an1139

Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A
Evaluation Kit
Eval Board Setup
Application Note
October 4, 2004
AN1139.1
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE APPLYING POWER OR CONNECTING
CABLES
The ISL6271A is a power management integrated circuit (PMIC) designed to provide the low-voltage requirements
for the Bulverde XScale processor. There are three(3) such voltages generated by the PMIC:
1)
.85V-1.6V core voltage under DVM or VID control
2)
1.3V PLL voltage, and
3)
1.1V SRAM voltage.
All three outputs are enabled/disabled simultaneously by a common Power Enable (EN) signal from the processor.
Various control and diagnostic functions attend to the orderly sequencing and dynamic control of the PMIC. A
complete functional description of the PMIC can be found in the ISL6271A data sheet (provided).
The ISL6271A evaluation board provides a means to explore and validate the functional capabilities of the ISL6271A
XScale Regulator. The board was designed to have an intuitive layout flow with strapping options to aid in ease of
instrumenting and testing. There is a left-to-right flow of input-to-output, with external inputs coming onto the board
from the left side and the outputs on the right side. LED indicator functions are to the top side of the layout and the
transient load-generator option is in the lower right corner of the board with various strapping options. The core
regulator output can be controlled by either an externally connected I2C interface module (provided) or on-board
static VID switches. Appropriate cabling is provided to make the necessary connections with external testing
equipment.
The following instructions are not intended to effect an exhaustive evaluation of the ISL6271A. They are intended as
a guide into an introductory suite of tests with which the evaluator can gain enough confidence and skill to go deeper
in functional exploration/validation.
Test Equipment Required:
Multi-channel Storage Oscilloscope (with appropriate probes)
Digital Multi-meters (up to 3)
Dual Low-Voltage Adjustable Power Supply
Load - electronic or resistors (0-1A)
PC with available USB port
USB cable
USB/I2C interface module and I2C cable (provided with eval kit)
USB/I2C Software (downloadable from www.intersil.com)
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143|Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
Copyright © Intersil Americas Inc. 2004. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Initial Set-Up
Position the ISL6271A eval board so that the Intersil logo is in the upper right corner, relative to testers perspective.
All switch positions on S1 should be to the ‘left’ to Enable the device for static VID input.
Place shunts as follows, (see Figure 1):
H1 to ‘enable’
H2 no shunt (if external LVCC being supplied, left two pins should never be shorted)
H3 no shunt
H4 no shunt
FIGURE 1.
SHUNT PLACEMENT ON H1 TO ENABLE, AND NO SHUNT ON H2, H3 AND H4
Adjust the External Power Supplies to 3.7V and 2.5V respectively, and turn off.
NOTE: (Under NO circumstances should the voltage on either supply be allowed to exceed 6.0V)
Adjust the external electronic load for a constant current of 200mA (Do not interconnect).
Connect J1 on the eval board to the dual power supply, with the (LVCC+) pin to 2.5V (supply to the 2 LDO’s), the (+)
pin to 3.7V (supply to the swiching regulator), and the (-) pin to the supply common (gnd), Figure 2.
To PC USB
USB-I2C
I2C
(For DVM Testing Only)
ISL6271EVAL1
J4
J2
J1
S1
J3
Power
LOAD
FIGURE 2.
2
CONNECT J1 TO THE DUAL POWER SUPPLY
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Connect the test leads of DVM#1 between TP1(+) and TP3(-) and set to measure VDC.
Connect the test leads of DVM#2 between TP8(+) and TP9(-) and set to measure VDC.
Connect the test leads of DVM#3 between TP6(+) and TP7(-) and set to measure VDC.
DVM #3
DVM #2
DVM #1
FIGURE 3.
CONNECT THE TEST LEADS BETWEEN TP1, TP3, TP8, TP9, TP6, TP7
Initial Power-Up
With all the switches of S1 on the eval board at “off” positions and the external supplies adjusted to 3.7V and 2.5V,
turn both power supplies ‘on’.
Observe that both LEDs (LED1, LED2) are illuminated, see Figure 4.
Confirm DVM#2 indicates 1.6V (+-25mV) for VCore
Confirm DVM#1 indicates 3.7V (+-50mV)  this voltage will vary with the load current
Confirm DVM#3 indicates 1.3V (+-25mV) for VPLL
Move DVM#3 (+) lead to TP10 and confirm 1.1V(+-25mV) for VSRAM
FIGURE 4.
3
OBSERVE LED1, LED2 AND CONFIRM VOLTAGES
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
With the board still powered, slide switch (S1) positions 1- 4 to the right and confirm DVM#2 indicates
.85V(+-25V). Return switches to left position, and verify 1.6V is restored (Figure 5). Slide S1 position 6 to the right
(on), Vcore should be 1.3V. This confirms static 4-bit VID management capability of the core voltage (see the
datasheet for the various VID codes which can be set).
FIGURE 5.
SLIDE SWITCH POSITIONS 1-4 ON S1 TO CONFIRM 4-BIT VID
Slide switch(S1) position 5 to the ‘right’ (Figure 6) and confirm DVM#2/3 registers low outputs. Return S1pos 5 to the
‘left’ position; confirm that the outputs are restored. This confirms the Enable function.
Turn the external power supplies ‘off’.
FIGURE 6.
4
SLIDE SW1 POSITION 5 TO THE RIGHT TO CONFIRM REGISTERS
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Connect J3 on evaluation board to the electronic load, (Figure 7), observing proper polarities.
T
O
L
O
A
D
FIGURE 7.
CONNECT THE J3 ON THE EVALUATION BOARD TO THE ELECTRONIC LOAD
NOTE: (Fixed resistive loads of 1Kohm each are connected across the VPLL and VSRAM outputs onboard. If variable loading is
desired, such a load can be connected via J4)
Reapply power and observe DVM#2 indicating 1.3V and that the load is sinking 200mA.
Basic functionality is confirmed and thorough testing/characterization can begin.
TP5 and TP2 will accommodate low-noise Tek scope probe tips for monitoring the AC characteristics of Vcore and
Phase, respectively.
The phase node is a good signal point from which to trigger and observe cycle-by-cycle switching behavior of the
Vcore regulator. Connect the trigger channel to the TP2 probe point to trigger on the phase signal. See Figure 8 for a
typical scope shot of the Vcore voltage(AC) when triggered from the phase node.
Vcore
Phase
FIGURE 8.
5
VCORE AND PHASE
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Transient Load Testing w/onboard Transient Generator
The onboard transient generator function permits dynamically changing the load current on Vcore and is enabled by
placing a shunt across H4 pins 2-3 (while H1 is enabled), see Figure 1. This periodically connects and disconnects a
5 ohm load across the Vcore output at about a 1 second interval, corresponding to about a 250mA pulse load on the
output at 1.3V. H4 pin 2 can then be used to trigger the scope and observe the effect on Vcore each time this load
switches in either the positive or negative direction, thus observing the transient response of the Vcore regulator. This
is illustrated below in Figure 9 with a 10mA external load bias applied. (Note: The output load can be biased to some
DC level by an external load connected through J3) . A programmable external load may provide more versatility for
transient load testing, but this on-board capability gives an excellent read on the regulators response characteristic.
V core
H4-Pin2
FIGURE 9.
VCORE TRANSIENT RESPONSE (10MA – 250MA)
Efficiency Measurement Considerations
Since the ISL6271A is a multi-regulator PMIC, it is important to segregate the regulators as much as possible when
attempting accurate efficiency measurements on the core regulator. The power input to the LDOs (LVCC) can be tied
to the main PVCC input by a strap on H2, but should be separated from the core regulator input voltage (PVCC)
during efficiency measurements. All other extraneous draw from PVCC should be removed, such as the LED power
and the transient generator circuitry. Removing the shunt from H1 effectively removes power from both the LED and
transient-generator circuits, and prepares the circuit for core regulator efficiency measurements.
Another drain to take into consideration, if efficiency testing is being done under static VID control, is the 100K pull-up
resistors for the switches in S1, which will drain 30-40uA each from PVCC when in the ‘right’ position. If testing is
being done at an output voltage of less than 1.3V (all ‘left’), then the number of switches in the ‘right’ position should
be factored into the efficiency calculation. This should be a relatively insignificant factor at higher output current
levels, but it is a factor to be cognizant of.
6
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Dynamic Voltage Management(DVM)
via I2C
The following steps will guide the evaluator through
the set-up required to control both the voltage level
and slew rate of Vcore dynamically from a PC over a
USB-to-I2C interface. The user will be able to easily
set the core voltage at any one of 16 discrete levels
between 0.85V and 1.3V, and the slew rate to one of
4 discrete levels from .1mV/uS to 5mV/uS (see data
sheet) simply by selecting the desired level(s) and
commanding a ‘writeI2C’ to the device.
FIGURE 10. THE USB I2C INTERFACE MODULE
Load Driver Software
The first step is to connect the USB-I2C interface
module to the PC USB port with the supplied cable
(Figure 10) .
Next install the driver software for the I2C interface,
provided on the same evaluation kit CD as this
document (see Appendix B), and by following the
installation instructions provided in Appendix B.
The screen below will appear after the application
software is installed and the testing application is
executed.
FIGURE 11. ISL6271A TESTING APPLICATION
WINDOW
Hardware Module(s) Interconnect
Once the SW is loaded and the DVM-choice screen is displayed (Figure 11), the two boards should be connected
together ( Figure 12). Before connecting the cable between the eval board and the USB-I2C module (Figure 2),
apply input power (3.7V) to the eval board and then connect the interconnecting cable to J2 on the eval board.
Switch S1 position 6 should be switched to the ‘right’ for I2C testing.
FIGURE 12. CONNECT THE INTERCONNECTING CABLE TO J2 ON THE EVALUATION BOARD
7
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
DVM Testing
Monitor Vcore DC voltage (TP8-TP9), while varying the voltage set-point using the I2C commands from the dropdown voltage palate on the PC screen. The variable slew rate command-set can be verified by monitoring Vcore at
TP5 with a scope set on AC coupling and 200mV/Div sensitivity. The scope could be set to one-shot trigger off the
change in Vcore voltage, commanded by the user adjusting the trigger level about 50mV from the ‘0’V level in the
commanded direction. A more reliable, and repeatable, one-shot trigger is the incoming I2C clock signal. This signal
can be easily accessed on either end of the red conductor in the I2C interconnect cable. Now, when the ‘Write I2C’
command is given, the scope will trigger on the clock burst, and the Vcore voltage slew rate to the new voltage level
can be observed. This is illustrated below in Figure 13 for both a positive and negative slew command.
I2C Clock
(SCL)
Vcore
I2C data
(SDA)
LEGEND
Vcore
I2C Clock
I2C Data
FIGURE 13. VCORE SLEW RATE
8
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Appendix A
Schematics and Bill of Materials
1
2
PVCC LED Enable
H1
PVCCA Power Good
led_pg R11
dr2led1
6
dr2led2
2
3
LED2
1
2
3
PVCC
D
led_bfl R10
LED1
Battery Fault
U3
1
D
4
5
R9
TP6
Linear Outputs
vpll
6
3
2
5
R4
U2
R6
R16
vcc
9
17
1
15
SCL/VIDO PGOOD
SDA/VID1
BFLT
VID2
VID3
VPLL
EN
VSRAM
VIDEN
FB
PVCC
BBAT
VCC
LVCC
C7
ISL6271
C2
soft
PHASE
VOUT
Sub
C8
10
18
5
4
14
13
12 fb
R8
TP8
J3
8 phase
11
Vcore
L1
21
TP4
1
TP2
C10
C6
5
4
3
2
1
R13
R12
555_rst
PVCCA
1
2
3
lvcc
1
8
VCC
RS
DCHG
4
7
OUT
TH
TG
6
2
GND
CV
Q1
1
TP1
ds_chg
H4
3
555_out
1
B
R15
U4
C9
C1
PVCCA
R14
Q1_drain
555 Output Select - Enable or Load
555_trig
5
LVCC Input Select
TP3
TP9
TP
1
2
3
GND
LVCC
3
2
1
R19
2_load
J1
1
2
3
C
VCORE
B
PVCC
TP10
3
2
C3
Battery Inputs
SRAM
1
C4
R7
GND
1
vsram
TP5
scl/vid0 3
sda/vid1 4
vid2
5
vid3
6
19
en
2
vid_en
12
11
10
9
8
7
1
U1
4
C
1
2
3
4
5
6
R5
PLL
3
2
1
1
TP7
1
R2
S1
dr2sw1
dr2sw2
R3
pg_gt_drv
bft_gt_drv
R1
SOFT
GND
PGND
GND
I2C - SDA
R17
C5
20
16
7
1
2
3
1
J4
PVCC
J2
1
I2C Input
I2C - SCL
4
3
R18
C12
555_cv
H2
C11
H3
1
2
3
Note: Power/Signal grounds connected at a single point under the ISL6271
A
A
Title ISL6271
Evaluation Board
Size: A4
Number:
Date: 3-Jan-2003 10: Time:
1
Appendix A-1
2
34
Revision: 0
17:53
Sheet 1
of 2
Intersil Corporation
Stirrup Creek Drive
Duram
NC
TM
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
ISL6271A Evaluation Board Bill-of-Materials
Item
Qty
Ref Des
Description
Footprint
1
3
C2,C5,C8
2.2uF/6.3V cer
cap
0805
DK- PCC2176CT
2
1
C7
10uF/6.3V cer
cap
0805
C2010X5R0J106K
DK- PCC1923CT
3
C3
.1uF cer cap
0402
DK- PCC2146CT
4
C9,C10,C11
.1uF cer cap
0603
DK- PCC1762CT
5
C4
.01uF cer cap
0402
PCC103BQCT
6
C12
.47uF cer cap
0603
PCC1911CT
7
C1
10uF/10V tant
cap
‘A’ Case
3.2x1.6x1.6
8
C6
10uF/6.3V cer
0805
9
2
R10,R11
200
0805
10
9
R1,R2,R3,R4,R5,R6,R14,R15
100K
0603
R8
49.9K
0402
11
12
1
R7
10
0402
13
3
R16, R17, R19
1K
0603
14
2
R12, R13
10
0805
15
R9
100K
0402
16
R18
1Meg
0603
17
1
S1
6 pos switch
18
2
U1,U3
Dual n-fet
19
2
LED1,LED2
20
1
21
1
Appendix A-2
Vendor
PN
Sprague
C&K
SD06H0SK
SC-70
Vishay Siliconix
TN0205AD
Green led
0805
Lumex
SML-LXT0805GW-TR
Q1
n-FET
SOT-23
Vishay Siliconix
Si2302ADS
L1
Inductor, 4.7uH
5.2x5.2x1mm
Cooper
SD20-4R7
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
ISL6271A Evaluation Board Bill-of-Materials
Item
Qty
Ref Des
Description
22
4
J1,J2,J3,J4
Header/3ckt
23
4
H1,H2,H3,H4
Jumper/3ckt
24
2
TP2,TP5
Probe Socket
25
8
TP1,3,4,6,7,8,9,10
testpoints
26
1
U4
Timer IC
SO-8
Intersil
ICM7555
27
1
U2
Controller
4x4 mm QFN
Intersil
ISL6271A
28
1
PCB
2.5x3 inch
Appendix A-3
Footprint
Vendor
PN
DigiKey
A19430-ND
Tektronix
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Appendix B
Driver Installation Instructions
1.
Go to www.intersil.com and search for ISL6271A;
2.
Down load the software driver ISL6271A-installer.zip to your computer;
3.
Expand the zip file into C:\ISL6271A
4. After the USB-I2C evaluation hardware been connected to the USB cable of the PC, the OS (Windows 2000/XP/98) will
prompt you for the directory path of the hardware device driver. Point to the directory path to C:\ISL6271A, the OS will
automatically install the device driver for you.
5. After you have successfully installed the USBI2CIO device driver, install the ISL6271A software tool. Run SETUP.EXE
from the C:\ISL6271A subdirectory, and follow the on-screen instructions.
6. Click the “ISL6271A Demo” icon on your desk top to run the software. If you receive “Error in setting the initial stage”
message, check your cable connections. Figure 11 window will pop up on your desktop. You will be able to adjust the
ISL6271A output voltage and slew rate through the software.
Appendix B-1
Setup Instructions for the ISL6271A Evaluation Kit
Contact your local
Intersil Field Application Engineer
for technical assistance:
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality.
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without notice.
Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by
implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
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