A1381, A1383, A1384 Datasheet

A1381, A1383, and A1384
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
Discontinued Product
These parts are no longer in production The device should not be
purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: December 1, 2015
Recommended Substitutions:
For existing customer transition, and for new customers or new applications, refer to the A1389.
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan
for a product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The
information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
A1381, A1383, and A1384
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
Features and Benefits
▪ Customer programmable offset, sensitivity, sensitivity
temperature coefficient, and polarity
▪ Programmability at end-of-line
▪ Ratiometric sensitivity, quiescent voltage output, and
clamps for interfacing with application DAC
▪ Temperature-stable quiescent voltage output and sensitivity
▪ Precise recoverability after temperature cycling
▪ Output voltage clamps provide short circuit diagnostic capabilities
▪ Wide ambient temperature range: –40°C to 150°C
▪ Immune to mechanical stress
▪ Miniature package options
Packages: 3-pin SOT23W (suffix LH), and
3-pin SIP (suffix UA)
Description
New applications for linear output Hall effect sensing, such
as displacement, angular position, and current measurement,
require high accuracy in conjunction with small package size.
The Allegro™ A138x family of programmable linear Hall effect
sensor ICs was designed specifically to achieve both goals.
These temperature-stable devices are available in a miniature
surface mount package (SOT23-W) and an ultramini throughhole single-in-line package. The accuracy of these devices is
enhanced via programmability on the output pin for end-of-line
optimization without the added complexity and cost of a fully
programmable device. These ratiometric Hall effect devices provide a voltage output
that is proportional to the applied magnetic field. Both the
quiescent voltage output and magnetic sensitivity are useradjustable. The quiescent voltage output can be set around
50% of the supply voltage, and the sensitivity adjusted between
2 mV/G and 9 mV/G over the device family. Programming
selections also exist for output polarity and temperature
compensation. The features of this linear family make it ideal
for high accuracy requirements of automotive and industrial
applications, and operate across an extended temperature range,
–40°C to 150°C.
Continued on the next page…
Not to scale
Functional Block Diagram
CBYPASS
To all subcircuits
Amp
Filter
VCC
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
V+
Out
Hall Drive Circuit
Gain
Gain Temperature
Coefficient
Trim Control
GND
A1381-DS, Rev. 13
Offset
VOUT
(Programming)
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Description (continued)
Each BiCMOS monolithic circuit integrates a Hall element,
temperature-compensating circuitry to reduce the intrinsic sensitivity
drift of the Hall element, a small-signal high-gain amplifier, a clamped
low-impedance output stage, and a proprietary dynamic
offset cancellation technique.
The A138x devices are provided in a 3-pin ultramini single-in-line
package (UA suffix), and a 3-pin surface mount SOT-23W package
(LH suffix).
Selection Guide
Part Number
Packing1
TA
(°C)
Package
A1381ELHLT-T Tape and reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1381ELHLX-T Tape and reel, 10,000 pieces/reel
A1381EUA-T
Bulk bag, 500 pieces/bag
A1381LLHLT-T Tape and reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1381ELHLX-T Tape and reel, 10,000 pieces/reel
A1381LUA-T
Bulk bag, 500 pieces/bag
A1383ELHLT-T Tape and reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1383EUA-T
Bulk bag, 500 pieces/bag
A1383LLHLT-T Tape and reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1383LUA-T
Bulk bag, 500 pieces/bag
A1384ELHLT-T Tape and reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1384ELHLX-T Tape and reel, 10,000 pieces/reel
A1384EUA-T
Bulk bag, 500 pieces/bag
A1384LLHLT-T Tape and reel, 3000 pieces/reel
A1384ELHLX-T Tape and reel, 10,000 pieces/reel
A1384LUA-T
Bulk bag, 500 pieces/bag
1 Contact Allegro for additional packing options.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Forward Supply Voltage
Reverse Supply Voltage
Forward Output Voltage
Reverse Output Voltage
Output Source Current
Output Sink Current
Symbol
VCC
VRCC
VOUT
VROUT
IOUT(SOURCE)
IOUT(SINK)
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
Storage Temperature
Maximum Junction Temperature
Tstg
TJ(max)
Surface mount
Surface mount
Through hole
Surface mount
Surface mount
Through hole
Surface mount
Through hole
Surface mount
Through hole
Surface mount
Surface mount
Through hole
Surface mount
Surface mount
Through hole
Internal Bandwidth
(kHz)
Sensitivity Range
(mV/G)
12
6.00 to 9.00
21
2.75 to 4.25
27
2.00 to 3.00
–40 to 85
–40 to 150
–40 to 85
–40 to 150
–40 to 85
–40 to 150
Notes
VOUT to GND
VCC to VOUT
Range E
Range L
Rating
8
–0.1
28
–0.1
2
10
–40 to 85
–40 to 150
–65 to 165
165
Units
V
V
V
V
mA
mA
ºC
ºC
ºC
ºC
Pin-out Diagrams
LH Package
UA Package
3
1
2
1
2
Number
Name
Description
LH
UA
1
1
VCC
Input power supply; use bypass capacitor to connect to ground
3
2
GND
Ground
2
3
VOUT
Output signal; also used for programming
3
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
2
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS, valid over full operating temperature range, TA; CBYPASS= 0.1 µF, VCC = 5 V, unless otherwise specified
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
4.5
5.0
5.5
V
–
6.9
8
mA
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Supply Voltage
VCC
Supply Current
ICC
Power-On Time1
tPO
No load on VOUT
A1381
TA = 25 °C, CBYPASS = open,
CL (of test probe) = 10 pF, Sens = 7.5 mV/G
–
32
–
µs
A1382
TA = 25 °C, CBYPASS = open,
CL (of test probe) = 10 pF, Sens = 5.0 mV/G
–
27
–
µs
A1383
TA = 25 °C, CBYPASS = open,
CL (of test probe) = 10 pF, Sens = 3.125 mV/G
–
23
–
µs
A1384
TA = 25 °C, CBYPASS = open,
CL (of test probe) = 10 pF, Sens = 2.5 mV/G
–
19
–
µs
Delay to Clamp1
tCLP
TA = 25°C, CL = 10 nF
–
30
–
µs
Supply Zener Clamp Voltage
VZ
TA = 25°C, ICC = 11 mA
6
8.3
–
V
A1381
–
12
–
kHz
A1382
–
17
–
kHz
Internal Bandwidth
Chopping
Frequency2
BWi
fC
A1383
Small signal –3 dB
–
21
–
kHz
A1384
–
27
–
kHz
TA = 25°C
–
170
–
kHz
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Noise (peak to peak)
DC Output Resistance
VN(p-p)
A1381
TA=25°C; CL = 10 nF,
Sens = 7.5 mV/G; no external filter
–
34
–
mV
A1382
TA=25°C; CL = 10 nF,
Sens = 5.0 mV/G; no external filter
–
27
–
mV
A1383
TA=25°C; CL = 10 nF,
Sens = 3.125 mV/G; no external filter
–
20
–
mV
A1384
TA=25°C; CL = 10 nF,
Sens = 2.5 mV/G; no external filter
–
18
–
mV
A138x
TA=25°C; Sens = 2.5 mV/G; external 2 kHz low
pass filter with R = 1.69 kΩ, C = 47 nF
–
4.7
–
mV
ROUT
–
<1
–
Ω
VOUT to VCC
4.7
–
–
kΩ
Output Load Resistance
RL
VOUT to GND
4.7
–
–
kΩ
Output Load Capacitance
CL
VOUT to GND
–
–
10
nF
Phase Shift3
∆Φ
No load on VOUT, magnetic input signal frequency =
1 kHz, with 1 V(p-p) output signal
–
3
–
deg.
Output Voltage
Clamp4
Output Slew Rate
VCLP(HIGH)
TA = 25°C, B = 600 G, Sens = 5.0 mV/G,
RL = 10 kΩ (VOUT to GND)
4.35
4.5
4.65
V
VCLP(LOW)
TA = 25°C, B = –600 G, Sens = 5.0 mV/G,
RL = 10 kΩ (VCC to VOUT)
0.40
0.55
0.70
V
–
175
–
V/ms
SR
CL = 10 nF
Continued on the next page...
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
3
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS (continued), valid over full operating temperature range, TA; CBYPASS= 0.1 µF, VCC = 5 V, unless otherwise specified
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
B = 0 G, TA = 25°C
–
2.1
–
V
A1381
–
4.2
–
mV/G
A1382
–
2.9
–
mV/G
PRE-PROGRAMMING TARGET5
Pre-Programming Quiescent
Voltage Output
VOUT(Q)init
Pre-Programming Sensitivity
Sensinit
Pre-Programming Sensitivity
Temperature Coefficient6
TCSensinit
A1383
TA = 25°C
–
2.1
–
mV/G
A1384
–
1.4
–
mV/G
TA = 150°C
–
–0.05
–
%/°C
2.3
–
2.6
V
–
6
–
bit
QUIESCENT VOLTAGE OUTPUT PROGRAMMING
Quiescent Voltage Output
Range4,7
VOUT(Q)
B = 0 G, TA = 25°C
Quiescent Voltage Output
Programming Bits
Average Quiescent Voltage
Output Step Size8,9
StepVOUT(Q)
TA = 25°C
8
11.5
15
mV
Quiescent Voltage Output
Programming Resolution10
ErrPGVOUT(Q)
TA = 25°C
–
StepVOUT(Q) ×
±0.5
–
mV
SENSITIVITY PROGRAMMING
Sensitivity Range4,11
Sens
A1381
6.00
–
9.00
mV/G
A1382
4.00
–
6.25
mV/G
A1383
TA = 25°C
2.75
–
4.25
mV/G
A1384
2.00
–
3.00
mV/G
–
6
–
bit
A1381
90
110
130
µV/G
55
75
95
µV/G
Sensitivity Programming Bits
Average Sensitivity Step Size8,9
StepSENS
Sensitivity Programming
Resolution10
A1382
A1383
TA = 25°C
35
55
75
µV/G
A1384
28
35
42
µV/G
ErrPGSENS
TA = 25°C
–
StepSENS ×
±0.5
–
mV/G
TCSens
TA = 150°C
0.00
–
0.095
%/°C
–
3
–
bit
SENSITIVITY TC PROGRAMMING
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Range6
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Programming Bits
Average Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Step Size6
StepTCSENS
TA = 150°C
–
0.03
–
%/°C
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Programming Resolution6
ErrPGTCSENS
TA = 150°C
–
StepTCSENS x
±0.5
–
%/°C
Continued on the next page...
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
4
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS (continued), valid over full operating temperature range,TA; CBYPASS= 0.1 µF, VCC = 5 V, unless otherwise specified
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
POL
–
1
–
bit
LOCK
–
1
–
bit
LinERR
–
±1.5
–
%
POLARITY PROGRAMMING
Polarity Programming Bit12
LOCK BIT PROGRAMMING
Overall Programming Lock Bit
ERROR COMPONENTS
Linearity Sensitivity Error
Symmetry Sensitivity Error
SymERR
–
±1.5
–
%
Ratiometry Quiescent Voltage
Output Error13
RatERRVOUT(Q)
–
±1.5
–
%
Ratiometry Sensitivity Error13
RatERRSens
–
±1.5
–
%
–
±1.5
–
%
–
–
±60
mV
–
–
±50
mV
–
–
±40
mV
–
–
±40
mV
–
±3
–
%
–
±2
–
%
Ratiometry Clamp Error14
RatERRCLP
TA = 25°C
DRIFT CHARACTERISTICS
A1381
Quiescent Voltage Output Drift
Through Temperature Range
∆VOUT(Q)
A1382
A1383
TA = 150°C
A1384
Sensitivity Drift Through
Temperature Range15
∆SensTC
Sensitivity Drift Due to Package
Hysteresis1
∆SensPKG
1See
TA = 25°C; after temperature cycling
Characteristic Definitions section.
2f varies up to approximately ± 20% over the full
C
3Unit of measure (phase degrees) in reference to
operating ambient temperature range, TA, and process.
the magnetic input signal.
4Sens, V
OUT(Q), VCLP(LOW) , and VCLP(HIGH) scale with VCC due to ratiometry.
5Raw device characteristic values before any programming.
6Programmed at 150°C and calculated relative to 25°C.
7V
OUT(Q)(max) is the value available with all programming fuses blown (maximum programming code set). The VOUT(Q) range is the total range from
VOUT(Q)init up to and including VOUT(Q)(max). See Characteristic Definitions section.
8Step size is larger than required, in order to provide for manufacturing spread. See Characteristic Definitions section.
9Non-ideal behavior in the programming DAC can cause the step size at each significant bit rollover code to be greater than twice the maximum
specified value of StepVOUT(Q) , StepSENS , or StepTCSENS.
10Overall programming value accuracy. See Characteristic Definitions section.
11Sens(max) is the value available with all programming fuses blown (maximum programming code set). Sens range is the total range from Sens
init up
to and including Sens(max). See Characteristic Definitions section.
12Default polarity is for V
OUT voltage to increase with a positive (south polarity) field applied to the branded face of the device.
13Percent change from actual value at V
CC = 5 V, for a given temperature, over the supply voltage operating range.
14Percent change from actual value at V
CC = 5 V, TA = 25°C, over the supply voltage operating range.
15Sensitivity drift from expected value at T after programming TC
A
SENS. See Characteristic Definitions section.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
5
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS may require derating at maximum conditions, see application information
Characteristic
Symbol
RθJA
Package Thermal Resistance
Test Conditions*
Value Units
Package LH, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
228
ºC/W
Package LH, 2-layer PCB with 0.463 in.2 of copper area each side
connected by thermal vias
110
ºC/W
Package UA, 1-layer PCB with copper limited to solder pads
165
ºC/W
*Additional thermal information available on Allegro website.
Power Derating Curve
6
Maximum Allowable VCC (V)
VCC(max)
5
1-layer PCB, Package LH
(RθJA = 228 ºC/W)
1-layer PCB, Package UA
(RθJA = 165 ºC/W)
2-layer PCB, Package LH
(RθJA = 110 ºC/W)
4
3
VCC(min)
2
1
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
Temperature (ºC)
Power Dissipation, PD (mW)
Power Dissipation versus Ambient Temperature
1900
1800
1700
1600
1500
1400
1300
1200
1100
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
2l
(R aye
rP
θJ
C
A =
11 B, P
0 º ac
1-la
C/ ka
W
(R yer PC
) ge L
θJA =
B, P
H
165
ack
ºC/
a
W) ge U
A
1-lay
er P
(R
CB,
θJA =
228 Packag
ºC/W
e LH
)
20
40
60
80
100
120
Temperature (°C)
140
160
180
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
6
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Characteristic Definitions
Power-On Time When the supply is ramped to its operating
voltage, the device requires a finite time to power its internal components before responding to an input magnetic field.
Power-On Time, tPO , is defined as: the time it takes for the output voltage to settle within ±10% of its steady state value under
an applied magnetic field, after the power supply has reached its
minimum specified operating voltage, VCC(min), as shown in the
following chart.
V
VCC
VCC(typ.)
VOUT
90% VOUT
t2
magnetic field: B = 0 G), the output, VOUT(Q), has a constant
ratio to the supply voltage, VCC, throughout the entire operating
ranges of VCC and ambient temperature, TA.
Quiescent Voltage Output Range The quiescent voltage output,
VOUT(Q), can be programmed around its nominal value of 2.5 V,
within the quiescent voltage range limits: VOUT(Q)(min) and
VOUT(Q)(max). The available programming range for VOUT(Q)
falls within the distributions of the initial, VOUT(Q)init, and the
maximum programming code for setting VOUT(Q), as shown in
the following diagram.
VOUT(Q)BIinit
Typical initial value
before customer
programming
VCC(min.)
t1
Quiescent Voltage Output In the quiescent state (no significant
tPO
t1= time at which power supply reaches
minimum specified operating voltage
VOUT(Q)(max)
value
Distribution of values
resulting from maximum
programming code
+t
Delay to Clamp A large magnetic input step may cause the
clamp to overshoot its steady state value. The Delay to Clamp,
tCLP , is defined as: the time it takes for the output voltage to
settle within ±1% of its steady state value, after initially passing
through its steady state voltage, as shown in the following chart.
Magnetic Input
V
VCLP(HIGH)
VOUT
tCLP
t1
t2
Average Quiescent Voltage Output Step Size The average qui-
escent voltage output step size for a single device is determined
using the following calculation:
VOUT(Q)maxcode –VOUT(Q)init
.
StepVOUT(Q) =
(1)
2n–1
where:
n is the number of available programming bits in the trim
range,
2n–1 is the value of the maximum programming code in the
range, and
VOUT(Q)maxcode is the quiescent voltage output at code 2n–1.
Quiescent Voltage Output Programming Resolution The programming resolution for any device is half of its programming
step size. Therefore, the typical programming resolution will be:
t1= time at which output voltage initially
reaches steady state clamp voltage
t2= time at which output voltage settles to
within 1% of steady state clamp voltage
Note: Times apply to both high clamp
(shown) and low clamp.
0
VOUT(Q)
Programming range
(specified limits)
Distribution of values
resulting from minimum
programming code
t2= time at which output voltage settles
within ±10% of its steady state value
under an applied magnetic field
0
VOUT(Q)(min)
value
ErrPGVOUT(Q)(typ) = 0.5 × Step
VOUT(Q)(typ)
.
(2)
t
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
7
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
Quiescent Voltage Output Drift Through Temperature Range
Due to internal component tolerances and thermal considerations,
the quiescent voltage output, VOUT(Q), may drift from its nominal
value over the operating ambient temperature, TA. For purposes
of specification, the Quiescent Voltage Output Drift Through
Temperature Range, ∆VOUT(Q) (mV), is defined as:
∆VOUT(Q) = VOUT(Q)(TA) –VOUT(Q)(25°C)
.
(3)
Sensitivity The presence of a south polarity magnetic field, perpendicular to the branded surface of the package face, increases
the output voltage from its quiescent value toward the supply
voltage rail (assuming that the polarity bit, POL, is in its initial
state of logic 0). The amount of the output voltage increase is
proportional to the magnitude of the magnetic field applied.
Conversely, the application of a north polarity field decreases the
output voltage from its quiescent value. This proportionality is
specified as the magnetic sensitivity, Sens (mV/G), of the device,
and it is defined as:
Sens =
VOUT(BPOS) – VOUT(BNEG)
,
(4)
BPOS – BNEG
where BPOS and BNEG are two magnetic fields with opposite
polarities.
Sensitivity Range The magnetic sensitivity, Sens, can be pro-
grammed around its nominal value, 2.5 to 7.5 mV/G depending
on device type, within the sensitivity range limits: Sens(min)
and Sens(max). Refer to the Quiescent Voltage Output Range section for a conceptual explanation of how value distributions and
ranges are related.
Average Sensitivity Step Size Refer to the Average Quiescent
Voltage Output Step Size section for a conceptual explanation.
Sensitivity Programming Resolution Refer to the Quiescent
Voltage Output Programming Resolution section for a conceptual
explanation.
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Device sensitivity changes
as temperature changes, with respect to its programmed sensitiv-
ity temperature coefficient, TCSENS. TCSENS is programmed at
150°C, and calculated relative to the nominal sensitivity programming temperature of 25°C. TCSENS (%/°C) is defined as:
SensT2 – SensT1
 1 
(5)
 ,
TCSens = 
100% 
×
SensT1

 T2–T1 where T1 is the nominal Sens programming temperature of 25°C,
and T2 is the TCSENS programming temperature of 150°C. The
ideal value of Sens over the full ambient temperature range,
SensIDEAL(TA), is defined as:
SensIDEAL(TA) = SensT1 [100% + TCSENS (TA –T1)] .(6)
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Range The magnetic
sensitivity temperature coefficient can be programmed within its
limits: TCSens(max) and TCSens(min). Refer to the Quiescent Voltage Output Range section for a conceptual explanation of how
value distributions and ranges are related.
Average Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Step Size Refer
to the Average Quiescent Voltage Output Step Size section for a
conceptual explanation.
Sensitivity Temperature Coefficient Programming Resolution
Refer to the Quiescent Voltage Output Programming Resolution
section for a conceptual explanation.
Sensitivity Drift Through Temperature Range Second order
sensitivity temperature coefficient effects cause the magnetic
sensitivity, Sens, to drift from its ideal value over the operating
ambient temperature range, TA. For purposes of specification, the
sensitivity drift through temperature range, ∆SensTC, is defined
as:
SensTA – SensIDEAL(TA)
∆SensTC =
× 100% .
(7)
SensIDEAL(TA)
Sensitivity Drift Due to Package Hysteresis Package stress and
relaxation can cause the device sensitivity at TA = 25°C to change
during and after temperature cycling.
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
8
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
For purposes of specification, the sensitivity drift due to package
hysteresis, ∆SensPKG, is defined as:
∆SensPKG =
Sens(25°C)2 – Sens(25°C)1
× 100%
Sens(25°C)1
,
(8)
where Sens(25°C)1 is the programmed value of sensitivity at TA
= 25°C, and Sens(25°C)2 is the value of sensitivity at TA = 25°C,
after temperature cycling TA up to 150°C, down to –40°C, and
back to up 25°C.
Linearity Sensitivity Error The 138x family is designed to
provide a linear output in response to a ramping applied magnetic
field. Consider two magnetic fields, B1 and B2. Ideally, the sensitivity of a device is the same for both fields, for a given supply
voltage and temperature. Linearity error is present when there is a
difference between the sensitivities measured at B1 and B2.
Linearity Error is calculated separately for the positive
(LinERRPOS) and negative (LinERRNEG ) applied magnetic fields.
Linearity error (%) is measured and defined as:
where:
 SensBPOS2 
 × 100%
LinERRPOS = 1–
 SensBPOS1 
,
 SensBNEG2
 × 100%
LinERRNEG = 1–
 SensBNEG1
,
|VOUT(Bx) – VOUT(Q)|
Bx
(9)
,
(10)
and BPOSx and BNEGx are positive and negative magnetic fields,
with respect to the quiescent voltage output such that |BPOS2| > |BPOS1| and |BNEG2| > |BNEG1|. Then:
SensBx =
LinERR = max( |LinERRPOS | , |LinERRNEG | )
. (11)
Symmetry Sensitivity Error The magnetic sensitivity of an
A138x device is constant for any two applied magnetic fields of
equal magnitude and opposite polarities.
Symmetry error, SymERR (%), is measured and defined as:
 SensBPOS
SymERR = 1–
 SensBNEG

 × 100%

,
(12)
where SensBx is as defined in equation 10, and BPOS and BNEG
are positive and negative magnetic fields such that |BPOS| = |BNEG|.
Ratiometry Error The A138x devices feature ratiometric output.
This means that the quiescent voltage output, VOUT(Q) , magnetic
sensitivity, Sens, and clamp voltage, VCLP(HIGH) and VCLP(LOW),
are proportional to the supply voltage, VCC. In other words, when
the supply voltage increases or decreases by a certain percentage, each characteristic also increases or decreases by the same
percentage. Error is the difference between the measured change
in the supply voltage relative to 5 V, and the measured change in
each characteristic.
The ratiometric error in quiescent voltage output, RatERRVOUT(Q)
(%), for a given supply voltage, VCC, is defined as:
 VOUT(Q)(VCC) / VOUT(Q)(5V) 
 × 100% . (13)
RatERRVOUT(Q) = 1–
VCC / 5 V


The ratiometric error in magnetic sensitivity, RatERRSens (%), for
a given supply voltage, VCC, is defined as:
 Sens(VCC) / Sens(5V) 
 × 100%
RatERRSens = 1–
VCC / 5 V


.
(14)
The ratiometric error in the clamp voltages, RatERRCLP (%), for a
given supply voltage, VCC, is defined as:
 VCLP(VCC) / VCLP(5V) 
 × 100%
RatERRCLP = 1–
VCC / 5 V


.
(15)
where VCLP is either VCLP(HIGH) or VCLP(LOW).
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A1381, A1383,
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
Typical Application Drawing
V+
VCC
VOUT
CL
CBYPASS
GND
Chopper Stabilization Technique
When using Hall-effect technology, a limiting factor for
switchpoint accuracy is the small signal voltage developed across
the Hall element. This voltage is disproportionally small relative
to the offset that can be produced at the output of the Hall element. This makes it difficult to process the signal while maintaining an accurate, reliable output over the specified operating
temperature and voltage ranges. Chopper stabilization is a unique
approach used to minimize Hall offset on the chip. The patented
Allegro technique, namely Dynamic Quadrature Offset Cancellation, removes key sources of the output drift induced by thermal
and mechanical stresses. This offset reduction technique is based
on a signal modulation-demodulation process. The undesired
offset signal is separated from the magnetic field-induced signal
in the frequency domain, through modulation. The subsequent
demodulation acts as a modulation process for the offset, causing
the magnetic field-induced signal to recover its original spectrum
at base band, while the DC offset becomes a high-frequency
signal. The magnetic-sourced signal then can pass through a
low-pass filter, while the modulated DC offset is suppressed. The
chopper stabilization technique uses a 170 kHz high frequency
clock. For the demodulation process, a sample and hold technique
is used, where the sampling is performed at twice the chopper frequency (340 kHz). This high-frequency operation allows
a greater sampling rate, which results in higher accuracy and
faster signal-processing capability. This approach desensitizes
the chip to the effects of thermal and mechanical stresses, and
produces devices that have extremely stable quiescent Hall output
voltages and Precise recoverability after temperature cycling.
This technique is made possible through the use of a BiCMOS
process, which allows the use of low-offset, low-noise amplifiers
in combination with high-density logic integration and sampleand-hold circuits.
Regulator
Clock/Logic
Amp
Sample and
Hold
Hall Element
Low-Pass
Filter
Concept of Chopper Stabilization Technique
10
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
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A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Programming Guidelines
Overview
Definition of Terms
Programming is accomplished by sending a series of input voltage pulses serially through the VOUT pin of the device. A unique
combination of different voltage level pulses controls the internal
programming logic of the device to select a desired programmable parameter and change its value. There are two programming pulses, referred to as a high voltage pulse, VPH, consisting
of a VP(LOW) –VP(HIGH) –VP(LOW) sequence and a mid voltage
pulse, VPM, consisting of a VP(LOW) –VP(MID) –VP(LOW) sequence.
Register. The section of the programming logic that controls the
choice of programmable modes and parameters.
The 138x features Try mode, Blow mode, and Lock mode:
• In Try mode, the value of a single programmable parameter may
be set and measured. The parameter value is stored temporarily, and resets after cycling the supply voltage. Note that other
parameters cannot be accessed simultaneously in this mode.
• In Blow mode, the value of a single programmable parameter
may be permanently set by blowing solid-state fuses internal to
the device. Additional parameters may be blown sequentially.
• In Lock mode, a device-level fuse is blown, blocking the further programming of all parameters.
The programming sequence is designed to help prevent the
device from being programmed accidentally; for example, as a
result of noise on the supply line.
Although any programmable variable power supply can be
used to generate the pulse waveforms, Allegro highly recommends using the Allegro Sensor IC Evaluation Kit, available on
the Allegro Web site On-line Store. The manual for that kit is
available for download free of charge, and provides additional
information on programming these devices.
Bit Field. The internal fuses unique to each register, represented
as a binary number. Incrementing the bit field of a particular
register causes its programmable parameter to change, based on
the internal programming logic.
Key. A series of VPM voltage pulses used to select a register, with
a value expressed as the decimal equivalent of the binary value.
The LSB of a register is denoted as key 1, or bit 0.
Code. The number used to identify the combination of fuses
activated in a bit field, expressed as the decimal equivalent of the
binary value. The LSB of a bit field is denoted as code 1, or bit 0.
Addressing. Incrementing the bit field code of a selected register
by serially applying a pulse train through the VOUT pin of the
device. Each parameter can be measured during the addressing
process, but the internal fuses must be blown before the programming code (and parameter value) becomes permanent.
Fuse Blowing. Applying a VPH voltage pulse of sufficient duration at the VP(HIGH) level to permanently set an addressed bit by
blowing a fuse internal to the device. Once a bit (fuse) has been
blown, it cannot be reset.
Blow Pulse. A VPH voltage pulse of sufficient duration at the
VP(HIGH) level to blow the addressed fuse.
Cycling the Supply. Powering-down, and then powering-up the
supply voltage. Cycling the supply is used to clear the programming settings in Try mode.
Programming Pulse Requirements, Protocol at TA = 25°C
Characteristic
Symbol
Notes
Min. Typ. Max. Units
VP(LOW)
Programming Voltage
-
-
5.5
V
14
15
16
V
26
27
28
V
Minimum supply current required to ensure proper fuse blowing. In addition, a minimum capacitance, CBLOW = 0.1 µF, must be connected between the VOUT and
GND pins during programming to provide the current necessary for fuse blowing.
300
-
-
mA
tOFF(HIGH)
Duration at VP(LOW) level following a VP(HIGH) level.
30
-
-
µs
tOFF(MID)
Duration at VP(LOW) level following a VP(MID) level.
5
-
-
µs
VP(MID)
Measured at the VOUT pin.
VP(HIGH)
Programming Current
Pulse Width
IP
tACTIVE(HIGH)
Duration of VP(HIGH) level for VPH pulses during key/code selection.
30
-
-
µs
tACTIVE(MID)
Duration of VP(MID) level for VPH pulses during key/code selection.
15
-
-
µs
tBLOW
Duration at VP(HIGH) level for fuse blowing.
30
-
-
µs
Pulse Rise Time
tPr
Rise time required for transitions from VP(LOW) to either VP(MID) or VP(HIGH).
1
-
100
µs
Pulse Fall Time
tPf
Fall time required for transitions from VP(HIGH) to either VP(MID) to VP(LOW).
1
-
100
µs
11
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
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A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Programming Procedures
Parameter Selection
Each programmable parameter can be accessed through a specific
register. To select a register, a sequence of voltage pulses consisting of a VPH pulse, a series of VPM pulses, and a VPH pulse
(with no VCC supply interruptions) must be applied serially to
the VOUT pin. The number of VPM pulses is called the key, and
uniquely identifies each register. The pulse train used for selection of the first register, key 1, is shown in figure 1.
V+
VP(HIGH)
After a programmable parameter has been selected, a VPH pulse
transitions the programming logic into the bit field addressing state. Applying a series of VPM pulses to the VOUT pin of
the device, as shown in figure 2, increments the bit field of the
selected parameter.
VP(LOW)
tLOW
tACTIVE
0
Code 2n – 1
Code 2
Code 1
V+
Code 2n – 2
Figure 1. Parameter selection pulse train. This shows the sequence for
selecting the register corresponding to key 1, indicated by a single VPM
pulse.
VP(MID)
• Register 1:
Quiescent voltage output, VOUT(Q)
• Register 2:
Sensitivity, Sens
• Register 3:
Sensitivity temperature coefficient, TCSens
Polarity, POL
Overall device locking, LOCK
Bit Field Addressing
VP(MID)
VP(HIGH)
The A138x has three registers that select among the five programmable parameters:
When addressing the bit field, the number of VPM pulses is represented by a decimal number called a code. Addressing activates
the corresponding fuse locations in the given bit field by incrementing the binary value of an internal DAC. The value of the bit
field (and code) increments by one with the falling edge of each
VPM pulse, up to the maximum possible code (see the Programming Logic table). As the value of the bit field code increases, the
value of the programmable parameter changes.
Measurements can be taken after each pulse to determine if the
desired result for the programmable parameter has been reached.
Cycling the supply voltage resets all the locations in the bit field
that have unblown fuses to their initial states.
Fuse Blowing
VP(LOW)
0
Figure 2. Bit field addressing pulse train. Addressing the bit field by
incrementing the code causes the programmable parameter value to
change. The number of bits available for a given programming code, n,
varies among parameters; for example, the bit field for VOUT(Q) has 6 bits
available, which allows 63 separate codes to be used.
After the required code is found for a given parameter, its value
can be set permanently by blowing individual fuses in the appropriate register bit field. Blowing is accomplished by applying
a VPH pulse, called a blow pulse, of sufficient duration at the
VP(HIGH) level to permanently set an addressed bit by blowing a
fuse internal to the device. Due to power requirements, the fuse
for each bit in the bit field must be blown individually. To accomplish this, the code representing the desired parameter value must
be translated to a binary number. For example, as shown
12
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
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A1381, A1383,
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in figure 3, decimal code 5 is equivalent to the binary number
101. Therefore bit 2 (code 4) must be addressed and blown, the
device power supply cycled, and then bit 0 (code 1) addressed
and blown. An appropriate sequence for blowing code 5 is shown
in figure 4. The order of blowing bits, however, is not important.
Blowing bit 0 first, and then bit 2 is acceptable.
Locking the Device
Note: After blowing, the programming is not reversible, even
after cycling the supply power. Although a register bit field fuse
cannot be reset after it is blown, additional bits within the same
register can be blown at any time until the device is locked. For
example, if bit 1 (binary 10) has been blown, it is still possible to
blow bit 0. The end result would be binary 11 (decimal code 3).
The additional guidelines in this section should be followed to
ensure the proper behavior of these devices:
After the desired code for each parameter is programmed, the
device can be locked to prevent further programming of any
parameters.
Additional Guidelines
• A 0.1 µF blowing capacitor, CBLOW, must be mounted between
the VOUT pin and the GND pin during programming, to ensure
enough current is available to blow fuses.
• The CBLOW blowing capacitor must be replaced in the final
application with a suitable CL. (The maximum load capacitance
is 10 nF for proper operation.)
Bit Field Selection
Address Code Format
(Decimal Equivalent)
Code 5
Code in Binary
(Binary)
1 0 1
Fuse Blowing
Target Bits
Bit 2
Fuse Blowing
Address Code Format
• The power supply used for programming must be capable of
delivering at least 26 V and 300 mA.
• Be careful to observe the tLOW delay time before powering
down the device after blowing each bit.
• The following programming order is recommended:
Bit 0
1.POL
2.TCSENS
3.Sens
4.VOUT(Q)
5.LOCK (only after all other parameters have been programmed and validated, because this prevents any further
programming of the device)
Code 4
Code 1
(Decimal Equivalents)
Figure 3. Example of code 5 broken into its binary components, which are
code 4 and code 1.
V+
VP(HIGH)
VP(MID)
VP(LOW)
Register
Selection
(Key 1)
0
VCC = 0 V
Addressing
(Code 4)
Register
Selection
(Key 1)
Blow
(Code 4 in
Key 1)
tBLOW
VCC = 0 V
Blow
(Code 1 in
Key 1)
Addressing
(Code 1)
VCC = 0 V
Programming of Code 5 in Key 1
Figure 4. Example of programming pulses applied to the VOUT pin that
result in permanent parameter settings. In this example, the register corresponding to key 1 is selected and code 5 is addressed and blown.
13
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
Programming Modes
Try Mode
Try mode allows a single programmable parameter to be tested
without permanently setting its value. Multiple parameters cannot
be tested simultaneously in this mode. After powering the VCC
supply, select the desired parameter register and address its bit
field. When addressing the bit field, each VPM pulse increments
the value of the parameter register, up to the maximum possible
code (see Programming Logic table). The addressed parameter
value remains stored in the device even after the programming
drive voltage is removed from the VOUT pin, allowing the value
to be measured. Note that for accurate time measurements, the
blow capacitor, CBLOW, should be removed during output voltage
measurement.
It is not possible to decrement the value of the register without
resetting the parameter bit field. To reset the bit field, and thus the
value of the programmable parameter, cycle the supply (VCC) voltage.
Blow Mode
After the required value of the programmable parameter is found
using Try mode, its corresponding code should be blown to make
its value permanent. To do this, select the required parameter
register, and address and blow each required bit separately (as
described in the Fuse Blowing section). The supply must be
cycled between blowing each bit of a given code. After a bit is
blown, cycling the supply will not reset its value.
Lock Mode
To lock the device, address the LOCK bit and apply a blow pulse
with CBLOW in place. After locking the device, no future programming of any parameter is possible.
14
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Programming State Machine
Power-Up
VPM
Initial
VPH
Parameter Selection
VPH
VPM
SENS
VPM
VOUT(Q)
VPM
TCSENS,
POL,
LOCK
VPM
2n – 1
n = total
bits in
register
VPM
VPH
Bit Field Addressing
VPM
1
VPM
VPM
2
VPH
VPM = VP(LOW) –VP(MID) –VP(LOW)
VPH = VP(LOW) –VP(HIGH) –VP(LOW)
Fuse Blowing
User Power-Down
Required
Initial State After system power-up, the programming logic is
reset to a known state. This is referred to as the Initial state. All
the bit field locations that have intact fuses are set to logic 0.
While in the Initial state, any VPM pulses on the VOUT pin are
ignored. To enter the Parameter Selection state, apply one VPH
pulse on the VOUT pin.
Parameter Selection State This state allows the selection of the
parameter register containing the bit fields to be programmed. To
select a parameter register, increment through the keys by applying VPM pulses on the VOUT pin. Register keys select among the
following programming parameters:
• 1 pulse - Sens
• 2 pulses - VOUT(Q)
• 3 pulses - TCSENS, POL, and LOCK
To enter the Bit Field Addressing state, apply one VPH pulse on
the VOUT pin.
Bit Field Addressing State This state allows the selection of the
individual bit fields to be programmed in the selected parameter
register (see Programming Logic table). To leave this state, either
cycle device power or blow the fuses for the selected code. Note
that merely addressing the bit field does not permanently set
the value of the selected programming parameter; fuses must be
blown to do so.
Fuse Blowing State To blow an addressed bit field, apply a
VPH pulse on the VOUT pin. Power to the device should then be
cycled before additional programming is attempted. Note: Each
bit representing a decimal code must be blown individually (see
the Fuse Blowing section).
15
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
Programming Logic Table
Programmable
Parameter
(Register Key)
Sens
(1)
VOUT(Q)
(2)
TCSENS , POL, LOCK
(3)
Bit Field Address
Binary Format
[MSB → LSB]
Decimal Equivalent
Code
000000
0
Description
Initial value (Sensinit)
111111
63
Maximum value of sensitivity (Sens) in range
000000
0
Initial value (VOUT(Q)init)
111111
63
Maximum value of quiescent voltage output
(VOUT(Q)) in range; B = 0 G
000000
0
Initial value of sensitivity temperature coefficient
range (TCSensinit)
000111
7
Maximum value of sensitivity temperature coefficient (TCSens) in range
001000
8
POL bit, switches polarity (causes VOUT to
increase with a negative [north polarity] field
applied to the branded face of the device)
010000
16
LOCK bit, enables permanent locking of all programming bit fields in the device
16
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Package LH, 3 Pin; (SOT-23W)
+0.12
2.98 –0.08
1.49 D
4°±4°
3
A
+0.020
0.180–0.053
0.96 D
+0.10
2.90 –0.20
+0.19
1.91 –0.06
2.40
0.70
D
0.25 MIN
1.00
2
1
0.55 REF
0.25 BSC
0.95
Seating Plane
Gauge Plane
8X 10° REF
B
PCB Layout Reference View
Branded Face
1.00 ±0.13
0.95 BSC
+0.10
0.05 –0.05
0.40 ±0.10
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference dwg. 802840)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Active Area Depth, 0.28 mm REF
B
Reference land pattern layout
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads; adjust as necessary
to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
C
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
D
Hall element, not to scale
NNT
1
C
Standard Branding Reference View
N = Last two digits of device part number
T = Temperature code
17
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Package UA, 3-Pin SIP
+0.08
4.09 –0.05
45°
B
E
C
2.04
1.52 ±0.05
+0.08
3.02 –0.05
1.44
E
10°
Mold Ejector
Pin Indent
E
Branded
Face
A
1.02
MAX
45°
0.79 REF
NNN
1
1
2
D Standard Branding Reference View
3
= Supplier emblem
N = Last three digits of device part number
+0.03
0.41 –0.06
14.99 ±0.25
+0.05
0.43 –0.07
For Reference Only; not for tooling use (reference DWG-9065)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A
Dambar removal protrusion (6X)
B
Gate and tie bar burr area
C
Active Area Depth, 0.50 mm REF
D
Branding scale and appearance at supplier discretion
E
Hall element (not to scale)
1.27 NOM
18
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
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Programmable Linear Hall Effect Sensor ICs with Analog Output
Available in a Miniature Thin Profile Surface Mount Package
A1381, A1383,
and A1384
Revision History
Revision
Revision Date
12
December 3, 2013
Updated product availability
Description of Revision
13
December 1, 2015
Product status changed to “Discontinued”
Copyright ©2009-2015, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC
Allegro MicroSystems, LLC reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current. Allegro’s products are not to be used in any devices or systems, including but not limited to life support devices or systems, in which a failure of
Allegro’s product can reasonably be expected to cause bodily harm.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, LLC assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
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