Datasheet

PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBES
R1307, R1307-01
For Scintillation Counting, Especially for Gamma Camera
76mm (3 Inch) Diameter, 8 Stage, Head-on Type
Bialkali Photocathode Photomultiplier Tubes
FEATURES
Quantum Efficiency at 420nm ....................................................................................................................................
Pulse Height Resolution
with 137Cs Source (Note 1, 2) ...........................................................................................................................
with 57Co Source (Note 1, 2) ............................................................................................................................
Stability
Anode Current Drift (D.C. Output) (Note 1, 3) ............................................................................................................
Long Term (MGD) (For 16 Hours at 1,000 cps) (Note 1, 4a) ......................................................................................
Short Term (From 10,000 cps to 1,000 cps) (Note 1, 4b) ...........................................................................................
Typ.
30
Max.
— %
6.3
8.5
7.0 %
9.0 %
3
0.5
0.5
— %
— %
— %
GENERAL
Parameter
Spectral Response
Wavelength of Maximum Response
Direct Interelectrode
Anode to Dynode No. 8
Capacitances (approx.)
Anode to All Other Electrodes
Material
Index of Refraction at 420nm
Window
Face Plate Flatness
Shape
Structure
Dynode
Material of Secondary Emitting Surface
Operating Position
Weight (approx.)
Socket
Description/Value
300 to 650
420 ± 30
6.0
6.5
Borosilicate glass
1,500 ± 0.001
Less than ± 50
Plano-plano
Box and grid
Alkali-antimonide
Any
190
E678-14A or equivalent
Unit
nm
nm
pF
pF
—
—
µm
—
—
—
—
g
—
Value
1500
300
0.1
50
-80 to +50 (R1307-01)
-30 to +50 (R1307)
Unit
Vdc
Vdc
mA
nA
MAXIMUM RATINGS (Absolute Maximum Values)
Parameter
Between Anode and Cathode
Supply Voltage
Between Anode and Dynode No. 8
Average Anode Current (Note 5)
Average Cathode Current (Note 6)
Ambient Temperature
°C
CHARACTERISTICS (at 25°C)
Parameter
Anode Luminous Sensitivity (Note 1, 7)
Anode Blue Sensitivity (Note 1, 8)
Cathode Luminous Sensitivity (Note 9)
Cathode Blue Sensitivity (Note 10)
Gain
Anode Dark Current (Note 1, 11)
Anode Pulse Rise Time (Note 1, 12)
Time Response
Electron Transit Time (Note 1, 13)
Min.
3
—
80
10
—
—
—
—
Typ.
30
3.2
110
12.0
2.7 × 105
2
8
64
Max.
—
—
—
—
—
20
—
—
Unit
A/lm
A/lm-blue
µA/lm
µA/lm-blue
—
nA
ns
ns
Subject to local technical requirements and regulations, availability of products included in this promotional material may vary. Please consult with our sales office.
Information furnished by HAMAMATS U is believed to be reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for possible inaccuracies or omissions. Specifications are
subject to change without notice. No patent rights are granted to any of the circuits described herein. © 1998 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBES R1307, R1307-01
Figure 1: Typical Spectral Response
TPMHB0521EA
0.1
0.01
200
400
600
800
10-2
Y
VI
T
102
101
300
WAVELENGTH (nm)
500
700
100
1500
1000
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 3: Typical Time Response (Note 1, 12, 13)
Figure 4: Typical Temperature Characteristic on
Dark Current (Note 1)
Measured after 15-hour storage in the dark
200
TPMHB0523EA
10000
1000
TRAN
SIT T
IME
60
TIME (ns)
ANODE DARK CURRENT (nA)
100
80
TPMHB0525EA
40
20
RISE
TIME
10
8
100
10
at 1500V
1
at 1000V
at 750V
0.1
6
4
500
1000
1500
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
2000
0.01
-60
-40
-20
0
+20
TEMPERATURE (°C)
+40
GAIN
TI
SE
N
SI
G
AL
C
D
E
103
10-3
10-4
200
1000
104
AN
O
10-1
PI
AL
AN
O
DE
100
AI
SE
NS
IT
N
IV
IT
Y
105
U
M
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY
101
TY
1
106
IN
IM
10
102
M
CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY
TY
PI
C
TPMHB0520EA
ANODE LUMINOUS SENSITIVITY (A/lm)
CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)
QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)
100
Figure 2: Anode Sensitivity and Gain Characteristic
(Note 1, 7)
Figure 5: Typical Temperature Coefficient of Anode
Sensitivity (-20 to +60°C, Note 1)
TPMHB0527EA
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (%/°C)
+2.0
+1.0
NOTES
1: Voltage distribution ratio
G Dy1 Dy2 Dy3 Dy4 Dy5 Dy6 Dy7 Dy8 P
Electrodes K
Distribution
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Ratio
Supply voltage (Ebb) = 1000Vdc
K: cathode, G: Focusing Electrode, Dy: Dynode, P: Anode
2.
Scintillator is manufactured by Harshaw Chemical, (Type 12A12), and
BICRON (Type 3R3), Nal (Tl), 3" diameter 3" thickness.
3.
Drift for 1 hour after 10 minutes of initial warming up with 10µA anode
current.
4.
A 137Cs source and an Nal (Tl) crystal are employed to measure the
pulse height. Warming up time is about 1 hour.
a) Long term (Mean Gain Deviation) is defined as follows.
n
Dg =
-1.0
200
Σ P - Pi
100
.
(%)
n
P
where P is the mean pulse height averaged over n readings, Pi is the
pulse height at the i-th reading, and n is the total number of readings.
0
300
400
500
WAVELENGTH (nm)
600
i=1
b) Short term
Scintillator (Nal (Tl) crystal) is 3" diameter 3" thickness. The photomultiplier is first operated at about 10,000 cps. The photopeak counting
is then decreased to approximately 1,000 cps by increasing the distance between source and crystal on the tube.
700
5. Averaged over any interval of 30 seconds maximum.
6. Same as Note 5 and the whole photocathode is illuminated.
7.
The light source is a tungsten filament lamp operated at a distribution
temperature of 2856K. The light input of 10-7 lumen is used.
8. The value is anode output current when the blue filter (Corning CS 5-58
polished to 1/2 stock thickness) is interposed between the light source
(providing 10-7 lumen) and the tube under the same condition as Note 7.
9. The condition is the same shown in Note 7 except that the value of light
input is 10-4 limen and 150 volts are applied between cathode and all other electrodes connected together as anode.
10. These values are cathode output current when the blue filter (Corning
CS 5-58 polished to 1/2 stock thickness) is interposed between the light
source (providing 10-4 lumen) and the tube under the same condition as
Note 9.
11. Measured after 5-second strage in the dark.
12. The rise time is the time for the output pulse to rise from 10% to 90% of
the peak output when the tube is illuminated by a flash of light of very
short duration. In measurement, the whole photocathode is illuminated.
13. The electron transit time is the interval between the arrival of delta function light pulse at the entrance window of the tube and the time when the
output pulse at the anode terminal reaches peak amplitude.
14. m is the mean value of total counts, i.e.
m
3m
Σ (counts per channel) = Σ
(counts per channel)
m
0.3m
Test conditions: Incident light wavelength is 400nm.
+1300V. Ambient temperature is 20°C.
Supply voltage is
PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBES R1307, R1307-01
Figure 6: Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)
R1307
76.0 ± 0.8
FACEPLATE
70MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE
DY7
7
DY6
14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38
127 ± 3
51.5 ± 1.5
150MAX.
6
DY5 5
DY8
IC
8
9
10 IC
DY4 4
11 P
DY3 3
12 IC
13
G
14
K
DY2
2
1
DY1
Socket (OPTION)
(E678-14A)
19.8
56.5 ± 0.5
TPMHA0078EA
R1307-01
76.0 ± 0.8
FACEPLATE
62
70MIN.
1.0
SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS
2
13MAX.
68MIN.
DY2
1 18
K
DY1
2
110 ± 1.5
51.5 ± 1.5
DY7 DY8
NC
DY6
9 10
11 NC
8
DY5
12
7
DY4 6
13 P
DY3 5
30
Basing Diagram
(Bottom View at Semiflexible Leads)
PHOTOCATHODE
17 11
56
TACCA0044EB
17
G
*Basing diagram of temporary
base is the same as that of R1307.
56.5 ± 0.5
TPMHA0433EA
Warning - Personal Safety Hazards
Electrical Shock — Operating voltage
applied to this device presents shock hazard.
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Electoron Tube Center
314-5, Shimokanzo, Toyooka-village, Iwata-gun, Shizuoka-ken, 438-0193, Japan, Telephone: (81)539/62-5248, Fax: (81)539/62-2205
U.S.A.: Hamamatsu Corporation: 360 Foothill Road, P. O. Box 6910, Bridgewater. N.J. 08807-0910, U.S.A., Telephone: (1)908-231-0960, Fax: (1)908-231-1218
Germany: Hamamatsu Photonics Deutschland GmbH: Arzbergerstr. 10, D-82211 Herrsching am Ammersee, Germany, Telephone: (49)8152-375-0, Fax: (49)8152-2658
France: Hamamatsu Photonics France S.A.R.L.: 8, Rue du Saule Trapu, Parc du Moulin de Massy, 91882 Massy Cedex, France, Telephone: (33)1 69 53 71 00, Fax: (33)1 69 53 71 10
United Kingdom: Hamamatsu Photonics UK Limited: Lough Point, 2 Gladbeck Way, Windmill Hill, Enfield, Middlesex EN2 7JA, United Kingdom, Telephone: (44)181-367-3560, Fax: (44)181-367-6384
North Europe: Hamamatsu Photonics Norden AB: Färögatan 7, S-164-40 Kista Sweden, Telephone: (46)8-703-29-50, Fax: (46)8-750-58-95
Italy: Hamamatsu Photonics Italia: S.R.L.: Strada della Moia, 1/E, 20020 Arese, (Milano), Italy, Telephone: (39)02-935 81 733, Fax: (39)02-935 81 741
TPMH1214E01
AUG. 1998
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