DATASHEET

Dual 2A/1.7A Low Quiescent Current 2.25MHz High
Efficiency Synchronous Buck Regulator
ISL8022
Features
The ISL8022 is a high efficiency, dual synchronous step-down
DC/DC regulator that can deliver up to 2A/1.7A continuous
output current per channel. The channels are 180° out-of-phase
for input RMS current and EMI reduction. The supply voltage
range of 2.8V to 5.5V allows for the use of a single Li+ cell, three
NiMH cells or a regulated 5V input. The current mode control
architecture enables very low duty cycle operation at high
frequency with fast transient response and excellent loop
stability. The ISL8022 operates at 2.25MHz switching frequency
allowing for the use of small, low cost inductors and capacitors.
Each channel is optimized for generating an output voltage as
low as 0.6V.
• Dual 2A/1.7A high efficiency synchronous buck regulator with
up to 97% efficiency, low iq (40µA)
• 180° out-of-phase
• Start-up with pre-biased output
• Selectable forced PWM mode and PFM mode
• External synchronization up to 8MHz
• Negative current detection and protection
• 100% maximum duty cycle for lowest dropout
• Internal current mode compensation
• Peak current limiting, hiccup mode short circuit protection and
over-temperature protection
The ISL8022 has a user configurable mode of operation-forced
PWM mode and PFM/PWM mode. The forced PWM mode
operation reduces noise and RF interference while the PFM
mode operation provides high efficiency by reducing switching
losses at light loads. In PFM mode of operation, both channels
draw a total quiescent current of only 40µA, hence enabling high
light load efficiency in order to maximize battery life.
• Pb-free (RoHs compliant)
Applications
• DC/DC POL modules
• µC/µP, FPGA and DSP power
The ISL8022 offers a 1ms Power-Good (PG) to monitor both
outputs at power-up. When shutdown, ISL8022 discharges the
outputs capacitor. Other features include internal digital
soft-start, enable for power sequence, overcurrent protection,
and thermal shutdown. The ISL8022 is offered in a 4mmx3mm
12 Ld DFN package with 1mm maximum height. The complete
converter occupies less than 1.8cm2 area.
• Plug-in DC/DC modules for routers and switchers
• Test and measurement systems
• Li-ion battery powered devices
• Bar code readers
Related Literature
• AN1554 “ISL8022EVAL1Z Dual 2A/1.7A Low Quiescent
Current 2.25MHz High Efficiency Synchronous Buck Regulator”
• AN1587 “ISL8022EVAL2Z Dual 2A/1.7A Low Quiescent
Current 2.25MHz High Efficiency Synchronous Buck Regulator”
100
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
80
2.5VOUT1PFM
2.5VOUT1PWM
3.3VOUT2PFM
70
60
50
40
3.3VOUT2 PWM
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
2.25MHz 5VIN AT +25°C
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2.0
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
FIGURE 1. CHARACTERISTIC CURVE
March 14, 2013
FN7650.3
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas LLC 2010, 2011, 2013. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) is a trademark owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL8022
Typical Applications
L1
1 .2 µ H
OUTPUT1
2 .5 V /2 A
LX1
C2
22µF
PGND
IN P U T 2 .8 V T O 5 .5 V
FB1
V IN
R3
100k
EN1
C1
2 x 10µF
C3
10pF
R2
316k
IS L 8 0 2 2
L2
1 .2 µ H
EN2
OUTPUT2
1 .8 V /1 .7 A
LX2
PG
C4
22µF
PGND
SYNC
R5
200k
C5
10pF
FB2
R6
100k
FIGURE 2. TYPICAL APPLICATION DIAGRAM - DUAL INDEPENDENT OUTPUTS
TABLE 1. COMPONENT VALUE SELECTION
VOUT
0.8V
1.2V
1.5V
1.8V
2.5V
3.3V
C1
2x10µF
2x10µF
2x10µF
2x10µF
2x10µF
2x10µF
C2 (or C4)
22µF
22µF
22µF
22µF
22µF
22µF
C3 (or C5)
10pF
10pF
10pF
10pF
10pF
10pF
L1 (or L2)
1.0~2.2µH
1.0~2.2µH
1.0~2.2µH
1.2~3.3µH
1.2~3.3µH
1.5~4.7µH
R2 (or R5)
33k
100k
150k
200k
316k
450k
R3 (or R6)
100k
100k
100k
100k
100k
100k
In Table 1, the minimum output capacitor value is given for
different output voltage to make sure the whole converter
system is stable. Output capacitance should increase to support
faster load transient requirement.
2
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Block Diagram
EN1
VCC SHUTDO W N
27pF
V IN 1
250k
B A N D G A P 0 .6 V
+
SHUTDO W N
SS
OoFft
TS TSAta
Rrt
T
P W M /P F M
L O G IC
CO NTROLLER
P R O T E C T IO N
D R IV E R
+
COMP
EAMP
3pF
SLO PE
COMP
0 .2 V
+
CSA1
SCP
+
+
OCP
1 .2 5 V
+
S K IP
+
V IN
PGND
+
FB1
1 .6 k
LX1
0 .2 6 5 V
O S C IL L A T O R
0 .5 4 6 V
1M
N E G A T IV E
C U R R E N T L IM IT
PG
1m s
DELAY
Z E R O-C R O S S
S E N S IN G
SYNC
THERM AL
SHUT DOW N
SHUTDO W N
VCC
SHUTDOW N
27pF
250k
SO
So
F ft
TS TSAta
R rt
T
SHUTDO W N
V IN 2
B A N D G A P 0 .6 V
+
EN2
+
COMP
EAMP
P W M /P F M
L O G IC
CO NTROLLER
P R O T E C T IO N
D R IV E R
3pF
LX2
PGND
SLO PE
COMP
+
+
CSA2
FB2
0 .2 V
1 .6 k
+
SCP
+
+
OCP
+
S K IP
1 .1 V
0 .2 6 5 V
0 .5 4 6 V
N E G A T IV E
C U R R E N T L IM IT
Z E R O-C R O S S
S E N S IN G
3
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 1, 2, 3)
ISL8022IRZ
PART TEMP. RANGE
MARKING
(°C)
8022
-40 to +85
Pin Configuration
PACKAGE
(Pb-Free)
ISL8022
(12 LD DFN)
TOP VIEW
PKG.
DWG. #
12 Ld 4x3 DFN L12.4x3
ISL8022EVAL1Z Evaluation Board
FB1
1
ISL8022EVAL2Z Evaluation Board
EN1
2
11 EN2
PG
3
10 SYNC
VIN1
4
9
VIN2
LX1
5
8
LX2
PGND1
6
7
PGND2
NOTES:
1. Add “T” suffix for Tape and Reel. Please refer to TB347 for details
on reel specifications.
12 FB2
PAD
2. These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pbfree material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and
100% matte tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is
RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free
soldering operations). Intersil Pb-free products are MSL classified
at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pbfree requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see device information
page for ISL8022. For more information on MSL please see
techbrief TB363.
Pin Description
PIN
NUMBER
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
1
FB1
The feedback network of the Channel 1 regulator. FB1 is the negative input to the transconductance error amplifier. The
output voltage is set by an external resistor divider connected to FB1. With a properly selected divider, the output voltage
can be set to any voltage between the power rail (reduced by converter losses) and the 0.6V reference. There is an internal
compensation to meet a typical application. In addition, the regulator power-good and undervoltage protection circuitry
use FB1 to monitor the Channel 1 regulator output voltage.
2
EN1
Regulator Channel 1 enable pin. Enable the output, VOUT1, when driven to high. Shutdown the VOUT1 and discharge output
capacitor when driven to low. Do not leave this pin floating.
3
PG
1ms timer output. At power-up or EN_ HI, this output is a 1ms delayed Power-Good signal for both the VOUT1 and VOUT2
voltages. There is an internal 1MΩ pull-up resistor.
4
VIN1
Input supply voltage for Channel 1. Connect 10µF ceramic capacitor to PGND1.
5
LX1
Switching node connection for Channel 1. Connect to one terminal of inductor for VOUT1.
6
PGND1
Negative supply for power stage 1.
7
PGND2
Negative supply for power stage 2 and system ground.
8
LX2
Switching node connection for Channel 2. Connect to one terminal of inductor for VOUT2.
9
VIN2
Input supply voltage for Ch 2 and to provide logic bias. Make sure that VIN2 is ≥ VIN1. Connect 10µF ceramic capacitor to
PGND2.
10
SYNC
Mode Selection pin. Connect to logic high or input voltage VIN for PFM mode; connect to logic low or ground for forced PWM
mode. Connect to an external function generator for Synchronization. Negative edge trigger. Do not leave this pin floating.
11
EN2
Regulator Channel 2 enable pin. Enable the output, VOUT2, when driven to high. Shutdown the VOUT2 and discharge output
capacitor when driven to low. Do not leave this pin floating.
12
FB2
The feedback network of the Channel 2 regulator. FB2 is the negative input to the transconductance error amplifier. The
output voltage is set by an external resistor divider connected to FB2. With a properly selected divider, the output voltage
can be set to any voltage between the power rail (reduced by converter losses) and the 0.6V reference. There is an internal
compensation to meet a typical application. In addition, the regulator power-good and undervoltage protection circuitry
use FB2 to monitor the Channel 2 regulator output voltage.
-
EXPOSED
PAD
The exposed pad must be connected to the SGND pin for proper electrical performance. Add as much vias as possible for
optimal thermal performance.
4
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Absolute Maximum Ratings (Reference to GND)
Thermal Information
Supply Voltage (VIN) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 6V (DC) or 7V (20ms)
EN1, EN2, PG, SYNC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-0.3V to VIN + 0.3V
LX1, LX2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1.5V (100ns)/-0.3V (DC) to 6.5V (DC)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . or 7V (20ms)
FB1, FB2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 2.7V
ESD Rating
Human Body Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3kV
Machine Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250V
Charged Device Model (Tested per JESD22-C101E). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2k
Latch Up (Tested per JESD-78B; Class 2, Level A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100mA
Thermal Resistance (Typical)
θJA (°C/W) θJC (°C/W)
4x3 DFN Package (Notes 4, 5) . . . . . . . .
41
3
Junction Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-55°C to +150°C
Storage Temperature Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Pb-Free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Recommended Operating Conditions
VIN Supply Voltage Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8V to 5.5V
Load Current Range Channel 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0A to 2A
Load Current Range Channel 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0A to 1.7A
Ambient Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40°C to +85°C
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTES:
4. θJA is measured in free air with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board with “direct attach” features. See Tech
Brief TB379.
5. θJC, “case temperature” location is at the center of the exposed metal pad on the package underside.
Electrical Specifications Unless otherwise noted, all parameter limits are established over the recommended operating
conditions: TA = -40°C to +85°C, VIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN1 = EN2 = VIN, SYNC = 0V, L = 1.2µH, C1 = 2 x 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A,
IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Typical values are at TA = +25°C, VIN = 3.6V). Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C.
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 6)
TYP
MAX
(Note 6)
UNITS
2.5
2.8
V
INPUT SUPPLY
VIN Undervoltage Lock-out Threshold
VUVLO
Rising
Falling
Quiescent Supply Current
IVIN
ShutDown Supply Current
ISD
2.0
SYNC = VIN, EN1 = EN2 = VIN, no switches
switching
2.4
V
40
55
µA
SYNC = GND, EN1 = EN2 = VIN, FS = 2.25MHz,
no load at the output
0.86
1
mA
VIN = 5.5V, EN1 = EN2 = GND
6.5
12
µA
0.6
0.610
V
OUTPUT REGULATION
FB1, FB2 Regulation Voltage
VFB_
FB1, FB2 Bias Current
IFB_
Output Voltage Accuracy
Line Regulation
0.590
VFB = 0.55V
0.1
µA
SYNC = VIN, Io = 0A to 2A
±1.5
%
SYNC = GND, Io = 0A to 2A
±1
%
VIN = VO + 0.5V to 5.5V (minimal 2.8V)
0.2
%/V
1.3
ms
Soft-Start Ramp Time Cycle
OVERCURRENT PROTECTION
Dynamic Current limit ON-time
tOCON
17
Clock
pulses
Dynamic Current Limit OFF-time
tOCOFF
4
SS cycle
Peak Overcurrent Limit
Ipk1
Peak SKIP Limit
5
2.7
3.2
3.6
A
Ipk2
2.3
2.8
3.2
A
Iskip1
520
610
730
mA
Iskip2
520
610
730
mA
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Electrical Specifications Unless otherwise noted, all parameter limits are established over the recommended operating
conditions: TA = -40°C to +85°C, VIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN1 = EN2 = VIN, SYNC = 0V, L = 1.2µH, C1 = 2 x 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A,
IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Typical values are at TA = +25°C, VIN = 3.6V). Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C.
PARAMETER
MIN
(Note 6)
TYP
MAX
(Note 6)
UNITS
Ivalley1
-2.2
-1.6
-1
A
Ivalley2
-2.2
-1.6
-1
A
VIN = 5.5V, IO = 200mA Channel 1
90
115
mΩ
VIN = 5.5V, IO = 200mA Channel 2
100
125
mΩ
VIN = 5.5V, IO = 200mA Channel 1
80
103
mΩ
VIN = 5.5V, IO = 200mA Channel 2
90
112
mΩ
SYMBOL
Negative Current Limit
TEST CONDITIONS
LX1, LX2
P-Channel MOSFET ON-Resistance
N-Channel MOSFET ON-Resistance
LX_ Maximum Duty Cycle
%
100
PWM Switching Frequency
FS
1.8
Synchronization Range
(Note 7)
Channel 1 to Channel 2 Phase Shift
Rising edge to rising edge timing
LX Minimum On Time
5.4
RDIS_
EN = LOW
2.7
MHz
8
MHz
180
SYNC = High (forced PWM mode)
Soft Discharge Resistance
2.25
°
65
80
100
ns
130
Ω
0.4
V
0.1
µA
PG
Output Low Voltage
Sinking 1mA, VFB = 0.5V
PG Pin Leakage Current
PG = VIN = 3.6V
0.01
PG Pull-up Resistor
1
MΩ
Internal PGOOD Low Rising Threshold
Percentage of nominal regulation voltage
85
91
97
%
Internal PGOOD Low Falling Threshold
Percentage of nominal regulation voltage
78
85
92
%
Delay Time (Rising Edge)
0.76
Internal PGOOD Delay Time (Falling Edge)
2
ms
4
µs
0.4
V
EN1, EN2, SYNC
Logic Input Low
Logic Input High
1.4
SYNC Logic Input Leakage Current
ISYNC
Enable Logic Input Leakage Current
IEN_
Pulled up to 5.5V
V
0.1
1
µA
0.1
1
µA
Thermal Shutdown
150
°C
Thermal Shutdown Hysteresis
25
°C
NOTES:
6. Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are 100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization
and are not production tested.
7. The operational frequency per switching channel will be half of the SYNC frequency.
6
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A.
100
100
3.3VOUT2
90
80
1.8VOUT2
1.5VOUT2
2.5VOUT1
70
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
1.2VOUT1
60
50
80
1.8VOUT2
70
1.5VOUT1
2.5VOUT1
1.2VOUT1
60
50
40
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
40
0.0
2.0
FIGURE 3. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 3.3VIN PWM
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.0
FIGURE 4. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 5VIN PWM
100
100
90
90
80
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
3.3VOUT2
1.8VOUT2
2.5VOUT1
70
1.5VOUT1
60
1.2VOUT1
50
80
70
1.5VOUT1
1.2VOUT1
60
50
40
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
40
0.0
2.0
FIGURE 5. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 3.3VIN PFM
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.0
FIGURE 6. EFFICIENCY vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 5VIN PFM
1.23
0.90
0.75
3.3VIN PWM
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
POWER DISSIPATION (W)
1.8VOUT2
2.5VOUT1
0.60
0.45
0.30
3.3VIN PFM
5 VIN PWM
5 VIN PFM
1.21
3.3V VIN PFM
1.20
1.19
5VIN PWM
1.18
0.15
0.00
0.0
1.22
3.3V VIN PWM
5VIN PFM
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.0
FIGURE 7. POWER DISSIPATION vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 1.8V, CHANNEL
2
7
1.17
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.0
FIGURE 8. VOUT REGULATION vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 1.2V, CHANNEL1
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Continued)
1.54
2.53
5VIN PFM
2.52
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
1.53
1.52
5VIN PWM
1.51
3.3V VIN PFM
1.50
1.49
5VIN PFM
2.51
2.50
5VIN PWM
2.48
3.3V VIN PWM
3.3V VIN PWM
1.48
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.47
0.0
2.0
FIGURE 9. VOUT REGULATION vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 1.5V CHANNEL2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.0
2.54
3.3V VIN PFM
2.53
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
1.82
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
0.2
FIGURE 10. VOUT REGULATION vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 2.5V CHANNEL1
1.83
1.81
5 VIN PFM
1.80
1.79
1.78
3.3V VIN PFM
2.49
3.3V VIN PWM
2.52
0A LOAD PFM
2.51
2A LOAD
2.50
2.49
5VIN PWM
1.77
0.0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0A LOAD PWM
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
OUTPUT LOAD (A)
1.6
1.8
2.0
FIGURE 11. VOUT REGULATION vs LOAD, 2.25MHz, 1.8V, CHANNEL 2
2.48
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.4
3.7
4.0
4.3
4.6
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
1A LOAD
4.9
5.2
5.5
FIGURE 12. OUTPUT VOLTAGE REGULATION vs VIN 2.5V CHANNEL 1
1.83
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
1.82
0A LOAD PFM
1.81
0A LOAD PWM
1.80
1.79
0.8A LOAD
1.78
1.7A LOAD
1.77
2.5
2.8
3.1
3.4
3.7
4.0
4.3
4.6
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
4.9
5.2
5.5
FIGURE 13. OUTPUT VOLTAGE REGULATION vs VIN 1.8V CHANNEL 2
8
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Continued)
LX2 2V/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 0.2A/DIV
TB = 200ns/DIV
FIGURE 14. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 1
(PWM)
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL2 0.2A/DIV
TB = 200ns/DIV
FIGURE 15. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 2
(PWM)
LX1 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
TB = 500ns/DIV
TB = 500ns/DIV
FIGURE 16. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 1
(PFM)
FIGURE 17. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 2
(PFM)
LX1 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 1A/DIV
IL2 1A/DIV
TB = 200ns/DIV
FIGURE 18. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT FULL LOAD CHANNEL 1
9
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
TB = 200ns/DIV
FIGURE 19. STEADY STATE OPERATION WITH FULL LOAD CHANNEL 2
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Continued)
VOUT2 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
IL1 1A/DIV
IL2 1A/DIV
TB = 200µs/DIV
FIGURE 20. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 1 (PWM)
TB = 200µs/DIV
FIGURE 21. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 2 (PWM)
LX1 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 50mV/DIV
IL2 1A/DIV
IL1 1A/DIV
TB = 1ms/DIV
FIGURE 22. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 1 (PFM)
EN1 2V/DIV
TB = 1ms/DIV
FIGURE 23. LOAD TRANSIENT CHANNEL 2 (PFM)
EN2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 1V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 500µs/DIV
FIGURE 24. SOFT-START WITH NO LOAD CHANNEL 1 (PWM)
10
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 500µs/DIV
FIGURE 25. SOFT-START WITH NO LOAD CHANNEL 2 (PWM)
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Continued)
EN1 2V/DIV
EN2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 1V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 500µs/DIV
FIGURE 26. SOFT-START AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 1 (PFM)
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 27. SOFT-START AT NO LOAD CHANNEL 2 (PFM)
EN1 2V/DIV
EN2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 1V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL1 1A/DIV
IL2 1A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 500µs/DIV
FIGURE 28. SOFT-START AT FULL LOAD CHANNEL 1
EN1 2V/DIV
TB = 500µs/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 500µs/DIV
FIGURE 29. SOFT-START AT FULL LOAD CHANNEL 2
EN2 2V/DIV
VOUT1 1V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL1 0.2A/DIV
IL2 0.2A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 200µs/DIV
FIGURE 30. SOFT-DISCHARGE SHUTDOWN CHANNEL 1
11
TB = 200µs/DIV
FIGURE 31. SOFT-DISCHARGE SHUTDOWN CHANNEL 2
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Continued)
LX2 2V/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL2 0.2A/DIV
IL1 0.2A/DIV
SYNCH 2V/DIV
SYNCH 2V/DIV
TB = 100ns/DIV
TB = 100ns/DIV
FIGURE 32. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD (PFM) WITH
FREQUENCY = 8MHz CHANNEL 1
FIGURE 33. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT NO LOAD (PFM) WITH
FREQUENCY = 8MHz CHANNEL 2
LX1 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT2 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
VOUT1 RIPPLE 20mV/DIV
IL1 1A/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
SYNCH 2V/DIV
SYNCH 2V/DIV
TB = 100ns/DIV
TB = 100ns/DIV
FIGURE 34. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT FULL LOAD (PFM) WITH
FREQUENCY = 8MHz CHANNEL 1
FIGURE 35. STEADY STATE OPERATION AT FULL LOAD (PFM) WITH
FREQUENCY = 8MHz CHANNEL 2
PG 1V/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
PG 1V/DIV
IL1 0.5A/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 2V/DIV
LX1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 2V/DIV
TB = 1µs/DIV
FIGURE 36. VOUT1 HARD SHORT TO VIN NEGATIVE CURRENT
WAVEFORMS AT HIGH LINE CHANNEL 1
12
TB = 1µs/DIV
FIGURE 37. RECOVERY FROM HARD SHORT NEGATIVE CURRENT
WAVEFORMS VOUT1 CHANNEL 1
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Typical Operating Performance (Unless otherwise noted) operating conditions are:
TA = +25°C, VVIN = 2.8V to 5.5V, EN = VIN, L1 = L2 = 1.2µH, C1 = 10µF, C2 = C4 = 22µF, IOUT1 = 0A to 2A, IOUT2 = 0A to 1.7A. (Continued)
PG 1V/DIV
PG 1V/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
IL2 0.5A/DIV
VOUT2 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
LX2 2V/DIV
VOUT2 2V/DIV
TB = 1µs/DIV
TB = 10µs/DIV
FIGURE 38. VOUT2 HARD SHORT TO VIN NEGATIVE CURRENT
WAVEFORMS AT HIGH LINE CHANNEL 2
FIGURE 39. RECOVERY FROM HARD SHORT NEGATIVE CURRENT
WAVEFORMS VOUT2 CHANNEL 2
LX1 5V/DIV
LX1 5V/DIV
VOUT1 2V/DIV
VOUT1 2V/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
IL1 2A/DIV
TB = 5µs/DIV
FIGURE 40. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT CHANNEL 1
PG 5V/DIV
FIGURE 41. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT RECOVERY CHANNEL 1
LX2 5V/DIV
LX2 5V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
VOUT2 1V/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
IL2 2A/DIV
TB = 5µs/DIV
FIGURE 42. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT CHANNEL 2
13
TB = 1ms/DIV
PG 5V/DIV
TB = 1ms/DIV
FIGURE 43. OUTPUT SHORT CIRCUIT RECOVERY CHANNEL 2
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Theory of Operation
The ISL8022 is a dual 2A/1.7A step-down switching regulator
optimized for battery-powered or mobile applications. The
regulator operates at 2.25MHz fixed switching frequency under
heavy load condition to allow small external inductor and
capacitors to be used for minimal printed-circuit board (PCB)
area. At light load, the regulator reduces the switching frequency,
unless forced to the fixed frequency, to minimize the switching
loss and to maximize the battery life. The two channels are 180°
out-of-phase operation. The quiescent current when the outputs
are not loaded is typically only 40µA. The supply current is
typically only 6.5µA when the regulator is shut down.
PWM Control Scheme
Pulling the SYNC pin LOW (<0.4V) forces the converter into PWM mode
in the next switching cycle regardless of output current. Each of the
channels of the ISL8022 employs the current-mode pulse-width
modulation (PWM) control scheme for fast transient response and
pulse-by-pulse current limiting shown in the “Block Diagram” on page 3.
The current loop consists of the oscillator, the PWM comparator COMP,
current sensing circuit, and the slope compensation for the current loop
stability. The current sensing circuit consists of the resistance of the
P-channel MOSFET when it is turned on and the current sense amplifier
CSA1 (or CSA2 on Channel 2). The gain for the current sensing circuit is
typically 0.32V/A. The control reference for the current loops comes
from the error amplifier EAMP of the voltage loop.
The PWM operation is initialized by the clock from the oscillator.
The P-channel MOSFET is turned on at the beginning of a PWM
cycle and the current in the MOSFET starts to ramp up. When the
sum of the current amplifier CSA1 (or CSA2) and the
compensation slope (0.9V/µs) reaches the control reference of the
current loop, the PWM comparator COMP sends a signal to the
PWM logic to turn off the P-MOSFET and to turn on the N-channel
MOSFET. The N-MOSFET stays on until the end of the PWM cycle.
Figure 44 shows the typical operating waveforms during the PWM
operation. The dotted lines illustrate the sum of the compensation
ramp and the current-sense amplifier CSA_ output.
The output voltage is regulated by controlling the reference
voltage to the current loop. The bandgap circuit outputs a 0.6V
reference voltage to the voltage control loop. The feedback signal
comes from the VFB pin. The soft-start block only affects the
operation during the start-up and will be discussed separately
shortly. The error amplifier is a transconductance amplifier that
converts the voltage error signal to a current output. The voltage
loop is internally compensated with the 27pF and 250kΩ RC
network. The maximum EAMP voltage output is precisely
clamped to 1.8V.
14
VEAMP
VCSA
DUTY
CYCLE
IL
VOUT
FIGURE 44. PWM OPERATION WAVEFORMS
SKIP Mode
Pulling the SYNC pin HIGH (>1.5V) enable the converter into PFM
mode at low load. The ISL8022 enters a pulse-skipping mode at
light load to minimize the switching loss by reducing the switching
frequency. Figure 45 illustrates the skip-mode operation. A
zero-cross sensing circuit shown in block diagram monitors the
N-MOSFET current for zero crossing. When 16 consecutive cycles of
the N-MOSFET crossing zero are detected, the regulator enters the
skip mode. During the 16 detecting cycles, the current in the
inductor is allowed to become negative. The counter is reset to zero
when the current in any cycle does not cross zero.
Once the skip mode is entered, the pulse modulation starts being
controlled by the SKIP comparator shown in the “Block Diagram” on
page 3. Each pulse cycle is still synchronized by the PWM clock. The
P-MOSFET is turned on at the clock and turned off when its current
reaches the threshold of 600mA. As the average inductor current in
each cycle is higher than the average current of the load, the output
voltage rises cycle over cycle. When the output voltage reaches
1.5% above the nominal voltage, the P-MOSFET is turned off
immediately. Then the inductor current is fully discharged to zero
and stays at zero. The output voltage reduces gradually due to the
load current discharging the output capacitor. When the output
voltage drops to the nominal voltage, the P-MOSFET will be turned
on again at the clock, repeating the previous operations.
The regulator resumes normal PWM mode operation when the
output voltage drops 1.5% below the nominal voltage.
Synchronization Control
The frequency of operation can be synchronized up to 8MHz by
an external signal applied to the SYNC pin. The 1st falling edge
on the SYNC triggered the rising edge of the PWM ON pulse of
Channel 1. The 2nd falling edge of the SYNC triggers the rising
edge of the PWM ON pulse of the Channel 2. This process
alternates indefinitely allowing 180° output phase operation
between the two channels.The internal frequency will take
control when the divided external sync is lower than 2.25MHz.
The falling edge on the SYNC triggers the rising edge of the PWM
ON pulse.
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
PWM
PFM
CLOCK
16 CYCLES
PFM CURRENT LIMIT
IL
LOAD CURRENT
0
NOMINAL +1.5%
VOUT
NOMINAL
FIGURE 45. SKIP MODE OPERATION WAVEFORMS
Positive and Negative Overcurrent Protection
UVLO
CSA1 and CSA2 are used to monitor output 1 and output 2
channels respectively. The overcurrent protection is realized by
monitoring the CSA_ output with the OCP threshold logic, as
shown in the “Block Diagram” on page 3. The current sensing
circuit has a gain of 0.32V/A, from the P-MOSFET current to the
CSA_ output. When the CSA_ output reaches the threshold of
1.25V for Channel 1 and 1.1V for Channel 2, the OCP comparator
is tripped to turn off the P-MOSFET immediately. The overcurrent
function protects the switching converter from a shorted output by
monitoring the current flowing through the upper MOSFETs.
When the input voltage is below the undervoltage lock-out (UVLO)
threshold, the regulator is disabled.
Upon detection of an overcurrent condition, the upper MOSFET
will be immediately turned off and will not be turned on again
until the next switching cycle. Upon detection of the initial
overcurrent condition, the Overcurrent Fault Counter is set to 1
and the Overcurrent Condition Flag is set from LOW to HIGH. If,
on the subsequent cycle, another overcurrent condition is
detected, the OC Fault Counter will be incremented. If there are
seventeen sequential OC fault detections, the regulator will be
shut down under an Overcurrent Fault Condition. An Overcurrent
Fault Condition will result with the regulator attempting to restart
in a hiccup mode with the delay between restarts being 4 softstart periods. At the end of the fourth soft-start wait period, the
fault counters are reset and soft-start is attempted again. If the
overcurrent condition goes away prior to the OC Fault Counter
reaching a count of four, the Overcurrent Condition Flag will set
back to LOW.
In the event that the inductor current reaches -1.6A, the part
enters Negative Overcurrent Protection. At this point, all
switching stops and the part enters tri-state mode while the pulldown FET is discharging the output until it reaches normal
regulation voltage, then the IC restarts switching.
PG
The power-good signal (PG), monitors both of the output
channels. When powering up, the open-collector Power-On-Reset
output holds low for about 1ms after VO1 and VO2 reaches the
preset voltages. The PG output also serves as a 1ms delayed
power-good signal. If one of the outputs is disabled, then PG only
monitors the active channels. There is an internal 1MΩ pull-up
resistor.
15
Enable
The enable (EN1, EN2) input allows the user to control the turning
on or off the regulator for purposes such as power-up
sequencing. The regulator is enabled, there is typically a 600µs
delay for waking up the bandgap reference and the soft start-up
begins.
Soft Start-Up
The soft start-up eliminates the in-rush current during the
start-up. The soft-start block outputs a ramp reference to both
the voltage loop and the current loop. The two ramps limit the
inductor current rising speed as well as the output voltage speed
so that the output voltage rises in a controlled fashion. At the
very beginning of the start-up, the feedback voltage is less than
0.2V; hence the PWM operating frequency is 1/3 of the normal
frequency. In forced PWM mode, the IC will continue to start-up in
PFM mode to support pre-biased load applications.
Discharge Mode (Soft-Stop)
When a transition to shutdown mode occurs, or the output
undervoltage fault latch is set, the outputs discharge to GND
through an internal 100Ω switch.
Power MOSFETs
The power MOSFETs are optimized for best efficiency. The ONresistance for the P-MOSFET is typically 100mΩ and the ONresistance for the N-MOSFET is typical 90mΩ.
100% Duty Cycle
The ISL8022 features 100% duty cycle operation to maximize
the battery life. When the battery voltage drops to a level that the
ISL8022 can no longer maintain the regulation at the output, the
regulator completely turns on the P-MOSFET. The maximum
dropout voltage under the 100% duty-cycle operation is the
product of the load current and the ON-resistance of the PMOSFET.
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Thermal Shutdown
Let R3 = 100kΩ, then R2 will be as shown in Equation 2:
The ISL8022 has built-in thermal protection. When the internal
temperature reaches +150°C, the regulator is completely shut
down. As the temperature drops to +130°C, the ISL8022
resumes operation by stepping through a soft start-up.
⎛ V OUT
⎞
R 2 = R 3 ⎜ ------------- – 1⎟
⎝ V FB
⎠
Applications Information
To consider steady state and transient operation, ISL8022
typically uses a 1.2µH output inductor. Higher or lower inductor
value can be used to optimize the total converter system
performance. For example, for higher output voltage 3.3V
application, in order to decrease the inductor current ripple and
output voltage ripple, the output inductor value can be increased.
The inductor ripple current can be expressed as in Equation 1:
(EQ. 1)
The inductor’s saturation current rating needs to be at least
larger than the peak current. The ISL8022 protects the typical
peak current 3.2A/2.8A. The saturation current needs to be over
3.6A for maximum output current application.
ISL8022 uses internal compensation network and the output capacitor
value is dependent on the output voltage. The ceramic capacitor is
recommended to be X5R or X7R. The recommended minimum output
capacitor values are shown in Table 1 for the ISL8022 on page 2.
Output Voltage Selection
The output voltage of the regulator can be programmed via an external
resistor divider that is used to scale the output voltage relative to the
internal reference voltage and feed it back to the inverting input of the
error amplifier. Refer to “Typical Applications” on page 2 Figure 2.
The output voltage programming resistor, R2 (or R5 in Channel
2), will depend on the desired output voltage of the regulator. The
value for the feedback resistor is typically between 0Ω and
750kΩ.
16
If the output voltage desired is 0.6V, then R3 is left unpopulated
and short R2. For better performance, add 10pF in parallel to R2.
Input Capacitor Selection
Output Inductor and Capacitor Selection
VO ⎞
⎛
V O • ⎜ 1 – --------⎟
V
⎝
IN⎠
ΔI = -----------------------------------L • fS
(EQ. 2)
The main functions for the input capacitor is to provide
decoupling of the parasitic inductance and to provide filtering
function to prevent the switching current flowing back to the
battery rail. One 10µF X5R or X7R ceramic capacitor is a good
starting point for the input capacitor selection per channel. An
optional input inductor can be used before the ceramic capacitor
to limit switching noise. It is recommended to limit the
inductance less than 0.15µH.
PCB Layout Recommendation
The PCB layout is a very important converter design step to make
sure the designed converter works well. Refer to ISL8022 design
procedure for suggestions. For ISL8022, the power loop is
composed of the output inductor L’s, the output capacitor COUT1
and COUT2, the LX’s pins, and the GND pin. It is necessary to
make the power loop as small as possible and the connecting
traces among them should be direct, short and wide. The
switching node of the converter, the LX_ pins, and the traces
connected to the node are very noisy, so keep the voltage
feedback trace away from these noisy traces. The input capacitor
should be placed to VIN pin as close as possible and the ground
of input and output capacitors should be connected as close as
possible. The heat of the IC is mainly dissipated through the
thermal pad. Maximizing the copper area connected to the
thermal pad is preferable. In addition, a solid ground plane is
helpful for better EMI performance. It is recommended to add at
least 5 vias ground connection within the pad for the best
thermal relief.
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Revision History
The revision history provided is for informational purposes only and is believed to be accurate, but not warranted. Please go to web to make sure you
have the latest Rev.
DATE
REVISION
CHANGE
March 11, 2013
FN7650.3
Table 1 on page 2, changed L1, L2 for 1.8V and 2.5V output from 1.5µh-3.3µh to 1.2µh-3.3µh.
April 7, 2011
FN7650.2
Converted to New Intersil Template
Added second bullet to “Related Literature” on page 1
Replaced copyright at the bottom of page 1 per legal
In “Electrical Specifications” table:
- Changed typ for “Soft-Start Ramp Time Cycle” on page 5 from 2ms to 1.3ms
- In “Output Voltage Accuracy” on page 5, removed reference to Note 7
- Changed typ for “Delay Time (Rising Edge)” on page 6 from 1ms to 0.76ms
- Changed typ for “Internal PGOOD Delay Time (Falling Edge)” on page 6 from 1µs to 2µs
- In “Synchronization Range” on page 6, changed Note 8 reference to Note 7
- Removed Note 8 “Limits established by characterization and are not production tested.”
In “Soft Start-Up” on page 15, changed “..beginning of the start-up, the output voltage is less than 0.2V.” to
“...beginning of the start-up, the feedback voltage is less than 0.2V.”
July 26, 2010
FN7650.1
Updated “Package Outline Drawing” on page 18. Edits were:
Added land pattern
Removed table and added dimensions to drawing, per new POD standards.
Changed Note 4 from “Dimension b applies..” to “Dimension applies..”
June 9, 2010
FN7650.0
Initial Release.
About Intersil
Intersil Corporation is a leader in the design and manufacture of high-performance analog, mixed-signal and power management
semiconductors. The company's products address some of the fastest growing markets within the industrial and infrastructure,
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our winning team, visit our website and career page at www.intersil.com.
For a complete listing of Applications, Related Documentation and Related Parts, please see the respective product information page.
Also, please check the product information page to ensure that you have the most updated datasheet: ISL8022
To report errors or suggestions for this datasheet, please go to: www.intersil.com/askourstaff
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Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
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17
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
ISL8022
Package Outline Drawing
L12.4x3
12 LEAD DUAL FLAT NO-LEAD PLASTIC PACKAGE
Rev 2, 7/10
3.30 +0.10/-0.15
4.00
2X 2.50
A
6
PIN 1
INDEX AREA
10X 0.50
PIN #1 INDEX AREA
B
6
1
12 X 0.40 ±0.10
6
1.70 +0.10/-0.15
3.00
(4X)
0.15
12
7
TOP VIEW
0.10M C A B
4 12 x 0.23 +0.07/-0.05
BOTTOM VIEW
SEE DETAIL "X"
( 3.30)
6
0.10 C
1
C
1.00 MAX
SEATING PLANE
0.08 C
SIDE VIEW
2.80
( 1.70 )
C
0.2 REF
5
12 X 0.60
7
0 . 00 MIN.
0 . 05 MAX.
12
( 12X 0.23 )
( 10X 0 . 5 )
DETAIL "X"
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
NOTES:
1.
Dimensions are in millimeters.
Dimensions in ( ) for Reference Only.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to AMSE Y14.5m-1994.
3.
Unless otherwise specified, tolerance : Decimal ± 0.05
4.
Dimension applies to the metallized terminal and is measured
between 0.15mm and 0.30mm from the terminal tip.
5. Tiebar shown (if present) is a non-functional feature.
18
6.
The configuration of the pin #1 identifier is optional, but must be
located within the zone indicated. The pin #1 identifier may be
either a mold or mark feature.
7.
Compliant to JEDEC MO-229 V4030D-4 issue E.
FN7650.3
March 14, 2013
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