cd00256556

AN3108
Application note
STLM75 firmware library for the STM32F10x
Introduction
This application note describes the firmware library implementing the STLM75 interface for
the STM32F10xxx (STM32F101x, STM32F103x, STM32F105x, STM32F107x)
microcontroller.
This library is a firmware package which contains a collection of routines, data structures
and macros covering the features of the STLM75 temperature sensor device. The firmware
library allows the STLM75 sensor to be used in the user application without the need for an
in-depth study of STLM75 registers and I2C read/write operation steps. As a result, using
the firmware library saves significant time which would otherwise be spent in coding, while
reducing the application development and integration costs.
The firmware library source code is developed in 'Strict ANSI-C' (relaxed ANSI-C for the
example application). Writing the whole library in 'Strict ANSI-C' makes it independent from
the software toolchain. In addition, the firmware architecture is developed in separate layers
and the HAL (hardware abstraction layer) makes it independent from the microcontroller
used in the final application.
Even though the firmware library source code is developed in 'ANSI-C', the code
architecture follows an OOP (object oriented programming) approach.
Section 1 describes document and library rules.
Section 2 highlights the features of the STLM75 sensor and explains its hardware interface
with a master device microcontroller (STM32 in this case).
Section 3 and 4 highlight the features of the firmware library and describe its architecture
and its exported APIs (application programming interfaces) in detail.
Section 5 contains an example application source code describing how to configure and use
the library.
October 2010
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www.st.com
Contents
AN3108
Contents
1
Document and library rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.1
2
3
4
5
Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
STLM75 temperature sensor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1
Sensor introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.2
Interfacing the sensor with the microcontroller . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
STLM75 library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.1
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.2
Library package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
3.3
Library architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.3.1
API layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.3.2
HAL layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
STLM75 library firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.1
API layer firmware overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
4.2
HAL Layer firmware overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
4.2.1
HAL types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
4.2.2
HAL functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Example application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
5.1
main.c . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
6
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
7
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
2/44
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List of tables
List of tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Table 22.
Table 23.
Table 24.
Table 25.
Table 26.
Table 27.
List of abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Signal names and pin descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Function description format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
NewTempSensor API function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
DelTempSensor API function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Init API function. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Reset API function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
SetI2C_Settings API function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
SetSignals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
GetSignals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
SetRegister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
GetRegister. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
SetConfiguration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
GetConfiguration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
GetTemperature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
SetTempHysteresis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
GetTempHysteresis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
SetTempOverLimit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
GetTemperatureOverLimit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
TS_ConfigSignal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
TS_InitI2C_Peripheral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
TS_CheckEventWithTimeout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
TS_FillDataFromRegister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
TS_FillRegisterFromData . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
TS_SetPointerRegister . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
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List of figures
AN3108
List of figures
Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
Figure 4.
Figure 5.
Figure 6.
4/44
Logic diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Typical 2-wire interface connection diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Firmware library project files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Firmware library architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Firmware library API and types. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Application project files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
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1
Document and library rules
Document and library rules
This document uses the conventions described in the sections below.
1.1
Acronyms
The following table lists the acronyms used in this document.
Table 1.
List of abbreviations
Acronym
Meaning
API
Application programming interface
HAL
Hardware abstraction layer
MCU
Microcontroller unit
I2C
Inter-integrated circuit
OOP
Object oriented programming
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STLM75 temperature sensor
AN3108
2
STLM75 temperature sensor
2.1
Sensor introduction
The STLM75 is a high-precision digital CMOS temperature sensor IC with a sigma-delta
temperature-to-digital converter and an I2C-compatible serial digital interface. It is targeted
at general applications such as personal computers, system thermal management,
electronics equipment, and industrial controllers, and is packaged in the industry standard
8-lead TSSOP and SO8 packages. The device contains a band-gap temperature sensor
and 9-bit ADC which monitor and digitize the temperature to a resolution up to 0.5 °C. The
STLM75 is typically accurate to ±3°C - max over the full temperature measurement range of
-55 °C to 125 °C with ±2 °C accuracy in the -25 °C to + 100 °C range (max). The STLM75 is
factory-calibrated and requires no external components to measure temperature.
Refer to the STLM75 (Digital temperature sensor and thermal watchdog) datasheet for more
information.
2.2
Interfacing the sensor with the microcontroller
The STLM75 has a simple 2-wire I2C-compatible digital serial interface which allows the
user to access the data in the temperature register at any time. It communicates via the
serial interface with a master controller which operates at speeds up to 400 kHz. Three pins
(A0, A1, and A2) are available for address selection, and enable the user to connect up to 8
devices on the same bus without address conflicts. In addition, the serial interface gives the
user easy access to all STLM75 registers to customize the operation of the device.
Figure 2 shows how the SMT32F10xxx microcontroller (master device) must be connected
to the STLM75 device.
Refer to the STLM75 datasheet for more information.
Figure 1.
Logic diagram
6$$
3$! 3#,
!
!
!
/3).4
34,-
'.$
Note:
6/44
SDA and OS/INT are open drain.
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AN3108
STLM75 temperature sensor
Table 2.
Signal names and pin descriptions
Pin
Sym
Type/direction
Description
1
SDA
Input/output
Serial data input/output
2
SCL
Input
Serial clock input
3
OS/INT
Output
Over-limit signal/interrupt alert output
4
GND
Supply ground
Ground
5
A2
Input
Address2 input
6
A1
Input
Address1 input
7
A0
Input
Address0 input
8
VDD
Supply power
Supply voltage (2.7 V to 5.5 V)
Figure 2.
Typical 2-wire interface connection diagram
0ULLUP
6$$
0ULLUP
6$$
6$$
6$$
K½
!
3#,
-ASTER
$EVICE
3$! )#!DDRESS!!!
!
!
K½
½ &
34,-
/3).4 K½
'.$
!-V
Note:
SDA and OS/INT are open drain
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STLM75 library
AN3108
3
STLM75 library
3.1
Introduction
The STLM75 firmware library is fully developed in 'Strict ANSI-C' following an OOP
approach. This means the final application using this library uses an instance of a
temperature sensor object (TempSensor), and uses it according to its public methods and
properties. The TempSensor is a structure containing public properties (data fields) and
methods (functions pointers). The OOP encapsulation feature is assured.
The final application can create more than one TempSensor instance, and each instance
can be matched with a different STLM75 temperature sensor assembled on the board.
Therefore, the same library can be used to manage more temperature sensors
simultaneously without communication and data conflict problems.
The library may be included in the final application as a library file (STLM75.a) and used as
a black box through its exported public API, or can be included in the final application as
source files (.c and .h), if the user wants to debug the library itself, or if it’s necessary to
change the HAL functions in order to port the library on an alternative microcontroller to the
STM32F10xxx.
3.2
Library package
The library was developed using the IAR EWARM 5.20 and the related workspace/project
files are included in the delivered package. As all the firmware is written in 'Strict ANSI-C',
the library porting on another toolset doesn't require any change in the library.
The library folder contains all the subdirectories and files that make up the core of the
library:
●
8/44
The included sub-folder contains the firmware library header files. They don't need to
be modified by the user:
–
TempSensorObj.h: API layer file; this contains the Temperature Sensor Object
structure description in terms of methods and properties; The API functions are
declared in this file.
–
TempSensorTypes.h: API layer file; this contains all the defined types used by
TempSensorObj.xxx files and related to the STLM75 temperature sensor.
–
TempSensorHal.h: HAL layer file; this contains all the Temperature Sensor
functions declaration whose implementation depends on the MCU used (STM32
for this delivery). The final user should change these files in order to reuse this
STLM75 library with other microcontrollers
–
TempSensorHalTypes.h HAL layer file; this contains all the Temperature Sensor
types mapped on the used MCU library types (STM32 for this delivery). The final
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STLM75 library
user should change this type mapping in order to reuse this STLM75 library with
other microcontrollers
●
●
The source sub-folder contains the firmware library source files. They don't need to be
modified by the user:
–
TempSensorObj.c: API layer file; this contains the exported public API (Application
Programming Interface) and the related private internal functions. No direct
reference to the Hardware and Micro firmware library occur in this file.
–
TempSensorHal.c: HAL layer file; this contains all the temperature sensor
functions implementation whose source code depends on the MCU used (STM32
for this delivery). The final user should change these file in order to reuse this
STLM75 library with other microcontrollers
–
The STM32_Include sub-folder contains the STM32F10xxxV2.0.3 firmware library
included files. If the final user wants to use another microcontroller library version,
replace this folder and check the HAL types and the microcontroller library function
calls inside the HAL layer files (TempSensorHal.h, TempSensorHalTypes.h,
TempSensorHal.c)
EWARMv5 sub-folder contains the IAR EWARM 5.20 workspace and project files:
–
STLM75_Lib.eww: The IAR workspace file
–
STLM75_Lib.ewp: The IAR project file
Figure 3.
3.3
Firmware library project files
Library architecture
The library architecture is devised and developed in two separate layers:
●
API layer
●
HAL layer
This layer architecture improves the code reusability splitting the application programming
interface code (fully portable and reusable) from the hardware abstraction layer code
(hardware dependent and written onto the STM32F10xxx libraries).
3.3.1
API layer
The application programming interface layer allows the final application to use the library as
a black-box. The library firmware encapsulation feature and exported API allow full control of
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STLM75 library
AN3108
the STLM75 temperature sensor without the need of an in-depth study of sensor registers
and I2C read/write operation steps.
The API layer includes the following files:
●
TempSensorObj.h
●
TempSensorTypes.h
●
TempSensorObj.c;
See Section 4.1 for a more detailed description.
3.3.2
HAL layer
The hardware abstraction layer is directly built on the specific microcontroller firmware
library and allows the built-upon layers, like the API layer, to implement its functions without
the need of an in-depth study of the microcontroller used. This improves the library code
reusability and guarantees easy portability on other microcontrollers.
The HAL layer includes the following files:
●
TempSensorHal.h
●
TempSensorHalTypes.h
●
TempSensorHal.c
See Section 4.2 for a more detailed description.
Figure 4.
10/44
Firmware library architecture
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4
STLM75 library firmware
STLM75 library firmware
This section describes the API and HAL layer implementation. Each library firmware
function is described in detail. API and HAL layer functions are fully described. An example
of how to use API functions is included. No example for HAL functions is provided because
the final application should manage the STLM75 temperature sensor through the API layer
functions only, without any direct access to the HAL functions.
The functions are described in the following format:
Table 3.
4.1
Function description format
Name
Description
Function name
The name of the peripheral function
Function prototype
Prototype declaration
Behavior description
Brief explanation of how the function is executed
Input parameter {x}
Description of the input parameters
Output parameter {x}
Description of the output parameters
Return value
Value returned by the function
Required preconditions
Requirements before calling the function
Called functions
Other library functions called
API layer firmware overview
The application programming interface layer allows the final application to easily use the
STLM75 temperature sensor. An OOP approach is used, making it possible for the
application to create and use one or more instances of a TempSensor object.
The TempSensor structure is seen by the application as an object with encapsulate
properties and methods. All read/write operations on the temperature sensors are executed
through this object. It is an advanced structure containing:
●
Properties as data fields
●
Methods as functions pointers
In this way, each API function belongs to the related TempSensor object instance and more
instances, and then more temperature sensors, can be managed without any conflicts.
In addition, the library exports two public API global functions in order to create/destroy a
TempSensor structure instance:
●
NewTempSensorObj function
●
DelTempSensorObj function
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STLM75 library firmware
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NewTempSensorObj API global function
Table 4 describes the NewTempSensorObj function:
Table 4.
NewTempSensor API function
Name
Description
Function name
NewTempSensorObj
Function prototype
TempSensorType* NewTempSensorObj (void)
Behavior description
Create and initialize a new TempSensor object (a C structure)
Input parameter {x}
None
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
The created object pointer or null if the object cannot be created
Required preconditions
None
Called functions
No API/HAL layers functions;
Example:
TempSensorType*
pObjTempSensor;
pObjTempSensor = NewTempSensorObj ();
/* Hardware Configuration: Signals: SCL, SDA, OS_INT pins */
TS_SignalsType TempSensorSignals;
...
/* Hardware Configuration: I2C pheripheral */
TS_I2C_SettingsType TempSensorI2C_Settings;
...
/* Initialize the temperature sensor according to previous Signals
and
I2C_Settings */
pObjTempSensor->Init(pObjTempSensor, &TempSensorSignals,
&TempSensorI2C_Settings);
Once a TempSensor object instance is created using the NewTempSensorObj function, the
TempSensor object itself provides all its features through its internal function pointers.
Figure 2 shows the TempSensor object properties and methods in detail, which the final
application can use to interact with the temperature sensor.
12/44
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STLM75 library firmware
DelTempSensorObj API global function
Table 5 describes the DelTempSensorObj function:
Table 5.
DelTempSensor API function
Name
Description
Function name
DelTempSensorObj
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus DelTempSensorObj (TempSensorType** ppTempSensor)
Behavior description
Destroy the Object internal members and free the memory allocated when
NewTempSensorObj function is called.
Input parameter {x}
ppTempSensor - Object pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj must have been called before
Called functions
No API/HAL layers functions;
Example:
TempSensorType* pObjTempSensor;
TS_ErrStatus
errStatus;
...
errStatus = DelTempSensorObj(pTempSensorObj);
Figure 5.
Firmware library API and types
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TempSensorObj API types/properties/functions
This section describes the TempSensor structure, all its exported API functions and all the
defined types. See Figure 2.
Below you can find a description of the defined types used by the TempSensor object
source code and a description of its properties and methods. Except for TempSensorType,
all API layer types are defined in the TempSensorTypes.h file.
TempSensorType type
The TempSensorType is defined in the following TempSensorObj.h file. The final
TempSensor object is an instance of this defined structure.
The following described structure type can be considered as an OOP-class including private
and public properties and public methods.
All the structure fields with a prefix name of 'm_' can be considered as private properties.
This means these structure fields must not be directly accessed by the final application and
Getxxx methods should be used instead. Clearly the final application could access these
private members, but it should NEVER do so.
The final application must interact with this library using the following public properties and
methods only, as described in Figure 2 and in the following sections.
#define TEMP_SENSOR_OBJ
/*
/* Temperature Sensor definition */ \
*/ \
/* PRIVATE PROPERTIES */ \
TS_u8
m_Configuration;
\
TS_TemperatureType
m_Temperature;
\
TS_TemperatureType
m_TempHysteresis;
\
TS_TemperatureType
m_TempOverLimit;
\
TS_RegistersType
m_Registers;
\
TS_I2C_SettingsType m_I2C_Settings;
/*
\
*/ \
/* PUBLIC PROPERTIES */ \
14/44
TS_SignalsType
Signals;
TS_u32
TimeoutTicks; /* Timeout in ticks */ \
/*
*/ \
/* PUBLIC METHODS
*/ \
/* The Micro/STLM75 signals */ \
TS_ErrStatus
(*Init)
(TempSensorType*);
\
TS_ErrStatus
(*Reset)
(TempSensorType*);
\
TS_ErrStatus
(*SetI2C_Settings)
TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings); \
(TempSensorType*,
TS_ErrStatus
(*SetSignals)
TS_SignalsType* pSignals); \
(TempSensorType*,
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STLM75 library firmware
TS_SignalsType*
(*GetSignals)
(TempSensorType*); \
TS_ErrStatus
(*SetRegister)
TS_RegSelectionType, TS_u16);\
(TempSensorType*,
TS_u16
(*GetRegister)
TS_RegSelectionType eRegSelection); \
(TempSensorType*,
TS_TemperatureType* (*GetTemperature)
TS_Boolean bForceRegisterRead);
\
(TempSensorType*,
TS_ErrStatus
uConfigValue);
(*SetConfiguration) (TempSensorType*, TS_u8
\
TS_u8
(*GetConfiguration) (TempSensorType*, TS_Boolean
bForceRegisterRead);
\
TS_ErrStatus
(*SetTempHysteresis)(TempSensorType*,
TS_TemperatureType* pTemperature); \
TS_TemperatureType* (*GetTempHysteresis)(TempSensorType*,
TS_Boolean bForceRegisterRead);
\
TS_ErrStatus
(*SetTempOverLimit) (TempSensorType*,
TS_TemperatureType* pTemperature); \
TS_TemperatureType* (*GetTempOverLimit) (TempSensorType*,
TS_Boolean bForceRegisterRead);
\
/*
/*
*/ \
PUBLIC EVENTS
*/ \
TS_ErrStatus
(*OnOverLimitIrq)
typedef struct TempSensor
for circular typedefs */
(TempSensorType*);
TempSensorType;
/* Forward declaration
struct TempSensor {
TEMP_SENSOR_OBJ
};
TS_Boolean type
/* Boolean types
*/
typedef enum {
TS_FALSE = 0,
TS_TRUE
= !TS_FALSE
} TS_Boolean;
TS_ErrStatus type
/* Error status types */
typedef enum {
TS_ERROR = 0,
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TS_OK
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= !TS_ERROR
} TS_ErrStatus;
TS_Reg8Type and TS_Reg16Type types
/* Register types */
typedef TS_u8
TS_Reg8Type;
typedef TS_u16
TS_Reg16Type;
TS_RegLengthType type
/* Register length type */
typedef enum{
TS_REG_1BYTE_LEN
= 1,
TS_REG_2BYTE_LEN
} TS_RegLengthType;
TS_RegPointerType type
/* Command/Pointer register type */
typedef enum{
TS_P_REG_TEMP =
0x00,
/* P1=0
P2=0 */
TS_P_REG_CONF =
0x01,
/* P1=0
P2=1 */
TS_P_REG_Thys =
0x02,
/* P1=1
P2=0 */
TS_P_REG_Tos
0x03
/* P1=1
P2=1 */
=
} TS_RegPointerType;
TS_RegSelection type
/* Register selection type */
typedef enum{
TS_SEL_CONF_REG
= 0x00,
TS_SEL_TEMP_REG
= 0x01,
TS_SEL_HYST_REG
= 0x02,
TS_SEL_OVER_REG
= 0x04
} TS_RegSelectionType;
TS_SignType type
/* Temperature value sign type */
typedef enum{
TS_PLUS_SIGN,
TS_MINUS_SIGN
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} TS_SignType;
TS_RegistersType type
/* The STLM75 Registers */
typedef struct {
TS_Reg8Type TS_PointerReg;
TS_Reg8Type TS_ConfigReg;
/* Command-Pointer register */
/* Configuration register */
TS_Reg16Type TS_TemperatureReg; /* Temperature register */
TS_Reg16Type TS_HysteresisReg;
/* Hysteresis temp.register */
TS_Reg16Type TS_OverLimitReg;
/* Over-limit temp.register */
} TS_RegistersType;
TS_TemperatureType type
/* The STLM75 Temperature */
typedef struct {
TS_SignType
TS_Sign;
/* Positive or negative sign */
TS_u8
TS_IntegerValue; /* Integer part of the value */
TS_u8
TS_DecimalValue; /* Decimal part of the value */
} TS_TemperatureType;
TS_SignalsType type
/* The STLM75 Signals */
typedef struct {
TS_SignalType
TS_SCL;
TS_SignalType
TS_SDA;
TS_SignalType
TS_OS_INT;
} TS_SignalsType;
TempSensor:: Signals API property
The TempSensor structure exports the following public property:
TS_SignalsType
Signals;
The signals property contains the SCL, SDA, and OS_INT pin configuration. This property is
redundant because the final application can use GetSignals and SetSignals API layer
functions in order to manage signals property. The property has been left as public for utility
scope only. It is recommended that the final application instead uses GetSignals and
SetSignals functions to directly access signals public property.
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TempSensor::TimeoutTicks API property
The TempSensor structure exports the following public property:
TS_u32
TimeoutTicks;
The TimeoutTick property allows the final application to avoid application block in case of
I2C communication problems. TimeoutTick is the number of g_TempSensorTick to wait
during an I2C communication between the microcontroller and the STLM75 before
considering that an error has occurred and resetting the I2C peripheral.
Warning:
TimeoutTicks must be set to >0 as following ONLY if
g_TempSensorTick is defined as: extern volatile u32
g_TempSensorTick; in the final application source code,
and it is incremented in a scheduler timer IRQ handler. If you
don't want to use timeout feature, don't configure the
TimeoutTicks property or set it to 0.
The following is an example of TimeoutTicks property:
...
...
●
File: main.c
int main(void)
{
...
/* configure SysTick timer in order to have a tick each ms */
...
/* configure the Temperature Sensor TimeoutTicks */
pObjTempSensor->TimeoutTicks = 2; /* 2ms:we have a g_TempSensorTick
each millisecond */
...
}
●
File: stm32f10x_it.c
extern volatile u32 g_TempSensorTick;
...
void SysTickHandler(void)
{
// Increment Temperature Sensor tick for Timeout purpose
g_TempSensorTick ++;
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}
...
TempSensor:: Init API function
Table 6 describes the Init function of the TempSensor structure:
Table 6.
Init API function
Name
Description
Function name
Init
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus Init (TempSensorType* pThis, TS_SignalsType* pSignals,
TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings)
Behavior description
Initialize the TempSensor object.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
pSignals - A Signal collection structure pointer;
pI2C_Settings - A I2C peripheral structure pointer;
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, must have been called before.
Called functions
API function:
TS_ErrStatus SetSignals (TempSensorType* pThis, TS_SignalsType*
pSignals);
TS_ErrStatus SetI2C_Settings (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings);
HAL function:
void TS_InitI2C_Peripheral(TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings);
Example:
TS_SignalsType TempSensorSignals;
TS_I2C_SettingsType TempSensorI2C_Settings;
...
/* Initialize the temperature sensor according to previous Signals
and I2C_Settings */
pObjTempSensor->Init(pObjTempSensor, &TempSensorSignals,
&TempSensorI2C_Settings);
TempSensor:: Reset API function
Table 7 describes the reset function of the TempSensor structure:
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Table 7.
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Reset API function
Name
Description
Function name
Reset
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus Reset (TempSensorType* pThis)
Behavior description
Reset the Micro/Sensor I2C communication.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - object pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
void TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral(TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings);
void TS_InitI2C_Peripheral(TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings);
Example:
...
/* Reset the I2C communication */
pObjTempSensor->Reset(pObjTempSensor);
TempSensor:: SetI2C_Settings API function
Table 8 describes the SetI2C_Settings function of the TempSensor structure.
This function is called by the TempSensor:Init function during the initialization phase,
therefore it’s not necessary to directly call it. The final application can specifically call this
function in order to change the I2C peripheral settings after initialization.
Table 8.
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SetI2C_Settings API function
Name
Description
Function name
SetI2C_Settings
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus SetI2C_Settings (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings)
Behavior description
Set the STLM75 I2C peripheral settings copying the right values from the
passed parameter
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
pI2C_Settings - A I2C peripheral structure pointer;
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj function must have been called before.
Called functions
HAL function:
void TS_InitI2C_Peripheral(TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings);
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Example:
TS_I2C_SettingsType TempSensorI2C_Settings;
/* Enable I2C2 clock */
RCC_APB1PeriphClockCmd(RCC_APB1Periph_I2C2, ENABLE);
/* I2C Peripheral settings initialization */
TempSensorI2C_Settings.TS_I2C_Ptr
= I2C2;
TempSensorI2C_Settings.TS_I2C_Clock
= 0x90;
TempSensorI2C_Settings.TS_I2C_Address = 400000;
pObjTempSensor->SetI2C_Settings(pObjTempSensor,
&TempSensorI2C_Settings);
TempSensor:: SetSignals API function
Table 9 describes the SetSignals function of the TempSensor structure.
This function is called by the TempSensor:Init function during the initialization phase,
therefore it’s not necessary to directly call it. The final application can specifically call this
function in order to change the microcontroller signal (port, pin, mode) settings after
initialization.
Table 9.
SetSignals
Name
Description
Function name
SetSignals
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus SetSignals (TempSensorType* pThis, TS_SignalsType*
pSignals)
Behavior description
Set the STLM75 signals (port and pin) using the right values from the
passed parameter
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
pSignals - A Signal collection structure pointer;
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj function must have been called before.
Called functions
HAL function:
void TS_ConfigSignal(TS_SignalType* pSignal)
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Example:
TS_SignalsType
TempSensorSignals;
/* Enable GPIOB clock */
RCC_APB2PeriphClockCmd(RCC_APB2Periph_GPIOB, ENABLE);
/* GPIO signals configuration */
/* Configure PB.10 as alternate function Open-Drain */
TempSensorSignals.TS_SCL.Port
= GPIOB;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SCL.Pin
= GPIO_Pin_10;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SCL.Mode
= GPIO_Mode_AF_OD;
/* Configure PB.11 as alternate function Open-Drain */
TempSensorSignals.TS_SDA.Port
= GPIOB;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SDA.Pin
= GPIO_Pin_11;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SDA.Mode
= GPIO_Mode_AF_OD;
/* Configure PB.12 as alternate function Open-Drain */
TempSensorSignals.TS_OS_INT.Port = GPIOB;
TempSensorSignals.TS_OS_INT.Pin
= GPIO_Pin_12;
TempSensorSignals.TS_OS_INT.Mode = GPIO_Mode_AF_PP;
pObjTempSensor->SetSignals(pObjTempSensor, &TempSensorSignals);
TempSensor:: GetSignals API function
Table 10 describes the GetSignals function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 10.
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GetSignals
Name
Description
Function name
GetSignals
Function prototype
TS_SignalsType* GetSignals (TempSensorType* pThis)
Behavior description
Return the Signal collection structure pointer
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
The signals structure pointer
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Table 10.
GetSignals (continued)
Name
Description
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj function must have been called before.
Called functions
None
TS_SignalsType*
pTempSensorSignals;
/* Get the Signals */
pTempSensorSignals = pObjTempSensor->GetSignals(pObjTempSensor);
TempSensor:: SetRegister API function
Table 11 describes the SetRegister function of the TempSensor structure.
This function can be considered as an advanced function for the final user who knows
STLM75 internal registers. This function call can be avoided by calling one of the following
specific functions:
SetConfiguration, SetTempHysteresis, SetTempOverLimit;
Note that calling the SetRegister advanced function instead of a specific one, internal
TempSensor object data (m_Configuration, m_TempHysteresis, m_TempOverLimit) is not
assigned.
Table 11.
SetRegister
Name
Description
Function name
SetRegister
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus SetRegister (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_RegSelectionType eRegSelection, TS_u16 uRegValue)
Behavior description
Set the STLM75 register identified by eRegSelection type with the value
passed as parameter
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
eRegSelection - The type associated to the register to be set;
uRegValue - The value to be assigned to the register. This is a 16-bit
value, so for the 8-bit register, only the LSB must be considered
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillRegisterFromData(…);
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Example:
...
pObjTempSensor->SetRegister(pObjTempSensor, TS_SEL_CONF_REG, 0);
TempSensor:: GetRegister API function
Table 12 describes the GetRegister function of the TempSensor structure.
This function can be considered as an advanced function for the final user who knows
STLM75 internal registers. This function call can be avoided by calling one of the following
specific functions:
GetConfiguration, GetTemperature, GetTempHysteresis,
GetTempOverLimit;
Table 12.
GetRegister
Name
Description
Function name
GetRegister
Function prototype
TS_u16 GetRegister (TempSensorType* pThis, TS_RegSelectionType
eRegSelection)
Behavior description
Return a 16-bit register value. The right register is identified by
eRegSelection type passed as parameter. For the 8-bit register, only the
LSB must be considered in the return value.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
eRegSelection - The type associated to the register to be set
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
Register value if successful, TS_NULL_REG_VALUE otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillDataFromRegister (…);
Example:
TS_u16 uTemperatureRegisterValue;
uTemperatureRegisterValue = pObjTempSensor>GetRegister(pObjTempSensor, TS_SEL_TEMP_REG);
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TempSensor:: SetConfiguration API function
Table 13 describes the SetConfiguration function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 13.
SetConfiguration
Name
Description
Function name
SetConfiguration
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus SetConfiguration (TempSensorType* pThis, TS_u8
uConfigValue)
Behavior description
Set the 8-bit Configuration register value.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
uConfigValue - The 8-bit value to write in the register
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillRegisterFromData(…);
Example:
u8 uTestConfigurationValue;
...
/* Write the following value for Configuration register: 0x00 */
uTestConfigurationValue = 0x00;
pObjTempSensor->SetConfiguration
(pObjTempSensor,
uTestConfigurationValue);
TempSensor:: GetConfiguration API function
Table 14 describes the GetConfiguration function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 14.
GetConfiguration
Name
Description
Function name
GetConfiguration
Function prototype
TS_u8 GetConfiguration (TempSensorType* pThis, TS_Boolean
bForceRegisterRead)
Behavior description
Return the 8-bit Configuration register value.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
bForceRegisterRead - if TS_TRUE reads the value from the register
otherwise the last read value returns
Output parameter {x}
None
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Table 14.
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GetConfiguration (continued)
Name
Description
Return value
Configuration value if successful, TS_NULL_REG_VALUE otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillDataFromRegister (…);
Example:
u8 uTestConfigurationValue;
/* Get the configuration value forcing a STLM75 register reading */
uTestConfigurationValue = pObjTempSensor->GetConfiguration
(pObjTempSensor, TS_TRUE);
TempSensor:: GetTemperature API function
Table 15 describes the GetTemperature function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 15.
GetTemperature
Name
Description
Function name
GetTemperature
Function prototype
TS_TemperatureType* GetTemperature (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_Boolean bForceRegisterRead)
Behavior description
Return Temperature structure pointer.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
bForceRegisterRead - if TS_TRUE reads the value from the register
otherwise the last read value returns
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
Temperature pointer if successful, TS_NULL_PTR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillDataFromRegister (…);
Example:
TS_TemperatureType* pStrTemperature;
/* Get the read temperature structure pointer forcing a STLM75
register reading */
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pStrTemperature = pObjTempSensor->GetTemperature (pObjTempSensor,
TS_TRUE);
TempSensor:: SetTempHysteresis API function
Table 16 describes the SetTempHysteresis function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 16.
SetTempHysteresis
Name
Description
Function name
SetTempHysteresis
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus SetTempHysteresis (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_TemperatureType* pTemperature)
Behavior description
Set the 16-bit Hysteresis temperature register value.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
pTemperature - Hysteresis temperature structure pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillRegisterFromData(…);
Example:
TS_TemperatureType strTestTemperature;
...
/* Write the following value for Hysteresis register: +75.5° C
strTestTemperature.TS_Sign
*/
= TS_PLUS_SIGN;
strTestTemperature.TS_IntegerValue = 75;
strTestTemperature.TS_DecimalValue = 5;
/* 0 or 5 only */
pObjTempSensor->SetTempHysteresis (pObjTempSensor,
&strTestTemperature);
TempSensor:: GetTempHysteresis API function
Table 17 describes the GetTempHysteresis function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 17.
GetTempHysteresis
Name
Description
Function name
GetTempHysteresis
Function prototype
TS_TemperatureType* GetTempHysteresis (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_Boolean bForceRegisterRead)
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Table 17.
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GetTempHysteresis (continued)
Name
Description
Behavior description
Return the Hysteresis temperature structure pointer.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
bForceRegisterRead - if TS_TRUE reads the value from the register
otherwise the last read value returns
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
Hysteresis temperature pointer if successful, TS_NULL_PTR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillDataFromRegister (…);
Example:
TS_TemperatureType* pStrTemperature;
/* Get the Hysteresis temperature structure pointer forcing a STLM75
register reading */
pStrTemperature = pObjTempSensor->GetTempHysteresis
(pObjTempSensor, TS_TRUE);
TempSensor:: SetTempOverLimit API function
Table 18 describes the SetTempOverLimit function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 18.
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SetTempOverLimit
Name
Description
Function name
SetTempOverLimit
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus SetTempOverLimit (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_TemperatureType* pTemperature)
Behavior description
Set the 16-bit Over-limit temperature register value.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
pTemperature - Over-limit temperature structure pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillRegisterFromData(…);
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Example:
TS_TemperatureType strTestTemperature;
...
/* Write the following value for Over-Limit register: +75.5° C
strTestTemperature.TS_Sign
*/
= TS_PLUS_SIGN;
strTestTemperature.TS_IntegerValue = 75;
strTestTemperature.TS_DecimalValue = 5;
/* 0 or 5 only */
pObjTempSensor->SetTempOverLimit (pObjTempSensor,
&strTestTemperature);
TempSensor:: GetTempOverLimit API function
Table 19 describes the GetTempOverLimit function of the TempSensor structure.
Table 19.
GetTemperatureOverLimit
Name
Description
Function name
GetTempOverLimit
Function prototype
TS_TemperatureType* GetTempOverLimit (TempSensorType* pThis,
TS_Boolean bForceRegisterRead)
Behavior description
Return the Over-limit temperature structure pointer.
Input parameter {x}
pThis - Object pointer;
bForceRegisterRead - if TS_TRUE reads the value from the register
otherwise the last read value returns
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
Over-limit temperature pointer if successful, TS_NULL_PTR otherwise
Required preconditions
NewTempSensorObj, TempSensor:: Init functions must have been called
before.
Called functions
HAL function:
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(…);
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillDataFromRegister (…);
Example:
TS_TemperatureType* pStrTemperature;
/* Get the Over-Limit temperature structure pointer forcing a STLM75
register reading */
pStrTemperature = pObjTempSensor->GetTempOverLimit (pObjTempSensor,
TS_TRUE);
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4.2
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HAL Layer firmware overview
This section describes the hardware abstraction layer function used by the upper API layer
described in the previous section. All the library microcontroller hardware dependent
functions and related defined types are described in this section. See Figure 2.
The final application should NEVER directly use these HAL functions, and it should manage
the STLM75 temperature sensor through the API layer functions as described above.
4.2.1
HAL types
Standard types redefinition
/* Standard type redefinition in order
to maintain code portability */
typedef signed long
TS_s32;
typedef signed short
TS_s16;
typedef signed char
TS_s8;
typedef unsigned long
TS_u32;
typedef unsigned short
TS_u16;
typedef unsigned char
TS_u8;
STM32 library types redefinition
/* Redefine micro specific types */
typedef GPIO_TypeDef*
TS_PortType;
typedef GPIOMode_TypeDef
TS_ModeType;
typedef u32
TS_PinType;
typedef I2C_TypeDef*
TS_I2CType;
TS_SignalActionType type
/* Signal state enumeration */
typedef enum
{ TS_SIGNAL_LOW
= Bit_RESET,
TS_SIGNAL_HIGH
= Bit_SET
} TS_SignalActionType;
TS_StateType type
/* State type
*/
typedef enum
{
TS_DISABLE = DISABLE,
TS_ENABLE
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} TS_StateType;
TS_SignalType type
/* The STLM75 Single Signal type */
typedef struct {
TS_PortType
Port;
TS_PinType
Pin;
TS_ModeType
Mode;
} TS_SignalType;
TS_I2C_SettingsType type
/* The STLM75 I2C Peripheral settings */
typedef struct {
TS_I2CType
TS_I2C_Ptr;
TS_u32
TS_I2C_Clock;
TS_u16
TS_I2C_Address;
} TS_I2C_SettingsType;
4.2.2
HAL functions
TS_ConfigSignal HAL function
Table 20 describes the TS_ConfigSignal function of the hardware abstraction layer.
Table 20.
TS_ConfigSignal
Name
Description
Function name
TS_ConfigSignal
Function prototype
void TS_ConfigSignal(TS_SignalType* pSignal)
Behavior description
Config the signal pin according to the passed parameters
Input parameter {x}
pSignal - Signal structure pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
None
Required preconditions
None
Called functions
None
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TS_InitI2C_Peripheral HAL function
Table 21 describes the TS_InitI2C_Peripheral function of the hardware abstraction layer.
Table 21.
TS_InitI2C_Peripheral
Name
Description
Function name
TS_InitI2C_Peripheral
Function prototype
void TS_InitI2C_Peripheral(TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings)
Behavior description
Initialize and configure the I2C peripheral used by the micro in order to
manage the STLM75 temperature sensor device
Input parameter {x}
pI2C_Settings - I2C peripheral settings structure pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
None
Required preconditions
None
Called functions
None
TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral HAL function
Table 22 describes the TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral function of the hardware abstraction layer.
Table 22.
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TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral
Name
Description
Function name
TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral
Function prototype
void TS_ResetI2C_Peripheral(TS_I2C_SettingsType* pI2C_Settings)
Behavior description
Apply a software Reset on the I2C peripheral, e.g. in order to exit from an
I2C blocking error
Input parameter {x}
pI2C_Settings - I2C peripheral settings structure pointer
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
None
Required preconditions
None
Called functions
None
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TS_CheckEventWithTimeout HAL function
Table 23 describes the TS_CheckEventWithTimeout function of the hardware abstraction
layer.
Table 23.
TS_CheckEventWithTimeout
Name
Description
Function name
TS_CheckEventWithTimeout
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus TS_CheckEventWithTimeout(TS_I2C_SettingsType*
pI2C_Settings, u32 I2C_EVENT, u32 uTimeoutTicks)
Behavior description
Check the I2C event inside a max timeout time. This function requires that
the g_TempSensorTick variable is defined as extern in the main
application, and it is incremented in SysTickHandler Interrupt or another
scheduler time.
Input parameter {x}
pI2C_Settings - I2C peripheral settings structure pointer;
I2C_EVENT - The I2C event to check;
uTimeoutTicks - The g_TempSensorTick to wait before return an error;
uTimeoutTicks must be >=1.
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if event occurs inside the timeout time, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
g_TempSensorTick variable is defined as extern in the main application,
and it is incremented in a scheduler time.
Called functions
None
TS_FillDataFromRegister HAL function
Table 24 describes the TS_FillDataFromRegister function of the hardware abstraction layer.
Table 24.
TS_FillDataFromRegister
Name
Description
Function name
TS_FillDataFromRegister
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillDataFromRegister(TS_I2C_SettingsType*
pI2C_Settings,TS_u16* pReadRegValue,
TS_RegLengthType eRegLenType, u32 uTimeoutTicks)
Read from the specified STLM75 a register value (8 or 16 bits) and return
the value in output parameter.
Behavior description
Input parameter {x}
Warning:
SetPointerRegister function MUST be
called before calling this one.
pI2C_Settings - I2C peripheral settings structure pointer;
eRegLenType - Register byte-length type (Can be 1-Byt or 2-Byte);
uTimeoutTicks - The g_TempSensorTick to wait before returning an error;
uTimeoutTicks must be >=1.
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STLM75 library firmware
Table 24.
AN3108
TS_FillDataFromRegister (continued)
Name
Description
Output parameter {x}
pReadRegValue - Read register value pointer;
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
SetPointerRegister function MUST be called before calling this one.
Called functions
TS_ErrStatus TS_CheckEventWithTimeout(…)
TS_FillRegisterFromData HAL function
Table 25 describes the TS_FillRegisterFromData function of the hardware abstraction layer.
Table 25.
TS_FillRegisterFromData
Name
Description
Function name
TS_FillRegisterFromData
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus TS_FillRegisterFromData(TS_I2C_SettingsType*
pI2C_Settings,TS_u16 uWriteRegValue, TS_RegLengthType
eRegLenType, u32 uTimeoutTicks)
Write the data passed in input parameter on the specified STLM75 register
value (8 or 16 bits).
Behavior description
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Warning:
WARNING: SetPointerRegister
function MUST be called before calling
this one.
Input parameter {x}
pI2C_Settings - I2C peripheral settings structure pointer;
eRegLenType - Register byte-length type (Can be 1-Byt or 2-Byte);
uWriteRegValue - Data value to write on the right register;
uTimeoutTicks - The g_TempSensorTick to wait before returning an error;
uTimeoutTicks must be >=1.
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
SetPointerRegister function MUST be called before calling this one.
Called functions
TS_ErrStatus TS_CheckEventWithTimeout(…)
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STLM75 library firmware
TS_SetPointerRegister HAL function
Table 26 describes the TS_SetPointerRegister function of the hardware abstraction layer.
Table 26.
TS_SetPointerRegister
Name
Description
Function name
TS_SetPointerRegister
Function prototype
TS_ErrStatus TS_SetPointerRegister(TS_I2C_SettingsType*
pI2C_Settings,
TS_RegPointerType eRegPointer, u32
uTimeoutTicks)
Behavior description
Set the STLM75 Command/Pointer register, before executing a Read/Write
operation on STLM75 register
Input parameter {x}
pI2C_Settings - I2C peripheral settings structure pointer;
eRegLenType - Register byte-length type (Can be 1-Byt or 2-Byte);
uTimeoutTicks - The g_TempSensorTick to wait before returning an error;
uTimeoutTicks must be >=1.
Output parameter {x}
None
Return value
TS_OK if successful, TS_ERROR otherwise
Required preconditions
None
Called functions
TS_ErrStatus TS_CheckEventWithTimeout(…)
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Example application
5
AN3108
Example application
Together with the STLM75 firmware library package, an example application is delivered in
order to provide the final user with a real example of STLM75 library use. See Figure 6.
The delivered example application has been developed using IAR EWARM 5.20 IDE and
can be built for both STM32F10xxx Medium-density and High-density microcontroller
families.
An application project which wants to use the STLM75 library must:
●
Include the STLM75.a file in the project generated compiling the STLM75_LIB library
firmware delivered in the final library package. See Section 3.2. The 2STLM75 library
source code can be included instead of the STLM75.a object file
●
Implement a main function as described in the following section.
Figure 6.
5.1
Application project files
main.c
An example of a main application is reported below. The main function contains an example
of the STLM75 library initialization/configuration and implements temperature sensor
registers read/write operations:
/* Includes -----------------------------------------------------*/
#include "stm32f10x_lib.h"
#include "TempSensorObj.h"
#include <stdio.h>
/* Private typedef ----------------------------------------------*/
/* Private define -----------------------------------------------*/
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Example application
// STLM75 TEMPERATURE SENSOR DEFINES
// Temperature sensor controller signal
#define TMP_I2C_PERIPHERAL
I2C2
#define TMP_I2C_SLAVE_ADDR7
0x90
#define TMP_I2C_CLOCK_SPEED
400000 //400Khz
#define TMP_SCL_PORT
GPIOB
#define TMP_SCL_PIN
GPIO_Pin_10
#define TMP_SCL_MODE
GPIO_Mode_AF_OD
#define TMP_SDA_PORT
GPIOB
#define TMP_SDA_PIN
GPIO_Pin_11
#define TMP_SDA_MODE
GPIO_Mode_AF_OD
#define TMP_OS_INT_PORT
GPIOB
#define TMP_OS_INT_PIN
GPIO_Pin_12
#define TMP_OS_INT_MODE
GPIO_Mode_AF_PP
// 1001 0000
/* Private macro ------------------------------------------------*/
/* Private variables --------------------------------------------*/
ErrorStatus HSEStartUpStatus;
/* Private function prototypes ----------------------------------*/
void RCC_Configuration
(void);
void NVIC_Configuration
(void);
void SysTick_Configuration(void);
void STLM75_Configuration (TempSensorType* pObjTempSensor);
/* Private functions --------------------------------------------*/
/******************************************************************
* Function Name
: Main
* Description
: Main program.
* Input
: None
* Output
: None
* Return
: None
******************************************************************/
int main(void)
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Example application
AN3108
{
TempSensorType*
pObjTempSensor;
TS_TemperatureType* pStrTemperature;
TS_TemperatureType
strTestTemperature;
u8
uTestConfigurationValue;
char
cTemperatureSign;
u16
uReadingNumber = 0;
#ifdef DEBUG
debug();
#endif
/* System clocks configuration -------------------------------*/
RCC_Configuration();
/* NVIC configuration ----------------------------------------*/
NVIC_Configuration();
/* STLM75 configuration --------------------------------------*/
pObjTempSensor = NewTempSensorObj ();
STLM75_Configuration(pObjTempSensor);
/* You can configure timeout to avoid application block in case of
I2C communication problems. TimeoutTick is the number of
g_TempSensorTick to wait during an I2C communication between Micro
and STLM75 before considering an error has occurred and resetting
the I2C peripheral.
WARNING: TimeoutTicks must be set >0 as following ONLY if
g_TempSensorTick is defined as "extern volatile u32
g_TempSensorTick" in this Application,and is incremented in
SysTickHandler or another timer irq handler. */
pObjTempSensor->TimeoutTicks = 2; /* 2ms:we have a
g_TempSensorTick each
millisecond */
/* STLM75 Library use example --------------------------------*/
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Example application
/* TEST: Write the following value for the Configuration
register:
0x00 */
uTestConfigurationValue = 0x00;
pObjTempSensor->SetConfiguration
(pObjTempSensor,
uTestConfigurationValue);
/* TEST: Write the following value for the Hysteresis register:
75.5° C */
strTestTemperature.TS_Sign
= TS_PLUS_SIGN;
strTestTemperature.TS_IntegerValue = 75;
strTestTemperature.TS_DecimalValue = 5;
/* 0 or 5 only */
pObjTempSensor->SetTempHysteresis (pObjTempSensor,
&strTestTemperature);
/* TEST: Write the following value for the Over-Limit register:
50.5° C */
strTestTemperature.TS_Sign
= TS_PLUS_SIGN;
strTestTemperature.TS_IntegerValue = 50;
strTestTemperature.TS_DecimalValue = 5;
pObjTempSensor->SetTempOverLimit
/* 0 or 5 only */
(pObjTempSensor,
&strTestTemperature);
/* TEST: Read STLM75 values for the Configuration, Hysteresis
and Over-Limit temp. registers */
uTestConfigurationValue = pObjTempSensor->GetConfiguration
(pObjTempSensor, TS_TRUE);
pStrTemperature
= pObjTempSensor->GetTempHysteresis
(pObjTempSensor, TS_TRUE);
pStrTemperature
= pObjTempSensor->GetTempOverLimit
(pObjTempSensor, TS_TRUE);
/* Infinite main loop ----------------------------------------*/
while(1)
{
/* TEST: Read observed STLM75 temperature and show the read
value */
pStrTemperature = pObjTempSensor->GetTemperature
(pObjTempSensor, TS_TRUE);
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Example application
AN3108
cTemperatureSign = (pStrTemperature->TS_Sign ==
TS_PLUS_SIGN) ? '+' : '-';
/* Send Temperature read data to the debugger Terminal Output
Window */
printf ("Read Temperature (%d): %c%d.%d\r\n",
\
uReadingNumber++,
\
cTemperatureSign,
\
pStrTemperature->TS_IntegerValue, \
pStrTemperature->TS_DecimalValue);
}
}
/******************************************************************
* Function Name
: STLM75_Configuration
* Description
: Configure the Micro I2C peripheral and GPIO pins
in order to use
*
: the TempSensor hardware components present on the
application board
* Input
: pObjTempSensor - The STLM75 temperature sensor
object pointer
* Output
: None
* Return
: None
******************************************************************/
void STLM75_Configuration (TempSensorType* pObjTempSensor)
{
TS_SignalsType
TempSensorSignals;
TS_I2C_SettingsType TempSensorI2C_Settings;
/* Enable I2C2 clock */
RCC_APB1PeriphClockCmd(RCC_APB1Periph_I2C2, ENABLE);
/* Enable GPIOB clock */
RCC_APB2PeriphClockCmd(RCC_APB2Periph_GPIOB, ENABLE);
/* GPIO signals configuration */
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Example application
/* Configure PB.10 as alternate function Open-Drain */
TempSensorSignals.TS_SCL.Port
= TMP_SCL_PORT;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SCL.Pin
= TMP_SCL_PIN;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SCL.Mode
= TMP_SCL_MODE;
/* Configure PB.11 as alternate function Open-Drain */
TempSensorSignals.TS_SDA.Port
= TMP_SDA_PORT;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SDA.Pin
= TMP_SDA_PIN;
TempSensorSignals.TS_SDA.Mode
= TMP_SDA_MODE;
/* Configure PB.12 as alternate function Open-Drain */
TempSensorSignals.TS_OS_INT.Port = TMP_OS_INT_PORT;
TempSensorSignals.TS_OS_INT.Pin
= TMP_OS_INT_PIN;
TempSensorSignals.TS_OS_INT.Mode = TMP_OS_INT_MODE;
//OverLimitConfigIrq();
// I2C Peripheral settings configuration
TempSensorI2C_Settings.TS_I2C_Ptr
= TMP_I2C_PERIPHERAL;
TempSensorI2C_Settings.TS_I2C_Clock
= TMP_I2C_CLOCK_SPEED;
TempSensorI2C_Settings.TS_I2C_Address = TMP_I2C_SLAVE_ADDR7;
/* Initialize the Temperature Sensor Object */
pObjTempSensor->Init(pObjTempSensor, &TempSensorSignals,
&TempSensorI2C_Settings);
}
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References
6
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AN3108
References
1.
STLM75; Digital temperature sensor and thermal watchdog, datasheet
2.
RM0008; STM32F101xx, STM32F102xx, STM32F103xx, STM32F105xx and
STM32F107xx advanced ARM-based 32-bit MCUs, reference manual
3.
STM32F10xFWLib 2.0.3, AN2953; How to migrate from the STM32F10xxx firmware
library V2.0.3 to the STM32F10xxx standard peripheral library V3.0.0, application note
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7
Revision history
Revision history
Table 27.
Document revision history
Date
Revision
12-Oct-2010
1
Changes
Initial release.
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AN3108
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