Data Sheet

PCA8576F
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA8576F is a peripheral device which interfaces to almost any Liquid Crystal
Display (LCD)1 with low multiplex rates. It generates the drive signals for any static or
multiplexed LCD containing up to four backplanes and up to 40 segments. It can be easily
cascaded for larger LCD applications. The PCA8576F is compatible with most
microcontrollers and communicates via the two-line bidirectional I2C-bus. Communication
overheads are minimized by a display RAM with auto-incremented addressing, by
hardware subaddressing and by display memory switching (static and duplex drive
modes).
For a selection of NXP LCD segment drivers, see Table 28 on page 46.
2. Features and benefits
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1.
AEC-Q100 grade 2 compliant for automotive applications
Single chip LCD controller and driver
Selectable backplane drive configuration: static or 2, 3, 4 backplane multiplexing
Selectable display bias configuration: static, 1⁄2, or 1⁄3
Internal LCD bias generation with voltage-follower buffers
40 segment drives:
 Up to 20 7-segment numeric characters
 Up to 10 14-segment alphanumeric characters
 Any graphics of up to 160 segments/elements
40  4-bit RAM for display data storage
Auto-incremented display data loading across device subaddress boundaries
Display memory bank switching in static and duplex drive modes
Versatile blinking modes
Independent supplies possible for LCD and logic voltages
Wide power supply range: from 1.8 V to 5.5 V
Wide LCD supply range:
 From 2.5 V for low-threshold LCDs
 Up to 8.0 V for high-threshold twisted nematic LCDs
Low power consumption
400 kHz I2C-bus interface
May be cascaded for large LCD applications (up to 1280 segments/elements possible)
No external components required
Compatible with chip-on-glass and chip-on-board technology
The definition of the abbreviations and acronyms used in this data sheet can be found in Section 19.
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
PCA8576FUG
Name
Description
Version
bare die
59 bumps
PCA8576FUG
3.1 Ordering options
Table 2.
Ordering options
Product type number
Sales item (12NC)
Orderable part number
IC
revision
Delivery form
PCA8576FUG/2DA/Q1
935302565026
PCA8576FUG/2DA/QKP
1
chips in tray
4. Marking
Table 3.
Marking codes
Product type number
Marking code
PCA8576FUG/2DA/Q1
PC8576F-1
5. Block diagram
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Fig 1.
Block diagram of PCA8576F
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
6. Pinning information
6
6
6
6
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6.1 Pinning
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Viewed from active side. C1 and C2 are alignment marks. For mechanical details, see Figure 31.
Fig 2.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Pinning diagram for PCA8576FUG (bare die)
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
6.2 Pin description
Table 4.
Pin description
Input or input/output pins must always be at a defined level (VSS or VDD) unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Pin
Description
SDA
1, 58, 59
I2C-bus serial data input and output
SCL
2, 3
I2C-bus serial clock input
CLK
5
external clock input or output
VDD
6
supply voltage
SYNC
4
cascade synchronization input or output; if not used it
must be left open
OSC
7
internal oscillator enable input
A0, A1
8, 9
subaddress inputs
T1
10
dedicated testing pin; to be tied to VSS in application
mode
SA0
11
I2C-bus address input; bit 0
VSS
12[1]
ground supply voltage
VLCD
13
LCD supply voltage
BP0, BP2, BP1,
BP3
14 to 17
LCD backplane outputs
S0 to S39
18 to 57
LCD segment outputs
[1]
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
The substrate (rear side of the die) is at VSS potential and must not be connected.
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7. Functional description
7.1 Commands of PCA8576F
The commands available to the PCA8576F are defined in Table 5.
Table 5.
Definition of PCA8576F commands
Command
Operation code
Bit
7
mode-set
C
6
1
Reference
5
4
3
2
1
0
-[1]
E
B
M[1:0]
load-data-pointer
C
0
P[5:0]
device-select
C
1
1
0
0
0
A[1:0]
bank-select
C
1
1
1
1
0
I
blink-select
C
1
1
1
0
AB
BF[1:0]
[1]
0
Table 7
Table 8
Table 9
O
Table 10
Table 11
Not used.
All available commands carry a continuation bit C in their most significant bit position as
shown in Figure 3.
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Fig 3.
Format of command byte
When this bit is set logic 1, it indicates that the next byte of the transfer to arrive will also
represent a command. If this bit is set logic 0, it indicates that the command byte is the
last in the transfer. Further bytes will be regarded as display data (see Table 6).
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Table 6.
C bit description
Bit
Symbol
7
C
Value
Description
continue bit
0
last control byte in the transfer; next byte will be regarded
as display data
1
control bytes continue; next byte will be a command too
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.1.1 Command: mode-set
Table 7.
Mode-set command bit description
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6, 5
-
10
fixed value
4
-
-
unused
3
E
display status[1]
disabled (blank)[2]
0
1
2
1 to 0
[1]
enabled
LCD bias configuration[3]
B
0
1⁄
3
bias
1
1⁄
2
bias
M[1:0]
LCD drive mode selection
01
static; BP0
10
1:2 multiplex; BP0, BP1
11
1:3 multiplex; BP0, BP1, BP2
00
1:4 multiplex; BP0, BP1, BP2, BP3
The possibility to disable the display allows implementation of blinking under external control.
[2]
The display is disabled by setting all backplane and segment outputs to VLCD.
[3]
Not applicable for static drive mode.
7.1.2 Command: load-data-pointer
Table 8.
Load-data-pointer command bit description
See Section 7.3.5.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6
-
0
fixed value
5 to 0
P[5:0]
000000 to
100111
6 bit binary value, 0 to 39; transferred to the data pointer to
define one of forty display RAM addresses
7.1.3 Command: device-select
Table 9.
Device-select command bit description
See Section 7.3.6.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6 to 2
-
11000
fixed value
1 to 0
A[1:0]
00 to 11
2-bit binary value, 0 to 3; transferred to the subaddress
counter to define one of four hardware subaddresses
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.1.4 Command: bank-select
Table 10. Bank-select command bit description
See Section 7.3.8.2 and Section 7.3.8.3.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
Static
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6 to 2
-
11110
fixed value
1
I
0
[1]
1:2 multiplex[1]
input bank selection; storage of arriving display data
0
RAM row 0
RAM rows 0 and 1
1
RAM row 2
RAM rows 2 and 3
O
output bank selection; retrieval of LCD display data
0
RAM row 0
RAM rows 0 and 1
1
RAM row 2
RAM rows 2 and 3
The bank-select command has no effect in 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex drive modes.
7.1.5 Command: blink-select
Table 11. Blink-select command bit description
See Section 7.2.4.
Bit
Symbol
Value
Description
7
C
0, 1
see Table 6
6 to 3
-
1110
fixed value
2
AB
1 to 0
blink mode selection
0
normal blinking[1]
1
alternate RAM bank blinking[2]
BF[1:0]
blink frequency selection
00
off
01
1
10
2
11
3
[1]
Normal blinking is assumed when the LCD multiplex drive modes 1:3 or 1:4 are selected.
[2]
Alternate RAM bank blinking does not apply in 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex drive modes.
7.2 Clock and frame frequency
7.2.1 Internal clock
The internal logic of the PCA8576F and its LCD drive signals are timed either by its
internal oscillator or by an external clock. The internal oscillator is enabled by connecting
pin OSC to pin VSS. If the internal oscillator is used, the output from pin CLK can be used
as the clock signal for several PCA8576Fs in the system that are connected in cascade.
7.2.2 External clock
Pin CLK is enabled as an external clock input by connecting pin OSC to VDD. The LCD
frame signal frequency is determined by the clock frequency (fclk).
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
Remark: A clock signal must always be supplied to the device; removing the clock may
freeze the LCD in a DC state, which is not suitable for the liquid crystal.
7.2.3 Timing and frame frequency
The PCA8576F timing controls the internal data flow of the device. This includes the
transfer of display data from the display RAM to the display segment outputs. In cascaded
applications, the correct timing relationship between each PCA8576F in the system is
maintained by the synchronization signal at pin SYNC. The timing also generates the LCD
frame signal whose frequency is derived from the clock frequency. The frame signal
frequency is a fixed division of the clock frequency from either the internal or an external
f clk
clock: f fr = ------.
24
7.2.4 Blinking
The display blinking capabilities of the PCA8576F are very versatile. The whole display
can blink at frequencies selected by the blink-select command (see Table 11). The blink
frequencies are derived from the clock frequency. The ratio between the clock and blink
frequencies depends on the blink mode selected (see Table 11).
An additional feature is for an arbitrary selection of LCD segments/elements to blink. This
applies to the static and 1:2 multiplex drive modes and can be implemented without any
communication overheads. By means of the output bank selector, the displayed RAM
banks are exchanged with alternate RAM banks at the blink frequency. This mode can
also be specified by the blink-select command.
In the 1:3 and 1:4 multiplex modes, where no alternative RAM bank is available, groups of
LCD segments/elements can blink by selectively changing the display RAM data at fixed
time intervals.
The entire display can blink at a frequency other than the nominal blink frequency. This
can be effectively performed by resetting and setting the display enable bit E at the
required rate using the mode-set command (see Table 7).
Table 12.
Blink mode
Normal operating mode ratio
Nominal blink frequency[1]
Unit
off
-
blinking off
Hz
1
f clk
--------768
6.2
Hz
2
f clk
-----------1536
3.1
Hz
3
f clk
-----------3072
1.6
Hz
[1]
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Blinking frequencies
Blink modes 1, 2 and 3 and the nominal blink frequencies correspond to an oscillator frequency (fclk) of
4800 Hz (see Section 13).
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.3 Display RAM
The display RAM is a static 40  4-bit RAM which stores LCD data.
There is a one-to-one correspondence between
• the bits in the RAM bitmap and the LCD segments/elements
• the RAM columns and the segment outputs
• the RAM rows and the backplane outputs.
A logic 1 in the RAM bitmap indicates the on-state of the corresponding LCD element;
similarly, a logic 0 indicates the off-state.
The display RAM bit map, Figure 4, shows the rows 0 to 3 which correspond with the
backplane outputs BP0 to BP3, and the columns 0 to 39 which correspond with the
segment outputs S0 to S39. In multiplexed LCD applications the segment data of the first,
second, third and fourth row of the display RAM are time-multiplexed with BP0, BP1, BP2,
and BP3 respectively.
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The display RAM bitmap shows the direct relationship between the display RAM column and the
segment outputs; and between the bits in a RAM row and the backplane outputs.
Fig 4.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Display RAM bit map
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PCA8576F
10 of 54
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
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NXP Semiconductors
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
GULYHPRGH
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
When display data is transmitted to the PCA8576F, the received display bytes are stored
in the display RAM in accordance with the selected LCD drive mode. The data is stored as
it arrives and depending on the current multiplex drive mode the bits are stored singularly,
in pairs, triples, or quadruples. To illustrate the filling order, an example of a 7-segment
display showing all drive modes is given in Figure 5; the RAM filling organization depicted
applies equally to other LCD types, see Section 7.3.1 to Section 7.3.4.
7.3.1 RAM filling in static drive mode
In the static drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed in eight successive
display RAM columns in row 0 (see Figure 6).
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Fig 6.
Display RAM filling order in static drive mode
7.3.2 RAM filling in 1:2 multiplex drive mode
In the 1:2 multiplex drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed in four
successive display RAM columns of two rows (see Figure 7).
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Fig 7.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Display RAM filling order in 1:2 multiplex drive mode
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.3.3 RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
In 1:3 multiplex drive mode, the RAM is written as shown in Table 13 (see Figure 5 as
well).
Table 13. Standard RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
Assumption: BP2/S2, BP2/S5, BP2/S8 etc. are not connected to any segments/elements on the
display.
Display RAM
bits (rows)/
backplane
outputs (BPn)
Display RAM addresses (columns)/segment outputs (Sn)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
0
a7
a4
a1
b7
b4
b1
c7
c4
c1
d7
:
1
a6
a3
a0
b6
b3
b0
c6
c3
c0
d6
:
2
a5
a2
-
b5
b2
-
c5
c2
-
d5
:
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
If the bit at position BP2/S2 would be written by a second byte transmitted, then the
mapping of the segment bits would change as illustrated in Table 14.
Table 14. Entire RAM filling by rewriting in 1:3 multiplex drive mode
Assumption: BP2/S2, BP2/S5, BP2/S8 etc. are connected to segments/elements on the display.
Display RAM
bits (rows)/
backplane
outputs (BPn)
Display RAM addresses (columns)/segment outputs (Sn)
0
1
2
0
a7
a4
a1/b7 b4
b1/c7 c4
c1/d7 d4
d1/e7 e4
:
1
a6
a3
a0/b6 b3
b0/c6 c3
c0/d6 d3
d0/e6 e3
:
2
a5
a2
b5
b2
c5
c2
d5
d2
e5
e2
:
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
:
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
In the case described in Table 14 the RAM has to be written entirely and BP2/S2, BP2/S5,
BP2/S8 etc. have to be connected to segments/elements on the display. This can be
achieved by a combination of writing and rewriting the RAM like follows:
• In the first write to the RAM, bits a7 to a0 are written.
• In the second write, bits b7 to b0 are written, overwriting bits a1 and a0 with bits b7
and b6.
• In the third write, bits c7 to c0 are written, overwriting bits b1 and b0 with bits c7 and
c6.
Depending on the method of writing to the RAM (standard or entire filling by rewriting),
some segments/elements remain unused or can be used, but it has to be considered in
the module layout process as well as in the driver software design.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.3.4 RAM filling in 1:4 multiplex drive mode
In the 1:4 multiplex drive mode the eight transmitted data bits are placed in two
successive display RAM columns of four rows (see Figure 8).
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Fig 8.
Display RAM filling order in 1:4 multiplex drive mode
7.3.5 Data pointer
The addressing mechanism for the display RAM is realized using the data pointer. This
allows the loading of an individual display data byte, or a series of display data bytes, into
any location of the display RAM. The sequence commences with the initialization of the
data pointer by the load-data-pointer command (see Table 8). Following this command, an
arriving data byte is stored at the display RAM address indicated by the data pointer. The
filling order is shown in Figure 5. After each byte is stored, the content of the data pointer
is automatically incremented by a value dependent on the selected LCD drive mode:
•
•
•
•
In static drive mode by eight.
In 1:2 multiplex drive mode by four.
In 1:3 multiplex drive mode by three.
In 1:4 multiplex drive mode by two.
If an I2C-bus data access terminates early then the state of the data pointer is unknown.
Consequently, the data pointer must be rewritten prior to further RAM accesses.
7.3.6 Subaddress counter
The storage of display data is determined by the contents of the subaddress counter.
Storage is allowed only when the content of the subaddress counter match with the
hardware subaddress applied to A0 and A1. The subaddress counter value is defined by
the device-select command (see Table 9). If the content of the subaddress counter and
the hardware subaddress do not match then data storage is inhibited but the data pointer
is incremented as if data storage had taken place. The subaddress counter is also
incremented when the data pointer overflows.
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The storage arrangements described lead to extremely efficient data loading in cascaded
applications. When a series of display bytes are sent to the display RAM, automatic
wrap-over to the next PCA8576F occurs when the last RAM address is exceeded.
Subaddressing across device boundaries is successful even if the change to the next
device in the cascade occurs within a transmitted character.
The hardware subaddress must not be changed while the device is being accessed on the
I2C-bus interface.
7.3.7 Writing over the RAM address boundary
In all multiplex drive modes, depending on the setting of the data pointer, it is possible to
fill the RAM over the RAM address boundary. If the PCA8576F is part of a cascade the
additional bits fall into the next device that also generates the acknowledge signal. If the
PCA8576F is a single device or the last device in a cascade the additional bits will be
discarded and no acknowledge signal will be generated.
7.3.8 Bank selection
7.3.8.1
RAM bank switching
The PCA8576F includes a RAM bank switching feature in the static and 1:2 multiplex
drive modes. A bank can be thought of as one RAM row or a collection of RAM rows (see
Figure 9). The RAM bank switching gives the provision for preparing display information in
an alternative bank and to be able to switch to it once it is complete.
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Fig 9.
RAM banks in static and multiplex driving mode 1:2
There are two banks; bank 0 and bank 1. Figure 9 shows the location of these banks
relative to the RAM map. Input and output banks can be set independently from one
another with the Bank-select command (see Table 10 on page 7). Figure 10 shows the
concept.
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
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Fig 10. Bank selection
In the static drive mode, the bank-select command may request the contents of row 2 to
be selected for display instead of the contents of row 0. In the 1:2 multiplex mode, the
contents of rows 2 and 3 may be selected instead of rows 0 and 1. This gives the
provision for preparing display information in an alternative bank and to be able to switch
to it once it is assembled.
In Figure 11 an example is shown for 1:2 multiplex drive mode where the displayed data is
read from the first two rows of the memory (bank 0), while the transmitted data is stored in
the second two rows of the memory (bank 1).
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Fig 11. Example of the Bank-select command with multiplex drive mode 1:2
7.3.8.2
Output bank selector
The output bank selector (see Table 10) selects one of the four rows per display RAM
address for transfer to the display register. The actual row selected depends on the
selected LCD drive mode in operation and on the instant in the multiplex sequence.
• In 1:4 multiplex mode, all RAM addresses of row 0 are selected, these are followed by
the contents of row 1, 2, and then 3
• In 1:3 multiplex mode, rows 0, 1, and 2 are selected sequentially
• In 1:2 multiplex mode, rows 0 and 1 are selected
• In static mode, row 0 is selected
7.3.8.3
Input bank selector
The input bank selector loads display data into the display RAM in accordance with the
selected LCD drive configuration. Display data can be loaded in row 2 in static drive mode
or in rows 2 and 3 in 1:2 multiplex drive mode by using the bank-select command (see
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Table 10). The input bank selector functions independently to the output bank selector.
7.4 Initialization
At power-on the status of the I2C-bus and the registers of the PCA8576F is undefined.
Therefore the PCA8576F should be initialized as quickly as possible after power-on to
ensure a proper bus communication and to avoid display artifacts. The following
instructions should be accomplished for initialization:
• I2C-bus initialization. For information about the I2C-bus, see Section 8.
– generating a START condition
– sending 0h and ignoring the acknowledge
– generating a STOP condition
• Mode-set command (see Table 7), setting
– bit E = 0
– bit B to the required LCD bias configuration
– bits M[1:0] to the required LCD drive mode
• Load-data-pointer command (see Table 8), setting
– bits P[5:0] to 0h (or any other required address)
• Device-select command (see Table 9), setting
– bits A[1:0] to the required hardware subaddress (for example, 0h)
• Bank-select command (see Table 10), setting
– bit I to 0
– bit O to 0
• Blink-select command (see Table 11), setting
– bit AB to 0 or 1
– bits BF[1:0] to 00 (or to a desired blinking mode)
• writing meaningful information (for example, a logo) into the display RAM
After the initialization, the display can be switched on by setting bit E = 1 with the
mode-set command.
7.5 Possible display configurations
The possible display configurations of the PCA8576F depend on the number of active
backplane outputs required. A selection of display configurations is shown in Table 15. All
of these configurations can be implemented in the typical system shown in Figure 13.
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
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Fig 12. Example of displays suitable for PCA8576F
Table 15.
Selection of possible display configurations
Number of
Backplanes
Icons
Digits/Characters
7-segment[1]
14-segment[2]
Dot matrix:
segments/
elements
4
160
20
10
160 (4  40)
3
120
15
7
120 (3  40)
2
80
10
5
80 (2  40)
1
40
5
2
40 (1  40)
[1]
7 segment display has 8 segments/elements including the decimal point.
[2]
14 segment display has 16 segments/elements including decimal point and accent dot.
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The resistance of the power lines must be kept to a minimum.
For chip-on-glass applications, due to the Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) track resistance, each supply line
must be routed separately between the chip and the connector.
Fig 13. Typical system configuration
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The host microcontroller maintains the 2-line I2C-bus communication channel with the
PCA8576F. The internal oscillator is enabled by connecting pin OSC to pin VSS. The
appropriate biasing voltages for the multiplexed LCD waveforms are generated internally.
The only other connections required to complete the system are to the power supplies
(VDD, VSS, and VLCD) and the LCD panel chosen for the application.
7.6 LCD voltage
7.6.1 LCD bias generator
Fractional LCD biasing voltages are obtained from an internal voltage divider of three
impedances connected between pins VLCD and VSS. The center impedance is bypassed
by switch if the 1⁄2 bias voltage level for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode configuration is
selected. The LCD voltage can be temperature compensated externally using the supply
to pin VLCD.
7.6.2 LCD voltage selector
The LCD voltage selector coordinates the multiplexing of the LCD in accordance with the
selected LCD drive configuration. The operation of the voltage selector is controlled by the
mode-set command from the command decoder. The biasing configurations that apply to
the preferred modes of operation, together with the biasing characteristics as functions of
VLCD and the resulting discrimination ratios (D) are given in Table 16.
Discrimination is a term which is defined as the ratio of the on and off RMS voltage across
a segment. It can be thought of as a measurement of contrast.
Table 16.
Biasing characteristics
LCD drive
mode
Number of:
LCD bias
Backplanes Levels configuration
V off  RMS 
------------------------V LCD
V on  RMS 
-----------------------V LCD
V on  RMS 
D = -----------------------V off  RMS 
static
1
2
static
0
1

1:2 multiplex 2
3
1⁄
2
0.354
0.791
2.236
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.745
2.236
1:3 multiplex 3
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.638
1.915
1:4 multiplex 4
4
1⁄
3
0.333
0.577
1.732
1:2 multiplex 2
A practical value for VLCD is determined by equating Voff(RMS) with a defined LCD
threshold voltage (Vth(off)), typically when the LCD exhibits approximately 10 % contrast. In
the static drive mode a suitable choice is VLCD > 3Vth(off).
Multiplex drive modes of 1:3 and 1:4 with 1⁄2 bias are possible but the discrimination and
hence the contrast ratios are smaller.
1
Bias is calculated by ------------- , where the values for a are
1+a
a = 1 for 1⁄2 bias
a = 2 for 1⁄3 bias
The RMS on-state voltage (Von(RMS)) for the LCD is calculated with Equation 1:
V on  RMS  =
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
V LCD
a 2 + 2a + n
-----------------------------2
n  1 + a
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
where the values for n are
n = 1 for static drive mode
n = 2 for 1:2 multiplex drive mode
n = 3 for 1:3 multiplex drive mode
n = 4 for 1:4 multiplex drive mode
The RMS off-state voltage (Voff(RMS)) for the LCD is calculated with Equation 2:
V off  RMS  =
V LCD
a 2 – 2a + n
-----------------------------2
n  1 + a
(2)
Discrimination is the ratio of Von(RMS) to Voff(RMS) and is determined from Equation 3:
V on  RMS 
D = ---------------------- =
V off  RMS 
2
a + 2a + n
--------------------------2
a – 2a + n
(3)
Using Equation 3, the discrimination for an LCD drive mode of 1:3 multiplex with
1⁄
2
bias is
1⁄
2
21
bias is ---------- = 1.528 .
3
3 = 1.732 and the discrimination for an LCD drive mode of 1:4 multiplex with
The advantage of these LCD drive modes is a reduction of the LCD full scale voltage VLCD
as follows:
• 1:3 multiplex (1⁄2 bias): V LCD =
6  V off  RMS  = 2.449V off  RMS 
4  3
- = 2.309V off  RMS 
• 1:4 multiplex (1⁄2 bias): V LCD = --------------------3
These compare with V LCD = 3V off  RMS  when 1⁄3 bias is used.
VLCD is sometimes referred as the LCD operating voltage.
7.6.2.1
Electro-optical performance
Suitable values for Von(RMS) and Voff(RMS) are dependent on the LCD liquid used. The
RMS voltage, at which a pixel will be switched on or off, determine the transmissibility of
the pixel.
For any given liquid, there are two threshold values defined. One point is at 10 % relative
transmission (at Vth(off)) and the other at 90 % relative transmission (at Vth(on)), see
Figure 14. For a good contrast performance, the following rules should be followed:
V on  RMS   V th  on 
(4)
V off  RMS   V th  off 
(5)
Von(RMS) and Voff(RMS) are properties of the display driver and are affected by the selection
of a, n (see Equation 1 to Equation 3) and the VLCD voltage.
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Vth(off) and Vth(on) are properties of the LCD liquid and can be provided by the module
manufacturer. Vth(off) is sometimes named Vth. Vth(on) is sometimes named saturation
voltage Vsat.
It is important to match the module properties to those of the driver in order to achieve
optimum performance.
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Fig 14. Electro-optical characteristic: relative transmission curve of the liquid
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.6.3 LCD drive mode waveforms
7.6.3.1
Static drive mode
The static LCD drive mode is used when a single backplane is provided in the LCD. The
backplane (BPn) and segment drive (Sn) waveforms for this mode are shown in Figure 15.
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(1) Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
(2) Von(RMS) = VLCD.
(3) Vstate2(t) = VSn+1(t)  VBP0(t).
(4) Voff(RMS) = 0 V.
Fig 15. Static drive mode waveforms
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.6.3.2
1:2 Multiplex drive mode
The 1:2 multiplex drive mode is used when two backplanes are provided in the LCD. This
mode allows fractional LCD bias voltages of 1⁄2 bias or 1⁄3 bias as shown in Figure 16 and
Figure 17.
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(1) Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
(2) Von(RMS) = 0.791VLCD.
(3) Vstate2(t) = VSn+1(t)  VBP1(t).
(4) Voff(RMS) = 0.354VLCD.
Fig 16. Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄2 bias
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
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(1) Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
(2) Von(RMS) = 0.745VLCD.
(3) Vstate2(t) = VSn+1(t)  VBP1(t).
(4) Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 17. Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.6.3.3
1:3 Multiplex drive mode
When three backplanes are provided in the LCD, the 1:3 multiplex drive mode applies
(see Figure 18).
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(1) Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
(2) Von(RMS) = 0.638VLCD.
(3) Vstate2(t) = VSn+1(t)  VBP1(t).
(4) Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 18. Waveforms for the 1:3 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
PCA8576F
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7.6.3.4
1:4 Multiplex drive mode
When four backplanes are provided in the LCD, the 1:4 multiplex drive mode applies (see
Figure 19).
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(1) Vstate1(t) = VSn(t)  VBP0(t).
(2) Von(RMS) = 0.577VLCD.
(3) Vstate2(t) = VSn+1(t)  VBP1(t).
(4) Voff(RMS) = 0.333VLCD.
Fig 19. Waveforms for the 1:4 multiplex drive mode with 1⁄3 bias
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7.6.4 Backplane outputs
The LCD drive section includes four backplane outputs BP0 to BP3 which must be
connected directly to the LCD. The backplane output signals are generated in accordance
with the selected LCD drive mode. If less than four backplane outputs are required, the
unused outputs can be left open-circuit.
Table 17 describes which outputs are active for each of the multiplex drive modes and
what signal is generated.
Table 17.
Mapping of output pins and corresponding output signals with respect to the
multiplex driving mode
Multiplex drive
mode
Output pin
BP0
BP1
BP2
BP3
Signal
1:4
BP0
BP1
BP2
BP3
1:3
BP0
BP1
BP2
BP1[1]
1:2
BP0
BP1
BP0[1]
BP1[1]
static
BP0
BP0[1]
BP0[1]
BP0[1]
[1]
These pins may optionally be connected to the display to improve drive strength. Connect only with the
corresponding output pin carrying the same signal. If not required, they can be left open-circuit.
7.6.5 Segment outputs
The LCD drive section includes 40 segment outputs S0 to S39 which should be
connected directly to the LCD. The segment output signals are generated in accordance
with the multiplexed backplane signals and with data residing in the display latch. When
less than 40 segment outputs are required, the unused segment outputs should be left
open-circuit.
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8. Characteristics of the I2C-bus
The I2C-bus is for bidirectional, two-line communication between different ICs or modules.
The two lines are a Serial DAta line (SDA) and a Serial CLock line (SCL). Both lines must
be connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor when connected to the output
stages of a device. Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
8.1 Bit transfer
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse as changes in the data line at this time
will be interpreted as a control signal (see Figure 20).
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Fig 20. Bit transfer
8.2 START and STOP conditions
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH when the bus is not busy.
A HIGH-to-LOW transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the START
condition - S.
A LOW-to-HIGH transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the STOP
condition - P.
The START and STOP conditions are illustrated in Figure 21.
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Fig 21. Definition of START and STOP conditions
8.3 System configuration
A device generating a message is a transmitter, a device receiving a message is the
receiver. The device that controls the message is the master and the devices which are
controlled by the master are the slaves. The system configuration is shown in Figure 22.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
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Fig 22. System configuration
8.4 Acknowledge
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and STOP conditions from
transmitter to receiver is unlimited. Each byte of eight bits is followed by an acknowledge
cycle.
• A slave receiver, which is addressed, must generate an acknowledge after the
reception of each byte.
• A master receiver must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte that
has been clocked out of the slave transmitter.
• The device that acknowledges must pull-down the SDA line during the acknowledge
clock pulse, so that the SDA line is stable LOW during the HIGH period of the
acknowledge related clock pulse (set-up and hold times must be taken into
consideration).
• A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this event, the
transmitter must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate a STOP
condition.
Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus is illustrated in Figure 23.
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Fig 23. Acknowledgement of the I2C-bus
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
8.5 I2C-bus controller
The PCA8576F acts as an I2C-bus slave receiver. It does not initiate I2C-bus transfers or
transmit data to an I2C-bus master receiver. The only data output from the PCA8576F are
the acknowledge signals of the selected devices. Device selection depends on the
I2C-bus slave address, on the transferred command data and on the hardware
subaddress.
In single device applications, the hardware subaddress inputs A0 and A1 are normally
tied to VSS which defines the hardware subaddress 0. In multiple device applications A0
and A1 are tied to VSS or VDD using a binary coding scheme, so that no two devices with a
common I2C-bus slave address have the same hardware subaddress.
8.6 Input filters
To enhance noise immunity in electrically adverse environments, RC low-pass filters are
provided on the SDA and SCL lines.
8.7 I2C-bus protocol
Two I2C-bus slave addresses (0111 000 and 0111 001) are used to address the
PCA8576F. The entire I2C-bus slave address byte is shown in Table 18.
Table 18.
I2C slave address byte
Slave address
Bit
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
MSB
0
0
LSB
1
1
1
0
0
SA0
R/W
The PCA8576F is a write-only device and will not respond to a read access, therefore bit
0 should always be logic 0. Bit 1 of the slave address byte that a PCA8576F will respond
to, is defined by the level tied to its SA0 input (VSS for logic 0 and VDD for logic 1).
Having two reserved slave addresses allows the following on the same I2C-bus:
• Up to 8 PCA8576F for very large LCD applications
• The use of two types of LCD multiplex drive
The I2C-bus protocol is shown in Figure 24. The sequence is initiated with a START
condition (S) from the I2C-bus master which is followed by one of two possible PCA8576F
slave addresses available. All PCA8576Fs whose SA0 inputs correspond to bit 0 of the
slave address respond by asserting an acknowledge in parallel. This I2C-bus transfer is
ignored by all PCA8576Fs whose SA0 inputs are set to the alternative level.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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29 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
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Fig 24. I2C-bus protocol
After an acknowledgement, one or more command bytes follow, that define the status of
each addressed PCA8576F.
The last command byte sent is identified by resetting its most significant bit, continuation
bit C, (see Section 7.1). The command bytes are also acknowledged by all addressed
PCA8576F on the bus.
After the last command byte, one or more display data bytes may follow. Display data
bytes are stored in the display RAM at the address specified by the data pointer and the
subaddress counter. Both data pointer and subaddress counter are automatically updated
and the data directed to the intended PCA8576F device.
An acknowledgement after each byte is asserted only by the PCA8576Fs that are
addressed via address lines A0 and A1. After the last display byte, the I2C-bus master
asserts a STOP condition (P). Alternately a START may be asserted to restart an I2C-bus
access.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
9. Internal circuitry
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Fig 25. Device protection circuits
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
10. Safety notes
CAUTION
This device is sensitive to ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD). Observe precautions for handling
electrostatic sensitive devices.
Such precautions are described in the ANSI/ESD S20.20, IEC/ST 61340-5, JESD625-A or
equivalent standards.
CAUTION
Static voltages across the liquid crystal display can build up when the LCD supply voltage
(VLCD) is on while the IC supply voltage (VDD) is off, or vice versa. This may cause unwanted
display artifacts. To avoid such artifacts, VLCD and VDD must be applied or removed together.
CAUTION
Semiconductors are light sensitive. Exposure to light sources can cause the IC to
malfunction. The IC must be protected against light. The protection must be applied to all
sides of the IC.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
11. Limiting values
Table 19. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
supply voltage
VLCD
LCD supply voltage
0.5
+9.0
V
VI
input voltage
on each of the pins CLK,
SDA, SCL, SYNC, SA0,
OSC, A0, A1, T1
0.5
+6.5
V
VO
output voltage
on each of the pins S0 to
S39, BP0 to BP3
0.5
+9.0
V
II
input current
10
+10
mA
IO
output current
10
+10
mA
IDD
supply current
50
+50
mA
IDD(LCD)
LCD supply current
50
+50
mA
ISS
ground supply current
50
+50
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
400
mW
Po
output power
-
100
mW
VESD
electrostatic discharge
voltage
HBM
[1]
-
5000
V
Ilu
latch-up current
VLU(VLCD) = 11.5 V
[2]
-
200
mA
[3]
65
+150
C
40
+105
C
Tstg
storage temperature
Tamb
ambient temperature
[1]
Conditions
operating device
Min
Max
Unit
0.5
+6.5
V
Pass level; Human Body Model (HBM) according to Ref. 10 “JESD22-A114”.
[2]
Pass level; latch-up testing according to Ref. 11 “JESD78” at maximum ambient temperature (Tamb(max)).
[3]
According to the store and transport requirements (see Ref. 14 “UM10569”) the devices have to be stored at a temperature of +8 C to
+45 C and a humidity of 25 % to 75 %.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
12. Static characteristics
Table 20. Static characteristics
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 8.0 V; Tamb = 40 C to +105 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
supply voltage
VLCD  6.5 V
1.8
-
5.5
V
VLCD > 6.5 V
2.5
-
5.5
V
VDD < 2.5 V
2.5
-
6.5
V
2.5
-
8.0
V
Supplies
VDD
VLCD
LCD supply voltage
VDD  2.5 V
supply current
IDD
-
6
20
A
-
2.7
-
A
-
18
30
A
-
17.5
-
A
VSS
-
0.3VDD
V
0.7VDD
-
VDD
V
on pins CLK and SYNC
1
-
-
mA
on pin SDA
3
-
-
mA
fclk(ext) = 1536 Hz
[1][2]
VDD = 3.0 V; Tamb = 25 C
IDD(LCD)
LCD supply current
[1]
fclk(ext) = 1536 Hz
VDD(LCD) = 3.0 V;
Tamb = 25 C
Logic[3]
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
on pins CLK, SYNC, OSC,
A0, A1, T1, SA0, SCL, SDA
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
on pins CLK, SYNC, OSC,
A0, A1, T1, SA0, SCL, SDA
IOL
LOW-level output current
output sink current;
VOL = 0.4 V; VDD = 5 V
[4][5]
IOH(CLK)
HIGH-level output current
on pin CLK
output source current;
VOH = 4.6 V; VDD = 5 V
1
-
-
mA
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD or VSS;
on pins CLK, SCL, SDA, A0,
A1, T1, SA0
1
-
+1
A
IL(OSC)
leakage current on pin
OSC
VI = VDD
1
-
+1
A
CI
input capacitance
-
-
7
pF
100
-
+100
mV
on pins BP0 to BP3
-
1.5
-
k
on pins S0 to S39
-
6.0
-
k
[6]
LCD outputs
VO
output voltage variation
on pins BP0 to BP3 and
S0 to S39
RO
output resistance
VLCD = 5 V
[7]
[1]
LCD outputs are open-circuit; inputs at VSS or VDD; external clock with 50 % duty factor; I2C-bus inactive.
[2]
For typical values, see Figure 26.
[3]
The I2C-bus interface of PCA8576F is 5 V tolerant.
[4]
When tested, I2C pins SCL and SDA have no diode to VDD and may be driven to the VI limiting values given in Table 19 (see Figure 25
as well).
[5]
Propagation delay of driver between clock (CLK) and LCD driving signals.
[6]
Periodically sampled, not 100 % tested.
[7]
Outputs measured one at a time.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
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Tamb = 30 C; 1:4 multiplex drive mode; VLCD = 6.5 V; fclk(ext) = 1.536 kHz; all RAM written with
logic 1; no display connected; I2C-bus inactive.
Fig 26. Typical IDD with respect to VDD
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
13. Dynamic characteristics
Table 21. Dynamic characteristics
VDD = 1.8 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; VLCD = 2.5 V to 8.0 V; Tamb = 40 C to +105 C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Clock
fclk(int)
internal clock frequency
fclk(ext)
external clock frequency
ffr
frame frequency
[1]
3505
4800
6240
Hz
960
-
6720
Hz
internal clock
146
200
260
Hz
external clock
40
-
280
Hz
tclk(H)
HIGH-level clock time
60
-
-
s
tclk(L)
LOW-level clock time
60
-
-
s
-
30
-
ns
Synchronization
tPD(SYNC_N) SYNC propagation delay
tSYNC_NL
SYNC LOW time
tPD(drv)
driver propagation delay
VLCD = 5 V
[2]
1
-
-
s
-
-
30
s
I2C-bus[3]
Pin SCL
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
-
-
400
kHz
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL
clock
1.3
-
-
s
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL
clock
0.6
-
-
s
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
100
-
-
ns
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0
-
-
ns
Pin SDA
Pins SCL and SDA
tBUF
bus free time between a
STOP and START
condition
1.3
-
-
s
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP
condition
0.6
-
-
s
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated)
START condition
0.6
-
-
s
tSU;STA
set-up time for a repeated
START condition
0.6
-
-
s
tr
rise time of both SDA and
SCL signals
fSCL = 400 kHz
-
-
0.3
s
fSCL < 125 kHz
-
-
1.0
s
tf
fall time of both SDA and
SCL signals
-
-
0.3
s
Cb
capacitive load for each
bus line
-
-
400
pF
tw(spike)
spike pulse width
-
-
50
ns
on the I2C-bus
[1]
Typical output duty factor: 50 % measured at the CLK output pin.
[2]
Not tested in production.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
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Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
[3]
All timing values are valid within the operating supply voltage and ambient temperature range and are referenced to VIL and VIH with an
input voltage swing of VSS to VDD.
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Fig 28. I2C-bus timing waveforms
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
14. Application information
14.1 Cascaded operation
In large display configurations, up to 8 PCA8576Fs can be differentiated on the same
I2C-bus by using the 2-bit hardware subaddresses (A0 and A1) and the programmable
I2C-bus slave address (SA0).
Table 22.
Addressing cascaded PCA8576F
Cluster
Bit SA0
Pin A1
Pin A0
Device
1
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
2
2
1
1
1
3
0
0
4
0
1
5
1
0
6
1
1
7
PCA8576Fs connected in cascade are synchronized to allow the backplane signals from
only one device in the cascade to be shared. This arrangement is cost-effective in large
LCD applications since the backplane outputs of only one device need to be
through-plated to the backplane electrodes of the display. The other PCA8576F of the
cascade contribute additional segment outputs. The backplanes can either be connected
together to enhance the drive capability or some can be left open-circuit (such as the ones
from the slave in Figure 29) or just some of the master and some of the slave will be taken
to facilitate the layout of the display.
All PCA8576Fs connected in cascade are correctly synchronized by the automatically
generated SYNC signal. The only time that SYNC is likely to be needed is if
synchronization is lost accidentally, for example, by noise in adverse electrical
environments, or if the LCD multiplex drive mode is changed in an application using
several cascaded PCA8576Fs, as the drive mode cannot be changed on all of the
cascaded devices simultaneously. SYNC can be either an input or an output signal; a
SYNC output is implemented as an open-drain driver with an internal pull-up resistor.
The PCA8576F asserts SYNC at the start of its last active backplane signal and monitors
the SYNC line at all other times. If cascade synchronization is lost, it is restored by the first
PCA8576F to assert SYNC. The timing relationship between the backplane waveforms
and the SYNC signal for each LCD drive mode is shown in Figure 30.
The contact resistance between the SYNC on each cascaded device must be controlled.
If the resistance is too high, the device is not able to synchronize properly; this is
particularly applicable to chip-on-glass applications. The maximum SYNC contact
resistance allowed for the number of devices in cascade is given in Table 23.
Table 23.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
SYNC contact resistance
Number of devices
Maximum contact resistance
2
6 k
3 to 5
2.2 k
6 to 8
1.2 k
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
Figure 30 shows the timing of the synchronization signals.
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Fig 29. Cascaded PCA8576F configuration
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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39 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
7IU
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Fig 30. Synchronization of the cascade for the various PCA8576F drive modes
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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40 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
15. Bare die outline
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Fig 31. Bare die outline PCA8576FUG (for dimensions see Table 24)
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
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Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
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41 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
Table 24. Dimensions of PCA8576FUG
Original dimensions are in mm.
A
A1
max
-
0.012
-
-
-
-
-
-
nom
0.40
0.015
0.381
0.052
2.2
2.0
-
0.077
min
-
0.018
-
-
-
-
0.072
-
[1]
A2
b
D
e[1]
Unit (mm)
E
L
Dimension not drawn to scale.
Table 25. Bump location for PCA8576FUG
All x/y coordinates represent the position of the center of each pad with respect to the center
(x/y = 0) of the chip (see Figure 2, and Figure 31).
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Symbol
Pad
X (m)
Y (m)
Description
SDA
1
34.38
876.6
I2C-bus serial data input/output
SCL
2
109.53
876.6
I2C-bus serial clock input
SCL
3
181.53
876.6
SYNC
4
365.58
876.6
cascade synchronization input/output
CLK
5
469.08
876.6
external clock input/output
VDD
6
577.08
876.6
supply voltage
OSC
7
740.88
876.6
internal oscillator enable input
A0
8
835.83
876.6
subaddress inputs
A1
9
1005.48
630.9
T1
10
1005.48
513.9
test pin
SA0
11
1005.48
396.9
I2C-bus address input; bit 0
VSS
12
1005.48
221.4
ground supply voltage
VLCD
13
1005.48
10.71
LCD supply voltage
BP0
14
1005.48
156.51
LCD backplane outputs
BP2
15
1005.48
232.74
BP1
16
1005.48
308.97
BP3
17
1005.48
385.2
S0
18
1005.48
493.2
S1
19
1005.48
565.2
S2
20
1005.48
637.2
S3
21
1005.48
709.2
S4
22
347.22
876.6
S5
23
263.97
876.6
S6
24
180.72
876.6
S7
25
97.47
876.6
S8
26
14.22
876.6
S9
27
69.03
876.6
S10
28
152.28
876.6
S11
29
235.53
876.6
S12
30
318.78
876.6
S13
31
402.03
876.6
LCD segment outputs
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PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
Table 25. Bump location for PCA8576FUG …continued
All x/y coordinates represent the position of the center of each pad with respect to the center
(x/y = 0) of the chip (see Figure 2, and Figure 31).
Symbol
Pad
X (m)
Y (m)
Description
S14
32
485.28
876.6
LCD segment outputs
S15
33
568.53
876.6
S16
34
651.78
876.6
S17
35
735.03
876.6
S18
36
1005.5
625.59
S19
37
1005.5
541.62
S20
38
1005.5
458.19
S21
39
1005.5
374.76
S22
40
1005.5
291.33
S23
41
1005.5
207.9
S24
42
1005.5
124.47
S25
43
1005.5
41.04
S26
44
1005.5
42.39
S27
45
1005.5
125.8
S28
46
1005.5
209.3
S29
47
1005.5
292.7
S30
48
1005.5
376.1
S31
49
1005.5
459.5
S32
50
1005.5
543
S33
51
1005.5
625.6
S34
52
735.03
876.6
S35
53
663.03
876.6
S36
54
591.03
876.6
S37
55
519.03
876.6
S38
56
447.03
876.6
S39
57
375.03
876.6
SDA
58
196.38
876.6
SDA
59
106.38
876.6
I2C-bus serial data input/output
Table 26. Alignment marks
All x/y coordinates represent the position of the center of each alignment mark with respect to the
center (x/y = 0) of the chip (see Figure 2, and Figure 31).
Symbol
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Location
Dimension
X (m)
Y (m)
Diameter (m)
C1
930.42
870.3
72
C2
829.98
870.3
72
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
43 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
16. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) devices ensure that
all normal precautions are taken as described in JESD625-A, IEC 61340-5 or equivalent
standards.
17. Packing information
17.1 Tray information
&
-
$
+
[
%
$
$
.
)
(
'
\
\
[
*
)
(
&
2
1
/
0
6(&7,21$$
;
'LPHQVLRQVLQPP
GHWDLO;
DDD
Fig 32. Tray details
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
44 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
Table 27. Description of tray details
Tray details are shown in Figure 32.
Tray details
Dimensions
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
L
M
N
Unit
3.6
3.6
2.36
2.11
50.8
45.72
39.6
5.6
5.6
39.6
3.96
2.18
2.49
mm
Number of pockets
x direction
y direction
12
12
PDUNLQJFRGH
DDD
Fig 33. Tray alignment
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
45 of 54
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
NXP Semiconductors
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
18. Appendix
18.1 LCD segment driver selection
Table 28.
Selection of LCD segment drivers
Type name
Number of elements at MUX
ffr (Hz)
Interface Package
AECQ100
PCA8553DTT
40
80
120 160 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 5.5 32 to 256[1]
N
N
40 to 105 I2C / SPI
TSSOP56 Y
PCA8546ATT
-
-
-
176 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
TSSOP56 Y
PCA8546BTT
-
-
-
176 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 95
SPI
TSSOP56 Y
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
Y
40 to 95
I2C
TQFP64
Y
60 to
300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 95
SPI
TQFP64
Y
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
LQFP80
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
LQFP80
Y
Y
40 to 105
I2C
LQFP80
Y
TSSOP56 N
88
-
-
-
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
PCA8547BHT
44
88
176 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
PCF85134HL
60
120 180 240 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 82
PCA85134H
PCA8543AHL
60
60
-
176 -
1:9
VLCD (V) VLCD (V)
Tamb (C)
charge temperature
pump
compensat.
1:2 1:3
44
1:6 1:8
VLCD (V)
1:1
PCA8547AHT
1:4
VDD (V)
120 180 240 120 -
240 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
2.5 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
82
Y
N
60 to
300[1]
300[1]
Y
PCF8545ATT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 5.5 60 to
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
PCF8545BTT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 5.5 60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 85
SPI
TSSOP56 N
PCF8536AT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
TSSOP56 N
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
N
N
40 to 85
SPI
TSSOP56 N
300[1]
TSSOP56 Y
PCF8536BT
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
N
N
40 to 95
-
-
-
176 252 320 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
N
N
40 to 95
SPI
TSSOP56 Y
PCF8537AH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 85
I2C
TQFP64
N
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 85
SPI
TQFP64
N
300[1]
Y
Y
40 to 95
I2C
TQFP64
Y
Y
Y
40 to 95
SPI
TQFP64
Y
Y
40 to 105
I2C
LQFP80
Y
Y
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
PCF8537BH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
46 of 54
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
PCA8537AH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
PCA8537BH
44
88
-
176 276 352 -
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to 300[1]
2.5 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
60 to
300[1]
60 to
300[1]
PCA9620H
PCA9620U
60
60
120 120 -
240 320 480 240 320 480 -
2.5 to 5.5 2.5 to 9
Y
Y
PCF8576DU
40
80
120 160 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 77
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
PCF8576EUG
40
80
120 160 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 77
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
N
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
Bare die
Y
PCA8576FUG
PCF85133U
PCA85133U
40
80
80
80
120 160 -
160 240 320 160 240 320 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
200
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 6.5 82,
110[2]
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
110[2]
82,
N
N
N
PCA8576F
-
PCA8536BT
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
PCA8536AT
I2C
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
Selection of LCD segment drivers …continued
Type name
Number of elements at MUX
ffr (Hz)
VLCD (V) VLCD (V)
Tamb (C)
charge temperature
pump
compensat.
AECQ100
PCA85233UG
80
160 240 320 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 2.5 to 8
150, 220[2]
N
N
40 to 105 I2C
Bare die
Y
PCF85132U
160 320 480 640 -
-
-
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 8
60 to 90[1]
N
N
40 to 85
I2C
Bare die
N
Y
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
N
40 to 95
I2C
Bare die
Y
N
N
40 to 95
I2C
Bare die
Y
Y
Y
40 to 85
I2C / SPI
Bare die
N
Y
40 to 105
I2C
Bare die
Y
PCA85132U
408 -
160 320 480 640 -
PCA85232U
160 320 480 640 -
PCF8538UG
102 204 -
PCA8538UG
102 204 -
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
[1]
Software programmable.
[2]
Hardware selectable.
-
1:9
Interface Package
1:2 1:3
102 204 -
1:6 1:8
VLCD (V)
1:1
PCA8530DUG
1:4
VDD (V)
-
2.5 to 5.5 4 to 12
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 8
1.8 to 5.5 1.8 to 8
45 to
300[1]
60 to
90[1]
117 to
176[1]
408 612 816 918 2.5 to 5.5 4 to 12
45 to 300[1]
408 612 816 918 2.5 to 5.5 4 to 12
300[1]
45 to
Y
N
Y
/ SPI
/ SPI
NXP Semiconductors
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Table 28.
PCA8576F
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
47 of 54
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
19. Abbreviations
Table 29.
Acronym
Abbreviations
Description
CDM
Charged-Device Model
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
HBM
Human Body Model
ITO
Indium Tin Oxide
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MM
Machine Model
MSB
Most Significant Bit
MSL
Moisture Sensitivity Level
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
RAM
Random Access Memory
RMS
Root Mean Square
SCL
Serial CLock line
SDA
Serial DAta line
SMD
Surface Mount Device
20. References
[1]
AN10170 — Design guidelines for COG modules with NXP monochrome LCD
drivers
[2]
AN10365 — Surface mount reflow soldering description
[3]
AN10706 — Handling bare die
[4]
AN10853 — ESD and EMC sensitivity of IC
[5]
AN11267 — EMC and system level ESD design guidelines for LCD drivers
[6]
AN11494 — Cascading NXP LCD segment drivers
[7]
IEC 60134 — Rating systems for electronic tubes and valves and analogous
semiconductor devices
[8]
IEC 61340-5 — Protection of electronic devices from electrostatic phenomena
[9]
IPC/JEDEC J-STD-020D — Moisture/Reflow Sensitivity Classification for
Nonhermetic Solid State Surface Mount Devices
[10] JESD22-A114 — Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitivity Testing Human Body
Model (HBM)
[11] JESD78 — IC Latch-Up Test
[12] JESD625-A — Requirements for Handling Electrostatic-Discharge-Sensitive
(ESDS) Devices
[13] UM10204 — I2C-bus specification and user manual
[14] UM10569 — Store and transport requirements
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
48 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
21. Revision history
Table 30.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCA8576F v.3
20141203
Product data sheet
-
PCA8576F v.2
PCA8576F v.2
20141010
Product data sheet
-
PCA8576F v.1
PCA8576F v.1
20131122
Product data sheet
-
-
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
49 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
22. Legal information
22.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
22.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
22.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
Suitability for use in automotive applications — This NXP
Semiconductors product has been qualified for use in automotive
applications. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the product is not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer's own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
50 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
Bare die — All die are tested on compliance with their related technical
specifications as stated in this data sheet up to the point of wafer sawing and
are handled in accordance with the NXP Semiconductors storage and
transportation conditions. If there are data sheet limits not guaranteed, these
will be separately indicated in the data sheet. There are no post-packing tests
performed on individual die or wafers.
NXP Semiconductors has no control of third party procedures in the sawing,
handling, packing or assembly of the die. Accordingly, NXP Semiconductors
assumes no liability for device functionality or performance of the die or
systems after third party sawing, handling, packing or assembly of the die. It
is the responsibility of the customer to test and qualify their application in
which the die is used.
All die sales are conditioned upon and subject to the customer entering into a
written die sale agreement with NXP Semiconductors through its legal
department.
22.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors N.V.
23. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
51 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
24. Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Table 22.
Table 23.
Table 24.
Table 25.
Table 26.
Table 27.
Table 28.
Table 29.
Table 30.
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Marking codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Definition of PCA8576F commands . . . . . . . . . .5
C bit description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Mode-set command bit description . . . . . . . . . .6
Load-data-pointer command bit description . . . .6
Device-select command bit description . . . . . . .6
Bank-select command bit description . . . . . . . .7
Blink-select command bit description . . . . . . . . .7
Blinking frequencies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Standard RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive
mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Entire RAM filling by rewriting in 1:3 multiplex
drive mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Selection of possible display configurations . . .17
Biasing characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
Mapping of output pins and corresponding
output signals with respect to the multiplex
driving mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
I2C slave address byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36
Addressing cascaded PCA8576F . . . . . . . . . .38
SYNC contact resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
Dimensions of PCA8576FUG . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
Bump location for PCA8576FUG . . . . . . . . . . .42
Alignment marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Description of tray details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Selection of LCD segment drivers . . . . . . . . . .46
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
52 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
25. Figures
Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 4.
Fig 5.
Fig 6.
Fig 7.
Fig 8.
Fig 9.
Fig 10.
Fig 11.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Fig 14.
Fig 15.
Fig 16.
Fig 17.
Fig 18.
Fig 19.
Fig 20.
Fig 21.
Fig 22.
Fig 23.
Fig 24.
Fig 25.
Fig 26.
Fig 27.
Fig 28.
Fig 29.
Fig 30.
Fig 31.
Fig 32.
Fig 33.
Block diagram of PCA8576F . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Pinning diagram for PCA8576FUG (bare die) . . . .3
Format of command byte . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Display RAM bit map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Relationship between LCD layout, drive mode,
display RAM filling order and display data
transmitted over the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Display RAM filling order in static drive mode . . . 11
Display RAM filling order in 1:2 multiplex drive
mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Display RAM filling order in 1:4 multiplex drive
mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
RAM banks in static and multiplex driving
mode 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
Bank selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Example of the Bank-select command with
multiplex drive mode 1:2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
Example of displays suitable for PCA8576F . . . .17
Typical system configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Electro-optical characteristic: relative
transmission curve of the liquid . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Static drive mode waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄2 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Waveforms for the 1:2 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Waveforms for the 1:3 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Waveforms for the 1:4 multiplex drive mode
with 1⁄3 bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Definition of START and STOP conditions. . . . . .27
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Acknowledgement of the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . .28
I2C-bus protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
Device protection circuits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Typical IDD with respect to VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Driver timing waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
I2C-bus timing waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Cascaded PCA8576F configuration . . . . . . . . . .39
Synchronization of the cascade for the various
PCA8576F drive modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Bare die outline PCA8576FUG (for dimensions
see Table 24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Tray details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Tray alignment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
PCA8576F
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 3 December 2014
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014. All rights reserved.
53 of 54
PCA8576F
NXP Semiconductors
Automotive 40 × 4 LCD driver
26. Contents
1
2
3
3.1
4
5
6
6.1
6.2
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.1.3
7.1.4
7.1.5
7.2
7.2.1
7.2.2
7.2.3
7.2.4
7.3
7.3.1
7.3.2
7.3.3
7.3.4
7.3.5
7.3.6
7.3.7
7.3.8
7.3.8.1
7.3.8.2
7.3.8.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.6.1
7.6.2
7.6.2.1
7.6.3
7.6.3.1
7.6.3.2
7.6.3.3
7.6.3.4
7.6.4
7.6.5
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Commands of PCA8576F. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Command: mode-set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: load-data-pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: device-select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Command: bank-select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Command: blink-select . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Clock and frame frequency. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Internal clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
External clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Timing and frame frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Blinking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Display RAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
RAM filling in static drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . 11
RAM filling in 1:2 multiplex drive mode. . . . . . 11
RAM filling in 1:3 multiplex drive mode. . . . . . 12
RAM filling in 1:4 multiplex drive mode. . . . . . 13
Data pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Subaddress counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Writing over the RAM address boundary . . . . 14
Bank selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
RAM bank switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Output bank selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Input bank selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Possible display configurations . . . . . . . . . . . 16
LCD voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
LCD bias generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
LCD voltage selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Electro-optical performance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
LCD drive mode waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Static drive mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
1:2 Multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
1:3 Multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
1:4 Multiplex drive mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Backplane outputs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Segment outputs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
9
10
11
12
13
14
14.1
15
16
17
17.1
18
18.1
19
20
21
22
22.1
22.2
22.3
22.4
23
24
25
26
Characteristics of the I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
START and STOP conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . .
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input filters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal circuitry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cascaded operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bare die outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Handling information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tray information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LCD segment driver selection . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
References. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
27
27
27
28
29
29
29
31
32
33
34
36
38
38
41
44
44
44
46
46
48
48
49
50
50
50
50
51
51
52
53
54
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2014.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 3 December 2014
Document identifier: PCA8576F
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