ACS704ELC-005:电流传感器 IC

ACS704ELC-005
Fully Integrated, Hall Effect-Based Linear Current Sensor IC
with Voltage Isolation and a Low-Resistance Current Conductor
Discontinued Product
These parts are no longer in production The device should not be
purchased for new design applications. Samples are no longer available.
Date of status change: October 30, 2007
Recommended Substitutions:
For existing customer transition, and for new customers or new applications, refer to the ACS712.
NOTE: For detailed information on purchasing options, contact your
local Allegro field applications engineer or sales representative.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, revisions to the anticipated product life cycle plan
for a product to accommodate changes in production capabilities, alternative product availabilities, or market demand. The
information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
ACS704ELC-005
Fully Integrated, Hall Effect-Based Linear Current Sensor IC
with Voltage Isolation and a Low-Resistance Current Conductor
The Allegro ACS704 family of current sensor ICs provides economical and
precise solutions for current sensing in industrial, automotive, commercial, and
communications systems. The device package allows for easy implementation
by the customer. Typical applications include motor control, load detection and
management, switched-mode power supplies, and overcurrent fault protection.
Package LC
Pin 8: VCC
Pin 7: VOUT
Pin 6: N.C.
Pin 5: GND
Pin 1: IP+
Pin 2: IP+
Pin 3: IP–
Pin 4: IP–
Pins 6 and 7 are internally connected in shipping
product. For compatibility with future devices,
leave pin 6 floating.
Nominal Operating Temperature, TA
Range E ............................................ –40 to 85ºC
Overcurrent Transient Tolerance*, IP ................ 60 A
*100
total pulses, 250 ms duration each, applied at a rate of
1 pulse every 100 seconds.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply Voltage, VCC .......................................... 16 V
Reverse Supply Voltage, VRCC ........................ –16 V
Output Voltage, VOUT ........................................ 16 V
Reverse Output Voltage, VROUT...................... –0.1 V
Output Current Source, IOUT(Source) ................. 3 mA
Output Current Sink, IOUT(Sink) .......................10 mA
Operating Temperature,
Maximum Junction, TJ(max)....................... 165°C
Storage Temperature, TS ...................... –65 to 170°C
TÜV America
Certificate Number:
U8V 04 12 54214 005
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
The device consists of a precision, low-offset linear Hall circuit with a copper
conduction path located near the surface of the die. Applied current flowing
through this copper conduction path generates a magnetic field which the
integrated Hall IC converts into a proportional voltage. Device accuracy is
optimized through the close proximity of the magnetic signal to the Hall
transducer. A precise, proportional voltage is provided by the low-offset, chopperstabilized BiCMOS Hall IC, which is programmed for accuracy at the factory.
The output of the device has a positive slope (>VCC / 2) when an increasing current
flows through the primary copper conduction path (from pins 1 and 2, to pins 3
and 4), which is the path used for current sampling. The internal resistance of this
conductive path is typically 1.5 mΩ, providing low power loss. The thickness
of the copper conductor allows survival of the device at up to 5× overcurrent
conditions. The terminals of the conductive path are electrically isolated from
the signal leads (pins 5 through 8). This allows the ACS704 family to be used in
applications requiring electrical isolation without the use of opto-isolators or other
costly isolation techniques.
The ACS704 is provided in a small, surface mount SOIC8 package. The leadframe
is plated with 100% matte tin, which is compatible with standard lead (Pb) free
printed circuit board assembly processes. Internally, the flip-chip uses hightemperature Pb-based solder balls, currently exempt from RoHS. The device is
fully calibrated prior to shipment from the factory.
Features and Benefits
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Small footprint, low-profile SOIC8 package
1.5 mΩ internal conductor resistance
800 VRMS minimum isolation voltage between pins 1-4 and 5-8
4.5 to 5.5 V, single supply operation
50 kHz bandwidth
133 mV/A output sensitivity and 15 A dynamic range
Output voltage proportional to ac and dc currents
Factory-trimmed for accuracy
Extremely stable output offset voltage
Near-zero magnetic hysteresis
Ratiometric output from supply voltage
Use the following complete part number when ordering:
Part Number
Package
ACS704ELC-005
SOIC8 surface mount
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Functional Block Diagram
+5 V
Pin 3 Pin 4
IP–
IP–
VCC
Pin 8
Voltage
Regulator
Filter
Dynamic Offset
Cancellation
To all subcircuits
Amp
VOUT
Pin 7
Out
A
N.C.
Pin 6
Gain
Temperature
Coefficient
0.1 μF
Offset
Trim Control
IP+
IP+
Pin 1 Pin 2
GND
Pin 5
A Pins 6 and 7 are internally connected in shipping product.
For compatibility with future devices, leave pin 6 floating.
2
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS, over operating ambient temperature range unless otherwise stated
Characteristic
Symbol
Test Conditions
Min.
1
IP
–5
Primary Sampled Current
Supply Voltage
VCC
4.5
VCC = 5.0 V, output open
5
Supply Current
ICC
IOUT = 1.2 mA
–
Output Resistance
ROUT
Output Capacitance Load
CLOAD
VOUT to GND
–
Output Resistive Load
RLOAD
VOUT to GND
4.7
Primary Conductor Resistance
RPRIMARY
TA = 25°C
–
Isolation Voltage
VISO
Pins 1-4 and 5-8; 60 Hz, 1 minute
800
PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS, TA = –40°C to 85°C, VCC = 5 V unless otherwise specified
Propagation Time
tPROP
IP =±5 A, TA = 25°C
–
Response Time
tRESPONSE IP =±5 A, TA = 25°C
–
Rise Time
tr
Frequency Bandwidth
f
Sensitivity
Noise
Sens
VNOISE
Linearity
ELIN
Symmetry
ESYM
Zero Current Output Voltage
Electrical Offset Voltage
Magnetic Offset Error
Total Output Error2
VOUT(Q)
VOE
IERROM
ETOT
IP =±5 A, TA = 25°C
–3 dB, TA = 25°C; IP is 10 A peak-topeak; no external filter
Over full range of IP ,
IP applied for 5 ms; TA = 25°C
Over full range of IP ,
IP applied for 5 ms; TA = –40 to 85°C
Peak-to-peak, TA = 25°C,
no external filter
Root Mean Square, TA = 25°C,
no external filter
Over full range of IP ,
IP applied for 5 ms; TA = –40 to 85°C
Over full range of IP ,
IP applied for 5 ms; TA = –40 to 85°C
IP = 0 A, TA = 25°C
IP = 0 A, TA = 25°C
IP = 0 A, TA = –40 to 85°C
IP = 0 A, after excursion of 8.3 A;
TA = –40 to 85°C
IP =±5 A , IP applied for 5 ms;
TA = 25°C
IP = ±5 A , IP applied for 5 ms;
TA = –40 to 85°C
Typ.
–
5.0
8
1
–
–
1.5
1200
Max.
5
5.5
10
2
10
–
–
–
Units
A
V
mA
Ω
nF
kΩ
mΩ
V
4
8
–
–
μs
μs
–
9
–
μs
–
50
–
kHz
–
133
–
mV/A
124
–
142
mV/A
–
90
–
mV
–
16
–
mV
–
±1
±4.7
%
98
100
104.5
%
–
–15
–65
VCC / 2
–
–
–
15
65
V
mV
mV
–
±0.01
±0.05
A
–
±1.5
–
%
–
–
±12.5
%
1Device may be operated at higher primary current, I , and Ambient Temperature, T , levels, provided that the Maximum Junction Temperature, T
P
A
J(max),
is not exceeded.
2Percentage of I , with I = 5 A; Output filtered. Up to a 2.0% shift in E
P
P
TOT may be observed at end-of-life for this device.
3
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Typical Performance Characteristics
Supply Current versus Ambient Temperature
VCC = 5 V
10.0
9.6
9.2
ICC (mA)
8.8
8.4
8.0
7.6
7.2
6.8
6.4
6.0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
TA (°C)
Supply Current versus Applied VCC
8.66
8.64
8.62
ICC (mA)
8.60
8.58
8.56
8.54
8.52
8.50
8.48
8.46
8.44
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
VCC (V)
4
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
VOUT (V)
Output Voltage versus Primary Current
VCC = 5 V
4.0
3.7
3.4
3.1
2.8
2.5
2.2
1.9
1.6
1.3
1.0
-9
°C
-40
25
85
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
IP (A)
Sensitivity versus Primary Current
VCC = 5 V
150
145
Sens (mV/A)
140
135
130
125
°C
-40
120
25
115
85
110
-10 -9
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
IP (A)
5
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Zero Current Output Voltage vs. Ambient Temperature
IP = 0 A
2.520
2.516
VOUT(Q) (V)
2.512
2.508
2.504
2.500
2.496
2.492
2.488
2.484
2.480
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
TA (°C)
Zero Current Output Currrent versus Ambient Temperature
(Data in above chart converted to amperes)
IP = 0 A
0.20
0.16
IVOUT(Q) (A)
0.12
0.08
0.04
0
-0.04
-0.08
-0.12
-0.16
-0.20
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
125
150
TA (°C)
6
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Magnetic Offset Error versus Ambient Temperature
VOM (A)
VCC = 5 V; IP = 0 A, after excursion to 8.33 A
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-50
-25
0
25
TA (°C)
50
75
100
Nonlinearity versus Ambient Temperature
VCC = 5 V IP = 5 A
1.0
0.9
0.8
ELIN (%)
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-50
-25
0
25
50
75
100
TA (°C)
7
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
dB Change from 5 kHz Response
Attenuation of ACS704 Output versus AC Sinusoidal Current Frequency
0
-1.0
-2.0
-3.0
-4.0
-5.0
3A
-6.0
5A
10 A
-7.0
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
AC Current Frequency (kHz)
8
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Step Response of ACS704ELC-005 at TA=25°C
ACS704 Output (mV)
5 A Excitation Signal
Typical Peak-to-Peak Noise of ACS704ELC-005 at TA=25°C
9
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
ACS704ELC-005 Noise Filtering and Frequency Response Performance
Filtered Peakto-Peak Noise
(mV)
Resolution
with Filtering
(A)
Measured Rise
Time for 5 A Step,
filtered
(μs)
Unfiltered
90
≈0.67
8
40
47
≈0.35
12.5
25
≈0.20
35
7.0
22
≈0.17
46
3.9
12
≈0.10
90
Break Frequency
of Filter on Output
(k Hz)
10
Nominal
Programmed
Sensitivity
(mV/A)
Unfiltered
Peak-to-Peak
Noise
(mV)
133
90
Typical Application Drawing
+5 V
1
2
VCC 8
IP+
CBYPASS
0.1 μF
IP+
IP
ACS704
VIOUT
3
4
IP–
IP–
NC
GND
7
6
RF
VOUT
CF
5
The ACS704 outputs an analog signal, VSig. that varies linearly with the bidirectional primary
sampled current, IP, within the range specified. RF and CF, are recommended for noise management, with values that depend on the application.
10
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Definitions of Accuracy Characteristics
Sensitivity (Sens). The change in device output in response to a 1 A change through the primary conductor. The sensitivity is the product of the magnetic circuit sensitivity (G / A) and the linear IC amplifier gain (mV/G). The linear IC amplifier gain is programmed at the
factory to optimize the sensitivity (mV/A) for the full-scale current of the device.
Noise (VNOISE). The product of the linear IC amplifier gain (mV/G) and the noise floor for the Allegro Hall effect linear IC (≈1 G).
The noise floor is derived from the thermal and shot noise observed in Hall elements. Dividing the noise (mV) by the sensitivity
(mV/A) provides the smallest current that the device is able to resolve.
Linearity (ELIN): The degree to which the voltage output from the device varies in direct proportion to the primary current through its
full-scale amplitude. Nonlinearity in the output can be attributed to the saturation of the flux concentrator approaching the full-scale
current. The following equation is used to derive the linearity:
{ [
100 1–
(Vout_full-scale amperes – VOUT(Q) )
2 (Vout_half-scale amperes – VOUT(Q) )
[{
where Vout_full-scale amperes = the output voltage (V) when the sensed current approximates full-scale ±IP .
Symmetry (ESYM). The degree to which the absolute voltage output from the device varies in proportion to either a positive or negative full-scale primary current. The following formula is used to derive symmetry:
100
Vout_+full-scale amperes – VOUT(Q)
VOUT(Q) –Vout_–full-scale amperes
Quiescent output voltage (VOUT(Q)). The output of the device when the primary current is zero. For a unipolar supply voltage, it
nominally remains at VCC ⁄ 2. Thus, VCC = 5 V translates into VOUT(Q) = 2.5 V. Variation in VOUT(Q) can be attributed to the resolution
of the Allegro linear IC quiescent voltage trim and thermal drift.
Electrical offset voltage (VOE). The deviation of the device output from its ideal quiescent value of VCC / 2 due to nonmagnetic causes.
To convert this voltage to amperes, divide by the device sensitivity, Sens.
Accuracy (ETOT). The accuracy represents the maximum deviation of the actual output from its ideal value. This is also known as the
total ouput error. The accuracy is illustrated graphically in the Output Voltage versus Current chart on the following page.
Accuracy is divided into four areas:
 0 A at 25°C. Accuracy at zero current flow at 25°C, without the effects of temperature.
 0 A over Δ temperature. Accuracy at zero current flow including temperature effects.
 Full-scale current at 25°C. Accuracy at the full-scale current at 25°C, without the effects of temperature.
 Full-scale current over Δ temperature. Accuracy at full-scale current flow including temperature effects.
Ratiometry. The ratiometric feature means that its 0 A output, VOUT(Q), (nominally equal to VCC/2) and sensitivity, Sens, are proportional to its supply voltage, VCC . The following formula is used to derive the ratiometric change in 0 A output voltage, VOUT(Q)RAT
100
VOUT(Q)VCC / VOUT(Q)5V
‰
VCC / 5 V
(%):The ratiometric change in sensitivity, SensRAT (%), is defined as:
100
SensVCC / Sens5V
‰
VCC / 5 V
11
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Output voltage vs. current, illustrating device accuracy at 0 A and at full-scale current
12
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Definitions of Dynamic Response Characteristics
Propagation delay (tPROP): The time required for the device output to reflect a change in the primary current signal. Propagation delay is attributed to inductive loading within the linear IC package, as well as in the
inductive loop formed by the primary conductor geometry. Propagation delay can be considered as a fixed time
offset and may be compensated.
I (%)
Primary Current
90
Transducer Output
0
Propagation Time, tPROP
t
Response time (tRESPONSE): The time interval between a) when the primary current signal reaches 90% of its
final value, and b) when the device reaches 90% of its output corresponding to the applied current.
I (%)
Primary Current
90
Transducer Output
0
Response Time, tRESPONSE
t
Rise time (tr): The time interval between a) when the device reaches 10% of its full scale value, and b) when
it reaches 90% of its full scale value. The rise time to a step response is used to derive the bandwidth of the
device, in which ƒ(–3 dB) = 0.35 / tr. Both tr and tRESPONSE are detrimentally affected by eddy current losses
observed in the conductive IC ground plane.
I (%)
Primary Current
90
Transducer Output
10
0
Rise Time, tr
t
13
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Standards and Physical Specifications
Parameter
Specification
Flammability (package molding compound)
UL recognized to UL 94V-0
Fire and Electric Shock
UL60950-1:2003
EN60950-1:2001
CAN/CSA C22.2 No. 60950-1:2003
Device Branding Key (Two alternative styles are used)
ACS704T
ELC005
YYWWA
ACS
Allegro Current Sensor
704
Device family number
T
Indicator of 100% matte tin leadframe plating
E
Operating ambient temperature range code
LC
Package type designator
005
Primary sampled current
YY
Manufacturing date code: Calendar year (last two digits)
WW
Manufacturing date code: Calendar week
A
ACS704T
ELC005
L...L
YYWW
Manufacturing date code: Shift code
ACS
Allegro Current Sensor
704
Device family number
T
Indicator of 100% matte tin leadframe plating
E
Operating ambient temperature range code
LC
Package type designator
005
Primary sampled current
L...L
Manufacturing lot code
YY
Manufacturing date code: Calendar year (last two digits)
WW
Manufacturing date code: Calendar week
14
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Chopper Stabilization Technique
Chopper Stabilization is an innovative circuit technique that is used to minimize the offset voltage of a Hall
element and an associated on-chip amplifier. Allegro patented a Chopper Stabilization technique that nearly
eliminates Hall IC output drift induced by temperature or package stress effects. This offset reduction technique
is based on a signal modulation-demodulation process. Modulation is used to separate the undesired DC offset
signal from the magnetically induced signal in the frequency domain. Then, using a low-pass filter, the modulated DC offset is suppressed while the magnetically induced signal passes through the filter. As a result of this
chopper stabilization approach, the output voltage from the Hall IC is desensitized to the effects of temperature
and mechanical stress. This technique produces devices that have an extremely stable Electrical Offset Voltage,
are immune to thermal stress, and have precise recoverability after temperature cycling.
This technique is made possible through the use of a BiCMOS process that allows the use of low-offset and
low-noise amplifiers in combination with high-density logic integration and sample and hold circuits.
Concept of Chopper Stabilization Technique
15
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Applications Information
Transient Common-Mode Voltage Rejection in the ACS704
In order to quantify transient common-mode voltage rejection for the ACS704, a device was soldered onto a printed
circuit board. A 0.1 μF bypass capacitor and a 5 VDC power supply were connected between VCC and GND (pins 8 and
5) for this device. A 10 kΩ load resistor and a 0.01 μF capacitor were connected in parallel between the VOUT pin and
the GND pin of the device (pins 7 and 5).
1
8
2
I
P
3
4
V1
VOUT=0V
VOUT=20VPP
freq=variable
7
6
Vcc
Output
C3
C=0.01µF
5
C0
C=0.1µF
V0
VDC=5V
R=10kΩ
R0
Ground
GND
ACS704 Schematic Diagram of the Circuit used to Measure Transient Rejection
A function generator was connected between the primary current conductor (pins 1 thru 4) and the GND pin of
the device (pin 5). This function generator was configured to generate a 10 V peak (20 V peak-to-peak) sine
wave between pins 1-4 and pin 5. Note that the sinusoidal stimulus was applied such that no electrical current
would flow through the copper conductor composed of pins 1-4 of this device.
The frequency of this sine wave was varied from 60 Hz to 5 MHz in discrete steps. At each frequency, the
statistics feature of an oscilloscope was used to measure the voltage variations (noise) on the ACS704 output
in mV (peak to peak). The noise was measured both before and after the application of the stimulus. Transient
common-mode voltage rejection as a function of frequency is shown in the following figure.
Transient Rejection (dB)
–30
–35
–40
–45
–50
–55
–60
0.06
1
10
100
300
600
800
1000 3000 5000
Frequency of 20 V Peak-to-Peak Stimulus (kHz)
16
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
The Effect of PCB Layout on ACS704 Electrical Performance
Eight different PC boards were fabricated to characterize the effect of PCB design on the operating junction temperature of the
Hall-effect IC inside of the ACS704. These PC boards are shown in the figure below.
2 oz. Cu on one side of board
2 oz. Cu on both sides of board
An ACS704 device was soldered onto each PC board before beginning the thermal testing. Thermal management tests
were conducted with the following test conditions:
 Tests were conducted at ambient temperature, TA = 20C. All tests were conducted in still air.
 14 gauge wires were used to connect a power supply to a single PC board. These wires carry the 15 A DC primary current during
the tests.
 A 15 A DC primary current was applied to a single PC board containing an ACS704 device. This current flowed from pins 1 and
2 to pins 3 and 4 of the ACS704 package.
 A 1 mA current was forced from the GND pin to the VCC pin by a Fluke 179 True RMS Multimeter. This was the only power
applied to pins 5-8 of the ACS704 package during testing.
 The voltage required to force the 1 mA current from the GND pin to the VCC pin was measured after applying the 15 A primary
current for approximately 25 minutes. A graph similar to the graph below was used to determine the junction temperature of the
ACS704.
Voltage vs. Temperature Curve used to Determine Die Junction Temperature
17
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
The results of the testing are shown in the following table.
Effect of PCB Layout on ACS704 Thermal Performance
Tested at 15A, TA = 20°C, still air, 2 oz. copper traces
PC Boards
Sides with Traces
1
2
Trace Width (mm)
Trace Length (mm)
Temperature Rise
Above Ambient (°C)
4
50
90
1.5
50
Overheated
4
10
48
1.5
10
110
4
50
53
1.5
50
106
4
10
38
1.5
10
54
Improved PC Board Designs
The eight PC boards in the figure above do not represent an ideal PC board for use with the ACS704. The ACS704 evaluation
boards, for sale at the Allegro Web site On-Line Store, represent a more optimal PC board design (see photo below). On the
evaluation boards, the current to be sampled flows through very wide traces that were fabricated using 2 layers of 2 oz. copper. Thermal management tests were conducted on the Allegro evaluation boards and all tests were performed using the same
test conditions described in the bulleted list above. The results for these thermal tests are shown in the table below. When
using the Allegro evaluation boards we see that even at an applied current of 20 A the junction temperature of the ACS704 is
only ~30 degrees above ambient temperature.
ACS704 Thermal Performance on the Allegro Eval PC Boards
Applied Current (A)
TA = 20C, Still Air
Temp Rise Above Ambient
(C)
15
22
20
31
18
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
ACS704ELC-005
Package LC, 8-pin SOIC
6.20 .244
5.80 .228
0.25 [.010] M B M
5.00 .197
4.80 .189
8
8º
0º
A
B
0.25 .010
0.17 .007
Preliminary dimensions, for reference only
Dimensions in millimeters
U.S. Customary dimensions (in.) in brackets, for reference only
(reference JEDEC MS-012 AA)
Dimensions exclusive of mold flash, gate burrs, and dambar protrusions
Exact case and lead configuration at supplier discretion within limits shown
A Terminal #1 mark area
4.00 .157
3.80 .150
1.27 .050
0.40 .016
A
1
2
0.25 .010
8X
SEATING
PLANE
0.10 [.004] C
8X
0.51 .020
0.31 .012
C
SEATING PLANE
GAUGE PLANE
1.75 .069
1.35 .053
0.25 [.010] M C A B
1.27 .050
0.25 .010
0.10 .004
The products described herein are manufactured under one or more of the following U.S. patents: 5,045,920; 5,264,783; 5,442,283; 5,389,889;
5,581,179; 5,517,112; 5,619,137; 5,621,319; 5,650,719; 5,686,894; 5,694,038; 5,729,130; 5,917,320; and other patents pending.
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. reserves the right to make, from time to time, such departures from the detail specifications as may be required to
permit improvements in the performance, reliability, or manufacturability of its products. Before placing an order, the user is cautioned to verify that
the information being relied upon is current.
Allegro products are not authorized for use as critical components in life-support devices or systems without express written approval.
The information included herein is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc. assumes no responsibility for its
use; nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use.
Copyright©2005, 2006, Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
19
ACS704ELC005-DS, Rev. 8
115 Northeast Cutoff, Box 15036
Worcester, Massachusetts 01615-0036 (508) 853-5000
www.allegromicro.com
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