DUCT TE PRO ACEMENT OBSOLE D R EPL ter at MENDE M O port Cen /tsc C p E u S l Data Sheet a NO R om hnic ntersil.c our Tec contact ERSIL or www.i T 1-888-IN CD22103A ® CMOS HDB3 (High Density Bipolar 3 Transcoder for 2.048/8.448Mb/s Transmission Applications November 2002 FN1310.4 Features The CD22103A is an LSI SOS integrated circuit which performs the HDB3 transmission coding and reception decoding functions with error detection. It is used in 2.048Mb/s and 8.448Mb/s transmission applications. The CD22103A performs HDB3 coding and decoding for data rates from 50Kb/s to 10Mb/s in a manner consistent with CCITT G703 recommendations. • HDB3 Coding and Decoding for Data Rates from 50Kb/s to 10Mb/s in a Manner Consistent with CCITT G703 Recommendations • HDB3/AMI Transmission Coding/Reception Decoding with Code Error Detection is Performed in Independent Coder and Decoder Sections • All Transmitter and Receiver Inputs/Outputs are TTL Compatible • Internal Loop Test Capability HDB3 transmission coding/reception decoding with code error detection is performed in independent coder and decoder sections. All transmitter and receiver inputs/outputs are TTL compatible. The HDB3 transmitter coder codes an NRZ binary unipolar input signal (NRZ-IN) and a synchronous transmission clock (CTX) into two HDB3 binary unipolar RZ output signals (+HDB3 OUT, -HDB3 OUT). The TTL compatible output signals +HDB3 OUT, -HDB3 OUT are externally mixed to generate ternary bipolar HDB3 signals for driving transmission lines. The receiver decoder converts binary unipolar inputs (+HDB3 IN, -HDB3 IN), which were externally split from ternary bipolar HDB3 signals, and a synchronous clock signal (CRX) into binary unipolar NRZ signals (NRZ-OUT). The CD22103A operates with a 5V ±10% power supply voltage over the full military temperature range at data rates from 50Kb/s up to 10Mb/s. Block Diagram HDB3/AMI CTX NRZ-IN ENCODER IN • Pin and Functionally Compatible with Type MJ1471 Part Number Information PART NUMBER TEMP. RANGE (oC) PACKAGE PKG. NO. CD22103AD -55 to 125 16 Ld SBDIP D16.3 CD22103AE -40 to 85 16 Ld PDIP E16.3 Pinout CD22103A (PDIP, SBDIP) TOP VIEW NRZ-IN 1 16 VDD CTX 2 15 +HDB3 OUT HDB3/AMI 3 14 -HDB3 OUT NRZ-OUT 4 13 +HDB3 IN CRX 5 12 LTE RAIS 6 11 -HDB3 IN AIS 7 10 CKR VSS 8 9 ERR +HDB3 OUT TRANSMITTER CODER -HDB3 OUT CKR LTE +HDB3 IN RECEIVER DECODER -HDB3 IN NRZ-OUT CRX DECODER REQUIRES CLOCK RECOVERY CIRCUIT RAIS 1 ERROR DETECT ERR AIS DETECT AIS CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures. 1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143 | Intersil (and design) is a registered trademark of Intersil Americas Inc. Copyright © Intersil Americas Inc. 2002. All Rights Reserved All other trademarks mentioned are the property of their respective owners. CD22103A Absolute Maximum Ratings Thermal Information Supply Voltage (VDD) (Voltages referenced to VSS Terminal) . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5 to 8V Supply Voltage Range For TA = Full Package Temperature Range . . . . . . . 4.5V to 5.5V Input Voltage (All Inputs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -0.5 to VDD +0.5V Input Current (Any One Input) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .±10mA Power Dissipation For TA = -40oC to 60oC (Package Type E) . . . . . . . . . . . .500mW For TA = 60oC to 85oC (Package Type E). . . . . . . . .Derate Linearly 12mW/oC to 200mW For TA = -55oC to 100oC (Package Type D) . . . . . . . . . . .500mW For TA = 100oC to 125oC (Package Type D) . . . . . . . .Derate Linearly 12mW/oC to 200mW Device Dissipation per Output Transistor For TA = Full Package Temperature Range (All Types) . . . . 100mW Maximum Junction Temperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175oC Maximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package) . . . . . . . . 150oC Maximum Storage Temperature Range . . . . . . -65oC ≤ TA ≤ 150oC Maximum Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300oC Operating Conditions Temperature Range Package Type D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -55oC ≤ TA ≤ 125oC Package Type E. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40oC ≤ TA ≤ 85oC CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied. VDD = 5V ±10%, TA = 25oC. Electrical Specifications PARAMETER SYMBOL TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS - - 100 µA - - 8 mA STATIC SPECIFICATIONS Quiescent Device Current IDD fCL = 10MHz Operating Device Current HDB3 Output Low (Sink) Current IOL1 VOL = 0.5V 1.6 - - mA HDB3 Output High (Source) Current IOH1 VOH = 2.8V -10 - - mA All Other Outputs Low (Sink) Current IOL2 VOL = 0.5V 1.6 - - mA All Other Outputs High (Source) Current IOH2 VOH = 2.8V -1.6 - - mA Input Low Current IIL - - -1 µA Input High Current IIH - - 1 µA Input Low Voltage VIL - - 0.8 V Input High Voltage VIH 2 - - V Input Capacitance IIN - - 5 pF TA = -40oC to 85oC for Plastic Package; -55oC to 125oC for Ceramic Package; VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V; CL = 15pF. Electrical Specifications PARAMETER SYMBOL FIGURE MIN TYP MAX UNITS 0.05 - 10 MHz DYNAMIC INPUT CTX, CRX Input Frequency fCTX, fCRX CTX, CRX Input Rise Time tRCL 3 - - 1 µs tFCL 3 - - 1 µs Data Setup Time tS 3 15 - - ns Data Hold Time tH 3 15 - - ns Data Setup Time tS 4 15 - - ns Data Hold Time tH 3 0 - - ns Fall Time NRZ-IN to CTX HDB3 IN to CRX 2 CD22103A TA = -40oC to 85oC for Plastic Package; -55oC to 125oC for Ceramic Package; VDD = 4.5V to 5.5V; CL = 15pF. (Continued) Electrical Specifications PARAMETER SYMBOL FIGURE MIN TYP MAX UNITS Pretrigger tP 5 - - 20 ns Delay tD 5 - - 20 ns Data Propagation Delay Time tDD 3 - - 90 ns Handling Delay Time tHD 1 - 4 - Clock Period fCL = 2.048MHz tW 3 238 - 260 ns fCL = 8.448MHz tW 3 53 - 65 Data Propagation Delay Times tDD 4 - - 90 ns Handling Delay Time tHD 2 - 4 - Clock Period tIN CKR 4 - - 65 ns 4 - - 30 ns CRX to CKR (CRX = 8.448MHz) DYNAMIC OUTPUT Transmitter Coder, CTX to HDB3 OUT: HDB3 OUT Output Pulse Width (Clock duty cycle = 50%) Receiver Decoder CRX to NRZ OUT: HDB3 IN to CKR HDB3 Propagation Delay Time LTE = 0 LTE = 1 Functional Descriptionup The CD22103A is designed to code and decode HDB3 signals which are coded as binary digital signals (NRZ-lN) and (+HDB3 IN, -HDB3 IN), accompanied by sampling clocks (CTX) and (CRX). The two binary coded HDB3 outputs, (+HDB3 OUT, -HDB3 OUT) may be externally mixed to create the ternary HDB3 signals (See Figure 1). transmitter outputs (+HDB3 OUT, -HDB3 OUT) are internally connected to the HDB3 receiver inputs, and the external HDB3 receiver inputs, and the external HDB3 receiver inputs (+HDB3 IN, -HDB3 IN) are disabled. The NRZ binary output signal (NRZ - OUT) corresponds to the NRZ binary input signal (NRZ - IN) delayed by approximately 8 clock periods. The two binary HDB3 input signals have been split from the input ternary HDB3 in an external line receiver. The Clock Receiver Output (CKR) is the product of the two HDB3 input signals or’ed together. The CRX clock signal may be derived from the CKR signal with external clock extraction circuitry. In the Loop Test Mode (LTE = 1) CKR is the product of the +HDB3 OUT and -HDB3 OUT signals or’ed together. The receiver decoder converts binary unipolar inputs (+HDB3 IN, -HDB3 IN), which were externally split from ternary bipolar HDB3 signals, and a synchronous clock signal (CRX) into binary unipolar NRZ signals (NRZ-OUT). Received signals not consistent with HDB3 coding rules are detected as errors. The receiver error output (ERR) is active high during one CRX period of each bit of received data that is inconsistent with HDB3 coding rules. An input string consisting of all ones (or marks) is detected and signaled by a high level at the Alarm Signal (AIS) output. The AIS output is set to a high level when less than three zeros are received during two consecutive periods of the Reset Alarm Inhibit Signal (RAIS). The AIS output is subsequently reset to a low level when three or more zeros are received during two periods of the reset signal (RAIS). A diagnostic Loop-Test Mode may be entered by driving the Loop Test Enable Input (LTE) high. In this mode the HDB3 3 The CD22103A may also be used to perform the AMI to NRZ coding/decoding function. To use the CD22103A in this mode, the HDB3/AMI control input is driven low. Error Detection Received HDB3/AMl binary input signals are checked for coding violations, and an error signal (ERR) is generated as described below. HDB3 SIGNALS HDB3/AML = HIGH The error signal (ERR) is flagged high for one CTX period if a violation pulse (±V) is received of the same polarity as the last received violation pulse. CD22103A A violation pulse (±V) is considered a reception error and does not cause replacement of the last string of 4 bits to zeros, if: The received 4 data bits previous to reception of the violation pulse have not been the sequence BX00 (where X = don't care). The error signal (ERR) remains low. NOTES: 1. The data sequences B000V and BB00V are valid HDB3 codings of the NRZ binary sequence 10000. 2. The error signal (ERR) count, is the accurate number of all single bit errors. Transcoder Operation Transmitter Coder (See Figure 1) The HDB3/AMI transmitter coder operates on 4-bit serial strings of NRZ binary data and a synchronous transmitter clock (CTX). NRZ binary data is serially clocked into the transmitter on the negative transition of the (CTX) clock. HDB3/AMI coding is performed on the 4-bit string, and HDB3/AMI binary output data is clocked out to the (+HDB3 OUT, -HDB3 OUT) outputs on the positive transition of the transmitter clock (CTX) 3-1/2 clock pulses after the data appeared at the (NRZ-IN) input. AML SIGNALS HDB3/AML = LOW Receiver Decoder (See Figure 2) A coding error (ERR) is signaled when a violation pulse (+V) is received. The HDB3/AMI receiver decoder operates on 4-bit serial strings of binary coded HDB3/AMI signals, and a synchronous receiver clock (CRX), HDB3/AMI binary data is serially clocked into the receiver on the positive transition of the (CRX) clock. HDB3/AMI decoding is performed on the 4-bit string, and NRZ binary output data is clocked out to the (NRZ-OUT) output on the positive transition of the receiver clock (CRX) 4 clock pulses after the data appeared at the (+HDB3 IN, -HDB3 IN) inputs. IN EITHER THE HDB3 OR AMI MODE When high levels appear simultaneously on both HDB3 inputs (+ HDB3 IN, -HDB3 IN) a logical one is assumed in the HDB3/AMl input stream and the error signal (ERR) goes high for the duration of the violation. Alarm Inhibit Signal The alarm output (AIS) is set high if, in two successive periods of the external Reset Alarm Signal (RAlS), less than three zeros are received. The alarm output (AlS) is reset low when three or more zeros are received during two Reset Alarm Signal periods. Timing Waveforms HANDLING DELAY CTX NRZ - IN +HDB3 OUT HDB3 CODED -HDB3 OUT EXTERNAL GENERATED TERNERY HDB3 +HDB3 OUT AMI CODED -HDB3 OUT EXTERNAL GENERATED AMI FIGURE 1. TRANSMITTER CODER OPERATION TIMING WAVEFORMS - NRZ TO HDB3/AMI CODING 4 CD22103A Timing Waveforms (Continued) HDB3 RECEIVED SIGNAL +HDB3 IN EXTERNALLY SPLIT -HDB3 IN CKR EXTERNALLY GENERATED CRX HANDLING DELAY NRZ - OUT FIGURE 2. RECEIVER DECODER OPERATION TIMING WAVEFORMS - HDB3 TO NRZ DECODING tRCL tWCL tFCL 90% 50% 10% CTX tS tH NRZ - IN tDD +HDB3 OUT OR -HDB3 OUT tW FIGURE 3. TRANSMITTER CODER TIMING WAVEFORM tRCL tFCL CRX 90% 50% tWCL 50% 50% 10% tS +HDB3 IN -HDB3 IN tH 50% tINCKR 50% CKR tDD tW 50% NRZ - OUT FIGURE 4. INPUT REQUIREMENTS AND OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS 5 CD22103A Timing Waveforms (Continued) 50% CKR τ τ 50% CRX tP tD FIGURE 5. RECONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS CRX NRZ - OUT DATA RAIS AIS FIGURE 6. RECEIVER ALARM-INHIBIT-SIGNALS TIMING WAVEFORMS CRX +HDB3 IN -HDB3 IN ERR FIGURE 7. RECEIVER ERROR-SIGNALS TIMING WAVEFORMS Definition of HDB3 Code Used in CD22103A HDB3 Transcoder (As Per CCITRT G703 Annex Recommendations) and Error Detection Coding Of A Binary Signal Into An HDB3 Signal Is Done According To The Following Rules: 1. HDB3 signal is pseudoternary; the three states are denoted B+, B-, and 0. 2. Spaces (zeros) in the binary NRZ signal are coded as spaces in the HDB3 signal. For strings of four spaces, however, special rules apply (See Item 4 below). 3. Marks (ones) in the binary signal are coded alternately as B+ and B- in the HDB3 signal (alternate mark inversion). Violations of the rule of alternate mark inversion are introduced when coding strings of four spaces (See Item 4 below). 6 4. Strings of four spaces in the binary signal are coded according to the following rules: A. The first space of a string is coded as a space if the polarity of the preceding mark of the HDB3 signal has a polarity opposite to the preceding violation and is not a violation by itself; it is coded as a mark, i.e., not a violation (i.e., B+ or B-), if the preceding mark of the HDB3 signal has the same polarity as that of the preceding violation or is by itself a violation. This rule ensures that successive violations are of alternate polarity so that no DC component is introduced. B. The second and third spaces of a string are always coded as spaces. C. The last space of a string of four is always coded as a mark, the polarity of which is such that it violates the rule of alternate mark inversion. Such violations are denoted V+ or V- according to their polarity.