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X9455
®
Dual Two-wiper Digitally-Controlled
(XDCP™) Potentiometer
July 28, 2006
FN8202.1
Features
• Dual two-wiper solid state potentiometer
The X9455 integrates 2 digitally controlled potentiometers
(XDCP), each one with dual wipers, on a monolithic CMOS
integrated circuit.
The digitally controlled potentiometer is implemented using
255 resistive elements in a series array. Between each
element are tap points connected to wiper terminals through
switches. The position of each wiper on the array is
controlled by the user through the U/D or 2-wire bus
interface. Each potentiometer wiper has associated with it
two volatile Wiper Counter Register (WCR) and each WCR
has associated with it four non-volatile Data Registers that
can be directly written to and read by the user. The contents
of the WCR controls the position of the wiper on the resistor
array though the switches. The contents of the default data
registers (DR0A0, DR0B0, DR1A0, DR1B0) are loaded into
the WCR on power up.
The DCP can be used as a four-terminal potentiometer in a
wide variety of applications including the programming of
bias voltages, window comparators, and three resistor
programmable networks.
• 256 resistor tap points-0.4% resolution
• 2-wire serial interface for write, read, and transfer
operations of the potentiometer
• Up/Down interface for individual potentiometer wipers
• Wiper resistance, 40Ω typical
• Non-volatile storage of wiper positions
• Power on recall loads saved wiper position on power-up.
• Standby current < 20µA Max
• Maximum wiper current: 3mA
• VCC: 2.7V to 5.5V operation
• 2.8kΩ,10kΩ, 50kΩ, 100kΩ version of total pot resistance
• Endurance: 100,000 data changes per bit per register
• 100 yr. data retention
• 24 Ld TSSOP
• Pb-free plus anneal available (RoHS compliant)
Pinout
X9455
(24 LD TSSOP)
TOP VIEW
24
DS1
23
SCL
3
22
RL1
4
21
RH1
5
20
RW1A
U/D
6
19
CS
Vcc
7
18
Vss
RL0
8
17
RH0
9
16
DS0
1
A0
2
RW0B
NC
NC
RW0A
10
A2
WP
X9455
RW1B
NC
15
NC
11
14
A1
12
13
SDA
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
XDCP is a trademark of Intersil Americas Inc. Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2004, 2006. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
X9455
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
X9455TV24I-2.7
PART
MARKING
X9455TV G
VCC LIMITS
(V)
RTOTAL (kΩ)
TEMP RANGE (°C)
2.7 to 5.5
100
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm) (Pb-free)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm) (Pb-free)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm) (Pb-free)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm)
MDP0044
-40 to 85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4mm) (Pb-free)
MDP0044
X9455TV24IZ-2.7 (Note) X9455TV ZG
X9455UV24I-2.7
X9455UV G
50
X9455UV24IZ-2.7 (Note) X9455UV ZG
X9455WV24I-2.7
X9455WV G
10
X9455WV24IZ-2.7 (Note) X9455WV ZG
X9455YV24I-2.7
X9455YV G
2.8
X9455YV24IZ-2.7 (Note) X9455YV ZG
PACKAGE
PKG. DWG. #
NOTE: Intersil Pb-free plus anneal products employ special Pb-free material sets; molding compounds/die attach materials and 100% matte tin plate
termination finish, which are RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations. Intersil Pb-free products are MSL
classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
Functional Diagram
RH0
VCC
RH1
A2
A1
A0
2-wire
Interface
WCR0A
DR0A0
DR0A1
DR0A2
DR0A3
SDA
SCL
DS0
Up/Down
Interface
POWERUP,
INTERFACE
CONTROL AND
STATUS
WCR0B
DR0B0
DR0B1
DR0B2
DR0B3
DCP0
WCR1A
DR1A0
DR1A1
DR1A2
DR1A3
WCR1B
DR1B0
DR1B1
DR1B2
DR1B3
DCP1
DS1
CS
U/D
VSS
WP
2
RW0A RW0B RL0
RW1A RW1B
RL1
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Pin Descriptions
TSSOP PIN
SYMBOL
BRIEF DESCRIPTION
1
DS0
2
A0
3
RW0B
4
NC
No Connect
5
NC
No Connect
6
U/D
Increment/Decrement for Up/Down interface
7
VCC
System Supply Voltage
8
RL0
Low Terminal of DCP0
Wiper Selection input for Up/Down interface
Device Address for 2-wire interface
Second Wiper Terminal of DCP0
9
RH0
10
RW0A
High Terminal of DCP0
11
A2
Device Address for 2-wire interface
12
WP
Hardware Write Protect (Active low)
13
SDA
Serial Data Input/Output for 2-wire interface
14
A1
Device Address for 2-wire interface
15
NC
No Connect
16
NC
No Connect
17
RW1B
18
VSS
19
CS
20
RW1A
21
RH1
First Wiper Terminal of the DCP0
Second Wiper Terminal of DCP1
System Ground
Chip select for Up/Down interface
First Wiper Terminal of DCP1
High Terminal of DCP1
22
RL1
Low Terminal of DCP1
23
SCL
Serial Clock for 2-wire interface
24
DS1
Wiper selection input for Up/Down interface
3
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Recommended Operating Conditions
Junction Temperature under bias. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +135°C
Storage temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-65°C to +150°C
Voltage at any digital interface pin
with respect to VSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1V to +7V
VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1V to +7V
Voltage at any DCP pin with
respect to VSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1V to VCC
Lead temperature (soldering, 10 seconds) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300°C
IW (10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ±6mA
Commercial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0°C to +70°C
Industrial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +85°C
Supply Voltage (VCC) (Note 4) Limits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7V to 5.5V
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress rating only; functional operation
of the device (at these or any other conditions above those listed in the operational sections of this specification) is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating
conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Analog Specifications
SYMBOL
RTOTAL
Over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise stated.
PARAMETER
End to end resistance
TEST CONDITIONS
Y, W, U, T versions respectively
End to end resistance tolerance
Power rating
RTOTAL
Matching
IW (Note 5)
RW
DCP to DCP resistance matching
Wiper current
0.75
See test circuit
Wiper resistance
-3.0
50
VCC
Vss
Ref: 1kHz
Resolution
Relative linearity (Note 2)
V(RH0)=V(RH1)=VCC
V(RL0)=V(RL1)=VSS
SYMBOL
+20
%
50
mW
2.0
%
+3.0
mA
150
Ω
Vcc
V
-120
dBV
0.4
%
+1
MI (Note 3)
-0.3
+0.3
MI (Note 3)
±300
Ratiometric Temperature (Note 5)
Coefficient
-20
Potentiometer Capacitance (Note 5)
See equivalent circuit
Leakage on DCP pins
Voltage at pin from VSS to VCC
DC Electrical Specifications
kΩ
-1
Temperature coefficient of resistance
(Note 5)
IOL
UNIT
RTOTAL
Voltage on any DCP pin
Absolute linearity (Note 1)
MAX
2.8, 10, 50,
100
25 C, each DCP
Noise (Note 5)
CH/CL/CW
TYP
(Note 4)
-20
Wiper current =
VTERM
MIN
ppm/°C
+20
10/10/25
0.1
ppm/ C
pF
10
µA
MAX
UNITS
Over the recommended operating conditions unless otherwise specified.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
ICC1
VCC supply current (Volatile write/read)
fSCL = 400kHz; SDA = Open; (for 2-Wire, Active,
Read and Volatile Write States only)
3
mA
ICC2
VCC supply current (active)
fSCL = 200kHz; (for U/D interface, increment,
decrement)
3
mA
ICC3
VCC supply current (nonvolatile write)
fSCL = 400kHz; SDA = Open;
(for 2-Wire, Active, Nonvolatile Write State only)
5
mA
VCC current (standby)
VCC = +5.5V; VIN = VSS or VCC; SDA = VCC;
(for 2-Wire, Standby State only)
20
µA
Leakage current, bus interface pins
Voltage at pin from VSS to VCC
10
µA
ISB
IL
4
-10
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
DC Electrical Specifications
SYMBOL
Over the recommended operating conditions unless otherwise specified. (Continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
MAX
UNITS
VIH
Input HIGH voltage
VCC x 0.7
VCC + 1
V
VIL
Input LOW voltage
-1
VCC x 0.3
V
VOL
SDA pin output LOW voltage
0.4
V
IOL = 3mA
Endurance and Data Retention
PARAMETER
MIN
UNITS
Minimum endurance
100,000
Data changes per bit
Data retention
100
Years
Capacitance
SYMBOL
TEST
CIN/OUT (Note 5) Input / Output capacitance (SDA)
Input capacitance (DS0, DS1, CS, U/D, SCL, WP, A2, A1
CIN (Note 5)
TEST CONDITIONS
MAX
UNITS
VOUT = 0V
8
pF
VIN = 0V
6
pF
MAX
UNITS
2
ms
and A0)
Power-Up Timing
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
tD (Notes 5, 9)
Power Up Delay from VCC power up (VCC above 2.7V) to wiper position recall
completed, and communication interfaces ready for operation.
A.C. Test Conditions
Input Pulse Levels
VCC x 0.1 to VCC x 0.9
Input rise and fall times
10ns
Input and output timing threshold level
VCC x 0.5
External load at pin SDA
2.3kΩ to VCC and 100 pF to VSS
2-Wire Interface Timing (s)
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
400
kHz
fSCL
Clock Frequency
tHIGH
Clock High Time
600
ns
tLOW
Clock Low Time
1300
ns
tSU:STA
Start Condition Setup Time
600
ns
tHD:STA
Start Condition Hold Time
600
ns
tSU:STO
Stop Condition Setup Time
600
ns
tSU:DAT
SDA Data Input Setup Time
100
ns
tHD:DAT
SDA Data Input Hold Time
30
ns
tR (Note 5)
SCL and SDA Rise Time
300
ns
tF (Note 5)
SCL and SDA Fall Time
300
ns
SCL Low to SDA Data Output Valid Time
0.9
µs
tAA (Note 5)
tDH
tIN (Note 5)
tBUF (Note 5)
SDA Data Output Hold Time
0
Pulse Width Suppression Time at SCL and SDA inputs
Bus Free Time (Prior to Any Transmission)
5
ns
50
1200
ns
ns
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
2-Wire Interface Timing (s) (Continued)
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
MAX
UNITS
tSU:WPA
(Note 5)
A0, A1, A2 and WP Setup Time
600
ns
tHD:WPA
(Note 5)
A0, A1, A2 and WP Hold Time
600
ns
SDA vs. SCL Timing
tHIGH
tF
SCL
tLOW
tR
tSU:DAT
tSU:STA
tHD:DAT
tSU:STO
tHD:STA
SDA
(Input Timing)
tAA
tDH
tBUF
SDA
(Output Timing)
WP, A0, A1, and A2 Pin Timing
STOP
START
SCL
Clk 1
SDA IN
tSU:WP
tHD:WP
WP, A0, A1, or A2
Increment/Decrement Timing
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
MIN
TYP (Note 4)
MAX
UNITS
tCI
CS to SCL Setup
600
ns
tID (Note 5)
SCL HIGH to U/D, DS0 or DS1 change
600
ns
tDI (Note 5)
U/D, DS0 or DS1 to SCL setup
600
ns
tIL
SCL LOW period
2.5
µs
tIH
SCL HIGH period
2.5
µs
tIC
SCL inactive to CS inactive (Nonvolatile Store Setup Time)
1
µs
tCPHS
CS deselect time (STORE)
10
ms
tCPHNS
(Note 5)
CS deselect time (NO STORE)
1
µs
tIW (Note 5)
SCL to RW change
tCYC
SCL cycle time
tR, tF (Note 5)
SCL input rise and fall time
100
500
5
6
µs
µs
500
µs
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Increment/Decrement Timing
CS
tCYC
tCI
tIL
tIH
tCPHNS
tCPHS
tIC
90%
90%
10%
SCL
tID
tDI
tF
tR
U/D
DS0, DS1
tIW
MI
RW
(3)
High-Voltage Write Cycle Timing
SYMBOL
tWC
(Notes 5, 8)
PARAMETER
Non-volatile write cycle time
TYP
MAX
UNITS
5
10
ms
MIN
MAX
UNITS
5
20
µs
XDCP Timing
SYMBOL
PARAMETER
tWRL (Note 5) SCL rising edge to wiper code changed, wiper response time after instruction
issued (all load instructions)
NOTES:
1. Absolute linearity is utilized to determine actual wiper voltage versus expected voltage = [V(RW(n)(actual))-V(RW(n)(expected))]/MI
V(RW(n)(expected)) = n(V(RH)-V(RL))/255 + V(RL), with n from 0 to 255.
2. Relative linearity is a measure of the error in step size between taps = [V(RW(n+1))-(V(RW(n)) + MI)]/MI, with n from 0 to 254
3. 1 Ml = Minimum Increment = [V(RH)-V(RL)]/255.
4. Typical values are for TA = 25 C and nominal supply voltage.
5. This parameter is not 100% tested.
6. Ratiometric temperature coefficient = (V(RW)T1(n)-V(RW)T2(n))/[V(RW)T1(n)(T1-T2)] x 106, with T1 & T2 being 2 temperatures, and n from 0 to
255.
7. Measured with wiper at tap position 255, RL grounded, using test circuit.
8. tWC is the minimum cycle time to be allowed for any nonvolatile write by the user, unless Acknowledge Polling is used. It is the time from a valid
STOP condition at the end of a write sequence of a 2-wire interface write operation, or from the rising edge of CS of a valid “Store” operation of
the Up/Down interface, to the end of the self-timed internal nonvolatile write cycle.
9. The recommended power up sequence is to apply VCC/VSS first, then the potentiometer voltages. During power up, the data sheet parameters
for the DCP do not fully apply until tD after VCC reaches its final value. In order to prevent unwanted tap position changes, or an inadvertant
store, bring the CS pin high before or concurrently with the VCC pin on power up.
7
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Test Circuit
DCP Select (DS1-DS0)
The DS1-DS0 select one of the four DCPs for an Up/Down
interface operation.
Test Point
Hardware Write Protect Input (WP)
When the WP pin is set low, “write” operations to non volatile
DCP Data Registers are disabled. This includes both 2-wire
interface non-volatile “Write”, and Up/Down interface “Store”
operations.
RW
Force
Current
DCP Pins
Equivalent Circuit
RH0, RL0, RH1, RL1
RTOTAL
RL
RH
CW
CH
CL
These pins are equivalent to the terminal connections on
mechanical potentiometers. Since there are two DCPs, there
is one set of RH and RL for each DCP.
RW0A, RW0B, RW1A, and RW1B
RW
The wiper pins are equivalent to the wiper terminals of
mechanical potentiometers. Since there are two wipers per
DCP, there are four RW pins.
Pin Descriptions
Bus Interface Pins
Serial Data Input/Output (SDA)
The SDA is a bidirectional serial data input/output pin for the
2-wire interface. It receives device address, operation code,
wiper register address and data from a 2-wire external
master device at the rising edge of the serial clock SCL, and
it shifts out data after each falling edge of the serial clock
SCL.
SDA requires an external pull-up resistor, since it’s an open
drain output.
Serial Clock (SCL)
This input is the serial clock of the 2-wire and Up/Down
interface.
Device Address (A2-A0)
The Address inputs are used to set the least significant 3 bits
of the 8-bit 2-wire interface slave address. A match in the
slave address serial data stream must be made with the
Address input pins in order to initiate communication with the
X9455. A maximum of 8 devices may occupy the 2-wire
serial bus.
Chip Select (CS)
When the CS pin is low, increment or decrement operations
are possible using the SCL and U/D pins. The 2-wire
interface is disabled at this time. When CS is high, the 2-wire
interface is enabled.
Up or Down Control (U/D)
The U/D input pin is held HIGH during increment operations
and held LOW during decrement operations.
8
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Principles of Operation
The X9455 is an integrated circuit incorporating two resistor
arrays with dual wipers on each array, their associated
registers and counters, and the serial interface logic
providing direct communication between the host and the
digitally controlled potentiometers. This section provides
detail description of the following:
• Resistor Array
• Up/Down Interface
• 2-wire Interface
Resistor Array Description
The X9455 is comprised of two resistor arrays. Each array
contains 255 discrete resistive segments that are connected
in series. The physical ends of each array are equivalent to
the fixed terminals of a mechanical potentiometer (RHi and
RLi inputs). (See Figure 1.)
Each array has two independent wipers. At both ends of
each array and between each resistor segment are two
switches, one connected to each of the wiper pins (RWiA and
RWiB).
Within each individual array only one switch of each wiper
may be turned on at a time.
These switches are controlled by two Wiper Counter
Register (WCR). The 8-bits of the WCR are decoded to
select and enable one of 256 switches. Note that each wiper
has a dedicated WCR. When all bits of a WCR are zeroes,
the switch closest to the corresponding RL pin is selected.
When all bits of a WCR are ones, the switch closest to the
corresponding RH pin is selected.
The WCRs are volatile and may be written directly. There
are four non-volatile Data Registers (DR) associated with
each WCR. Each DR can be loaded into WCR. All DRs and
WCRs can be read or written.
Power Up and Down Requirements
During power up CS must be high to avoid inadvertant
“store” operations. At power up, the contents of Data
Registers Level 0 (DR0A0, DR0B0, DR1A0, and DR1B0),
are loaded into the corresponding wiper counter register.
“i” is either 0 or 1
RHi
Four
Non-Volatile
Data
Registers
DRiA0, DRiA1,
DRiA2, and
DRiA3
Volatile
8-bit
Wiper
Counter
Register
WCRiA
WCRiA[7:0] 255
= FF hex
One of
256
Decoder
WCRiA[7:0]
= 00 hex
254
.
.
.
1
0
2-wire and
Up/Down Interfaces
Four
Non-Volatile
Data
Registers
DRiB0, DRiB1,
DRiB2, and
DRiB3
WCRiB[7:0] 255
= FF hex
254
Volatile
8-bit
Wiper
Counter
Register
WCRiB
.
.
.
WCRiB[7:0]
= 00 hex
1
0
RWiA
RLi
RWiB
FIGURE 1. DETAILED BLOCK DIAGRAM OF ONE DCP
9
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Up/Down Interface Operation
TABLE 2. MODE SELECTION FOR UP/DOWN CONTROL
The SCL, U/D, CS, DS0 and DS1 inputs control the
movement of the wiper along the resistor array. With CS set
LOW the device is selected and enabled to respond to the
U/D and SCL inputs. HIGH to LOW transitions on SCL will
increment or decrement (depending on the state of the U/D
input) a wiper counter register selected by DS0 and DS1.
The output of this counter is decoded to select one of 256
wiper positions along the resistor array.
CS
The value of the counter is stored in nonvolatile data register
Level 0 of the corresponding WCR whenever CS transitions
HIGH while the SCL and WP inputs are HIGH (See Table 1).
During a “Store” operation bits WCRSel1 and WCRSel0 in
the status register must be both “0”, which is their power up
default value. Other combinations are reserved and must not
be used.
SCL
U/D
MODE
L
H
Wiper Up
L
L
Wiper Down
H
X
Store Wiper Position to nonvolatile
memory if WP pin is high. No store,
return to standby, if WP pin is low.
X
X
Standby*
L
X
No Store, Return to Standby
L
H
Wiper Up (not recommended)
L
L
Wiper Down (not recommended)
H
*While in Standby, the 2-wire interface is enabled
The system may select the X9455, move a wiper, and
deselect the device without having to store the latest wiper
position in nonvolatile memory. After the wiper movement is
performed as described above and once the new position is
reached, the system must keep SCL LOW while taking CS
HIGH. The new wiper position is maintained until changed
by the system or until a power-down/up cycle recalled the
previously stored data.
This procedure allows the system to always power-up to a
preset value stored in nonvolatile memory; then during
system operation minor adjustments could be made. The
adjustments might be based on user preference, system
parameter changes due to temperature drift, etc.
The state of U/D may be changed while CS remains LOW.
This allows the host system to enable the device and then
move the wiper up and down until the proper trim is attained.
The 2-wire interface is disabled while CS remains LOW.
TABLE 1. DCP SELECTION FOR UP/DOWN CONTROL
DS1
DS0
SELECTED WIPER
CONTROL REGISTER
0
0
Wiper A of DCP0
1
1
Wiper B of DCP0
1
0
Wiper A of DCP1
0
1
Wiper B of DCP1
10
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
SCL
SDA
START
DATA
STABLE
DATA
CHANGE
DATA
STABLE
STOP
FIGURE 2. VALID DATA CHANGES, START, AND STOP CONDITIONS
2-Wire serial interface
Serial Stop Condition
Protocol Overview
The device supports a bidirectional bus oriented protocol.
The protocol defines any device that sends data onto the
bus as a transmitter, and the receiving device as the
receiver. The device controlling the transfer is called the
master and the device being controlled is called the slave.
The master always initiates data transfers, and provides the
clock for both transmit and receive operations. The X9455
operates as a slave in all applications.
All 2-wire interface operations must begin with a START,
followed by a Slave Address byte. The Slave Address
selects the X9455, and specifies if a Read or Write operation
is to be performed.
All Communication over the 2-wire interface is conducted by
sending the MSB of each byte of data first.
Serial Clock and Data
Data states on the SDA line can change only while SCL is
LOW. SDA state changes while SCL is HIGH are reserved
for indicating START and STOP conditions (See Figure 2).
On power up of the X9455, the SDA pin is in the input mode.
Serial Start Condition
All commands are preceded by the START condition, which
is a HIGH to LOW transition of SDA while SCL is HIGH. The
device continuously monitors the SDA and SCL lines for the
START condition and does not respond to any command
until this condition has been met (See Figure 2).
All communications must be terminated by a STOP
condition, which is a LOW to HIGH transition of SDA while
SCL is HIGH. The STOP condition is also used to place the
device into the Standby power mode after a read sequence.
A STOP condition can only be issued after the transmitting
device has released the bus (See Figure 2).
Serial Acknowledge
An ACK (Acknowledge), is a software convention used to
indicate a successful data transfer. The transmitting device,
either master or slave, releases the bus after transmitting
eight bits. During the ninth clock cycle, the receiver pulls the
SDA line LOW to acknowledge the reception of the eight bits
of data (See Figure 3).
The device responds with an ACK after recognition of a
START condition followed by a valid Slave Address byte. A
valid Slave Address byte must contain the Device Type
Identifier 0101, and the Device Address bits matching the
logic state of pins A2, A1, and A0 (See Figure 4).
If a write operation is selected, the device responds with an
ACK after the receipt of each subsequent eight-bit word.
In the read mode, the device transmits eight bits of data,
releases the SDA line, and then monitors the line for an
ACK. The device continues transmitting data if an ACK is
detected. The device terminates further data transmissions if
an ACK is not detected. The master must then issue a STOP
condition to place the device into a known state.
SCL from Master
1
8
9
SDA Output from
Transmitter
SDA Output from
Receiver
START
ACK
FIGURE 3. ACKNOWLEDGE RESPONSE FROM RECEIVER
11
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Slave Address Byte
Following a START condition, the master must output a
Slave Address Byte (Refer to figure 4.). This byte includes
three parts:
• The four MSBs (SA7-SA4) are the Device Type Identifier,
which must always be set to 0101 in order to select the
X9455.
• The next three bits (SA3-SA1) are the Device Address bits
(AS2-AS0). To access any part of the X9455’s memory,
the value of bits AS2, AS1, and AS0 must correspond to
the logic levels at pins A2, A1, and A0 respectively.
• The LSB (SA0) is the R/W bit. This bit defines the
operation to be performed on the device being addressed.
When the R/W bit is “1”, then a Read operation is
selected. A “0” selects a Write operation.
Byte load completed by issuing
STOP. Enter ACK Polling
Issue START
Issue Slave Address
Byte (Read or Write)
Issue STOP
NO
ACK returned?
YES
SA7
SA6
SA5
SA4
SA3
SA2
SA1
0
1
AS2
AS1
AS0
SA0
High Voltage
0
1
R/W
NO
complete. Continue command
sequence.
Device Type
Identifier
Device
Address
Read or
Write
YES
Issue STOP
Continue normal Read or Write
command sequence
SLAVE ADDRESS
BIT(S)
DESCRIPTION
SA7-SA4
Device Type Identifier
SA3-SA1
Device Address
SA0
Read or Write Operation Select
FIGURE 4. SLAVE ADDRESS (SA) FORMAT
PROCEED
FIGURE 5. ACKNOWLEDGE POLLING SEQUENCE
2-Wire Serial Interface Operation
Nonvolatile Write Acknowledge Polling
X9455 Digital Potentiometer Register Organization
After a nonvolatile write command sequence is correctly
issued (including the final STOP condition), the X9455
initiates an internal high voltage write cycle. This cycle
typically requires 5 ms. During this time, any Read or Write
command is ignored by the X9455. Write Acknowledge
Polling is used to determine whether a high voltage write
cycle is completed.
Refer to the Functional Diagram on page 1. There are 2
Digital Potentiometers, referred to as DCP0, and DCP1.
Each potentiometer has two volatile Wiper Control Registers
(WCRs). Each wiper has four non-volatile registers to store
wiper position or general data. See Table 2 for register
numbering.
During acknowledge polling, the master first issues a START
condition followed by a Slave Address Byte. The Slave
Address Byte contains the X9455’s Device Type Identifier
and Device Address. The LSB of the Slave Address (R/W)
can be set to either 1 or 0 in this case. If the device is busy
within the high voltage cycle, then no ACK is returned. If the
high voltage cycle is completed, an ACK is returned and the
master can then proceed with a new Read or Write
operation. (Refer to figure 5.)
12
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
TABLE 3. REGISTER NUMBERING
STATUS REG (NOTE 1) (Addr: 07H)
REGISTERED SELECTED (NOTE 2)
DCP0
DCP2
Reserved
bits 7-3
DRSel1
bit 2
DRSel0
bit 1
NVEnable
bit 0
(Addr: 00h)
(Addr: 11h)
(Addr: 02h)
(Addr: 01h)
Reserved
X
X
0
WCR0A
WCR0B
WCR1A
WCR1B
0
0
1
DR0A0
DR0B0
DR1A0
DR1B0
0
1
1
DR0A1
DR0B1
DR1A1
DR1B1
1
0
1
DR0A2
DR0B2
DR1A2
DR1B2
1
1
1
DR0A3
DR0B3
DR1A3
DR1B3
NOTES:To read or write the contents of a single Data Register or Wiper Register:
1. Load the status register (using a write command) to select the row. (See Figure 6.)
Writing a 1, 3, 5, or 7 to the Status Register specifies that the subsequent read or write command will access a Data Register. This Status
Register operation also initiates a transfer of the contents of the selected data register to its associated WCR for all DCPs. So, for example,
writing ‘03h’ to the status register causes the value in DR01 to move to WCR0, DR11 to move to WCR1, DR21 to move to WCR2, and DR31 to
move to WCR3.
Writing a 0 to bit ‘0’ of the Status Register specifies that the subsequent read or write command will access a Wiper Counter Register. Each
WCR can be written to individually, without affecting the contents of any other.
2. Access the desired DR or WCR using a new write or read command (see Figure 7 for write and Figure 9 for read.)
Specify the desired column (DCP number) by sending the DCP address as part of this read or write command.
The registers are organized in pages of four, with one page
consisting of the four volatile WCRs, a second page
consisting of the Level 0 Data Registers, and so forth. These
pages can be written four bytes at time. In this manner all
four potentiometer WCRs can be updated in a single serial
write (see Page Write Operation), as well as all four registers
of a given page in the DR array.
The unique feature of the X9455 device is that writing or
reading to a Data Register of a given wiper automatically
updates the WCR of that wiper with the new value. In this
manner data can be moved from a particular wiper register
to that wiper’s WCR just by performing a 2-wire read
operation. Simultaneously, that data byte can be utilized by
the host.
volatile wiper registers if “1”. Table 3 shows this register
organization.
Wiper Addressing for 2-wire Interface
Once the Data Register Level has been selected by a 2-wire
instruction, then the wiper is determined by the Address Byte
of the following instruction. Note again that this enables a
complete page write of all four potentiometers at once a
particular Wiper Register has been chosen. The register
addresses accessible in the X9455 include:
Status Register Organization
The Status Register (SR) is used in read and write
operations to select the appropriate wiper register. Before
any wiper register can be accessed, the SR must be set to
the correct value. It is accessed by setting the Address Byte
to 07h. See Table 3. Do this by writing the slave address
followed by a byte address of 07h. The SR is volatile and
defaults to 00h on power up. It is an 8-bit register containing
three control bits in the 3 LSBs as follows:
7
6
5
4
Reserved
3
2
1
0
WCRSel1
WCRSel0
NVEnable
Bits WCRSel1 and WCRSel0 determine which Data Register
of a wiper is selected for a given operation. NVEnable is
used to select the volatile WCR if “0”, and one of the non
13
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
If bit 0 of data byte = 1,
DR contents move to WCR
during this ACK period
Signals from
the Master
S
t
a
r
t
Slave
Address
Signal at SDA
0 1 0 1
0
DR select
Data
0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
0 0 0 0 0 x x 1
A
C
K
Signals from
the Slave
S
t
o
p
Status Register
Address
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIGURE 6. STATUS REGISTER WRITE (USES STANDARD BYTE WRITE SEQUENCE TO SET UP ACCESS TO A DATA REGISTER)
TABLE 4. ADDRESSING FOR 2-WIRE INTERFACE ADDRESS
BYTE
ADDRESS (HEX)
CONTENTS
0
Wiper 0A
1
Wiper 1B
2
Wiper 1A
3
Wiper 0B
4
Not Used
5
Not Used
6
Not Used
7
Status Register
All other address bits in the address byte must be set to “0”
during 2-wire write operations and their value should be
ignored when read.
Byte Write Operation
For any Byte Write operation, the X9455 requires the Slave
Address byte, an Address Byte, and a Data Byte (See Figure
7). After each of them, the X9455 responds with an ACK.
The master then terminates the transfer by generating a
STOP condition. At this time, if the write operation is to a
volatile register (WCR, or SR), the X9455 is ready for the
next read or write operation. If the write operation is to a
nonvolatile register (DR), and the WP pin is high, the X9455
begins the internal write cycle to the nonvolatile memory.
During the internal nonvolatile write cycle, the X9455 does
not respond to any requests from the master. The SDA
output is at high impedance.
For example, to write 3Ahex to the Level 1 Data Register of
wiper 1A (DR1A1) the following sequence is required:
START
Slave Address
ACK
Address Byte
ACK
Data Byte
ACK
0101 0000
(Hardware Address = 000,
and a Write command)
0000 0111
(Indicates Status Register
address)
0000 0011
(Data Register Level 1 and
NVEnable selected)
(note: at this ACK, the WCRs are all updated with their
respective DR.)
STOP
START
Slave Address
ACK
Address Byte
ACK
Data Byte
ACK
STOP
0101 0000
(Hardware address = 000,
Write command)
(Access Wiper 1A)
0000 0010
(Write Data Byte 3Ah)
0011 1010
During the sequence of this example, WP pin must be high,
and A0, A1, and A2 pins must be low. When completed, the
DR1A1 register and the WCR1A of Wiper 1A will be set to
3Ah, and the other data registers in Row 1 will transfer their
contents to the respective WCRs.
The SR bits and WP pin determine the register being
accessed through the 2-wire interface. See Table 2 on page
9.
As noted before, any write operation to a Data Register
(DR), also transfers the contents of all the data registers in
that row to their corresponding WCR.
14
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Write
S
t
a
r
t
Signals from the
Master
Signal at SDA
01 01
S
t
o
p
Data
Byte
Address
Byte
Slave
Address
0
Signals from the
Slave
A
C
K
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIGURE 7. BYTE WRITE SEQUENCE
Page Write Operation
As stated previously, the memory is organized as a single
Status Register (SR), and four pages of four registers each.
Each page contains one Data Register for each wiper.
Normally a page write operation will be used to efficiently
update all four Data Registers and WCR in a single Write
command. Note the special sequence for writing to a page:
First wiper 0A, then 1B, then 1A, then 0B as shown in Figure
9.
WCR
WCR0A → WCR1B → WCR1A → WCR0B
DR Level 0
DR0A0
→ DR1B0
→
DR1A0
→
DR0B0
DR Level 1
DR0A1
→ DR1B1
→
DR1A1
→
DR0B1
DR Level 2
DR0A2
→ DR1B2
→
DR1A2
→
DR0B2
DR Level 3
DR0A3
→ DR1B3
→
DR1A3
→
DR0B3
FIGURE 8. PAGE WRITE SEQUENCE*
*Page writes may wrap around to the first address on a page from
the last address.
In order to perform a Page Write operation to the memory
array, the NVEnable bit in the SR must first be set to “1”.
A Page Write operation is initiated in the same manner as
the Byte Write operation; but instead of terminating the write
cycle after the first data byte is transferred, the master can
transmit up to 4 bytes (See Figure 9). After the receipt of
each byte, the X9455 responds with an ACK, and the
internal WCR address is incremented by one. The page
address remains constant. When the address reaches the
end of the page, it “rolls over” and goes back to the first byte
of the same page.
For example, if the master writes three bytes to a page
starting at location DR1A2, the first two bytes are written to
locations DR1A2 and DR0B2, while the last byte is written to
location DR0A2. Afterwards, the WCR address would point
to location DR1B2. If the master supplies more than four
bytes of data, then new data overwrites the previous data,
one byte at a time.
The master terminates the loading of Data Bytes by issuing
a STOP condition, which initiates the nonvolatile write cycle.
As with the Byte Write operation, all inputs are disabled until
completion of the internal write cycle. If the WP pin is low,
the nonvolatile write cycle doesn’t start and the bytes are
discarded.
Notice that the Data Bytes are also written to the WCR of the
corresponding WCRs, therefore in the above example,
WCR1A, WCR0B, and WCR0A are also written, and
WCR1B is updated with the contents of DR1B2.
Write
S
t
a
r
t
Signals from the
Master
2<n<4
Address
Byte
Slave
Address
Data Byte (1)
S
t
o
p
Data Byte (n)
Signal at SDA
01 01
Signals from the
Slave
0
A
C
K
A
C
K
A
C
K
A
C
K
FIGURE 9. PAGE WRITE OPERATION
15
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Move/Read Operation
with an ACK during the SCL cycle following the eighth bit of
each byte. The master terminates the Move/Read operation
(issuing a STOP condition) following the last bit of the last
Data Byte.
The Move/Read operation simultaneously reads the
contents of a data register and moves the contents into the
corresponding DCP’s WCR and all wipers will have their
WCR’s updated with the data register values from the row
that was read. Move/Read operation consists of a one byte,
or three byte instruction followed by one or more Data Bytes
(See Figure 10). To read an arbitrary byte, the master
initiates the operation issuing the following sequence: a
START, the Slave Address byte with the R/W bit set to “0”,
an Address Byte, a second START, and a second Slave
Address byte with the R/W bit set to “1”. After each of the
three bytes, the X9455 responds with an ACK. Then the
X9455 transmits Data Bytes as long as the master responds
The first byte being read is determined by the current wiper
address and by the Status Register bits, according to Table 1
on page 11. If more than one byte is read, the WCR address
is incremented by one after each byte, in the same way as
during a Page Write operation. After reaching WCR0B, the
WCR address “rolls over” to WCR0A.
On power up, the Address pointer is set to the Data Register
0 of WCR0A.
One or more Data Bytes
Signals
from the
Master
S
t
a
r
t
Slave
Address with
R/W=0
S
t
a
r
t
Address
Byte
Slave
Address with
R/W=1
A
C
K
S
t
o
p
A
C
K
Signal at SDA
0 1 0 1
0 1 0 1
0
A
C
K
A
C
K
Signals from the
Slave
1
A
C
K
Setting the Current Address
First Read Data
Byte
Last Read Data
Byte
Current Address Read
Random Address Read
FIGURE 10. MOVE/READ SEQUENCE
16
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Applications information
Basic Configurations of Electronic Potentiometers
VR
RH
POTi
RW0
RW1
RW0A
POT1
RW1A
RW1B
RW0B
POT0
RL
Four-Wiper DCP
Four terminal
Potentiometer;
Variable voltage divider
Application Circuits
V+
}
pR
}
SHUNT LIMITER
mR nR
}
WINDOW COMPARATOR
VUL
VS
+
VO
VS
VR
V+
+
+
VO
+
-
VLL
FUNCTION GENERATOR
C
}
}
}
mR nR pR
VO
+
+
17
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
PROGRAMMABLE STATE VARIABLE FILTER
mR nR
pR
}
}
C
}
PROGRAMMABLE LADDER NETWORKS
}
}
}
mR1 nR1 pR1
-
VS
VO(BP)
+
C1
R1
A2
VO(HP)
+
A1
C
VO (LP)
}
}
}
mR2 nR2 pR2
+
A3
R3
GENERALIZED IMPEDANCE CONVERTER
WIEN BRIDGE OSCILLATOR
Z1
ZIN =
R4
RW2
}
}
R1
}
R2
}
R3
RW3
Z2 *
(
R3 * R5 )
R4
VO
C1
+
RW1
Z1
+
-
Z2
C2
R3
-
R4
+
R5
18
Two Wiper DCP
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
X9455
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package Family (TSSOP)
MDP0044
0.25 M C A B
D
THIN SHRINK SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE FAMILY
A
SYMBOL 14 LD 16 LD 20 LD 24 LD 28 LD TOLERANCE
(N/2)+1
N
PIN #1 I.D.
E
E1
0.20 C B A
1
(N/2)
B
2X
N/2 LEAD TIPS
TOP VIEW
0.05
e
C
H
A
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
Max
A1
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
±0.05
A2
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
±0.05
b
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
+0.05/-0.06
c
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
+0.05/-0.06
D
5.00
5.00
6.50
7.80
9.70
±0.10
E
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
Basic
E1
4.40
4.40
4.40
4.40
4.40
±0.10
e
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
Basic
L
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
±0.15
L1
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
Reference
Rev. E 12/02
NOTES:
SEATING
PLANE
0.10 M C A B
b
0.10 C
N LEADS
SIDE VIEW
1. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate
burrs. Mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs shall not exceed
0.15mm per side.
2. Dimension “E1” does not include interlead flash or protrusions.
Interlead flash and protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm per
side.
3. Dimensions “D” and “E1” are measured at dAtum Plane H.
SEE DETAIL “X”
c
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M-1994.
END VIEW
L1
A
A2
GAUGE
PLANE
0.25
L
A1
0° - 8°
DETAIL X
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
19
FN8202.1
July 28, 2006
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