AP1013CEN

[AP1013CEN]
AP1013CEN
18V 1ch H-Bridge Motor Driver IC
1. General Description
The AP1013CEN realizes four drive mode of forward, reverse, break and standby by 1 channel H-bridge
motor driver corresponding to operating voltage 18V. The AP1013CEN layouts N-channel LDMOSFET in
high side and low side in output circuit and realizes a small package. Also it has under voltage detection and
thermal shut down circuits. It is suitable for driving various small motor.
2. Features













Control Power Supply Voltage (VC)
Logic Terminal Supply Voltage
Wide Motor Driver Operating Voltage
2.7V to 5.5V
1.62V to VC
2V to 18V
(N-channel MOSFET high side and Low side architecture)
Maximum Output Current (DC)
1.3A
Maximum Output Current (Peak)
2.2A (Ta=25℃, within 10ms in 200ms)
Maximum Output Current (Peak)
3.3A (Ta=25℃, within 5ms in 200ms)
Maximum Output Current (Peak)
5.0A (Ta=25℃, within 2ms in 200ms)
H-Bridge On Resistance
RON(TOP+BOT)[email protected]
Power-Down Mode
Quiescent current is under 1uA (Ta=25℃)
Built-in Under Voltage Detection Circuit Detect VVC under 2.2V
Built-in Thermal Shut Down Circuit (Tj) 175℃
Junction Temperature
150℃
Package
16-pin QFN Package (3mm×3mm)
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3. Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
General Description ........................................................................................................................................... 1
Features .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Table of Contents............................................................................................................................................... 2
Block Diagram................................................................................................................................................... 3
Ordering Guide .................................................................................................................................................. 3
Pin Configurations and Functions...................................................................................................................... 4

Pin Configurations ................................................................................................................................. 4

Functions ............................................................................................................................................... 4

Terminal Equivalent Circuit .................................................................................................................. 5
7. Absolute Maximum Ratings .............................................................................................................................. 6
8. Recommended Operating Conditions ................................................................................................................ 7
9. Electrical Characteristics ................................................................................................................................... 7
10. Descriptions ....................................................................................................................................................... 9
10.1 Control Logic ......................................................................................................................................... 9
10.2 Basic Architecture of the Motor Driver ................................................................................................. 9
10.3 Protection Circuits ............................................................................................................................... 10
11. Recommended External Cercuits..................................................................................................................... 11

Recommended External Circuit ........................................................................................................... 11

Parts List .............................................................................................................................................. 11
12. Package ............................................................................................................................................................ 12

Outline Dimensions ............................................................................................................................. 12

Reference Foot Pattern ........................................................................................................................ 12

Marking ............................................................................................................................................... 13
13. Revise History ................................................................................................................................................. 14
IMPORTANT NOTICE .......................................................................................................................................... 15
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4. Block Diagram
VIO
VC
VG
TSD
UVLO
VREF
OSC
INA
INB
Charge
Pump
VC
VG
VC
Control
Logic
Pre
Driver
CH
CL
VM
H-Bridge
OUTA
OUTB
PGND / Exposed Pad
EN
PSAVE
DGND
Figure 1. Block Diagram
5. Ordering Guide
AP1013CEN
-30~85°C
16-pin QFN
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6. Pin Configurations and Functions

8
OUTA
7
VIO
INB
6
OUTA
OUT
B
INA
VC
5
VM
9
13
10
14
11
15
12
VM
OUTB
Pin Configurations
CL
EP
2
3
DGND
VG
4
CH
1
PSAVE
16
EN
(Top View)
Note) EP(Exposed Pad) is Power Ground.
The Exposed Pad is necessary soldered to PCB.
 Functions
No
Pin Name
I/O
Description
1
PSAVE
I
Power save input terminal
2
DGND
P
Ground terminal
3
VG
O
Connect terminal of charge pump output capacitor
4
CH
O
Connect terminal of charge pump capacitor
5
CL
O
Connect terminal of charge pump capacitor
6
VC
P
Control power supply terminal
7
VIO
P
Power supply terminal for logic input
8,9
OUTA
O
Motor driver output terminal
10,11
VM
P
Motor driver power supply
12,13
OUTB
O
Motor driver output terminal
14
INA
I
Control signal input terminal
15
INB
I
Control signal input terminal
16
EN
I
Enable signal input terminal
EP
PGND
P
Power ground terminal
Note 1. I (Input terminal), O(Output terminal) and P (Power terminal)
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Note
100kΩ Pull-up
100kΩ Pull-up
Exposed Pad
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[AP1013CEN]
 Terminal Equivalent Circuit
Pin name
Name
Functions
Control power supply
6
VC
Equivalent Circuits
7
VIO
Power supply for logic input
10,11
VM
Motor driver power supply
VIO
100kΩ
1
PSAVE
16
EN
Logic input
(Built-in pull-up resistor)
2kΩ
2kΩ
14
INA
15
INB
2kΩ
2kΩ
Control signal input
VM
8,9
OUTA
12,13
OUTB
Motor driver output
OUTA
OUTB
PGND
VG
3
VG
Connect terminal of charge
pump output capacitor
4
CH
Connect terminal of charge
pump capacitor
CH
VM
VC
5
CL
Connect terminal of charge
pump capacitor
CL
PGND
2
DGND
EP
PGND
DGND
Ground terminal
Power ground terminal
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PGND
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7. Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
min
max
Unit
Control power supply voltage
VC
-0.5
6
V
Logic terminal supply voltage
VIO
-0.5
6
V
Motor driver power supply voltage
VM
-0.5
19
V
VC, VIO level terminal voltage
VM level terminal voltage
(OUTA, and OUTB)
VG, CH terminal voltage
Vterminal1
-0.5
5.5
V
Vterminal2
-0.5
19
V
Vterminal3
-0.5
25
V
Maximum DC output current
IloaddcMD
-
1.3
A
Maximum peak output current
IloadpeakMD
-
Parameter
Note
-
2.2
3.3
5.0
2083
mW
OUTA and OUTB terminal
OUTA and OUTB terminal
Under 10ms in 200ms
Under 5ms in 200ms
Under 2ms in 200ms
(Note 4) Ta=25℃
-
1083
mW
(Note 4) Ta=85℃
A
Power dissipation
PD
Operating Temperature range
Ta
-30
85
℃
Junction temperature
Tj
-
150
℃
Tstg
Storage temperature
-65
150
℃
Note 2. All above voltage is defined to VSS (DGND/PGND terminal voltage)
Note 3. Product quality may suffer if the absolute maximum rating is exceeded even momentarily for any
parameter. That is, the absolute maximum ratings are rated values at which the products on the verge of
suffering physical damages, and therefore products must be used under conditions that ensure that the
absolute maximum ratings are not exceeded.
Note 4. When 2-layer board is used, this is calculated RθJ=60℃/W. EP terminal should be connected to
ground.
Note 5. Input terminal does not work until input logic terminal power supplies VIO, and is handled as “L”
fixation.
Note 6. The each power supply of VM, VC and VIO is sequence-free.
Figure 2. Power Dissipation
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8. Recommended Operating Conditions
Parameter
Symbol
min
typ
max
Unit
Control power supply voltage
VC
2.7
3.3
5.5
V
Logic terminal supply voltage
VIO
1.62
1.8/3.3
VC
V
Motor driver power supply voltage
VM
2.0
-
18
V
Input frequency range
Fin
-
-
200
kHz
9. Electrical Characteristics
(Ta = 25℃, VM=15V, VC = 3.3V and VIO= 3.3V, unless otherwise specified.)
Parameter
Symbol
Test conditions
min
typ
max
Unit
Charge pump
Charge pump voltage
VG
VG=VC+VM
18.0
18.2
18.3
V
Charge pump wake up time
tVG
VG=VC+VM-0.3V
0.1
0.36
3
ms
1.9
2.2
2.5
V
150
175
200
C
20
30
40
C
-
-
1
A
VDET1
VC under voltage detect voltage
VCDETLV
TSD
Thermal shut down temperature
(Note 7)
TDET
Temperature hysteresis (Note 7)
TDETHYS
Quiescent current
VM quiescent current
at no power
IVMNOPOW
VC=0V
VM quiescent current at standby
IVMSTBY
PSAVE=”L”, EN=”H”
INA=”L”, INB=”L”
-
16
50
A
VC quiescent current at standby
IVCSTBY
PSAVE=”L”, EN=”H”
INA=”L”, INB=”L”
-
150
400
A
VC quiescent current
at power save
IVMPSAVE
PSAVE=”H”, EN=”H”
-
-
1
A
VC quiescent current at PWM
operation
IVCPWM
INA=200kHz, INB=”H”
-
0.5
0.8
mA
RON1
VC=3.3V, Iload=100mA
Ta=25C
-
0.19
0.27

Motor Driver
Driver on resistance
(High side or Low side)
Driver on resistance
(High side or Low side) (Note 7)
RON2
VC=3.3V, Iload=1.0A
Design Ta=25C (Equivalent
certification Tj=50C)
-
0.21
0.29

Driver on resistance
(High side or Low side) (Note 7)
RON3
VC=3.3V, Iload=1.0A
Design Ta=85C (Equivalent
certification Tj=115C)
-
0.25
0.35

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Body diode forward voltage
VFMD
IF=100mA
-
0.8
1.2
V
H-Bridge propagation delay time
(“L”→”L”) (Note 8)
tPDLHB
tr=tf=10ns
-
0.10
0.5
s
H-Bridge propagation delay time
(“H”→”H”) (Note 8)
tPDHHB
tr=tf=10ns
-
0.35
1.0
s
H-Bridge propagation delay time
(HiZ→”H”)
tPDZHHB
tr=tf=10ns
-
0.15
0.5
H-Bridge propagation delay time
(“H”→HiZ)
tPDHZHB
tr=tf=10ns
-
0.15
1.0
H-bridge output puls width
tPWOHB
PWL=1.0us, tr=tf=10ns
0.6
0.9
-
s
0.7×
VIO
-
-
V
-
-
0.3×
VIO
V
-
-
1
s
-1
-
-
s
50
100
200
k
VC=3.3V, VM=15V,
INA=”H”, INB=”L”,
EN=”H”
VIO: 0V => 1.1V
1.1
-
-
V
VC=3.3V, VM=15V,
INA=”H”, INB=”L”,
EN=”H”
VIO: 3.3V => 0.3V
-
-
0.3
V
Motor Driver
s
s
Control logic
Input “H” level voltage
(INA, INB, EN, PSAVE)
VIH
Input “L” level voltage
(INA, INB, EN, PSAVE)
VIL
Input “H” level current
(INA, INB, EN, PSAVE)
IIH
Input “L” level current
(INA, INB)
IIL
Input terminal pullup register
(EN, PSAVE)
RPU
VIO input “H” level voltage
(VIO)
VIOH
VIO input “L” level voltage
(VIO)
VIOL
VIO=1.6V~5.5V
VIO=1.6V~5.5V
Note 7. Not tested under mass-production.
Note 8. Refer Figure 3.
tPWI
50%
INB
―――
(INA=INB)
tPDH
tPDL
tPWO
90%
OUTA
OUTB
50%
10%
Figure 3. Time chart of propagation of delay time and pulse width
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10. Descriptions
10.1 Control Logic
The relations of the input and output of each mode are as follows.
Table 1. Input and Output relations
Input
Output
PSAVE
EN
INA
INB
OUTA
OUTB
L
H
L
L
Z
Z
L
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
H
L
H
L
L
H
H
H
L
L
L
L
X
X
L
L
Motion
Standby(Idling)
Reverse
Forward
Break(Stop)
Stop
(OSC and charge pump operation)
Power save(Note 9)
H
X
X
X
Z
Z
Note 9. TSD/UVLO/VREF/OSC/Charge pump are shut down.
Note 10. Input terminal is handled as “L” fixation when VIO is not input, OUTA/OUTB are “L” condition as
same as PSAVE=”L” and EN=”L”.
10.2 Basic Architecture of the Motor Driver
The AP1013CEN places N-channel LDMOSFET on both sides of high side and low side in the output circuit
and realize small package. High side MOSFET is driven by VG. VG=VM+VC is generated with a charge
pump. VG reaches the targeted level at the time of the charge pump setup within 0.36ms (typ). Low side
MOSFET is driven by VC.
VG
Logic
Charge
Pump
CH
CL
Enable
Control
VM
VG
EN
INA
INB
OUTA
VC
VG
Pre
Driver
VC
OUTB
PGND
Figure 4.Motor driver part equivalent circuit
The OSC block supplies a drive pulse to a charge pump. The logic of input interface is operated by logic
power supply V I O. The input interface does not work until V I O is input, and handled as “L” fixation.
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[AP1013CEN]
10.3 Protection Circuits
The AP1013CEN has penetration current prevention, thermal shut down and under voltage detection circuits.
 Penetration current prevention circuit
MOSFET turns off both of high side and low side during the dead time period when penetration current
prevention circuit operates. During this period, either body diode is turn on depends on the direction of the
current. Figure 5 shows an example when the AP1013CEN drives the output from “L” to “H” in. (a) shows
the case that current flows from external load to the AP1013CEN, (b) shows the case that current flows from
the AP1013CEN to external load
VM
Vfh
OUTA/B
(a)
Motor
(b)
Vfl
PGND
INA/B
Dead Time
Dead Time
H-side MOSFET
ON
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
L-side MOSFET
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OUTA/B
Vfh
VM
PGND
(a) Case for current is passed from external load to this IC
Vfl
VM
PGND
(b) Case for current is passed from this IC to external load
Figure 5. Difference in output terminal by load current direction
 Thermal Shut Down
The AP1013CEN prevents destruction due to the self-heat up by making OUTA and OUTB output Hi-Z as
soon as abnormal high temperature is detected. The AP1013CEN restarts as soon as temperature becomes
lower than the bottom detection threshold.
Detect abnormal temp.⇒
OUTA/OUTB are Hi-Z
Wait cool down
(Hysteresis: 30C typ)
Motor driver operation return
OUTA/OUTB are conform INA/INB
Figure 6. Detection of abnormal heat up and return operation
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[AP1013CEN]
11.

Recommended External Cercuits
Recommended External Circuit
VIO
MCU
OUTB
INA
INB
EN
13
14
15
16
12
1
PSAVE
11
2
DGND
VM
10
3
CVG
VG
CH
4
VM
VM
CVM
MOTOR
VM
OUT
A
8
7
6
5
VIO
VC
OUTA
VIO
VC
CL
CHL
9
EP
(PGND)
OUT
B
CVIO
CVC
Figure 7. External circuit example
 Parts List
Table 2. Recommended external components example
Items
Symbol
min
typ
max
Unit
Motor driver power supply
connection decupling
CVM
1.0
uF
capacitor
Note
Please confirm it with
application board appropriately.
Control power supply
connection bypass capacitor
CVC
0.1
1.0
-
uF
Please confirm it with
application board appropriately.
Logic input terminal power
supply connection bypass
capacitor
CVIO
0.1
1.0
-
uF
Please confirm it with
application board appropriately.
Please confirm it with
application board appropriately.
Please confirm it with
Charge pump capacitor2
CHL
0.047
0.1
0.22
uF
application board appropriately.
Note 11. Please adjust the connecting capacitor of CVM, CVC and CVIO depending on the load current
profile, the load capacitance, the line resistance and etc. with each application boards.
Charge pump capacitor1
CVG
0.047
0.1
014011278-E-01
0.22
uF
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[AP1013CEN]
12. Package
 Outline Dimensions
・16-pin QFN(Unit: mm)
3.00±0.05
3.00±0.05
0.58+0.02
-0.03
(Top View)
(Side View)
1pin
. 10
C0
0.30
1.60
0.25
2.00
(Bottom View)

0.10
0.25
0.50
0.50
0.45
Φ0.50
Note) The Exposed Pad is Power Ground.
The Exposed Pad is necessary soldered to PCB.
Reference Foot Pattern
Note) Please layout the foot pattern of Exposed Pad not to
surround the steam beer of AP1013CEN. Please locate
thermal via more than four for improve radiation.
1pin
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[AP1013CEN]

Marking
1013C
(2)
YWWX
(3)
(1)
(4)
(5)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
014011278-E-01
1pin Indication
Market No.
Year code (last 1 digit)
Week code
Management code
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[AP1013CEN]
13. Revise History
Date
(YY/MM/DD)
14/10/30
14/12/03
Revision
Page
Contents
00
01
P10
First edition
Correct some sentences and Figure 5 in 10.3 Protection Circuits.
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[AP1013CEN]
IMPORTANT NOTICE
0. Asahi Kasei Microdevices Corporation (“AKM”) reserves the right to make changes to the
information contained in this document without notice. When you consider any use or application
of AKM product stipulated in this document (“Product”), please make inquiries the sales office of
AKM or authorized distributors as to current status of the Products.
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application examples of AKM Products. AKM neither makes warranties or representations with
respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information contained in this document nor grants
any license to any intellectual property rights or any other rights of AKM or any third party with
respect to the information in this document. You are fully responsible for use of such information
contained in this document in your product design or applications. AKM ASSUMES NO
LIABILITY FOR ANY LOSSES INCURRED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES ARISING FROM
THE USE OF SUCH INFORMATION IN YOUR PRODUCT DESIGN OR APPLICATIONS.
2. The Product is neither intended nor warranted for use in equipment or systems that require
extraordinarily high levels of quality and/or reliability and/or a malfunction or failure of which
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6. Resale of the Product with provisions different from the statement and/or technical features set
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shall not create or extend in any manner whatsoever, any liability of AKM.
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written consent of AKM.
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