Datasheet

HIGH-SPEED GATED
IMAGE INTENSIFIER UNITS
C9016-2x, C9546, C9547 SERIES
▲Left: C9016-2x series + Controller, Center: C9546 series, Right: C9547 series
OVERVIEW
Image intensifiers (I. I.) are devices capable of intensifying an image at high gain and high-speed gating (electronic shutter operation). This allows them to capture "instantaneous images" of ultrafast phenomena that occur in extremely short periods of time. Hamamatsu C9016-2x, C9546 and C9547 series image intensifier
units consist of a compact head that integrates an image intensifier
with a high-speed gate operation circuit and a remote controller.
Built-in image intensifiers are available with three standard photocathodes which are GaAsP, GaAs, and multialkali photocathodes.
A high-sensitivity, high-speed shutter camera can be configured by
simply connecting an image intensifier head to the front of a camera such as a CCD camera. Various types of CCD cameras can be
optically connected through a relay lens.
CCD cameras with fiber optic window are available as options. Image intensifier gain can be adjusted from the remote controller or a
PC (personal computer) through USB interface (Ver. 1.1 compatible with Windows Vista business / 7 Pro). Built-in over-light protection circuit allows using these image intensifier units without having
to worry much about the input light level.
FEATURES
●High speed gating
C9016-2x series: 20 ns ~
C9546 series: 3 ns ~
C9547-01/-02/-05/-06: 5 ns ~
C9547-03/-04: 10 ns ~
●Gate operation in accordance with input gate
pulse width and its repetition rate
●Superior shutter ratio even in UV region
MCP gating: C9546, C9547 series
●High performance image intensifier
High quantum efficiency: GaAsP model
Wide spectral response: Multialkali model
High sensitivity: GaAs model
●Built-in protective circuit prevents damage
from excessive light
APPLICATIONS
●Analysis of high-speed phenomenon
Engine combustion state
Plasma emission / Discharge / PIV / Flow / Spray and so on.
●Imaging of low-light-level emission and fluorescence
Time resolved fluorescence imaging for dyed cell/tissue
SPECIFICATIONS
C9016-21 C9016-22 C9016-23 C9016-24 C9016-25 C9016-26
Type No. C9546-01 C9546-02 C9546-03 C9546-04 C9546-05 C9546-06
Unit
C9547-01 C9547-02 C9547-03 C9547-04 C9547-05 C9547-06
C9016-2x
Luminous sensitivity
1500
700
150
C9546
230
µA/lm
(Typ.)
C9547
1100
C9016-2x
214
Photocathode Radiant sensitivity A
170
C9546
47
53
mA/W
(Typ.)
sensitivity
192
C9547
147
C9016-2x
Quantum efficiency A
50
30
C9546
14
15
%
(Typ.)
45
C9547
22
C9016-2x
17 B
C9546
Effective diameter
mm
C9547
25 C
Borosilicate glass
Photocathode Window material
Synthetic silica
Borosilicate glass
—
GaAsP
Multialkali
GaAs
Photocathode material
—
280 to 720
185 to 900
370 to 920
Spectral response
nm
530
430
800
Peak wavelength
FOP
Window material
—
Phosphor
P43
Phosphor material D
—
screen
See Figuer 8
Decay time
—
C9016-2x 2.2 × 104 5.0 × 106 1.1 × 104 4.0 × 106 4.0 × 104 9.6 × 106
2.0 × 104
3.6 × 104 5.8 × 106 (lm/m2)/lx
Luminous gain (Typ.) C9546
3.0 × 106 1.0 × 104 2.4 × 106
C9547
1.8 × 104
3.0 × 104 5.3 × 106
Gain
C9016-2x 1.4 × 104 3.4 × 106 6.8 × 103 3.0 × 106 1.2 × 104 2.7 × 106
Radiant
C9546
1.3 × 104 2.0 × 106
1.1 × 104 1.6 × 106 (W/m2)/(W/m2)
emittance gain A
6.2 × 103 1.8 × 106
C9547
(Typ.)
1.2 × 104 1.9 × 106
8.2 × 103 1.2 × 106
3 × 10-12
1 × 10-11
2 × 10-11
Equivalent back- Luminous (Typ.)
lm/cm2
ground input (EBI) Radiant A (Typ.)
8 × 10-15
3 × 10-14
4 × 10-14
W/cm2
C9016-2x
64
57
64
57
C9546
Limiting resolution (Typ.)
64
57
Lp/mm
C9547
57
51
57
51
1
Image magnification
—
C9016-2x 1.4 × 10-3 6.3 × 10-6 2.9 × 10-3 7.9 × 10-6 7.9 × 10-4 3.3 × 10-6
C9546
Luminous (Typ.)
1.6 × 10-3
8.6 × 10-4 5.5 × 10-6
lx
1.0 × 10-5 3.1 × 10-3 1.3 × 10-5
C9547
1.7 × 10-3
1.0 × 10-3 5.9 × 10-6
Maximum input
C9016-2x 3.4 × 10-10 1.4 × 10-12 6.9 × 10-10 1.6 × 10-12 3.9 × 10-10 1.7 × 10-12
light level E
C9546
Radiant A (Typ.)
3.7 × 10-10 2.3 × 10-12
4.3 × 10-10 2.9 × 10-12
W/cm2
7.6 × 10-10 2.6 × 10-12
C9547
4.0 × 10-10 2.5 × 10-12
5.7 × 10-10 3.9 × 10-12
10
Average of max. phosphor screen brightness
cd/m2
AC 100 to AC 240
Power requirement
V
C9016-2x
4.8
C9546
6
8.4
6
8.4
6
8.4
Power consumption (Max.)
W
C9547
7.2
10.8
7.2
10.8
7.2
10.8
0 to +40
Operating ambient temperature
°C
-20 to +50
Storage temperature
F
Below 70
Operating and storage humidity
%
Parameter
NOTE: AAt wavelength of peak sensitivity
BEffective output area is 12.8 mm × 9.6 mm. Take the effective area of the camera and reduction rate of the relay lens to be used into account.
CEffective output area is 16 mm × 16 mm. Take the effective area of the camera and reduction rate of the relay lens to be used into account.
DP24 and P46 phosphor screens are also available.
EDuring normal (continuous) mode at maximum gain
FNo condensation
Protective functions
Parameter
C9016-2x
C9546 · C9547
2 kHz
30 kHz
Repetition Max.
Display *
rate
Red LED is lit continuously
Excessive light protection
Shuts off operation during excessive light
During
Red LED flashes
Excessive excessive
(on rear of head and remote controller operation panel)
light
light warning
protection During
Red LED is lit continuously
display * shut off
(on rear of head and remote controller operation panel)
operation
Protection circuit
Reset switch on the remote controller
reset
or sending command via USB interface
Controllable functions
Parameter
Gain setting
Operation mode
switching
Excessive light
protection display
Excessive light
protection reset
Excessive gate
input monitor
Integrated screen
current monitor
Remote controller PC (software)
C9546G
C9546G
C9016-2x
C9016-2x
C9547
C9547
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
NOTE: * C9016 series
No
No
No
Yes
The LED on the rear side of the head can be turned on/off by control from a PC.
C9546 and C9547 series
NOTE: GThe control mode automatically switches to PC by connectThe LED at the side of the head can be turned on/off by control from a PC.
ing USB cable even if the remote controller is connected.
GATE SPECIFICATIONS
Parameter
Normal mode
Operation mode
Gate mode
Level
Input impedance
Gate signal
Pulse width A
input
Repetition rate B (Max.)
when MCP is gated
Gate off time
Gate time A
Gate rise time (Typ.)
Gate fall time (Typ.)
Gate output
Delay time
when MCP is gated
Jitter (Max.)
Output level
Gate time
Pulse width
monitor
Output impedance
C9016-2x
C9546 Series
C9547-01, -02, -05, -06
C9547-03, -04
Continuous Mode
Normally OFF, Turns ON when the gate signal is input
TTL Positive logic
C-MOS Positive logic
50 Ω
15 ns to DC
5 ns to DC
8 ns to DC
20 ns to DC
30 kHz
2 kHz
10 kHz
—
20 µs Min.
—
10 ns to DC
3 ns to DC
5 ns to DC
20 ns to DC
8 ns
2 ns
3 ns
15 ns
10 ns
3 ns
4 ns
15 ns
36 ns ± 2 ns
46 ns ± 2 ns
86 ns ± 2 ns
—
0.5 ns
2 V Positive logic (at 50 Ω termination)
—
Gate time (FWHM)
—
50 Ω
—
NOTE: APlease refer to Figure 1 and Figure 3.
BBuilt-in protection circuit
Figure 1: C9016-2x series
gate time input / output characteristics
Figure 2: C9016-2x series
time sequence
TAPPB0028EA
DELAY TIME: 46 ns ± 2 ns
100
GATE INPUT PULSE WIDTH > 20 ns
A
GATE TIME (ns)
NOTE:
A: 4.4 V to 5 V (50 Ω)
B: 3.5 V (50 Ω)
B
GATE
INPUT PULSE
50
GATE TIME * (FWHM)
NORMALLY OFF
GATE
OPERATION (I.I.)
JITTER 0.5 ns (MAX.)
* Gate time (FWHM) is the same as gate input pulse width.
50
100
TAPPC0115EA
GATE INPUT PULSE WIDTH (ns)
Figure 3: C9546 · C9547 series
gate time input / output characteristics
1000
Figure 4: C9546 · C9547 series
time sequence
INPUT PULSE LEVEL: 2 V (at 50 Ω)
TAPPB0088EA
DELAY TIME: Td
GATE INPUT PULSE WIDTH: C
GATE TIME (ns)
A
GATE
INPUT PULSE
100
WHEN MCP IS UNGATED
WHEN
MCP IS GATED
(10 kHz Max.)
B
GATE TIME (FWHM)
NORMALLY OFF
GATE
OPERATION (I.I.)
10
7 ns ± 1 ns
JITTER 0.5 ns (MAX.)
GATE TIME (FWHM)
1
GATE TIME
MONITOR
1
10
100
GATE INPUT PULSE WIDTH (ns)
1000
D
NOTE: A: 2 V to 5 V (50 Ω)
B: 2 V (50 Ω)
C: See Figure 3
D: 2 V (50 Ω)
Td: 36 ns ± 2 ns (when MCP is ungated)
86 ns ± 2 ns (when MCP is gated)
MCP gate operation starts 26 ns prior to the rise edge of
TAPPC0116EA
GATE OPERATION and ends 26 ns after the fall edge.
CHARACTERISTICS
Figure 5: Typical luminous gain (Typ.)
●C9016-2x series
107
●C9546 series
TAPPB0090EC
107
TAPPB0090EC-02
C9016-26
C9546-06
106
C9016-22
105
LUMINOUS GAIN (lm/m2)/lx
LUMINOUS GAIN (lm/m2)/lx
106
C9016-24
C9016-25
104
103
C9016-21
102
C9546-02
105
C9546-05
104
103
C9546-01
102
C9016-23
101
Min.
C9546-03
101
Min.
Max.
Max.
GAIN SETTING
GAIN SETTING
●C9547 series
Figure 6: Typical spectral response
TAPPB0090EC-03
103
C9547-06
LUMINOUS GAIN (lm/m2)/lx
106
C9547-02
105
CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)
QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)
107
C9546-04
C9547-04
C9547-05
104
103
C9547-01
102
C9547-03
TAPPB0089EB
GaAsP
PHOTOCATHODE
MULTIALKALI
PHOTOCATHODE
102
101
100
GaAs
PHOTOCATHODE
CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY
QUANTUM EFFICIENCY
101
Min.
10-1
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
Max.
GAIN SETTING
WAVELENGTH (nm)
Figure 7: Typical phosphor screen spectral emission
100
Figure 8: Typical phosphor screen decay characteristics
TAPPB0080EB
102
TAPPB0081EB
80
RELATIVE INTENSITY (%)
RELATIVE INTENSITY (%)
P43
P24
60
P43
40
P46
20
P24
101
P46
100 ns
100
100 ns
100 ns
10 µs
1 ms
1 ms
INPUT LIGHT
PULSE WIDTH
0
350
400
450
500
550
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
650
700
10-1
10-8
10-7
10-6
1 ms
10-5
10-4
DECAY TIME (s)
10-3
10-2
DIMENSIONAL OUTLINES (Unit: mm)
●Head
C9016-2x series
34.3
0.5
OUTPUT
WINDOW
C-MOUNT
50
OUTPUT
WINDOW
4 × M3
116
32
CONNECTOR (AUX)
FOR REMOTE
CONTROLLER
POWER SWITCH
47
POWER/
PROTECTION
DISPLAY LED
AC ADAPTER
CONNECTOR
SIDE VIEW
FRONT VIEW
1
30
90
30
66
4
USB CONNECTOR
REAR VIEW
4 × M3
(Weight: Approx. 570 g)
1/4"-20UNC
45
BOTTOM VIEW
TAPPA0061ED
C9546 series
C9547 series
80
34.3
0.5
67
1
0.5
32
4 × M3
143
GATE TIME
MONITOR
OUTPUT (BNC)
77
POWER/
PROTECTION
DISPLAY LED
4 × M3
1.8
OUTPUT
WINDOW
C-MOUNT
GATE TIME
MONITOR
OUTPUT (BNC)
159
C-MOUNT
OUTPUT
WINDOW
41
50
POWER/
PROTECTION
DISPLAY LED
77
66
33.3
80
80
POWER SWITCH
POWER SWITCH
AC ADAPTER
CONNECTOR
1
90
GATE INPUT(BNC)
CONNECTOR (AUX) FOR
REMOTE CONTROLLER
SIDE VIEW
USB CONNECTOR
90
REAR VIEW
GATE INPUT (BNC)
SIDE VIEW
CONNECTOR (AUX) FOR
REMOTE CONTROLLER
40
USB CONNECTOR
40
4 × M3
4 × M3
1/4"-20UNC
1/4"-20UNC
50
30
REAR VIEW
50
30
1
AC ADAPTER
CONNECTOR
30
50
BOTTOM VIEW
(Weight: Approx. 1 kg)
30
50
(Weight: Approx. 1 kg)
BOTTOM VIEW
TAPPA0071ED
TAPPA0072EC
●Remote controller
C9016-2x series
C9546, C9547 series
CONNECTION CABLE
TO HEAD
2000
2000
48
48
CONNECTION CABLE
TO HEAD
GATE INPUT
(BNC)
REAR VIEW
REAR VIEW
GAIN
ADJUSTMENT KNOB
GAIN
ADJUSTMENT KNOB
RESET SWITCH
OPERATION MODE
SELECTOR SWITCH
NORMAL/GATE
OPERATION MODE
SELECTOR SWITCH
NORMAL/GATE
111
RESET SWITCH
111
POWER/PROTECTION
DISPLAY LED
POWER/PROTECTION
DISPLAY LED
REMOTE CONTROLLER
REMOTE CONTROLLER
70
29
70
29
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
TOP VIEW
SIDE VIEW
(Weight: Approx. 300 g)
(Weight: Approx. 300 g)
TAPPA0073EA
TAPPA0062EC
ACCESSORIES (SOLD SEPARATELY)
●Relay lens adapter A9017, A9549
DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE (Unit: mm)
A9017
A9549
24
4 × 3.2
COUNTER SINKING
25
3
2
4 × 3.2
3
2
67
50
M59 P=1
41
32
40
M59 P=1
R
R6
66
[REAR VIEW]
R6
80
[SIDE VIEW]
Weight: 35 g
[REAR VIEW]
[SIDE VIEW]
Weight: 45 g
TAPPA0107EA
TAPPA0087EA
ACCESSORIES (SOLD SEPARATELY)
●CCD cameras with fiber optic window C9018/-01/-04, C12550 series
The C9018 series CCD cameras have a restart / reset function and are designed to read out images from C9016 and C9546
series image intensifier units. Fiber coupling allows more highly efficient image readout than lens coupling.
●Analog camera
●Digital camera
C9018 series
C12550 series
SPECIFICATIONS
●C9018 series
●C12550 series
Parameter
C9018
C9018-01
C9018-04
Signal systems
EIA
Progressive scan *1
CCIR
Charge accumulation Frame storage / Field storage, switchable Frame storage
12.8 × 9.6
Effective image area (H × V)
752 × 582
Number of pixels (H × V) 768 × 494
659 × 494
560
500
Resolution (Horizontal)
570
Internal / External (auto switching)
Synchronization method
Power requirement
+9.0 to +16.0
+10.5 to +15.0
Power consumption
1.6
1.8
170
Weight
0 to +40
Operating ambient temperature
70 (no condensation)
Operating ambient humidity
Unit
—
—
mm
—
TV lines
—
V
W
g
°C
%
*1: Progressive scan at a vertical frequency of 59.94 Hz
Parameter
C12550 series
Image device
full pixel readout interline CCD
13.2 × 9.9
Effective image area (H × V)
1360 × 1024
Number of pixels (H × V)
12
AD converter
10 (Max.)
Readout rate
Exposure control
Electronic shutter capable of long exposure
External trigger
Edge trigger, start trigger
Digital output
USB 2.0
Power requirement
AC100 to AC240
Power consumption
3.6
Weight
400 *2
Operating ambient temperature
0 to +40
70 (no condensation)
Operating ambient humidity
Unit
—
mm
—
bit
fps
—
—
—
V
W
g
°C
%
*2: Main body only
Supplied: AC adapter, AC cable, USB cable,
CD-ROM (instruction manual, image acquisition software)
DIMENSIONAL OUTLINE (Unit: mm)
C9018/-01/-04
C12550 series
EXTERNAL
TRIGGER TERMINAL
(4 PIN)
EFFECTIVE AREA 13.2 × 9.9
6
51.5 ± 0.15
4 × 3.2 CAMERA FIXING
SCREW HOLES
50
50
32
FCCD Camera
C12550
USB
42
33
INPUT
WINDOW
FOP
USB
CONNECTOR
OPERATION MODE
SELECTOR SWITCH
46.5
DC 12V
TIMING I/0
32
32
FRONT VIEW
FRONT VIEW
MIN
MAX
M GAIN
4 × 3.2
HD/VD
HD/VD
SWITCH
75 Ω TERMINATER
SWITCH
GAIN SWITCH
REAR VIEW
20
1/4-20 × 6L
SIDE VIEW
AC ADAPTER CONNECTOR
REAR VIEW
TAPPA0108EA
DC IN/SYNC
CONNECTOR (12 PIN)
75Ω
1
SIDE VIEW
DIP SWITCH
VIDEO OUT/DC IN/SYNC
1 2 3 4
86
1.5
66
0.3A
ON
EFFECTIVE AREA
12.8 × 9.6
TAPPA0063EC
SETUP EXAMPLE WITH OPTICAL ACCESSORIES
●C9016-2x Series
CCD CAMERA WITH
FIBER OPTIC WINDOW
C12550 SERIES
PC
IMAGE ACQUISITION
SOFTWARE
USB CABLE
AC ADAPTER
AC100 V to 240 V
CCD CAMERA WITH
FIBER OPTIC WINDOW
C9018/-01/-04
CAMERA CABLE
A5963 SERIES
OBJECTIVE LENS
WITH C-MOUNT
AC ADAPTER
A10059-01/-02
VIDEO OUTPUT
(EIA, CCIR, Progressive scan)
AC100 V to 240 V
F-MOUNT–C-MOUNT
1: 1 RELAY LENS
CONVERTER
ORCA Flash4.0 V2
A4539
A2095
MICROSCOPE
DIGITAL CCD CAMERA
(2/3 INCH)
3: 2 RELAY LENS
A11669
C9016-2x series
HEAD
ATTACHMENT
FOR MICROSCOPE
RELAY LENS
ADAPTER
A9017
2: 1 RELAY LENS
A2098
CCD CAMERA
(1/2 INCH)
IMAGE INTENSIFIER UNIT
PULSE DELAY
GENERATOR
C10149
GATE INPUT
TRIGGER
INPUT
C10149
REMOTE CONTROLLER
REMOTE CONTROLLER3
...IMAGE INTENSIFIER UNITS C9016-2x SERIES
...ACCESSORIES (SOLD SEPARATELY)
CD-ROM CONTROL
SOFTWARE
Connections
AC ADAPTER1
AC CABLE2
USB CABLE 2 m 4
100 V to 240 V
PC5
(USB)
●C9546 Series
C9547 Series
The recommended connections differ depending
on the operation mode and gain control method
for the C9016-2x series.
Operation
Gain control
Connections
DC/Gate Remote control
1 2 3
DC
PC
1 2 4 5
Gate
PC
1 2 3 4 5
PC
CCD CAMERA WITH
FIBER OPTIC WINDOW
(C9546 SERIES) C12550 SERIES
TAPPC0175EA
IIMAGE ACQUISITION
SOFTWARE
USB CABLE
AC ADAPTER
AC100 V to 240 V
CCD CAMERA WITH
FIBER OPTIC WINDOW
(C9546 SERIES) C9018/-01/-04
CAMERA CABLE
A5963 SERIES
OBJECTIVE LENS
WITH C-MOUNT
AC ADAPTER
A10059-01/-02
VIDEO OUTPUT
(EIA, CCIR, Progressive scan)
AC100 V to 240 V
F-MOUNT–C-MOUNT
1: 1 RELAY LENS
CONVERTER
ORCA Flash4.0 V2
A4539
A2095
MICROSCOPE
DIGITAL CCD CAMERA
(2/3 INCH)
3: 2 RELAY LENS
A11669
C9546, C9547 SERIES
C-MOUNT
ATTACHMENT
FOR MICROSCOPE
HEAD
RELAY LENS
ADAPTER
2: 1 RELAY LENS A2098 /
A9017
3: 1 RELAY LENS A11716
A9549
CCD CAMERA
(1/2 INCH)
PULSE DELAY
GENERATOR C10149
GATE INPUT
OSCILLOSCOPE (GATE TIME MONITOR)
C10149
REMOTE CONTROLLER
REMOTE CONTROLLER3
...IMAGE INTENSIFIER UNITS C9016 SERIES
...ACCESSORIES (SOLD SEPARATELY)
Connections
CD-ROM CONTROL
SOFTWARE
AC CABLE2
AC ADAPTER1
USB CABLE 2 m4
100 V to 240 V
TRIGGER
INPUT
PC5
(USB)
The recommended connections differ
depending on the operation mode and gain
control method for the C9546, C9547 series.
Operation Gain control Connections
Remote
DC/Gate
1 2 3
control
DC/Gate PC
1 2 4 5
TAPPC0121EC
Subject to local technical requirements and regulations, availability of products included in this promotional material may vary. Please consult with our sales office.
Information furnished by HAMAMATSU is believed to be reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for possible inaccuracies or omissions. Specifications are
subject to change without notice. No patent rights are granted to any of the circuits described herein. ©2015 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
www.hamamatsu.com
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Electron Tube Division
314-5, Shimokanzo, Iwata City, Shizuoka Pref., 438-0193, Japan, Telephone: (81)539/62-5248, Fax: (81)539/62-2205
U.S.A.: Hamamatsu Corporation: 360 Foothill Road, Bridgewater. N.J. 08807-0910, U.S.A., Telephone: (1)908-231-0960, Fax: (1)908-231-1218 E-mail: [email protected]
Germany: Hamamatsu Photonics Deutschland GmbH: Arzbergerstr. 10, D-82211 Herrsching am Ammersee, Germany, Telephone: (49)8152-375-0, Fax: (49)8152-2658 E-mail: [email protected]
France: Hamamatsu Photonics France S.A.R.L.: 19, Rue du Saule Trapu, Parc du Moulin de Massy, 91882 Massy Cedex, France, Telephone: (33)1 69 53 71 00, Fax: (33)1 69 53 71 10 E-mail: [email protected]
United Kingdom: Hamamatsu Photonics UK Limited: 2 Howard Court, 10 Tewin Road, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire AL7 1BW, United Kingdom, Telephone: (44)1707-294888, Fax: (44)1707-325777 E-mail: [email protected]
North Europe: Hamamatsu Photonics Norden AB: Torshamnsgatan 35 SE-164 40 Kista, Sweden, Telephone: (46)8-509-031-00, Fax: (46)8-509-031-01 E-mail: [email protected]
TII 1063E01
Italy: Hamamatsu Photonics Italia S.r.l.: Strada della Moia, 1 int. 6, 20020 Arese (Milano), Italy, Telephone: (39)02-93581733, Fax: (39)02-93581741 E-mail: [email protected]
China: Hamamatsu Photonics (China) Co., Ltd.: B1201 Jiaming Center, No.27 Dongsanhuan Beilu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China, Telephone: (86)10-6586-6006, Fax: (86)10-6586-2866 E-mail: [email protected]
SEPT. 2015 IP
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