A3955 Datasheet

A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Discontinued Product
This device is no longer in production. The device should not be
purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: January 30, 2012
Recommended Substitutions:
For existing customer transition, and for new customers or new applications, refer to the A4975.
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan
for a product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The
information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Features and Benefits
Description
▪ ±1.5 A continuous output current
▪ 50 V output voltage rating
▪ Internal PWM current control
▪ 3-bit nonlinear DAC
▪ Fast, mixed fast/slow, and slow current-decay modes
▪ Internal transient-suppression diodes
▪ Internal thermal shutdown circuitry
▪ Crossover-current and UVLO protection
The A3955 is designed to drive one winding of a bipolar
stepper motor in a microstepping mode. The outputs are
rated for continuous output currents to ±1.5 A and operating
voltages to 50 V. Internal pulse width modulated (PWM) current
control combined with an internal three-bit nonlinear digitalto-analog converter allows the motor current to be controlled
in full-, half-, quarter-, or eighth-step (microstepping) modes.
Nonlinear increments minimize the number of control lines
necessary for microstepping. Microstepping provides increased
step resolution, and reduces torque variations and resonance
problems at low speed.
Internal circuitry determines whether the PWM current-control
circuitry operates in a slow (recirculating) current-decay
mode, fast (regenerative) current-decay mode, or in a mixed
current-decay mode in which the off-time is divided into a
period of fast current decay and with the remainder of the
fixed off-time spent in slow current decay. The combination of
user-selectable current-sensing resistor and reference voltage,
digitally selected output current ratio; and slow, fast, or mixed
current-decay modes provides users with a broad, variable
range of motor control.
Packages:
Package B, 16-pin DIP
with exposed tabs
Package LB, 16-pin SOIC
with internally fused pins
Not to scale
Continued on the next page…
10
6
VCC
PHASE
15
LOAD
SUPPLY
OUTB
OUTA
LOGIC
SUPPLY
Functional Block Diagram
16
7
VBB
GROUND
4
5
UVLO
& TSD
12
13
MIXED-DECAY
COMPARATOR
CURRENT-SENSE
COMPARATOR
R
+
–
Q
S
÷3
BLANKING
11
D/A
DISABLE
RS
RC
3
RT
V TH
CT
2
8
9
14
D1
+ –
D0
VCC
SENSE
+
–
D2
1
BLANKING
GATE
REF
PFD
PWM LATCH
Dwg. FP-042
29319.41G
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Description (continued)
Internal circuit protection includes thermal shutdown with hysteresis,
transient-suppression diodes, and crossover-current protection.
Special power-up sequencing is not required.
The A3955 is supplied in a choice of two power packages; a 16-pin
dual-in-line plastic package with copper heat-sink tabs (suffix ‘B’),
and a 16-lead plastic SOIC with internally fused pins (suffix ‘LB’).
For both package styles, the thermally enhanced pins are at ground
potential and need no electrical isolation. Both packages are lead
(Pb) free, with leadframe plating 100% matte tin.
Selection Guide
Part Number
A3955SB-T
A3955SLBTR-T
Packing
16-pin DIP with exposed thermal tabs
16-pin SOICW with internally fused pins
Package
25 per tube
1000 per reel
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Characteristic
Symbol
Notes
Rating
Units
Load Supply Voltage
VBB
50
V
Logic Supply Voltage
VCC
7.0
V
Logic/Reference Input Voltage Range
VIN
–0.3 to VCC + 0.3
V
Sense Voltage
VS
1.0
V
±1.5
A
Output Current, Continuous
IOUT
Package Power Dissipation
PD
Operating Ambient Temperature
TA
Maximum Junction Temperature
TJ(max)
Storage Temperature
Output current rating may be limited by duty cycle, ambient
temperature, and heat sinking. Under any set of conditions, do
not exceed the specified current rating or a junction temperature of 150°C.
Range S
See graph
W
–20 to 85
ºC
150
ºC
–55 to 150
ºC
Value
Units
43
ºC/W
67
ºC/W
6
ºC/W
Fault conditions that produce excessive junction temperature
will activate the device’s thermal shutdown circuitry. These
conditions can be tolerated but should be avoided.
Tstg
Thermal Characteristics
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions*
B Package, single-layer PCB, 1 in.2 2-oz. exposed copper
Package Thermal Resistance, Junction
to Ambient
RθJA
Package Thermal Resistance, Junction
to Tab
RθJT
LB Package, 2-layer PCB, 0.3
side
in.2
2-oz. exposed copper each
ALLOWABLE PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION (W)
*Additional thermal information available on Allegro website.
4
R θJT = 6.0°C/W
3
SUFFIX 'B', R θJA = 43°C/W
2
1
SUFFIX 'LB', R θJA = 67°C/W
0
25
50
75
100
TEMPERATURE IN °C
125
150
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
2
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS at TA = 25°C, VBB = 5 V to 50 V, VCC = 4.5 V to 5.5 V
(unless otherwise noted.)
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
VCC
—
50
V
Power Outputs
Load Supply Voltage Range
VBB
Operating, IOUT = ±1.5 A, L = 3 mH
Output Leakage Current
ICEX
VOUT = VBB
—
<1.0
50
μA
VOUT = 0 V
—
<-1.0
-50
μA
Output Saturation Voltage
(Forward or Reverse Mode)
VCE(SAT)
VS = 1.0 V:
Source Driver, IOUT = -0.85 A
—
1.0
1.2
V
Source Driver, IOUT = -1.5 A
—
1.3
1.5
V
Sink Driver, IOUT = 0.85 A
—
0.5
0.6
V
Sink Driver, IOUT = 1.5 A
—
1.3
1.5
V
Sense Current Offset
ISO
IS - IOUT, IOUT = 850 mA,
VS = 0 V, VCC = 5 V
20
33
40
mA
Clamp Diode Forward Voltage
(Sink or Source)
VF
IF = 0.85 A
—
1.2
1.4
V
IF = 1.5 A
—
1.4
1.7
V
Motor Supply Current
IBB(ON)
(No Load)
IBB(OFF)
D0 = D1 = D2 = 0.8 V
—
2.0
4.0
mA
—
1.0
50
μA
Continued next page…
Table 3 — DAC Truth Table
Table 1 — PHASE Truth Table
PHASE
H
L
OUTA
OUTB
H
L
L
H
Table 2 — PFD Truth Table
VPFD
Description
≥3.5 V
Slow Current-Decay Mode
1.1 V to 3.1 V
Mixed Current-Decay Mode
≤0.8 V
Fast Current-Decay Mode
D2
DAC DATA
D1
D0
Current
Ratio, %
VREF/VS
H
H
H
100
3.00
H
H
L
92.4
3.25
H
L
H
83.1
3.61
H
L
L
70.7
4.24
L
H
H
55.5
5.41
L
H
L
38.2
7.85
L
L
H
19.5
15.38
L
L
L
All Outputs Disabled
where VS = ITRIP•RS. See Applications section.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
3
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) at TA = 25°C, VBB = 5 V to 50 V, VCC = 4.5 V to
5.5 V (unless otherwise noted. )
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
Control Circuitry
Logic Supply Voltage Range
VCC
Operating
4.5
5.0
5.5
V
Reference Voltage Range
VREF
Operating
0.5
—
2.5
V
VCC = 0 →5 V
3.35
3.70
4.05
V
0.30
0.45
0.60
V
—
42
50
mA
—
12
16
mA
2.0
—
—
V
UVLO Enable Threshold
UVLO Hysteresis
Logic Supply Current
ICC(ON)
ICC(OFF)
Logic Input Voltage
D0 = D1 = D2 = 0.8 V
VIN(1)
—
—
0.8
V
IIN(1)
VIN = 2.0 V
—
<1.0
20
μA
IIN(0)
VIN = 0.8 V
—
<-2.0
-200
μA
VPFD
Slow Current-Decay Mode
3.5
—
—
V
Mixed Current-Decay Mode
1.1
—
3.1
V
Fast Current-Decay Mode
—
—
0.8
V
VIN(0)
Logic Input Current
Mixed-Decay Comparator
Trip Points
Mixed-Decay Comparator
Input Offset Voltage
VIO(PFD)
—
0
±20
mV
Mixed-Decay Comparator
Hysteresis
∆VIO(PFD)
5.0
25
55
mV
VREF = 0 V to 2.5 V
—
—
±5.0
μA
at trip, D0 = D1 = D2 = 2 V
—
3.0
—
—
1.0 V < VREF 2.5 V
—
—
±3.0
%
0.5 V < VREF 1.0 V
—
—
±4.0
%
Reference Input Current
IREF
Reference Divider Ratio
VREF/VS
Digital-to-Analog Converter
Accuracy*
—
Current-Sense Comparator
Input Offset Voltage*
VIO(S)
VREF = 0 V
—
—
±5.0
mV
Step Reference
Current Ratio
SRCR
D0 = D1 = D2 = 0.8 V
—
0
—
%
D0 = 2 V, D1 = D2 = 0.8 V
—
19.5
—
%
D0 = 0.8 V, D1 = 2 V, D2 = 0.8 V
—
38.2
—
%
D0 = D1 = 2 V, D2 = 0.8 V
—
55.5
—
%
D0 = D1 = 0.8 V, D2 = 2 V
—
70.7
—
%
D0 = 2 V, D1 = 0.8 V, D2 = 2 V
—
83.1
—
%
D0 = 0.8 V, D1 = D2 = 2 V
D0 = D1 = D2 = 2 V
—
—
92.4
100
—
—
%
%
Continued next page…
* The total error for the VREF/VS function is the sum of the D/A error and the current-sense comparator input offset voltage.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
4
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued) at TA = 25°C, VBB = 5 V to 50 V, VCC = 4.5 V to
5.5 V (unless otherwise noted. )
Limits
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Units
TJ
—
165
—
°C
∆TJ
—
15
—
°C
18.2
20.2
22.3
μs
Current-Sense Comparator Trip
to Source OFF, IOUT = 100 mA
—
1.0
1.5
μs
Current-Sense Comparator Trip
to Source OFF, IOUT = 1.5 A
—
1.4
2.5
μs
IRC Charge ON to Source ON,
IOUT = 100 mA
—
0.4
0.7
μs
IRC Charge ON to Source ON,
IOUT = 1.5 A
—
0.55
0.85
μs
VCC = 5.0 V, RT ≥ 43 kΩ, CT = 470 pF
IOUT = 100 mA
1.0
1.6
2.2
μs
1 kΩ Load to 25 V
0.3
1.5
3.0
μs
Control Circuitry (cont’d)
Thermal Shutdown Temp.
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
AC Timing
PWM RC Fixed Off-time
PWM Turn-Off Time
PWM Turn-On Time
PWM Minimum On Time
Crossover Dead Time
tOFF RC
tPWM(OFF)
tPWM(ON)
tON(min)
tCODT
CT = 470 pF, RT= 43 kΩ
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
5
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Note the A3955SB (DIP) and the A3955SLB
(SOIC) are electrically identical and share a
common terminal number assignment.
Terminal Functions
Terminal
Name
1
PFD
(Percent Fast Decay) The analog input used to set the current-decay mode.
2
REF
(VREF) The voltage at this input (along with the value of RS and the states of DAC inputs
D0, D1, and D2) set the peak output current.
3
RC
The parallel combination of external resistor RT and capacitor CT set the off time for the
PWM current regulator. CT also sets the blanking time.
4-5
GROUND
6
Description
Return for the logic supply (VCC) and load supply (VBB); the reference for all voltage
measurements.
LOGIC SUPPLY (VCC) Supply voltage for the logic circuitry. Typically = 5 V.
7
PHASE
The PHASE input determines the direction of current in the load.
8
D2
(DATA2) One-of-three (MSB) control bits for the internal digital-to-analog converter.
9
D1
(DATA1) One-of-three control bits for the internal digital-to-analog converter.
10
OUTA
11
SENSE
12-13
GROUND
Return for the logic supply (VCC) and load supply (VBB); the reference for all voltage
measurements.
14
D0
(DATA0) One-of-three (LSB) control bits for the internal digital-to-analog converter.
15
OUTB
16
LOAD SUPPLY
One-of-two output load connections.
Connection to the sink-transistor emitters. Sense resistor RS is connected between this
point and ground.
One-of-two output load connections.
(VBB) Supply voltage for the load.
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
6
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Functional Description
Two A3955 full-bridge PWM microstepping motor drivers are
needed to drive the windings of a bipolar stepper motor. Internal
pulse width modulated (PWM) control circuitry regulates each
motor winding current. The peak motor current is set by the
value of an external current-sense resistor (RS), a reference
voltage (VREF), and the digital-to-analog converter (DAC) data
inputs (D0, D1, and D2).
To improve motor performance, especially when using
sinusoidal current profiles necessary for microstepping, the
A3955 has three distinct current-decay modes: slow decay, fast
decay, and mixed decay.
PHASE Input. The PHASE input controls the direction of
current flow in the load (table 1). An internally generated dead
time of approximately 1 μs prevents crossover currents that
could occur when switching the PHASE input.
DAC Data Inputs (D0, D1, D2). A non-linear DAC is used
to digitally control the output current. The output of the DAC is
used to set the trip point of the current-sense comparator. Table 3
shows DAC output voltages for each input condition. When D0,
D1, and D2 are all logic low, all of the power output transistors
are turned off.
Internal PWM Current Control. Each motor driver
contains an internal fixed off-time PWM current-control circuit
that limits the load current to a desired value (ITRIP). Initially,
a diagonal pair of source and sink transistors are enabled and
current flows through the motor winding and RS (figure 1). When
the voltage across the sense resistor equals the DAC output
voltage the current-sense comparator resets the PWM latch,
which turns off the source drivers (slow-decay mode) or the sink
and source drivers (fast- or mixed-decay mode).
With the DATA input lines tied to VCC, the maximum value of
current limiting is set by the selection of RS and VREF with a
transconductance function approximated by:
ITRIP ≈ VREF / 3RS.
The actual peak load current (IPEAK) will be slightly higher than
ITRIP due to internal logic and switching delays. The driver(s)
remain off for a time period determined by a user-selected
external resistor-capacitor combination (RTCT). At the end of
the fixed off-time, the driver(s) are re-enabled, allowing the load
current to increase to ITRIP again, maintaining an average load
current.
The DAC data input lines are used to provide up to eight levels
of output current. The internal 3-bit digital-to-analog converter
reduces the reference input to the current-sense comparator
in precise steps (the step reference current ratio or SRCR) to
provide half-step, quarter-step, or “microstepping” load-current
levels.
ITRIP ≈ SRCR x VREF/3RS
Slow Current-Decay Mode. When VPFD ≥ 3.5 V, the
device is in slow current-decay mode (the source drivers are
disabled when the load current reaches ITRIP). During the fixed
off-time, the load inductance causes the current to recirculate
through the motor winding, sink driver, ground clamp diode,
and sense resistor (see figure 1). Slow-decay mode produces
low ripple current for a given fixed off-time (see figure 2).
Low ripple current is desirable because the average current
in the motor winding is more nearly equal to the desired
V
BB
I PEAK
MIXED (1.1 V ≤ V PFD ≤ 3.1 V)
DRIVE CURRENT
RECIRCULATION
(SLOW-DECAY MODE)
RECIRCULATION
(FAST-DECAY MODE)
SLOW (VPFD ≥ 3.5 V)
FAST (V PFD ≤ 0.8 V)
PFD
t OFF
Dwg. WP-031-1
RS
Dwg. EP-006-15
Figure 1 — Load-Current Paths
Figure 2 — Current-Decay Waveforms
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
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7
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
reference value, resulting in increased motor performance in
microstepping applications.
For a given level of ripple current, slow decay affords the lowest
PWM frequency, which reduces heating in the motor and driver
IC due to a corresponding decrease in hysteretic core losses and
switching losses respectively. Slow decay also has the advantage
that the PWM load current regulation can follow a more rapidly
increasing reference before the PWM frequency drops into the
audible range. For these reasons slow-decay mode is typically
used as long as good current regulation can be maintained.
Under some circumstances slow-decay mode PWM can fail to
maintain good current regulation:
1) The load current will fail to regulate in slow-decay mode
due to a sufficiently negative back-EMF voltage in conjunction
with the low voltage drop across the load during slow decay
recirculation. The negative back-EMF voltage can cause the load
current to actually increase during the slow decay off time. A
negative back-EMF voltage condition commonly occurs when
driving stepping motors because the phase lead of the rotor
typically causes the back-EMF voltage to be negative towards
the end of each step (see figure 3A).
A — Slow-Decay
2) When the desired load current is decreased rapidly, the slow
rate of load current decay can prevent the current from following
the desired reference value.
3) When the desired load current is set to a very low value, the
current-control loop can fail to regulate due to its minimum duty
cycle, which is a function of the user-selected value of tOFF and
the minimum on-time pulse width ton(min) that occurs each time
the PWM latch is reset.
B — Fast-Decay
Fast Current-Decay Mode. When VPFD 0.8 V, the device
is in fast current-decay mode (both the sink and source drivers
are disabled when the load current reaches ITRIP). During the
fixed off-time, the load inductance causes the current to flow
from ground to the load supply via the motor winding, groundclamp and flyback diodes (see figure 1). Because the full motor
supply voltage is across the load during fast-decay recirculation,
the rate of load current decay is rapid, producing a high ripple
current for a given fixed off-time (see figure 2). This rapid rate of
decay allows good current regulation to be maintained at the cost
of decreased average current accuracy or increased driver and
motor losses.
C — Mixed-Decay
Figure 3 — Sinusoidal Drive Currents
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115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
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8
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Mixed Current-Decay Mode. If VPFD is between 1.1 V
and 3.1 V, the device will be in a mixed current-decay mode.
Mixed-decay mode allows the user to achieve good current
regulation with a minimum amount of ripple current and
motor/driver losses by selecting the minimum percentage of fast
decay required for their application (see also the Stepper Motor
Applications section).
As in fast current-decay mode, mixed-decay starts with the sink
and source drivers disabled after the load current reaches ITRIP.
When the voltage at the RC terminal decays to a value below
VPFD, the sink drivers are re-enabled, placing the device in slow
current-decay mode for the remainder of the fixed off-time
(figure 2). The percentage of fast decay (PFD) is user determined
by VPFD or two external resistors.
PFD = 100 ln (0.6[R1+R2]/R2)
where:
VCC
R1
PFD
With increasing values of tOFF, switching losses will decrease,
low-level load-current regulation will improve, EMI will be
reduced, the PWM frequency will decrease, and ripple current
will increase. A value of tOFF can be chosen for optimization
of these parameters. For applications where audible noise is a
concern, typical values of tOFF are chosen to be in the range of
15 to 35 μs.
RC Blanking. In addition to determining the fixed off-time of
the PWM control circuit, the CT component sets the comparator
blanking time. This function blanks the output of the currentsense comparator when the outputs are switched by the internal
current-control circuitry (or by the PHASE input, or when the
device is enabled with the DAC data inputs). The comparator
output is blanked to prevent false over-current detections due to
reverse recovery currents of the clamp diodes, and/or switching
transients related to distributed capacitance in the load.
During internal PWM operation, at the end of the tOFF time, the
comparator’s output is blanked and CT begins to be charged
from approximately 0.22VCC by an internal current source of
approximately 1 mA. The comparator output remains blanked
until the voltage on CT reaches approximately 0.6VCC. The
blanking time, tBLANK, can be calculated as:
tBLANK = RTCT ln (RT/[RT – 3 kΩ]).
R2
D
EP 062
Fixed Off-Time. The internal PWM current-control circuitry
uses a one shot to control the time the driver(s) remain(s) off.
The one-shot off-time, tOFF, is determined by the selection of
an external resistor (RT) and capacitor (CT) connected from the
RC timing terminal to ground. The off-time, over a range of
values of CT = 470 pF to 1500 pF and RT = 12 kΩ to 100 kΩ, is
approximated by:
tOFF ≈ RTCT.
When the load current is increasing, but has not yet reached the
sense-current comparator threshold (ITRIP), the voltage on the
RC terminal is approximately 0.6VCC. When ITRIP is reached,
the PWM latch is reset by the current-sense comparator and
the voltage on the RC terminal will decay until it reaches
approximately 0.22VCC. The PWM latch is then set, thereby
re-enabling the driver(s) and allowing load current to increase
again. The PWM cycle repeats, maintaining the peak load
current at the desired value.
When a transition of the PHASE input occurs, CT is discharged
to near ground during the crossover delay time (the crossover
delay time is present to prevent simultaneous conduction of
the source and sink drivers). After the crossover delay, CT is
charged by an internal current source of approximately 1 mA.
The comparator output remains blanked until the voltage on CT
reaches approximately 0.6VCC.
Similarly, when the device is disabled, via the DAC data inputs,
CT is discharged to near ground. When the device is re-enabled,
CT is charged by an internal current source of approximately 1
mA. The comparator output remains blanked until the voltage on
CT reaches approximately 0.6VCC. The blanking time, tBLANK,
can be calculated as:
tBLANK = RTCT ln ([RT - 1.1 kΩ]/RT - 3 kΩ).
The minimum recommended value for CT is 470 pF ± 5 %.
This value ensures that the blanking time is sufficient to avoid
false trips of the comparator under normal operating conditions.
For optimal regulation of the load current, this value for CT is
recommended and the value of RT can be sized to determine tOFF.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
9
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Thermal Considerations. Thermal-protection circuitry
turns off all output transistors when the junction temperature
reaches approximately +165°C. This is intended only to protect
the device from failures due to excessive junction temperatures
and should not imply that output short circuits are permitted. The
output transistors are re-enabled when the junction temperature
cools to approximately +150°C.
Stepper Motor Applications. The A3955 is used to
optimize performance in microstepping/sinusoidal stepper-motor
drive applications (see figures 4 and 5). When the load current
is increasing, the slow current-decay mode is used to limit the
switching losses in the driver and iron losses in the motor. This
also improves the maximum rate at which the load current can
increase (as compared to fast decay) due to the slow rate of
decay during tOFF. When the load current is decreasing, the mixed
current-decay mode is used to regulate the load current to the
desired level. This prevents tailing of the current profile caused
by the back-EMF voltage of the stepper motor (see figure 3A).
VBB
1
16
V REF
2
15
+
V PFD
BRIDGE B
47 μF
D 1B
9
8
D2B
10
7
PHASE B
11
6
+5 V
D 0A
5
12
+5 V
6
11
11
PHASE A
7
10
D2A
8
9
12
D0B
47 μF
D 1A
VBB
5
LOGIC
30 kΩ
13
LOGIC
13
4
14
3
15
2
V REF
16
1
V PFD
+
4
0.5 Ω
14
0.5 Ω
30 kΩ
470 pF
3
470 pF
BRIDGE A
Dwg. EP-047-3
Figure 4 — Typical Application
MIXED DECAY
SLOW DECAY
MIXED DECAY
SLOW DECAY
Dwg. WK-004-3
Figure 5 — Microstepping/Sinusoidal Drive Current
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
10
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
Table 4 — Step Sequencing
Bridge A
Full
Step
Half
Step
1
1
Quarter Eighth
Step
Step
1
2
2
3
4
2
3
5
6
4
7
8
3
5
9
10
6
11
12
4
7
13
14
8
15
16
Bridge B
PHASEA
D2A
D1A
D0A
ILOADA
PHASEB
D2B
D1B
D0B
ILOADB
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
H
H
H
H
X
L
L
L
H
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
L
L
L
H
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
70.7%
55.5%
38.2%
19.5%
0%
-19.5%
-38.2%
-55.5%
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
L
H
H
H
L
H
70.7%
83.1%
92.4%
100%
100%
100%
92.4%
83.1%
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
L
H
H
H
L
H
-70.7%
-83.1%
-92.4%
-100%
-100%
-100%
-92.4%
-83.1%
H
H
H
H
X
L
L
L
H
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
L
L
L
H
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
70.7%
55.5%
38.2%
19.5%
0%
-19.5%
-38.2%
-55.5%
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
L
L
L
L
X
H
H
H
H
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
L
L
L
H
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
-70.7%
-55.5%
-38.2%
-19.5%
0%
19.5%
38.2%
55.5%
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
L
H
H
H
L
H
-70.7%
-83.1%
-92.4%
-100%
-100%
-100%
-92.4%
-83.1%
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
H
H
H
H
L
L
H
L
H
H
H
L
H
70.7%
83.1%
92.4%
100%
100%
100%
92.4%
83.1%
L
L
L
L
X
H
H
H
H
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
L
H
H
L
L
L
H
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
L
H
-70.7%
-55.5%
-38.2%
-19.5%
0%
19.5%
38.2%
55.5%
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
11
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
MAXIMUM FULL-STEP
A
TORQUE (141%)
100
92.4
P
10
EP
2
E
ST
U
EP
Q
R
3/8
TO
ST
T
AN
1/4
S
TEP
1/8 ST
E
ST
N
O
C
70.7
55.5
1/
CURRENT IN PER CENT
0%
83.1
EP
5/8
ST
38.2
3/4
19.5
P
STE
EP
7/8 ST
FULL STEP
B
B
19.5
A
38.2
55.5
70.7
CURRENT IN PER CENT
83.1 92.4
100
Dwg. GK-020-1
Figure 5 —
Current and Displacement Vectors
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
12
A3955
Full-Bridge PWM Microstepping Motor Driver
B package 16-pin DIP
19.05±0.25
16
+0.10
0.38 –0.05
+0.76
6.35 –0.25
+0.38
10.92 –0.25
7.62
A
1
2
5.33 MAX
+0.51
3.30 –0.38
1.27 MIN
+0.25
1.52 –0.38
2.54
For Reference Only
(reference JEDEC MS-001 BB)
Dimensions in millimeters
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A Terminal #1 mark area
0.46 ±0.12
LB package 16-pin SOICW
10.30±0.20
4° ±4
16
1.27
0.65
+0.07
0.27 –0.06
10.30±0.33
7.50±0.10
A
9.50
+0.44
0.84 –0.43
2.25
1
2
0.25
16X
SEATING
PLANE
0.10 C
0.41 ±0.10
1.27
2.65 MAX
0.20 ±0.10
C
SEATING PLANE
GAUGE PLANE
B
PCB Layout Reference View
For Reference Only
Pins 4 and 5, and 12 and 13 internally fused
Dimensions in millimeters
(reference JEDEC MS-013 AA)
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A Terminal #1 mark area
B Reference pad layout (reference IPC SOIC127P1030X265-16M)
All pads a minimum of 0.20 mm from all adjacent pads; adjust as necessary
to meet application process requirements and PCB layout tolerances
Copyright ©1997-2010, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that the
information being relied upon is current.
Allegro’s products are not to be used in life support devices or systems, if a failure of an Allegro product can reasonably be expected to cause the
failure of that life support device or system, or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that device or system.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use;
nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
For the latest version of this document, visit our website:
www.allegromicro.com
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 U.S.A.
1.508.853.5000; www.allegromicro.com
13
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