DATASHEET

DATASHEET
Digital DC/DC PMBus 10A Power Module
ZL9010M
Features
The ZL9010M is a 10A adjustable output, step-down
synchronous PMBus-compliant digital power supply. Included
in the module is a high-performance digital PWM controller,
power MOSFETs, an inductor and all the passive components
required for a highly integrated DC/DC power solution. This
power module has built-in auto compensation algorithms,
which eliminates the need for manual compensation design
work. The ZL9010M operates over a wide input voltage range
and supports an output voltage range of 0.6V to 3.6V, which
can be set by external resistors or via PMBus. Only bulk input
and output capacitors are needed to finish the design. The
output voltage can be precisely regulated to as low as 0.6V
with ±1% output voltage regulation over line, load and
temperature variations.
• Complete digital switch mode power supply
• Auto compensating PID filter
• ±1% output voltage accuracy
• External synchronization
• Overcurrent/undercurrent protection
• Output voltage tracking
• Current sharing and phase interleaving
• Programmable sequencing (delay and ramp time)
• Snapshot™ parametric capture
• PMBus compliant
Applications
The ZL9010M functions as a switch mode power supply with
added benefits of auto compensation, programmable power
management features, parametric monitoring and status
reporting capabilities.
• Server, telecom and datacom
• Industrial and medical equipment
• General purpose point-of-load
The ZL9010M is packaged in a thermally enhanced, compact
(17.2mm x 11.45mm) and low profile (2.5mm) overmolded
high-density array (HDA) package module suitable for
automated assembly by standard surface mount equipment.
The ZL9010M is RoHS compliant.
Related Literature
• AN2034, “Configuring Current Sharing on the ZL2004 and
ZL2006”
Figure 1 represents a typical implementation of the ZL9010M.
For PMBus operation, it is recommended to tie the Enable pin
(EN) to SGND.
VIN
4.5V TO
13.2V
POWER-GOOD
OUTPUT
ENABLE
2x22µF
16V
VDD
DGND
PG
VIN
EN
EXT SYNC
DDC BUS
VOUT
SYNC
ZL9010M
DDC
2.5mm
COUT
SDA
FB+
FB-
V1
m
SA
RSA
SGND
PGND
5m
11.4
SCL
PMBus
VOUT
17.2
mm
RSET
*Patent pending package
FIGURE 1. TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUIT
March 16, 2016
FN8422.3
1
FIGURE 2. SMALL FOOTPRINT PACKAGE WITH LOW PROFILE AT
2.5mm
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 1-888-468-3774 | Copyright Intersil Americas LLC 2014, 2015, 2016. All Rights Reserved
Intersil (and design) is a trademark owned by Intersil Corporation or one of its subsidiaries.
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
ZL9010M
Table of Contents
Pin Configuration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pin Descriptions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinout Internal Circuit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Ordering Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Absolute Maximum Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Thermal Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Recommended Operating Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Electrical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Typical Performance Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Derating Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Application Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal Bias and Input Voltage Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Design Trade-Offs with Switching Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selection of the Input Capacitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Selection of the Output Capacitors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
14
14
15
15
Functional Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Multi-Mode Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PMBus Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PMBus Module Address Selection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Phase Spreading for a Single-Phase Mode of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Voltage Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Start-Up Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soft-Start Delay and Ramp Times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power-Good . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching Frequency and PLL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loop Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adaptive Diode Emulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input Undervoltage Lockout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Overvoltage Protection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Prebias Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Overcurrent Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal Overload Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage Tracking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tracking Groups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Voltage Margining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Digital-DC Bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Output Sequencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fault Spreading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Active Current Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring via PMBus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Temperature Monitoring Using the XTEMP Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SnapShot Parameter Capture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nonvolatile Memory and Device Security Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15
15
16
16
16
17
17
18
19
19
20
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
24
24
24
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
Layout Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Thermal Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PCB Layout Pattern Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thermal Vias. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stencil Pattern Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
28
28
28
28
29
PMBus Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
PMBus™ Data Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
PMBus Use Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
PMBus Commands Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Submit Document Feedback
2
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ZL9010M
Firmware Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Revision History. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
About Intersil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Package Outline Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Submit Document Feedback
3
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ZL9010M
Pin Configuration
V25
PG
EN
DDC
XTEMP
VDD
VDD
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
A
PAD1
VIN
SGND C
V25
V25
B
PAD2
DGND D
PGND
V25
ZL9010M
(32 LD HDA)
TOP VIEW
SYNC E
SA F
PGND
PAD3
SGND
SCL G
PAD4
SW
VR
SDA H
SALRT J
FC0 K
PAD5
VOUT
4
V1
SS
VTRK
5
6
7
8
FB-
3
TEST
2
FB+
1
V1
L
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Pin Descriptions
PIN
LABEL
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
A1, A2,
B3, B6
V25
PWR
A3
PG
0
Power-good output. Provide open-drain power-good signal. By default, the PG pin asserts if the output is within
+15/-10% of the target voltage. These limits and the polarity of the pin may be changed via the PMBus interface.
A4
EN
I
Enable input. This pin is factory set as active high. Pull-up to enable the module switching and pull-down to disable
switching. If the module is controlled through PMBus command, tie a 10kΩ resistor from this pin to SGND to avoid this
pin floating.
A5
DDC
I/O
Digital-DC bus (open drain). The DDC pin on all Digital modules in one application should be connected together. This
dedicated bus provides the communication channel between modules for features such as sequencing, fault spreading
and current sharing. A pull-up resistor is required for this application.
A6
XTEMP
I
External temperature sensor input. Connect to an external 2N3904 transistor with a diode configuration. See Figure 26
on page 26.
A7, A8
VDD
PWR
Controller input voltage. Tie to VIN directly.
Internal 2.5V reference. It is used to power internal circuitry.
C1
SGND
PWR
Signal ground. Connect to low impedance ground plane. Refer to “Layout Guide” on page 27.
D1
DGND
PWR
Digital ground. Common return for digital signals. Connect to low impedance ground plane. Refer to “Layout Guide” on
page 27.
E1
SYNC
I/O
F1
SA
I
F10
PGND
PWR
G1
SCL
I/O
Serial clock. PMBus interface pin.
H1
SDA
I/O
Serial data. PMBus interface pin.
H9
VR
PWR
Submit Document Feedback
Clock synchronization. Used for synchronization to external frequency reference. See Table 8 for setting switching
frequency.
Serial address select pin. Used to assign unique PMBus address to each module and phase spreading.
Power ground. Connect to low impedance ground plane.
Internal 5V reference. Used to power internal drivers. The current limit for the VR pin is 10mA. Please consider this when
using the VR pin for driving external circuitry.
4
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March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Pin Descriptions
(Continued)
PIN
LABEL
TYPE
J1
SALRT
O
Serial alert. PMBus interface pin.
DESCRIPTION
K1
FC0
I
Mode Setting. Used to set the single-phase/current sharing mode, auto compensation and SYNC configuration. See
Table 9 on page 20.
L1, L2
V1
I
Output voltage selection pin. It is used to program the output voltage through pin-strap setting or connecting a resistor from
the V1 pin to SGND (see Table 4 “SINGLE RESISTOR VOUT SETTING” on page 17). The set voltage on this pin is the maximum
allowed output voltage in PMBus programming.
L3
SS
I
Soft-start pin. Set SS pin by pin-strapping or connecting a resistor to SGND using the appropriate resistor. The pin can
program the delay from when EN is asserted until the output voltage starts to ramp, the output voltage ramp time during
turn on/off and input undervoltage lockout (UVLO) level (see Table 6 on page 18). This pin can also set tracking ratio and
upper track limit (see Table 10 on page 23).
L4
VTRK
I
Tracking sense input. Used to track an external voltage source.
L6
FB+
I
Output voltage positive feedback. Positive inputs of differential remote sense for the regulator. Connect to the output
rail or the regulation point of load/processor. This pin is noise sensitive. Refer to “Layout Guide” on page 27.
L7
FB-
I
Output voltage negative feedback. Negative input of the differential remote sense for the regulator. Connect to the
negative rail or ground of the load/processor.
L8
TEST
TEST
Test pin. For factory test use. Solder down the pin for mechanical strength, but do not connect the pin.
PAD1
VIN
PWR
Power inputs. Input voltage range: 4.5V to 13.2V. Tie directly to the input rail. When the input is between 4.5V to 5.5V,
VIN should be tied directly to VCC.
PAD2
PGND
PWR
Power ground. Power ground pins for both input and output returns.
PAD3
SGND
PWR
Signal ground. Connect to low impedance ground plane (see Figure 27 on page 28).
PAD4
SW
PWR
Switch node. Use for monitoring switching frequency. SW pad should be floating or used for snubber connections. To
achieve better thermal performance, the SW planes can also be used for heat removal with thermal vias connected to
large inner layers (see Figure 27 on page 28).
PAD5
VOUT
PWR
Power Output. Apply output load between these pins and PGND pins. Output voltage range: 0.6V to 3.6V.
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Pinout Internal Circuit
FC0 SS VTRK V1
EN
A4
L4
L3
K1
V1
L1
VDD VDD
L2
A7
A8
VR
V25
V25
V25
V25
VIN
H9
A1
A2
B3
B6
Pad
14 1
3
A3
L
PG
FILTER
LDO
2.2µF
LDO
SS
OV/UV
POWER MANAGEMENT
INTERLEAVE
MGN
OC/UC
CURRENT SHARE
AUTOCOMP
VCC
PLL
E1
D-PWM
NVM
GH
GATE DRIVE LOGIC
SYNC
OUT
PWMH
Pad 4
SW
145
Pad
VOUT
0.5µH
GATE DRIVER
PWML
GL
NLR
GND
SUPERVISOR
DIGITAL
COMPENSATOR
PROTECTION
CSA
L8
ISENB
L6
FB+
L7
FB-
A6
XTEMP
VOUT
22
SCL
G1
SDA
H1
SA
F1
DDC
A5
ADC
COMMUNICATION
VSA
VDD
22
J1
ADC
SGND
TEMP
SENSOR
DGND
DIGITAL CONTROLLER
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6
D1
F10
DGND
PGND
Pad
14 2
PGND
Pad
14 3
C1
SGND
SGND
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Ordering Information
PART NUMBER
(Notes 1, 2, 3)
PART
MARKING
FIRMWARE REVISION
(Note 4)
TEMP RANGE
(°C)
PACKAGE
(RoHS Compliant)
PKG.
DWG. #
ZL9010MIRZ
ZL9010M
FE03
-40 to +85
32 Ld 17.2x11.45 HDA
Y32.17.2x11.45
ZL9010MAIRZ
ZL9010M
FE04
-40 to +85
32 Ld 17.2x11.45 HDA
Y32.17.2x11.45
ZL9010MEVAL1Z
Evaluation Board
NOTES:
1. Add “-T*” suffix for tape and reel. Please refer to TB347 for details on reel specifications.
2. These Intersil plastic packaged products are RoHS compliant by EU exemption 7C-I and employ special Pb-free material sets, molding compounds/die
attach materials, and 100% matte tin plate plus anneal (e3) termination finish which is compatible with both SnPb and Pb-free soldering operations.
Intersil RoHS compliant products are MSL classified at Pb-free peak reflow temperatures that meet or exceed the Pb-free requirements of IPC/JEDEC
J STD-020.
3. For Moisture Sensitivity Level (MSL), please see device information page for ZL9010M. For more information on MSL please see Tech Brief TB363.
4. See “Firmware Revision History” on page 67; only the latest firmware revision is recommended for new designs.
ZL
xxxxM
DIGITAL MODULE DESIGNATOR
BASE PART NUMBER
FIRMWARE REVISION
BLANK: FE03
A: FE04
OPERATING TEMPERATURE
I: INDUSTRIAL (‐ 40°C TO +85°C)
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7
F
T
R
Z
S
SHIPPING OPTION
BLANK: BULK
T: TAPE AND REEL
RoHS
Z: RoHS COMPLIANT
PACKAGE DESIGNATOR
R: QUAD FLAT NO‐LEAD (QFN)
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Thermal Information
(Note 5)
DC Supply Voltage for VDD Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 17V
Input Voltage for VIN Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 17V
MOSFET Drive Reference for VR Pin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 6.5V
2.5V Logic Reference for V25 Pin. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 3V
Logic I/O Voltage for PG, EN, DDC, SYNC,
PG, SCL, SDA, SALRT, FC0, V1, SS Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 6V
Analog Input Voltages XTEMP, VTRK,
FB+, FB-, ISENB Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to 6V
Switch Node for SW Pin
Continuous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(PGND - 0.3V) to 30V
Transient (<100ns) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (PGND - 5V) to 30V
Ground Voltage Differential (DGND - SGND, PGND - SGND)
for DGND, SGND and PGND Pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.3V to +0.3V
ESD Rating
Human Body Model (Tested per JESD22-A114F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2000V
Machine Model (Tested per JESD22-A115C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200V
Charged Device Model (Tested per JESD22-C110D) . . . . . . . . . . . 1000V
Latch-up (Tested per JESD78C; Class 2, Level A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100mA
Thermal Resistance (Typical)
JA (°C/W) JC (°C/W)
32 Ld HDA Package (Notes 8, 9) . . . . . . . .
15
1
Storage Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-55°C to +150°C
Pb-Free Reflow Profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see Figure 28
Recommended Operating Conditions
Input Supply Voltage Range, VIN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5V to 13.2V
Input Supply For Controller, VDD (Note 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5V to 13.2V
Driver Supply Voltage, VR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.5V to 5.5V
Output Voltage Range, VOUT (Note 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.54V to 3.6V
Output Current Range, IOUT(DC) (Note 20). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0A to 10A
Operating Junction Temperature Range, TJ. . . . . . . . . . . .-40°C to +125°C
CAUTION: Do not operate at or near the maximum ratings listed for extended periods of time. Exposure to such conditions may adversely impact product
reliability and result in failures not covered by warranty.
NOTES:
5. Voltage measured with respect to SGND.
6. VIN supplies the power FETs. VDD supplies the controller. VIN can be tied to VDD. For VDD ≤ 5.5V, VDD should be tied to VR.
7. Includes ±10% margin limits.
8. JA is simulated in free air with device mounted on a four-layer FR-4 test board (76.2 x 114.3 x 1.6mm) with 80% coverage, 2oz Cu on top and bottom
layers, plus two, buried, one-ounce Cu layers with coverage across the entire test board area. Multiple vias were used, with via diameter = 0.3mm on
1.2mm pitch.
9. For JC, the “case” temperature is measured at the center of the package underside.
Electrical Specifications
VIN = VDD = 12V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. Boldface
limits apply across the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C.
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
TYP
MAX
MIN
(Note 10) (Note 11) (Note 10) UNITS
INPUT AND SUPPLY CHARACTERISTICS
Input Bias Supply Current, IDD
VIN = VDD = 13.2V, fSW = 400kHz, no load
–
35
45
mA
Input Bias Shutdown Current, IDDS
EN = 0V, no PMBus activity
–
15.5
20
mA
Input Supply Current, IVIN
VIN = 12V, IOUT = 10A, VOUT = 1.2V, fSW = 400kHz
–
1.22
–
A
VR Reference Output Voltage (Note 12)
VDD > 6V
4.5
5.2
5.7
V
V25 Reference Output Voltage (Note 12)
VR > 3V
2.25
2.5
2.75
V
Output Voltage Adjustment Range (Note 12)
VIN > VOUT. Does not include margin limits.
0.6
–
3.3
V
Output Voltage Set-point Resolution
Set using resistors. (See Table 1)
–
50 - 200
–
mV
Set using PMBus with temperature compensation
applied
–
±0.025
–
% FS
Output Voltage Accuracy (Notes 12, 13)
Includes line, load, temperature
-1
–
1
%
VSEN Input Bias Current (Note 12)
VSEN = 5.5V
–
110
200
µA
Output Load Current (Note 20)
VIN = 12V, VOUT = 1.2V
–
10
–
A
Peak-to-peak Output Ripple Voltage, ΔVOUT (Note 13) IOUT = 6A, VOUT = 1.2V, COUT = 1000µF
–
20
–
mV
Soft-start Delay Duration Range (Notes 12, 14)
5
–
20
ms
0.005
–
500
s
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Set using SS pin or resistor
Set using PMBus
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Electrical Specifications
VIN = VDD = 12V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. Boldface
limits apply across the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C. (Continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
MIN
TYP
MAX
(Note 10) (Note 11) (Note 10) UNITS
Soft-start Delay Duration Accuracy (Notes 12, 14) Turn-on delay (Note 16)
–
-0.25/+4
–
ms
Turn-off delay (Note 16)
–
-0.25/+4
–
ms
Set using SS pin or resistor
2
–
20
ms
Set using
0
–
200
ms
–
100
–
µs
Soft-start Ramp Duration Range (Notes 12, 14)
Soft-start Ramp Duration Accuracy (Note 12)
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Voltage Change for Positive Load Step
IOUT = 2A to 10A, slew rate = 1.6A/μs, VOUT = 1.2V
(see Figure 19)
–
4
–
%
Voltage Change for Positive Load Step
IOUT = 10A to 2A, slew rate = 1.6A/μs, VOUT = 1.2V
(see Figure 19)
–
4
–
%
300
–
1000
kHz
-5
–
5
%
OSCILLATOR AND SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS (Note 12)
Switching Frequency Range
Switching Frequency Set-point Accuracy
Predefined settings (See Table 1)
Maximum PWM Duty Cycle
Factory setting (Note 19)
-
–
95
%
150
–
–
ns
-13
–
13
%
–
100
–
kHz
-10
–
10
µA
Logic Input Low, VIL
–
–
0.8
V
Logic Input High, VIH
2.0
–
–
V
Minimum SYNC Pulse Width
Input Clock Frequency Drift Tolerance
External clock source
LOGIC INPUT/OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS (Note 12)
PMBus Speed
Logic Input Bias Current
EN, PG, SCL, SDA pins
Logic Output Low, VOL
IOL ≤ 4mA (Note 18)
–
–
0.4
V
Logic Output High, VOH
IOH ≥ -2mA (Note 18)
2.25
–
–
V
–
110
200
µA
-100
–
+ 100
mV
-1
–
1
%
TRACKING (Note 12)
VTRK Input Bias Current
VTRK = 5.5V
VTRK Tracking Ramp Accuracy
100% tracking, VOUT - VTRK, no prebias
VTRK Regulation Accuracy
100% tracking, VOUT - VTRK
FAULT PROTECTION CHARACTERISTICS (Note 12)
UVLO Threshold Range
Configurable via PMBus
2.85
–
16
V
-150
–
150
mV
Factory setting
–
3
–
%
Configurable via I PMBus
0
–
100
%
–
–
2.5
µs
–
90
–
% VOUT
UVLO Set-point Accuracy
UVLO Hysteresis
UVLO Delay
Power-Good VOUT Threshold
Factory setting
Power-Good VOUT Hysteresis
Factory setting
–
5
–
%
Power-Good Delay (Note 17)
Configurable via PMBus
0
–
500
s
VSEN Undervoltage Threshold
Factory setting
–
85
–
% VOUT
Configurable via PMBus
0
–
110
% VOUT
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Electrical Specifications
VIN = VDD = 12V, TA = -40°C to +85°C, unless otherwise noted. Typical values are at TA = +25°C. Boldface
limits apply across the operating temperature range, -40°C to +85°C. (Continued)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
VSEN Overvoltage Threshold
MIN
TYP
MAX
(Note 10) (Note 11) (Note 10) UNITS
Factory setting
–
115
–
% VOUT
Configurable via PMBus
0
–
115
% VOUT
–
5
–
% VOUT
16
–
µs
VSEN Undervoltage Hysteresis
VSEN Undervoltage/Overvoltage Fault Response
Time
Factory setting
–
Configurable via PMBus
5
–
60
µs
Thermal Protection Threshold
(Controller Junction Temperature)
Factory setting
–
125
–
°C
-40
–
125
°C
–
15
–
°C
Configurable via PMBus
Thermal Protection Hysteresis
NOTES:
10. Compliance to datasheet limits is assured by one or more methods: production test, characterization and/or design.
11. Parameters with TYP limits are not production tested unless otherwise specified.
12. Parameters are 100% tested for internal controller prior to module assembly.
13. VOUT measured at the termination of the FB+ and FB- sense points.
14. The device requires a delay period following an enable signal and prior to ramping its output.
15. Precise ramp timing mode is only valid when using the EN pin to enable the device rather than PMBus enable.
16. The devices may require up to a 4ms delay following the assertion of the enable signal (normal mode) or following the de-assertion of the enable
signal.
17. Factory setting for Power-good delay is set to the same value as the soft-start ramp time.
18. Nominal capacitance of logic pins is 5pF.
19. Maximum duty cycle is limited by the equation MAX_DUTY(%) = [1 - (150×10-9 × fSW)] × 100 and not to exceed 95%.
20. The load current is related to the thermal derating curves. The maximum allowed current is derated while the output voltage goes higher than 2.5V.
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Typical Performance Curves
Operating conditions: TA = +25°C, No air flow, COUT = 3 x 100µF + 1 x 330µF.
Typical values are used unless otherwise noted.
100
100
95
95
90
85
85
80
1.8V 615kHZ
75
70
1.2V 400kHZ
1.0V 400kHZ
2.5V 615kHZ
65
0.6V 400kHZ
80
75
1.8V 615kHZ
70
65
1.0V 400kHZ
1.2V 400kHZ
60
1.0V 400kHZ
2.5V 800kHZ
55
60
50
3.3V 471kHZ
55
50
EFFICIENCY (%)
EFFICIENCY (%)
90
0
1
2
3
3.3V 800kHZ
45
4
5
IOUT (A)
6
7
8
9
10
40
0
FIGURE 3. ZL9010M EFFICIENCY, VIN = 5V
1
2
3
4
7
8
9
10
VOUT
100mV/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.2V
IOUT STEP = 2A TO 10A
SLEW 1.6A/µs
fSW = 615kHz
6
FIGURE 4. ZL9010M EFFICIENCY, VIN = 12V
VOUT
100mV/DIV
5
IOUT (A)
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.8V
IOUT STEP = 2A TO 10A
SLEW 1.6A/µs
fSW = 615kHz
IOUT
IOUT
2A/DIV
2A/DIV
200µs/DIV
200µs/DIV
FIGURE 5. VOUT = 1.2V TRANSIENT RESPONSE
FIGURE 6. VOUT = 1.8V TRANSIENT RESPONSE
VOUT
VOUT
100mV/DIV
100mV/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 2.5V
IOUT STEP = 2A TO 10A
SLEW 1.6A/µs
fSW = 615kHz
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 3.3V
IOUT STEP = 2A TO 10A
SLEW 1.6A/µs
fSW = 800kHz
IOUT
2A/DIV
IOUT
2A/DIV
200µs/DIV
FIGURE 7. VOUT = 2.5V TRANSIENT RESPONSE
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11
200µs/DIV
FIGURE 8. VOUT = 3.3V TRANSIENT RESPONSE
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Typical Performance Curves
Operating conditions: TA = +25°C, No air flow, COUT = 3 x 100µF + 1 x 330µF.
Typical values are used unless otherwise noted. (Continued)
IOUT = 10A
IOUT = 10A
20mV/DIV
20mV/DIV
IOUT = 5A
20mV/DIV
20mV/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.2V
fSW = 615kHz
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.8V
fSW = 615kHz
IOUT = 0A
IOUT = 0A
20mV/DIV
20mV/DIV
2µs/DIV
2µs/DIV
FIGURE 9. VOUT = 1.2V OUTPUT VOLTAGE RIPPLE
FIGURE 10. VOUT = 1.8V OUTPUT VOLTAGE RIPPLE
IOUT = 10A
IOUT = 10A
20mV/DIV
20mV/DIV
IOUT = 5A
IOUT = 5A
20mV/DIV
20mV/DIV
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 2.5V
fsw = 615kHz
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 3.3V
fSW = 800kHz
IOUT = 0A
20mV/DIV
IOUT = 0A
20mV/DIV
2µs/DIV
2µs/DIV
FIGURE 11. VOUT = 2.5V OUTPUT VOLTAGE RIPPLE
1.4
1.4
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.2V
tFALL = 5ms
1.2
1.0
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.2
0
0
-0.2
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
TIME (ms)
FIGURE 13. SOFT-STOP RAMP-DOWN
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12
8
9
VIN = 12V
VOUT = 1.2V
tRISE = 5ms
1.2
VOUT (V)
VOUT (V)
FIGURE 12. VOUT = 3.3V OUTPUT VOLTAGE RIPPLE
10
-0.2
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
TIME (ms)
FIGURE 14. SOFT-START RAMP-UP
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Derating Curves
Operating conditions: TA = +25°C, No air flow. fSW corresponds to those used in Efficiency curves.
COUT = 3 x 100µF + 1 x 330µF. Typical values are used unless otherwise noted.
10
10
9
9
7
7
6
6
5
5VIN _3.3VOUT
4
4
3
2
2
1
1
0
0
70
80
90
100
120
110
130
12VIN_1.8VOUT
5
3
60
12VIN_1VOUT
8
5VIN _1VOUT
IOUT (A)
IOUT (A)
8
12VIN_3.3VOUT
60
70
80
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
FIGURE 15. DERATING CURVE, 5V IN FOR VARIOUS OUTPUT
VOLTAGES, NO AIR FLOW
100
120
110
130
FIGURE 16. DERATING CURVE, 12V IN FOR VARIOUS OUTPUT
VOLTAGES, NO AIR FLOW
2.5
3.5
3.0
2.0
1.0V 400kHz
1.5
1.0
3.3V 800kHz
2.5
LOSS (W)
LOSS (W)
90
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (°C)
3.3V 471kHz
2.0
1.5
1.8V 615kHz
1.0
0.5
0.5
0.0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
IOUT (A)
FIGURE 17. POWER LOSS CURVE, 5V IN FOR VARIOUS OUTPUT
VOLTAGES
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13
10
0.0
1.0V 400kHz
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
IOUT (A)
7
8
9
10
FIGURE 18. POWER LOSS CURVE, 12V IN FOR VARIOUS OUTPUT
VOLTAGES
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
B6
V25.B6
A8
B3
V25.B3
VDD.A8
A7
VDD.A7
DDC
XTEMP
A6
EN
DDC
(Note 22)
A5
A3
A4
EN
PG
A2
PGND.F10
SALRT
FC0
L1
V1.L1
RSET L2
V1.L2
L3
SS
L4
VTRK
K1
C1
C2
C3
22µF
22µF
330µF (Optional)
PAD2
GND
PAD4
SDA
VR
J1
SW
ZL9010M
PAD1
SCL
VOUT
F10
H1
SA
H9
SDA
SALRT
PMBus
(Note 21)
SYNC
ISENB
G1
PGND.PAD2
FB-
F1
SCL
SGND
DGND
L8
E1
(See Table 3 for RSA value) RSA
SGND.C1
L7
D1
VIN
VIN
FB+
C1
SGND
FERRITE BEAD
BLM15BD102SN1D, OR 2.2Ω
SGND.PAD3
L6
PAD3
V25.A2
V25.A1
A1
ZL9010M
PAD5
VOUT
C4
C5
C6
C7
100µF
100µF
100µF
330µF
(Note 23)
GND
SGND
(See Table 4 for
RSET value)
SGND
FIGURE 19. TEST CIRCUIT FOR ALL PERFORMANCE AND DERATING CURVES
NOTES:
21. The PMBus requires pull-up resistors. Please refer to the PMBus specifications for more details.
22. The DDC bus requires a pull-up resistor. The resistance will vary based on the capacitive loading of the bus (and on the number of devices connected).
The 10kΩ default value, assuming a maximum of 100pF per device, provides the necessary 1µs pull-up rise time. Please refer to “Digital-DC Bus”
on page 24 for more details.
23. Additional capacitance may be required to meet specific transient response targets.
Application Information
used to measure input voltage as part of the Prebias and
Auto-compensation calculation.
Internal Bias and Input Voltage
Considerations
Design Trade-Offs with Switching Frequency
Beside VIN supplying the main power conversion, the ZL9010M
employs two internal low dropout (LDO) regulators to supply bias
voltages for internal circuitry allowing it to operate from a single
input supply. The internal bias regulators are as indicated in the
following:
VR - The VR LDO provides a regulated 5V bias supply for the
MOSFET driver circuits. It is powered from the VDD pin.
V25 - The V25 LDO provides a regulated 2.5V bias supply for the
main controller circuitry. It is powered from an internal 5V node.
When the input supply (VDD) is higher than 5.5V, the VR pin should
not be connected to any other pin. Due to the dropout voltage
associated with the VR bias regulator, the VDD pin can be connected
to the VR pin for designs operating from a supply below 5.5V. The
internal bias regulators are not designed to be outputs for
powering other circuitry, so keep current into the VDD pin below
80mA.
Typically, VDD is connected directly to VIN. In the case that VDD is
powered separately from VIN, the recommended power
sequence is to keep EN low, power VDD and then VIN. When the
voltage is applied to VIN, VDD should also be applied to avoid
unintentional turn-on of the internal high-side MOSFET. If the VDD
voltage is different from VIN, prebias start-up and
auto-compensation may not work correctly as the VDD voltage is
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14
For design of the buck power stage, there is a trade-off when
choosing switching frequency to achieve higher power supply
efficiency, output ripple and transient response. For output
voltages below 2V, a lower switching frequency results in higher
efficiency. A lower output ripple and faster transient response is
achieved with higher switching frequencies and thereby can
reduce the required amount of output capacitance. Also, given
an input to output voltage relation, there is a limitation on the
allowable switching frequency due to normal part operation. See
“Switching Frequency and PLL” on page 19 for more
considerations.
To start the design with a goal of high efficiency, select a
frequency based on Table 1. To achieve good transient response,
a minimum switching frequency of 615kHz is recommended.
TABLE 1. OPTIMAL SWITCHING FREQUENCY FOR EFFICIENCY
V0 -VIN
3.3V
(kHz)
5V
(kHz)
12V
(kHz)
0.6 - 1.5
300
400
400
1.5 - 2.5
300
615
615
2.5 - 3.6
300
400
800
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Functional Description
Completing a Power Supply Design
To achieve a power supply design with digital capabilities using
ZL9010M, only input and output capacitors and two resistors are
needed. The two resistors are installed on the SA and V1 pins for
setting the PMBus address and output voltage, respectively.
Selection of the Input Capacitor
The input filter capacitor should be based on how much ripple
the supply can tolerate on the DC input line. The larger the
capacitor, the less ripple expected, but consideration should be
taken for the higher surge current during power-up. The
ZL9010M provides the soft-start function that controls and limits
the current surge. The value of the input capacitor can be
calculated by Equation 1:
D  1 – D
C IN  MIN  = I O  ----------------------------------------------f
V
P-P  MAX 
(EQ. 1)
SW
Where:
CIN(MIN) is the minimum input capacitance (µF) required
IO is the output current (A)
D is the duty cycle (VO/VIN)
VP-P(MAX) is the maximum peak-to-peak voltage (V)
fSW is the switching frequency (Hz)
In addition to the bulk capacitance, some low Equivalent Series
Resistance (ESR) ceramic capacitance should be placed as close
as possible to decouple between the drain terminal of the
high-side MOSFET (VIN PAD1) and the source terminal of the
low-side MOSFET (PGND PAD2). This is used to reduce voltage
ringing created by the switching current across parasitic circuit
elements. This ripple’s (ICINrms) impact should be considered
and can be determined from Equation 2:
(EQ. 2)
I CINrms = I OUT  D   1 – D 
Without capacitive filtering near the power supply circuit, this
current would flow through the supply bus and return planes,
coupling noise into other system circuitry. The input capacitors
should be rated at 1.2x the ripple current calculated in
Equation 2 to avoid overheating of the capacitors due to the high
ripple current, which can cause premature failure.
Selection of the Output Capacitors
The ZL9010M is designed for low output voltage ripple. The
output voltage ripple and transient requirements can be met with
bulk output capacitors (COUT) with low ESR; the recommended
minimum ESR is <6MΩ. COUT can be a low ESR tantalum
capacitor, a low ESR polymer capacitor or a ceramic capacitor.
The typical output capacitance range is from 200µF to 1200µF
and decoupling ceramic output capacitors are used per phase.
The optimized output capacitance is 700µF with an ESR of 5mΩ.
The maximum recommended product of output capacitance and
equivalent ESR value is given by [COUT x ESR] <3600 (µF x mΩ).
With a step load faster than 0.2A/µs, the recommended amount
of output capacitor is 100µF per ampere of step load. Additional
output filtering may be needed if further reduction of output
ripple or dynamic transient spikes are required.
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Multi-Mode Pins
In order to simplify circuit design, the ZL9010M family
incorporates patented multi-mode pins that allow the user to
easily configure many aspects of the device without
programming. Most power management features can be
configured using these pins. The multi-mode pins can respond to
two types of configurations summarized in Table 2. These pins
are sampled when power is applied or by issuing a PMBus
command RESTORE_FACTORY_ALL. Refer to “PMBus Command
Summary” on page 29.
Pin-strap Settings: With pin strapping, parameters can be set by
strapping the pins in one of three possible states: LOW, OPEN, or
HIGH. These pins can be connected to SGND for logic LOW as this
pin provides a voltage lower than 0.8V. For logic OPEN, they have
no connection. These pins can be connected to the V25 pin for
logic HIGH settings as this pin provides a regulated voltage
higher than 2V when power is applied to the VDD pin.
Resistor Settings: Allows a greater range of adjustability when
connecting a finite value resistor (in a specified range) between
the multi-mode pin and SGND. Standard 1% resistor values are
used and only every fourth standard resistor value is used so the
device can reliably recognize the value of resistance connected
to the pin while eliminating the error associated with the resistor
accuracy. Up to 31 unique selections are available using a single
resistor.
TABLE 2. MULTI-MODE PIN CONFIGURATION
PIN TIED TO
VALUE
LOW (Logic LOW)
<0.8VDC
OPEN (N/C)
No connection
HIGH (Logic HIGH)
>2.0VDC
Resistor to SGND
Set by resistor value
There are five multi-mode pins in ZL9010M: FC0, SA, SYNC, SS
and V1. The multi-mode pin configuration can set ZL9010M
power management features and mode of operation to both
single-phase and current-sharing without any programming. SA
and V1 are the only two pins that must be set for a general
single-phase operation, which use the default settings associated
with the other three pins, or overriding other parameters via the
PMBus.
The SA sets the PMBus address, phase spreading and
Reference/Member assignment in current sharing mode. The
effective phase spreading depends on the mode of operation. The
Reference/Member is pre-assigned in current sharing mode and
up to 8 two-phase with 5 three-phase current-shared group is
possible.
The FC0 is used to distinguish between the two modes of
operation and is used in combination with SA in current sharing
mode. FC0 pin strapping and resistor programming in the range
of 10kΩ to 42.2kΩ set the operation to single-phase mode, while
the range of 46.4kΩ to 178kΩ is for current sharing mode. The
FC0 also sets the Autocomp and Sync configuration.
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
The SYNC sets the switching frequency and is only effective in
single-phase mode, as SYNC pins are connected together in
current-sharing mode.
TABLE 3. PMBus ADDRESS VALUES (Continued)
RSA (kΩ)
PMBus ADDRESS
34.8
0x5D
38.3
0x5E
42.2
0x5F
PMBus Communications
46.4
0x60
The ZL9010M provides an PMBus digital interface that enables
the user to configure all aspects of the module operation as well
as monitor the input and output parameters. The ZL9010M can
be used with any PMBus host device. In addition, the module is
compatible with PMBus version 2.0 and includes a SALRT line to
help mitigate bandwidth limitations related to continuous fault
monitoring. Pull-up resistors are required on the PMBus as
specified in the PMBus 2.0 specification. The ZL9010M accepts
most standard PMBus commands. When controlling the device
with PMBus commands, it is recommended that the enable pin
be tied to SGND.
51.1
0x61
56.2
0x62
61.9
0x63
68.1
0x64
75
0x65
82.5
0x66
90.9
0x67
100
0x68
110
0x69
121
0x6A
133
0x6B
147
0x6C
162
0x6D
178
0x6E
The SS sets the ramp timing, UVLO and tracking. The V1 sets the
output voltage. The SS and V1 are the same purpose in
single-phase and current-share modes.
The PMBus device address and VOUT_MAX are the only
parameters that must be set by external pins. All other device
parameters can be set via the PMBus. The device address is set
using the SA pin. VOUT_MAX is determined as 10% greater than
the voltage set by the V1 pin.
The ZL9010M supports 100kHz and 400kHz PMBus clock speed
with communication interval of 20ms between STORE and
RESTORE commands and ~2ms for other general commands.
PMBus Module Address Selection
Each module must have its own unique serial address to
distinguish between other devices on the bus. The module
address is set by connecting a resistor between the SA pin and
SGND. Table 3 lists the available module addresses.
TABLE 3. PMBus ADDRESS VALUES
Phase Spreading for a Single-Phase Mode of
Operation
When multiple point-of-load converters share a common DC
input supply, it is desirable to adjust the clock phase offset of
each device such that not all devices start to switch
simultaneously. Setting each converter to start its switching cycle
at a different point in time can dramatically reduce input
capacitance requirements and efficiency losses. Since the peak
current drawn from the input supply is effectively spread out over
a period of time, the peak current drawn at any given moment is
reduced and the power losses proportional to the IRMS2 are
reduced dramatically.
RSA (kΩ)
PMBus ADDRESS
LOW
0x23
OPEN
0x24
HIGH
0x25
10
0x50
11
0x51
12.1
0x52
13.3
0x53
14.7
0x54
16.2
0x55
17.8
0x56
19.6
0x57
For example:
21.5
0x58
23.7
0x59
• A device address of 0x50 or 0x60 would configure no phase
offset
26.1
0x5A
28.7
0x5B
31.6
0x5C
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To enable spreading, all converters must be synchronized to the
same switching clock. The FC0 pin is used to set the
configuration of the SYNC pin for each device as described in
“Switching Frequency and PLL” on page 19.
Selecting the phase offset for the device in a standalone mode of
operation is accomplished by selecting a device address
according to the Equation 3:
Phase Offset = device address  45
(EQ. 3)
• A device address of 0x51 or 0x61 would configure 45° of
phase offset
• A device address of 0x52 or 0x62 would configure 90° of
phase offset
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
The phase offset of each device may also be set to any value
between 0° and 360° in 22.5° increments via the PMBus
interface. Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for
further details.
TABLE 4. SINGLE RESISTOR VOUT SETTING (Continued)
RSET (kΩ)
VOUT
121
2.80
Output Voltage Selection
133
3.00
The output voltage may be set to a voltage between 0.6V and
3.6V provided that the input voltage is higher than the desired
output voltage by an amount sufficient to prevent the device
from exceeding its maximum duty cycle specification.
147
3.30
162
3.60
The V1 pins are used to set the output voltage using a single
resistor, RSET between the V1 pins and SGND. Table 4 lists the
available output voltage settings with a single resistor.
TABLE 4. SINGLE RESISTOR VOUT SETTING
RSET (kΩ)
VOUT
LOW
1.20
OPEN
1.50
HIGH
3.30
10
0.60
11
0.65
12.1
0.70
13.3
0.75
14.7
0.80
16.2
0.85
17.8
0.90
19.6
0.95
21.5
1.00
23.7
1.05
26.1
1.10
28.7
1.15
31.6
1.20
34.8
1.25
38.3
1.30
42.2
1.40
46.4
1.50
51.1
1.60
56.2
1.70
61.9
1.80
68.1
1.90
75
2.00
82.5
2.10
90.9
2.20
100
2.30
110
2.50
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The output voltage may also be set to any value between 0.6V
and 3.6V using a PMBus command over the PMBus interface.
Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29.
The RSET resistors program places an upper limit in output
voltage setting through PMBus programming to 10% above the
value set by the resistors.
Start-Up Procedure
The ZL9010M follows a specific internal start-up procedure after
power is applied to the VDD pin. Table 5 describes the start-up
sequence.
If the device is to be synchronized to an external clock source, the
clock frequency must be stable prior to asserting the EN pin. The
device requires approximately 5ms to 6ms to check for specific
values stored in its internal memory. If the user has stored values
in memory, those values will be loaded. The device will then
check the status of all multi-mode pins and load the values
associated with the pin settings.
Once this process is completed, the device is ready to accept
commands via the PMBus interface and the device is ready to be
enabled. Once enabled, the device requires a minimum delay
period following an enable signal and prior to ramping its output,
as described in “Soft-Start Delay and Ramp Times” on page 18. If
a soft-start delay period less than the minimum has been
configured (using PMBus commands), the device will default to
the minimum delay period. If a delay period greater than the
minimum is configured, the device will wait for the configured
delay period prior to starting to ramp its output.
After the delay period has expired, the output will begin to ramp
towards its target voltage according to the preconfigured
soft-start ramp time that has been set using the SS pin. It should
be noted that if the EN pin is tied to VDD, the device will still
require approximately 5ms to 6ms before the output can begin
its ramp-up as described in Table 5 on page 18.
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
TABLE 5. ZL9010M START-UP SEQUENCE
STEP #
STEP NAME
DESCRIPTION
TIME DURATION
1
Power Applied
Input voltage is applied to the ZL9010M’s VDD pin.
2
Internal Memory Check
3
Multi-mode Pin Check
The device will check for values stored in its internal memory. This step Approximately 5ms to 6ms
is also performed after a Restore command.
(device will ignore an enable
signal or PMBus traffic during this
The device loads values configured by the multi-mode pins.
period)
4
Device Ready
The device is ready to accept an enable signal.
5
Pre-ramp Delay
The device requires a minimum delay period following an enable signal
and prior to ramping its output, as described in “Soft-Start Delay and
Ramp Times” on page 18.
Soft-Start Delay and Ramp Times
TABLE 6. SOFT-START PIN-STRAP/RESISTOR SETTINGS (Continued)
It may be necessary to set a delay when an enable signal is
received until the output voltage starts to ramp to its target
value. In addition, the designer may wish to precisely set the time
required for VOUT to ramp to its target value after the delay
period has expired. These features may be used as part of an
overall inrush current management strategy or to precisely
control how fast a load IC is turned on. The ZL9010M gives the
system designer several options for precisely and independently
controlling both the delay and ramp time periods.
The soft-start delay period begins when the EN pin is asserted and
ends when the delay time expires. The soft-start ramp timer enables
a precisely controlled ramp to the nominal VOUT value that begins
once the delay period has expired. The ramp-up is guaranteed
monotonic and its slope may be precisely set using the SS pin.
The soft-start delay and ramp times can be set to a custom value
by pin-strapping or connecting a resistor from the SS pin to SGND
using the appropriate resistor value from Table 6. See “Input
Undervoltage Lockout” on page 21 for further explanation of
UVLO setting using SS pin. The value of this resistor is measured
upon start-up or Restore and will not change if the resistor is
varied after power has been applied to the ZL9010M.
TABLE 6. SOFT-START PIN-STRAP/RESISTOR SETTINGS
RSS
(kΩ)
DELAY TIME
(ms)
RAMP TIME
(ms)
UVLO
(V)
4.5
LOW
5
2
OPEN
5
5
HIGH
10
10
10
5
2
5
11
5
12.1
10
13.3
20
14.7
5
16.2
10
17.8
20
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18
Depends on input supply ramp
time
3
DELAY TIME
(ms)
RAMP TIME
(ms)
UVLO
(V)
19.6
5
2
4.5
21.5
10
RSS
(kΩ)
23.7
5
26.1
10
28.7
20
31.6
5
34.8
10
38.3
20
42.2
5
46.4
10
51.1
5
56.2
10
61.9
20
68.1
5
75
10
82.5
20
5
10
2
10.8
5
10
With the SS pin OPEN, the default value for delay time and ramp
time is 5ms. The soft-start delay and ramp times are set to
custom values via the PMBus interface. When the delay time is
set to 0ms, the device begins its ramp-up after the internal
circuitry has initialized (approximately 2ms). When the soft-start
ramp period is set to 0ms, the output ramps up as quickly as the
output load capacitance and loop settings allow. It is generally
recommended to set the soft-start ramp to a value greater than
500µs to prevent inadvertent fault conditions due to excessive
inrush current.
The ZL9010M has a minimum tON_DELAY requirement that is a
function of the operating mode. Table 7 shows the different
mode configurations and the minimum tON_DELAY required for
each mode. Current sharing is configured with the
ISHARE_CONFIG PMBus command, Auto compensation is
configured with the AUTO_COMP_CONFIG command and standby
mode is configured as low power with the USER_CONFIG
command. Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29.
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Resistor programming on the SS pin with a delay time of 20ms
can be used to satisfy the minimum tON_DELAY of 15ms.
TABLE 7. MINIMUM tON_DELAY vs OPERATING MODE
AUTOCOMP
LOW-POWER
STANDBY
MIN.
tON_DELAY
(ms)
X
Disabled
False
5
Disabled
Enabled
False
5
Disabled
X
True
10
Enabled
Disabled
True
15
Enabled
Enabled
X
15
CURRENT
SHARING
Power-Good
The ZL9010M provides a Power-good (PG) signal that indicates
the output voltage is within a specified tolerance of its target
level and no fault condition exists. By default, the PG pin asserts
if the output is within +15/-10% of the target voltage. These
limits and the polarity of the pin may be changed via the PMBus
interface. Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29.
A PG delay period is defined as the time when all conditions
within the ZL9010M for asserting PG are met, to when the PG pin
is actually asserted. This feature is commonly used instead of
using an external reset controller to control external digital logic.
By default, the ZL9010M PG delay is set to 1ms and may be
changed using the PMBus as described in “PMBus Command
Summary” on page 29.
By default, the ZL9010M PG delay is set equal to the soft-start
ramp time setting. Therefore, if the soft-start ramp time is set to
6ms, the PG delay is set to 6ms. The PG delay may be set
independently of the soft-start ramp using the PMBus as
described in “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29.
If Auto Comp is enabled, the PG timing is further controlled by
the PG Assert parameter, as described in “Loop Compensation”
on page 20.
Switching Frequency and PLL
The ZL9010M incorporates an internal phase-locked loop (PLL)
to clock the internal circuitry. The PLL can be driven by an
external clock source connected to the SYNC pin. When using the
internal oscillator, the SYNC pin can be configured as a clock
source for other Intersil Digital devices. With the FC0 pin, the
SYNC pin can be configured as input, Auto detect and Output.
Pinstrap resistor setting to “input” mode is applicable for
member devices used in current sharing mode only.
the device is in Low Power Mode, it will check for a clock signal
on the SYNC pin immediately after EN goes true. In this case, the
incoming clock signal must be in range and stable before EN
goes true. If a clock signal is present, the ZL9010M's oscillator
will then synchronize with the rising edge of the external clock.
If no incoming clock signal is present, the ZL9010M will
configure the switching frequency according to an external
resistor, RSYNC, connected between SYNC and SGND using Table 8,
given that FC0 used pin-strap or has a resistor RFC0 in the range of
10kΩ to 13.3kΩ. When FC0 is OPEN, or used with resistor settings
in the range, the switching frequency of the ZL9010M is set to a
default of 615kHz. The module will only read the SYNC pin
connection during the first start-up sequence; changes to SYNC
pin connections will not affect fSW until the power (VDD) is cycled
off and on. Frequency modifications without restarting the VDD
power can disable the SYNC auto detect function.
SYNC OUTPUT
When the SYNC pin is configured as an output via PMBus, the
device will run from its internal oscillator and will drive the
resulting internal oscillator signal onto the SYNC pin so other
devices can be synchronized to it. The SYNC pin will not be
checked for an incoming clock signal while in this mode.
When FC0 is used with resistor settings in the range of
14.7kΩ to 31.6kΩ, the ZL9010M drives the SYNC pin with
frequency as described in Table 9 and will ignore any resistor
settings on SYNC pin. Similarly, when FC0 is used with selected
value of resistors in the range of 46.4kΩ to 178kΩ, the ZL9010M
operates in current sharing mode with the SYNC pin providing
clock out.
When FC0 is used with resistor settings in the range of
34.8kΩ to 42.2kΩ, the ZL9010M will first read the SYNC pin
connection and drives the SYNC pin with the frequency described
in Table 8. In this mode, the SYNC pin should not be pin strapped
to LOW or HIGH (voltage source). It is recommended to connect a
buffer with high impedance, as seen by the SYNC pin of the
module providing the clock out, to subsequently drive the SYNC
pin of other devices.
SYNC SETTING VIA PMBUS CONSIDERATION
The switching frequency can be set to any value between 300kHz
and 1.0MHz using the PMBus interface. The available frequencies
below 1.0MHz are defined by fSW = 8MHz/N, where the whole
number N is 8  N 27. Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on
page 29. If a value other than fSW = 8MHz/N is entered using a
PMBus command, the internal circuitry will select the valid
switching frequency value that is closest to the entered value. For
example, if 810kHz is entered, the device will select 800kHz
(N = 10).
When multiple modules are used together, connecting the SYNC
pins together will force all devices to synchronize with each other.
One device must set its SYNC pin as an output and the remaining
devices must have their SYNC pins set as Auto Detect.
SYNC AUTO DETECT
In Auto Detect mode, the module will check for a clock signal on
the SYNC pin immediately after power-up. In this case, the
incoming clock signal must be in the range of 300kHz to 1.0MHz
and must be stable within 10µs after V25 rises above 2.25V. If
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
TABLE 8. SWITCHING FREQUENCY PIN-STRAP/RESISTOR SETTINGS
SYNC PIN/
RSYNC (kΩ)
fSW
(kHz)
SYNC PIN/
RSYNC (kΩ)
fSW
(kHz)
LOW
400
23.7
471
OPEN
615
26.1
533
HIGH
800
28.7
571
14.7
296
31.6
615
16.2
320
34.8
727
17.8
364
38.3
800
19.6
400
46.4
889
21.5
421
51.1
1000
Loop Compensation
The ZL9010M operates as a voltage-mode synchronous buck
controller with a fixed frequency PWM scheme. The module is
internally compensated via the PMBus interface. The auto
compensation feature measures the characteristics of the power
train and calculates the proper tap coefficients and can be
configured according to an external resistor, RFC0, connected
between FC0 and SGND in Table 9.
TABLE 9. FC0 PIN-STRAP/RESISTOR SETTINGS
AUTOCOMP CONFIG
AC
FC0 PIN/ SINGLE/
RFC0 (kΩ) DISABLE AC GAIN
LOW
OPEN
HIGH
Single
70
50
Single
12.1
90
13.3
14.7
19.6
26.1
70
34.8
Not Stored
Store in Flash
Not Stored
Auto Detect
Store in Flash
Output
400kHz
Store in Flash
615kHz
Not Stored
Single
70
Store in Flash
Auto Comp Disabled
800kHz
Not Stored
Single
70
Store in Flash
Auto Comp Disabled
38.3
42.2
Auto Detect
Store in Flash
Auto Comp Disabled
28.7
31.6
SYNC
OVERRIDE
Not Stored
Single
21.5
23.7
Not Stored
Auto Comp Disabled
16.2
17.8
SYNC PIN
CONFIG
Auto Comp Disabled
10
11
STORE
VALUES
Not Stored
Single
70
Depend on
RSYNC
Store in Flash
If the device is configured to store auto comp values, the
calculated compensation values will be saved in the Auto Comp
Store and may be read back through the PID_TAPS command. If
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repeat mode is enabled, the first Auto Comp results after the first
ramp will be stored; the values calculated periodically are not
stored in the Auto Comp Store. When compensation values are
saved in the Auto Comp Store, the device will use those
compensation values on subsequent ramps. In repeat mode, the
latest Auto Comp results will always be used during operation.
Stored Auto Comp results can only be cleared by disabling Auto
Comp Store, which is not permitted while the output is enabled.
However, sending the AUTOCOMP_CONTROL command while
enabled in Store mode will cause the next results to be stored,
overwriting previously stored values. If auto compensation is
disabled, the device will use the compensation parameters that
are stored in the DEFAULT_STORE or USER_STORE.
If the PG Assert parameter is set to “Use PG Delay,” PG will be
asserted according to the POWER_GOOD_DELAY command,
after which Auto Comp will begin. When Auto Comp is enabled,
the user must not program a Power-Good Delay that will expire
before the ramp is finished. If PG Assert is set to “After Auto
Comp," PG will be asserted immediately after the first Auto
Comp cycle completes (POWER_GOOD_DELAY will be ignored).
The routine can be set via the PMBus interface to execute one
time after ramp or periodically while regulating and have either
PG Assert behavior described earlier. Note that the Auto
Compensation feature requires a minimum tON_DELAY as
described in “Soft-Start Delay and Ramp Times” on page 18.
The Auto Comp Gain control scales the Auto Comp results to
allow a trade-off between transient response and steady-state
duty cycle jitter. A setting of 100% will provide the fastest
transient response while a setting of 10% will produce the lowest
jitter.
With resistor settings, auto compensation can only be set to
execute one time after ramp with option to store auto comp
values. With auto compensation disabled, PG is asserted
according to POWER_GOOD_DELAY. With auto compensation
executed once and auto comp values not stored, PG is asserted
after auto compensation is complete at every start-up event.
With auto compensation executed once and auto comp values
stored, PG is asserted after auto compensation is complete at
the first start-up event and is asserted according to
POWER_GOOD_DELAY for subsequent start-up event along with
using the stored auto comp values from the first start-up. By
default with FC0 OPEN, auto compensation is configured to
execute one time after ramp with 70% Auto Comp Gain, PG
asserted immediately after the first Auto Comp cycle completes
and auto comp values not stored.
Note that if Auto Comp is enabled, for best results VIN must be
stable before Auto Comp begins, as shown in Equation 4.
V IN
100%
----------------------  in%   ----------------------------------------256  V OUT
VINNom
1 + ------------------------------VIN Nom
(EQ. 4)
The auto compensation function can also be configured via the
AUTO_COMP_CONFIG command and controlled using the
AUTO_COMP_CONTROL command over the PMBus interface.
Please refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for
further details.
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Adaptive Diode Emulation
Output Prebias Protection
Adaptive diode emulation mode turns off the low-side FET gate
drive at low load currents to prevent the inductor current from
going negative, reducing the energy losses and increasing overall
efficiency. Diode emulation is available to single-phase devices
only.
An output prebias condition exists when an externally applied
voltage is present on a power supply’s output before the power
supply’s control IC is enabled. Certain applications require that
the converter not be allowed to sink current during start-up if a
prebias condition exists at the output. The ZL9010M provides
prebias protection by sampling the output voltage prior to
initiating an output ramp.
Note: the overall bandwidth of the device may be reduced when
in diode emulation mode. Disabling the diode emulation prior to
applying significant load steps is recommended.
Input Undervoltage Lockout
The input undervoltage lockout (UVLO) prevents the ZL9010M
from operating when the input falls below a preset threshold,
indicating the input supply is out of its specified range.
The UVLO threshold (VUVLO) can be set between 2.85V and 16V
using the PMBus interface.
Once an input undervoltage fault condition occurs, the device
can respond in a number of ways, as follows:
1. Continue operating without interruption.
2. Continue operating for a given delay period, followed by
shutdown if the fault still exists. The device remains in
shutdown until instructed to restart.
3. Initiate an immediate shutdown until the fault is cleared. The
user can select a specific number of retry attempts.
The default response from a UVLO fault is an immediate
shutdown of the module. The controller continuously checks for
the presence of the fault condition. If the fault condition is no
longer present, the ZL9010M is re-enabled.
Output Overvoltage Protection
The ZL9010M offers an internal output overvoltage protection
circuit that can be used to protect sensitive load circuitry from
being subjected to a voltage higher than its prescribed limits. A
hardware comparator is used to compare the actual output
voltage (seen at the FB+ pin) to a threshold set to 15% higher
than the target output voltage (the default setting). If the FB+
voltage exceeds this threshold, the PG pin deasserts and the
controller can then respond in a number of ways, as follows:
If a prebias voltage lower than the target voltage exists after the
preconfigured delay period has expired, the target voltage is set
to match the existing prebias voltage and both drivers are
enabled. The output voltage is then ramped to the final
regulation value at the preconfigured ramp rate.
The actual time the output takes to ramp from the prebias
voltage to the target voltage varies, depending on the prebias
voltage, but the total time elapsed from when the delay period
expires and when the output reaches its target value, will match
the preconfigured ramp time (see Figure 20).
If a prebias voltage higher than the target voltage exists after the
preconfigured delay period has expired, the target voltage is set
to match the existing prebias voltage and both drivers are
enabled with a PWM duty cycle that would ideally create the
pre-bias voltage.
Once the preconfigured soft-start ramp period has expired, the
PG pin is asserted (assuming the prebias voltage is not higher
than the overvoltage limit). The PWM then adjusts its duty cycle
to match the original target voltage and the output ramps down
to the preconfigured output voltage.
If a prebias voltage higher than the overvoltage limit exists, the
device does not initiate a turn-on sequence and declares an
overvoltage fault condition to exist. In this case, the device
responds based on the output overvoltage fault response method
that has been selected. See “Output Overvoltage Protection” on
page 21 for response options due to an overvoltage condition.
Note that prebias protection is not offered for current sharing
groups that also have tracking enabled. The VDD must be the
same voltage as VIN for proper prebias start-up in single module
operation.
1. Initiate an immediate shutdown until the fault is cleared. The
user can select a specific number of retry attempts.
2. Turn off the high-side and the low-side MOSFETs until the
device attempts a restart.
The default response from an overvoltage fault is to immediately
shut down. The controller continuously checks for the presence
of the fault condition and when the fault condition no longer
exists, the device is re-enabled.
For continuous overvoltage protection when operating from an
external clock, the only allowed response is an immediate
shutdown.
Please refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for
details on how to select specific overvoltage fault response
options via PMBus.
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details. Note that setting a higher thermal limit via the PMBus
interface may result in permanent damage to the controller.
Once the module has been disabled due to an internal
temperature fault, the user may select one of several fault
response options as follows:
1. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart an infinite number
of times with a preset delay period between attempts.
2. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart a preset number of
times with a preset delay period between attempts.
3. Continue operating for a given delay period, followed by
shutdown if the fault still exists.
4. Continue operating through the fault (this could result in
permanent damage to the power supply).
5. Initiate an immediate shutdown.
If the user has configured the module to restart, the controller
waits the preset delay period (if configured to do so) and then
checks the module temperature. If the temperature has dropped
below a threshold that is approximately +15°C lower than the
selected temperature fault limit, the controller attempts to
restart. If the temperature still exceeds the fault limit, the
controller waits the preset delay period and retries again.
The default response from a temperature fault is an immediate
shutdown of the module. The controller continuously checks for
the fault condition and once the fault has cleared, the ZL9010M
is reenabled.
FIGURE 20. OUTPUT RESPONSES TO PREBIAS VOLTAGES
Output Overcurrent Protection
The ZL9010M can protect the power supply from damage if the
output is shorted to ground or if an overload condition is imposed
on the output. The following overcurrent protection response
options are available:
1. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart an infinite number
of times with a preset delay period between attempts.
2. Initiate a shutdown and attempt to restart a preset number of
times with a preset delay period between attempts.
3. Continue operating for a given delay period, followed by
shutdown if the fault still exists.
4. Continue operating through the fault (this could result in
permanent damage to the power supply).
5. Initiate an immediate shutdown.
The default response from an overcurrent fault is an immediate
shutdown of the controller. The controller continuously checks for
the presence of the fault condition and if the fault condition no
longer exists, the device is reenabled.
Please refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for
details on how to select specific overcurrent fault response
options via PMBus.
Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for details on
how to select specific temperature fault response options via
PMBus.
Voltage Tracking
Numerous high performance systems place stringent demands
on the order in which the power supply voltages are turned on.
This is particularly true when powering FPGAs, ASICs and other
advanced processor devices that require multiple supply voltages
to power a single die. In most cases, the I/O interface operates at
a higher voltage than the core and therefore the core supply
voltage must not exceed the I/O supply voltage according to the
manufacturers' specifications. Voltage tracking protects these
sensitive ICs by limiting the differential voltage between multiple
power supplies during the power-up and power-down sequence.
The ZL9010M integrates a lossless tracking scheme that allows
its output to track a voltage that is applied to the VTRK pin with
no external components required. The VTRK pin is an analog
input that, when tracking mode is enabled, configures the
voltage applied to the VTRK pin to act as a reference for the
device’s output regulation. Figure 21 illustrates the typical
connection of two tracking modules.
Thermal Overload Protection
The ZL9010M includes a thermal sensor that continuously
measures the internal temperature of the module and shuts
down the controller when the temperature exceeds the preset
limit. The default temperature limit is set to +125°C in the
factory, but the user may set the limit to a different value if
desired. See “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for
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1. Coincident. This mode configures the module to ramp its
output voltage at the same rate as the voltage applied to the
VTRK pin. Two options are available for this mode:
ZL
VOUT
REFERENCE
VTRK
COUT R
- Track at 100% VOUT limited. Member rail tracks the
reference rail and stops when the member reaches its target
voltage Figure 22 (A).
- Track at 100% VTRK limited. Member rail tracks the
reference at the instantaneous voltage value applied to the
VTRK pin Figure 22 (B).
VOUT_M
SDA
SCL
ZL
MEMBER
COUT M
FIGURE 21. PMBus TRACKING CONFIGURATION
The ZL9010M offers two modes of tracking as follows and can be
configured according to an external resistor, RSS, connected
between SS and SGND in Table 10 or via PMBus. The tON_DELAY
time is set to 5ms and tOFF_DELAY time is set to 35ms. The
RAMP time is set to 2ms, but can track to a slower RAMP time,
i.e., >2ms.
TABLE 10. TRACKING RESISTOR SETTINGS
RSS
(kΩ)
TRACK RATIO
(%)
90.9
100
UPPER TRACK
LIMIT
Output always follows VTRK
110
Output always follows VTRK
50
Limited by target Output does not decrease
before PG
147
162
Ton Dly
0
Output always follows VTRK
Limited by VTRK Output does not decrease
before PG
178
Output always follows VTRK
Vmem
Toff Dly
Vref=1.8V
Vmem=0.9V
EN
A.
Track @ 100% Vtrk Limited
Vref = Vmem VRef
0
Vmem
Toff Dly
Ton Dly
Vref=1.8V
Vmem=1.8V
EN
B.
Limited by VTRK Output does not decrease
before PG
121
133
Track @ 100% Vout Limited
Vref > Vmem VRef
RAMP-UP/DOWN BEHAVIOR
Limited by target Output does not decrease
before PG
100
Coincident Tracking
~~
SCL
~
VOUT_R
SDA
FIGURE 22. COINCIDENT TRACKING
2. Ratiometric. This mode configures the module to ramp its
output voltage at a rate that is a percentage of the voltage
applied to the VTRK pin. The default setting is 50%, but an
external resistor string may be used to configure a different
tracking ratio:
- Track at 50% VOUT limited. Member rail tracks the reference
rail and stops when the member reaches 50% of the target
voltage Figure 23 (A).
- Track at 50% VTRK limited. Member rail tracks the
reference at the instantaneous voltage value applied to the
VTRK pin until the member rail reaches 50% of the
reference rail voltage, or if the member is configured to less
than 50% of the reference the member will achieve its
configured target Figure 23 (B).
Vref = 1.8V
Vmem= 0.9V
VRef
Ton Dly
0
~~
Ratiometric Tracking
Track @ 50% Vout Limited
Vmem
Vref=1.8V
Vmem=0.9V
Toff Dly
EN
Track @ 50% Vtrk Limited
Vref = 1.8V
Vref
Vmem = 0.9V
Ton Dly
0
~~
A.
Vmem
Toff Dly
Vref=1.8V
Vmem=0.9V
EN
B.
FIGURE 23. RATIOMETRIC TRACKING
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The master module device in a tracking group is defined as the
device that has the highest target output voltage within the
group. This master device will control the ramp rate of all
tracking devices and is not configured for tracking mode. A delay
of at least 6ms must be configured into the master device and
the user may also configure a specific ramp rate. Any device that
is configured for tracking mode will ignore its soft-start delay and
its output will take on the turn-on/turn-off characteristics of the
reference voltage present at the VTRK pin. All of the ENABLE pins
in the tracking group must be connected together and driven by a
single logic source. Tracking is configured via the PMBus
interface by using the TRACK_CONFIG PMBus command. Refer
to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for further details
on configuring tracking mode using PMBus.
When the ZL9010M is configured to the voltage tracking mode,
the voltage applied to the VTRK pin acts as a reference for the
member device(s) output regulation. When the Auto
Compensation algorithm is used the soft-start values (Rise/Fall
times) are used to calculate the loop gain used during the
turn-on/turn-off ramps. If current sharing is used, constrain the
rise/fall time between 5ms and 20ms to ensure current sharing
while ramping.
Tracking Groups
VOUT tON DLY tON RISE tOFF DLY tOFF FALL
(V)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
RAIL
Reference 1.8
Member
tON_DLY(REF) > tON_DLY(MEM) + tON_RISE(REF)
+ 5ms > tON_DLY(MEM) + 6ms
(EQ. 5)
This delay allows the member device(s) to prepare their control
loops for tracking following the assertion of ENABLE.
The member device TOFF_DELAY has been redefined to describe
the time that the VTRK pin will follow the reference voltage after
enable is de-asserted. The delay setting sets the timeout for the
member's output voltage to turn off in the event that the
reference output voltage does not achieve zero volts.
The member device(s) must have a minimum TOFF_DELAY of as
shown in Equation 6:
tOFF_DLY(MEM) > tOFF_DLY(REF)
+ tOFF_FALL(REF) + 5ms
(EQ. 6)
All of the ENABLE pins must be connected together and driven by
a single logic source or a PMBus Broadcast Enable command
may be used.
The configuration settings for Figures 22 and 23 are shown in
Tables 11 through 14. In each case the reference and member
rise times are set to the same value.
24
0.9
MODE
15
5
5
5
Tracking Disabled
5
5
15
5
100% VOUT Limited
TABLE 12. TRACKING CONFIGURATION (Figure 22 (B))
VOUT tON DLY tON RISE tOFF DLY tOFF FALL
(V)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
RAIL
Reference 1.8
Member
1.8
MODE
15
5
5
5
Tracking Disabled
5
5
15
5
100% V TRK Limited
TABLE 13. TRACKING CONFIGURATION (Figure 23 (A))
VOUT tON DLY tON RISE tOFF DLY tOFF FALL
(V)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
RAIL
Reference 1.8
Member
0.9
MODE
15
5
5
5
Tracking Disabled
5
5
15
5
50% VOUT Limited
TABLE 14. TRACKING CONFIGURATION (Figure 23 (B))
RAIL
In a tracking group, the device configured to the highest voltage
within the group is defined as the reference device. The device(s)
that track the reference is called member device(s). The
reference device will control the ramp delay and ramp rate of all
tracking devices and is not placed in the tracking mode. The
reference device is configured to the highest output voltage for
the group and all other device(s)’ output voltages are meant to
track and never exceed the reference device output voltage. The
reference device must be configured to have a minimum
TON_DELAY and TON-RISE as shown in Equation 5:
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TABLE 11. TRACKING CONFIGURATION (Figure 22 (A))
VOUT tON DLY tON RISE tOFF DLY tOFF FALL
(V)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
(ms)
Reference 1.8
Member
1.8
MODE
15
5
5
5
Tracking Disabled
5
5
15
5
50% V TRK Limited
Voltage Margining
The ZL9010M offers a simple means to vary its output higher or
lower than its nominal voltage setting in order to determine
whether the load device is capable of operating over its specified
supply voltage range. The MGN command is set through the
PMBus interface.
The module’s output will be forced higher than its nominal set
point when the MGN command is set HIGH and the output will be
forced lower than its nominal set point when the MGN command
is set LOW. Default margin limits of VNOM ±5% are pre-loaded in
the factory, but the margin limits can be modified through the
PMBus interface to as high as VNOM + 10% or as low as 0V,
where VNOM is the nominal output voltage set point determined
by the V1 pin.
The margin limits and the MGN command can both be set
individually through the PMBus interface. Additionally, the
transition rate between the nominal output voltage and either
margin limit can be configured through the PMBus interface.
Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for further
instructions on modifying the margining configurations.
Digital-DC Bus
The Digital-DC Communications (DDC) bus is used to
communicate between Intersil Digital modules and devices. This
dedicated bus provides the communication channel between
devices for features such as sequencing, fault spreading and
current sharing. The DDC pin on all Digital-DC devices in an
application should be connected together. A pull-up resistor is
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required on the DDC bus in order to guarantee the rise time as
shown in Equation 7:
Rise Time = R PU C LOAD  1s
(EQ. 7)
where RPU is the DDC bus pull-up resistance and CLOAD is the
bus loading. The pull-up resistor may be tied to an external 3.3V
or 5V supply as long as this voltage is present prior to or during
device power-up. As a rule of thumb, each device connected to
the DDC bus presents approximately 10pF of capacitive loading
and each inch of FR4 PCB trace introduces approximately 2pF.
The ideal design uses a central pull-up resistor that is well
matched to the total load capacitance. The minimum pull-up
resistance should be limited to a value that enables any device to
assert the bus to a voltage that ensures a logic 0 (typically 0.8V
at the device monitoring point), given the pull-up voltage and the
pull-down current capability of the ZL9010M (nominally 4mA).
calibrating out the physical parasitic mismatches due to power
train components and PCB layout.
Upon system start-up, the module with the lowest member
position as selected in ISHARE_CONFIG is defined as the
reference module. The remaining modules are members. The
reference module broadcasts its current over the DDC bus. The
members use the reference current information to trim their
voltages (VMEMBER) to balance the current loading of each
module in the system.
VIN
3.3V TO 5V
CIN
DDC
ZL9010M
COUT
Output Sequencing
CIN
A group of Digital-DC modules or devices may be configured to
power-up in a predetermined sequence. This feature is especially
useful when powering advanced processors, FPGAs and ASICs
that require one supply to reach its operating voltage prior to
another supply reaching its operating voltage in order to avoid
latch-up. Multi-device sequencing can be achieved by configuring
each device through the PMBus interface.
DDC
ZL9010M
VOUT
COUT
FIGURE 24. CURRENT SHARING GROUP
Multiple device sequencing is configured by issuing PMBus
commands to assign the preceding device in the sequencing
chain as well as the device that follows in the sequencing chain.
The Enable pins of all devices in a sequencing group must be tied
together and driven high to initiate a sequenced turn-on of the
group. Enable must be driven low to initiate a sequenced turnoff
of the group.
-R
VOUT
Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for details on
sequencing via the PMBus interface.
VREFERENCE
VMEMBER
-R
Fault Spreading
Digital DC modules and devices can be configured to broadcast a
fault event over the DDC bus to the other devices in the group.
When a non-destructive fault occurs and the device is configured
to shut down on a fault, the device shuts down and broadcasts
the fault event over the DDC bus. The other devices on the DDC
bus shut down together, if configured to do so and attempt to
restart in their prescribed order, if configured to do so.
Active Current Sharing
Paralleling multiple ZL9101M modules can be used to increase
the output current capability of a single power rail. By connecting
the DDC pins of each module together and configuring the
modules as a current sharing rail, the units share the current
equally within a few percent. Figure 24 illustrates a typical
connection for two modules.
The ZL9101M uses a low-bandwidth, first-order digital current
sharing technique to balance the unequal module output loading
by aligning the load lines of member modules to a reference
module.
Droop resistance is used to add artificial resistance in the output
voltage path to control the slope of the load line curve,
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25
I MEMBER
I OUT
I REFERENCE
FIGURE 25. ACTIVE CURRENT SHARING
Figure 25 shows that, for load lines with identical slopes, the
member voltage is increased towards the reference voltage,
which closes the gap between the inductor currents.
The relation between reference and member current and voltage
is given by Equation 8:
V MEMBER = V OUT + R   I REFERENCE – I MEMBER 
(EQ. 8)
Where R is the value of the droop resistance.
The ISHARE_CONFIG command is used to configure the module
for active current sharing. The default setting is a stand-alone
non-current sharing module. A current sharing rail can be part of
a system sequencing group.
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For fault configuration, the current share rail is configured in a
quasi-redundant mode. In this mode, when a member module
fails, the remaining members continue to operate and attempt to
maintain regulation. Of the remaining modules, the module with
the lowest member position becomes the reference. If fault
spreading is enabled, the current share rail failure is not
broadcast until the entire current share rail fails.
XTEMP
100pF
ZL
2N3904
SGND
DISCRETE NPN
The phase offset of (multi-phase) current sharing modules is
automatically set to a value between 0° and 337.5° in 22.5°
increments as in Equation 9:
Phase Offset = SMBus Address  4:0  – Current
Share Position 22.5
XTEMP
(EQ. 9)
µP
100pF
ZL
FPGA
DSP
ASIC
SGND
Please refer to application note AN2034 for additional details on
current sharing.
Monitoring via PMBus
A system controller can monitor a wide variety of different
ZL9010M system parameters through the PMBus interface. The
device can monitor for fault conditions by monitoring the SALRT
pin, which will be pulled low when any number of preconfigured
fault conditions occur.
The module can be monitored continuously for any number of
power conversion parameters including the following:
• Input voltage
• Output voltage
FIGURE 26. EXTERNAL TEMPERATURE MONITORING
SnapShot Parameter Capture
The ZL9010M offers a special feature that enables the user to
capture parametric data during normal operation or following a
fault. The SnapShot functionality is enabled by setting Bit 1 of
MISC_CONFIG command to 1. The SnapShot feature enables the
user to read parameters via a block read transfer through the
SMBus. This can be done during normal operation, although it
should be noted that reading the 32 bytes occupies the SMBus
for a period of time.
The SNAPSHOT_CONTROL command enables the user to store
the SnapShot parameters to flash memory in response to a
pending fault, as well as to read the stored data from flash
memory after a fault has occurred. In order to read the stored
data from flash memory, two conditions must apply:
• Output current
• Internal temperature
• External temperature
1. The module should be disabled.
• Switching frequency
• Duty cycle
The PMBus host should respond to SALRT as follows:
1. ZL device pulls SALRT low.
2. PMBus host detects that SALRT is now low, performs
transmission with Alert Response Address to find, which ZL
device is pulling SALRT low.
3. PMBus host talks to the ZL device that has pulled SALRT low.
The actions that the host performs are up to the system
designer.
If multiple devices are faulting, SALRT will still be low after doing
the above steps and will require transmission with the Alert
Response Address repeatedly until all faults are cleared.
Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for details on
how to monitor specific parameters via the PMBus interface.
Temperature Monitoring Using the XTEMP Pin
The ZL9010M supports measurement of an external device
temperature using either a thermal diode integrated in a
processor, FPGA or ASIC, or using a discrete diode-connected
2N3904 NPN transistor. Figure 26 illustrates the typical
connections required.
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EMBEDDED THERMAL DIODE
26
2. SnapShot mode should be disabled by changing Bit 1 of
MISC_CONFIG to 0. This is to prevent firmware from updating
RAM values after the fault with current values.
Table 15 describes the usage of SNAPSHOT_CONTROL
command. Automatic writes to flash memory following a fault
are triggered when any fault threshold level is exceeded,
provided that the specific fault's response is to shut down (writing
to flash memory is not allowed if the device is configured to retry
following the specific fault conditions).
TABLE 15. SNAPSHOT_CONTROL COMMAND
DATA
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
1
Copies current SNAPSHOT values from flash memory to
RAM for immediate access using SNAPSHOT command.
2
Writes current SNAPSHOT values to flash memory. Only
available when device is disabled.
It should be noted that the device's VDD voltage must be
maintained during the time when the device is writing the data to
flash memory; a process that requires up to 1400µs. Undesirable
results may be observed if the device's VDD supply drops below
3.0V during the process.
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The following is a recommended procedure for using the
SnapShot parameter capture after a fault:
1. Configure the module using config file (optional)
2. Enable the SnapShot mode by setting bit 1 of MISC_CONFIG
command to 1. This can be done before or after the module
is enabled.
Note: Do not store MISC_CONFIG: SNAPSHOT setting in
default/user store.
3. At this point the module starts capturing operational
parameters in RAM for SNAPSHOT, every firmware cycle.
4. The module is configured to capture operational parameters
after a fault during operation.
5. After the fault, disable the SnapShot mode by setting Bit 1 of
MISC_CONFIG command to 0. This is to prevent firmware
from updating RAM values after the fault with current values.
Layout Guide
To achieve stable operation, low losses and good thermal
performance some layout considerations are necessary
(Figure 27).
• Establish a continuous ground plane connecting DGND pin and
PGND pin F10 with via directly the ground plane.
• Establish SGND island connecting (pad 3, pin C1) and the
return path of analog signals and resistor programming pin
signals.
• Establish PGND island connecting PGND (pad 2, 5, pin F10).
• Make a single point connection between SGND and PGND
islands.
7. Send SNAPSHOT_CONTROL command 1 to read the stored
data from flash memory into RAM at any time. Issue a
SNAPSHOT command to read the data from RAM via SMBus.
• Place a high frequency ceramic capacitor between (1) VIN and
PGND (pad 2) (2) VOUT and PGND (pad 5) as close to the
module as possible to minimize high frequency noise. High
frequency ceramic capacitors close to the module between
VOUT and PGND will help to minimize noise at the output
ripple.
8. Repeat step 7 to retrieve SNAPSHOT parameters after a
power cycle. It is important to make sure SnapShot mode is
disabled in MISC_CONFIG command.
• Use large copper areas for power path (VIN, PGND, VOUT, SW)
to minimize conduction loss and thermal stress. Also, use
multiple vias to connect the power planes in different layers.
6. Disable the module.
Nonvolatile Memory and Device Security
Features
The ZL9010M has internal nonvolatile memory where user
configurations are stored. Integrated security measures ensure
that the user can only restore the module to a level that has been
made available to them.
• Connect remote sensed traces FB+ and FB- to the regulation
point to achieve a tight output voltage regulation and keep
them in parallel. Route a trace from FB- to a location near the
load ground and a trace from FB+ to the point-of-load where
the tight output voltage is desired.
• Avoid routing any sensitive signal traces, such as the VOUT,
FB+, FB- sensing point near the SW pad.
During the initialization process, the ZL9010M checks for stored
values contained in its internal non-volatile memory. The
ZL9010M offers two internal memory storage units that are
accessible by the user as follows:
1. Default Store: The ZL9010M has a default configuration that is
stored in the default store in the controller. The module can be
restored to its default settings by issuing a
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL command over the PMBus.
2. User Store: The user can modify certain power supply settings
as described in this datasheet. The user stores their
configuration in the user store.
Refer to “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29 for details on
how to set specific security measures via the PMBus interface.
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March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
size of 17.2mmx11.45mmx2.5mm. Figure 28 shows typical
reflow profile parameters. These guidelines are general design
rules. Users could modify parameters according to their
application.
PGND
VIN
SGND
DGND
The bottom of the ZL9010M is a lead-frame footprint, which is
attached to the PCB by surface mounting process. The PCB
layout pattern is shown in the Package Outline Drawing
Y32.17.2x11.45 on page 69. The PCB layout pattern is
essentially 1:1 with the HDA exposed pad and I/O termination
dimensions. The thermal lands on the PCB layout should match
1:1 with the package exposed die pads.
SW
VR
FB-
FB+
PGND
SGND
VOUT
Thermal Vias
KELVIN SENSING LINES
PGND
SGND
PCB Layout Pattern Design
A grid of 1.0mm to 1.2mm pitch thermal vias, which drops down
and connects to buried copper plane(s), should be placed under the
thermal land. The vias should be about 0.3mm to 0.33mm in
diameter with the barrel plated to about 1.0 ounce copper. Although
adding more vias (by decreasing via pitch) will improve the thermal
performance, diminishing returns will be seen as more and more
vias are added. Simply use as many vias as practical for the thermal
land size and your board design rules allow.
PGND
Stencil Pattern Design
FIGURE 27. RECOMMENDED LAYOUT
Thermal Considerations
Experimental power loss curves along with θJA from thermal
modeling analysis can be used to evaluate the thermal
consideration for the module. The derating curves are derived
from the maximum power allowed while maintaining the
temperature below the maximum junction temperature of
+125°C. In actual application, other heat sources and design
margin should be considered.
Package Description
Reflowed solder joints on the perimeter I/O lands should have
about a 50µm to 75µm (2mil to 3mil) standoff height. The solder
paste stencil design is the first step in developing optimized,
reliable solder joins. Stencil aperture size to land size ratio should
typically be 1:1. The aperture width may be reduced slightly to help
prevent solder bridging between adjacent I/O lands. To reduce
solder paste volume on the larger thermal lands, it is
recommended that an array of smaller apertures be used instead
of one large aperture. It is recommended that the stencil printing
area cover 50% to 80% of the PCB layout pattern. A typical solder
stencil pattern is shown in the Package Outline Drawing
Y32.17.2x11.45 on page 69. The gap width pad to pad is 0.6mm.
The user should consider the symmetry of the whole stencil
pattern when designing its pads. A laser cut, stainless steel stencil
with electropolished trapezoidal walls is recommended.
Electropolishing “smooths” the aperture walls resulting in reduced
surface friction and better paste release which reduces voids.
Using a trapezoidal section aperture (TSA) also promotes paste
release and forms a "brick like" paste deposit that assists in firm
component placement. A 0.1mm to 0.15mm stencil thickness is
recommended for this large pitch (1.3mm) HDA.
The structure of ZL9010M belongs to the High Density Array (HDA)
package. This kind of package has advantages, such as good
thermal and electrical conductivity, low weight and small size. The
HDA package is applicable for surface mounting technology. The
ZL9010M contains several types of devices, including resistors,
capacitors, inductors and control ICs. The ZL9010M is a copper
lead-frame based package with exposed copper thermal pads,
which have good electrical and thermal conductivity. The copper
lead frame and multi component assembly is overmolded with
polymer mold compound to protect these devices.
The package outline and typical PCB layout pattern design and
typical stencil pattern design are shown in the package outline
drawing Y32.17.2x11.45 on page 69. The module has a small
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
Reflow Parameters
300
PEAK TEMPERATURE ~+245°C;
TYPICALLY 60s-150s ABOVE +217°C
KEEP LESS THAN 30s WITHIN 5°C OF PEAK TEMP.
250
TEMPERATURE (°C)
Due to the low mount height of the HDA, "No Clean" Type 3 solder
paste per ANSI/J-STD-005 is recommended. Nitrogen purge is
also recommended during reflow. A system board reflow profile
depends on the thermal mass of the entire populated board, so it
is not practical to define a specific soldering profile just for the
HDA. The profile given in Figure 28 is provided as a guideline, to
be customized for varying manufacturing practices and
applications.
200
SLOW RAMP (3°C/s MAX)
AND SOAK FROM +150°C
TO +200°C FOR 60s~180s
150
100
RAMP RATE 1.5°C FROM +70°C TO +90°C
50
0
0
100
150
200
250
300
350
DURATION (s)
FIGURE 28. TYPICAL REFLOW PROFILE
PMBus Command Summary
COMMAND
CODE
COMMAND
NAME
DESCRIPTION
TYPE
DATA
FORMAT
DEFAULT
VALUE
DEFAULT
SETTING
PAGE
01h
OPERATION
Sets enable, disable and VOUT
margin modes.
R/W BYTE
BIT
02h
ON_OFF_CONFIG
Configures device to enable from
EN pin or OPEARTION command.
R/W BYTE
BIT
03h
CLEAR_FAULTS
Clears fault indications.
SEND BYTE
page 35
11h
STORE_DEFAULT_ALL
Stores all PMBus values written
since last restore at default level.
SEND BYTE
page 35
12h
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL
Restores PMBus settings that
were stored at default level.
SEND BYTE
page 36
15h
STORE_USER_ALL
Stores all PMBus values written
since last restore at user level.
SEND BYTE
page 36
16h
RESTORE_USER_ALL
Restores PMBus settings that
were stored in user level.
SEND BYTE
page 36
20h
VOUT_MODE
Preset to defined data format of
VOUT commands.
READ BYTE
21h
VOUT_COMMAND
Sets the nominal value of VOUT.
R/W WORD
22h
VOUT_TRIM
Sets trim value on VOUT.
R/W WORD
L16s
23h
VOUT_CAL_OFFSET
Applies a fixed offset voltage to
the VOUT_COMMAND.
R/W WORD
L16s
24h
VOUT_MAX
Sets the maximum possible value
of VOUT.
R/W WORD
25h
VOUT_MARGIN_HIGH
Sets the value of the VOUT during a
margin high.
26h
VOUT_MARGIN_LOW
27h
page 34
16h
13h
page 35
Linear Mode,
page 36
Exponent = -13
Pin Strap
page 36
0000h
0V
page 37
0000h
0V
page 37
L16u
1.1*VOUT
Pin Strap
page 37
R/W WORD
L16u
1.05*VOUT
Pin Strap
page 37
Sets the value of the VOUT during a
margin low.
R/W WORD
L16u
0.95*VOUT
Pin Strap
page 37
VOUT_TRANSITION_RATE
Sets the transition rate during
margin or other change of VOUT.
R/W WORD
L11
BA00h
1V/ms
page 38
28h
VOUT_DROOP
Sets the loadline (V/I Slope)
resistance for the rail.
R/W WORD
L11
0000h
0mV/A
page 38
32h
MAX_DUTY
Sets the maximum allowable duty
cycle.
R/W WORD
L11
EAD6h
90.75%
page 38
33h
FREQUENCY_SWITCH
Sets the switching frequency.
R/W WORD
L11
Pin Strap
page 38
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29
L16u
Pin Enable
Soft Off
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
PMBus Command Summary (Continued)
COMMAND
CODE
COMMAND
NAME
DESCRIPTION
TYPE
DATA
FORMAT
DEFAULT
VALUE
DEFAULT
SETTING
PAGE
Based on
PMBus
Address
page 39
C20Fh
2.06mΩ/A
page 39
BD4Dh
-1.35A
page 39
1.15*VOUT
Pin Strap
page 39
Disable and
no retry
page 40
0.8*VOUT
Pin Strap
page 40
Disable and
no retry
page 41
DB00h
24A
page 41
L11
DD00h
-24A
page 41
R/W WORD
L11
EBE8h
+125°C
page 41
R/W BYTE
BIT
80h
Disable and
no retry
page 42
Sets the over-temperature
warning limit.
R/W WORD
L11
EB70h
+110°C
page 42
UT_WARN_LIMIT
Sets the under-temperature
warning limit.
R/W WORD
L11
E580h
-40°C
page 42
53h
UT_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the under-temperature fault
threshold.
R/W WORD
L11
E490h
-55°C
page 43
54h
UT_FAULT_RESPONSE
Configures the under-temperature
fault response.
R/W BYTE
BIT
80h
Disable and
no retry
page 43
55h
VIN_OV_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the VIN overvoltage fault
threshold.
R/W WORD
L11
D3A0h
14.5V
page 43
56h
VIN_OV_FAULT_RESPONSE
Configures the VIN overvoltage
fault response.
R/W BYTE
BIT
80h
Disable and
no retry
page 44
57h
VIN_OV_WARN_LIMIT
Sets the VIN overvoltage warning
limit.
R/W WORD
L11
D380h
14.0V
page 44
58h
VIN_UV_WARN_LIMIT
Sets the VIN undervoltage warning
limit.
R/W WORD
L11
CA40h
4.5V
page 44
59h
VIN_UV_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the VIN undervoltage fault
threshold.
R/W WORD
L11
CA00h
4.0V
page 44
5Ah
VIN_UV_FAULT_RESPONSE
Configures the VIN undervoltage
fault response.
R/W BYTE
BIT
80h
Disable and
no retry
page 45
5Eh
POWER_GOOD_ON
Sets the voltage threshold for
power-good indication.
R/W WORD
L16u
0.9*VOUT
Pin Strap
page 45
60h
TON_DELAY
Sets the delay time from ENABLE
to start of VOUT rise.
R/W WORD
L11
CA80h
5ms
page 45
61h
TON_RISE
Sets the rise time of VOUT after
ENABLE and TON_DELAY.
R/W WORD
L11
CA80h
5ms
page 45
64h
TOFF_DELAY
Sets the delay time from DISABLE
to start of VOUT fall.
R/W WORD
L11
CA80h
5ms
page 46
65h
TOFF_FALL
Sets the fall time for VOUT after
DISABLE and TOFF_DELAY.
R/W WORD
L11
CA80h
5ms
page 46
37h
INTERLEAVE
Sets a phase offset between
devices sharing a SYNC clock.
R/W WORD
BIT
38h
IOUT_CAL_GAIN
Sense resistance for inductor DCR
current sensing.
R/W WORD
L11
39h
IOUT_CAL_OFFSET
Sets the current-sense offset.
R/W WORD
L11
40h
VOUT_OV_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the VOUT overvoltage fault
threshold.
R/W WORD
L16u
41h
VOUT_OV_FAULT_RESPONSE
Configures the VOUT overvoltage
fault response.
R/W BYTE
BIT
44h
VOUT_UV_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the VOUT undervoltage fault
threshold.
R/W WORD
L16u
45h
VOUT_UV_FAULT_RESPONSE
Configures the VOUT undervoltage
fault response.
R/W BYTE
BIT
80h
46h
IOUT_OC_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the IOUT average overcurrent
fault threshold.
R/W WORD
L11
4Bh
IOUT_UC_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the IOUT average
undercurrent fault threshold.
R/W WORD
4Fh
OT_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets the over-temperature fault
threshold.
50h
OT_FAULT_RESPONSE
Configures the over-temperature
fault response.
51h
OT_WARN_LIMIT
52h
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30
80h
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
PMBus Command Summary (Continued)
COMMAND
CODE
COMMAND
NAME
DESCRIPTION
TYPE
DATA
FORMAT
DEFAULT
VALUE
DEFAULT
SETTING
PAGE
78h
STATUS_BYTE
Summary of most critical faults.
79h
STATUS_WORD
Summary of critical faults.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 46
READ WORD
BIT
0000h
No Faults
page 47
7Ah
STATUS_VOUT
Reports VOUT warnings/faults.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 47
7Bh
STATUS_IOUT
Reports IOUT warnings/faults.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 47
7Ch
STATUS_INPUT
Reports input warnings/faults.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 48
7Dh
STATUS_TEMPERATURE
Reports temperature
warnings/faults.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 49
7Eh
STATUS_CML
Reports communication, memory,
logic errors.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 49
80h
STATUS_MFR_SPECIFIC
Reports voltage monitoring/clock
sync faults.
READ BYTE
BIT
00h
No Faults
page 50
88h
READ_VIN
Reports input voltage
measurement.
READ WORD
L11
page 50
8Bh
READ_VOUT
Reports input voltage
measurement.
READ WORD
L16u
page 50
8Ch
READ_IOUT
Reports output current
measurement.
READ WORD
L11
page 50
8Dh
READ_TEMPERATURE_1
Reports temperature reading
internal to the device.
READ WORD
L11
page 50
8Eh
READ_TEMPERATURE_2
Reports temperature reading
external to the device.
READ WORD
L11
page 50
94h
READ_DUTY_CYCLE
Reports actual duty cycle.
READ WORD
L11
page 51
95h
READ_FREQUENCY
Reports actual switching
frequency.
READ WORD
L11
page 51
98h
PMBUS_REVISION
Returns the revision of the PMBus.
READ BYTE
HEX
99h
MFR_ID
Sets a user defined identification.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
01h
<null>
page 51
page 51
9Ah
MFR_MODEL
Sets a user defined model.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
<null>
page 51
9Bh
MFR_REVISION
Sets a user defined revision.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
<null>
page 51
9Ch
MFR_LOCATION
Sets a user defined location
identifier.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
<null>
page 52
9Dh
MFR_DATE
Sets a user defined date.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
<null>
page 52
9Eh
MFR_SERIAL
Sets a user defined serialized
identifier.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
<null>
page 52
B0h
USER_DATA_00
Sets a user defined data.
R/W BLOCK
ASC
<null>
page 52
BCh
AUTO_COMP_CONFIG
Configures the auto compensation
features.
R/W BYTE
CUS
Auto comp
enabled
gain = 70%
page 53
BDh
AUTO_COMP_CONTROL
Causes the auto comp algorithm
to initiate.
Send BYTE
BFh
DEADTIME_MAX
Sets the maximum deadtime
values.
R/W WORD
CUS
3838h
H-L = 56ns
L-H = 56ns
page 53
D0h
MFR_CONFIG
Configures several manufacturerlevel features.
R/W WORD
BIT
6A11h
Refer to
description
page 54
D1h
USER_CONFIG
Configures several user-level
features.
R/W WORD
BIT
2011h
Refer to
description
page 55
D2h
ISHARE_CONFIG
Configures the device for current
sharing communication
R/W WORD
BIT
0000h
Current share
disabled
page 56
D3h
DDC_CONFIG
Configures the DDC bus.
R/W WORD
BIT
0001h
Set Based on
PMBus
Address
page 56
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31
69h
page 53
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
PMBus Command Summary (Continued)
COMMAND
CODE
COMMAND
NAME
DESCRIPTION
TYPE
DATA
FORMAT
DEFAULT
VALUE
BA00h
D4h
POWER_GOOD_DELAY
Sets the delay PG threshold and
asserting the PG pin.
R/W WORD
L11
D5h
PID_TAPS
Configures control loop
compensator coefficients.
R/W BLOCK
CUS
D6h
INDUCTOR
Inform the device of circuit’s
inductor value
R/W WORD
L11
D7h
NLR_CONFIG
Configure the non-linear response
control parameters
R/W BLOCK
BIT
D8h
OVUV_CONFIG
Configures output voltage OV/UV
fault detection.
R/W BYTE
BIT
00h
D9h
XTEMP_SCALE
Scalar value that is for calibrating
the external temperature
R/W WORD
L11
DAh
XTEMP_OFFSET
Offset value for calibrating the
external temperature
R/W WORD
DCh
TEMPCO_CONFIG
Sets Tempco settings.
Ddh
DEADTIME
DEh
B200h
DEFAULT
SETTING
PAGE
1ms
page 56
Calculated by
Autocomp
page 57
0.5µH
page 57
00000000h Refer to
description
page 58
Faster
response, no
crowbar
page 58
BA00h
1°C
page 59
L11
8000h
0°C
page 59
R/W BYTE
CUS
28h
4000ppm/°C
with internal
temp sensor
correction
page 59
Sets default deadtime settings.
R/W WORD
CUS
1414h
H-L = 20ns
L-H = 20ns
page 60
DEADTIME_CONFIG
Configures the adaptive deadtime
optimization mode.
R/W WORD
CUS
8686h
Adaptive
deadtime
disabled
page 60
E0h
SEQUENCE
DDC rail sequencing
configuration.
R/W WORD
BIT
0000h
Prequel and
Sequel
Disabled
page 61
E1h
TRACK_CONFIG
Configures voltage tracking
modes.
R/W BYTE
BIT
00h
Tracking
disable
page 61
E2h
DDC_GROUP
Sets rail DDC IDs to obey faults
and margining spreading
information.
R/W BLOCK
BIT
E4h
DEVICE_ID
Returns the device identifier
string.
READ
BLOCK
ASC
E5h
MFR_IOUT_OC_FAULT_RESPONSE Configures the IOUT overcurrent
fault response.
R/W BYTE
BIT
E6h
MFR_IOUT_UC_FAULT_RESPONSE Configures the IOUT undercurrent
fault response.
R/W BYTE
E7h
IOUT_AVG_OC_FAULT_LIMIT
Sets IOUT average overcurrent
fault threshold.
E8h
IOUT_AVG_UC_FAULT_LIMIT
E9h
page 61
00000000h Ignore fault
spread
Reads device
version
page 62
80h
Disable and
no retry
page 62
BIT
80h
Disable and
no retry
page 62
R/W WORD
L11
D3C0h
15A
page 63
Sets IOUT average undercurrent
fault threshold.
R/W WORD
L11
D440h
-15A
page 63
MISC_CONFIG
Sets options pertaining to
advanced features.
R/W WORD
BIT
2000h
Broadcast
disabled
page 63
EAh
SNAPSHOT
Returns 32-byte read-back of
parametric and status values.
READ
BLOCK
BIT
N/A
page 64
EBh
BLANK_PARAMS
Indicates recently saved
parameter values.
READ
BLOCK
BIT
FF...FFh
F0h
PHASE_CONTROL
Controls phase adding/dropping
for current sharing configuration.
R/W BYTE
BIT
00h
F3h
SNAPSHOT_CONTROL
Controls how SnapShot values are
handled.
R/W BYTE
BIT
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page 64
All phases
disabled
page 64
page 65
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
PMBus Command Summary (Continued)
COMMAND
CODE
COMMAND
NAME
DESCRIPTION
TYPE
F4h
RESTORE_FACTORY
Restores device to the factory
default values.
SEND BYTE
FAh
SECURITY_LEVEL
Reports the security level.
READ BYTE
FBh
PRIVATE_PASSWORD
Sets the private password string.
FCh
PUBLIC_PASSWORD
Sets the public password string.
FDh
UNPROTECT
Identifies which commands are
protected.
R/W BLOCK
DATA
FORMAT
DEFAULT
VALUE
DEFAULT
SETTING
PAGE
page 65
HEX
1
R/W BLOCK
ASC
000..00h
page 67
R/W BLOCK
ASC
00...00h
page 67
CUS
FF...FFh
page 67
Public
security level
page 65
PMBus™ Data Formats
Linear-11 (L11)
L11 data format uses 5-bit two’s compliment exponent (N) and 11-bit two’s compliment mantissa (Y) to represent real world decimal
value (X).
Data Byte High
Data Byte Low
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Exponent (N)
Mantissa (Y)
Relation between real world decimal value (X), N and Y is: X = Y·2N
Linear-16 Unsigned (L16u)
L16u data format uses a fixed exponent (hard-coded to N = -13h) and a 16-bit unsigned integer mantissa (Y) to represent real world
decimal value (X). Relation between real world decimal value (X), N and Y is: X = Y·2-13
Linear-16 Signed (L16s)
L16s data format uses a fixed exponent (hard-coded to N = -13h) and a 16-bit two’s compliment mantissa (Y) to represent real world
decimal value (X).
Relation between real world decimal value (X), N and Y is: X = Y·2-13
Bit Field (BIT)
Break down of Bit Field is provided in “PMBus Command Summary” on page 29.
Custom (CUS)
Break down of Custom data format is provided in“PMBus Command Summary” on page 29. A combination of Bit Field and integer are
common types of Custom data format.
ASCII (ASC)
A variable length string of text characters uses ASCII data format.
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FN8422.3
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ZL9010M
PMBus Use Guidelines
The PMBus is a powerful tool that allows the user to optimize circuit performance by configuring devices for their application. When
configuring a device in a circuit, the device should be disabled whenever most settings are changed with PMBus commands. Some
exceptions to this recommendation are OPERATION, ON_OFF_CONFIG, CLEAR_FAULTS, VOUT_COMMAND, VOUT_MARGIN_HIGH,
VOUT_MARGIN_LOW, and ASCCR_CONFIG. While the device is enabled any command can be read. Many commands do not take effect
until after the device has been re-enabled, hence the recommendation that commands that change device settings are written while
the device is disabled.
When sending the STORE_DEFAULT_ALL, STORE_USER_ALL, RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL, and RESTORE_USER_ALL commands, it is
recommended that no other commands are sent to the device for 100ms after sending STORE or RESTORE commands.
In addition, there should be a 2ms delay between repeated READ commands sent to the same device. When sending any other
command, a 5ms delay is recommended between repeated commands sent to the same device.
Summary
All commands can be read at any time.
Always disable the device when writing commands that change device settings. Exceptions to this rule are commands intended to be
written while the device is enabled, for example, VOUT_MARGIN_HIGH.
To be sure a change to a device setting has taken effect, write the STORE_USER_ALL command, then cycle input power and re-enable.
PMBus Commands Description
OPERATION (01h)
Definition: Sets Enable, Disable and VOUT Margin settings. Data values of OPERATION that force margin high or low only take effect
when the MGN pin is left open (i.e., in the NOMINAL margin state).
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value:
Units: N/A
COMMAND
OPERATION (01h)
Format
BIT FIELD
Bit Position
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Access
r/w
r/w
r/w
r/w
r/w
r/w
r/w
r/w
0
0
0
Function
SEE FOLLOWING TABLE
Default Value
0
0
0
0
0
BITS 5:4
BITS 3:0
(NOT USED)
UNIT ON OR OFF
BITS 7:6
00
00
0000
Immediate off
(No sequencing)
N/A
01
00
0000
Soft off
(With sequencing)
N/A
10
00
0000
On
Nominal
10
01
0000
On
Margin Low
10
10
0000
On
Margin High
MARGIN STATE
NOTE: Bit combinations not listed above may cause command errors.
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FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
ON_OFF_CONFIG (02h)
Definition: Configures the interpretation and coordination of the OPERATION command and the ENABLE pin (EN).
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 16h (Device starts from ENABLE pin with immediate off)
Units: N/A
COMMAND
ON_OFF_CONFIG (02h)
Format
Bit Field
Bit Position
7
Access
r/w
Function
SEE FOLLOWING TABLE
BIT NUMBER
PURPOSE
BIT VALUE
7:5
Not Used
000
Not Used
000
Device starts any time power is present regardless of ENABLE pin or
OPERATION command states.
101
Device starts from ENABLE pin only.
110
Device starts from OPERATION command only.
111
Device starts when the ENABLE pin is active and OPERATION “on”
command has been sent.
4:2
1
0
Sets the default to either operate any time
power is present or for the on/off to be
controlled by ENABLE pin, OPERATION
command, or when both the Enable pin and
OPERATION command are valid.
Polarity of the ENABLE pin
ENABLE pin action when commanding the unit
to turn off
MEANING
0
Active low (Pull pin low to start the device)
1
Active high (Pull pin high to start the device)
0
Use the programmed ramp down settings
1
Turn off the output immediately
CLEAR_FAULTS (03h)
Definition: Clears all fault bits in all registers and releases the SALRT pin (if asserted) simultaneously. If a fault condition still exists, the
bit will reassert immediately. This command will not restart a device if it has shut down, it will only clear the faults.
Data Length in Bytes: 0
Data Format: N/A
Type: Send Byte
Default Value: N/A
Units: N/A
Reference: N/A
STORE_DEFAULT_ALL (11h)
Definition: Stores, at the DEFAULT level, all PMBus values that were written since the last restore command. To clear the DEFAULT store,
perform a RESTORE_FACTORY then STORE_DEFAULT_ALL. To add to the DEFAULT store, perform a RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL, write
commands to be added, then STORE_DEFAULT_ALL. Wait 20ms after a STORE command.
Data Length in Bytes: 0
Data Format: N/A
Type: Send Byte
Default Value: N/A
Units: N/A
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ZL9010M
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL (12h)
Definition: Restores PMBus™ settings from the nonvolatile DEFAULT Store memory into the operating memory. These settings are
loaded at power-up if not superseded by settings in USER store. Security Level is changed to level 1 following this command. This
command should not be used during device operation.
Data Length in Bytes: 0
Data Format: N/A
Type: Send Byte
Default Value: N/A
Units: N/A
STORE_USER_ALL (15h)
Definition: Stores all PMBus settings from the operating memory to the nonvolatile USER store memory. To clear the USER store,
perform a RESTORE_FACTORY then STORE_USER_ALL. To add to the USER store, perform a RESTORE_USER_ALL, write commands to
be added, then STORE_USER_ALL. This command can be used during device operation, but the device will be unresponsive for 20ms
while storing values.
Data Length in Bytes: 0
Data Format: N/A
Type: Send Byte
Default Value: N/A
Units: N/A
RESTORE_USER_ALL (16h)
Definition: Restores all PMBus settings from the USER store memory to the operating memory. Command performed at power-up.
Security level is changed to Level 1 following this command. This command can be used during device operation.
Data Length in Bytes: 0
Data Format: N/A
Type: Send Byte
Default Value: N/A
Units: N/A
VOUT_MODE (20h)
Definition: Reports the VOUT mode and prides the exponent used in calculating several VOUT settings. Fixed with linear mode with
default exponent (N) = -13
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 13h (Linear Mode, N = -13)
Units: N/A
VOUT_COMMAND (21h)
Definition: This command sets or reports the target output voltage. This command cannot set a value higher than either VOUT_MAX or
110% of the pin strap VOUT setting.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W
Default Value: Pin strap setting
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to VOUT_MAX
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ZL9010M
VOUT_TRIM (22h)
Definition: Sets VOUT trim value. The two bytes are formatted as a two’s complement binary mantissa, used in conjunction with the
exponent set in VOUT_MODE.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16s
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0000h (0V)
Units: Volts
Range: -4V to 4V
VOUT_CAL_OFFSET (23h)
Definition: The VOUT_CAL_OFFSET command is used to apply a fixed offset voltage to the output voltage command value. This
command is typically used by the user to calibrate a device in the application circuit.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16s
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0000h (0V)
Units: Volts
Range: -4V to 4V
VOUT_MAX (24h)
Definition: The VOUT_ MAX command sets an upper limit on the output voltage the unit can command regardless of any other
commands or combinations. The intent of this command is to pride a safeguard against a user accidentally setting the output voltage
to a possibly destructive level rather than to be the primary output overprotection.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 1.10xVOUT_COMMAND pin strap setting
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to 4V
VOUT_MARGIN_HIGH (25h)
Definition: Sets the value of the VOUT during a margin high. This VOUT_MARGIN_HIGH command loads the unit with the voltage to
which the output is to be changed when the OPERATION command is set to “Margin High”.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W Word
Default value: 1.05 x VOUT_COMMAND pin strap setting
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to VOUT_MAX
VOUT_MARGIN_LOW (26h)
Definition: Sets the value of the VOUT during a margin low. This VOUT_MARGIN_LOW command loads the unit with the voltage to which
the output is to be changed when the OPERATION command is set to “Margin Low”.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W Word
Default value: 0.95 x VOUT_COMMAND pin strap setting
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to VOUT_MAX
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ZL9010M
VOUT_TRANSITION_RATE (27h)
Definition: This command sets the rate at which the output should change voltage when the device receives an OPERATION command
(Margin High, Margin Low) that causes the output voltage to change. The maximum possible positive value of the two data bytes
indicates that the device should make the transition as quickly as possible.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default value: BA00h (1V/ms)
Units: V/ms
Range: 0.1 to 4V/ms
VOUT_DROOP (28h)
Definition: The VOUT_DROOP sets the effective load line (V/I slope) for the rail in which the device is used. It is the rate, in mV/A, at
which the output voltage decreases (or increases) with increasing (or decreasing) output current for use with Adaptive Voltage
Positioning requirements and passive current sharing schemes.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default value: 0000h (0mV/A)
Units: mV/A
Range: 0 to 40 mV/A
MAX_DUTY (32h)
Definition: Sets the maximum allowable duty cycle of the switching frequency.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: EAD6h (90.75%)
Units: %
FREQUENCY_SWITCH (33h)
Definition: Sets the switching frequency of the device. Initial default value is defined by a pin strap and this value can be overridden by
writing this command via PMBus. If an external SYNC is utilized, this value should be set as close as possible to the external clock value.
The output must be disabled when writing this command.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: Pin strap setting
Units: kHz
Range: 300kHz to 1000kHz
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ZL9010M
INTERLEAVE (37h)
Definition: Configures the phase offset of a device that is sharing a common SYNC clock with other devices. A value of 0 for the Number
in Group field is interpreted as 16, to allow for phase spreading groups of up to 16 devices. For current sharing rails, INTERLEAVE is used
to set the initial phase of the rail. The current share devices then automatically distribute their phase relative to the INTERLEAVE
setting.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: Set based on pin-strap PMBus address
Units:
BITS
PURPOSE
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
15:12
Reserved
0
11:8
Group Number
0 to 15
Reserved
Sets a number to a group of interleaved rails
7:4
Number in Group
0 to 15
Sets the number of rails in the group A value of 0 is interpreted as 16
3:0
Position in Group
0 to 15
Sets position of the device's rail within the group
IOUT_CAL_GAIN (38h)
Definition: Sets the effective impedance across the current sense circuit for use in calculating output current at +25°C.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11.
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: C20Fh (2.06mΩ)
Units: mΩ
IOUT_CAL_OFFSET (39h)
Definition: Used to null out any offsets in the output current sensing circuit and to compensate for delayed measurements of current
ramp due to ISENSE blanking time.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11.
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: BD4Dh (-1.35A)
Units: A
VOUT_OV_FAULT_LIMIT (40h)
Definition: Sets the VOUT overvoltage fault threshold.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 1.15xVOUT_COMMAND pin strap setting
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to VOUT_MAX
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VOUT_OV_FAULT_RESPONSE (41h)
Definition: Configures the VOUT overvoltage fault response. Note that the device cannot be set to ignore this fault mode. The retry time
is the time between restart attempts.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable and no retry)
Units:N/A
BIT
FIELD NAME
VALUE
7:6
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault)
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
5:3
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
2:0
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
VOUT_UV_FAULT_LIMIT (44h)
Definition: Sets the VOUT undervoltage fault threshold. This fault is masked during ramp or when the device is disabled.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0.8xVOUT_COMMAND pin strap setting
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to VOUT_MAX
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VOUT_UV_FAULT_RESPONSE (45h)
Definition: Configures the VOUT undervoltage fault response.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable, no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
FIELD NAME
VALUE
7:6
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault)
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
5:3
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
2:0
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
IOUT_OC_FAULT_LIMIT (46h)
Definition: Sets the inductor peak overcurrent fault threshold. This limit is applied to current measurement samples taken after the
current sense blanking time has expired. A fault occurs after this limit is exceeded for the number of consecutive samples as defined in
MFR_CONFIG.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: DB00h (24A)
Units: A
Range: -24A to 24A
IOUT_UC_FAULT_LIMIT (4Bh)
Definition: Sets the inductor valley undercurrent fault threshold. This limit is applied to current measurement samples taken after the
current sense blanking time has expired. A fault occurs after this limit is exceeded for the number of consecutive samples as defined in
MFR_CONFIG.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: DD00h (-1xIOUT_OC_FAULT_LIMIT, -24A)
Units: A
Range: -24A to 24A
OT_FAULT_LIMIT (4Fh)
Definition: The OT_FAULT_LIMIT command sets the temperature at which the device should indicate an over-temperature fault. Note
that the temperature must drop below OT_WARN_LIMIT to clear this fault.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: EBE8h (+125˚C)
Units: Celsius
Range: 0˚C to +175˚C
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OT_FAULT_RESPONSE (50h)
Definition: Instructs the device on what action to take in response to an over-temperature fault. The delay time is the time between
restart attempts.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
fault Value: 80h (Disable and no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
7:6
5:3
2:0
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault)
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
OT_WARN_LIMIT (51h)
Definition: The OT_WARN_LIMIT command sets the temperature at which the device should indicate an over-temperature warning
alarm. In response to the OT_WARN_LIMIT being exceeded, the device: Sets the TEMPERATURE bit in STATUS_WORD, Sets the
OT_WARNING bit in STATUS_TEMPERATURE and notifies the host.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11.
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: EB70h (+110°C)
Units: Celsius
Range: 0˚C to +175˚C
UT_WARN_LIMIT (52h)
Definition: The UT_WARN_LIMIT command set the temperature at which the device should indicate an under-temperature Warning
alarm. In response to the UT_WARN_LIMIT being exceeded, the device: Sets the TEMPERATURE bit in STATUS_WORD, Sets the
UT_WARNING bit in STATUS_TEMPERATURE and notifies the host.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11.
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: E580h (-40°C)
Units: Celsius
Range: -55˚C to +25˚C
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UT_FAULT_LIMIT (53h)
Definition: Sets the temperature at which the device should indicate an under-temperature fault. Note that the temperature must rise
above UT_WARN_LIMIT to clear this fault.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: E490h (-55°C)
Units: Celsius
Range: -55˚C to +25˚C
UT_FAULT_RESPONSE (54h)
Definition: Instructs the device on what action to take in response to an under-temperature fault. The delay time is the time between
restart attempts.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable, no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
7:6
5:3
2:0
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault)
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
VIN_OV_FAULT_LIMIT (55h)
Definition: Sets the VIN overvoltage fault threshold.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: D3A0h (14.5V)
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to 16V
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VIN_OV_FAULT_RESPONSE (56h)
Definition: Configures the VIN overvoltage fault response. The delay time is the time between restart attempts.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable and no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
7:6
5:3
2:0
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault)
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
VIN_OV_WARN_LIMIT (57h)
Definition: Sets the VIN overvoltage warning threshold as defined by the table below. In response to the _WARN_LIMIT being exceeded,
the device: Sets the NONE OF THE ABOVE and INPUT bits in STATUS_WORD, Sets the VIN__WARNING bit in STATUS_INPUT and notifies
the host.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W
Default Value: D380h (14.0V)
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to 16V
VIN_UV_WARN_LIMIT (58h)
Definition: Sets the VIN undervoltage warning threshold. If a VIN_UV_FAULT occurs, the input voltage must rise above
VIN_UV_WARN_LIMIT to clear the fault, which prides hysteresis to the fault threshold. In response to the UV_WARN_LIMIT being
exceeded, the device: Sets the NONE OF THE ABOVE and INPUT bits in STATUS_WORD, Sets the VIN_UV_WARNING bit in STATUS_INPUT
and notifies the host.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: CA40h (4.5V)
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to 12V
VIN_UV_FAULT_LIMIT (59h)
Definition: Sets the VIN undervoltage fault threshold.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: CA00h (4V)
Units: Volts
Range: 0V to 12V
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VIN_UV_FAULT_RESPONSE (5Ah)
Definition: Configures the VIN undervoltage fault response. The delay time is the time between restart attempts.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable and no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
7:6
5:3
2:0
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault)
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
POWER_GOOD_ON (5Eh)
Definition: Sets the voltage threshold for Power-good indication. Power-Good asserts when the output voltage exceeds
POWER_GOOD_ON and de-asserts when the output voltage is less than VOUT_UV_FAULT_LIMIT.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0.9xVOUT_COMMAND pin strap setting
Units: Volts
TON_DELAY (60h)
Definition: Sets the delay time from when the device is enabled to the start of VOUT rise.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: CA80h (5ms)
Units: ms
Range: 0 to 500ms
TON_RISE (61h)
Definition: Sets the rise time of VOUT after ENABLE and TON_DELAY.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: CA80h (5ms)
Units: ms
Range: 0 to 200ms
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ZL9010M
TOFF_DELAY (64h)
Definition: Sets the delay time from DISABLE to start of VOUT fall.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: CA80h (5ms)
Units: ms
Range: 0 to 500ms
TOFF_FALL (65h)
Definition: Sets the fall time for VOUT after DISABLE and TOFF_DELAY.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: CA80h (5ms)
Units: ms
Range: 0 to 200ms
STATUS_BYTE (78h)
Definition: The STATUS_BYTE command returns one byte of information with a summary of the most critical faults.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
STATUS BIT NAME
MEANING
7
BUSY
A fault was declared because the device was busy and unable to respond.
6
OFF
This bit is asserted if the unit is not priding power to the output, regardless of the reason,
including simply not being enabled.
5
VOUT__ OV_FAULT
An output overvoltage fault has occurred.
4
IOUT_OC_FAULT
An output overcurrent fault has occurred.
3
VIN_UV_FAULT
An input undervoltage fault has occurred.
2
TEMPERATURE
A temperature fault or warning has occurred.
1
CML
A communications, memory or logic fault has occurred.
0
NONE OF THE ABOVE
A fault or warning not listed in bits 7:1 has occurred.
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STATUS_WORD (79h)
Definition: The STATUS_WORD command returns two bytes of information with a summary of the unit's fault condition. Based on the
information in these bytes, the host can get more information by reading the appropriate status registers. The low byte of the
STATUS_WORD is the same register as the STATUS_BYTE (78h) command.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Word
Default Value: 0000h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
STATUS BIT NAME
15
VOUT
MEANING
An output voltage fault or warning has occurred.
14
IOUT/POUT
An output current or output power fault or warning has occurred.
13
INPUT
An input voltage, input current, or input power fault or warning has occurred.
12
MFG_SPECIFIC
A manufacturer specific fault or warning has occurred.
11
POWER_GOOD#
The POWER_GOOD signal, if present, is negated.
10
FANS
A fan or airflow fault or warning has occurred.
9
OTHER
A bit in STATUS_OTHER is set.
8
UNKNOWN
A fault type not given in bits 15:1 of the STATUS_WORD has been detected.
7
BUSY
A fault was declared because the device was busy and unable to respond.
6
OFF
This bit is asserted if the unit is not priding power to the output, regardless of the reason,
including simply not being enabled.
5
VOUT__OV_FAULT
An output overvoltage fault has occurred.
4
IOUT_OC_FAULT
An output overcurrent fault has occurred.
3
VIN_UV_FAULT
An input undervoltage fault has occurred.
2
TEMPERATURE
A temperature fault or warning has occurred.
1
CML
A communications, memory or logic fault has occurred.
0
NONE OF THE ABOVE
A fault or warning not listed in bits 7:1 has occurred.
STATUS_VOUT (7Ah)
Definition: The STATUS_VOUT command returns one data byte with the status of the output voltage.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
STATUS BIT NAME
MEANING
7
VOUT__OV_FAULT
Indicates an output overvoltage fault.
6
VOUT__WARNING
Indicates an output overvoltage warning.
5
VOUT_UV_WARNING
Indicates an output undervoltage warning.
4
VOUT_UV_FAULT
Indicates an output undervoltage fault.
3
VOUT_MAX_WARNING
An attempt has been made to set the output voltage to value higher
than allowed by the VOUT_MAX command.
2
TON_MAX_FAULT
Indicates TON Max fault
1
TOFF_MAX_FAULT
Indicates TOFF Max fault
0
VOUT_TRACKING_ERROR
Indicates VOUT Tracking error (Note 24).
NOTE:
24. The conditions that cause the VOUT Tracking Error bit to be set is defined by each device manufacturer. This status bit is intended to allow the device
to notify the host that there was error in output voltage tracking during the most recent power or power down event.
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ZL9010M
STATUS_IOUT (7Bh)
Definition: The STATUS_IOUT command returns one data byte with the status of the output current.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
STATUS BIT NAME
MEANING
7
IOUT_OC_FAULT
An output overcurrent fault has occurred.
6
IOUT_OC_LV_FAULT
An output overcurrent and low voltage fault has occurred.
5
IOUT_UC_WARNING
An output overcurrent warning has occurred.
4
IOUT_UC_FAULT
An output undercurrent fault has occurred.
3
ISHARE_FAULT
An current share fault occurred (Note 25).
2
POWER_LIMITING_MODE_FAULT
An Pout limiting mode fault occurred (Note 26).
1
POUT_OP_FAULT
An Pout over power fault occurred.
0
POUT_OP_WARNING
Indicates Pout over power warning.
NOTES:
25. The conditions that cause the Current Share Fault bit to be set are defined by each device manufacturer.
26. [2] The bit is to be asserted when the unit is operating with the output in constant power mode at the power set by the POUT_MAX command.
STATUS_INPUT (7Ch)
Definition: The STATUS_INPUT command returns input voltage and input current status information.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
STATUS BIT NAME
MEANING
7
VIN__FAULT
An input overvoltage fault has occurred.
6
VIN__WARNING
An input overvoltage warning has occurred.
5
VIN_UV_WARNING
An input undervoltage warning has occurred.
4
VIN_UV_FAULT
An input undervoltage fault has occurred.
3
UNIT OFF FOR LOW INPUT VOLTAGE
Unit is off for insufficient input voltage (Note 27).
2
IIN OC FAULT
An IIN overcurrent fault occurred.
1
IIN OC WARNING
An IIN overcurrent warning occurred
0
PIN OP WARNING
An PIN overpower waning occurred.
NOTE:
27. Either the input voltage has never exceeded the input turn-on threshold or if the unit did start, the input voltage decreased below the turn-off
threshold.
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ZL9010M
STATUS_TEMP (7Dh)
Definition: The STATUS_TEMP command returns one byte of information with a summary of any temperature related faults or warnings.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
STATUS BIT NAME
MEANING
7
OT_FAULT
An over-temperature fault has occurred.
6
OT_WARNING
An over-temperature warning has occurred.
5
UT_WARNING
An under-temperature warning has occurred.
4
UT_FAULT
An under-temperature fault has occurred.
N/A
These bits are not used.
3:0
STATUS_CML (7Eh)
Definition: The STATUS_CML command returns one byte of information with a summary of any Communications, Logic and/or Memory
errors.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
7
MEANING
Invalid or unsupported PMBus command was received.
6
The PMBus command was sent with invalid or unsupported data.
5
A packet error was detected in the PMBus command.
4
Memory fault detected (Note 28).
3
Processor fault detected (Note 29).
2
Reserved.
1
A PMBus command tried to write to a read-only or protected command, or a communication fault other than the ones listed in this
table has occurred.
0
Other Memory or Logic Fualt has occurred (Note 30).
NOTES:
28. The conditions that cause the memory fault detected bit to be set and the response this condition, are defined by each device manufacturer. One
example of an error that would cause this bit to be set is a CRC of the memory that does not match the initial CRC value.
29. The conditions that cause the processor fault detected bit to be set and the response this condition, are defined by each device manufacturer.
30. The conditions that cause the other memory or logic fault detected bit to be set and the response this condition, are defined by each device
manufacturer.
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ZL9010M
STATUS_MFR_SPECIFIC (80h)
Definition: Returns the Communication, Logic and Memory specific status.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT
FIELD NAME
MEANING
7:6
Reserved
Reserved
5
Reserved
Reserved
4
Reserved
Reserved
3
TSW
Loss of external clock synchronization has occurred.
2
Reserved
Reserved
1
Reserved
Reserved
0
Reserved
Reserved
READ_VIN (88h)
Definition: Returns the input voltage reading.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: Read Word
Units: Volts
READ_VOUT (8Bh)
Definition: Returns the output voltage reading.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L16u
Type: Read Word
Units: Volts
READ_IOUT (8Ch)
Definition: Returns the output current reading.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: Read Word
Default Value: N/A
Units: A
READ_TEMPERATURE_1 (8Dh)
Definition: Returns the controller junction temperature reading from internal temperature sensor.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: Read Word
Units: °C
READ_TEMPERATURE_2 (8Eh)
Definition: Returns the temperature reading from the external temperature device connected to XTEMP pins.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: Read Word
Units: °C
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ZL9010M
READ_DUTY_CYCLE (94h)
Definition: Reports the actual duty cycle of the converter during the enable state.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: Read Word
Units:%
READ_FREQUENCY (95h)
Definition: Reports the actual switching frequency of the converter during the enable state.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: Read Word
Units: kHz
PMBUS_REVISION (98h)
Definition: Returns the revision of the PMBus implemented in the device
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: HEX
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 01h
Units: N/A
MFR_ID (99h)
Definition: MFR_ID sets user defined identification. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION,
MFR_LOCATION, MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This
limitation includes multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this
command then perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASCII
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
MFR_MODEL (9Ah)
Definition: MFR_MODEL sets a user defined model. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION,
MFR_LOCATION, MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This
limitation includes multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this
command then perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASC
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
MFR_REVISION (9Bh)
Definition: MFR_REVISION sets a user defined revision. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION,
MFR_LOCATION, MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This
limitation includes multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this
command then perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASC
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
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MFR_LOCATION (9Ch)
Definition: MFR_LOCATION sets a user defined location identifier. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION,
MFR_LOCATION, MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This
limitation includes multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this
command then perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASC
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
MFR_DATE (9Dh)
Definition: MFR_DATE sets a user defined date. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION, MFR_LOCATION,
MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This limitation includes
multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this command then
perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASC
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
Reference: N/A
MFR_SERIAL (9Eh)
Definition: MFR_SERIAL sets a user defined serialized identifier. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION,
MFR_LOCATION, MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This
limitation includes multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this
command then perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASC
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
USER_DATA_00 (B0h)
Definition: USER_DATA_00 sets a user defined data. The sum total of characters in MFR_ID, MFR_MODEL, MFR_REVISION,
MFR_LOCATION, MFR_DATE, MFR_SERIAL and USER_DATA_00 plus one byte per command cannot exceed 128 characters. This
limitation includes multiple writes of this command before a STORE command. To clear multiple writes, perform a RESTORE, write this
command then perform a STORE/RESTORE.
Data Length in Bytes: User defined
Data Format: ASCII
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: Null
Units: N/A
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ZL9010M
AUTO_COMP_CONFIG (BCh)
Definition: Controls configuration of Auto Compensation features.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: CUS
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 69h
Units: N/A
BITS
7:4
PURPOSE
3
Power Good Assertion
2
Auto Comp Store
1:0
VALUE
Auto Comp Gain Percentage
Auto Comp Mode
DESCRIPTION
G
Scale the Gain of the Auto Compensation results by a factor of
(G+1)*10%, where 0 = G = 9. G = 0 yields lowest jitter; G = 9 yields
tightest transient response.
0
Use PG_DELAY
1
Assert PG after Auto Comp completes
0
Do not store Auto Comp results
1
Store Auto Comp results for use on future ramps
0
Off (Disabled). Compensation stored in PID_TAPS will be used.
1
Once (results are storable)
2
Repeat every ~1 second (only the first results are storable)
3
Repeat every ~1 minute (only the first results are storable)
AUTO_COMP_CONTROL (BDh)
Definition: Causes the Auto Comp algorithm to initiate, if the Auto Comp feature is enabled in AUTO_COMP_CONFIG.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: Send Byte
Default Value:
Units: N/A
DEADTIME_MAX (BFh)
Definition: Sets the maximum deadtime value for the PWMH and PWML outputs. This limit applies during frozen or adaptive deadtime
algorithm modes
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: CUS
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 3838h (56ns)
Range: 0 to 60ns
Units: ns
BIT NUMBER
15
14:8
7
6:0
PURPOSE
VALUE
MEANING
n/a
0
NOT used
Sets the Maximum H-to-L Deadtime
H
Limits the maximum allowed H-to-L deadtime when using
the adaptive deadtime algorithm. Deadtime = Hns
(signed).
n/a
0
NOT used
Sets the Maximum L-to-H Deadtime
L
Limits the maximum allowed L-to-H deadtime when using
the adaptive deadtime algorithm.
Deadtime = Lns (signed).
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MFR_CONFIG (D0h)
Definition: Configures several manufacturer-level features.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 6A11h
Units: N/A
BIT NUMBER
PURPOSE
15:11
Current Sense Blanking Delay
10:8
Current Sense Fault Count
7
6
5:4
3
2
1
0
Enable XTEMP Measurements
Temperature Sensor Control (Note 31)
Current Sense Control
NLR During Ramp
Alternate Ramp Control
PG Pin Output Control
SYNC Pin Output Control
VALUE
D
MEANING
Sets the delay, D, in 32ns steps
C
Sets the number of consecutive OC or UC violations required for a fault to 2C+1.
0
No temperature measurements are performed on XTEMP
1
Temperature measurements are performed on XTEMP
0
The internal temperature sensor is used for warning and fault checks
1
An external 2N3904 NPN on XTEMP is used for warning and fault checks
00
Current sense uses GND-referenced, down-slope sense
01
Current sense uses VOUT-referenced, down-slope sensing
10
Current sense uses VOUT-referenced, up-slope sensing
11
Reserved
0
Wait for PG
1
Always on
0
Alternate Ramp Disabled
1
Alternate Ramp Enabled
0
PG is open-drain
1
PG is push-pull
0
SYNC is open-drain
1
SYNC is push-pull
NOTE:
31. When selecting XTEMP (Bit 6), be sure to have the XTEMP enabled in Bit 7.
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USER_CONFIG (D1h)
Definition: Configures several user-level features.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 2011h
Units: N/A
BIT
15:14
PURPOSE
VALUE
Minimum Duty Cycle
13
Minimum Duty Cycle Control
12
Reserved
11
SYNC Time-out Enable
10
Reserved
9
PID Feed-Forward Control
DESCRIPTION
N
Sets the minimum duty cycle ((N+1)/(28)) during a ramp when “Minimum Duty Cycle”
(Bit 13) is enabled. For example, if Minimum Duty Cycle input N is set to 3, the minimum
duty cycle is (3+1)/(2^8) = (1/64).
0
Minimum Duty Cycle is Disabled.
1
Minimum Duty Cycle is Enabled.
-
Reserved
0
SYNC output remains on after device is disabled.
1
SYNC turns off 500ms after device is disabled.
-
Reserved
0
PID Coefficients are corrected for VDD variations.
1
PID Coefficients are not corrected for VDD variations.
0
If sequencing is disabled, this device will ignore faults from other devices. If sequencing is
enabled, the devices will sequence down from the failed device outward.
1
Faults received from any device selected by the DDC_GROUP command will cause this
device to shut down immediately.
-
Reserved
0
Pin strap setting.
1
External SYNC.
0
Configure the SYNC pin as an input-only.
1
Output external signal.
8
Fault Spreading Mode
7
Reserved
6
SYNC Input Mode
5
SYNC Pin Configure
4
Reserved
-
Reserved
3
Reserved
-
Reserved
0
The low-side drive is off when device is disabled.
1
The low-side drive is on when device is disabled.
2
1:0
OFF Low-side C
Standby Mode
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55
00
Enter low-power mode when device is disabled (no READ_xxxx data available).
01
Monitor for faults when device is disabled (READ_xxxx data available).
10
Reserved
11
Monitor for faults using pulsed mode (READ_xxxx data available upon read command).
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ISHARE_CONFIG (D2h)
Definition: Configures the device for current sharing communication over the DDC bus.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0000h
Units: N/A
BIT
15:8
PURPOSE
IShare DDC ID
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
0 to 31
(0x00 to 0x1F)
Sets the current share rail’s DDC ID for each device within a current share rail. Set to the
same DDC ID as in DDC_CONFIG. This DDC ID is used for sequencing and fault spreading
when used in a current share rail.
7:5
Number of Members
0 to 7
Number of devices in current share rail -1.
Example: 3 device current share rail, use 3 – 1 = 2
4:2
Member Position
0 to 7
Position of device within current share rail.
1
0
Reserved
I-Share Control
0
Reserved
1
Device is a member of a current share rail.
0
Device is not a member of a current share rail.
DDC_CONFIG (D3h)
Definition: Configures DDC addressing.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0001h
Units: N/A
BIT
FIELD NAME
VALUE
15:13
Reserved
0
12:8
Broadcast Group
7:6
5
4:0
0 to 31
Reserved
DDC TX Inhabit
Rail ID
DESCRIPTION
Reserved.
Group number used for broadcast events. (i.e., Broadcast Enable and Broadcast Margin)
Set this number to the same value for all rails/devices that should respond to each other’s
broadcasted event. This function is enabled by the bits 15 and 14 in the MISC_CONFIG
command.
0
Reserved.
0
DDC Transmission.
1
DDC Transmission Enabled.
0 to 31 (00 to 1Fh)
Sets the rail’s DDC ID for sequencing and fault spreading.
For the current-sharing applications, set this value the same as the ID value in
ISHARE_CONFIG for all devices in the current sharing rail.
POWER_GOOD_DELAY (D4h)
Definition: Sets the delay applied between the output exceeding the PG threshold (POWER_GOOD_ON) and asserting the PG pin. The
delay time can range from 0ms up to 500s, in steps of 125ns. A 1ms minimum configured value is recommended to apply proper
de-bounce to this signal.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: BA00h(1ms)
Units: ms
Range: 0 to 5s
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ZL9010M
PID_TAPS (D5h)
Definition: Configures the control loop compensator coefficients.
Data Length in Bytes: 9
Data Format: CUS
Units: N/A
Type: R/W
Default Value: Auto Comp stores when algorithm is initiated during start up. When Auto Comp is disabled PID_TAPS can be stored via
PMBus.
The PID algorithm implements the following Z-domain function in Equation 10:
A + Bz – 1 + Cz – 2
-------------------------------------------1 – z –1
(EQ. 10)
The coefficients A, B and C are represented using a pseudo-floating point format similar to the VOUT parameters (with the addition of a
sign bit), defined as Equation 11:
A =  –1 S  2E  M
(EQ. 11)
where M is a two-byte unsigned mantissa, S is a sign-bit and E is a 7-bit two’s-complement signed integer. The 9-byte data field is
defined in Table. S is stored as the MSB of the E byte.
BYTE
PURPOSE
DEFINITION
8
Tap C - E
Coefficient C exponent + S
7
Tap C - M [15:8]
Coefficient C mantissa, high-byte
6
Tap C - M [7:0]
Coefficient C mantissa, low-byte
5
Tap B - E
Coefficient B exponent + S
4
Tap B - M [15:8]
Coefficient B mantissa, high-byte
3
Tap B - M [7:0]
Coefficient B mantissa, low-byte
2
Tap A - E
Coefficient A exponent + S
1
Tap A - M [15:8]
Coefficient A mantissa, high-byte
0
Tap A - M [7:0]
Coefficient A mantissa, low-byte
NOTE:
32. Data bytes are transmitted on the PMBus in the order of Byte 0 through Byte 8.
INDUCTOR (D6h)
Definition: Informs the device of circuit’s inductor value. This is used in adaptive algorithm calculations relating to the inductor ripple
current.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: B200h (0.5µH)
Units: µH
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ZL9010M
NLR_CONFIG (D7h)
Definition: Configures the non-linear response (NLR) control parameters.
Data Length in Bytes: 4
Data Format: Bit
Type: R/W Block
Default Value: 00000000h
Units: N/A
BIT
FIELD NAME
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
31:30
Outer Threshold Multiplier
0
Sets multiplier of inner threshold for outer threshold setting, O*LI and O*UI
29:27
NLR Comparator Threshold: Loading-Inner
LI
Sets inner threshold for a loading event to ~0.5%*(LI+1)*VOUT.
26:24
NLR Comparator Threshold: Unloading-Inner
23:20
Loading-Outer Threshold Max Correction Time
LOT
UI
Sets outer threshold, maximum correction time for a loading event to
LOT*tsw/64(s).
Sets inner threshold for an unloading event to ~0.5%*(UI+1)*VOUT.
19:16
Loading-Inner Threshold Max Correction Time
LIT
Sets inner threshold, maximum correction time for a loading event to
LIT*tsw/64(s).
15:12
Unloading-Outer Threshold Max Correction
Time
UOT
Sets outer threshold, maximum correction time for an unloading event to
UOT*tsw/64(s).
11:8
Unloading-Inner Threshold Max Correction
Time
UIT
Sets inner threshold, maximum correction time for an unloading event to
UIT*tsw/64(s).
7:4
Load Blanking Time Control
LB
Sets NLR blanking time for a loading event.
3:0
Unload Blanking Time Control
UB
Sets NLR blanking time for an unloading event.
TABLE 16. LOADING/UNLOADING BLANKING TIMES
LB or UB
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
tsw/64 UNITS
1
2
3
5
9
17
33
49
65
81
97
129 161
177
193 225
OVUV_CONFIG (D8h)
Definition: Configures the output voltage OV and UV fault detection feature. The default value of 00h is recommended.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: Bit
Type: R/W
Default Value: 00h
Units: N/A
BIT
PURPOSE
VALUE
DEFINITION
Controls How an OV Fault Response Shutdown Sets
the Output Driver State
0
An OV fault does not enable the low-side power device
1
An OV fault enables the low-side power device
6:4
Not used
0
Not used
3:0
Defines the Number of Consecutive Limit Violations
Required to Declare an OV or UV Fault
N
N+1 consecutive OV or UV violations initiate a fault response
7
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ZL9010M
XTEMP_SCALE (D9h)
Definition: Sets a scalar value that is used for calibrating the external temperature. The constant is applied in Equation 1 to produce the
read value of XTEMP via the PMBus command READ_TEMPERATURE_2.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W
Default Value: BA00h (1°C)
Units: °C
NOTE: This value must be equal to 1.


1
READ_TEMPERATURE_2   ExternalTemperature 
  XTEMP_OFFSET
XTEMP_SCALE 

XTEMP_OFFSET (DAh)
Definition: Sets an offset value that is used for calibrating the external temperature. The constant is applied in Equation 2 to produce
the read value of XTEMP via the PMBus command READ_TEMPERATURE_2.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 8000h (0°C)
Units: °C


1
  XTEMP_OFFSET
READ_TEMPERATURE_2   ExternalTemperature 
XTEMP_SCALE 

TEMPCO_CONFIG (DCh)
Definition: Configures the correction factor and temperature measurement source when performing temperature coefficient correction
for current sense. TEMPCO_CONFIG values are applied as negative correction to a positive temperature coefficient.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: CUS
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 28h (4000ppm/°C)
Units: N/A
To determine the hex value of the Tempco Correction factor (TC) for current scale of a power stage using rDC(on) current sensing, first
determine the temperature coefficient of resistance for the conductor, . This is found with Equation 12:
R REF – R
 = ---------------------------------------------R REF  T REF – T 
(EQ. 12)
Where: R = Conductor resistance at temperature “T”
RREF = Conductor resistance at reference temperature T
 = Temperature coefficient of resistance for the conductor material
T = Temperature measured by temperature sensor, in °C
TREF = Reference temperature that  is specified at for the conductor material
After  is determined, convert the value in units of 100ppm/°C. This value is then converted to a hex value with Equation 13.
  10 6
TC = ------------------100
(EQ. 13)
Typical Values: Copper = 3900ppm/°C (27h), silicon = 4800ppm/°C (30h)
Range: 0 to 6300ppm/°C
BIT
7
6:0
PURPOSE
VALUE
DEFINITION
Selects the Temp Sensor Source for Tempco
Correction
0
Selects the internal temperature sensor
1
Selects the XTEMP pin for temperature measurements
Sets the Tempco Correction in Units of 100ppm/°C
for IOUT_CAL_GAIN
TC
RSEN(DCR)=IOUT_CAL_GAIN*(1+TC*(T-25))
where RSEN= resistance of sense element
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ZL9010M
DEADTIME (DDh)
Definition: Sets the non-overlap between PWM transitions using a 2-byte data field. The most significant byte controls the high-side to
low-side deadtime value as a single 2’s-complement signed value in units of ns. The least significant byte controls the low-side to
high-side deadtime value. Positive values imply a non-overlap of the FET drive on-times. Negative values imply an overlap of the FET
drive on-times. The device will operate at the deadtime values written to this command when adaptive deadtime is disabled, between
the minimum deadtime specified in DEADTIME_CONFIG and the maximum deadtime specified in DEADTIME_MAX. When switching
from adaptive deadtime mode to frozen mode (by writing to bit 15 of DEADTIME_CONFIG) the frozen deadtime will be whatever the
last deadtime was before the device switches to frozen deadtime mode.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: CUS
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 1414h (H-L = 20ns, L-H = 20ns)
Units: ns
Range: -15ns to 60ns
DEADTIME_CONFIG (DEh)
Definition: Configures the deadtime optimization mode. Also sets the minimum deadtime value for the adaptive deadtime mode range.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: CUS
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 8686h (Adaptive deadtime disabled)
Units: N/A
BIT
15
14:8
7
6:0
PURPOSE
Sets the High to Low Transition Deadtime Mode
Sets the Minimum H-to-L Deadtime
Sets the Low to High Transition Deadtime Mode
Sets the Minimum L-to-H Deadtime
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VALUE
DESCRIPTION
0
Adaptive H-to-L deadtime control.
1
Freeze the H-to-L deadtime.
0-126d
Limits the minimum allowed H-to-L deadtime when using
the adaptive deadtime algorithm (2ns resolution).
0
Adaptive L-to-H deadtime control.
1
Freezes the L-to-H deadtime.
0-126d
Limits the minimum allowed L-to-H deadtime when using
the adaptive deadtime algorithm (2ns resolution).
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
SEQUENCE (E0h)
Definition: Identifies the Rail DDC ID of the prequel and sequel rails when performing multi-rail sequencing. The device will enable its
output when its EN or OPERATION enable states, as defined by ON_OFF_CONFIG, is set and the prequel device has issued a Power-Good
event on the DDC bus. The device will disable its output (using the programmed delay values) when the sequel device has issued a
Power-Down event on the DDC bus.
The data field is a two-byte value. The most-significant byte contains the 5-bit Rail DDC ID of the prequel device. The least-significant
byte contains the 5-bit Rail DDC ID of the sequel device. The most significant bit of each byte contains the enable of the prequel or
sequel mode. This command overrides the corresponding sequence configuration set by the CONFIG pin settings.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: 0000h (Prequel and Sequel disabled)
TRACK_CONFIG (E1h)
Definition: Configures the voltage tracking modes of the device.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 00h (Tracking Disabled)
BIT
7
6:3
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Enables Voltage Tracking
Reserved
2
Tracking Ratio Control
1
Tracking Upper Limit
0
Ramp-up Behavior
SETTING
DESCRIPTION
0
Disable
Tracking is disabled
1
Enable
Tracking is enabled
-
Reserved
Reserved
0
100%
Output tracks 100% ratio of VTRK input
1
50%
Output tracks 50% ratio of VTRK input
0
Target Voltage
Output Voltage is limited by Target Voltage
1
VTRK Voltage
Output Voltage is limited by VTRK Voltage
0
Track after PG
The output is not allowed to track VTRK down before power-good
1
Track always
The output is allowed to track VTRK down before power-good
DDC_GROUP (E2h)
Definition: This command sets which rail DDC IDs a device should listen to for fault spreading information. A device can follow multiple
DDC ID rails. Example is provided in following table.
DDC ID
CONFIGURATION
DDC_GROUP
DESCRIPTION
0
3xZL9010M Current Sharing
0000000Ah
This rail will listen to Rail-1 and Rail-3.
1
2xZL9010M Current Sharing
00000004h
This rail will listen to Rail-2.
2
1xZL9010M Single Phase
00000000h
This rail will ignore fault spread.
3
1xZL9010M Single Phase
00000002h
This rail will listen to Rail-1.
The device/rail’s own DDC ID should not be set within the DDC_GROUP command for that device/rail.
All devices in a current share rail must shutdown for the rail to report a shutdown.
If fault spread mode is enabled in USER_CONFIG (Bit 8 set to 1), the device will immediately shut down if one of its DDC_GROUP
members fail. The device/rail will attempt its configured restart only after all devices/rails within the DDC_GROUP have cleared their
faults.
If fault spread mode disabled in USER_CONFIG (Bit 8 cleared to 0), the device will perform a sequenced shutdown as defined by the
SEQUENCE command setting. The rails/devices in a sequencing set only attempt their configured restart after all faults have cleared
within the DDC_GROUP. If fault spread mode is disabled and sequencing is also disabled, the device will ignore faults from other
devices and stay enabled.
Data Length in Bytes: 4
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W
Default Value: 00000000h (Ignore fault spread)
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ZL9010M
DEVICE_ID (E4h)
Definition: Returns the 16-byte (character) device identifier string.
Data Length in Bytes: 16
Data Format: ASC
Type: Read Block
Default Value: Current firmware revision
MFR_IOUT_OC_FAULT_RESPONSE (E5h)
Definition: Configures the IOUT overcurrent fault response as defined by the following table. Sets the overcurrent status bit in
STATUS_IOUT.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable and no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
7:6
5:3
2:0
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault),
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
Retry and Delay Time
DESCRIPTION
MFR_IOUT_UC_FAULT_RESPONSE (E6h)
Definition: Configures the IOUT undercurrent fault response as defined by the table below. Sets the undercurrent status bit in
STATUS_IOUT.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 80h (Disable and no retry)
Units: N/A
BIT
7:6
5:3
2:0
FIELD NAME
VALUE
Response Behavior:
Sets the related fault bit in the
status registers. Fault bits are
only cleared by the
CLEAR_FAULTS command.
00
Continuous operation (Ignore fault),
01
Delay, disable and retry
Delay time is specified by Bits[2:0] and retry attempt is specified in Bits[5:3].
10
Disable and retry according to the setting in Bits[5:3].
11
Output is disabled while the fault is present. Output is enabled when the fault condition no
longer exists.
000
No retry. The output remains disabled until the device is restarted.
001-110
The PMBus device attempts to restart the number of times set by these bits. The time between
the start is set by the value in Bits[2:0].
111
Attempts to restart continuously, without checking if the fault is still present, until it is disabled,
bias power is removed, or another fault condition causes the unit to shut down.
000-111
This time count is used for both the amount of time between retry attempts and for the amount
of time a rail is to delay its response after a fault is detected. The retry time and delay time units
are defined by the type of fault within each device.
Retry Setting
Retry and Delay Time
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DESCRIPTION
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
IOUT_AVG_OC_FAULT_LIMIT (E7h)
Definition: Sets the IOUT average overcurrent fault threshold. For down-slope sensing, this corresponds to the average of all the current
samples taken during the (1-D) time interval, excluding the Current Sense Blanking time (which occurs at the beginning of the 1-D
interval). For up-slope sensing, this corresponds to the average of all the current samples taken during the D time interval, excluding the
Current Sense Blanking time (which occurs at the beginning of the D interval). This feature shares the OC fault bit operation (in
STATUS_IOUT) and OC fault response with IOUT_ OC_FAULT_LIMIT.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: D3C0h (15A)
Units: A
IOUT_AVG_UC_FAULT_LIMIT (E8h)
Definition: Sets the IOUT average undercurrent fault threshold. For down-slope sensing, this corresponds to the average of all the
current samples taken during the (1-D) time interval, excluding the Current Sense Blanking time (which occurs at the beginning of the
1-D interval). For up-slope sensing, this corresponds to the average of all the current samples taken during the D time interval,
excluding the Current Sense Blanking time (which occurs at the beginning of the D interval). This feature shares the UC fault bit
operation (in STATUS_IOUT) and UC fault response with IOUT_ UC_FAULT_LIMIT.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: L11
Type: R/W Word
Default Value: D440h (-15A)
Units: A
MISC_CONFIG (E9h)
Definition: Sets options pertaining to advanced features.
Data Length in Bytes: 2
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Word
Units: N/A
Default Value: 2000h
BITS
15
14
13
PURPOSE
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
Broadcast Margin
(see DDC_CONFIG)
0
1
Enable
Broadcast Enable
(see DDC_CONFIG)
0
Disabled
1
Enable
0
Use PH_EN pin to add/drop current-share phases.
1
Use PHASE_CONTROL command to add/drop phases.
Phase Enable Select
Disabled
12
Reserved
-
Reserved
11:10
Reserved
-
Reserved
9
Reserved
-
Reserved
8
Reserved
-
Reserved
7
Reserved
-
Reserved
0
Disabled
6
5:3
2
1
0
Diode Emulation
Reserved
Minimum GL Pulse
SnapShot
Reserved
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1
Enabled, enter diode emulation at light loads to improve efficiency
-
Reserved
0
Disabled
1
Enabled, GL pulse width limited to 10%*TSW minimum during diode emulation.
0
Disabled
1
Enable
-
Reserved
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
ZL9010M
SNAPSHOT (EAh)
Definition: The SNAPSHOT command is a 32-byte read-back of parametric and status values. It allows monitoring and status data to be
stored to flash either during a fault condition or via a system-defined time using the SNAPSHOT_CONTROL command. In case of a fault,
last updated values are stored to the flash memory. Use SNAPSHOT_CONTROL command to read stored values.
Data Length in Bytes: 32
Data Format: Bit
Type: Block Read
BYTE NUMBER
31:22
VALUE
PMBus COMMAND
FORMAT
Reserved
Reserved
00h
21
Manufacturer Specific Status Byte
STATUS_MFR_SPECIFIC (80h)
Byte
20
CML Status Byte
STATUS_CML (7Eh)
Byte
19
Temperature Status Byte
STATUS_TEMPERATURE (7Dh)
Byte
18
Input Status Byte
STATUS_INPUT (7Ch)
Byte
17
IOUT Status Byte
STATUS_IOUT (7Bh)
Byte
16
VOUT Status Byte
STATUS_VOUT (7Ah)
Byte
15:14
Switching Frequency
READ_FREQUENCY (95h)
L11
13:12
External Temperature
READ_EXTERNAL_TEMP (8Eh)
L11
11:10
Internal Temperature
READ_INTERNAL_TEMP (8Dh)
L11
9:8
Duty Cycle
READ_DUTY_CYCLE (94h)
L11
L11
7:6
Peak Current
N/A
5:4
Load Current
READ_IOUT (8Ch)
L11
3:2
Output Voltage
READ_VOUT (8Bh)
L16u
1:0
Input Voltage
READ_VIN (88h)
L11
BLANK_PARAMS (EBh)
Definition: Returns a 16-byte string which indicates which parameter values were either retrieved by the last RESTORE operation or
have been written since that time. Reading BLANK_PARAMS immediately after a restore operation allows the user to determine which
parameters are stored in that store. Index to read BLANK_PARAM is provided in ““PMBus Command Summary” on page 29. One
indicates the parameter is not present in the store and has not been written since the RESTORE operation.
Data Length in Bytes: 16
Data Format: BIT
Type: Block Read
Default Value: FF…FFh
Units: N/A
PHASE_CONTROL (F0h)
Definition: This command controls Phase adding/dropping when the device is setup for current sharing.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: BIT
Type: R/W Byte
Default Value: 00h
VALUE D
VALUE DESCRIPTION
00h
The device phase is disabled or dropped
01h
01h The device phase is active or added
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ZL9010M
SNAPSHOT_CONTROL (F3h)
Definition: Writing a 01 will cause the device to copy the current SnapShot values from NVRAM to the 32-byte SnapShot parameters.
Writing a 02 will cause the device to write the current SnapShot values to NVRAM. Read from NVRAM (writing a 01) does not work if
SNAPSHOT is enabled in MISC_CONFIG. To read from NVRAM, the device has to be disabled.
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: Bit
Type: R/W Byte
VALUE
DESCRIPTION
01h
Move parametric and status values from Flash to the RAM.
02h
Move latest parametric and status values from RAM to the Flash.
RESTORE_FACTORY (F4h)
Definition: Restores the device to the hard-coded Factory default values and pin strap definitions. The device retains the DEFAULT and
USER stores for restoring. Security level is changed to Level 1 following this command.
Data Length in Bytes: 0
Data Format: N/A
Type: Send Byte
Default Value: N/A
Units: N/A
SECURITY_LEVEL (FAh)
Definition: The device provides write protection for individual commands. Each bit in the UNPROTECT parameter controls whether its
corresponding command is writeable (commands are always readable). If a command is not writeable, a password must be entered in
order to change its parameter (i.e., to enable writes to that command). There are two types of passwords, public and private. The public
password provides a simple lock-and-key protection against accidental changes to the device. It would typically be sent to the device in
the application prior to making changes. Private passwords allow commands marked as non-writeable in the UNPROTECT parameter to
be changed. Private passwords are intended for protecting Default-installed configurations and would not typically be used in the
application. Each store (USER and DEFAULT) can have its own UNPROTECT string and private password. If a command is marked as
non-writeable in the DEFAULT UNPROTECT parameter (its corresponding bit is cleared), the private password in the DEFAULT Store must
be sent in order to change that command. If a command is writeable according to the Default UNPROTECT parameter, it may still be
marked as non-writeable in the User Store UNPROTECT parameter. In this case, the User private password can be sent to make the
command writeable.
The device supports four levels of security. Each level is designed to be used by a particular class of users, ranging from module
manufacturers to end users, as discussed below. Levels 0 and 1 correspond to the public password. All other levels require a private
password. Writing a private password can only raise the security level. Writing a public password will reset the level down to 0 or 1.
Figure 27 shows the algorithm used by the device to determine if a particular command write is allowed.
Security Level 3 – Module Vendor
Level 3 is intended primarily for use by Module vendors to protect device configurations in the Default Store. Clearing a UNPROTECT bit
in the Default Store implies that a command is writeable only at Level 3 and above. The device’s security level is raised to Level 3 by
writing the private password value previously stored in the Default Store. To be effective, the module vendor must clear the UNPROTECT
bit corresponding to the STORE_DEFAULT_ALL and RESTORE_DEFAULT commands. Otherwise, Level 3 protection is ineffective since
the entire store could be replaced by the user, including the enclosed private password.
Security Level 2 – User
Level 2 is intended for use by the end user of the device. Clearing a UNPROTECT bit in the User Store implies that a command is
writeable only at Level 2 and above. The device’s security level is raised to Level 2 by writing the private password value previously
stored in the User Store. To be effective, the user must clear the UNPROTECT bit corresponding to the STORE_USER_ALL,
RESTORE_DEFAULT_ALL, STORE_DEFAULT_ALL and RESTORE_DEFAULT commands. Otherwise, Level 2 protection is ineffective since
the entire store could be replaced, including the enclosed private password.
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Security Level 1 – Public
Level 1 is intended to protect against accidental changes to ordinary commands by providing a global write-enable. It can be used to
protect the device from erroneous bus operations. It provides access to commands whose UNPROTECT bit is set in both the Default and
User Store. Security is raised to Level 1 by writing the public password stored in the User Store using the PUBLIC_PASSWORD
command. The public password stored in the Default Store has no effect.
Security Level 0 - Unprotected
Level 0 implies that only commands which are always writeable (e.g., PUBLIC_PASSWORD) are available. This represents the lowest
authority level and hence the most protected state of the device. The level can be reduced to 0 by using PUBLIC_PASSWORD to write
any value which does not match the stored public password
Data Length in Bytes: 1
Data Format: HEX
Type: Read Byte
Default Value: 01h
FIGURE 27. ALGORITHM USED TO DETERMINE WHEN A COMMAND IS WRITEABLE
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ZL9010M
PRIVATE_PASSWORD (FBh)
Definition: Sets the private password string.
Data Length in Bytes: 9
Data Format: ASCII. ISO/IEC 8859-1
Type: R/W Block
Default Value: 000..00h
PUBLIC_PASSWORD (FCh)
Definition: Sets the public password string.
Data Length in Bytes: 4
Data Format: ASCII. ISO/IEC 8859-1
Type: R/W Block
Default Value: 00...00h
UNPROTECT (FDh)
Definition: Sets a 256-bit (32-byte) parameter which identifies which commands are to be protected against write-access at lower
security levels. Each bit in this parameter corresponds to a command according to the command’s code. The command with a code of
00h (PAGE) is protected by the least significant bit of the least significant byte, followed by the command with a code of 01h and so
forth. Note that all possible commands have a corresponding bit regardless of whether they are protected or supported by the device.
Clearing a command’s UNPROTECT bit indicates that write access to that command is only allowed if the device’s security level has
been raised to an appropriate level. The UNPROTECT bits in the DEFAULT store require a security level 3 or greater to be writeable. The
UNPROTECT bits in the USER store require a security level of 2 or higher.
Data Length in Bytes: 32
Data Format: CUS
Type: Block R/W
Default Value: FF...FFh
Firmware Revision History
FIRMWARE REVISION CODE
CHANGE DESCRIPTION
FE03
FE04
NOTE
Not recommended for a new design.
1. VIN_OV_WARN_LIMIT = 14.0V
Recommended for a new design.
2. VIN_UV_FAULT_LIMIT = 4.0V
3. OT_WARN_LIMIT = +110°C
4. OT_FAULT_LIMIT = +125°C
5. VIN_UV_WARN_LIMIT = 4.5V
6. DEADTIME = 1414h (H-L = 20ns, L-H = 20ns)
7. DEADTIME_MAX = 3838h (Max H-L = 56ns, Max L-H =
56ns)
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ZL9010M
Revision History
The revision history provided is for informational purposes only and is believed to be accurate, but not warranted. Please go to the Intersil website to
make sure you have the latest revision.
DATE
REVISION
CHANGE
March 16, 2016
FN8422.3
Added “PMBus Use Guidelines” on page 34.
January 22, 2015
FN8422.2
Updated Table 4 on page 17 with additional values.
October 30, 2014
FN8422.1
Removed “Zilker Lab” references throughout the datasheet.
Under features on page 1 added: Overcurrent/undercurrent protection.
Updated Figure 1 on page 1: Removed (EPAD), RTN and I2C.
Removed AN2033 throughout the datasheet.
Added part numbers ZL9010MAIRZ and ZL9010MEVAL1Z to ordering information table on page 7.
Ordering Information table on page 7: Added Firmware Revision column and note 4.
On page 7 added part number key.
Removed I2C throughout the document.
Pin description table on page 4 changes:
Pin# A5: Added a text: A pull-up resistor is required for this application.
pin# E1: Added See Table 8 for setting switching frequency.
Added refer to “layout guide section” to pin numbers CI, D1 and FB+.
Changed the type from “I” to “test”.
Added a text to FB+: “This pin is noise sensitive”.
On page 25; Added “Active Current Sharing” section.
On page 26: Added the latest SnapShot Parameter Capture.
Added PMBus command section.
Completing a Power Supply Design section on page 15: Replaced I2C address, I2C clock and I2C host to
PMBus though out the datasheet.
On page 67: Added firmware revision history.
“Firmware Revision History” on page 67 updated codes from FC03, FC04 to FE03, FE04.
March 5, 2013
FN8422.0
Initial Release
About Intersil
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address some of the largest markets within the industrial and infrastructure, mobile computing and high-end consumer markets.
For the most updated datasheet, application notes, related documentation and related parts, please see the respective product
information page found at www.intersil.com.
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in the quality certifications found at www.intersil.com/en/support/qualandreliability.html
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time
without notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be
accurate and reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third
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FN8422.3
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Package Outline Drawing
Y32.17.2x11.45
32 I/O 17.2mm x 11.45mm x 2.5mm HDA MODULE
Rev 1, 11/12
PIN A1 INDICATOR
C = 0.35
7.00
DATUM A
17.20
A
TERMINAL #A1
INDEX AREA
B
SEE DETAIL B
69
0.10
A
B
C
D
E
F 10.00
G
H
J
K
L
C AB
10.40±0.15
11.45
0.10 C 2X
16.50±0.15
0.10
C AB
0.10 C 2X
TOP VIEW
SEE DETAIL A
10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
0.90±0.10
DATUM B
BOTTOM VIEW
ZL9010M
1.00
0.18±0.10
2.50 MAX
0.10 C
0.08 C
1.00
SEATING PLANE
0.025 MAX
SIDE VIEW
C
3
0.10 C A B
0.05 C
27x(0.60±0.05)
0.55±0.10
NOTES:
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
1.
All dimensions are in millimeters.
2.
1.0mmx1.0mm represents the basic land grid pitch.
3.
“27” is the total number of I/O (excluding large pads).
All 27 I/O’s are centered in a fixed row and column
matrix at 1.0mm pitch BSC.
4.
Dimensioning and tolerancing per ASME Y14.5M-1994.
5.
Tolerance for exposed DAP edge location dimension on
page 2 is ±0.1mm.
2.00
0.55±0.10
3
DETAIL B
27x(0.60±0.05)
1.00
TERMINAL TIP
0.95
±0.10
DETAIL A
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70
7.95
4.75
0.60
2.00
3.20
4.80
0.38
4.35
5.45
1.30
3.30
5.40
7.60
3.87
4.60
1.85
3.88
1.48
0.46
6
3.20
7
CENTERLINE POSITION DETAILS FOR THE 5 EXPOSED DAPS
SIZE DETAILS FOR THE 5 EXPOSED DAPS
BOTTOM VIEW
BOTTOM VIEW
a
NOTES:
6. Shown centerline measurement of 0.46mm applies to ZL9006M module. For the ZL9010M module, this measurement is 0.33mm. All other measures identical for both the ZL9006M and ZL9010M modules.
7. Shown pad edge measurement of 3.87mm applies to ZL9006M module. For the ZL9010M module, this measurement is 3.60mm. All other measurements are identical for both the ZL9006M and ZL9010M
modules.
ZL9010M
4.20
4.38
1.80
4.00
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
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8.60
8.35
7.75
7.35
6.75
6.35
5.75
5.35
4.75
4.35
3.75
3.35
2.75
2.35
1.75
1.35
0.75
0.00
2.75
6.75
6.95
7.65
8.25
8.60
71
5.73
5.28
3.48
2.48
1.48
1.23
0.48
0.00
0.13
1.53
1.98
8 2.39
3.28
5.13
5.73
8.35
7.75
7.35
6.75
5.95
5.75
5.35
4.75
3.35
2.75
2.35
1.75
1.35
0.75
0.35
0.00
0.25
0.65
1.25
2.75
2.95
6.25
8.15
TERMINAL AND PAD EDGE DETAILS
BOTTOM VIEW
NOTES:
8. Shown edge pad measurement of 2.39mm applies to ZL9006M module. For the ZL9010M module, this measurement is 2.13mm. All other measurements are identical for both the ZL9006M & ZL9010M
modules.
ZL9010M
5.48
4.88
4.48
3.88
3.48
2.88
2.48
1.88
1.48
0.88
0.48
0.00
0.13
0.53
1.13
1.53
2.13
2.53
3.13
3.53
4.13
4.53
5.13
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
5.10
5.40
5.60
6.10
6.60
7.05
7.75
8.15
8.60
3.90 4.10
2.90
1.34
0.77
0.34
0.00
0.23
0.66
1.23
1.77
3.34
2.34
2.77
4.34
3.77
5.34
4.77
6.34
5.77
7.34
6.77
7.77
4.54
4.97
5.73
8.00
8.60
1.53
2.39
3.28
5.13
5.73
PCB LAND PATTERN (FOR REFERENCE)
STENCIL OPENING EDGE POSITION (FOR REFERENCE)
TOP VIEW
TOP VIEW
8.15
7.10
0.48
0.00
0.13
6.25
7.30
1.97
1.48
2.95
2.75
5.10
0.43
2.48
1.25
0.65
0.25
0.00
0.35
0.75
1.35
1.75
2.35
2.75
3.35
8.34
1.38
3.48
4.75
5.35
5.75 5.95
6.35
6.75
7.35
7.75
8.35
5.30
6.00
5.73
8.60
5.11
3.42
3.54
6.20
4.11
4.00
4.90
3.11
4.27
3.75
5.73
5.28
5.48
4.88
4.48
3.88
3.48
2.88
2.48
1.88
1.48
1.22
0.88
0.48
0.00
0.13
0.53
1.13
1.98 1.53
2.13
2.53
3.13
3.53
4.13
4.53
5.13
ZL9010M
0.00
0.54
1.11
1.78
2.90
0.89
2.46
1.46
1.02
0.46
0.22
0.11
0.98
1.54
2.11
2.54
3.10
3.80
1.89
3.46
7.77
7.34
6.77
6.34
5.77
5.75
5.34
4.77 4.95
4.75
3.95 3.75
3.34
2.95
2.77
2.34
1.77
1.34
0.77
2.89
4.46
8.60
8.25
7.65
6.95
6.75
3.89
5.73
5.13
4.48
3.95
3.63
2.57
2.37
1.58
1.33
0.57
0.23
0.03
0.78
0.87
1.07
5.46
2.75
4.89
0.00
0.75
1.35
1.75
2.35
2.75
3.35
3.75
4.35
4.75
5.35
5.75
6.35
6.75
7.35
7.75
8.35
8.60
72
8.60
8.34
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5.73
FN8422.3
March 16, 2016
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