cd00098096

AN2333
Application note
White LED power supply for large display backlight
Introduction
This application note is dedicated to the STLD40D, it's a boost converter that operates from
3.0 V to 5.5 V dc and can provide an output voltage as high as 37 VDC and can drive up to
10 white LEDs in series.
June 2011
Figure 1.
Package
Figure 2.
Pin configuration
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Contents
AN2333
Contents
1
Schematic description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1.1
2
3
Selection of external components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.1
Input and output capacitor selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.2
Inductor selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.3
LED selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
PCB design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
3.1
4
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Application schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
PCB design rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
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AN2333
1
Schematic description
Schematic description
The converter is a PFM (pulse frequency modulation) inductor switcher and can work in
discontinuous (DCM) as well as continuous (CCM) Mode operation. The output current
capability is 20 mA with an output voltage of 37Vdc.The regulation is done by sensing the
LED current through resistor RLED.The device can be turned ON/OFF through the logic
enable signal pin EN. By applying a low frequency PWM signal the WLEDs can be dimmed.
The maximum peak inductor current can be programmed by connecting a resistor RSET to
pin RSET.
1.1
Application schematic
Figure 3.
Typical application schematic
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Selection of external components
AN2333
2
Selection of external components
2.1
Input and output capacitor selection
For input and output capacitor it is recommended to use a ceramic capacitor with low ESR.
For good stability of the device supplied by a low input voltage of 3.0 V at maximum ratings
of output power, it is recommended to use 2.2 µF / 6.3 V as a minimum value of input
capacitor and 4.7 µF / 40 V as a minimum value of output capacitor.
2.2
Inductor selection
Shielded thick inductor with low DC series resistance of wiring is recommended for this
application. For good efficiency ti is recommended to use inductor with series DC resistance
RDCL = RD/10, [Ω; 1, Ω] where RD is the dynamic resistance of the LED [Ω; 1, Ω]. For
nominal operation, the peak inductor current can be calculated by this formula:
Equation 1
I OUT
------------ + ( V OUT – V 2 )
IN
n
-------------------------------------------------------(2 • L • F • V
2)
OUT
-----------------------------------------------V IN
Where:
2.3
●
IPEAK Peak inductor current
●
IOUT Current sourced at the VOUT pin
●
n Efficiency of the STLD40D
●
VOUT Output voltage at pin VOUT
●
VIN Input voltage at pin VIN
●
L Inductance value of the inductor
●
F Switching frequency
LED selection
All LEDs with forward voltage from 2.7 V to 5 V are feasible for use with device STLD40D.
The LED forward voltage must include the voltage spread of this value. The current in the
LED can be set through the sensing resistor value.
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AN2333
Selection of external components
Table 1.
Recommended components
Value
Symbol
Description
Parameter
Unit
Min.
VRRM
Boost schottky diode
D
Max
40
V
VF at IF = 300 mA, TJ = 25 °C
0.5
V
IR at VR = 10 V, TJ = 25 °C
30
µA
VRRM
STPS1L40M
Typ.
40
V
VF at IF = 1 A, TJ = 25 °C
IR at VR = 20 V, TJ = 25 °C
0.46
V
21
µA
RLED
Feedback LED current
regulation resistor
ILED=20mA
8
W
Cin
Input ceramic capacitor,
low ESR
Ceramic type
2.2
µF
Cout
Output ceramic
capacitor, low ESR
L
Boost inductor
(height<2mm)
Capacitance
4.7
µF
Voltage
40
V
ESR
1.6
W
Inductance
4.7
µF
DCR
1
W
IsatRSET=GND
1
A
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Selection of external components
AN2333
Figure 4.
ILED vs. RLED
Figure 5.
ILIMIT vs. RSET
Figure 6.
γ vs. VI
Figure 7.
ILED vs. duty cycle EN pin
(dimming)
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AN2333
PCB design
3
PCB design
3.1
PCB design rules
STLD40D is a powerful switched device. The PCB must be designed in line with the rules for
designing switched supplies. The power windings must be as short as possible and wide,
because of large current. It is recommended to use a dual layer PCB minimal. Place all
external components close to the STLD40D. Also switched high-energy loops should be as
small as possible to reduce EMI.
Figure 8.
PCB layout - Top overlay view
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Revision history
4
AN2333
Revision history
Table 2.
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Document revision history
Date
Revision
Changes
20-Mar-2006
1
Initial release
19-May-2006
2
Minor text changes
01-Jun-2011
3
Modified: Table 1 on page 5
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AN2333
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