DATASHEET

ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
®
Data Sheet
March 21, 2008
FN9250.2
Adjustable Quad Sequencer
Features
The ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702 family of ICs provide four
delay adjustable sequenced outputs while monitoring an
input voltage all with a minimum of external components.
• Adjustable Delay to Subsequent Enable Signal
High performance DSP, FPGA, µP and various subsystems
require input power sequencing for proper functionality at
initial power-up and the ISL870x provides this function while
monitoring the distributed voltage for over and undervoltage
compliance.
The ISL8700 and ISL8701 operate over the +2.5V to +24V
nominal voltage range, whereas the ISL8702 operates over
the +2.5V to +12V nominal voltage range. All three have a
user adjustable time from UV and OV voltage compliance to
sequencing start via an external capacitor when in auto start
mode and adjustable time delay to subsequent ENABLE
output signal via external resistors.
Additionally, the ISL8702 provides an input for sequencing
on and off operation (SEQ_EN) and for voltage window
compliance reporting (FAULT) over the +2.5V to +12V
voltage range.
• Adjustable Delay to Sequence Auto Start
• Adjustable Distributed Voltage Monitoring
• Undervoltage and Overvoltage Adjustable Delay to Auto
Start Sequence
• I/O Options
ENABLE (ISL8700, ISL8702) and ENABLE# (ISL8701)
SEQ_EN (ISL8702)
• Voltage Compliance Fault Output
• Pb-Free (RoHS Compliant)
Applications
• Power Supply Sequencing
• System Timing Function
2.5V TO 24V (2.5V TO 12V FOR ISL8702)
Easily daisy chained for more than 4 sequenced signals.
Altogether, the ISL870x provides these adjustable features
with a minimum of external BOM. See Figure 1 for typical
implementation.
Ru
Ordering Information
Rm
PART NUMBER
PART
TEMP.
PACKAGE PKG.
(Note)
MARKING RANGE (°C) (Pb-free) DWG. #
ISL8700IBZ*
ISL 8700IBZ
-40 to +85
14 Ld SOIC M14.15
ISL8701IBZ*
ISL 8701IBZ
-40 to +85
14 Ld SOIC M14.15
ISL8702IBZ*
ISL 8702IBZ
-40 to +85
14 Ld SOIC M14.15
ISL870xEVAL1
Evaluation Platform
VIN
UV
ENABLE_A
ENABLE_B
ENABLE_C
ENABLE_D
OV
FAULT*
SEQ_EN*
GND TB TC TD TIME
EN
DC/DC
Vo1
EN
DC/DC
Vo2
EN
DC/DC
Vo3
EN
DC/DC
Vo4
Rl
* SEQ_EN and FAULT are not available on ISL8700 and ISL8701
*Add “-T” suffix for tape and reel. Please refer to TB347 for details
on reel specifications.
FIGURE 1. ISL870x IMPLEMENTATION
NOTE: These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ
special Pb-free material sets; molding compounds/die attach
materials and 100% matte tin plate PLUS ANNEAL - e3 termination
finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and
Pb-free soldering operations. Intersil Pb-free products are MSL
classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed
the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
Copyright © Intersil Americas Inc. 2006, 2008. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Pinouts
ISL8702
(14 LD SOIC)
TOP VIEW
ISL8701
(14 LD SOIC)
TOP VIEW
ISL8700
(14 LD SOIC)
TOP VIEW
ENABLE_D 1
14 VIN
ENABLE#_D 1
14 VIN
ENABLE_D 1
14 VIN
ENABLE_C 2
13 TD
ENABLE#_C 2
13 TD
ENABLE_C 2
13 TD
ENABLE_B 3
12 TC
ENABLE#_B 3
12 TC
ENABLE_B 3
12 TC
ENABLE_A 4
11 TB
ENABLE#_A 4
11 TB
ENABLE_A 4
11 TB
OV 5
10 TIME
OV 5
10 TIME
OV 5
10 TIME
UV 6
9 NC
UV 6
9 NC
UV 6
9 SEQ_EN
GND 7
8 NC
GND 7
8 NC
GND 7
2
8 FAULT
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
ISL8700, ISL8701 VIN, ENABLE(#), FAULT . . . . . . . . 27V, to -0.3V
ISL8702 VIN, ENABLE(#), FAULT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14V, to -0.3V
TIME, TB, TC, TD, UV, OV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . +6V, to -0.3V
SEQ_EN(#) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . VIN+0.3V, to -0.3V
ENABLE, ENABLE # Output Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10mA
Thermal Resistance (Typical, Note 1)
θJA (°C/W)
14 Ld SOIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
110
Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package) . . . . . . . +125°C
Maximum Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Pb-free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Operating Conditions
Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +85°C
Supply Voltage Range (Nominal). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.5V to 24V
ISL8702 Supply Voltage Range (Nominal) . . . . . . . . . . 2.5V to 12V
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product reliability and
result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTE:
1. θJA is measured with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board in free air. See Tech Brief TB379 for details.
Electrical Specifications
Nominal VIN = 2.5V to +24V, TA = TJ = -40°C to +85°C, Unless Otherwise Specified.
ISL8702 VIN = 2.5V to +12V
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
UV AND OV INPUTS
UV/OV Rising Threshold
VUVRvth
1.16
1.21
1.28
V
UV/OV Falling Threshold
VUVFvth
1.06
1.10
1.18
V
UV/OV Hysteresis
VUVhys
-
104
-
mV
IUV
-
10
-
nA
ITIME
-
2.6
-
µA
TIME Pin Threshold
VTIME_VTH
1.9
2.0
2.25
V
Time from VIN Valid to ENABLE_A
tVINSEQpd
SEQ_EN = high, CTIME = open
-
30
-
µs
tVINSEQpd_10
SEQ_EN = high, CTIME = 10nF
-
7.7
-
ms
tVINSEQpd500
SEQ_EN = high, CTIME = 500nF
-
435
-
ms
UV or OV to simultaneous shutdown
-
-
1
µs
UV/OV Input Current
VUVRvth - VUVFvth
TIME, ENABLE/ENABLE# OUTPUTS
TIME Pin Charging Current
Time from VIN Invalid to Shutdown
tshutdown
ENABLE Output Resistance
REN
IENABLE = 1mA
-
100
-
Ω
ENABLE Output Low
Vol
IENABLE = 1mA
-
0.1
-
V
ENABLE Pull-Down Current
Delay to Subsequent ENABLE Turn-On/Off
Ipulld
ENABLE = 1V
10
15
-
mA
tdel_120
RTX = 120kΩ
155
195
240
ms
tdel_3
RTX = 3kΩ
3.5
4.7
6
ms
tdel_0
RTX = 0Ω
-
0.5
-
ms
SEQUENCE ENABLE AND FAULT I/O
VIN Valid to FAULT Low
tFLTL
15
30
50
µs
VIN Invalid to FAULT High
tFLTH
-
0.5
-
µs
10
15
-
mA
-
VIN
-
V
FAULT Pull-down Current
FAULT = 1V
SEQ_EN Pull-up Voltage
VSEQ
SEQ_EN open
SEQ_EN Low Threshold Voltage
VilSEQ_EN
-
-
0.3
V
SEQ_EN High Threshold Voltage
VihSEQ_EN
1.2
-
-
V
Delay to ENABLE_A Deasserted
tSEQ_EN_ENA
-
0.2
1
µs
3
SEQ_EN low to ENABLE_A low
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Electrical Specifications
Nominal VIN = 2.5V to +24V, TA = TJ = -40°C to +85°C, Unless Otherwise Specified.
ISL8702 VIN = 2.5V to +12V (Continued)
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
BIAS
IC Supply Current
VIN Power On Reset
IVIN_2.2V
VIN = 2.2V
-
191
-
µA
IVIN_12V
VIN = 12V
-
246
400
µA
IVIN_24V
VIN = 24V
-
286
-
µA
VIN_POR
VIN low to high
-
2.08
2.5
V
Pin Descriptions
PIN NUMBER
ISL8700 ISL8701 ISL8702
PIN NAME
FUNCTION DESCRIPTION
NA
1
NA
ENABLE#_D
Active low open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after ENABLE#_C and first output to
sequence off for the ISL8701. Tracks VIN upon bias.
1
NA
1
ENABLE_D
Active high open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after ENABLE_C and first output to
sequence off for the ISL8700, ISL8702. Pulls low with VIN < 1V.
NA
2
NA
ENABLE#_C
Active low open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after ENABLE#_B and sequenced off after
ENABLE#_D for the ISL8701. Tracks VIN upon bias.
2
NA
2
ENABLE_C
Active high open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after ENABLE_B and sequenced off after
ENABLE_D for the ISL8700, ISL8702. Pulls low with VIN < 1V.
NA
3
NA
ENABLE#_B
Active low open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after ENABLE#_A and sequenced off after
ENABLE#_C for the ISL8701. Tracks VIN upon bias.
3
NA
3
ENABLE_B
Active high open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after ENABLE_A and sequenced off after
ENABLE_C for the ISL8700, ISL8702. Pulls low with VIN < 1V.
NA
4
NA
ENABLE#_A
Active low open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after CTIME period and sequenced off after
ENABLE#_B for the ISL8701. Tracks VIN upon bias.
4
NA
4
ENABLE_A
Active high open drain sequenced output. Sequenced on after CTIME period and sequenced off after
ENABLE_B for the ISL8700, ISL8702. Pulls low with VIN < 1V.
5
5
5
OV
The voltage on this pin must be under its 1.22V Vth or the four ENABLE outputs will be immediately
pulled down. Conversely the 4 ENABLE# outputs will be released to be pulled high via external pull
ups.
6
6
6
UV
The voltage on this pin must be over its 1.22V Vth or the four ENABLE outputs will be immediately
pulled down. Conversely the 4 ENABLE# outputs will be released to be pulled high via external pull
ups.
7
7
7
GND
NA
NA
8
FAULT
NA
NA
9
SEQ_EN
This pin provides a sequence on signal input with a high input. Internally pulled high to VIN.
NA
NA
NA
SEQ_EN#
This pin provides a sequence on signal input with a low input. Internally pulled high to VIN.
10
10
10
TIME
This pin provides a 2.6µA current output so that an adjustable VIN valid to sequencing on and off start
delay period is created with a capacitor to ground.
11
11
11
TB
A resistor connected from this pin to ground determines the time delay from ENABLE_A being active
to ENABLE _B being active on turn-on and also going inactive on turn-off via the SEQ_IN input.
12
12
12
TC
A resistor connected from this pin to ground determines the time delay from ENABLE_B being active
to ENABLE _C being active on turn-on and also going inactive on turn-off via the SEQ_IN input.
13
13
13
TD
A resistor connected from this pin to ground determines the time delay from ENABLE_C being active
to ENABLE _D being active on turn-on and also going inactive on turn-off via the SEQ_IN input.
14
14
14
VIN
IC Bias Pin Nominally 2.5V to 24V (2.5V to 12V for ISL8702). This pin requires a 1µF decoupling
capacitor close to IC pin.
4
IC ground.
The VIN voltage when not within the desired UV to OV window will cause FAULT to be released to be
pulled high to a voltage equal to or less than VIN via an external resistor.
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Functional Block Diagram
VIN (2.2V MIN TO 27V MAX, 2.5V TO 12V FOR ISL8702)
VIN
VREF
VOLTAGE
REFERENCE
1.17V
VREG INTERNAL VOLTAGE
3.5V
REGULATOR
SEQ_EN
UV
+
eo
+
OV
2.0V VIN POR
LOGIC
-
ENABLE_A
ENABLE_B
FAULT
30µs
GND
ENABLE_C
VTIME_VTH
ENABLE_D
PROGRAMMABLE
DELAY TIMER
VIN
2.6µA
TIME
TB
Functional Description
The ISL870x family of ICs provides four delay adjustable
sequenced outputs while monitoring a single distributed voltage
in the nominal range of 2.5V to 24V for both under and
overvoltage. Only when the voltage is in compliance will the
ISL870x initiate the pre-programmed A-B-C-D sequence of the
ENABLE (ISL8700, ISL8702) or ENABLE# (ISL8701) outputs.
Although this IC has a bias range of 2.5V to 24V (12V for
ISL8702) it can monitor any voltage >1.22V via the external
divider if a suitable bias voltage is otherwise provided.
During initial bias voltage (VIN) application, the ISL8700,
ISL8702 ENABLE outputs are held low once VIN = 1V whereas
the ISL8701 ENABLE# outputs follow the rising VIN. Once
VIN > the VBIAS power-on reset threshold (POR) of 2.0V, VIN
is constantly monitored for compliance via the input voltage
resistor divider and the voltages on the UV and OV pins and
reported by the FAULT output. Internally, voltage regulators
generate 3.5V and 1.17V ±5% voltage rails for internal usage
once VIN > POR. Once UV > 1.22V and with the SEQ_EN pin
high or open, the auto sequence of the four ENABLE
(ENABLE#) outputs begins as the TIME pin charges its external
capacitor with a 2.6µA current source. The voltage on TIME is
compared to the internal reference (VTIME_VTH) comparator
input and when greater than VTIME_VTH the ISL8700, ISL8702
ENABLE_A is released to go high via an external pull-up
5
TC
TD
resistor or a pull-up in a DC/DC convertor enable input, for
example. Conversely, ENABLE#_A output will be pulled low at
this time on an ISL8701. The time delay generated by the
external capacitor is to assure continued voltage compliance
within the programmed limits, as during this time any OV or UV
condition will halt the start-up process. TIME capacitor is
discharged once VTIME_VTH is met.
Once ENABLE_A is active (either released high on the
ISL8700, ISL8702 or pulled low on the ISL8701), a counter is
started and using the resistor on TB as a timing component, a
delay is generated before ENABLE_B is activated. At this time,
the counter is restarted using the resistor on TC as its timing
component for a separate timed delay until ENABLE_C is
activated. This process is repeated for the resistor on TD to
complete the A-B-C-D sequencing order of the ENABLE or
ENABLE# outputs. At any time during sequencing if an OV or
UV event is registered, all four ENABLE outputs will
immediately return to their reset state; low for ISL8700,
ISL8702 and high for ISL8701. CTIME is immediately
discharged after initial ramp-up thus waiting for subsequent
voltage compliance to restart. Once sequencing is complete,
any subsequently registered UV or OV event will trigger an
immediate and simultaneous reset of all ENABLE or ENABLE#
outputs.
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
On the ISL8702, enabling of on or off sequencing can also be
signaled via the SEQ_EN input pin once voltage compliance is
met. Initially the SEQ_EN pin should be held low and released
when sequence start is desired. The on sequence of the
ENABLE outputs is as previously described. The off sequence
feature is only available on the variants having the SEQ_EN or
the SEQ_EN# inputs, this being the ISL8702. The sequence is
D off, then C off, then B off and finally A off. Once SEQ_EN
(SEQ_EN#) is signaled low (high) the TIME cap is charged to
2V once again. Once this Vth is reached ENABLE_D
transitions to its reset state and CTIM is discharged. A delay
and subsequent sequence off is then determined by TD resistor
to ENABLE_C. Likewise, a delay to ENABLE_B and then
ENABLE_A turn-off is determined by TC and TB resistor values
respectively.
With the ISL8700, ISL8701, a quasi down sequencing of the
ENABLE outputs can be achieved by loading the ENABLE pins
with various value capacitors to ground. When a simultaneous
output latch off is invoked, the caps will set the falling ramp of
the various ENABLE outputs thus adjusting the time to Vth for
various DC/DC convertors or other circuitry.
Regardless of IC variant, the FAULT signal is always valid at
operational voltages and can be used as justification for
SEQ_EN release or even controlled with an RC timer for
sequence on.
Programming the Undervoltage and Overvoltage
Limits
When choosing resistors for the divider, remember to keep the
current through the string bounded by power loss at the top end
and noise immunity at the bottom end. For most applications,
total divider resistance in the 10kΩ to 1000kΩ range is
advisable with high precision resistors being used to reduce
monitoring error. Although for the ISL870x two dividers of two
resistors each can be employed to separately monitor the OV
and UV levels for the VIN voltage which will be discussed here
using a single three resistor string for monitoring the VIN
voltage, referencing Figure 1. In the three resistor divider string
with Ru (upper), Rm (middle) and Rl (lower), the ratios of each
in combination to the other two is balanced to achieve the
desired UV and OV trip levels. Although this IC has a bias
range of 2.5V to 24V (12V for ISL8702), it can monitor any
voltage >1.22V.
The ratio of the desired overvoltage trip point to the internal
reference is equal to the ratio of the two upper resistors to the
lowest (ground connected) resistor.
The ratio of the desired undervoltage trip point to the internal
reference voltage is equal to the ratio of the uppermost (voltage
connected) resistor to the lower two resistors.
These assumptions are true for both rising (turn-on) or falling
(shutdown) voltages.
6
The following is a practical example worked out. For detailed
equations on how to perform this operation for a given supply
requirement, please refer to the next section.
1. Determine if turn-on or shutdown limits are preferred and
in this example we will determine the resistor values
based on the shutdown limits.
2. Establish lower and upper trip level: 12V ±10% or 13.2V
(OV) and 10.8V (UV)
3. Establish total resistor string value: 100kΩ, Ir = divider
current
4. (Rm + Rl) x Ir = 1.1V @ UV and Rl x Ir = 1.2V @ OV
5. Rm + Rl = 1.1V/Ir @ UV = Rm + Rl = 1.1V/(10.8V/100kΩ)
= 10.370kΩ
6. Rl = 1.2V/Ir @ OV = Rl = 1.2V/(13.2V/100kΩ) = 9.242kΩ
7. Rm = 10.370kΩ - 9.242kΩ = 1.128kΩ
8. Ru = 100kΩ - 10.370kΩ = 89.630kΩ
9. Choose standard value resistors that most closely
approximate these ideal values. Choosing a different total
divider resistance value may yield a more ideal ratio with
available resistors values.
In our example with the closest standard values of
Ru = 90.9kΩ, Rm = 1.13kΩ and Rl = 9.31kΩ, the nominal UV
falling and OV rising will be at 10.9V and 13.3V respectively.
An Advanced Tutorial on Setting UV and OV
Levels
This section discusses in additional detail the nuances of
setting the UV and OV levels, providing more insight into the
ISL870x than the earlier text.
The following equation set can alternatively be used to work
out ideal values for a 3 resistor divider string of Ru, Rm and
Rl. These equations assume that VREF is the center point
between VUVRvth and VUVFvth (i.e. (VUVRvth + VUVFvth)/2
= 1.17V), Iload is the load current in the resistor string
(i.e. VIN /(Ru + Rm + Rl)), VIN is the nominal input voltage
and Vtol is the acceptable voltage tolerance, such that the
UV and OV thresholds are centered at VIN ± Vtol. The actual
acceptable voltage window will also be affected by the
hysteresis at the UV and OV pins. This hysteresis is
amplified by the resistor string such that the hysteresis at the
top of the string is calculated in Equation 1:
Vhys = V UVhys × V OUT ⁄ V REF
(EQ. 1)
This means that the VIN ± Vtol thresholds will exhibit
hysteresis resulting in thresholds of VIN + Vtol ± Vhys/2 and
VIN - Vtol ± Vhys/2.
There is a window between the VIN rising UV threshold and
the VIN falling OV threshold where the input level is
guaranteed not to be detected as a fault. This window exists
between the limits VIN ± (Vtol - Vhys/2). There is an
extension of this window in each direction up to
VIN ± (Vtol + Vhys/2), where the voltage may or may not be
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
detected as a fault, depending on the direction from which it
is approached. These two equations may be used to
determine the required value of Vtol for a given system. For
example, if VIN is 12V, Vhys = (0.1 x 12)/1.17 = 1.03V. If VIN
must remain within 12V ± 1.5V, Vtol = 1.5 - 1.03/2 = 0.99V.
This will give a window of 12 ±0.48V where the system is
guaranteed not to be in fault and a limit of 12 ±1.5V beyond
which the system is guaranteed to be in fault.
It is wise to check both these voltages for if the latter is made
too tight, the former will cease to exist. This point comes
when Vtol < Vhys/2 and results from the fact that the
acceptable window for the OV pin no longer aligns with the
acceptable window for the UV pin. In this case, the
application will have to be changed such that UV and OV are
provided separate resistor strings. In this case the UV and
OV thresholds can be individually controlled by adjusting the
relevant divider.
The previous example will give voltage thresholds:
with VIN rising
UVr = V IN – V tol + V hys ⁄ 2 = 11.5Vand
OVr = V IN + V tol + V hys ⁄ 2 = 13.5V
(EQ. 2)
with VIN falling
OVf = V IN + V tol – V hys ⁄ 2 = 12.5Vand
(EQ. 3)
UVf = V IN – V tol – V hys ⁄ 2 = 10.5V
So with a single three resistor string, the resistor values can
be calculated using Equation 4:
R I = ( V REF ⁄ I load ) ( 1 – V tol ⁄ V IN )
R m = 2 ( V REF × V tol ) ⁄ ( V IN × I load )
(EQ. 4)
R u = ( 1 ⁄ I load ) × ( V IN – V REF ) ( 1 + V tol ⁄ V IN )
Programming the ENABLE Output Delays
The delay timing between the four sequenced ENABLE outputs
are programmed with four external passive components. The
delay from a valid VIN (ISL8700 and ISL8701) to ENABLE_A
and SEQ_EN being valid (ISL8702) to ENABLE_A is
determined by the value of the capacitor on the TIME pin to
GND. The external TIME pin capacitor is charged with a 2.6µA
current source. Once the voltage on TIME is charged up to the
internal reference voltage, (VTIME_VTH) the ENABLE_A output
is released out of its reset state. The capacitor value for a
desired delay (±10%) to ENABLE_A once VIN and SEQ_EN
where applicable has been satisfied is determined by using
Equation 5:
C TIME = t VINSEQpd ⁄ 770kΩ
(EQ. 5)
Once ENABLE_A reaches VTIME_VTH, the TIME pin is pulled
low in preparation for a sequenced off signal via SEQ_EN. At
this time, the sequencing of the subsequent outputs is started.
ENABLE_B is released out of reset after a programmable time,
then ENABLE_C, then ENABLE _D, all with their own
programmed delay times.
The subsequent delay times are programmed with a single
external resistor for each ENABLE output providing maximum
flexibility to the designer through the choice of the resistor value
connected from TB, TC and TD pins to GND. The resistor
values determine the charge and discharge rate of an internal
capacitor comprising an RC time constant for an oscillator
whose output is fed into a counter generating the timing delay
to ENABLE output sequencing.
The RTX value for a given delay time is defined as Equation 6:
t del
R TX = --------------------1667nF
(EQ. 6)
For the above example with Vtol = 0.99V, assuming a 100µA
Iload at VIN = 12V:
Rl = 10.7kΩ
Rm = 1.9kΩ
Ru = 107.3kΩ
7
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
FAULT
SEQ_EN
TIME
A
ENABLE OUTPUTS
B
C
D
D
C
B
A
FIGURE 2. ISL8702 OPERATIONAL DIAGRAM
OVERVOLTAGE
LIMIT
<tFLTH
UNDERVOLTAGE
LIMIT
tFLTH
tFLTL
tFLTL
MONITORED VOLTAGE
RAMPING UP AND DOWN
tFLTH
FAULT OUTPUT
FIGURE 3. ISL8702 FAULT OPERATIONAL DIAGRAM
Typical Performance Curves
1.208
310
290
1.206
1.204
VIN = 2.5V
VIN = 12V
1.203
1.202
1.201
250
VIN = 12V
230
210
190
1.200
VIN = 24V
1.199
1.198
VIN = 24V
270
1.205
IVIN (µA)
UV/OV THRESHOLD (V)
1.207
150
-40
-10
0
25
60
85
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 4. UV/OV RISING THRESHOLD
8
VIN = 2.5V
170
100
-40
-10
0
25
60
85
100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 5. VIN CURRENT
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Applications Usage
bound conditions by being released to pull high to the VHI
voltage as shown in Figures 6 and 7.
Using the ISL870xEVAL1 Platform
The ISL870xEVAL1 platform is the primary evaluation board
for this family of sequencers. See Figure 15 for a photograph
and schematic.The evaluation board is shipped with an
ISL8702 mounted in the left position and with the other
device variants loosely packed. In the following discussion,
test points names are bold on initial occurrence for
identification.
The VIN test point is the chip bias and can be biased from
2.5V to 24V. The VHI test point is for the ENABLE and
FAULT pull-up voltage which are limited to a maximum of
24V independent of VIN. The UV/OV resistor divider is set so
that a nominal 12V on the VMONITOR test point is compliant
and with a rising OV set at 13.2V and a falling UV set at
10.7V. These three test points (VIN,VHI and VMONITOR)
are brought out separately for maximum flexibility in
evaluation.
VMONITOR ramping up and down through the UV and OV
levels will result in the FAULT output signaling the out of
Once the voltage monitoring FAULT is resolved and where
applicable, the SEQ_EN(#) is satisfied, sequencing of the
ENABLE_X(#) outputs begins. When sequence enabled the
ENABLE_A, ENABLE_B, ENABLE_C and lastly
ENABLE_D are asserted in that order and when SEQ_EN is
disabled, the order is reversed. See Figures 8 and 9
demonstrating the sequenced enabling and disabling of the
ENABLE outputs. The timing between ENABLE outputs is
set by the resistor values on the TB, TC, TD pins as shown.
Figure 10 illustrates the timing from either SEQ_EN and/or
VMONITOR being valid to ENABLE_A being asserted with a
10nF TIME capacitor. Figure 11 shows that ENABLE_X
outputs are pulled low even before VIN = 1V. This is critical
to ensure that a false enable is not signaled. Figure 12
shows the time from SEQ_EN transition with the voltage
ramping across the TIME capacitor to TIME Vth being met.
This results in the immediate pull down of the TIME pin and
simultaneous ENABLE_A enabling. Figure 13 illustrates the
immunity of the UV and OV inputs to transients.
VMON FALLING
VMON RISING
VMON > OV
LEVEL
VMON > UV
LEVEL
FAULT OUTPUT
VMON > OV
LEVEL
VMON > UV
LEVEL
FAULT OUTPUT
FIGURE 6. VMONITOR RISING TO FAULT
9
FIGURE 7. VMONITOR FALLING TO FAULT
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
RTB = 3k
RTB = 3k
DELAY = 5ms
DELAY = 5ms
RTC = 51k
RTD = 120k
DELAY = 196ms
DELAY = 86ms
RTC = 51k
DELAY = 86ms
RTD = 120k
DELAY = 196ms
FIGURE 8. ENABLE_X TO ENABLE_X ENABLING
FIGURE 9. ENABLE_X TO ENABLE_X DISABLING
VIN RISING
CTIME = 10nF
DELAY = 8.5ms
ENABLE OUTPUTS TRACKS VIN TO < 0.8V
1V/DIV
FIGURE 10. VIN/SEQ_EN VALID TO ENABLE_A
10ms/DIV
FIGURE 11. ENABLE AS VIN RISES
VMONITOR OV
SEQ_EN
ENABLE_A
VMONITOR UV
TIME
0.5V/DIV
FAULT = LOW
8µs/DIV
FIGURE 12. SEQ_EN TO ENABLE_A
10
FIGURE 13. OV AND UV TRANSIENT IMMUNITY
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Application Concerns and Recommendations
When designing the ISL8700 family of products into
applications with low supply voltages such as 3.3V,
additional filtering to help reduce system noise on the
voltage supply input is necessary to ensure proper voltage
sequencing operation. It is important that the
user-programmed UV threshold is set sufficiently above (i.e.
>200mV) the ISL8700 IC’s internal POR level, VIN_POR,
over the entire operating temperature range. Best design
practices include proper decoupling on the supply input (i.e.
at least 1µF) as well as an RC filter that can adequately
suppress noise on the supply in the user’s application,
whereby the resistor should be kept < 13Ω to reduce voltage
loss to the already low biased VIN pin.
Coupling from the ENABLE_X pins to the sensitive UV and
OV pins can cause false OV/UV events to be detected. This
is most relevant for ISL8700, ISL8702 parts due to the
ENABLE_A and OV pins being adjacent. This coupling can
be reduced by adding a ground trace between UV and the
ENABLE/FAULT signals, as shown in Figure 14. The PCB
traces on OV and UV should be kept as small as practical
and the ENABLE_X and FAULT traces should ideally not be
routed under/over the OV/UV traces on different PCB layers
unless there is a ground or power plane in between. Other
methods that can be used to eliminate this issue are by
reducing the value of the resistors in the network connected
to UV and OV (R2, R3, R5 in Figure 15) or by adding small
decoupling capacitors to OV and UV (C2 and C7 in
Figure 15). Both these methods act to reduce the AC
impedance at the nodes, although the latter method acts to
filter the signals, which will also cause an increase in the
time that a UV/OV fault takes to be detected.
PIN 4
GND
GND
PIN 5
FIGURE 14. LAYOUT DETAIL OF GND BETWEEN PINS 4 AND 5
When the ISL870x is implemented on a hot swappable card
that is plugged into an always powered passive back plane,
an RC filter is required on the VIN pin to prevent a high dv/dt
transient. With the already existing 1µF decoupling capacitor,
the addition of a small series R (<13Ω) to provide a time
constant >50µs is all that is necessary.
Only the ISL8702 has a VIN limitation of 14V maximum.
11
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
.
PULL-UP
RESISTORS
TIMING
COMPONENTS
UV/OV SET
RESISTORS
FIGURE 15. ISL870xEVAL1 PHOTOGRAPH AND SCHEMATIC OF LEFT CHANNEL
TABLE 1. ISL870xEVAL1 LEFT CHANNEL COMPONENT LISTING
COMPONENT
DESIGNATOR
COMPONENT FUNCTION
COMPONENT DESCRIPTION
U1
ISL8702, Quad Under/Overvoltage Sequencer
Intersil, ISL8702, Quad Undervoltage, Overvoltage Sequencer
R3
UV Resistor for Divider String
1.1kΩ 1%, 0603
R2
VMONITOR Resistor for Divider String
88.7kΩ 1%, 0603
R5
OV Resistor for Divider String
9.1kΩ 1%, 0603
C1
CTIME Sets Delay from Sequence Start to First ENABLE
0.01µF, 0603
R1
RTD Sets Delay from Third to Fourth ENABLE
120kΩ 1%, 0603
R9
RTB Sets Delay from First to Second ENABLE
3.01kΩ 1%, 0603
R7
RTC Sets Delay from Second to Third ENABLE
51kΩ 1%, 0603
ENABLE_X(#) and FAULT Pull-up Resistors
4kΩ 10%, 0402
Decoupling Capacitor
1µF, 0603
R4, R6, R8, R10,
R11
C3
12
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
ISL8700, ISL8701, ISL8702
Small Outline Plastic Packages (SOIC)
M14.15 (JEDEC MS-012-AB ISSUE C)
N
INDEX
AREA
H
0.25(0.010) M
14 LEAD NARROW BODY SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC
PACKAGE
B M
E
INCHES
-B-
1
2
3
L
SEATING PLANE
-A-
h x 45o
A
D
-C-
α
e
A1
B
0.25(0.010) M
C A M
SYMBOL
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
NOTES
A
0.0532
0.0688
1.35
1.75
-
A1
0.0040
0.0098
0.10
0.25
-
B
0.013
0.020
0.33
0.51
9
C
0.0075
0.0098
0.19
0.25
-
D
0.3367
0.3444
8.55
8.75
3
E
0.1497
0.1574
3.80
4.00
4
e
C
0.10(0.004)
B S
0.050 BSC
1. Symbols are defined in the “MO Series Symbol List” in Section 2.2 of
Publication Number 95.
1.27 BSC
-
H
0.2284
0.2440
5.80
6.20
-
h
0.0099
0.0196
0.25
0.50
5
L
0.016
0.050
0.40
1.27
6
N
NOTES:
MILLIMETERS
α
14
0o
14
8o
0o
7
8o
Rev. 0 12/93
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
3. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs.
Mold flash, protrusion and gate burrs shall not exceed 0.15mm (0.006
inch) per side.
4. Dimension “E” does not include interlead flash or protrusions. Interlead
flash and protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm (0.010 inch) per side.
5. The chamfer on the body is optional. If it is not present, a visual index
feature must be located within the crosshatched area.
6. “L” is the length of terminal for soldering to a substrate.
7. “N” is the number of terminal positions.
8. Terminal numbers are shown for reference only.
9. The lead width “B”, as measured 0.36mm (0.014 inch) or greater
above the seating plane, shall not exceed a maximum value of
0.61mm (0.024 inch).
10. Controlling dimension: MILLIMETER. Converted inch dimensions
are not necessarily exact.
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
13
FN9250.2
March 21, 2008
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