DATASHEET

X9418
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8
1-88
®
Dual Digitally Controlled Potentiometers
(XDCP™)
FEATURES
• Two potentiometers in one package
• 2-wire serial interface
• Register oriented format
—Direct Read/Write/Transfer Wiper Position
—Store as many as Four Positions per
Potentiometer
• Power supplies
—VCC = 2.7V to 5.5V
—V+ = 2.7V to 5.5V
—V– = -2.7V to -5.5V
• Low power CMOS
—Standby current < 1µA
—Ideal for Battery Operated Applications
• High reliability
—Endurance–100,000 Data Changes per Bit per
Register
—Register Data Retention–100 years
• 8-bytes of nonvolatile memory
• 2.5k, 10k resistor array
• Resolution: 64 taps each potentiometer
• 24-pin plastic DIP, 24-lead TSSOP and 24-lead
SOIC packages
• Pb-Free plus anneal available (RoHS compliant)
Low Noise/Low Power/2-Wire Bus
October 12, 2006
FN8194.3
DESCRIPTION
The X9418 integrates two digitally controlled
potentiometers (XDCP) on a monolithic CMOS
integrated microcircuit.
The digitally controlled potentiometer is implemented
using 63 resistive elements in a series array. Between
each element are tap points connected to the wiper
terminal through switches. The position of the wiper on
the array is controlled by the user through the 2-wire
bus interface. Each potentiometer has associated with
it a volatile Wiper Counter Register (WCR) and 4
nonvolatile Data Registers (DR0:DR3) that can be
directly written to and read by the user. The contents
of the WCR controls the position of the wiper on the
resistor array through the switches. Power up recalls
the contents of DR0 to the WCR.
The XDCP can be used as a three-terminal
potentiometer or as a two-terminal variable resistor in
a wide variety of applications including control,
parameter adjustments, and signal processing.
BLOCK DIAGRAM
VCC
V+
VSS
V-
R0 R1
WP
R2 R3
SCL
SDA
A0
A1
A2
A3
VL0/RL0
VW0/RW0
Interface
and
Control
Circuitry
8
VW1/RW1
Data
R0 R1
R2 R3
1
VH0/RH0
Wiper
Counter
Register
(WCR)
Wiper
Counter
Register
(WCR)
Resistor
Array
XDCP1
VH1/RH1
VL1/RL1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
XDCP is a trademark of Intersil Americas Inc. Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2005, 2006. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
X9418
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
PART MARKING
X9418WV24*
X9418WV
X9418WV24Z* (Note)
X9418WV Z
X9418WP24I-2.7
X9418WP G
X9418WS24I-2.7
X9418WS24IZ-2.7 (Note)
X9418WV24-2.7*
X9418WV F
VCC LIMITS
(V)
POTENTIOMET
TEMPERATU
ER
ORGANIZATION RE RANGE
(°C)
(k)
5 ±10%
2.7 to 5.5
10
10
PACKAGE
PKG. DWG. #
0 to +70
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM)
MDP0044
0 to +70
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM) (Pb-free) MDP0044
-40 to +85
24 Ld PDIP
E24.6
X9418WS G
-40 to +85
24 Ld SOIC (300MIL)
M24.3
X9418WS ZG
-40 to +85
24 Ld SOIC (300MIL) (Pb-free)
M24.3
0 to +70
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM)
MDP0044
0 to +70
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM) (Pb-free) MDP0044
X9418WV24Z-2.7* (Note) X9418WV ZF
X9418WV24I-2.7
X9418WV G
-40 to +85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM)
X9418WV24IZ-2.7 (Note)
X9418WV ZG
-40 to +85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM) (Pb-free) MDP0044
X9418YS24-2.7
X9418YS F
X9418YS24Z-2.7 (Note)
X9418YS ZF
2.5
MDP0044
0 to +70
24 Ld SOIC (300MIL)
M24.3
0 to +70
24 Ld SOIC (300MIL) (Pb-free)
M24.3
X9418YS24I-2.7
X9418YS G
-40 to +85
24 Ld SOIC (300MIL)
M24.3
X9418YS24IZ-2.7 (Note)
X9418YS ZG
-40 to +85
24 Ld SOIC (300MIL) (Pb-free)
M24.3
X9418YV24I-2.7*
X9418YV G
-40 to +85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM)
MDP0044
-40 to +85
24 Ld TSSOP (4.4MM) (Pb-free) MDP0044
X9418YV24IZ-2.7* (Note) X9418YV ZG
*Add "T1" suffix for tape and reel.
NOTE: Intersil Pb-free plus anneal products employ special Pb-free material sets; molding compounds/die attach materials and 100% matte tin
plate termination finish, which are RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations. Intersil Pb-free products are
MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
PIN DESCRIPTIONS
Potentiometer Pins
Host Interface Pins
VH/RH (VH0/RH0 - VH1/RH1), VL/RL (VL0/RL0 - VL1/RL1)
Serial Clock (SCL)
The VH/RH and VL/RL inputs are equivalent to the
terminal connections on either end of a mechanical
potentiometer.
The SCL input is used to clock data into and out of the
X9418.
VW/RW (VW0/RW0 - VW1/RW1)
Serial Data (SDA)
SDA is a bidirectional pin used to transfer data into
and out of the device. It is an open drain output and
may be wire-ORed with any number of open drain or
open collector outputs. An open drain output requires
the use of a pull-up resistor. For selecting typical
values, refer to the guidelines for calculating typical
values on the bus pull-up resistors graph.
Device Address (A0 - A3)
The Address inputs are used to set the least
significant 4 bits of the 8-bit slave address. A match in
the slave address serial data stream must be made
with the Address input in order to initiate
communication with the X9418. A maximum of 16
devices may occupy the 2-wire serial bus.
2
The wiper outputs are equivalent to the wiper output of
a mechanical potentiometer.
Hardware Write Protect Input (WP)
The WP pin when low prevents nonvolatile writes to
the Data Registers.
Analog Supplies V+, VThe Analog Supplies V+, V- are the supply voltages
for the XDCP analog section.
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
PIN CONFIGURATION
PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
DIP/SOIC
VCC
RL0/VL0
RH0/VH0
RW0/VW0
A2
WP
SDA
A1
RL1/VL1
RH1/VH1
RW1/VW1
VSS
1
24
2
23
3
22
4
21
5
20
6
19
X9418
7
18
8
17
9
16
10
5
11
14
12
13
V+
NC
NC
NC
A0
NC
A3
SCL
NC
NC
NC
V-
TSSOP
SDA
A1
RL1/VL1
RH1/VH1
RW1/VW1
VSS
NC
NC
NC
VSCL
A3
1
24
2
23
3
22
4
21
5
20
6
19
X9418
7
18
8
17
9
16
10
15
14
11
13
12
WP
A2
VW0/RW0
VH0/RH0
VL0/RL0
VCC
NC
NC
NC
V+
A0
NC
PIN NAMES
Symbol
Description
SCL
Serial Clock
SDA
Serial Data
A0 - A3
Device Address
VH0/RH0 - VH1/RH1,
VL0/RL0 - VL1/RL1
Potentiometer Pins
(terminal equivalent)
VW0/RW0 VW1/RW1
Potentiometer Pins
(wiper equivalent)
WP
Hardware Write Protection
V+,V-
Analog Supplies
VCC
System Supply Voltage
VSS
System Ground
NC
No Connection
3
The X9418 is a highly integrated microcircuit
incorporating two resistor arrays and their associated
registers and counters and the serial interface logic
providing direct communication between the host and
the XDCP potentiometers.
Serial Interface
The X9418 supports a bidirectional bus oriented
protocol. The protocol defines any device that sends
data onto the bus as a transmitter and the receiving
device as the receiver. The device controlling the
transfer is a master and the device being controlled is
the slave. The master will always initiate data transfers
and provide the clock for both transmit and receive
operations. Therefore, the X9418 will be considered a
slave device in all applications.
Clock and Data Conventions
Data states on the SDA line can change only during
SCL LOW periods (tLOW). SDA state changes during
SCL HIGH are reserved for indicating start and stop
conditions.
Start Condition
All commands to the X9418 are preceded by the start
condition, which is a HIGH to LOW transition of SDA
while SCL is HIGH (tHIGH). The X9418 continuously
monitors the SDA and SCL lines for the start condition
and will not respond to any command until this
condition is met.
Stop Condition
All communications must be terminated by a stop
condition, which is a LOW to HIGH transition of SDA
while SCL is HIGH.
Acknowledge
Acknowledge is a software convention used to provide
a positive handshake between the master and slave
devices on the bus to indicate the successful receipt of
data. The transmitting device, either the master or the
slave, will release the SDA bus after transmitting eight
bits. The master generates a ninth clock cycle and
during this period the receiver pulls the SDA line LOW
to acknowledge that it successfully received the eight
bits of data.
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
The X9418 will respond with an acknowledge after
recognition of a start condition and its slave address
and once again after successful receipt of the
command byte. If the command is followed by a data
byte the X9418 will respond with a final acknowledge.
Array Description
The X9418 is comprised of two resistor arrays. Each
array contains 63 discrete resistive segments that are
connected in series. The physical ends of each array
are equivalent to the fixed terminals of a mechanical
potentiometer (VH/RH and VL/RL inputs).
At both ends of each array and between each resistor
segment is a CMOS switch connected to the wiper
(VW/RW) output. Within each individual array only one
switch may be turned on at a time. These switches are
controlled by the Wiper Counter Register (WCR). The
six bits of the WCR are decoded to select, and enable,
one of sixty-four switches.
The WCR may be written directly, or it can be changed
by transferring the contents of one of four associated
Data Registers into the WCR. These Data Registers
and the WCR can be read and written by the host
system.
Device Addressing
Following a start condition the master must output the
address of the slave it is accessing. The most
significant four bits of the slave address are the device
type identifier (refer to Figure 1 below). For the X9418
this is fixed as 0101[B].
Device Type
Identifier
1
0
The disabling of the inputs, during the internal
nonvolatile write operation, can be used to take
advantage of the typical 5ms EEPROM write cycle
time. Once the stop condition is issued to indicate the
end of the nonvolatile write command the X9418
initiates the internal write cycle. ACK polling can be
initiated immediately. This involves issuing the start
condition followed by the device slave address. If the
X9418 is still busy with the write operation no ACK will
be returned. If the X9418 has completed the write
operation an ACK will be returned, and the master can
then proceed with the next operation.
Flow 1. ACK Polling Sequence
Nonvolatile Write
Command Completed
Enter ACK Polling
Issue
START
Issue Slave
Address
ACK
Returned?
Issue STOP
NO
YES
Further
Operation?
Figure 1. Slave Address
0
Acknowledge Polling
NO
YES
1
A3
A2
A1
A0
Device Address
The next four bits of the slave address are the device
address. The physical device address is defined by
the state of the A0 - A3 inputs. The X9418 compares
the serial data stream with the address input state; a
successful compare of all four address bits is required
for the X9418 to respond with an acknowledge. The
A0 - A3 inputs can be actively driven by CMOS input
signals or tied to VCC or VSS.
4
Issue
Instruction
Issue STOP
Proceed
Proceed
Instruction Structure
The next byte sent to the X9418 contains the instruction
and register pointer information. The four most
significant bits are the instruction. The next four bits
point to one of the two pots and when applicable they
point to one of four associated registers. The format is
shown Figure 2.
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
associated registers; or it may occur globally, wherein
the transfer occurs between both of the
potentiometers and one of their associated registers.
Figure 2. Instruction Byte Format
Register
Select
I3
I2
I1
I0
R1
R0
0
Four instructions require a three-byte sequence to
complete. These instructions transfer data between
the host and the X9418; either between the host and
one of the Data Registers or directly between the host
and the wiper counter register. These instructions are:
Read Wiper Counter Register (read the current wiper
position of the selected pot), write Wiper Counter
Register (change current wiper position of the selected
pot), read Data Register (read the contents of the
selected nonvolatile register) and write Data Register
(write a new value to the selected Data Register). The
sequence of operations is shown in Figure 4.
P0
Wiper Counter
Register Select
Instructions
The four high order bits define the instruction. The
next two bits (R1 and R0) select one of the four
registers that is to be acted upon when a register
oriented instruction is issued. The last bits (P0) select
which one of the two potentiometers is to be affected
by the instruction. Bit 1 is defined to be 0.
The Increment/Decrement command is different from
the other commands. Once the command is issued
and the X9418 has responded with an acknowledge,
the master can clock the selected wiper up and/or
down in one segment steps; thereby, providing a fine
tuning capability to the host. For each SCL clock pulse
(tHIGH) while SDA is HIGH, the selected wiper will
move one resistor segment towards the VH/RH
terminal. Similarly, for each SCL clock pulse while
SDA is LOW, the selected wiper will move one resistor
segment towards the VL/RL terminal. A detailed
illustration of the sequence and timing for this
operation are shown in Figures 5 and 6 respectively.
Four of the nine instructions end with the transmission
of the instruction byte. The basic sequence is
illustrated in Figure 3. These two-byte instructions
exchange data between the wiper counter register and
one of the data registers. A transfer from a Data
Register to a Wiper Counter Register is essentially a
write to a static RAM. The response of the wiper to this
action will be delayed tWRL. A transfer from the wiper
counter register (current wiper position), to a Data
Register is a write to nonvolatile memory and takes a
minimum of tWR to complete. The transfer can occur
between one of the two potentiometers and one of its
Figure 3. Two-Byte Instruction Sequence
SCL
SDA
S
T
A
R
T
0
1
5
0
1
A3
A2
A1
A0
A
C
K
I3
I2
I1
I0
R1 R0 0
P0
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Table 1. Instruction Set
I3
1
I2
0
Instruction Set
I1 I0 R1 R0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
1/0 1/0
0
Write Data Register
1
1
0
0
1/0 1/0
0
XFR Data Register to
Wiper Counter Register
1
1
0
1
1/0 1/0
0
XFR Wiper Counter
Register to Data Register
1
1
1
0
1/0 1/0
0
Global XFR Data
Registers to Wiper
Counter Registers
Global XFR Wiper Counter Registers to Data Register
Increment/Decrement
Wiper Counter Register
0
0
0
1
1/0 1/0
0
1
0
0
0
1/0 1/0
0
0
0
1
0
Instruction
Read Wiper Counter
Register
Write Wiper Counter
Register
Read Data Register
Note:
0
P1
0
0
0
0
0
0
I2
I1 I0
Operation
P0
1/0 Read the contents of the Wiper Counter Register
pointed to by P0
1/0 Write new value to the Wiper Counter Register
pointed to by P0
1/0 Read the contents of the Data Register pointed to by
P0 and R1 - R0
1/0 Write new value to the Data Register pointed to by
P0 and R1 - R0
1/0 Transfer the contents of the Data Register pointed to
by P0 and R1 - R0 to its associated Wiper Counter
Register
1/0 Transfer the contents of the Wiper Counter Register
pointed to by P0 to the Data Register pointed to by
R1 - R0
0 Transfer the contents of the Data Registers pointed
to by R1 - R0 of both pots to their respective Wiper
Counter Registers
0 Transfer the contents of both Wiper Counter
Registers to their respective data Registers pointed
to by R1 - R0 of both pots
1/0 Enable Increment/decrement of the Wiper Counter
Register pointed to by P0
(7) 1/0 = data is one or zero
Figure 4. Three-Byte Instruction Sequence
SCL
SDA
S
T
A
R
T
0
1
0
1
A3 A2 A1 A0 A
C
K
I3
R1 R0 0
P0 A
C
K
0
0
D5 D4 D3 D2 D1 D0
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
Figure 5. Increment/Decrement Instruction Sequence
SCL
SDA
X
S
T
A
R
T
0
1
0
1
A3 A2 A1 A0
6
A
C
K
I3
I2
I1
I0
X
R1 R0
0
P0
A
C
K
I
N
C
1
I
N
C
2
I
N
C
n
D
E
C
1
D
E
C
n
S
T
O
P
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Figure 6. Increment/Decrement Timing Limits
INC/DEC
CMD
Issued
tWRID
SCL
SDA
Voltage Out
VW/RW
Figure 7. Acknowledge Response from Receiver
SCL from
Master
1
8
9
Data Output
from Transmitter
Data Output
from Receiver
START
7
Acknowledge
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Figure 8. Detailed Potentiometer Block Diagram
Serial Data Path
Serial
Bus
Input
From Interface
Circuitry
Register 0
6
Parallel
Bus
Input
Wiper
Counter
Register
(WCR)
Register 3
D
e
c
o
d
e
INC/DEC
Logic
If WCR = 00[H] then VW/RW = VL/RL
If WCR = 3F[H] then VW/RW = VH/RH
C
o
u
n
t
e
r
Register 1
8
Register 2
VH/RH
UP/DN
Modified SCL
UP/DN
VL/RL
CLK
VW/RW
DETAILED OPERATION
Data Registers
Both XDCP potentiometers share the serial interface
and share a common architecture. Each potentiometer
has a Wiper Counter Register and four Data
Registers. A detailed discussion of the register
organization and array operation follows.
Each potentiometer has four nonvolatile Data
Registers. These can be read or written directly by the
host and data can be transferred between any of the
four Data Registers and the Wiper Counter Register. It
should be noted all operations changing data in one of
these registers is a nonvolatile operation and will take
a maximum of 10ms.
Wiper Counter Register
The X9418 contains two wiper counter registers, one
for each XDCP potentiometer. The Wiper Counter
Register can be envisioned as a 6-bit parallel and
serial load counter with its outputs decoded to select
one of sixty-four switches along its resistor array. The
contents of the WCR can be altered in four ways: it
may be written directly by the host via the write Wiper
Counter Register instruction (serial load); it may be
written indirectly by transferring the contents of one of
four associated Data Registers via the XFR Data
Register instruction (parallel load); it can be modified
one step at a time by the Increment/Decrement
instruction. Finally, it is loaded with the contents of its
Data Register zero (DR0) upon power-up.
If the application does not require storage of multiple
settings for the potentiometer, these registers can be
used as regular memory locations that could possibly
store system parameters or user preference data.
The WCR is a volatile register; that is, its contents are
lost when the X9418 is powered-down. Although the
register is automatically loaded with the value in DR0
upon power-up, it should be noted this may be
different from the value present at power-down.
– {D5~D0}: These bits are for general purpose not
volatile data storage or for storage of up to four
different wiper values. The contents of Data Register
0 are automatically moved to the Wiper Counter
Register on power-up.
8
Register Descriptions
Data Registers, (6-Bit), Nonvolatile
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
NV
NV
NV
NV
NV
(MSB)
D0
NV
(LSB)
Four 6-bit Data Registers for each XDCP. (eight 6-bit
registers in total).
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Wiper Counter Register, (6-Bit), Volatile
WP5
WP4
WP3
WP2
WP1
WP0
V
V
V
V
V
V
(MSB)
One 6-bit wiper counter register for each XDCP. (Four
6-bit registers in total.)
– {D5~D0}: These bits specify the wiper position of the
respective XDCP. The Wiper Counter Register is
loaded on power-up by the value in Data Register 0.
The contents of the WCR can be loaded from any of
the other Data Register or directly. The contents of
the WCR can be saved in a DR.
(LSB)
Instruction Format
Notes: (1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
“MACK”/”SACK”: stands for the acknowledge sent by the master/slave.
“A3 ~ A0”: stands for the device addresses sent by the master.
“X”: indicates that it is a “0” for testing purpose but physically it is a “don’t care” condition.
“I”: stands for the increment operation, SDA held high during active SCL phase (high).
“D”: stands for the decrement operation, SDA held low during active SCL phase (high).
Read Wiper Counter Register (WCR)
S device type
device
T
identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction
WCR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
P
K 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
wiper position
S
(sent by slave on SDA)
A
W W W W W W
C
0
0
P P P P P P
K
5 4 3 2 1 0
M
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
wiper position
S
(sent by master on SDA)
A
W W W W W W
C
0 0 P P P P P P
K
5 4 3 2 1 0
S
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
Write Wiper Counter Register (WCR)
S device type
device
T
identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction
WCR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
P
1 0 1 0 0 0 0
K
0
Read Data Register (DR)
S device type
device
T
identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction DR and WCR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
R R
P
K 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
wiper position/data
S
(sent by slave on SDA)
A
W W W W W W
C
0
0
P P P P P P
K
5 4 3 2 1 0
M
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
Write Data Register (DR)
instruction
S device type
device
S
opcode
T identifier
addresses
A
A
C
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
1 1 0 0
3 2 1 0 K
T
DR and WCR
addresses
R
1
R
0
wiper position/data
S
(sent by master on SDA)
A
W W W W W W
C
0 P0
0 0 P P P P P P
K
5 4 3 2 1 0
S
A
C
K
S
T HIGH-VOLTAGE
O WRITE CYCLE
P
XFR Data Register (DR) to Wiper Counter Register (WCR)
S device type
device
instruction DR and WCR
S
T identifier
addresses
opcode
addresses
A
A
C
R R
P
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
1 1 0 1
0
3 2 1 0 K
1 0
0
T
9
S
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
XFR Wiper Counter Register (WCR) to Data Register (DR)
S device type
device
T
identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction DR and WCR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
R R
P
1 1 1 0
0
K
1 0
0
S
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
HIGH-VOLTAGE
WRITE CYCLE
Increment/Decrement Wiper Counter Register (WCR)
S device type
device
T
identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction
WCR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
P
K 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
increment/decrement
S
(sent by master on SDA)
A
C I/ I/
I/ I/
K D D . . . . D D
S
T
O
P
Global XFR Data Register (DR) to Wiper Counter Register (WCR)
S device type
device
T
identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction
DR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
R R
0 0 0 1
0 0
K
1 0
S
A
C
K
S
T
O
P
Global XFR Wiper Counter Register (WCR) to Data Register (DR)
S device type
device
T identifier
addresses
A
R 0 1 0 1 A A A A
3 2 1 0
T
instruction
DR
S
opcode
addresses
A
C
R R
1 0 0 0
0 0
K
1 0
SYMBOL TABLE
S
T
O
P
HIGH-VOLTAGE
WRITE CYCLE
Guidelines for Calculating Typical Values of Bus
Pull-Up Resistors
INPUTS
OUTPUTS
120
Must be
steady
Will be
steady
100
May change
from Low to
High
Will change
from Low to
High
May change
from High to
Low
Will change
from High to
Low
Don’t Care:
Changes
Allowed
Changing:
State Not
Known
N/A
Center Line
is High
Impedance
10
Resistance (K)
WAVEFORM
S
A
C
K
80
60
RMIN =
VCC MAX
=1.8k
IOL MIN
RMAX =
tR
CBUS
Max.
Resistance
40
20 Min.
Resistance
0
0 20 40 60
80 100 120
Bus Capacitance (pF)
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
COMMENT
Temperature under bias .................... -65°C to +135°C
Storage temperature.......................... -65°C to +150°C
Voltage on SDA, SCL or any address
input with respect to VSS ......................... -1V to +7V
Voltage on V+ (referenced to VSS) ........................ 10V
Voltage on V- (referenced to VSS) ........................-10V
(V+) - (V-)............................................................... 12V
Any VH/RH, VL/RL, VW/RW ............................V- to V+
Lead temperature (soldering, 10 seconds) ...... +300°C
IW (10 seconds).................................................. ±6mA
Stresses above those listed under “Absolute Maximum
Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device.
This is a stress rating only; functional operation of the
device (at these or any other conditions above those
listed in the operational sections of this specification)
is not implied. Exposure to absolute maximum rating
conditions for extended periods may affect device
reliability.
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS
Temp
Commercial
Industrial
Min.
0°C
-40°C
Max.
Device
X9418
X9418-2.7
+70°C
+85°C
Supply Voltage (VCC) Limits
5V 10%
2.7V to 5.5V
ANALOG CHARACTERISTICS (Over recommended operating conditions unless otherwise stated.)
Symbol
Parameter
IW
RW
End to end resistance tolerance
Power rating
Wiper current
Wiper resistance
V+
Voltage on V+ pin
X9418
X9418-2.7
VVoltage on V- pin
X9418
X9418-2.7
VTERM Voltage on any VH/RH, VL/RL or
VW/RW
Noise
Resolution (4)
Absolute linearity (1)
Relative linearity (2)
Temperature Coefficient of RTOTAL
Ratiometric Temperature Coefficient
CH/CL/CW Potentiometer Capacitances
IAL
RH, RL, RW Leakage Current
11
Min.
-20
-3
+4.5
+2.7
-5.5
-5.5
V-
Limits
Typ.
Max.
+20
50
+3
150
250
40
100
+5.5
+5.5
-4.5
-2.7
V+
-120
1.6
-1
-0.2
300
10/10/25
0.1
Unit
%
mW
mA


V
+25°C, each pot
Wiper current =  1mA, V+, V- = ±3V
Wiper current =  1mA, V+, V- = ±5V
V
V
dBV
%
+1
MI(3)
+0.2
MI(3)
ppm/C
±20 ppm/°C
pF
10
Test Conditions
µA
Ref: 1kHz
See Note 4
Vw(n)(actual) - Vw(n)(expected)(4)
Vw(n + 1 - [Vw(n) + MI](4)
See Note 4
See Note 4
See Circuit #3,
Spice Macromodel
VIN = V- to V+. Device is in Stand-by
mode.
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
D.C. OPERATING CHARACTERISTICS (Over the recommended operating conditions unless otherwise specified.)
Limits
Symbol
Parameter
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
Test Conditions
1
mA
fSCL = 400kHz, SDA = Open,
Other Inputs = VSS
100
µA
fSCL = 400kHz, SDA = Open,
Other Inputs = VSS
ICC1
VCC supply current
(nonvolatile write)
ICC2
VCC supply current
(move wiper, write, read)
ISB
VCC current (standby)
1
µA
SCL = SDA = VCC, Addr. = VSS
ILI
Input leakage current
10
µA
VIN = VSS to VCC
ILO
Output leakage current
10
µA
VOUT = VSS to VCC
VIH
Input HIGH voltage
VCC x 0.7
VCC + 0.5
V
VIL
Input LOW voltage
-0.5
VCC x 0.1
V
VOL
Output LOW voltage
0.4
V
IOL = 3mA
Notes: (1) Absolute linearity is utilized to determine actual wiper voltage versus expected voltage as determined by wiper position when used as a
potentiometer.
(2) Relative linearity is utilized to determine the actual change in voltage between two successive tap positions when used as a
potentiometer. It is a measure of the error in step size.
(3) MI = RTOT/63 or (RH - RL)/63, single pot
ENDURANCE AND DATA RETENTION
Parameter
Min.
Unit
Minimum endurance
100,000
Data changes per bit per register
Data retention
100
Years
CAPACITANCE
Symbol
CI/O
(4)
CIN(4)
Test
Max.
Unit
Test Conditions
Input/output capacitance (SDA)
8
pF
VI/O = 0V
Input capacitance (A0, A1, A2, A3, and SCL)
6
pF
VIN = 0V
POWER-UP TIMING
Symbol
tPUR
Parameter
Max.
Unit
Power-up to initiation of read operation
1
ms
Power-up to initiation of write operation
5
ms
50
V/msec
(5)
(5)
(6)
VCC Power up ramp rate
tPUW
tRVCC
Min.
0.2
Typ.
Power Up Requirements (Power up sequencing can affect correct recall of the wiper registers)
The preferred power-on sequence is as follows: First VCC, then V+ and V-, and then the potentiometer pins, RH, RL,
and RW. Voltage should not be applied to the potentiometer pins before V+ or V- is applied. The VCC ramp rate
specification should be met, and any glitches or slope changes in the VCC line should be held to <100mV if possible.
If VCC powers down, it should be held below 0.1V for more than 1 second before powering up again in order for
proper wiper register recall. Also, VCC should not reverse polarity by more than 0.5V. Recall of wiper position will not
be complete until VCC, V+ and V- reach their final value.
Notes: (4) This parameter is periodically sampled and not 100% tested
(5) tPUR and tPUW are the delays required from the time the third (last) power supply (VCC, V+ or V-) is stable until the specific
instruction can be issued. These parameters are periodically sampled and not 100% tested.
(6) This is a tested or guaranteed parameter and should only be used as a guidance.
12
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
A.C. TEST CONDITIONS
Circuit #3 SPICE Macro Model
Input pulse levels
VCC x 0.1 to VCC x 0.9
Input rise and fall times
10ns
Input and output timing level
VCC x 0.5
RTOTAL
RH
CH
CW
EQUIVALENT A.C. LOAD CIRCUIT
10pF
5V
CL
RL
10pF
25pF
RW
1533
SDA Output
100pF
AC TIMING (over recommended operating conditions)
Symbol
Parameter
fSCL
Clock frequency
Min.
Max.
Unit
400
kHz
tCYC
Clock cycle time
2500
ns
tHIGH
Clock high time
600
ns
tLOW
Clock low time
1300
ns
tSU:STA
Start setup time
600
ns
tHD:STA
Start hold time
600
ns
tSU:STO
Stop setup time
600
ns
tSU:DAT
SDA data input setup time
100
ns
tHD:DAT
SDA data input hold time
30
ns
tR
SCL and SDA rise time
300
ns
tF
SCL and SDA fall time
300
ns
tAA
SCL low to SDA data output valid time
900
ns
tDH
SDA data output hold time
50
ns
Noise suppression time constant at SCL and SDA inputs
50
ns
1300
ns
TI
tBUF
Bus free time (prior to any transmission)
tSU:WPA
WP, A0, A1, A2 and A3 setup time
0
ns
tHD:WPA
WP, A0, A1, A2 and A3 hold time
0
ns
13
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
HIGH-VOLTAGE WRITE CYCLE TIMING
Symbol
Parameter
tWR
Typ.
Max.
Unit
5
10
ms
High-voltage write cycle time (store instructions)
XDCP TIMING
Symbol
Max.
Unit
Wiper response time after the third (last) power supply is stable
10
µs
tWRL
Wiper response time after instruction issued (all load instructions)
10
µs
tWRID
Wiper response time from an active SCL/SCK edge (increment/decrement instruction)
10
µs
tWRPO
Note:
Parameter
Min.
(8) A device must internally provide a hold time of at least 300ns for the SDA signal in order to bridge the undefined region of the falling
edge of SCL.
TIMING DIAGRAMS
START and STOP Timing
g
(START)
(STOP)
tR
tF
SCL
tSU:STA
tHD:STA
tSU:STO
tR
tF
SDA
Input Timing
tCYC
tHIGH
SCL
tLOW
SDA
tSU:DAT
tHD:DAT
tBUF
Output Timing
SCL
SDA
tAA
14
tDH
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
XDCP Timing (for All Load Instructions)
(STOP)
SCL
LSB
SDA
tWRL
VW/RW
XDCP Timing (for Increment/Decrement Instruction)
SCL
SDA
Wiper Register Address
Inc/Dec
Inc/Dec
tWRID
VW/RW
Write Protect and Device Address Pins Timing
(START)
SCL
(STOP)
...
(Any Instruction)
...
SDA
...
tSU:WPA
tHD:WPA
WP
A0, A1
A2, A3
15
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
Basic Configurations of Electronic Potentiometers
+VR
VR
VW/RW
I
Three terminal Potentiometer;
Variable voltage divider
Two terminal Variable Resistor;
Variable current
Application Circuits
NONINVERTING AMPLIFIER
VS
VOLTAGE REGULATOR
+
VO
–
VIN
VO (REG)
317
R1
R2
Iadj
R1
R2
VO = (1+R2/R1)VS
VO (REG) = 1.25V (1+R2/R1)+Iadj R2
OFFSET VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT
R1
COMPARATOR WITH HYSTERESIS
R2
VS
VS
–
+
100k
–
VO
+
+12V
10k
R1
}
10k
}
TL072
10k
VO
R2
VUL = {R1/(R1+R2)} VO(max)
VLL = {R1/(R1+R2)} VO(min)
-12V
16
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Application Circuits (continued)
ATTENUATOR
FILTER
C
VS
+
R2
R1
VS
VO
–
–
R
VO
+
R3
R4
R2
All RS = 10k
R1
GO = 1 + R2/R1
fc = 1/(2RC)
V O = G VS
-1/2  G  +1/2
R2
}
VS
R1
}
INVERTING AMPLIFIER
EQUIVALENT L-R CIRCUIT
R2
C1
–
VS
VO
+
+
–
R1
ZIN
VO = G VS
G = - R2/R1
R3
ZIN = R2 + s R2 (R1 + R3) C1 = R2 + s Leq
(R1 + R3) >> R2
FUNCTION GENERATOR
C
R2
–
+
R1
–
} RA
+
} RB
frequency  R1, R2, C
amplitude  RA, RB
17
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Dual-In-Line Plastic Packages (PDIP)
E24.6 (JEDEC MS-011-AA ISSUE B)
N
24 LEAD DUAL-IN-LINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
E1
INDEX
AREA
1 2 3
INCHES
N/2
SYMBOL
-B-
-C-
SEATING
PLANE
A2
e
B1
D1
A1
eC
B
0.010 (0.25) M
C A B S
MAX
-
0.250
-
-
0.39
A2
0.125
0.195
3.18
4.95
-
B
0.014
0.022
0.356
0.558
-
C
L
B1
0.030
0.070
0.77
1.77
8
eA
C
0.008
0.015
0.204
0.381
-
D
1.150
1.290
D1
0.005
-
C
eB
NOTES:
1. Controlling Dimensions: INCH. In case of conflict between English and
Metric dimensions, the inch dimensions control.
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
3. Symbols are defined in the “MO Series Symbol List” in Section 2.2 of
Publication No. 95.
4. Dimensions A, A1 and L are measured with the package seated in
JEDEC seating plane gauge GS-3.
5. D, D1, and E1 dimensions do not include mold flash or protrusions.
Mold flash or protrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch (0.25mm).
6. E and eA are measured with the leads constrained to be perpendicular to datum -C- .
6.35
NOTES
0.015
A
L
D1
MIN
A
E
BASE
PLANE
MAX
A1
-AD
MILLIMETERS
MIN
29.3
4
-
4
32.7
5
-
5
0.13
E
0.600
0.625
15.24
15.87
6
E1
0.485
0.580
12.32
14.73
5
e
0.100 BSC
2.54 BSC
-
eA
0.600 BSC
15.24 BSC
6
eB
-
0.700
-
17.78
7
L
0.115
0.200
2.93
5.08
4
N
24
24
9
Rev. 0 12/93
7. eB and eC are measured at the lead tips with the leads unconstrained.
eC must be zero or greater.
8. B1 maximum dimensions do not include dambar protrusions. Dambar
protrusions shall not exceed 0.010 inch (0.25mm).
9. N is the maximum number of terminal positions.
10. Corner leads (1, N, N/2 and N/2 + 1) for E8.3, E16.3, E18.3, E28.3,
E42.6 will have a B1 dimension of 0.030 - 0.045 inch (0.76 - 1.14mm).
18
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Small Outline Plastic Packages (SOIC)
M24.3 (JEDEC MS-013-AD ISSUE C)
N
INDEX
AREA
24 LEAD WIDE BODY SMALL OUTLINE PLASTIC PACKAGE
0.25(0.010) M
H
B M
INCHES
E
-B-
1
2
3
L
SEATING PLANE
-A-
h x 45o
A
D
-C-
e
A1
B
0.25(0.010) M
C
0.10(0.004)
C A M
SYMBOL
MIN
MAX
MIN
MAX
NOTES
A
0.0926
0.1043
2.35
2.65
-
A1
0.0040
0.0118
0.10
0.30
-
B
0.013
0.020
0.33
0.51
9
C
0.0091
0.0125
0.23
0.32
-
D
0.5985
0.6141
15.20
15.60
3
E
0.2914
0.2992
7.40
7.60
4
e
µ
B S
1. Symbols are defined in the “MO Series Symbol List” in Section 2.2 of
Publication Number 95.
0.05 BSC
1.27 BSC
-
H
0.394
0.419
10.00
10.65
-
h
0.010
0.029
0.25
0.75
5
L
0.016
0.050
0.40
1.27
6
N

NOTES:
MILLIMETERS
24
0o
24
8o
0o
7
8o
Rev. 0 12/93
2. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ANSI Y14.5M-1982.
3. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs.
Mold flash, protrusion and gate burrs shall not exceed 0.15mm
(0.006 inch) per side.
4. Dimension “E” does not include interlead flash or protrusions. Interlead flash and protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm (0.010 inch) per
side.
5. The chamfer on the body is optional. If it is not present, a visual index
feature must be located within the crosshatched area.
6. “L” is the length of terminal for soldering to a substrate.
7. “N” is the number of terminal positions.
8. Terminal numbers are shown for reference only.
9. The lead width “B”, as measured 0.36mm (0.014 inch) or greater
above the seating plane, shall not exceed a maximum value of
0.61mm (0.024 inch)
10. Controlling dimension: MILLIMETER. Converted inch dimensions
are not necessarily exact.
19
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
X9418
Thin Shrink Small Outline Package Family (TSSOP)
MDP0044
0.25 M C A B
D
THIN SHRINK SMALL OUTLINE PACKAGE FAMILY
A
SYMBOL 14 LD 16 LD 20 LD 24 LD 28 LD TOLERANCE
(N/2)+1
N
PIN #1 I.D.
E
E1
0.20 C B A
1
(N/2)
B
2X
N/2 LEAD TIPS
TOP VIEW
0.05
e
C
H
A
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
1.20
Max
A1
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
0.10
±0.05
A2
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
0.90
±0.05
b
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
0.25
+0.05/-0.06
c
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
0.15
+0.05/-0.06
D
5.00
5.00
6.50
7.80
9.70
±0.10
E
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
6.40
Basic
E1
4.40
4.40
4.40
4.40
4.40
±0.10
e
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
0.65
Basic
L
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
±0.15
L1
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
Reference
Rev. E 12/02
NOTES:
SEATING
PLANE
0.10 M C A B
b
0.10 C
N LEADS
SIDE VIEW
1. Dimension “D” does not include mold flash, protrusions or gate
burrs. Mold flash, protrusions or gate burrs shall not exceed
0.15mm per side.
2. Dimension “E1” does not include interlead flash or protrusions.
Interlead flash and protrusions shall not exceed 0.25mm per
side.
3. Dimensions “D” and “E1” are measured at dAtum Plane H.
SEE DETAIL “X”
c
4. Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M-1994.
END VIEW
L1
A
A2
GAUGE
PLANE
0.25
L
A1
0° - 8°
DETAIL X
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9000 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
20
FN8194.3
October 12, 2006
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