DATASHEET

Fixed Gain, Dual Port, VDSL2 Line Driver
ISL1591
Features
The ISL1591 provides 4 internal wideband op amps intended
to be used as two pairs of fixed gain differential line drivers.
The ISL1591’s high bandwidth, and ultra low distortion
enables the support of VDSL2 8b, 17a, and 30a in central
office modem applications. This highly versatile line driver
allows for operation from +14V to +24V nominal power
supplies, while delivering exceptional MTPR distortion
performance.
• Internal Fixed Gain of 11.6V/V at RLOAD
Using a single +24V supply, the ISL1591 MBPR distortion is
below -62dBc in VDSL2 8b, -63dBc in VDSL2 17a, and -60dBc
in VDSL2 30a profiles. Using a single +14V supply, ISL1591
supports 14.5dBm VDSL2 17a and 30a profiles at only a
power consumption of 425mW. This capability is ideal for
short loop, high bit rate VDSL2 applications where 14.5dBm
transmit power is all that is required. For full power VDSL2 8b
profile with 20dBm of transmit power, the line driver will
require +24V single supply.
• ±360mA Output Drive Capability
• 42.4VP-P Differential Output Drive into 82.6Ω
• -62dBc MBPR (VDSL 8b Profile)
• -65dBc US1, -63dBc US2 MBPR (VDSL2 17a Profile)
• -64dBc US1, -62dBc US2, -60dBc US3 MBPR (VDSL 30a
Profile)
• High Slew Rate of 2000V/µs Differential
• Bandwidth (170MHz)
• Supply Current Control Pins
• K.20, GR-1089 Surge Robustness Validated
• Pb-Free (RoHS Compliant)
Applications
Each of the 4 internal op amps is a wideband current feedback
amplifier offering very high slew rate intrinsic to that design
using low quiescent current levels. Each of the two pair of
amplifiers (ports) can also be power optimized to the
application using two external quiescent control logic pins. Full
power is nominally 14mA/port with options of medium power
cutback to 9.7mA/port, a low power condition at 7.4mA/port,
and an off state at <0.5mA/port.
• ADSL2+
High power push/pull line driver applications are best
supported using a low headroom, high output current device.
On +24V supplies, the ISL1591 offers a 1.6V headroom with
>360mA peak output current. Driving differentially, this gives
>42.4VP-P swing to as low as 58Ω differential load. The four
amplifiers in ISL1591 are intended to be used as differential
pairs and not as individual amplifiers.
PART #
NOMINAL ±VCC
(V)
BANDWIDTH
(MHz)
APPLICATIONS
ISL1557
±6,+12
200
VDSL2
• VDSL2 Profiles: 8MHz, 17MHz, and 30MHz
Related Literature
• AN1325 “Choosing and Using Bypass Capacitors”
TABLE 1. ALTERNATE SOLUTIONS
ISL1536
±12,+24
50
ADSL2+
ISL1539A
±12,+24
240
VDSL2
10
+24V
0
-10
AFE
Vi
VCM
1:N
1/2
100Ω
LINE
Vo
ISL1591
Rb
Rb = 100Ω x 0.2 x 0.5
N2
Vo
= 11.6 V V
Vi
FIGURE 1. FIXED GAIN LINE DRIVER CIRCUIT
October 31, 2012
FN7625.1
-20
1
MBPR (dB)
Rb
PAR = 5.4
20.2dBm
Avg. US1 MTBR = -65dBc
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
3.75M
4.15M
4.55M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
4.95M
5.35M
FIGURE 2. MBPR VDSL2 8b PERFORMANCE
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas Inc. 2011, 2012. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) is a trademark owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ISL1591
+VS
+
Connection Diagram
VIN
+
Rt
3k
VOUT
¼
ISL1591
Rb
8.25
+VS
VCM
AFE
Rf
1.31k
Rc
100k
1:n
Rp
1.78k
Rg
Rc 736
100k
Rp
1.78k
Rf
1.31k
FB
Line
FB
-
¼
ISL1591
VOUT
Rb
8.25
Rt
3k
+
VIN
BIAS
CURRENT
CONTROL
C0
C1
GND
FIGURE 3. TYPICAL DIFFERENTIAL I/O LINE DRIVER (1 OF 2 PORTS)
Pin Configuration
19 FBB
20 VOUTB
21 VOUTA
22 FBA
23 C0AB
24 C1AB
ISL1591
(24 LD TQFN)
TOP VIEW
VINA+ 1
18 +VS
VINB+ 2
17 DNC
VCMAB 3
16 DNC
THERMAL
PAD
VCMCD 4
15 DNC
FBC 12
VOUTC 11
VOUTD 10
13 GND
FBD 9
VIND+ 6
C0CD 8
14 DNC
C1CD 7
VINC+ 5
THERMAL PAD CONNECTS TO GND
2
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Pin Descriptions
PIN NUMBER
PIN NAME
FUNCTION
1
VINA+
Amplifier A non-inverting input
2
VINB+
Amplifier B non-inverting input
3
VCMAB
Input common mode bias for port AB(#1)
4
VCMCD
Input common mode bias for port CD(#2)
5
VINC+
Amplifier C non-inverting input
6
VIND+
Amplifier D non-inverting input
7
C1CD
DSL Port #2 current control pin
8
C0CD
DSL Port #2 current control pin
9
FBD
10
VOUTD
Feedback pin for amplifier D
Amplifier D output
11
VOUTC
12
FBC
Amplifier C output
13
GND
Ground
14, 15, 16, 17
DNC
Do not connect
Feedback pin for amplifier C
18
+VS
Positive supply voltage
19
FBB
Feedback pin for amplifier B
20
VOUTB
Amplifier B output
21
VOUTA
Amplifier A output
22
FBA
23
C0AB
24
C1AB
-
THERMAL PAD
Feedback pin for amplifier A
DSL Port #1 current control pin
DSL Port #1 current control pin
Connects to GND
Ordering Information
PART
NUMBER
(Notes 2, 3)
PART
MARKING
TEMP RANGE
(°C)
PACKAGE
(Pb-free)
PKG.
DWG. #
ISL1591IRTZ
15 91IRTZ
-40 to +85
24 Ld TQFN
L24.4x4F
ISL1591IRTZ-T7 (Note 1)
15 91IRTZ
-40 to +85
24 Ld TQFN
L24.4x4F
ISL1591IRTZ-T13 (Note 1)
15 91IRTZ
-40 to +85
24 Ld TQFN
L24.4x4F
ISL1591IRTZ-EVALZ
Evaluation Board
NOTES:
1. Please refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
2. These Intersil Pb-free plastic packaged products employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die attach materials, and 100% matte
tin plate plus anneal (e3 termination finish, which is RoHS compliant and compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations). Intersil
Pb-free products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see device information page for ISL1591. For more information on MSL please see tech brief TB363.
3
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Absolute Maximum Ratings (TA = +25°C)
Thermal Information
VS+ Voltage to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to +26.4V
Driver VIN+ Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .GND to VS+
C0, C1 Voltage to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to +6V
VCM Voltage to GND . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .GND to VS+
Current into any Input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8mA
Continuous Output Current for Long Term Reliability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50mA
ESD Rating
Human Body Model (Tested per JESD22-A114F). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3kV
Machine Model (Tested per JESD22-A115C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300V
Charge Device Model (Tested per JESD22-C101E). . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.5kV
Thermal Resistance (Typical)
θJA (°C/W) θJC (°C/W)
24 Ld TQFN Package (Notes 4, 5) . . . . . . .
43
5.5
Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package) . . . . . . . . . . . .+150°C
Power Dissipation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See Figure 47
Storage Temperature Range. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +150°C
Pb-Free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see link below
http://www.intersil.com/pbfree/Pb-FreeReflow.asp
Operating Conditions
Ambient Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40°C to +85°C
Junction Temperature Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +150°C
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTES:
4. θJA is measured in free air with the component mounted on a high effective thermal conductivity test board with “direct attach” features. See Tech
Brief TB379.
5. For θJC, the “case temp” location is the center of the exposed metal pad on the package underside.
IMPORTANT NOTE: All parameters having Min/Max specifications are guaranteed. Typ values are for information purposes only. Unless otherwise noted,
all tests are at the specified temperature and are pulsed tests, therefore: TJ = TC = TA
Electrical Specifications
unless otherwise indicated.
PARAMETER
VS = +24V, RL= 82.6Ω differential, C0 = C1 = 0V, TA = +25°C. Amplifier pairs tested separately,
DESCRIPTION
CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 6)
TYP
MAX
(Note 6)
UNIT
11.1
11.6
12.1
V/V
AC PERFORMANCE
Av
Internal Gain Across RLOAD
RB = 8.25Ω
BW
-3dB Small Signal Bandwidth
VO < 2VP-P-DIFF
170
MHz
-3dB Large Signal Bandwidth
VO = 10VP-P-DIFF
60
MHz
SR
20% to 80%
VO = 32VP-P-DIFF
2000
V/µs
200kHz Harmonic
Distortion
2nd Harmonic
VOUT = 2VP-P-DIFF
-90
-80
dBc
VOUT = 10VP-P-DIFF
-87
-78
dBc
VOUT = 2VP-P-DIFF
-90
-78
dBc
VOUT = 10VP-P-DIFF
-87
-80
dBc
VOUT = 2VP-P-DIFF
-87
-76
dBc
VOUT = 10VP-P-DIFF
-84
-76
dBc
2nd Harmonic
VOUT = 10VP-P-DIFF
-83
dBc
3rd Harmonic
VOUT = 10VP-P-DIFF
-75
dBc
3rd Harmonic
THD
4MHz Harmonic
Distortion
1800
THD
VOUT = 10VP-P-DIFF
-74
dBc
2nd Harmonic
VOUT = 2VP-P-DIFF
-73
dBc
3rd Harmonic
VOUT = 2VP-P-DIFF
-65
dBc
THD
VOUT = 2VP-P-DIFF
-65
dBc
MBPR
Missing-Band Power Ratio: US1
Band
26kHz to 8MHz, 4kHz Tone Spacing,
PLINE = 19dBm, VDSL2+ 8b
-65
eO
Output Voltage Noise
f = 1MHZ
90
nV/√Hz
eN-CM
Common Mode Output Noise at
each Port Pair
f = 1MHZ
90
nV/√Hz
8MHz Harmonic
Distortion
-62
dBc
POWER CONTROL FEATURES
VIH
Logic High Voltage
4
C0 and C1 inputs
2.0
V
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Electrical Specifications
unless otherwise indicated. (Continued)
PARAMETER
VS = +24V, RL= 82.6Ω differential, C0 = C1 = 0V, TA = +25°C. Amplifier pairs tested separately,
DESCRIPTION
CONDITIONS
MIN
(Note 6)
TYP
MAX
(Note 6)
UNIT
VIL
Logic Low Voltage
C0 and C1 inputs
0.8
V
IIH0 , IIH1
Logic High Current for C0, C1
C0 = 3.3V, C1 = 3.3V
-7.5
1
+7.5
µA
IIL0, IIL1
Logic Low Current for C0, C1
C0 = 0V, C1 = 0V
-17
-13
-10
µA
SUPPLY CHARACTERISTICS
IS+ (Full Power)
Maximum Operating Supply
Voltage
+25.2
V
Minimum Operating Supply
Voltage
+14
V
All outputs at VCM, C0 = C1 = 0V, +VS = 24V
13
14
14.9
mA
+VS = 14V
9.7
10.8
12
mA
All outputs at VCM, C0 = 3.3V, C1 = 0V,
+VS = 24V
9.1
9.7
10.5
mA
+VS = 14V
6.7
7.2
8.0
mA
All outputs at VCM, C0 = 0V, C1 = 3.3V,
+VS = 24V
6.8
7.4
8.1
mA
+VS = 14V
5.0
5.4
6.1
mA
All outputs at VCM, C0 = C1 = 3.3V,
+VS = 24V
0.4
0.5
0.65
mA
+VS = 14V
0.3
0.4
0.5
mA
Output Swing
RL-DIFF = No Load
+22
+22.4
V
Lightly Loaded Output Swing
RL-DIFF = 100Ω
+20.2
+21.2
V
IOL
Linear Output Current
RL = 25Ω, f = 100kHz, THD = -60dBc
±360
mA
IOUT
Peak Output Current
VOUT = ±1V, RL = 1Ω
±600
mA
VOS-OUT
Differential Output Offset Voltage
-150
25
+150
mV
VOS-CM
Common Mode Output Offset
Voltage
-50
-20
+50
mV
+19.5
V
IS+ (Medium)
IS+ (Low)
IS+ (Power-down)
Positive Supply Current per Port
Positive Supply Current per Port
Positive Supply Current per Port
Positive Supply Current per Port
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
VOUT
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
+4.5
CMIR
Common Mode Input Range at
each of the 4 Non-Inverting Input
Pins
CMRR
Common Mode Rejections for
VCM to Differential Mode Output (Input
each Port. VCM = +4.5V to +19.5V Referred), DC
66
dB
VCM to Commonl Mode Output (Output
Referred), DC
55
dB
Power Supply Rejections for each +VS = +15V to +24V, GND = 0V, DC
Port to Differential Output (Input
Referred)
66
dB
Power Supply Rejections for each +VS = +15V to +24V, GND = 0V, DC
Port to Common Mode Output
(Output Referred)
58
dB
Input Resistance
6.0
kΩ
PSRR
RIN
Differential
NOTE:
6. Compliance to datasheet limits is assured by one or more methods: production test, characterization and/or design.
5
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C0 = C1 = 0V (full power) unless otherwise noted.
27
30
27
Rb = 6.2Ω
21
18
Rb = 15Ω
15
1VP-P
24
Rb = 8.25Ω
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
24
12
21
2VP-P
18
5VP-P
10VP-P
20VP-P
15
9
6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
12
1G
-30
-40
-40
-50
-50
DISTORTION (dBc)
DISTORTION (dBc)
-30
3rd HD dBc
-70
THD dBc
-80
-90
-100
5
10
15
20
25
30
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE AT LOAD (VP-P(-d))
100M
1G
THD dBc
-80
2nd HD dBc
3rd HD dBc
0
5
10
15
20
25
VOP-P(-d) AT THE LOAD
30
35
FIGURE 7. 4MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
-30
-30
HARMONIC DISTORTION (dBc)
-40
DISTORTION (dBc)
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
-70
-100
35
FIGURE 6. 1MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
-50
THD dBc
-60
-70
-80
3rd HD dBc
2nd HD dBc
-90
-100
-60
-90
2nd HD dBc
0
1M
FIGURE 5. LARGE SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE
FIGURE 4. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs GAIN AT
THE LOAD
-60
100k
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE AT LOAD (VOP-P(-d))
35
FIGURE 8. 8MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
6
5VOP-P
-40
3rd HD dBc
-50
THD dBc
-60
-70
2nd HD dBc
-80
-90
-100
0
2M
4M
6M
8M 10M 12M 14M 16M 18M 20M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FIGURE 9. HARMONIC DISTORTION vs FREQUENCY
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C0 = 3.3V, C1 = 0V (85% power) unless otherwise noted.
27
30
1VP-P
27
Rb = 6.2Ω
24
Rb = 8.25Ω
21
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
24
18
Rb = 15Ω
15
2VP-P
21
5VP-P
10VP-P
18
20VP-P
12
15
9
6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
12
1G
-30
-30
-40
-40
-50
-50
-60
-70
3rd HD dBc
THD dBc
-80
-90
-100
5
10
15
20
25
30
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE AT LOAD (VP-P(-d))
2nd HD dBc
-80
3rd HD dBc
0
5
10
15
20
25
VOP-P(-d) AT THE LOAD
30
35
HARMONIC DISTORTION (dBc)
-30
-40
DISTORTION (dBc)
1G
FIGURE 13. 4MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
-30
-50
THD dBc
-60
2nd HD dBc
-70
3rd HD dBc
-80
-90
-100
100M
-70
-100
35
FIGURE 12. 1MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
THD dBc
-60
-90
2nd HD dBc
0
1M
FIGURE 11. LARGE SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE
DISTORTION (dBc)
DISTORTION (dBc)
FIGURE 10. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs GAIN AT
THE LOAD
100k
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE AT LOAD (VP-P(-d))
35
FIGURE 14. 8MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
7
5Vopp
-40
3rd HD dBc
-50
THD dBc
-60
-70
2nd HD dBc
-80
-90
-100
0
2M
4M
6M
8M 10M 12M 14M 16M 18M 20M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FIGURE 15. HARMONIC DISTORTION vs FREQUENCY
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C1 = 3.3V, C0 = 0V (50% power) unless otherwise noted.
27
30
1VP-P
27
Rb = 6.2Ω
24
Rb = 8.25Ω
21
18
Rb = 15Ω
15
2VP-P
21
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
24
10VP-P
18
12
5VP-P
20VP-P
15
9
6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
12
1G
-30
-30
-40
-40
-50
-50
-60
3rd HD dBc
THD dBc
-70
-80
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 17. LARGE SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE
DISTORTION (dBc)
DISTORTION (dBc)
FIGURE 16. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs GAIN AT
THE LOAD
100k
THD dBc
-60
-70
2nd HD dBc
-80
3rd HD dBc
2nd HD dBc
-90
-100
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE AT LOAD (VP-P(-d))
-90
-100
35
FIGURE 18. 1MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
10
15
20
25
VOP-P(-d) AT THE LOAD
30
35
-30
HARMONIC DISTORTION (dBc)
-40
DISTORTION (dBc)
5
FIGURE 19. 4MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
-30
THD dBc
-50
2nd HD dBc
-60
-70
3rd HD dBc
-80
-90
-100
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
OUTPUT AMPLITUDE AT LOAD (VP-P(-d))
35
FIGURE 20. 8MHz HARMONIC DISTORTION vs OUTPUT AMPLITUDE
8
5VO(P-P)
-40
3rd HD dBc
-50
THD dBc
-60
-70
2nd HD dBc
-80
-90
-100
0
2M
4M
6M
8M 10M 12M 14M 16M 18M 20M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FIGURE 21. HARMONIC DISTORTION vs FREQUENCY
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C0 = C1, C0 = 0V (Full power) unless otherwise noted.
30
6
CL = 22pF
27
24V
0
12V
-3
CL = 1pF
24
20V
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
3
14V
CL = 5pF
21
18
10V
15
-6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
FIGURE 22. SMALL SIGNAL BW vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE
GAIN (dB)
3
Rb = 8.25Ω with RLOAD = 82.5Ω
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 23. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs CLOAD
(AFTER RB)
900
82.5Ω RLOAD
800
Rb = 5.1Ω with RLOAD = 51Ω
DIFFERENTIAL EO AT
82.5ohm LOAD (nV/√Hz)
6
12
1G
0
51Ω RLOAD
-3
-6
ALL POWER MODES
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
-9
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
0
1k
1G
FIGURE 24. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs RLOAD
10k
100k
1M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
10M
100M
FIGURE 25. OUTPUT VOLTAGE NOISE
10
PAR = 6.33
14.5dBm, RL = 51Ω, VS = +14V
AVG. US2 MTBR = -63dBc
0
MTBR (dB)
-10
-20
-30
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
8.4M
8.9M
9.4M
9.9M
10.4M 10.9M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
11.4M
11.9M
FIGURE 26. VDSL2 17a PROFILE MTBR US2
9
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C0 = 3.3V, C1 = 0V (85%power) unless otherwise noted.
6
30
24V
27
CL = 22pF
CL = 47pF
0
12V
-3
CL = 1pF
24
20V
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
3
14V
CL = 5pF
21
18
10V
15
-6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
12
100k
1G
FIGURE 27. SMALL SIGNAL BW vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 28. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs CLOAD
(AFTER RB)
10
6
Rb = 8.25Ω with RLOAD = 82.5Ω
Rb = 5.1Ω with RLOAD = 51Ω
14.5dBm, PAR = 6.08
FULL POWER MODE
Avg US1 MTBR = -64dBc
0
82.5Ω RLOAD
-10
3
-20
MTBR (dB)
GAIN (dB)
1M
0
51Ω RLOAD
-30
-40
-50
-60
-3
-70
-80
-6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
-90
37M
1G
FIGURE 29. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs R LOAD
43M 45M 47M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
49M
51M
10
14.5dBm, PAR = 6.08
FULL POWER MODE
Avg US2 MTBR = -62dBc
0
-10
-10
-20
-20
-30
-30
-40
-50
-40
-50
-60
-60
-70
-70
-80
-80
83M
93M
103M
113M
123M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
FIGURE 31. VDSL2 30a PROFILE MTBR US2
10
133M
14.5dBm, PAR = 6.08
FULL POWER MODE
Avg US3 MTBR = -60dBc
0
MTBR (dB)
MTBR (dB)
41M
FIGURE 30. VDSL2 30a PROFILE MTBR US1
10
-90
39M
-90
21M
22M
23M
24M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
25M
FIGURE 32. VDSL2 30a PROFILE MTBR US3
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C1 = 3.3V, C0 = 0V (50%power) unless otherwise noted.
30
6
24V
27
CL = 22pF
0
12V
CL = 47pF
24
20V
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
3
14V
CL = 1pF
21
CL = 5pF
18
10V
-3
15
-6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
12
1G
FIGURE 33. SMALL SIGNAL BW vs SUPPLY VOLTAGE
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 34. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs CLOAD
10
6
Rb = 8.25Ω with RLOAD = 82.5Ω
82.5Ω RLOAD
0
Rb = 5.1Ω with RLOAD = 51Ω
-10
3
PAR = 5.4
20.2dBm
Avg. US1 MTBR = -65dBc
-20
MTBR (dB)
GAIN (dB)
100k
0
51Ω RLOAD
-30
-40
-50
-60
-3
-70
-80
-6
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 35. SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY RESPONSE vs R LOAD
11
-90
3.75M
4.15M
4.55M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
4.95M
5.35M
FIGURE 36. VDSL2+ 8b PROFILE MTBR
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C0 and C1 Parametric unless otherwise noted.
9
0
-10
6
LOW POWER MODE
-20
FULL POWER MODE
-30
-40
0
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)
3
MEDIUM POWER MODE
-50
-60
-70
-3
-80
-6
-100
-90
-110
-9
100k
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
-120
100M
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 38. CHANNEL-TO-CHANNEL X-TALK
FIGURE 37. COMMON MODE SMALL SIGNAL FREQUENCY
RESPONSE
2V/DIV
2V/DIV
5V/DIV
5V/DIV
100ns/DIV
500ns/DIV
FIGURE 39. POWER-UP TIME
FIGURE 40. POWER-DOWN TIME
0
-10
-20
-30
GAIN (dB)
-40
-50
-60
-70
-80
-90
-100
-110
-120
100M
1M
10M
FREQUENCY (Hz)
100M
1G
FIGURE 41. OFF-ISOLATION
12
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Typical Performance Curves
VCC = +24V, Rb = 8.25Ω, GND at the Load = 11.6V/V (differential),
RLOAD = 82.5Ω, TA +25°C, C0 and C1 Varied unless otherwise noted.
11.75
16
14
11.70
FULL POWER MODE
12
Iq (mA/PORT)
AV (V/V)
11.65
11.60
11.55
10
MEDIUM POWER MODE
8
6
LOW POWER MODE
4
11.50
11.45
2
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
0
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 43. QUIESCENT CURRENT vs TEMPERATURE
-62
42.4
-63
42.3
MBPR (dBc)
DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT SWING (VP-P)
FIGURE 42. GAIN AT THE LOAD vs TEMPERATURE
42.2
42.1
42.0
41.9
-65
-66
-67
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
-68
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 45. 8b MBPR vs TEMPERATURE
10
5000
4500
5
SLEW RATE (V/µs)
DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT (VOS)
FULL POWER MODE
8b VDSL2 SIGNAL
-64
FIGURE 44. DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT SWING vs TEMPERATURE
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
4000
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 46. OUTPUT OFFSET vs TEMPERATURE
13
1000
-50 -40 -30 -20 -10 0
10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 47. SLEW RATE vs TEMPERATURE
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Test Circuit
A
R
NETWORK
ANALYZER
+12
S
DC
SPLITTER
50Ω
243Ω
DUT
180°
SPLITTER
RL
1:1
50Ω
LOAD
56Ω
243Ω
50Ω
-12
FIGURE 48. FREQUENCY RESPONSE CHARACTERIZATION CIRCUIT
Applications Information
Applying Wideband Current Feedback Op
Amps as Differential Drivers
A current feedback amplifier (CFA) like the ISL1591 is
particularly suited to the requirements of high output power, full
power bandwidth, differential drivers. This topology offers a very
high slew rate on low quiescent power. The ISL1591 is a fixed
gain amplifier set to an optimized gain of 11.6V/V given
RL = 82.6 and Rb = 8.25, as shown in Figure 49.
The ISL1591 provides 4 very power efficient, high output current,
CFA's. These are intended to be connected as two pairs of
differential drivers. The “Connection Diagram” on page 2 shows
that Channels A and B are intended to operate as a pair while
Channels C and D comprise the other pair. Power control is also
provided through two pairs of control pins, which separately set
the power for Channels A and B together and then the other pair
controls Channels C and D together.
Advanced Configurations - Active
Termination
Where the best power efficiency is required in a full duplex DSL
line interface application, it is common to apply the circuit shown
in Figure 49 to reduce the power loss in the matching loads, Rb,
while retaining a higher impedance for the upstream signal
coming into this output stage. This circuit acts to provide a higher
apparent output impedance (through its cross-coupled positive
feedback through the Rp resistors integrated internally) while
physically taking a smaller IR drop through the Rb resistors for
the output signal.
Very low output distortion can be provided by the differential
configuration. The high slew rate intrinsic to the CFA topology
also contributes to the exceptional performance shown in
Figures 9, 15 and 21. These swept frequency distortion plots
show extremely low distortion at 200kHz holding to very low
levels up through 20MHz. At the full operating power, (Figure 9,
7mA per amplifier or 14mA/port) we still see < -70dBc through
5MHz for a 5VP-P differential output swing.
14
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
1 PORT OF 2
DRAWN
I = 14mA
+
SF = 3.93
¼
ISL1591
50
-
Vi
POWER
SPLITTER
The internal resistors and external Rb resistors shown in
Figure 49 were configured to achieve the following results.
+24V
Rf*
Vdiff
ZO = 66Ω
Putting these together into the gain to an 82.6Ω load gives the
following test condition as shown by Equation 5.
Rb
Rp*
Rg*
AOC = 20.9V/V
0V
C0
0V
C1
Rp*
RL 82.6
Rf*
Vo
Rb
RL = 100 /(1.1)2 = 82.6
-
Vo
RL
82.6Ω
⎛V ⎞
= 11.6⎜ ⎟
= Aoc
= 20.9
82.6Ω + 66Ω
RL + Z o
Vi
⎝V ⎠
(EQ. 5)
Vo/Vdiff = 11.6 V/V (21.3dB)
¼
ISL1591
+
0V
50
*Integrated internally
FIGURE 49. ACTIVE TERMINATION TEST CIRCUIT
Figure 49 shows one of two ports configured in an active
termination circuit used for all characterization tests. This is
showing the device operating in the full power mode, but data
has been shown at the other power settings as well.
The 82.6Ω differential load is intended to emulate a 100Ω line
load reflected through a 1:1.1 turns ratio transformer
(100Ω/(1.12) = 82.6Ω load). The gain and output impedance for
this circuit can be described by the following equations.
(EQ. 1)
The goal of the positive feedback resistor, Rp, is to provide some
“gain” in the apparent output impedance over just the 2*Rb. It
also will act to increase the AOC over the simple differential gain
equation if a synthesis factor (SF) is defined, as shown in
Equation 2:
1
SF =
1−
R f − Rb
(EQ. 2)
Rp
We can see this "gain" is achieved by letting RP be > RF. The
closer Rp is to Rf - Rb, the more "gain" is achieved but at the risk
of instability. Keeping a synthesis factor of < 4 is desirable. With
SF defined in Equation 2, the exact AOC and ZO will be as shown
in Equations 3 and 4:
Aoc = SF (1 + 2
Rf
Rg
+
R f − Rm
Rp
Z o = SF (2 Rb )
)
RL + 2 Rb
RL
(EQ. 6)
This was a factor of 1.36 for the test circuit shown in Figure 49.
Hence a ±10V swing at each output in Figure 49 will produce a
40VP-P differential swing which will drop to the load divided by
1.36 or a 29.41VP-P differential swing at the load.
Distortion and MTPR/MBPR
The ideal transfer function is set by the open circuit gain
(RL = infinite) and an equivalent output impedance ZO.
Vo
RL
= Aoc
Vi
RL + Z o
The advantage offered by this technique is that for any swing
desired at the load, there is less voltage drop through the
physical output matching resistor than if we simply inserted two
33Ω Rb resistors to achieve the 66Ω output impedance achieved
in this test circuit. Any load current required in RL will rise to the
output pins through 2*Rb. The voltage rise from the load swing to
the output pin swing is given by Equation 6:
(EQ. 3)
The ISL1591 is intended to provide very low distortion levels
under the demanding conditions required by the discrete
multi-tone (DMT) characteristic of modern DSL modulations. The
standard test for linearity is the Multi-Tone Power Ratio (MTPR)
test where a specified PSD profile is loaded up with discrete
carriers over the specified frequencies in such a way as to
produce the maximum rated line power and Peak to Average
Ratio (PAR) with some tones missing. The measure of linearity is
the delta between the active tones vs a missing tone. To the
extent that the amplifier is slightly non-linear, it will fold a small
amount of power into the missing tones through intermodulation
products for the active tones. Missing band power ratio (MBPR) is
a similar measurement test comparing the added non-linearity in
the missing frequency bands to the nearest tone. Any
non-linearity in the missing band will affect the receive path
performance in a DSL system. Figure 36 shows the circuit
operating at the low power setting used to test 8b VDSL2
frequency plan and power. For this test, the carriers are spaced
at 5kHz.
This -62dBc average MBPR is exceptional for the very low 7mA
total quiescent current used in this configuration. Operating at
reduced power targets on the line will improve MBPR.
When operating in full power mode of 14mA of total quiescent
current, ISL1591 can deliver better than -60dBc average MBPR
for 30a VDSL2 upstream band (US3), as shown in Figure 32.
(EQ. 4)
15
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Power Control Function
+VS
+3.3V
+3.3V
+3.3V
+
–
VP
50kΩ
50kΩ 50kΩ
50kΩ
RP
+VCC IBIAS IBIAS +VCC
+VCC IBIAS IBIAS +VCC
+3.3V
±VO
+1.4V
CO
C1
+1.4V
CO
C1
RL
+1V
+
–
VN
50kΩ
RN
FIGURE 50. BIAS CONTROL CIRCUIT
C0AB and C1AB control the quiescent current for the port
constructed from amplifiers A and B. If both control lines are
unconnected externally, the internal 50kΩ pull-up will switch the
differential pairs to divert the 100µA tail currents into the supply
turning off the amplifiers. Taking both control pins low will pass
both IBIAS lines on into scaling current sources. When C0 and C1
are low, the typical 14mA total quiescent current for a port is
shown in the “Electrical Specification” tables on page 4. Taking
C0 high (>2V) while leaving C1 low (<0.8V) will reduce the current
into a port to a typical 9.7mA. Taking C1 high, while leaving C0
low will reduce the current in a port to a typical 7.4mA supply
current. Table 2 summarizes the operation modes for ISL1591
for each port.
TABLE 2. POWER MODES OF THE ISL1591
C1
C0
OPERATION
0
0
IS Full Power Mode
0
1
IS Medium Power Mode
1
0
IS Low Power Mode
1
1
Power-Down
GND
FIGURE 51. HEADROOM MODEL
The no load headrooms can be found in the “Electrical
Specifications” table on page 5 as 24V - 22.4V = 1.6V giving 0.8V
to each supply.
The equivalent impedances for this model can be extracted from
the reduced swings shown in the specification table for the 100Ω
load. Looking at the typical 100Ω load swings, we see a +21.2V
swing. Solving for the two resistors in the Headroom model
shown in Figure 51 gives Equation 7:
For the differential configuration, Figure 52 shows the Headroom
model that can be used to predict the maximum available swing
for a given supply voltage and load resistor, RL.
+VS
+
VP
Performance Considerations
Output Headroom Model
Driving high voltages into heavy loads will require a careful
consideration of the available output swing vs. load. Figure 51
shows a useful model for predicting the available output swing. If
the output is modeled as ideal NPN and PNP transistors, the
output swing limits can be described as no load headrooms (VP
and VN) and an equivalent impedance to the supplies (RP and
RN).
16
RL
+
Driving Capacitive Loads
All closed loop op amps are susceptible to reduced phase margin
when driving capacitive loads. This shows up as peaking in the
frequency response that can, in extreme situations, lead to
oscillations. The ISL1591 is designed to operate successfully
with small capacitive loads such as layout parasitics. As the
parasitic capacitance increases, it is best consider a small
resistor in series with the output to isolate the phase margin
effects of the capacitor. Figure 23 on page 9 shows the effect of
capacitive load. With 22pF on each output, we see about 6dB
peaking. This will increase quickly at higher CLOADS.
(EQ. 7)
Rp = 2.8Ω and Rn = 2.8Ω
GND
FIGURE 52. HEADROOM MODEL
For equal bipolar supplies, the available peak output swing will
be given by Equation 8:
Vp =
2(Vs − V p − Vn )
R + Rn
1+ p
RL
(EQ. 8)
For example, to worst case the design using +24V supplies with
±5% supply tolerance and a minimum expected load of 50Ω, a
maximum VP can be calculated as shown in Equation 9:
V peak =
(Vs − V p − Vn )
(22.8 − 1.6)
=
= 19.1V peak
R p + Rn
2.8Ω + 2.8Ω
1+
1+
50Ω
(EQ. 9)
RL
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
The minimum VP-P would be twice as much, or 38.2VP-P. While
this extreme condition would normally not be encountered, it
does show the importance of knowing your minimum expected
load for high output swing conditions.
Board Design Recommendations
Close placement of the supply decoupling capacitors will
minimize parasitic inductance in the supply path. High frequency
load currents are typically pulled through these capacitors so
close placement of 0.01µF capacitors on each of the supply pins
will improve dynamic performance. Higher valued capacitors,
6.8µF typically, can be placed further from the package as they
are providing more of the low frequency decoupling.
The thermal pad for the ISL1591 should be connected to either
ground or the -VS power plane. The choice of which plane
depends on which one would have the more accessible thermal
area.
While the ISL1591 is relatively robust in driving parasitic
capacitive loads, it is always preferred to get any series output
resistor needed in the design as physically close as possible to
the output pins. Then trace capacitance on the other side of that
resistor will have a much smaller effect on loop phase margin.
Protection devices that are intended to steer large load
transients away from the ISL1591 output stage and into the
power supplies or ground should have a short trace from their
supply connections into the nearest supply capacitor - or should
include their own supply capacitors to provide a low impedance
path under fast transient conditions.
Revision History
The revision history provided is for informational purposes only and is believed to be accurate, but not warranted. Please go to web to make
sure you have the latest revision.
DATE
REVISION
CHANGE
10/30/2012
FN7625.1
page 2 , Figure 3 schematic: added resistor values and added buffer between Rc and Rt.
08/18/2011
FN7625.0
Initial Release
Products
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Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
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17
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
ISL1591
Package Outline Drawing
L24.4X4F
24 LEAD THIN QUAD FLAT NO-LEAD PLASTIC PACKAGE
Rev 2, 1/11
2.50
4.00
20X 0.50
A
B
19
6
PIN 1
INDEX AREA
18
4.00
(4X)
24
1
EXP. DAP
2.50 ±0.05 SQ.
2.50
6
13
0.15
0.10 M C A B
TOP VIEW
12
4
24X 0.250 ±0.050
6
PIN #1
INDEX AREA
7
0.25 MIN (4 SIDES)
24X 0.400 ±0.10
BOTTOM VIEW
SEE DETAIL "X"
( 3.80 )
( 2.50)
0.10 C
0.75 ±0.05
C
SEATING PLANE
0.08 C
SIDE VIEW
( 20X 0.50)
( 3.80 )
( 2.50 )
(24X 0.25)
C
0 . 2 REF
5
0 . 00 MIN.
0 . 05 MAX.
( 24 X 0.60)
TYPICAL RECOMMENDED LAND PATTERN
DETAIL "X"
NOTES:
1.
Dimensions are in millimeters.
Dimensions in ( ) for Reference Only.
2.
Dimensioning and tolerancing conform to ASME Y14.5m-1994.
3.
Unless otherwise specified, tolerance : Decimal ± 0.05
4.
Dimension applies to the metallized terminal and is measured
between 0.15mm and 0.30mm from the terminal tip.
5.
Tiebar shown (if present) is a non-functional feature.
6.
The configuration of the pin #1 identifier is optional, but must be
located within the zone indicated. The pin #1 identifier may be
7.
Compliant to JEDEC MO-220 VGGD-8.
either a mold or mark feature.
18
FN7625.1
October 31, 2012
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