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8
8
1-8
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
HS-245RH Radiation Hardened Triple
Line Transmitter
HS-246RH Radiation Hardened Triple
Line Receiver
HS-248RH Radiation Hardened Triple
Party-Line Receiver
• Electrically Screened to SMD # 5962-96722 and
5962-96723
• QML Qualified per MIL-PRF-38535 Requirements
Each transmitter-receiver combination provides a digital
interface between systems linked by 100 twisted pair,
shielded cable. Each device contains three circuits
fabricated within a single monolithic chip. Data rates greater
than 15MHz are possible depending on transmission line
loss characteristics and length.
The transmitter employs constant current switching which
provides high noise immunity along with high speeds, low
power dissipation, low EMI generation and the ability to
drive high capacitance loads. In addition, the transmitters
can be turned “off” allowing several transmitters to timeshare a single line.
Receiver input/output differences are shown in the table:
INPUT
• Radiation Hardened DI Processing
- Total Dose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 krad(Si) (Max)
- Latchup Free
- Neutron Fluence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 x 1012 N/cm2
• Replaces HD-245/246/248
• Current Mode Operation
• High Speed with 50 Foot Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15MHz
High Speed with 1000 Foot Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2MHz
• High Noise Immunity
• Low EMI Generation
• Low Power Dissipation
• High Common Mode Rejection
• Transmitter and Receiver Party Line Capability
• Tolerates -2.0V to +20.0V Ground Differential (Transmitter
with Respect to Receiver)
• Transmitter Input/Receiver Output TTL/DTL Compatible
Ordering Information
OUTPUT
HS-246RH
100
Open Collector
HS-248RH
Hi-Z
6K Pull-Up Resistors
FN3034.4
Features
The HS-245RH/246RH/248RH radiation hardened triple line
transmitter and triple line receivers are fabricated using the
Intersil dielectric isolation process. These parts are identical in
pinout and function to the original HD-245/246/248. They are
also die size and bond pad placement compatible with the
original parts for those customers who buy dice for hybrid
assembly.
PART NO.
April 2003
ORDERING NUMBER
The internal 100 cable termination consists of 50 from
each input to ground.
HS-248RH ‘‘party line’’ receivers have a Hi-Z input such that
as many as ten of these receivers can be used on a single
transmission line.
Each transmitter input and receiver output can be connected to
TTL and DTL systems. When used with shielded transmission
line, the transmitter-receiver system has very high immunity to
capacitance and magnetic noise coupling from adjacent
conductors. The system can tolerate ground differentials of
-2.0V to +20.0V (transmitter with respect to receiver).
Specifications for Rad Hard QML devices are controlled
by the Defense Supply Center in Columbus (DSCC). The
SMD numbers listed here must be used when ordering.
INTERNAL
MKT. NUMBER
TEMP. RANGE
(oC)
5962R9672201QCC
HS1-245RH-8
-55 to 125
5962R9672201QXC
HS9-245RH-8
-55 to 125
5962R9672201VCC
HS1-245RH-Q
-55 to 125
5962R9672201VXC
HS9-245RH-Q
-55 to 125
HS9-245RH/PROTO
HS9-245RH/PROTO
-55 to 125
5962R9672301QCC
HS1-246RH-8
-55 to 125
5962R9672301QXC
HS9-246RH-8
-55 to 125
5962R9672301VCC
HS1-246RH-Q
-55 to 125
5962R9672301VXC
HS9-246RH-Q
-55 to 125
5962R9672302QCC
HS1-248RH-8
-55 to 125
5962R9672302QXC
HS9-248RH-8
-55 to 125
5962R9672302VCC
HS1-248RH-Q
-55 to 125
5962R9672302VXC
HS9-248RH-Q
-55 to 125
Detailed Electrical Specifications for these devices are
contained in SMD 5962-96722 and 5962-96723.
1
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.
1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
Copyright © Intersil Americas Inc. 2003. All Rights Reserved
All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners.
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
Pinouts
HS9-246RH/248RH 14 PIN FLATPACK
HS1-246RH/248RH 14 PIN CERAMIC DIP
MIL-STD-1835 CDFP3-F14
TOP VIEW
HS9-245RH 14 PIN FLATPACK
HS1-245RH 14 CERAMIC DIP
MIL-STD-1835 CDIP2-T14
TOP VIEW
1 INPUT 1
1 OUTPUT 2
T1
14 VCC
(-) INPUT 1
13 INPUT 2
(+) INPUT 2
12 OUTPUT 2
(R1) OUTPUT 3
2 INPUT 4
11 OUTPUT 1
(-) INPUT 4
1 INPUT 5
10 INPUT 1
(+) INPUT 5
INPUT 2
(R2) OUTPUT 6
2 OUTPUT 3
T3
T2
1 OUTPUT 6
9
SUBSTRATE 7
GND
8
14 VCC (R1 AND R2)
R1
12 VEE (R1 AND R2)
11 VEE (R3)
R2
10 OUTPUT (R3)
9 INPUT (+)
R3
GND 7
OUTPUT 2
13 VCC (R3)
8 INPUT (-)
Test Circuits and Applications
OPEN
(3.2V)
NOTES:
Input: TTLH  10ns
TTHL  10ns
pw = 500ns
f = 1MHz
VOUT
IOUT =
50
1 IN
2 IN
0V
VCC = +5V
OPEN
(3.2V)
VOUT1
50
1% TRANSMITTER
OUT
1
0V
TPHL
TPLH
1 OUT
D.U.T.
0.15V
(3mA)
2
VOUT2
50
1%
0V
0.15V
(3mA)
2 OUT
0V
All timing measurements referenced to 50% V points
FIGURE 1. CIRCUIT #1 TRANSMITTER PROPAGATION DELAY
150mV
(+)IN
0V
(-) IN
150mV
NOTES:
0V
Input: TTLH  10ns
TTHL  10ns
pw = 500ns
f = 1MHz
VCC = +5V
(+)
520
50
(-)
50

RECEIVER
OUTPUT
D.U.T.
800
30pF
TPLH
VEE = - 5V
TPHL
5V
RECEIVER
OUT
NOTE: External 50  resistors needed for HS-248RH
0V
All timing measurements referenced to 50% V points
FIGURE 2. CIRCUIT #2 RECEIVER PROPAGATION DELAY
2
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
Test Circuits and Applications
(Continued)
+5V
+5V
(+)
IN
1/3 HS-246RH
50
1/3
HS-245RH
RECEIVER
OUT
50

(-)
ENABLE
+5V
(NOTE)
-5V
(+)
NOTE: HS-245RH should be driven by open-collector
gates. (Totem-pole output may cause slight reduction in
“on” data current). For more detailed information, refer to
Design Information section of this data sheet.
1/3
HS-248RH
“PARTY-LINE”
RECEIVER
OUTPUT
(-)
-5V
FIGURE 3. TYPICAL APPLICATION
Design Information
Voltage Mode Transmission
Data rates of up to 10 million bits per second can be
obtained with standard TTL logic; however, the transmission
distance must be very short. For example, a typical 50 foot
low capacitance cable will have a capacitance of
approximately 750pF which requires a current of greater
than 50mA to drive 5V into this cable at 10MHz; therefore,
voltage mode transmitters are undesirable for long
transmission lines at high data rates due to the large current
required to charge the transmission line capacitance.
Current Mode Transmission
An alternate method of driving high data rates down long
transmission lines is to use a current mode transmitter.
Current mode logic changes the current in a low impedance
transmission line and requires very little change in voltage.
For example, a 2mA change in transmitter current will
produce a 100mV change in receiver voltage independent of
the series transmission line resistance. The rise time at the
receiver for a typical 50 foot cable (750pF) is approximately
30ns for a 2mA pulse.
3
An emitter coupled logic gate is frequently used for a current
mode transmitter. However, ECL gates are not compatible
with TTL and DTL logic and they require considerable
power. The Intersil HS-245RH is a TTL/DTL compatible
current mode transmitter designed for high data rates on
long transmission lines. Data rates of 15 megabits per
second can be obtained with 50 feet of transmission line
when using the companion HS-246RH receiver. Data rates
of 2 megabits per second are easily obtained on
transmission lines as long as 1,000 feet. The Intersil
transmitter and receivers feature very low power, typically
25mW for the transmitter and 15mW for the receiver.
Intersil Transmitter/Receivers
The Intersil transmitter/receiver family consists of a triple line
transmitter, two triple line receivers with internal terminations
and a triple party-line receiver. The general characteristics of
the transmitter and receivers are outlined in Table A.
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
TABLE A. GENERAL TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS
TRIPLE LINE TRANSMITTER
PARAMETER
HS-245RH
UNITS
-55 to 125
oC
“ON” Output Current
1.0 Min
mA
Over Full Temperature Range
Power Supply Current
7.0 Max
mA
Per Transmitter Section
Standby Current
33 Max
A
Per Transmitter Section
Propagation Delay
14 Max
ns
Over Full Temperature Range
Operating Temperature Range
COMMENTS
TRIPLE LINE RECEIVER
PARAMETER
RECEIVER TYPE
LIMITS
UNITS
COMMENTS
Operating Temperature Range
HS-246RH/248RH
-55 to 125
oC
Power Supply
ICC (VCC = +5.0V)
HS-246RH/248RH
2.6
mA
Per Receiver Section
All Receivers
30
ns
Over Full Temperature Range
Propagation Delay
INPUT
Input Impedance and
Output Circuit
HS-246RH
100
HS-248RH
Hi-Z

Complementary input signals may be derived from high
speed inverter gates as shown, or by using the
complementary outputs of a flip-flop. When the transmitter is
connected near the midpoint of a long transmission line or to
a line with terminations at both ends, two transmitter
sections should be paralleled with respective inputs and
outputs connected together in order to drive the reduced
impedance. This parallel transmitter technique can also be
used to increase the data rate on long transmission lines.
4
Open Collector
6K Pull-Up Resistor
Transmitter
The HS-245RH transmitters have two inputs per transmitter,
either of which is low while the other is open during normal
operation and both inputs are open during standby. For
optimum transmitter performance, the “off” input should be
open circuit rather than being pulled towards +5V, because
this will reduce the “on” output data current. On the other
hand, the “on” and “off” output data current will increase if
the “off” input is held below its open circuit voltage. Open
collector gates such as the 7401 and 7403 or 7405 HexInverter are suitable for driving the HS-245RH transmitter
inputs. By using 2-input gates as shown in Figure 4, an
enable line can be provided so that more than one
transmitter may be connected to a line for time sharing.
When the enable line is low the transmitter will be disabled
and will present a high impedance to the transmission line as
well as requiring very little power supply current.
OUTPUT
IN
G1
G2
G3
ENABLE
1/3
HS-245RH
+5
1/3
HS-246RH
GND
OUT
GND +5V -5V
2K-6K FOR TTL DRIVE
REQUIRED FOR HS-246RH
1/3
HS-248RH
GND +5V -5V
FIGURE 4. TYPICAL DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM
OUT
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
Transmitter Operation
The transmitter alternately applies the current to each of the
two conductors in the twisted pair line such that the total
current in the twisted pair is constant and always in the same
direction. This current flows through either of the two 50V
terminating resistors at the receiver and returns to the
transmitter as a steady DC current on the transmission line
shield. The DC power supply return for the transmitter is
through the receiver terminating resistors (the transmitter
ground pin is only a substrate ground). Therefore, it is
essential that the shield be connected to the power supply
common at both the transmitter and receiver, preferably at
the integrated circuit “ground” pin. More than fifteen twisted
pair lines can share the same shield without crosstalk.
Receivers
The HS-248RH “party-line” receiver presents a high
impedance load to the transmission line allowing as many as
ten HS-248RH receivers to be distributed along a line without
excessive loading. Figure 3 shows a typical system of a
transmitter, a terminating receiver and a party-line receiver.
The transmission line is terminated in its characteristics
impedance by an HS-246RH or by a pair of 50 resistors
connecting each line to the ground return shield.
Transmission Lines
The maximum frequency (or minimum pulse width) which
can be carried by a certain length of a given transmission
line is dependent on the loss characteristics of the particular
line. At low frequencies, there will be virtually no loss in
pulse amplitude, but there will be a degradation of rise and
fall-time which is roughly proportional to the square of the
line length. This is shown in Figure 5. If the pulse width is
less than the rise-time at the receiver end, the pulse
amplitude will be diminished, approaching the point where it
cannot be detected by the receiver.
150mV
LINE
VOLTAGE
AT TRANSMITTER
0V
TTLH1
TTHL1
TTLH2
TTHL1
150mV
LINE
VOLTAGE
AT
RECEIVER
0V
TTLH2
TTHL2
MINIMUM PULSE WIDTH
WIDE PULSE
TRLH2 = TTLH1 KL2
TTHL2 = TTHL1 KL2
TTLH2 TTHL2
Where: L is Line Length K is
determined by line loss
characteristics
FIGURE 5. TRANSMISSION LINE WAVE-SHAPING
5
The transmission line used with the Intersil HS-245RH series
transmitter and receivers can be any ordinary shielded,
twisted pair line with a characteristic impedance of 100.
Twisted pair lines consisting of number 20 or 22 gauge wire
will generally have this characteristic impedance. Special
high quality transmission lines are not necessary and
standard audio, shielded-twisted pair, cable is generally
suitable.
Since the necessary characteristics for various twisted pair
lines are not readily available, it may be necessary to take
some measurements on a length of the proposed line. To do
this, connect an HS-245RH transmitter to one end of the line
(100 feet or more) and an HS-246RH to the other end. The
rise and fall-times can be measured on the line at both ends
and the constant ‘‘K’’, for that line can be computed as
shown in Figure 5 so that the minimum pulse width can be
determined for any length of line.
Data rates of 2MHz have been obtained using 1,000 feet of
standard shielded, twisted pair, audio cable. Data rates of
15MHz are possible on shorter lengths of transmission line
(50 feet).
Electromagnetic Interference
Very little electromagnetic interference is generated by the
Intersil current mode system because the total current
through the twisted pair is constant, while the current
through the shield is also constant and in the opposite
direction. This can be verified by observing, with a current
probe, the total current through the twisted pair, through the
shield and through the complete shielded, twisted pair cable.
In each case a constant current will be observed with only
small variations. Small pulses may be observed if the
complementary inputs to the transmitter do not switch at the
same time. The current will decrease during the time both
inputs are high, and will increase during the time both inputs
are low. These switching pulses may be observed when
using the circuit shown in Figure 4. The amplitude and shape
of these pulses will depend of the propagation delay of G1,
and transition times G2 and G3. These pulses are generally
of no concern because of their small amplitude and width,
but they may be reduced by increasing the similarity of the
waveforms and timing synchronization of the complementary
signals applied to the transmitter.
In addition to generating very little noise, the system is also
highly immune to outside noise since it is difficult to
capacitively couple a differential signal into the low
impedance twisted pair cable and it is even more difficult in
induce a differential current into the line due to the very high
impedance of the constant current transmitter. Therefore,
differential mode interference is generally not a problem with
the Intersil current mode system. Large common mode
voltages can also be tolerated because the output current of
the transmitter is constant as long as the receiver
termination ground is less than 2V positive with respect to
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
the grounded input of the transmitter, and is less than 25V
negative with respect to the transmitter VCC. The current
mode system is totally unaffected by ground differential
noise of +2V at frequencies as high as 1MHz.
TABLE B. OVERALL TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER SWITCHING
CHARACTERISTICS
-55oC TO 125oC
HS-245RH, HS-246RH
HS-248RH
Propagation Delay
MIN
TYP
MAX
UNITS
Propagation Delay
TPLH
-
18
40
ns
Propagation Delay
TPHL
-
18
40
ns
Duty Cycle Distortion
TPLH - TPHL
-
2
15
ns
CHARACTERISTICS
The worst case propagation delay of a transmitter and
receiver, connected as shown in Figure 4, can be
determined by adding the maximum delay shown on the
data sheet for the transmitter and receiver. These overall
switching characteristics are shown in Table B. For the entire
system, however, the propagation delay of the transmission
line must also be considered. This delay, of course, depends
on the length of the line and the characteristics of the line,
but in general, delays of between 1.5ns and 3.0ns per foot
can be expected.
NOTE:
VCC = +5V, VEE = -5V.
Schematics
14VCC
2.7K
2.7K
380
300
2.0K
2.0K
1
2
3
1 1
5
4
2 2
IN OUT
6
8
1 1
OUT IN
IN OUT
T1
9
10
2 2
11
12
1 1
OUT IN
IN OUT
T2
13
2 2
OUT IN
T3
FIGURE 6. HS-245RH
14VCC
6K
13VCC
6
(R1) OUTPUT
3
10
(R2) OUTPUT
(R3) OUTPUT
4.1K
(R1) +INPUT
-INPUT
2
1
50
GND
2.7K
+INPUT
-INPUT
4
5
(R1)
50
(R2)
(R2)
+INPUT
-INPUT
9
8
(R3)
(R3)
7
12VEE
R1
11VEE
R2
FIGURE 7. HS-246RH, HS-248RH
NOTES:
1. HS-246RH does not have 6K output pull-up resistors.
2. HS-248RH does not have 50 input termination resistors.
6
R3
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
Die Characteristics
DIE DIMENSIONS:
ASSEMBLY RELATED INFORMATION:
45 mils x 45 mils x 11 mils
1140m x 1140m x 280m
Substrate Potential:
Unbiased
INTERFACE MATERIALS:
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
Glassivation:
Worst Case Current Density:
Type: Silox
Thickness: 8kÅ 1kÅ
7.8 x 104 A/cm2
Transistor Count:
Top Metallization:
6
Type: Aluminum
Thickness: 12.5kÅ 2kÅ
Substrate:
HFSB Bipolar/Dielectric Isolation
Backside Finish:
Silicon
Metallization Mask Layout
INPUT f2
VCC
OUTPUT f1
INPUT f1
INPUT f1
INPUT f2
INPUT f2
OUTPUT f2
OUTPUT f2
SUBSTRATE
GND
OUTPUT f2
OUTPUT f1
7
INPUT f1
OUTPUT f1
HS-245RH
HS-245RH, HS-246RH, HS-248RH
Die Characteristics
DIE DIMENSIONS:
ASSEMBLY RELATED INFORMATION:
45 mils x 47 mils x 11 mils
1140m x 1190m x 280m
Substrate Potential:
Unbiased
INTERFACE MATERIALS:
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
Glassivation:
Worst Case Current Density:
Type: Silox
Thickness: 8kÅ 1kÅ
1.4 x 105 A/cm2
Transistor Count:
Top Metallization:
9
Type: T.W.
Thickness: 2.5kÅ 0.5kÅ
Type: Al
Thickness: 14kÅ 2kÅ
Substrate:
ALPS Bipolar/Dielectric Isolation
Backside Finish:
Silicon
Metallization Mask Layout
OUTPUT R1
3
VEE R1 AND R2
(-) INPUT
VEE R3
(+) INPUT
VCC R3
VCC R1 AND R2
(-) INPUT
(+) INPUT
HS-248RH
VCC R3
VCC R1 AND R2
(-) INPUT
(+) INPUT
HS-246RH
OUTPUT R1
VEE R1 AND R2
(-) INPUT
VEE R3
(+) INPUT
(+) INPUT
(-) INPUT
GND
OUTPUT R3
OUTPUT R2
(+) INPUT
(-) INPUT
GND
OUTPUT R2
OUTPUT R3
All Intersil U.S. products are manufactured, assembled and tested utilizing ISO9001 quality systems.
Intersil Corporation’s quality certifications can be viewed at www.intersil.com/design/quality
Intersil products are sold by description only. Intersil Corporation reserves the right to make changes in circuit design, software and/or specifications at any time without
notice. Accordingly, the reader is cautioned to verify that data sheets are current before placing orders. Information furnished by Intersil is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed by Intersil or its subsidiaries for its use; nor for any infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of Intersil or its subsidiaries.
For information regarding Intersil Corporation and its products, see www.intersil.com
8
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