Data Sheet

UJA1066
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
Product data sheet
1. General description
The UJA1066 fail-safe System Basis Chip (SBC) replaces basic discrete components
which are common in every Electronic Control Unit (ECU) with a Controller Area Network
(CAN) interface. The fail-safe SBC supports all networking applications that control
various power and sensor peripherals by using high-speed CAN as the main network
interface. The fail-safe SBC contains the following integrated devices:
• High-speed CAN transceiver, interoperable and downward compatible with CAN
transceiver TJA1041 and TJA1041A, and compatible with the ISO 11898-2 standard
and the ISO 11898-5 standard (in preparation)
•
•
•
•
•
Advanced independent watchdog
Dedicated voltage regulators for microcontroller and CAN transceiver
Serial peripheral interface (full duplex)
Local wake-up input port
Inhibit/limp-home output port
In addition to the advantages of integrating these common ECU functions in a single
package, the fail-safe SBC offers an intelligent combination of system-specific functions
such as:
•
•
•
•
Advanced low-power concept
Safe and controlled system start-up behavior
Advanced fail-safe system behavior that prevents any conceivable deadlock
Detailed status reporting on system and subsystem levels
The UJA1066 is designed to be used in combination with a microcontroller that
incorporates a CAN controller. The fail-safe SBC ensures that the microcontroller is
always started up in a defined manner. In failure situations, the fail-safe SBC will maintain
microcontroller functionality for as long as possible to provide a full monitoring and
software-driven fallback operation.
The UJA1066 is designed for 14 V single power supply architectures and for 14 V and
42 V dual power supply architectures.
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
2. Features and benefits
2.1 General
„ Contains a full set of CAN ECU functions:
‹ CAN transceiver
‹ Voltage regulator for the microcontroller (3.3 V or 5.0 V)
‹ Separate voltage regulator for the CAN transceiver (5 V)
‹ Enhanced window watchdog with on-chip oscillator
‹ Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) for the microcontroller
‹ ECU power management system
‹ Fully integrated autonomous fail-safe system
„ Designed for automotive applications:
‹ Supports 14 V and 42 V architectures
‹ Excellent ElectroMagnetic Compatibility (EMC) performance
‹ ±8 kV ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection Human Body Model (HBM) for
off-board pins
‹ ±4 kV ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) protection IEC 61000-4-2 for off-board pins
‹ ±60 V short-circuit proof CAN-bus pins
‹ Battery and CAN-bus pins are protected against transients in accordance with
ISO 7637-3
‹ Very low sleep current
„ Supports remote flash programming via the CAN-bus
„ Small 8 mm × 11 mm HTSSOP32 package with low thermal resistance
2.2 CAN transceiver
„ ISO 11898-2 and ISO 11898-5 compliant high-speed CAN transceiver
„ Enhanced error signalling and reporting
„ Dedicated low dropout voltage regulator for the CAN-bus:
‹ Independent of the microcontroller supply
‹ Guarded by CAN-bus failure management
‹ Significantly improves EMC performance
„ Partial networking option with global wake-up feature; allows selective CAN-bus
communication without waking up sleeping nodes
„ Bus connections are truly floating when power is off
„ SPLIT output pin for stabilizing the recessive bus level
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
2.3 Power management
„
„
„
„
„
Smart operating modes and power management modes
Cyclic wake-up capability in Standby and Sleep modes
Local wake-up input with cyclic supply feature
Remote wake-up capability via the CAN-bus
External voltage regulators can easily be incorporated into the power supply system
(flexible and fail-safe)
„ 42 V battery-related high-side switch for driving external loads such as relays and
wake-up switches
„ Intelligent maskable interrupt output
2.4 Fail-safe features
„ Safe and predictable behavior under all conditions
„ Programmable fail-safe coded window and time-out watchdog with on-chip oscillator,
guaranteeing autonomous fail-safe system supervision
„ Fail-safe coded 16-bit SPI interface for the microcontroller
„ Global enable pin for the control of safety-critical hardware
„ Detection and detailed reporting of failures:
‹ On-chip oscillator failure and watchdog alerts
‹ Battery and voltage regulator undervoltages
‹ CAN-bus failures (short circuits and open-circuit bus wires)
‹ TXD and RXD clamping situations and short circuits
‹ Clamped or open reset line
‹ SPI message errors
‹ Overtemperature warning
‹ ECU ground shift (two selectable thresholds)
„ Rigorous error handling based on diagnostics
„ Supply failure early warning allows critical data to be stored
„ 23 bits of access-protected RAM available (e.g. for logging cyclic problems)
„ Reporting in a single SPI message; no assembly of multiple SPI frames needed
„ Limp-home output signal for activating application hardware in case system enters
Fail-safe mode (e.g. for switching on warning lights)
„ Fail-safe coded activation of Software development mode and Flash mode
„ Unique SPI readable device type identification
„ Software-initiated system reset
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number[1]
Package
UJA1066TW
[1]
Name
Description
Version
HTSSOP32
plastic thermal enhanced thin shrink small outline package; 32 leads; SOT549-1
body width 6.1 mm; lead pitch 0.65 mm; exposed die pad
UJA1066TW/5V0 is for the 5 V version; UJA1066TW/3V3 is for the 3.3 V version.
4. Block diagram
SENSE
BAT42
BAT14
SYSINH
V3
INH/LIMP
31
BAT
MONITOR
32
UJA1066
27
4
V1
20
V2
29
V1
V2
30
17
INH
V1 MONITOR
INTN
WAKE
TEST
7
18
WAKE
SDI
SDO
SCS
RSTN
8
16
CHIP
TEMPERATURE
SCK
6
RESET/EN
SBC
FAIL-SAFE
SYSTEM
EN
WATCHDOG
11
OSCILLATOR
9
10
SPI
GND SHIFT
DETECTOR
12
24
HIGH
SPEED
CAN
GND
23
BAT42
V2
SPLIT
21
CANH
22
CANL
13
TXDC
14
RXDC
001aag303
Fig 1.
Block diagram
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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UJA1066
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
5. Pinning information
5.1 Pinning
n.c.
1
32 BAT42
n.c.
2
31 SENSE
TEST1
3
30 V3
V1
4
29 SYSINH
TEST2
5
28 n.c.
RSTN
6
27 BAT14
INTN
7
26 TEST5
EN
8
SDI
9
25 TEST4
UJA1066TW
24 SPLIT
SDO 10
23 GND
SCK 11
22 CANL
SCS 12
21 CANH
TXDC 13
20 V2
RXDC 14
19 n.c.
18 WAKE
n.c. 15
17 INH/LIMP
TEST3 16
015aaa016
Fig 2.
Pin configuration
5.2 Pin description
Table 2.
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
Description
n.c.
1
not connected
n.c.
2
not connected
i.c.
3
internally connected; must be left open in the application
V1
4
voltage regulator output for the microcontroller (3.3 V or 5 V depending on the
SBC version)
i.c.
5
internally connected; must be left open in the application
RSTN
6
reset output to microcontroller (active LOW; will detect clamping situations)
INTN
7
interrupt output to microcontroller (active LOW; open-drain; wire-AND this pin to
other ECU interrupt outputs)
EN
8
enable output (active HIGH; push-pull; LOW with every reset/watchdog
overflow)
SDI
9
SPI data input
SDO
10
SPI data output (floating when pin SCS is HIGH)
SCK
11
SPI clock input
SCS
12
SPI chip select input (active LOW)
TXDC
13
CAN transmit data input (LOW when dominant; HIGH when recessive)
RXDC
14
CAN receive data output (LOW when dominant; HIGH when recessive)
n.c.
15
not connected
TEST
16
test pin (should be connected to ground in the application)
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 2.
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Description
INH/LIMP
17
inhibit/limp-home output (BAT14 related, push-pull, default floating)
WAKE
18
local wake-up input (BAT42 related, continuous or cyclic sampling)
n.c.
19
not connected
V2
20
5 V voltage regulator output for CAN; connect a buffer capacitor to this pin
CANH
21
CANH bus line (HIGH in dominant state)
CANL
22
CANL bus line (LOW in dominant state)
GND
23
ground
SPLIT
24
CAN-bus common mode stabilization output
i.c.
25
internally connected; must be connected to pin BAT42 in the application
i.c.
26
internally connected; must be left open in the application
BAT14
27
14 V battery supply input
n.c.
28
not connected
SYSINH
29
system inhibit output; BAT42 related (e.g. for controlling external DC-to-DC
converter)
V3
30
unregulated 42 V output (BAT42 related; continuous output or Cyclic mode
synchronized with local wake-up input)
SENSE
31
fast battery interrupt / chatter detector input
BAT42
32
42 V battery supply input (connect this pin to BAT14 in 14 V applications)
The exposed die pad at the bottom of the package allows better dissipation of heat from
the SBC via the printed-circuit board. The exposed die pad is not connected to any active
part of the IC and can be left floating, or can be connected to GND for the best EMC
performance.
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
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UJA1066
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
6. Functional description
6.1 Introduction
The UJA1066 combines all the peripheral functions found around a microcontroller in a
typical automotive networking application in a single, dedicated chip. These functions are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power supply for the microcontroller
•
•
•
•
•
•
SPI control interface
Power supply for the CAN transceiver
Switched BAT42 output
System reset
Watchdog with Window and Time-out modes
On-chip oscillator
High-speed CAN transceiver for serial communication; suitable for 14 V and 42 V
applications
Local wake-up input
Inhibit or limp-home output
System inhibit output port
Compatible with 42 V power supply systems
Fail-safe behavior
6.2 Fail-safe system controller
The fail-safe system controller is at the core of the UJA1066 and is supervised by a
watchdog timer that is clocked directly by the dedicated on-chip oscillator. The system
controller manages the register configuration and controls the internal functions of the
SBC. Detailed device status information is collected and presented to the microcontroller.
The system controller also provides the reset and interrupt signals.
The fail-safe system controller is a state machine. The SBC operating modes, and how
transitions between modes are triggered, are illustrated in Figure 3. These modes are
discussed in more detail in the following sections.
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
mode change via SPI
watchdog
trigger
Standby mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
watchdog: time-out/OFF
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: HIGH/LOW
mode change via SPI
watchdog
trigger
mode change via SPI
wake-up detected with its wake-up interrupt disabled
OR mode change to Sleep with pending wake-up
OR watchdog time-out with watchdog timeout interrupt disabled
OR watchdog OFF and IV1 > I thH(V1) with reset option
OR interrupt ignored > t RSTN(INT)
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR V1 undervoltage detected
flash entry enabled (111/001/111 mode sequence)
OR illegal Mode register code
OR mode change to Sleep with pending wake-up
OR watchdog not properly served
OR interrupt ignored > tRSTN(INT)
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
mode change via SPI
Normal mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: all modes available
watchdog: window
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: HIGH/LOW
Sleep mode
V1: OFF
SYSINH: HIGH/float
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
watchdog: time-out/OFF
INH/LIMP: LOW/float
RSTN: LOW
EN: LOW
wake-up detected
OR watchdog time-out
OR V3 overload detected
init Normal mode
via SPI successful
Start-up mode
init Normal mode
via SPI successful
supply connected
for the first time
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
watchdog: start-up
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: LOW
init Flash mode via SPI
AND flash entry enabled
t > t WD(init)
OR SPI clock count < > 16
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR RSTN released and V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
leave Flash mode code
OR watchdog time-out
OR interrupt ignored > t RSTN(INT)
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
Restart mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
watchdog: start-up
INH/LIMP: LOW/float
EN: LOW
wake-up detected
AND oscillator ok
AND t > t ret
watchdog
trigger
Flash mode
V1: ON
SYSINH: HIGH
CAN: all modes available
watchdog: time-out
INH/LIMP: HIGH/LOW/float
EN: HIGH/LOW
t > t WD(init)
OR SPI clock count < > 16
OR RSTN falling edge detected
OR RSTN released and V1 undervoltage detected
OR illegal Mode register code
Fail-safe mode
V1: OFF
SYSINH: HIGH/float
CAN: on-line/on-line listen/off-line
watchdog: OFF
INH/LIMP: LOW
RSTN: LOW
EN: LOW
oscillator fail
OR RSTN externally clamped HIGH detected > t RSTN(CHT)
OR RSTN externally clamped LOW detected > t RSTN(CLT)
OR V1 undervoltage detected > t V1(CLT)
from any
mode
001aag305
Fig 3.
Main state diagram
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
6.2.1 Start-up mode
Start-up mode is the ‘home page’ of the SBC. This mode is entered when battery and
ground are connected for the first time. Start-up mode is also entered after any event that
results in a system reset. The reset source information is provided by the SBC to support
software initialization cycles that depend on the reset event.
It is also possible to enter Start-up mode via a wake-up from Standby mode, Sleep mode
or Fail-safe mode. Such a wake-up event can be triggered in the CAN-bus or by the local
WAKE pin.
A lengthened reset time, tRSTNL, is observed on entering Start-up mode. This reset time is
either user-defined (via the RLC bit in the System Configuration register; see Table 11 and
Table 27) or defaults to the value given in Section 6.12.12. Pin RSTN is held LOW by the
SBC during the reset lengthening time.
When the reset time has elapsed (pin RSTN is released and goes HIGH) the watchdog
timer will wait to be initialized. If the watchdog initialization is successful, the selected
operating mode (Normal mode or Flash mode) will be entered. Otherwise the SBC will
enter Restart mode.
6.2.2 Restart mode
The purpose of Restart mode is to give the application a second chance to start up,
should the first attempt from Start-up mode fail. Entering Restart mode will always set the
reset lengthening time tRSTNL to the higher value (see Table 27) to guarantee the
maximum reset length, regardless of previous events.
If start-up from Restart mode is successful (the earlier problems do not recur and
watchdog initialization is successful), the SBC will enter Normal mode (see Figure 3). If
problems persist or if V1 fails to start up, the SBC will enter Fail-safe mode.
6.2.3 Fail-safe mode
Severe fault situations will cause the SBC to enter Fail-safe mode. Fail-safe mode is also
entered if start-up from Restart mode fails. Fail-safe mode offers the lowest possible
system power consumption from the SBC and from the external components controlled by
the SBC.
A wake-up (via the CAN-bus or the WAKE pin) is needed to leave Fail-safe mode. This is
only possible if the on-chip oscillator is running correctly. The SBC restarts from Fail-safe
mode with a defined delay, tret, to guarantee a discharged V1 before entering Start-up
mode. Regulator V1 will restart and tRSTNL will be set to the higher value (see
Section 6.5.1).
6.2.4 Normal mode
Normal mode gives access to all SBC system resources, including CAN, INH/LIMP and
EN. The SBC watchdog runs in (programmable) Window mode to guarantee the strictest
software supervision. A system reset is performed whenever the watchdog is not being
properly served.
Interrupts from the SBC to the host microcontroller are also monitored. A system reset is
performed if the host microcontroller does not respond within tRSTN(INT).
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Entering Normal mode does not activate the CAN transceiver automatically. The CAN
Mode Control (CMC) bit must be set to activate the CAN medium if required, allowing
local cyclic wake-up scenarios to be implemented without affecting the CAN-bus.
6.2.5 Standby mode
In Standby mode, the system is in a reduced current consumption state. Entering Standby
mode overrides the CMC bit, allowing the CAN transceiver to enter the low-power mode
autonomously. The watchdog will, however, continue to monitor the microcontroller
(Time-out mode) since it is powered via pin V1.
If the host microcontroller supports a low-power Standby or Stop mode with reduced
current consumption, the watchdog can be switched off entirely when the SBS is in
Standby mode. The SBC will monitor the microcontroller supply current to ensure that no
unobserved phases occur while the watchdog is disabled and the microcontroller is
running. The watchdog will remain active until the supply current drops below IthL(V1),
when it will be disabled.
Should the current increase to IthH(V1) (e.g. as result of a microcontroller wake-up from
application specific hardware) the watchdog will start operating again with the previously
used time-out period. If the watchdog is not triggered correctly, a system reset will occur
and the SBC will enter Start-up mode.
If Standby mode is entered from Normal mode with the selected watchdog OFF option,
the watchdog will use the maximum time-out as defined for Standby mode until the supply
current drops below the current detection threshold; the watchdog is now OFF. If the
current increases again, the watchdog will be activated immediately, again using the
maximum watchdog time-out period. If the watchdog OFF option is selected during
Standby mode, the watchdog period last used will define the time for the supply current to
fall below the current detection threshold. This allows the user to align the current
supervisor function with the requirements of the application.
Generally, the microcontroller can be activated from Standby mode via a system reset or
via an interrupt without reset. This allows for the implementation of differentiated start-up
behavior from Standby mode, depending on the needs of the application:
• If the watchdog is still running during Standby mode, it can be used for cyclic wake-up
behavior of the system. A dedicated Watchdog Time-out Interrupt Enable (WTIE) bit
allows the microcontroller to decide whether to receive an interrupt or a hardware
reset upon overflow. The interrupt option will be cleared in hardware automatically
with each watchdog overflow to ensure that a failing main routine is detected while the
interrupt service is still operating. So the application software must set the interrupt
behavior before each standby cycle begins.
• Any wake-up via the CAN-bus together with a local wake-up event will force a system
reset event or generate an interrupt to the microcontroller. So it is possible to exit
Standby mode without performing a system reset if necessary.
When an interrupt event occurs, the application software has to read the Interrupt register
within tRSTN(INT). Otherwise a fail-safe system reset is forced and Start-up mode will be
entered. If the application has read out the Interrupt register within the specified time, it
can decide whether to switch to Normal mode via an SPI access or to remain in Standby
mode.
The following operations are possible from Standby mode:
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• Cyclic wake-up by the watchdog via an interrupt signal to the microcontroller (the
microcontroller is triggered periodically and checked for the correct response)
• Cyclic wake-up by the watchdog via a reset signal (a reset is performed periodically;
the SBC provides information about the reset source to allow different start
sequences after reset)
• Wake-up by activity on the CAN-bus via an interrupt signal to the microcontroller
• Wake-up by bus activity on the CAN-bus via a reset signal
• Wake-up by increasing the microcontroller supply current without a reset signal
(where a stable supply is needed for the microcontroller RAM contents to remain valid
and wake-up from an external application not connected to the SBC)
• Wake-up by increasing the microcontroller supply current with a reset signal
• Wake-up due to a falling edge at pin WAKE forcing an interrupt to the microcontroller
• Wake-up due to a falling edge at pin WAKE forcing a reset signal
6.2.6 Sleep mode
In Sleep mode the microcontroller power supply (V1) and the INH/LIMP-controlled
external supplies are switched off entirely, resulting in minimum system power
consumption. In this mode, the watchdog runs in Time-out mode or is completely off.
Entering Sleep mode results in an immediate LOW level on pin RSTN, stopping all
microcontroller operations. The INH/LIMP output is floating in parallel and pin V1 is
disabled. Only pin SYSINH can remain active to support the V2 voltage supply (if bit V2C
is set; see Table 12). V3 can also be ON, OFF or in Cyclic mode to supply external
wake-up switches.
If the watchdog is not disabled by software, it will continue to run and will force a system
reset once the programmed watchdog period has expired. The SBC then enters Start-up
mode and pin V1 becomes active again. This behavior can be used to implement cyclic
wake-up from Sleep mode.
Depending on the application, the following operations can be selected from Sleep mode:
• Cyclic wake-up by the watchdog (only in Time-out mode); a reset is performed
periodically, the SBC provides information about the reset source to allow the
microcontroller to choose between different start up sequences after reset
• Wake-up by activity on the CAN-bus or falling edge on pin WAKE
• An overload on V3, only if V3 is in a cyclic or a continuously ON mode
6.2.7 Flash mode
Flash mode can only be entered from Normal mode by entering a specific Flash mode
entry sequence. This fail-safe control sequence comprises three consecutive write
accesses to the Mode register, within the legal windows of the watchdog, using the
operating mode codes 111, 001 and 111 respectively. Once this sequence has been
received, the SBC will enter Start-up mode and perform a system reset using the related
reset source information (bits RSS[3:0] = 0110).
UJA1066_2
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Once in Start-up mode the application software has to write Operating Mode code 011 to
the Mode register within tWD(init) to initiate a transition to Flash mode. This causes a
successfully received hardware reset (handshake between the SBC and the
microcontroller) to be fed back. The transition from Start-up mode to Flash mode can only
occur once after the Flash entry sequence has been completed.
The application can choose not to enter Flash mode but instead return to Normal mode by
using the Operating Mode code 101 for handshaking. This erases the Flash mode entry
sequence.
The watchdog behavior in Flash mode is similar to its time-out behavior in Standby mode,
but Operating Mode code 111 must be used for serving the watchdog. If this code is not
used or if the watchdog overflows, the SBC will immediately force a reset and a transition
to Start-up mode. Operating Mode code 110 (leave Flash mode) is used to correctly exit
Flash mode. This results in a system reset with the corresponding reset source
information. Other Mode register codes will cause a forced reset with reset source code
‘illegal Mode register code’.
6.3 On-chip oscillator
The on-chip oscillator provides the clock signal for all digital functions and is the timing
reference for the on-chip watchdog and the internal timers.
If the on-chip oscillator frequency is too low or the oscillator is not running at all, there is
an immediate transition to Fail-safe mode. The SBC will stay in Fail-safe mode until the
oscillator has recovered to its normal frequency and the system receives a wake-up
event.
6.4 Watchdog
The watchdog provides the following timing functions:
• Start-up mode; needed to give the software the opportunity to initialize the system
• Window mode; detects ‘too early’ and ‘too late’ accesses in Normal mode
• Time-out mode; detects a ‘too late’ access, can also be used to restart or interrupt the
microcontroller from time to time (cyclic wake-up function)
• OFF mode; fail-safe shutdown during operation prevents any blind spots occurring in
the system supervision
The watchdog is clocked directly by the on-chip oscillator.
To guarantee fail-safe control of the watchdog via the SPI, all watchdog accesses are
coded with redundant bits. Therefore, only certain codes are allowed for a proper
watchdog service.
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The following corrupted watchdog accesses result in an immediate system reset:
• Illegal watchdog period coding; only ten different codes are valid
• Illegal operating mode coding; only six different codes are valid
Any microcontroller-driven mode change is synchronized with a watchdog access by
reading the mode information and the watchdog period information from the same
register. This facilitates easy software flow control with defined watchdog behavior when
switching between different software modules.
6.4.1 Watchdog start-up behavior
Following any reset event, the watchdog is used to monitor the ECU start-up procedure. It
checks the behavior of the RSTN pin for clamping conditions or an interrupted reset wire.
If the watchdog is not properly served within tWD(init), another reset is forced and the
monitoring procedure is restarted. If the watchdog is again not properly served, the
system enters Fail-safe mode (see also Figure 3, Start-up mode and Restart mode).
6.4.2 Watchdog window behavior
When the SBC enters Normal mode, the Window mode of the watchdog is activated. This
ensures that the microcontroller operates within the required speed window; an operation
that is too fast or too slow will be detected. Watchdog triggering using Window mode is
illustrated in Figure 4.
period
too early
trigger
restarts
period
trigger window
50 %
100 %
trigger
via SPI
last
trigger point
earliest possible
trigger point
latest possible
trigger point
trigger restarts period
(with different duration if
desired)
50 %
too early
100 %
trigger
window
new period
trigger
via SPI
earliest
possible
trigger
point
Fig 4.
latest
possible
trigger
point
mce626
Watchdog triggering using Window mode
The SBC provides 10 different period timings, scalable with a 4-factor watchdog prescaler.
The period can be changed within any valid trigger window. Whenever the watchdog is
triggered within the window time frame, the timer will be reset to start a new period.
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The watchdog window is defined to be between 50 % and 100 % of the nominal
programmed watchdog period. Any ‘too early’ or ‘too late’ watchdog access or incorrect
Mode register code access will result in an immediate system reset, when the SBC will
revert to Start-up mode.
6.4.3 Watchdog time-out behavior
When the SBC is in Standby, Sleep or Flash mode, the active watchdog operates in
Time-out mode. The watchdog has to be triggered within the programmed time frame (see
Figure 5). Time-out mode can be used to generate cyclic wake-up events for the host
microcontroller from Standby and Sleep modes.
period
trigger range
time-out
trigger
via SPI
earliest
possible
trigger
point
latest
possible
trigger
point
trigger restarts period
(with different duration if
desired)
trigger range
time-out
new period
mce627
Fig 5.
Watchdog triggering using Time-out mode
In Standby and Flash modes, the nominal periods can be changed with any SPI access to
the Mode register.
Any illegal watchdog trigger code results in an immediate system reset, when the SBC will
revert to Start-up mode.
6.4.4 Watchdog OFF behavior
In Standby and Sleep modes, the watchdog can be switched off entirely. For fail-safe
reasons this is only possible if the microcontroller has halted program execution. To
ensure that there is no continuing program execution, the V1 supply current is monitored
by the SBC while the watchdog is switched off.
When selecting the watchdog OFF code, the watchdog remains active until the
microcontroller supply current has dropped below the current monitoring threshold IthL(V1).
Once the supply current has dropped below this threshold, the watchdog stops at the end
of the watchdog period. The watchdog will remain active as long as the supply current
remains above the monitoring threshold.
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If the microcontroller supply current rises above IthH(V1) while the watchdog is OFF, the
watchdog will be restarted using the watchdog period last used and, if enabled, a
watchdog restart interrupt will be generated.
In the case of a direct mode change to Standby with watchdog OFF selected, the longest
possible watchdog period is used. It should be noted that V1 current monitoring is not
active in Sleep mode.
6.5 System reset
The reset function of the UJA1066 provides two signals to deal with reset events:
• RSTN; the global ECU system reset
• EN; a fail-safe global enable signal
6.5.1 RSTN pin
The system reset pin (RSTN) is a bidirectional input/output. RSTN is active LOW with a
selectable pulse length triggered by the following events (see Figure 3):
• Power-on (first battery connection) or VBAT42 below power-on reset threshold voltage
• Low V1 supply
• V1 current above threshold in Standby mode while watchdog OFF behavior is
selected
•
•
•
•
•
V3 is down due to short-circuit condition in Sleep mode
•
•
•
•
Wake-up event from Fail-safe mode
RSTN externally forced LOW, falling edge event
Successful preparation for Flash mode completed
Successful exit from Flash mode
Wake-up from Standby mode via pins CAN or WAKE if programmed accordingly, or
any wake-up event from Sleep mode
Watchdog trigger failure (too early, overflow, wrong code)
Illegal mode code applied via SPI
Interrupt not served within tRSTN(INT)
The source of the reset event can be determined by reading the RSS[3:0] bits in the
System Status registers.
The SBC will lengthen a reset event, to 1 ms or 20 ms, to ensure that external hardware is
properly reset. When the battery is connected initially, a short power-on reset of 1 ms is
generated once voltage V1 is present. Once started, the microcontroller can set the Reset
Length Control (RLC) bit in the System Configuration register; this allows the reset pulse
to be adjusted for future reset events. When this bit is set, reset events are lengthened to
20 ms. Fail-safe behavior ensures that this bit is set automatically (to 20 ms) in Restart
and Fail-safe modes. This mechanism guarantees that an erroneously shortened reset
pulse will still restart the microcontroller, at least within the second trial period by using the
long reset pulse.
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The behavior of pin RSTN is illustrated in Figure 6. The duration of tRSTNL depends on the
setting of bit RLC (which defines the reset length). Once an external reset event has been
detected, the system controller enters Start-up mode. The watchdog now starts to monitor
pin RSTN as illustrated in Figure 7. If the RSTN pin is not released in time, the SBC will
enter Fail-safe mode (see Figure 3).
V1
Vrel(UV)(V1)
Vdet(UV)(V1)
time
power-up
undervoltage
missing
watchdog
access
VRSTN
undervoltage
spike
powerdown
time
tRSTNL
Fig 6.
tRSTNL
tRSTNL
coa054
Reset pin behavior
VRSTN
time
t RSTNL
RSTN
externally
forced LOW
t WD(init)
VRSTN
time
t RSTNL
RSTN externally forced LOW
t WD(init)
001aad181
Fig 7.
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Pin RSTN is monitored for a continuously clamped LOW condition. If the SBC pulls RSTN
HIGH, but it remains LOW for longer than tRSTN(CLT), the SBC immediately enters Fail-safe
mode since this indicates an application failure.
The SBC also detects if pin RSTN is clamped HIGH. If the SBC pulls RSTN LOW, but it
remains HIGH for longer than tRSTN(CHT), the SBC immediately falls back to Fail-safe
mode since the microcontroller can no longer be reset. On entering Fail-safe mode, the
V1 voltage regulator shuts down and the microcontroller stops running.
Additionally, chattering reset signals are handled by the SBC in such a way that the
system safely falls back to Fail-safe mode with the lowest possible power consumption.
6.5.2 EN output
Pin EN can be used to control external hardware, such as power components, or as a
general purpose output if the system is running properly. During all reset events, when pin
RSTN is pulled LOW, the EN control bit is cleared and pin EN is forced LOW. It will remain
LOW after pin RSTN is released. In Normal and Flash modes, the microcontroller can set
the EN control bit via the SPI. This releases pin EN, which goes HIGH.
6.6 Power supplies
6.6.1 BAT14, BAT42 and SYSINH
The SBC contains two supply pins, BAT42 and BAT14. BAT42 supplies most of the SBC
while BAT14 only supplies the linear voltage regulators and the INH/LIMP output pin. This
supply architecture facilitates different supply strategies, including the use of external
DC-to-DC converters controlled by pin SYSINH.
6.6.1.1
SYSINH output
The SYSINH output is a high-side switch from BAT42. It is activated whenever the SBC
requires a supply voltage for pin BAT14 (e.g. when V1 or V2 is on; see Figure 3 and
Figure 8). Otherwise pin SYSINH is left floating. Pin SYSINH can be used, for example, to
control an external step-down voltage regulator to BAT14, to reduce power consumption
in low-power modes.
6.6.2 SENSE input
The SBC has a dedicated SENSE pin for dynamic monitoring of the battery contact in an
ECU. Connecting this pin in front of the polarity protection diode in an ECU provides an
early warning of a battery becoming disconnected.
6.6.3 Voltage regulators V1 and V2
The UJA1066 contains two independent voltage regulators supplied from pin BAT14.
Regulator V1 is intended to supply the microcontroller. Regulator V2 is reserved for the
high-speed CAN transceiver.
6.6.3.1
Voltage regulator V1
The voltage at V1 is continuously monitored to ensure a system reset signal is generated
when an undervoltage event occurs. A hardware reset is forced if the output voltage at V1
falls below one of the three programmable thresholds.
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A dedicated V1 supply comparator (V1 Monitor) monitors V1 for undervoltage events
(VO(V1) < VUV(VFI)). This allows the application to receive a supply warning interrupt if one
of the lower V1 undervoltage reset thresholds has been selected (see Table 13).
Regulator V1 is overload protected. The maximum output current available at pin V1
depends on the voltage applied at pin BAT14 (see Section 9 “Static characteristics”). Total
power dissipation should be taken into account for thermal reasons.
6.6.3.2
Voltage regulator V2
Voltage regulator V2 provides a 5 V supply for the CAN transmitter. An external buffer
capacitor should be connected to pin V2.
V2 is controlled autonomously by the CAN transceiver control system and is activated on
any detected CAN-bus activity, or if the CAN transceiver is enabled by the application
microcontroller. V2 is short-circuit protected and will be disabled in an overload situation.
Dedicated bits in the System Diagnosis register and the Interrupt register provide V2
status feedback to the application.
In addition to being controlled autonomously by the CAN transceiver control system, V2
can be activated manually via bit V2C (in Table 12). This allows V2 to be used in
applications when CAN is not actively used (e.g. while CAN is off-line). In general, V2
should not be used with other application hardware while CAN is in use.
If regulator V2 is unable to start up within the V2 clamped LOW time (> tV2(CLT)), or if a
short circuit is detected while V2 is active, V2 is disabled and bit V2D in the Diagnosis
register is cleared (see Table 8). In addition, bit CTC in the Physical Layer register is set
and the V2C bit is cleared (see in Table 12).
Any of the following events will reactivate regulator V2:
•
•
•
•
Clearing bit CTC while CAN is in Active mode
Wake up via CAN while CAN is not in Active mode
Setting bit V2C
Entering CAN Active mode
6.6.4 Switched battery output V3
V3 is a high-side switched BAT42-related output which is used to drive external loads
such as wake-up switches or relays. The features of V3 are as follows:
• Three application controlled modes of operation; ON, OFF and Cyclic mode.
• Two different cyclic modes allow for the supply of external wake-up switches; these
switches are powered intermittently, thus reducing system power consumption when a
switch is continuously active; the wake-up input of the SBC is synchronized with the
V3 cycle time.
• The switch is protected against current overloads. If V3 is overloaded, pin V3 is
automatically disabled. The corresponding Diagnosis register bit (V3D) is reset and a
VFI interrupt is generated (if enabled). During Sleep mode, a wake-up is forced and
the corresponding reset source code (0100) can be read via the RSS bits of the
System Status register. This signals that the wake-up source via V3 supplied wake-up
switches has been lost.
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6.7 CAN transceiver
The integrated high-speed CAN transceiver on the UJA1066 is an advanced ISO 11898-2
and ISO 11898-5 compliant transceiver. In addition to standard high-speed CAN
transceiver features, the UJA1066 transceiver provides the following:
• Enhanced error handling and reporting of bus and RXD/TXD failures; these failures
are separately identified in the System Diagnosis register
• Integrated autonomous control system for determining the mode of the CAN
transceiver
• Ground shift detection with two selectable warning levels, to detect possible local
ground problems before the CAN communication is affected
• On-line Listen mode with global wake-up message filter allows partial networking
• Bus connections are truly floating when power is off
6.7.1 Mode control
The CAN transceiver controller supports four operating modes: Active mode, On-line
mode, On-line Listen mode and Off-line mode; see Figure 8.
Two dedicated CAN status bits (CANMD) in the Diagnosis register are provided to indicate
the operating mode.
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Active mode
V2: ON/OFF (V2D)
transmitter: ON/OFF (CTC)
RXDC: bit stream/HIGH (V2D)
SPLIT: ON/OFF (CSC/V2D)
CPNC = 0 or 1
Normal mode OR Flash mode
AND CMC = 0 AND CPNC = 1
Normal mode OR Flash mode
AND CMC = 1
Normal mode OR Flash mode
AND CMC = 0 AND CPNC = 0
Normal mode OR Flash mode
AND CMC = 1
CPNC = 1
On-line mode
V2: ON/OFF (V2C/V2D)
transmitter: OFF
RXDC: wake-up (active LOW)
SPLIT: ON/OFF (CSC/V2D)
CPNC = 0
On-line Listen mode
V2: ON/OFF (V2C/V2D)
transmitter: OFF
RXDC: V1
SPLIT: ON/OFF (CSC/V2D)
CPNC = 1
global wake-up message detected
OR CPNC = 0
no activity for t > t off-line
Normal mode
OR Flash mode
AND CMC = 1
CAN wake-up filter passed
AND CPNC = 1
CAN wake-up filter passed
AND CPNC = 0
no activity for t > t off-line
Off-line mode
power-on
V2: ON/OFF (V2C/V2D)
transmitter: OFF
RXDC: V1
SPLIT: OFF
CPNC = 0 or 1
001aad182
Fig 8.
States of the CAN transceiver
6.7.1.1
Active mode
In Active mode, the CAN transceiver can transmit data to and receive data from the
CAN-bus. The CMC bit in the Physical Layer register must be set and the SBC must be in
Normal or Flash mode before the transceiver can enter Active mode. In Active mode,
voltage regulator V2 is activated automatically.
The CTC bit can be used to set the CAN transceiver to a Listen-only mode. The
transmitter output stage is disabled in this mode.
After an overload condition on voltage regulator V2, the CTC bit must be cleared to
reactivate the CAN transmitter.
On leaving Active mode, the CAN transmitter is disabled and the CAN receiver monitors
the CAN-bus for a valid wake-up. The CAN termination is then working autonomously.
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6.7.1.2
On-line mode
In On-line mode the CAN-bus pins and pin SPLIT (if enabled) are biased to the normal
levels. The CAN transmitter is deactivated and RXDC reflects the CAN wake-up status. A
CAN wake-up event is signalled to the microcontroller by clearing RXDC.
If the bus stays continuously dominant or recessive for the Off-line time (toff-line), the
Off-line state will be entered.
6.7.1.3
On-line Listen mode
On-line Listen mode is similar to On-line mode, but all activity on the CAN-bus, with the
exception of a special global wake-up request, is ignored. The global wake-up request is
described in Section 6.7.2. Pin RXDC is held HIGH.
6.7.1.4
Off-line mode
Off-line mode is the low-power mode of the CAN transceiver. The CAN transceiver is
disabled to save supply current and is high-ohmic terminated to ground.
The CAN off-line time is programmable in two steps with the CAN Off-line Timer Control
(COTC) bit. When entering On-line (Listen) mode from Off-line mode the CAN off-line time
is temporarily extended to toff-line(ext).
6.7.2 CAN wake-up
To wake-up the UJA1066 via CAN it is necessary to distinguish between a conventional
wake-up and a global wake-up in case partial networking is enabled (bit CPNC = 1).
A dominant, recessive, dominant, recessive signal on the CAN-bus is needed to pass the
wake-up filter for a conventional wake-up; see Figure 9.
For a global wake-up from On-line Listen mode, two distinct CAN data patterns are
required:
• In the initial message: C6 - EE - EE - EE - EE - EE - EE - EF (hexadecimal values)
• In the global wake-up message: C6 - EE - EE - EE - EE - EE - EE - 37 (hexadecimal
values)
The second pattern must be received within ttimeout after receiving the first pattern. Any
CAN-ID can be used with these data patterns.
If the CAN transceiver enters On-line Listen mode directly from Off-line mode, the global
wake-up message is sufficient to wake-up the SBC. This pattern must be received within
ttimeout after entering On-line Listen mode. Should ttimeout elapse before the global wake-up
message is received, then both messages are required for a CAN wake-up.
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CANH
CANL
wake-up
tCAN(dom1)
tCAN(reces)
tCAN(dom2)
001aad446
Fig 9.
CAN wake-up timing diagram.
6.7.3 Termination control
In Active mode, On-line mode and On-line Listen mode, CANH and CANL are terminated
to 0.5 × VV2 via Ri. In Off-line mode CANH and CANL are terminated to GND via Ri. If V2
is disabled due to an overload condition both pins become floating.
6.7.4 Bus, RXD and TXD failure detection
The UJA1066 can distinguish between bus, RXD and TXD failures as indicated in Table 3.
All failures are signalled individually in the CANFD bits in the System Diagnosis register.
Any change (detection and recovery) generates a CANFI interrupt to the microcontroller, if
the interrupt is enabled.
Table 3.
6.7.4.1
CAN-bus, RXD and TXD failure detection
Failure
Description
HxHIGH
CANH short-circuit to VCC, VBAT14 or VBAT42
HxGND
CANH short-circuit to GND
LxHIGH
CANL short-circuit to VCC, VBAT14 or VBAT42
LxGND
CANL short-circuit to GND
HxL
CANH short-circuit to CANL
Bus dom
bus is continuously clamped dominant
TXDC dom
pin TXDC is continuously clamped dominant
RXDC reces
pin RXDC is continuously clamped recessive
RXDC dom
pin RXDC is continuously clamped dominant
TXDC dominant clamping
If the TXDC pin is clamped dominant for longer than tTXDC(dom), the CAN transmitter will
be disabled. After the TXDC pin becomes recessive, the transmitter is reactivated
automatically when bus activity is detected or can be reactivated manually by setting and
clearing the CTC bit.
6.7.4.2
RXDC recessive clamping
If the RXDC pin is clamped recessive while the CAN-bus is dominant, the CAN transmitter
will be disabled. The transmitter will be reactivated automatically when RXDC becomes
dominant or can be reactivated manually by setting and clearing the CTC bit.
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6.7.4.3
GND shift detection
The SBC can detect ground shifts in reference to the CAN-bus. Two different ground shift
detection levels can be selected with the GSTHC bit in the Configuration register. The
failure can be read out in the System Diagnosis register. Any detected or recovered GND
shift event is signalled via a GSI an interrupt, if enabled.
6.8 Inhibit and limp-home output
The INH/LIMP output pin is a 3-state output, which can be used either as an inhibit for an
extra (external) voltage regulator or as a ‘limp-home’ output. The pin is controlled via bits
ILEN and ILC in the System Configuration register; see Figure 10.
state change via SPI
OR enter Fail-safe mode
INH/LIMP:
HIGH
INH/LIMP:
LOW
ILEN = 1
ILC = 1
ILEN = 1
ILC = 0
state change via SPI
state change via SPI
OR (enter Start-up mode after
wake-up reset, external reset
or V1 undervoltage)
OR enter Restart mode
OR enter Sleep mode
state change via SPI
OR enter Fail-safe mode
state change via SPI
state change via SPI
INH/LIMP:
floating
power-on
ILEN = 0
ILC = 1/0
001aad178
Fig 10. States of the INH/LIMP pin
When pin INH/LIMP is used as an inhibit output, a pull-down resistor to GND ensures a
default LOW level. The pin can be set HIGH according to the state diagram.
When pin INH/LIMP is used as limp-home output, a pull-up resistor to VBAT42 ensures a
default HIGH level. The pin is automatically set LOW when the SBC enters Fail-safe
mode.
6.9 Wake-up input
The WAKE input comparator is triggered by negative edges on pin WAKE. Pin WAKE has
an internal pull-up resistor to BAT42. It can be operated in two sampling modes, which are
selected via the WAKE Sample Control bit (WSC in Table 11):
• Continuous sampling (with an internal clock) if the bit is set
• Sampling synchronized to the cyclic behavior of V3 if the bit is cleared; see Figure 11.
This is to minimize bias current in the external switches during low-power operation.
Two repetition times are possible, 16 ms and 32 ms.
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If V3 is continuously ON, the WAKE input will be sampled continuously, regardless of the
level of bit WSC.
The dedicated bits Edge Wake-up Status (EWS) and WAKE Level Status (WLS) in the
System Status register reflect the actual status of pin WAKE. The WAKE port can be
disabled by clearing bit WEN in the System Configuration register.
tw(CS)
ton(CS)
V3
tsu(CS)
approximately 70 %
sample
active
VWAKE
signal already HIGH
due to biasing (history)
button pushed
button released
signal remains LOW
due to biasing (history)
flip flop
VINTN
001aac307
Fig 11. Pin WAKE, cyclic sampling via V3
6.10 Interrupt output
Pin INTN is an open-drain interrupt output. It is forced LOW when at least one bit in the
Interrupt register is set. All bits are cleared when the Interrupt register is read. The
Interrupt register is also cleared during a system reset (RSTN LOW).
As the microcontroller operates typically with an edge-sensitive interrupt port, pin INTN
will be HIGH for at least tINTN after each readout of the Interrupt register. If no further
interrupts are generated within tINTNH, INTN will remain HIGH; otherwise it will go LOW
again.
To prevent the microcontroller being slowed down by repetitive interrupts, some interrupts
are only allowed to occur once per watchdog period in Normal mode; see Section 6.12.7.
If an interrupt is not read out within tRSTN(INT), a system reset is performed.
6.11 Temperature protection
The temperature of the SBC chip is monitored as long as the microcontroller voltage
regulator V1 is active. To avoid an unexpected shutdown of the application by the SBC,
temperature protection will not switch off any part of the SBC or activate a defined system
stop of its own accord. If the temperature is too high, an OTI interrupt is generated (if
enabled) and the corresponding status bit (TWS) is set. The microcontroller can then
decide whether to switch off parts of the SBC to decrease the chip temperature.
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6.12 SPI interface
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) provides the communication link with the
microcontroller, supporting multi-slave and multi-master operation. The SPI is configured
for full duplex data transfer, so status information is returned when new control data is
shifted in. The interface also offers a read-only access option, allowing registers to be
read back by the application without changing the register content.
The SPI uses four interface signals for synchronization and data transfer:
•
•
•
•
SCS - SPI chip select; active LOW
SCK - SPI clock; default level is LOW due to low-power concept
SDI - SPI data input
SDO - SPI data output; floating when pin SCS is HIGH
Bit sampling is performed on the falling clock edge and data is shifted on the rising clock
edge; see Figure 12.
SCS
SCK
02
01
03
04
15
16
sampled
SDI
SDO
X
floating
X
MSB
14
13
12
01
LSB
MSB
14
13
12
01
LSB
X
floating
mce634
Fig 12. SPI timing protocol
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To protect against wrong or illegal SPI instructions, the SBC detects the following SPI
failures:
• SPI clock count failure (wrong number of clock cycles during one SPI access): only
16 clock periods are allowed during an SCS cycle. Any deviation from the 16 clock
cycles results in an SPI failure interrupt, if enabled. The access is ignored by the SBC.
In Start-up and Restart modes, a reset is forced instead of an interrupt.
• Forbidden mode changes according to Figure 3 result in an immediate system reset
• Illegal Mode register code. Undefined operating mode or watchdog period coding
results in an immediate system reset; see Section 6.12.3.
6.12.1 SPI register mapping
Any control bit that can be set by software can be read by the application. This facilitates
software debugging and allows control algorithms to be implemented.
Watchdog serving and mode setting are performed within the same access cycle; this
allows an SBC mode change to occur only while serving the watchdog.
Each register contains 12 data bits; the other 4 bits are used for register selection and
read/write definition.
6.12.2 Register overview
The SPI interface provides access to all SBC registers; see Table 4. The first two bits (A1
and A0) of the message header define the register address. The third bit is the read
register select bit (RRS) used to select one of two feedback registers. The fourth bit (RO)
allows ‘read-only’ access to one of the feedback registers. Which of the SBC registers can
be accessed also depends on the SBC operating mode.
Table 4.
Register overview
Register
address bits
(A1, A0)
Operating
mode
Write access (RO = 0)
00
all modes
01
10
11
Read access (RO = 0 or RO = 1)
Read Register Select
(RRS) bit = 0
Read Register Select
(RRS) bit = 1
Mode register
System Status register
System Diagnosis register
Normal mode;
Standby mode;
Flash mode
Interrupt Enable register
Interrupt Enable Feedback
register
Interrupt register
Start-up mode;
Restart mode
Special Mode register
Interrupt Enable Feedback
register
Special Mode Feedback
register
Normal mode;
Standby mode
System Configuration
register
System Configuration
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 0
Start-up mode;
Restart mode;
Flash mode
General Purpose register 0
System Configuration
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 0
Normal mode;
Standby mode
Physical Layer Control
register
Physical Layer Control
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 1
Start-up mode;
Restart mode;
Flash mode
General Purpose register 1
Physical Layer Control
Feedback register
General Purpose Feedback
register 1
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
6.12.3 Mode register
The Mode register is used to define and re-trigger the watchdog and to select the SBC
operating mode. The Mode register also contains the global enable output bit (EN) and
the Software Development Mode (SDM) control bit. Cyclic access to the Mode register is
required during system operation to serve the watchdog. This register can be written to in
all modes.
At system start-up, the Mode register must be written to within tWD(init) of pin RSTN being
released (HIGH-level on pin RSTN). Any write access is checked for proper watchdog and
system mode coding. If an illegal code is detected, access is ignored by the SBC and a
system reset is forced in accordance with the state diagram of the system controller; see
Figure 3.
Table 5.
Bit
Mode register bit description (bits 15 to 12 and 5 to 0)
Symbol
Description
Value
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
00
select Mode register
13
RRS
Read Register
Select
1
read System Diagnosis register
0
read System Status register
1
read selected register without writing to Mode register
0
read selected register and write to Mode register
001
Normal mode
010
Standby mode
011
initialize Flash mode[1]
100
Sleep mode
101
initialize Normal mode
110
leave Flash mode
111
Flash mode [1]
Software
Development
Mode
1
Software development mode enabled[2]
0
normal watchdog, interrupt, reset monitoring and fail-safe
behavior
Enable
1
EN output pin HIGH
0
EN output pin LOW
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
12
RO
Read Only
11 to 6
NWP[5:0]
see Table 6
5 to 3
OM[2:0]
Operating Mode
2
SDM
1
EN
0
-
reserved
Function
[1]
Flash mode can be entered only with the watchdog service sequence ‘Normal mode to Flash mode to Normal mode to Flash mode’,
while observing the watchdog trigger rules. With the last command of this sequence the SBC forces a system reset, and enters Start-up
mode to prepare the microcontroller for flash memory download. The four RSS bits in the System Status register reflect the reset source
information, confirming the Flash entry sequence. By using the Initializing Flash mode (within tWD(init) after system reset) the SBC will
now successfully enter Flash mode.
[2]
See Section 6.13.1.
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 6.
Bit
11 to 6
Mode register bit description (bits 11 to 6)[1]
Symbol
NWP[5:0]
Description
Value
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 00 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
Standby
mode (ms)
Flash mode
(ms)
Sleep mode
(ms)
4
20
20
160
8
40
40
320
16
80
80
640
32
160
160
1024
40
320
320
2048
10 0100
48
640
640
3072
10 1101
56
1024
1024
4096
11 0011
64
2048
2048
6144
11 0101
72
4096
4096
8192
80
OFF[2]
8192
OFF[3]
6
30
30
240
12
60
60
480
24
120
120
960
48
240
240
1536
60
480
480
3072
10 0100
72
960
960
4608
10 1101
84
1536
1536
6144
11 0011
96
3072
3072
9216
11 0101
108
6144
6144
12288
120
OFF[2]
12288
OFF[3]
10
50
50
400
20
100
100
800
40
200
200
1600
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 01 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
01 1011
11 0110
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 10 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
Product data sheet
Normal
mode (ms)
01 1011
11 0110
UJA1066_2
Time
80
400
400
2560
01 1011
100
800
800
5120
10 0100
120
1600
1600
7680
10 1101
140
2560
2560
10240
11 0011
160
5120
5120
15360
11 0101
180
10240
10240
20480
11 0110
200
OFF[2]
20480
OFF[3]
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 6.
Bit
Mode register bit description (bits 11 to 6)[1] …continued
Symbol
11 to 6
NWP[5:0]
Description
Value
Time
Nominal
00 1001
Watchdog Period 00 1100
WDPRE = 11 (as
01 0010
set in the Special
01 0100
Mode register)
01 1011
Normal
mode (ms)
Standby
mode (ms)
Flash mode
(ms)
Sleep mode
(ms)
14
70
70
560
28
140
140
1120
56
280
280
2240
112
560
560
3584
140
1120
1120
7168
10 0100
168
2240
2240
10752
10 1101
196
3584
3584
14336
11 0011
224
7168
7168
21504
11 0101
252
14336
14336
28672
280
OFF[2]
28672
OFF[3]
11 0110
[1]
The nominal watchdog periods are directly related to the SBC internal oscillator. The given values are valid for fosc = 512 kHz.
[2]
See Section 6.4.4.
[3]
The watchdog is immediately disabled on entering Sleep mode, with watchdog OFF behavior selected, because pin RSTN is
immediately pulled LOW by the mode change. V1 is switched off after pulling pin RSTN LOW to guarantee a safe Sleep mode entry
without dips on V1. See Section 6.4.4.
6.12.4 System Status register
This register allows status information to be read back from the SBC. This register can be
read in all modes.
Table 7.
Bit
System Status register bit description
Symbol
Description
15 and 14
A1, A0
13
RRS
12
RO
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
Value
Function
register address
00
read System Status register
Read Register Select
0
Read Only
1
read System Status register without writing to Mode
register
0
read System Status register and write to Mode register
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 7.
System Status register bit description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
11 to 8
RSS[3:0]
Reset Source[1]
0000
power-on reset; first connection of BAT42 or BAT42 below
power-on voltage threshold or RSTN was forced LOW
externally
0001
cyclic wake-up out of Sleep mode
0010
low V1 supply; V1 has dropped below the selected reset
threshold
0011
V1 current above threshold within Standby mode while
watchdog OFF behavior and reset option (V1CMC bit) are
selected
0100
V3 voltage is down due to overload occurring during Sleep
mode
0101
SBC successfully left Flash mode
0110
SBC ready to enter Flash mode
0111
CAN wake-up event
1000
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
1001
local wake-up event (via pin WAKE)
1010
wake-up out of Fail-safe mode
1011
watchdog overflow
1100
watchdog not initialized in time; tWD(init) exceeded
1101
watchdog triggered too early; window missed
1110
illegal SPI access
1111
interrupt not served within tRSTN(INT)
CAN wake-up detected; cleared upon read
7
CWS
CAN Wake-up Status
1
0
no CAN wake-up
6
-
reserved
0
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
5
EWS
Edge Wake-up Status
1
pin WAKE negative edge detected; cleared upon read
0
pin WAKE no edge detected
1
pin WAKE above threshold
0
pin WAKE below threshold
Temperature Warning
Status
1
chip temperature exceeds the warning limit
0
chip temperature is below the warning limit
Software Development
Mode Status
1
Software Development mode on
0
Software Development mode off
Enable Status
1
pin EN output activated (V1-related HIGH level)
0
pin EN output released (LOW level)
1
power-on reset; cleared after a successfully entered
Normal mode
0
no power-on reset
4
WLS
3
TWS
2
SDMS
1
ENS
0
[1]
PWONS
WAKE Level Status
Power-on reset Status
The RSS bits are updated with each reset event and not cleared. The last reset event is captured.
6.12.5 System Diagnosis register
This register allows diagnostic information to be read back from the SBC. This register
can be read in all modes.
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 8.
System Diagnosis register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
00
read System Diagnosis register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
12
RO
Read Only
1
read System Diagnosis register without writing to Mode
register
0
read System Diagnosis register and write to Mode register
1
system GND shift is outside selected threshold
0
system GND shift is within selected threshold
1111
pin TXDC is continuously clamped dominant
1110
pin RXDC is continuously clamped dominant
1100
the bus is continuously clamped dominant
1101
pin RXDC is continuously clamped recessive
1011
reserved
1010
reserved
1001
pin CANH is shorted to pin CANL
1000
pin CANL is shorted to VCC, VBAT14 or VBAT42
0111
reserved
0110
CANH is shorted to GND
11
10 to 7
GSD
CANFD [3:0]
Ground Shift Diagnosis
CAN Failure Diagnosis
0101
CANL is shorted to GND
0100
CANH is shorted to VCC, VBAT14 or VBAT42
0011
reserved
0010
reserved
0001
reserved
0000
no failure
6 and 5
-
reserved
00
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
4
V3D
V3 Diagnosis
1
OK
0
fail; V3 is disabled due to an overload situation
3
V2D
V2 Diagnosis
1
OK[1]
0
fail; V2 is disabled due to an overload situation
1
OK; V1 always above VUV(VFI) since last read access
0
fail; V1 was below VUV(VFI) since last read access; bit is set
again with read access
2
V1D
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
V1 Diagnosis
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 8.
System Diagnosis register bit description …continued
Bit
Symbol
1 and 0
CANMD [1:0] CAN Mode Diagnosis
[1]
Description
Value
Function
11
CAN is in Active mode
10
CAN is in On-line mode
01
CAN is in On-line Listen mode
00
CAN is in Off-line mode, or V2 is not active
V2D will be set when V2 is reactivated after a failure. See Section 6.6.3.2.
6.12.6 Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt Enable Feedback register
These registers allow the SBC interrupt enable bits to be set, cleared and read back.
Table 9.
Bit
Interrupt Enable and Interrupt Enable Feedback register bit description
Symbol
Description
Value
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
01
select the Interrupt Enable register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the Interrupt register
0
read the Interrupt Enable Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to
Interrupt Enable register
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to Interrupt
Enable register
1
a watchdog overflow during Standby mode causes an
interrupt instead of a reset event (interrupt based cyclic
wake-up feature)
0
no interrupt forced on watchdog overflow; a reset is forced
instead
1
exceeding or dropping below the temperature warning limit
causes an interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
1
exceeding or dropping below the GND shift limit causes an
interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
1
wrong number of CLK cycles (more than, or less than 16)
forces an interrupt; from Start-up mode and Restart mode a
reset is performed instead of an interrupt
0
no interrupt forced; SPI access is ignored if the number of
cycles does not equal 16
1
falling edge at SENSE forces an interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
RO
WTIE
OTIE
GSIE
SPIFIE
BATFIE
VFIE
CANFIE
-
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
Read Only
Watchdog Time-out
Interrupt Enable[1]
OverTemperature
Interrupt Enable
Ground Shift Interrupt
Enable
SPI clock count Failure
Interrupt Enable
BAT Failure Interrupt
Enable
Function
Voltage Failure Interrupt 1
Enable
0
clearing of V1D, V2D or V3D forces an interrupt
CAN Failure Interrupt
Enable
1
any change of the CAN Failure status bits forces an
interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
0
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
reserved
no interrupt forced
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 9.
Interrupt Enable and Interrupt Enable Feedback register bit description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
3
WIE
WAKE Interrupt
Enable[2]
1
a negative edge at pin WAKE generates an interrupt in
Normal mode, Flash mode or Standby mode
0
a negative edge at pin WAKE generates a reset in Standby
mode; no interrupt in any other mode
1
a watchdog restart during watchdog OFF generates an
interrupt
0
no interrupt forced
1
CAN-bus event results in a wake-up interrupt in Standby
mode and in Normal or Flash mode (unless CAN is in
Active mode already)
0
CAN-bus event results in a reset in Standby mode; no
interrupt in any other mode
0
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
2
WDRIE
1
CANIE
0
-
Watchdog Restart
Interrupt Enable
CAN Interrupt Enable
reserved
[1]
This bit is cleared automatically upon each overflow event. It has to be set in software each time the interrupt behavior is required
(fail-safe behavior).
[2]
WEN (in the System Configuration register) has to be set to activate the WAKE port function globally.
6.12.7 Interrupt register
The Interrupt register allows the cause of an interrupt event to be determined. The register
is cleared upon a read access and upon any reset event. Hardware ensures that no
interrupt event is lost in case there is a new interrupt forced while reading the register.
After reading the Interrupt register, pin INTN is released for tINTN to guarantee an edge
event at pin INTN.
The interrupts can be classified into two groups:
• Timing critical interrupts which require immediate reaction (SPI clock count failure
which needs a new SPI command to be resent immediately, and a BAT failure which
needs critical data to be saved immediately into the nonvolatile memory)
• Interrupts that do not require an immediate reaction (overtemperature, Ground Shift
and CAN failures, V1, V2 and V3 failures and the wake-ups via CAN and WAKE).
These interrupts will be signalled to the microcontroller once per watchdog period
(maximum) in Normal mode; this avoids overloading the microcontroller with
unexpected interrupt events (e.g. a chattering CAN failure). However, these interrupts
are reflected in the interrupt register
UJA1066_2
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UJA1066
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 10.
Interrupt register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
01
read Interrupt register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
12
RO
Read Only
1
read the Interrupt register without writing to the Interrupt
Enable register
0
read the Interrupt register and write to the Interrupt Enable
register
1
a watchdog overflow during Standby mode has caused an
interrupt (interrupt-based cyclic wake-up feature)
0
no interrupt
OverTemperature
Interrupt
1
the temperature warning status (TWS) has changed
0
no interrupt
Ground Shift Interrupt
1
the ground shift diagnosis bit (GSD) has changed
0
no interrupt
1
wrong number of CLK cycles (more than, or less than 16)
during SPI access
0
no interrupt; SPI access is ignored if the number of CLK
cycles does not equal 16
1
falling edge at pin SENSE has forced an interrupt
0
no interrupt
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
WTI
OTI
GSI
SPIFI
BATFI
VFI
CANFI
Watchdog Time-out
Interrupt
SPI clock count Failure
Interrupt
BAT Failure Interrupt
Voltage Failure Interrupt 1
CAN Failure Interrupt
V1D, V2D or V3D has been cleared
0
no interrupt
1
CAN failure status has changed
0
no interrupt
4
-
reserved
0
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
3
WI
Wake-up Interrupt
1
a negative edge at pin WAKE has been detected
0
no interrupt
2
WDRI
Watchdog Restart
Interrupt
1
A watchdog restart during watchdog OFF has caused an
interrupt
0
no interrupt
1
0
CANI
-
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
CAN Wake-up Interrupt
reserved
1
CAN wake-up event has caused an interrupt
0
no interrupt
0
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
6.12.8 System Configuration register and System Configuration Feedback register
These registers are used to configure the behavior of the SBC. The settings can be read
back.
Table 11.
System Configuration and System Configuration Feedback register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
10
select System Configuration register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 0
0
read the System Configuration Feedback register
1
read register selected by RRS without writing to System
Configuration register
0
read register selected by RRS and write to System
Configuration register
12
RO
Read Only
11 and 10
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
9
GSTHC
GND Shift Threshold
Control
1
Vth(GSD)(cm) widened threshold
0
Vth(GSD)(cm) normal threshold
Reset Length Control
1[1]
tRSTNL long reset lengthening time selected
0
tRSTNL short reset lengthening time selected
11
Cyclic mode 2; tw(CS) long period; see Figure 11
10
Cyclic mode 1; tw(CS) short period; see Figure 11
8
RLC
7 and 6
V3C[1:0]
V3 Control
01
continuously ON
00
OFF
5
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
4
V1CMC
V1 Current Monitor
Control
1
an increasing V1 current causes a reset if the watchdog
was disabled during Standby mode
0
an increasing V1 current just reactivates the watchdog
during Standby mode
1
WAKE pin enabled
0
WAKE pin disabled
1
Wake mode cyclic sample
0
Wake mode continuous sample
3
WEN
2
WSC
1
ILEN
0
ILC
Wake Enable[2]
Wake Sample Control
INH/LIMP Enable
INH/LIMP Control
1
INH/LIMP pin active (See ILC bit)
0
INH/LIMP pin floating
1
INH/LIMP pin HIGH if ILEN bit is set
0
INH/LIMP pin LOW if ILEN bit is set
[1]
RLC is set automatically with entering Restart mode or Fail-safe mode. This guarantees a safe reset period in case of serious failure
situations. External reset spikes are lengthened by the SBC until the programmed reset length is reached.
[2]
If WEN is not set, the WAKE port is completely disabled. There is no change of the bits EWS and WLS within the System Status register.
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
6.12.9 Physical Layer Control register and Physical Layer Control Feedback
register
These registers are used to configure the CAN transceiver. The settings can be read
back.
Table 12.
Bit
Physical Layer Control and Physical Layer Control Feedback register bit description
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
11
select Physical Layer Control register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 1
0
read the Physical Layer Control Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
Physical Layer Control register
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to Physical
Layer Control register
1
V2 remains active in CAN Off-line mode
0
V2 is OFF in CAN Off-line mode
1
CAN transceiver enters On-line Listen mode instead of
On-line mode; cleared whenever the SBC enters On-line
mode or Active mode
12
RO
Read Only
11
V2C
V2 Control
10
CPNC
CAN Partial Networking
Control
9
COTC
CAN Off-line Time
Control[1]
0
On-line Listen mode disabled
1
toff-line long period (extended to toff-line(ext) after wake-up)
0
toff-line short period (extended to toff-line(ext) after wake-up)
CAN transmitter is disabled
8
CTC
CAN Transmitter
Control[2]
1
0
CAN transmitter is enabled
7
CRC
CAN Receiver Control
1
TXD signal is forwarded directly to RXD for self-test
purposes (loopback behavior); only if CTC = 1
0
TXD signal is not forwarded to RXD (normal behavior)
1
CAN Active mode (in Normal mode and Flash mode only)
0
CAN Active mode disabled
1
CAN SPLIT pin active
0
CAN SPLIT pin floating
6
CMC
5
CSC
CAN Mode Control
CAN Split Control
4 to 2
-
reserved
000
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
1
-
reserved[3]
0
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
-
reserved[4]
1
reserved for SBCs with LIN transceiver
0
[1]
For the CAN transceiver to enter Off-Line mode from On-line or On-line Listen mode a minimum time without bus activity is needed. This
minimum time toff-line is defined by COTC; see Section 6.7.1.4.
[2]
In case of an RXDC / TXDC interfacing failure the CAN transmitter is disabled without setting CTC. Recovery from such a failure is
automatic when CAN communication (with correct interfacing levels) is received. Manual recovery is also possible by setting and
clearing the CTC bit under software control.
[3]
Default value is 1; therefore this bit should be set to 0 by the application.
[4]
Default value is 0; therefore this bit should be set to 1 by the application.
6.12.10 Special Mode register and Special Mode Feedback register
These registers are used to configure global SBC parameters during system start-up. The
settings can be read back.
UJA1066_2
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UJA1066
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High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 13.
Special Mode register and Special Mode Feedback register bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
01
select Special Mode register
13
RRS
Read Register Select
12
RO
Read Only
0
read the Interrupt Enable Feedback register
1
read the Special Mode Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
Special Mode register
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to the
Special Mode register
11 and 10
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
9
ISDM
Initialize Software
Development Mode[1]
1
initialization of software development mode
0
normal watchdog interrupt, reset monitoring and fail-safe
behavior
Error-pin Emulation
Mode
1
pin EN reflects the status of the CANFD bits:
8
ERREM
EN is set if CANFD = 0000 (no error)
EN is cleared if CANFD is not 0000 (error)
0
pin EN behaves as an enable pin; see Section 6.5.2
7
-
reserved
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
6 and 5
WDPRE [1:0]
Watchdog prescaler
00
watchdog prescale factor 1
01
watchdog prescale factor 1.5
10
watchdog prescale factor 2.5
11
watchdog prescale factor 3.5
11
V1 reset threshold = 0.9 × VV1(nom)
10
V1 reset threshold = 0.7 × VV1(nom)[2]
01
V1 reset threshold = 0.8 × VV1(nom)
00
V1 reset threshold = 0.9 × VV1(nom)
0
reserved for future use; should remain cleared to ensure
compatibility with future functions which might use this bit
4 and 3
2 to 0
V1RTHC [1:0]
-
V1 Reset Threshold
Control
reserved
[1]
See Section 6.13.1.
[2]
Not supported for the UJA1066TW/3V3 version.
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6.12.11 General Purpose registers and General Purpose Feedback registers
The UJA1066 contains two 12-bit General Purpose registers (and accompanying General
Purpose Feedback registers) without predefined bit definitions. These registers can be
used by the microcontroller for advanced system diagnosis or for storing critical system
status information outside the microcontroller. After Power-up, General Purpose register 0
will contain a ‘Device Identification Code’ consisting of the SBC type and SBC version.
This code is available until it is overwritten by the microcontroller (as indicated by the DIC
bit).
Table 14.
General Purpose register 0 and General Purpose Feedback register 0 bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15, 14
A1, A0
register address
10
read the General Purpose Feedback register 0
13
RRS
read register select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 0
0
read the System Configuration Feedback register
12
RO
read only
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
General Purpose register 0
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to the General
Purpose register 0
device identification
control[1]
1
General Purpose register 0 contains user-defined bits
0
General Purpose register 0 contains the Device
Identification Code
general purpose bits[2]
1
user-defined
0
user-defined
11
DIC
10 to 0
GP0[10:0]
[1]
The Device Identification Control bit is cleared during power-up of the SBC, indicating that General Purpose register 0 is loaded with the
Device Identification Code. Any write access to General Purpose register 0 will set the DIC bit, regardless of the value written to DIC.
[2]
During power-up the General Purpose register 0 is loaded with a ‘Device Identification Code’ consisting of the SBC type and SBC
version, and the DIC bit is cleared.
Table 15.
General Purpose register 1 and General Purpose Feedback register 1 bit description
Bit
Symbol
Description
Value
Function
15 and 14
A1, A0
register address
11
select General Purpose register 1
13
RRS
read register select
1
read the General Purpose Feedback register 1
0
read the Physical Layer Control Feedback register
1
read the register selected by RRS without writing to the
General Purpose register 1
0
read the register selected by RRS and write to the General
Purpose register
1
user-defined
0
user-defined
12
11 to 0
RO
GP1[11:0]
read only
general purpose bits
6.12.12 Register configurations at reset
At Power-on, Start-up and Restart mode the setting of the SBC registers is predefined.
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Table 16.
System Status register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up [1]
Restart [1]
RSS
reset source status
0000 (power-on reset)
any value except 1100
0000 or 0010 or 1100 or 1110
CWS
CAN wake-up status
0 (no CAN wake-up)
1 if reset is caused by a
CAN wake-up, otherwise
no change
no change
EWS
edge wake-up status
0 (no edge detected)
1 if reset is caused by a
wake-up via pin WAKE,
otherwise no change
no change
WLS
WAKE level status
actual status
actual status
actual status
TWS
temperature warning
status
0 (no warning)
actual status
actual status
SDMS
software development
mode status
actual status
actual status
actual status
ENS
enable status
0 (EN = LOW)
0 if ERREM = 0, otherwise
actual CAN failure status
0 if ERREM = 0, otherwise
actual CAN failure status
PWONS
power-on status
1 (power-on reset)
no change
no change
[1]
Depends on history.
Table 17.
System Diagnosis register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
GSD
ground shift diagnosis
0 (OK)
actual status
actual status
CANFD
CAN failure diagnosis
0000 (no failure)
actual status
actual status
V3D
V3 diagnosis
1 (OK)
actual status
actual status
V2D
V2 diagnosis
1 (OK)
actual status
actual status
V1D
V1 diagnosis
0 (fail)
actual status
actual status
CANMD
CAN mode diagnosis
00 (Off-line)
actual status
actual status
Table 18.
Interrupt Enable register and Interrupt Enable Feedback register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
All
all bits
0 (interrupt disabled)
no change
no change
Table 19.
Interrupt register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
All
all bits
0 (no interrupt)
0 (no interrupt)
0 (no interrupt)
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Table 20.
System Configuration register and System Configuration Feedback register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
Fail-Safe
GSTHC
GND shift level
threshold control
0 (normal)
no change
no change
no change
RLC
reset length control
0 (short)
no change
1 (long)
1 (long)
V3C
V3 control
00 (off)
no change
no change
no change
V1CMC
V1 current monitor
control
0 (watchdog
restart)
no change
no change
no change
WEN
wake enable
1 (enabled)
no change
no change
no change
WSC
wake sample control
0 (control)
no change
no change
no change
ILEN
INH/LIMP enable
0 (floating)
0 (floating) if ILC = 1, 1 (active)
see Figure 10
if ILC = 1,
otherwise no change
otherwise no change
ILC
INH/LIMP control
0 (LOW)
no change
Table 21.
no change
0 (LOW)
Physical Layer Control register and Physical Layer Control Feedback register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
Fail-Safe
V2C
V2 control
0 (auto)
no change
no change
0 (auto)
CPNC
CAN partial networking 0 (on-line Listen
control
mode disabled)
0 if reset is caused
no change
by a CAN wake-up,
otherwise no change
0 (On-line Listen
mode disabled)
COTC
CAN off-line time
control
no change
no change
no change
CTC
CAN transmitter control 0 (on)
no change
no change
no change
CRC
CAN receiver control
0 (normal)
no change
no change
no change
CMC
CAN mode control
0 (Active mode
disabled)
no change
no change
no change
CSC
CAN split control
0 (off)
no change
no change
no change
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Table 22.
Special Mode register: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
ISDM
initialize software development mode
0 (no)
no change
no change
ERREM
error pin emulation mode
0 (EN function)
no change
no change
WDPRE
watchdog prescale factor
00 (factor 1)
no change
no change
V1RTHC
V1 reset threshold control
00 (90 %)
no change
00 (90 %)
Table 23.
General Purpose register 0 and General Purpose Feedback register 0: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
DIC
device identification control
0 (device ID)
no change
no change
GP0[10:7]
general purpose bits 10 to 7 (version)
mask version
no change
no change
GP0[6:0]
general purpose bits 6 to 0 (SBC type)
000 0110 (UJA1066) no change
no change
Table 24.
General Purpose register 1 and General Purpose Feedback register 1: status at reset
Symbol
Name
Power-on
Start-up
Restart
GP1[11:0]
general purpose bits 11 to 0
0000 0000 0000
no change
no change
6.13 Test modes
6.13.1 Software development mode
The Software development mode is intended to support software developers in writing
and pretesting application software without having to work around watchdog triggering
and without unwanted jumps to Fail-safe mode.
In Software development mode, the following events do not force a system reset:
•
•
•
•
Watchdog overflow in Normal mode
Watchdog window miss
Interrupt time-out
Elapsed start-up time
However, in the case of a watchdog trigger failure the reset source information is still
written to the System Status register, as if a real reset event had occurred.
The exclusion of watchdog related resets allows for simplified software testing because
problems with watchdog triggering can be indicated by interrupts instead of resets. The
SDM bit does not affect the watchdog behavior in Standby and Sleep modes. This allows
the cyclic wake-up behavior to be evaluated in these modes.
All transitions to Fail-safe mode are disabled. This makes it possible to work with an
external emulator that clamps the reset line LOW in debugging mode. A V1 undervoltage
of more than tV1(CLT) is the only exception that results in a transition to Fail-safe mode (to
protect the SBC). Transitions from Start-up mode to Restart mode are still possible.
There are two ways to enter Software development mode. One is by setting the ISDM bit
in the Special Mode register (Table 13); possible only after the initial connection of a
battery while the SBC is in Start-up mode. The other is by applying the correct Vth(TEST)
input voltage at pin TEST before the battery has been connected to pin BAT42.
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To remain in Software development mode the SDM bit in the Mode register must be set
each time the Mode register is accessed (i.e. watchdog triggering) regardless of how
Software development mode was entered.
Software development mode can be exited at any time by clearing the SDM bit in the
Mode register. Reentering the Software development mode is only possible by
reconnecting the battery supply (pin BAT42), thereby forcing a new power-on reset.
6.13.2 Forced normal mode
The UJA1066 provides Forced normal mode for system evaluation purposes. This mode
is strictly for evaluation purposes only. In this mode the characteristics as defined in
Section 9 and Section 10 cannot be guaranteed.
In Forced normal mode the SBC behaves as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
SPI access (writing and reading) is blocked
Watchdog disabled
Interrupt monitoring disabled
Reset monitoring disabled
Reset lengthening disabled
All transitions to Fail-safe mode are disabled, except a V1 undervoltage for more than
tV1(CLT)
• V1 is started with the long reset time tRSTNL. In the case of a V1 undervoltage, a reset
is performed until V1 is restored (normal behavior), and the SBC stays in Forced
normal mode; if an overload occurs at V1 lasting longer than tV1(CLT), Fail-safe mode
is entered
•
•
•
•
•
•
V2 is on; overload protection active
V3 is on; overload protection active
CAN is in Active mode and cannot switch to Off-line mode
INH/LIMP pin is HIGH
SYSINH is HIGH
EN pin at same level as RSTN pin
Forced normal mode is activated by applying the correct Vth(TEST) input voltage at the
TEST pin during initial battery connection.
7. Limiting values
Table 25. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). All voltages are referenced to GND.
Symbol
Parameter
VBAT42
BAT42 supply voltage
VBAT14
BAT14 supply voltage
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
−0.3
+60
V
load dump; t ≤ 500 ms
-
+60
V
continuous
−0.3
+33
V
load dump; t ≤ 500 ms
-
+45
V
VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V
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Table 25. Limiting values …continued
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). All voltages are referenced to GND.
Symbol
Parameter
VDC(n)
DC voltage on pins
Conditions
V1 and V2
Min
Max
Unit
−0.3
+5.5
V
V3 and SYSINH
−1.5
VBAT42 + 0.3
V
INH/LIMP
−0.3
VBAT42 + 0.3
V
SENSE
−0.3
VBAT42 + 1.2
V
WAKE
−1.5
+60
V
−60
+60
V
TXDC, RXDC, SDO, SDI, SCK,
SCS, RSTN, INTN and EN
−0.3
VV1 + 0.3
V
TEST
−0.3
+15
V
−150
+100
V
−15
-
mA
CANH, CANL and SPLIT
with respect to any other pin
Vtrt
transient voltage
IWAKE
DC current at pin WAKE
Tstg
storage temperature
−55
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
+125
°C
−40
+150
°C
−8.0
+8.0
kV
Tvj
Vesd
at pins CANH and CANL; in
accordance with
ISO 7637-3
[1]
virtual junction temperature
[2]
electrostatic discharge voltage
[3]
HBM
at pins CANH, CANL,
SPLIT, WAKE, BAT42,
V3, SENSE; with respect
to GND
[4]
at any other pin
MM; at any pin
[5]
−2.0
+2.0
kV
−200
+200
V
[1]
Only relevant if VWAKE < VGND − 0.3 V; current will flow into pin GND.
[2]
In accordance with IEC 60747-1. An alternative definition of virtual junction temperature is: Tvj = Tamb + Pd × Rth(vj-amb), where Rth(vj-amb)
is a fixed value to be used for the calculation of Tvj. The rating for Tvj limits the allowable combinations of power dissipation (Pd) and
ambient temperature (Tamb).
[3]
Human Body Model (HBM): C = 100 pF; R = 1.5 kΩ.
[4]
ESD performance according to IEC 61000-4-2 (C = 150 pF, R = 330 Ω) of pins CANH, CANL, SPLIT, WAKE, BAT42 and V3 with respect
to GND was verified by an external test house. Following results were obtained:
a) Equal or better than ±4 kV (unaided)
b) Equal or better than ±20 kV (using external ESD protection: NXP Semiconductors PESD1CAN diode)
[5]
Machine Model (MM): C = 200 pF; L = 0.75 μH; R = 10 Ω.
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8. Thermal characteristics
V1 dissipation
V2 dissipation
V3 dissipation
other dissipation
Tvj
6 K/W
20 K/W
23 K/W
6 K/W
6 K/W
Tcase(heat sink)
Rth(c-a)
Tamb
001aac327
Fig 13. Thermal model of the HTSSOP32 package
9. Static characteristics
Table 26. Static characteristics
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
BAT42 supply
current
V1, V2 and V3 off; CAN in
Off-line mode;
OTIE = BATFIE = 0;
ISYSINH = IWAKE = 0 A
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
-
50
70
μA
Supply; pin BAT42
IBAT42
VBAT42 = 8.1 V to 52 V
-
70
93
μA
V1 and/or V2 on;
ISYSINH = 0 mA
-
53
76
μA
V3 in Cyclic mode; IV3 = 0 mA
-
0
1
μA
V3 continuously on;
IV3 = 0 mA
-
30
50
μA
Tvj warning enabled;
OTIE = 1
-
20
40
μA
VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 8.1 V
IBAT42(add)
VPOR(BAT42)
additional BAT42
supply current
BAT42 voltage level
for power-on reset
status bit change
SENSE enabled; BATFIE = 1
-
2
7
μA
CAN in Active mode;
CMC = 1
-
750
1500
μA
VBAT42 = 12 V
-
1.5
5
mA
VBAT42 = 27 V
-
3
10
mA
4.45
-
5
V
4.75
-
5.5
V
for setting PWONS
PWONS = 0; VBAT42 falling
for clearing PWONS
PWONS = 1; VBAT42 rising
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Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
IBAT14
BAT14 supply
current
V1 and V2 off; CAN in Off-line
mode; ILEN = CSC = 0;
IINH/LIMP = ISPLIT = 0 mA
-
2
5
μA
IBAT14(add)
additional BAT14
supply current
V1 on; IV1 = 0 mA
-
200
300
μA
V1 on; IV1 = 0 mA;
VBAT14 = 12 V
-
150
200
μA
V2 on; IV2 = 0 mA
-
200
320
μA
V2 on; IV2 = 0 mA;
VBAT14 = 12 V
-
200
250
μA
INH/LIMP enabled; ILEN = 1;
IINH/LIMP = 0 mA
-
1
2
μA
CAN in Active mode;
CMC = 1;
ICANH = ICANL = 0 mA
-
5
10
mA
SPLIT active; CSC = 1;
ISPLIT = 0 mA
-
1
2
mA
for normal output current
capability at V1
9
-
27
V
for high output current
capability at V1
6
-
8
V
Supply; pin BAT14
VBAT14
BAT14 voltage level
Battery supply monitor input; pin SENSE
Vth(SENSE)
IIH(SENSE)
input threshold low
battery voltage
detection
1
2.5
3
V
release
1.7
-
4
V
HIGH-level input
current
Normal mode; BATFIE = 1
20
50
100
μA
Standby mode; BATFIE = 1
5
10
20
μA
Normal mode or Standby
mode; BATFIE = 0
-
0.2
2
μA
VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 18 V;
IV1 = −120 mA to −5 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
VV1(nom) −
0.1
VV1(nom)
VV1(nom) +
0.1
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV1 = −5 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
VV1(nom) −
0.025
VV1(nom)
VV1(nom) +
0.025
V
supply voltage
regulation
VBAT14 = 9 V to 16 V;
IV1 = −5 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
1
25
mV
load regulation
VBAT14 = 14 V;
IV1 = −50 mA to −5 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
-
5
25
mV
voltage drift with
temperature
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV1 = −5 mA;
Tj = −40 °C to +150 °C
-
-
200
ppm/K
Voltage source; pin V1[2]; see also Figure 14 to Figure 20
Vo(V1)
ΔVV1
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
output voltage
[3]
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Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Vdet(UV)(V1)
undervoltage
detection and reset
activation level
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC[1:0] = 00 or 11
0.90 ×
VV1(nom)
0.92 ×
VV1(nom)
0.95 ×
VV1(nom)
V
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC[1:0] = 01
0.80 ×
VV1(nom)
0.82 ×
VV1(nom)
0.85 ×
VV1(nom)
V
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC[1:0] = 10
0.70 ×
VV1(nom)
0.72 ×
VV1(nom)
0.75 ×
VV1(nom)
V
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC[1:0] = 00 or 11
-
0.94 ×
VV1(nom)
-
V
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC[1:0] = 01
-
0.84 ×
VV1(nom)
-
V
VBAT14 = 14 V;
V1RTHC[1:0] = 10
-
0.74 ×
VV1(nom)
-
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; VFIE = 1
0.90 ×
VV1(nom)
0.93 ×
VV1(nom)
0.97 ×
VV1(nom)
V
Vrel(UV)(V1)
undervoltage
detection release
level
VUV(VFI)
undervoltage level
for generating a VFI
interrupt
IthH(V1)
undercurrent
threshold for
watchdog enable
−10
−5
−2
mA
IthL(V1)
undercurrent
threshold for
watchdog disable
−6
−3
−1.5
mA
IV1
output current
capability
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
δVV1 = 0.05 × VV1(nom)
−200
−135
−120
mA
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
V1 shorted to GND
−200
−110
-
mA
VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 9 V;
δVV1 = 0.05 × VV1(nom)
-
-
−120
mA
-
3
5
Ω
VBAT14 = 9 V to 16 V;
IV2 = −50 mA to −5 mA
4.8
5.0
5.2
V
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV2 = −10 mA;
Tj = 25 °C
4.95
5.0
5.05
V
supply voltage
regulation
VBAT14 = 9 V to 16 V;
IV2 = −10 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
1
25
mV
load regulation
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV2 = −50 mA
to −5 mA; Tj = 25 °C
-
-
50
mV
voltage drift with
temperature
VBAT14 = 14 V; IV2 = −10 mA;
−40 °C < Tj < +150 °C
-
-
200
ppm/K
Zds(on)
regulator impedance VBAT14 = 4 V to 5 V
between pins BAT14
and V1
Voltage source; pin V2[4]
Vo(V2)
ΔVV2
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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[3]
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Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
IV2
output current
capability
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
δVV2 = 300 mV
−200
-
−120
mA
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V;
V2 shorted to GND
−300
-
-
mA
VBAT14 = 6 V to 8 V;
δVV2 = 300 mV
-
-
−80
mA
VBAT14 = 5.5 V;
δVV2 = 300 mV
-
-
−50
mA
VBAT14 = 14 V
4.5
4.6
4.8
V
Vdet(UV)(V2)
undervoltage
detection threshold
Voltage source; pin V3
VBAT42-V3(drop)
VBAT42 to VV3 voltage VBAT42 = 9 V to 52 V;
drop
IV3 = −20 mA
-
-
1.0
V
Idet(OL)(V3)
overload current
detection threshold
VBAT42 = 9 V to 52 V
−165
-
−60
mA
⎪IL⎪
leakage current
VV3 = 0 V; V3C[1:0] = 00
-
0
5
μA
VBAT42-SYSINH(drop) VBAT42 to VSYSINH
voltage drop
ISYSINH = −0.2 mA
-
1.0
2.0
V
⎪IL⎪
VSYSINH = 0 V
-
-
5
μA
IINH/LIMP = −10 μA;
ILEN = ILC = 1
-
0.7
1.0
V
IINH/LIMP = −200 μA;
ILEN = ILC = 1
-
1.2
2.0
V
System inhibit output; pin SYSINH
leakage current
Inhibit/limp-home output; pin INH/LIMP
VBAT14-INH(drop)
VBAT14 to VINH
voltage drop
Io(INH/LIMP)
output current
capability
VINH/LIMP = 0.4 V;
ILEN = 1; ILC = 0
0.8
-
4
mA
⎪IL⎪
leakage current
VINH/LIMP = 0 V to VBAT14;
ILEN = 0
-
-
5
μA
2.0
3.3
5.2
V
−25
-
−1.3
μA
V
Wake input; pin WAKE
Vth(WAKE)
wake-up voltage
threshold
IWAKE(pu)
pull-up input current
VWAKE = 0 V
Serial peripheral interface inputs; pins SDI, SCK and SCS
VIH(th)
HIGH-level input
threshold voltage
0.7 × VV1
-
VV1 + 0.3
VIL(th)
LOW-level input
threshold voltage
−0.3
-
+0.3 × VV1 V
Rpd(SCK)
pull-down resistor at
pin SCK
VSCK = 2 V; VV1 ≥ 2 V
50
130
400
kΩ
Rpu(SCS)
pull-up resistor at
pin SCS
VSCS = 1 V; VV1 ≥ 2 V
50
130
400
kΩ
ISDI
input leakage current VSDI = 0 V to VV1
at pin SDI
−5
-
+5
μA
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
47 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Serial peripheral interface data output; pin SDO
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VSCS = 0 V; VO = VV1 − 0.4 V
−50
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VSCS = 0 V; VO = 0.4 V
1.6
-
20
mA
IOL(off)
OFF-state output
leakage current
VSCS = VV1;VO = 0 V to VV1
−5
-
+5
μA
Reset output with clamping detection; pin RSTN
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VRSTN = 0.7 × VV1(nom)
−1000
-
−50
μA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VRSTN = 0.9 V
1
-
5
mA
VOL
LOW-level output
voltage
VV1 = 1.5 V to 5.5 V;
pull-up resistor to V1 ≥ 4 kΩ
0
-
0.2 × VV1
V
VIH(th)
HIGH-level input
threshold voltage
0.7 × VV1
-
VV1 + 0.3
V
VIL(th)
LOW-level input
threshold voltage
−0.3
-
+0.3 × VV1 V
Enable output; pin EN
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VOH = VV1 − 0.4 V
−20
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VOL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
20
mA
VOL
LOW-level output
voltage
IOL = 20 μA; VV1 = 1.2 V
0
-
0.4
V
VOL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
15
mA
V
Interrupt output; pin INTN
IOL
LOW-level output
current
CAN transmit data input; pin TXDC
VIH
HIGH-level input
voltage
0.7 × VV1
-
VV1 + 0.3
VIL
LOW-level input
voltage
−0.3
-
+0.3 × VV1 V
RTXDC(pu)
TXDC pull-up
resistor
VTXDC = 0 V
5
12
25
kΩ
CAN receive data output; pin RXDC
IOH
HIGH-level output
current
VOH = VV1 − 0.4 V
−25
-
−1.6
mA
IOL
LOW-level output
current
VOL = 0.4 V
1.6
-
25
mA
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
48 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
High-speed CAN-bus lines; pins CANH and CANL
CANH dominant
output voltage
Active mode; VTXDC = 0 V;
VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V
2.85
3.6
4.25
V
CANL dominant
output voltage
Active mode; VTXDC = 0 V;
VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V
0.5
1.4
2
V
Vo(m)(dom)
matching of
dominant output
voltage
RL = 60 Ω; Vo(m)(dom) =
VV2 − VCANH − VCANL
−0.3
-
+0.3
V
Vo(dif)
differential bus
output voltage
Active mode; VTXDC = 0 V;
VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V;
RL = 45 Ω to 65 Ω
1.5
-
3
V
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
VTXDC = VV1;
VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V;
no load
−50
0
+50
mV
Vo(dom)
VO(reces)
recessive output
voltage
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
VTXDC = VV1;
VV2 = 4.75 V to 5.25 V;
RL = 60 Ω
2.25
2.5
2.75
V
Off-line mode; RL = 60 Ω
−0.1
0
+0.1
V
Vth(dif)
differential receiver
threshold voltage
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
VCAN = −30 V to +30 V;
RL = 60 Ω
0.5
0.7
0.9
V
Off-line mode;
VCAN = −30 V to +30 V;
RL = 60 Ω; measured from
recessive to dominant
0.45
0.7
1.15
V
common-mode bus
voltage threshold
level for ground shift
detection
Active mode; GSTHC = 0;
VV2 = 5 V; RL = 60 Ω;
Vcm = 0.5 × (VCANH + VCANL)
0.95
1.75
2.45
V
Active mode; GSTHC = 1;
VV2 = 5 V; RL = 60 Ω;
Vcm = 0.5 × (VCANH + VCANL)
0.3
1
1.5
V
Io(CANH)(dom)
CANH dominant
output current
Active mode; t < tTXDC(dom);
VCANH = 0 V; VTXDC = 0 V;
VV2 = 5 V
−100
−75
−45
mA
Io(CANL)(dom)
CANL dominant
output current
Active mode; t < tTXDC(dom);
VCANL = 5 V; VTXDC = 0 V;
VV2 = 5 V
45
75
100
mA
Vth(GSD)(cm)
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
49 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Io(reces)
recessive output
current
all CAN modes; V2D = 1;
VTXDC = VV1;
VCAN = −40 V to +40 V
−5
-
+5
mA
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
V2D = 0; VTXDC = VV1;
VCAN = −0.5 V to +5 V
−10
-
+10
μA
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
V2D = 1; VTXDC = VV1;
VCAN = −40 V to +40 V
9
15
28
kΩ
Off-line mode;
VCAN = −40 V to +40 V
15
22
40
kΩ
VCANH = VCANL
−2
0
+2
%
19
30
52
kΩ
Ri
input resistance
Ri(m)
input resistance
matching
Ri(dif)
differential input
resistance
Ci(cm)
common-mode input
capacitance
[3]
-
-
20
pF
Ci(dif)
differential input
capacitance
[3]
-
-
10
pF
Rsc(bus)
detectable
short-circuit
resistance between
bus lines and VV2,
VBAT14, VBAT42 and
GND
0
-
50
Ω
Active mode; VTXDC = 0 V
CAN-bus common mode stabilization output; pin SPLIT
Vo
output voltage
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
CSC = V2D = 1;
⎪ISPLIT⎪ = 500 μA
0.3 × VV2
0.5 × VV2
0.7 × VV2
V
⎪IL⎪
leakage current
Off-line mode or CSC = 0;
VSPLIT = −40 V to +40 V
−10
0
+10
μA
for entering Software
development mode;
Tj = 25 °C
1
5
8
V
for entering Forced normal
mode; Tj = 25 °C
2
10
13.5
V
between pin TEST and GND
2
4
8
kΩ
TEST input; pin TEST
Vth(TEST)
R(pd)TEST
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
input threshold
voltage
pull-down resistor
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
50 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 26. Static characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C, VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
160
175
190
°C
Temperature detection
Tj(warn)
[1]
high junction
temperature warning
level
All parameters are guaranteed over the virtual junction temperature range by design. Products are 100 % tested at 125 °C ambient
temperature on wafer level (pretesting). Cased products are 100 % tested at 25 °C ambient temperature (final testing). Both pretesting
and final testing use correlated test conditions to cover the specified temperature and power supply voltage range.
[2]
VV1(nom) is 3.3 V or 5 V, depending on the SBC version.
[3]
Not tested in production.
[4]
V2 internally supplies the SBC CAN transceiver. The supply current needed for the CAN transceiver reduces the pin V2 output
capability. The performance of the CAN transceiver can be impaired if V2 is also used to supply other circuitry while the CAN transceiver
is in use.
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
51 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
015aaa055
6
VV1
(V)
type 5V0
5
IV1 =
−100 μA
−50 mA
−120 mA
−250 mA
4
type 3V3
3
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
VBAT14 (V)
a. Tj = 25 °C.
015aaa056
6
VV1
(V)
type 5V0
5
4
IV1 =
−100 μA
−50 mA
−120 mA
−250 mA
3
type 3V3
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
VBAT14 (V)
b. Tj = 150 °C.
Fig 14. V1 output voltage (dropout) as a function of battery voltage
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
52 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
001aaf246
10
Tj = +150 °C
IBAT14 − IV1
(mA)
8
Tj = −40 °C
+25 °C
6
+150 °C
4
+25 °C
−40 °C
VBAT14 = 8 V(1)
2
5.5 V(2)
0
−50
0
−100
−150
−200
IV1 (mA)
−250
(1) Types 5V0 and 3V3.
(2) Type 5V0 only.
a. At Tj = −40 °C, +25 °C and +150 °C.
001aaf247
5
IBAT14 − IV1
(mA)
4
3
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V(1)
2
5.5 V(2)
1
0
−50
0
−100
−150
−200
IV1 (mA)
−250
(1) Types 5V0 and 3V3.
(2) Types 3V3 only.
b. At Tj = −40 °C to +150 °C.
Fig 15. V1 quiescent current as a function of output current
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
53 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
015aaa057
6
type 5V0
VV1
(V)
4
type 3V3
2
0
−40
0
−80
−120
IV1 (mA)
−160
VBAT14 = 9 V to 27 V.
Tj = 25 °C to 125 °C.
Fig 16. V1 output voltage as a function of output current
001aaf248
160
PSRR
(dB)
VBAT14 = 14 V
120
Tj = 25 °C
14 V
150 °C
80
5.5 V
25 °C to 150 °C
150 °C
5.5 V(1)
40
0
1
10
102
103
f (Hz)
IV1 = −120 mA.
(1) Type 5V0 only.
Fig 17. V1 power supply ripple rejection as a function of frequency
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
54 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
001aaf250
16
200
ΔVV1
(mV)
VBAT14
(V)
VBAT14
12
100
ΔVV1
8
−100
500
4
0
100
200
300
0
400
t (μs)
IV1 = −5 mA; C = 1 μF; ESR = 0.01 Ω; Tj = 25 °C.
a. Line transient response
001aaf251
−75
400
ΔVV1
(mV)
IV1
(mA)
−25
200
IV1
ΔVV1
25
−200
500
75
0
100
200
300
0
400
t (μs)
VBAT14 = 14 V; C = 1 μF; ESR = 0.01 Ω; Tj = 25 °C.
b. Load transient response
Fig 18. V1 transient response as a function of time
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
55 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
001aaf249
1
ESR
(Ω)
10−1
stable operation area
10−2
unstable operation area
10−3
0
−40
−80
IV1 (mA)
−120
Fig 19. V1 output stability related to ESR value of output capacitor
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
56 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
VBAT
100 μF/
0.1 Ω
BAT14
Iload = 30 mA
V1
BAT42
SBC
100
nF
100
nF
47 μF/
0.1 Ω
Rload
GND
001aaf572
a. Switch-on test circuit.
015aaa058
6
type 5V0
VV1
(V)
4
VBAT = 8 V
type 3V3
VBAT = 5.5 V
2
VBAT = 12 V
0
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
t (ms)
b. Behavior at Tj = 25 °C.
015aaa059
6
type 5V0
VV1
(V)
VBAT = 8 V
4
type 3V3
VBAT = 5.5 V
2
VBAT = 12 V
0
0
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.6
2.0
t (ms)
c. Behavior at Tj = 85 °C.
Fig 20. Switch-on behavior of VV1
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
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Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
57 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
10. Dynamic characteristics
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Serial peripheral interface timing; pins SCS, SCK, SDI and SDO (see Figure
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
960
-
-
ns
21)[2]
Tcyc
clock cycle time
tlead
enable lead time
clock is LOW when SPI select
falls
240
-
-
ns
tlag
enable lag time
clock is LOW when SPI select
rises
240
-
-
ns
tSCKH
clock HIGH time
480
-
-
ns
tSCKL
clock LOW time
480
-
-
ns
tsu
input data setup time
80
-
-
ns
th
input data hold time
400
-
-
ns
tDOV
output data valid time
-
-
400
ns
tSSH
SPI select HIGH time
480
-
-
ns
pin SDO; CL = 10 pF
CAN transceiver timing; pins CANL, CANH, TXDC and RXDC
tt(reces-dom)
output transition time
recessive to dominant
10 % to 90 %; C = 100 pF;
R = 60 Ω; see Figure 22 and
Figure 23
-
100
-
ns
tt(dom-reces)
output transition time
dominant to recessive
90 % to 10 %; C = 100 pF;
R = 60 Ω; see Figure 22 and
Figure 23
-
100
-
ns
tPHL
propagation delay TXDC to
RXDC (HIGH-to-LOW
transition)
50 % VTXDC to 50 % VRXDC;
C = 100 pF; R = 60 Ω; see
Figure 22 and Figure 23
70
120
220
ns
tPLH
propagation delay TXDC to
RXDC (LOW-to-HIGH
transition)
50 % VTXDC to 50 % VRXDC;
C = 100 pF; R = 60 Ω; see
Figure 22 and Figure 23
70
120
220
ns
tTXDC(dom)
TXDC permanent dominant
disable time
Active mode, On-line mode or
On-line Listen mode;
VV2 = 5 V; VTXDC = 0 V
1.5
-
6
ms
tCANH(dom1),
tCANL(dom1)
minimum dominant time first Off-line mode
pulse for wake-up on pins
CANH and CANL
3
-
-
μs
tCANH(reces),
tCANL(reces)
minimum recessive time
pulse (after first dominant)
for wake-up on pins CANH
and CANL
Off-line mode
1
-
-
μs
tCANH(dom2),
tCANL(dom2)
minimum dominant time
Off-line mode
second pulse for wake-up on
pins CANH, CANL
1
-
-
μs
ttimeout
time-out period between
wake-up message and
confirm message
115
-
285
ms
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
On-line Listen mode
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© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
58 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
Table 27. Dynamic characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
toff-line
maximum time before
entering Off-line mode
On-line or On-line Listen mode;
TXDC = VV1; V2D = 1; COTC =
0; no bus activity
50
-
66
ms
On-line or On-line Listen mode;
TXDC = VV1; V2D = 1; COTC =
1; no bus activity
200
-
265
ms
On-line or On-line Listen mode
after CAN wake-up event;
TXDC = VV1; V2D = 1; no bus
activity
400
-
530
ms
toff-line(ext)
extended minimum time
before entering Off-line
mode
Battery monitoring
tBAT42(L)
BAT42 LOW time for setting
PWONS
5
-
20
μs
tSENSE(L)
BAT42 LOW time for setting
BATFI
5
-
20
μs
Start-up mode; V1 active
229
-
283
ms
V2 active
28
-
36
ms
V3C[1:0] = 10; see Figure 11
14
-
18
ms
V3C[1:0] = 11; see Figure 11
28
-
36
ms
V3C[1:0] = 10; see Figure 11
345
-
423
μs
V3C[1:0] = 11; see Figure 11
345
-
423
μs
VBAT42 = 5 V to 27 V
5
-
120
μs
VBAT42 = 27 V to 52 V
30
-
250
μs
cyclic sense sample setup
time
V3C[1:0] = 11 or 10;
see Figure 11
310
-
390
μs
tWD(ETP)
earliest watchdog trigger
point
programmed Nominal
Watchdog Period (NWP);
Normal mode
0.45 × NWP -
0.55 × NWP
tWD(LTP)
latest watchdog trigger point programmed nominal
watchdog period; Normal
mode, Standby mode and
Sleep mode
0.9 × NWP
-
1.1 × NWP
tWD(init)
watchdog initializing period
watchdog time-out in Start-up
mode
229
-
283
ms
Fail-safe mode; wake-up
detected
1.3
1.5
1.7
s
Power supply V1; pin V1
tV1(CLT)
V1 clamped LOW time
during ramp-up of V1
Power supply V2; pin V2
tV2(CLT)
V2 clamped LOW time
during ramp-up of V2
Power supply V3; pin V3
tw(CS)
ton(CS)
cyclic sense period
cyclic sense on-time
Wake-up input; pin WAKE
tWU(ipf)
tsu(CS)
input port filter time
Watchdog
Fail-safe mode
tret
retention time
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Table 27. Dynamic characteristics …continued
Tvj = −40 °C to +150 °C; VBAT42 = 5.5 V to 52 V; VBAT14 = 5.5 V to 27 V; VBAT42 ≥ VBAT14 − 1 V; unless otherwise specified. All
voltages are defined with respect to ground. Positive currents flow into the IC.[1]
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Reset output; pin RSTN
tRSTN(CHT)
clamped HIGH time,
pin RSTN
RSTN driven LOW internally
but RSTN pin remains HIGH
115
-
141
ms
tRSTN(CLT)
clamped LOW time,
pin RSTN
RSTN driven HIGH internally
but RSTN pin remains LOW
229
-
283
ms
tRSTN(INT)
interrupt monitoring time
INTN = 0
229
-
283
ms
tRSTNL
reset lengthening time
after internal or external reset
has been released; RLC = 0
0.9
-
1.1
ms
after internal or external reset
has been released; RLC =1
18
-
22
ms
after SPI has read out the
Interrupt register
2
-
-
μs
460.8
512
563.2
kHz
Interrupt output; pin INTN
tINTN
interrupt release
Oscillator
fosc
oscillator frequency
[1]
All parameters are guaranteed over the virtual junction temperature range by design. Products are 100 % tested at 125 °C ambient
temperature on wafer level (pretesting). Cased products are 100 % tested at 25 °C ambient temperature (final testing). Both pretesting
and final testing use correlated test conditions to cover the specified temperature and power supply voltage range.
[2]
SPI timing is guaranteed for VBAT42 voltages down to 5 V. For VBAT42 voltages down to 4.5 V the guaranteed SPI timing values double,
so at these lower voltages a lower maximum SPI communication speed must be observed.
SCS
tlead
tlag
Tcyc
tSCKH
tSCKL
tsu
th
tSSH
SCK
SDI
MSB
X
LSB
X
tDOV
floating
SDO
floating
X
MSB
LSB
001aaa405
Fig 21. SPI timing
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BAT42
RXDC
BAT14
CANH
10 pF
R
C
SBC
TXDC
GND
CANL
V2
Cb
001aac308
Fig 22. Timing test circuit for CAN transceiver
HIGH
TXDC
LOW
CANH
CANL
dominant
recessive
Vo(dif)
HIGH
RXDC
LOW
tt(reces-dom)
tPHL
tt(dom-reces)
tPLH
001aac309
Fig 23. Timing diagram CAN transceiver
11. Test information
11.1 Quality information
This product has been qualified to the appropriate Automotive Electronics Council (AEC)
standard Q100 or Q101 and is suitable for use in automotive applications.
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12. Package outline
HTSSOP32: plastic thermal enhanced thin shrink small outline package; 32 leads;
body width 6.1 mm; lead pitch 0.65 mm; exposed die pad
SOT549-1
E
D
A
X
c
y
HE
exposed die pad side
v M A
Dh
Z
32
17
A2
Eh
(A3)
A
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
detail X
16
1
w M
bp
e
2.5
0
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions).
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D(1)
Dh
E(2)
Eh
e
HE
L
Lp
v
w
y
Z
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.85
0.25
0.30
0.19
0.20
0.09
11.1
10.9
5.1
4.9
6.2
6.0
3.6
3.4
0.65
8.3
7.9
1
0.75
0.50
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.78
0.48
8o
o
0
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT549-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
03-04-07
05-11-02
MO-153
Fig 24. Package outline SOT549-1 (HTSSOP32)
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13. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
13.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
13.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
13.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
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13.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 25) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 28 and 29
Table 28.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 29.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 25.
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temperature
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 25. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
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14. Revision history
Table 30.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
UJA1066_3
20100317
Product data sheet
-
UJA1066_2
Modifications:
•
Error in Figure 20 corrected
UJA1066_2
20090505
Product data sheet
-
UJA1066_1
UJA1066_1
20070424
Objective data sheet
-
-
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15. Legal information
15.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
15.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
15.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military, aircraft,
space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on a weakness or default in the
customer application/use or the application/use of customer’s third party
customer(s) (hereinafter both referred to as “Application”). It is customer’s
sole responsibility to check whether the NXP Semiconductors product is
suitable and fit for the Application planned. Customer has to do all necessary
testing for the Application in order to avoid a default of the Application and the
product. NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
Quick reference data — The Quick reference data is an extract of the
product data given in the Limiting values and Characteristics sections of this
document, and as such is not complete, exhaustive or legally binding.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
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In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
15.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
16. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
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17. Contents
1
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.2.3
6.2.4
6.2.5
6.2.6
6.2.7
6.3
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.6
6.6.1
6.6.1.1
6.6.2
6.6.3
6.6.3.1
6.6.3.2
6.6.4
6.7
6.7.1
6.7.1.1
6.7.1.2
6.7.1.3
6.7.1.4
6.7.2
6.7.3
6.7.4
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
CAN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Power management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Fail-safe features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Fail-safe system controller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Start-up mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Restart mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Fail-safe mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Normal mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Standby mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Flash mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
On-chip oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Watchdog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Watchdog start-up behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Watchdog window behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Watchdog time-out behavior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Watchdog OFF behavior. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
System reset. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
RSTN pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
EN output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Power supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
BAT14, BAT42 and SYSINH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
SYSINH output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
SENSE input. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Voltage regulators V1 and V2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Voltage regulator V1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Voltage regulator V2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Switched battery output V3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
CAN transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Mode control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Active mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
On-line mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
On-line Listen mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Off-line mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
CAN wake-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Termination control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Bus, RXD and TXD failure detection . . . . . . . 22
6.7.4.1
6.7.4.2
6.7.4.3
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
6.12.1
6.12.2
6.12.3
6.12.4
6.12.5
6.12.6
6.12.7
6.12.8
6.12.9
6.12.10
6.12.11
6.12.12
6.13
6.13.1
6.13.2
7
8
9
10
11
11.1
12
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
TXDC dominant clamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RXDC recessive clamping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GND shift detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inhibit and limp-home output . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wake-up input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupt output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPI interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPI register mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Register overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mode register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Status register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Diagnosis register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interrupt Enable register and
Interrupt Enable Feedback register . . . . . . . .
Interrupt register. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Configuration register and
System Configuration Feedback register. . . .
Physical Layer Control register and
Physical Layer Control Feedback register . . .
Special Mode register and
Special Mode Feedback register . . . . . . . . . .
General Purpose registers and
General Purpose Feedback registers . . . . . .
Register configurations at reset . . . . . . . . . . .
Test modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software development mode . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Forced normal mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Quality information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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UJA1066_2
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 03 — 17 March 2010
© NXP B.V. 2010. All rights reserved.
69 of 70
UJA1066
NXP Semiconductors
High-speed CAN fail-safe system basis chip
16
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Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2010.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 17 March 2010
Document identifier: UJA1066_2
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