A3213 and A3214 Datasheet

A3213 and A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AEC-Q100 automotive qualified
Micropower operation
Operate with north or south pole
2.4 to 5.5 V battery operation
Chopper stabilized
□□ Superior temperature stability
□□ Extremely low switchpoint drift
□□ Insensitive to physical stress
High ESD protection
Solid-state reliability
Small size
Easily assembly into applications due to magnetic pole
independence
Packages:
3 pin surface mount
SOT23-W (suffix LH)
3 lead ultramini SIP
(suffix UA)
DESCRIPTION
The A3213 and A3214 integrated circuits are ultra-sensitive,
pole-independent Hall-effect switches with a latched digital
output. They are especially suited for operation in batteryoperated, hand-held equipment such as cell and cordless
telephones and palmtop computers. A 2.4 to 5.5 V operation
and a unique clocking scheme reduce the average operating
power requirements: the A3213 to 825 µW, the A3214 to
14 µW (typical, at 2.75 V). Except for operating duty cycle
and average operating current, the A3213 and A3214 are
identical.
Unlike other Hall-effect switches, either a north or south
pole of sufficient strength will turn the output on; in the
absence of a magnetic field, the output is off. The polarity
independence and minimal power requirement allows these
devices to easily replace reed switches for superior reliability and ease of manufacturing, while eliminating the requirement for signal conditioning.
Improved stability is made possible through chopper stabilization (dynamic offset cancellation), which reduces the
residual offset voltage normally caused by device overmolding, temperature dependencies, and thermal stress.
Continued on the next page…
Not to scale
SUPPLY
SWITCH
LATCH
OUTPUT
SAMPLE
& HOLD
X
DYNAMIC
OFFSET CANCELLATION
TIMING
LOGIC
GROUND
Dwg. FH-020-5
Functional Block Diagram
27622.62-DS Rev. 27
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
Description (continued)
These devices include, on a single silicon chip, a Hall-voltage
generator, small-signal amplifier, chopper stabilization, a latch,
and a MOSFET output. Advanced BiCMOS processing is used
to take advantage of low-voltage and low-power requirements,
component matching, very low input-offset errors, and small
component geometries.
Devices are rated for operation over a temperature range of
–40°C to 85°C or –40°C to 150°C. Two package styles provide a
magnetically optimized package for most applications. ‘LH’ is a
miniature low-profile surface-mount package, ‘UA’ is a threelead SIP for through-hole mounting. Each package is lead (Pb)
free (suffix, –T) , with a 100% matte-tin-plated leadframe.
SPECIFICATIONS
Product Selection Guide
Part Number
Mounting
Packing*
A3213ELHLT-T
LH package
Surface Mount
7-in. reel
3000 pieces/reel
A3213ELHLX-T
LH package
Surface Mount
13-in. reel
10000 pieces/reel
A3213EUA-T
UA package
SIP through hole
Bulk
500 pieces/bag
A3213LUA-T
UA package
SIP through hole
Bulk
500 pieces/bag
A3214ELHLT-T
LH package
Surface Mount
7-in. reel
3000 pieces/reel
A3214ELHLX-T
LH package
Surface Mount
13-in. reel
10000 pieces/reel
A3214EUA-T
UA package
SIP through hole
Bulk
500 pieces/bag
Ambient*, TA
(ºC)
DC
(%)
IDD(AVG)(typ)
(µA)
25
309
0.10
6
–40 to 85
–40 to 150
–40 to 85
*Contact Allegro for additional packing and operating temperature range options
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Supply Voltage
Magnetic Flux Density
Symbol
Rating
Units
VDD
Notes
6
V
B
Unlimited
G
Output Off Voltage
VOUT
6
V
Output Current
IOUT
1
mA
Range E
–40 to 85
ºC
Range L
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
–40 to 150
ºC
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ(max)
165
ºC
Tstg
–65 to 170
ºC
Storage Temperature
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
A3213 and
A3214
GND
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
LH Package, 3-Pin SOT23W Pin-Out Diagram
2
3
VOUT
VOUT
1
GND
2
VDD
1
VDD
X
3
UA Package, 3-Pin SIP Pin-Out Diagram
Pin-Out Diagrams
Number
Name
Description
LH
UA
1
1
VDD
Input power supply; tie to GND with bypass capacitor
3
2
GND
Ground
2
3
VOUT
Output signal
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS: valid over operating voltage and temperature range, unless otherwise noted
Characteristic
Supply Voltage Range
Output Leakage Current
Output On Voltage
Awake Time
Period
Symbol
Supply Current
Typ.1
Max.
Units
2.4
3.0
5.5
V
VOUT = 5.5 V, BRPN < B < BRPS
–
<1.0
1.0
µA
Output on, IOUT = 1 mA, VDD = 3.0 V
–
100
300
mV
–
60
90
µs
A3213
–
240
360
µs
IOFF
VOUT(ON)
tawake
DC
Chopping Frequency
Min.
Operating1)
tperiod
Duty Cycle
Test Conditions
VDD
A3214, TA = 25°C, VDD = 3 V
–
60
90
ms
A3213
–
25
–
%
A3214
–
0.10
–
%
–
340
–
kHz
fC
IDD(EN)
Chip awake (enabled)
–
–
2.0
mA
IDD(DIS)
Chip asleep (disabled)
–
–
8.0
µA
A3213
–
309
850
µA
A3214
–
6
22
µA
IDD(AVG)
1 Typical
Data is at TA = 25°C and VDD = 3.0 V and is for design information only.
2 Operate and release points will vary with supply voltage. B
OPx = operate point (output turns ON); BRPx = release point (output turns OFF).
MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS1: valid over operating voltage and temperature range, unless otherwise noted
Characteristic
Operate Points
Release Points
Hysteresis
Symbol2
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.3
Max.
Units4
BOPS
South pole to branded side
–
42
70
G
BOPN
North pole to branded side
–70
–48
–
G
BRPS
South pole to branded side
10
32
–
G
BRPN
North pole to branded side
–
–38
–10
G
Bhys
|BOPx - BRPx|
–
10
–
G
1 As
used here, negative flux densities are defined as less than zero (algebraic convention) and -50 G is less than +10 G.
2B
OPx = operate point (output turns ON); BRPx = release point (output turns OFF).
3 Typical Data is at T = 25°C and V
A
DD = 3.0 V and is for design information only.
4 1 gauss (G) is exactly equal to 0.1 millitesla (mT).
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS: may require derating at maximum conditions; see application information
Characteristic
Symbol
Package Thermal Resistance
RθJA
Value
Units
Package LH, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
Test Conditions*
228
ºC/W
Package LH, 2-layer PCB with 0.463 in.2 of copper area each side
connected by thermal vias
110
ºC/W
Package UA, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
165
ºC/W
*Additional thermal information available on Allegro website.
Maximum Allowable VDD (V)
VDD(max)
VDD(min)
Power Dissipation, PD (mW)
Power Dissipation versus Ambient Temperature
1900
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2l
(R aye
rP
θJ
C
A =
11 B, P
0 º ac
1-la
C/ ka
W
(R yer PC
) ge L
θJA =
B
H
165 , Pac
k
ºC/
a
W) ge U
A
1-lay
er P
(R
CB,
θJA =
228 Packag
ºC/W
e LH
)
20
40
60
80
100
120
Temperature (°C)
140
160
180
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
TYPICAL OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS
A3213 and A3214
A3213 and A3214
Switchpoints versus Ambient Temperature
VDD = 2.4 V
60
BOP(S)
40
BRP(S)
20
0
-20
BRP(N)
-40
BOP(N)
-60
-80
-60
-40
-20
0
20
VDD = 5.5 V
80
40
60
Magnetic Flux Density, B (G)
80
Magnetic Flux Density, B (G)
Switchpoints versus Ambient Temperature
60
80
BOP(S)
40
BRP(S)
20
0
-20
BRP(N)
-40
-60
BOP(N)
-80
-60
100
-40
Ambient Temperature, TA (°C)
-20
0
20
40
60
80
100
Ambient Temperature, TA (°C)
A3213 and A3214
Switchpoints versus Supply Voltage
TA = 25°C
Magnetic Flux Density, B (G)
80
60
BOP(S)
40
BRP(S)
20
0
-20
BRP(N)
-40
-60
-80
BOP(N)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Supply Voltage, VDD (V)
A3214
A3213
Average Supply Current versus Temperature
Average Supply Current versus Temperature
24
Supply Current, IDD(AVG) (µA)
Supply Current, IDD(AVG) (µA)
900
750
600
VDD = 5.5 V
450
VDD = 3.0 V
300
VDD = 2.4 V
150
0
-60
-40
-20
0
20
40
60
80
20
VDD = 5.5 V
16
12
8
VDD = 3.0 V
4
VDD = 2.4 V
0
-60
100
Supply Current, IDD(AVG) (µA)
Supply Current, IDD(AVG) (µA)
450
300
150
1
2
3
4
Supply Voltage, VDD (V)
20
40
60
80
100
TA = 25°C
24
600
0
0
Average Supply Current versus Supply Voltage
TA = 25°C
750
0
-20
A3214
A3213
Average Supply Current versus Supply Voltage
900
-40
Ambient Temperature, TA (°C)
Ambient Temperature, TA (°C)
5
6
20
16
12
8
4
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
Supply Voltage, VDD (V)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
6
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
Low Average Power
+V
SAMPLE
& HOLD
Internal timing circuitry activates the IC for 60 µs and deactivates it for the remainder of the period (240 µs (typ) for the
A3213 and 60 ms (typ) for the A3214). A short "awake" time
allows for stabilization prior to the sampling and data latching
on the falling edge of the timing pulse. The output during the
"sleep" time is latched in the last sampled state. The supply current is not affected by the output state.
X
PERIOD
IDD(EN)
60 µs "AWAKE"
"SLEEP"
SAMPLE &
OUTPUT LATCHED
IDD(DIS)
Dwg. EH-012-1
0
Chopper-Stabilized Technique
The Hall element can be considered as a resistor array similar to
a Wheatstone bridge. A large portion of the offset is a result of
the mismatching of these resistors. These devices use a proprietary dynamic offset cancellation technique, with an internal
high-frequency clock to reduce the residual offset voltage of the
Hall element that is normally caused by device overmolding,
temperature dependencies, and thermal stress. The chopperstabilizing technique cancels the mismatching of the resistor
circuit by changing the direction of the current flowing through
the Hall plate using CMOS switches and Hall voltage measurement taps, while maintaing the Hall-voltage signal that is induced
by the external magnetic flux. The signal is then captured by a
sample-and-hold circuit and further processed using low-offset
bipolar circuitry. This technique produces devices that have an
extremely stable quiescent Hall output voltage, are immune to
thermal stress, and have precise recoverability after temperature
cycling. This technique will also slightly degrade the device output repeatability. A relatively high sampling frequency is used in
order that faster signals can be processed.
More detailed descriptions of the circuit operation can be found
in Technical Paper STP 97-10, Monolithic Magnetic Hall Sensing
Using Dynamic Quadrature Offset Cancellation and Technical
Paper STP 99-1, Chopper-Stabilized Amplifiers With A Trackand-Hold Signal Demodulator.
B
+V
—
HALL
VOLTAGE
+
Dwg. AH-011-2
Operation
The output of this device switches low (turns on) when a magnetic field perpendicular to the Hall element exceeds the operate
point BOPS (or is less than BOPN). After turn-on, the output is
capable of sinking up to 1 mA and the output voltage is VOUT(ON).
When the magnetic field is reduced below the release point BRPS
(or increased above BRPN), the device output switches high (turns
off). The difference in the magnetic operate and release points is
the hysteresis (Bhys) of the device. This built-in hysteresis allows
clean switching of the output even in the presence of external
mechanical vibration and electrical noise.
As used here, negative flux densities are defined as less than zero
(algebraic convention) and -50 G is less than +10 G.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
7
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
Applications
Allegro's pole-independent sensing technique allows for operation with either a north pole or south pole magnet orientation,
enhancing the flexibility of the device in application assembling.
The technology provides the same output polarity for either pole
face.
It is strongly recommended that an external bypass capacitor be
connected (in close proximity to the Hall element) between the
supply and ground of the device to reduce both external noise
and noise generated by the chopper-stabilization technique. This
is especially true due to the relatively high impedance of battery
supplies.
The simplest form of magnet that will operate these devices is
a bar magnet with either pole near the branded surface of the
device. Many other methods of operation are possible. Extensive applications information on magnets and Hall-effect devices
is also available in the Allegro application note 27701, or at
www.allegromicro.com
OUTPUT OFF
5V
MAX
VOUT
B OPS
OUTPUT
OUTPUT VOLTAGE
B OPN
10 pF
GND
50 k Ω
VDD
SUPPLY
(3 V BATTERY)
X
0.1 µF
OUTPUT ON
BRPS
BRPN
OUTPUT ON
0
-B
0
+B
MAGNETIC FLUX
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
8
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
CUSTOMER PACKAGE DRAWING
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-2840)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
D
1.49
4° ±4°
A
3
+0.020
0.180 –0.053
0.96
D
+0.19
1.91 –0.06
+0.10
2.90 –0.20
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
Branded Face
Gauge Plane
B
PCB Layout Reference View
8X 10°
REF
1.00 ±0.13
A1101, A1102,
A1103, A1104,
and A1106
NNT
+0.10
0.05 –0.05
0.95 BSC
0.40 ±0.10
N = Last three digits of device part number
T = Temperature Code (Letter)
A Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm
B Reference land pattern layout; all pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads;
adjust as necessary to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
C Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
A1101, A1102,
A1103, and
A1104, only
NNN
D Hall elements, not to scale
N = Last three digits of device part number
C
Standard Branding Reference View
Figure 1: Package LH, 3-Pin (SOT-23W)
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
For Reference Only – Not for Tooling Use
(Reference DWG-9049)
Dimensions in millimeters – NOT TO SCALE
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
45°
B
4.09
+0.08
–0.05
1.52 ±0.05
E
2.04
C
2 X 10°
1.44 E
3.02
E
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
+0.08
–0.05
45°
Branded
Face
2.16 MAX
0.51 REF
A
1
2
0.79 REF
3
0.43
+0.05
–0.07
0.41
+0.03
–0.06
1.27 NOM
NNT
15.75 ±0.25
1
D
Standard Branding Reference View
= Supplier emblem
N = Last three digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B
Gate and tie bar burr area
C
Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element, not to scale
Figure 2: Package UA, 3-Pin SIP
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
10
A3213 and
A3214
Micropower Ultra-Sensitive Hall-Effect Switches
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
Description of Revision
25
October 29, 2012
Update product selection
26
January 6, 2015
Added LX option to Selection Guide
27
September 22, 2015
Corrected LH package Active Area Depth value; added AEC-Q100 qualification under Features
and Benefits
Copyright ©2015, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in any devices or systems, including but not limited to life support devices or systems, in which a failure of
Allegro’s product can reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
11
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