Datasheet

PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBE
R9220
High QE Multialkali Photocathode
New Electro–Optical Design
28 mm (1-1/8 Inch) Diameter, 9-stage, Side-on Type
FEATURES
●High Cathode Sensitivity
Luminous ................................................. 450 µA/lm (Typ.)
Radiant at 450 nm (peak) ........................ 85 mA/W (Typ.)
Quantum Efficiency at 260 nm (peak) .... 26.3 % (Typ.)
●High Anode Sensitivity at 1000 V
Luminous ................................................. 4500 A/lm (Typ.)
Radiant at 450 nm (peak) ........................ 8.5 × 105 A/W (Typ.)
● Wide Spectral response ............................. 185 nm to 900 nm
● High Signal to Noise Ratio
● Newly Designed Electro Optical Structure
APPLICATIONS
● Biomedical Fluorescence Detection
● Laser Scanning Detection
● Spectroscopy
● Semiconductor Inspection
● Environmental Monitoring
Figure 1: Electro optical Structure
Figure 2: Typical Spectral Response
100
PHOTOELECTRON
TRAJECTORIES
GLASS BULB
GRID
ANODE
PHOTOCATHODE
9th DYNODE
1st DYNODE
2nd DYNODE
TPMSC0024EB
CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)
QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)
LIGHT
10
TPMSB0201EA
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY
CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY
1
0.1
0.01
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000
WAVELENGTH (nm)
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Information furnished by HAMAMATSU is believed to be reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for possible inaccuracies or omissions. Specifications are
subject to change without notice. No patent rights are granted to any of the circuits described herein. ©2006 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBE R9220
SPECIFICATIONS
NOTES
GENERAL
Parameter
Description/Value
185 to 900
Spectral Response
450
Wavelength of Maximum Response
MateriaI
Multialkali
Photocathode
Minimum Effective Area
8 × 24
UV glass
Window Material
Structure
Circular-cage
Dynode
Number of Stages
9
Anode to Last Dynode
4
Direct
Interelectrode Anode to All Other
6
Capacitances Electrodes
Base
11-pin base JEDEC No. B11-88
Weight
Approx. 45
Operating Ambient Temperature
-30 to +50
Storage Temperature
-30 to +50
SuitabIe Socket
E678–11A (Sold Separately)
SuitabIe Socket Assembly
E717–63 (Sold Separately)
Unit
nm
nm
—
mm
—
—
—
pF
pF
—
g
°C
°C
—
—
A: Averaged over any interval of 30 seconds maximum.
B: The light source is a tungsten filament lamp operated at
a distribution temperature of 2856K. Supply voltage is
100 volts between the cathode and all other electrodes
connected together as anode.
C: Red/White ratio is the quotient of the cathode current
measured using a red filter (Toshiba R-68) interposed
between the light source and the tube by the cathode
current measured with the filter removed under the same
conditions as Note B.
D: The value is cathode output current when a blue filter
(Corning CS 5-58 polished to 1/2 stock thickness) is
interposed between the light source and the tube under
the same condition as Note B.
E: Measured with the same light source as Note B and with
the voltage distribution ratio shown in Table 1 below.
Table 1: Voltage Distribution Ratio
Electrodes
K
Ratio
Dy1 Dy2 Dy3 Dy4 Dy5 Dy6 Dy7 Dy8 Dy9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
P
1
SuppIy Voltage: 1000 V, K: Cathode, Dy: Dynode, P: Anode
Parameter
Supply Between Anode and Cathode
Voltage Between Anode and Last Dynode
Average Anode Current A
Unit
V
V
mA
Value
1250
250
0.1
CHARACTERISTlCS (at 25 °C)
Parameter
at 260 nm
Quantum
at 450 nm
Efficiency
at 633 nm
Cathode
Luminous B
Sensitivity
at 450 nm
Radiant
at 633 nm
Red/White Ratio C
Blue Sensitivity Index D
Luminous E
Anode
Sensitivity Radiant at 450 nm (peak)
Gain E
Anode Dark Current F
(After 30 min Storage in Darkness)
Anode Pulse Rise Time G
Time
Electron Transit Time H
Response
Transit Time Spread (TTS) I
Anode Current Light Hysteresis
Stability J
Voltage Hysteresis
Max.
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
Typ.
26.3
23.4
13.3
450
85
68
0.4
12.5
4500
8.5 × 105
1.0 × 107
—
Unit
%
%
%
µA/lm
mA/W
mA/W
—
—
A/lm
A/W
—
—
10
50
nA
—
—
—
—
—
2.2
22
1.2
0.1
1.0
—
—
—
—
—
ns
ns
ns
%
%
Min.
—
—
—
375
—
—
—
—
1000
F: Measured with the same supply voltage and voltage
distribution ratio as Note E after removal of light.
G: The rise time is the time for the output pulse to rise from
10 % to 90 % of the peak amplitude when the entire
photocathode is illuminated by a delta function light
pulse.
H: The electron transit time is the interval between the
arrival of delta function light pulse at the entrance
window of the tube and the time when the anode output
reaches the peak amplitube. In measurement, the whole
photocathode is illuminated.
I : Also called transit time jitter. This is the fluctuation in
electron transit time between individual pulses in the
single photoelectron mode, and may be defined as the
FWHM of the frequency distribution of electron transit
times.
J: Hysteresis is temporary instability in anode current after
light and voltage are applied.
Hysteresis =
ANODE
CURRENT
MAXIMUM RATINGS (Absolute Maximum Values)
lmax. – lmin.
li
× 100(%)
l max.
li
l min.
TIME
0
5
6
7 (minutes)
TPMSB0002EA
(1)Light Hysteresis
The tube is operated at 750 volts with an anode
current of 1 microampere for 5 minutes. The light is
then removed from the tube for a minute. The tube is
then re-illuminated by the previous light level for a
minute to measure the variation.
(2)Voltage Hysteresis
The tube is operated at 300 volts with an anode
current of 0.1 micro-ampere for 5 minutes. The light is
then removed from the tube and the supply voltage is
quickly increased to 800 volts. After a minute, the
supply voltage is then reduced to the previous value
and the tube is re-illuminated for a minute to measure
the variation.
TPMSB0202EB
105
ANODE LUMINOUS SENSITIVITY (A/lm)
ANODE DARK CURRENT (nA)
100
Figure 4: Anode Luminous Sensitivity and
Gain Characteristics
10
1
0.1
0.01
-30
-20
-10
0
+10
+20
+30
+40
TPMSB0203EB
TYPICAL GAIN
104
106
TYPICAL ANODE
SENSITIVITY
102
105
MINIMUM ANODE
SENSITIVITY
101
104
100
103
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
Figure 6: Typical Temperature Coefficient
of Anode Sensitivity
Figure 5: Typical Time Response
TPMSB0052EB
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT (°C-1)
+0.04
TIME (ns)
TRANSIT TIME
10
RISE TIME
1
500
700
1000
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
102
1500
1000
700
TEMPERATURE (°C)
100
107
103
10-1
500
+50
108
TPMSB0053EC
+0.03
+0.02
+0.01
0
-0.0013
-0.0025
-0.01
-0.02
1500
200
400
600
WAVELENGTH (nm)
800
1000
GAIN
Figure 3: Typical Temperature Characteristics
of Dark Current
(at 1000 V, after 30 minute storage in darkness)
PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBE R9220
Figure 7: Dimensional Outline and Basing Diagram (Unit: mm)
28.5 ± 1.5
8 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE
DY5
5
DY6
6
7
80 MAX.
49.0 ± 2.5
DY7
8 DY8
DY3 3
94 MAX.
24 MIN.
DY4 4
DY2
9 DY9
2
10
1
DY1
PHOTO CATHODE
P
11
K
DIRECTION OF LIGHT
BOTTOM VIEW
(BASING DIAGRAM)
32.2 ± 0.5
11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88
3.25
2.5
TPMSA0001EA
6.0
3.5
Cross Section
TPMSA0009EB
Sold Separately
Figure 8: Socket (Unit: mm)
E678-11A
Figure 9: D-Type Socket Assembly (Unit: mm) Sold Separately
E717-63
49
5
PMT
3.5
33.0 ± 0.3
38
SOCKET
PIN No.
10
P
DY9
33
38.0 ± 0.3
DY8
3.5
49.0 ± 0.3
5
C2
R8
C1
8
DY7
7
DY6
6
DY5
5
4
R6
R1 to R10 : 330 kΩ
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
R5
0.7
30.0 +0
-1
18
450 ± 10
4
C3
R9
9
R7
29.0 ± 0.3
29
R10
SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U(BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
AWG22 (BLACK)
31.0 ± 0.5
DY4
4
DY3
3
DY2
2
DY1
K
1
R4
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)
POTTING
COMPOUND
R3
R2
R1
11
-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)
TACCA0064EA
TACCA0002EH
* Hamamatsu also provides C4900 series compact high voltage
power supplies and C6270 series DP type socket assemblies
which incorporate a DC to DC converter type high voltage
power supply.
Warning–Personal Safety Hazards
Electrical Shock–Operating voltages applied to this
device present a shock hazard.
* PATENT PENDING: JAPAN 4, USA 4, EUROPE 4
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HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Electron Tube Division
314-5, Shimokanzo, Iwata City, Shizuoka Pref., 438-0193, Japan, Telephone: (81)539/62-5248, Fax: (81)539/62-2205
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North Europe: Hamamatsu Photonics Norden AB: Smidesvägen 12, SE-171-41 SOLNA, Sweden, Telephone: (46)8-509-031-00, Fax: (46)8-509-031-01 E-mail: [email protected]
TPMS1071E02
Italy: Hamamatsu Photonics Italia: S.R.L.: Strada della Moia, 1/E, 20020 Arese, (Milano), Italy, Telephone: (39)02-935 81 733, Fax: (39)02-935 81 741 E-mail: [email protected]
JUL. 2006 IP
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