DATASHEET

DESIGNS
FOR NEW
D
E
D
N
E
M
PART
T RECOM
ACEMENT
L
P
E
EL7586 NO
R
D
E
ND
RECOMME
EL7586A
Data Sheet
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
FN9210.2
TFT-LCD Power Supply
Features
The EL7586 and EL7586A represent multiple output
regulators for use in all large panel, TFT-LCD applications.
Both feature a single boost converter with an integrated 2A
FET, two positive LDOs for VON and VLOGIC generation,
and a single negative LDO for VOFF generation. The boost
converter can be programmed to operate in either P-mode
or PI-mode for improved load regulation.
• 2A current limit FET options
Both EL7586 and EL7586A also integrate fault protection for
all four channels. Once a fault is detected, the device is
latched off until the input supply or EN is cycled. EL7586
also features an integrated start-up sequence for
VBOOST/VLOGIC, VOFF, then VON or for VLOGIC, VOFF,
VBOOST, and VON. The latter requires a single external
transistor. The timing of the start-up sequence is set using
an external capacitor.
EL7586A features an immediately-enabled VLOGIC output
which is independent of EN input. The VLOGIC output will be
switched off if a fault is detected and the power supply needs
to be recycled to reset this condition.
Both the EL7586 and EL7586A are pin-compatible, come in
the 20 Ld 4x4 QFN package, and are specified for operation
over the -40°C to +85°C temperature range.
• 3V to 5V input
• Up to 20V boost out
• 1% regulation on all outputs
• VLOGIC-VOFF-VBOOST-VON or
VBOOST/VLOGIC-VOFF-VON sequence control
- VLOGIC is on from start-up for EL7586A
• Programmable sequence delay
• Fully fault protected
• Thermal shutdown
• Internal soft-start
• 20 Ld 4x4 QFN packages
• Pb-free plus anneal available (RoHS compliant)
Applications
• LCD monitors (15”+)
• LCD-TV (up to 40”+)
• Notebook displays (up to 16”)
• Industrial/medical LCD displays
7586ILZ
7”
20 Ld 4x4 QFN MDP0046
(Pb-free)
EL7586ILZ-T13
(Note)
7586ILZ
13”
20 Ld 4x4 QFN MDP0046
(Pb-free)
EL7586AILZ
(Note)
7586AIL Z
-
20 Ld 4x4 QFN MDP0046
(Pb-free)
EL7586AILZ-T7
(Note)
7586AIL Z
7”
20 Ld 4x4 QFN MDP0046
(Pb-free)
CDLY 1
15 CINT
DELB 2
14 VREF
THERMAL
PAD
LX1 3
13”
20 Ld 4x4 QFN MDP0046
(Pb-free)
NOTE: Intersil Pb-free plus anneal products employ special Pb-free
material sets; molding compounds/die attach materials and 100%
matte tin plate termination finish, which are RoHS compliant and
compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations. Intersil
Pb-free products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow
temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of
IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
1
13 PGND
12 PGND
LX2 4
DRVP 5
11 FBN
FBP 6
EL7586AILZ-T13 7586AIL Z
(Note)
16 FBB
EL7586ILZ-T7
(Note)
DRVN 10
20 Ld 4x4 QFN MDP0046
(Pb-free)
17 SGND
-
SGND 9
7586ILZ
EL7586, EL7586A
(20 LD 4X4 QFN)
TOP VIEW
18 EN
EL7586ILZ
(Note)
Pinout
FBL 8
PKG.
DWG. #
19 VDD
PACKAGE
DRVL 7
PART
TAPE &
PART NUMBER MARKING REEL
20 PG
Ordering Information
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2005, 2006. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
EL7586, EL7586A
Absolute Maximum Ratings (TA = 25°C)
VDELB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24V
VDRVP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36V
VDRVN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -20V
VDD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5V
VLX. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24V
VDRVL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5V
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Ambient Operating Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +85°C
Power Dissipation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Curves
Maximum Continuous Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . 125°C
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the
device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
IMPORTANT NOTE: All parameters having Min/Max specifications are guaranteed. Typical values are for information purposes only. Unless otherwise noted, all tests
are at the specified temperature and are pulsed tests, therefore: TJ = TC = TA
Electrical Specifications
PARAMETER
VDD = 5V, VBOOST = 11V, ILOAD = 200mA, VON = 15V, VOFF = -5V, VLOGIC = 2.5V, over temperature from
-40°C to 85°C, unless otherwise specified.
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
5.5
V
SUPPLY
VS
Supply Voltage
IS
Quiescent Current
(EL7586A)
Enabled, LX not switching
1.7
2.5
mA
Disabled
750
900
µA
Quiescent Current
(EL7586)
Enabled, LX not switching
1.7
2.5
mA
Disabled
10
20
µA
1000
1100
kHz
20
V
IS
3
CLOCK
FOSC
Oscillator Frequency
900
VBOOST
Boost Output Range
5.5
VFBB
Boost Feedback Voltage
BOOST
VF_FBB
FBB Fault Trip Point
VREF
Reference Voltage
TA = 25°C
1.192
1.205
1.218
V
1.188
1.205
1.222
V
0.9
TA = 25°C
V
1.19
1.215
1.235
V
1.187
1.215
1.238
V
100
CREF
VREF Capacitor
22
DMAX
Maximum Duty Cycle
85
ILXMAX
Current Switch
ILEAK
Switch Leakage Current
rDS(ON
Switch On-Resistance
Eff
Boost Efficiency
See curves
I(VFBB)
Feedback Input Bias Current
Pl mode, VFBB = 1.35V
VBOOST/
VIN
Line Regulation
CINT = 4.7nF, IOUT = 100mA, VIN = 3V to
5.5V
VBOOST/
IBOOST
Load Regulation - “P” Mode
CINT pin strapped to VDD,
50mA < ILOAD < 250mA
VBOOST/
IBOOST
Load Regulation - “PI” Mode
CINT = 4.7nF, 50mA < IO < 250mA
VCINT_T
CINT Pl Mode Select Threshold
nF
%
2.0
2
VLX = 16V
A
10
85
µA
320
m
92
%
50
500
nA
0.05
%/V
3
%
0.1
%
4.7
4.8
V
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Electrical Specifications
PARAMETER
VDD = 5V, VBOOST = 11V, ILOAD = 200mA, VON = 15V, VOFF = -5V, VLOGIC = 2.5V, over temperature from
-40°C to 85°C, unless otherwise specified. (Continued)
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
IDRVP = 0.2mA, TA = 25°C
1.176
1.2
1.224
V
IDRVP = 0.2mA
1.172
1.2
1.228
V
0.87
0.92
V
250
nA
VON LDO
VFBP
FBP Regulation Voltage
VF_FBP
FBP Fault Trip Point
VFBP falling
0.82
IFBP
FBP Input Bias Current
VFBP = 1.35V
-250
GMP
FBP Effective Transconductance
VDRVP = 25V, IDRVP = 0.2 to 2mA
VON/I(VON)
VON Load Regulation
I(VON) = 0mA to 20mA
IDRVP
DRVP Sink Current Max
VFBP = 1.1V, VDRVP = 25V
IL_DRVP
DRVP Leakage Current
VFBP = 1.5V, VDRVP = 35V
FBN Regulation Voltage
IDRVN = 0.2mA, TA = 25°C
2
50
ms
-0.5
%
4
mA
0.1
5
µA
0.173
0.203
0.233
V
IDRVN = 0.2mA
0.171
0.203
0.235
V
0.43
0.48
V
250
nA
VOFF LDO
VFBN
VF_FBN
FNN Fault Trip Point
VFBN falling
0.38
IFBN
FBN Input Bias Current
VFBN = 0.2V
-250
GMN
FBN Effective Transconductance
VDRVN = -6V, IDRVN = 0.2mA to 2mA
VOFF/
I(VOFF)
VOFF Load Regulation
I(VOFF) = 0mA to 20mA
IDRVN
DRVN Source Current Max
VFBN = 0.3V, VDRVN = -6V
IL_DRVN
DRVN Leakage Current
VFBN = 0V, VDRVN = -20V
FBL Regulation Voltage
IDRVL = 1mA, TA = 25°C
2
50
ms
-0.5
%
4
mA
0.1
5
µA
1.176
1.2
1.224
V
IDRVL = 1mA
1.174
1.2
1.226
V
0.87
0.92
V
500
nA
VLOGIC LDO
VFBL
VF_FBL
FBL Fault Trip Point
VFBL falling
0.82
IFBL
FBL Input Bias Current
VFBL = 1.35V
-500
GML
FBL Effective Transconductance
VDRVL = 2.5V, IDRVL = 1mA to 8mA
200
ms
VLOGIC/
I(VLOGIC)
VLOGIC Load Regulation
I(VLOGIC) = 100mA to 500mA
0.5
%
IDRVL
DRVL Sink Current Max
VFBL = 1.1V, VDRVL = 2.5V
16
mA
IL_DRL
IL_DRVL
VFBL = 1.5V, VDRVL = 5.5V
0.1
tON
Turn On Delay
CDLY = 0.22µF
30
ms
tSS
Soft-start Time
CDLY = 0.22µF
2
ms
tDEL1
Delay Between AVDD and VOFF
CDLY = 0.22µF
10
ms
tDEL2
Delay Between VON and VOFF
CDLY = 0.22µF
17
ms
IDELB
DELB Pull-down Current
VDELB > 0.6V
50
µA
VDELB < 0.6V
1.4
mA
220
nF
8
5
µA
SEQUENCING
CDEL
Delay Capacitor
3
10
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Electrical Specifications
PARAMETER
VDD = 5V, VBOOST = 11V, ILOAD = 200mA, VON = 15V, VOFF = -5V, VLOGIC = 2.5V, over temperature from
-40°C to 85°C, unless otherwise specified. (Continued)
DESCRIPTION
CONDITION
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNIT
FAULT DETECTION
tFAULT
Fault Time Out
CDLY = 0.22µF
OT
Over-temperature Threshold
IPG
PG Pull-down Current
50
ms
140
°C
VPG > 0.6V
15
µA
VPG < 0.6V
1.7
mA
LOGIC ENABLE
VHI
Logic High Threshold
VLO
Logic Low Threshold
ILOW
Logic Low Bias Current
IHIGH
Logic High Bias Current
2.3
at VEN = 5V
12
V
0.8
V
0.2
2
µA
18
24
µA
Pin Descriptions
PIN NAME
PIN NUMBER
DESCRIPTION
1
CDLY
A capacitor connected from this pin to GND sets the delay time for start-up sequence and sets the fault
timeout time
2
DELB
Open drain output for gate drive of optional VBOOST delay FET
3, 4
LX1, LX2
5
DRVP
6
FBP
7
DRVL
Logic LDO base drive; open drain of an internal N channel FET
8
FBL
Logic LDO voltage feedback input pin; regulates to 1.2V nominal
9, 17
SGND
Low noise signal ground
10
DRVN
Negative LDO base drive; open drain of an internal P channel FET
11
FBN
Negative LDO voltage feedback input pin; regulates to 0.2V nominal
12, 13
PGND
Power ground, connected to source of internal N channel boost FET
14
VREF
Bandgap voltage bypass, connect a 0.1µF to SGND
15
CINT
VBOOST integrator output, connect capacitor to SGND for PI mode or connect to VDD for P mode
operation
16
FBB
Boost regulator voltage feedback input pin; regulates to 1.2V nominal
18
EN
Enable pin, High = Enable; Low or floating = Disable
19
VDD
20
PG
Drain of the internal N channel boost FET; for EL7586, pin 4 is not connected
Positive LDO base drive; open drain of an internal N channel FET
Positive LDO voltage feedback input pin; regulates to 1.2V nominal
Positive supply
Push-pull gate drive of optional fault protection FET, when chip is disabled or when a fault has been
detected, this is high
4
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Typical Performance Curves
100
100
AVDD=9V
80
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
80
AVDD=12V
AVDD=15V
60
40
20
0
60
AVDD=9V
40
20
0
100
200
300
0
400
0
200
FIGURE 1. VBOOST EFFICIENCY AT VIN = 3V (PI MODE)
80
AVDD=12V
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
80
40
20
AVDD=15V
60
40
20
0
100
200
300
400
0
500
0
200
400
600
800
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 3. VBOOST EFFICIENCY AT VIN = 3V (P MODE)
FIGURE 4. VBOOST EFFICIENCY AT VIN = 5V (P MODE)
0
0
-0.1
LOAD REGULATION (%)
LOAD REGULATION (%)
AVDD=12V
AVDD=9V
IOUT (mA)
AVDD=9V
-0.2
-0.3
AVDD=15V
-0.4
-0.5
AVDD=12V
-0.6
-0.7
800
100
AVDD=9V
60
600
FIGURE 2. VBOOST EFFICIENCY AT VIN = 5V (PI MODE)
100
AVDD=15V
400
IOUT (mA)
IOUT (mA)
0
AVDD=12V
AVDD=15V
0
100
200
300
400
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 5. VBOOST LOAD REGULATION AT VIN = 3V (PI MODE)
5
-0.2
AVDD=9V
-0.4
AVDD=12V
-0.6
AVDD=15V
-0.8
-1
0
200
400
600
800
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 6. VBOOST LOAD REGULATION AT VIN = 5V (PI MODE)
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
0
LOAD REGULATION (%)
LOAD REGULATION (%)
0
-0.5
-1.0
-1.5
-2.0
AVDD=9V
-2.5
AVDD=15V
-3.0
-3.5
-1
-2
AVDD=9V
-3
-4
AVDD=12V
AVDD=15V
AVDD=12V
-5
-4.0
0
100
200
300
IOUT (mA)
400
500
0
200
400
600
800
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 7. VBOOST LOAD REGULATION AT VIN = 3V (P MODE)
FIGURE 8. VBOOST LOAD REGULATION AT VIN = 5V (P MODE)
0.05
LINE REGULATION (%)
LINE REGULATION (%)
0
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
0
-0.01
-0.02
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
-0.5
-1.0
1.5
-2.0
-2.5
VIN (V)
FIGURE 9. VBOOST LINE REGULATION (PI MODE)
3.5
4.0
4.5
VIN (V)
5.0
5.5
6.0
FIGURE 10. VBOOST LINE REGULATION (P MODE)
0
LOAD REGULATION (%)
0
LOAD REGULATION (%)
3.0
-0.1
-0.2
-0.3
-0.4
-0.5
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1.0
-1.2
-1.4
-0.6
0
20
40
60
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 11. VON LOAD REGULATION
6
80
0
20
40
60
80
100
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 12. VOFF LOAD REGULATION
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
LOAD REGULATION (%)
0
-0.2
VCDLY
-0.4
EN
-0.6
-0.8
VBOOST
-1.0
VLOGIC
-1.2
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
CDLY=220nF
700
TIME (10ms/DIV)
IOUT (mA)
FIGURE 13. VLOGIC LOAD REGULATION
VCDLY
FIGURE 14. EL7586 START-UP SEQUENCE
VBOOST
VREF
VLOGIC
VBOOST
VOFF
VLOGIC
CDLY=220nF
VON
TIME (10ms/DIV)
FIGURE 15. EL7586 START-UP SEQUENCE
VBOOST-DELAY
CDLY=220nF
TIME (10ms/DIV)
FIGURE 16. EL7586 START-UP SEQUENCE
VCDLY
VLOGIC
VREF
VOFF
VBOOST
VON
CDLY=220nF
TIME (10ms/DIV)
FIGURE 17. EL7586 START-UP SEQUENCE
7
VLOGIC
CDLY=220nF
TIME (10ms/DIV)
FIGURE 18. EL7586A START-UP SEQUENCE
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Typical Performance Curves
(Continued)
VBOOST
VBOOST_DELAY
VLOGIC
VLOGIC
VOFF
VOFF
VON
CDLY=220nF
VON
CDLY=220nF
TIME (10ms/DIV)
TIME (10ms/DIV)
FIGURE 19. EL7586A START-UP SEQUENCE
FIGURE 20. EL7586A START-UP SEQUENCE
VIN=5V
VOUT=13V
IOUT=30mA
VIN=5V
VOUT=13V
IOUT=200mA
TIME (400ns/DIV)
TIME (400ns/DIV)
FIGURE 21. LX WAVEFORM - DISCONTINUOUS MODE
0.8
FIGURE 22. LX WAVEFORM - CONTINUOUS MODE
JEDEC JESD51-7 HIGH EFFECTIVE THERMAL
CONDUCTIVITY TEST BOARD - QFN EXPOSED
DIEPAD SOLDERED TO PCB PER JESD51-5
JEDEC JESD51-3 AND SEMI G42-88 (SINGLE
LAYER) TEST BOARD
3
2.500W
0.6

POWER DISSIPATION (W)
POWER DISSIPATION (W)
0.7 667mW
(4 Q
m F
m N
=1 x 4 20
50 m
° C m)
/W
JA
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
2.5
2

(4 Q
m F
m N
2
=4 x 4 0
0° mm
C
/W )
JA
1.5
1
0.5
0
0
0
25
50
75 85 100
125
150
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 23. PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION vs AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
8
0
25
50
75 85 100
125
150
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 24. PACKAGE POWER DISSIPATION vs AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Applications Information
Boost Converter
The EL7586 and EL7586A provide a high integrated multiple
output power solution for TFT-LCD applications. The system
consists of one high efficiency boost converter and three
linear-regulator controllers (VON, VOFF, and VLOGIC) with
multiple protection functions. A block diagram is shown in
Figure 25. Table 1 lists the recommended components.
The main boost converter is a current mode PWM converter
at a fixed frequency of 1MHz which enables the use of low
profile inductors and multiplayer ceramic capacitors. This
results in a compact, low cost power system for LCD panel
design.
The EL7586, and EL7586A integrate an N-channel
MOSFET boost converter to minimize external component
count and cost. The AVDD, VON, VOFF, and VLOGIC output
voltages are independently set using external resistors.
VON, VOFF voltages require external charge pumps which
are post regulated using the integrated LDO controllers.
The EL7586 and EL7586A are designed for continuous
current mode, but they can also operate in discontinuous
current mode at light load. In continuous current mode,
current flows continuously in the inductor during the entire
switching cycle in steady state operation. The voltage
conversion ratio in continuous current mode is given by:
A VDD
1 ---------------- = -----------V IN
1–D
TABLE 1. RECOMMENDED COMPONENTS
Where D is the duty cycle of the switching MOSFET.
DESIGNATION
DESCRIPTION
C1, C2, C3
10µF, 16V X7R ceramic capacitor (1206)
TDK C3216X7RIC106M
C20, C31
4.7µF, 25V X5R ceramic capacitor (1206)
TDK C3216X5R1A475K
D1
D11, D12, D21
1A 20V low leakage Schottky rectifier (CASE
457-04) ON SEMI MBRM120ET3
200mA 30V Schottky barrier diode (SOT-23)
Fairchild BAT54S
L1
6.8µH 1.3A Inductor
TDK SLF6025T-6R8M1R3-PF
Q1
-2.4 -20V P-channel 1.8V specified
PowerTrench MOSFET (SuperSOT-3)
Fairchild FDN304P
Q4
-2A -30V single P-channel logic level
PowerTrench MOSFET (SuperSOT-3)
Fairchild FDN360P
Q3
200mA 40V PNP amplifier (SOT-23)
Fairchild MMBT3906
Q2
200mA 40V NPN amplifier (SOT-23)
Fairchild MMBT3904
Q5
1A 30V PNP low saturation amplifier (SOT-23)
Fairchild FMMT549
Figure 26 shows the block diagram of the boost regulator. It
uses a summing amplifier architecture consisting of GM
stages for voltage feedback, current feedback and slope
compensation. A comparator looks at the peak inductor
current cycle by cycle and terminates the PWM cycle if the
current limit is reached.
An external resistor divider is required to divide the output
voltage down to the nominal reference voltage. Current
drawn by the resistor network should be limited to maintain
the overall converter efficiency. The maximum value of the
resistor network is limited by the feedback input bias current
and the potential for noise being coupled into the feedback
pin. A resistor network in the order of 60k is recommended.
The boost converter output voltage is determined by the
following equation:
R1 + R2
A VDD = ---------------------  V REF
R1
The current through the MOSFET is limited to 2A peak for
the EL7586. This restricts the maximum output current
based on the following equation:
I L
V IN
I OMAX =  I LMT – --------  --------
2  VO
Where IL is peak to peak inductor ripple current, and is set
by:
V IN D
I L = ---------  ----L
fS
where fS is the switching frequency.
9
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
EN
REFERENCE
GENERATOR
VREF
SGND
OSCILLATOR
COMP
SLOPE
COMPENSATION
OSC
PWM
LOGIC
CONTROLLER

LX
BUFFER
VOLTAGE
AMPLIFIER
FBB
GM
AMPLIFIER
CINT
CURRENT
AMPLIFIER
UVLO
COMPARATOR
EN
CURRENT REF
CURRENT
LIMIT COMPARATOR
VDD
SHUTDOWN
& START-UP
CONTROL
PG
VREF
+
-
DRVP
BUFFER
THERMAL
SHUTDOWN
FBP
UVLO
COMPARATOR
CDLY
SS
+
-
DRVN
PGND
0.2V
VREF
DELB
SS
+
-
DRVL
BUFFER
BUFFER
FBN
0.4V
FBL
UVLO
COMPARATOR
UVLO
COMPARATOR
FIGURE 25. BLOCK DIAGRAM
10
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
SHUTDOWN
& STARTUP
CONTROL
CLOCK
SLOPE
COMPENSATION
Ifb
CURRENT
AMPLIFIER
PWM
Iref
LX
LOGIC
BUFFER
Ifb
FBB
GM
AMPLIFIER
Iref
VOLTAGE
AMPLIFIER
REFERENCE
GENERATOR
CINT
PGND
FIGURE 26. BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE BOOST REGULATOR
11
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
The following table gives typical values (margins are
considered 10%, 3%, 20%, 10%, and 15% on VIN, VO, L, fS,
and IOMAX:
TABLE 2.
capacitor. The voltage rating of the output capacitor should
be greater than the maximum output voltage.
NOTE: Capacitors have a voltage coefficient that makes their
effective capacitance drop as the voltage across them increases.
COUT in the equation above assumes the effective value of the
capacitor at a particular voltage and not the manufacturer’s stated
value, measured at zero volts.
VIN (V)
VO (V)
L (µH)
fS
(MHz)
IOMAX
(EL7586, EL7586A)
3.3
9
6.8
1
0.490686
Compensation
3.3
12
6.8
1
0.307353
3.3
15
6.8
1
0.197353
5
9
6.8
1
0.743464
5
12
6.8
1
0.465686
5
15
6.8
1
0.29902
The EL7586, and EL7586A can operate in either P mode or
PI mode. Connecting the CINT pin directly to VIN will enable
P mode; For better load regulation, use PI mode with a
4.7nF capacitor in series with a 10K resistor between CINT
and ground. This value may be reduced to improve transient
performance, however, very low values will reduce loop
stability.
Input Capacitor
Boost Feedback Resistors
An input capacitor is used to supply the peak charging
current to the converter. It is recommended that CIN be
larger than 10µF. The reflected ripple voltage will be smaller
with larger CIN. The voltage rating of input capacitor should
be larger than maximum input voltage.
As the boost output voltage, AVDD, is reduced below 12V the
effective voltage feedback in the IC increases the ratio of
voltage to current feedback at the summing comparator
because R2 decreases relative to R1. To maintain stable
operation over the complete current range of the IC, the
voltage feedback to the FBB pin should be reduced
proportionally, as AVDD is reduced, by means of a series
resistor-capacitor network (R7 and C7) in parallel with R1,
with a pole frequency (fp) set to approximately 10kHz for C2
effective = 10µF and 4kHz for C2 (effective) = 30µF.
Boost Inductor
The boost inductor is a critical part which influences the
output voltage ripple, transient response, and efficiency.
Values of 3.3µH to 10µH are to match the internal slope
compensation. The inductor must be able to handle the
following average and peak current:
R7 = ((1/0.1 x R2) - 1/R1)^-1
C7 = 1/(2 x 3.142 x fp x R7)
IO
I LAVG = ------------1–D
PI Mode CINT (C23) and RINT (R10)
I L
I LPK = I LAVG + -------2
The IC is designed to operate with a minimum C23 capacitor
of 4.7nF and a minimum C2 (effective) = 10µF.
Rectifier Diode
A high-speed diode is necessary due to the high switching
frequency. Schottky diodes are recommended because of
their fast recovery time and low forward voltage. The rectifier
diode must meet the output current and peak inductor
current requirements.
Output Capacitor
The output capacitor supplies the load directly and reduces
the ripple voltage at the output. Output ripple voltage
consists of two components: the voltage drop due to the
inductor ripple current flowing through the ESR of output
capacitor, and the charging and discharging of the output
capacitor.
V O – V IN
IO
1
V RIPPLE = I LPK  ESR + ------------------------  ----------------  ----VO
C OUT f S
For low ESR ceramic capacitors, the output ripple is
dominated by the charging and discharging of the output
12
Note that, for high voltage AVDD, the voltage coefficient of
ceramic capacitors (C2) reduces their effective capacitance
greatly; a 16V 10µF ceramic can drop to around 3µF at 15V.
To improve the transient load response of AVDD in PI mode,
a resistor may be added in series with the C23 capacitor. The
larger the resistor the lower the overshoot but at the expense
of stability of the converter loop - especially at high currents.
With L = 10µH, AVDD = 15V, C23 = 4.7nF, C2 (effective)
should have a capacitance of greater than 10µF. RINT (R7)
can have values up to 5k for C2 (effective) up to 20µF and
up to 10K for C2 (effective) up to 30µF.
Larger values of RINT (R7) may be possible if maximum
AVDD load currents less than the current limit are used. To
ensure AVDD stability, the IC should be operated at the
maximum desired current and then the transient load
response of AVDD should be used to determine the
maximum value of RINT.
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Operation of the DELB Output Function
An open drain DELB output is provided to allow the boost
output voltage, developed at C2 (see application diagram),
to be delayed via an external switch (Q4) to a time after the
VBOOST supply and negative VOFF charge pump supply
have achieved regulation during the start-up sequence
shown in Figures 33 and 34. This then allows the AVDD and
VON supplies to start-up from 0V instead of the normal offset
voltage of VIN-VDIODE (D1) if Q4 were not present.
When DELB is activated by the start-up sequencer, it sinks
50µA allowing a controlled turn-on of Q4 and charge-up of
C9. C16 can be used to control the turn-on time of Q4 to
reduce inrush current into C9. The potential divider formed
by R9 and R8 can be used to limit the VGS voltage of Q4 if
required by the voltage rating of this device. When the
voltage at DELB falls to less than 0.6V, the sink current is
increased to ~1.2mA to firmly pull DELB to 0V.
The voltage at DELB is monitored by the fault protection
circuit so that if the initial 50µA sink current fails to pull DELB
below ~0.6V after the start-up sequencing has completed,
then a fault condition will be detected and a fault time-out
ramp will be initiated on the CDEL capacitor (C7).
Operation of the PG Output Function
The PG output consists of an internal pull-up PMOS device to
VIN, to turn-off the external Q1 protection switch and a current
limited pull-down NMOS device which sinks ~15µA allowing a
controlled turn-on of Q1 gate capacitance. CO is used to
control how fast Q1 turns-on - limiting inrush current into C1.
When the voltage at the PG pin falls to less than 0.6V, the PG
sink current is increased to ~1.2mA to firmly pull the pin to 0V.
The voltage at PG is monitored by the fault protection circuit
so that if the initial 15µA sink current fails to pull PG below
~0.6V after the start-up sequencing has completed, then a
fault condition will be detected and a fault time-out ramp will
be initiated on the CDEL capacitor (C7).
Cascaded MOSFET Application
A 20V N-channel MOSFET is integrated in the boost
regulator. For the applications where the output voltage is
greater than 20V, an external cascaded MOSFET is needed
as shown in Figure 27. The voltage rating of the external
MOSFET should be greater than VBOOST.
VBOOST
VIN
LX
FB
EL7586
EL7586A
FIGURE 27. CASCADED MOSFET TOPOLOGY FOR HIGH
OUTPUT VOLTAGE APPLICATIONS
Linear-Regulator Controllers (VON, VLOGIC, and
VOFF)
The EL7586 and EL7586A include three independent linearregulator controllers, in which two are positive output voltage
(VON and VLOGIC), and one is negative. The VON, VOFF,
and VLOGIC linear-regulator controller functional diagrams,
applications circuits are shown in Figures 28, 29, and 30
respectively.
Calculation of the Linear Regulator Base-Emitter
Resistors (RBL, RBP and RBN)
For the pass transistor of the linear regulator, low frequency
gain (Hfe) and unity gain freq. (fT) are usually specified in the
datasheet. The pass transistor adds a pole to the loop
transfer function at fp = fT/Hfe. Therefore, in order to
maintain phase margin at low frequency, the best choice for
a pass device is often a high frequency low gain switching
transistor. Further improvement can be obtained by adding a
base-emitter resistor RBE (RBP, RBL, RBN in the Functional
Block Diagram), which increase the pole frequency to:
fp = fT*(1+ Hfe *re/RBE)/Hfe, where re = KT/qIc. So choose
the lowest value RBE in the design as long as there is still
enough base current (IB) to support the maximum output
current (IC).
We will take as an example the VLOGIC linear regulator. If a
Fairchild FMMT549 PNP transistor is used as the external
pass transistor, Q5 in the application diagram, then for a
maximum VLOGIC operating requirement of 500mA the data
sheet indicates Hfe_min = 100.
The base-emitter saturation voltage is: Vbe_max = 1.25V
(note this is normally a Vbe ~ 0.7V, however, for the Q5
transistor an internal Darlington arrangement is used to
increase it's current gain, giving a 'base-emitter' voltage of
2 x VBE).
(Note that using a high current Darlington PNP transistor for
Q5 requires that VIN > VLOGIC + 2V. Should a lower input
voltage be required, then an ordinary high gain PNP
transistor should be selected for Q5 so as to allow a lower
collector-emitter saturation voltage).
13
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
For the EL7586 and EL7586A, the minimum drive current is:
I_DRVL_min = 8mA
The minimum base-emitter resistor, RBL, can now be
calculated as:
VIN OR VPROT
(3V TO 6V)
LDO_LOG
0.9V
PG_LDOL
RBL_min = VBE_max/(I_DRVL_min - Ic/Hfe_min) =
1.25V/(8mA - 500mA/100) = 417
RBL
500
+
-
Q5
VLOGIC
(1.3V TO 3.6V)
DRVL
This is the minimum value that can be used - so, we now
choose a convenient value greater than this minimum value;
say 500. Larger values may be used to reduce quiescent
current, however, regulation may be adversely affected, by
supply noise if RBL is made too high in value.
VBOOST
LX
RL1
CLOG
10µF
FBL
+
GML
RL2
20k
1 : N1
0.1µF
LDO_ON
0.9V
FIGURE 30. VLOGIC FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
PG_LDOP
CP (TO 36V)
36V
ESD
CLAMP
+
-
RBP
7k
0.1µF
Q3
VON (TO 35V)
DRVP
RP1
FBP
CON
RP2
20k
+
GMP
1 : Np
FIGURE 28. VON FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
LX
0.1µF
CP (TO -26V)
LDO_OFF
PG_LDON
VREF
+
0.1µF
RN2
20k
0.4V
FBN
1 : Nn
RN1
VOFF (TO -20V)
+
GMN
DRVN
36V
ESD
CLAMP
RBN
3k
Q2
COFF
FIGURE 29. VOFF FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
14
The VON power supply is used to power the positive supply
of the row driver in the LCD panel. The DC/DC consists of an
external diode-capacitor charge pump powered from the
inductor (LX) of the boost converter, followed by a low
dropout linear regulator (LDO_ON). The LDO_ON regulator
uses an external PNP transistor as the pass element. The
onboard LDO controller is a wide band (>10MHz)
transconductance amplifier capable of 4mA drive current,
which is sufficient for up to 40mA or more output current
under the low dropout condition (forced beta of 10). Typical
VON voltage supported by EL7586 and EL7586A ranges
from +15V to +36V. A fault comparator is also included for
monitoring the output voltage. The undervoltage threshold is
set at 25% below the 1.2V reference.
The VOFF power supply is used to power the negative
supply of the row driver in the LCD panel. The DC/DC
consists of an external diode-capacitor charge pump
powered from the inductor (LX) of the boost converter,
followed by a low dropout linear regulator (LDO_OFF). The
LDO_OFF regulator uses an external NPN transistor as the
pass element. The onboard LDO controller is a wide band
(>10MHz) transconductance amplifier capable of 4mA drive
current, which is sufficient for up to 40mA or more output
current under the low dropout condition (forced beta of 10).
Typical VOFF voltage supported by EL7586 and EL7586A
ranges from -5V to -20V. A fault comparator is also included
for monitoring the output voltage. The undervoltage
threshold is set at 200mV above the 0.2V reference level.
The VLOGIC power supply is used to power the logic circuitry
within the LCD panel. The DC/DC may be powered directly
from the low voltage input, 3.3V or 5.0V, or it may be
powered through the fault protection switch. The
LDO_LOGIC regulator uses an external PNP transistor as
the pass element. The onboard LDO controller is a wide
band (>10MHz) transconductance amplifier capable of
16mA drive current, which is sufficient for up to 160mA or
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
more output current under the low dropout condition (forced
beta of 10). Typical VLOGIC voltage supported by EL7586
and EL7586A ranges from +1.3V to VDD-0.2V. A fault
comparator is also included for monitoring the output
voltage. The undervoltage threshold is set at 25% below the
1.2V reference.
CHARGE PUMP
VIN
OUTPUT
OR AVDD
7k
NPN
CASCODE
TRANSISTOR
Set-Up Output Voltage
Refer to the Typical Application Diagram, the output voltages
of VON, VOFF, and VLOGIC are determined by the following
equations:
Q3
DRVP
VON
EL7586
EL7586A
FBP
R 12

V ON = V REF   1 + ----------
R 11

R 22
V OFF = V REFN + ----------   V REFN – V REF 
R 21
R 42

V LOGIC = V REF   1 + ----------
R 41

FIGURE 31. CASCODE NPN TRANSISTOR CONFIGURATION
FOR HIGH CHARGE PUMP OUTPUT VOLTAGE
(>36V)
Where VREF = 1.2V, VREFN = 0.2V.
LX
0.1µF
Resistor networks in the order of 250k, 120k and 10k
are recommended for VON, VOFF and VLOGIC, respectively.
AVDD
0.1µF
Charge Pump
To generate an output voltage higher than VBOOST, single or
multiple stages of charge pumps are needed. The number of
stage is determined by the input and output voltage. For
positive charge pump stages:
V OUT + V CE – V INPUT
N POSITIVE  -------------------------------------------------------------V INPUT – 2  V F
7k
DRVP
Q3
0.1µF
0.1µF
VON
0.47µF
EL7586
EL7586A
(>36V)
0.1µF
0.22µF
FBP
where VCE is the dropout voltage of the pass component of
the linear regulator. It ranges from 0.3V to 1V depending on
the transistor. VF is the forward-voltage of the charge pump
rectifier diode.
The number of negative charge pump stages is given by:
V OUTPUT + V CE
N NEGATIVE  ------------------------------------------------V INPUT – 2  V F
To achieve high efficiency and low material cost, the lowest
number of charge pump stages which can meet the above
requirements, is always preferred.
High Charge Pump Output Voltage (>36V)
Applications
In the applications where the charge pump output voltage is
over 36V, an external npn transistor need to be inserted into
between DRVP pin and base of pass transistor Q3 as shown
in Figure 31; or the linear regulator can control only one
stage charge pump and regulate the final charge pump
output as shown in Figure 32.
15
FIGURE 32. THE LINEAR REGULATOR CONTROLS ONE
STAGE OF CHARGE PUMP
Discontinuous/Continuous Boost Operation and
it's Effect on the Charge Pumps
The EL7586 and EL7586A VON and VOFF architecture uses
LX switching edges to drive diode charge pumps from which
LDO regulators generate the VON and VOFF supplies. It can
be appreciated that should a regular supply of LX switching
edges be interrupted, for example during discontinuous
operation at light AVDD boost load currents, then this may
affect the performance of VON and VOFF regulation depending on their exact loading conditions at the time.
To optimize VON/VOFF regulation, the boundary of
discontinuous/continuous operation of the boost converter
can be adjusted, by suitable choice of inductor given VIN,
VOUT, switching frequency and the AVDD current loading, to
be in continuous operation.
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
The following equation gives the boundary between
discontinuous and continuous boost operation. For
continuous operation (LX switching every clock cycle) we
require that:
For the EL7586, VBOOST and VLOGIC soft-start at the
beginning of the third ramp. The soft-start ramp depends on
the value of the CDLY capacitor. For CDLY of 220nF, the
soft-start time is ~2ms.
I(AVDD_load) > D*(1-D)*VIN/(2*L*FOSC)
The EL7586A is the same as the EL7586 except VREF and
VLOGIC turn on when input voltage (VDD) exceeds 2.5V.
When a fault is detected, the outputs and the input protection
will turn off but VREF will stay on.
where the duty cycle, D = (AVDD - VIN)/AVDD
For example, with VIN = 5V, FOSC = 1.0MHz and AVDD =
12V we find continuous operation of the boost converter can
be guaranteed for:
L = 10µH and I(AVDD) > 61mA
L = 6.8µH and I(AVDD) > 89mA
L = 3.3µH and I(AVDD) > 184mA
Charge Pump Output Capacitors
Ceramic capacitors with low ESR are recommended. With
ceramic capacitors, the output ripple voltage is dominated by
the capacitance value. The capacitance value can be
chosen by the following equation:
I OUT
C OUT  -----------------------------------------------------2  V RIPPLE  f OSC
VOFF turns on at the start of the fourth peak. At the fifth
peak, the open drain o/p DELB goes low to turn on the
external PMOS Q4 to generate a delayed VBOOST output.
VON is enabled at the beginning of the sixth ramp. AVDD,
PG, VOFF, DELB and VON are checked at end of this ramp.
Fault Protection
Once the start-up sequence is complete, the voltage on the
CDLY capacitor remains at 1.15V until either a fault is
detected or the EN pin is disabled. If a fault is detected, the
voltage on CDLY rises to 2.4V at which point the chip is
disabled until the power is recycled or enable is toggled.
Component Selection for Start-Up Sequencing and
Fault Protection
where fOSC is the switching frequency.
Start-Up Sequence
Figure 33 and 34 show a detailed start-up sequence
waveform. For a successful power up, there should be six
peaks at VCDLY. When a fault is detected, the device will
latch off until either EN is toggled or the input supply is
recycled.
When the input voltage is higher than 2.5V, an internal
current source starts to charge CCDLY to an upper threshold
using a fast ramp followed by a slow ramp. During the initial
slow ramp, the device checks whether there is a fault
condition. If no fault is found, CCDLY is discharged after the
first peak and VREF turns on.
During the second ramp, the device checks the status of
VREF and over temperature. At the peak of the second
ramp, PG output goes low and enables the input protection
PMOS Q1. Q1 is a controlled FET used to prevent in-rush
current into VBOOST before VBOOST is enabled internally.
Its rate of turn on is controlled by Co. When a fault is
detected, M1 will turn off and disconnect the inductor from
VIN.
With the input protection FET on, NODE1 (See Typical
Application Diagram) will rise to ~VIN. Initially the boost is
not enabled so VBOOST rises to VIN-VDIODE through the
output diode. Hence, there is a step at VBOOST during this
part of the start-up sequence. If this step is not desirable, an
external PMOS FET can be used to delay the output until the
boost is enabled internally. The delayed output appears at
AVDD.
16
The CREF capacitor is typically set at 220nF and is required
to stabilize the VREF output. The range of CREF is from
22nF to 1µF and should not be more than five times the
capacitor on CDEL to ensure correct start-up operation.
The CDEL capacitor is typically 220nF and has a usable
range from 47nF minimum to several microfarads - only
limited by the leakage in the capacitor reaching µA levels.
CDEL should be at least 1/5 of the value of CREF (See
above). Note with 220nF on CDEL the fault time-out will be
typically 50ms and the use of a larger/smaller value will vary
this time proportionally (e.g. 1µF will give a fault time-out
period of typically 230ms).
Fault Sequencing
The EL7586 and EL7586A have advanced fault detection
systems which protects the IC from both adjacent pin shorts
during operation and shorts on the output supplies.
A high quality layout/design of the PCB, in respect of
grounding quality and decoupling is necessary to avoid
falsely triggering the fault detection scheme - especially
during start-up. The user is directed to the layout guidelines
and component selection sections to avoid problems during
initial evaluation and prototype PCB generation.
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
CHIP DISABLED
FAULT DETECTED
VON SOFT-START
DELB ON
VOFF ON
AVDD, VLOGIC
SOFT-START
PG ON
VREF ON
EL7586, EL7586A
VCDLY
EN
VREF
VBOOST
tON
tOS
VLOGIC
VOFF
tDEL1
DELAYED
VBOOST
tDEL2
FAULT
PRESENT
START-UP SEQUENCE
TIMED BY CDLY
NORMAL
OPERATION
VON
FIGURE 33. EL7586 START-UP SEQUENCE
17
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
CHIP DISABLED
FAULT DETECTED
VON SOFT-START
DELB ON
VOFF ON
AVDD SOFT-START
PG ON
VREF, VLOGIC ON
EL7586, EL7586A
VCDLY
VIN
EN
VREF
VBOOST
tON
tOS
VLOGIC
VOFF
tDEL1
DELAYED
VBOOST
tDEL2
START-UP SEQUENCE
TIMED BY CDLY
FAULT
PRESENT
tDEL3
NORMAL
OPERATION
VON
FIGURE 34. EL7586A START-UP SEQUENCE
18
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Over-Temperature Protection
An internal temperature sensor continuously monitors the
die temperature. In the event that the die temperature
exceeds the thermal trip point of 140°C, the device will shut
down.
Layout Recommendation
The device's performance including efficiency, output noise,
transient response and control loop stability is dramatically
affected by the PCB layout. PCB layout is critical, especially
at high switching frequency.
There are some general guidelines for layout:
1. Place the external power components (the input
capacitors, output capacitors, boost inductor and output
diodes, etc.) in close proximity to the device. Traces to
these components should be kept as short and wide as
possible to minimize parasitic inductance and resistance.
2. Place VREF and VDD bypass capacitors close to the pins.
3. Minimize the length of traces carrying fast signals and
high current.
4. All feedback networks should sense the output voltage
directly from the point of load, and be as far away from LX
node as possible.
5. The power ground (PGND) and signal ground (SGND)
pins should be connected at only one point near the main
decoupling capacitors.
6. The exposed die plate, on the underneath of the
package, should be soldered to an equivalent area of
metal on the PCB. This contact area should have multiple
via connections to the back of the PCB as well as
connections to intermediate PCB layers, if available, to
maximize thermal dissipation away from the IC.
7. To minimize the thermal resistance of the package when
soldered to a multi-layer PCB, the amount of copper track
and ground plane area connected to the exposed die
plate should be maximized and spread out as far as
possible from the IC. The bottom and top PCB areas
especially should be maximized to allow thermal
dissipation to the surrounding air.
8. A signal ground plane, separate from the power ground
plane and connected to the power ground pins only at the
exposed die plate, should be used for ground return
connections for feedback resistor networks (R1, R11,
R41) and the VREF capacitor, C22, the CDELAY capacitor
C7 and the integrator capacitor C23.
9. Minimize feedback input track lengths to avoid switching
noise pick-up.
A demo board is available to illustrate the proper layout
implementation.
Demo Board Layout
FIGURE 35. TOP LAYER
19
FIGURE 36. BOTTOM LAYER
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
Typical Application Diagram
LX
VIN
L1
NODE 1
Q1
C0
C1
1nF
10µF
x2
D1
6.8µH
46.5k
PG
LX
CDELAY
C10
FBB
C9
C16
0.1µF
22nF
R8
C7 OPEN
10k
0.22µF
4.7µF
C41
NODE 1
DELB
R6
10
C6
4.7µF
R7
10k
VDD
CINT
R10 C
23
10k
EN
*
FBP
DRVL
Q5
R42
5.4k
R41
C14
0.1µF
Q3
R12
C11
0.1µF
C13
0.1µF
7k
DRVP
0.1µF
500
1nF
R13
VREF
C22
LX
4.7nF
CP
0.1µF VREF
R43
VLOGIC
(2.5V) C
31
4.7µF
R9
C2
10µF
1M
X2
R7 OPEN
R2
R1
5k
C7
AVDD
(12V)
Q4
C12
D12
0.1µF
D11
VON
(15V)
230k
R11
C15
20k
0.47µF
C24
*
FBL
LX
0.1µF
R23
5k
*
C25
3k
DRVN
FBN
SGND
PGND
0.1µF D21
Q2
R22
104K
R21
C20
20K
4.7µF
*
VOFF
(-5V)
*
VREF
NOTE: The SGND should be connected to the exposed die plate and connectd to the PGND at one point only.
20
FN9210.2
January 17, 2006
EL7586, EL7586A
QFN Package Outline Drawing
NOTE: The package drawing shown here may not be the latest version. To check the latest revision, please refer to the Intersil website at
http://www.intersil.com/design/packages/index.asp
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9001 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
21
FN9210.2
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