Catalog

X-ray streak camera
for sub-picosecond time-resolved measurement
C4575-03
Enables ultrafast measurements of X-rays in the range of 10 eV - 10 keV
with 0.5 ps or less temporal resolution and high spatial resolution
The C4575-03 X-ray streak camera employs a X-ray streak tube
which is capable of achieving extremely high temporal resolution
and high spatial resolution. The camera can detect X-rays from 10
eV to 10 keV with 0.5 ps temporal resolution. It utilizes an image
intensifier to achieve high gain (sensitivity) along with high spatial
resolution. A high-performance, 1-megapixel cooled CCD camera is
included to preserve the streak image in digital format.
Features
Temporal resolution: 0.5 ps or less FWHM (Calculated)
Large photocathode: 8.6 mm
Simultaneous measurements of time,
position and light intensity
Applications
XFEL
X-ray laser
X-ray plasma light emission
Setup examples
Setup with high repetition laser (100 kHz to 150 MHz)
Short pulse
laser beam
The figure at the right shows an example setup with a high
repetition frequency (100 kHz to 150 MHz) laser. The incident
light is split by a beam splitter. One beam is used to trigger
the streak camera by means of the photodiode and delay
circuit, while the other beam is directed to the sample target
and streak camera. Since the max streak sweep repetition is
100 Hz, the streak camera circuit will adjust accordingly,
including an internal gate control to suppress extraneous light
between sweeps.
Beam splitter
Target
Ti:sapphire laser, etc.
Repetition frequency
100 kHz to 150 MHz
X-ray
Optical trigger
Pin diode head
C1083-01
Operating conditions
• Gate mode: GATE
• Gate trigger: Streak trigger
• Fastest sweep time range: 35 ps
Delay unit
C1097-05
Streak
trigger
signal
X-ray
streak
camera
C4575-03
Setup with low repetition laser (single shot to 100 kHz) for highest time resolution
The figure at the right shows an example setup using a laser
with single pulse up to 100 kHz repetition rate. In order to
minimize shot-to-shot timing jitter, it is necessary to create a
streak trigger signal from the same laser pulse incident on the
sample target. For this reason, an optical delay line is
introduced. An additional pretrigger pulse generator is also
required to achieve the highest temporal resolution.
Optical delay
Short pulse
laser beam
Beam splitter
Target
Low repetition laser with
external trigger input
Repetition frequency
Single shot to 100 kHz
X-ray
Optical trigger
Pin diode head
C1083-01
Operating conditions
• Gate mode: GATE
• Gate trigger: External trigger
• Fastest sweep time range: 35 ps
Delay unit
C1097-05
Laser external
trigger signal
Pulse generator
t = (1.5 μs to 10 μs)
t=0
Streak
trigger
signal
Pretrigger signal
X-ray
streak
camera
C4575-03
Setup with low repetition laser (single shot to 100 kHz) for 100 ps and slower sweep times
The figure at the right shows an example setup using a laser
with single pulse up to 100 kHz repetition rate. In this case,
although the maximum speed range is 100 ps, the pretrigger
signal is not necessary. Also in this case, an optical delay line
is used in order to minimize shot-to-shot timing jitter.
Optical delay
Short pulse
laser beam
Beam splitter
Target
Low repetition laser
Repetition frequency
Single shot to 100 kHz
X-ray
Optical trigger
Pin diode head
C1083-01
Operating conditions
• Gate mode: NORMAL
• Gate trigger: • Fastest sweep time range: 100 ps
Delay unit
C1097-05
Streak
trigger
signal
X-ray
streak
camera
C4575-03
Setup with very high repetition laser beam (exceeding 150 MHz)
The figure at the right shows an example setup when the
laser and streak trigger repetition frequency exceeds 150
MHz. In this case a trigger countdown circuit is required to
reduce the trigger frequency to below 150 MHz.
Divider
Laser diode
Target
Synthesizer
Repetition frequency
more than 150 MHz
Operating conditions
• Gate mode: GATE
• Gate trigger: Streak trigger
• Fastest sweep time range: 35 ps
Amplifier
X-ray
Count
down
Delay unit
C1097-05
Repetition frequency: 150 MHz or less
Streak
trigger
signal
X-ray
streak
camera
C4575-03
SPECIFICATIONS:
Advanced femtosecond X-ray streak tube with a large photocathode
X-ray streak tube
Parylene film (Approx. 100 nm thickness)
Photocathode
Au (Approx. 30 nm thickness)
Replacement of photocathode Yes (Demountable)
Phosphor screen
P-43
Spectral response
10 eV to 10 keV
(Except for parylene absorption band 20 nm to 100 nm)
Effective photocathode size 20 μm × 8.6 mm
Phosphor screen size
φ 25 mm
Image magnification
Approx. 1:2
Focus
Magnetic focus
Output material
Fiber plate
Vacuum
1.3 × 10-3 Pa or less
Spectral response (Typ.)
-1
10
Quantum efficiency (photoelectrons/photon)
Window material
-2
10
-3
10
Au (30 nm) + Parylene (100 nm)
-4
10
-5
10
-6
10
10
100
0.5 ps or less (at the fastest range, calculated)
Sweep time/Full screen
35 ps, 100 ps, 200 ps, 500 ps, 1 ns, 2 ns
Trigger jitter
±20 ps or less
Trigger delay
30 ns or less (at the fastest range)
Maximum sweep repetition
frequency
100 Hz
Operation mode
FOCUS/OPERATE
Trigger signal input
±5 V p-p (50 Ω)
Trigger mode
Cont. / Single
Monitor out
Approx. 3 V p-p (50 Ω)
Quantum efficiency (photoelectrons/photon)
Main unit of X-ray streak camera
Temporal resolution
1000
10000
Photon energy (eV)
10
-1
10
-2
10-3
10-4
Au (30 nm) + Parylene (100 nm)
10-5
10-60.1
1
10
100
1000
Wavelength (nm)
IMAGE INTENSIFIER TUBE
An IMAGE INTENSIFIER TUBE is included to increase system gain
and detection sensitivity.
Photocathode
GaAsP
Window
FOP
Phosphor screen
P-43
Photocathode size
17.3 mm × 13.2 mm
Phosphor screen size
17.3 mm × 13.2 mm
Luminous gain
10 000 or more
Gate valve (Option)
Vacuum gate valve
10840-XE01-AFG2 (VAT Ltd.)
Pin diode head: C1083-01 (Option)
Used to generate a trigger signal for the streak camera.
RELAY LENS: A2098
A lens for coupling the readout camera
Image magnification
2:1
Effective F value
F=2.5
ORCA®-R2 Digital CCD camera C10600-10B (Option)
Recommended readout camera
Spectral response
400 nm to 1100 nm
Rise time
0.8 ns
(W) 100 mm × (H) 160 mm to 235 mm × (D) 50 mm/400 g
Dimensions/ Head
Weight
Power supply unit (W) 100 mm × (H) 83 mm × (D) 100 mm/400 g
Power supply
+18 V (Battery)
Delay unit: C1097-05 (Option)
A jitter-free delay unit that can be used for single-sweep as well as
high repetition rate setups.
Effective number of pixels
1344 (H) × 1024 (V)
Variable delay range
0 ns to 31.96 ns
Cell size
6.45 μm (H) × 6.45 μm (V)
8.67 mm (H) × 6.60 mm (V)
Delay setting range
Effective area
30 ps, 60 ps, 120 ps, 250 ps, 500 ps, 1 ns, 2 ns, 4 ns,
8 ns, 16 ns
Effective field of view on
phosphor screen
12.39 mm (H) × 9.43 mm (V)
Minimum delay time
Approx. 12 ns
Maximum input voltage
30 V
Interface
USB 2.0
Power supply
AC 85 V to AC 250 V
Effective photocathode size Approx. 4.42 mm (H)
Exposure time
10 μs to 4200 s
Readout speed
28.4 frame/s (2 × 2 binning)
Power consumption
Approx. 30 VA
A/D converter
12 bit/16 bit
Dimensions/Weight
(W) 215 mm × (H) 102 mm × (D) 350 mm/3.4 kg
Dimensional outlines (Unit: mm)
X-ray streak camera C4575-03 main unit (Approx. 43 kg: Except the turbo pump)
455.9±5
275±1
168±1
623±10
127±2
250±2
474±5
22.9±1
4-φ8
110.5±2
8±1
20±1
221±2
410±2
Vacuum system (Option)
A vacuum system such as a turbo-molecular
pump and a rotary vane pump are required to
operate the C4575-03.
Please contact us for more information.
Connect to X-ray streak camera
Oil
filter
Turbomolecular
pump
Rotary vane pump
The green part is
a turbo-molecular pump.
Turbo-molecular pump TURBOVAC 50 (63CF) (Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum GmbH)
Rotary vane pump
TRIVAC-B D4B (11304) (Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum GmbH)
Oil filter
AF4-8 (Oerlikon Leybold Vacuum GmbH)
Turbo-molecular pump
controller
★ ORCA is registered a trademark of Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
★ Product and software package names noted in this documentation are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective manufacturers.
●
●
Subject to local technical requirements and regulations, availability of products included in this promotional material may vary. Please consult your local sales representative.
Information furnished by HAMAMATSU is believed to be reliable. However, no responsibility is assumed for possible inaccuracies or omissions.
Specifications and external appearance are subject to change without notice.
© 2015 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
www.hamamatsu.com
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Systems Division
812 Joko-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu City, 431-3196, Japan, Telephone: (81)53-431-0124, Fax: (81)53-435-1574, E-mail: [email protected]
U.S.A.: Hamamatsu Corporation: 360 Foothill Road, Bridgewater, N.J 08807, U.S.A., Telephone: (1)908-231-0960, Fax: (1)908-231-1218 E-mail: [email protected]
Germany: Hamamatsu Photonics Deutschland GmbH.: Arzbergerstr. 10, D-82211 Herrsching am Ammersee, Germany, Telephone: (49)8152-375-0, Fax: (49)8152-265-8 E-mail: [email protected]
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Italy: Hamamatsu Photonics Italia S.r.l.: Strada della Moia, 1 int. 6 20020 Arese (Milano), Italy, Telephone: (39)02-93581733, Fax: (39)02-93581741 E-mail: [email protected]
China: Hamamatsu Photonics (China) Co., Ltd.: B1201 Jiaming Center, No.27 Dongsanhuan Beilu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020, China, Telephone: (86)10-6586-6006, Fax: (86)10-6586-2866 E-mail: [email protected]
Cat. No. SHSS0015E02
JUL/2015 HPK
Created in Japan
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