DN159 - New 14-Bit, 800ksps ADC Upgrades 12-Bit Systems with 81.5dB SINAD, 95dB SFDR

New 14-Bit, 800ksps ADC Upgrades 12-Bit Systems
with 81.5dB SINAD, 95dB SFDR – Design Note 159
Dave Thomas and Kevin R. Hoskins
Higher Dynamic Range ADCs
The new 14-bit, 800ksps LTC ®1419 enhances new communications, spectral analysis, instrumentation and
data acquisition applications by providing an upgrade
path to users of 12-bit converters. It provides outstanding 81.5dB SINAD (signal-to-noise and distortion
ratio) and 95dB SFDR (spurious-free dynamic range)
for frequency-domain applications, and excellent DNL
with no missing codes performance for time-domain
applications.
LTC1419 Features
■
Complete 14-Bit, 800ksps ADC
■
±1LSB DNL and ±1.25LSB INL (Max)
■
81.5dB SINAD and 95dB SFDR
■
Low Power: 150mW on ± 5V Supplies
■
Nap/Sleep Power-Down Modes
■
Small Footprint: 28-Pin SO or SSOP
sample either differential or single-ended signals. Unlike
some converters, which must be driven differentially
to perform well, this ADC operates equally well with
single-ended or differential signals.
The switched capacitor SAR architecture yields excellent DC specifications and stability. It is clean, simple
to use and delivers an 800ksps conversion rate on just
150mW with ± 5V supplies.
The ADC’s flexible parallel I/O connects easily to a DSP,
microprocessor, ASIC or dedicated logic. Conversions
can be started under command of a DSP or microprocessor or from an external sample clock signal. An
output disable allows the outputs to be three-stated.
10dB Extra Dynamic Range for Signal
Applications
Even though the LTC1410 is the cleanest 12-bit ADC on
the market (its 72dB SINAD and 85dB SFDR approach
the theoretical limit for 12 bits) improvements are possible with the LTC1419 (see Figure 2). The 14-bit device
achieves 81.5dB SINAD and 95dB SFDR. This gives
The LTC1410’s Big Brother
The new LTC1419 is a 14-bit derivative of the 12-bit
LTC1410. It has a similar pinout and function, as shown in
the block diagram in Figure 1. The wideband differential
sample-and-hold (S/H) has a 20MHz bandwidth and can
L, LT, LTC, LTM, Linear Technology and the Linear logo are registered trademarks
of Linear Technology Corporation. All other trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
LTC1419
0
14-BIT
CAPACITIVE
DAC
fSAMPLE = 800kHz
fIN = 100kHz
SINAD = 81.5dB
– 20
AMPLITUDE (dB)
– 40
+AIN
SAMPLE/
HOLD
– AIN
VREF
2.5V
2k
SAR
COMP
14
OUTPUT
14
BUFFER
95dB
SFDR
85dB SFDR
(GOOD 12-BIT ADC)
– 60
10dB EXTRA
SFDR OF 14-BIT
LTC1419
– 80
–100
LOW DRIFT
VOLTAGE
REFERENCE
–120
REFCOMP
4.1V
CLOCK
BUSY
CONTROL LOGIC
–140
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
FREQUENCY (kHz)
DN159 F02
SHDN
RD
CONVST
RD
DN159 F01
Figure 1. The LTC1419 Complete 800ksps, 14-Bit ADC
Has a Fast S/H That Cleanly Samples Wideband Input
Signals
07/97/159_conv
Figure 2. The LTC1419 Gives a 10dB Inprovement in
Spectral Purity Over the Best 12-Bit Devices. This FFT
Shows the LTC1419's Outstanding 81.5dB SINAD and
95dB SFDR
86
13
80
12
74
11
68
10
62
80
COMMON MODE REJECTION (dB)
14
by sampling differentially from the signal source, as
in Figure 4b. The high CMRR of the differential input
(Figure 5) allows the LTC1419 to reject resulting common
mode noise by over 60dB and maintain a clean signal.
SINAD (dB)
EFFECTIVE BITS
the converter roughly 10dB more resolving power to
pick out small signals in communication and spectrum
analysis applications. This clean sampling capability is
maintained even for wideband inputs. Figure 3 shows
high effective bits and SINAD for inputs beyond Nyquist.
9
8
7
6
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
5
0
4
1k
3
2
1k
10k
100k
1M 2M
ANALOG INPUT FREQUENCY (Hz)
DN159 F03
Figure 3. The LTC1419's Essentially Flat SINAD and ENOBs
Ensure Spectral Purity at Frequencies to Nyquist and
Achieve 12-Bit Performance When Sampling 2MHz Inputs
Noise Rejecting Differential Inputs
As the converter’s resolution increases and its noise
floor drops, other system noises may show up unless
they are eliminated. The LTC1419’s differential input
provides a way to keep noise out. Noise can be introduced
in a number of ways including ground bounce, digital
noise and magnetic and capacitive coupling (see Figure
4a). All of these sources can be reduced dramatically
+
+
AIN
14
DATA
OUTPUT
VNOISE
+
Other Nice Features
■
Both analog inputs have infinite DC input resistance,
which makes them easy to multiplex or AC couple.
■
The separate convert-start input pin allows precise
control over the sampling instant. The S/H aperture
delay is less than 2ns and the aperture jitter is below
5ps RMS.
■
Conversion results are available immediately after
a conversion and there is no latency in the data (no
pipeline delay). This is ideal for both single shot and
repetitive measurements.
■
The low 150mW power dissipation can be reduced
further using the ADC’s Nap and Sleep power-down
modes. Wake up from Nap mode is instantaneous.
Sleep mode wake-up time is several milliseconds.
■
The LTC1419 is the industry’s smallest high speed
14-bit converter and is packaged in a 28-pin wide
SSOP.
–
GROUND NOISE
+
+
14
VSIGNAL VIN
AIN
LTC1419
DATA
OUTPUT
–
VNOISE
+
B
DN159 F05
Figure 5. The Common Mode Rejection of the Analog
Inputs Rejects Common Mode Input Noise Frequencies
to Beyond 10MHz
VIN
VSIGNAL
A
SINGLE-ENDED
ADC
DN159 F04
Figure 4. A) In High Resolution ADC System, Noise
Sources Such as Ground Noise and Magnetic Coupling
Can Contaminate the ADC’s Input Signal. B) The
LTC1419's Differential Inputs Can Be Used to Reject This
Noise, Even at High Frequencies
Data Sheet Download
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Linear Technology Corporation
10k
100k
1M
10M
COMMON MODE INPUT FREQUENCY (Hz)
Time to Upgrade?
The new, low cost LTC1419 is the ideal converter to
upgrade 12-bit, high performance designs to 14 bits.
Its exceptional dynamic performance gives a 10dB
improvement in dynamic range compared to the best
12-bit devices. Low power and flexibility make it useful
in a variety of time- and frequency-domain applications. Low cost and ultrasmall size make it the ideal
candidate for designers who need the next step in ADC
performance.
For applications help,
call (408) 432-1900
dn159f_conv LT/TP 0797 155K • PRINTED IN THE USA
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
(408) 432-1900
●
FAX: (408) 434-0507 ● www.linear.com
© LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 1997
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