enable or disable VCO frequency monitor.
0: disable VCO frequency monitor (default).
1: enable VCO frequency monitor.
6
REF2(REFINn)
Frequency
Monitor
Enable or disable REF2 frequency monitor.
0: disable REF2 frequency monitor (default).
1: enable REF2 frequency monitor.
5
REF1(REFIN)
Frequency
Monitor
Enable or disable REF1(REFIN) frequency monitor.
0: disable REF1(REFIN) frequency monitor (default).
1: enable REF1(REFIN) frequency monitor.
[4:3:2:1:0]
00000
00001
00010
00011
00100
00101
00110
00111
01000
01001
01010
0x01B
4:0
REFMON Pin
Control
01011
01100
01101
01110
01111
10000
10001
10010
10011
10100
10101
10110
10111
11000
11001
11010
11011
11100
11101
11110
11111
Signals
LVL
DYN
DYN
DYN
DYN
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
DYN
DYN
DYN
DYN
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
LVL
Sep-2012
Signal at REFMON Pin
Ground(dc) (default).
REF1 clock
REF2 clock (N/A differential mode)
Selected reference to PLL
Unselected reference to PLL
Status of selected reference
Status of unselected reference
Status REF1 frequency.(active high)
Status REF2 frequency.(active high)
(Status REF1 Freq.) AND (Status REF2 Freq.)
(DLD) AND (Status of selected reference)
AND (status of VCO)
Status of VCO Frequency (Active high)
Selected reference (Low=REF1,High=REF2)
Digital Lock Detect(DLD): Active High
Holdover active(active high)
LD Pin comparator output(Active high)
VDD (PLL supply)
(REF1 Clock)n
(REF2 Clock)n
(Selected reference to PLL)n
(Unselected reference to PLL)n
Status of selected reference: active low
Status of unselected reference: active low
Status of REF1 frequency(active low)
Status of REF2 frequency(active low)
((Status REF1 Freq.) AND (Status REF2 Freq.))n
((DLD) AND (Status of selected reference)
Status of VCO Frequency (Active low)
Selected reference (Low=REF2,High=REF1).
Digital Lock Detect(DLD): Active Low
Holdover active(active low)
LD Pin comparator output(Active low)
draft-E-02
- 52 -
AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
6
Select REF2
If Register 0x1C[5]=0, select reference for PLL.
0: select REF1 (default)
1: select REF2
5
Use REF_SEL
Pin
If Register 0x1C[4]=0, set method of PLL reference selection.
0: use Register 0x1C[6] (default).
1: use REF_SEL pin.
4
3
Automatic
Reference
Switchover
Stay on REF2
0x01C
Automatic or manual reference selection switchover. Single-ended reference
mode must be selected by Register 0x1C[0]=0.
0: manual reference switchover (default).
1: automatic reference switchover.
Stays on REF2 after switchover
0: return to REF1 automatically when REF1 status good again (default).
1: stay on REF2 after switchover. Do not automatically return to REF1 .
2
REF2
Power On
When automatic reference switchover is disabled, this bit returns the REF2
power on.
0: REF2 Power off (default).
1: REF2 Power on.
1
REF1
Power On
When automatic reference switchover is disabled, this bit returns the REF1
power on.
0: REF1 Power off (default).
1: REF1 Power on.
0
Differential
Reference
Selects the PLL reference mode, differential or single-ended. Single-ended
must be selected for the automatic switchover or REF1 and REF2 to work.
0: single-ended reference mode (default).
1: differential reference mode.
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
PLL Status
Register
Disable
Disable the PLL status register read-back.
0: enable (default)
1: disable
3
LD Pin
Comparator
Enable
Enable the LD pin voltage comparator, This function is used with the LP pin
current source lock detect mode. When in the automatic holdover mode, this
enables the use of the voltage on the LD pin to determine if the PLL was
previously in a locked state. Otherwise, this can be used with the REFMON and
STATUS pins to monitor the voltage on this PIN.
0: disable (default)
1: enable
2
Holdover
Enable
Along with[0] enables the holdover function.
0: holdover disabled (default)
1: holdover enabled
1
Manual
Holdover
Control
Enable the manual hold control through the SYNC pin. (This disables the
automatic holdover mode.)
0: automatic holdover mode-holdover controlled by automatic holdover
circuit. (default)
1: manual holdover mode-holdover controlled by SYNC pin.
4
0x01D
0
Holdover
Enable
Analog with[2] enables the holdover function.
0: holdover disabled (default)
1: holdover enabled
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
6
0x01F
Description
Name
VCO Cal
Finished
Read-only register: status of the VCO calibration.
0: VCO calibration not finished
1: VCO calibration finished
5
Holdover
Active
Read-only register: indicates if the part is in the holdover state( see Fig.19).
This is not same as holdover enable.
0: not in holdover.
1: holdover state active.
4
REF2
Selected
Read-only register: indicates which PLL reference is selected as the input to
PLL.
0: REF1 selected (or differential reference if in differential mode.)
1: REF2 selected.
3
VCO
Frequency
> Threshold
Read-only register: indicates if the VCO frequency is greater than the threshold
(see Table 16, REF1, REF2, and VCO Frequency Status Monitor.).
0: VCO frequency is less than threshold frequency.
1: VCO frequency greater the threshold frequency.
2
Read-only register: indicates if the frequency REF2 is greater than the
REF2 Frequency threshold frequency set by Register 0x1A[6].
> Threshold
0: REF2 frequency is less than threshold frequency.
1: REF2 frequency greater the threshold frequency.
1
Read-only register: indicates if the frequency REF1 is greater than the
REF1 Frequency threshold frequency set by Register 0x1A[6].
> Threshold
0: REF1 frequency is less than threshold frequency.
1: REF1 frequency greater the threshold frequency.
0
Digital
Lock
Detect
Read-only register: digital lock detect
0: PLL is not locked.
1: PLL is locked.
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AK8186B
LVPECL Outputs
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
Output Invert
Selects the output polarity.
0: non-inverting (default)
1: inverting
OUT0 LVPECL
Differential
Voltage
Sets the LVPECL output differential voltage(Vod)
[3:2]
Vod(mV)
00
400
01
600
10
780 (default)
11
960
1:0
OUT0
Power-Down
LVPECL power-down modes.
[1:0] Out Mode
00
On Normal operation (default)
01
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
10
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
11
Off Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z)
4
Output Invert
Selects output polarity.
0: non-inverting (default)
1: inverting
OUT1 LVPECL
Differential
Voltage
Sets the LVPECL output differential voltage(Vod)
[3:2]
Vod(mV)
00
400
01
600
10
780 (default)
11
960
1:0
OUT1
Power-Down
LVPECL power-down modes.
[1:0] Out Mode
00
On Normal operation
01
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
10
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z). (default)
11
Off Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
4
Output Invert
Selects output polarity.
0: non-inverting (default)
1: inverting
OUT2 LVPECL
Differential
Voltage
Sets the LVPECL output differential voltage(Vod)
[3:2]
Vod(mV)
00
400
01
600
10
780 (default)
11
960
OUT2
Power-Down
LVPECL power-down modes.
[1:0] Out Mode
00
On Normal operation (default)
01
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
10
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
11
Off Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
4
3:2
0x0F0
3:2
0x0F1
3:2
0x0F2
1:0
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
Output Invert
Selects output polarity.
0: non-inverting (default)
1: inverting
OUT3 LVPECL
Differential
Voltage
Sets the LVPECL output differential voltage(Vod)
[3:2]
Vod(mV)
00
400
01
600
10
780 (default)
11
960
1:0
OUT3
Power-Down
LVPECL power-down modes.
[1:0] Out Mode
00
On Normal operation
01
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
10
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z). (default)
11
Off Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
4
Output Invert
Selects output polarity.
0: non-inverting (default)
1: inverting
OUT4 LVPECL
Differential
Voltage
Sets the LVPECL output differential voltage(Vod)
[3:2]
Vod(mV)
00
400
01
600
10
780 (default)
11
960
1:0
OUT4
Power-Down
LVPECL power-down modes.
[1:0] Out Mode
00
On Normal operation (default)
01
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
10
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
11
Off Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
4
Output Invert
Selects output polarity.
0: non-inverting (default)
1: inverting
OUT5 LVPECL
Differential
Voltage
Sets the LVPECL output differential voltage(Vod)
[3:2]
Vod(mV)
00
400
01
600
10
780 (default)
11
960
OUT5
Power-Down
LVPECL power-down modes.
[1:0] Out Mode
00
On Normal operation
01
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
10
Off Partial Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z). (default)
11
Off Power-down (Outputs Hi-Z).
4
3:2
0x0F3
3:2
0x0F4
3:2
0x0F5
1:0
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AK8186B
LVDS/CMOS Outputs
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
OUT6 Output
Polarity
In CMOS mode,[7:5] select the output polarity of each CMOS output.
In LVDS mode, only [5] determines LDVS polarity.
[7:6:5] OUT6(CMOS)
OUT6n(CMOS)
OUT6(LVDS)
000
Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
010
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting (default)
100
Inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting
110
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting
001
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
011
Inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
101
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
1 1 1 Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
4
OUT6 CMOS B
In CMOS mode, turn on/off the OUT6n output. There is no effect in LDVS
mode.
0: turn off the OUT6n output. (default)
1: turn on the OUT6n output..
3
OUT6 Select
LVDS/CMOS
7:5
0x140
Selects LVDS or CMOS logic levels.
0: LVDS. (default)
1: CMOS.
2:1
OUT6 LVDS
Output
Current
Sets output current level in LVDS mode. This has no effect CMOS mode,
[2:1]
Current (mA)
Recommend Termination (Ω)
00
1.75
100
01
3.5
100 (default)
10
5.25
50
11
7.0
50
0
OUT6
Power-Down
Power-down output(LVDS/CMOS).
0: Power on.
1: Power off. (default) LVDS: Outputs Hi-Z
OUT7 Output
Polarity
In CMOS mode,[7:5] select the output polarity of each CMOS output.
In LVDS mode, only [5] determines LDVS polarity.
[7:6:5] OUT7(CMOS)
OUT7n(CMOS)
OUT7(LVDS)
000
Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
010
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting (default)
100
Inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting
110
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting
001
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
011
Inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
101
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
1 1 1 Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
4
OUT7 CMOS B
In CMOS mode, turn on/off the OUT7n output. There is no effect in LDVS
mode.
0: turn off the OUT7n output. (default)
1: turn on the OUT7n output..
3
OUT7 Select
LVDS/CMOS
7:5
0x141
2:1
OUT7 LVDS
Output
Current
CMOS: Outputs Low
Selects LVDS or CMOS logic levels.
0: LVDS. (default)
1: CMOS.
Sets output current level in LVDS mode. This has no effect CMOS mode,
[2:1]
Current (mA)
Recommend Termination (Ω)
00
1.75
100
01
3.5
100 (default)
10
5.25
50
11
7.0
50
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
141
Description
Name
OUT7
Power-Down
Power-down output(LVDS/CMOS).
0: Power on.
1: Power off. (default) LVDS: Outputs Hi-Z
OUT8 Output
Polarity
In CMOS mode,[7:5] select the output polarity of each CMOS output.
In LVDS mode, only [5] determines LDVS polarity.
[7:6:5] OUT8(CMOS)
OUT8n(CMOS)
OUT8(LVDS)
000
Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
010
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting (default)
100
Inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting
110
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting
001
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
011
Inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
101
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
1 1 1 Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
4
OUT8 CMOS B
In CMOS mode, turn on/off the OUT8n output. There is no effect in LDVS
mode.
0: turn off the OUT8n output. (default)
1: turn on the OUT8n output..
3
OUT8 Select
LVDS/CMOS
0
7:5
0x142
CMOS: Outputs Low
Selects LVDS or CMOS logic levels.
0: LVDS.
1: CMOS.
2:1
OUT8 LVDS
Output
Current
Sets output current level in LVDS mode. This has no effect CMOS mode,
[2:1]
Current (mA)
Recommend Termination (Ω)
00
1.75
100
01
3.5
100 (default)
10
5.25
50
11
7.0
50
0
OUT8
Power-Down
Power-down output(LVDS/CMOS).
0: Power on.
1: Power off. (default) LVDS: Outputs Hi-Z
OUT9 Output
Polarity
In CMOS mode,[7:5] select the output polarity of each CMOS output.
In LVDS mode, only [5] determines LDVS polarity.
[7:6:5] OUT9(CMOS)
OUT9n(CMOS)
OUT9(LVDS)
000
Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
010
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting (default)
100
Inverting.
Inverting.
Non-inverting
110
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting
001
Inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
011
Inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
101
Non-inverting.
Non-inverting.
Inverting
1 1 1 Non-inverting.
Inverting.
Inverting
4
OUT9 CMOS B
In CMOS mode, turn on/off the OUT9n output. There is no effect in LDVS
mode.
0: turn off the OUT9n output. (default)
1: turn on the OUT9n output..
3
OUT9 Select
LVDS/CMOS
7:5
0x143
CMOS: Outputs Low
Selects LVDS or CMOS logic levels.
0: LVDS. (default)
1: CMOS.
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
2:1
OUT9 LVDS
Output
Current
Sets output current level in LVDS mode. This has no effect CMOS mode,
[2:1]
Current (mA)
Recommend Termination (Ω)
00
1.75
100
01
3.5
100 (default)
10
5.25
50
11
7.0
50
0
OUT9
Power-Down
Power-down output(LVDS/CMOS).
0: Power on.
1: Power off. (default) LVDS: Outputs Hi-Z
0x143
CMOS: Outputs Low
LVPECL Channel Dividers
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
7:4
Divider 0
Low Cycles M
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 0. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 0
High Cycles N
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVPECL output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
Divider 0
Bypass
Bypasses and power-down the divider; route input to divider output.
0: use divider.
1: bypass divider. (default)
0x190
7
6
0x191
Divider 0
Nosync
Nosync.
0: obey chip-level SYNC signal. (default)
1: ignore chip-level SYNC signal.
5
Divider 0
Force High
Forces divider output to high. This requires that nosync also be set.
0: divider output force to low. (default)
1: divider output force to high.
4
Divider 0
Start High
Selects clock output to start high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
3:0
Divider 0
Phase Offset
Phase offset. (default=0x0)
7:4
Divider 1
Low Cycles M
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 1. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 1
High Cycles N
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVPECL output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
Divider 1
Bypass
Bypasses and power-down the divider; route input to divider output.
0: use divider. (default)
1: bypass divider.
0x193
7
0x194
Description
Name
6
5
Divider 1
Nosync
Divider 1
Force High
Nosync.
0: obey chip-level SYNC signal. (default)
1: ignore chip-level SYNC signal.
Forces divider output to high. This requires that nosync also be set.
0: divider output force to low. (default)
1: divider output force to high.
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Divider 1
Start High
Selects clock output to start high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
3:0
Divider 1
Phase Offset
Phase offset. (default=0x0)
7:4
Divider 2
Low Cycles M
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 2. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 2
High Cycles N
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVPECL output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
Divider 2
Bypass
Bypasses and power-down the divider; route input to divider output.
0: use divider. (default)
1: bypass divider.
4
0x194
0x196
7
6
0x197
Description
Name
Divider 2
Nosync
Nosync.
0: obey chip-level SYNC signal. (default)
1: ignore chip-level SYNC signal.
5
Divider 2
Force High
Forces divider output to high. This requires that nosync also be set.
0: divider output force to low. (default)
1: divider output force to high.
4
Divider 2
Start High
Selects clock output to start high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
Divider 2
Phase Offset
Phase offset. (default=0x0)
3:0
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AK8186B
LVDS/CMOS Channel Dividers
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
7:4
Divider 3.1
Low Cycles M
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 3.1. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 3.1
High Cycles N
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVDS/CMOS output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
7:4
Divider 3.2
Phase Offset
Refer to LVDS/CMOS channel divider function description.
3:0
Divider 3.1
Phase Offset
Refer to LVDS/CMOS channel divider function description.
7:4
Divider 3.2
Low Cycles
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 3.2. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 3.2
High Cycles
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVDS/CMOS output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
5
Divider 3.2
Bypass
Bypasses (and power-down)3.2 divider logic, route input to 3.2 output.
0: do not bypass. (default)
1: bypass.
4
Divider 3.1
Bypass
Bypasses (and power-down)3.1 divider logic, route input to 3.2 output.
0: do not bypass. (default)
1: bypass.
3
Divider 3
Nosync
Nosync.
0: obey chip-level SYNC signal. (default)
1: ignore chip-level SYNC signal.
2
Divider 3
Force High
Forces divider 3 output to high. Requires that nosync also be set.
0: force low. (default)
1: force high.
1
Divider 3.2
Start High
Divider3.2 start high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
0
Divider 3.1
Start High
Divider3.1 strat high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
0x199
0x19A
0x19B
0x19C
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AK8186B
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
7:4
Divider 4.1
Low Cycles M
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 4.1. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 4.1
High Cycles N
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVDS/CMOS output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
7:4
Divider 4.2
Phase Offset
Refer to LVDS/CMOS channel divider function description.
3:0
Divider 4.1
Phase Offset
Refer to LVDS/CMOS channel divider function description.
7:4
Divider 4.2
Low Cycles
Number of Low clock cycles (M) and High clock cycles (N) of the divider input
define a frequency division, Dx, of the Divider 4.2. Dx = M+N+2.
3:0
Divider 4.2
High Cycles
Note) The M and N does not affect the duty of LVDS/CMOS output. The DCC(Duty Cycle
Correction) always works.
5
Divider 4.2
Bypass
Bypasses (and power-down)4.2 divider logic, route input to 4.2 output.
0: do not bypass. (default)
1: bypass.
4
Divider 4.1
Bypass
Bypasses (and power-down)4.1 divider logic, route input to 4.2 output.
0: do not bypass. (default)
1: bypass.
3
Divider 4
Nosync
Nosync.
0: obey chip-level SYNC signal. (default)
1: ignore chip-level SYNC signal.
2
Divider 4
Force High
Forces divider 4 output to high. Requires that nosync also be set.
0: force low. (default)
1: force high.
1
Divider 4.2
Start High
Divider4.2 start high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
0
Divider 4.1
Start High
Divider4.1 strat high or start low.
0: start low. (default)
1: start high.
0x19E
0x19F
0x1A0
0x1A1
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AK8186B
VCO Divider and CLK Input
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
0x1E0
0x1E1
Description
Name
[2:1:0]
000
001
010
011
100
101
110
111
Divide
2
3
4 (default)
5
6
Output Static
Output Static
Output Static
2:0
VCO Divider
4
Power-Down
Clock Input
Section
Powers down the clock input section (including CLK buffer, VCO dividers and
CLK tree).
0 : normal operation (default).
1 : Power-down.
3
Power-Down
VCO clock
interface
Powers down the interface block between VCO and clock distribution.
0 : normal operation (default).
1 : power-down.
2
Power-Down
VCO and CLK
Powers down both VCO and CLK input.
0 : normal operation (default).
1 : power-down.
1
Select
VCO or CLK
Powers down the clock input section (including CLK buffer, VCO dividers and
CLK tree).
0 : Selects external CLK as input to VCO divider (default).
1 : Selects VCO as input to VCO divider; cannot bypass VCO divider when
this is selected.
0
Bypass
VCO divider
Bypasses or uses the VCO divider.
0 : Uses VCO divider (default).
1 : Bypasses VCO divider; cannnot select VCO as input when this is selected.
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AK8186B
System
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
Description
Name
Powers down the SYNC function.
0: normal operation of SYNC function (default).
1: Power-down SYNC circuitry.
2
Power-Down
SYNC
1
Powers down the output buffers.
0 : normal operation (default).
Power
down 1 : power down the output buffers.
distribution
Buffers output as follows in power down.
reference
LVPECL: Hi-Z (same state with 0xFn[1:0]=01 or 10b, n=0 to 5)
LVDS: Hi-Z
CMOS: Low
0x230
0
Soft SYNC
The soft SYNC works the same as the SYNC pin. Expect that the polarity of
the bit is reversed. That is, a high level forces selected channels into a
predetermined static state, and 1-to-0 transition triggers a SYNC.
0: same as SYNC high (default).
1: same as SYNC low.
Update All Registers
Register
Address Bit(s)
(Hex)
0x232
0
Description
Name
Update All
Registers
This bit must be set to 1 to transfer the contents of the buffer registers into the
active registers. This happens on the next SCLK rising edge. This bit is
self-cleaning; that is, it does not have to be set back to 0.
1: (self-cleaning); update all active registers to the contents of the buffer
registers.
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AK8186B
PACKAGE INFORMATION
Mechanical data
9.00
8.75
0.4±0.10
64
49
48
1
49
48
64
1
6.15
8.75
+0.07
-0.05
17
0.25
32
A
+0.05
-0.07
0.10
33
M
0.50
33
32
6.15
16
17
0M
AX
16
C0
.6
9.00
B
AB
+0.15
-0.05
S
0.85
0.08
0.02 +0.03
-0.02
0.20
S
Marking
a:
#1 Pin Index
b:
Part number
c:
Date code
b
c
a
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 66 -
AK8186B
RoHS Compliance
All integrated circuits form Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation (AKM) assembled
in “lead-free” packages* are fully compliant with RoHS.
(*) RoHS compliant products from AKM are identified with “Pb free” letter indication on
product label posted on the anti-shield bag and boxes.
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 67 -
AK8186B
REVISION HISTORY
31/August/2012 Draft-E00 to E01
P.3
Adds Table of contents.
P.8
Change to On chip VCO.
P.9
Change to Input Capacitance.
P.25
Change to Prescaler division in FD and DM mode.
P.27
Change to p-channel open drain in Figure17.
P.49
Change to Lock Detect Counter.
28/September/2012 Draft-E01 to E02
P.12-15 Change to Table 8,9,10,12 and 13.
Sep-2012
draft-E-02
- 68 -
AK8186B
IMPORTANT NOTICE
 These products and their specifications are subject to change without notice.
When you consider any use or application of these products, please make inquiries the sales office of Asahi Kasei
Microdevices Corporation (AKM) or authorized distributors as to current status of the products.
 Descriptions of external circuits, application circuits, software and other related information contained in this
document are provided only to illustrate the operation and application examples of the semiconductor products. You
are fully responsible for the incorporation of these external circuits, application circuits, software and other related
information in the design of your equipments. AKM assumes no responsibility for any losses incurred by you or third
parties arising from the use of these information herein. AKM assumes no liability for infringement of any patent,
intellectual property, or other rights in the application or use of such information contained herein.
 Any export of these products, or devices or systems containing them, may require an export license or other official
approval under the law and regulations of the country of export pertaining to customs and tariffs, currency exchange,
or strategic materials.
 AKM products are neither intended nor authorized for use as critical componentsNote1) in any safety, life support, or
other hazard related device or systemNote2), and AKM assumes no responsibility for such use, except for the use
approved with the express written consent by Representative Director of AKM. As used here:
Note1) A critical component is one whose failure to function or perform may reasonably be expected to result,
whether directly or indirectly, in the loss of the safety or effectiveness of the device or system containing it,
and which must therefore meet very high standards of performance and reliability.
Note2) A hazard related device or system is one designed or intended for life support or maintenance of safety
or for applications in medicine, aerospace, nuclear energy, or other fields, in which its failure to function or
perform may reasonably be expected to result in loss of life or in significant injury or damage to person or
property.
 It is the responsibility of the buyer or distributor of AKM products, who distributes, disposes of, or otherwise places
the product with a third party, to notify such third party in advance of the above content and conditions, and the buyer
or distributor agrees to assume any and all responsibility and liability for and hold AKM harmless from any and all
claims arising from the use of said product in the absence of such notification.
draft-E-02
Sep-2012
- 69 -
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