Data Sheet

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS
DATA SHEET
SJA1000
Stand-alone CAN controller
Product specification
Supersedes data of 1999 Aug 17
File under Integrated Circuits, IC18
2000 Jan 04
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
CONTENTS
1
FEATURES
2
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
3
ORDERING INFORMATION
4
BLOCK DIAGRAM
5
PINNING
6
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.1.3
6.1.4
6.1.5
6.1.6
6.1.7
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
Description of the CAN controller blocks
Interface Management Logic (IML)
Transmit Buffer (TXB)
Receive Buffer (RXB, RXFIFO)
Acceptance Filter (ACF)
Bit Stream Processor (BSP)
Bit Timing Logic (BTL)
Error Management Logic (EML)
Detailed description of the CAN controller
PCA82C200 compatibility
Differences between BasicCAN and PeliCAN
mode
BasicCAN mode
BasicCAN address layout
Reset values
Control Register (CR)
Command Register (CMR)
Status Register (SR)
Interrupt Register (IR)
Transmit buffer layout
Receive buffer
Acceptance filter
PeliCAN mode
PeliCAN address layout
Reset values
Mode Register (MOD)
Command Register (CMR)
Status Register (SR)
Interrupt Register (IR)
Interrupt Enable Register (IER)
Arbitration Lost Capture register (ALC)
Error Code Capture register (ECC)
Error Warning Limit Register (EWLR)
RX Error Counter Register (RXERR)
TX Error Counter Register (TXERR)
Transmit buffer
Receive buffer
Acceptance filter
RX Message Counter (RMC)
RX Buffer Start Address register (RBSA)
Common registers
Bus Timing Register 0 (BTR0)
Bus Timing Register 1 (BTR1)
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.3.6
6.3.7
6.3.8
6.3.9
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6
6.4.7
6.4.8
6.4.9
6.4.10
6.4.11
6.4.12
6.4.13
6.4.14
6.4.15
6.4.16
6.4.17
6.5
6.5.1
6.5.2
2000 Jan 04
2
6.5.3
6.5.4
Output Control Register (OCR)
Clock Divider Register (CDR)
7
LIMITING VALUES
8
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
9
DC CHARACTERISTICS
10
AC CHARACTERISTICS
10.1
10.2
AC timing diagrams
Additional AC information
11
PACKAGE OUTLINES
12
SOLDERING
12.1
12.2
12.2.1
12.2.2
12.3
12.3.1
12.3.2
12.3.3
Introduction
DIP
Soldering by dipping or by wave
Repairing soldered joints
SO
Reflow soldering
Wave soldering
Repairing soldered joints
13
DEFINITIONS
14
LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
1
SJA1000
FEATURES
2
• Pin compatibility to the PCA82C200 stand-alone CAN
controller
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The SJA1000 is a stand-alone controller for the Controller
Area Network (CAN) used within automotive and general
industrial environments. It is the successor of the
PCA82C200 CAN controller (BasicCAN) from Philips
Semiconductors. Additionally, a new mode of operation is
implemented (PeliCAN) which supports the CAN 2.0B
protocol specification with several new features.
• Electrical compatibility to the PCA82C200 stand-alone
CAN controller
• PCA82C200 mode (BasicCAN mode is default)
• Extended receive buffer (64-byte FIFO)
• CAN 2.0B protocol compatibility (extended frame
passive in PCA82C200 compatibility mode)
• Supports 11-bit identifier as well as 29-bit identifier
• Bit rates up to 1 Mbits/s
• PeliCAN mode extensions:
– Error counters with read/write access
– Programmable error warning limit
– Last error code register
– Error interrupt for each CAN-bus error
– Arbitration lost interrupt with detailed bit position
– Single-shot transmission (no re-transmission)
– Listen only mode (no acknowledge, no active error
flags)
– Hot plugging support (software driven bit rate
detection)
– Acceptance filter extension (4-byte code, 4-byte
mask)
– Reception of ‘own’ messages (self reception request)
• 24 MHz clock frequency
• Interfaces to a variety of microprocessors
• Programmable CAN output driver configuration
• Extended ambient temperature range (−40 to +125 °C).
3
ORDERING INFORMATION
PACKAGE
TYPE NUMBER
NAME
DESCRIPTION
VERSION
SJA1000
DIP28
plastic dual in-line package; 28 leads (600 mil)
SOT117-1
SJA1000T
SO28
plastic small outline package; 28 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT136-1
2000 Jan 04
3
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
4
SJA1000
BLOCK DIAGRAM
handbook, full pagewidth
ALE/AS, CS,
RD/E, WR,
CLKOUT,
MODE, INT
22
3 to 7,
11, 16
SJA1000
8
VDD1
VSS1
control
7
8 address/data
INTERFACE MANAGEMENT LOGIC
AD7 to AD0
2, 1,
28 to 23
internal bus
12
15
13
MESSAGE BUFFER
BIT
STREAM
PROCESSOR
TRANSMIT
BUFFER
BIT TIMING
LOGIC
14
19
20
21
18
RECEIVE
FIFO
RECEIVE
BUFFER
XTAL1
XTAL2
ACCEPTANCE
FILTER
VSS3
TX0
TX1
RX0
RX1
VSS2
VDD2
ERROR
MANAGEMENT
LOGIC
9
10
OSCILLATOR
RESET
17
MGK623
Fig.1 Block diagram.
2000 Jan 04
VDD3
4
RST
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
5
SJA1000
PINNING
SYMBOL
AD7 to AD0
PIN
2, 1, 28 to 23
DESCRIPTION
multiplexed address/data bus
ALE/AS
3
ALE input signal (Intel mode), AS input signal (Motorola mode)
CS
4
chip select input, LOW level allows access to the SJA1000
RD/E
5
RD signal (Intel mode) or E enable signal (Motorola mode) from the microcontroller
WR
6
WR signal (Intel mode) or RD/WR signal (Motorola mode) from the microcontroller
CLKOUT
7
clock output signal produced by the SJA1000 for the microcontroller; the clock
signal is derived from the built-in oscillator via the programmable divider; the clock
off bit within the clock divider register allows this pin to disable
VSS1
8
ground for logic circuits
XTAL1
9
input to the oscillator amplifier; external oscillator signal is input via this pin; note 1
XTAL2
10
output from the oscillator amplifier; the output must be left open-circuit when an
external oscillator signal is used; note 1
MODE
11
mode select input
1 = selects Intel mode
0 = selects Motorola mode
VDD3
12
5 V supply for output driver
TX0
13
output from the CAN output driver 0 to the physical bus line
TX1
14
output from the CAN output driver 1 to the physical bus line
VSS3
15
ground for output driver
INT
16
interrupt output, used to interrupt the microcontroller; INT is active LOW if any bit of
the internal interrupt register is set; INT is an open-drain output and is designed to
be a wired-OR with other INT outputs within the system; a LOW level on this pin will
reactivate the IC from sleep mode
RST
17
reset input, used to reset the CAN interface (active LOW); automatic power-on reset
can be obtained by connecting RST via a capacitor to VSS and a resistor to VDD
(e.g. C = 1 µF; R = 50 kΩ)
18
5 V supply for input comparator
VDD2
RX0, RX1
19, 20
input from the physical CAN-bus line to the input comparator of the SJA1000;
a dominant level will wake up the SJA1000 if sleeping; a dominant level is read, if
RX1 is higher than RX0 and vice versa for the recessive level; if the CBP bit (see
Table 49) is set in the clock divider register, the CAN input comparator is bypassed
to achieve lower internal delays if an external transceiver circuitry is connected to
the SJA1000; in this case only RX0 is active; HIGH is interpreted as recessive level
and LOW is interpreted as dominant level
VSS2
21
ground for input comparator
VDD1
22
5 V supply for logic circuits
Note
1. XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins should be connected to VSS1 via 15 pF capacitors.
2000 Jan 04
5
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
handbook, halfpage
handbook, halfpage
AD6 1
28 AD5
AD6 1
28 AD5
AD7 2
27 AD4
AD7 2
27 AD4
ALE/AS 3
26 AD3
ALE/AS 3
26 AD3
CS 4
25 AD2
CS 4
25 AD2
RD/E 5
24 AD1
RD/E 5
24 AD1
WR 6
23 AD0
WR 6
23 AD0
22 VDD1
CLKOUT 7
SJA1000T
21 VSS2
VSS1 8
21 VSS2
VSS1 8
XTAL1 9
20 RX1
XTAL1 9
20 RX1
XTAL2 10
19 RX0
XTAL2 10
19 RX0
MODE 11
18 VDD2
MODE 11
18 VDD2
VDD3 12
VDD3 12
17 RST
17 RST
TX0 13
16 INT
TX0 13
16 INT
TX1 14
15 VSS3
TX1 14
15 VSS3
MGK617
MGK616
Fig.2 Pin configuration (DIP28).
2000 Jan 04
22 VDD1
CLKOUT 7
SJA1000
Fig.3 Pin configuration (SO28).
6
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6
SJA1000
oscillator drifts) and to define the sample point and the
number of samples to be taken within a bit time.
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
6.1
6.1.1
Description of the CAN controller blocks
6.1.7
INTERFACE MANAGEMENT LOGIC (IML)
The interface management logic interprets commands
from the CPU, controls addressing of the CAN registers
and provides interrupts and status information to the host
microcontroller.
6.1.2
The EML is responsible for the error confinement of the
transfer-layer modules. It receives error announcements
from the BSP and then informs the BSP and IML about
error statistics.
TRANSMIT BUFFER (TXB)
6.2
The transmit buffer is an interface between the CPU and
the Bit Stream Processor (BSP) that is able to store a
complete message for transmission over the CAN
network. The buffer is 13 bytes long, written to by the CPU
and read out by the BSP.
6.1.3
RECEIVE BUFFER (RXB, RXFIFO)
• BasicCAN mode; PCA82C200 compatible
• PeliCAN mode; extended features.
The mode of operation is selected with the CAN-mode bit
located within the clock divider register. Default mode
upon reset is the BasicCAN mode.
6.2.1
ACCEPTANCE FILTER (ACF)
6.2.1.1
BIT STREAM PROCESSOR (BSP)
6.2.1.2
BIT TIMING LOGIC (BTL)
Clock divider register
The clock divider register is used to select the CAN mode
of operation (BasicCAN/PeliCAN). Therefore one of the
reserved bits within the PCA82C200 is used. Writing a
value between 0 and 7, as allowed for the PCA82C200,
will enter the BasicCAN mode. The default state is divide
by 12 for Motorola mode and divide by 2 for Intel mode.
An additional function is implemented within another of the
reserved bits. Setting of bit CBP (see Table 49) enables
the internal RX input comparator to be bypassed thereby
reducing the internal delays if an external transceiver
circuit is used.
The bit timing logic monitors the serial CAN-bus line and
handles the bus line-related bit timing. It is synchronized to
the bit stream on the CAN-bus on a
‘recessive-to-dominant’ bus line transition at the beginning
of a message (hard synchronization) and re-synchronized
on further transitions during the reception of a message
(soft synchronization). The BTL also provides
programmable time segments to compensate for the
propagation delay times and phase shifts (e.g. due to
2000 Jan 04
Synchronization mode
The SYNC bit in the control register is removed (CR.6 in
the PCA82C200). Synchronization is only possible by a
recessive-to-dominant transition on the CAN-bus. Writing
to this bit has no effect. To achieve compatibility to existing
application software, a read access to this bit will reflect
the previously written value (flip-flop without effect).
The bit stream processor is a sequencer which controls the
data stream between the transmit buffer, RXFIFO and the
CAN-bus. It also performs the error detection, arbitration,
stuffing and error handling on the CAN-bus.
6.1.6
PCA82C200 COMPATIBILITY
In BasicCAN mode the SJA1000 emulates all known
registers from the PCA82C200 stand-alone CAN
controller. The characteristics, as described in Sections
6.2.1.1 to 6.2.1.4 are different from the PCA82C200
design with respect to software compatibility.
The acceptance filter compares the received identifier with
the acceptance filter register contents and decides
whether this message should be accepted or not. In the
event of a positive acceptance test, the complete message
is stored in the RXFIFO.
6.1.5
Detailed description of the CAN controller
The SJA1000 is designed to be software and
pin-compatible to its predecessor, the PCA82C200
stand-alone CAN controller. Additionally, a lot of new
functions are implemented. To achieve the software
compatibility, two different modes of operation are
implemented:
The receive buffer is an interface between the acceptance
filter and the CPU that stores the received and accepted
messages from the CAN-bus line. The Receive Buffer
(RXB) represents a CPU-accessible 13-byte window of the
Receive FIFO (RXFIFO), which has a total length of
64 bytes.
With the help of this FIFO the CPU is able to process one
message while other messages are being received.
6.1.4
ERROR MANAGEMENT LOGIC (EML)
7
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.2.1.3
SJA1000
Receive buffer
6.3
6.3.1
The dual receive buffer concept of the PCA82C200 is
replaced by the receive FIFO from the PeliCAN controller.
This has no effect to the application software except for the
data overrun probability. Now more than two messages
may be received (up to 64 bytes) until a data overrun
occurs.
6.2.1.4
The address area of the SJA1000 consists of the control
segment and the message buffers. The control segment is
programmed during an initialization download in order to
configure communication parameters (e.g. bit timing).
Communication over the CAN-bus is also controlled via
this segment by the microcontroller. During initialization
the CLKOUT signal may be programmed to a value
determined by the microcontroller.
CAN 2.0B
A message, which should be transmitted, has to be written
to the transmit buffer. After a successful reception the
microcontroller may read the received message from the
receive buffer and then release it for further use.
The exchange of status, control and command signals
between the microcontroller and the SJA1000 is
performed in the control segment. The layout of this
segment is shown in Table 3. After an initial download, the
contents of the registers acceptance code, acceptance
mask, bus timing registers 0 and 1 and output control
should not be changed. Therefore these registers may
only be accessed when the reset request bit in the control
register is set HIGH.
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BASICCAN AND PELICAN
MODE
In the PeliCAN mode the SJA1000 appears with a
re-organized register mapping with a lot of new features.
All known bits from the PCA82C200 design are available
as well as several new ones. In the PeliCAN mode the
complete CAN 2.0B functionality is supported (29-bit
identifier).
Main new features of the SJA1000 are:
For register access, two different modes have to be
distinguished:
• Reception and transmission of standard and extended
frame format messages
• Reset mode
• Receive FIFO (64-byte)
• Operating mode.
• Single/dual acceptance filter with mask and code
register for standard and extended frame
The reset mode (see Table 3, control register, bit Reset
Request) is entered automatically after a hardware reset
or when the controller enters the bus-off state (see
Table 5, status register, bit Bus Status). The operating
mode is activated by resetting of the reset request bit in the
control register.
• Error counters with read/write access
• Programmable error warning limit
• Last error code register
• Error interrupt for each CAN-bus error
• Arbitration lost interrupt with detailed bit position
• Single-shot transmission (no re-transmission on error or
arbitration lost)
• Listen only mode (monitoring of the CAN-bus, no
acknowledge, no error flags)
• Hot plugging supported (disturbance-free software
driven bit rate detection)
• Disable CLKOUT by hardware.
2000 Jan 04
BASICCAN ADDRESS LAYOUT
The SJA1000 appears to a microcontroller as a
memory-mapped I/O device. An independent operation of
both devices is guaranteed by a RAM-like implementation
of the on-chip registers.
The SJA1000 is designed to support the full CAN 2.0B
protocol specification, which means that the extended
oscillator tolerance is implemented as well as the
processing of extended frame messages. In BasicCAN
mode it is possible to transmit and receive standard frame
messages only (11-bit identifier). If extended frame
messages (29-bit identifier) are detected on the CAN-bus,
they are tolerated and an acknowledge is given if the
message was correct, but there is no receive interrupt
generated.
6.2.2
BasicCAN mode
8
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
Table 1
SJA1000
BasicCAN address allocation; note 1
CAN
ADDRESS
0
OPERATING MODE
RESET MODE
SEGMENT
READ
control
1
WRITE
READ
WRITE
control
control
control
control
(FFH)
command
(FFH)
command
2
status
−
status
−
3
interrupt
−
interrupt
−
4
(FFH)
−
acceptance code
acceptance code
5
(FFH)
−
acceptance mask
acceptance mask
6
(FFH)
−
bus timing 0
bus timing 0
7
(FFH)
−
bus timing 1
bus timing 1
8
(FFH)
−
output control
output control
9
test
test; note 2
test
test; note 2
identifier (10 to 3)
identifier (10 to 3)
(FFH)
−
identifier (2 to 0),
RTR and DLC
identifier (2 to 0),
RTR and DLC
(FFH)
−
12
data byte 1
data byte 1
(FFH)
−
13
data byte 2
data byte 2
(FFH)
−
14
data byte 3
data byte 3
(FFH)
−
15
data byte 4
data byte 4
(FFH)
−
16
data byte 5
data byte 5
(FFH)
−
17
data byte 6
data byte 6
(FFH)
−
18
data byte 7
data byte 7
(FFH)
−
19
data byte 8
data byte 8
(FFH)
−
identifier (10 to 3)
identifier (10 to 3)
identifier (10 to 3)
identifier (10 to 3)
identifier (2 to 0),
RTR and DLC
identifier (2 to 0),
RTR and DLC
identifier (2 to 0),
RTR and DLC
identifier (2 to 0),
RTR and DLC
22
data byte 1
data byte 1
data byte 1
data byte 1
23
data byte 2
data byte 2
data byte 2
data byte 2
24
data byte 3
data byte 3
data byte 3
data byte 3
25
data byte 4
data byte 4
data byte 4
data byte 4
26
data byte 5
data byte 5
data byte 5
data byte 5
27
data byte 6
data byte 6
data byte 6
data byte 6
28
data byte 7
data byte 7
data byte 7
data byte 7
29
data byte 8
data byte 8
data byte 8
data byte 8
30
(FFH)
−
(FFH)
−
31
clock divider
clock divider; note 3
clock divider
clock divider
10
11
20
21
transmit
buffer
receive
buffer
Notes
1. It should be noted that the registers are repeated within higher CAN address areas (the most significant bits of the
8-bit CPU address are not decoded: CAN address 32 continues with CAN address 0 and so on).
2. Test register is used for production testing only. Using this register during normal operation may result in undesired
behaviour of the device.
3. Some bits are writeable in reset mode only (CAN mode and CBP).
2000 Jan 04
9
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.3.2
SJA1000
RESET VALUES
Detection of a ‘reset request’ results in aborting the current transmission/reception of a message and entering the reset
mode. On the ‘1-to-0’ transition of the reset request bit, the CAN controller returns to the operating mode.
Table 2
Reset mode configuration; notes 1 and 2
VALUE
REGISTER
Control
Command
Status
Interrupt
2000 Jan 04
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
RESET BY
HARDWARE
SETTING
BIT CR.0 BY
SOFTWARE OR
DUE TO
BUS-OFF
CR.7
−
reserved
0
0
CR.6
−
reserved
X
X
CR.5
−
reserved
1
1
CR.4
OIE
Overrun Interrupt Enable
X
X
CR.3
EIE
Error Interrupt Enable
X
X
CR.2
TIE
Transmit Interrupt Enable
X
X
CR.1
RIE
Receive Interrupt Enable
X
X
CR.0
RR
Reset Request
1 (reset mode)
1 (reset mode)
CMR.7
−
reserved
note 3
note 3
CMR.6
−
reserved
CMR.5
−
reserved
CMR.4
GTS
Go To Sleep
CMR.3
CDO
Clear Data Overrun
CMR.2
RRB
Release Receive Buffer
CMR.1
AT
Abort Transmission
CMR.0
TR
Transmission Request
SR.7
BS
Bus Status
0 (bus-on)
X
SR.6
ES
Error Status
0 (ok)
X
SR.5
TS
Transmit Status
0 (idle)
0 (idle)
SR.4
RS
Receive Status
0 (idle)
0 (idle)
SR.3
TCS
Transmission Complete Status
1 (complete)
X
SR.2
TBS
Transmit Buffer Status
1 (released)
1 (released)
SR.1
DOS
Data Overrun Status
0 (absent)
0 (absent)
SR.0
RBS
Receive Buffer Status
0 (empty)
0 (empty)
IR.7
−
reserved
1
1
IR.6
−
reserved
1
1
IR.5
−
reserved
1
1
IR.4
WUI
Wake-Up Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.3
DOI
Data Overrun Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.2
EI
Error Interrupt
0 (reset)
X; note 4
IR.1
TI
Transmit Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.0
RI
Receive Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
10
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
VALUE
REGISTER
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
RESET BY
HARDWARE
SETTING
BIT CR.0 BY
SOFTWARE OR
DUE TO
BUS-OFF
Acceptance code
AC.7 to 0
AC
Acceptance Code
X
X
Acceptance mask
AM.7 to 0
AM
Acceptance Mask
X
X
Bus timing 0
Bus timing 1
Output control
BTR0.7
SJW.1
Synchronization Jump Width 1
X
X
BTR0.6
SJW.0
Synchronization Jump Width 0
X
X
BTR0.5
BRP.5
Baud Rate Prescaler 5
X
X
BTR0.4
BRP.4
Baud Rate Prescaler 4
X
X
BTR0.3
BRP.3
Baud Rate Prescaler 3
X
X
BTR0.2
BRP.2
Baud Rate Prescaler 2
X
X
BTR0.1
BRP.1
Baud Rate Prescaler 1
X
X
BTR0.0
BRP.0
Baud Rate Prescaler 0
X
X
BTR1.7
SAM
Sampling
X
X
BTR1.6
TSEG2.2
Time Segment 2.2
X
X
BTR1.5
TSEG2.1
Time Segment 2.1
X
X
BTR1.4
TSEG2.0
Time Segment 2.0
X
X
BTR1.3
TSEG1.3
Time Segment 1.3
X
X
BTR1.2
TSEG1.2
Time Segment 1.2
X
X
BTR1.1
TSEG1.1
Time Segment 1.1
X
X
BTR1.0
TSEG1.0
Time Segment 1.0
X
X
OC.7
OCTP1
Output Control Transistor P1
X
X
OC.6
OCTN1
Output Control Transistor N1
X
X
OC.5
OCPOL1
Output Control Polarity 1
X
X
OC.4
OCTP0
Output Control Transistor P0
X
X
OC.3
OCTN0
Output Control Transistor N0
X
X
OC.2
OCPOL0
Output Control Polarity 0
X
X
OC.1
OCMODE1 Output Control Mode 1
X
X
OC.0
OCMODE0 Output Control Mode 0
X
X
Transmit buffer
−
TXB
Transmit Buffer
X
X
Receive buffer
−
RXB
Receive Buffer
X; note 5
X; note 5
Clock divider
−
CDR
Clock Divider Register
00000000
(Intel);
00000101
(Motorola)
X
2000 Jan 04
11
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Notes
1. X means that the value of these registers or bits is not influenced.
2. Remarks in brackets explain functional meaning.
3. Reading the command register will always reflect a binary ‘11111111’.
4. On bus-off the error interrupt is set, if enabled.
5. Internal read/write pointers of the RXFIFO are reset to their initial values. A subsequent read access to the RXB
would show undefined data values (parts of old messages). If a message is transmitted, this message is written in
parallel to the receive buffer but no receive interrupt is generated and the receive buffer area is not locked. So, even
if the receive buffer is empty, the last transmitted message may be read from the receive buffer until it is overridden
by the next received or transmitted message.
Upon a hardware reset, the RXFIFO pointers are reset to the physical RAM address ‘0’. Setting CR.0 by software or
due to the bus-off event will reset the RXFIFO pointers to the currently valid FIFO start address which is different
from the RAM address ‘0’ after the first release receive buffer command.
6.3.3
CONTROL REGISTER (CR)
The contents of the control register are used to change the behaviour of the CAN controller. Bits may be set or reset by
the attached microcontroller which uses the control register as a read/write memory.
Table 3
Bit interpretation of the control register (CR); CAN address 0
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
VALUE
FUNCTION
CR.7
−
−
−
reserved; note 1
CR.6
−
−
−
reserved; note 2
CR.5
−
−
−
reserved; note 3
CR.4
OIE
Overrun Interrupt Enable
1
enabled; if the data overrun bit is set, the
microcontroller receives an overrun interrupt
signal (see also status register; Table 5)
0
disabled; the microcontroller receives no overrun
interrupt signal from the SJA1000
1
enabled; if the error or bus status change, the
microcontroller receives an error interrupt signal
(see also status register; Table 5)
0
disabled; the microcontroller receives no error
interrupt signal from the SJA1000
1
enabled; when a message has been successfully
transmitted or the transmit buffer is accessible
again, (e.g. after an abort transmission command)
the SJA1000 transmits a transmit interrupt signal
to the microcontroller
0
disabled; the microcontroller receives no transmit
interrupt signal from the SJA1000
CR.3
CR.2
2000 Jan 04
EIE
TIE
Error Interrupt Enable
Transmit Interrupt Enable
12
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
BIT
SYMBOL
CR.1
RIE
CR.0
RR
SJA1000
NAME
VALUE
Receive Interrupt Enable
1
enabled; when a message has been received
without errors, the SJA1000 transmits a receive
interrupt signal to the microcontroller
0
disabled; the microcontroller receives no transmit
interrupt signal from the SJA1000
1
present; detection of a reset request results in
aborting the current transmission/reception of a
message and entering the reset mode
0
absent; on the ‘1-to-0’ transition of the reset
request bit, the SJA1000 returns to the operating
mode
Reset Request; note 4
FUNCTION
Notes
1. Any write access to the control register has to set this bit to logic 0 (reset value is logic 0).
2. In the PCA82C200 this bit was used to select the synchronization mode. Because this mode is not longer
implemented, setting this bit has no influence on the microcontroller. Due to software compatibility setting this bit is
allowed. This bit will not change after hardware or software reset. In addition the value written by users software is
reflected.
3. Reading this bit will always reflect a logic 1.
4. During a hardware reset or when the bus status bit is set to logic 1 (bus-off), the reset request bit is set to logic 1
(present). If this bit is accessed by software, a value change will become visible and takes effect first with the next
positive edge of the internal clock which operates with 1⁄2 of the external oscillator frequency. During an external reset
the microcontroller cannot set the reset request bit to logic 0 (absent). Therefore, after having set the reset request
bit to logic 0, the microcontroller must check this bit to ensure that the external reset pin is not being held LOW.
Changes of the reset request bit are synchronized with the internal divided clock. Reading the reset request bit
reflects the synchronized status.
After the reset request bit is set to logic 0 the SJA1000 will wait for:
a) One occurrence of bus-free signal (11 recessive bits), if the preceding reset request has been caused by a
hardware reset or a CPU-initiated reset
b) 128 occurrences of bus-free, if the preceding reset request has been caused by a CAN controller initiated bus-off,
before re-entering the bus-on mode; it should be noted that several registers are modified if the reset request bit
was set (see also Table 2).
6.3.4
COMMAND REGISTER (CMR)
A command bit initiates an action within the transfer layer of the SJA1000. The command register appears to the
microcontroller as a write only memory. If a read access is performed to this address the byte ‘11111111’ is returned.
Between two commands at least one internal clock cycle is needed to process. The internal clock is divided by two from
the external oscillator frequency.
2000 Jan 04
13
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
Table 4
SJA1000
Bit interpretation of the command register (CMR); CAN address 1
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
VALUE
FUNCTION
CMR.7
−
−
−
reserved
CMR.6
−
−
−
reserved
CMR.5
−
−
−
reserved
CMR.4
GTS
Go To Sleep; note 1
1
sleep; the SJA1000 enters sleep mode if no CAN
interrupt is pending and there is no bus activity
0
wake up; SJA1000 operates normal
Clear Data Overrun;
note 2
1
clear; data overrun status bit is cleared
0
no action
1
released; the receive buffer, representing the
message memory space in the RXFIFO is
released
0
no action
1
present; if not already in progress, a pending
transmission request is cancelled
0
absent; no action
1
present; a message will be transmitted
0
absent; no action
CMR.3
CDO
CMR.2
RRB
Release Receive Buffer;
note 3
CMR.1
AT
Abort Transmission;
note 4
CMR.0
TR
Transmission Request;
note 5
Notes
1. The SJA1000 will enter sleep mode if the sleep bit is set to logic 1 (sleep); there is no bus activity and no interrupt is
pending. Setting of GTS with at least one of the previously mentioned exceptions valid will result in a wake-up
interrupt. After sleep mode is set, the CLKOUT signal continues until at least 15 bit times have passed, to allow a
host microcontroller clocked via this signal to enter its own standby mode before the CLKOUT goes LOW.
The SJA1000 will wake up when one of the three previously mentioned conditions is negated: after ‘Go To Sleep’ is
set LOW (wake-up), there is bus activity or INT is driven LOW (active). On wake-up, the oscillator is started and a
wake-up interrupt is generated. A sleeping SJA1000 which wakes up due to bus activity will not be able to receive
this message until it detects 11 consecutive recessive bits (bus-free sequence). It should be noted that setting of GTS
is not possible in reset mode. After clearing of reset request, setting of GTS is possible first, when bus-free is detected
again.
2. This command bit is used to clear the data overrun condition indicated by the data overrun status bit. As long as the
data overrun status bit is set no further data overrun interrupt is generated. It is allowed to give the clear data overrun
command at the same time as a release receive buffer command.
3. After reading the contents of the receive buffer, the microcontroller can release this memory space of the RXFIFO
by setting the release receive buffer bit to logic 1. This may result in another message becoming immediately
available within the receive buffer. This event will force another receive interrupt, if enabled. If there is no other
message available no further receive interrupt is generated and the receive buffer status bit is cleared.
4. The abort transmission bit is used when the CPU requires the suspension of the previously requested transmission,
e.g. to transmit a more urgent message before. A transmission already in progress is not stopped. In order to see if
the original message had been either transmitted successfully or aborted, the transmission complete status bit
should be checked. This should be done after the transmit buffer status bit has been set to logic 1 (released) or a
transmit interrupt has been generated.
5. If the transmission request was set to logic 1 in a previous command, it cannot be cancelled by setting the
transmission request bit to logic 0. The requested transmission may be cancelled by setting the abort transmission
bit to logic 1.
2000 Jan 04
14
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.3.5
SJA1000
STATUS REGISTER (SR)
The content of the status register reflects the status of the SJA1000. The status register appears to the microcontroller
as a read only memory.
Table 5
Bit interpretation of the status register (SR); CAN address 2
BIT
SR.7
SYMBOL
BS
NAME
Bus Status; note 1
SR.6
ES
Error Status; note 2
SR.5
TS
Transmit Status; note 3
SR.4
SR.3
SR.2
SR.1
SR.0
2000 Jan 04
RS
TCS
TBS
DOS
RBS
Receive Status; note 3
Transmission Complete
Status; note 4
Transmit Buffer Status;
note 5
Data Overrun Status;
note 6
Receive Buffer Status;
note 7
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
bus-off; the SJA1000 is not involved in bus
activities
0
bus-on; the SJA1000 is involved in bus activities
1
error; at least one of the error counters has
reached or exceeded the CPU warning limit
0
ok; both error counters are below the warning limit
1
transmit; the SJA1000 is transmitting a message
0
idle; no transmit message is in progress
1
receive; the SJA1000 is receiving a message
0
idle; no receive message is in progress
1
complete; the last requested transmission has
been successfully completed
0
incomplete; the previously requested transmission
is not yet completed
1
released; the CPU may write a message into the
transmit buffer
0
locked; the CPU cannot access the transmit
buffer; a message is waiting for transmission or is
already in process
1
overrun; a message was lost because there was
not enough space for that message in the RXFIFO
0
absent; no data overrun has occurred since the
last clear data overrun command was given
1
full; one or more messages are available in the
RXFIFO
0
empty; no message is available
15
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Notes
1. When the transmit error counter exceeds the limit of 255 [the bus status bit is set to logic 1 (bus-off)] the
CAN controller will set the reset request bit to logic 1 (present) and an error interrupt is generated, if enabled. It will
stay in this mode until the CPU clears the reset request bit. Once this is completed the CAN controller will wait the
minimum protocol-defined time (128 occurrences of the bus-free signal). After that the bus status bit is cleared
(bus-on), the error status bit is set to logic 0 (ok), the error counters are reset and an error interrupt is generated, if
enabled.
2. Errors detected during reception or transmission will affect the error counters according to the CAN 2.0B protocol
specification. The error status bit is set when at least one of the error counters has reached or exceeded the CPU
warning limit of 96. An error interrupt is generated, if enabled.
3. If both the receive status and the transmit status bits are logic 0 (idle) the CAN-bus is idle.
4. The transmission complete status bit is set to logic 0 (incomplete) whenever the transmission request bit is set to
logic 1. The transmission complete status bit will remain at logic 0 (incomplete) until a message is transmitted
successfully.
5. If the CPU tries to write to the transmit buffer when the transmit buffer status bit is at logic 0 (locked), the written byte
will not be accepted and will be lost without being indicated.
6. When a message that shall be received has passed the acceptance filter successfully (i.e. earliest after arbitration
field), the CAN controller needs space in the RXFIFO to store the message descriptor. Accordingly there must be
enough space for each data byte which has been received. If there is not enough space to store the message, that
message will be dropped and the data overrun condition will be indicated to the CPU only, if this received message
has no errors until the last but one bit of end of frame (message becomes valid).
7. After reading a message stored in the RXFIFO and releasing this memory space with the command release receive
buffer, this bit is cleared. If there is another message available within the FIFO this bit is set again with the next bit
quantum (tscl).
2000 Jan 04
16
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.3.6
SJA1000
INTERRUPT REGISTER (IR)
The interrupt register allows the identification of an interrupt source. When one or more bits of this register are set, the
INT pin is activated (LOW). After this register is read by the microcontroller, all bits are reset what results in a floating
level at INT. The interrupt register appears to the microcontroller as a read only memory.
Table 6
Bit interpretation of the interrupt register (IR); CAN address 3
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
VALUE
FUNCTION
IR.7
−
−
−
reserved; note 1
IR.6
−
−
−
reserved; note 1
IR.5
−
−
−
reserved; note 1
IR.4
WUI
Wake-Up Interrupt;
note 2
1
set; this bit is set when the sleep mode is left
0
reset; this bit is cleared by any read access of the
microcontroller
Data Overrun Interrupt;
note 3
1
set; this bit is set on a ‘0-to-1’ transition of the data
overrun status bit, when the data overrun interrupt
enable is set to logic 1 (enabled)
0
reset; this bit is cleared by any read access of the
microcontroller
1
set; this bit is set on a change of either the error
status or bus status bits if the error interrupt
enable is set to logic 1 (enabled)
0
reset; this bit is cleared by any read access of the
microcontroller
1
set; this bit is set whenever the transmit buffer
status changes from logic 0 to logic 1 (released)
and transmit interrupt enable is set to logic 1
(enabled)
0
reset; this bit is cleared by any read access of the
microcontroller
IR.3
IR.2
IR.1
IR.0
DOI
EI
TI
RI
Error Interrupt
Transmit Interrupt
Receive Interrupt; note 4 1
set; this bit is set while the receive FIFO is not
empty and the receive interrupt enable bit is set
to logic 1 (enabled)
0
reset; this bit is cleared by any read access of the
microcontroller
Notes
1. Reading this bit will always reflect a logic 1.
2. A wake-up interrupt is also generated if the CPU tries to set go to sleep while the CAN controller is involved in bus
activities or a CAN interrupt is pending.
3. The overrun interrupt bit (if enabled) and the data overrun status bit are set at the same time.
4. The receive interrupt bit (if enabled) and the receive buffer status bit are set at the same time.
It should be noted that the receive interrupt bit is cleared upon a read access, even if there is another message
available within the FIFO. The moment the release receive buffer command is given and there is another message
valid within the receive buffer, the receive interrupt is set again (if enabled) with the next tscl.
2000 Jan 04
17
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.3.7
SJA1000
TRANSMIT BUFFER LAYOUT
The global layout of the transmit buffer is shown in Table 7. The buffer serves to store a message from the microcontroller
to be transmitted by the SJA1000. It is subdivided into a descriptor and data field. The transmit buffer can be written to
and read out by the microcontroller in operating mode only. In reset mode a ‘FFH’ is reflected for all bytes.
Table 7
Layout of transmit buffer
CAN
ADDRESS
BITS
FIELD
NAME
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
ID.10
ID.9
ID.8
ID.7
ID.6
ID.5
ID.4
ID.3
identifier byte 2
ID.2
ID.1
ID.0
RTR
DLC.3
DLC.2
DLC.1
DLC.0
TX data 1
transmit data byte 1
13
TX data 2
transmit data byte 2
14
TX data 3
transmit data byte 3
15
TX data 4
transmit data byte 4
16
TX data 5
transmit data byte 5
17
TX data 6
transmit data byte 6
18
TX data 7
transmit data byte 7
19
TX data 8
transmit data byte 8
10
7
descriptor identifier byte 1
11
12
6.3.7.1
data
Identifier (ID)
specified correctly to avoid bus errors if two
CAN controllers start a remote frame transmission with the
same identifier simultaneously.
The identifier consists of 11 bits (ID.10 to ID.0). ID.10 is
the most significant bit, which is transmitted first on the bus
during the arbitration process. The identifier acts as the
message’s name. It is used in a receiver for acceptance
filtering and also determining the bus access priority
during the arbitration process. The lower the binary value
of the identifier the higher the priority. This is due to a
larger number of leading dominant bits during arbitration.
6.3.7.2
The range of the data byte count is 0 to 8 bytes and is
coded as follows:
DataByteCount = 8 × DLC.3 + 4 × DLC.2 + 2 × DLC.1 +
DLC.0
For reasons of compatibility no data length code >8 should
be used. If a value >8 is selected, 8 bytes are transmitted
in the data frame with the data length code specified in
DLC.
Remote Transmission Request (RTR)
If this bit is set, a remote frame will be transmitted via the
bus. This means that no data bytes are included within this
frame. Nevertheless, it is necessary to specify the correct
data length code which depends on the corresponding
data frame with the same identifier coding.
6.3.7.4
The number of transferred data bytes is determined by the
data length code. The first bit transmitted is the most
significant bit of data byte 1 at address 12.
If the RTR bit is not set, a data frame will be sent including
the number of data bytes as specified by the data length
code.
6.3.7.3
6.3.8
RECEIVE BUFFER
The global layout of the receive buffer is very similar to the
transmit buffer described in Section 6.3.7. The receive
buffer is the accessible part of the RXFIFO and is located
in the range between CAN address 20 and 29.
Data Length Code (DLC)
The number of bytes in the data field of a message is
coded by the data length code. At the start of a remote
frame transmission the data length code is not considered
due to the RTR bit being at logic 1 (remote). This forces
the number of transmitted/received data bytes to be
logic 0. Nevertheless, the data length code must be
2000 Jan 04
Data field
18
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
handbook, full pagewidth
64-byte
FIFO
message 3
message 2
release
receive
buffer
command
message 1
incoming
messages
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
receive
buffer
window
CAN address
MGK618
Message 1 is now available in the receive buffer.
Fig.4 Example of the message storage within the RXFIFO.
Identifier, remote transmission request bit and data length
code have the same meaning and location as described in
the transmit buffer but within the address range 20 to 29.
6.3.9
With the help of the acceptance filter the CAN controller is
able to allow passing of received messages to the RXFIFO
only when the identifier bits of the received message are
equal to the predefined ones within the acceptance filter
registers. The acceptance filter is defined by the
acceptance code register (ACR; see Section 6.3.9.1) and
the acceptance mask register (AMR; see Section 6.3.9.2).
As illustrated in Fig.4 the RXFIFO has space for
64 message bytes in total. The number of messages that
can be stored in the FIFO at any particular moment
depends on the length of the individual messages. If there
is not enough space for a new message within the
RXFIFO, the CAN controller generates a data overrun
condition. A message which is partly written into the
RXFIFO, when the data overrun condition occurs, is
deleted. This situation is indicated to the microcontroller
via the status register and the data overrun interrupt, if
enabled and the frame was received without any errors
until the last but one bit of end of frame (RX message
becomes valid).
2000 Jan 04
ACCEPTANCE FILTER
19
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.3.9.1
Table 8
SJA1000
Acceptance Code Register (ACR)
ACR bit allocation; can address 4
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
AC.7
AC.6
AC.5
AC.4
AC.3
AC.2
AC.1
AC.0
This register can be accessed (read/write), if the reset
request bit is set HIGH (present). When a message is
received which passes the acceptance test and there is
receive buffer space left, then the respective descriptor
and data field are sequentially stored in the RXFIFO.
When the complete message has been correctly received
the following occurs:
The acceptance code bits (AC.7 to AC.0) and the eight
most significant bits of the message’s identifier
(ID.10 to ID.3) must be equal to those bit positions which
are marked relevant by the acceptance mask bits
(AM.7 to AM.0). If the conditions as described in the
following equation are fulfilled, acceptance is given:
(ID.10 to ID.3) ≡ (AC.7 to AC.0)] ∨ (AM.7 to AM.0)
≡ 11111111
• The receive status bit is set HIGH (full)
• If the receive interrupt enable bit is set HIGH (enabled),
the receive interrupt is set HIGH (set).
6.3.9.2
Acceptance Mask Register (AMR)
Table 9
AMR bit allocation; CAN address 5
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
AM.7
AM.6
AM.5
AM.4
AM.3
AM.2
AM.1
AM.0
This register can be accessed (read/write), if the reset
request bit is set HIGH (present). The acceptance mask
register qualifies which of the corresponding bits of the
acceptance code are ‘relevant’ (AM.X = 0) or ‘don’t care’
(AM.X = 1) for acceptance filtering.
6.3.9.3
6.4
6.4.1
PeliCAN mode
PELICAN ADDRESS LAYOUT
The CAN controller’s internal registers appear to the CPU
as on-chip memory mapped peripheral registers. Because
the CAN controller can operate in different modes
(operating/reset; see also Section 6.4.3), one has to
distinguish between different internal address definitions.
Other registers
The other registers are described in Section 6.5.
Starting from CAN address 32 the complete internal RAM
(80-byte) is mapped to the CPU interface.
2000 Jan 04
20
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 10 PeliCAN address allocation; note 1
OPERATING MODE
CAN
ADDRESS
RESET MODE
READ
WRITE
READ
WRITE
0
mode
mode
mode
mode
1
(00H)
command
(00H)
command
2
status
−
status
−
3
interrupt
−
interrupt
−
4
interrupt enable
interrupt enable
interrupt enable
interrupt enable
5
reserved (00H)
−
reserved (00H)
−
6
bus timing 0
−
bus timing 0
bus timing 0
7
bus timing 1
−
bus timing 1
bus timing 1
8
output control
−
output control
output control
9
test
test; note 2
test
test; note 2
10
reserved (00H)
−
reserved (00H)
−
11
arbitration lost capture
−
arbitration lost
capture
−
12
error code capture
−
error code
capture
−
13
error warning limit
−
error warning
limit
error warning
limit
14
RX error counter
−
RX error counter RX error counter
15
TX error counter
−
TX error counter TX error counter
16
RX frame
information
SFF; note 3
TX frame
information
SFF; note 3
17
TX frame
information
EFF; note 4
acceptance
code 0
acceptance
code 0
RX identifier 1 RX identifier 1 TX identifier 1
TX identifier 1
acceptance
code 1
acceptance
code 1
18
RX identifier 2 RX identifier 2 TX identifier 2
TX identifier 2
acceptance
code 2
acceptance
code 2
19
RX data 1
RX identifier 3 TX data 1
TX identifier 3
acceptance
code 3
acceptance
code 3
20
RX data 2
RX identifier 4 TX data 2
TX identifier 4
acceptance
mask 0
acceptance
mask 0
21
RX data 3
RX data 1
TX data 3
TX data 1
acceptance
mask 1
acceptance
mask 1
22
RX data 4
RX data 2
TX data 4
TX data 2
acceptance
mask 2
acceptance
mask 2
23
RX data 5
RX data 3
TX data 5
TX data 3
acceptance
mask 3
acceptance
mask 3
24
RX data 6
RX data 4
TX data 6
TX data 4
reserved (00H)
−
25
RX data 7
RX data 5
TX data 7
TX data 5
reserved (00H)
−
26
RX data 8
RX data 6
TX data 8
TX data 6
reserved (00H)
−
2000 Jan 04
RX frame
information
EFF; note 4
21
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
OPERATING MODE
CAN
ADDRESS
READ
RESET MODE
WRITE
READ
WRITE
27
(FIFO RAM);
note 5
RX data 7
−
TX data 7
reserved (00H)
−
28
(FIFO RAM);
note 5
RX data 8
−
TX data 8
reserved (00H)
−
29
RX message counter
−
RX message
counter
−
30
RX buffer start address
−
RX buffer start
address
RX buffer start
address
31
clock divider
clock divider; note 6
clock divider
clock divider
32
internal RAM address 0 (FIFO) −
internal RAM
address 0
internal RAM
address 0
33
internal RAM address 1 (FIFO) −
internal RAM
address 1
internal RAM
address 1
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
95
internal RAM address 63
(FIFO)
−
internal RAM
address 63
internal RAM
address 63
96
internal RAM address 64
(TX buffer)
−
internal RAM
address 64
internal RAM
address 64
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
108
internal RAM address 76
(TX buffer)
−
internal RAM
address 76
internal RAM
address 76
109
internal RAM address 77 (free) −
internal RAM
address 77
internal RAM
address 77
110
internal RAM address 78 (free) −
internal RAM
address 78
internal RAM
address 78
111
internal RAM address 79 (free) −
internal RAM
address 79
internal RAM
address 79
112
(00H)
−
(00H)
−
↓
↓
↓
↓
↓
127
(00H)
−
(00H)
−
Notes
1. It should be noted that the registers are repeated within higher CAN address areas (the most significant bit of the
8-bit CPU address is not decoded: CAN address 128 continues with CAN address 0 and so on).
2. Test register is used for production testing only. Using this register during normal operation may result in undesired
behaviour of the device.
3. SFF = Standard Frame Format.
4. EFF = Extended Frame Format.
5. These address allocations reflect the FIFO RAM space behind the current message. The contents are random after
power-up and contain the beginning of the next message which is received after the current one. If no further
message is received, parts of old messages may occur here.
6. Some bits are writeable in reset mode only (CAN mode, CBP, RXINTEN and clock off).
2000 Jan 04
22
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.4.2
SJA1000
RESET VALUES
Detection of a set reset mode bit results in aborting the current transmission/reception of a message and entering the
reset mode. On the ‘1-to-0’ transition of the reset mode bit, the CAN controller returns to the mode defined within the
mode register.
Table 11 Reset mode configuration; notes 1 and 2
VALUE
REGISTER
Mode
Command
Status
Interrupt
2000 Jan 04
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
RESET BY
HARDWARE
SETTING MOD.0
BY SOFTWARE
OR DUE TO
BUS-OFF
MOD.7 to 5
−
reserved
0 (reserved)
0 (reserved)
MOD.4
SM
Sleep Mode
0 (wake-up)
0 (wake-up)
MOD.3
AFM
Acceptance Filter Mode
0 (dual)
X
MOD.2
STM
Self Test Mode
0 (normal)
X
MOD.1
LOM
Listen Only Mode
0 (normal)
X
MOD.0
RM
Reset Mode
1 (present)
1 (present)
CMR.7 to 5
−
reserved
0 (reserved)
0 (reserved)
CMR.4
SRR
Self Reception Request
0 (absent)
0 (absent)
CMR.3
CDO
Clear Data Overrun
0 (no action)
0 (no action)
CMR.2
RRB
Release Receive Buffer
0 (no action)
0 (no action)
CMR.1
AT
Abort Transmission
0 (absent)
0 (absent)
CMR.0
TR
Transmission Request
0 (absent)
0 (absent)
SR.7
BS
Bus Status
0 (bus-on)
X
SR.6
ES
Error Status
0 (ok)
X
SR.5
TS
Transmit Status
1 (wait idle)
1 (wait idle)
SR.4
RS
Receive Status
1 (wait idle)
1 (wait idle)
SR.3
TCS
Transmission Complete
Status
1 (complete)
X
SR.2
TBS
Transmit Buffer Status
1 (released)
1 (released)
SR.1
DOS
Data Overrun Status
0 (absent)
0 (absent)
SR.0
RBS
Receive Buffer Status
0 (empty)
0 (empty)
IR.7
BEI
Bus Error Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.6
ALI
Arbitration Lost Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.5
EPI
Error Passive Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.4
WUI
Wake-Up Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.3
DOI
Data Overrun Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.2
EI
Error Warning Interrupt
0 (reset)
X; note 3
IR.1
TI
Transmit Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
IR.0
RI
Receive Interrupt
0 (reset)
0 (reset)
23
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
VALUE
REGISTER
Interrupt
enable
Bus timing 0
Bus timing 1
2000 Jan 04
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
RESET BY
HARDWARE
SETTING MOD.0
BY SOFTWARE
OR DUE TO
BUS-OFF
IER.7
BEIE
Bus Error Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.6
ALIE
Arbitration Lost Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.5
EPIE
Error Passive Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.4
WUIE
Wake-Up Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.3
DOIE
Data Overrun Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.2
EIE
Error Warning Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.1
TIE
Transmit Interrupt
Enable
X
X
IER.0
RIE
Receive Interrupt Enable X
X
BTR0.7
SJW.1
Synchronization Jump
Width 1
X
X
BTR0.6
SJW.0
Synchronization Jump
Width 0
X
X
BTR0.5
BRP.5
Baud Rate Prescaler 5
X
X
BTR0.4
BRP.4
Baud Rate Prescaler 4
X
X
BTR0.3
BRP.3
Baud Rate Prescaler 3
X
X
BTR0.2
BRP.2
Baud Rate Prescaler 2
X
X
BTR0.1
BRP.1
Baud Rate Prescaler 1
X
X
BTR0.0
BRP.0
Baud Rate Prescaler 0
X
X
BTR1.7
SAM
Sampling
X
X
BTR1.6
TSEG2.2
Time Segment 2.2
X
X
BTR1.5
TSEG2.1
Time Segment 2.1
X
X
BTR1.4
TSEG2.0
Time Segment 2.0
X
X
BTR1.3
TSEG1.3
Time Segment 1.3
X
X
BTR1.2
TSEG1.2
Time Segment 1.2
X
X
BTR1.1
TSEG1.1
Time Segment 1.1
X
X
BTR1.0
TSEG1.0
Time Segment 1.0
X
X
24
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
VALUE
REGISTER
Output control
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
RESET BY
HARDWARE
SETTING MOD.0
BY SOFTWARE
OR DUE TO
BUS-OFF
OCR.7
OCTP1
Output Control
Transistor P1
X
X
OCR.6
OCTN1
Output Control
Transistor N1
X
X
OCR.5
OCPOL1
Output Control Polarity 1 X
X
OCR.4
OCTP0
Output Control
Transistor P0
X
X
OCR.3
OCTN0
Output Control
Transistor N0
X
X
OCR.2
OCPOL0
Output Control Polarity 0 X
X
OCR.1
OCMODE1
Output Control Mode 1
X
X
OCR.0
OCMODE0
Output Control Mode 0
X
X
Arbitration lost
capture
−
ALC
Arbitration Lost Capture
0
X
Error code
capture
−
ECC
Error Code Capture
0
X
Error warning
limit
−
EWLR
Error Warning Limit
Register
96
X
RX error
counter
−
RXERR
Receive Error Counter
0 (reset)
X; note 4
TX error
counter
−
TXERR
Transmit Error Counter
0 (reset)
X; note 4
TX buffer
−
TXB
Transmit Buffer
X
X
RX buffer
−
RXB
Receive Buffer
X; note 5
X; note 5
ACR 0 to 3
−
ACR0 to ACR3
Acceptance Code
Registers
X
X
AMR 0 to 3
−
AMR0 to AMR3
Acceptance Mask
Registers
X
X
RX message
counter
−
RMC
RX Message Counter
0
0
RX buffer start
address
−
RBSA
RX Buffer Start Address
00000000
X
Clock divider
−
CDR
Clock Divider Register
00000000 Intel;
00000101
Motorola
X
2000 Jan 04
25
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Notes
1. X means that the value of these registers or bits is not influenced.
2. Remarks in brackets explain functional meaning.
3. On bus-off the error warning interrupt is set, if enabled.
4. If the reset mode was entered due to a bus-off condition, the receive error counter is cleared and the transmit error
counter is initialized to 127 to count-down the CAN-defined bus-off recovery time consisting of 128 occurrences of
11 consecutive recessive bits.
5. Internal read/write pointers of the RXFIFO are reset to their initial values. A subsequent read access to the RXB
would show undefined data values (parts of old messages).
If a message is transmitted, this message is written in parallel to the receive buffer. A receive interrupt is generated
only if this transmission was forced by the self reception request. So, even if the receive buffer is empty, the last
transmitted message may be read from the receive buffer until it is overwritten by the next received or transmitted
message.
Upon a hardware reset, the RXFIFO pointers are reset to the physical RAM address ‘0’. Setting CR.0 by software or
due to the bus-off event will reset the RXFIFO pointers to the currently valid FIFO start address (RBSA register)
which is different from the RAM address ‘0’ after the first release receive buffer command.
6.4.3
MODE REGISTER (MOD)
The contents of the mode register are used to change the behaviour of the CAN controller. Bits may be set or reset by
the CPU which uses the control register as a read/write memory. Reserved bits are read as logic 0.
Table 12 Bit interpretation of the mode register (MOD); CAN address ‘0’
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
VALUE
FUNCTION
MOD.7
−
−
−
reserved
MOD.6
−
−
−
reserved
MOD.5
−
−
−
reserved
MOD.4
SM
Sleep Mode; note 1
1
sleep; the CAN controller enters sleep mode if no
CAN interrupt is pending and if there is no bus
activity
0
wake-up; the CAN controller wakes up if sleeping
MOD.3
AFM
Acceptance Filter Mode;
note 2
1
single; the single acceptance filter option is
enabled (one filter with the length of 32 bit is
active)
0
dual; the dual acceptance filter option is enabled
(two filters, each with the length of 16 bit are
active)
1
self test; in this mode a full node test is possible
without any other active node on the bus using the
self reception request command; the
CAN controller will perform a successful
transmission, even if there is no acknowledge
received
0
normal; an acknowledge is required for successful
transmission
MOD.2
2000 Jan 04
STM
Self Test Mode; note 2
26
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
MOD.1
LOM
Listen Only Mode;
notes 2 and 3
MOD.0
RM
Reset Mode; note 4
SJA1000
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
listen only; in this mode the CAN controller would
give no acknowledge to the CAN-bus, even if a
message is received successfully; the error
counters are stopped at the current value
0
normal
1
reset; detection of a set reset mode bit results in
aborting the current transmission/reception of a
message and entering the reset mode
0
normal; on the ‘1-to-0’ transition of the reset mode
bit, the CAN controller returns to the operating
mode
Notes
1. The SJA1000 will enter sleep mode if the sleep mode bit is set to logic 1 (sleep); then there is no bus activity and no
interrupt is pending. Setting of SM with at least one of the previously mentioned exceptions valid will result in a
wake-up interrupt. After sleep mode is set, the CLKOUT signal continues until at least 15 bit times have passed, to
allow a host microcontroller clocked via this signal to enter its own standby mode before the CLKOUT goes LOW.
The SJA1000 will wake up when one of the three previously mentioned conditions is negated: after SM is set LOW
(wake-up), there is bus activity or INT is driven LOW (active). On wake-up, the oscillator is started and a wake-up
interrupt is generated. A sleeping SJA1000 which wakes up due to bus activity will not be able to receive this
message until it detects 11 consecutive recessive bits (bus-free sequence). It should be noted that setting of SM is
not possible in reset mode. After clearing of reset mode, setting of SM is possible first, when bus-free is detected
again.
2. A write access to the bits MOD.1 to MOD.3 is only possible, if the reset mode is entered previously.
3. This mode of operation forces the CAN controller to be error passive. Message transmission is not possible.
The listen only mode can be used e.g. for software driven bit rate detection and ‘hot plugging’. All other functions can
be used like in normal mode.
4. During a hardware reset or when the bus status bit is set to logic 1 (bus-off), the reset mode bit is also set to logic 1
(present). If this bit is accessed by software, a value change will become visible and takes effect first with the next
positive edge of the internal clock which operates at half of the external oscillator frequency. During an external reset
the microcontroller cannot set the reset mode bit to logic 0 (absent). Therefore, after having set the reset mode bit to
logic 1, the microcontroller must check this bit to ensure that the external reset pin is not being held HIGH. Changes
of the reset request bit are synchronized with the internal divided clock. Reading the reset request bit reflects the
synchronized status. After the reset mode bit is set to logic 0 the CAN controller will wait for:
a) One occurrence of bus-free signal (11 recessive bits), if the preceding reset has been caused by a hardware reset
or a CPU-initiated reset.
b) 128 occurrences of bus-free, if the preceding reset has been caused by a CAN controller initiated bus-off, before
re-entering the bus-on mode.
2000 Jan 04
27
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.4.4
SJA1000
COMMAND REGISTER (CMR)
A command bit initiates an action within the transfer layer of the CAN controller. This register is write only, all bits will
return a logic 0 when being read. Between two commands at least one internal clock cycle is needed in order to proceed.
The internal clock is half of the external oscillator frequency.
Table 13 Bit interpretation of the command register (CMR); CAN address 1
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
VALUE
FUNCTION
CMR.7
−
reserved
−
−
CMR.6
−
reserved
−
−
CMR.5
−
reserved
−
−
CMR.4
SRR
Self Reception Request;
notes 1 and 2
1
present; a message shall be transmitted and
received simultaneously
0
− (absent)
CMR.3
CDO
Clear Data Overrun;
note 3
1
clear; the data overrun status bit is cleared
0
− (no action)
CMR.2
RRB
Release Receive Buffer;
note 4
1
released; the receive buffer, representing the
message memory space in the RXFIFO is
released
0
− (no action)
1
present; if not already in progress, a pending
transmission request is cancelled
0
− (absent)
1
present; a message shall be transmitted
0
− (absent)
CMR.1
CMR.0
AT
TR
Abort Transmission;
notes 5 and 2
Transmission Request;
notes 6 and 2
Notes
1. Upon self reception request a message is transmitted and simultaneously received if the acceptance filter is set to
the corresponding identifier. A receive and a transmit interrupt will indicate correct self reception (see also self test
mode in mode register).
2. Setting the command bits CMR.0 and CMR.1 simultaneously results in sending the transmit message once.
No re-transmission will be performed in the event of an error or arbitration lost (single-shot transmission).
Setting the command bits CMR.4 and CMR.1 simultaneously results in sending the transmit message once using the
self reception feature. No re-transmission will be performed in the event of an error or arbitration lost.
Setting the command bits CMR.0, CMR.1 and CMR.4 simultaneously results in sending the transmit message once
as described for CMR.0 and CMR.1.
The moment the transmit status bit is set within the status register, the internal transmission request bit is cleared
automatically.
Setting CMR.0 and CMR.4 simultaneously will ignore the set CMR.4 bit.
3. This command bit is used to clear the data overrun condition indicated by the data overrun status bit. As long as the
data overrun status bit is set no further data overrun interrupt is generated.
4. After reading the contents of the receive buffer, the CPU can release this memory space in the RXFIFO by setting
the release receive buffer bit to logic 1. This may result in another message becoming immediately available within
the receive buffer. If there is no other message available, the receive interrupt bit is reset.
2000 Jan 04
28
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
5. The abort transmission bit is used when the CPU requires the suspension of the previously requested transmission,
e.g. to transmit a more urgent message before. A transmission already in progress is not stopped. In order to see if
the original message has been either transmitted successfully or aborted, the transmission complete status bit
should be checked. This should be done after the transmit buffer status bit has been set to logic 1 or a transmit
interrupt has been generated.
It should be noted that a transmit interrupt is generated even if the message was aborted because the transmit buffer
status bit changes to ‘released’.
6. If the transmission request was set to logic 1 in a previous command, it cannot be cancelled by setting the
transmission request bit to logic 0. The requested transmission may be cancelled by setting the abort transmission
bit to logic 1.
6.4.5
STATUS REGISTER (SR)
The content of the status register reflects the status of the CAN controller. The status register appears to the CPU as a
read only memory.
Table 14 Bit interpretation of the status register (SR); CAN address 2
BIT
SR.7
SYMBOL
BS
NAME
Bus Status; note 1
SR.6
ES
Error Status; note 2
SR.5
TS
Transmit Status; note 3
SR.4
SR.3
SR.2
2000 Jan 04
RS
TCS
TBS
Receive Status; note 3
Transmission Complete
Status; note 4
Transmit Buffer Status;
note 5
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
bus-off; the CAN controller is not involved in bus
activities
0
bus-on; the CAN controller is involved in bus
activities
1
error; at least one of the error counters has
reached or exceeded the CPU warning limit
defined by the Error Warning Limit Register
(EWLR)
0
ok; both error counters are below the warning limit
1
transmit; the CAN controller is transmitting a
message
0
idle
1
receive; the CAN controller is receiving a
message
0
idle
1
complete; last requested transmission has been
successfully completed
0
incomplete; previously requested transmission is
not yet completed
1
released; the CPU may write a message into the
transmit buffer
0
locked; the CPU cannot access the transmit
buffer; a message is either waiting for
transmission or is in the process of being
transmitted
29
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
BIT
SR.1
SR.0
SYMBOL
DOS
RBS
NAME
Data Overrun Status;
note 6
Receive Buffer Status;
note 7
SJA1000
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
overrun; a message was lost because there was
not enough space for that message in the RXFIFO
0
absent; no data overrun has occurred since the
last clear data overrun command was given
1
full; one or more complete messages are available
in the RXFIFO
0
empty; no message is available
Notes
1. When the transmit error counter exceeds the limit of 255, the bus status bit is set to logic 1 (bus-off), the
CAN controller will set the reset mode bit to logic 1 (present) and an error warning interrupt is generated, if enabled.
The transmit error counter is set to 127 and the receive error counter is cleared. It will stay in this mode until the CPU
clears the reset mode bit. Once this is completed the CAN controller will wait the minimum protocol-defined time
(128 occurrences of the bus-free signal) counting down the transmit error counter. After that the bus status bit is
cleared (bus-on), the error status bit is set to logic 0 (ok), the error counters are reset and an error warning interrupt
is generated, if enabled. Reading the TX error counter during this time gives information about the status of the
bus-off recovery.
2. Errors detected during reception or transmission will effect the error counters according to the CAN 2.0B protocol
specification. The error status bit is set when at least one of the error counters has reached or exceeded the CPU
warning limit (EWLR). An error warning interrupt is generated, if enabled. The default value of EWLR after hardware
reset is 96.
3. If both the receive status and the transmit status bits are logic 0 (idle) the CAN-bus is idle. If both bits are set the
controller is waiting to become idle again. After a hardware reset 11 consecutive recessive bits have to be detected
until the idle status is reached. After bus-off this will take 128 of 11 consecutive recessive bits.
4. The transmission complete status bit is set to logic 0 (incomplete) whenever the transmission request bit or the self
reception request bit is set to logic 1. The transmission complete status bit will remain at logic 0 until a message is
transmitted successfully.
5. If the CPU tries to write to the transmit buffer when the transmit buffer status bit is logic 0 (locked), the written byte
will not be accepted and will be lost without this being indicated.
6. When a message that is to be received has passed the acceptance filter successfully, the CAN controller needs
space in the RXFIFO to store the message descriptor and for each data byte which has been received. If there is not
enough space to store the message, that message is dropped and the data overrun condition is indicated to the CPU
at the moment this message becomes valid. If this message is not completed successfully (e.g. due to an error), no
overrun condition is indicated.
7. After reading all messages within the RXFIFO and releasing their memory space with the command release receive
buffer this bit is cleared.
2000 Jan 04
30
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.4.6
SJA1000
INTERRUPT REGISTER (IR)
The interrupt register allows the identification of an interrupt source. When one or more bits of this register are set, a CAN
interrupt will be indicated to the CPU. After this register is read by the CPU all bits are reset except for the receive interrupt
bit.
The interrupt register appears to the CPU as a read only memory.
Table 15 Bit interpretation of the interrupt register (IR); CAN address 3
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
IR.7
BEI
Bus Error Interrupt
IR.6
ALI
Arbitration Lost Interrupt
IR.5
EPI
Error Passive Interrupt
IR.4
IR.3
WUI
DOI
Wake-Up Interrupt;
note 1
Data Overrun Interrupt
IR.2
EI
Error Warning Interrupt
IR.1
TI
Transmit Interrupt
IR.0
2000 Jan 04
RI
Receive Interrupt; note 2
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
set; this bit is set when the CAN controller detects
an error on the CAN-bus and the BEIE bit is set
within the interrupt enable register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set when the CAN controller lost the
arbitration and becomes a receiver and the ALIE
bit is set within the interrupt enable register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set whenever the CAN controller has
reached the error passive status (at least one
error counter exceeds the protocol-defined level of
127) or if the CAN controller is in the error passive
status and enters the error active status again and
the EPIE bit is set within the interrupt enable
register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set when the CAN controller is
sleeping and bus activity is detected and the
WUIE bit is set within the interrupt enable register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set on a ‘0-to-1’ transition of the data
overrun status bit and the DOIE bit is set within
the interrupt enable register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set on every change (set and clear)
of either the error status or bus status bits and the
EIE bit is set within the interrupt enable register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set whenever the transmit buffer
status changes from ‘0-to-1’ (released) and the
TIE bit is set within the interrupt enable register
0
reset
1
set; this bit is set while the receive FIFO is not
empty and the RIE bit is set within the interrupt
enable register
0
reset; no more message is available within the
RXFIFO
31
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Notes
1. A wake-up interrupt is also generated, if the CPU tries to set the sleep bit while the CAN controller is involved in bus
activities or a CAN interrupt is pending.
2. The behaviour of this bit is equivalent to that of the receive buffer status bit with the exception, that RI depends on
the corresponding interrupt enable bit (RIE). So the receive interrupt bit is not cleared upon a read access to the
interrupt register. Giving the command ‘release receive buffer’ will clear RI temporarily. If there is another message
available within the FIFO after the release command, RI is set again. Otherwise RI remains cleared.
6.4.7
INTERRUPT ENABLE REGISTER (IER)
The register allows to enable different types of interrupt sources which are indicated to the CPU.
The interrupt enable register appears to the CPU as a read/write memory.
Table 16 Bit interpretation of the interrupt enable register (IER); CAN address 4
BIT
IER.7
IER.6
SYMBOL
BEIE
ALIE
NAME
Bus Error Interrupt
Enable
Arbitration Lost Interrupt
Enable
IER.5
EPIE
Error Passive Interrupt
Enable
IER.4
WUIE
Wake-Up Interrupt
Enable
IER.3
DOIE
Data Overrun Interrupt
Enable
IER.2
EIE
Error Warning Interrupt
Enable
IER.1
TIE
Transmit Interrupt Enable
IER.0
RIE
Receive Interrupt
Enable; note 1
2000 Jan 04
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
enabled; if an bus error has been detected, the
CAN controller requests the respective interrupt
0
disabled
1
enabled; if the CAN controller has lost arbitration,
the respective interrupt is requested
0
disabled
1
enabled; if the error status of the CAN controller
changes from error active to error passive or vice
versa, the respective interrupt is requested
0
disabled
1
enabled; if the sleeping CAN controller wakes up,
the respective interrupt is requested
0
disabled
1
enabled; if the data overrun status bit is set (see
status register; Table 14), the CAN controller
requests the respective interrupt
0
disabled
1
enabled; if the error or bus status change (see
status register; Table 14), the CAN controller
requests the respective interrupt
0
disabled
1
enabled; when a message has been successfully
transmitted or the transmit buffer is accessible
again (e.g. after an abort transmission command),
the CAN controller requests the respective
interrupt
0
disabled
1
enabled; when the receive buffer status is ‘full’ the
CAN controller requests the respective interrupt
0
disabled
32
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Note
1. The receive interrupt enable bit has direct influence to the receive interrupt bit and the external interrupt output INT.
If RIE is cleared, the external INT pin will become HIGH immediately, if there is no other interrupt pending.
6.4.8
ARBITRATION LOST CAPTURE REGISTER (ALC)
This register contains information about the bit position of losing arbitration. The arbitration lost capture register appears
to the CPU as a read only memory. Reserved bits are read as logic 0.
Table 17 Bit interpretation of the arbitration lost capture register (ALC); CAN address 11
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
ALC.7 to
ALC.5
−
reserved
ALC.4
BITNO4
bit number 4
ALC.3
BITNO3
bit number 3
ALC.2
BITNO2
bit number 2
ALC.1
BITNO1
bit number 1
ALC.0
BITNO0
bit number 0
VALUE
FUNCTION
For value and function see Table 18
On arbitration lost, the corresponding arbitration lost interrupt is forced, if enabled. At the same time, the current bit
position of the bit stream processor is captured into the arbitration lost capture register. The content within this register
is fixed until the users software has read out its contents once. The capture mechanism is then activated again.
The corresponding interrupt flag located in the interrupt register is cleared during the read access to the interrupt register.
A new arbitration lost interrupt is not possible until the arbitration lost capture register is read out once.
start of frame
handbook, full pagewidth
standard frame and
extended frame messages
ID.28 ID.27 ID.26 ID.25 ID.24 ID.23 ID.22 ID.21 ID.20 ID.19 ID.18 SRTR IDE
00
extended frame
messages
01
02
03
04
05
ID.17 ID.16 ID.15 ID.14 ID.13 ID.12 ID.11 ID.10 ID.9
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
ID.8
ID.7
ID.6
ID.5
ID.4
ID.3
ID.2
ID.1
ID.0
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
RTR
31
MGK619
Fig.5 Arbitration lost bit number interpretation.
2000 Jan 04
33
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
handbook, full pagewidth
SJA1000
start of frame
arbitration lost
TX
RX
ID.28 ID.27 ID.26 ID.25 ID.24 ID.23 ID.22 ID.21 ID.20 ID.19 ID.18 SRTR
IDE
MGK620
Fig.6 Example of arbitration lost bit number interpretation; result: ALC = 08.
2000 Jan 04
34
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 18 Function of bits 4 to 0 of the arbitration lost capture register
BITS(1)
ALC.4
ALC.3
ALC.2
ALC.1
ALC.0
DECIMAL
VALUE
0
0
0
0
0
00
arbitration lost in bit 1 of identifier
0
0
0
0
1
01
arbitration lost in bit 2 of identifier
0
0
0
1
0
02
arbitration lost in bit 3 of identifier
0
0
0
1
1
03
arbitration lost in bit 4 of identifier
0
0
1
0
0
04
arbitration lost in bit 5 of identifier
0
0
1
0
1
05
arbitration lost in bit 6 of identifier
0
0
1
1
0
06
arbitration lost in bit 7 of identifier
0
0
1
1
1
07
arbitration lost in bit 8 of identifier
0
1
0
0
0
08
arbitration lost in bit 9 of identifier
0
1
0
0
1
09
arbitration lost in bit 10 of identifier
0
1
0
1
0
10
arbitration lost in bit 11 of identifier
0
1
0
1
1
11
arbitration lost in bit SRTR; note 2
0
1
1
0
0
12
arbitration lost in bit IDE
0
1
1
0
1
13
arbitration lost in bit 12 of identifier; note 3
0
1
1
1
0
14
arbitration lost in bit 13 of identifier; note 3
0
1
1
1
1
15
arbitration lost in bit 14 of identifier; note 3
1
0
0
0
0
16
arbitration lost in bit 15 of identifier; note 3
1
0
0
0
1
17
arbitration lost in bit 16 of identifier; note 3
1
0
0
1
0
18
arbitration lost in bit 17 of identifier; note 3
1
0
0
1
1
19
arbitration lost in bit 18 of identifier; note 3
1
0
1
0
0
20
arbitration lost in bit 19 of identifier; note 3
1
0
1
0
1
21
arbitration lost in bit 20 of identifier; note 3
1
0
1
1
0
22
arbitration lost in bit 21 of identifier; note 3
1
0
1
1
1
23
arbitration lost in bit 22 of identifier; note 3
1
1
0
0
0
24
arbitration lost in bit 23 of identifier; note 3
1
1
0
0
1
25
arbitration lost in bit 24 of identifier; note 3
1
1
0
1
0
26
arbitration lost in bit 25 of identifier; note 3
1
1
0
1
1
27
arbitration lost in bit 26 of identifier; note 3
1
1
1
0
0
28
arbitration lost in bit 27 of identifier; note 3
1
1
1
0
1
29
arbitration lost in bit 28 of identifier; note 3
1
1
1
1
0
30
arbitration lost in bit 29 of identifier; note 3
1
1
1
1
1
31
arbitration lost in bit RTR; note 3
Notes
1. Binary coded frame bit number where arbitration was lost.
2. Bit RTR for standard frame messages.
3. Extended frame messages only.
2000 Jan 04
35
FUNCTION
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.4.9
SJA1000
ERROR CODE CAPTURE REGISTER (ECC)
This register contains information about the type and location of errors on the bus. The error code capture register
appears to the CPU as a read only memory.
Table 19 Bit interpretation of the error code capture register (ECC); CAN address 12
BIT
SYMBOL
NAME
VALUE
FUNCTION
ECC.7(1)
ERRC1
Error Code 1
−
−
ECC.6(1)
ERRC0
Error Code 0
−
−
ECC.5
DIR
Direction
1
RX; error occurred during reception
0
TX; error occurred during transmission
ECC.4(2)
SEG4
Segment 4
−
−
ECC.3(2)
SEG3
Segment 3
−
−
ECC.2(2)
SEG2
Segment 2
−
−
ECC.1(2)
SEG1
Segment 1
−
−
ECC.0(2)
SEG0
Segment 0
−
−
Notes
1. For bit interpretation of bits ECC.7 and ECC.6 see Table 20.
2. For bit interpretation of bits ECC.4 to ECC.0 see Table 21.
Table 20 Bit interpretation of bits ECC.7 and ECC.6
BIT ECC.7
BIT ECC.6
0
0
bit error
0
1
form error
1
0
stuff error
1
1
other type of error
2000 Jan 04
FUNCTION
36
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 21 Bit interpretation of bits ECC.4 to ECC.0; note 1
BIT ECC.4 BIT ECC.3 BIT ECC.2 BIT ECC.1 BIT ECC.0
FUNCTION
0
0
0
1
1
start of frame
0
0
0
1
0
ID.28 to ID.21
0
0
1
1
0
ID.20 to ID.18
0
0
1
0
0
bit SRTR
0
0
1
0
1
bit IDE
0
0
1
1
1
ID.17 to ID.13
0
1
1
1
1
ID.12 to ID.5
0
1
1
1
0
ID.4 to ID.0
0
1
1
0
0
bit RTR
0
1
1
0
1
reserved bit 1
0
1
0
0
1
reserved bit 0
0
1
0
1
1
data length code
0
1
0
1
0
data field
0
1
0
0
0
CRC sequence
1
1
0
0
0
CRC delimiter
1
1
0
0
1
acknowledge slot
1
1
0
1
1
acknowledge delimiter
1
1
0
1
0
end of frame
1
0
0
1
0
intermission
1
0
0
0
1
active error flag
1
0
1
1
0
passive error flag
1
0
0
1
1
tolerate dominant bits
1
0
1
1
1
error delimiter
1
1
1
0
0
overload flag
Note
1. Bit settings reflect the current frame segment to distinguish between different error events.
If a bus error occurs, the corresponding bus error interrupt
is always forced, if enabled. At the same time, the current
position of the bit stream processor is captured into the
error code capture register. The content within this register
is fixed until the users software has read out its content
once. The capture mechanism is then activated again.
6.4.10
The error warning limit can be defined within this register.
The default value (after hardware reset) is 96. In reset
mode this register appears to the CPU as a read/write
memory. In operating mode it is read only.
Note, that a content change of the EWLR is only possible,
if the reset mode was entered previously. An error status
change (see status register; Table 14) and an error
warning interrupt forced by the new register content will not
occur until the reset mode is cancelled again.
The corresponding interrupt flag located in the interrupt
register is cleared during the read access to the interrupt
register. A new bus error interrupt is not possible until the
capture register is read out once.
2000 Jan 04
ERROR WARNING LIMIT REGISTER (EWLR)
37
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 22 Bit interpretation of the error warning limit register (EWLR); CAN address 13
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
EWL.7
EWL.6
EWL.5
EWL.4
EWL.3
EWL.2
EWL.1
EWL.0
6.4.11
RX ERROR COUNTER REGISTER (RXERR)
The RX error counter register reflects the current value of the receive error counter. After a hardware reset this register
is initialized to logic 0. In operating mode this register appears to the CPU as a read only memory. A write access to this
register is possible only in reset mode.
If a bus-off event occurs, the RX error counter is initialized to logic 0. The time bus-off is valid, writing to this register has
no effect.
Note, that a CPU-forced content change of the RX error counter is only possible, if the reset mode was entered
previously. An error status change (see status register; Table 14), an error warning or an error passive interrupt forced
by the new register content will not occur, until the reset mode is cancelled again.
Table 23 Bit interpretation of the RX error counter register (RXERR); CAN address 14
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
RXERR.7
RXERR.6
RXERR.5
RXERR.4
RXERR.3
RXERR.2
RXERR.1
RXERR.0
6.4.12
TX ERROR COUNTER REGISTER (TXERR)
The TX error counter register reflects the current value of the transmit error counter.
In operating mode this register appears to the CPU as a read only memory. A write access to this register is possible
only in reset mode. After a hardware reset this register is initialized to logic 0. If a bus-off event occurs, the TX error
counter is initialized to 127 to count the minimum protocol-defined time (128 occurrences of the bus-free signal). Reading
the TX error counter during this time gives information about the status of the bus-off recovery.
If bus-off is active, a write access to TXERR in the range from 0 to 254 clears the bus-off flag and the controller will wait
for one occurrence of 11 consecutive recessive bits (bus-free) after the reset mode has been cleared.
Table 24 Bit interpretation of the TX error counter register (TXERR); CAN address 15
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
TXERR.7
TXERR.6
TXERR.5
TXERR.4
TXERR.3
TXERR.2
TXERR.1
TXERR.0
Writing 255 to TXERR allows to initiate a CPU-driven bus-off event. It should be noted that a CPU-forced content change
of the TX error counter is only possible, if the reset mode was entered previously. An error or bus status change (see
status register; Table 14), an error warning or an error passive interrupt forced by the new register content will not occur
until the reset mode is cancelled again. After leaving the reset mode, the new TX counter content is interpreted and the
bus-off event is performed in the same way, as if it was forced by a bus error event. That means, that the reset mode is
entered again, the TX error counter is initialized to 127, the RX counter is cleared and all concerned status and interrupt
register bits are set.
Clearing of reset mode now will perform the protocol-defined bus-off recovery sequence (waiting for 128 occurrences of
the bus-free signal).
If the reset mode is entered again before the end of bus-off recovery (TXERR > 0), bus-off keeps active and TXERR is
frozen.
2000 Jan 04
38
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.4.13
SJA1000
TRANSMIT BUFFER
The transmit buffer has a length of 13 bytes and is located
in the CAN address range from 16 to 28.
The global layout of the transmit buffer is shown in Fig.7.
One has to distinguish between the Standard Frame
Format (SFF) and the Extended Frame Format (EFF)
configuration. The transmit buffer allows the definition of
one transmit message with up to eight data bytes.
6.4.13.1
Note, that a direct access to the transmit buffer RAM is
possible using the CAN address space from 96 to 108.
This RAM area is reserved for the transmit buffer.
The three following bytes may be used for general
purposes (CAN address 109, 110 and 111).
Transmit buffer layout
The transmit buffer layout is subdivided into descriptor and
data fields where the first byte of the descriptor field is the
frame information byte (frame information). It describes
the frame format (SFF or EFF), remote or data frame and
the data length. Two identifier bytes for SFF or four bytes
for EFF messages follow. The data field contains up to
eight data bytes.
handbook, full pagewidth
CAN address 16
TX frame information
CAN address 16
TX frame information
17
TX identifier 1
17
TX identifier 1
18
TX identifier 2
18
TX identifier 2
19
TX data byte 1
19
TX identifier 3
20
TX data byte 2
20
TX identifier 4
21
TX data byte 3
21
TX data byte 1
22
TX data byte 4
22
TX data byte 2
23
TX data byte 5
23
TX data byte 3
24
TX data byte 6
24
TX data byte 4
25
TX data byte 7
25
TX data byte 5
26
TX data byte 8
26
TX data byte 6
27
unused
27
TX data byte 7
28
unused
28
TX data byte 8
MGK621
a. Standard frame format.
b. Extended frame format.
Fig.7 Transmit buffer layout for standard and extended frame format configurations.
6.4.13.2
Descriptor field of the transmit buffer
The bit layout of the transmit buffer is represented in
Tables 25 to 27 for SFF and Tables 28 to 32 for EFF.
The given configuration is chosen to be compatible with
the receive buffer layout (see Section 6.4.14.1).
2000 Jan 04
39
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 25 TX frame information (SFF); CAN address 16
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
FF(1)
RTR(2)
X(3)
X(3)
DLC.3(4)
DLC.2(4)
DLC.1(4)
DLC.0(4)
Notes
1. Frame format.
2. Remote transmission request.
3. Don’t care; recommended to be compatible to receive buffer (0) in case of using the self reception facility (self test).
4. Data length code bit.
Table 26 TX identifier 1 (SFF); CAN address 17; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.28
ID.27
ID.26
ID.25
ID.24
ID.23
ID.22
ID.21
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
Table 27 TX identifier 2 (SFF); CAN address 18; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.20
ID.19
ID.18
X(2)
X(3)
X(3)
X(3)
X(3)
Notes
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
2. Don’t care; recommended to be compatible to receive buffer (RTR) in case of using the self reception facility (self
test).
3. Don’t care; recommended to be compatible to receive buffer (0) in case of using the self reception facility (self test).
Table 28 TX frame information (EFF); CAN address 16
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
FF(1)
RTR(2)
X(3)
X(3)
DLC.3(4)
DLC.2(4)
DLC.1(4)
DLC.0(4)
Notes
1. Frame format.
2. Remote transmission request.
3. Don’t care; recommended to be compatible to receive buffer (0) in case of using the self reception facility (self test).
4. Data length code bit.
Table 29 TX identifier 1 (EFF); CAN address 17; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.28
ID.27
ID.26
ID.25
ID.24
ID.23
ID.22
ID.21
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
2000 Jan 04
40
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 30 TX identifier 2 (EFF); CAN address 18; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.20
ID.19
ID.18
ID.17
ID.16
ID.15
ID.14
ID.13
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
Table 31 TX identifier 3 (EFF); CAN address 19; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.12
ID.11
ID.10
ID.9
ID.8
ID.7
ID.6
ID.5
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.0
X(2)
X(3)
X(3)
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
Table 32 TX identifier 4 (EFF); CAN address 20; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
ID.4
BIT 5
ID.3
ID.2
BIT 4
ID.1
Notes
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
2. Don’t care; recommended to be compatible to receive buffer (RTR) in case of using the self reception facility (self
test).
3. Don’t care; recommended to be compatible to receive buffer (0) in case of using the self reception facility (self test).
Table 33 Frame Format (FF) and Remote Transmission Request (RTR) bits
BIT
VALUE
FF
RTR
6.4.13.3
FUNCTION
1
EFF; extended frame format will be transmitted by the CAN controller
0
SFF; standard frame format will be transmitted by the CAN controller
1
remote; remote frame will be transmitted by the CAN controller
0
data; data frame will be transmitted by the CAN controller
Data Length Code (DLC)
For reasons of compatibility no data length code >8 should
be used. If a value >8 is selected, 8 bytes are transmitted
in the data frame with the Data Length Code specified in
DLC.
The number of bytes in the data field of a message is
coded by the data length code. At the start of a remote
frame transmission the data length code is not considered
due to the RTR bit being logic 1 (remote). This forces the
number of transmitted/received data bytes to be 0.
Nevertheless, the data length code must be specified
correctly to avoid bus errors, if two CAN controllers start a
remote frame transmission with the same identifier
simultaneously.
6.4.13.4
In Standard Frame Format (SFF) the identifier consists of
11 bits (ID.28 to ID.18) and in Extended Frame Format
(EFF) messages the identifier consists of 29 bits
(ID.28 to ID.0). ID.28 is the most significant bit, which is
transmitted first on the bus during the arbitration process.
The identifier acts as the message’s name, used in a
receiver for acceptance filtering, and also determines the
bus access priority during the arbitration process.
The range of the data byte count is 0 to 8 bytes and is
coded as follows:
DataByteCount = 8 × DLC.3 + 4 × DLC.2 + 2 × DLC.1 +
DLC.0
2000 Jan 04
Identifier (ID)
41
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
The lower the binary value of the identifier the higher the
priority. This is due to the larger number of leading
dominant bits during arbitration.
6.4.13.5
6.4.14
RECEIVE BUFFER
The global layout of the receive buffer is very similar to the
transmit buffer described in the previous section.
The receive buffer is the accessible part of the RXFIFO
and is located in the range between CAN address
16 and 28. Each message is subdivided into a descriptor
and a data field.
Data field
The number of transferred data bytes is defined by the
data length code. The first bit transmitted is the most
significant bit of data byte 1 at CAN address 19 (SFF) or
CAN address 21 (EFF).
handbook, full pagewidth
64-byte
FIFO
message 3
message 2
release
receive
buffer
command
incoming
messages
message 1
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
receive
buffer
window
CAN address
MGK622
Message 1 is now available in the receive buffer.
Fig.8 Example of the message storage within the RXFIFO.
6.4.14.1
Descriptor field of the receive buffer
The bit layout of the receive buffer is represented in Tables 34 to 36 for SFF and Tables 37 to 41 for EFF. The given
configuration is chosen to be compatible with the transmit buffer layout (see Section 6.4.13.2).
Table 34 RX frame information (SFF); CAN address 16
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
FF(1)
RTR(2)
0
0
DLC.3(3)
DLC.2(3)
DLC.1(3)
DLC.0(3)
Notes
1. Frame format.
2. Remote transmission request.
3. Data length code bit.
2000 Jan 04
42
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 35 RX identifier 1 (SFF); CAN address 17; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.28
ID.27
ID.26
ID.25
ID.24
ID.23
ID.22
ID.21
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
Table 36 RX identifier 2 (SFF); CAN address 18; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.20
ID.19
ID.18
RTR(2)
0
0
0
0
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
0
DLC.3(3)
DLC.2(3)
DLC.1(3)
DLC.0(3)
Notes
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
2. Remote transmission request.
Table 37 RX frame information (EFF); CAN address 16
BIT 7
BIT 6
FF(1)
RTR(2)
BIT 5
0
Notes
1. Frame format.
2. Remote transmission request.
3. Data length code bit.
Table 38 RX identifier 1 (EFF); CAN address 17; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.28
ID.27
ID.26
ID.25
ID.24
ID.23
ID.22
ID.21
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
Table 39 RX identifier 2 (EFF); CAN address 18; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.20
ID.19
ID.18
ID.17
ID.16
ID.15
ID.14
ID.13
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
Table 40 RX identifier 3 (EFF); CAN address 19; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.12
ID.11
ID.10
ID.9
ID.8
ID.7
ID.6
ID.5
Note
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
2000 Jan 04
43
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 41 RX identifier 4 (EFF); can address 20; note 1
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
ID.4
ID.3
ID.2
ID.1
ID.0
RTR(2)
0
0
Notes
1. ID.X means identifier bit X.
2. Remote transmission request.
6.4.15.1
Remark: the received data length code located in the
frame information byte represents the real sent data length
code, which may be greater than 8 (depends on sender).
Nevertheless the maximum number of received data bytes
is 8. This should be taken into account by reading a
message from the receive buffer.
In this filter configuration one long filter (4-bytes) could be
defined. The bit correspondences between the filter bytes
and the message bytes depend on the currently received
frame format.
Standard frame: if a standard frame format message is
received, the complete identifier including the RTR bit and
the first two data bytes are used for acceptance filtering.
Messages may also be accepted if there are no data bytes
existing due to a set RTR bit or if there is none or only one
data byte because of the corresponding data length code.
As described in Fig.8 the RXFIFO has space for
64 message bytes in total. It depends on the data length
how many messages can fit in it at one time. If there is not
enough space for a new message within the RXFIFO, the
CAN controller generates a data overrun condition the
moment this message becomes valid and the acceptance
test was positive. A message which is partly written into
the RXFIFO, when the data overrun situation occurs, is
deleted. This situation is indicated to the CPU via the
status register and the data overrun interrupt, if enabled.
6.4.15
For a successful reception of a message, all single bit
comparisons have to signal acceptance.
Note, that the 4 least significant bits of AMR1 and ACR1
are not used. In order to be compatible with future products
these bits should be programmed to be ‘don’t care’ by
setting AMR1.3, AMR1.2, AMR1.1 and AMR1.0 to logic 1.
ACCEPTANCE FILTER
With the help of the acceptance filter the CAN controller is
able to allow passing of received messages to the RXFIFO
only when the identifier bits of the received message are
equal to the predefined ones within the acceptance filter
registers.
The acceptance filter is defined by the Acceptance Code
Registers (ACRn) and the Acceptance Mask Registers
(AMRn). The bit patterns of messages to be received are
defined within the acceptance code registers.
The corresponding acceptance mask registers allow to
define certain bit positions to be ‘don’t care’.
Two different filter modes are selectable within the mode
register (MOD.3, AFM; see Section 6.4.3):
• Single filter mode (bit AFM is logic 1)
• Dual filter mode (bit AFM is logic 0).
2000 Jan 04
Single filter configuration
44
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
MSB
handbook, full pagewidth
SJA1000
LSB MSB
LSB MSB
LSB MSB
LSB
CAN ADDRESS 16; ACR0
CAN ADDRESS 17; ACR1
CAN ADDRESS 18; ACR2
CAN ADDRESS 19; ACR3
7
7
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
CAN ADDRESS 20; AMR0
CAN ADDRESS 21; AMR1
CAN ADDRESS 22; AMR2
CAN ADDRESS 23; AMR3
7
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
DB1.7
DB1.6
DB1.5
DB1.4
DB1.3
DB1.2
DB1.1
DB1.0
DB2.7
DB2.6
DB2.5
DB2.4
DB2.3
DB2.2
DB2.1
DB2.0
unused
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
RTR
ID.18
ID.19
ID.20
ID.21
ID.22
ID.23
ID.24
ID.25
ID.26
ID.27
ID.28
unused
(1)
ACR = Acceptance Code Register
=1
message bit
acceptance code bit
AMR = Acceptance Mask Register
1
&
acceptance mask bit
logic 1 = accepted
logic 0 = not accepted
MGK624
DBX.Y means data byte X, bit Y.
Fig.9 Single filter configuration, receiving standard frame messages.
Extended frame: if an extended frame format message is
received, the complete identifier including the RTR bit is
used for acceptance filtering.
It should be noted that the 2 least significant bits of AMR3
and ACR3 are not used. In order to be compatible with
future products these bits should be programmed to be
‘don’t care’ by setting AMR3.1 and AMR3.0 to logic 1.
For a successful reception of a message, all single bit
comparisons have to signal acceptance.
2000 Jan 04
45
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
MSB
handbook, full pagewidth
SJA1000
LSB MSB
LSB MSB
CAN ADDRESS 16; ACR0
CAN ADDRESS 17; ACR1
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
LSB MSB
LSB
CAN ADDRESS 18; ACR2
CAN ADDRESS 19; ACR3
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
unused
CAN ADDRESS 20; AMR0
CAN ADDRESS 21; AMR1
CAN ADDRESS 22; AMR2
CAN ADDRESS 23; AMR3
7
7
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
ID.0
RTR
ID.1
ID.2
ID.3
ID.4
ID.5
ID.6
ID.7
ID.8
ID.9
ID.11
ID.10
ID.12
ID.13
ID.14
ID.15
ID.16
ID.17
ID.18
ID.19
ID.20
ID.21
ID.22
ID.23
ID.24
ID.25
ID.26
ID.27
ID.28
unused
ACR = Acceptance Code Register
=1
message bit
acceptance code bit
AMR = Acceptance Mask Register
1
&
acceptance mask bit
logic 1 = accepted
logic 0 = not accepted
MGK625
Fig.10 Single filter configuration, receiving extended frame messages.
6.4.15.2
Dual filter configuration
For a successful reception of a message, all single bit
comparisons of at least one complete filter have to signal
acceptance. In case of a set RTR bit or a data length code
of logic 0 no data byte is existing. Nevertheless a message
may pass filter 1, if the first part up to the RTR bit signals
acceptance.
In this filter configuration two short filters can be defined.
A received message is compared with both filters to
decide, whether this message should be copied into the
receive buffer or not. If at least one of the filters signals an
acceptance, the received message becomes valid. The bit
correspondences between the filter bytes and the
message bytes depends on the currently received frame
format.
If no data byte filtering is required for filter 1, the four least
significant bits of AMR1 and AMR3 have to be set to
logic 1 (don’t care). Then both filters are working
identically using the standard identifier range including the
RTR bit.
Standard frame: if a standard frame message is received,
the two defined filters are looking different. The first filter
compares the complete standard identifier including the
RTR bit and the first data byte of the message. The second
filter just compares the complete standard identifier
including the RTR bit.
2000 Jan 04
46
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
MSB
handbook, full pagewidth
LSB
MSB
LSB
CAN ADDRESS 16; ACR0
CA 17; ACR1
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5 4
LSB
CA 17; ACR1
CA 19; ACR3
3
3
2
1 0
2
1 0
CA 21; AMR1
CA 21; AMR1
CA 23; AMR3
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
3
2
1
0
ID.27
ID.26
ID.25
ID.24
ID.23
ID.22
ID.21
ID.20
ID.19
ID.18
RTR
DB1.7
DB1.6
DB1.5
DB1.4
DB1.3
DB1.2
DB1.1
DB1.0
message
CAN ADDRESS 20; AMR0
ID.28
filter 1
(1)
CAN ADDRESS 22; AMR2
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
CA 23; AMR3
7
6
5
4
CA
= CAN Address
ACR = Acceptance Code Register
filter 2
AMR = Acceptance Mask Register
CAN ADDRESS 18; ACR2
7
6
5
4
3
MSB
2
1
CA 19; ACR3
0
7
LSB
MSB
6
5
4
&
1
acceptance mask bit
filter 1
acceptance code bit
=1
1
message bit
=1
acceptance code bit
logic 1 = accepted
logic 0 = not accepted
1
&
filter 2
acceptance mask bit
MGK626
DBX.Y = data byte X, bit Y.
Fig.11 Dual filter configuration, receiving standard frame messages.
2000 Jan 04
47
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Extended frame: if an extended frame message is received, the two defined filters are looking identically. Both filters
are comparing the first two bytes of the extended identifier range only.
For a successful reception of a message, all single bit comparisons of at least one complete filter have to indicate
acceptance.
MSB
handbook, full pagewidth
LSB
MSB
LSB
CAN ADDRESS 16; ACR0
CAN ADDRESS 17; ACR1
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
CAN ADDRESS 21; AMR1
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
ID.27
ID.26
ID.25
ID.24
ID.23
ID.22
ID.21
ID.20
ID.19
ID.18
ID.17
ID.16
ID.15
ID.14
ID.13
message
CAN ADDRESS 20; AMR0
ID.28
filter 1
CAN ADDRESS 22; AMR2
CAN ADDRESS 23; AMR3
7
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
filter 2
CAN ADDRESS 18; ACR2
CAN ADDRESS 19; ACR3
ACR = Acceptance Code Register
7
0
7
AMR = Acceptance Mask Register
LSB
MSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
MSB
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
LSB
&
1
acceptance mask bit
filter 1
acceptance code bit
=1
1
message bit
=1
acceptance code bit
logic 1 = accepted
logic 0 = not accepted
1
&
filter 2
acceptance mask bit
MGK627
Fig.12 Dual filter configuration, receiving extended frame messages.
2000 Jan 04
48
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.4.16
SJA1000
RX MESSAGE COUNTER (RMC)
The RMC register (CAN address 29) reflects the number of messages available within the RXFIFO. The value is
incremented with each receive event and decremented by the release receive buffer command. After any reset event,
this register is cleared.
Table 42 Bit interpretation of the RX message counter (RMC); CAN address 29
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
(0)(1)
(0)(1)
(0)(1)
RMC.4
RMC.3
RMC.2
RMC.1
RMC.0
Note
1. This bit cannot be written. During read-out of this register always a zero is given.
6.4.17
RX BUFFER START ADDRESS REGISTER (RBSA)
If a message exceeds RAM address 63, it continues at
RAM address 0.
The RBSA register (CAN address 30) reflects the currently
valid internal RAM address, where the first byte of the
received message, which is mapped to the receive buffer
window, is stored. With the help of this information it is
possible to interpret the internal RAM contents.
The internal RAM address area begins at CAN address 32
and may be accessed by the CPU for reading and writing
(writing in reset mode only).
The release receive buffer command is always given while
there is at least one more message available within the
FIFO. RBSA is updated to the beginning of the next
message.
On hardware reset, this pointer is initialized to ‘00H’. Upon
a software reset (setting of reset mode) this pointer keeps
its old value, but the FIFO is cleared; this means that the
RAM contents are not changed, but the next received (or
transmitted) message will override the currently visible
message within the receive buffer window.
Example: if RBSA is set to 24 (decimal), the current
message visible in the receive buffer window
(CAN address 16 to 28) is stored within the internal RAM
beginning at RAM address 24. Because the RAM is also
mapped directly to the CAN address space beginning at
CAN address 32 (equal to RAM address 0) this message
may also be accessed using CAN address 56 and the
following bytes
(CAN address = RBSA + 32 > 24 + 32 = 56).
The RX buffer start address register appears to the CPU
as a read only memory in operating mode and as
read/write memory in reset mode. It should be noted that a
write access to RBSA takes effect first after the next
positive edge of the internal clock frequency, which is half
of the external oscillator frequency.
Table 43 Bit interpretation of the RX buffer start address register (RBSA); CAN address 30
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
(0)(1)
(0)(1)
RBSA.5
RBSA.4
RBSA.3
RBSA.2
RBSA.1
RBSA.0
Note
1. This bit cannot be written. During read-out of this register always a zero is given.
2000 Jan 04
49
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.5
SJA1000
Common registers
BUS TIMING REGISTER 0 (BTR0)
6.5.1
The contents of the bus timing register 0 defines the values of the Baud Rate Prescaler (BRP) and the Synchronization
Jump Width (SJW). This register can be accessed (read/write) if the reset mode is active.
In operating mode this register is read only, if the PeliCAN mode is selected. In BasicCAN mode a ‘FFH’ is reflected.
Table 44 Bit interpretation of bus timing register 0 (BTR0); CAN address 6
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
SJW.1
SJW.0
BRP.5
BRP.4
BRP.3
BRP.2
BRP.1
BRP.0
6.5.1.1
Baud Rate Prescaler (BRP)
The period of the CAN system clock tscl is programmable and determines the individual bit timing. The CAN system clock
is calculated using the following equation:
tscl = 2 × tCLK × (32 × BRP.5 + 16 × BRP.4 + 8 × BRP.3 + 4 × BRP.2 + 2 × BRP.1 + BRP.0 + 1)
1
where tCLK = time period of the XTAL frequency = ------------f XTAL
6.5.1.2
Synchronization Jump Width (SJW)
To compensate for phase shifts between clock oscillators of different bus controllers, any bus controller must
re-synchronize on any relevant signal edge of the current transmission. The synchronization jump width defines the
maximum number of clock cycles a bit period may be shortened or lengthened by one re-synchronization:
tSJW = tscl × (2 × SJW.1 + SJW.0 + 1)
6.5.2
BUS TIMING REGISTER 1 (BTR1)
The contents of bus timing register 1 defines the length of the bit period, the location of the sample point and the number
of samples to be taken at each sample point. This register can be accessed (read/write) if the reset mode is active.
In operating mode, this register is read only, if the PeliCAN mode is selected. In BasicCAN mode a ‘FFH’ is reflected.
Table 45 Bit interpretation of bus timing register 1 (BTR1); CAN address 7
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
SAM
TSEG2.2
TSEG2.1
TSEG2.0
TSEG1.3
TSEG1.2
TSEG1.1
TSEG1.0
6.5.2.1
Sampling (SAM)
BIT
SAM
2000 Jan 04
VALUE
FUNCTION
1
triple; the bus is sampled three times; recommended for low/medium speed buses
(class A and B) where filtering spikes on the bus line is beneficial
0
single; the bus is sampled once; recommended for high speed buses (SAE class C)
50
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.5.2.2
SJA1000
Time Segment 1 (TSEG1) and Time Segment 2 (TSEG2)
TSEG1 and TSEG2 determine the number of clock cycles per bit period and the location of the sample point, where:
tSYNCSEG = 1 × tscl
tTSEG1 = tscl × (8 × TSEG1.3 + 4 × TSEG1.2 + 2 × TSEG1.1 + TSEG1.0 + 1)
tTSEG2 = tscl × (4 × TSEG2.2 + 2 × TSEG2.1 + TSEG2.0 + 1)
handbook, full pagewidth
XTAL
Baud Rate Prescaler (BRP)
tCLK
tscl
CAN
tSYNCSEG
tTSEG1
tTSEG2
nominal bit time
SYNC
SEG
TSEG1
TSEG2
SYNC
SEG
TSEG1
MGK628
sample point(s)
Possible values are BRP = 000001, TSEG1 = 0101 and TSEG2 = 010.
Fig.13 General structure of a bit period.
6.5.3
OUTPUT CONTROL REGISTER (OCR)
This register may be accessed (read/write) if the reset
mode is active. In operating mode, this register is read
only, if the PeliCAN mode is selected. In BasicCAN mode
a ‘FFH’ is reflected.
The output control register allows the set-up of different
output driver configurations under software control.
Table 46 Bit interpretation of the output control register (OCR); CAN address 8
BIT 7
BIT 6
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
OCTP1
OCTN1
OCPOL1
OCTP0
OCTN0
OCPOL0
OCMODE1
OCMODE0
2000 Jan 04
51
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
handbook, full pagewidth
VDD
OCTP1
OCTN1
TP0
OCPOL1
TX0
TN0
OCTP0
OCTN0
OCPOL0
VSS
TRANSMIT
LOGIC
transmitter
VDD
OCMODE1
OCMODE0
TP1
TX1
TN1
TXCLK
TXD
VSS
MGK629
Fig.14 Transceiver input/output control logic.
If the SJA1000 is in the sleep mode a recessive level is output on the TX0 and TX1 pins with respect to the contents
within the output control register. If the SJA1000 is in the reset state (reset request = HIGH) or the external reset pin RST
is pulled LOW the outputs TX0 and TX1 are floating.
The transmit output stage is able to operate in different modes. Table 47 shows the output control register settings.
Table 47 Interpretation of OCMODE bits
OCMODE1
OCMODE0
DESCRIPTION
0
0
bi-phase output mode
0
1
test output mode; note 1
1
0
normal output mode
1
1
clock output mode
Note
1. In test output mode TXn will reflect the bit, detected on RX pins, with the next positive edge of the system clock.
TN1, TN0, TP1 and TP0 are configured in accordance with the setting of OCR.
6.5.3.1
Normal output mode
In normal output mode the bit sequence (TXD) is sent via TX0 and TX1. The voltage levels on the output driver pins TX0
and TX1 depend on both the driver characteristic programmed by OCTPx, OCTNx (float, pull-up, pull-down, push-pull)
and the output polarity programmed by OCPOLx.
2000 Jan 04
52
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.5.3.2
SJA1000
Clock output mode
For the TX0 pin this is the same as in normal output mode. However, the data stream to TX1 is replaced by the transmit
clock (TXCLK). The rising edge of the transmit clock (non-inverted) marks the beginning of a bit period. The clock pulse
width is 1 × tscl.
handbook, full pagewidth
HIGH
TX0
LOW
HIGH
TX1
LOW
MGK630
1 bit time
Fig.15 Example of clock output mode.
6.5.3.3
Bi-phase output mode
During recessive bits all outputs are deactivated (floating).
Dominant bits are sent with alternating levels on TX0 and
TX1, i.e. the first dominant bit is sent on TX0, the second
is sent on TX1, and the third one is sent on TX0 again, and
so on. One possible configuration example of the bi-phase
output mode timing is shown in Fig.16.
In contrast to the normal output mode the bit
representation is time variant and toggled. If the bus
controllers are galvanically decoupled from the bus line by
a transformer, the bit stream is not allowed to contain a
DC component. This is achieved by the following scheme.
2000 Jan 04
53
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
handbook, full pagewidth
SJA1000
recessive
bitstream
dominant
HIGH
TX0
LOW
HIGH
TX1
LOW
MGK631
Fig.16 Bi-phase output mode example (output control register = F8H).
6.5.3.4
Test output mode
f osc
In test output mode the level connected to RX is reflected at TXn with the next positive edge of the system clock -------2
corresponding to the programmed polarity in the output control register.
Table 48 shows the relationship between the bits of the output control register and the output pins TX0 and TX1.
2000 Jan 04
54
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Table 48 Output pin configuration; note 1
TXD
OCTPX
OCTNX
OCPOLX
TPX(2)
TNX(3)
TXX(4)
Float
X
0
0
X
off
off
float
Pull-down
0
0
1
0
off
on
LOW
1
0
1
0
off
off
float
0
0
1
1
off
off
float
1
0
1
1
off
on
LOW
0
1
0
0
off
off
float
1
1
0
0
on
off
HIGH
0
1
0
1
on
off
HIGH
1
1
0
1
off
off
float
0
1
1
0
off
on
LOW
1
1
1
0
on
off
HIGH
0
1
1
1
on
off
HIGH
1
1
1
1
off
on
LOW
DRIVE
Pull-up
Push-pull
Notes
1. X = don’t care.
2. TPX is the on-chip output transistor X, connected to VDD.
3. TNX is the on-chip output transistor X, connected to VSS.
4. TXX is the serial output level on pin TX0 or TX1. It is required that the output level on the CAN-bus line is dominant
when TXD = 0 and recessive when TXD = 1.
The bit sequence (TXD) is sent via TX0 and TX1.
The voltage levels on the output driver pins depends on
both the driver characteristics programmed by OCTP,
OCTN (float, pull-up, pull-down, push-pull) and the output
polarity programmed by OCPOL.
6.5.4
selection between BasicCAN mode and PeliCAN mode is
made here. The default state of the register after hardware
reset is divide-by-12 for Motorola mode (00000101) and
divide-by-2 for Intel mode (00000000).
On software reset (reset request/reset mode) this register
is not influenced.
CLOCK DIVIDER REGISTER (CDR)
The reserved bit (CDR.4) will always reflect a logic 0.
The application software should always write a logic 0 to
this bit in order to be compatible with future features, which
may be 1-active using this bit.
The clock divider register controls the CLKOUT frequency
for the microcontroller and allows to deactivate the
CLKOUT pin. Additionally a dedicated receive interrupt
pulse on TX1, a receive comparator bypass and the
Table 49 Bit interpretation of the clock divider register (CDR); CAN address 31
BIT 7
CAN mode
BIT 6
CBP
BIT 5
BIT 4
BIT 3
BIT 2
BIT 1
BIT 0
RXINTEN
(0)(1)
clock off
CD.2
CD.1
CD.0
Note
1. This bit cannot be written. During read-out of this register always a zero is given.
2000 Jan 04
55
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
6.5.4.1
SJA1000
CD.2 to CD.0
The bits CD.2 to CD.0 are accessible without restrictions in reset mode as well as in operating mode. These bits are used
to define the frequency at the external CLKOUT pin. For an overview of selectable frequencies see Table 50.
Table 50 CLKOUT frequency selection; note 1
CD.2
CD.1
CD.0
CLKOUT FREQUENCY
0
0
0
f osc
-------2
0
0
1
f osc
-------4
0
1
0
f osc
-------6
0
1
1
f osc
-------8
1
0
0
f osc
-------10
1
0
1
f osc
-------12
1
1
0
f osc
-------14
1
1
1
fosc
Note
1. fosc is the frequency of the external oscillator (XTAL).
6.5.4.2
Clock off
6.5.4.4
Setting this bit allows the external CLKOUT pin of the
SJA1000 to be disabled. A write access is possible only in
reset mode. If this bit is set, CLKOUT is LOW during sleep
mode, otherwise it is HIGH.
6.5.4.3
Setting of CDR.6 allows to bypass the CAN input
comparator and is only possible in reset mode. This is
useful in the event that the SJA1000 is connected to an
external transceiver circuit. The internal delay of the
SJA1000 is reduced, which will result in a longer maximum
possible bus length. If CBP is set, only RX0 is active. The
unused RX1 input should be connected to a defined level
(e.g. VSS).
RXINTEN
This bit allows the TX1 output to be used as a dedicated
receive interrupt output. When a received message has
passed the acceptance filter successfully, a receive
interrupt pulse with the length of one bit time is always
output at the TX1 pin (during the last bit of end of frame).
The transmit output stage should operate in normal output
mode. The polarity and output drive are programmable via
the output control register (see also Section 6.5.3). A write
access is only possible in reset mode.
2000 Jan 04
CBP
6.5.4.5
CAN mode
CDR.7 defines the CAN mode. If CDR.7 is at logic 0 the
CAN controller operates in BasicCAN mode. If set to
logic 1 the CAN controller operates in PeliCAN mode.
Write access is only possible in reset mode.
56
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
7 LIMITING VALUES
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134); all voltages referenced to VSS.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
MAX.
UNIT
VDD
supply voltage
−0.5
+6.5
V
II, IO
input/output current on all pins except
TX0 and TX1
−
±4
mA
IOT(sink)
sink current of TX0 and TX1 together
note 1
−
30
mA
IOT(source)
source current of TX0 and TX1
together
note 1
−
−20
mA
Tamb
operating ambient temperature
−40
+125
°C
Tstg
storage temperature
−65
+150
°C
Ptot
total power dissipation
note 2
−
1.0
W
Vesd
electrostatic discharge on all pins
note 3
−1500
+1500
V
note 4
−200
+200
V
Notes
1. IOT is allowed in case of a bus failure condition because then the TX outputs are switched off automatically after a
short time (bus-off state). During normal operation IOT is a peak current, permitted for t < 100 ms. The average output
current must not exceed 10 mA for each TX output.
2. This value is based on the maximum allowable die temperature and the thermal resistance of the package, not on
device power consumption.
3. Human body model: equivalent to discharging a 100 pF capacitor through a 1.5 kΩ resistor.
4. Machine model: equivalent to discharging a 200 pF capacitor through a 25 Ω plus 2.5 µH circuit.
8
THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMBOL
Rth(j-a)
PARAMETER
CONDITION
thermal resistance from junction to ambient
in free air
VALUE
UNIT
67
K/W
9 DC CHARACTERISTICS
VDD = 5 V (±10%); VSS = 0 V; Tamb = −40 to +125 °C; all voltages referenced to VSS; unless otherwise specified.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
MAX.
UNIT
Supplies
VDD
supply voltage
4.5
5.5
V
IDD
operating supply current
fosc = 24 MHz; note 1
−
15
mA
Ism
sleep mode supply current
oscillator inactive; note 2
−
40
µA
2000 Jan 04
57
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SYMBOL
SJA1000
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
MAX.
UNIT
Inputs
VIL1
LOW-level input voltage on pins ALE/AS,
CS, RD/E, WR and MODE
−0.5
+0.8
V
VIL2
LOW-level input voltage on pins XTAL1
and INT
−
0.3VDD
V
VIL3
LOW-level input voltage on pins RST,
AD0 to AD7 and RX0(5)
−0.5
+0.6
V
VIH1
HIGH-level input voltage on
pins ALE/AS, CS, RD/E, WR and MODE
2.0
VDD + 0.5 V
VIH2
HIGH-level input voltage on pins XTAL1
and INT
0.7VDD
−
VIH3
HIGH-level input voltage on pins RST,
AD0 to AD7 and RX0(5)
2.4
VDD + 0.5 V
hysRST
input hysteresis at pins RST,
AD0 to AD7 and RX0(5)
500
−
mV
ILI
input leakage current on all pins except
XTAL1, RX0 and RX1
0.45 V < VI(D) < VDD; note 3
−
±2
µA
VOL
LOW-level output voltage for
pins AD0 to AD7, CLKOUT and INT
IOL = 4 mA
−
0.4
V
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage for
pins AD0 to AD7 and CLKOUT
IOH = −4 mA
VDD − 0.4
−
V
±32
mV
V
Outputs
CAN input comparator (see also Fig.22)
Vth(i)(diff)
differential input threshold voltage
Vhys
hysteresis voltage
II
input current
−
VDD = 5 V ±10%;
1.4 V < VI(RX) < VDD − 1.4 V; 8
notes 4 and 6
−
30
mV
±400
nA
CAN output driver
VOL(TX)
VOH(TX)
LOW-level output voltage at pins TX0
and TX1
VDD = 5 V ±10%
HIGH-level output voltage at pins TX0
and TX1
VDD = 5 V ±10%
IO = 1.2 mA; note 6
−
0.05
V
IO = 10 mA
−
0.4
V
IO = 1.2 mA; note 6
VDD − 0.05 −
V
IO = 10 mA
VDD − 0.4
V
−
Notes
1. AD0 to AD7 = ALE = RD = WR = CS = VDD; RST = MODE = VSS; RX0 = 2.7 V; RX1 = 2.3 V;
XTAL1 = 0.5 V or VDD − 0.5 V; all outputs unloaded.
2. AD0 to AD7 = ALE = RD = WR = INT = RST = CS = MODE = RX0 = VDD; RX1 = XTAL1 = VSS; all outputs
unloaded.
3. VI(D) = input voltage on all digital input pins.
4. VI(RX) = input voltage on pins RX0 and RX1.
5. Only if comparator bypass mode is active.
6. Not tested during production.
2000 Jan 04
58
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
10 AC CHARACTERISTICS
VDD = 5 V ±10%; VSS = 0 V; CL = 50 pF (output pins); Tamb = −40 to +125 °C; unless otherwise specified; note 1.
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
CONDITIONS
MIN.
MAX.
UNIT
fosc
oscillator frequency
−
24
MHz
tsu(A-AL)
address set-up to ALE/AS LOW
8
−
ns
th(AL-A)
address hold after ALE LOW
2
−
ns
tW(AL)
ALE/AS pulse width
8
−
ns
tRLQV
RD LOW to valid data output
Intel mode
−
50
ns
tEHQV
E HIGH to valid data output
Motorola mode
−
50
ns
tRHDZ
data float after RD HIGH
Intel mode
−
30
ns
tELDZ
data float after E LOW
Motorola mode
−
30
ns
tDVWH
input data valid to WR HIGH
Intel mode
8
−
ns
tWHDX
input data hold after WR HIGH
Intel mode
tWHLH
WR HIGH to next ALE HIGH
tELAH
E LOW to next AS HIGH
tsu(i)(D-EL)
8
−
ns
15
−
ns
Motorola mode
15
−
ns
input data set-up to E LOW
Motorola mode
8
−
ns
th(i)(EL-D)
input data hold after E LOW
Motorola mode
8
−
ns
tLLWL
ALE LOW to WR LOW
Intel mode
10
−
ns
tLLRL
ALE LOW to RD LOW
Intel mode
10
−
ns
tLLEH
AS LOW to E HIGH
Motorola mode
10
−
ns
tsu(R-EH)
set-up time of RD/WR to E
HIGH
Motorola mode
5
−
ns
tW(W)
WR pulse width
Intel mode
20
−
ns
tW(R)
RD pulse width
Intel mode
40
−
ns
tW(E)
E pulse width
Motorola mode
40
−
ns
tCLWL
CS LOW to WR LOW
Intel mode
0
−
ns
tCLRL
CS LOW to RD LOW
Intel mode
0
−
ns
tCLEH
CS LOW to E HIGH
Motorola mode
0
−
ns
tWHCH
WR HIGH to CS HIGH
Intel mode
0
−
ns
tRHCH
RD HIGH to CS HIGH
Intel mode
0
−
ns
tELCH
E LOW to CS HIGH
Motorola mode
0
−
ns
tW(RST)
RST pulse width
100
−
ns
−
40
ns
Input comparator/output driver
tSD
sum of input and output delays
VDD = 5 V ±10%;
VDIF = ±32 mV;
1.4 V < VI(RX) < VDD − 1.4 V;
note 2
Notes
1. AC characteristics are not tested during production.
2. The analog input comparator may be bypassed internally using the CBP bit in the clock divider register, if external
transceiver circuitry is used. This results in reduced delays (<26 ns). VI(RX) = input voltage on pins RX0 and RX1.
2000 Jan 04
59
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
10.1
SJA1000
AC timing diagrams
handbook, full pagewidth
A7 to A0
AD7 to AD0
D7 to D0
tRHDZ
th(AL-A)
tsu(A-AL)
ALE
(pin ALE/AS)
tRLQV
tW(AL)
tLLRL
RD
(pin RD/E)
tW(R)
WR
tRHCH
tCLRL
CS
MGK632
Fig.17 Read cycle timing diagram; Intel mode.
handbook, full pagewidth
AD7 to AD0
A7 to A0
tsu(A-AL)
D7 to D0
tELDZ
th(AL-A)
AS
(pin ALE/AS)
tW(AL)
tLLEH
tEHQV
RD/WR
(pin WR)
tsu(R-EH)
E
(pin RD/E)
tCLEH
tW(E)
tELCH
CS
MGK633
Fig.18 Read cycle timing diagram; Motorola mode.
2000 Jan 04
60
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
handbook, full pagewidth
AD7 to AD0
A7 to A0
D7 to D0
tsu(A-AL)
tWHDX
th(AL-A)
ALE
(pin ALE/AS)
tW(AL)
tWHLH
tDVWH
tLLWL
WR
tW(W)
RD
(pin RD/E)
tCLWL
tWHCH
CS
MGK634
Fig.19 Write cycle timing diagram; Intel mode.
handbook, full pagewidth
AD7 to AD0
A7 to A0
tsu(A-AL)
D7 to D0
th(AL-A)
tsu(i)(D-EL)
th(i)(EL-D)
AS
(pin ALE/AS)
tW(AL)
tELAH
tLLEH
RD/WR
(pin WR)
tsu(R-EH)
E
(pin RD/E)
tCLEH
tW(E)
tELCH
CS
MGK635
Fig.20 Write cycle timing diagram; Motorola mode.
2000 Jan 04
61
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
10.2
SJA1000
Additional AC information
To provide optimum noise immunity under worst case conditions, the chip is powered by three separate pins and
grounded by three separate pins.
VDD1
VDD2
handbook, full pagewidth
RX0
VDD3
INPUT
COMPARATOR
TX0
LOGIC
RX1
TX1
VSS1
VSS2
VSS3
MGK636
Fig.21 Optimized noise immunity block diagram.
handbook, full pagewidth
VRXD
VOH
VOL
−32
0
8 to 30 mV
+32
VRX0 − VRX1 (mV)
MGK637
Absolute input voltage at RX pins: 1.4 V < VRX < VDD − 1.4 V.
The minimum differential input voltage at the RX pins has to be greater than ±32 mV under all conditions to obtain a defined RXD output level.
Fig.22 Input comparator definitions.
2000 Jan 04
62
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
11 PACKAGE OUTLINES
seating plane
handbook, full
pagewidthdual in-line package; 28 leads (600 mil)
DIP28:
plastic
SOT117-1
ME
D
A2
L
A
A1
c
e
Z
w M
b1
(e 1)
b
MH
15
28
pin 1 index
E
1
14
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
min.
A2
max.
b
b1
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
e1
L
ME
MH
w
Z (1)
max.
mm
5.1
0.51
4.0
1.7
1.3
0.53
0.38
0.32
0.23
36.0
35.0
14.1
13.7
2.54
15.24
3.9
3.4
15.80
15.24
17.15
15.90
0.25
1.7
inches
0.20
0.020
0.16
0.066
0.051
0.020
0.014
0.013
0.009
1.41
1.34
0.56
0.54
0.10
0.60
0.15
0.13
0.62
0.60
0.68
0.63
0.01
0.067
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
EIAJ
SOT117-1
051G05
MO-015
SC-510-28
2000 Jan 04
63
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
95-01-14
99-12-27
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
SO28: plastic small outline package; 28 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT136-1
D
E
A
X
c
y
HE
v M A
Z
28
15
Q
A2
A
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
14
1
e
w M
bp
0
detail X
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
mm
2.65
0.30
0.10
2.45
2.25
0.25
0.49
0.36
0.32
0.23
18.1
17.7
7.6
7.4
1.27
10.65
10.00
1.4
1.1
0.4
1.1
1.0
0.25
0.25
0.1
0.9
0.4
inches
0.10
0.012 0.096
0.004 0.089
0.01
0.019 0.013
0.014 0.009
0.71
0.69
0.30
0.29
0.050
0.419
0.043
0.055
0.394
0.016
0.043
0.039
0.01
0.01
0.004
0.035
0.016
Z
(1)
θ
8o
0o
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT136-1
075E06
MS-013
2000 Jan 04
EIAJ
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
97-05-22
99-12-27
64
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
Typical reflow peak temperatures range from
215 to 250 °C. The top-surface temperature of the
packages should preferable be kept below 230 °C.
12 SOLDERING
12.1
Introduction
This text gives a very brief insight to a complex technology.
A more in-depth account of soldering ICs can be found in
our “Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit Packages”
(document order number 9398 652 90011).
12.3.2
Conventional single wave soldering is not recommended
for surface mount devices (SMDs) or printed-circuit boards
with a high component density, as solder bridging and
non-wetting can present major problems.
There is no soldering method that is ideal for all IC
packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when
through-hole and surface mount components are mixed on
one printed-circuit board. However, wave soldering is not
always suitable for surface mount ICs, or for printed-circuit
boards with high population densities. In these situations
reflow soldering is often used.
12.2
12.2.1
To overcome these problems the double-wave soldering
method was specifically developed.
If wave soldering is used the following conditions must be
observed for optimal results:
• Use a double-wave soldering method comprising a
turbulent wave with high upward pressure followed by a
smooth laminar wave.
Through-hole mount packages
SOLDERING BY DIPPING OR BY SOLDER WAVE
• For packages with leads on two sides and a pitch (e):
The maximum permissible temperature of the solder is
260 °C; solder at this temperature must not be in contact
with the joints for more than 5 seconds. The total contact
time of successive solder waves must not exceed
5 seconds.
– larger than or equal to 1.27 mm, the footprint
longitudinal axis is preferred to be parallel to the
transport direction of the printed-circuit board;
– smaller than 1.27 mm, the footprint longitudinal axis
must be parallel to the transport direction of the
printed-circuit board.
The device may be mounted up to the seating plane, but
the temperature of the plastic body must not exceed the
specified maximum storage temperature (Tstg(max)). If the
printed-circuit board has been pre-heated, forced cooling
may be necessary immediately after soldering to keep the
temperature within the permissible limit.
12.2.2
The footprint must incorporate solder thieves at the
downstream end.
• For packages with leads on four sides, the footprint must
be placed at a 45° angle to the transport direction of the
printed-circuit board. The footprint must incorporate
solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
MANUAL SOLDERING
Apply the soldering iron (24 V or less) to the lead(s) of the
package, either below the seating plane or not more than
2 mm above it. If the temperature of the soldering iron bit
is less than 300 °C it may remain in contact for up to
10 seconds. If the bit temperature is between
300 and 400 °C, contact may be up to 5 seconds.
12.3
12.3.1
During placement and before soldering, the package must
be fixed with a droplet of adhesive. The adhesive can be
applied by screen printing, pin transfer or syringe
dispensing. The package can be soldered after the
adhesive is cured.
Typical dwell time is 4 seconds at 250 °C.
A mildly-activated flux will eliminate the need for removal
of corrosive residues in most applications.
Surface mount packages
REFLOW SOLDERING
12.3.3
Reflow soldering requires solder paste (a suspension of
fine solder particles, flux and binding agent) to be applied
to the printed-circuit board by screen printing, stencilling or
pressure-syringe dispensing before package placement.
MANUAL SOLDERING
Fix the component by first soldering two
diagonally-opposite end leads. Use a low voltage (24 V or
less) soldering iron applied to the flat part of the lead.
Contact time must be limited to 10 seconds at up to
300 °C.
Several methods exist for reflowing; for example,
infrared/convection heating in a conveyor type oven.
Throughput times (preheating, soldering and cooling) vary
between 100 and 200 seconds depending on heating
method.
2000 Jan 04
WAVE SOLDERING
When using a dedicated tool, all other leads can be
soldered in one operation within 2 to 5 seconds between
270 and 320 °C.
65
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
12.4
SJA1000
Suitability of IC packages for wave, reflow and dipping soldering methods
SOLDERING METHOD
MOUNTING
PACKAGE
WAVE
Through-hole mount DBS, DIP, HDIP, SDIP, SIL
suitable(2)
Surface mount
REFLOW(1)
DIPPING
−
suitable
BGA, SQFP
not suitable
suitable
−
HLQFP, HSQFP, HSOP, HTSSOP, SMS
not suitable(3)
suitable
−
PLCC(4),
suitable
SO, SOJ
LQFP, QFP, TQFP
SSOP, TSSOP, VSO
suitable
−
not
recommended(4)(5)
suitable
−
not
recommended(6)
suitable
−
Notes
1. All surface mount (SMD) packages are moisture sensitive. Depending upon the moisture content, the maximum
temperature (with respect to time) and body size of the package, there is a risk that internal or external package
cracks may occur due to vaporization of the moisture in them (the so called popcorn effect). For details, refer to the
Drypack information in the “Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit Packages; Section: Packing Methods”.
2. For SDIP packages, the longitudinal axis must be parallel to the transport direction of the printed-circuit board.
3. These packages are not suitable for wave soldering as a solder joint between the printed-circuit board and heatsink
(at bottom version) can not be achieved, and as solder may stick to the heatsink (on top version).
4. If wave soldering is considered, then the package must be placed at a 45° angle to the solder wave direction.
The package footprint must incorporate solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
5. Wave soldering is only suitable for LQFP, QFP and TQFP packages with a pitch (e) equal to or larger than 0.8 mm;
it is definitely not suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.65 mm.
6. Wave soldering is only suitable for SSOP and TSSOP packages with a pitch (e) equal to or larger than 0.65 mm; it is
definitely not suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.5 mm.
13 DEFINITIONS
Data sheet status
Objective specification
This data sheet contains target or goal specifications for product development.
Preliminary specification
This data sheet contains preliminary data; supplementary data may be published later.
Product specification
This data sheet contains final product specifications.
Limiting values
Limiting values given are in accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 134). Stress above one or
more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and operation
of the device at these or at any other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of the specification
is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Application information
Where application information is given, it is advisory and does not form part of the specification.
14 LIFE SUPPORT APPLICATIONS
These products are not designed for use in life support appliances, devices, or systems where malfunction of these
products can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Philips customers using or selling these products for
use in such applications do so at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips for any damages resulting from such
improper use or sale.
2000 Jan 04
66
Philips Semiconductors
Product specification
Stand-alone CAN controller
SJA1000
NOTES
2000 Jan 04
67
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Internet: http://www.semiconductors.philips.com
SCA 69
© Philips Electronics N.V. 2000
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright owner.
The information presented in this document does not form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may be changed
without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license
under patent- or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Printed in The Netherlands
285002/03/pp68
Date of release: 2000
Jan 04
Document order number:
9397 750 06634
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