BCD DECADE COUNTERS/ 4-BIT BINARY COUNTERS

SN74LS160A
BCD DECADE COUNTERS/
4-BIT BINARY COUNTERS
The LS160A/161A /162A /163A are high-speed 4-bit synchronous
counters. They are edge-triggered, synchronously presettable, and
cascadable MSI building blocks for counting, memory addressing,
frequency division and other applications. The LS160A and LS162A
count modulo 10 (BCD). The LS161A and LS163A count modulo 16
(binary).
The LS160A and LS161A have an asynchronous Master Reset
(Clear) input that overrides, and is independent of, the clock and all
other control inputs. The LS162A and LS163A have a Synchronous
Reset (Clear) input that overrides all other control inputs, but is active
only during the rising clock edge.
BCD (Modulo 10)
Binary (Modulo 16)
Asynchronous Reset
LS160A
LS161A
Synchronous Reset
LS162A
LS163A
•
•
•
•
•
•
http://onsemi.com
BCD DECADE COUNTERS/
4-BIT BINARY COUNTERS
LOW POWER SCHOTTKY
16
Synchronous Counting and Loading
Two Count Enable Inputs for High Speed Synchronous Expansion
Terminal Count Fully Decoded
Edge-Triggered Operation
Typical Count Rate of 35 MHz
ESD > 3500 Volts
J SUFFIX
CERAMIC
CASE 620-09
1
N SUFFIX
PLASTIC
CASE 648-08
16
1
CONNECTION DIAGRAM DIP (TOP VIEW)
VCC
TC
Q0
Q1
Q2
Q3
CET
PE
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
16
1
NOTE:
The Flatpak version
has the same pinouts (Connection
Diagram) as the Dual In-Line Package.
ORDERING INFORMATION
SN54LSXXXJ
SN74LSXXXN
SN74LSXXXD
*MR for LS160A and LS161A
*SR for LS162A and LS163A
1
*R
2
CP
3
P0
4
P1
5
P2
6
P3
8
7
CEP GND
HIGH
Parallel Enable (Active LOW) Input
Parallel Inputs
Count Enable Parallel Input
Count Enable Trickle Input
Clock (Active HIGH Going Edge) Input
Master Reset (Active LOW) Input
Synchronous Reset (Active LOW) Input
Parallel Outputs (Note b)
Terminal Count Output (Note b)
June, 2006 − Rev. 7
9
3
4
5
6
LOW
1.0 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
1.0 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
1.0 U.L.
10 U.L.
10 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
0.25 U.L.
0.25 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
0.25 U.L.
0.25 U.L.
0.5 U.L.
5 (2.5) U.L.
5 (2.5) U.L.
NOTES:
a) 1 TTL Unit Load (U.L.) = 40 μA HIGH/1.6 mA LOW.
b) The Output LOW drive factor is 2.5 U.L. for Military (54) and 5 U.L. for Commercial (74)
Temperature Ranges.
© Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC, 2006
Ceramic
Plastic
SOIC
LOGIC SYMBOL
LOADING (Note a)
PIN NAMES
PE
P0 −P3
CEP
CET
CP
MR
SR
Q0 −Q3
TC
D SUFFIX
SOIC
CASE 751B-03
1
7
PE P0 P1 P2 P3
CEP
10
CET
2
CP
TC
15
*R Q0 Q1 Q2 Q3
1 14 13 12 11
VCC = PIN 16
GND = PIN 8
*MR for LS160A and LS161A
*SR for LS162A and LS163A
Publication Order Number:
MC74HC14A/D
SN74LS160A
STATE DIAGRAM
LS160A • LS162A
LS161A • LS163A
LOGIC EQUATIONS
4
0
15
5
15
5
14
6
14
6
13
7
13
7
8
12
0
12
1
11
2
10
3
9
1
2
11
3
10
4
9
Count Enable = CEP CET PE
TC for LS160A & LS162A = CET Q0 Q1 Q2 Q3
TC for LS161A & LS163A = CET Q0 Q1 Q2 Q3
Preset = PE CP + (rising clock edge)
Reset = MR (LS160A & LS161A)
Reset = SR CP + (rising clock edge)
Reset = (LS162A & LS163A)
NOTE:
The LS160A and LS162A can be preset to any state, but will not count
beyond 9. If preset to state 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, or 15, it will return to its
normal sequence within two clock pulses.
8
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
for the Binary counters). Note that TC is fully decoded and
will, therefore, be HIGH only for one count state.
The LS160A and LS162A count modulo 10 following a
binary coded decimal (BCD) sequence. They generate a TC
output when the CET input is HIGH while the counter is in
state 9 (HLLH). From this state they increment to state 0
(LLLL). If loaded with a code in excess of 9 they return to their
legitimate sequence within two counts, as explained in the
state diagram. States 10 through 15 do not generate a TC
output.
The LS161A and LS163A count modulo 16 following a
binary sequence. They generate a TC when the CET input is
HIGH while the counter is in state 15 (HHHH). From this state
they increment to state 0 (LLLL).
The Master Reset (MR) of the LS160A and LS161A is
asynchronous. When the MR is LOW, it overrides all other
input conditions and sets the outputs LOW. The MR pin
should never be left open. If not used, the MR pin should be
tied through a resistor to VCC, or to a gate output which is
permanently set to a HIGH logic level.
The active LOW Synchronous Reset (SR) input of the
LS162A and LS163A acts as an edge-triggered control input,
overriding CET, CEP and PE, and resetting the four counter
flip-flops on the LOW to HIGH transition of the clock. This
simplifies the design from race-free logic controlled reset
circuits, e.g., to reset the counter synchronously after
reaching a predetermined value.
The LS160A / 161A / 162A / 163A are 4-bit synchronous
counters with a synchronous Parallel Enable (Load) feature.
The counters consist of four edge-triggered D flip-flops with
the appropriate data routing networks feeding the D inputs.
All changes of the Q outputs (except due to the
asynchronous Master Reset in the LS160A and LS161A)
occur as a result of, and synchronous with, the LOW to HIGH
transition of the Clock input (CP). As long as the set-up time
requirements are met, there are no special timing or activity
constraints on any of the mode control or data inputs.
Three control inputs — Parallel Enable (PE), Count Enable
Parallel (CEP) and Count Enable Trickle (CET) — select the
mode of operation as shown in the tables below. The Count
Mode is enabled when the CEP, CET, and PE inputs are
HIGH. When the PE is LOW, the counters will synchronously
load the data from the parallel inputs into the flip-flops on the
LOW to HIGH transition of the clock. Either the CEP or CET
can be used to inhibit the count sequence. With the PE held
HIGH, a LOW on either the CEP or CET inputs at least one
set-up time prior to the LOW to HIGH clock transition will
cause the existing output states to be retained. The AND
feature of the two Count Enable inputs (CET • CEP) allows
synchronous cascading without external gating and without
delay accumulation over any practical number of bits or
digits.
The Terminal Count (TC) output is HIGH when the Count
Enable Trickle (CET) input is HIGH while the counter is in its
maximum count state (HLLH for the BCD counters, HHHH
MODE SELECT TABLE
*SR
PE
CET
CEP
L
H
H
H
H
X
L
H
H
H
X
X
H
L
X
X
X
H
X
L
Action on the Rising Clock Edge (
)
RESET (Clear)
LOAD (Pn → Qn)
COUNT (Increment)
NO CHANGE (Hold)
NO CHANGE (Hold)
*For the LS162A and
*LS163A only.
H = HIGH Voltage Level
L = LOW Voltage Level
X = Don’t Care
http://onsemi.com
2
SN74LS160A
GUARANTEED OPERATING RANGES
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VCC
Supply Voltage
54
74
4.5
4.75
5.0
5.0
5.5
5.25
V
TA
Operating Ambient Temperature Range
54
74
−55
0
25
25
125
70
°C
IOH
Output Current — High
54, 74
−0.4
mA
IOL
Output Current — Low
54
74
4.0
8.0
mA
LS160A and LS161A
DC CHARACTERISTICS OVER OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE (unless otherwise specified)
Limits
Symbol
VIH
Input HIGH Voltage
VIL
Input LOW Voltage
VIK
Input Clamp Diode Voltage
VOH
Output HIGH Voltage
VOL
Output LOW Voltage
IIH
Min
Parameter
Typ
Max
2.0
54
0.7
74
0.8
−0.65
−1.5
Unit
Test Conditions
V
Guaranteed Input HIGH Voltage for
All Inputs
V
Guaranteed Input LOW Voltage for
All Inputs
V
VCC = MIN, IIN = − 18 mA
54
2.5
3.5
V
74
2.7
3.5
V
VCC = MIN, IOH = MAX, VIN = VIH
or VIL per Truth Table
54, 74
0.25
0.4
V
IOL = 4.0 mA
74
0.35
IOL = 8.0 mA
VCC = VCC MIN,
VIN = VIL or VIH
per Truth Table
0.5
V
Input HIGH Current
MR, Data, CEP, Clock
PE, CET
20
40
μA
VCC = MAX, VIN = 2.7 V
MR, Data, CEP, Clock
PE, CET
0.1
0.2
mA
VCC = MAX, VIN = 7.0 V
−0.4
−0.8
mA
VCC = MAX, VIN = 0.4 V
−100
mA
VCC = MAX
31
32
mA
VCC = MAX
IIL
Input LOW Current
MR, Data, CEP, Clock
PE, CET
IOS
Short Circuit Current (Note 1)
ICC
Power Supply Current
Total, Output HIGH
Total, Output LOW
−20
Note 1: Not more than one output should be shorted at a time, nor for more than 1 second.
http://onsemi.com
3
SN74LS160A
LS162A and LS163A
DC CHARACTERISTICS OVER OPERATING TEMPERATURE RANGE (unless otherwise specified)
Limits
Symbol
VIH
Input HIGH Voltage
VIL
Input LOW Voltage
VIK
Input Clamp Diode Voltage
VOH
Output HIGH Voltage
VOL
Output LOW Voltage
IIH
Min
Parameter
Typ
Max
2.0
54
0.7
74
0.8
−0.65
−1.5
Unit
Test Conditions
V
Guaranteed Input HIGH Voltage for
All Inputs
V
Guaranteed Input LOW Voltage for
All Inputs
V
VCC = MIN, IIN = − 18 mA
54
2.5
3.5
V
74
2.7
3.5
V
VCC = MIN, IOH = MAX, VIN = VIH
or VIL per Truth Table
VCC = VCC MIN,
VIN = VIL or VIH
per Truth Table
54, 74
0.25
0.4
V
IOL = 4.0 mA
74
0.35
0.5
V
IOL = 8.0 mA
Input HIGH Current
Data, CEP, Clock
PE, CET, SR
20
40
μA
VCC = MAX, VIN = 2.7 V
Data, CEP, Clock
PE, CET, SR
0.1
0.2
mA
VCC = MAX, VIN = 7.0 V
−0.4
−0.8
mA
VCC = MAX, VIN = 0.4 V
−100
mA
VCC = MAX
31
32
mA
VCC = MAX
IIL
Input LOW Current
Data, CEP, Clock, PE, SR
CET
IOS
Short Circuit Current (Note 1)
ICC
Power Supply Current
Total, Output HIGH
Total, Output LOW
−20
Note 1: Not more than one output should be shorted at a time, nor for more than 1 second.
AC CHARACTERISTICS (TA = 25°C)
Limits
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
25
32
Max
Unit
fMAX
Maximum Clock Frequency
tPLH
tPHL
Propagation Delay
Clock to TC
20
18
35
35
ns
tPLH
tPHL
Propagation Delay
Clock to Q
13
18
24
27
ns
tPLH
tPHL
Propagation Delay
CET to TC
9.0
9.0
14
14
ns
tPHL
MR or SR to Q
20
28
ns
Max
Unit
Test Conditions
MHz
VCC = 5.0 V
CL = 15 pF
AC SETUP REQUIREMENTS (TA = 25°C)
Limits
Parameter
Min
tWCP
Clock Pulse Width Low
25
ns
tW
MR or SR Pulse Width
20
ns
ts
Setup Time, other*
20
ns
ts
Setup Time PE or SR
25
ns
th
Hold Time, data
3
ns
th
Hold Time, other
0
ns
trec
Recovery Time MR to CP
15
ns
Symbol
Typ
*CEP, CET, or DATA
http://onsemi.com
4
Test Conditions
VCC = 5.0 V
SN74LS160A
DEFINITION OF TERMS
SETUP TIME (ts) — is defined as the minimum time required
for the correct logic level to be present at the logic input prior
to the clock transition from LOW to HIGH in order to be
recognized and transferred to the outputs.
recognition. A negative HOLD TIME indicates that the
correct logic level may be released prior to the clock
transition from LOW to HIGH and still be recognized.
RECOVERY TIME (trec) — is defined as the minimum time
required between the end of the reset pulse and the clock
transition from LOW to HIGH in order to recognize and
transfer HIGH Data to the Q outputs.
HOLD TIME (th) — is defined as the minimum time following
the clock transition from LOW to HIGH that the logic level
must be maintained at the input in order to ensure continued
AC WAVEFORMS
tW(H)
CP
1.3 V
tPHL
Q
1.3 V
tW(L)
MR
1.3 V
tPLH
1.3 V
tW
trec
Other conditions:
PE = MR (SR) = H
CEP = CET = H
CP
1.3 V
Q0 Q1 Q2 Q3
Figure 1. Clock to Output Delays, Count Frequency, and Clock Pulse Width
1.3 V
Other conditions:
PE = L
P0 = P1 = P2 = P3 = H
tPHL
1.3 V
Figure 2. Master Reset to Output Delay, Master Reset
Pulse Width, and Master Reset Recovery Time
http://onsemi.com
5
SN74LS160A
AC WAVEFORMS (continued)
COUNT ENABLE TRICKLE INPUT
TO TERMINAL COUNT OUTPUT DELAYS
The positive TC pulse occurs when the outputs are in the
(Q0 • Q1 • Q2 • Q3) state for the LS160 and LS162 and the
(Q0 • Q1 • Q2 • Q3) state for the LS161 and LS163.
1.3 V
1.3 V
CET
tPHL
tPLH
1.3 V
1.3 V
TC
Figure 3
OTHER CONDITIONS: CP = PE = CEP = MR = H
CLOCK TO TERMINAL COUNT DELAYS
1.3 V
CP
1.3 V
1.3 V
tPLH
The positive TC pulse is coincident with the output state
(Q0 • Q1 • Q2 • Q3) state for the LS161 and LS163 and
(Q0 • Q1 • Q2 • Q3) for the LS161 and LS163.
TC
1.3 V
Figure 4
1.3 V
OTHER CONDITIONS: PE = CEP = CET = MR = H
1.3 V
CP
SETUP TIME (ts) AND HOLD TIME (th)
FOR PARALLEL DATA INPUTS
ts(H)
P0 P1 P2 P3
The shaded areas indicate when the input is permitted to
change for predictable output performance.
tPHL
1.3 V
th(H) = 0
1.3 V
ts(L)
1.3 V
th(L) = 0
1.3 V
Q0 Q1 Q2 Q3
OTHER CONDITIONS: PE = L, MR = H
Figure 5
SETUP TIME (ts) AND HOLD TIME (th) FOR
COUNT ENABLE (CEP) AND (CET) AND
PARALLEL ENABLE (PE) INPUTS
The shaded areas indicate when the input is permitted to
change for predictable output performance.
CP
ts(L)
SR or PE
1.3 V
th
(L) = 0
1.3 V
ts(H)
1.3 V
PARALLEL LOAD
(See Fig. 5)
ts(H)
th(H) = 0
1.3 V
Q RESPONSE TO PE
th(H) = 0
CEP
COUNT MODE
(See Fig. 7)
1.3 V
ts(H)
COUNT OR LOAD
Q RESPONSE TO SR
ts(L)
1.3 V
ts(L)
1.3 V
COUNT
1.3 V
th(L) = 0
th(H) = 0
CET 1.3 V
RESET
1.3 V
1.3 V
CP
1.3 V
HOLD
Q
OTHER CONDITIONS: PE = H, MR = H
Figure 7
Figure 6
http://onsemi.com
6
th(L) = 0
1.3 V
HOLD
SN74LS160A
ON Semiconductor and
are registered trademarks of Semiconductor Components Industries, LLC (SCILLC). SCILLC reserves the right to make changes without further notice
to any products herein. SCILLC makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does SCILLC assume any liability
arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation special, consequential or incidental damages.
“Typical” parameters which may be provided in SCILLC data sheets and/or specifications can and do vary in different applications and actual performance may vary over time. All
operating parameters, including “Typicals” must be validated for each customer application by customer’s technical experts. SCILLC does not convey any license under its patent rights
nor the rights of others. SCILLC products are not designed, intended, or authorized for use as components in systems intended for surgical implant into the body, or other applications
intended to support or sustain life, or for any other application in which the failure of the SCILLC product could create a situation where personal injury or death may occur. Should
Buyer purchase or use SCILLC products for any such unintended or unauthorized application, Buyer shall indemnify and hold SCILLC and its officers, employees, subsidiaries, affiliates,
and distributors harmless against all claims, costs, damages, and expenses, and reasonable attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or death
associated with such unintended or unauthorized use, even if such claim alleges that SCILLC was negligent regarding the design or manufacture of the part. SCILLC is an Equal
Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. This literature is subject to all applicable copyright laws and is not for resale in any manner.
PUBLICATION ORDERING INFORMATION
LITERATURE FULFILLMENT:
Literature Distribution Center for ON Semiconductor
P.O. Box 5163, Denver, Colorado 80217 USA
Phone: 303−675−2175 or 800−344−3860 Toll Free USA/Canada
Fax: 303−675−2176 or 800−344−3867 Toll Free USA/Canada
Email: [email protected]
N. American Technical Support: 800−282−9855 Toll Free
USA/Canada
Europe, Middle East and Africa Technical Support:
Phone: 421 33 790 2910
Japan Customer Focus Center
Phone: 81−3−5773−3850
http://onsemi.com
7
ON Semiconductor Website: www.onsemi.com
Order Literature: http://www.onsemi.com/orderlit
For additional information, please contact your local
Sales Representative
SN74LS160A/D
Similar pages