DATASHEET

600kHz/1.2MHz PWM Step-Up Regulator
ISL97519A
Features
The ISL97519A is a high frequency, high efficiency step-up
voltage regulator operated at constant frequency PWM mode.
With an internal 2.0A, 200mΩ MOSFET, it can deliver up to 1A
output current at over 90% efficiency. Two selectable
frequencies, 600kHz and 1.2MHz, allow trade offs between
smaller components and faster transient response. An
external compensation pin gives the user greater flexibility in
setting frequency compensation allowing the use of low ESR
Ceramic output capacitors.
• >90% Efficiency
When shut down, it draws <1µA of current and can operate
down to 2.3V input supply. These features, along with 1.2MHz
switching frequency, make it an ideal device for portable
equipment and TFT-LCD displays.
• 1.1mm Max Height 8 Ld MSOP Package
• 2.0A, 200mΩ Power MOSFET
• 2.3V to 5.5V Input
• 1.1*VIN up to 25V Output
• 600kHz/1.2MHz Switching Frequency Selection
• Adjustable Soft-Start
• Internal Thermal Protection
• Pb-Free (RoHS compliant)
• Halogen Free
Applications
The ISL97519A is available in an 8 Ld MSOP package with a
maximum height of 1.1mm. The device is specified for
operation over the full -40°C to +85°C temperature range.
• TFT-LCD displays
• DSL modems
• PCMCIA cards
• Digital cameras
• GSM/CDMA phones
• Portable equipment
• Handheld devices
EN
FSEL
REFERENCE
GENERATOR
VDD
OSCILLATOR
SS
SHUTDOWN
AND START-UP
CONTROL
LX
PWM LOGIC
CONTROLLER
FET
DRIVER
COMPARATOR
CURRENT
SENSE
GND
FB
GM
AMPLIFIER
COMP
February 16, 2012
FN6683.3
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2008, 2012. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) is a trademark owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL97519A
Pin Configuration
ISL97519A
(8 LD MSOP)
TOP VIEW
COMP 1
8 SS
FB 2
7 FSEL
EN 3
6 VDD
GND 4
5 LX
Pin Descriptions
PIN NUMBER PIN NAME
DESCRIPTION
1
COMP
Compensation pin. Output of the internal error amplifier. Capacitor and resistor from COMP pin to ground.
2
FB
Voltage feedback pin. Internal reference is 1.24V nominal. Connect a resistor divider from VOUT. VOUT = 1.24V (1 + R1/R2).
See “Typical Application Circuit” on page 2.
3
EN
Shutdown control pin. Pull EN low to turn off the device.
4
GND
5
LX
6
VDD
Analog power supply input pin.
7
FSEL
Frequency select pin. When FSEL is set low, switching frequency is set to 620kHz. When connected to high or VDD, switching
frequency is set to 1.25MHz.
8
SS
Analog and power ground.
Power switch pin. Connected to the drain of the internal power MOSFET.
Soft-start control pin. Connect a capacitor to control the converter start-up.
Typical Application Circuit
1 COMP
R3
1kΩ
OPEN
C5
C5
4.7nF
R1
85.2kΩ
R2
10kΩ
SS 8
2 FB
FSEL 7
3 EN
VDD 6
4 GND
LX 5
C4
27nF
C2
2.3V TO 5.5V
+ C1
0.1µF
22µF
S1
10µH
D1
+ C3
12V
22µF
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 2, 3)
PART
MARKING
PACKAGE
(Pb-Free)
PKG.
DWG. #
ISL97519AIUZ
7519A
8 Ld MSOP
M8.118A
ISL97519AIUZ-T (Note 1)
7519A
8 Ld MSOP
M8.118A
ISL97519AIUZ-TK (Note 1)
7519A
8 Ld MSOP
M8.118A
NOTES:
1. Please refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
2. These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and 100% matte
tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations). Intersil
Pb-free products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see device information page for ISL97519A. For more information on MSL please see techbrief TB363.
2
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
Absolute Maximum Ratings (TA = +25°C)
Thermal Information
LX to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27V
VDD to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6V
COMP, FB, EN, SS, FSEL to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to (VDD +0.3V)
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Operating Ambient Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40°C to +85°C
Operating Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .+135°C
Power Dissipation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Curves on page 5
Pb-Free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
IMPORTANT NOTE: All parameters having Min/Max specifications are guaranteed. Typical values are for information purposes only. Unless otherwise
noted, all tests are at the specified temperature and are pulsed tests, therefore: TJ = TC = TA
Electrical Specifications VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 12V, IOUT = 0mA, FSEL = GND, TA = -40°C to +85°C unless otherwise specified.
Boldface limits apply over the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C.
PARAMETER
DESCRIPTION
CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 4)
TYP
MAX
(Note 4)
UNIT
1
5
µA
IQ1
Quiescent Current - Shutdown
EN = 0V
IQ2
Quiescent Current - Not Switching
EN = VDD, FB = 1.3V
0.7
IQ3
Quiescent Current - Switching
EN = VDD, FB = 1.0V
3
4.5
mA
VFB
Feedback Voltage
1.24
1.252
V
IB-FB
Feedback Input Bias Current
0.01
0.5
µA
VDD
Input Voltage Range
5.5
V
DMAX-600kHz
Maximum Duty Cycle
FSEL = 0V
85
92
%
DMAX-1.2MHz
Maximum Duty Cycle
FSEL = VDD
85
90
%
ILIM1
Current Limit - Max Peak Input Current
VDD < 2.8V
1.0
A
ILIM2
Current Limit - Max Peak Input Current
VDD > 2.8V
2.0
A
Shutdown Input Bias Current
EN = 0V
0.01
rDS(ON)
Switch ON-Resistance
VDD = 2.7V, ILX = 1A
0.2
ILX-LEAK
Switch Leakage Current
VSW = 27V
0.01
ΔVOUT/ΔVIN
Line Regulation
3V < VIN < 5.5V, VOUT = 12V
0.2
%
ΔVOUT/ΔIOUT
Load Regulation
VIN = 3.3V, VOUT = 12V, IO = 30mA to 200mA
0.3
%
FOSC1
Switching Frequency Accuracy
FSEL = 0V
500
620
740
kHz
FOSC2
Switching Frequency Accuracy
FSEL = VDD
1000
1250
1500
kHz
0.5
V
IEN
VIL
EN, FSEL Input Low Level
VIH
EN, FSEL Input High Level
GM
Error Amp Tranconductance
VDD-ON
1.228
2.3
1.5
mA
0.5
Ω
3
1.5
ΔI = 5µA
VDD UVLO On Threshold
µA
µA
V
70
130
150
1µ/Ω
1.95
2.1
2.25
V
HYS
VDD UVLO Hysteresis
ISS
Soft-Start Charge Current
2
3
4
µA
Minimum Soft-Start Enable Voltage
40
65
150
mV
300
350
400
mA
VSS-en
ILIM-VSS-en
OTP
Current Limit Around SS Enable V
Over-Temperature Protection
140
SS = 200mV
150
mV
°C
NOTE:
4. Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are 100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization
and are not production tested.
3
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
Typical Performance Curves
95
92
90
90
VIN = 3.3V, VO = 9V,
fs = 620kHz
88
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
85
VIN = 5V, VO = 12V, fs = 1.25 MHz
80
VIN = 5V, VO = 12V, fs = 620 kHz
75
VIN = 5V, VO = 9V, fs = 620 kHz
70
86
84
82
VIN = 3.3V, VO = 12V,
fs = 620kHz
VIN = 3.3V, VO = 12V,
80
fs = 1.25MHz
78
65
VIN = 5V, VO = 9V, fs = 1.25MHz
60
74
0
200
400
600
800
VIN = 3.3V, VO = 9V,
fs = 1.25MHz
76
1000
0
100
200
FIGURE 1. BOOST EFFICIENCY vs IOUT
400
500
FIGURE 2. BOOST EFFICIENCY vs IOUT
0.7
0.9
0.8
VIN = 5V, VO = 12V,
VIN = 5V, VO = 9V,
fs = 1.25MHz
fs = 1.25MHz
0.6
0.6
LOAD REGULATION (%)
0.7
LOAD REGULATION (%)
300
IOUT (mA)
IOUT (mA)
VIN = 5V, VO = 9V,
fs = 620kHz
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
fs = 620kHz
200
400
fs = 1.25MHz
0.5
VIN = 3.3, VO = 9V,
0.4
fs = 620kHz
0.3
0.2
VIN = 3.3, VO = 12V,
fs = 620kHz
0
0
0
VIN = 3.3V, VO = 9V,
0.1
VIN = 5V, VO = 12V,
0.1
VIN = 3.3V, VO = 12V,
fs = 1.25MHz
600
800
1000
0
100
IOUT (mA)
200
300
400
500
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 3. LOAD REGULATION vs IOUT
FIGURE 4. LOAD REGULATION vs IOUT
0.6
VO = 9V, IO = 80mA
0.5
VO = 12V
IO = 50mA TO 300mA
LINE REGULATION (%)
fs = 1.25MHz
0.4
VO = 9V, IO = 100mA
fs = 620kHz
0.3
VIN = 3.3V
VO = 12V, IO = 80mA
fs = 600kHz
fs = 1.25MHz
0.2
0.1
0
VO = 12V, IO = 80mA
fs = 620kHz
-0.1
2
3
4
VIN (V)
5
FIGURE 5. LINE REGULATION vs VIN
4
6
FIGURE 6. TRANSIENT RESPONSE
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
IO = 50mA to 300mA
VO = 12V
VIN = 3.3V
fs = 1.2MHz
FIGURE 7. TRANSIENT RESPONSE
1.0
FIGURE 8. SS DELAY AND LX DELAY DURING EN = VDD
START- UP
JEDEC JESD51-7 HIGH EFFECTIVE THERMAL
CONDUCTIVITY TEST BOARD
870mW
0.8
0.7
M
θ
SO
JA
=
+1 P 8
15
°C
/W
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.6
POWER DISSIPATION (W)
POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0.9
0.3
0.2
JEDEC JESD51-3 LOW EFFECTIVE THERMAL
CONDUCTIVITY TEST BOARD
0.5
486mW
0.4
θ
JA
=
0.3
M
SO
+2 P8
06
°C
/W
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.0
0
0
25
75 85
50
100
0
125
Applications Information
The ISL97519A is a high frequency, high efficiency boost
regulator operated at constant frequency PWM mode. The
boost converter stores energy from an input voltage source
and delivers it to a higher output voltage. The input voltage
range is 2.3V to 5.5V and output voltage range is 5V to 25V.
The switching frequency is selectable between 600kHz and
1.2MHz allowing smaller inductors and faster transient
response. An external compensation pin gives the user greater
flexibility in setting output transient response and tighter load
regulation. The converter soft-start characteristic can also be
controlled by external CSS capacitor. The EN pin allows the
user to completely shutdown the device.
75 85
100
125
FIGURE 10. PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION vs AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
boost converter operates in two cycles. During the first cycle,
as shown in Figure 12, the internal power FET turns on and the
Schottky diode is reverse biased and cuts off the current flow
to the output. The output current is supplied from the output
capacitor. The voltage across the inductor is VIN and the
inductor current ramps up in a rate of VIN/L, L is the
inductance. The inductance is magnetized and energy is stored
in the inductor. The change in inductor current is shown in
Equation 1:
V IN
ΔI L1 = ΔT1 × -------L
D
ΔT1 = ----------F SW
Boost Converter Operations
D = Duty Cycle
Figure 11 shows a boost converter with all the key
components. In steady state operating and continuous
conduction mode where the inductor current is continuous, the
I OUT
ΔV O = ------------- × ΔT 1
C OUT
5
50
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 9. PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION vs AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
25
(EQ. 1)
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
During the second cycle, the power FET turns off and the
Schottky diode is forward biased, (see Figure 13). The energy
stored in the inductor is pumped to the output supplying
output current and charging the output capacitor. The Schottky
diode side of the inductor is clamped to a Schottky diode
above the output voltage. So the voltage drop across the
inductor is VIN - VOUT. The change in inductor current during the
second cycle is shown in Equation 2:
L
D
VIN
VOUT
CIN
COUT
ISL97519A
IL
ΔIL2
V IN – V OUT
ΔI L = ΔT2 × ---------------------------L
ΔT2
ΔVO
1–D
ΔT2 = ------------F SW
(EQ. 2)
For stable operation, the same amount of energy stored in the
inductor must be taken out. The change in inductor current
during the two cycles must be the same, as shown in
Equation 3.
ΔI1 + ΔI2 = 0
V IN 1 – D V IN – V OUT
D
----------- × ------- + ------------- × ---------------------------- = 0
L
F SW
L
F SW
V OUT
1
------------ = ------------1–D
V IN
(EQ. 3)
FIGURE 13. BOOST CONVERTER - CYCLE 2, POWER SWITCH
OPEN
Output Voltage
An external feedback resistor divider is required to divide the
output voltage down to the nominal 1.24V reference voltage.
The current drawn by the resistor network should be limited to
maintain the overall converter efficiency. The maximum value
of the resistor network is limited by the feedback input bias
current and the potential for noise being coupled into the
feedback pin. A resistor network less than 100k is
recommended. The boost converter output voltage is
determined by the relationship in Equation 4:
R 1⎞
⎛
V OUT = V FB × ⎜ 1 + -------⎟
R 2⎠
⎝
L
(EQ. 4)
The nominal VFB voltage is 1.24V.
D
VIN
VOUT
CIN
COUT
The inductor selection determines the output ripple voltage,
transient response, output current capability, and efficiency. Its
selection depends on the input voltage, output voltage,
switching frequency, and maximum output current. For most
applications, the inductance should be in the range of 2µH to
33µH. The inductor maximum DC current specification must
be greater than the peak inductor current required by the
regulator.The peak inductor current can be calculated in
Equation 5:
ISL97519A
FIGURE 11. BOOST CONVERTER
L
VIN
VOUT
CIN
Inductor Selection
I OUT × V OUT
V IN × ( V OUT – V IN )
I L ( PEAK ) = ------------------------------- + 1 ⁄ 2 × ----------------------------------------------V IN
L × V OUT × FREQ
(EQ. 5)
COUT
Output Capacitor
ISL97519A
IL
ΔIL1
ΔT1
ΔVO
FIGURE 12. BOOST CONVERTER - CYCLE 1, POWER SWITCH
CLOSE
Low ESR capacitors should be used to minimized the output
voltage ripple. Multi-layer ceramic capacitors (X5R and X7R)
are preferred for the output capacitors because of their lower
ESR and small packages. Tantalum capacitors with higher ESR
can also be used. The output ripple can be calculated as shown
in Equation 6:
I OUT × D
ΔV O = ------------------------ + I OUT × ESR
F SW × C O
(EQ. 6)
For noise sensitive application, a 0.1µF placed in parallel with
the larger output capacitor is recommended to reduce the
switching noise coupled from the LX switching node.
6
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
Schottky Diode
In selecting the Schottky diode, the reverse break down
voltage, forward current and forward voltage drop must be
considered for optimum converter performance. The diode
must be rated to handle 2.0A, the current limit of the
ISL97519A. The breakdown voltage must exceed the
maximum output voltage. Low forward voltage drop, low
leakage current, and fast reverse recovery will help the
converter to achieve the maximum efficiency.
Input Capacitor
enough that it doesn't reach 0.6V before the output voltage
reaches the final value.
When the ISL97519A is disabled, the soft-start capacitor will
be discharged to ground.
Frequency Selection
The ISL97519A switching frequency can be user selected to
operate at either constant 620kHz or 1.25MHz. Connecting
FSEL pin to ground sets the PWM switching frequency to
620kHz. When connecting FSEL high or VDD, the switching
frequency is set to 1.25MHz.
The value of the input capacitor depends the input and output
voltages, the maximum output current, the inductor value and
the noise allowed to put back on the input line. For most
applications, a minimum 10µF is required. For applications
that run close to the maximum output current limit, input
capacitor in the range of 22µF to 47µF is recommended.
Maximum Output Current
The ISL97519A is powered from the VIN. A high frequency
0.1µF bypass capacitor is recommended to be close to the VIN
pin to reduce supply line noise and ensure stable operation.
The MOSFET current limit is nominally 2.0A and guaranteed
1.5A when VDD is greater than 2.8V. This restricts the
maximum output current, IOMAX, based on Equation 8:
Shutdown Control
When the EN pin is pulled down, the ISL97519A is shutdown
reducing the supply current to <1µA.
Loop Compensation
I L = I L-AVG + ( 1 ⁄ 2 × ΔI L )
The ISL97519A incorporates a transconductance amplifier in
its feedback path to allow the user some adjustment on the
transient response and better regulation. The ISL97519A uses
current mode control architecture which has a fast current
sense loop and a slow voltage feedback loop. The fast current
feedback loop does not require any compensation. The slow
voltage loop must be compensated for stable operation. The
compensation network is a series RC network from COMP pin
to ground. The resistor sets the high frequency integrator gain
for fast transient response and the capacitor sets the
integrator zero to ensure loop stability. For most applications,
the compensation resistor in the range of 0.5k to 7.5k and the
compensation capacitor in the range of 3nF to 10nF.
where:
Soft-Start
During power-up, assuming EN is tied to VDD, as VDD rises
above VDD UVLO, the SS capacitor begins to charge up with a
constant 3µA current. During the time the part takes to rise to
60mV the boost will not be enabled. Depending on the value of
the capacitor on the SS pin, this provides sufficient (540µs for
a 27nf capacitor or 2ms for a 100nf capacitor) time for the
passive in-rush current to settle down, allowing the output
capacitors to be charged to a diode drop below VDD.
After the SS pin passes above the threshold beyond which the
part is enabled (60mV) the part begins to switch. The linearly
rising SS voltage, at a charge rate proportional to 3µA, has a
direct effect on the current limit allowing the current limit to
linearly ramp-up to full current limit. SS voltage of 200mV
corresponds to a current limit around 350mA and 0.6V
corresponds to full current limit.
(EQ. 7)
The full current is available after the soft-start period is
finished. The soft-start capacitor should be selected to be big
7
IL = MOSFET current limit
IL-AVG = average inductor current
ΔIL = inductor ripple current
V IN × [ ( V O + V DIODE ) – V IN ]
ΔI L = -----------------------------------------------------------------------L × ( V O + V DIODE ) × F S
(EQ. 9)
VDIODE = Schottky diode forward voltage, typically, 0.6V
FS = switching frequency, 600kHz or 1.2MHz
I OUT
I L-AVG = ------------1–D
(EQ. 10)
D = MOSFET turn-on ratio:
V IN
D = 1 – --------------------------------------V OUT + V DIODE
(EQ. 11)
Table 1 gives typical maximum IOUT values for 1.2MHz
switching frequency and 10µH inductor.
TABLE 1. TYPICAL MAXIMUM IOUT VALUES
VIN (V)
VOUT (V)
IOMAX (mA)
3.3
5
1150
3.3
9
655
3.3
12
500
5
9
990
5
12
750
Cascaded MOSFET Application
The total soft-start time is calculated in Equation 7:
5
Css × 0.6V
t ss = ---------------------------- = Css × 2 × 10
3μA
(EQ. 8)
A 25V N-Channel MOSFET is integrated in the boost regulator.
For applications where the output voltage is greater than 25V,
an external cascaded MOSFET is needed as shown in Figure
14. The voltage rating of the external MOSFET should be
greater than AVDD.
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
DC PATH BLOCK APPLICATION
AVDD
VIN
LX
FB
INTERSIL
ISL97519A
Note that there is a DC path in the boost converter from the input
to the output through the inductor and diode. The input voltage
will be seen at the output less a forward voltage drop of the diode
before the part is enabled. If this direct connection is not desired,
the following circuit can be inserted between input and inductor
to disconnect the DC path when the part is disabled (see
Figure 15).
TO INDUCTOR
INPUT
EN
FIGURE 14. CASCADED MOSFET TOPOLOGY FOR HIGH OUTPUT
VOLTAGE APPLICATIONS
FIGURE 15. CIRCUIT TO DISCONNECT THE DC PATH OF BOOST
CONVERTER
For additional products, see www.intersil.com/product_tree
Intersil products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems as noted
in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
8
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
ISL97519A
Package Outline Drawing
M8.118A
8 LEAD MINI SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE (MSOP)
Rev 0, 9/09
A
3.0±0.1
8
0.25
CAB
3.0±0.1
4.9±0.15
DETAIL "X"
1.10 Max
PIN# 1 ID
B
SIDE VIEW 2
1
0.18 ± 0.05
2
0.65 BSC
TOP VIEW
0.95 BSC
0.86±0.09
GAUGE
PLANE
H
C
0.25
SEATING PLANE
0.33 +0.07/ -0.08
0.08 C A B
0.10 ± 0.05
3°±3°
0.10 C
0.55 ± 0.15
DETAIL "X"
SIDE VIEW 1
5.80
NOTES:
4.40
3.00
1.
Dimensions are in millimeters.
2.
Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to JEDEC MO-187-AA
and AMSE Y14.5m-1994.
3.
Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15mm max per side are not
included.
4.
Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25mm max per side are not
included.
5.
Dimensions “D” and “E1” are measured at Datum Plane “H”.
6.
This replaces existing drawing # MDP0043 MSOP 8L.
0.65
0.40
1.40
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
9
FN6683.3
February 16, 2012
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