actp250j1bj

M
PL
IA
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T
ACTP250J1BJ
*R
oH
S
CO
BIDIRECTIONAL THYRISTOR OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTORS
ACTP250J1BJ AC Transient Protector
Designed to withstand a 2.5 kV (1.2/50 voltage, 8/20 current)
combination wave surge per IEC 61000-4-5 when used in series
with an appropriate overvoltage clamp device.*
SMB Package (Top View)
• Ion-Implanted Breakdown Region
MT1 1
• Precise and Stable Voltage
2 MT2
• Low Voltage Overshoot Under Surge Conditions
MD4JAA
* Refer to Application section, page 5.
Device
VDRM
(V)
V(BO)
(V)
ACTP250J1BJ
190
250
Device Symbol
MT2
MT1
SD4JAA
ACTP250J1BJ Overview
The Bourns® Model ACTP250J1BJ is a bidirectional thyristor designed to be used in series with an overvoltage clamp device, such as an MOV,
to protect a power supply from damage due to an overvoltage condition on its ac input lines. This device raises the turn-on voltage threshold of
the series combination against low frequency overvoltage conditions while having minimal impact on the voltage clamp level when subjected to
a lightning surge. Using this series combination will prevent the MOV from conducting when line frequency voltage swells (up to the sum of the
breakdown voltages of the two components) occur on the ac input lines of the power supply. This allows a design to avoid the use of a higher
voltage MOV, which, if used, would significantly reduce the level of lightning protection. See the Application section for additional information.
How to Order
Device
Package
Carrier
Order as
ACTP250J1BJ
BJ (SMB/DO-214AA J-Bend)
R (Embossed Tape Reeled)
ACTP250J1BJR-S
Asia-Pacific: Tel: +886-2 2562-4117 • Fax: +886-2 2562-4116
EMEA: Tel: +36 88 520 390 • Fax: +36 88 520 211
The Americas: Tel: +1-951 781-5500 • Fax: +1-951 781-5700
www.bourns.com
*RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC Jan. 27, 2003 including annex and RoHS Recast 2011/65/EU June 8, 2011.
**When used as intended; see Application section on page 5.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
The device characteristics and parameters in this data sheet can and do vary in different applications and actual device performance may vary over time.
Users should verify actual device performance in their specific applications.
ACTP250J1BJ AC Transient Protector
Absolute Maximum Ratings, TA = 25 °C (Unless Otherwise Noted)
Symbol
Value
Unit
Repetitive peak off-state voltage
Rating
VDRM
±190
V
Non-repetitive peak on-state pulse current (see Notes 1,2 and 3)
8/20 (IEC 61000-4-5, combination wave generator, 1.2/50 voltage waveshape)
IPPSM
1000
A
diT/dt
800
A/μs
TJ
-40 to +150
°C
Tstg
-65 to +150
°C
Initial rate of rise of on-state current, Linear current ramp, Maximum ramp value <50 A
Junction temperature
Storage temperature range
NOTES:
1. Initially, the device must be in thermal equilibrium with TJ = 25 °C.
2. These non-repetitive rated currents are peak values of either polarity. The surge may be repeated after the device returns to its initial
conditions.
3. When used as intended; see Application section on page 5.
Electrical Characteristics, TA = 25 °C (Unless Otherwise Noted)
Parameter
Test Conditions
IDRM
Repetitive peak off-state
current
VD = ±VDRM
V(BO)
AC breakover voltage
dv/dt = ±250 V/ms, RSOURCE = 300 ohms
V(BO)
Min.
Typ.
TA = 25 °C
TA = 85 °C
Max.
Unit
± 5
±10
μA
±250
V
±263
V
±600
mA
dv/dt ≤ ±1000 V/μs, Linear voltage ramp,
Maximum ramp value = ±500 V
Ramp breakover voltage
di/dt = ±20 A/μs, Linear current ramp,
Maximum ramp value = ±10 A
I(BO)
Breakover current
dv/dt = ±250 V/ms, RSOURCE = 300 ohms
IH
Holding current
IT = ±5 A, di/dt = ±30 mA/ms
ID
Off-state current
VD = ±50 V
Off-state capacitance
f = 1 MHz, Vd = 1 Vrms, VD = 0
Coff
±20
mA
TA = 85 °C
±10
μA
105
125
pF
Typ.
Max.
Unit
90
°C/W
Thermal Characteristics
Parameter
RθJA
Junction to free air thermal resistance
Test Conditions
EIA/JESD51-2 PCB, IT = ITSM(1000),
TA = 25 °C, (see Note 4)
Min.
NOTE 4: EIA/JESD51-2 environment and PCB has standard footprint dimensions connected with 5 A rated printed wiring track widths.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
The device characteristics and parameters in this data sheet can and do vary in different applications and actual device performance may vary over time.
Users should verify actual device performance in their specific applications.
ACTP250J1BJ AC Transient Protector
Parameter Measurement Information
+i
Quadrant I
IPPSM
Switching
Characteristic
ITSM
V(BO)
I(BO)
IH
VDRM
-v
VD
IDRM
ID
ID
IDRM
VD
VDRM
+v
IH
I(BO)
V(BO)
ITSM
Quadrant III
Switching
Characteristic
IPPSM
-i
Figure 1. Voltage-Current Characteristic for Terminals 1-2
All Measurements are Referenced to Terminal 2
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
The device characteristics and parameters in this data sheet can and do vary in different applications and actual device performance may vary over time.
Users should verify actual device performance in their specific applications.
PM4XAF
ACTP250J1BJ AC Transient Protector
Typical Characteristics
OFF-STATE CURRENT
vs
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE
TC4JAG
100
1.15
NORMALIZED BREAKOVER VOLTAGE
vs
JUNCTION TEMPERATURE TC4JAF
VD = 50 V
Normalized Breakover Voltage
|ID| - O ff-Sta te Current - A
10
1
0.1
0.01
1.10
1.05
1.00
0.95
0.90
0.001
-25
0
25
50
75
100
TJ - Junction Temperature - °C
125
-25
150
0
25
50
75
100
TJ - Junction Temperature - °C
125
150
Rating and Thermal Information
VDRM DERATING FACTOR
vs
MINIMUM AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
NON-REPETITIVE PEAK ON-STATE CURRENT
vs
CURRENT DURATION
TI4JAA
VGEN = 600 Vrms, 50/60 Hz
RGEN = 1.4*VGEN /ITSM(t)
EIA/JESD51-2 ENVIRONMENT
EIA/JESD51-3 PCB
TA = 25 C
30
20
15
TI4JADC
1.00
0.99
0.98
Derating Factor
ITSM(t) - Non-Repetitive Peak On-State Current - A
40
10
9
8
7
6
5
0.97
0.96
0.95
4
0.94
3
2
0·1
1
10
100
t - Current Duration - s
1000
0.93
-40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5
0
5
10 15 20 25
TA(MIN) - Minimum Ambient Temperature - °C
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
The device characteristics and parameters in this data sheet can and do vary in different applications and actual device performance may vary over time.
Users should verify actual device performance in their specific applications.
ACTP250J1BJ AC Transient Protector
APPLICATION INFORMATION
Enhancing the Performance of an MOV
In many applications, an offline Switch Mode Power Supply (SMPS) is subjected to possible damage from indirect lightning strikes, switching
transients, line voltage swells and other overvoltage conditions. Metal Oxide Varistors (MOVs) are often used to provide protection against lightning and other short duration transients. However, an MOV can be easily overstressed by a power line voltage swell due to the low frequency
characteristic of this overvoltage condition. To alleviate this problem, the Model ACTP250J1BJ bidirectional transient protector can be placed in
series with the MOV so that it does not conduct during AC line voltage swells up to a specific voltage level while allowing the series combination
to clamp at voltage levels just above the MOV clamp voltage during a lightning transient.
For example, say we have an offline SMPS that is designed to operate at a maximum line voltage of 260 Vrms and a 275 Vrms MOV is being
used to provide protection against a lightning surge with a peak voltage of 2.5 kV per IEC 61000-4-5 (1.2/50 μs voltage, 8/20 μs current
combination wave). If we would also like to prevent the MOV from being damaged by a line voltage swell as high as 400 Vrms (566 Vpeak),
we can use a Model ACTP250J1B1 protector in series with the MOV (as shown in Figure 1 below). At 25 °C, this combination has a minimum
breakdown voltage of 577 V (387 + 190 = 577), where 387 V is VBD of the 275 VRMS MOV, and 190 V is the VDRM of the Model ACTP250J1BJ,
guaranteeing that it will not operate at a line voltage that is < 400 Vrms.
SMPS
+
275 Vrms
MOV
V1
AC 230 V
ACTP250J1BJ
Figure 1. MOV/ACTP250J1BJ AC Line Protection
Adding the Model ACTP250J1BJ device in series with the MOV generates only a small increase in the clamp level. Figure 2 below shows the
clamp voltage level of the MOV alone and the MOV/ACTP series combination for a 2.5 kV 1.2/50, 8/20 μs combination wave surge. Note that
the Model ACTP250J1BJ device only adds a few volts to the MOV clamp voltage.
The waveforms in Figure 3 show that the series combination does not clamp the voltage waveform or conduct current when subjected to a
400 Vrms line voltage.
MOV + Model ACTP250J1BJ
Voltage
Voltage
(200 V/Div.)
MOV Voltage
Voltage (V)
Current (A)
Surge Current
Current
(250 mA/Div.)
Time (µs)
Figure 2. Protection Circuit Clamp Voltages
for a 2.5 kV Surge
Figure 3. Performance of the Series Protection Circuit
when Subjected to a 400 Vrms Line Voltage
In conclusion, adding the Model ACTP250J1B1 in series with the MOV reduces the MOV’s susceptibility to damage from a line voltage swell
while having a minimal impact on the lightning protection performance of the design.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
The device characteristics and parameters in this data sheet can and do vary in different applications and actual device performance may vary over time.
Users should verify actual device performance in their specific applications.
ACTP250J1BJ AC Transient Protector
MECHANICAL DATA
Recommended Printed Wiring Land Pattern Dimensions
2.54
(.100)
SMB Land Pattern
2.40
(.095)
DIMENSIONS ARE:
2.16
(.085)
MILLIMETERS
(INCHES)
MDXX BID
Device Symbolization Code
Devices will be coded as below. As the device parameters are symmetrical, terminal 1 is not identified.
Device
Symbolization Code
ACTP250J1BJ
250J1
Carrier Information
For production quantities, the carrier will be embossed tape reel pack. Evaluation quantities may be shipped in bulk pack or embossed tape.
Package
Carrier
Standard Quantity
SMB
Embossed Tape Reel Pack
3000
07/15
“TISP” is a trademark of Bourns, Ltd., a Bourns Company, and is Registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
“Bourns” is a registered trademark of Bourns, Inc. in the U.S. and other countries.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
The device characteristics and parameters in this data sheet can and do vary in different applications and actual device performance may vary over time.
Users should verify actual device performance in their specific applications.
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