Data Sheet

PCA9685
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA9685 is an I2C-bus controlled 16-channel LED controller optimized for
Red/Green/Blue/Amber (RGBA) color backlighting applications. Each LED output has its
own 12-bit resolution (4096 steps) fixed frequency individual PWM controller that operates
at a programmable frequency from a typical of 24 Hz to 1526 Hz with a duty cycle that is
adjustable from 0 % to 100 % to allow the LED to be set to a specific brightness value.
All outputs are set to the same PWM frequency.
Each LED output can be off or on (no PWM control), or set at its individual PWM controller
value. The LED output driver is programmed to be either open-drain with a 25 mA current
sink capability at 5 V or totem pole with a 25 mA sink, 10 mA source capability at 5 V. The
PCA9685 operates with a supply voltage range of 2.3 V to 5.5 V and the inputs and
outputs are 5.5 V tolerant. LEDs can be directly connected to the LED output (up to
25 mA, 5.5 V) or controlled with external drivers and a minimum amount of discrete
components for larger current or higher voltage LEDs.
The PCA9685 is in the new Fast-mode Plus (Fm+) family. Fm+ devices offer higher
frequency (up to 1 MHz) and more densely populated bus operation (up to 4000 pF).
Although the PCA9635 and PCA9685 have many similar features, the PCA9685 has
some unique features that make it more suitable for applications such as LCD or LED
backlighting and Ambilight:
• The PCA9685 allows staggered LED output on and off times to minimize current
surges. The on and off time delay is independently programmable for each of the
16 channels. This feature is not available in PCA9635.
• The PCA9685 has 4096 steps (12-bit PWM) of individual LED brightness control. The
PCA9635 has only 256 steps (8-bit PWM).
• When multiple LED controllers are incorporated in a system, the PWM pulse widths
between multiple devices may differ if PCA9635s are used. The PCA9685 has a
programmable prescaler to adjust the PWM pulse widths of multiple devices.
• The PCA9685 has an external clock input pin that will accept user-supplied clock
(50 MHz max.) in place of the internal 25 MHz oscillator. This feature allows
synchronization of multiple devices. The PCA9635 does not have external clock input
feature.
• Like the PCA9635, PCA9685 also has a built-in oscillator for the PWM control.
However, the frequency used for PWM control in the PCA9685 is adjustable from
about 24 Hz to 1526 Hz as compared to the typical 97.6 kHz frequency of the
PCA9635. This allows the use of PCA9685 with external power supply controllers. All
bits are set at the same frequency.
• The Power-On Reset (POR) default state of LEDn output pins is LOW in the case of
PCA9685. It is HIGH for PCA9635.
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
The active LOW Output Enable input pin (OE) allows asynchronous control of the LED
outputs and can be used to set all the outputs to a defined I2C-bus programmable logic
state. The OE can also be used to externally ‘pulse width modulate’ the outputs, which is
useful when multiple devices need to be dimmed or blinked together using software
control.
Software programmable LED All Call and three Sub Call I2C-bus addresses allow all or
defined groups of PCA9685 devices to respond to a common I2C-bus address, allowing
for example, all red LEDs to be turned on or off at the same time or marquee chasing
effect, thus minimizing I2C-bus commands. Six hardware address pins allow up to
62 devices on the same bus.
The Software Reset (SWRST) General Call allows the master to perform a reset of the
PCA9685 through the I2C-bus, identical to the Power-On Reset (POR) that initializes the
registers to their default state causing the outputs to be set LOW. This allows an easy and
quick way to reconfigure all device registers to the same condition via software.
2. Features and benefits
 16 LED drivers. Each output programmable at:
 Off
 On
 Programmable LED brightness
 Programmable LED turn-on time to help reduce EMI
 1 MHz Fast-mode Plus compatible I2C-bus interface with 30 mA high drive capability
on SDA output for driving high capacitive buses
 4096-step (12-bit) linear programmable brightness per LED output varying from fully
off (default) to maximum brightness
 LED output frequency (all LEDs) typically varies from 24 Hz to 1526 Hz (Default of 1Eh
in PRE_SCALE register results in a 200 Hz refresh rate with oscillator clock of
25 MHz.)
 Sixteen totem pole outputs (sink 25 mA and source 10 mA at 5 V) with software
programmable open-drain LED outputs selection (default at totem pole). No input
function.
 Output state change programmable on the Acknowledge or the STOP Command to
update outputs byte-by-byte or all at the same time (default to ‘Change on STOP’).
 Active LOW Output Enable (OE) input pin. LEDn outputs programmable to logic 1,
logic 0 (default at power-up) or ‘high-impedance’ when OE is HIGH.
 6 hardware address pins allow 62 PCA9685 devices to be connected to the same
I2C-bus
 Toggling OE allows for hardware LED blinking
 4 software programmable I2C-bus addresses (one LED All Call address and three LED
Sub Call addresses) allow groups of devices to be addressed at the same time in any
combination (for example, one register used for ‘All Call’ so that all the PCA9685s on
the I2C-bus can be addressed at the same time and the second register used for three
different addresses so that 1⁄3 of all devices on the bus can be addressed at the same
time in a group). Software enable and disable for these I2C-bus address.
 Software Reset feature (SWRST General Call) allows the device to be reset through
the I2C-bus
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
2 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller












25 MHz typical internal oscillator requires no external components
External 50 MHz (max.) clock input
Internal power-on reset
Noise filter on SDA/SCL inputs
Edge rate control on outputs
No output glitches on power-up
Supports hot insertion
Low standby current
Operating power supply voltage range of 2.3 V to 5.5 V
5.5 V tolerant inputs
40 C to +85 C operation
ESD protection exceeds 2000 V HBM per JESD22-A114, 200 V MM per
JESD22-A115 and 1000 V CDM per JESD22-C101
 Latch-up testing is done to JEDEC Standard JESD78 which exceeds 100 mA
 Packages offered: TSSOP28, HVQFN28
3. Applications





PCA9685
Product data sheet
RGB or RGBA LED drivers
LED status information
LED displays
LCD backlights
Keypad backlights for cellular phones or handheld devices
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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3 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
4. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Topside mark
Package
Name
Description
Version
PCA9685PW
PCA9685PW
TSSOP28
plastic thin shrink small outline package;
28 leads; body width 4.4 mm
SOT361-1
PCA9685PW/Q900[1]
PCA9685PW
TSSOP28
plastic thin shrink small outline package;
28 leads; body width 4.4 mm
SOT361-1
PCA9685BS
P9685
HVQFN28
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat
package; no leads; 28 terminals;
body 6  6  0.85 mm
SOT788-1
[1]
PCA9685PW/Q900 is AEC-Q100 compliant. Contact [email protected] for PPAP.
4.1 Ordering options
Table 2.
Ordering options
Type number
Orderable
part number
Package
Packing method
PCA9685PW
PCA9685PW,118
TSSOP28
REEL 13" Q1/T1
2500
*STANDARD MARK
SMD
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C
PCA9685PW/Q900
PCA9685PW/Q900,118 TSSOP28
REEL 13" Q1/T1
2500
*STANDARD MARK
SMD
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C
PCA9685BS
PCA9685BS,118
REEL 13" Q1/T1
4000
*STANDARD MARK
SMD
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C
PCA9685
Product data sheet
HVQFN28
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
Minimum
order
quantity
Temperature
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
5. Block diagram
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
PCA9685
SCL
INPUT FILTER
SDA
I2C-BUS
CONTROL
POWER-ON
RESET
VDD
VDD
VSS
LED
STATE
SELECT
REGISTER
PRESCALE
25 MHz
OSCILLATOR
EXTCLK
PWM
REGISTER X
BRIGHTNESS
CONTROL
LEDn
MUX/
CONTROL
CLOCK
SWITCH
'0' – permanently OFF
'1' – permanently ON
OE
002aac824
Remark: Only one LED output shown for clarity.
Fig 1.
Block diagram of PCA9685
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
6. Pinning information
LED2
8
LED3
9
20 LED13
LED4 10
19 LED12
LED5 11
18 LED11
LED6 12
17 LED10
LED7 13
16 LED9
VSS 14
15 LED8
PCA9685PW
PCA9685PW/Q900
22 LED15
21 LED14
1
21 A5
A4
2
20 OE
LED0
3
LED1
4
LED2
5
17 LED13
LED3
6
16 LED12
LED4
7
15 LED11
19 LED15
PCA9685BS
18 LED14
002aad236
Transparent top view
002aac825
Fig 2.
22 EXTCLK
7
23 SCL
LED1
A3
LED9 13
23 OE
LED10 14
6
25 VDD
24 SDA
24 A5
LED0
LED8 12
25 EXTCLK
5
26 A0
4
A4
VSS 11
A3
terminal 1
index area
LED7 10
26 SCL
28 A2
3
9
27 SDA
A2
8
28 VDD
2
LED6
1
A1
LED5
A0
27 A1
6.1 Pinning
Pin configuration for TSSOP28
Fig 3.
Pin configuration for HVQFN28
6.2 Pin description
Table 3.
Symbol
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Pin description
Pin
Type
Description
26
I
address input 0
2
27
I
address input 1
A2
3
28
I
address input 2
A3
4
1
I
address input 3
A4
5
2
I
address input 4
LED0
6
3
O
LED driver 0
LED1
7
4
O
LED driver 1
LED2
8
5
O
LED driver 2
LED3
9
6
O
LED driver 3
LED4
10
7
O
LED driver 4
LED5
11
8
O
LED driver 5
LED6
12
9
O
LED driver 6
LED7
13
10
O
LED driver 7
VSS
14
11[1]
power supply
supply ground
LED8
15
12
O
LED driver 8
LED9
16
13
O
LED driver 9
LED10
17
14
O
LED driver 10
LED11
18
15
O
LED driver 11
TSSOP28
HVQFN28
A0
1
A1
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 3.
Symbol
Pin description …continued
Pin
Type
Description
16
O
LED driver 12
20
17
O
LED driver 13
LED14
21
18
O
LED driver 14
LED15
22
19
O
LED driver 15
OE
23
20
I
active LOW output enable
A5
24
21
I
address input 5
EXTCLK
25
22
I
external clock input[2]
SCL
26
23
I
serial clock line
SDA
27
24
I/O
serial data line
VDD
28
25
power supply
supply voltage
TSSOP28
HVQFN28
LED12
19
LED13
[1]
HVQFN28 package die supply ground is connected to both VSS pin and exposed center pad. VSS pin must
be connected to supply ground for proper device operation. For enhanced thermal, electrical, and board
level performance, the exposed pad needs to be soldered to the board using a corresponding thermal pad
on the board and for proper heat conduction through the board, thermal vias need to be incorporated in the
PCB in the thermal pad region.
[2]
This pin must be grounded when this feature is not used.
7. Functional description
Refer to Figure 1 “Block diagram of PCA9685”.
7.1 Device addresses
Following a START condition, the bus master must output the address of the slave it is
accessing.
There are a maximum of 64 possible programmable addresses using the 6 hardware
address pins. Two of these addresses, Software Reset and LED All Call, cannot be used
because their default power-up state is ON, leaving a maximum of 62 addresses. Using
other reserved addresses, as well as any other subcall address, will reduce the total
number of possible addresses even further.
7.1.1 Regular I2C-bus slave address
The I2C-bus slave address of the PCA9685 is shown in Figure 4. To conserve power, no
internal pull-up resistors are incorporated on the hardware selectable address pins and
they must be pulled HIGH or LOW.
Remark: Using reserved I2C-bus addresses will interfere with other devices, but only if
the devices are on the bus and/or the bus will be open to other I2C-bus systems at some
later date. In a closed system where the designer controls the address assignment these
addresses can be used since the PCA9685 treats them like any other address. The
LED All Call, Software Reset and PCA9564 or PCA9665 slave address (if on the bus) can
never be used for individual device addresses.
• PCA9685 LED All Call address (1110 000) and Software Reset (0000 0110) which are
active on start-up
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
• PCA9564 (0000 000) or PCA9665 (1110 000) slave address which is active on
start-up
• ‘reserved for future use’ I2C-bus addresses (0000 011, 1111 1XX)
• slave devices that use the 10-bit addressing scheme (1111 0XX)
• slave devices that are designed to respond to the General Call address (0000 000)
which is used as the software reset address
• High-speed mode (Hs-mode) master code (0000 1XX)
slave address
1
fixed
Fig 4.
A5
A4
A3
A2
A1
hardware selectable
A0 R/W
002aad168
Slave address
The last bit of the address byte defines the operation to be performed. When set to logic 1
a read is selected, while a logic 0 selects a write operation.
7.1.2 LED All Call I2C-bus address
• Default power-up value (ALLCALLADR register): E0h or 1110 000X
• Programmable through I2C-bus (volatile programming)
• At power-up, LED All Call I2C-bus address is enabled. PCA9685 sends an ACK when
E0h (R/W = 0) or E1h (R/W = 1) is sent by the master.
See Section 7.3.7 “ALLCALLADR, LED All Call I2C-bus address” for more detail.
Remark: The default LED All Call I2C-bus address (E0h or 1110 000X) must not be used
as a regular I2C-bus slave address since this address is enabled at power-up. All the
PCA9685s on the I2C-bus will acknowledge the address if sent by the I2C-bus master.
7.1.3 LED Sub Call I2C-bus addresses
• 3 different I2C-bus addresses can be used
• Default power-up values:
– SUBADR1 register: E2h or 1110 001X
– SUBADR2 register: E4h or 1110 010X
– SUBADR3 register: E8h or 1110 100X
• Programmable through I2C-bus (volatile programming)
• At power-up, Sub Call I2C-bus addresses are disabled. PCA9685 does not send an
ACK when E2h (R/W = 0) or E3h (R/W = 1), E4h (R/W = 0) or E5h (R/W = 1), or
E8h (R/W = 0) or E9h (R/W = 1) is sent by the master.
See Section 7.3.6 “SUBADR1 to SUBADR3, I2C-bus subaddress 1 to 3” for more detail.
Remark: The default LED Sub Call I2C-bus addresses may be used as regular I2C-bus
slave addresses as long as they are disabled.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.1.4 Software Reset I2C-bus address
The address shown in Figure 5 is used when a reset of the PCA9685 needs to be
performed by the master. The Software Reset address (SWRST Call) must be used with
R/W = logic 0. If R/W = logic 1, the PCA9685 does not acknowledge the SWRST. See
Section 7.6 “Software reset” for more detail.
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
002aab416
Fig 5.
Software Reset address
Remark: The Software Reset I2C-bus address is a reserved address and cannot be used
as a regular I2C-bus slave address or as an LED All Call or LED Sub Call address.
7.2 Control register
Following the successful acknowledgement of the slave address, LED All Call address or
LED Sub Call address, the bus master will send a byte to the PCA9685, which will be
stored in the Control register.
This register is used as a pointer to determine which register will be accessed.
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
002aac826
reset state = 00h
Remark: The Control register does not apply to the Software Reset I2C-bus address.
Fig 6.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Control register
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.3 Register definitions
Table 4.
Register summary
Register # Register # D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 Name
(decimal) (hex)
Type
Function
0
00
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
MODE1
read/write
Mode register 1
1
01
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
MODE2
read/write
Mode register 2
2
02
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
SUBADR1
read/write
I2C-bus subaddress 1
3
03
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
SUBADR2
read/write
I2C-bus subaddress 2
4
04
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
SUBADR3
read/write
I2C-bus subaddress 3
5
05
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
ALLCALLADR
read/write
LED All Call I2C-bus
address
6
06
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
LED0_ON_L
read/write
LED0 output and
brightness control byte 0
7
07
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
LED0_ON_H
read/write
LED0 output and
brightness control byte 1
8
08
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
LED0_OFF_L
read/write
LED0 output and
brightness control byte 2
9
09
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
LED0_OFF_H
read/write
LED0 output and
brightness control byte 3
10
0A
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
LED1_ON_L
read/write
LED1 output and
brightness control byte 0
11
0B
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
LED1_ON_H
read/write
LED1 output and
brightness control byte 1
12
0C
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
LED1_OFF_L
read/write
LED1 output and
brightness control byte 2
13
0D
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
LED1_OFF_H
read/write
LED1 output and
brightness control byte 3
14
0E
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
LED2_ON_L
read/write
LED2 output and
brightness control byte 0
15
0F
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
LED2_ON_H
read/write
LED2 output and
brightness control byte 1
16
10
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
LED2_OFF_L
read/write
LED2 output and
brightness control byte 2
17
11
0
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
LED2_OFF_H
read/write
LED2 output and
brightness control byte 3
18
12
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
LED3_ON_L
read/write
LED3 output and
brightness control byte 0
19
13
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
LED3_ON_H
read/write
LED3 output and
brightness control byte 1
20
14
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
LED3_OFF_L
read/write
LED3 output and
brightness control byte 2
21
15
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
LED3_OFF_H
read/write
LED3 output and
brightness control byte 3
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 4.
Register summary …continued
Register # Register # D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 Name
(decimal) (hex)
Type
Function
22
16
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
LED4_ON_L
read/write
LED4 output and
brightness control byte 0
23
17
0
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
LED4_ON_H
read/write
LED4 output and
brightness control byte 1
24
18
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
LED4_OFF_L
read/write
LED4 output and
brightness control byte 2
25
19
0
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
LED4_OFF_H
read/write
LED4 output and
brightness control byte 3
26
1A
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
LED5_ON_L
read/write
LED5 output and
brightness control byte 0
27
1B
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
LED5_ON_H
read/write
LED5 output and
brightness control byte 1
28
1C
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
LED5_OFF_L
read/write
LED5 output and
brightness control byte 2
29
1D
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
LED5_OFF_H
read/write
LED5 output and
brightness control byte 3
30
1E
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
LED6_ON_L
read/write
LED6 output and
brightness control byte 0
31
1F
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
LED6_ON_H
read/write
LED6 output and
brightness control byte 1
32
20
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
LED6_OFF_L
read/write
LED6 output and
brightness control byte 2
33
21
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
LED6_OFF_H
read/write
LED6 output and
brightness control byte 3
34
22
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
LED7_ON_L
read/write
LED7 output and
brightness control byte 0
35
23
0
0
1
0
0
0
1
1
LED7_ON_H
read/write
LED7 output and
brightness control byte 1
36
24
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
LED7_OFF_L
read/write
LED7 output and
brightness control byte 2
37
25
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
LED7_OFF_H
read/write
LED7 output and
brightness control byte 3
38
26
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
LED8_ON_L
read/write
LED8 output and
brightness control byte 0
39
27
0
0
1
0
0
1
1
1
LED8_ON_H
read/write
LED8 output and
brightness control byte 1
40
28
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
LED8_OFF_L
read/write
LED8 output and
brightness control byte 2
41
29
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
LED8_OFF_H
read/write
LED8 output and
brightness control byte 3
PCA9685
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 4.
Register summary …continued
Register # Register # D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 Name
(decimal) (hex)
Type
Function
42
2A
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
LED9_ON_L
read/write
LED9 output and
brightness control byte 0
43
2B
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
LED9_ON_H
read/write
LED9 output and
brightness control byte 1
44
2C
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
0
LED9_OFF_L
read/write
LED9 output and
brightness control byte 2
45
2D
0
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
LED9_OFF_H
read/write
LED9 output and
brightness control byte 3
46
2E
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
0
LED10_ON_L
read/write
LED10 output and
brightness control byte 0
47
2F
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
LED10_ON_H
read/write
LED10 output and
brightness control byte 1
48
30
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
LED10_OFF_L
read/write
LED10 output and
brightness control byte 2
49
31
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
1
LED10_OFF_H
read/write
LED10 output and
brightness control byte 3
50
32
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
0
LED11_ON_L
read/write
LED11 output and
brightness control byte 0
51
33
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
LED11_ON_H
read/write
LED11 output and
brightness control byte 1
52
34
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
LED11_OFF_L
read/write
LED11 output and
brightness control byte 2
53
35
0
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
LED11_OFF_H
read/write
LED11 output and
brightness control byte 3
54
36
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
LED12_ON_L
read/write
LED12 output and
brightness control byte 0
55
37
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
LED12_ON_H
read/write
LED12 output and
brightness control byte 1
56
38
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
0
LED12_OFF_L
read/write
LED12 output and
brightness control byte 2
57
39
0
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
LED12_OFF_H
read/write
LED12 output and
brightness control byte 3
58
3A
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
0
LED13_ON_L
read/write
LED13 output and
brightness control byte 0
59
3B
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
LED13_ON_H
read/write
LED13 output and
brightness control byte 1
60
3C
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
0
LED13_OFF_L
read/write
LED13 output and
brightness control byte 2
61
3D
0
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
LED13_OFF_H
read/write
LED13 output and
brightness control byte 3
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 4.
Register summary …continued
Register # Register # D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 Name
(decimal) (hex)
Type
Function
62
3E
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
LED14_ON_L
read/write
LED14 output and
brightness control byte 0
63
3F
0
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
LED14_ON_H
read/write
LED14 output and
brightness control byte 1
64
40
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
LED14_OFF_L
read/write
LED14 output and
brightness control byte 2
65
41
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
LED14_OFF_H
read/write
LED14 output and
brightness control byte 3
66
42
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
0
LED15_ON_L
read/write
LED15 output and
brightness control byte 0
67
43
0
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
LED15_ON_H
read/write
LED15 output and
brightness control byte 1
68
44
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
0
LED15_OFF_L
read/write
LED15 output and
brightness control byte 2
69
45
0
1
0
0
0
1
0
1
LED15_OFF_H
read/write
LED15 output and
brightness control byte 3
...
reserved for future use
250
FA
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
ALL_LED_ON_L
write/read
zero
load all the LEDn_ON
registers, byte 0
251
FB
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
ALL_LED_ON_H
write/read
zero
load all the LEDn_ON
registers, byte 1
252
FC
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
ALL_LED_OFF_L
write/read
zero
load all the LEDn_OFF
registers, byte 0
253
FD
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
ALL_LED_OFF_H
write/read
zero
load all the LEDn_OFF
registers, byte 1
254
FE
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
PRE_SCALE[1]
read/write
prescaler for PWM output
frequency
255
FF
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
TestMode[2]
read/write
defines the test mode to
be entered
...
All further addresses are reserved for future use; reserved addresses will not be acknowledged.
[1]
Writes to PRE_SCALE register are blocked when SLEEP bit is logic 0 (MODE 1).
[2]
Reserved. Writes to this register may cause unpredictable results.
Remark: Auto Increment past register 69 will point to MODE1 register (register 0).
Auto Increment also works from register 250 to register 254, then rolls over to register 0.
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.3.1 Mode register 1, MODE1
Table 5.
MODE1 - Mode register 1 (address 00h) bit description
Legend: * default value.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7
RESTART
R
Shows state of RESTART logic. See Section 7.3.1.1 for detail.
W
User writes logic 1 to this bit to clear it to logic 0. A user write of logic 0 will have no
effect. See Section 7.3.1.1 for detail.
0*
1
6
EXTCLK
R/W
Description
Restart disabled.
Restart enabled.
To use the EXTCLK pin, this bit must be set by the following sequence:
1. Set the SLEEP bit in MODE1. This turns off the internal oscillator.
2. Write logic 1s to both the SLEEP and EXTCLK bits in MODE1. The switch is
now made. The external clock can be active during the switch because the
SLEEP bit is set.
This bit is a ‘sticky bit’, that is, it cannot be cleared by writing a logic 0 to it. The
EXTCLK bit can only be cleared by a power cycle or software reset.
EXTCLK range is DC to 50 MHz.
EXTCLK
refresh_rate = ------------------------------------------------------4096   prescale + 1 
0*
Use internal clock.
1
Use EXTCLK pin clock.
Register Auto-Increment disabled[1].
5
AI
R/W
0*
1
Register Auto-Increment enabled.
4
SLEEP
R/W
0
Normal mode[2].
1*
Low power mode. Oscillator off[3][4].
0*
PCA9685 does not respond to I2C-bus subaddress 1.
1
PCA9685 responds to I2C-bus subaddress 1.
0*
PCA9685 does not respond to I2C-bus subaddress 2.
1
PCA9685 responds to I2C-bus subaddress 2.
0*
PCA9685 does not respond to I2C-bus subaddress 3.
1
PCA9685 responds to I2C-bus subaddress 3.
0
PCA9685 does not respond to LED All Call I2C-bus address.
1*
PCA9685 responds to LED All Call I2C-bus address.
3
SUB1
2
SUB2
1
SUB3
0
ALLCALL
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
[1]
When the Auto Increment flag is set, AI = 1, the Control register is automatically incremented after a read or write. This allows the user
to program the registers sequentially.
[2]
It takes 500 s max. for the oscillator to be up and running once SLEEP bit has been set to logic 0. Timings on LEDn outputs are not
guaranteed if PWM control registers are accessed within the 500 s window. There is no start-up delay required when using the
EXTCLK pin as the PWM clock.
[3]
No PWM control is possible when the oscillator is off.
[4]
When the oscillator is off (Sleep mode) the LEDn outputs cannot be turned on, off or dimmed/blinked.
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.3.1.1
Restart mode
If the PCA9685 is operating and the user decides to put the chip to sleep (setting MODE1
bit 4) without stopping any of the PWM channels, the RESTART bit (MODE1 bit 7) will be
set to logic 1 at the end of the PWM refresh cycle. The contents of each PWM register are
held valid when the clock is off.
To restart all of the previously active PWM channels with a few I2C-bus cycles do the
following steps:
1. Read MODE1 register.
2. Check that bit 7 (RESTART) is a logic 1. If it is, clear bit 4 (SLEEP). Allow time for
oscillator to stabilize (500 s).
3. Write logic 1 to bit 7 of MODE1 register. All PWM channels will restart and the
RESTART bit will clear.
Remark: The SLEEP bit must be logic 0 for at least 500 s, before a logic 1 is written into
the RESTART bit.
Other actions that will clear the RESTART bit are:
1. Power cycle.
2. I2C Software Reset command.
3. If the MODE2 OCH bit is logic 0, write to any PWM register then issue an I2C-bus
STOP.
4. If the MODE2 OCH bit is logic 1, write to all four PWM registers in any PWM channel.
Likewise, if the user does an orderly shutdown1 of all the PWM channels before setting
the SLEEP bit, the RESTART bit will be cleared. If this is done the contents of all PWM
registers are invalidated and must be reloaded before reuse.
An example of the use of the RESTART bit would be the restoring of a customer’s laptop
LCD backlight intensity coming out of Standby to the level it was before going into
Standby.
1.
Two methods can be used to do an orderly shutdown. The fastest is to write a logic 1 to bit 4 in register ALL_LED_OFF_H. The
other method is to write logic 1 to bit 4 in each active PWM channel LEDn_OFF_H register.
PCA9685
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.3.2 Mode register 2, MODE2
Table 6.
MODE2 - Mode register 2 (address 01h) bit description
Legend: * default value.
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
7 to 5
-
read only
000*
reserved
4
INVRT[1]
R/W
0*
Output logic state not inverted. Value to use when external driver used.
Applicable when OE = 0.
1
Output logic state inverted. Value to use when no external driver used.
Applicable when OE = 0.
0*
Outputs change on STOP command[2].
1
Outputs change on ACK[3].
The 16 LEDn outputs are configured with an open-drain structure.
3
OCH
R/W
Description
2
OUTDRV[1]
R/W
0
1*
The 16 LEDn outputs are configured with a totem pole structure.
1 to 0
OUTNE[1:0][4]
R/W
00*
When OE = 1 (output drivers not enabled), LEDn = 0.
01
When OE = 1 (output drivers not enabled):
LEDn = 1 when OUTDRV = 1
LEDn = high-impedance when OUTDRV = 0 (same as OUTNE[1:0] = 10)
1X
When OE = 1 (output drivers not enabled), LEDn = high-impedance.
[1]
See Section 7.7 “Using the PCA9685 with and without external drivers” for more details. Normal LEDs can be driven directly in either
mode. Some newer LEDs include integrated Zener diodes to limit voltage transients, reduce EMI, protect the LEDs and these must be
driven only in the open-drain mode to prevent overheating the IC. Power on reset default state of LEDn output pins is LOW.
[2]
Change of the outputs at the STOP command allows synchronizing outputs of more than one PCA9685. Applicable to registers from
06h (LED0_ON_L) to 45h (LED15_OFF_H) only. 1 or more registers can be written, in any order, before STOP.
[3]
Update on ACK requires all 4 PWM channel registers to be loaded before outputs will change on the last ACK.
[4]
See Section 7.4 “Active LOW output enable input” for more details.
7.3.3 LED output and PWM control
The turn-on time of each LED driver output and the duty cycle of PWM can be controlled
independently using the LEDn_ON and LEDn_OFF registers.
There will be two 12-bit registers per LED output. These registers will be programmed by
the user. Both registers will hold a value from 0 to 4095. One 12-bit register will hold a
value for the ON time and the other 12-bit register will hold the value for the OFF time. The
ON and OFF times are compared with the value of a 12-bit counter that will be running
continuously from 0000h to 0FFFh (0 to 4095 decimal).
Update on ACK requires all 4 PWM channel registers to be loaded before outputs will
change on the last ACK.
The ON time, which is programmable, will be the time the LED output will be asserted and
the OFF time, which is also programmable, will be the time when the LED output will be
negated. In this way, the phase shift becomes completely programmable. The resolution
for the phase shift is 1⁄4096 of the target frequency. Table 7 lists these registers.
The following two examples illustrate how to calculate values to be loaded into these
registers.
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Example 1: (assumes that the LED0 output is used and
(delay time) + (PWM duty cycle)  100 %)
Delay time = 10 %; PWM duty cycle = 20 % (LED on time = 20 %; LED off time = 80 %).
Delay time = 10 % = 409.6 ~ 410 counts = 19Ah.
Since the counter starts at 0 and ends at 4095, we will subtract 1, so delay time = 199h
counts.
LED0_ON_H = 1h; LED0_ON_L = 99h (LED start turn on after this delay count to
409)
LED on time = 20 % = 819.2 ~ 819 counts.
LED off time = 4CCh (decimal 410 + 819  1 = 1228)
LED0_OFF_H = 4h; LED0_OFF_L = CCh (LED start turn off after this count to 1228)
STOP
819
0
(LED ON)
4095 0
4095 0
4095 0
LED OFF
example 1
LEDn_ON
409
LEDn_OFF
409
1228
409
1228
409
1228
1228
002aad812
Fig 7.
LED output, example 1
Example 2: (assumes that the LED4 output is used and
(delay time) + (PWM duty cycle > 100 %)
Delay time = 90 %; PWM duty cycle = 90 % (LED on time = 90 %; LED off time = 10 %).
Delay time = 90 % = 3686.4 ~ 3686 counts  1 = 3685 = E65h.
LED4_ON_H = Eh; LED4_ON_L = 65h (LED start turn on after this delay count to
3685)
LED on time = 90 % = 3686 counts.
Since the delay time and LED on period of the duty cycle is greater than 4096 counts,
the LEDn_OFF count will occur in the next frame. Therefore, 4096 is subtracted from
the LEDn_OFF count to get the correct LEDn_OFF count. See Figure 9, Figure 10 and
Figure 11.
LED off time = CCBh (decimal 3685 + 3686 = 7372  4096 = 3275)
LED4_OFF_H = Ch; LED4_OFF_L = CBh (LED start turn off after this count to 3275)
STOP
0
4095 0
4095 0
4095 0
LED ON (90 %)
example 2
LEDn_ON
3685
LEDn_OFF
3685
3275
3685
3275
002aad813
Fig 8.
LED output, example 2
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
STOP
0
4095 0
4095 0
4095 0
example 1
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
511
511
511
3071
3071
3071
example 2
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
2047
2047
767
2047
767
example 3
LEDn_ON
example 4
1023
off
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
1023
1023
002aad193
Example 1: LEDn_ON (511) < LEDn_OFF (3071)
Example 2: LEDn_ON (2047) > LEDn_OFF (767)
Example 3: LEDn_ON[12] = 1; LEDn_ON[11:0] = 1022; LEDn_OFF[12] = 0; LEDn_OFF[11:0] = don’t care
Example 4: LEDn_ON[12] = 0; LEDn_OFF[12] = 0; LEDn_ON[11:0] = LEDn_OFF[11:0]
Fig 9.
Output example
PCA9685
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
STOP
0
4095 0
4095 0
register(s) updated in this cycle
4095 0
output(s) updated in this cycle
example 1
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
511
511
511
3071
1023
1023
3071
767
1023
767
1023
example 2
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
511
example 3
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
511
3071
3071
example 4
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
1023
off
511
3071
002aad194
Example 1: LEDn_ON unchanged and LEDn_OFF decreased.
Example 2: LEDn_ON increased and LEDn_OFF decreased.
Example 3: LEDn_ON made > LEDn_OFF.
Example 4: LEDn_OFF[12] set to 1.
Fig 10. Update examples when LEDn_ON < LEDn_OFF
PCA9685
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
4095 0
4095 0
4095 0
NXP Semiconductors
PCA9685
Product data sheet
STOP
0
4095 0
output(s) updated in this cycle
register(s) updated in this cycle
example 1
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
3071
3071
1023
511
example 2
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
3071
3413
1023
3413
511
511
example 3
1023
3071
3413
3071
3413
on
example 4
off
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
002aad195
Example 1: LEDn_ON unchanged and LEDn_OFF decreased, but delay still > LEDn_OFF
Example 2: LEDn_ON changed and LEDn_OFF changed, but delay still > LEDn_OFF
Example 3: LEDn_ON unchanged and LEDn_OFF increased where LEDn_ON < LEDn_OFF
Example 4: LEDn_ON[12] = 1 and LEDn_OFF[12] changed from 0 to 1
Fig 11. Update examples when LEDn_ON > LEDn_OFF
PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
3071
LEDn_ON
LEDn_OFF
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 7.
LED_ON, LED_OFF control registers (address 06h to 45h) bit description
Legend: * default value.
Address
Register
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
06h
LED0_ON_L
7:0
LED0_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED0, 8 LSBs
07h
LED0_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED0_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED0_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED0, 4 MSBs
LED0 full ON
0*
08h
LED0_OFF_L
7:0
LED0_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED0, 8 LSBs
09h
LED0_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED0_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED0_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED0 full OFF
1*
0Ah
LED1_ON_L
7:0
LED1_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED1, 8 LSBs
0Bh
LED1_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED1_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED1_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED1, 4 MSBs
LED1 full ON
0*
0Ch
LED1_OFF_L
7:0
LED1_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED1, 8 LSBs
0Dh
LED1_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED1_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED1_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED1 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED1, 4 MSBs
0Eh
LED2_ON_L
7:0
LED2_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED2, 8 LSBs
0Fh
LED2_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED2_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED2_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED2, 4 MSBs
LED2 full ON
0*
10h
LED2_OFF_L
7:0
LED2_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED2, 8 LSBs
11h
LED2_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED2_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED2_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED2 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED2, 4 MSBs
12h
LED3_ON_L
7:0
LED3_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED3, 8 LSBs
13h
LED3_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED3_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED3_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED3, 4 MSBs
LED3 full ON
0*
14h
LED3_OFF_L
7:0
LED3_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED3, 8 LSBs
15h
LED3_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED3_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED3_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED3 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED3, 4 MSBs
16h
LED4_ON_L
7:0
LED4_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED4, 8 LSBs
17h
LED4_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED4_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED4_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
PCA9685
Product data sheet
LED4 full ON
0*
0000*
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
LEDn_ON count for LED4, 4 MSBs
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
21 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 7.
LED_ON, LED_OFF control registers (address 06h to 45h) bit description …continued
Legend: * default value.
Address
Register
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
18h
LED4_OFF_L
7:0
LED4_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED4, 8 LSBs
19h
LED4_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED4_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED4_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED4 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED4, 4 MSBs
1Ah
LED5_ON_L
7:0
LED5_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED5, 8 LSBs
1Bh
LED5_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED5_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED5_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED5, 4 MSBs
LED5 full ON
0*
1Ch
LED5_OFF_L
7:0
LED5_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED5, 8 LSBs
1Dh
LED5_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED5_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED5_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED5 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED5, 4 MSBs
1Eh
LED6_ON_L
7:0
LED6_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED6, 8 LSBs
1Fh
LED6_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED6_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED6_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED6, 4 MSBs
LED6 full ON
0*
20h
LED6_OFF_L
7:0
LED6_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED6, 8 LSBs
21h
LED6_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED6_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED6_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED6 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED6, 4 MSBs
22h
LED7_ON_L
7:0
LED7_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED7, 8 LSBs
23h
LED7_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED7_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED7_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED7, 4 MSBs
LED7 full ON
0*
24h
LED7_OFF_L
7:0
LED7_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED7, 8 LSBs
25h
LED7_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED7_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED7_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED7 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED7, 4 MSBs
26h
LED8_ON_L
7:0
LED8_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED8, 8 LSBs
27h
LED8_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED8_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED8_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED8, 4 MSBs
LED8 full ON
0*
28h
LED8_OFF_L
7:0
LED8_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED8, 8 LSBs
29h
LED8_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED8_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED8_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
PCA9685
Product data sheet
LED8 full OFF
1*
0000*
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
LEDn_OFF count for LED8, 4 MSBs
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
22 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 7.
LED_ON, LED_OFF control registers (address 06h to 45h) bit description …continued
Legend: * default value.
Address
Register
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
2Ah
LED9_ON_L
7:0
LED9_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED9, 8 LSBs
2Bh
LED9_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED9_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED9_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED9, 4 MSBs
LED9 full ON
0*
2Ch
LED9_OFF_L
7:0
LED9_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED9, 8 LSBs
2Dh
LED9_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED9_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED9_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED9, 4 MSBs
LED9 full OFF
1*
2Eh
LED10_ON_L
7:0
LED10_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED10, 8 LSBs
2Fh
LED10_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED10_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED10_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED10, 4 MSBs
LED10 full ON
0*
30h
LED10_OFF_L
7:0
LED10_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED10, 8 LSBs
31h
LED10_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED10_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED10_OFF_H[3:0] R/W
LED10 full OFF
1*
0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED10, 4 MSBs
32h
LED11_ON_L
7:0
LED11_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED11, 8 LSBs
33h
LED11_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED11_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED11_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED11, 4 MSBs
LED11 full ON
0*
34h
LED11_OFF_L
7:0
LED11_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED11, 8 LSBs
35h
LED11_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED11_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED11_OFF_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LED11 full OFF
1*
LEDn_OFF count for LED11, 4 MSBs
36h
LED12_ON_L
7:0
LED12_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED12, 8 LSBs
37h
LED12_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED12_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED12_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED12, 4 MSBs
LED12 full ON
0*
38h
LED12_OFF_L
7:0
LED12_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED12, 8 LSBs
39h
LED12_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED12_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED12_OFF_H[3:0] R/W
LED12 full OFF
1*
0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED12, 4 MSBs
3Ah
LED13_ON_L
7:0
LED13_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED13, 8 LSBs
3Bh
LED13_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED13_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED13_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
PCA9685
Product data sheet
LED13 full ON
0*
0000*
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
LEDn_ON count for LED13, 4 MSBs
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
23 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 7.
LED_ON, LED_OFF control registers (address 06h to 45h) bit description …continued
Legend: * default value.
Address
Register
Bit
Symbol
Access
Value
Description
3Ch
LED13_OFF_L
7:0
LED13_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED13, 8 LSBs
3Dh
LED13_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED13_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED13_OFF_H[3:0] R/W
LED13 full OFF
1*
0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED13, 4 MSBs
3Eh
LED14_ON_L
7:0
LED14_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED14, 8 LSBs
3Fh
LED14_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED14_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED14_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED14, 4 MSBs
LED14 full ON
0*
40h
LED14_OFF_L
7:0
LED14_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED14, 8 LSBs
41h
LED14_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED14_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED14_OFF_H[3:0] R/W
LED14 full OFF
1*
0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED14, 4 MSBs
42h
LED15_ON_L
7:0
LED15_ON_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED15, 8 LSBs
43h
LED15_ON_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED15_ON_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED15_ON_H[3:0]
R/W
0000*
LEDn_ON count for LED15, 4 MSBs
LED15 full ON
0*
44h
LED15_OFF_L
7:0
LED15_OFF_L[7:0]
R/W
0000 0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED15, 8 LSBs
45h
LED15_OFF_H
7:5
reserved
R
000*
non-writable
4
LED15_OFF_H[4]
R/W
3:0
LED15_OFF_H[3:0] R/W
LED15 full OFF
1*
0000*
LEDn_OFF count for LED15, 4 MSBs
The LEDn_ON_H output control bit 4, when set to logic 1, causes the output to be always
ON. The turning ON of the LED is delayed by the amount in the LEDn_ON registers.
LEDn_OFF[11:0] are ignored. When this bit = 0, then the LEDn_ON and LEDn_OFF
registers are used according to their normal definition.
The LEDn_OFF_H output control bit 4, when set to logic 1, causes the output to be
always OFF. In this case the values in the LEDn_ON registers are ignored.
Remark: When all LED outputs are configured as ‘always OFF’, the prescale counter and
all associated PWM cycle timing logic are disabled. If LEDn_ON_H[4] and
LEDn_OFF_H[4] are set at the same time, the LEDn_OFF_H[4] function takes
precedence.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
24 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.3.4 ALL_LED_ON and ALL_LED_OFF control
The ALL_LED_ON and ALL_LED_OFF registers allow just four I2C-bus write sequences
to fill all the ON and OFF registers with the same patterns.
Table 8.
ALL_LED_ON and ALL_LED_OFF control registers (address FAh to FEh) bit description
Legend: * default value.
Address Register
Bit Symbol
Access Value
FAh
ALL_LED_ON_L
7:0 ALL_LED_ON_L[7:0]
W only
0000 0000* LEDn_ON count for ALL_LED, 8 MSBs
FBh
ALL_LED_ON_H
7:5 reserved
R
000*
4
W only
ALL_LED_ON_H[4]
3:0 ALL_LED_ON_H[3:0]
FCh
ALL_LED_OFF_L
7:0 ALL_LED_OFF_L[7:0] W only
non-writable
ALL_LED full ON
1*
W only
Description
0000* LEDn_ON count for ALL_LED, 4 MSBs
0000 0000* LEDn_OFF count for ALL_LED,
8 MSBs
FDh
ALL_LED_OFF_H 7:5 reserved
4
R
ALL_LED_OFF_H[4]
non-writable
000*
W only
ALL_LED full OFF
1*
3:0 ALL_LED_OFF_H[3:0] W only
0000* LEDn_OFF count for ALL_LED,
4 MSBs
FEh
PRE_SCALE
7:0 PRE_SCALE[7:0]
R/W
0001 1110* prescaler to program the PWM output
frequency (default is 200 Hz)
The LEDn_ON and LEDn_OFF counts can vary from 0 to 4095. The LEDn_ON and
LEDn_OFF count registers should never be programmed with the same values.
Because the loading of the LEDn_ON and LEDn_OFF registers is via the I2C-bus, and
asynchronous to the internal oscillator, we want to ensure that we do not see any visual
artifacts of changing the ON and OFF values. This is achieved by updating the changes at
the end of the LOW cycle.
7.3.5 PWM frequency PRE_SCALE
The hardware forces a minimum value that can be loaded into the PRE_SCALE register
at ‘3’. The PRE_SCALE register defines the frequency at which the outputs modulate. The
prescale value is determined with the formula shown in Equation 1:
osc_clock
prescale value = round  -------------------------------------------------- – 1
4096  update_rate
(1)
where the update rate is the output modulation frequency required. For example, for an
output default frequency of 200 Hz with an oscillator clock frequency of 25 MHz:
25 MHz
prescale value = round  --------------------------- – 1 = 30  0x1Eh 
 4096  200
(2)
The maximum PWM frequency is 1526 Hz if the PRE_SCALE register is set "0x03h".
The minimum PWM frequency is 24 Hz if the PRE_SCALE register is set "0xFFh".
The PRE_SCALE register can only be set when the SLEEP bit of MODE1 register is set to
logic 1.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
25 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.3.6 SUBADR1 to SUBADR3, I2C-bus subaddress 1 to 3
SUBADR1 to SUBADR3 - I2C-bus subaddress registers 0 to 3 (address 02h to
04h) bit description
Legend: * default value.
Table 9.
Address
Register
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
Description
02h
SUBADR1
7:1
A1[7:1]
R/W
I2C-bus subaddress 1
0
A1[0]
R only
7:1
A2[7:1]
R/W
0
A2[0]
R only
7:1
A3[7:1]
R/W
0
A3[0]
R only
03h
04h
SUBADR2
SUBADR3
1110 001*
0* reserved
I2C-bus subaddress 2
1110 010*
0* reserved
I2C-bus subaddress 3
1110 100*
0* reserved
Subaddresses are programmable through the I2C-bus. Default power-up values are E2h,
E4h, E8h, and the device(s) will not acknowledge these addresses right after power-up
(the corresponding SUBx bit in MODE1 register is equal to 0).
Once subaddresses have been programmed to their right values, SUBx bits need to be
set to logic 1 in order to have the device acknowledging these addresses (MODE1
register).
Only the 7 MSBs representing the I2C-bus subaddress are valid. The LSB in SUBADRx
register is a read-only bit (0).
When SUBx is set to logic 1, the corresponding I2C-bus subaddress can be used during
either an I2C-bus read or write sequence.
7.3.7 ALLCALLADR, LED All Call I2C-bus address
ALLCALLADR - LED All Call I2C-bus address register (address 05h) bit
description
Legend: * default value.
Table 10.
Address
Register
Bit
Symbol
Access Value
Description
05h
ALLCALLADR
7:1
AC[7:1]
R/W
ALLCALL I2C-bus
address register
0
AC[0]
R only
1110 000*
0* reserved
The LED All Call I2C-bus address allows all the PCA9685s in the bus to be programmed
at the same time (ALLCALL bit in register MODE1 must be equal to 1 (power-up default
state)). This address is programmable through the I2C-bus and can be used during either
an I2C-bus read or write sequence. The register address can also be programmed as a
Sub Call.
Only the 7 MSBs representing the All Call I2C-bus address are valid. The LSB in
ALLCALLADR register is a read-only bit (0).
If ALLCALL bit = 0, the device does not acknowledge the address programmed in register
ALLCALLADR.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
26 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.4 Active LOW output enable input
The active LOW output enable (OE) pin, allows to enable or disable all the LED outputs at
the same time.
• When a LOW level is applied to OE pin, all the LED outputs are enabled and follow
the output state defined in the LEDn_ON and LEDn_OFF registers with the polarity
defined by INVRT bit (MODE2 register).
• When a HIGH level is applied to OE pin, all the LED outputs are programmed to the
value that is defined by OUTNE[1:0] in the MODE2 register.
Table 11.
LED outputs when OE = 1
OUTNE1
OUTNE0
LED outputs
0
0
0
0
1
1 if OUTDRV = 1, high-impedance if OUTDRV = 0
1
0
high-impedance
1
1
high-impedance
The OE pin can be used as a synchronization signal to switch on/off several PCA9685
devices at the same time. This requires an external clock reference that provides blinking
period and the duty cycle.
The OE pin can also be used as an external dimming control signal. The frequency of the
external clock must be high enough not to be seen by the human eye, and the duty cycle
value determines the brightness of the LEDs.
7.5 Power-on reset
When power is applied to VDD, an internal power-on reset holds the PCA9685 in a reset
condition until VDD has reached VPOR. At this point, the reset condition is released and the
PCA9685 registers and I2C-bus state machine are initialized to their default states.
Thereafter, VDD must be lowered below 0.2 V to reset the device.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
27 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.6 Software reset
The Software Reset Call (SWRST Call) allows all the devices in the I2C-bus to be reset to
the power-up state value through a specific formatted I2C-bus command. To be performed
correctly, it implies that the I2C-bus is functional and that there is no device hanging the
bus.
The SWRST Call function is defined as the following:
1. A START command is sent by the I2C-bus master.
2. The reserved SWRST I2C-bus address ‘0000 000’ with the R/W bit set to ‘0’ (write) is
sent by the I2C-bus master.
3. The PCA9685 device(s) acknowledge(s) after seeing the General Call address
‘0000 0000’ (00h) only. If the R/W bit is set to ‘1’ (read), no acknowledge is returned to
the I2C-bus master.
4. Once the General Call address has been sent and acknowledged, the master sends
1 byte with 1 specific value (SWRST data byte 1):
a. Byte 1 = 06h: the PCA9685 acknowledges this value only. If byte 1 is not equal to
06h, the PCA9685 does not acknowledge it.
If more than 1 byte of data is sent, the PCA9685 does not acknowledge any more.
5. Once the correct byte (SWRST data byte 1) has been sent and correctly
acknowledged, the master sends a STOP command to end the SWRST Call: the
PCA9685 then resets to the default value (power-up value) and is ready to be
addressed again within the specified bus free time (tBUF).
General Call address
S
0
0
0
0
START condition
0
0
0
SWRST data byte 1
0
A
0
0
0
acknowledge
from slave
0
0
1
1
0
A
P
acknowledge
from slave
STOP
condition
002aac900
Fig 12. SWRST Call
The I2C-bus master must interpret a non-acknowledge from the PCA9685 (at any time) as
a ‘SWRST Call Abort’. The PCA9685 does not initiate a reset of its registers. This
happens only when the format of the SWRST Call sequence is not correct.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
28 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
7.7 Using the PCA9685 with and without external drivers
The PCA9685 LED output drivers are 5.5 V only tolerant and can sink up to 25 mA at 5 V.
If the device needs to drive LEDs to a higher voltage and/or higher current, use of an
external driver is required.
• INVRT bit (MODE2 register) can be used to keep the LED PWM control firmware the
same independently of the type of external driver. This bit allows LED output polarity
inversion/non-inversion only when OE = 0.
• OUTDRV bit (MODE2 register) allows minimizing the amount of external components
required to control the external driver (N-type or P-type device).
Use of INVRT and OUTDRV based on connection to the LEDn outputs when OE = 0[1]
Table 12.
INVRT OUTDRV Direct connection to LEDn
Firmware
External
pull-up
resistor
External N-type driver
External P-type driver
Firmware
Firmware
External
pull-up
resistor
External
pull-up
resistor
0
0
formulas and LED
output state values
inverted
LED current formulas and LED required
limiting R[2] output state
values inverted
formulas and LED required
output state values
apply
0
1
formulas and LED
output state values
inverted
LED current formulas and LED not
limiting R[2] output state
required[3]
[3]
values apply
formulas and LED not required
output state values
inverted
1
0
formulas and LED
output state values
apply[2]
LED current formulas and LED required
limiting R
output state
values apply
formulas and LED required
output state values
inverted
1
1
formulas and LED
output state values
apply[2]
LED current formulas and LED not required formulas and LED not
limiting R
output state
output state values required[4]
values inverted
apply[4]
[1]
When OE = 1, LED output state is controlled only by OUTNE[1:0] bits (MODE2 register).
[2]
Correct configuration when LEDs directly connected to the LEDn outputs (connection to VDD through current limiting resistor).
[3]
Optimum configuration when external N-type (NPN, NMOS) driver used.
[4]
Optimum configuration when external P-type (PNP, PMOS) driver used.
+5 V
+5 V
LED0
LED0
LED0
002aad169
002aad171
002aad170
INVRT = 0
INVRT = 1
INVRT = 1
OUTDRV = 1
OUTDRV = 1
OUTDRV = 0
Fig 13. External N-type driver
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Fig 14. External P-type driver
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
+VDD
Fig 15. Direct LED connection
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
8. Characteristics of the I2C-bus
The I2C-bus is for 2-way, 2-line communication between different ICs or modules. The two
lines are a serial data line (SDA) and a serial clock line (SCL). Both lines must be
connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor when connected to the output stages
of a device. Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
8.1 Bit transfer
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse as changes in the data line at this time
will be interpreted as control signals (see Figure 16).
SDA
SCL
data line
stable;
data valid
change
of data
allowed
mba607
Fig 16. Bit transfer
8.1.1 START and STOP conditions
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH when the bus is not busy. A HIGH-to-LOW
transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the START condition (S). A
LOW-to-HIGH transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the STOP
condition (P) (see Figure 17).
SDA
SCL
S
P
START condition
STOP condition
mba608
Fig 17. Definition of START and STOP conditions
8.2 System configuration
A device generating a message is a ‘transmitter’; a device receiving is the ‘receiver’. The
device that controls the message is the ‘master’ and the devices which are controlled by
the master are the ‘slaves’ (see Figure 18).
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
SDA
SCL
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
SLAVE
RECEIVER
SLAVE
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
I2C-BUS
MULTIPLEXER
SLAVE
002aaa966
Fig 18. System configuration
8.3 Acknowledge
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and the STOP conditions from
transmitter to receiver is not limited. Each byte of eight bits is followed by one
acknowledge bit. The acknowledge bit is a HIGH level put on the bus by the transmitter,
whereas the master generates an extra acknowledge related clock pulse.
A slave receiver which is addressed must generate an acknowledge after the reception of
each byte. Also a master must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte
that has been clocked out of the slave transmitter. The device that acknowledges has to
pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse, so that the SDA line is stable
LOW during the HIGH period of the acknowledge related clock pulse; set-up time and hold
time must be taken into account.
A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this event, the
transmitter must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate a STOP
condition.
data output
by transmitter
not acknowledge
data output
by receiver
acknowledge
SCL from master
1
2
S
START
condition
8
9
clock pulse for
acknowledgement
002aaa987
Fig 19. Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
9. Bus transactions
slave address
S
data for register D[7:0](1)
control register
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
R/W
A D7 D6 D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0 A
acknowledge
from slave
A
acknowledge
from slave
P
acknowledge
from slave
STOP
condition
002aac829
(1) See Table 4 for register definition.
Fig 20. Write to a specific register
slave address
S
control register = MODE1 register
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
R/W
A
0
0
acknowledge
from slave
LED15_OFF_L register
(cont.)
0
0
0
0
0
0
MODE1 register
A
acknowledge
from slave
MODE2 register
1
A
A
AI bit set
acknowledge
from slave
(cont.)
acknowledge
from slave
LED15_OFF_H register
A
A
acknowledge
from slave
acknowledge
from slave
P
STOP
condition
002aad187
Fig 21. Write to all registers using the Auto-Increment feature; AI initially clear
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
slave address
S
control register = MODE1 register
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
A
R/W
0
0
0
0
0
acknowledge
from slave
0
0
A
1
acknowledge
from slave
slave address
(cont.)
0
MODE1 register
AI bit set
data from MODE1
Sr
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 1
ReSTART
condition
R/W
acknowledge
from slave
data from MODE2
A
acknowledge
from slave
(cont.)
A
A
A
acknowledge
from master
acknowledge
from master
data from LED15_OFF_H register
A
P
STOP
condition
not acknowledge
from master
002aad188
Fig 22. Read all registers using the Auto-Increment feature; AI initially clear
control register =
ALL_LED_ON_L register
slave address
S
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
R/W
A
1
1
1
1
acknowledge
from slave
ALL_LED_OFF_L register
(cont.)
1
0
1
ALL_LED_ON_L register
0
ALL_LED_ON_H register
A
A
A
acknowledge
from slave
acknowledge
from slave
acknowledge
from slave
(cont.)
ALL_LED_OFF_H register
A
A
acknowledge
from slave
acknowledge
from slave
P
STOP condition
002aad189
Fig 23. Write to ALL_LED_ON and ALL_LED_OFF registers using the Auto-Increment feature; AI initially set
control register =
ALL_LED_OFF_H register
slave address
S
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
R/W
A
1
1
1
1
1
acknowledge
from slave
1
0
ALL_LED_OFF_H register
1
A
0
0
acknowledge
from slave
0
1
X
X
X
X
A
P
acknowledge
from slave
STOP
condition
002aad190
Fig 24. Write to ALL_LED_OFF_H to turn OFF all PWMs
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
slave address
sequence (A)(1) S
control register
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
A
0
0
0
0
0
0
data for MODE1 register
0
0
A
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
1
ALLCALLADR
register selection
R/W
LEDALLCALL I2C-bus address
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
START condition
A
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
A
ALL_LED_ON_H
control register
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
A
enable ALL CALL
acknowledge
from slave
1
0
1
0
1
acknowledge
from slave
P
STOP
condition
0
1
X
A
acknowledge
from slave
P
STOP
condition
data for control register
ALL_LED_ON_L
1
0
ALL_LED_ON_L
register selection
R/W
acknowledge(2) from all the
devices configured for the new
LEDALLCALL I2C-bus address
(cont.)
A
control register
0
0
new LEDALLCALL I2C-bus address
acknowledge
from slave
sequence (C) S
1
AI on
control register
START condition
0
acknowledge
from slave
slave address
1 A5 A4 A3 A2 A1 A0 0
0
MODE1
register selection
R/W
acknowledge
from slave
sequence (B)(1) S
A
A
0
0
0
0
0
acknowledge(2)
from slave
0
0
0
A
(cont.)
acknowledge(2)
from slave
ALL_LED_OFF_H
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
data for ALL_LED_OFF_L
control register
acknowledge(2)
0
A
0
0
0
0
1
acknowledge(2)
from slave
0
0
0
A
acknowledge(2)
from slave
P
STOP
condition
002aad192
from slave
(1) In this example, several PCA9685s are used and the same sequences (A) and (B) above are sent to each of them.
(2) Acknowledge from all the slave devices configured for the new LED All Call I2C-bus address in sequence (B).
Fig 25. LED All Call I2C-bus address programming and LED All Call sequence example
PCA9685
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PCA9685
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16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
10. Application design-in information
5V
VDD = 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5.0 V
(1)
I2C-BUS/SMBus
MASTER
SDA
(1)
12 V
10 kΩ(2)
VDD
SDA
LED0
SCL
SCL
LED1
OE
OE
LED2
LED3
5V
12 V
PCA9685
LED4
LED5
LED6
LED7
5V
12 V
LED8
LED9
LED10
LED11
5V
EXTCLK
12 V
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
LED12
LED13
A5
LED14
VSS
LED15
002aac827
I2C-bus address = 1010 101x.
All 16 of the LEDn outputs configurable as either open-drain or totem pole. Mixing of configuration is not possible.
Remark: Set INVRT = 0, OUTDRV = 1, OUTNE = 01 (MODE2 register bits)
(1) Resistor value should be chosen by referencing section 7 of UM10204, “I2C-bus specification and user manual”.
(2) OE requires pull-up resistor if control signal from the master is open-drain.
Fig 26. Typical application
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Question 1: What kind of edge rate control is there on the outputs?
• The typical edge rates depend on the output configuration, supply voltage, and the
applied load. The outputs can be configured as either open-drain NMOS or totem pole
outputs. If the customer is using the part to directly drive LEDs, they should be using it
in an open-drain NMOS, if they are concerned about the maximum ISS and ground
bounce. The edge rate control was designed primarily to slow down the turn-on of the
output device; it turns off rather quickly (~1.5 ns). In simulation, the typical turn-on
time for the open-drain NMOS was ~14 ns (VDD = 3.6 V; CL = 50 pF; RPU = 500 ).
Question 2: Is ground bounce possible?
• Ground bounce is a possibility, especially if all 16 outputs are changed at full current
(25 mA each). There is a fair amount of decoupling capacitance on chip (~50 pF),
which is intended to suppress some of the ground bounce. The customer will need to
determine if additional decoupling capacitance externally placed as close as
physically possible to the device is required.
Question 3: Can I really sink 400 mA through the single ground pin on the package and
will this cause any ground bounce problem due to the PWM of the LEDs?
• Yes, you can sink 400 mA through a single ground pin on the package. Although the
package only has one ground pin, there are two ground pads on the die itself
connected to this one pin. Although some ground bounce is likely, it will not disrupt the
operation of the part and would be reduced by the external decoupling capacitance.
Question 4: I can’t turn the LEDs on or off, but their registers are set properly. Why?
• Check the MODE1 register SLEEP (bit 4) setting. The bit needs to be 0 in order to
enable the clocking. If both clock sources (internal osc and EXTCLK) are turned OFF
(bit 4 = 1), the LEDs cannot be dimmed or blinked.
Question 5: I’m using LEDs with integrated Zener diodes and the IC is getting very hot.
Why?
• The IC outputs can be set to either open-drain or push-pull and default to push-pull
outputs. In this application with the Zener diodes, they need to be set to open-drain
since in the push-pull architecture there is a low resistance path to GND through the
Zener and this is causing the IC to overheat.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
LED supply
VIN
CONSTANT
CURRENT
SWITCH MODE
REGULATOR
FB
OUT
Iconstant
LIGHT
SENSOR
VDD = 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5.0 V
(1)
LED
string
(1)
10 kΩ(2)
ASIC/MICRO
VDD
SDA
SDA
LED0
SCL
SCL
LED1
Rsense
LED2
OE
OE
LED3
PCA9685
LED4
LED5
LED6
LED7
EXTCLK
LED8
LED9
LED10
LED11
A0
A1
A2
A3
A4
LED12
LED13
A5
LED14
VSS
LED15
002aac828
I2C-bus address = 1010 101x.
Remark: Set INVRT = 0, OUTDRV = 1, OUTNE = 01 (MODE2 register bits) for this configuration.
(1) Resistor value should be chosen by referencing Section 7 of UM10204, “I2C-bus specification and
user manual”.
(2) OE requires pull-up resistor if control signal from the master is open-drain.
Fig 27. LCD backlighting application
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
11. Limiting values
Table 13. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
supply voltage
0.5
+6.0
V
VI/O
voltage on an input/output pin
VSS  0.5
5.5
V
IO(LEDn)
output current on pin LEDn
-
25
mA
ISS
ground supply current
-
400
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
400
mW
Tstg
storage temperature
65
+150
C
Tamb
ambient temperature
40
+85
C
operating
12. Static characteristics
Table 14. Static characteristics
VDD = 2.3 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
2.3
-
5.5
V
Supply
VDD
supply voltage
IDD
supply current
operating mode; no load;
fSCL = 1 MHz; VDD = 2.3 V to 5.5 V
-
6
10
mA
Istb
standby current
no load; fSCL = 0 Hz; VI = VDD or VSS;
VDD = 2.3 V to 5.5 V
-
2.2
15.5
A
VPOR
power-on reset voltage
no load; VI = VDD or VSS
-
1.70
2.0
V
[1]
Input SCL; input/output SDA
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
0.5
-
+0.3VDD V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
5.5
V
IOL
LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.4 V; VDD = 2.3 V
20
28
-
mA
VOL = 0.4 V; VDD = 5.0 V
30
40
-
mA
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD or VSS
1
-
+1
A
Ci
input capacitance
VI = VSS
-
6
10
pF
mA
LED driver outputs
IOL
LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.5 V; VDD = 2.3 V to 4.5 V
[2]
12
25
-
[2]
IOL(tot)
total LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.5 V; VDD = 4.5 V
-
-
400
mA
IOH
HIGH-level output current
open-drain; VOH = VDD
10
-
+10
A
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = 10 mA; VDD = 2.3 V
1.6
-
-
V
IOH = 10 mA; VDD = 3.0 V
2.3
-
-
V
IOH = 10 mA; VDD = 4.5 V
4.0
-
-
V
3-state; VOH = VDD or VSS
10
-
+10
A
-
5
8
pF
IOZ
OFF-state output current
Co
output capacitance
PCA9685
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PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Table 14. Static characteristics …continued
VDD = 2.3 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Address inputs; OE input; EXTCLK
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
0.5
-
+0.3VDD V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
5.5
V
ILI
input leakage current
1
-
+1
A
Ci
input capacitance
-
3
5
pF
[1]
VDD must be lowered to 0.2 V in order to reset part.
[2]
Each bit must be limited to a maximum of 25 mA and the total package limited to 400 mA due to internal busing limits.
002aad877
10
IDD
(mA)
8
002aad878
60
IOL
(mA)
VDD = 5.5 V
VDD = 4.5 V
40
3.0 V
6
4
20
2.3 V
2
0
−50
2.3 V
3.3 V
0
50
0
−50
100
Tamb (°C)
0
50
100
Tamb (°C)
Fig 29. IOL typical drive (LEDn outputs) versus
temperature
Fig 28. IDD typical values with OSC on and
fSCL = 1 MHz versus temperature
002aad879
5
Istb
(μA)
4
3
VDD = 5.5 V
2
1
3.3 V
2.3 V
0
−50
0
50
100
Tamb (°C)
Fig 30. Standby supply current versus temperature
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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39 of 52
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NXP Semiconductors
PCA9685
Product data sheet
13. Dynamic characteristics
Table 15.
Dynamic characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Standard-mode
I2C-bus
[1]
Fast-mode I2C-bus
Fast-mode Plus Unit
I2C-bus
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
0
100
0
400
0
1000
kHz
MHz
SCL clock frequency
fEXTCLK
frequency on pin EXTCLK
DC
50
DC
50
DC
50
tBUF
bus free time between a STOP
and START condition
4.7
-
1.3
-
0.5
-
s
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated) START
condition
4.0
-
0.6
-
0.26
-
s
tSU;STA
set-up time for a repeated
START condition
4.7
-
0.6
-
0.26
-
s
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP condition
4.0
-
0.6
-
0.26
-
s
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0
-
0
-
0
-
ns
tVD;ACK
data valid acknowledge time
[2]
0.3
3.45
0.1
0.9
0.05
0.45
s
tVD;DAT
data valid time
[3]
0.3
3.45
0.1
0.9
0.05
0.45
s
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
250
-
100
-
50
-
ns
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL clock
4.7
-
1.3
-
0.5
-
s
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL clock
4.0
-
0.6
-
0.26
-
s
[6]
300
-
120
ns
fall time of both SDA and SCL
signals
-
300
20 + 0.1Cb
tr
rise time of both SDA and SCL
signals
-
1000
20 + 0.1Cb[6]
300
-
120
ns
tSP
pulse width of spikes that must
be suppressed by the input filter
-
50
-
50
-
50
ns
tPLZ
LOW to OFF-state propagation
delay
OE to LEDn;
OUTNE[1:0] = 10 or 11
in MODE2 register
-
40
-
40
-
40
ns
tPZL
OFF-state to LOW propagation
delay
OE to LEDn;
OUTNE[1:0] = 10 or 11
in MODE2 register
-
60
-
60
-
60
ns
tPHZ
HIGH to OFF-state propagation
delay
OE to LEDn;
OUTNE[1:0] = 10 or 11
in MODE2 register
-
60
-
60
-
60
ns
[7]
PCA9685
40 of 52
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tf
[4][5]
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
fSCL
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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
Dynamic characteristics …continued
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
OE to LEDn;
OUTNE[1:0] = 10 or 11
in MODE2 register
Standard-mode
I2C-bus
Fast-mode I2C-bus
Fast-mode Plus Unit
I2C-bus
Min
Max
Min
Max
Min
Max
-
40
-
40
-
40
ns
tPZH
OFF-state to HIGH propagation
delay
tPLH
LOW to HIGH propagation delay OE to LEDn;
OUTNE[1:0] = 01
in MODE2 register
-
40
-
40
-
40
ns
tPHL
HIGH to LOW propagation delay OE to LEDn;
OUTNE[1:0] = 00
in MODE2 register
-
60
-
60
-
60
ns
Minimum SCL clock frequency is limited by the bus time-out feature, which resets the serial bus interface if either SDA or SCL is held LOW for a minimum of 25 ms.
Disable bus time-out feature for DC operation.
[2]
tVD;ACK = time for Acknowledgement signal from SCL LOW to SDA (out) LOW.
[3]
tVD;DAT = minimum time for SDA data out to be valid following SCL LOW.
[4]
A master device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300 ns for the SDA signal (refer to the VIL of the SCL signal) in order to bridge the undefined region of
SCL’s falling edge.
[5]
The maximum tf for the SDA and SCL bus lines is specified at 300 ns. The maximum fall time (tf) for the SDA output stage is specified at 250 ns. This allows series
protection resistors to be connected between the SDA and the SCL pins and the SDA/SCL bus lines without exceeding the maximum specified tf.
[6]
Cb = total capacitance of one bus line in pF.
Input filters on the SDA and SCL inputs suppress noise spikes less than 50 ns.
PCA9685
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© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
[1]
[7]
NXP Semiconductors
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Table 15.
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
0.7 × V
DA
0.3 × V
tr
tBUF
tf
tHD;STA
tSP
tLOW
0.7 × V
CL
0.3 × V
tHD;STA
P
tSU;STA
tHD;DAT
S
tHIGH
tSU;DAT
tSU;STO
Sr
P
002aaa9
Fig 31. Definition of timing
protocol
START
condition
(S)
tSU;STA
bit 7
MSB
(A7)
tLOW
bit 6
(A6)
tHIGH
bit 1
(D1)
acknowledge
(A)
bit 0
(D0)
STOP
condition
(P)
1 / fSCL
0.7 × VDD
SCL
0.3 × VDD
tBUF
tf
tr
0.7 × VDD
SDA
0.3 × VDD
tSU;DAT
tHD;STA
tHD;DAT
tVD;ACK
tVD;DAT
tSU;STO
002aab285
Rise and fall times refer to VIL and VIH.
Fig 32. I2C-bus timing diagram
VI
OE input
VM
VM
VSS
tPLZ
LEDn output
LOW-to-OFF
OFF-to-LOW
tPZL
VDD
VM
VX
VOL
tPZH
tPHZ
LEDn output
HIGH-to-OFF
OFF-to-HIGH
VOH
VY
VM
VSS
outputs
enabled
outputs
disabled
outputs
enabled
002aad810
Fig 33. tPLZ, tPZL and tPHZ, tPZH times
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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42 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
14. Test information
VDD
VI
PULSE
GENERATOR
RL
500 Ω
VO
VDD
open
VSS
DUT
CL
50 pF
RT
002aab880
RL = Load resistor for LEDn.
CL = Load capacitance includes jig and probe capacitance.
RT = Termination resistance should be equal to the output impedance Zo of the pulse generators.
Fig 34. Test circuitry for switching times
S1
VDD
PULSE
GENERATOR
VI
RL
500 Ω
VO
VDD × 2
open
VSS
DUT
CL
50 pF
RT
RL
500 Ω
002aad811
RL = Load resistor for LEDn.
CL = Load capacitance includes jig and probe capacitance.
RT = Termination resistance should be equal to the output impedance Zo of the pulse generators.
Test data are given in Table 16.
Fig 35. Test circuitry for switching times for enable/disable
Table 16.
Test
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Test data for enable/disable switching times
Load
Switch
CL
RL
tPD
50 pF
500 
open
tPLZ, tPZL
50 pF
500 
VDD  2
tPHZ, tPZH
50 pF
500 
VSS
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
43 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
15. Package outline
TSSOP28: plastic thin shrink small outline package; 28 leads; body width 4.4 mm
D
SOT361-1
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
15
28
Q
A2
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
A
θ
Lp
1
L
14
detail X
w M
bp
e
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (2)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
Z (1)
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.80
0.25
0.30
0.19
0.2
0.1
9.8
9.6
4.5
4.3
0.65
6.6
6.2
1
0.75
0.50
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.13
0.1
0.8
0.5
8o
o
0
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT361-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
MO-153
Fig 36. Package outline SOT361-1 (TSSOP28)
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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44 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
HVQFN28: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
28 terminals; body 6 x 6 x 0.85 mm
B
D
SOT788-1
A
terminal 1
index area
A
A1
E
c
detail X
C
e1
e
14
y
y1 C
v M C A B
w M C
b
8
L
7
15
e
e2
Eh
21
1
terminal 1
index area
28
22
X
Dh
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A(1)
max.
A1
b
c
D (1)
Dh
E (1)
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.35
0.25
0.2
6.1
5.9
4.25
3.95
6.1
5.9
4.25
3.95
0.65
3.9
3.9
0.75
0.50
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.075 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT788-1
---
MO-220
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
02-10-22
Fig 37. Package outline SOT788-1 (HVQFN28)
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
45 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
16. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling ensure that the appropriate precautions are taken as
described in JESD625-A or equivalent standards.
17. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
17.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
17.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
17.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
46 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
17.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 38) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 17 and 18
Table 17.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
 350
< 2.5
235
220
 2.5
220
220
Table 18.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 38.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
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Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
47 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 38. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
18. Abbreviations
Table 19.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CDM
Charged-Device Model
DUT
Device Under Test
EMI
ElectroMagnetic Interference
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C-bus
Inter-Integrated Circuit bus
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LED
Light Emitting Diode
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MM
Machine Model
MSB
Most Significant Bit
NMOS
Negative-channel Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
PCB
Printed-Circuit Board
PMOS
Positive-channel Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
POR
Power-On Reset
PWM
Pulse Width Modulation; Pulse Width Modulator
RGB
Red/Green/Blue
RGBA
Red/Green/Blue/Amber
SMBus
System Management Bus
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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48 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
19. Revision history
Table 20.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCA9685 v.4
20150416
Product data sheet
-
PCA9685 v.3
Modifications:
•
•
Changed programmable frequency to “24 Hz to 1526 Hz” throughout
Minor edits to text and figures to provide clarity regarding cycle count throughout
PCA9685 v.3
20100902
Product data sheet
-
PCA9685 v.2
PCA9685 v.2
20090716
Product data sheet
-
PCA9685 v.1
PCA9685 v.1
20080724
Product data sheet
-
-
PCA9685
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
49 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
20. Legal information
20.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
20.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
20.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
PCA9685
Product data sheet
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 4 — 16 April 2015
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50 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
20.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
21. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCA9685
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51 of 52
PCA9685
NXP Semiconductors
16-channel, 12-bit PWM Fm+ I2C-bus LED controller
22. Contents
1
2
3
4
4.1
5
6
6.1
6.2
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
7.2
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.1.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.3.7
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
8
8.1
8.1.1
8.2
8.3
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Device addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Regular I2C-bus slave address. . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
LED All Call I2C-bus address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
LED Sub Call I2C-bus addresses . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Software Reset I2C-bus address . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Control register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Register definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Mode register 1, MODE1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Restart mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Mode register 2, MODE2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
LED output and PWM control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
ALL_LED_ON and ALL_LED_OFF control. . . 25
PWM frequency PRE_SCALE . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
SUBADR1 to SUBADR3, I2C-bus
subaddress 1 to 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
ALLCALLADR, LED All Call I2C-bus address. 26
Active LOW output enable input . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Power-on reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Software reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Using the PCA9685 with and without
external drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Characteristics of the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
START and STOP conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Bus transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Application design-in information . . . . . . . . . 35
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Handling information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
17.1
17.2
17.3
17.4
18
19
20
20.1
20.2
20.3
20.4
21
22
Introduction to soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
46
46
46
47
48
49
50
50
50
50
51
51
52
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 16 April 2015
Document identifier: PCA9685
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