DN459 - Triple Buck Regulator Features 1-Wire Dynamically Programmable Output Voltages

Triple Buck Regulator Features 1-Wire Dynamically
Programmable Output Voltages
Design Note 459
Andy Bishop
Introduction
The LTC ®3569 is a compact power solution for handheld
devices. Its tiny 3mm × 3mm QFN package includes
three buck regulators with individually programmable
output voltages. One regulator supports load currents
up to 1200mA, while the other two support currents to
600mA. Two regulators can be paralleled for increased
load capability. Each current-mode regulator is internally
compensated with excellent load and line regulation. A
complete 2- or 3-output solution requires a minimum
number of external passive components.
Three Individually Programmable Bucks
The LTC3569’s three output voltages are independently
programmed by simply toggling their respective enable
pins. Each time an enable pin sees a falling edge, a 4-bit
counter is decremented. After a time-out delay of 120μs
from the last rising edge at the enable pins, the counter
state is latched into the feedback reference voltage DAC.
In this way, the reference voltage can be programmed
from 800mV (full scale) to 425mV in 25mV steps.
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VIN 2.8V
TO 4.2V
22μF
SVIN
PVIN
Configure Parallel Power Stages for Different Loads
The LTC3569’s buck regulators can be paralleled for
higher load capability. By pulling the feedback pin of
one of the two 600mA regulators up to the input supply
voltage, that regulator’s power stage is reconfigured as
a slave, where switching is synchronized to its upstream
master. Buck 2 can be a slave to Buck 1, or Buck 3 a slave
to Buck 2. When operating in slave mode, the slave switch
pin is tied in parallel with the master switch pin and the
maximum output currents sum. This yields three possible
combinations: three independent regulators (a 1.2A buck
and two 0.6A bucks), two independent 1.2A bucks, or two
independent bucks of 1.8A and 0.6A.
Power Good Indicator
The LTC3569 has a PGOOD pin to indicate when any
enabled regulator output voltage has risen to within 8%
of the programmed value. If any of the enabled output
voltages are lower than programmed, the PGOOD pin
pulls low. If all of the regulators are off, the PGOOD pin
pulls low and the LTC3569 enters a low power shutdown
mode with <1μA of supply current.
1.7μH
SW1
EN1
294k
EN2
EN3
LTC3569
VIN
1.7μH
SW2
294k
OUT1
FB2
22k
fSW = 2.25MHz
10μF
210k
MODE
RT
10pF
FB1
SW3
PGOOD
FB3
SGND PGND
210k
OUT1 UP TO
1200mA
1.2V STANDBY
1.8V ACTIVE
10pF
OUT2 UP TO
1200mA
1.2V STANDBY
1.8V ACTIVE
10μF
VIN
DN459 F01
Figure 1. LTC3569 Configured As Dual 1.2A Programmable Buck Regulators
02/09/459
Power Saving Operating Modes
The LTC3569 offers two modes of operation (set via the
MODE pin) that improve efficiency at light loads. Burst
Mode® operation is the most efficient at low load currents, while pulse-skipping mode produces lower ripple
currents. At startup, until the end of the soft-start ramp,
pulse-skipping mode is automatically selected.
Programmable Clock Frequency
The switching frequency is fixed at 2.25MHz by pulling RT
up to the input supply, or the clock can be programmed to
a frequency between 1MHz and 3MHz with a timing resistor
to ground. If a clock signal is applied to the MODE pin the
LTC3569’s clock is injection locked to the external clock
as long as the frequency is greater than that programmed
using the RT pin. With injection locking, the operating
mode is automatically set to pulse-skipping.
2-Output, Individually Programmable 1.2A
Regulators
Figure 1 shows a 2-output application where each output
can be reprogrammed at any time to a standby voltage of
1.2V or an active voltage of 1.8V. Both outputs provide
up to 1.2A of load current from a Li-Ion battery voltage
between 2.8V and 4.2V. Burst Mode operation is selected
for high efficiency at light loads. Figures 2 through 5 show
independent programming of the two output voltages via
toggling of the respective enable pins while supplying a
constant 625mA to each load.
Conclusion
The LTC3569 is a flexible solution for powering handheld
Li-Ion battery applications. The ability to adjust or disable
individual output voltages on the fly provides a simple
solution to support energy saving operating modes in
advanced microprocessor-based designs.
CH4
1V
CH3
2V
CH3
2V
CH4
1V
CH1
500mV
CH2
500mV
CH1
500mV
CH2
500mV
200μs
DN459 F02
Figure 2. Soft-Start Both Bucks Into Standby.
CH1 = OUT1, CH2 = OUT2, CH3 = EN1 = EN2,
CH4 = PGOOD
200μs
DN459 F03
Figure 3. Reprogram Buck 2 From Active to Standby
With No Cross-Talk On Buck 1 Output. CH1 = OUT1,
CH2 = OUT2, CH3 = EN2, CH4 = PGOOD
CH4
1V
CH4
1V
CH3
2V
CH3
2V
CH1
500mV
CH2
500mV
CH2
500mV
CH1
500mV
200μs
DN459 F04
Figure 4. Buck 1 Active, Buck 2 Soft-Start to Standby.
CH1 = OUT1, CH2 = OUT2, CH3 = EN2, CH4 = PGOOD,
No Cross-Talk On Buck 1 Output
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Linear Technology Corporation
200μs
DN459 F05
Figure 5. Buck 1 Active to Shutdown, Buck 2 Standby.
CH1 = OUT1, CH2 = OUT2, CH3 = EN2, CH4 = PGOOD,
Note PGOOD Falls As It Is Tied to OUT1, No CrossTalk On Buck 2 Output
For applications help,
call (408) 432-1900, Ext. 3161
dn459f LT/TP 0209 155K • PRINTED IN THE USA
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
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