Data Sheet

UJA1061
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
Product data sheet
1. General description
The UJA1061 fail-safe System Basis Chip (SBC) replaces basic discrete components that
are common in every Electronic Control Unit (ECU) with a Controller Area Network (CAN)
and a Local Interconnect Network (LIN) interface. The fail-safe SBC supports all
networking applications that control various power and sensor peripherals by using
fault-tolerant CAN as the main network interface and LIN as a local sub-bus. The fail-safe
SBC contains the following integrated devices:
• ISO11898-3 compliant fault-tolerant CAN transceiver, interoperable with TJA1054,
TJA1054A and TJA1055
•
•
•
•
•
•
LIN transceiver compliant with LIN 2.0 and SAE J2602, and compatible with LIN 1.3
Advanced independent watchdog
Dedicated voltage regulators for microcontroller and CAN transceiver
Serial peripheral interface (full duplex)
Local wake-up input port
Inhibit/limp-home output port
In addition to the advantages of integrating these common ECU functions in a single
package, the fail-safe SBC offers an intelligent combination of system-specific functions
such as:
•
•
•
•
Advanced low-power concept
Safe and controlled system start-up behavior
Advanced fail-safe system behavior that prevents any conceivable deadlock
Detailed status reporting on system and subsystem levels
The UJA1061 is designed to be used in combination with a microcontroller that
incorporates a CAN controller. The fail-safe SBC ensures that the microcontroller is
always started up in a defined manner. In failure situations, the fail-safe SBC will maintain
microcontroller functionality for as long as possible to provide full monitoring and a
software-driven fall-back operation.
The UJA1061 is designed for 14 V single power supply architectures and for 14 V and
42 V dual power supply architectures.
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
2. Features and benefits
2.1 General
„ Contains a full set of CAN and LIN ECU functions:
‹ CAN transceiver and LIN transceiver
‹ Voltage regulator for the microcontroller (3.3 V or 5.0 V)
‹ Separate voltage regulator for the CAN transceiver (5 V)
‹ Enhanced window watchdog with on-chip oscillator
‹ Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) for the microcontroller
‹ ECU power management system
‹ Fully integrated autonomous fail-safe system
„ Designed for automotive applications:
‹ Supports 14 V, 24 V and 42 V architectures
‹ Excellent ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) performance
‹ ±8 kV ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection Human Body Model (HBM) for
off-board pins
‹ ±6 kV ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection IEC 61000-4-2 for off-board pins
‹ ±60 V short-circuit proof CAN/LIN-bus pins
‹ Battery and CAN/LIN-bus pins are protected against transients in accordance with
ISO 7637
‹ Very low sleep current
„ Supports remote flash programming via the CAN-bus
„ Small 6.1 mm × 11 mm HTSSOP32 package with low thermal resistance
2.2 CAN transceiver
„ ISO 11898-3 compliant fault-tolerant CAN transceiver
„ Enhanced error signalling and reporting
„ Dedicated low dropout voltage regulator for the CAN-bus:
‹ Independent from microcontroller supply
‹ Guarded by CAN-bus failure management
‹ Significantly improves EMC performance
„ Partial networking option with global wake-up feature, allows selective CAN-bus
communication without waking up sleeping nodes
„ Bus connections are truly floating when power is off
„ Ground shift detection
2.3 LIN transceiver
„ LIN 2.0 compliant LIN transceiver
„ Enhanced error signalling and reporting
„ Downward compatible with LIN 1.3 and the TJA1020
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
2.4 Power management
„
„
„
„
„
Smart operating modes and power management modes
Cyclic wake-up capability in Standby and Sleep modes
Local wake-up input with cyclic supply feature
Remote wake-up capability via the CAN-bus and LIN-bus
External voltage regulators can easily be incorporated in the power supply system
(flexible and fail-safe)
„ 42 V battery-related high-side switch for driving external loads such as relays and
wake-up switches
„ Intelligent maskable interrupt output
2.5 Fail-safe features
„ Safe and predictable behavior under all conditions
„ Programmable fail-safe coded window and time-out watchdog with on-chip oscillator,
guaranteeing autonomous fail-safe system supervision
„ Fail-safe coded 16-bit SPI interface for the microcontroller
„ Global enable pin for the control of safety-critical hardware
„ Detection and detailed reporting of failures:
‹ On-chip oscillator failure and watchdog alerts
‹ Voltage regulator undervoltages
‹ CAN and LIN-bus failures (short-circuits and open-circuit bus wires)
‹ TXD and RXD clamping situations and short-circuits
‹ Clamped or open reset line
‹ SPI message errors
‹ Overtemperature warning
‹ ECU ground shift (two selectable thresholds)
„ Rigorous error handling based on diagnostics
„ 23 bits of access-protected RAM is available e.g. for logging of cyclic problems
„ Reporting in a single SPI message; no assembly of multiple SPI frames needed
„ limp-home output signal for activating application hardware in case system enters
Fail-safe mode (e.g. for switching on warning lights)
„ Fail-safe coded activation of Software development mode and Flash mode
„ Unique SPI readable device type identification
„ Software-initiated system reset
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
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UJA1061
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
UJA1061TW[1]
[1]
Name
Description
Version
HTSSOP32
plastic thermal enhanced thin shrink small outline package; 32 leads; SOT549-1
body width 6.1 mm; lead pitch 0.65 mm; exposed die pad
UJA1061TW/5V0 is for the 5 V version; UJA1061TW/3V3 is for the 3.3 V version.
4. Block diagram
BAT42
BAT14
32
BAT
MONITOR
UJA1061
27
4
V1
20
V2
SYSINH
V3
INH/LIMP
V1
V2
29
30
17
INH
V1 MONITOR
INTN
WAKE
TEST
7
18
WAKE
8
16
SBC
FAIL-SAFE
SYSTEM
CHIP
TEMPERATURE
SCK
SDI
SDO
SCS
RTLIN
LIN
TXDL
RXDL
GND
6
RESET/EN
RSTN
EN
WATCHDOG
11
OSCILLATOR
9
10
SPI
GND SHIFT
DETECTOR
12
26
19
25
3
24
LIN
FAULT
TOLERANT
CAN
TRANSCEIVER
5
23
BAT42
BAT42
V2
21
22
13
14
RTL
RTH
CANH
CANL
TXDC
RXDC
001aad803
Fig 1.
Block diagram
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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UJA1061
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
5. Pinning information
5.1 Pinning
n.c.
1
32 BAT42
n.c.
2
31 RESERVED
TXDL
3
30 V3
V1
4
29 SYSINH
RXDL
5
28 n.c.
RSTN
6
27 BAT14
INTN
7
26 RTLIN
EN
8
SDI
9
25 LIN
UJA1061
24 RTH
SDO 10
23 GND
SCK 11
22 CANL
SCS 12
21 CANH
TXDC 13
20 V2
RXDC 14
19 RTL
18 WAKE
n.c. 15
17 INH/LIMP
TEST 16
001aad604
Fig 2.
Pin configuration
5.2 Pin description
Table 2.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
Description
n.c.
1
not connected
n.c.
2
not connected
TXDL
3
LIN transmit data input (LOW for dominant, HIGH for recessive)
V1
4
voltage regulator output for the microcontroller (3.3 V or 5 V depending on
the SBC version)
RXDL
5
LIN receive data output (LOW when dominant, HIGH when recessive)
RSTN
6
reset output to microcontroller (active LOW; will detect clamping situations)
INTN
7
interrupt output to microcontroller (active LOW; open-drain, wire-AND this pin
to other ECU interrupt outputs)
EN
8
enable output (active HIGH; push-pull, LOW with every reset / watchdog
overflow)
SDI
9
SPI data input
SDO
10
SPI data output (floating when pin SCS is HIGH)
SCK
11
SPI clock input
SCS
12
SPI chip select input (active LOW)
TXDC
13
CAN transmit data input (LOW for dominant; HIGH for recessive)
RXDC
14
CAN receive data output (LOW when dominant; HIGH when recessive)
n.c.
15
not connected
TEST
16
test pin (should be connected to ground in application)
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 2.
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Description
INH/LIMP
17
inhibit/limp-home output (BAT14 related, push-pull, default floating)
WAKE
18
local wake-up input (BAT42 related, continuous or cyclic sampling)
RTL
19
CAN termination resistor connection; in case of a CANL bus wire error this
line is terminated with a selectable impedance
V2
20
5 V voltage regulator output for CAN; connect a buffer capacitor to this pin
CANH
21
CANH bus line (HIGH in dominant state)
CANL
22
CANL bus line (LOW in dominant state)
GND
23
ground
RTH
24
CAN termination resistor connection; in case of a CANH bus wire error this
line is terminated with a selectable impedance
LIN
25
LIN bus line (LOW in dominant state)
RTLIN
26
LIN-bus termination resistor connection
BAT14
27
14 V battery supply input
n.c.
28
not connected
SYSINH
29
system inhibit output (BAT42 related; e.g. for controlling external DC-to-DC
converter)
V3
30
unregulated 42 V output (BAT42 related; continuous output, or Cyclic mode
synchronized with local wake-up input)
reserved
31
must be connected to ground (GND)
BAT42
32
42 V battery supply input (connect this pin to BAT14 in 14 V applications)
The exposed die pad at the bottom of the package allows better dissipation of heat from
the SBC via the printed-circuit board. The exposed die pad is not connected to any active
part of the IC and can be left floating, or can be connected to GND for the best EMC
performance.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
6. Functional description
6.1 Introduction
The UJA1061 combines all peripheral functions around a microcontroller within typical
automotive networking applications into one dedicated chip. The functions are as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power supply for the microcontroller
•
•
•
•
•
•
SPI control interface
Power supply for the CAN transceiver
Switched BAT42 output
System reset
Watchdog with Window mode and Time-out mode
On-chip oscillator
Fault-tolerant CAN and LIN transceivers for serial communication; suitable for 12 V
and 42 V applications
Local wake-up input
Inhibit or limp-home output
System inhibit output port
Compatibility with 42 V power supply systems
Fail-safe behavior
6.2 Fail-safe system controller
The fail-safe system controller is the core of the UJA1061 and is supervised by a
watchdog timer that is clocked directly by the dedicated on-chip oscillator. The system
controller manages the register configuration and controls all internal functions of the
SBC. Detailed device status information is collected and presented to the microcontroller.
The system controller also provides the reset and interrupt signals.
The fail-safe system controller is a state machine. The different operating modes and the
transitions between these modes are illustrated in Figure 3. The following sections give
further details about the SBC operating modes.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
mode change via SPI
watchdog
trigger
Standby mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
LIN: off-line
watchdog: time-out/OFF
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: HIGH/LOW
mode change via SPI
watchdog
trigger
mode change via SPI
wake-up detected with its wake-up interrupt disabled
OR mode change to Sleep with pending wake-up
OR watchdog time-out with watchdog timeout interrupt disabled
OR watchdog OFF and IV1 > I thH(V1) with reset option
OR interrupt ignored > t RSTN(INT)
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR V1 undervoltage detected
flash entry enabled (111/001/111 mode sequence)
OR illegal Mode register code
OR mode change to Sleep with pending wake-up
OR watchdog not properly served
OR interrupt ignored > tRSTN(INT)
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
mode change via SPI
Normal mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: all modes available
LIN: all modes available
watchdog: window
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: HIGH/LOW
Sleep mode
V1: OFF
SYSINH: HIGH/float
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
LIN: off-line
watchdog: time-out/OFF
INH/LIMP: LOW/float
RSTN: LOW
EN: LOW
wake-up detected
OR watchdog time-out
OR V3 overload detected
init Normal mode
via SPI successful
Start-up mode
init Normal mode
via SPI successful
supply connected
for the first time
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
LIN: off-line
watchdog: start-up
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: LOW
t > t WD(init)
OR SPI clock count < > 16
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR RSTN released and V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
leave Flash mode code
OR watchdog time-out
OR interrupt ignored > t RSTN(INT)
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
Restart mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
LIN: off-line
watchdog: start-up
INH/LIMP: LOW/float
EN: LOW
init Flash mode via SPI
AND flash entry enabled
wake-up detected
AND oscillator ok
AND t > t ret
watchdog
trigger
Flash mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: all modes available
LIN: all modes available
watchdog: time-out
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: HIGH/LOW
t > t WD(init)
OR SPI clock count < > 16
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR RSTN released and V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
Fail-safe mode
V1: OFF
SYSINH: HIGH/float
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
LIN: off-line
watchdog: OFF
INH/LIMP: LOW
RSTN: LOW
EN: LOW
oscillator fail
OR RSTN externally clamped HIGH detected > t RSTN(CHT)
OR RSTN externally clamped LOW detected > t RSTN(CLT)
OR V1 undervoltage detected > t V1(CLT)
from any
mode
001aad180
Fig 3.
Main state diagram
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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UJA1061
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
6.2.1 Start-up mode
Start-up mode is the ‘home page’ of the SBC. This mode is entered when battery and
ground are connected for the first time. Start-up mode is also entered after any event that
results in a system reset. The reset source information is provided by the SBC to support
different software initialization cycles that depend on the reset event.
It is also possible to enter Start-up mode via a wake-up from Standby mode, Sleep mode
or Fail-safe mode. Such a wake-up can originate either from the CAN-bus, the LIN-bus or
from the local WAKE pin.
On entering Start-up mode a lengthened reset time tRSTNL is observed. This reset time is
either user-defined (via the RLC bit in the System Configuration register) or defaults to the
value as given in Section 6.13.12. During the reset lengthening time pin RSTN is held
LOW by the SBC.
When the reset time is completed (pin RSTN is released and goes HIGH) the watchdog
timer will wait for initialization. If the watchdog initialization is successful, the selected
operating mode (Normal mode or Flash mode) will be entered. Otherwise the Restart
mode will be entered.
6.2.2 Restart mode
The purpose of the Restart mode is to give the application a second chance to start up,
should the first attempt from Start-up mode fail. Entering Restart mode will always set the
reset lengthening time tRSTNL to the higher value to guarantee the maximum reset length,
regardless of previous events.
If start-up from Restart mode is successful (the previous problems do not reoccur and
watchdog initialization is successful), then the selected operating mode will be entered.
From Restart mode this must be Normal mode. If problems persist or if V1 fails to start up,
then Fail-safe mode will be entered.
6.2.3 Fail-safe mode
Severe fault situations will cause the SBC to enter Fail-safe mode. Fail-safe mode is also
entered if start-up from Restart mode fails. Fail-safe mode offers the lowest possible
system power consumption from the SBC and from the external components controlled by
the SBC.
A wake-up (via the CAN-bus, the LIN-bus or the WAKE pin) is needed to leave Fail-safe
mode. This is only possible if the on-chip oscillator is running correctly. The SBC restarts
from Fail-safe mode with a defined delay tret, to guarantee a discharged V1 before
entering Start-up mode. Regulator V1 will restart and the reset lengthening time tRSTNL is
set to the higher value; see Section 6.5.1.
6.2.4 Normal mode
Normal mode gives access to all SBC system resources, including CAN, LIN, INH/LIMP
and EN. Therefore in Normal mode the SBC watchdog runs in (programmable) Window
mode, for strictest software supervision. Whenever the watchdog is not properly served a
system reset is performed.
Interrupts from SBC to the host microcontroller are also monitored. A system reset is
performed if the host microcontroller does not respond within tRSTN(INT).
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Entering Normal mode does not activate the CAN or LIN transceiver automatically. The
CAN Mode Control (CMC) bit must be used to activate the CAN medium if required,
allowing local cyclic wake-up scenarios to be implemented without affecting the CAN-bus.
The LIN Mode Control (LMC) bit must be used to activate the LIN medium if required,
allowing local cyclic wake-up scenarios to be implemented without affecting the LIN-bus.
6.2.5 Standby mode
In Standby mode the system is set into a state with reduced current consumption.
Entering Standby mode overrides the CMC bit, allowing the CAN transceiver to enter the
low-power mode autonomously. The watchdog will, however, continue to monitor the
microcontroller (Time-out mode) since it is powered via pin V1.
In the event that the host microcontroller can provide a low-power mode with reduced
current consumption in its Standby mode or Stop mode, the watchdog can be switched off
entirely in Standby mode of the SBC. The SBC monitors the microcontroller supply current
to ensure that there is no unobserved phase with disabled watchdog and running
microcontroller. The watchdog will remain active until the supply current drops below
IthL(V1). Below this current limit the watchdog is disabled.
Should the current increase to IthH(V1), e.g. as result of a microcontroller wake-up from
application specific hardware, the watchdog will start operating again with the previously
used time-out period. If the watchdog is not triggered correctly, a system reset will occur
and the SBC will enter Start-up mode.
If Standby mode is entered from Normal mode with the selected watchdog OFF option,
the watchdog will use the maximum time-out as defined for Standby mode until the supply
current drops below the current detection threshold; the watchdog is now OFF. If the
current increases again, the watchdog is immediately activated, again using the maximum
watchdog time-out period. If the watchdog OFF option is selected during Standby mode,
the last used watchdog period will define the time for the supply current to fall below the
current detection threshold. This allows the user to align the current supervisor function to
the application needs.
Generally, the microcontroller can be activated from Standby mode via a system reset or
via an interrupt without reset. This allows implementation of differentiated start-up
behavior from Standby mode, depending on the application needs:
• If the watchdog is still running during Standby mode, the watchdog can be used for
cyclic wake-up behavior of the system. A dedicated Watchdog Time-out Interrupt
Enable (WTIE) bit enables the microcontroller to decide whether to receive an
interrupt or a hardware reset upon overflow. The interrupt option will be cleared in
hardware automatically with each watchdog overflow to ensure that a failing main
routine is detected while the interrupt service still operates. So the application
software must set the interrupt behavior each time before a standby cycle is entered.
• Any wake-up via the CAN-bus or the LIN-bus together with a local wake-up event will
force a system reset event or an interrupt to the microcontroller. So it is possible to
exit Standby mode without any system reset if required.
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
When an interrupt event occurs the application software has to read the Interrupt register
within tRSTN(INT). Otherwise a fail-safe system reset is forced and Start-up mode will be
entered. If the application has read out the Interrupt register within the specified time, it
can decide whether to switch into Normal mode via an SPI access or to stay in Standby
mode.
The following operations are possible from Standby mode:
• Cyclic wake-up by the watchdog via an interrupt signal to the microcontroller (the
microcontroller is triggered periodically and checked for the correct response)
• Cyclic wake-up by the watchdog via a reset signal (a reset is performed periodically;
the SBC provides information about the reset source to allow different start
sequences after reset)
• Wake-up by activity on the CAN-bus or LIN-bus via an interrupt signal to the
microcontroller
• Wake-up by bus activity on the CAN-bus or LIN-bus via a reset signal
• Wake-up by increasing the microcontroller supply current without a reset signal
(where a stable supply is needed for the microcontroller RAM contents to remain valid
and wake-up from an external application not connected to the SBC)
• Wake-up by increasing the microcontroller supply current with a reset signal
• Wake-up due to a falling edge at pin WAKE forcing an interrupt to the microcontroller
• Wake-up due to a falling edge at pin WAKE forcing a reset signal
6.2.6 Sleep mode
In Sleep mode the microcontroller power supply (V1) and the INH/LIMP controlled
external supplies are switched off entirely, resulting in minimum system power
consumption. In this mode, the watchdog runs in Time-out mode or is completely off.
Entering Sleep mode results in an immediate LOW level on pin RSTN, thus stopping any
operation of the microcontroller. The INH/LIMP output is floating in parallel and pin V1 is
disabled. Only pin SYSINH can remain active to support the V2 voltage supply; this
depends on the V2C bit. It is also possible for V3 to be On, Off or in Cyclic mode to supply
external wake-up switches.
If the watchdog is not disabled in software, it will continue to run and force a system reset
upon overflow of the programmed period time. The SBC enters Start-up mode and pin V1
becomes active again. This behavior can be used for a cyclic wake-up from Sleep mode.
Depending on the application, the following operations can be selected from Sleep mode:
• Cyclic wake-up by the watchdog (only in Time-out mode); a reset is performed
periodically, the SBC provides information about the reset source to allow different
start sequences after reset
• Wake-up by activity on the CAN-bus, LIN-bus or falling edge at pin WAKE
• An overload on V3, only if V3 is in a cyclic or in continuously on mode
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
6.2.7 Flash mode
Flash mode can only be entered from Normal mode by entering a specific Flash mode
entry sequence. This fail-safe control sequence comprises three consecutive write
accesses to the Mode register, within the legal windows of the watchdog, using the
operating mode codes 111, 001 and 111 respectively. As a result of this sequence, the
SBC will enter Start-up mode and perform a system reset with the related reset source
information (bits RSS = 0110).
From Start-up mode the application software now has to enter Flash mode within tWD(init)
by writing Operating Mode code 011 to the Mode register. This feeds back a successfully
received hardware reset (handshake between the SBC and the microcontroller). The
transition from Start-up mode to Flash mode is possible only once after completing the
Flash entry sequence.
The application can also decide not to enter Flash mode but to return to Normal mode by
using the Operating Mode code 101 for handshaking. This erases the Flash mode entry
sequence.
The watchdog behavior in Flash mode is similar to its time-out behavior in Standby mode,
but Operating Mode code 111 must be used for serving the watchdog. If this code is not
used or if the watchdog overflows, the SBC immediately forces a reset and enters Start-up
mode. Flash mode is properly exited using the Operating Mode code 110 (leave Flash
mode), which results in a system reset with the corresponding reset source information.
Other Mode register codes will cause a forced reset with reset source code ‘illegal Mode
register code’.
6.3 On-chip oscillator
The on-chip oscillator provides the clock signal for all digital functions and is the timing
reference for the on-chip watchdog and the internal timers.
If the on-chip oscillator frequency is too low or the oscillator is not running at all, there is
an immediate transition to Fail-safe mode. The SBC will stay in Fail-safe mode until the
oscillator has recovered to its normal frequency and the system receives a wake-up
event.
6.4 Watchdog
The watchdog provides the following timing functions:
• Start-up mode; needed to give the software the opportunity to initialize the system
• Window mode; detects too early and too late accesses in Normal mode
• Time-out mode; detects a too late access, can also be used to restart or interrupt the
microcontroller from time to time (cyclic wake-up function)
• Off mode; fail-safe shut-down during operation thus preventing any blind spots in the
system supervision
The watchdog is clocked directly by the on-chip oscillator.
To guarantee fail-safe control of the watchdog via the SPI, all watchdog accesses are
coded with redundant bits. Therefore, only certain codes are allowed for a proper
watchdog service.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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The following corrupted watchdog accesses result in an immediate system reset:
• Illegal watchdog period coding; only ten different codes are valid
• Illegal operating mode coding; only six different codes are valid
Any microcontroller driven mode change is synchronized with a watchdog access by
reading the mode information and the watchdog period information from the same
register. This enables an easy software flow control with defined watchdog behavior when
switching between different software modules.
6.4.1 Watchdog start-up behavior
Following any reset event the watchdog is used to monitor the ECU start-up procedure. It
observes the behavior of the RSTN pin for any clamping condition or interrupted reset
wire. In case the watchdog is not properly served within tWD(init), another reset is forced
and the monitoring procedure is restarted. In case the watchdog is again not properly
served, the system enters Fail-safe mode (see also Figure 3, Start-up and Restart
modes).
6.4.2 Watchdog window behavior
Whenever the SBC enters Normal mode, the Window mode of the watchdog is activated.
This ensures that the microcontroller operates within the required speed; a too fast as well
as a too slow operation will be detected. Watchdog triggering using the Window mode is
illustrated in Figure 4.
period
too early
trigger
restarts
period
trigger window
50 %
100 %
trigger
via SPI
last
trigger point
earliest possible
trigger point
latest possible
trigger point
trigger restarts period
(with different duration if
desired)
50 %
too early
100 %
trigger
window
new period
trigger
via SPI
earliest
possible
trigger
point
Fig 4.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
latest
possible
trigger
point
mce626
Watchdog triggering using Window mode
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The SBC provides 10 different period timings, scalable with a 4-factor watchdog prescaler.
The period can be changed within any valid trigger window. Whenever the watchdog is
triggered within the window time, the timer will be reset to start a new period.
The watchdog window is defined to be between 50 % and 100 % of the nominal
programmed watchdog period. Any too early or too late watchdog access or wrong Mode
register code access will result in an immediate system reset, entering Start-up mode.
6.4.3 Watchdog time-out behavior
Whenever the SBC operates in Standby mode, in Sleep mode or in Flash mode, the
active watchdog operates in Time-out mode. The watchdog has to be triggered within the
actual programmed period time; see Figure 5. The Time-out mode can be used to provide
cyclic wake-up events to the host microcontroller from Standby and Sleep modes.
period
trigger range
time-out
trigger
via SPI
earliest
possible
trigger
point
latest
possible
trigger
point
trigger restarts period
(with different duration if
desired)
trigger range
time-out
new period
mce627
Fig 5.
Watchdog triggering using Time-out mode
In Standby and in Flash mode the nominal periods can be changed with any SPI access to
the Mode register.
Any illegal watchdog trigger code results in an immediate system reset, entering Start-up
mode.
6.4.4 Watchdog OFF behavior
It is possible to switch the watchdog off completely In Standby and Sleep modes. For
fail-safe reasons this is only possible if the microcontroller has stopped program
execution. To ensure that there is no program execution, the V1 supply current is
monitored by the SBC while the watchdog is switched off.
When selecting the watchdog OFF code, the watchdog remains active until the
microcontroller supply current has dropped below the current monitoring threshold IthL(V1).
After the supply current has dropped below the threshold, the watchdog stops at the end
of the watchdog period. In case the supply current does not drop below the monitoring
threshold, the watchdog stays active.
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If the microcontroller supply current increases above IthH(V1) while the watchdog is OFF,
the watchdog is restarted with the last used watchdog period time and a watchdog restart
interrupt is forced, if enabled.
In case of a direct mode change towards Standby mode with watchdog OFF selected, the
longest possible watchdog period is used. It should be noted that in Sleep mode V1
current monitoring is not active.
6.5 System reset
The reset function of the UJA1061 offers two signals to deal with reset events:
• RSTN; the global ECU system reset
• EN; a fail-safe global enable signal
6.5.1 RSTN pin
The system reset pin (RSTN) is a bidirectional input / output. Pin RSTN is active LOW
with selectable pulse length upon the following events; see Figure 3:
• Power-on (first battery connection) or VBAT42 below power-on reset threshold voltage
• Low V1 supply
• V1 current above threshold during Standby mode while watchdog OFF behavior is
selected
•
•
•
•
•
V3 is down due to short-circuit condition during Sleep mode
•
•
•
•
Wake-up event from Fail-safe mode
RSTN externally forced LOW, falling edge event
Successful preparation for Flash mode completed
Successful exit from Flash mode
Wake-up from Standby mode via pins CAN, LIN or WAKE if programmed accordingly,
or any wake-up event from Sleep mode
Watchdog trigger failures (too early, overflow, wrong code)
Illegal mode code via SPI applied
Interrupt not served within tRSTN(INT)
All of these reset events have a dedicated reset source in the System Status register to
allow distinction between the different events.
The SBC will lengthen any reset event to 1 ms or 20 ms to ensure that external hardware
is properly reset. After the first battery connection, a short power-on reset of 1 ms is
provided after voltage V1 is present. Once started, the microcontroller can set the Reset
Length Control (RLC) bit within the System Configuration register; this allows the reset
pulse to be adjusted for future reset events. With this bit set, all reset events are
lengthened to 20 ms. Due to fail-safe behavior, this bit will be set automatically (to 20 ms)
in Restart mode or Fail-safe mode. With this mechanism it is guaranteed that an
erroneously shortened reset pulse will restart any microcontroller, at least within the
second trial by using the long reset pulse.
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The behavior of pin RSTN is illustrated in Figure 6. The duration of tRSTNL depends on the
setting of the RLC bit (defines the reset length). Once an external reset event is detected
the system controller enters the Start-up mode. The watchdog now starts to monitor pin
RSTN as illustrated in Figure 7. If the RSTN pin is not released in time then Fail-safe
mode is entered as shown in Figure 3.
V1
Vrel(UV)(V1)
Vdet(UV)(V1)
time
power-up
undervoltage
missing
watchdog
access
VRSTN
undervoltage
spike
powerdown
time
tRSTNL
Fig 6.
tRSTNL
tRSTNL
coa054
Reset pin behavior
VRSTN
time
t RSTNL
RSTN
externally
forced LOW
t WD(init)
VRSTN
time
t RSTNL
RSTN externally forced LOW
t WD(init)
001aad181
Fig 7.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
Reset timing diagram
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Pin RSTN is monitored for a continuously clamped LOW situation. Once the SBC pulls pin
RSTN HIGH but pin RSTN level remains LOW for longer than tRSTN(CLT), the SBC
immediately enters Fail-safe mode since this indicates an application failure.
The SBC also detects if pin RSTN is clamped HIGH. If the HIGH-level remains on the pin
for longer than tRSTN(CHT) while pin RSTN is driven internally to a LOW-level by the SBC,
the SBC falls back immediately to Fail-safe mode since the microcontroller cannot be
reset any more. By entering Fail-safe mode, the V1 voltage regulator shuts down and the
microcontroller stops.
Additionally, chattering reset signals are handled by the SBC in such a way that the
system safely falls back to Fail-safe mode with the lowest possible power consumption.
6.5.2 EN output
Pin EN can be used to control external hardware such as power components or as a
general purpose output if the system is running properly. During all reset events, when pin
RSTN is pulled LOW, the EN control bit will be cleared, pin EN will be pulled LOW and will
stay LOW after pin RSTN is released. In Normal mode and Flash mode of the SBC, the
microcontroller can set the EN control bit via the SPI. This results in releasing pin EN
which then returns to a HIGH-level.
6.6 Power supplies
6.6.1 BAT14, BAT42 and SYSINH
The SBC has two supply pins, pin BAT42 and pin BAT14. Pin BAT42 supplies most of the
SBC where pin BAT14 only supplies the linear voltage regulators and the INH/LIMP output
pin. This supply architecture allows different supply strategies including the use of
external DC-to-DC converters controlled by the pin SYSINH.
6.6.1.1
SYSINH output
The SYSINH output is a high-side switch from BAT42. It is activated whenever the SBC
requires supply voltage to pin BAT14, e.g. when V1 or V2 is on (see Figure 3 and
Figure 8). Otherwise pin SYSINH is floating. Pin SYSINH can be used to control e.g. an
external step-down voltage regulator to pin BAT14, to reduce power consumption in
low-power modes.
6.6.2 Voltage regulators V1 and V2
The UJA1061 has two independent voltage regulators supplied out of the BAT14 pin.
Regulator V1 is intended to supply the microcontroller. Regulator V2 is reserved for the
CAN transceiver.
6.6.2.1
Voltage regulator V1
The V1 voltage is continuously monitored to provide the system reset signal when
undervoltage situations occur. Whenever the V1 voltage falls below one of the three
programmable thresholds, a hardware reset is forced.
A dedicated V1 supply comparator (V1 Monitor) observes V1 for undervoltage events
lower than VUV(VFI). This allows the application to receive a supply warning interrupt in
case one of the lower V1 undervoltage reset thresholds is selected.
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The V1 regulator is overload protected. The maximum output current available from pin
V1 depends on the voltage applied at pin BAT14 (see Table 26). For thermal reasons, the
total power dissipation should be taken into account.
6.6.2.2
Voltage regulator V2
Voltage regulator V2 provides a 5 V supply for the CAN transmitter. The pin V2 is intended
for the connection of external buffering capacitors.
V2 is controlled autonomously by the CAN transceiver control system and is activated on
any detected CAN-bus activity, or if the CAN transceiver is enabled by the application
microcontroller. V2 is short-circuit protected and will be disabled in case of an overload
situation. Dedicated bits in the System Diagnosis register and the Interrupt register
provide V2 status feedback to the application.
Besides the autonomous control of V2 there is a software accessible bit which allows
activation of V2 manually (V2C). This allows V2 to be used for other application purposes
when CAN is not actively used (e.g. while CAN is off-line). Generally, V2 should not be
used for other application hardware while CAN is in use.
If the regulator V2 is not able to start within the V2 clamped LOW time (> tV2(CLT)), or if a
short-circuit has been detected during an already activated V2, then V2 is disabled and
the V2D bit in the System Diagnosis register is cleared. Additionally the CTC bit in the
Physical Layer Control register is set and the V2C bit is cleared.
Reactivation of voltage regulator V2 can be done by:
•
•
•
•
Clearing the CTC bit while CAN is in Active mode
Wake-up via CAN while CAN is not in Active mode
Setting the V2C bit
When entering CAN Active mode
6.6.3 Switched battery output V3
V3 is a high-side switched BAT42-related output which is used to drive external loads
such as wake-up switches or relays. The features of V3 are as follows:
• Three application-controlled operating modes; On, Off and Cyclic.
• Two different cyclic modes allow the supply of external wake-up switches; these
switches are powered intermittently, thus reducing the system’s power consumption in
case a switch is continuously active; the wake-up input of the SBC is synchronized
with the V3 cycle time.
• The switch is protected against current overloads. If V3 is overloaded, pin V3 is
automatically disabled. The corresponding System Diagnosis register bit is reset and
an interrupt is forced (if enabled). During Sleep mode, a wake-up is forced and the
corresponding reset source code becomes available in the RSS bits of the System
Status register. This signals that the wake-up source via V3 supplied wake-up
switches has been lost.
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6.7 CAN transceiver
The integrated fault-tolerant CAN transceiver of the UJA1061 is an advanced ISO11898-3
compliant transceiver and is interoperable with the TJA1054 and TJA1054A stand-alone
transceivers. In addition to standard fault-tolerant CAN transceivers the UJA1061
transceiver provides the following features:
• Enhanced error handling and reporting of bus and RXD/TXD failures; these failures
are separately identified in the System Diagnosis register
• Integrated autonomous control system for determining the mode of the CAN
transceiver
• Ground shift detection with two selectable warning levels, to detect possible local
ground problems before the CAN communication is affected
• On-line Listen mode with global wake-up message filter allows partial networking
• Bus connections are truly floating when power is off
6.7.1 Mode control
The controller of the CAN transceiver provides four modes of operation: Active mode,
On-line mode, On-line Listen mode and Off-line mode; see Figure 8.
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Active mode
V2 : ON/OFF (V2D)
transmitter: ON/OFF (CTC)
RXDC: bit stream/HIGH (V2D)
CANL bias V2/floating/(V2D)
CPNC = 0 or 1
SBS enters
Normal or
Flash mode
AND CMC = 1
CMC = 0 AND CPNC = 1
CMC = 0 AND CPNC = 0
CMC = 1
CPNC = 1
On-line mode
V2 : ON/OFF (V2D)
transmitter: OFF
RXDC: wake-up (active LOW)
CANL bias V2/floating/(V2D)
CPNC = 0
On-line Listen mode
V2 : ON/OFF (V2D)
transmitter: OFF
RXDC: V1
CANL bias V2/floating/(V2D)
CPCN = 1
global wake-up message detected
OR CPNC = 0
no activity for t > t off-line
CMC = 1
CAN wake-up filter passed
AND CPNC = 1
CAN wake-up filter passed
AND CPNC = 0
no activity for t > t off-line
Off-line mode
power-on
V2 : ON/OFF (V2C/V2D)
transmitter: OFF
RXDC: V1
CANL bias BAT42/floating/(V2D)
CPCN = 0 or 1
001aaf003
Fig 8.
States of the CAN transceiver
In the System Diagnosis register two dedicated CAN status bits (CANMD) are available to
signal the mode of the transceiver.
6.7.1.1
Active mode
In Active mode the CAN transceiver can transmit data to and receive data from the CAN
bus. To enter Active mode the CMC bit must be set in the Physical Layer Control register
and the SBC must be in Normal mode or Flash mode. In Active mode voltage regulator V2
is activated automatically.
The CTC bit can be used to set the CAN transceiver to a Listen-only mode. The
transmitter output stage is disabled in this mode.
After an overload condition on voltage regulator V2, the CTC bit must be cleared for
reactivating the CAN transmitter.
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When leaving Active mode the CAN transmitter is disabled and the CAN receiver is
monitoring the CAN-bus for a valid wake-up. The CAN termination is then working
autonomously.
6.7.1.2
On-line mode
In On-line mode the CAN bus pins and RTL and RTH pins are biased to the normal levels.
The CAN transmitter is deactivated and RXDC reflects the CAN wake-up status. A CAN
wake-up event is signalled to the microcontroller by setting pin RXDC to LOW.
If the bus stays continuously dominant or recessive for the Off-line time (toff-line), the
Off-line state will be entered.
6.7.1.3
On-line Listen mode
On-line Listen mode behaves similar to On-line mode, but all activity on the CAN-bus, with
exception of a special global wake-up request, is ignored. The global wake-up request is
described in Section 6.7.2. Pin RXDC is kept HIGH.
6.7.1.4
Off-line mode
Off-line mode is the low-power mode of the CAN transceiver. The CAN transceiver is
disabled to save supply current and is high-ohmic terminated to ground.
The CAN off-line time is programmable in two steps with the CAN Off-line Timer Control
(COTC) bit. When entering On-line (Listen) mode from Off-line mode the CAN off-line time
is temporarily extended to toff-line(ext).
6.7.2 CAN wake-up
To wake-up the UJA1061 via CAN it has to be distinguished between a conventional
wake-up and a global wake-up in case partial networking is enabled (bit CPNC = 1).
To pass the wake-up filter for a conventional wake-up a dominant, recessive, dominant
signal on the CAN-bus is needed.
For a global wake-up out of On-line Listen mode two distinct CAN data patterns are
required (shown in hexadecimal code here):
• In the Initial message: C6EE EEEE EEEE EEEF
• In the Global wake-up message: C6EE EEEE EEEE EE37
The second pattern must be received within ttimeout after receiving the first pattern. Any
CAN-ID can be used with these data patterns.
If the CAN transceiver enters On-line Listen mode directly from Off-line mode the global
wake-up message is sufficient to wake-up the SBC. This pattern must be received within
ttimeout after entering On-line Listen mode. Should ttimeout elapse before receiving the
global wake-up message, then both messages are required for a CAN wake-up.
6.7.3 Termination control
In Active mode, On-line mode and On-line Listen mode, CANH is terminated to GND and
CANL is terminated to pin V2 via the external termination resistors applied to RTH and
RTL. In case of detected bus failures, the termination changes according to the ISO
11898-3 standard. In Off-line mode pin CANH stays terminated to GND but with a diode in
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between (reverse supply protection) while pin CANL becomes terminated to pin BAT42
(via pin RTH and pin RTL). If pin V2 is disabled due to an overload condition RTH and
RTL become floating.
6.7.4 Bus, RXD and TXD failure detection
The UJA1061 can distinguish between bus, RXD and TXD failures as indicated in Table 3.
All failures are signalled separately in the CANFD bits in the System Diagnosis register.
Any change (detection and recovery) forces an interrupt to the microcontroller, if this
interrupt is enabled.
Table 3.
Failure
Description
Driver and biasing circuit
disabling
HxVCC
CANH to VCC (5 V) short-circuit
CANH off, weak RTH
HxBAT
CANH to BAT (14 V and 42 V) short-circuit
CANH off, weak RTH
HxGND
CANH to GND short-circuit
none
LxBAT
CANL to BAT (14 V and 42 V) short-circuit
CANL off, weak RTL[1]
LxGND
CANL to GND short-circuit
CANL off, weak RTL
LxVCC
CANL to VCC (5 V) short-circuit
none
HxL
CANH to CANL short-circuit
CANL off, weak RTL
H//
CANH interrupted
none
L//
CANL interrupted
none
Bus Dom
bus is continuously clamped dominant
(double failure); even within Single-wire
mode the receiver remains dominant
CANL off, weak RTL
Bus Rec
bus is continuously clamped recessive
none
(double failure); driving messages to the bus
is not possible even while the driver is active
TxDC Dom
pin TXDC is continuously clamped dominant
(handles also RXDC to TXDC short-circuits)
RxDC Rec
pin RXDC is continuously clamped recessive transmitter disabled but no change in
biasing
RxDC Dom
pin RXDC is continuously clamped dominant none
[1]
6.7.4.1
CAN-bus, RXD and TXD failure detection
transmitter disabled but no change in
biasing
CANL stays active with weak short-circuits to BAT due to wake-up requirements within large networks.
TXDC dominant clamping
If the TXDC pin is clamped dominant for longer than tTXDC(dom) the CAN transmitter is
disabled. After the TXDC pin becomes recessive the transmitter is reactivated
automatically when detecting bus activity or manually by setting and clearing the CTC bit.
6.7.4.2
RXDC recessive clamping
If the RXDC pin is clamped recessive while the CAN bus is dominant the CAN transmitter
is disabled. The transmitter is reactivated automatically when RXDC becomes dominant
or manually by setting and clearing the CTC bit.
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6.7.4.3
GND shift detection
The SBC can detect ground shifts in reference to the CAN bus. Two different ground shift
detection levels can be selected with the GSTHC bit in the System Configuration register.
The failure can be read out in the System Diagnosis register. Any detected or recovered
GND shift event is signalled with an interrupt, if enabled.
6.8 LIN transceiver
The integrated LIN transceiver of the UJA1061 is a LIN 2.0 compliant transceiver. The
transceiver has the following features:
• SAE J2602 compliant and compatible with LIN revision 1.3
• Fail-safe LIN termination to BAT42 via dedicated RTLIN pin
• Enhanced error handling and reporting of bus and TXD failures; these failures are
separately identified in the System Diagnosis register
6.8.1 Mode control
Active mode
transmitter: ON/OFF (LTC)
receiver: ON
RXDL: bitstream
RTLIN: ON/75 μA
SBC enters
Normal or Flash mode
AND LMC = 1
SBC enters
Stand-by, Start-up,
Restart or Fail-safe mode
OR LMC = 0
Off-line mode
power-on
transmitter: OFF
receiver: wake-up
RXDL: wake-up status
RTLIN: 75 μA/OFF
SBC enters
Fail-safe mode
001aad184
Fig 9.
States LIN transceiver
The controller of the LIN transceiver provides two modes of operation: Active mode and
Off-line mode; see Figure 9. In Off-line mode the transmitter and receiver do not consume
current, but wake-up events will be recognized by the separate wake-up receiver.
6.8.1.1
Active mode
In Active mode the LIN transceiver can transmit data to and receive data from the LIN bus.
To enter Active mode the LMC bit must be set in the Physical Layer Control register and
the SBC must be in Normal mode or Flash mode.
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The LTC bit can be used to set the LIN transceiver to a Listen-only mode. The transmitter
output stage is disabled in this mode.
When leaving Active mode the LIN transmitter is disabled and the LIN receiver is
monitoring the LIN-bus for a valid wake-up.
6.8.1.2
Off-line mode
Off-line mode is the low power mode of the LIN transceiver. The LIN transceiver is
disabled to save supply current. Pin RXDL reflects any wake-up event at the LIN-bus.
6.8.2 LIN wake-up
For a remote wake-up via LIN a LIN-bus signal is required as shown in Figure 10.
LIN
wake-up
tBUS(LIN)
001aad447
Fig 10. LIN wake-up timing diagram
6.8.3 Termination control
The RTLIN pin is in one of 3 different states: RTLIN = on, RTLIN = off or RTLIN = 75 μA;
see Figure 11.
During Active mode, with no short-circuit between the LIN-bus and GND, pin RTLIN
provides an internal switch to BAT42. For master and slave operation an external resistor,
1 kΩ or 30 kΩ respectively, can be applied between pins RTLIN and LIN. An external
diode in series with the termination resistor is not required due to the incorporated internal
diode.
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Active mode and receiver dominant > t LIN(dom)(det)
OR Off-line mode
RTLIN = 75 μA
RTLIN = ON
supplied directly
out of BAT42
supplied directly
out of BAT42
Active mode and receiver recessive > t LIN(dom)(rec)
OR mode change to Active mode
Off-line mode
AND receiver recessive > t LIN(dom)(rec)
Off-line mode
AND receiver dominant > t LIN(dom)(det)
mode change to Active mode
RTLIN = OFF
power-on
001aad183
Fig 11. States of the RTLIN pin
6.8.4 LIN slope control
The LSC bit in the Physical Layer Control register offers a choice between two LIN slope
times, allowing communication up to 20 kbit/s (normal) or up to 10.4 kbit/s (low slope).
6.8.5 LIN driver capability
Setting the LDC bit in the Physical Layer Control register will increase the driver capability
of the LIN output stage. This feature is used in auto-addressing systems, where the
standard LIN 2.0 drive capability is insufficient.
6.8.6 Bus and TXDL failure detection
The SBC handles and reports the following LIN-bus related failures:
• LIN-bus shorted to ground
• LIN-bus shorted to VBAT14 or VBAT42; the transmitter is disabled
• TXDL clamped dominant; the transmitter is disabled
These failure events force an interrupt to the microcontroller whenever the status changes
and the corresponding interrupt is enabled.
6.8.6.1
TXDL dominant clamping
If the TXDL pin is clamped dominant for longer than tTXDL(dom)(dis) the LIN transmitter is
disabled. After the TXDL pin becomes recessive the transmitter is reactivated
automatically when detecting bus activity or manually by setting and clearing the LTC bit.
6.8.6.2
LIN dominant clamping
When the LIN-bus is clamped dominant for longer than tLIN(dom)(det) (which is longer than
tTXDL(dom)(dis)), the state of the LIN termination is changed according to Figure 11.
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6.8.6.3
LIN recessive clamping
If the LIN bus pin is clamped recessive while TXDL is driven dominant the LIN transmitter
is disabled. The transmitter is reactivated automatically when the LIN bus becomes
dominant or manually by setting and clearing the LTC bit.
6.9 Inhibit and limp-home output
The INH/LIMP output pin is a 3-state output pin which can be used either as an inhibit for
an extra (external) voltage regulator, or as a ‘limp-home’ output. The pin is controlled via
the ILEN bit and ILC bit in the System Configuration register; see Figure 12.
When pin INH/LIMP is used as inhibit output, a pull-down resistor to GND ensures a
default LOW level. The pin can be set to HIGH according to the state diagram.
When pin INH/LIMP is used as limp-home output, a pull-up resistor to VBAT42 ensures a
default HIGH level. The pin is automatically set to LOW when the SBC enters Fail-safe
mode.
state change via SPI
OR enter Fail-safe mode
INH/LIMP:
HIGH
INH/LIMP:
LOW
ILEN = 1
ILC = 1
ILEN = 1
ILC = 0
state change via SPI
state change via SPI
OR (enter Start-up mode after
wake-up reset, external reset
or V1 undervoltage)
OR enter Restart mode
OR enter Sleep mode
state change via SPI
OR enter Fail-safe mode
state change via SPI
state change via SPI
INH/LIMP:
floating
power-on
ILEN = 0
ILC = 1/0
001aad178
Fig 12. States of the INH/LIMP pin
6.10 Wake-up input
The WAKE input comparator is triggered by negative edges on pin WAKE. Pin WAKE has
an internal pull-up resistor to BAT42. It can be operated in two sampling modes which are
selected via the WAKE Sample Control bit (WSC):
• Continuous sampling (with an internal clock) if the bit is set
• Sampling synchronized to the cyclic behavior of V3 if the bit is cleared; see Figure 13.
This is to save bias current within the external switches in low-power operation. Two
repetition times are possible, 16 ms and 32 ms.
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If V3 is continuously ON, the WAKE input will be sampled continuously, regardless of the
level of bit WSC.
The dedicated bits Edge Wake-up Status (EWS) and WAKE Level Status (WLS) in the
System Status register reflect the actual status of pin WAKE. The WAKE port can be
disabled by clearing the WEN bit in the System Configuration register.
tw(CS)
ton(CS)
V3
tsu(CS)
approximately 70 %
sample
active
VWAKE
signal already HIGH
due to biasing (history)
button pushed
button released
signal remains LOW
due to biasing (history)
flip flop
VINTN
001aac307
Fig 13. Pin WAKE, cyclic sampling via V3
6.11 Interrupt output
Pin INTN is an open-drain interrupt output. It is forced LOW whenever at least one bit in
the Interrupt register is set. By reading the Interrupt register all bits are cleared. The
Interrupt register will also be cleared during a system reset (RSTN LOW).
As the microcontroller operates typically with an edge-sensitive interrupt port, pin INTN
will be HIGH for at least tINTN after each read-out of the Interrupt register. Without further
interrupts within tINTN pin INTN stays HIGH, otherwise it will revert to LOW again.
To prevent the microcontroller from being slowed down by repetitive interrupts, in Normal
mode some interrupts are only allowed to occur once per watchdog period; see
Section 6.13.7.
If an interrupt is not read out within tRSTN(INT) a system reset is performed.
6.12 Temperature protection
The temperature of the SBC chip is monitored as long as the microcontroller voltage
regulator V1 is active. To avoid an unexpected shutdown of the application by the SBC,
the temperature protection will not switch-off any part of the SBC or activate a defined
system stop of its own accord. If the temperature is too high it generates an interrupt to
the microcontroller (μC), if enabled, and the corresponding status bit will be set. The
microcontroller can then decide whether to switch-off parts of the SBC to decrease the
chip temperature.
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6.13 SPI interface
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) provides the communication link with the
microcontroller, supporting multi-slave and multi-master operation. The SPI is configured
for full duplex data transfer, so status information is returned when new control data is
shifted in. The interface also offers a read-only access option, allowing registers to be
read back by the application without changing the register content.
The SPI uses four interface signals for synchronization and data transfer:
•
•
•
•
SCS - SPI chip select; active LOW
SCK - SPI clock; default level is LOW due to low-power concept
SDI - SPI data input
SDO - SPI data output; floating when pin SCS is HIGH
Bit sampling is performed on the falling clock edge and data is shifted on the rising clock
edge; see Figure 14.
SCS
SCK
02
01
03
04
15
16
sampled
SDI
SDO
X
floating
X
MSB
14
13
12
01
LSB
MSB
14
13
12
01
LSB
X
floating
mce634
Fig 14. SPI timing protocol
To protect against wrong or illegal SPI instructions, the SBC detects the following SPI
failures:
• SPI clock count failure (wrong number of clock cycles during one SPI access): only
16 clock periods are allowed within one SCS cycle. Any deviation from the 16 clock
cycles results in an SPI failure interrupt, if enabled. The access is ignored by the SBC.
In Start-up and Restart mode a reset is forced instead of an interrupt
• Forbidden mode changes according to Figure 3 result in an immediate system reset
• Illegal Mode register code. Undefined operating mode or watchdog period coding
results in an immediate system reset; see Section 6.13.3
6.13.1 SPI register mapping
Any control bit which can be set by software is readable by the application. This allows
software debugging as well as control algorithms to be implemented.
Watchdog serving and mode setting is performed within the same access cycle; this only
allows an SBC mode change whilst serving the watchdog.
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Each register carries 12 data bits; the other 4 bits are used for register selection and
read/write definition.
6.13.2 Register overview
The SPI interface gives access to all SBC registers; see Table 4. The first two bits (A1 and
A0) of the message header define the register address, the third bit is the read register
select bit (RRS) to select one out of two possible feedback registers; the fourth bit (RO)
allows ‘read only’ access to one of the feedback registers. Which of the SBC registers can
be accessed also depends on the SBC operating mode.
Table 4.
Register overview
Register
address bits
(A1, A0)
Operating
mode
Write access (RO = 0)
00
all modes
01
10
11
Read access (RO = 0 or RO = 1)
Read Register Select
(RRS) bit = 0
Read Register Select
(RRS) bit = 1
Mode register
System Status register
System Diagnosis register
Normal mode;
Standby mode;
Flash mode
Interrupt Enable register
Interrupt Enable Feedback
register
Interrupt register
Start-up mode;
Restart mode
Special Mode register
Interrupt Enable Feedback
register
Special Mode Feedback
register
Normal mode;
Standby mode
System Configuration
register
System Configuration
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 0
Start-up mode;
Restart mode;
Flash mode
General Purpose register 0
System Configuration
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 0
Normal mode;
Standby mode
Physical Layer Control
register
Physical Layer Control
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 1
Start-up mode;
Restart mode;
Flash mode
General Purpose register 1
Physical Layer Control
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 1
6.13.3 Mode register
In the Mode register the watchdog is defined and re-triggered, and the SBC operating
mode is selected. The Mode register also contains the global enable output bit (EN) and
the Software Development Mode (SDM) control bit. During system operation cyclic
access to the Mode register is required to serve the watchdog. This register can be written
to in all modes.
At system start-up the Mode register must be written to within tWD(init) from releasing
RSTN (HIGH-level on pin RSTN). Any write access is checked for proper watchdog and
system mode coding. If an illegal code is detected, access is ignored by the SBC and a
system reset is forced in accordance with the state diagram of the system controller; see
Figure 3.
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Table 5.
Mode register bit description (bits 15 to 12 and 5 to 0)
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
00
select Mode register
13
RRS
Read Register
Select
1
read System Diagnosis register
0
read System Status register
Read Only
1
read selected register without writing to Mode register
0
read selected register and write to Mode register
001
Normal mode
010
Standby mode
011
initialize Flash mode[1]
100
Sleep mode
101
initialize Normal mode
110
leave Flash mode
111
Flash mode[1]
Software
Development
Mode
1
Software Development mode enabled[2]
0
normal watchdog, interrupt, reset monitoring and fail-safe
behavior
EN output pin HIGH
12
RO
11 to 6
NWP[5:0]
see Table 6
5 to 3
OM[2:0]
Operating Mode
2
SDM
1
EN
Enable
1
0
EN output pin LOW
0
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
[1]
Flash mode can be entered only with the watchdog service sequence ‘Normal mode to Flash mode to Normal mode to Flash mode’,
while observing the watchdog trigger rules. With the last command of this sequence the SBC forces a system reset, and enters Start-up
mode to prepare the microcontroller for flash memory download. The four RSS bits in the System Status register reflect the reset source
information, confirming the Flash entry sequence. By using the Initializing Flash mode (within tWD(init) after system reset) the SBC will
now successfully enter Flash mode.
[2]
See Section 6.14.1.
Table 6.
Bit
11 to 6
Mode register bit description (bits 11 to 6)[1]
Symbol
NWP[5:0]
Description
Value
Product data sheet
Normal
mode (ms)
Standby
mode (ms)
Flash mode
(ms)
Sleep mode
(ms)
4
20
20
160
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 00 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
01 1011
8
40
40
320
16
80
80
640
32
160
160
1024
40
320
320
2048
10 0100
48
640
640
3072
10 1101
56
1024
1024
4096
11 0011
64
2048
2048
6144
11 0101
72
4096
4096
8192
80
OFF[2]
8192
OFF[3]
11 0110
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Table 6.
Bit
Mode register bit description (bits 11 to 6)[1] …continued
Symbol
11 to 6
NWP[5:0]
Description
Value
Time
Normal
mode (ms)
Standby
mode (ms)
Flash mode
(ms)
Sleep mode
(ms)
6
30
30
240
12
60
60
480
24
120
120
960
48
240
240
1536
60
480
480
3072
10 0100
72
960
960
4608
10 1101
84
1536
1536
6144
11 0011
96
3072
3072
9216
11 0101
108
6144
6144
12288
120
OFF[2]
12288
OFF[3]
10
50
50
400
20
100
100
800
40
200
200
1600
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 01 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
01 1011
11 0110
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 10 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
80
400
400
2560
01 1011
100
800
800
5120
10 0100
120
1600
1600
7680
10 1101
140
1560
1560
10240
11 0011
160
5120
5120
15360
11 0101
180
10240
10240
20480
11 0110
200
OFF[2]
20480
OFF[3]
14
70
70
560
28
140
140
1120
56
280
280
2240
Nominal
001001
Watchdog Period 001100
WDPRE = 11 (as
010010
set in the Special
010100
Mode register)
011011
112
560
560
3584
140
1120
1120
7168
100100
168
2240
2240
10752
101101
196
3584
3584
14336
110011
224
7168
7168
21504
110101
252
14336
14336
28672
280
OFF[2]
28672
OFF[3]
110110
[1]
The nominal watchdog periods are directly related to the SBC internal oscillator. The given values are valid for fosc = 512 kHz.
[2]
See Section 6.4.4.
[3]
The watchdog is immediately disabled on entering Sleep mode, with watchdog OFF behavior selected, because pin RSTN is
immediately pulled LOW by the mode change. V1 is switched off after pulling pin RSTN LOW to guarantee a safe Sleep mode entry
without dips on V1; see Section 6.4.4.
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6.13.4 System Status register
This register allows status information to be read back from the SBC. This register can be
read in all modes.
Table 7.
System Status register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
00
read System Status register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
0
12
RO
Read Only
1
read System Status register without writing to Mode
register
0
read System Status register and write to Mode register
0000
power-on reset; first connection of BAT42 or BAT42 below
power-on voltage threshold or RSTN was forced LOW
externally
0001
cyclic wake-up out of Sleep mode
0010
low V1 supply; V1 has dropped below the selected reset
threshold
0011
V1 current above threshold within Standby mode while
watchdog OFF behavior and reset option (V1CMC bit) are
selected
0100
V3 voltage is down due to overload occurring during Sleep
mode
0101
SBC successfully left Flash mode
0110
SBC ready to enter Flash mode
0111
CAN wake-up event
1000
LIN wake-up event
1001
local wake-up event (via pin WAKE)
1010
wake-up out of Fail-safe mode
1011
watchdog overflow
11 to 8
7
6
5
4
3
2
RSS[3:0]
CWS
LWS
EWS
WLS
TWS
SDMS
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
Reset
Source[1]
1100
watchdog not initialized in time; tWD(init) exceeded
1101
watchdog triggered too early; window missed
1110
illegal SPI access
1111
interrupt not served within tRSTN(INT)
1
CAN wake-up detected; cleared upon read
0
no CAN wake-up
1
LIN wake-up detected; cleared upon read
0
no LIN wake-up
1
pin WAKE negative edge detected; cleared upon read
0
pin WAKE no edge detected
1
pin WAKE above threshold
0
pin WAKE below threshold
Temperature Warning
Status
1
chip temperature exceeds the warning limit
0
chip temperature is below the warning limit
Software Development
Mode Status
1
Software Development mode on
0
Software Development mode off
CAN Wake-up Status
LIN Wake-up Status
Edge Wake-up Status
WAKE Level Status
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Table 7.
System Status register bit description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
1
ENS
Enable status
1
pin EN output activated (V1-related HIGH level)
0
pin EN output released (LOW level)
1
power-on reset; cleared after a successfully entered
Normal mode
0
no power-on reset
0
[1]
PWONS
Power-on reset Status
The RSS bits are updated with each reset event and not cleared. The last reset event is captured.
6.13.5 System Diagnosis register
This register allows diagnosis information to be read back from the SBC. This register can
be read in all modes.
Table 8.
System Diagnosis register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
00
read System Diagnosis register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
12
RO
Read Only
1
read System Diagnosis register without writing to Mode
register
0
read System Diagnosis register and write to Mode register
1
system GND shift is outside selected threshold
0
system GND shift is within selected threshold
1111
TXDC is clamped dominant
1110
RXDC is clamped dominant
1100
BUS is clamped dominant (dual failure situation)
1101
RXDC is clamped recessive
11
10 to 7
6 and 5
4
GSD
CANFD
[3:0]
LINFD[1:0]
V3D
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
Ground Shift Diagnosis
CAN failure diagnosis
LIN failure diagnosis
V3 diagnosis
1011
BUS is clamped recessive (dual failure situation)
1010
reserved
1001
CANH is shorted to CANL (failure case 7)
1000
CANL is shorted to VCC (failure case 6a)
0111
CANL is shorted to VBAT (failure case 6)
0110
CANH is shorted to GND (failure case 5)
0101
CANL is shorted to GND (failure case 4)
0100
CANH is shorted to VCC (failure case 3a)
0011
CANH is shorted to VBAT (failure case 3)
0010
CANL wire is interrupted (failure case 2)
0001
CANH wire is interrupted (failure case 1)
0000
no failure
11
TXDL is clamped dominant
10
LIN is shorted to GND (dominant clamped)
01
LIN is shorted to VBAT (recessive clamped)
00
no failure
1
OK
0
fail; V3 is disabled due to an overload situation
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Table 8.
System Diagnosis register bit description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
3
V2D
V2 diagnosis
1
OK[1]
0
fail; V2 is disabled due to an overload situation
1
OK; V1 always above VUV(VFI) since last read access
0
fail; V1 was below VUV(VFI) since last read access; bit is set
again with read access
11
CAN is in Active mode
10
CAN is in On-line mode
01
CAN is in On-line Listen mode
00
CAN is in Off-line mode, or V2 is not active
2
V1D
1 and 0
[1]
CANMD
[1:0]
V1 diagnosis
CAN Mode Diagnosis
V2D will be set when V2 is reactivated after a failure. See Section 6.6.2.2.
6.13.6 Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt Enable Feedback register
These registers allow setting, clearing and reading back the interrupt enable bits of the
SBC.
Table 9.
Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt Enable Feedback register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
01
select the Interrupt Enable register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the Interrupt register
0
read the Interrupt Enable Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to
Interrupt Enable register
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to Interrupt
Enable register
1
a watchdog overflow during Standby causes an interrupt
instead of a reset event (interrupt based cyclic wake-up
feature)
0
no interrupt forced on watchdog overflow; a reset is forced
instead
1
exceeding or dropping below the temperature warning limit
causes an interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
1
exceeding or dropping below the GND shift limit causes an
interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
1
wrong number of CLK cycles (more than, or less than 16)
forces an interrupt; from Start-up mode and Restart mode a
reset is performed instead of an interrupt
0
no interrupt forced; SPI access is ignored if the number of
cycles does not equal 16
0
should always be set to logic 0
12
11
10
9
8
RO
WTIE
OTIE
GSIE
SPIFIE
Read Only
Watchdog Time-out
Interrupt Enable[1]
Over-Temperature
Interrupt Enable
Ground Shift Interrupt
Enable
SPI clock count Failure
Interrupt Enable
7
-
reserved
6
VFIE
Voltage Failure Interrupt 1
Enable
0
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
clearing of V1D, V2D or V3D forces an interrupt
no interrupt forced
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Table 9.
Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt Enable Feedback register bit description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
5
CANFIE
CAN Failure Interrupt
Enable
1
any change of the CAN Failure status bits forces an
interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
LIN Failure Interrupt
Enable
1
any change of the LIN Failure status bits forces an interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
WAKE Interrupt
Enable[2]
1
a negative edge at pin WAKE generates an interrupt in
Normal mode, Flash mode or Standby mode
0
a negative edge at pin WAKE generates a reset in Standby
mode; No interrupt in any other mode
1
a watchdog restart during watchdog OFF generates an
interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
1
CAN-bus event results in a wake-up interrupt in Standby
mode and in Normal or Flash mode (unless CAN is in
Active mode already)
0
CAN-bus event results in a reset in Standby mode; No
interrupt in any other mode
1
LIN-bus event results in a wake-up interrupt in Standby
mode and in Normal or Flash mode (unless LIN is in Active
mode already)
0
LIN-bus event results in a reset in Standby mode; no
interrupt in any other mode
4
LINFIE
3
WIE
2
WDRIE
Watchdog Restart
Interrupt Enable
1
CANIE
CAN Interrupt Enable
0
LINIE
LIN Interrupt Enable
[1]
This bit is cleared automatically upon each overflow event. It has to be set in software each time the interrupt behavior is required
(fail-safe behavior).
[2]
WEN (in the System Configuration register) has to be set to activate the WAKE port function globally.
6.13.7 Interrupt register
The Interrupt register allows the cause of an interrupt event to be read. The register is
cleared upon a read access and upon any reset event. Hardware ensures that no interrupt
event is lost in case there is a new interrupt forced while reading the register. After reading
the Interrupt register pin INTN is released for tINTN to guarantee an edge event at pin
INTN.
The interrupts can be classified into two groups:
• Timing critical interrupts which require immediate reaction (SPI clock count failure
which needs a new SPI command to be resent immediately, and a BAT failure which
needs critical data to be saved immediately into the nonvolatile memory)
• Interrupts which do not require an immediate reaction (overtemperature, Ground Shift,
CAN and LIN failures, V1, V2 and V3 failures and the wake-ups via CAN, LIN and
WAKE. These interrupts will be signalled in Normal mode to the microcontroller once
per watchdog period (maximum); this prevents overloading the microcontroller with
unexpected interrupt events (e.g. a chattering CAN failure). However, these interrupts
are reflected in the Interrupt register
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 10.
Interrupt register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
01
read Interrupt register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
12
RO
Read Only
1
read the Interrupt register without writing to the Interrupt
Enable register
0
read the Interrupt register and write to the Interrupt Enable
register
1
a watchdog overflow during Standby mode has caused an
interrupt (interrupt-based cyclic wake-up feature)
0
no interrupt
OverTemperature
Interrupt
1
the temperature warning status (TWS) has changed
0
no interrupt
Ground Shift Interrupt
1
the ground shift diagnosis bit (GSD) has changed
0
no interrupt
1
wrong number of CLK cycles (more than, or less than 16)
during SPI access
0
no interrupt; SPI access is ignored if the number of CLK
cycles does not equal 16
0
should always be set to logic 0
11
10
9
8
WTI
OTI
GSI
SPIFI
Watchdog Time-out
Interrupt
SPI clock count Failure
Interrupt
7
-
reserved
6
VFI
Voltage Failure Interrupt 1
V1D, V2D or V3D has been cleared
0
no interrupt
CAN failure status has changed
5
CANFI
CAN Failure Interrupt
1
0
no interrupt
4
LINFI
LIN Failure Interrupt
1
LIN failure status has changed
0
no interrupt
1
a negative edge at WAKE has been detected
0
no interrupt
1
A watchdog restart during watchdog OFF has caused an
interrupt
0
no interrupt
3
WI
Wake-up Interrupt
2
WDRI
Watchdog Restart
Interrupt
1
0
CANI
LINI
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
CAN Wake-up Interrupt
LIN Wake-up Interrupt
1
CAN wake-up event has caused an interrupt
0
no interrupt
1
LIN wake-up event has caused an interrupt
0
no interrupt
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
6.13.8 System Configuration register and System Configuration Feedback register
These registers allow configuration of the behavior of the SBC, and allow the settings to
be read back.
Table 11.
System Configuration register and System Configuration Feedback register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
10
select System Configuration register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 0
0
read the System Configuration Feedback register
1
read register selected by RRS without writing to System
Configuration register
0
read register selected by RRS and write to System
Configuration register
12
RO
Read Only
11 and 10
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
9
GSTHC
GND Shift Threshold
Control
1
Vdet(GSD)(CANH) widened threshold
0
Vdet(GSD)(CANH) normal threshold
Reset Length Control
1[1]
tRSTNL long reset lengthening time selected
0
tRSTNL short reset lengthening time selected
11
Cyclic mode 2; tw(CS) long period; see Figure 13
10
Cyclic mode 1; tw(CS) short period; see Figure 13
8
RLC
7 and 6
V3C[1:0]
V3 Control
01
continuously ON
00
OFF
5
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
4
V1CMC
V1 Current Monitor
Control
1
an increasing V1 current causes a reset if the watchdog
was disabled during Standby mode
0
an increasing V1 current just reactivates the watchdog
during Standby mode
1
WAKE pin enabled
0
WAKE pin disabled
1
WAKE mode cyclic sample
0
WAKE mode continuous sample
3
WEN
2
WSC
1
ILEN
0
ILC
WAKE Enable[2]
WAKE Sample Control
INH/LIMP Enable
INH/LIMP Control
1
INH/LIMP pin active (see ILC bit)
0
INH/LIMP pin floating
1
INH/LIMP pin HIGH if ILEN bit is set
0
INH/LIMP pin LOW if ILEN bit is set
[1]
RLC is set automatically with entering Restart mode or Fail-safe mode. This guarantees a safe reset period in case of serious failure
situations. External reset spikes are lengthened by the SBC until the programmed reset length is reached.
[2]
If WEN is not set, the WAKE port is completely disabled. There is no change of the bits EWS and WLS within the System Status register.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
6.13.9 Physical Layer Control register and Physical Layer Control Feedback
register
These registers allow configuration of the CAN transceiver and LIN transceiver of the SBC
and allow the settings to be read back.
Table 12.
Bit
Physical Layer Control register and Physical Layer Control Feedback register bit description
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
11
select Physical Layer Control register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 1
0
read the Physical Layer Control Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
Physical Layer Control register
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to Physical
Layer Control register
0
V2 is OFF in CAN Off-line mode
1
V2 remains active in CAN Off-line mode
1
CAN transceiver enters On-line Listen mode instead of
On-line mode; cleared whenever the SBC enters On-line
mode or Active mode
12
RO
Read Only
11
V2C
V2 Control
10
CPNC
CAN Partial Networking
Control
9
COTC
CAN Off-line Time
Control[1]
0
On-line Listen mode disabled
1
toff-line long period (extended to toff-line(ext) after wake-up)
0
toff-line short period (extended to toff-line(ext) after wake-up)
CAN transmitter is disabled
8
CTC
CAN Transmitter
Control[2]
1
0
CAN transmitter is enabled
7
CRC
CAN Receiver Control
1
TXD signal is forwarded directly to RXD for self-test
purposes (loopback behavior); only if CTC = 1
0
TXD signal is not forwarded to RXD (normal behavior)
1
CAN Active mode (in Normal mode and Flash mode only)
0
CAN Active mode disabled
6
CMC
CAN Mode Control
5
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
4
LMC
LIN Mode Control
1
LIN Active mode (in Normal mode and Flash mode only)
0
LIN Active mode disabled
1
up to 10.4 kbit/s (low slope)
0
up to 20 kbit/s (normal)
1
increased LIN driver current capability
0
LIN driver in conformance with the LIN 2.0 standard
1
Wake-up via the LIN-bus enabled
0
Wake-up via the LIN-bus disabled
1
LIN transmitter is disabled
0
LIN transmitter is enabled
3
LSC
2
LDC
1
LWEN
0
LTC
LIN Slope Control
LIN Driver Control
LIN Wake-up Enable
LIN Transmitter
Control[3]
[1]
For the CAN transceiver to enter Off-Line mode from On-line or On-line Listen mode a minimum time without bus activity is needed. This
minimum time toff-line is defined by COTC; see Section 6.7.1.4.
[2]
In case of an RXDC / TXDC interfacing failure the CAN transmitter is disabled without setting CTC. Recovery from such a failure is
automatic when CAN communication (with correct interfacing levels) is received. Manual recovery is also possible by setting and
clearing the CTC bit under software control.
UJA1061_6
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
[3]
In case of an RXDC / TXDC interfacing failure the LIN transmitter is disabled without setting LTC. Recovery from such a failure is
automatic when LIN communication (with correct interfacing levels) is received. Manual recovery is also possible by setting and clearing
the LTC bit under software control.
6.13.10 Special Mode register and Special Mode Feedback register
These registers allow configuration of global SBC parameters during start-up of a system,
and allow the settings to be read back.
Table 13.
Bit
Special Mode register and Special Mode Feedback register bit description
Symbol
Description
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
01
select Special Mode register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
0
read the Interrupt Enable Feedback register
1
read the Special Mode Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
Special Mode register
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to the Special
Mode register
12
RO
Value
Read Only
Function
11 and 10
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
9
ISDM
Initialize Software
Development Mode[1]
1
initialization of Software Development mode
0
normal watchdog interrupt, reset monitoring and fail-safe
behavior
Error-pin Emulation
Mode
1
pin EN reflects the status of the CANFD bits:
8
ERREM
EN is set if CANFD = 0000 (no error)
EN is cleared if CANFD is not 0000 (error)
0
pin EN behaves as an enable pin; see Section 6.5.2
7
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
6 and 5
WDPRE
[1:0]
Watchdog Prescaler
00
watchdog prescale factor 1
01
watchdog prescale factor 1.5
4 and 3
2 to 0
V1RTHC
[1:0]
-
V1 Reset Threshold
Control
reserved
[1]
See Section 6.14.1.
[2]
Not supported in the UJA1061TW/3V3 version.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
10
watchdog prescale factor 2.5
11
watchdog prescale factor 3.5
11
V1 reset threshold = 0.9 × VV1(nom)
10
V1 reset threshold = 0.7 × VV1(nom)[2]
01
V1 reset threshold = 0.8 × VV1(nom)
00
V1 reset threshold = 0.9 × VV1(nom)
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
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6.13.11 General Purpose registers and General Purpose Feedback registers
The UJA1061 offers two 12-bit General Purpose registers (and accompanying General
Purpose Feedback registers) with no predefined bit definition. These registers can be
used by the microcontroller for advanced system diagnosis, or for storing critical system
status information outside the microcontroller. After Power-up General Purpose register 0
will contain a ‘Device Identification Code’ consisting of the SBC type and SBC version.
This code is available until it is overwritten by the microcontroller (as indicated by the DIC
bit).
Table 14.
General Purpose register 0 and General Purpose Feedback register 0 bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15, 14
A1, A0
register address
10
select General Purpose Feedback register 0
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 0
0
read the System Configuration Feedback register
12
RO
Read Only
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
General Purpose register 0
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to the General
Purpose register 0
Device Identification
Control[1]
1
General Purpose register 0 contains user-defined bits
0
General Purpose register 0 contains the Device
Identification Code
General Purpose bits[2]
1
user-defined
0
user-defined
11
DIC
10 to 0
GP0[10:0]
[1]
The Device Identification Control bit is cleared during power-up of the SBC, indicating that General Purpose register 0 is loaded with the
Device Identification Code. Any write access to General Purpose register 0 will set the DIC bit, regardless of the value written to DIC.
[2]
During power-up the General Purpose register 0 is loaded with a ‘Device Identification Code’ consisting of the SBC type and SBC
version, and the DIC bit is cleared.
Table 15.
General Purpose register 1 and General Purpose Feedback register 1 bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
11
select General Purpose register 1
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 1
0
read the Physical Layer Control Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
General Purpose register 1
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to the General
Purpose register 1
1
user-defined
0
user-defined
12
11 to 0
RO
GP1[11:0]
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
Read Only
General Purpose bits
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
6.13.12 Register configurations at reset
At power-on, Start-up and Restart the setting of the SBC registers is predefined.
Table 16.
System Status register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up[1]
Restart[1]
RSS
Reset Source Status
0000 (power-on reset)
any value except 1100
0000 or 0010 or 1100
or 1110
CWS
CAN Wake-up Status
0 (no CAN wake-up)
1 if reset is caused by a no change
CAN wake-up,
otherwise no change
LWS
LIN Wake-up Status
0 (no LIN wake-up)
1 if reset is caused by a no change
LIN wake-up,
otherwise no change
EWS
Edge Wake-up Status
0 (no edge detected)
1 if reset is caused by a no change
wake-up via pin WAKE,
otherwise no change
WLS
WAKE Level Status
actual status
actual status
actual status
TWS
Temperature Warning
Status
0 (no warning)
actual status
actual status
SDMS
Software Development actual status
Mode Status
actual status
actual status
ENS
Enable Status
0 (EN = LOW)[2]
0 (EN = LOW)[2]
0 (EN = LOW)[2]
PWONS
Power-on Status
1 (power-on reset)
no change
no change
[1]
Depends on history.
[2]
In case the ERREM bit in the Special Mode register is 0. Otherwise ENS shows the actual CAN failure status.
Table 17.
System Diagnosis register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
GSD
Start-up
Restart
Ground Shift Diagnosis 0 (OK)
actual status
actual status
CANFD
CAN Failure Diagnosis 0000 (no failure)
actual status
actual status
LINFD
LIN Failure Diagnosis
00 (no failure)
actual status
actual status
V3D
V3 Diagnosis
1 (OK)
actual status
actual status
V2D
V2 Diagnosis
1 (OK)
actual status
actual status
V1D
V1 Diagnosis
0 (fail)
actual status
actual status
CANMD
CAN Mode Diagnosis
00 (Off-line)
actual status
actual status
Table 18.
Power-on
Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt Enable Feedback register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
All
all bits
0 (interrupt disabled)
no change
no change
Table 19.
Interrupt register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
All
all bits
0 (no interrupt)
0 (no interrupt)
0 (no interrupt)
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 20.
System Configuration register and System Configuration Feedback register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
Fail-safe
GSTHC
GND Shift level
Threshold Control
0 (normal)
no change
no change
no change
RLC
Reset Length
Control
0 (short)
no change
1 (long)
1 (long)
V3C
V3 Control
00 (off)
no change
no change
no change
V1CMC
V1 Current Monitor 0 (watchdog
Control
restart)
no change
no change
no change
WEN
Wake Enable
1 (enabled)
no change
no change
no change
WSC
Wake Sample
Control
0 (control)
no change
no change
no change
ILEN
INH/LIMP Enable
0 (floating)
see Figure 12 if
ILC = 1, otherwise
no change
0 (floating) if
ILC = 1, otherwise
no change
1 (active)
ILC
INH/LIMP Control
0 (LOW)
no change
no change
0 (LOW)
Table 21.
Physical Layer Control register and Physical Layer Control Feedback register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
Fail-safe
V2C
V2 Control
0 (auto)
no change
no change
0 (auto)
CPNC
CAN Partial
0 (On-line Listen
Networking Control mode disabled)
0 if reset is caused no change
by a CAN
wake-up,
otherwise no
change
0 (On-line Listen
mode disabled)
COTC
CAN Off-line Time
Control
1 (long)
no change
no change
no change
CTC
CAN Transmitter
Control
0 (on)
no change
no change
no change
CRC
CAN Receiver
Control
0 (normal)
no change
no change
no change
CMC
CAN Mode Control 0 (Active mode
disabled)
no change
no change
no change
LMC
LIN Mode Control
0 (Active mode
disabled)
no change
no change
no change
LSC
LIN Slope Control
0 (normal)
no change
no change
no change
LDC
LIN Driver Control
0 (LIN 2.0)
no change
no change
no change
LWEN
LIN Wake-up
Enable
1 (enabled)
no change
no change
no change
LTC
LIN Transmitter
Control
0 (on)
no change
no change
no change
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 22.
Special Mode register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
ISDM
Initialize Software Development Mode
0 (no)
no change
no change
ERREM
Error pin emulation mode
0 (EN function)
no change
no change
WDPRE
Watchdog Prescale Factor
00 (factor 1)
no change
no change
V1RTHC
V1 Reset Threshold Control
00 (90 %)
no change
00 (90 %)
Table 23.
General Purpose register 0 and General Purpose Feedback register 0: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
DIC
Device Identification Control
0 (Device ID)
no change
no change
GP0[10:7]
general purpose bits 10 to 7 (version)
Mask version
no change
no change
GP0[6:0]
general purpose bits 6 to 0 (SBC type)
000 0001
(UJA1061)
no change
no change
Table 24.
General Purpose register 1 and General Purpose Feedback register 1: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
GP1[11:0]
general purpose bits 11 to 0
0000 0000 0000
no change
no change
6.14 Test modes
6.14.1 Software Development mode
The Software Development mode is intended to support software developers in writing
and pretesting application software without having to work around watchdog triggering
and without unwanted jumps to Fail-safe mode.
In Software Development mode the following events do not force of a system reset:
•
•
•
•
Watchdog overflow in Normal mode
Watchdog window miss
Interrupt time-out
Elapsed start-up time
However, in case of a watchdog trigger failure the reset source information is still provided
in the System Status register as if there was a real reset event.
The exclusion of watchdog related resets allows simplified software testing, because
possible problems in the watchdog triggering can be indicated by interrupts instead of
resets. The SDM bit does not affect the watchdog behavior in Standby and Sleep mode.
This allows the cyclic wake-up behavior to be evaluated during Standby and Sleep mode
of the SBC.
All transitions to Fail-safe mode are disabled. This allows working with an external
emulator that clamps the reset line LOW in debugging mode. A V1 undervoltage of more
than tV1(CLT) is the only exception that results in entering Fail-safe mode (to protect the
SBC). Transitions from Start-up mode to Restart mode are still possible.
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
There are two possibilities to enter Software Development mode. One is by setting the
ISDM bit via the Special Mode register; possible only once after a first battery connection
while the SBC is in Start-up mode. The second possibility to enter Software Development
mode is by applying the correct Vth(TEST) input voltage at pin TEST before the battery is
applied to pin BAT42.
To stay in Software Development mode the SDM bit in the Mode register has to be set
with each Mode register access (i.e. watchdog triggering) regardless of how Software
Development mode was entered.
The Software Development mode can be exited at any time by clearing the SDM bit in the
Mode register. Reentering the Software Development mode is only possible by
reconnecting the battery supply (pin BAT42), thereby forcing a new power-on reset.
6.14.2 Forced Normal mode
For system evaluation purposes the UJA1061 offers the Forced Normal mode. This mode
is strictly for evaluation purposes only. In this mode the characteristics as defined in
Section 9 and Section 10 cannot be guaranteed.
In Forced normal mode the SBC behaves as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
SPI access (writing and reading) is blocked
Watchdog disabled
Interrupt monitoring disabled
Reset monitoring disabled
Reset lengthening disabled
All transitions to Fail-safe mode are disabled, except a V1 undervoltage for more than
tV1(CLT)
• V1 is started with the long reset time tRSTNL. In case of a V1 undervoltage, a reset is
performed until V1 is restored (normal behavior), and the SBC stays in Forced Normal
mode; in case of a continuous overload at V1 > tV1(CLT) Fail-safe mode is entered
•
•
•
•
•
•
V2 is on; overload protection active
V3 is on; overload protection active
CAN and LIN are in Active mode and cannot switch to Off-line mode
INH/LIMP pin is HIGH
SYSINH is HIGH
EN pin at same level as RSTN pin
Forced Normal mode is activated by applying the correct Vth(TEST) input voltage at the
TEST pin during first battery connection.
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
7. Limiting values
Table 25. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). All voltages are referenced to GND.
Symbol
Parameter
VBAT42
BAT42 supply voltage
VBAT14
BAT14 supply voltage
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
−0.3
+60
V
-
60
V
continuous
−0.3
+33
V
load dump; t ≤ 500 ms
-
45
V
V1 and V2
−0.3
+5.5
V
V3 and SYSINH
−1.5
VBAT42 + 0.3
V
WAKE
−1.5
+60
V
load dump; t ≤ 500 ms
VDC(n)
VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V
DC voltages
on pins
INH/LIMP
−0.3
VBAT42 + 0.3
V
CANH, CANL, RTH, RTL LIN and
RTLIN; with respect to any other
pin
−60
+60
V
TXDC, RXDC, TXDL, RXDL, SDO,
SDI, SCK, SCS, RSTN, INTN and
EN
−0.3
VV1 + 0.3
V
TEST
−0.3
+15
V
−150
+100
V
−15
-
mA
−55
+150
°C
−40
+125
°C
−40
+150
°C
−8.0
+8.0
kV
−2.0
+2.0
kV
−200
+200
V
Vtrt
transient voltage
IWAKE
DC current at pin WAKE
Tstg
storage temperature
Tamb
ambient temperature
Tvj
virtual junction temperature
[2]
electrostatic discharge voltage
[3]
Vesd
at pins CANH, CANL and LIN; in
accordance with ISO 7637-3
[1]
HBM
at pins CANH, CANL, RTH, RTL,
LIN, RTLIN, WAKE, BAT42, V3;
with respect to GND
[4]
at any other pin
MM; at any pin
[5]
[1]
Only relevant if VWAKE < VGND − 0.3 V; current will flow into pin GND.
[2]
In accordance with IEC 60747-1. An alternative definition of virtual junction temperature is: Tvj = Tamb + Pd × Rth(vj-amb), where Rth(vj-amb)
is a fixed value to be used for the calculation of Tvj. The rating for Tvj limits the allowable combinations of power dissipation (Pd) and
ambient temperature (Tamb).
[3]
Human Body Model (HBM): C = 100 pF; R = 1.5 kΩ.
[4]
ESD performance according to IEC 61000-4-2 (C = 150 pF, R = 330 Ω) of pins CANH, CANL, RTH, RTL, LIN, RTLIN, WAKE, BAT42
and V3 with respect to GND was verified by an external test house. Following results were obtained:
a) equal or better than ±6 kV (unaided).
b) equal or better than ±20 kV (using external ESD protection: NXP Semiconductors PESD1CAN and PESD1LIN diode).
[5]
Machine Model (MM): C = 200 pF; L = 0.75 μH; R = 10 Ω.
UJA1061_6
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
8. Thermal characteristics
V1 dissipation
V2 dissipation
V3 dissipation
other dissipation
Tvj
6 K/W
20 K/W
23 K/W
6 K/W
6 K/W
Tcase(heat sink)
Rth(c-a)
Tamb
001aac327
Fig 15. Thermal model of the HTSSOP32 package
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Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
9. Static characteristics
Table 26. Static characteristics[1]
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VBAT42 = 8.1 V to 52 V
-
50
70
μA
VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 8.1 V
-
70
93
μA
V1 and / or V2 on;
ISYSINH = 0 mA
-
53
76
μA
V3 in cyclic mode; IV3 = 0 mA
-
0
1
μA
V3 continuously on; IV3 = 0 mA
-
30
50
μA
Tvj warning enabled; OTIE = 1
-
20
40
μA
Supply; pin BAT42
IBAT42
IBAT42(add)
VPOR(BAT42)
BAT42 supply current V1, V2 and V3 off; CAN and
LIN in Off-line mode; OTIE =
BATFIE = 0; ISYSINH = IWAKE =
IRTLIN = ILIN = 0 mA
additional BAT42
supply current
BAT42 voltage level
for Power-on reset
status bit change
CAN in Active mode; CMC = 1
-
100
400
μA
LIN in Active mode; LMC = 1;
VTXDL = VV1;
IRTLIN = ILIN = 0 mA
-
650
1300
μA
LIN in Active mode; LMC = 1;
VTXDL = 0 V (t < tLIN(dom)(det));
IRTLIN = ILIN = 0 mA;
VBAT42 = 12 V
-
1.5
5
mA
LIN in Active mode; LMC = 1;
VTXDL = 0 V (t < tLIN(dom)(det));
IRTLIN = ILIN = 0 mA;
VBAT42 = 27 V
-
3
10
mA
4.45
-
5
V
4.75
-
5.5
V
9
-
27
V
6
-
8
V
-
2
5
μA
for setting PWONS
PWONS = 0; VBAT42 falling
for clearing PWONS
PWONS = 1; VBAT42 rising
Supply; pin BAT14
VBAT14
BAT14 supply voltage normal output current capability
at V1
high output current capability
at V1
IBAT14
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
BAT14 supply current V1 and V2 off; CAN and LIN in
Off-line mode;
ILEN = CSC = 0;
IINH/LIMP = 0 mA
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Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
47 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
IBAT14(add)
additional BAT14
supply current
V1 on; IV1 = 0 mA
-
200
300
μA
V1 on; IV1 = 0 mA;
VBAT14 = 12 V
-
150
200
μA
V2 on; IV2 = 0 mA
-
200
320
μA
V2 on; IV2 = 0 mA;
VBAT14 = 12 V
-
200
250
μA
INH/LIMP enabled; ILEN = 1;
IINH/LIMP = 0 mA
-
1
2
μA
Differential mode
-
10
20
mA
Single-ended mode
-
13
25
mA
Differential mode
-
5
10
mA
Single-ended mode
-
8
15
mA
VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 18 V;
IV1 = −120 mA to −5 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
VV1(nom)
− 0.1
VV1(nom)
VV1(nom)
+ 0.1
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV1 = −5 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
VV1(nom)
− 0.025
VV1(nom)
VV1(nom)
+ 0.025
V
supply voltage
regulation
VBAT14 = 9 V to 16 V;
IV1 = −5 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
1
25
mV
load regulation
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV1 = −50 mA
to −5 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
5
25
mV
voltage drift with
temperature
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV1 = −5 mA;
Tj = −40 °C to +150 °C
-
-
200
ppm/K
undervoltage
detection and reset
activation level
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC = 00 or 11
0.90 ×
VV1(nom)
0.92 ×
VV1(nom)
0.95 ×
VV1(nom)
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; V1RTHC = 01
0.80 ×
VV1(nom)
0.82 ×
VV1(nom)
0.85 ×
VV1(nom)
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; V1RTHC = 10
0.70 ×
VV1(nom)
0.72 ×
VV1(nom)
0.75 ×
VV1(nom)
V
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC = 00 or 11
-
0.94 ×
VV1(nom)
-
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; V1RTHC = 01
-
0.84 ×
VV1(nom)
-
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; V1RTHC = 10
-
0.74 ×
VV1(nom)
-
V
0.90 ×
VV1(nom)
0.93 ×
VV1(nom)
0.97 ×
VV1(nom)
V
CAN in Active mode; CMC = 1;
ICANH = ICANl = 0 mA;
VTXD = 0 V
CAN in Active mode; CMC = 1;
VTXD = VV1
Voltage source; pin
Vo(V1)
ΔVV1
Vdet(UV)(V1)
Vrel(UV)(V1)
VUV(VFI)
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
V1[2];
see also Figure 16 to 22
output voltage
undervoltage
detection release
level
[3]
undervoltage level for VBAT14 = 14 V; VFIE = 1
generating a VFI
interrupt
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
48 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
IthH(V1)
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
undercurrent
threshold for
watchdog enable
−10
−5
−2
mA
IthL(V1)
undercurrent
threshold for
watchdog disable
−6
−3
−1.5
mA
IV1
output current
capability
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
δVV1 = 0.05 × VV1(nom)
−200
−135
−120
mA
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
V1 shorted to GND
−200
−110
-
mA
VBAT14 = 8 V to 9 V;
δVV1 = 0.05 × VV1(nom)
-
-
−120
mA
VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 8 V;
δVV1 = 0.05 × VV1(nom)
-
-
−150
mA
VBAT14 = 4 V to 5 V
-
3
5
Ω
VBAT14 = 9 V to 16 V;
IV2 = −50 mA to −5 mA
4.8
5.0
5.2
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV2 = −10 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
4.95
5.0
5.05
V
supply voltage
regulation
VBAT14 = 9 V to 16 V;
IV2 = −10 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
1
25
mV
load regulation
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV2 = −50 mA
to −5 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
-
50
mV
voltage drift with
temperature
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV2 = −10 mA;
−40 °C < Tj < 150 °C
-
-
200
ppm/K
output current
capability
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
δVV2 = 300 mV
−200
-
−120
mA
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V; V2
shorted to GND
−300
-
-
mA
VBAT14 = 6 V to 8 V;
δVV2 = 300 mV
-
-
−80
mA
VBAT14 = 5.5 V; δVV2 = 300 mV
-
-
−50
mA
VBAT14 = 14 V
4.5
4.6
4.8
V
Zds(on)
Conditions
regulator impedance
between pins BAT14
and V1
Voltage source; pin V2[4]
Vo(V2)
ΔVV2
IV2
Vdet(UV)(V2)
output voltage
undervoltage
detection threshold
[3]
Voltage source; pin V3
VBAT42-V3(drop)
VBAT42 to VV3 voltage
drop
VBAT42 = 9 V to 52 V;
IV3 = −20 mA
-
-
1.0
V
Idet(OL)(V3)
overload current
detection threshold
VBAT42 = 9 V to 52 V
−165
-
−60
mA
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
49 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
System inhibit output; pin SYSINH
VBAT42-SYSINH(drop)
VBAT42 to VSYSINH
voltage drop
ISYSINH = −0.2 mA
-
1.0
2.0
V
|IL|
leakage current
VSYSINH = 0 V
-
-
5
μA
-
0.7
1.0
V
IINH/LIMP = −200 μA;
ILEN = ILC = 1
-
1.2
2.0
V
Inhibit / limp-home output; pin INH/LIMP
VBAT14-INH(drop)
VBAT14 to VINH voltage IINH/LIMP = −10 μA;
drop
ILEN = ILC = 1
Io(INH/LIMP)
output current
capability
VINH/LIMP = 0.4 V; ILEN = 1;
ILC = 0
0.8
-
4
mA
|IL|
leakage current
VINH/LIMP = 0 V to VBAT14;
ILEN = 0
-
-
5
μA
2.0
3.3
5.2
V
−25
-
−1.3
μA
Wake input; pin WAKE
Vth(WAKE)
WAKE voltage
threshold
IWAKE(pu)
pull-up input current
VWAKE = 0 V
Serial peripheral interface inputs; pins SDI, SCK and SCS
VIH(th)
HIGH-level input
threshold voltage
0.7 × VV1 -
VV1 + 0.3 V
VIL(th)
LOW-level input
threshold voltage
−0.3
-
0.3 × VV1 V
Rpd(SCK)
pull-down resistor at
pin SCK
VSCK = 2 V; VV1 ≥ 2 V
50
130
400
kΩ
Rpu(SCS)
pull-up resistor at
pin SCS
VSCS = 1 V; VV1 ≥ 2 V
50
130
400
kΩ
ILI(SDI)
input leakage current
at pin SDI
VSDI = 0 V to VV1
−5
-
+5
μA
Serial peripheral interface data output; pin SDO
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VO = VV1 − 0.4 V; VSCS = 0 V
−50
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VO = 0.4 V; VSCS = 0 V
1.6
-
20
mA
ILO(off)
OFF-state output
leakage current
VO = 0 V to VV1; VSCS = VV1
−5
-
+5
μA
Reset output with clamping detection; pin RSTN
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VRSTN = 0.7 × VV1(nom)
−1000
-
−50
μA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VRSTN = 0.9 V
1
-
5
mA
VOL
LOW-level output
voltage
VV1 = 1.5 V to 5.5 V; pull-up
resistor to V1 = ≥ 4 kΩ
0
-
0.2 × VV1 V
VIH(th)
HIGH-level input
threshold voltage
0.7 × VV1 -
VV1 + 0.3 V
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
50 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
VIL(th)
LOW-level input
threshold voltage
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
−0.3
-
+0.3 ×
VV1
V
Enable output; pin EN
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VOH = VV1 − 0.4 V
−20
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VOL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
20
mA
VOL
LOW-level output
voltage
IOL = 20 μA; VV1 = 1.2 V
0
-
0.4
V
VOL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
15
mA
Interrupt output; pin INTN
IOL
LOW-level output
current
CAN transmit data input; pin TXDC
VIH
HIGH-level input
voltage
0.7 × VV1 -
VV1 + 0.3 V
VIL
LOW-level input
voltage
−0.3
-
+0.3 ×
VV1
V
RTXDC(pu)
TXDC pull-up resistor VTXDC = 0 V
5
12
25
kΩ
CAN receive data output; pin RXDC
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VOH = VV1 − 0.4 V
−25
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VOL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
25
mA
Fault-tolerant CAN-bus lines; pins CANH and CANL
Vdif(CANH-CANL)
differential receiver
threshold voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VV2 = 5 V; no failures
and bus failures H//, L//,
HxGND and LxVCC
−3.5
−3.2
−2.9
V
Vse(CANH)
pin CANH single
ended receiver
threshold voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VV2 = 5 V; bus failures
LxGND, LxBAT and HxL
1.5
1.7
1.85
V
Vse(CANL)
pin CANL single
ended receiver
threshold voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VV2 = 5 V; bus failures
HxBAT and HxVCC
3.15
3.3
3.45
V
Vdet(HxBAT),
Vdet(LxBAT)
detection threshold
voltage for bus
failures HxBAT and
LxBAT
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VV2 = 5 V
6.5
7.1
8.0
V
Vdet(GSD)(CANH)
pin CANH ground
shift detection
threshold voltage
Active mode; VV2 = 5 V
SPI bit GSTHC = logic 0
−1.25
−0.75
−0.25
V
SPI bit GSTHC = logic 1
−2.0
−1.5
−1.0
V
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
51 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Vwu(CANH)
pin CANH wake-up
threshold voltage
off-line
2.5
3.2
3.9
V
Vwu(CANL)
pin CANL wake-up
threshold voltage
off-line
1.1
1.8
2.5
V
ΔVwu(CANH-CANL)
wake-up threshold
difference voltage
CANH to CANL; off-line
0.8
1.4
-
V
VO(reces)
CANH recessive
output voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V;
VTXDC = VV2; RRTH < 4 kΩ
-
-
0.2
V
CANL recessive
output voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V;
VTXDC = VV2; RRTL < 4 kΩ
VV2 − 0.2 -
-
V
CANH dominant
output voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VTXDC = 0 V; VV2 = 5 V;
ICANH = −40 mA
VV2 − 1.4 -
-
V
CANL dominant
output voltage
Active mode, On-line, Partial
Networking or On-Line Listen
mode; VTXDC = 0 V; VV2 = 5 V;
ICANL = 40 mA
-
-
1.4
V
pin CANH output
current
Active mode; VCANH = 0 V;
VTXDC = 0 V; VV2 = 5 V
−110
−75
−45
mA
Auto mode; VCANH = 0 V;
VBAT14 = 14 V
-
−0.25
-
μA
Active mode; VCANL = 5 V;
VTXDC = 0 V; VV2 = 5 V
45
75
110
mA
Auto mode; VCANL = 14 V;
VBAT14 = 14 V
-
0
-
μA
VO(dom)
IO(CANH)
IO(CANL)
pin CANL output
current
CAN termination resistor (pin RTH)
Rsw(RTH)
switch-on resistance
measured between RTH and
GND; Active mode, On-line or
Selective Sleep; ⏐Io⏐ = 10 mA;
VTXDC = 5 V
-
40
100
Ω
VO(RTH)
output voltage
off-line; IO = 100 μA
-
0.7
1.0
V
IO(RTH)
pin CANH output
current during bus
failure
Active mode;
VRTH = VCANH = VV2 = 5 V
-
95
-
μA
CAN termination resistor (pin RTL)
Rsw(RTL)
switch-on resistance
Active mode, On-line or
Selective Sleep; ⏐Io⏐ = 10 mA;
VTXDC = 5 V; VV2 = 5 V
-
40
100
µΩ
IO(RTL)
output current
off-line; VRTL = 0 V
−1.50
−0.65
−0.1
mA
during bus failure at CANL;
Active mode;
VRTL = VCANL = 0 V; VV2 = 5 V
-
−95
-
μA
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
52 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
LIN transmit data input; pin TXDL
VIL
LOW-level input
voltage
−0.3
-
0.3 × VV1 V
VIH
HIGH-level input
voltage
0.7 × VV1 -
VV1 + 0.3 V
RTXDL(pu)
TXDL pull-up resistor
VTXDL = 0 V
5
12
25
kΩ
LIN receive data output; pin RXDL
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VRXDL = VV1 − 0.4 V
−50
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VRXDL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
20
mA
LIN dominant output
voltage
Active mode; VBAT42 = 7 V to
18 V; LDC = 0;
t < tTXDL(dom)(dis); VTXDL = 0 V;
RBAT42-LIN = 500 Ω
0
-
0.20 ×
VBAT42
V
Active mode; VBAT42 = 7.6 V
to 18 V; LDC = 1;
t < tTXDL(dom)(dis); VTXDL = 0 V;
ILIN = 40 mA
0.7
1.4
2.1
V
VLIN = VBAT42; VTXDL = VV1
−10
0
+10
μA
VBAT42 = 8 V;
VLIN = 8 V to 18 V; VTXDL = VV1
−10
-
+10
μA
LIN-bus line; pin LIN
Vo(dom)
ILIH
HIGH-level input
leakage current
ILIL
LOW-level input
leakage current
VBAT42 = 12 V; VLIN = 0 V;
VTXDL = VV1
−100
-
-
μA
Io(sc)
short-circuit output
current
Active mode;
VLIN = VBAT42 = 12 V;
VTXDL = 0 V; t < tTXDL(dom)(dis);
LDC = 0
27
40
60
mA
Active mode;
VLIN = VBAT42 = 18 V;
VTXDL = 0 V; t < tTXDL(dom)(dis);
LDC = 0
40
60
90
mA
Vth(dom)
receiver dominant
state
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
-
-
0.4 ×
VBAT42
V
Vth(reces)
receiver recessive
state
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
0.6 ×
VBAT42
-
-
V
Vth(hyst)
receiver threshold
voltage hysteresis
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
0.05 ×
VBAT42
-
0.175 ×
VBAT42
V
Vth(cen)
receiver threshold
voltage centre
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
0.475 ×
VBAT42
0.500 ×
VBAT42
0.525 ×
VBAT42
V
Cin
input capacitance
IL
leakage current
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
[3]
-
-
10
pF
VLIN = 0 V to 18 V; VBAT42 = 0 V
−5
0
+5
μA
VLIN = 0 V to 18 V;
VBAT42 = VGND = 12 V (loss of
ground)
−10
-
+10
μA
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
53 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V;VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Active mode; IRTLIN = −10 μA;
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
VBAT42
− 1.0
VBAT42
− 0.7
VBAT42
− 0.2
V
Off-line mode; IRTLIN = −10 μA;
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
VBAT42
− 1.2
VBAT42
− 1.0
-
V
LIN-bus termination resistor connection; pin RTLIN
VRTLIN
RTLIN output voltage
ΔVRTLIN
RTLIN load regulation Active mode;
IRTLIN = −10 μA to −10 mA;
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
-
0.65
2
V
IRTLIN(pu)
RTLIN pull-up current Active mode;
VRTLIN = VLIN = 0 V
(t > tLIN(dom)(det))
−150
−60
−35
μA
Off-line mode;
VRTLIN = VLIN = 0 V
(t < tLIN(dom)(det))
−150
−60
−35
μA
Off-line mode;
VRTLIN = VLIN = 0 V
(t > tLIN(dom)(det))
−10
0
+10
μA
for entering Software
Development mode; Tj = 25 °C
1
5
8
V
for entering Forced Normal
mode; Tj = 25 °C
2
10
13.5
V
between pin TEST and GND
2
4
8
kΩ
160
175
190
°C
ILIL
LOW-level input
leakage current
TEST input; pin TEST
Vth(TEST)
R(pd)TEST
input threshold
voltage
pull-down resistor
Temperature detection
Tj(warn)
[1]
high junction
temperature warning
level
All parameters are guaranteed over the virtual junction temperature range by design. Products are 100 % tested at Tamb = 125 °C on
wafer level (pretesting). Cased products are 100 % tested at Tamb = 25 °C (final testing). Both pretesting and final testing use correlated
test conditions to cover the specified temperature and power supply voltage range.
[2]
VV1(nom) is 3.3 V or 5 V, depending on the SBC version.
[3]
Not tested in production.
[4]
V2 internally supplies the SBC CAN transceiver. The supply current needed for the CAN transceiver reduces the pin V2 output
capability. The performance of the CAN transceiver can be impaired if V2 is also used to supply other circuitry while the CAN transceiver
is in use.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
54 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
015aaa055
6
VV1
(V)
type 5V0
5
IV1 =
−100 μA
−50 mA
−120 mA
−250 mA
4
type 3V3
3
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
VBAT14 (V)
a. Tj = 25 °C.
015aaa056
6
VV1
(V)
type 5V0
5
4
IV1 =
−100 μA
−50 mA
−120 mA
−250 mA
3
type 3V3
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
VBAT14 (V)
b. Tj = 150 °C.
Fig 16. V1 output voltage (dropout) as a function of battery voltage
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
55 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
001aaf246
10
Tj = +150 °C
IBAT14 − IV1
(mA)
8
Tj = −40 °C
+25 °C
6
+150 °C
4
+25 °C
−40 °C
VBAT14 = 8 V(1)
2
5.5 V(2)
0
−50
0
−100
−150
−200
IV1 (mA)
−250
(1) Types 5V0 and 3V3.
(2) Type 5V0 only.
a. At Tj = −40 °C, +25 °C and +150 °C.
001aaf247
5
IBAT14 − IV1
(mA)
4
3
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V(1)
2
5.5 V(2)
1
0
−50
0
−100
−150
−200
IV1 (mA)
−250
(1) Types 5V0 and 3V3.
(2) Type 3V3 only.
b. At Tj = −40 °C to +150 °C.
Fig 17. V1 quiescent current as a function of output current
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
56 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
015aaa057
6
type 5V0
VV1
(V)
4
type 3V3
2
0
−40
0
−80
−120
IV1 (mA)
−160
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V.
Tj = 25 °C to 125 °C.
Fig 18. V1 output voltage as a function of output current
001aaf248
160
PSRR
(dB)
VBAT14 = 14 V
120
Tj = 25 °C
14 V
150 °C
80
5.5 V
25 °C to 150 °C
150 °C
5.5 V(1)
40
0
1
10
102
103
f (Hz)
IV1 = −120 mA.
(1) Type 5V0 only.
Fig 19. V1 power supply ripple rejection as a function of frequency
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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57 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
001aaf250
16
200
ΔVV1
(mV)
VBAT14
(V)
VBAT14
12
100
ΔVV1
8
−100
500
4
0
100
200
300
0
400
t (μs)
IV1 = −5 mA; C = 1 μF; ESR = 0.01 Ω; Tj = 25 °C.
a. Line transient response
001aaf251
−75
400
ΔVV1
(mV)
IV1
(mA)
−25
200
IV1
ΔVV1
25
−200
500
75
0
100
200
300
0
400
t (μs)
VBAT14 = 14 V; C = 1 μF; ESR = 0.01 Ω; Tj = 25 °C.
b. Load transient response
Fig 20. V1 transient response as a function of time
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
58 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
001aaf249
1
ESR
(Ω)
10−1
stable operation area
10−2
unstable operation area
10−3
0
−40
−80
IV1 (mA)
−120
Fig 21. V1 output stability related to ESR value of output capacitor
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
VBAT
100 μF/
0.1 Ω
BAT14
Iload = 30 mA
V1
BAT42
SBC
100
nF
100
nF
47 μF/
0.1 Ω
Rload
GND
001aaf572
a. Switch-on test circuit.
015aaa058
6
type 5V0
VV1
(V)
4
VBAT = 8 V
type 3V3
VBAT = 5.5 V
2
VBAT = 12 V
0
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
t (ms)
b. Behavior at Tj = 25 °C.
015aaa059
6
type 5V0
VV1
(V)
VBAT = 8 V
4
type 3V3
VBAT = 5.5 V
2
VBAT = 12 V
0
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
t (ms)
c. Behavior at Tj = 85 °C.
Fig 22. Switch-on behavior of VV1
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
10. Dynamic characteristics
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics[1]
Tvj = −40 °C to + 150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
960
-
-
ns
Serial peripheral interface timing; pins SCS, SCK, SDI and SDO (see Figure
27)[2]
Tcyc
clock cycle time
tlead
enable lead time
clock is low when SPI select
falls
240
-
-
ns
tlag
enable lag time
clock is low when SPI select
rises
240
-
-
ns
tSCKH
clock HIGH time
480
-
-
ns
tSCKL
clock LOW time
480
-
-
ns
tsu
input data setup time
80
-
-
ns
th
input data hold time
400
-
-
ns
tDOV
output data valid time pin SDO; CL = 10 pF
-
-
400
ns
tSSH
SPI select HIGH time
480
-
-
ns
CAN transceiver (pins CANL, CANH, TXDC and RXDC)
tt(rec-dom)
output transition time between 10 % to 90 %;
recessive to dominant RCAN_L = RCAN_H = 125 Ω;
CCAN_L = CCAN_H = 1 nF;
see Figure 23 and Figure 24
0.3
0.4
-
μs
tt(dom-rec)
output transition time between 10 % to 90 %;
dominant to recessive RCAN_L = RCAN_H = 125 Ω;
CCAN_L = CCAN_H = 1 nF;
see Figure 23 and Figure 24
0.3
0.6
-
μs
tPHL
propagation delay
TXDC to RXDC
(HIGH to LOW
transition)
between 10 % to 90 %;
RCAN_L = RCAN_H = 125 Ω;
CCAN_L = CCAN_H = 1 nF;
see Figure 23 and Figure 24
-
-
1.5
μs
tPLH
propagation delay
TXDC to RXDC
(LOW to HIGH
transition)
between 10 % to 90 %;
RCAN_L = RCAN_H = 125 Ω;
CCAN_L = CCAN_H = 1 nF;
see Figure 23 and Figure 24
-
1.2
1.9
μs
tBUS(fail)(det)
bus failure detection
time
bus failure HxBAT; Active
mode, On-line and Selective
Sleep mode; VV2 = 5 V
7
-
38
μs
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
bus failure HxVCC
1.6
-
8.0
ms
bus failures LxGND and HxL
0.3
-
1.6
ms
bus failure LxBAT; Active
mode, On-line and Selective
Sleep mode; VV2 = 5 V
0.3
-
1.6
ms
continuously dominant
clamped CAN-bus detection
time (start after detecting
HxVCC); Active mode, On-line
and Selective Sleep mode;
VV2 = 5 V
0.3
-
1.6
ms
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UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to + 150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
tBUS(fail)(recover) bus failure recovery
time
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
bus failure HxBAT
125
-
750
μs
bus failure HxVCC
0.3
-
1.6
ms
bus failures LxGND and HxL;
Active mode, On-line and
Selective Sleep mode;
VV2 = 5 V
7
-
38
μs
bus failures LxGND and HxL
0.3
-
1.6
ms
bus failure LxBAT; Active
mode, On-line and Selective
Sleep mode; VV2 = 5 V
125
-
750
μs
continuously dominant
clamped CAN-bus Active
mode, On-line and Selective
Sleep mode; VV2 = 5 V
1
-
5
μs
tTXDC(dom)
TXDC permanent
Active mode, On-line and
dominant disable time Selective Sleep mode;
VV2 = 5 V; TXDC = logic 0 V
1.5
-
6
ms
tCANH(d1),
tCANL(d1)
minimum dominant
time first pulse for
wake-up on pins
CANH, CANL
off-line
7
-
38
μs
tCANH(rec),
tCANL(rec)
minimum recessive
time pulse (after first
dominant) for
wake-up on pins
CANH, CANL
off-line
3
-
10
μs
tCANH(d2),
tCANL(d2)
minimum dominant
off-line
time second pulse for
wake-up on pins
CANH, CANL
0
-
4
μs
tCANL(dom)
CANL dominant time
entering Normal
mode and TXDC
goes dominant
3
-
10
μs
ttimeout
time-out period
On-line Listen mode
between wake-up
message and confirm
message
115
-
285
ms
toffline
required recessive or
dominant time for
entering off-line
On-line or Selective Sleep
mode; COTC = logic 0;
CMC = logic 0
50
-
66
ms
On-line or Selective Sleep
mode; COTC = logic 1;
CMC = logic 0
200
-
265
ms
On-line or On-line Listen mode
after CAN wake-up event;
TXDC = VV1; V2D = 1; no bus
activity
400
-
530
ms
toff-line(ext)
extended minimum
time before entering
Off-line mode
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
VCANL > 8 V, first dominant bit
after entering Active mode
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UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to + 150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
tCANH, tCANL
ΔtPC
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
ground shift sampling Active mode, On-line and
time required for
Selective Sleep mode;
CANH, CANL voltage VV2 = 5 V; TXDC recessive
level
20
-
80
μs
pulse count
difference between
CANH and CANL for
failure detection
bus failures H//, L//, HxGND
and LxVCC; Active mode,
On-line and Selective Sleep
mode; VV2 = 5 V
-
4
-
pulses
dominant pulse count bus failures H//, L//, HxGND
on CANH and CANL and LxVCC; Active mode,
for failure recovery
On-line and Selective Sleep
mode; VV2 = 5 V
-
4
-
pulses
LIN transceiver; pins LIN, TXDL and RXDL[3]
δ1
duty cycle 1
Vth(reces)(max) = 0.744 × VBAT42;
Vth(dom)(max) = 0.581 × VBAT42;
LSC = 0; tbit = 50 μs;
VBAT42 = 7 V to 18 V
[4]
0.396
-
-
δ2
duty cycle 2
Vth(reces)(min) = 0.422 × VBAT42;
Vth(dom)(min) = 0.284 × VBAT42;
LSC = 0; tbit = 50 μs;
VBAT42 = 7.6 V to 18 V
[5]
-
-
0.581
δ3
duty cycle 3
Vth(reces)(max) = 0.778 × VBAT42;
Vth(dom)(max) = 0.616 × VBAT42;
LSC = 1; tbit = 96 μs;
VBAT42 = 7 V to 27 V
[4]
0.417
-
-
δ4
duty cycle 4
Vth(reces)(min) = 0.389 × VBAT42;
Vth(dom)(min) = 0.251 × VBAT42;
LSC = 1; tbit = 96 μs;
VBAT42 = 7.6 V to 27 V
[5]
-
-
0.590
tp(rx)
propagation delay of
receiver
CRXDL = 20 pF
-
-
6
μs
tp(rx)(sym)
symmetry of receiver
propagation delay
rising edge with respect to
falling edge; CRXDL = 20 pF
−2
-
+2
μs
tBUS(LIN)
minimum dominant
time for wake-up of
the LIN-transceiver
Off-line mode
30
-
150
μs
tLIN(dom)(det)
continuously
dominant clamped
LIN-bus detection
time
Active mode; LIN = 0 V
40
-
160
ms
tLIN(dom)(rec)
continuously
dominant clamped
LIN-bus recovery
time
Active mode
0.8
-
2.2
ms
tTXDL(dom)(dis)
TXDL permanent
Active mode; TXDL = 0 V
dominant disable time
20
-
80
ms
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to + 150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
5
-
20
μs
Start-up mode; V1 active
229
-
283
ms
V2 active
28
-
36
ms
-
18
ms
Battery monitoring
tBAT42(L)
BAT42 LOW time for
setting PWONS
Power supply V1; pin V1
tV1(CLT)
V1 clamped LOW
time during ramp-up
of V1
Power supply V2; pin V2
tV2(CLT)
V2 clamped LOW
time during ramp-up
of V2
Power supply V3; pin V3
tW(CS)
cyclic sense period
V3C = 10; see Figure 13
14
V3C = 11; see Figure 13
28
-
36
ms
ton(CS)
cyclic sense on-time
V3C = 10; see Figure 13
345
-
423
μs
V3C = 11; see Figure 13
345
-
423
μs
VBAT42 = 5 V to 27 V
5
-
120
μs
VBAT42 = 27 V to 52 V
30
-
250
μs
cyclic sense sample
setup time
V3C = 11 or 10; see Figure 13
310
-
390
μs
tWD(ETP)
earliest watchdog
trigger point
programmed Nominal
Watchdog Period (NWP);
Normal mode
0.45 ×
NWP
-
0.55 ×
NWP
tWD(LTP)
latest watchdog
trigger point
programmed nominal
watchdog period; Normal
mode, Standby mode and
Sleep mode
0.9 × NWP -
1.1 × NWP
tWD(init)
watchdog initializing
period
watchdog time-out in Start-up
mode
229
-
283
ms
retention time
Fail-safe mode; wake-up
detected
1.3
1.5
1.7
s
Wake-up input; pin WAKE
tWU(ipf)
tsu(CS)
input port filter time
Watchdog
Fail-safe mode
tret
Reset output; pin RSTN
tRSTN(CHT)
clamped HIGH time,
pin RSTN
RSTN driven LOW internally
but RSTN pin remains HIGH
115
-
141
ms
tRSTN(CLT)
clamped LOW time,
pin RSTN
RSTN driven HIGH internally
but RSTN pin remains LOW
229
-
283
ms
tRSTN(INT)
interrupt monitoring
time
INTN = 0
229
-
283
ms
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
64 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics[1] …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to + 150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tRSTNL
reset lengthening
time
after internal or external reset
has been released; RLC = 0
0.9
-
1.1
ms
after internal or external reset
has been released; RLC =1
18
-
22
ms
after SPI has read out the
Interrupt register
2
-
-
μs
460.8
512
563.2
kHz
Interrupt output; pin INTN
interrupt release
tINTN
Oscillator
oscillator input
frequency
fosc
[1]
All parameters are guaranteed over the virtual junction temperature range by design. Products are 100 % tested at Tamb = 125 °C on
wafer level (pretesting). Cased products are 100 % tested at Tamb = 25 °C (final testing). Both pretesting and final testing use correlated
test conditions to cover the specified temperature and power supply voltage range.
[2]
SPI timing is guaranteed for VBAT42 voltages down to 5 V. For VBAT42 voltages down to 4.5 V the guaranteed SPI timing values double,
so at these lower voltages a lower maximum SPI communication speed must be observed.
[3]
tbit = selected bit time, depends on LSC-bit; 50 μs or 96 μs (20 kbit/s or 10.4 kbit/s respectively); bus load conditions (R1/R2/C1):
1 kΩ/1 kΩ/10 nF; 1 kΩ/1 kΩ/6.8 nF; 1 kΩ/open/1 nF; see Figure 25 and Figure 26.
[4]
t bus ( rec ) ( min )
δ1, δ3 = ------------------------------2 × t bit
[5]
t bus ( rec ) ( max )
δ2, δ4 = -------------------------------2 × tbit
VCC
BAT14
BAT42
32
27
24
RTH
BAT
RRTH
500 Ω
22
RXDC
13
21
CANH
19
10 pF
CCAN_H
RCAN_H
FAILURE
GENERATION
RRTL
500 Ω
14
RCAN_L
CANL
UJA1061
TXDC
CCAN_L
VCC
RTL
GND
23
GND
001aad804
Fig 23. Timing test circuit for CAN transceiver
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
65 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
VTXDC
VCANL
VCANH
50 %
50 %
90 %
90 %
90 %
10 %
10 %
10 %
tt(rec-dom)
90 %
5V
3.6 V
10 %
1.4 V
0V
tt(dom-rec)
2.2 V
−3.2 V
Vdif(CANH-CANL)
−5 V
50 %
VRXDC
50 %
tPHL
tPLH
mce636
Fig 24. Timing diagram CAN transceiver
BAT42
RXDL
RTLIN
R1
SBC
20 pF
TXDL
R2
LIN
GND
C1
001aad179
Fig 25. Timing test circuit for LIN transceiver
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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66 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
tbit
tbit
tbit
VTXDL
tbus(dom)(max)
tbus(rec)(min)
VBAT42
Vth(reces)(max)
Vth(dom)(max)
LIN BUS
signal
Vth(reces)(min)
Vth(dom)(min)
tbus(dom)(min)
receiving
node 1
thresholds of
receiving node 2
tbus(rec)(max)
VRXDL1
tp(rx)f
receiving
node 2
thresholds of
receiving node 1
tp(rx)r
VRXDL2
tp(rx)r
tp(rx)f
001aaa346
Fig 26. Timing diagram LIN transceiver
SCS
tlead
Tcyc
tlag
tSCKH
tSCKL
tsu
th
tSSH
SCK
SDI
MSB
X
LSB
X
tDOV
floating
SDO
floating
X
MSB
LSB
001aaf044
Fig 27. SPI timing
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
67 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
11. Test information
11.1 Quality information
This product has been qualified in accordance with the Automotive Electronics Council
(AEC) standard Q100 - Failure mechanism based stress test qualification for integrated
circuits, and is suitable for use in automotive applications.
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
68 of 77
UJA1061
NXP Semiconductors
Fault-tolerant CAN/LIN fail-safe system basis chip
12. Package outline
HTSSOP32: plastic thermal enhanced thin shrink small outline package; 32 leads;
body width 6.1 mm; lead pitch 0.65 mm; exposed die pad
SOT549-1
E
D
A
X
c
y
HE
exposed die pad side
v M A
Dh
Z
32
17
A2
Eh
(A3)
A
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
detail X
16
1
w M
bp
e
2.5
0
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions).
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D(1)
Dh
E(2)
Eh
e
HE
L
Lp
v
w
y
Z
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.85
0.25
0.30
0.19
0.20
0.09
11.1
10.9
5.1
4.9
6.2
6.0
3.6
3.4
0.65
8.3
7.9
1
0.75
0.50
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.78
0.48
8o
o
0
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT549-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
03-04-07
05-11-02
MO-153
Fig 28. Package outline SOT549-1 (HTSSOP32)
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13. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
13.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
13.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
13.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
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13.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 29) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 28 and 29
Table 28.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 29.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 29.
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temperature
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 29. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
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14. Revision history
Table 30.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
UJA1061_6
20100309
Product data sheet
-
UJA1061_5
Modifications:
•
•
•
•
•
•
3.0 V version (UJA1061TW/3V0) discontinued
Table 26: updated conditions for VO(reces) - CANL recessive output voltage
Section 6.2.5: text of third paragraph revised
Table 11: text of bit 4, V1CMC, revised
Section 11.1: text revised
Section 2.1: text revised
UJA1061_5
20071122
Product data sheet
-
UJA1061_4
UJA1061_4
20070427
Product data sheet
-
UJA1061_3
UJA1061_3
20060627
Preliminary data sheet
-
UJA1061_2
UJA1061_2
(9397 750 14201)
20051122
Objective data sheet
-
UJA1061_1
UJA1061_1
(9397 750 11708)
20040322
Objective specification
-
-
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15. Legal information
15.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
15.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
15.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military, aircraft,
space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
UJA1061_6
Product data sheet
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on a weakness or default in the
customer application/use or the application/use of customer’s third party
customer(s) (hereinafter both referred to as “Application”). It is customer’s
sole responsibility to check whether the NXP Semiconductors product is
suitable and fit for the Application planned. Customer has to do all necessary
testing for the Application in order to avoid a default of the Application and the
product. NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 06 — 9 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
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In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
15.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
16. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
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17. Contents
1
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
3
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.3
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.6
6.6.1
6.6.1.1
6.6.2
6.6.2.1
6.6.2.2
6.6.3
6.7
6.7.1
6.7.1.1
6.7.1.2
6.7.1.3
6.7.1.4
6.7.2
6.7.3
6.7.4
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CAN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
LIN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Power management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Fail-safe features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Fail-safe system controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Start-up mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Restart mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Fail-safe mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Normal mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Standby mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Flash mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
On-chip oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Watchdog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Watchdog start-up behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Watchdog window behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Watchdog time-out behavior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Watchdog OFF behavior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
System reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
RSTN pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
EN output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Power supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
BAT14, BAT42 and SYSINH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
SYSINH output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Voltage regulators V1 and V2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Voltage regulator V1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Voltage regulator V2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Switched battery output V3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
CAN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Mode control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Active mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
On-line mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
On-line Listen mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Off-line mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
CAN wake-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Termination control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Bus, RXD and TXD failure detection . . . . . . . 22
6.7.4.1
6.7.4.2
6.7.4.3
6.8
6.8.1
6.8.1.1
6.8.1.2
6.8.2
6.8.3
6.8.4
6.8.5
6.8.6
6.8.6.1
6.8.6.2
6.8.6.3
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
6.13
6.13.1
6.13.2
6.13.3
6.13.4
6.13.5
6.13.6
6.13.7
6.13.8
6.13.9
6.13.10
6.13.11
6.13.12
6.14
6.14.1
6.14.2
7
8
9
10
11
11.1
12
TXDC dominant clamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RXDC recessive clamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GND shift detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIN transceiver. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mode control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Off-line mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIN wake-up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Termination control. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIN slope control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIN driver capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bus and TXDL failure detection . . . . . . . . . . .
TXDL dominant clamping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIN dominant clamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LIN recessive clamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inhibit and limp-home output . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wake-up input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupt output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPI interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPI register mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Register overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mode register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Status register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Diagnosis register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt
Enable Feedback register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupt register. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Configuration register and System
Configuration Feedback register . . . . . . . . . .
Physical Layer Control register and Physical
Layer Control Feedback register . . . . . . . . . .
Special Mode register and Special Mode
Feedback register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Purpose registers and General
Purpose Feedback registers . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Register configurations at reset . . . . . . . . . . .
Test modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Development mode. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forced Normal mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quality information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
22
23
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
28
28
29
29
32
33
34
35
37
38
39
40
41
43
43
44
45
46
47
61
68
68
69
continued >>
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13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
17
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
70
70
70
70
71
73
74
74
74
74
75
75
76
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2010.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 9 March 2010
Document identifier: UJA1061_6
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