DATASHEET

X9319
Data Sheet
July 31, 2014
Digitally Controlled Potentiometer
(XDCP™)
FN8185.3
Features
• Solid-state potentiometer
The Intersil X9319 is a digitally controlled potentiometer
(XDCP). The device consists of a resistor array, wiper
switches, a control section, and nonvolatile memory. The
wiper position is controlled by a 3-wire interface.
The potentiometer is implemented by a resistor array
composed of 99 resistive elements and a wiper switching
network. Between each element and at either end are tap
points accessible to the wiper terminal. The position of the
wiper element is controlled by the CS, U/D, and INC inputs.
The position of the wiper can be stored in nonvolatile
memory and then be recalled upon a subsequent power-up
operation.
The device can be used as a three-terminal potentiometer
for voltage control or as a two-terminal variable resistor for
current control in a wide variety of applications.
• 3-wire serial interface
• Terminal voltage, 0 to +10V
• 100 wiper tap points
- Wiper position stored in nonvolatile memory and
recalled on power-up
• 99 resistive elements
- Temperature compensated
- End-to-end resistance range ±20%
• Low power CMOS
- VCC = 5V
- Active current, 3mA max.
- Standby current, 1mA max.
Applications
• High reliability
- Endurance, 100,000 data changes per bit
- Register data retention, 100 years
• LCD bias control
• RTOTAL value = 10kΩ
• DC bias adjustment
• Gain and offset trim
• Package
- 8 Ld SOIC
• Laser diode bias control
• Pb-free (RoHS compliant)
• Voltage regulator output control
Block Diagram
U/D
INC
CS
VCC (SUPPLY VOLTAGE)
CONTROL
AND
MEMORY
97
7-BIT
NONVOLATILE
MEMORY
RW
DEVICE SELECT
(CS)
RH
99
98
RH
UP/DOWN
(U/D)
INCREMENT
(INC)
UP/DOWN
COUNTER
96
ONE OF
ONE
HUNDRED
DECODER
WIPER
SWITCHES
RESISTOR
ARRAY
RL
2
VSS (GROUND)
GENERAL
VCC
VSS
STORE AND
RECALL
CONTROL
CIRCUITRY
1
0
RL
RW
DETAILED
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas LLC 2005, 2006, 2014. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) and XDCP are trademarks owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
X9319
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 1, 2, 3)
PART MARKING
X9319WS8Z
X9319W Z
X9319WS8IZ
X9319W ZI
PACKAGE
(Pb-Free)
RTOTAL (kΩ)
TEMP RANGE (°C)
PKG. DWG. #
10
0 to +70
8 Ld SOIC (150 mil)
M8.15E
-40 to +85
8 Ld SOIC (150 mil)
M8.15E
NOTES:
1. Add "T1" suffix for tape and reel.
2. Intersil Pb-free plus anneal products employ special Pb-free material sets; molding compounds/die attach materials and 100% matte tin plate
termination finish, which are RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations. Intersil Pb-free products are
MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see product information page for X9319. For more information on MSL, please see tech brief TB363.
Pin Configuration
X9319
(8 LD SOIC)
TOP VIEW
INC
1
8
VCC
U/D
2
7
CS
RH
3
6
RL
VSS
4
5
RW
Pin Descriptions
SOIC
SYMBOL
1
INC
Increment. Toggling INC while CS is low moves the wiper either up or down.
2
U/D
Up/Down. The U/D input controls the direction of the wiper movement.
3
RH
The high terminal is equivalent to one of the fixed terminals of a mechanical potentiometer.
4
VSS
Ground.
5
R
The wiper terminal is equivalent to the movable terminal of a mechanical potentiometer.
6
RL
The low terminal is equivalent to one of the fixed terminals of a mechanical potentiometer.
7
CS
Chip Select. The device is selected when the CS input is LOW, and deselected when CS is high.
8
VCC
Supply Voltage.
W
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BRIEF DESCRIPTION
2
FN8185.3
July 31, 2014
X9319
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
Voltage on CS, INC, U/D and VCC with respect to VSS . . . . -1V to +7V
RH, RW, RL to ground . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .+12V
IW (10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±6mA
Junction Temperature under bias . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +135°C
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Pb-Free Reflow Profile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see TB493
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
Potentiometer Characteristics VCC = 5V ±10%. Boldface limits apply across the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C
(Industrial) and 0°C to +70°C (Commercial).
SYMBOL
VRH/RL
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
(Note 7) (Note 8) (Note 7)
End-to-end resistance tolerance
See ordering information for values
-20
+20
%
RH/RL terminal voltage
VSS = 0V
VSS
10
V
25
mW
200
W
+3.0
mA
Power rating
RW
Wiper resistance
IW = 1mA
IW
Wiper current (Note 9)
See test circuit
Noise (Note 11)
Ref: 1kHz
40
-3.0
Resolution
Absolute linearity (Note 4)
V(RH) = 10V,
V(RL) = 0V
Relative linearity (Note 5)
VCC
dBV
1
%
+1
MI
(Note 6)
-0.2
+0.2
MI
(Note 6)
±300
Ratiometric temperature coefficient (Notes 9, 10)
Potentiometer capacitances
-120
-1
RTOTAL temperature coefficient (Note 9)
CH/CL/CW
(Note 9)
UNIT
-20
+20
See “Equivalent Circuit” on page 4
Supply Voltage
ppm/°C
ppm/°C
10/10/25
4.5
pF
5.5
V
D.C. Operating Characteristics VCC = 5V ±10%. Boldface limits apply across the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C
(Industrial) and 0°C to +70°C (Commercial).
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 7)
TYP
(Note 8)
MAX
(Note 7)
UNIT
ICC
VCC active current (Increment)
CS = VIL, U/D = VIL or VIH and
INC = 0.4V/2.4V at min. tCYC
RL, RH, RW not connected
1
3
mA
ISB
Standby supply current
CS  2.4V, U/D and INC = 0.4V
RL, RH, RW not connected
300
1000
µA
ILI
CS, INC, U/D input leakage current
VIN = VSS to VCC
-10
+10
µA
VIH
CS, INC, U/D input HIGH voltage
2
VCC + 1
V
VIL
CS, INC, U/D input LOW voltage
-1
0.8
V
CIN
(Note 9)
CS, INC, U/D input capacitance
10
pF
VCC = 5V, VIN = VSS, TA = +25°C, f = 1MHz
Endurance and Data Retention VCC = 5V ±10%, TA = Full Operating Temperature Range
PARAMETER
MIN
UNIT
Minimum endurance
100,000
Data changes per bit
Data retention
100
Years
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July 31, 2014
X9319
Test Circuit
AC Conditions of Test
Equivalent Circuit
TEST POINT
RTOTAL
RH
CW
CH
RW
FORCE
CURRENT
CL
RL
10pF
Input pulse levels
0.8V to 2V
Input rise and fall times
10ns
Input reference levels
1.4V
25pF
10pF
RW
A.C. Operating Characteristics VCC = 5V ±10%. Boldface limits apply across the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C
(Industrial) and 0°C to +70°C (Commercial).
SYMBOL
tCl
PARAMETER
MIN
(Note 7)
CS to INC setup
100
TYP
(Note 8)
MAX
(Note 7)
UNIT
ns
tlD (Note 9)
INC HIGH to U/D change
100
ns
tDI (Note 9)
U/D to INC setup
1
µs
tlL
INC LOW period
1
µs
tlH
INC HIGH period
1
µs
tlC
INC inactive to CS inactive
1
µs
tCPHS
CS deselect time (STORE)
20
ms
CS deselect time (NO STORE)
1
µs
tCPHNS
(Note 9)
tIW (Note 9) INC to RW change
tCYC
tR, tF
(Note 9)
INC cycle time
100
4
INC input rise and fall time
VCC power-up rate
0.2
µs
µs
500
tPU (Note 9) Power-up to wiper stable
tR VCC
(Note 9)
500
µs
500
µs
50
V/ms
NOTES:
4. Absolute linearity is utilized to determine actual wiper voltage versus expected voltage = [V(RW(n)(actual)) - V(RW(n)(expected))]/MI
V(RW(n)(expected)) = n(V(RH) - V(RL))/99 + V(RL), with n from 0 to 99.
5. Relative linearity is a measure of the error in step size between taps = [V(RW(n+1)) - (V(RW(n)) - MI)]/MI.
6. 1 Ml = Minimum Increment = [V(RH) - V(RL)]/99.
7. Parameters with MIN and/or MAX limits are 100% tested at +25°C, unless otherwise specified. Temperature limits established by characterization
and are not production tested.
8. Typical values are for TA = +25°C and nominal supply voltage.
9. Guaranteed by device characterization.
10. Ratiometric temperature coefficient = (V(RW)T1(n) - V(RW)T2(n))/[V(RW)T1(n)(T1 - T2) x 106], with T1 and T2 being 2 temperatures, and n from
0 to 99.
11. Measured with wiper at tap position 31, RL grounded, using test circuit.
Power-Up and Down Requirements
In order to prevent unwanted tap position changes, or an
inadvertent store, bring the CS and INC high before or
concurrently with the VCC pin on power-up. The potentiometer
voltages must be applied after this sequence is completed.
During power-up, the data sheet parameters for the DCP do
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not fully apply until 1 millisecond after VCC reaches its final
value. The VCC ramp spec is always in effect.
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July 31, 2014
X9319
A.C. Timing
CS
tCYC
tCI
tIL
tIC
tIH
tCPHNS
tCPHS
90%
90%
10%
INC
tID
tDI
tF
tR
U/D
tIW
MI
RW
(3)
Pin Descriptions
RH and RL
The high (RH) and low (RL) terminals of the X9319 are
equivalent to the fixed terminals of a mechanical
potentiometer. The terminology of RL and RH references the
relative position of the terminal in relation to wiper movement
direction selected by the U/D input and not the voltage
potential on the terminal.
RW
RW is the wiper terminal and is equivalent to the movable
terminal of a mechanical potentiometer. The position of the
wiper within the array is determined by the control inputs. The
wiper terminal series resistance is typically 40Ω.
Up/Down (U/D)
The U/D input controls the direction of the wiper movement
and whether the counter is incremented or decremented.
Increment (INC)
The INC input is negative-edge triggered. Toggling INC will
move the wiper and either increment or decrement the counter
in the direction indicated by the logic level on the U/D input.
Chip Select (CS)
The device is selected when the CS input is LOW. The current
counter value is stored in nonvolatile memory when CS is
returned HIGH while the INC input is also HIGH. After the store
operation is complete the X9319 will be placed in the low
power standby mode until the device is selected once again.
Principles of Operation
There are three sections of the X9319: the control section, the
nonvolatile memory, and the resistor array. The control section
operates just like an up/down counter. The output of this
counter is decoded to turn on a single electronic switch
connecting a point on the resistor array to the wiper output.
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The contents of the counter can be stored in nonvolatile
memory and retained for future use. The resistor array is
comprised of 99 individual resistors connected in series.
Electronic switches at either end of the array and between
each resistor provide an electrical connection to the wiper pin,
RW.
The wiper acts like its mechanical equivalent and does not
move beyond the first or last position. That is, the counter does
not wrap around when clocked to either extreme.
The electronic switches on the device operate in a
“make-before-break” mode when the wiper changes tap
positions. If the wiper is moved several positions, multiple taps
are connected to the wiper for tIW (INC to VW change). The
RTOTAL value for the device can temporarily be reduced by a
significant amount if the wiper is moved several positions.
When the device is powered down, the last wiper position
stored will be maintained in the nonvolatile memory. When
power is restored, the contents of the memory are recalled and
the wiper is set to the value last stored.
Instructions and Programming
The INC, U/D and CS inputs control the movement of the wiper
along the resistor array. With CS set LOW, the device is
selected and enabled to respond to the U/D and INC inputs.
HIGH-to-LOW transitions on INC will increment or decrement
(depending on the state of the U/D input) the seven bit counter.
The output of this counter is decoded to select one of one
hundred wiper positions along the resistive array.
The value of the counter is stored in nonvolatile memory
whenever CS transitions HIGH while the INC input is also
HIGH.
The system may select the X9319, move the wiper and
deselect the device without having to store the latest wiper
position in nonvolatile memory. After the wiper movement is
FN8185.3
July 31, 2014
X9319
performed as described above and once the new position is
reached, the system must keep INC LOW while taking CS
HIGH. The new wiper position will be maintained until changed
by the system or until a power-up/down cycle recalled the
previously stored data. This procedure allows the system to
always power-up to a preset value stored in nonvolatile
memory; then during system operation minor adjustments
could be made. The adjustments might be based on user
preference, system parameter changes due to temperature
drift, etc.
The state of U/D may be changed while CS remains LOW. This
allows the host system to enable the device and then move the
wiper up and down until the proper trim is attained.
INC
CS
(Continued)
INC
U/D
H
X
Store wiper position to
nonvolatile memory
X
X
Standby
L
X
No store, return to standby
L
H
Wiper Up (not recommended)
L
L
Wiper Down
(not recommended)
H
MODE
Applications Information
Electronic digitally controlled (XDCP) potentiometers provide
three powerful application advantages:
Mode Selection
CS
Mode Selection
U/D
MODE
1. The variability and reliability of a solid-state potentiometer
L
H
Wiper up
2. The flexibility of computer-based digital controls
L
L
Wiper down
3. The retentivity of nonvolatile memory used for the storage
of multiple potentiometer settings or data.
Basic Configurations of Electronic Potentiometers
VREF
VREF
RH
RW
RL
I
FIGURE 2. TWO TERMINAL VARIABLE RESISTOR; VARIABLE
CURRENT
FIGURE 1. THREE TERMINAL POTENTIOMETER; VARIABLE
VOLTAGE DIVIDER
Basic Circuits
+V
+V
R1
R1
VS
+V
+5V
VREF
+8V
R2
RW
+
X
RW
LMC7101
-
VOUT
FIGURE 3. BUFFERED REFERENCE VOLTAGE
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(a)
(b)
FIGURE 4. CASCADING TECHNIQUES
VO
+
+10V
RW
VOUT = VW/RW
-
100k
+V
LMC7101
100k
VO = (R2/R1)VS
FIGURE 5. SINGLE SUPPLY
INVERTING AMPLIFIER
FN8185.3
July 31, 2014
X9319
Basic Circuits (Continued)
R1
R2
VS
VIN
VO (REG)
317
+12V
100kΩ
VS
LT311A
-
-
R1
+
Iadj
10kΩ
+15V
VO (REG) = 1.25V (1+R2/R1)+Iadj R2
FIGURE 6. VOLTAGE REGULATOR
FIGURE 7. OFFSET VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT
}
10kΩ
}
LMC7101
10kΩ
R2
VO
+
VO
R1
R2
VUL = {R1/(R1+R2)} VO(max)
VLL = {R1/(R1+R2)} VO(min)
FIGURE 8. COMPARATOR WITH
HYSTERESIS
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in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/en/support/qualandreliability.html
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
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X9319
Package Outline Drawing
M8.15E
8 LEAD NARROW BODY SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
Rev 0, 08/09
4
4.90 ± 0.10
A
DETAIL "A"
0.22 ± 0.03
B
6.0 ± 0.20
3.90 ± 0.10
4
PIN NO.1
ID MARK
5
(0.35) x 45°
4° ± 4°
0.43 ± 0.076
1.27
0.25 M C A B
SIDE VIEW “B”
TOP VIEW
1.75 MAX
1.45 ± 0.1
0.25
GAUGE PLANE
C
SEATING PLANE
0.10 C
0.175 ± 0.075
SIDE VIEW “A
0.63 ±0.23
DETAIL "A"
(0.60)
(1.27)
NOTES:
(1.50)
(5.40)
1.
Dimensions are in millimeters.
Dimensions in ( ) for Reference Only.
2.
Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to AMSE Y14.5m-1994.
3.
Unless otherwise specified, tolerance : Decimal ± 0.05
4.
Dimension does not include interlead flash or protrusions.
Interlead flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm per side.
5.
The pin #1 identifier may be either a mold or mark feature.
6.
Reference to JEDEC MS-012.
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
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