brsolar

Products and solutions for
solar energy
STMicroelectronics
From the sun to the grid
www.st.com/photovoltaic
Content
Introduction............................................................................ 4
Photovoltaic grid-connected system architectures.............. 5
String and central inverter based architectures.........................................5
Power optimizer based architectures........................................................8
Microinverter based architectures...........................................................14
Solar battery applications.................................................... 17
Featured products................................................................ 18
STPS*45 Schottky diode series..............................................................18
SPV100* cool bypass switch..................................................................18
SPV1020 monolitihic interleaved DC-DC boost converter with MPPT......19
STM32 F4 high-performance Cortex-M4 MCU series.............................19
MDmeshV power MOSFETs: The best Rds(on)* area at 550 V and 650 V....20
600 V ultrafast HF IGBTs: STGW*HF60WD* series..................................21
STPSC*06 600 V instant switching SiC diodes.......................................21
ST75*0 STarGRID powerline communication SoC platform.....................22
SPV1040 solar battery charger with embedded MPPT...........................22
Featured solutions................................................................ 23
3 kW grid connected solar inverter.........................................................23
250 W low-voltage power optimizer.......................................................24
250 W high-voltage power optimizer platform.........................................25
250 W microinverter plug-in solution for PV panels..................................26
3
Introduction
ST’s range of new products and solutions dedicated specifically to the photovoltaic world demonstrates our
commitment to providing smarter solutions for the needs of the solar energy market. The diagram below shows
the full extent of ST’s involvement in the photovoltaic world.
ST positioning in the photovoltaic world
- Off-line converters
- PWM controllers
- Power MOSFETs
- Diodes
- Photovoltaic ICs
- Battery management ICs
- PLM transceivers
- RF MCUs (ZigBee®)
- RF modules (ZigBee®/Bluetooth®)
- Serial interface
Inverter
Solar battery
chargers
Junction
box
Auxiliary
SMPS
Communication
and monitoring
DC-DC
converter
DC-AC
converter
Metering
- Diodes
- Photovoltaic ICs
- Diodes
- MOSFET/IGBT drivers
- Power MOSFETs
- IGBTs
- Microcontrollers
- Protection
- Metrology ICs
ST’s innovative solar devices implement the MPPT (maximum power point tracking) algorithm to maximize the
energy produced from each solar panel at any panel temperature and radiation condition and so to maximize the
overall efficiency of the PV system.
ST provides semiconductor devices with high performance and high efficiency for every solar application. This
brochure presents our products and solutions for photovoltaic applications, for the major grid-tied architectures
and for solar battery applications.
4
Photovoltaic grid-connected system architectures
The traditional grid-tied architecture of photovoltaic systems concentrates all the electronics in the central inverter. This is the
centralized approach. To gain in terms of global system energy production, reliability, safety, communication and monitoring,
the trend today is to move towards the distributed approach where the electronics is partially or fully distributed close to each
panel.
Distributed approach
Electronics on the panel
Centralized approach
System energy production
System reliability
• System monitoring
•
•
String inverter
Power optimizer
Microinverter
The following three photovoltaic grid-tied architectures are analyzed here:
QQ
QQ
QQ
String and central inverter based architectures (centralized approach)
Power optimizer based architectures (partially distributed approach)
Microinverter based architectures (fully distributed approach)
String and central inverter based architectures
String and central inverter based architectures represent the most common power conversion system for grid-connected
applications (Figure 1). It is composed of three main functional blocks.
QQ
QQ
QQ
The junction box, present in each solar panel, provides the key bypass functionality (preventing hot-spot phenomena
caused by reverse biasing due to defective cells or shading). In the junction box, the bypass device is connected in
antiparallel to the solar panel. To optimize panel energy production, generally one bypass device is connected in antiparallel
to each of the three cell strings in which the panel is divided. Bypass functionality may be implemented using one of the
following device families:
QQ Bypass diodes
QQ Photovoltaic ICs
The string combiner box provides the protection and monitors the solar panel strings.
The inverter provides the MPPT to adapt the impedance that the panel sees at its output to obtain maximum power
transfer, the DC-DC power conversion stage to adapt voltage levels and the DC-AC power conversion stage to correctly
shape the current and voltage waveforms and to connect to the AC grid. Power range varies from a few kilowatts to tens of
kilowatts depending on the size of the solar system.
5
Figure 1 Block diagram of a string and central inverter based architecture
Inverter
DC-DC
converter
DC-AC
converter
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Protection
devices
Diodes
Diodes
Control unit
Power
transistors
Power
transistors
String
combiner box
High-voltage DC bus
Diodes
Connectivity
AC grid
Control unit
Junction
box
Junction
box
Connectivity
Signal
conditioning
Auxiliary
SMPS
Protection
devices
Local monitoring
Remote monitoring
(Internet access)
Diodes
Photovoltaic
ICs
Junction
box
Junction
box
Junction
box
Junction
box
Power path
String 1
Wired/wireless communication
String n
ST’s product offering for the central inverter architecture is shown below. The key products for each functional block described
above are described in the table below.
Product offering for string and central inverter based architectures
Functional block
Junction boxes
Product type
Photovoltaic ICs
Diodes
Control units
Inverters
(DC-DC and DC-AC)
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Key products
SPV100*
STPS*30, STPS*45
STM32F103
STM32F107
STM32 F2
STM32 F4
TD350, TD351, TD352
PM883*
L638*, L639*
STW88N65M5
STY139N65M5
Power transistors
STW*NM*ND
STY100NM60N
STW62NM60N
6
Description
Cool bypass switches
30/45 V power Schottky diodes
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs:
- STM32 F1 Mainstream family
- STM32 F2 High-performance family
- STM32 F4 Hi-Performance & DSP
Advanced gate drivers for IGBT and power MOSFETs
High-frequency dual low-side driver for high-capacitive MOSFETs and IGBTs
Gate drivers with half-bridge driver structure for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
650 V N-channel power MOSFETs, MDmesh™ V technology
- TO-247 package
- Max247 package
600/650 V N-channel power MOSFET, FDmesh™ II technology
600 V N-channel power MOSFETs, MDmesh™ II technology
- Max247 package
- TO-247 package
Functional block
Product type
Power transistors
Key products
STGW60H65DRF
STGW25H120DF
STGW50HF60SD
STGW*HF60WD
STTH*BC
STTH*06
Diodes
STTH*10
STPSC*06
VIPer*7
ST*N150
ST*6N120K3
STPS*L40
Auxiliary power
STPS*150
supplies
STTH*L06
P6KE, 1.5KE
Inverters
TS43*
(DC-DC and DC-AC)
TL43*
SMBJ, BZW50
Protection devices
STIEC45
TS43*
Signal conditioning TL43*
TS95*
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
SPBT2532
ST75*0
ST3232
Connectivity
ST485
Control unit
Diodes
Protection devices
String combiner
boxes
ST3485
ST802RT
SMP
SM6T, SM15T
STM32F103
STTH*06
STTH*10
SMBJ, BZW50
STIEC45
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
ST75*0
ST3232
Connectivity
ST485
ST3485
ST802RT
SMP
SM6T, SM15T
Description
650/1200 V field stop trench gate IGBT with ultrafast diodes
600 V IGBT with ultrafast diode:
- SD series, very low drop IGBT (ideal in low-frequency switches of mixed-frequency
topologies )
- WD series based on a new advanced planar technology (tailored for high switching
frequencies, over 100 kHz)
600/650 V high-voltage rectifiers for BC2 topology
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology
1000 V ultrafast high-voltage diodes
600 V silicon-carbide diodes
High-performance off-line high-voltage converters
1500 V N-channel power MOSFETs, PowerMESH™ technology
1200 V N-channel power MOSFETs in Zener protected SuperMESH™3
40/150 V power Schottky diodes
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology, with a low Vf trade-off
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
Low-voltage adjustable shunt references
Programmable voltage references
600 W/ 5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
Low voltage adjustable shunt reference
Programmable voltage references
Operational amplifiers
32-bit RF(Zigbee®) microcontrollers
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Bluetooth® module
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface with low power
requirements
5 V low-power, high-speed transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD
protection
3.3 V low-power transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD protection
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressors to protect high data rate communication equipment
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs, STM32 F1 Mainstream family
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology
1000 V ultrafast high-voltage diodes
600 W/5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
32-bit RF (ZigBee®) MCUs
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface, low power, high datarate capabilities
5 V low-power, high-speed transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with
ESD protection
3.3 V low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD
protection
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressors to protect high data rate communication equipment
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
7
ST’s evaluation boards designed for the central inverter based architecture are shown below.
Evaluation boards for string and central inverter architectures
Sales code
STEVAL-ISV001V1
Board
STEVAL-ISV002V2
Description
1 kW inverter for UPS or for standalone systems
Technical documentation
AN2794
UM1016
AN3095
3 kW PV converter for grid-connected applications
Power optimizer based architectures
Architectures based on power optimizers represent partially distributed photovoltaic grid-connected systems (Figures 3 and 4)
where part of the electronics from a central or string inverter is moved close to each panel. This architecture includes three main
functional blocks.
QQ
The power optimizer is a smart system (Figure 2) that combines the MPPT and DC-DC power conversion with
connectivity capabilities at the photovoltaic panel.
Figure 2 Power optimizer (simplified block diagram)
DC-DC converter
with MPPT
+ PV panel
Bypass device
- PV panel
+ DC output voltage
Transceiver
- DC output voltage
Using the distributed MPPT, each panel operates at its maximum power point and so the overall efficiency of the whole
photovoltaic system is increased compared to a traditional string or central inverter based architecture. The module-level
communications and real-time monitoring features allow the power optimizer to improve system reliability and safety and to
reduce system maintenance costs.
Two different architectures based on the power optimizer can be implemented depending on the output voltage of the DC-DC
converter.
Low-voltage power optimizer based architecture:
Low-voltage power optimizers are an evolution of existing solar-panel junction boxes. They add a low output voltage DC-DC
converter with MPPT functionality and a smart connectivity capability to the bypass function. In this architectures the PV array is
configured as in string or central inverter based architectures so the PV panels continue to be wired serially in strings (Figure 3).
High-voltage power optimizer based architecture:
High-voltage power optimizers feature a DC-DC converter output voltage high enough to allow a direct connection to the
main inverter. In this case, the power optimizers, and so the PV panels, can be wired in parallel (no serial connection is needed)
resulting in a simplified configuration for the photovoltaic system (Figure 4).
QQ
QQ
The inverter provides only the DC-AC power conversion and the connection to the AC grid.
The data concentrator collects the data (voltage values, current values, etc.) coming from all the panels and from the
inverter and sends them to a local or remote monitoring and control access point.
The benefits of power optimizer based architectures are:
QQ
QQ
QQ
8
More energy production: the distributed MPPT at panel level guarantees the maximization of system energy production
Smart communication and monitoring capabilities for each panel
Greater reliability: with the high-voltage architecture, failure of one power optimizer does not affect the system energy
production
Figure 3 Low-voltage power optimizer based architecture (simplified block diagram)
AC
grid
High voltage DC bus
Inverter
High voltage DC
Power optimizer
DC-AC
converter
DC-DC
converter
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
High voltage DC
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Power
transistors
Diodes
Diodes
Photovoltaic
ICs
Power
transistors
Control unit
Control unit
Power
optimizer
Power
optimizer
Connectivity
Signal
conditioning
Connectivity
Signal
conditioning
Auxiliary
SMPS
Protection
devices
Auxiliary
SMPS
Protection
devices
Power
optimizer
Data concentrator
Control unit
Power
optimizer
Power
optimizer
Connectivity
Local monitoring
Memory
Protection
devices
String 1
String n
Remote monitoring
(Internet access)
Power path
Wired/wireless communication
9
Figure 4 High-voltage power optimizer based architecture (simplified block diagram)
AC
grid
High voltage DC bus
Inverter
High voltage DC
Power optimizer
High voltage DC
Power
optimizer
Panel 1
DC-DC
converter
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Power
transistors
Diodes
Photovoltaic
ICs
Control unit
Panel 2
DC-AC
converter
High
voltage
DC
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Diodes
Power
optimizer
Panel n
Power
transistors
Control unit
Connectivity
Signal
conditioning
Connectivity
Signal
conditioning
Auxiliary
SMPS
Protection
devices
Auxiliary
SMPS
Protection
devices
Data concentrator
Control unit
Connectivity
Local monitoring
Memory
Protection
devices
Remote monitoring
(Internet access)
Power path
Wired/wireless communication
ST’s product offering for power optimizer architecture is shown below. The key products for each functional block described
above are described in the table below.
10
Product offering for power optimizer based architectures
Functional block
Product family
Photovoltaic ICs
Diodes
Control units
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Power transistors
Power
optimizers
Key products
SPV100*
SPV1020
STPS*45
STPS*60
STTH*06
STPSC*06
STTH*BC
STM32F103
STM32F107
STM32 F2
STM32 F4
TD350, TD351, TD352
PM883*
L638*, L639*
STL70N10F3
STH130N10F3-2
STH180N10F3-2
STH310N10F7-2
Viper*7
STPS*L60,
STPS*H100
Auxiliary power
STTH*06
supplies
STD20NF20
P6KE, 1.5KE
TS72*
SMBJ, BZW50
Protection devices
STIEC45
TS50*, TS51*,
Signal conditioning TS52*,TS91*
STG5*
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
ST75*0
Connectivity
Control units
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Inverters
(DC-AC)
Power transistors
Description
Cool bypass switches
Interleaved DC-DC boost converter with built-in MPPT algorithm
45/60 V power Schottky rectifiers
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology
600 V silicon-carbide diodes
600/650 V high-voltage rectifier for BC2 topology
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs:
- STM32 F1 Mainstream family
- STM32 F2 High-performance family
- STM32 F4 Hi-Performance & DSP
Advanced gate drivers for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
High-frequency dual low-side driver for high-capacitive MOSFETs and IGBTs
Gate drivers with half-bridge driver structure for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
100 V N-channel power MOSFETs, in STripFET™ III technology
- PowerFLAT™ 5x6 package
- TO220FP and H2PAK-2 packages
- H2PAK-2 package
100 V N-channel power MOSFET in STripFET™ VII DeepGATE™ technology
High-performance off-line high-voltage converter
60/100 V power Schottky rectifiers
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology
200 V N-channel power MOSFET in STripFET™ technology
600/1500 W Transil™, transient voltage suppressors
Micropower comparators
600 W/5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
Operational amplifiers
Analog switches
32-bit RF (ZigBee®) MCUs
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface, low power,
ST3232
high data-rate capabilities
3.3 V low-power, high-speed transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with
ST485
ESD protection
ST3485
5 V low-power transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD protection
ST802RT
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
SMP
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressors to protect high data rate communication equipment
SM6T, SM15T
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs:
STM32F103
STM32F107
- STM32 F1 Mainstream family
STM32 F2
- STM32 F2 High-performance family
STM32 F4
- STM32 F4 Hi-Performance & DSP
TD350, TD351, TD352 Advanced gate drivers for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
PM883*
High-frequency dual low-side drivers for high-capacitive MOSFETs and IGBTs
L638*, L639*
Gate drivers with half-bridge driver structure for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
650 V N-channel power MOSFET, MDmesh™ V technology
STW88N65M5
- TO-247 package
STY139N65M5
- Max247 package
STW*NM*ND
600/650 V N-channel power MOSFETs, FDmesh™ II technology
600V N-channel power MOSFETs MDmesh TM II technology
STY100NM60N
- Max247 package
STW62NM60N
- TO-247 package
STGW60H65DRF
650/1200 V field stop trench gate IGBTs with ultrafast diodes
STGW25H120DF
11
Product offering for power optimizer based architectures (cont’d)
Functional block
Product family
Key products
STGW50HF60SD
Power transistors
STGW*HF60WD
Diodes
Auxiliary power
supplies
Inverters
(DC-AC)
Protection devices
STTH*10
STTH*06
STPSC*06
Viper*7
ST*N150
ST*6N120K3
STPS*L40
STPS*150
STTH*L06
P6KE, 1.5KE
TS43*
TL43*
SMBJ, BZW50
STIEC45
TS43*
Signal conditioning TL43*
TS95*
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
ST75*0
ST3232
Connectivity
ST485
ST3485
Control units
Memories
ST802RT
SMP
SM6T, SM15T
STM32F103
STM32F107
STM32 F2
STM32 F4
M24C, M241, M242,
M245, M24M, M93
M95
M24LR
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
ST75*0
SPBT2532
Data concentrators
ST3232
Connectivity
ST485
Protection devices
12
ST3485
ST802RT
SMP
SM6T, SM15T
SMBJ, BZW50
STIEC45
Description
600 V ultrafast IGBTs with ultrafast diode
- SD series, very low drop IGBT
(ideal in low-frequency switches of mixed-frequency topologies)
- WD series based on a new advanced planar technology (tailored for high switching
frequencies, over 100 kHz)
1000 V ultrafast high-voltage diodes
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology
600 V silicon-carbide diodes
High-performance off-line high-voltage converters
1500 V N-channel power MOSFETs, PowerMESH™ technology
1200 V N-channel power MOSFETs in Zener protected SuperMESH™3
40/150 V power Schottky rectifiers
600 V ultrafast high-voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology with a low Vf trade-off
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
Low-voltage adjustable shunt references
Programmable voltage references
600 W/5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
Low-voltage adjustable shunt references
Programmable voltage references
Operational amplifiers
32-bit RF (ZigBee®) MCUs
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface, low power,
high data-rate capabilities
5 V low-power, high-speed transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with
ESD protection
3.3 V low-power transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD
protection
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressor to protect high data rate communication equipment
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs:
- STM32 F1 Mainstream family
- STM32 F2 High-performance family
- STM32 F4 Hi-Performance & DSP
EEPROM serial memories
RF-I2C Dual Interface EEPROM memories
32-bit RF (ZigBee®) MCUs
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
Bluetooth® module
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface, low power, high datarate capabilities
5 V low-power, high-speed transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with
ESD protection
3.3 V low-power transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD protection
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressor to protect high data rate communication equipment
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
600 W/5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
ST’s evaluation boards designed for the power optimizer based architecture are shown below.
Evaluation boards for power optimizer architectures
Sales code
STEVAL-ISV008V1
STEVAL-ISV009V1
STEVAL-ISV013V1
STEVAL-ISV013V2
STEVAL-ISV013V3
STEVAL-ISV018V1
Board
Description
300 W DC-DC converter with MPPT (40 Vdc output voltage solution,
MPPT at cell string level)
300 W DC-DC converter with MPPT (40 Vdc output voltage solution,
MPPT at panel level)
300 W high-voltage power optimizer for solar panels (400 VOUT solution)
PLM communication daughter board for STEVAL-ISV013V1
ZigBee wireless communication daughter board for STEVAL-ISV013V1
300 W DC-DC converter with MPPT
(120 Vdc output voltage solution, MPPT at cell string level)
Technical documentation
AN3392
UM1471
13
Microinverter based architectures
Architectures based on microinverters represent fully distributed photovoltaic grid-connected systems (Figure 5) in which all the
electronics is moved close to each panel. This kind of architecture includes two main functional blocks:
QQ
QQ
The microinverter provides the MPPT, the complete power conversion, the connectivity and AC grid connection. Singleor two-stage power conversion architectures can be used to convert DC voltage and current from the solar panel into AC
voltage and current suitable for the grid. Panel-level connectivity allows remote monitoring of system performances.
The data concentrator is the system that collects the data (voltage, current, etc.) coming from all the microinverters and
sends it to a local or remote monitoring and control access point.
The microinverter approach thus includes all the electronics needed in the path from the sun to the grid at panel level, providing
the following benefits:
QQ
QQ
QQ
QQ
More energy production: the distributed MPPT at panel level guarantees the maximization of system energy production
Smart communication and monitoring capabilities for each panel
More flexibility: installations can be expanded over time without replacing a large centralized inverter
The highest reliability: microinverter failure does not affect the overall system operation
Figure 5 Microinverter based architecture (simplified block diagram)
AC grid
AC voltage
AC grid
AC voltage
AC voltage
Microinverter
Microinverter
Panel 1
Microinverter
Panel 2
DC-DC
converter
DC-AC
converter
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Diodes
Diodes
Power
transistors
Power
transistors
Control unit
Panel n
Connectivity
Signal
conditioning
Auxiliary
SMPS
Protection
devices
Data concentrator
Control unit
Connectivity
Local monitoring
Memory
Protection
devices
Remote monitoring
(Internet access)
Power path
14
Wired/wireless communication
ST’s product offering for microinverter architectures is shown below. The key products for each functional block described
above are described in the table below.
Product offering for microinverter architectures
Functional block
Product family
Diodes
Control units
MOSFET/IGBT
drivers
Key products
STTH*BC
STPSC*06
STTH*R06
STTH*08
STTH*10
STTH*12
STPS*25
STPS*40
STPS*60
STM32F103
STM32F107
STM32 F2
STM32 F4
TD350,TD351, TD352
PM883*
L638*, L639*
STB*N80K5
STB*N90K5
STL23N85K5
STB*N65M5
STL*N65M5
Power
transistors
STL23NM60ND
STB*NM60ND
STB80N20M5
Microinverters
STL70N10F3
STH130N10F3-2
STH180N10F3-2
STH310N10F7-2
STL80N75F6
STL75N8LF6
Viper*7
STTH*06
Auxiliary power
STPS*60
supplies
STD20NF20
P6KE, 1.5KE
SMBJ, BZW50
Protection devices
STIEC45
TS27
Signal conditioning
TS91*
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
ST75*0
ST3232
Connectivity
ST485
ST3485
ST802RT
SMP
SM6T, SM15T
Description
600/650 V high-voltage rectifiers for BC2 topology
600 V silicon-carbide diodes
600 V to 1200 V high-voltage ultrafast rectifiers
25/40/60 V power Schottky rectifiers
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs:
- STM32 F1 Mainstream family
- STM32 F2 High-performance family
- STM32 F4 Hi-Performance & DSP
Advanced gate drivers for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
High-frequency dual low-side drivers for high-capacitive MOSFETs and IGBTs
Gate drivers with half-bridge driver structure for IGBTs and power MOSFETs
800/900 V N-channel power MOSFETs in Zener protected SuperMESH™ 5 technology,
D2PAK package
850 V N-channel power MOSFET in Zener protected SuperMESH™ 5 technology,
PowerFLAT™ 8x8 HV package
650 V N-channel power MOSFTETs, MDmesh™ V technology
- D2PAK package
- PowerFLAT™ 8x8 HV /5x5 /5x6 HV packages
600 V N-channel power MOSFETs, FDmesh™ II technology
- PowerFLAT™ 8x8 HV package
- D2PAK package
200 V N-channel power MOSFET, MDmesh™ V technology in D2PAK package
100 V N-channel power MOSFETs, STripFET™ III technology
- PowerFLAT™ 5x6 package
- TO220FP and H2PAK-2 packages
- H2PAK-2 package
100 V N-channel power MOSFET, STripFET™ VII DeepGATE™ technology
75/80 V N-channel power MOSFETs, STripFET™ VI DeepGATE technology, PowerFLAT™
5X6 package
High-performance off-line high-voltage converters
600 V ultrafast high voltage rectifiers, Turbo2 technology
60 V power Schottky rectifiers
200 V N-channel power MOSFET, STripFET™ technology
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
600 W/5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
Micropower, high-voltage CMOS operational amplifier
Low-power operational amplifiers with CMOS inputs
32-bit RF (ZigBee®) MCUs
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface, low power
5 V low-power, high-speed transceivers for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with
ESD protection
3.3 low-power transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD protection
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressor to protect high data rate communication equipment
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
15
Product offering for microinverter architectures (cont’d)
Functional block
Product family
Control units
Memories
Data concentrators
Key products
STM32F103
STM32F107
STM32 F2
STM32 F4
M24C, M241, M242,
M245, M24M, M93,
M95
M24LR
STM32W108
SPZB32W1x2.1
SPBT2532
ST75*0
ST3232
Connectivity
ST485
Protection devices
ST3485
ST802RT
SMP
SM6T, SM15T
SMBJ, BZW50
STIEC45
Description
32-bit ARM Cortex MCUs:
- STM32 F1 Mainstream family
- STM32 F2 High-performance family
- STM32 F4 Hi-Performance & DSP
EEPROM serial memories
RF-I2C Dual Interface EEPROM memories
32-bit RF (ZigBee®) MCUs
ZigBee® modules (ready-to-use) based on ST’s STM32W108CB
Bluetooth® module
Power line transceivers (STarGRID™ family)
3 V powered EIA/TIA-232 and V.28/V.24 communication interface, low power,
high data-rate capabilities
5 V low-power, high-speed transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD
protection
3.3 V low-power transceiver for RS-485 and RS-422 communications with ESD protection
10/100 real-time Ethernet 3.3 V transceiver
Trisil™ thyristor surge suppressor to protect high data rate communication equipment
600/1500 W Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
600 W/5 kW Transil™ transient voltage suppressors
500 A power line surge current protection
ST’s evaluation board designed for the microinverter based architecture is shown below.
Evaluation board for microinverter architecture
Sales code
STEVAL-ISV003V1
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Board
Description
250 W microinverter
Technical documentation
AN4070, UM1538
Solar battery applications
ST’s solar battery chargers address both low- and high-power applications. ST offers a dedicated portfolio for both portable
applications (such as mobile phones) and inland applications (such as solar LED street lighting). The products embed the
MPPT algorithm, ensure the battery charging profile and provide full protection. Innovative system solutions are available to
help engineers design these applications.
Battery charger
with MPPT
Product offering for solar battery applications
Product family
Photovoltaic ICs
Battery management ICs
Key products
SPV1040
SPV1020
L6924
Description
High-efficiency solar battery charger with embedded MPPT
Interleaved DC-DC boost converter with built-in MPPT algorithm
Single cell Li-ion battery charger
Evaluation boards for solar battery applications
Sales code
STEVAL-ISV005V2
STEVAL-ISV006V2
STEVAL-ISV012V1
STEVAL-ISV014V1
Board
Description
240 W solar lead acid battery charger with MPPT: from PV panel to battery
5 W solar battery charger with MPPT
5 W solar charger with MPPT for single-cell Li-ion battery
5W solar charger with MPPT for single-cell Li-ion and Li-polymer batteries
Technical documentation
AN3971
AN3319
AN4050
17
Featured products
STPS*45 Schottky diode series
ST’s power Schottky diodes for solar applications feature a very low reverse
leakage current (IR) and an ultra-low forward voltage drop (VF) for reduced forward
power losses to improve efficiency of cells. They are housed in packages, in line
with equipment constraints and customer needs. They also feature:
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A large safe operating area with a 175 °C rated junction temperature for higher
reliability and efficiency
A high forward surge current rating (IFSM) to protect against current surges and
lightning strikes
A low profile height of 1.0 mm to fit the solar panel itself; this is achieved using
our new power QFN 5x6 package
The package is RoHS compliant, uses green molding compound (bromine and
antimony free), is lead-free, with 100% pure tin plating, withstands 260 °C IR reflow
soldering and meets moisture sensitivity level 1 (MSL).
ST’s product offering is ideal for solar applications, with the right VRRM, the right
average forward current, and the right power packages.
Key features
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Low reverse current
Low forward voltage
Low-profile packages
Halogen free packages
Main benefits
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Increased panel efficiency
Increased power density
Environmental care
SPV100* cool bypass switch
In all photovoltaic applications when one solar cell of the panel is shaded while the others are illuminated, a hot spot could
appear and lead to the shaded cell destruction. A cool bypass switch is the new efficient solution to eliminate hot spots and
maintain current delivery.
The SPV1001 and SPV1002 are systems in package. They consist of a power MOS transistor suitably controlled in order to
charge an embedded capacitor during the off time and drive its gate during the on time, with the charge accumulated in the
capacitor. On and off times are appropriately set to reduce the average voltage drop across drain and source terminals and
power dissipation.
This provides an extremely low reverse leakage current and a very low forward voltage drop.
This results in superior thermal performances that allow the cool bypass diode to work with very high current in a harsh
enclosed environment such as a solar panel’s junction box.
These devices are available in several packages such as TO220, D2PAK and PQFN 5x6 to meet both the junction box and solar
panel needs.
Key features
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System in package
Embedded power MOSFET
Very low forward-voltage drop
Very low reverse leakage current
Main benefits
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Cathode
Cooler than standard bypass diodes
Low power dissipation
Longer lifetime
Higher reliability
Charge
pump
+
Controller
Anode
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SPV1020 monolithic interleaved DC-DC boost converter with MPPT
The SPV1020 is a monolithic DC-DC boost converter designed to maximize the
power generated by photovoltaic panels. Power conversion is optimized with
an embedded logic that performs the MPPT algorithm. Since the maximum
power point is locally computed, the efficiency at system level is higher than for
conventional topologies.
The SPV1020 embeds the power MOSFETs for active switches and synchronous
rectification, minimizing the number of external components. Furthermore, the
4-phase interleaved topology of the DC-DC converter avoids the use of electrolytic
capacitors. The device is available in PowerSSO-36 package.
Key features
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PWM mode DC-DC boost
converter
Operating voltage range: 0 to 45 V
Maximum input current: 6.5 to 45 A
Overvoltage, overcurrent and overtemperature protection
Built in soft-start
Up to 98% efficiency
Automatic transition to burst mode
for improved efficiency at low solar
radiation
SPI interface
Main benefits
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Panel level MPPT optimizes each panel separately, minimizing impact of
temperature variation and cell mismatch due to manufacturing spread
Remote control and monitoring for easy module and string-level fault detection
with power line or wireless technology
Bypass and cutoff diodes can be removed; the main inverter can be simplified
Cost: by using very fine lithography, power switches, analog and logic are
integrated on one chip giving a very cost-effective solution
Reliability: fewer devices on the board means lower failure rate over time
Increased power density
STM32 F4 high-performance Cortex™-M4 MCU series
The ARM® Cortex-M4-based STM32 F4 series is an extension of the industryleading STM32 portfolio towards even higher performance. Like the STM32
F2 series, these MCUs leverage ST’s 90 nm NVM technology and ST’s ART
Accelerator™ to reach the industry’s highest benchmark scores for Cortex-Mbased microcontrollers with 210 DMIPS at 168 MHz operating frequency.
The DSP instructions and the floating point unit (FPU) enlarge the range of
addressable applications. The STM32 F4 series is the result of a perfect symbiosis
of the real-time control capabilities of an MCU and the signal processing
performance of a DSP, and thus complements the STM32 portfolio with a new
class of devices, digital signal controllers (DSC).
The STM32 F4 series remains pin-to-pin and software compatible with the
STM32 F2 series (based on Cortex-M3) and features more SRAM, peripheral
improvements such as full duplex I²S, improved RTC and faster ADCs.
The devices are available in WLCSP (< 4.5 x 4.5 mm), LQFP64, LQFP100,
LQFP144, LQFP176 and UFBGA176 packages.
Key features
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Cortex-M4 with FCPU 168 MHz/210
DMIPS
<1 μA VBAT RTC, ultralow dynamic
consumption, 1.7 to 3.6 V VDD
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2 full duplex I²S
RTC with sub-second accuracy
1-Mbyte Flash, 192-Kbyte SRAM
3x 12-bit ADC, 0.41 μs/2.4 MSPS
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MDmesh V power MOSFETs
The best RDS(on)* area on the market at 550 V and 650 V
The improvement in RDS(on) achieved with MDmesh V significantly reduces losses in line-voltage PFC circuits and power
supplies. This in turn enables new generations of electronic products offering greater energy savings, superior power density,
and more compact applications. This new technology helps product designers tackle emerging challenges such as the highefficiency targets of new eco-design directives, and also benefits the renewable energy sector by saving vital watts normally
lost in power-control modules. MDmesh V is a silicon-based technology, which combines an innovative proprietary vertical
technology process with the Company’s well-known PowerMESH™ horizontal layout.
This technology achieves up to 40% better RDS(on) versus the previous MDmesh II technology and establishes a new milestone
in the power switch arena becoming the world’s best RDS(on)* area (with 550 V and 650 V at 25 °C breakdown voltage) in
TO-220, TO-220FP, I2PAK, D2PAK, DPAK, IPAK, TO-247 and Max247 packages.
The fast switching and extremely low RDS(on) yields elevated energy savings, fast switching, high electrical efficiency, more
compact designs and superior high power density. As a result, the device is more reliable and long lasting for SMPS, solarconverter, lighting and display applications.
New PowerFLAT™ 8x8 HV packages are available for needs of photovoltaic applications.
Key features
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Worldwide best RDS(on)* area in many
packages
Fast switching
Higher VDSS rating
High dV/dt capability
Easy to drive
PowerFLAT 8x8 package
600 V ultra-fast HF IGBTs: STGW*HF60WD* series
The new family of ultra-fast (W series) 600 V HF IGBTs improves the power
efficiency in high frequency equipment by minimizing turn-off energy losses mainly
at frequencies up to 100 kHz.
The new series, which includes 35 A (STGW*35HF60WD*) and 45 A
(STGW*45HF60WD*) devices, simplifies parallel connection for higher power levels
as a result of the VCE(sat) rating. It also achieves up to 10% better performance in
conduction and switching losses, and lower spread of dynamic parameters, even
at high temperature compared to the previous generation products.
Both the innovative double-drift process and the advanced planar strip layout give
the HF W series IGBTs extremely fast turn-off times with a minimal tail current, as
well as stable behavior over temperature allowing the application to provide high
efficiencies.
A co-packaged antiparallel diode, provided with a double option (ultra-fast or
low drop soft recovery), optimizes the overall performance in both hard switching
(welding, UPS, photovoltaic, SMPS) and soft switching (induction heating,
resonant converters) applications.
The devices are offered in both industry-standard TO-247 and long-lead TO-247
(higher power dissipation) packages.
Key features
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Main benefits
High operating frequency
(over 100 kHz)
Improved switch-off energy spread versus increasing temperature
Lower on-voltage drop
Anti-parallel diode tailored to the application
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EOFF max value guaranteed at spec
both for 25 °C and 150 °C
Lower static power losses
Easy parallel connection
Lower EON losses
STPSC*06 600 V instant switching SiC diodes
These silicon-carbide (SiC) structured
Schottky diodes exhibit a dynamic
characteristic 4 times better and a
forward voltage drop 15% less than the
fastest bipolar silicon diodes available
on the market. This performance
breakthrough enables all targeted
applications to reach an unequalled
level of efficiency and power density,
as well as switching frequencies. The
product range includes 600 V, 4 A, 6 A,
8 A,10 A and 12 A devices, housed in
TO-220AC packages. A DPAK version
is available on the 4 A SiC diode, and
D²PAK on the 6, 8 and 10 A diodes.
Trials have shown efficiency
improvements of 0.5%, and up to 1%
at high load and high frequency when
using a SiC diode in the application.
The second direct improvement is the
power density through the reduced
mechanical size of the magnetic
elements as a result of the potential
increase in the switching frequencies
when using SiC diodes. Finally, the
noise-free characteristic of SiC diodes
requires smaller EMI filters, which
further increases the power density.
Reverse recovery comparison
VR = 400 V, IF = 8 A, Tj = 125 °C,
di/dt = -200 A/µs
SiC
Tandem
STTH806DTI
Key features
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Silicon carbide Schottky diode
No or negligible reverse recovery
characteristics
Switching behavior independent of
the temperature
Facilitates parallel and series
operation thanks to positive thermal
coefficient on VF
Si
Main benefits
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Efficiency increased by up to 1%
versus conventional ultrafast silicon
diodes
Reduced reverse recovery
characteristics for less EMI in the
application, and associated filter
size and cost reduction
Power density increased through
higher switching frequency
operations or dl/dt
21
ST75*0 STarGRID™ power-line communication SoC platform
STarGRID is a unique flexible, scalable and future-proof power-line communication system-on-chip platform that effectively
addresses demanding smart-metering and smart-grid application requirements and related standards. The STarGRID platform
includes the ST7570, ST7580, and ST7590 products. By optimizing power consumption and system cost, the STarGRID
platform is also ideal for many other green applications, including smart-energy control in photovoltaic modules, electric vehicle
networking, home area networking and street lighting management.
The STarGRID platform combines a high-performance DSP core with a programmable protocol engine, along with the full
analog front end (AFE) and power-line driver in a single chip, for a complete, flexible and cost-effective narrowband power-line
communication solution.
Key features
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Fully-integrated narrowband
power-line networking
system-on-chip
High-performance DSP with
embedded programmable turnkey
firmware for multiple-modulation
management
Convolutional correction coding
Programmable bit rates
up to 128 Kbit/s
Channel quality estimation
Host UART/SPI controller
I2C/SPI external data memory
interface
High-speed memory controller
for optional code execution from
external memory
Watchdog timer
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On-chip 128-bit AES encryption
HW block
Fully integrated analog front end
High-sensitivity receiver
High-linearity transmitter
Embedded single-ended power
amplifier delivering up to 1 Arms,
14 Vpp output
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Embedded temperature sensor and
current control features
Suitable for applications compliant
with CENELEC EN50065 and FCC
specifications
-40 °C to +85 °C temperature range
QFN48 7x7 exposed pad
SPV1040 solar battery charger with embedded MPPT
The SPV1040 is a high-efficiency, low-power, low-voltage DC-DC step-up converter that maximizes the energy transferred
from the solar panel to the load using an embedded MPPT algorithm. It is based on a perturb-and-observe method which
applies a duty cycle variation to a PWM signal according to the input power trend.
In addition, the device guarantees the safety of the application by implementing either an overcurrent or over-temperature
protection and regulating the battery voltage at all times.
The 0.3 V start-up input voltage is well suited to any portable application where only a few photovoltaic power cells are used.
Key features
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0.3 V up to 5.5 V input operating
voltage
120 mΩ internal active switch
140 mΩ internal synchronous
rectifier
2 up to 5.2 V output voltage
regulation
1.8 A maximum input current
155 ºC over-temperature shutdown
Key benefits
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Energy harvesting in very low-power
applications
Up to 95% efficiency
Battery charge current monitoring
Output voltage regulation
Thermal protection
Featured solutions
3 kW grid-connected solar inverter
This demonstration board is a converter specifically developed for PV applications to significantly reduce production costs
and increase efficiency. The inverter manages and transforms all the energy produced by the panel array. It consists of a highfrequency isolated input power section performing DC-DC conversion and an inverter section (DC-AC conversion) capable of
delivering a sinusoidal current of 50 Hz to the grid.
The system operates with input voltages in the range of 200 to 400 V and is tied to the grid at 230 Vrms, 50 Hz, through an
LCL filter. Other specific characteristics of the converter are the high level of integration, decoupled active and reactive power
control and flexibility towards the source. The solution features a fully digital control algorithm, including power management for
grid-connected operation and an MPPT algorithm, using the latest generation 32-bit STM32 microcontrollers.
System architecture
DC-DC converter
DC-AC converter
Grid
~
PV
ARRAY
Gate
driver
Gate
driver
Gate
driver
Gate
driver
Gate
driver
MCU
Key features
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High conversion efficiency: 97%
Phase-shift DC-DC converter with MPPT plus full-bridge DC-AC converter
Optimized MPPT algorithm for maximum energy yield from PV array
Galvanic isolation between PV array and grid
Grid-connected algorithm with decoupled control of active and reactive power
Anti-islanding function
Key products
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STM32F103ZE (32-bit
microcontroller)
STW55NM60ND (power MOSFET)
STGW35HF60WD (IGBT)
L6386D, TD350 (MOSFET/IGBT
drivers)
STTH60L06, STTH30R06,
STTH16L06, STPS3150,
STPS5L40 (diodes)
ST3232EB (RS-232 interface)
VIPer17, VIPer27 (aux. SMPS)
Order code:
STEVAL-ISV002V2
Technical documentation:
AN3095, UM1016
23
250 W low-voltage power optimizer
This low-voltage power optimizer is designed for photovoltaic systems in low-voltage distributed architecture. This
demonstration board is based on the SPV1020, which is a monolithic DC-DC boost converter designed to maximize the power
generated by photovoltaic panels whatever the temperature and amount of solar radiation. Power conversion is optimized
with embedded logic which performs the MPPT perturb-and-observe algorithm on the PV cells connected to the converter.
The board is able to manage a 250 W panel and provides a low DC output voltage (40 V maximum). By using the SPV1020,
the board is reduced in size and electrolytic capacitors are not required, so increasing lifetime. The bypass function is ensured
using ST’s new SPV1001 cool bypass switches.
Safety of the power optimizer is implemented by stopping the drivers in case of output overvoltage or over-temperature. An SPI
interface for remote telemetry and control is included.
VOUT
SPV1020
MPPT setting point
Key features
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250 W DC-DC boost converter with
MPPT
40 V output voltage range
Built-in MPPT and soft start
Output overvoltage and
over-temperature control
Efficiency >98%
SPI interface for remote
Order code:
STEVAL-ISV009V1
Technical documentation:
AN3392
24
Key products
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SPV1020 (solar energy booster)
SPV1001N30, SPV1001N40
(cool bypass switches)
STPS160 (power Schottky diode)
VOUT control
250 W high-voltage power optimizer platform
The high-voltage power optimizer platform is designed for photovoltaic systems in distributed architecture. This platform
offers an easy-to-use, fully-protected solution to implement high-efficiency DC-DC conversion combined with distributed
MPPT and real-time panel diagnostics. The platform consists of a power optimizer board (STEVAL-ISV013V1) coupled with a
communication board (STEVALISV013V2 or STEVAL-ISV013V3).
The power board is a DC-DC isolated boost converter that can manage a 250 W panel and provides a high DC output voltage
(from 350 to 430 V). The communication, depending on the board chosen, is obtained via PLM or via RF-ZigBee. The highvoltage power optimizer approach is the basis for the latest configurations of PV panels (all panels are connected in parallel
to the high-voltage DC bus) that focus on increasing the panel energy produced and simplifying the photovoltaic field design
and realization. Furthermore, maintenance costs are reduced through the possibility of monitoring an individual panel’s status
and communicating the data to a remote control unit. The power board features an MPPT algorithm (perturb and observe)
searching for the best working point of the panel, maximizing the energy produced under all environmental conditions. The
specific functions of this platform, such as safe operation (electrical maintenance and fire extinguishing), antitheft protection
and remote panel shutdown, increase safety and security of the PV system. Safe operation is guaranteed even without a
transceiver.
Power board block diagram
+ PV panel
+ DC output voltage
Cool bypass switch
Isolated
DC-DC converter
with MPPT
Surge protection
Cool bypass switch
32-bit MCU
Cool bypass switch
Auxiliary power supply
- PV panel
Key features
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Power capability: 250 W
High output DC voltage: from 350 to 430 V
High conversion efficiency: >97%
Distributed MPPT at module level (99% efficiency)
Embedded smart communication
Cool bypass technology for hotspot protection
Antitheft protection, remote panel shutdown and maintenance safe operations
- DC output voltage
Key products
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STM32F103CBT7 (32-bit
microcontroller)
STH180N10F3-2, STD20NF20
(power MOSFETs)
STTH12R06G, STPS2H100,
STPS1R60 (diodes)
SPV1001 (cool bypass switch)
L6385E (MOSFET/IGBT drivers)
ST7580 (power line modem)
STM32W108CB (32-bit RF(ZigBee)
MCU)
SMBJ70CA, SMAJ70 (protection)
Order code:
STEVAL-ISV013V1
(power board)
STEVAL-ISV013V2
(PLM communication board)
STEVAL-ISV013V3
(RF-ZigBee communication board)
Technical documentation:
UM1471
25
250 W microinverter plug-in solution for PV panels
This demonstration board is a 250 W microinverter system suitable for operation with standard photovoltaic (PV) modules
and able to generate grid-compatible power. The module-level maximum power point tracking (MPPT) on the STEVALISV003V1optimizes solar energy harvesting by minimizing losses due to dust, debris, variable shading and module mismatch.
PV modules equipped with a microinverter can be plugged directly into the AC grid, overcoming the limitations of traditional
PV systems and ensuring energy generation even with a single-panel or central-inverter failure. The microinverter approach
eliminates the need for expensive inverter replacement, so lowering operating costs and making PV installations more flexible.
The STEVAL-ISV003V1 supports an input voltage from 18 to 56 V and is based on a two-stage architecture which ensure 94%
conversion efficiency (93.5% CEC efficiency) and features a decoupled control of active and reactive power. The two stages are
as follows:
A DC-DC isolated interleaved boost converter
A DC-AC full bridge PWM inverter with hybrid modulation (mixed frequency)
The first stage steps up the input voltage to the 390 to 450 VDC bus with high efficiency and implements the MPPT algorithm.
The DC-AC stage generates a 230 VAC, 50 Hz or 240 VAC, 60 Hz sine wave. Connection to a 120 VAC, 50/60 Hz grid is achieved
with only a few hardware modifications.
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Block diagram
Input filter
DC/DC boost
with MPPT
PWM Inverter
current controlled Output filter Coupling inductor
DC
DC
Grid
VIN
V1
VBUS
AC
DC
I1
Voltage
and current
sensing and
scaling
S1
S2
Bus voltage
S4 S4N
sensing
and scaling
VG
S5 S5N
Grid voltage
and current
sensing and
scaling
Control unit
Key benefits
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Conversion efficiency: > 94%
MPPT efficiency: 99%
Grid-connected algorithm with
decoupled control of active and
reactive power
Overcurrent and anti-islanding
protection
Order code:
STEVAL-ISV003V1
Technical documentation:
AN4070, UM1538
26
Key products
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IG
STM32F103ZE (32-bit microcontroller)
STB18N65M5, STH180N10F3-2 (power MOSFETs)
PM8834, L6390 (MOSFET drivers)
STPSC606, STPS1545C, STTH12R06 (diodes)
ST3232EB (RS-232 interface)
© STMicroelectronics - August 2012 - Printed in United Kingdom - All rights reserved
The STMicroelectronics corporate logo is a registered trademark of the STMicroelectronics group of companies
All other names are the property of their respective owners
Order code: BRSOLAR0812
For more information on ST products and solutions, visit www.st.com
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