A3290 and A3291 Datasheet

A3290 and A3291
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches for
Consumer and Industrial Applications
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
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•
•
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DESCRIPTION
Symmetrical switchpoints
Resistant to physical stress
Superior temperature stability
Output short-circuit protection
Operation from unregulated supply
Reverse battery protection
Solid-state reliability
Small package size
The A3290 and A3291 Hall effect latches are extremely
temperature-stable and stress-resistant sensor ICs, especially
suited for operation over extended temperature ranges (up
to 125°C). Superior high-temperature performance is made
possible through Dynamic Offset Cancellation, which reduces
the residual offset voltage normally caused by device package
overmolding, temperature dependencies, and thermal stress. The
two devices are identical except for their magnetic switchpoints.
They are not intended for automotive applications.
Both devices include, on a single silicon chip, a voltage regulator,
a Hall-voltage generator, a small-signal amplifier, chopper
stabilization, a Schmitt trigger, and a short-circuit protected
open-drain output to sink up to 25 mA. A south polarity magnetic
field of sufficient strength is required to turn the output on. A
north polarity field of sufficient strength is necessary to turn
the output off. An onboard regulator permits operation with
supply voltages in the range of 3 to 24 V.
Packages:
3-Pin SOT23W
(suffix LH)
3-Pin SIP (suffix UA)
Two package styles provide a magnetically optimized package
for most applications. Type LH is a miniature SOT23W lowprofile surface-mount package, and type UA is a three-pin
ultramini SIP for through-hole mounting. Both packages are
lead (Pb) free with 100% matte tin leadframe plating.
Not to scale
(A3290)
(A3291)
VCC
Amp
Sample and Hold
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
Regulator
OUT
Low-Pass
Filter
Control
Current Limit
1Ω
GND
Functional Block Diagram
A3290-DS, Rev. 14
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
A3290 and
A3291
SPECIFICATIONS
Selection Guide
Magnetic Switchpoints*
Part Number
Packing1
Package Type
A3290KLHLT-T
3000 pieces per 7-in. reel
Surface mount SOT23W
A3290KLHLX-T
10000 pieces per 13-in. reel
Surface mount SOT23W
A3290KUA-T
500 pieces per bulk bag
Through hole ultramini SIP
Surface mount SOT23W
A3291KLHLT-T
3000 pieces per 7-in. reel
A3291KLHLX-T
10000 pieces per 13-in. reel
Surface mount SOT23W
A3291KUA-T
500 pieces per bulk bag
Through hole ultramini SIP
*Algebraic
Operate,
BOP (G)
Release,
BRP (G)
5 to 50
–50 to –5
10 to 100
–100 to –10
convention used: (+) south polarity, (–) north polarity.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Symbol
Notes
Rating
Units
Supply Voltage
VCC
26.5
V
Reverse Battery Voltage
VRCC
–30
V
Output Off Voltage
VOUT
26
V
Continuous Output Current
IOUT
25
mA
Reverse Output Current
IROUT
–50
mA
B
Unlimited
G
Magnetic Flux Density
Device provides internal current limiting to help protect itself
from output short circuits
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
–40 to 125
ºC
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Storage Temperature
Range K
Terminal List
3
Name
PTCT
PTCT
1
2
1
Package LH,
3-Pin SOT23W Pin-out
Diagram
2
VCC
OUT
GND
LH
1
2
3
Number
UA
1
3
2
Function
Power supply
Output
Ground
3
Package UA,
3-Pin SIP Pin-out
Diagram
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
A3290 and
A3291
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS over operating temperature range, unless otherwise noted
Characteristic
Supply Voltage
Range2
Output Leakage Current
Output Saturation Voltage
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.1
Max
Units
VCC
Operating, TJ < 165°C
3.0
–
24
V
IOFF
VOUT = 24 V, B < BRP
–
–
10
µA
VOUT(SAT)
IOUT = 20 mA, B > BOP
–
185
500
mV
Output Current Limit
ION
B > BOP
30
–
60
mA
Power-On Time
tPO
VCC > 4.2 V
–
–
50
µs
Chopping Frequency
fC
–
800
–
kHz
Output Rise Time
tR
RLOAD = 820 Ω, CLOAD = 20 pF
–
0.2
2.0
µs
Output Fall Time
tF
RLOAD = 820 Ω, CLOAD = 20 pF
–
0.1
2.0
µs
B < BRP , VCC = 12 V
–
3.0
8.0
mA
B > BOP , VCC = 12 V
–
4.0
8.0
mA
VRCC = –30 V
–
–
–5.0
mA
ICC = 15 mA, TA = 25°C
28
–
–
V
–
50
–
Ω
Supply Current
ICC
Reverse Battery Current
IRCC
Zener Voltage
VZ + VD
Zener Impedance
ZZ + ZD
ICC = 15 mA, TA = 25°C
1Typical data at T = 25°C, 12 V.
A
2Maximum V
CC must be derated for power dissipation and junction temperature. See application information.
MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS1 over VCC range, unless otherwise noted
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
A3290
Operate Point2
BOP
A3291
A3290
Release Point3
BRP
A3291
A3290
Hysteresis (BOP – BRP)
BHYS
A3291
Min.
Max.
Units
TA = 25°C and TA(max)
5
50
G
TA = –40°C
5
50
G
TA = 25°C and TA(max)
10
100
G
TA = –40°C
10
100
G
TA = 25°C and TA(max)
–50
–5
G
TA = –40°C
–50
–5
G
TA = 25°C and TA(max)
–100
–10
G
TA = –40°C
–100
–10
G
TA = 25°C and TA(max)
10
100
G
TA = –40°C
–
100
G
TA = 25°C and TA(max)
20
200
G
200
G
TA = –40°C
–
positive polarity symbol (+) indicates south magnetic field, and the negative polarity symbol (–) indicates north magnetic field.
2 Required polarity observed and transition of magnetic gradient through B . See functional description.
OP 3 Required polarity observed and transition of magnetic gradient through B after B . See functional description.
RP
OP 1 The
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3
A3290 and
A3291
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS may require derating at maximum conditions, see application information
Characteristic
Symbol
Package Thermal Resistance
Test Conditions*
RθJA
Value
Units
Package LH, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
228
ºC/W
Package LH, 2-layer PCB with 0.463 in.2 of copper area each side
connected by thermal vias
110
ºC/W
Package UA, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
165
ºC/W
*Additional thermal information available on Allegro website.
Maximum Allowable VCC (V)
Power Derating Curve
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
VCC(max)
2-layer PCB, Package LH
(RθJA = 110 ºC/W)
1-layer PCB, Package UA
(RθJA = 165 ºC/W)
1-layer PCB, Package LH
(RθJA = 228 ºC/W)
20
40
60
80
100
120
VCC(min)
140
160
180
Temperature (ºC)
Power Dissipation, PD (m W)
Power Dissipation versus Ambient Temperature
1900
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2l
(R aye
rP
θJ
C
A =
11 B, P
0 º ac
1-la
C/ ka
W
(R yer PC
) ge L
θJA =
B
H
165 , Pac
ºC/ kage
W)
UA
1-lay
er P
(R
CB,
θJA =
228 Packag
ºC/W
e LH
)
20
40
60
80
100
120
Temperature (°C)
140
160
180
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
A3290 and
A3291
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Chopper-Stabilized Technique
The Hall element can be considered as a resistor array similar
to a Wheatstone bridge. A basic circuit is shown in Figure 1,
demonstrating the effect of the magnetic field flux density (B)
impinging on the Hall element. When using Hall effect technology, a limiting factor for switchpoint accuracy is the small
signal voltage (VHALL) developed across the Hall element. This
voltage is disproportionally small relative to the offset that can
be produced at the output of the Hall device, caused by device
overmolding, temperature dependencies, and thermal stress.
A large portion of the offset is a result of the mismatching of
these resistors. The A3290 and A3291 use a proprietary dynamic
offset cancellation technique, with an internal high-frequency
clock, to reduce the ressidual offset. The chopper-stabilizing
technique cancels the mismatching of the resistor circuit by
changing the direction of the current flowing through the Hall
element (refer to Figure 2). To do so, CMOS switches and Hall
voltage measurement taps are used, while maintaining VHALL
signal that is induced by the external magnetic flux.
The signal is then captured by a sample-and-hold circuit and further processed using low-offset bipolar circuitry. This technique
produces devices that have an extremely stable quiescent Hall
output voltage, are immune to thermal stress, and have precise
B
More detailed descriptions of the circuit operation can be found
on the Allegro Web site, including: Technical Paper STP 97-10,
Monolithic Magnetic Hall Sensing Using Dynamic Quadrature
Offset Cancellation, and Technical Paper STP 99-1, ChopperStabilized Amplifiers with a Track-and-Hold Signal Demodulator.
Operation
The outputs of the A3290 and A3291 switch low (turn on) when
a magnetic field perpendicular to the Hall element transitions
through and exceeds the Operate Point threshold (BOP). This
is illustrated in Figure 3. After turn-on, the output is capable of
sinking 25 mA, and the output voltage reaches VOUT(SAT).
Note that these devices latch; that is, after a south (+) polarity
magnetic field of sufficient strength impinging on the branded
face of the device turns on the device, the device remains on
until the magnetic field is reduced below the Release Point
threshold (BRP ). At that transition, the device output goes high
(turns off). The difference in the magnetic operate and release
points is the hysteresis (BHYS) of the device. This built-in hysteresis allows clean switching of the output, even in the presence
of external mechanical vibration and electrical noise.
When the devices are powered on, if the ambient magnetic field
has an intensity that is between BOP and BRP , the initial output
state is indeterminate. The first time that the level of B either
rises through BOP , or falls through BRP , however, the correct
output state is obatined.
+VHALL
–V HALL
Figure 1: Hall Element, Basic Circuit Operation
V+
VOUT
LowPass
Filter
VOUT(on)(sat)
BOP
BRP
Sample and Hold
Amp
VOUT(off)
Switch to Low
Regulator
Hysteresis of ∆VOUT
Switching Due to ∆B
Switch to High
+V CC
recoverability after temperature cycling. This technique will also
slightly degrade the device output repeatability. A relatively high
sampling frequency is used in order to process faster signals.
B+
BHYS
Figure 2: Chopper Stabilization Circuit (Dynamic
Quadrature Offset Cancellation)
Figure 3: Output Voltage Responds to Sensed Magnetic Flux Density
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
A3290 and
A3291
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
APPLICATION INFORMATION
It is strongly recommended that an external bypass capacitor be
connected (in close proximity to the Hall element) between the
supply and ground of the device to reduce both external noise
and noise generated by the chopper-stabilization technique. This
configuration is shown in Figure 4.
The simplest form of magnet that will operate these devices is a
ring magnet.Other methods of operation, such as linear magnets,
are possible.
The device must be operated below the maximum junction temperature of the device (TJ(max)). Under certain combinations of
peak conditions, reliable operation may require derating supplied
power or improving the heat dissipation properties of the application. The Package Thermal Resistance (RθJA) is a figure of merit
summarizing the ability of the application and the device to dissipate heat from the junction (die), through all paths to the ambient
air. Its primary component is the Effective Thermal Conductivity
(K) of the printed circuit board, including adjacent devices and
traces. Radiation from the die through the device case (RθJC) is
relatively small component of RθJA. Ambient air temperature
(TA) and air motion are significant external factors, damped by
overmolding. Sample power dissipation results are given in the
Thermal Characteristics section. Additional thermal data is also
available on the Allegro website.
Extensive applications information for Hall-effect devices is
available in: Hall-Effect IC Applications Guide, Application Note
27701 and Guidelines for Designing Subassemblies Using HallEffect Devices, Application Note 27703.1
VCC
VCC
0.1 uF
A329x
VOUT
GND
Figure 4: Typical Basic Application Circuit
A bypass capacitor is highly recommended.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
6
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
A3290 and
A3291
CUSTOMER PACKAGE DRAWINGS
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-2840)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
D
1.49
4° ±4°
A
3
+0.020
0.180 –0.053
0.96
D
+0.19
1.91 –0.06
+0.10
2.90 –0.20
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
Branded Face
Gauge Plane
B
PCB Layout Reference View
8X 10°
REF
1.00 ±0.13
NNT
+0.10
0.05 –0.05
0.95 BSC
0.40 ±0.10
N = Last three digits of device part number
T = Temperature Code (Letter)
A Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm
B Reference land pattern layout; all pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads;
adjust as necessary to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
NNN
C Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D Hall elements, not to scale
N = Last three digits of device part number
C
Standard Branding Reference View
Figure 5: Package LH, 3-Pin SOT23W
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
7
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
A3290 and
A3291
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-9049)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
45°
B
4.09
+0.08
–0.05
1.52 ±0.05
E
2.04
C
2 X 10°
1.44 E
3.02
E
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
+0.08
–0.05
45°
Branded
Face
2.16 MAX
0.51 REF
A
1
2
0.79 REF
3
0.43
+0.05
–0.07
0.41
+0.03
–0.06
1.27 NOM
NNT
15.75 ±0.25
1
D
Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last three digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B
Gate and tie bar burr area
C
Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element, not to scale
Figure 6: Package UA, 3-Pin SIP (A3290)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
8
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
A3290 and
A3291
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-9065)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
2 X 45°
B
4.09
+0.08
–0.05
1.52 ±0.05
E
2.04
C
3 X 10°
1.44 E
3.02
E
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
+0.08
–0.05
45°
Branded
Face
1.02 MAX
0.51 MAX
A
0.79 REF
1
2
3
0.43
+0.05
–0.07
0.41
+0.03
–0.06
1.27 NOM
NNN
14.99 ±0.25
1
D
Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last three digits of device part number
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B
Gate and tie bar burr area
C
Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element, not to scale
Figure 7: Package UA, 3-Pin SIP (A3291)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
A3290 and
A3291
Chopper Stabilized, Precision Hall Effect Latches
for Consumer and Industrial Applications
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
11
November 11, 2013
12
January 1, 2015
Description of Revision
Conform Description
Added LX option to Selection Guide
13
May15, 2015
Added new package for A3291
14
July 13, 2015
Corrected LH package Active Area Depth value
Copyright ©2005-2015, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in any devices or systems, including but not limited to life support devices or systems, in which a failure of
Allegro’s product can reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
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