Application Notes

AN11186
Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and
PCF2129 TCXO RTC
Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
Application note
Document information
Info
Content
Keywords
PCA2129, PCF2129, application, timekeeping, timestamp, soldering
Abstract
This application note gives additional information about soldering and
application configuration of the PCA2129 and PCF2129 TCXO RTCs
AN11186
NXP Semiconductors
Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
Revision history
Rev
Date
Description
v.3
20141218
revised version
v.2
20130208
revised version
v.1
20120608
new application note, initial release
Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
1. Introduction
This application note provides additional information on the PCA2129 and PCF2129
TCXO RTCs.
The accuracy of time given by an RTC is mostly depending on the accuracy of the crystal
used. For example, a tuning fork crystal resonates at room temperature at its nominal
frequency but slows down when the temperature deviates (see graph no. 2 in Figure 1
and Figure 2).
The PCA2129 and PCF2129 are CMOS Real Time Clock (RTC) and calendar ICs. They
have an integrated Temperature Compensated Crystal (Xtal) Oscillator (TCXO) based on
an integrated 32.768 kHz tuning fork quartz crystal. The PCA2129 and PCF2129 are
optimized for very high accuracy and very low power consumption. They compensate
automatically for temperature-dependent frequency deviations (see Figure 1 and
Figure 2).
For further information (e.g. pinning diagram and register organization), refer to the
appropriate data sheets Ref. 5 “PCA2129” and Ref. 6 “PCF2129”.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
2. Frequency stability and time accuracy
Figure 1 and Figure 2 show the typical frequency stability of the PCA2129 and PCF2129
with respect to the temperature in comparison to an uncompensated tuning fork crystal.
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VDD or VBAT = 3.3 V.
(1) Typical temperature compensated frequency response.
(2) Uncompensated typical tuning-fork crystal frequency.
Fig 1.
Typical characteristic of frequency with respect to temperature of PCF2129AT
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SSP
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“SSP
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VDD or VBAT = 3.3 V.
(1) Typical temperature compensated frequency response.
(2) Uncompensated typical tuning-fork crystal.
Fig 2.
AN11186
Application note
Typical characteristic of frequency with respect to temperature of PCA2129T and
PCF2129T
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
Remark:
• For VDD or VBAT other than 3.3 V, a frequency shift of 1 ppm/V has to be expected.
• For information about frequency correction, see Section 4.4.
3. Frequency measurement
The frequency stability can be evaluated by measuring the frequency of the square wave
signal available at the output pin CLKOUT.
The frequency signal at pin CLKOUT is controlled by the COF[2:0] control bits in register
CLKOUT_ctl (0Fh) according to Table 1.
Table 1.
CLKOUT frequency selection
COF[2:0]
CLKOUT frequency (Hz)
Typical duty cycle[1]
000
32768
60 : 40 to 40 : 60
001
16384
50 : 50
010
8192
50 : 50
011
4096
50 : 50
100
2048
50 : 50
101
1024
50 : 50
110
1
50 : 50
111
CLKOUT = high-Z
-
[1]
Duty cycle definition: % HIGH-level time : % LOW-level time.
The selection of fCLKOUT = 32.768 kHz (COF[2:0] = 000, default value) leads to lower
accuracy. It is therefore recommended to select a frequency other than the default value
of 32.768 kHz for accurate frequency measurements. The most accurate frequency
measurement occurs when 1 Hz is selected.
In order to be able to adjust the clock with accuracy better than 1 ppm, the frequency
counter used to check the output at CLKOUT should have at least an 8-digit reading.
Furthermore, for accurate evaluation of the frequency stability over temperature, it is
important that the frequency measurement is executed when the temperature is stable
and the PCA2129 and PCF2129 performed the temperature measurement. The PCA2129
and PCF2129 measure the temperature immediately after power-on and then periodically
with a period set by the temperature conversion rate bits TCR[1:0] in register CLKOUT_ctl
(0Fh):
Table 2.
TCR[1:0]
Temperature measurement interval
00[1]
4 min
01
2 min
10
1 min
11
30 seconds
[1]
AN11186
Application note
Temperature measurement interval
Default value.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
Once the temperature is set and is stable, it is necessary to wait until the PCA2129 and
PCF2129 have performed the temperature measurement, then the frequency can be
measured at the CLKOUT pin. To perform quicker measurements, it is recommended to
select the temperature measurement period of 30 seconds (TCR[1:0] = 11).
In summary, for an accurate evaluation of the frequency stability the following operating
flow is recommended:
• Power-on with VDD = 3.3 V
• Wait until the 32.768 kHz signal is available at the CLKOUT pin
• Program a COF[2:0] value other than the default, for example COF[2:0] = 110, which
corresponds to fCLKOUT = 1 Hz
• Program TCR[1:0] = 11, which corresponds to a temperature measurement period
equal to 30 seconds
• Set the target temperature
• Wait until temperature is stable
• Wait until the temperature measurement is executed (~30 seconds after the
temperature is stable)
• Measure the frequency at the CLKOUT pin.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
4.
Reflow soldering
4.1 Introduction to reflow soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs) to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both,
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one Printed-Circuit Board (PCB); however,
it is not suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and
high densities that come with increased miniaturization.
The PCA2129 and PCF2129 are intended for use in a reflow soldering process.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures than a SnPb process, thus reducing the process
window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile (see Figure 3); this profile includes preheat (Ts), reflow (in
which the board is heated to the peak temperature (Tp)) and cooling down. It is
imperative that the peak temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable
solder joints (a solder paste characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be
low enough that the packages and/or boards are not damaged.
For further information on reflow soldering IC, refer to Ref. 1 “AN10365”.
4.2 Reflow soldering of PCA2129 and PCF2129
The PCA2129 and PCF2129 are intended for use in a lead-free reflow soldering process,
classified in accordance with the Ref. 3 “IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020”.
Figure 3 shows the reflow soldering temperature profile according to Ref. 3 “IPC/JEDEC
J-STD-020” used for the qualification of the PCA2129 and PCF2129.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
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Figure not drawn to scale.
The appropriate values for this graph are shown in Table 3.
Remark: The reflow profile in this document is for classification/preconditioning and not meant to specify board assembly
profiles. Actual board assembly profiles should be developed based on specific process needs and board designs, but must not
exceed the parameters shown in Table 3.
Fig 3.
Reflow temperature profile
Table 3.
Values of reflow temperature profile
All temperatures refer to the center of the package, measured on the package body surface that is
facing up during the reflow soldering process.
Symbol
Value
Unit
Tp
260
C
TL
217
C
TC
255
C
Ts(max)
200
C
Ts(min)
150
C
tp
30
s
tL
60 to 150
s
ts
60 to 120
s
tdur
max 480
s
Recommendations:
1. The reflow soldering profile shown in Figure 3 is recommended. A full convection
reflow system, capable of maintaining the reflow profile of Figure 3, is recommended.
2. The peak temperature (Tp) of the reflow soldering process must not exceed 260 C. If
the temperature exceeds 260 C, the characteristics of the crystal oscillator is
degraded or the device may even be damaged.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
3. The time, while the PCA2129 and PCF2129 are heated above TC = 255 C, must not
exceed 30 s (tp), otherwise the characteristics of the crystal oscillator is degraded or
the device may even be damaged.
4.3 Effect of reflow soldering on the frequency characteristics
The reflow soldering process is typically generating a negative frequency shift.
After one-time reflow soldering, processed in accordance with the recommended
temperature profile shown in Figure 3 and Table 3, a frequency shift of 2 ppm is typical.
Any other reflow temperature profile or multiple soldering may cause a different frequency
shift after soldering. The frequency shift after soldering can be reduced by lowering the
peak temperature Tp and shortening the time tp of the soldering process (see Figure 3 and
Table 3).
4.4 Frequency correction after reflow soldering
In order to compensate for a shift in frequency due to reflow soldering, a frequency offset
can be programmed through bits AO[3:0] of register address 19h. In the typical case and
under consideration of the temperature profile as given in Figure 3, an offset of +2 ppm is
considered to be most suitable. However, this may vary on a per case basis and in
dependence of the actual soldering profile used.
Remark:
1. The typical frequency shift of 2 ppm, that occurs after a one-time reflow soldering
processed in accordance with the recommended temperature profile shown in
Figure 3 and Table 3, can be corrected by programming AO[3:0] = 0110.
2. A frequency measurement (see Section 3) should be performed after the final
assembly of the board if
– the soldering was processed multiple times,
– the soldering was not made according to the recommended temperature profile,
– the best result in accuracy should be achieved.
Then the offset with the appropriate value given in Table 4 should be programmed into
AO[3:0]. Deviations caused by assembly steps or due to production tolerances can be
compensated with it.
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Table 4.
Typical frequency correction at 25C
AO[3:0]
ppm
Decimal
Binary
0
0000
+8
1
0001
+7
2
0010
+6
3
0011
+5
4
0100
+4
5
0101
+3
6
0110
+2
7
0111
+1
8
1000[1]
0
9
1001
1
10
1010
2
11
1011
3
12
1100
4
13
1101
5
14
1110
6
15
1111
7
[1]
Default value.
4.5 Optimization at room temperature
Many applications operate in a temperature range of 15 C to 35 C most of the time.
Therefore it is preferred to optimize the accuracy for this range.
There is a simple way to do this fine-tuning:
1. Measure the frequency at about 25 C.
2. Calculate the offset to the nominal frequency of 32768.000 Hz.
3. Program the correction value into AO[3:0].
With this method, it is possible to fine-tune the RTC in steps of 1 ppm and ensure an
accuracy of 1 ppm at room temperature.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
5. Application information
5.1 Assembly recommendations
It is recommended to
• take precautions when using the PCA2129 and PCF2129 with general-purpose
mounting equipment in order to avoid excessive shocks that could damage the
integrated quartz crystal
• avoid ultrasonic cleaning that could damage the integrated quartz crystal
• avoid in the board layout running signal traces under the package unless a ground
plane is placed between the package and the signal line.
5.2 General application information
In general, it can be said that
• the integration of the quartz crystal in the same package as the RTC has the following
advantages:
– elimination of crystal procurement issues
– elimination of concerns regarding the crystal parameters matching those of the
RTC
– no more crystal PCB layout issues
• the IFS pin must be connected to ground (VSS) to select the SPI-bus
• the IFS pin must be connected to the BBS pin to select the I2C-bus
• a backup battery can be attached to the VBAT pin to enable the battery switch-over
when the main power VDD fails. If VBAT is not used, it has to be connected to ground. If
VBAT is used, one of the supplies (VBAT or VDD) has to be turned on before the other
• the battery backed voltage VBBS can be used to supply an external RAM to retain
RAM data in battery backup mode. A low leakage decoupling capacitor should be
connected from BBS to VSS: suggested value is 1 nF, max 100 nF. If BBS is not used
to supply an external IC, the decoupling capacitor between the BBS and VSS pins
must always be connected
• CLKOUT and INT are open-drain, active LOW outputs which require external pull-up
resistors: maximum pull-up voltage is 5.5 V
• the timestamp input pin TS can be connected to a push button for tamper detection
(see Section 5.4).
5.2.1 Current consumption
Current consumption is reduced if the power management functions are disabled
(PWRMNG[2:0] = 111). In that case, the
• battery switch-over function is disabled
• battery low detection is disabled
• only one power supply (VDD) is used.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
5.3 Battery switch-over applications
The functionality of the battery switch-over is limited by the fact that the power supply VDD
is monitored every 1 ms in order to save power consumption. Considering that the battery
switch-over threshold value (Vth(sw)bat) is typically 2.5 V, the power management operating
limit (VDD(min)) is 1.8 V and that VDD is monitored every 1 ms, the battery switch-over
works properly in all cases where VDD falls with a rate lower than 0.7 V/ms, as shown in
Figure 4:
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Fig 4.
Supply voltage with respect to sampling and comparing rate
In an application, where during power-down, the current consumption on pin VDD is
• in the range of a few A a capacitor of 100 nF on pin VDD is enough to allow a slow
power-down and the proper functionality of the battery switch-over1
• in the range of a few hundreds of A, the value of the capacitor on pin VDD must be
increased to force a falling gradient of less than 0.7 V/ms on pin VDD to assure the
proper functionality of the battery switch-over2
• higher than some mA it is recommended to add an RC network on the VDD pin, as
shown in Figure 5.
A series resistor of 330  and a capacitor of 6.8 F assure the proper functionality of the
battery switch-over even with very fast VDD slope.
Note that:
• it is not suggested to assemble a series resistor higher than 1 k because it would
cause a large voltage drop
• lower values of capacitors are possible, depending on the VDD slope in the
application.
1.
Like in the case of no interface activity and/or early power fail detection functions that allow the microcontroller to perform early
backup operations and to set power-down modes.
2.
Like in the case of interface activity.
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
5
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Fig 5.
RC network on pin VDD
5.4 Timestamp applications
The most common application of the timestamp function is a tamper detection: date and
time are stored when the cover of the equipment is opened. A push button is attached to
the cover in such a way, that when the cover is opened, the button is pushed (mechanical
connection); the button is connected to the timestamp input pin so that when the button is
pushed, the timestamp circuit detects the event, sets a flag and stores the date and time
in internal registers.
The timestamp function integrated in the PCA2129 and PCF2129 allows double tamper
detection in an application, although with a single timestamp input pin. Two push-buttons
can be connected to the timestamp input pin. Time and date are stored when one of the
push-buttons is pushed.
A typical application is an electrical meter, where one cover protects the terminal (terminal
case) and another cover protects the electronics (electronic case) and an opening of each
of them should be registered.
Figure 6 shows the double tamper detection application.
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(1) When using switches or push-buttons, it is recommended to connect a 1 nF capacitance to the TS
pin to ensure proper switching.
Fig 6.
AN11186
Application note
Tamper detection circuit with two push-buttons
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
• When cover 1 is opened, the push button 1 is closed and the TS pin is driven to the
V DD
R2
intermediate level V TS_n = --------------------  V DD  ---------- . For proper functionality
2
R1 + R2
R2 = 220 k with a maximum variation of 5 %, and a low resistive push button must
be used.
Event 1: TSF1 is set, date and time is registered.
• When cover 2 is opened, the push button 2 is closed and the TS pin is driven to
ground.
Event 2: TSF1 and TSF2 are both set, date and time is registered.
5.5 Timekeeping applications
For using the time keeping functions of the PCA2129 and PCF2129, see Figure 7:
• CLKOUT is disabled (COF[2:0] = 111)
• The power management functions are disabled (PWRMNG[2:0] = 111) and pin VBAT is
tied to ground
• The timestamp detection is disabled (TSOFF = 1)
Timekeeping is very accurate due to the temperature compensation. The power
consumption is minimized.
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Fig 7.
Application diagram: timekeeping
If CLKOUT is enabled during time keeping as described in Section 5.6 to Section 5.10,
the best accuracy is achieved if a CLKOUT frequency other than the default value of
32.768 kHz is selected.
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5.6 Timekeeping and CLKOUT
Figure 8 shows the PCA2129 and PCF2129 used for timekeeping and CLKOUT
functions:
• CLKOUT is connected to VDD using a pull-up resistor
• CLKOUT is enabled at 32.768 kHz by default after start-up (COF[2:0] = 000)
• The power management functions are disabled (PWRMNG[2:0] = 111) and pin VBAT is
tied to ground
• The timestamp detection is disabled (TSOFF = 1)
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Fig 8.
AN11186
Application note
Application diagram: timekeeping and CLKOUT
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
5.7 Timekeeping, CLKOUT and power management
For using the timekeeping and power management functions of the PCA2129 and
PCF2129, see Figure 9:
•
•
•
•
CLKOUT is connected to VDD using a pull-up resistor
CLKOUT is enabled at 32.768 kHz by default after start-up (COF[2:0] = 000)
A battery is attached to the VBAT pin
The battery switch-over and the battery low detection functions are enabled by default
(PWRMNG[2:0] = 000)
• The timestamp detection is disabled (TSOFF = 1)
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Fig 9.
AN11186
Application note
Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT and power management
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
5.8 Timekeeping, CLKOUT and timestamp
Figure 10 shows the PCA2129 and PCF2129 used for timekeeping, CLKOUT and
timestamp functions:
• CLKOUT is connected to VDD using a pull-up resistor
• CLKOUT is enabled at 32.768 kHz by default after start-up (COF[2:0] = 000)
• The power management functions are disabled (PWRMNG[2:0] = 111) and pin VBAT is
tied to ground
• The timestamp detection is enabled by default (TSOFF = 0), see Figure 6
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Fig 10. Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT and timestamp
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
5.9 Timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management and timestamp
For using the timekeeping, power management, CLKOUT and timestamp functions of the
PCA2129 and PCF2129, see Figure 11:
•
•
•
•
CLKOUT is connected to VDD using a pull-up resistor
CLKOUT is enabled at 32.768 kHz by default after start-up (COF[2:0] = 000)
A battery is attached to the VBAT pin, see Section 5.3
The battery switch-over and the battery low detection functions are enabled by default
(PWRMNG[2:0] = 000)
• The timestamp detection is enabled by default (TSOFF = 0), see Figure 6
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Fig 11. Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management and timestamp
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5.10 Timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management, timestamp, battery
connected and supply of an external device
Figure 12 shows the PCA2129 and PCF2129 used for timekeeping, power management,
CLKOUT with a battery connected and supplying an external device:
•
•
•
•
CLKOUT is connected to VDD using a pull-up resistor
CLKOUT is enabled at 32.768 kHz by default after start-up (COF[2:0] = 000)
A battery is attached to the VBAT pin
The battery switch-over and the battery low detection functions are enabled by default
(PWRMNG[2:0] = 000), see Section 5.3
• The timestamp detection is enabled by default (TSOFF = 0), see Figure 6
• BBS supplies an external device (SRAM)
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&/.287
966
966
Q) 65$0
9''
Q)
%DWW
Q)
966
DDD
Fig 12. Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management, timestamp,
battery connected and supply of an external device
For using the PCA2129 and PCF2129 for timekeeping, power management, CLKOUT
with a battery connected and supplying a microcontroller, see Figure 13:
•
•
•
•
CLKOUT is connected to VDD using a pull-up resistor
CLKOUT is enabled at 32.768 kHz by default after start-up (COF[2:0] = 000)
A battery is attached to the VBAT pin
The battery switch-over and the battery low detection functions are enabled by default
(PWRMNG[2:0] = 000)
• The timestamp detection is enabled by default (TSOFF = 0)
• BBS supplies a microcontroller (see Figure 13)
AN11186
Application note
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
19 of 25
AN11186
NXP Semiconductors
Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
9''
9%%6
538
538
IURP3&[
,17
6&/
6&/
9''
6',
6',
9%$7
6'2
6'2
&(
,)6
,17
%%6
6'$&(
0&8
WRWKH0&8
,17
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&/.287
966
Q)
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966
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Fig 13. Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management, timestamp, battery connected and
supply of a microcontroller
6. Abbreviations
Table 5.
AN11186
Application note
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CMOS
Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
I2 C
Inter-Integrated Circuit
IC
Integrated Circuit
MCU
Microcontroller Unit
PCB
Printed-Circuit Board
PPM
Parts Per Million
RAM
Random Access Memory
RTC
Real-Time Clock
SMD
Surface Mount Device
SPI
Serial Peripheral Interface
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory
TCXO
Temperature Compensated Xtal Oscillator
Xtal
crystal
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
20 of 25
AN11186
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
7. References
AN11186
Application note
[1]
AN10365 — Surface mount reflow soldering description
[2]
IEC 61340-5 — Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena
[3]
IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020 — Moisture/Reflow Sensitivity Classification for
Nonhermetic Solid State Surface Mount Devices
[4]
JESD625-A — Requirements for Handling Electrostatic-Discharge-Sensitive
(ESDS) Devices
[5]
PCA2129 — Automotive accurate RTC with integrated quartz crystal, Data Sheet
[6]
PCF2129 — Accurate RTC with integrated quartz crystal for industrial applications,
Data Sheet
[7]
UM10204 — I2C-bus specification and user manual
[8]
UM10301 — User Manual for NXP Real-Time Clocks PCF85x3, PCA8565 and
PCF2123, PCA2125
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
21 of 25
AN11186
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
8. Legal information
8.1
Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
8.2
Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
AN11186
Application note
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
8.3
Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
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AN11186
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Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
9. Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
CLKOUT frequency selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Temperature measurement interval . . . . . . . . . .5
Values of reflow temperature profile . . . . . . . . .8
Typical frequency correction at 25 °C . . . . . . .10
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
AN11186
Application note
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Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
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23 of 25
AN11186
NXP Semiconductors
Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
10. Figures
Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 4.
Fig 5.
Fig 6.
Fig 7.
Fig 8.
Fig 9.
Fig 10.
Fig 11.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Typical characteristic of frequency with respect to
temperature of PCF2129AT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Typical characteristic of frequency with respect to
temperature of PCA2129T and PCF2129T . . . . . .4
Reflow temperature profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Supply voltage with respect to sampling and
comparing rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
RC network on pin VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Tamper detection circuit with two push-buttons . .13
Application diagram: timekeeping . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Application diagram: timekeeping and CLKOUT .15
Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT and
power management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT and
timestamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT, power
management and timestamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT, power
management, timestamp, battery connected and
supply of an external device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
Application diagram: timekeeping, CLKOUT, power
management, timestamp, battery connected and
supply of a microcontroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
AN11186
Application note
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 18 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
24 of 25
AN11186
NXP Semiconductors
Application and soldering information for the PCA2129 and PCF2129
11. Contents
1
2
3
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
5
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
6
7
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
9
10
11
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Frequency stability and time accuracy . . . . . . 4
Frequency measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Introduction to reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Reflow soldering of PCA2129 and PCF2129 . . 7
Effect of reflow soldering on the frequency
characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Frequency correction after reflow soldering . . . 9
Optimization at room temperature . . . . . . . . . 10
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Assembly recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
General application information . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Current consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Battery switch-over applications . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Timestamp applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Timekeeping applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Timekeeping and CLKOUT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Timekeeping, CLKOUT and power management.
16
Timekeeping, CLKOUT and timestamp . . . . . 17
Timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management and
timestamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Timekeeping, CLKOUT, power management,
timestamp, battery connected and supply of an
external device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 18 December 2014
Document identifier: AN11186
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