Data Sheet

SC16IS850L
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface, 128 bytes of transmit
and receive FIFOs, IrDA SIR built-in support
Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
Product data sheet
1. General description
The SC16IS850L is a slave I2C-bus/SPI interface to a single-channel high performance
UART. It offers data rates up to 5 Mbit/s and guarantees low operating and sleeping
current. The device comes in very small HVQFN24 and TSSOP24 packages, which
makes it ideally suitable for handheld, battery operated applications. It also enables
seamless protocol conversion from I2C-bus or SPI to and RS-232/RS-485 and are fully
bidirectional.
The SC16IS850L supports SPI clock speeds up to 12 Mbit/s, and it supports IrDA SIR up
to 115.2 kbit/s. Its internal register set is backward-compatible with the widely used and
widely popular 16C850. This allows the software to be easily written or ported from
another platform.
The SC16IS850L also provides additional advanced features such as auto hardware and
software flow control, automatic RS-485 support, and software reset. This allows the
software to reset the UART at any moment, independent of the hardware reset signal.
2. Features and benefits
2.1 General features

















Single full-duplex UART
Selectable I2C-bus or SPI interface
1.8 V operation
Industrial temperature range: 40 C to +85 C
128 bytes FIFO (transmitter and receiver)
Fully compatible with industrial standard 16C450 and equivalent
Baud rates up to 5 Mbit/s in 16 clock mode
Auto hardware flow control using RTS/CTS
Auto software flow control with programmable Xon/Xoff characters
Single or double Xon/Xoff characters
Automatic RS-485 support (automatic slave address detection)
RS-485 driver direction control via RTS signal
RS-485 driver direction control inversion
Built-in IrDA encoder and decoder interface
Supports IrDA SIR with speeds up to 115.2 kbit/s
Software reset
Transmitter and receiver can be enabled/disabled independent of each other
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
 Receive and Transmit FIFO levels
 Programmable special character detection
 Fully programmable character formatting
 5-bit, 6-bit, 7-bit or 8-bit character
 Even, odd, or no parity
 1, 1 1⁄2, or 2 stop bits
 Line break generation and detection
 Internal Loopback mode
 Sleep current less than 5 A at 1.8 V
 Industrial and commercial temperature ranges
 Available in HVQFN24 and TSSOP24 packages
2.2 I2C-bus features
 400 kbit/s maximum speed
 Compliant with I2C-bus Fast-mode (Fm) speed
 Slave mode only
2.3 SPI features
 Supports 12 Mbit/s maximum SPI clock speed
 Slave mode only
 SPI Mode 0
3. Applications
 Factory automation and process control
 Portable and battery operated devices
 Cellular data devices
4. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
SC16IS850LIBS
HVQFN24
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
24 terminals; body 4  4  0.85 mm
SOT616-3
SC16IS850LIPW
TSSOP24
plastic thin shrink small outline package; 24 leads; body width 4.4 mm
SOT355-1
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
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SC16IS850L
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
5. Block diagram
VDD
SC16IS850L
RESET
SCL
16C450
COMPATIBLE
REGISTER
SETS
SDA
A0
I2C-BUS
A1
TX
RX
RTS
CTS
IRQ
1 kΩ (1.8 V)
VDD
VDD
MODEM
REGISTER
I2C/SPI
DSR
DTR
CD
RI
XTAL1
Fig 1.
XTAL2
VSS
002aaf748
Block diagram of SC16IS850L I2C-bus interface
VDD
SC16IS850L
RESET
SCLK
16C450
COMPATIBLE
REGISTER
SETS
CS
SO
SPI
SI
TX
RX
RTS
CTS
IRQ
1 kΩ (1.8 V)
VDD
MODEM
REGISTER
I2C/SPI
DSR
DTR
CD
RI
XTAL1
Fig 2.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
XTAL2
VSS
002aaf747
Block diagram of SC16IS850L SPI interface
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SC16IS850L
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
6. Pinning information
19 DSR
20 CD
21 RI
22 VDD
terminal 1
index area
23 n.c.
24 SDA
6.1 Pinning
RX
1
24 SCL/SCLK
TX
2
23 I2C/SPI
n.c.
3
22 SO
SO
1
18 CTS
XTAL1
4
21 SDA
I2C/SPI
2
17 RESET
XTAL2
5
SCL/SCLK
3
16 RTS
VSS
6
20 VDD
19 RI
RX
4
15 IRQ
n.c.
7
TX
5
14 CS/A0
DTR
8
17 DSR
n.c.
6
13 S1/A1
n.c.
9
16 CTS
n.c. 12
DTR 11
n.c. 10
9
VSS
8
XTAL2
XTAL1
7
SC16IS850LIBS
SI/A1 10
002aaf745
18 CD
15 RESET
14 n.c.
CS/A0 11
13 RTS
IRQ 12
Transparent top view
Fig 3.
SC16IS850LIPW
002aaf746
Pin configuration for HVQFN24
Fig 4.
Pin configuration for TSSOP24
6.2 Pin description
Table 2.
Symbol
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Pin description
Pin
Type
Description
HVQFN24
TSSOP24
CTS
18
16
I
UART clear to send (active LOW). A logic 0
(LOW) on the CTS pin indicates the modem or
data set is ready to accept transmit data from the
SC16IS850L. Status can be tested by reading
MSR[4]. This pin only affect the transmit and
receive operations when Auto-CTS function is
enabled via the Enhanced Feature Register
EFR[7] for hardware flow control operation.
TX
5
2
O
UART transmitter output. During the local
Loopback mode, the TX output pin is disabled
and TX data is internally connected to the UART
RX input.
RX
4
1
I
UART receiver input. During the local Loopback
mode, the RX input pin is disabled and TX data
is connected to the UART RX input internally.
RESET
17
15
I
Device hardware reset (active LOW).
XTAL1
7
4
I
Crystal input or external clock input. Functions as
a crystal input or as an external clock input. A
crystal can be connected between XTAL1 and
XTAL2 to form an internal oscillator circuit (see
Figure 6). Alternatively, an external clock can be
connected to this pin.
XTAL2
8
5
O
Crystal output or clock output. (See also XTAL1.)
XTAL2 is used as a crystal oscillator output.
VDD
22
20
-
Power supply.
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© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
Table 2.
Symbol
Pin description …continued
Pin
Type
Description
6
-
Power ground.
23
I
I2C-bus or SPI interface select.
HVQFN24
TSSOP24
VSS
9[1]
I2C/SPI
2
I2C-bus interface is selected if this pin is at
logic HIGH. SPI interface is selected if this pin is
at logic LOW.
This pin has an internal pull-up resistor, and can
be left unconnected if I2C-bus mode is selected.
CS/A0
14
11
I
SPI chip select or I2C-bus device address select
A0.
If SPI configuration is selected by I2C/SPI pin,
this pin is the SPI chip select pin (Schmitt-trigger,
active LOW). If I2C-bus configuration is selected
by I2C/SPI pin, this pin along with A1 pin allows
user to change the device’s base address.
For I2C-bus slave address configuration, please
refer to Table 33.
SI/A1
13
10
I
SPI data input pin or I2C-bus device address
select A1.
If SPI configuration is selected by I2C/SPI pin,
this is the SPI data input pin. If I2C-bus
configuration is selected by I2C/SPI pin, this pin
along with A0 pin allows user to change the
device’s base address.
For I2C-bus slave address configuration, please
refer to Table 33
SO
1
22
O
SPI data output pin. If SPI configuration is
selected by I2C/SPI pin, this is a 3-stateable
output pin. If I2C-bus configuration is selected by
I2C/SPI pin, this pin function is undefined and
must be left as n.c. (not connected).
SCL/SCLK
3
24
I
I2C-bus or SPI input clock.
SDA
24
21
I/O
I2C-bus data input/output, open-drain if I2C-bus
configuration is selected by I2C/SPI pin. If SPI
configuration is selected then this pin is an
undefined pin and must be connected to VSS.
IRQ
15
12
O
Interrupt (open-drain, active LOW).
Interrupt is enabled when interrupt sources are
enabled in the Interrupt Enable Register (IER).
Interrupt conditions include: change of state of
the input pins, receiver errors, available receiver
buffer data, available transmit buffer space, or
when a modem status flag is detected.
An external 10 k resistor must be connected
between this pin and VDD.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
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SC16IS850L
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
Table 2.
Symbol
RTS
Pin description …continued
Pin
HVQFN24
TSSOP24
16
13
Type
Description
O
UART request to send (active LOW).
A logic 0 on the RTS pin indicates the transmitter
has data ready and waiting to send. Writing a
logic 1 in the Modem Control Register MCR[1]
will set this pin to a logic 0, indicating data is
available. After reset, this pin is set to a logic 1.
This pin only affect the transmit and receive
operations when Auto-RTS function is enabled
via the Enhanced Feature Register (EFR[6]) for
hardware flow control operation.
DSR
19
17
I
Data set ready. DSR is a modem status signal.
Its condition can be checked by reading MSR[5].
MSR[1] indicates DSR has changed levels since
the last read from the modem status register. If
the modem status interrupt is enabled when DSR
changes levels, an interrupt is generated.
CD
20
18
I
Data carrier detect. CD is a modem status signal.
Its condition can be checked by MSR[7]. MSR[3]
indicates that CD has changed states since the
last read from the modem status register. If the
modem status interrupt is enabled when CD
changes levels, an interrupt is generated.
RI
21
19
I
Ring indicator. RI is a modem status signal. Its
condition can be checked by reading MSR[6].
MSR[2] indicates that RI has transitioned from a
LOW to a HIGH level since the last read from the
modem status register. If the modem status
interrupt is enabled when this transition occurs,
an interrupt is generated.
DTR
11
8
O
Data terminal ready. When active (LOW), DTR
informs a modem or data set that the UART is
ready to establish communication. DTR is placed
in the active level by setting the DTR bit of the
modem control register. DTR is placed in the
inactive level either as a result of a Master
Reset, during Loopback mode operation, or
clearing the DTR bit.
n.c.
6, 10,
12, 23
3, 7, 9, 14
-
Not connected; these pins should be left open.
[1]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
HVQFN24 package die supply ground is connected to both VSS pin and exposed center pad. VSS pin must
be connected to supply ground for proper device operation. For enhanced thermal, electrical, and board
level performance, the exposed pad needs to be soldered to the board using a corresponding thermal pad
on the board and for proper heat conduction through the board, thermal vias need to be incorporated in the
printed-circuit board in the thermal pad region.
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
6 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7. Functional description
Please refer to Figure 1 “Block diagram of SC16IS850L I2C-bus interface”.
The SC16IS850L provides serial asynchronous receive data synchronization,
serial-to-serial data conversions for both the transmitter and receiver sections.
Synchronization for the serial data stream is accomplished by adding start and stop bits to
the transmit data to form a data character (character orientated protocol). Data integrity is
ensured by attaching a parity bit to the data character. The parity bit is checked by the
receiver for any transmission bit errors. The electronic circuitry to provide all these
functions is fairly complex, especially when manufactured on a single integrated silicon
chip. The status of the UART can be read at any time during functional operation by the
host through either I2C-bus or SPI interface.
The SC16IS850L represents such an integration with greatly enhanced features. The
SC16IS850L is fabricated with an advanced CMOS process. The SC16IS850L provides a
single UART capability with 128 bytes of transmit and receive FIFO memory, instead of
64 bytes for the SC16IS750. The SC16IS850L is designed to work with high speed
modems and shared network environments that require fast data processing time.
Increased performance is realized in the SC16IS850L by transmit and receive FIFOs. This
allows the external processor to handle more networking tasks within a given time. In
addition, the four selectable receive and transmit FIFO trigger interrupt levels are provided
in 16C650 mode, or 128 programmable levels are provided in the extended mode for
maximum data throughput performance especially when operating in a multi-channel
environment (see ”Section 7.1 “Extended mode (128-byte FIFO)”). The FIFO memory
greatly reduces the bandwidth requirement of the external controlling CPU and increases
performance. Sleep mode function in the SC16IS850L allows the UART to be placed
under low power mode when the serial data input line, RX, is idle, TX FIFO and Transmit
Shift Registers are empty, and there is no interrupt pending except THR. The UART is
capable of operation up to 5 Mbit/s with an external 80 MHz clock. With a crystal, the
SC16IS850L is capable of operation up to 1.5 Mbit/s.
The rich feature set of the SC16IS850L is available through internal registers. These
features are: selectable and programmable receive and transmit FIFO trigger levels,
selectable TX and RX baud rates, and modem interface controls, and are all standard
features. Following a power-on reset, an external reset, or a software reset, the
SC16IS850L is software compatible with the previous generation, SC16C550B, and
SC16C650B.
The SC16IS850L has selectable hardware flow control and software flow control.
Hardware flow control significantly reduces software overhead and increases system
efficiency by automatically controlling serial data flow using the RTS output and CTS input
signals. Software flow control automatically controls data flow by using programmable
Xon/Xoff characters. The UART includes a programmable baud rate generator that can
divide the timing reference clock input by a divisor between 1 and (216  1).
7.1 Extended mode (128-byte FIFO)
The device is in the extended mode when any of these four registers contains any value
other than 0: FLWCNTH, FLWCNTL, TXINTLVL, RXINTLVL.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
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7 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.2 Internal registers
The SC16IS850L provides a set of 25 internal registers for monitoring and controlling the
functions of the UART. These registers are shown in Table 3.
Table 3.
Internal registers decoding
A2
A0
A1
Read mode
Write mode
General register set (THR/RHR, IER/ISR, MCR/MSR, FCR, LCR/LSR, EFCR, SPR)[1]
0
0
0
Receive Holding Register
Transmit Holding Register
0
0
1
Interrupt Enable Register
Interrupt Enable Register
0
1
0
Interrupt Status Register
FIFO Control Register
0
1
1
Line Control Register
Line Control Register
1
0
0
Modem Control Register
Modem Control Register
1
0
1
Line Status Register
Extra Feature Control Register (EFCR)
1
1
0
Modem Status Register
n/a
1
1
1
Scratchpad Register
Scratchpad Register
Baud rate register set (DLL/DLM)[2]
0
0
0
LSB of Divisor Latch
LSB of Divisor Latch
0
0
1
MSB of Divisor Latch
MSB of Divisor Latch
Second special register set
(TXLVLCNT/RXLVLCNT)[3]
0
1
1
Transmit FIFO Level Count
n/a
1
0
0
Receive FIFO Level Count
n/a
Enhanced feature register set (EFR, Xon1/Xon2, Xoff1/Xoff2)[4]
0
1
0
Enhanced Feature Register
Enhanced Feature Register
1
0
0
Xon1 word
Xon1 word
1
0
1
Xon2 word
Xon2 word
1
1
0
Xoff1 word
Xoff1 word
1
1
1
Xoff2 word
Xoff2 word
First extra feature register set (TXINTLVL/RXINTLVL, FLWCNTH/FLWCNTL)[5]
0
1
0
Transmit FIFO Interrupt Level
Transmit FIFO Interrupt Level
1
0
0
Receive FIFO Interrupt Level
Receive FIFO Interrupt Level
1
1
0
Flow Control Count High
Flow Control Count High
1
1
1
Flow Control Count Low
Flow Control Count Low
Second extra feature register set (CLKPRES, RS485TIME, AFCR2, AFCR1)[6]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
0
1
0
Clock Prescaler
Clock Prescaler
1
0
0
RS-485 turn-around Timer
RS-485 turn-around Timer
1
1
0
Additional Feature Control Register 2
Additional Feature Control Register 2
1
1
1
Additional Feature Control Register 1
Additional Feature Control Register 1
[1]
These registers are accessible only when LCR[7] is a logic 0.
[2]
These registers are accessible only when LCR[7] is a logic 1.
[3]
Second Special registers are accessible only when EFCR[0] = 1.
[4]
Enhanced Feature Registers are only accessible when LCR = 0xBF.
[5]
First Extra Feature Registers are only accessible when EFCR[2:1] = 01b.
[6]
Second Extra Feature Registers are only accessible when EFCR[2:1] = 10b.
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SC16IS850L
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.3 FIFO operation
7.3.1 32-byte FIFO mode
When all four of these registers (TXINTLVL, RXINTLVL, FLWCNTH, FLWCNTL) in the
‘first extra feature register set’ are empty (0x00) the transmit and receive trigger levels are
set by FCR[7:4]. In this mode the transmit and receive trigger levels are backward
compatible to the SC16C650B (see Table 4), and the FIFO sizes are 32 entries. The
transmit and receive data FIFOs are enabled by the FIFO Control Register bit 0 (FCR[0]).
It should be noted that the user can set the transmit trigger levels by writing to the FCR,
but activation will not take place until EFR[4] is set to a logic 1. The receiver FIFO section
includes a time-out function to ensure data is delivered to the external CPU (see
Section 7.7). Please refer to Table 9 and Table 10 for the setting of FCR[7:4].
Table 4.
Interrupt trigger level and flow control mechanism
FCR[7:6]
FCR[5:4]
INT pin activation
RX
TX
Negate RTS or
send Xoff
Assert RTS or
send Xon
00
00
8
16
8
0
01
01
16
8
16
7
10
10
24
24
24
15
11
11
28
30
28
23
7.3.2 128-byte FIFO mode
When either TXINTLVL, RXINTLVL, FLWCNTH or FLWCNTL in the ‘first extra feature
register set’ contains any value other than 0x00, the transmit and receive trigger levels are
set by TXINTLVL and RXINTLVL registers. TXINTLVL sets the trigger levels for the
transmit FIFO, and the transmit trigger levels can be set to any value between 1 and 128
with granularity of 1. RXINTLVL sets the trigger levels for the receive FIFO, the receive
trigger levels can be set to any value between 1 and 128 with granularity of 1.
When the effective FIFO size changes (that is, when FCR[0] toggles or when the
combined content of TXINTLVL, RXINTLVL, FLWCNTH and FLWCNTL changes between
equal and unequal to 0x00), both RX FIFO and TX FIFO will be reset (data in the FIFO will
be lost).
7.4 Hardware flow control
When automatic hardware flow control is enabled, the SC16IS850L monitors the CTS pin
for a remote buffer overflow indication and controls the RTS pin for local buffer overflows.
Automatic hardware flow control is selected by setting EFR[6] (RTS) and EFR[7] (CTS) to
a logic 1. If CTS transitions from a logic 0 to a logic 1 indicating a flow control request,
ISR[5] will be set to a logic 1 (if enabled via IER[7:6]), and the SC16IS850L will suspend
TX transmissions as soon as the stop bit of the character in process is shifted out.
Transmission is resumed after the CTS input returns to a logic 0, indicating more data
may be sent.
When AFCR1[2] is set to logic 1 then the function of CTS pin is mapped to the DSR pin,
and the function of RTS is mapped to DTR pin. DSR and DTR pins will behave as
described above for CTS and RTS.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
9 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
With the automatic hardware flow control function enabled, an interrupt is generated when
the receive FIFO reaches the programmed trigger level. The RTS (or DTR) pin will not be
forced to a logic 1 (RTS off), until the receive FIFO reaches the next trigger level.
However, the RTS (or DTR) pin will return to a logic 0 after the receive buffer (FIFO) is
unloaded to the next trigger level below the programmed trigger level. Under the above
described conditions, the SC16IS850L will continue to accept data until the receive FIFO
is full.
When the TXINTLVL, RXINTLVL, FLWCNTH and FLWCNTL in the ‘first extra feature
register set’ are all zeroes, the hardware and software flow control trigger levels are set by
FCR[7:4]; see Table 4.
When the TXINTLVL, RXINTLVL, FLWCNTH or FLWCNTL in the ‘first extra feature
register set’ contain any value other than 0x00, the hardware and software flow control
trigger levels are set by FLWCNTH and FLWCNTL. The content in FLWCNTH determines
how many bytes are in the receive FIFO before RTS (or DTR) is de-asserted or Xoff is
sent. The content in FLWCNTL determines how many bytes are in the receive FIFO
before RTS (or DTR) is asserted, or Xon is sent.
In 128-byte FIFO mode, hardware and software flow control trigger levels can be set to
any value between 1 and 128 in granularity of 1. The value of FLWCNTH should always
be greater than FLWCNTL. The UART does not check for this condition automatically, and
if this condition is not met, spurious operation of the device might occur. When using
FLWCNTH and FLWCNTL, these registers must be initialized to proper values before
hardware or software flow control is enabled via the EFR register.
7.5 Software flow control
When software flow control is enabled, the SC16IS850L compares one or two
sequentially received data characters with the programmed Xon or Xoff character
value(s). If the received character(s) match the programmed Xoff values, the SC16IS850L
will halt transmission (TX) as soon as the current character(s) has completed
transmission. When a match occurs, ISR bit 4 will be set (if enabled via IER[5]) and the
interrupt output pin (if receive interrupt is enabled) will be activated. Following a
suspension due to a match of the Xoff characters’ values, the SC16IS850L will monitor
the receive data stream for a match to the Xon1/Xon2 character value(s). If a match is
found, the SC16IS850L will resume operation and clear the flags (ISR[4]).
Reset initially sets the contents of the Xon/Xoff 8-bit flow control registers to a logic 0.
Following reset, the user can write any Xon/Xoff value desired for software flow control.
Different conditions can be set to detect Xon/Xoff characters and suspend/resume
transmissions (see Table 22). When double 8-bit Xon/Xoff characters are selected, the
SC16IS850L compares two consecutive receive characters with two software flow control
8-bit values (Xon1, Xon2, Xoff1, Xoff2) and controls TX transmissions accordingly. Under
the above described flow control mechanisms, flow control characters are not placed
(stacked) in the receive FIFO. When using software flow control, the Xon/Xoff characters
cannot be used for data transfer.
In the event that the receive buffer is overfilling, the SC16IS850L automatically sends an
Xoff character (when enabled) via the serial TX output to the remote UART. The
SC16IS850L sends the Xoff1/Xoff2 characters as soon as the number of received data in
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
the receive FIFO passes the programmed trigger level. To clear this condition, the
SC16IS850L will transmit the programmed Xon1/Xon2 characters as soon as the number
of characters in the receive FIFO drops below the programmed trigger level.
7.6 Special character detect
A special character detect feature is provided to detect an 8-bit character when EFR[5] is
set. When an 8-bit character is detected, it will be placed on the user-accessible data
stack along with normal incoming RX data. This condition is selected in conjunction with
EFR[3:0] (see Table 22). Note that software flow control should be turned off when using
this special mode by setting EFR[3:0] to all zeroes.
The SC16IS850L compares each incoming receive character with Xoff2 data. If a match
occurs, the received data will be transferred to the FIFO, and ISR[4] will be set to indicate
detection of a special character. Although Table 6 “SC16IS850L internal registers” shows
Xon1, Xon2, Xoff1, Xoff2 with eight bits of character information, the actual number of bits
is dependent on the programmed word length. Line Control Register bits LCR[1:0] define
the number of character bits, that is, either 5 bits, 6 bits, 7 bits or 8 bits. The word length
selected by LCR[1:0] also determines the number of bits that will be used for the special
character comparison. Bit 0 in Xon1, Xon2, Xoff1, Xoff2 corresponds with the LSB bit for
the received character.
7.7 Interrupt priority and time-out interrupts
The interrupts are enabled by IER[7:0]. Care must be taken when handling these
interrupts. Following a reset, if Interrupt Enable Register (IER) bit 1 = 1, the SC16IS850L
will issue a Transmit Holding Register interrupt. This interrupt must be serviced prior to
continuing operations. The ISR indicates the current singular highest priority interrupt
only. A condition can exist where a higher priority interrupt masks the lower priority
interrupt(s) (see Table 11). Only after servicing the higher pending interrupt will the lower
priority interrupt(s) be reflected in the status register. Servicing the interrupt without
investigating further interrupt conditions can result in data errors.
Receive Data Ready and Receive Time-Out have the same interrupt priority (when
enabled by IER[0]), and it is important to serve these interrupts correctly. The receiver
issues an interrupt after the number of characters have reached the programmed trigger
level. In this case, the SC16IS850L FIFO may hold more characters than the programmed
trigger level. Following the removal of a data byte, the user should re-check LSR[0] to see
if there are any additional characters. A Receive Time-Out will not occur if the receive
FIFO is empty. The time-out counter is reset at the center of each stop bit received or
each time the Receive Holding Register (RHR) is read. The actual time-out value is
4 character time, including data information length, start bit, parity bit, and the size of stop
bit, that is, 1, 1.5, or 2 bit times.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
11 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.8 Programmable baud rate generator
The SC16IS850L UART contains a programmable rational baud rate generator that takes
any clock input and divides it by a divisor in the range between 1 and (216  1). The
SC16IS850L offers the capability of dividing the input frequency by rational divisor. The
fractional part of the divisor is controlled by the CLKPRES register in the ‘first extra feature
register set’.
f XTAL1
baud rate = -----------------------------------------------------------------M
MCR  7   16   N + ------

16
(1)
where:
N is the integer part of the divisor in DLL and DLM registers;
M is the fractional part of the divisor in CLKPRES register;
fXTAL1 is the clock frequency at XTAL1 pin.
Prescaler = 1 when MCR[7] is set to 0.
Prescaler = 4 when MCR[7] is set to 1.
CLKPRES
[3:0]
DIVIDE-BY-1
MCR[7] = 0
XTAL1
XTAL2
BAUD RATE
GENERATOR
(DLL, DLM)
OSCILLATOR
DIVIDE-BY-4
transmitter and
receiver clock
MCR[7] = 1
002aac645
Fig 5.
Prescalers and baud rate generator block diagram
A single baud rate generator is provided for the transmitter and receiver. The
programmable Baud Rate Generator is capable of operating with a frequency of up to
80 MHz. To obtain maximum data rate, it is necessary to use full rail swing on the clock
input. The SC16IS850L can be configured for internal or external clock operation. For
internal clock operation, an industry standard crystal is connected externally between the
XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins (see Figure 6). Alternatively, an external clock can be connected
to the XTAL1 pin (see Figure 7) to clock the internal baud rate generator for standard or
custom rates (see Table 5).
The generator divides the input 16 clock by any divisor from 1 to (216  1). The
SC16IS850L divides the basic external clock by 16. The baud rate is configured via the
CLKPRES, DLL and DLM internal register functions. Customized baud rates can be
achieved by selecting the proper divisor values for the MSB and LSB sections of the baud
rate generator.
Programming the baud rate generator registers CLKPRES, DLM (MSB) and DLL (LSB)
provides a user capability for selecting the desired final baud rate. The example in Table 5
shows the selectable baud rate table available when using a 1.8432 MHz external clock
input when MCR[7] = 0, and CLKPRES = 0x00.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
XTAL1
XTAL2
XTAL1
X1
1.8432 MHz
C1
22 pF
XTAL2
X1
1.8432 MHz
C2
33 pF
C1
22 pF
XTAL1
1.5 kΩ
XTAL2
X1
24 MHz
C2
47 pF
C1
10 pF
C2
10 pF
002aag394
Fig 6.
Crystal oscillator connection
XTAL1
fXTAL1
XTAL2
100 pF
002aac630
If fXTAL1 frequency is greater than 50 MHz, then a DC blocking capacitor is required.
XTAL2 pin should be left unconnected when an external clock is used.
Fig 7.
External clock connection
Table 5.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Baud rate generator programming table using a 1.8432 MHz clock when
MCR[7] = 0 and CLKPRES[3:0] = 0
Output
baud rate
(bit/s)
Output
16 clock divisor
(decimal)
Output
16 clock divisor
(hexadecimal)
DLM
program value
(hexadecimal)
DLL
program value
(hexadecimal)
50
2304
900
09
00
75
1536
600
06
00
110
1047
417
04
17
150
768
300
03
00
300
384
180
01
80
600
192
C0
00
C0
1.2 k
96
60
00
60
2.4 k
48
30
00
30
3.6 k
32
20
00
20
4.8 k
24
18
00
18
7.2 k
16
10
00
10
9.6 k
12
0C
00
0C
19.2 k
6
06
00
06
38.4 k
3
03
00
03
57.6 k
2
02
00
02
115.2 k
1
01
00
01
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.9 Loopback mode
The internal loopback capability allows on-board diagnostics. In the Loopback mode, the
normal modem interface pins are disconnected and reconfigured for loopback internally
(see Figure 8). MCR[3:0] register bits are used for controlling loopback diagnostic testing.
In the Loopback mode, the transmitter output (TX) and the receiver input (RX) are
disconnected from their associated interface pins, and instead are connected together
internally. The CTS, DSR, CD, and RI are disconnected from their normal modem control
input pins, and instead are connected internally to RTS, DTR, MCR[3] (OP2) and MCR[2]
(OP1). Loopback test data is entered into the transmit holding register via the user data
bus interface, D[7:0]. The transmit UART serializes the data and passes the serial data to
the receive UART via the internal loopback connection. The receive UART converts the
serial data back into parallel data that is then made available at the user data interface
D[7:0]. The user optionally compares the received data to the initial transmitted data for
verifying error-free operation of the UART TX/RX circuits.
In this mode, the interrupt pin is 3-stated, therefore, the software must use the polling
method (see Section 8.2.2) to send and receive data.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
TRANSMIT
FIFO
REGISTERS
TRANSMIT
SHIFT
REGISTER
I2C/SPI
CS
REGISTER
SELECT
LOGIC
INTERCONNECT BUS LINES
AND
CONTROL SIGNALS
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
RECEIVE
FIFO
REGISTERS
TX
IR
ENCODER
MCR[4] = 1
SC16IS850L
RECEIVE
SHIFT
REGISTER
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
RX
IR
DECODER
RTS
CTS
DTR
MODEM
CONTROL
LOGIC
IRQ
INTERRUPT
CONTROL
LOGIC
CLOCK AND
BAUD RATE
GENERATOR
DSR
OP1
RI
OP2
CD
002aaf749
XTAL1 XTAL2
Fig 8.
Internal Loopback mode diagram
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.10 Sleep mode
Sleep mode is an enhanced feature of the SC16IS850L UART. It is enabled when EFR[4],
the enhanced functions bit, is set and when IER[4] bit is set.
7.10.1 Conditions to enter Sleep mode
Sleep mode is entered when:
• Modem input pins are not toggling.
• The serial data input line, RX, is idle for 4 character time (logic HIGH) and AFCR1[4]
is logic 0. When AFCR1[4] is logic 1 the device will go to sleep regardless of the state
of the RX pin (see Section 8.21 for the description of AFCR1 bit 4).
• The TX FIFO and TX shift register are empty.
• There are no interrupts pending.
• The RX FIFO is empty.
In Sleep mode, the UART clock and baud rate clock are stopped. Since most registers are
clocked using these clocks, the power consumption is greatly reduced.
Remark: Writing to the divisor latches, DLL and DLM, to set the baud clock, must not be
done during Sleep mode. Therefore, it is advisable to disable Sleep mode using IER[4]
before writing to DLL or DLM.
7.10.2 Conditions to resume normal operation
SC16IS850L resumes normal operation by any of the following:
• Receives a start bit on RX pin.
• Data is loaded into transmit FIFO.
• A change of state on any of the modem input pins
If the device is awakened by one of the conditions described above, it will return to the
Sleep mode automatically after all the conditions described in Section 7.10.1 are met. The
device will stay in Sleep mode until it is disabled by setting any channel’s IER bit 4 to a
logic 0.
Wake-up by serial data on RX input pin is supported in UART mode but not in IrDA mode.
Refer to application note AN19064, “How to wake up SC16IS740/750/760 in IrDA mode”
for a software procedure to wake up the device by receiving data in IrDA mode.
When the SC16IS850L is in Sleep mode and the host data bus (D[7:0], A[2:0], IOW, IOR,
CS) remains in steady state, either HIGH or LOW, the Sleep mode supply current will be
in the A range as specified in Table 37 “Static characteristics”. If any of these signals is
toggling or floating then the sleep current will be higher.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
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SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.11 RS-485 features
7.11.1 Auto RS-485 RTS control
Normally the RTS pin is controlled by MCR[1], or if hardware flow control is enabled, the
logic state of the RTS pin is controlled by the hardware flow control circuitry. AFCR2[4] will
take the precedence over the other two modes; once this bit is set, the transmitter will
control the state of the RTS pin. The transmitter automatically asserts the RTS pin
(logic 0) once the host writes data to the transmit FIFO, and de-asserts RTS pin (logic 1)
once the last bit of the data has been transmitted.
To use the auto RS-485 RTS mode the software would have to disable the hardware
flow control function.
7.11.2 RS-485 RTS inversion
AFCR2[5] reverses the polarity of the RTS pin if the UART is in auto RS-485 RTS mode.
When the transmitter has data to be sent it will de-asserts the RTS pin (logic 1), and when
the last bit of the data has been sent out the transmitter asserts the RTS pin (logic 0).
7.11.3 Auto 9-bit mode (RS-485)
AFCR2[0] is used to enable the 9-bit mode (Multi-drop or RS-485 mode). In this mode of
operation, a ‘master’ station transmits an address character followed by data characters
for the addressed ‘slave’ stations. The slave stations examine the received data and
interrupt the controller if the received character is an address character (parity bit = 1).
To use the automatic 9-bit mode, the software would have to disable the hardware and
software flow control functions.
7.11.3.1
Normal Multi-drop mode
The 9-bit Mode in AFCR2[0] is enabled, but not Special Character Detect (EFR[5]). The
receiver is set to Force Parity 0 (LCR[5:3] = 111) in order to detect address bytes.
With the receiver initially disabled, it ignores all the data bytes (parity bit = 0) until an
address byte is received (parity bit = 1). This address byte will cause the UART to set the
parity error. The UART will generate a line status interrupt (IER[2] must be set to ‘1’ at this
time), and at the same time puts this address byte in the RX FIFO. After the controller
examines the byte it must make a decision whether or not to enable the receiver; it should
enable the receiver if the address byte addresses its ID address, and must not enable the
receiver if the address byte does not address its ID address.
If the controller enables the receiver, the receiver will receive the subsequent data until
being disabled by the controller after the controller has received a complete message
from the ‘master’ station. If the controller does not disable the receiver after receiving a
message from the ‘master’ station, the receiver will generate a parity error upon receiving
another address byte. The controller then determines if the address byte addresses its ID
address, if it is not, the controller then can disable the receiver. If the address byte
addresses the ‘slave’ ID address, the controller takes no further action, and the receiver
will receive the subsequent data.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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17 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
7.11.3.2
Auto address detection
If Special Character Detect is enabled (EFR[5] is set and the Xoff2 register contains the
address byte) the receiver will try to detect an address byte that matches the programmed
character in the Xoff2 register. If the received byte is a data byte or an address byte that
does not match the programmed character in the Xoff2 register, the receiver will discard
these data. Upon receiving an address byte that matches the Xoff2 character, the receiver
will be automatically enabled if not already enabled, and the address character is pushed
into the RX FIFO along with the parity bit (in place of the parity error bit). The receiver also
generates a line status interrupt (IER[2] must be set to ‘1’ at this time). The receiver will
then receive the subsequent data from the ‘master’ station until being disabled by the
controller after having received a message from the ‘master’ station.
If another address byte is received and this address byte does not match the Xoff2
character, the receiver will be automatically disabled and the address byte is ignored. If
the address byte matches the Xoff2 character, the receiver will put this byte in the RX
FIFO along with the parity bit in the parity error bit (LSR bit 2).
8. Register descriptions
Table 6 details the assigned bit functions for the SC16IS850L internal registers. The
assigned bit functions are more fully defined in Section 8.1 through Section 8.23.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
18 of 60
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xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
NXP Semiconductors
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Table 6.
SC16IS850L internal registers
A2 A1 A0 Register
General register
Default[1]
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R/W
set[2]
Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
0
0
RHR
0xXX
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R
0
0
0
THR
0xXX
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
W
0
0
1
IER
0x00
CTS
interrupt[3]
RTS
interrupt[3]
Xoff
interrupt[3]
Sleep
mode[3]
modem
status
interrupt
receive line
status
interrupt
transmit
holding
register
interrupt
receive
holding
register
interrupt
R/W
0
1
0
FCR
0x00
RCVR
trigger
(MSB)
RCVR
TX trigger
trigger (LSB) (MSB)[3]
TX trigger
(LSB)[3]
reserved
XMIT FIFO
reset
RCVR FIFO FIFOs
reset
enable
W
0
1
0
ISR
0x01
FIFOs
enabled
FIFOs
enabled
INT priority
bit 4
INT priority
bit 3
INT priority
bit 2
INT priority
bit 1
INT priority
bit 0
INT status
R
0
1
1
LCR
0x00
divisor latch
enable
set break
set parity
even parity
parity
enable
stop bits
word length
bit 1
word length
bit 0
R/W
1
0
0
MCR
0x00
clock
select[3]
IrDA enable
reserved
loopback
OP2
OP1
RTS
DTR
R/W
1
0
1
LSR
0x60
FIFO data
error
THR and
TSR empty
THR empty
break
interrupt
framing
error
parity error
overrun
error
receive data R
ready
1
0
1
EFCR
0x00
reserved
reserved
reserved
reserved
reserved
Enable extra Enable extra Enable
W
feature bit 1 feature bit 0 TXLVLCNT/
RXLVLCNT
1
1
0
MSR
0xX0
CD
RI
DSR
CTS
CD
RI
DSR
CTS
R
1
1
1
SPR
0xFF
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
Special register
set[4]
0
0
0
DLL
0xXX
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
0
0
1
DLM
0xXX
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
R/W
19 of 60
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
0
1
1
TXLVLCNT
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R
1
0
0
RXLVLCNT
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R
SC16IS850L
Second special register set[6]
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
0
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx x x x xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xx xx xxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx x x
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
SC16IS850L internal registers …continued
A2 A1 A0 Register
Default[1]
Enhanced feature register
set[5]
0
1
0
EFR
1
0
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
R/W
0x00
Auto CTS
Auto RTS
special
character
select
Enable
IER[7:4],
ISR[5:4],
FCR[5:4],
MCR[7:5]
Cont-3 TX,
RX Control
Cont-2 TX,
RX Control
Cont-1 TX,
RX Control
Cont-0 TX,
RX Control
R/W
Xon1
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
Xon2
0x00
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
R/W
0
Xoff1
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
1
Xoff2
0x00
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
R/W
Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
0
1
0
TXINTLVL
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
1
0
0
RXINTLVL
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
1
1
0
FLWCNTH
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
1
1
1
FLWCNTL
0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
reserved
reserved
reserved
reserved
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
R/W
Second extra feature register set[8]
0
1
0
CLKPRES
0x00
1
0
0
RS485TIME 0x00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
1
1
0
AFCR2
0x00
reserved
reserved
RS485 RTS Auto RS485 RS485
Invert
RTS
RTS/DTR
Transmitter
Disable
Receiver
Disable
9-bit Enable R/W
1
1
1
AFCR1
0x00
reserved
reserved
reserved
RTS/CTS
mapped to
DTR/DSR
Software
Reset
TSR
Interrupt
The value shown represents the register’s initialized HEX value; X = not applicable.
[2]
Accessible only when LCR[7] is logic 0, and EFCR[2:1] are logic 0.
[3]
This bit is only accessible when EFR[4] is set.
[4]
Baud rate registers accessible only when LCR[7] is logic 1.
reserved
20 of 60
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
[5]
Enhanced Feature Register, Xon1/Xon2 and Xoff1/Xoff2 are accessible only when LCR is set to 0xBF, and EFCR[2:1] are logic 0.
[6]
Second Special registers are accessible only when EFCR[0] = 1, and EFCR[2:1] are logic 0.
[7]
First extra feature register set is only accessible when EFCR[2:0] = 010b.
[8]
Second extra feature register set is only accessible when EFCR[2:0] = 100b.
R/W
SC16IS850L
[1]
Sleep
RXLow
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
First extra feature register
set[7]
NXP Semiconductors
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Table 6.
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
8.1 Transmit (THR) and Receive (RHR) Holding Registers
The serial transmitter section consists of an 8-bit Transmit Hold Register (THR) and
Transmit Shift Register (TSR). The status of the THR is provided in the Line Status
Register (LSR). Writing to the THR transfers the contents of the data byte [D7:D0] to the
transmit FIFO. The THR empty flag in the LSR will be set to a logic 1 when the transmit
FIFO is empty or when data is transferred to the TSR.
The serial receive section also contains an 8-bit Receive Holding Register (RHR) and a
Receive Serial Shift Register (RSR). Receive data is removed from the SC16IS850L
receive FIFO by reading the RHR. The receive section provides a mechanism to prevent
false starts. On the falling edge of a start or false start bit, an internal receiver counter
starts counting clocks at the 16 clock rate. After 71⁄2 clocks, the start bit time should be
shifted to the center of the start bit. At this time the start bit is sampled, and if it is still a
logic 0 it is validated. Evaluating the start bit in this manner prevents the receiver from
assembling a false character. Receiver status codes will be posted in the LSR.
8.2 Interrupt Enable Register (IER)
The Interrupt Enable Register (IER) masks the interrupts from receiver ready, transmitter
empty, line status and modem status registers. These interrupts would normally be seen
on the INT output pin.
Table 7.
Interrupt Enable Register bits description
Bit
Symbol Description
7
IER[7]
CTS interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the CTS interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the CTS interrupt. The SC16IS850L issues an interrupt when
the CTS pin transitions from a logic 0 to a logic 1.
6
IER[6]
RTS interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the RTS interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the RTS interrupt. The SC16IS850L issues an interrupt when
the RTS pin transitions from a logic 0 to a logic 1.
5
IER[5]
Xoff interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the software flow control, receive Xoff interrupt (normal default
condition)
logic 1 = enable the receive Xoff interrupt
4
IER[4]
Sleep mode.
logic 0 = disable Sleep mode (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable Sleep mode
3
IER[3]
Modem Status Interrupt. This interrupt will be issued whenever there is a modem
status change as reflected in MSR[3:0].
logic 0 = disable the modem status register interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the modem status register interrupt
2
IER[2]
Receive Line Status interrupt. This interrupt will be issued whenever a receive
data error condition exists as reflected in LSR[4:1].
logic 0 = disable the receiver line status interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the receiver line status interrupt
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Table 7.
Interrupt Enable Register bits description …continued
Bit
Symbol Description
1
IER[1]
Transmit Holding Register interrupt. In the non-FIFO mode, this interrupt will be
issued whenever the THR is empty, and is associated with LSR[5]. In the FIFO
modes, this interrupt will be issued whenever the FIFO is empty.
logic 0 = disable the Transmit Holding Register Empty (TXRDY) interrupt
(normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the TXRDY (ISR level 3) interrupt
0
IER[0]
Receive Holding Register interrupt. In the non-FIFO mode, this interrupt will be
issued when the RHR has data, or is cleared when the RHR is empty. In the FIFO
mode, this interrupt will be issued when the FIFO has reached the programmed
trigger level or is cleared when the FIFO drops below the trigger level.
logic 0 = disable the receiver ready (ISR level 2, RXRDY) interrupt (normal
default condition)
logic 1 = enable the RXRDY (ISR level 2) interrupt
8.2.1 IER versus Transmit/Receive FIFO interrupt mode operation
When the receive FIFO is enabled (FCR[0] = logic 1), and receive interrupts
(IER[0] = logic 1) are enabled, the receive interrupts and register status will reflect the
following:
• The receive RXRDY interrupt (Level 2 ISR interrupt) is issued to the external CPU
when the receive FIFO has reached the programmed trigger level. It will be cleared
when the receive FIFO drops below the programmed trigger level.
• Receive FIFO status will also be reflected in the user accessible ISR register when
the receive FIFO trigger level is reached. Both the ISR register receive status bit and
the interrupt will be cleared when the FIFO drops below the trigger level.
• The receive data ready bit (LSR[0]) is set as soon as a character is transferred from
the shift register (RSR) to the receive FIFO. It is reset when the FIFO is empty.
• When the Transmit FIFO and interrupts are enabled, an interrupt is generated when
the transmit FIFO is empty due to the unloading of the data by the TSR and UART for
transmission via the transmission media. The interrupt is cleared either by reading the
ISR, or by loading the THR with new data characters.
8.2.2 IER versus Receive/Transmit FIFO polled mode operation
When FCR[0] = logic 1, setting IER[3:0] puts the SC16IS850L in the FIFO polled mode of
operation. In this mode, interrupts are not generated and the user must poll the LSR
register for TX and/or RX data status. Since the receiver and transmitter have separate
bits in the LSR either or both can be used in the polled mode by selecting respective
transmit or receive control bit(s).
•
•
•
•
•
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
LSR[0] will be a logic 1 as long as there is one byte in the receive FIFO.
LSR[4:1] will provide the type of receive errors, or a receive break, if encountered.
LSR[5] will indicate when the transmit FIFO is empty.
LSR[6] will indicate when both the transmit FIFO and transmit shift register are empty.
LSR[7] will show if any FIFO data errors occurred.
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8.3 FIFO Control Register (FCR)
This register is used to enable the FIFOs, clear the FIFOs, and set the receive FIFO
trigger levels.
8.3.1 FIFO mode
Table 8.
FIFO Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:6
FCR[7:6]
Receive trigger level in 32-byte FIFO mode[1].
These bits are used to set the trigger levels for receive FIFO interrupt and flow
control. The SC16IS850L will issue a receive ready interrupt when the number
of characters in the receive FIFO reaches the selected trigger level. Refer to
Table 9.
5:4
FCR[5:4]
Transmit trigger level in 32-byte FIFO mode[2].
These bits are used to set the trigger level for the transmit FIFO interrupt and
flow control. The SC16IS850L will issue a transmit empty interrupt when the
number of characters in FIFO drops below the selected trigger level. Refer to
Table 10.
3
FCR[3]
reserved
2
FCR[2]
XMIT FIFO reset.
logic 0 = no FIFO transmit reset (normal default condition)
logic 1 = clears the contents of the transmit FIFO and resets the FIFO
counter logic. This bit will return to a logic 0 after clearing the FIFO.
1
FCR[1]
RCVR FIFO reset.
logic 0 = no FIFO receive reset (normal default condition)
logic 1 = clears the contents of the receive FIFO and resets the FIFO counter
logic. This bit will return to a logic 0 after clearing the FIFO.
0
FCR[0]
FIFO enable.
logic 0 = disable the transmit and receive FIFO (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the transmit and receive FIFO
[1]
For 128-byte FIFO mode, refer to Section 8.16, Section 8.17, Section 8.18.
[2]
For 128-byte FIFO mode, refer to Section 8.15, Section 8.17, Section 8.18.
Table 9.
FCR[6]
RX FIFO trigger level (bytes) in 32-byte FIFO mode[1]
0
0
8
0
1
16
1
0
24
1
1
28
[1]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
RCVR trigger levels
FCR[7]
When RXINTLVL, TXINTLVL, FLWCNTL or FLWCNTH contains any value other than 0x00, receive and
transmit trigger levels are set by RXINTLVL, TXINTLVL registers (see Section 7.3 “FIFO operation”).
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Table 10.
TX FIFO trigger levels
FCR[5]
FCR[4]
TX FIFO trigger level (bytes) in 32-byte FIFO mode[1]
0
0
16
0
1
8
1
0
24
1
1
30
[1]
When RXINTLVL, TXINTLVL, FLWCNTL or FLWCNTH contains any value other than 0x00, receive and
transmit trigger levels are set by RXINTLVL, TXINTLVL registers (see Section 7.3 “FIFO operation”).
8.4 Interrupt Status Register (ISR)
The SC16IS850L provides six levels of prioritized interrupts to minimize external software
interaction. The Interrupt Status Register (ISR) provides the user with six interrupt status
bits. Performing a read cycle on the ISR will provide the user with the highest pending
interrupt level to be serviced. No other interrupts are acknowledged until the pending
interrupt is serviced. A lower level interrupt may be seen after servicing the higher level
interrupt and re-reading the interrupt status bits. Table 11 “Interrupt source” shows the
data values (bits 5:0) for the six prioritized interrupt levels and the interrupt sources
associated with each of these interrupt levels.
Table 11.
Interrupt source
Priority ISR[5]
level
ISR[4]
ISR[3]
ISR[2]
ISR[1]
ISR[0]
Source of the interrupt
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
LSR (Receiver Line Status
Register)
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
RXRDY (Received Data Ready)
2
0
0
1
1
0
0
RXRDY (Receive Data time-out)
3
0
0
0
0
1
0
TXRDY (Transmitter Holding
Register Empty)
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
MSR (Modem Status Register)
5
0
1
0
0
0
0
RXRDY (Received Xoff signal)/
Special character
6
1
0
0
0
0
0
CTS, RTS change of state
Table 12.
Interrupt Status Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:6
ISR[7:6]
FIFOs enabled. These bits are set to a logic 0 when the FIFOs are not being
used in the non-FIFO mode. They are set to a logic 1 when the FIFOs are
enabled in the SC16IS850L mode.
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
5:4
ISR[5:4]
INT priority bits 4:3. These bits are enabled when EFR[4] is set to a logic 1.
ISR[4] indicates that matching Xoff character(s) have been detected. ISR[5]
indicates that CTS, RTS have been generated. Note that once set to a
logic 1, the ISR[4] bit will stay a logic 1 until Xon character(s) are received.
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
3:1
ISR[3:1]
INT priority bits 2:0. These bits indicate the source for a pending interrupt at
interrupt priority levels 1, 2, and 3 (see Table 11).
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
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Table 12.
Interrupt Status Register bits description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
0
ISR[0]
INT status.
logic 0 = an interrupt is pending and the ISR contents may be used as a
pointer to the appropriate interrupt service routine
logic 1 = no interrupt pending (normal default condition)
8.5 Line Control Register (LCR)
The Line Control Register is used to specify the asynchronous data communication
format. The word length, the number of stop bits, and the parity are selected by writing the
appropriate bits in this register.
Table 13.
Line Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
LCR[7]
Divisor latch enable. The internal baud rate counter latch and Enhanced
Feature mode enable.
logic 0 = divisor latch disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = divisor latch enabled
6
LCR[6]
Set break. When enabled, the Break control bit causes a break condition to
be transmitted (the TX output is forced to a logic 0 state). This condition
exists until disabled by setting LCR[6] to a logic 0.
logic 0 = no TX break condition (normal default condition)
logic 1 = forces the transmitter output (TX) to a logic 0 for alerting the
remote receiver to a line break condition
5:3
LCR[5:3]
Programs the parity conditions (see Table 14).
2
LCR[2]
Stop bits. The length of stop bit is specified by this bit in conjunction with the
programmed word length (see Table 15).
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
1:0
LCR[1:0]
Word length bits 1, 0. These two bits specify the word length to be
transmitted or received (see Table 16).
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Table 14.
LCR[5:3] parity selection
LCR[5]
LCR[4]
LCR[3]
Parity selection
X
X
0
no parity
0
0
1
odd parity
0
1
1
even parity
1
0
1
forced parity ‘1’
1
1
1
forced parity ‘0’
Table 15.
LCR[2] stop bit length
LCR[2]
Word length (bits)
Stop bit length (bit times)
0
5, 6, 7, 8
1
1
5
11⁄2
1
6, 7, 8
2
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Table 16.
LCR[1:0] word length
LCR[1]
LCR[0]
Word length (bits)
0
0
5
0
1
6
1
0
7
1
1
8
8.6 Modem Control Register (MCR)
This register controls the interface with the modem or a peripheral device.
Table 17.
Modem Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
MCR[7]
Clock select
logic 0 = divide-by-1 clock input
logic 1 = divide-by-4 clock input
6
MCR[6]
IR enable (see Figure 31).
logic 0 = enable the standard modem receive and transmit input/output
interface (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable infrared IrDA receive and transmit inputs/outputs. While
in this mode, the TX/RX output/inputs are routed to the infrared
encoder/decoder. The data input and output levels will conform to the
IrDA infrared interface requirement. As such, while in this mode, the
infrared TX output will be a logic 0 during idle data conditions.
5
MCR[5]
Reserved.
4
MCR[4]
Loopback. Enable the local loopback mode (diagnostics). In this mode the
transmitter output (TX) and the receiver input (RX), CTS, DSR, CD, and RI
are disconnected from the SC16IS850L I/O pins. Internally the modem data
and control pins are connected into a loopback data configuration (see
Figure 8). In this mode, the receiver and transmitter interrupts remain fully
operational. The Modem Control Interrupts are also operational, but the
interrupts’ sources are switched to the lower four bits of the Modem Control.
Interrupts continue to be controlled by the IER register.
logic 0 = disable Loopback mode (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable local Loopback mode (diagnostics)
3
MCR[3]
OP2. This bit is used for internal Loopback mode only. In Loopback mode,
this bit is used to write the state of the modem CD interface signal.
2
MCR[2]
OP1. This bit is used for internal Loopback mode only. In Loopback mode,
this bit is used to write the state of the modem RI interface signal.
1
MCR[1]
RTS
logic 0 = force RTS output to a logic 1 (normal default condition)
logic 1 = force RTS output to a logic 0
0
MCR[0]
DTR
logic 0 = force DTR output to a logic 1 (normal default condition)
logic 1 = force DTR output to a logic 0
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8.7 Line Status Register (LSR)
This register provides the status of data transfers between the SC16IS850L and the CPU.
Table 18.
Line Status Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
LSR[7]
FIFO data error.
logic 0 = no error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = at least one parity error, framing error or break indication is in the
current FIFO data. This bit is cleared when there are no remaining error flags
associated with the remaining data in the FIFO.
6
LSR[6]
THR and TSR empty. This bit is the Transmit Empty indicator. This bit is set to a
logic 1 whenever the transmit holding register and the transmit shift register are
both empty. It is reset to logic 0 whenever either the THR or TSR contains a data
character. In the FIFO mode, this bit is set to ‘1’ whenever the transmit FIFO and
transmit shift register are both empty.
5
LSR[5]
THR empty. This bit is the Transmit Holding Register Empty indicator. This bit
indicates that the UART is ready to accept a new character for transmission. In
addition, this bit causes the UART to issue an interrupt to CPU when the THR
interrupt enable is set. The THR bit is set to a logic 1 when a character is
transferred from the transmit holding register into the transmitter shift register.
The bit is reset to a logic 0 concurrently with the loading of the transmitter
holding register by the CPU. In the FIFO mode, this bit is set when the transmit
FIFO is empty; it is cleared when at least 1 byte is written to the transmit FIFO.
4
LSR[4]
Break interrupt.
logic 0 = no break condition (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the receiver received a break signal (RX was a logic 0 for one
character frame time). In the FIFO mode, only one break character is loaded
into the FIFO.
3
LSR[3]
Framing error.
logic 0 = no framing error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = framing error. The receive character did not have a valid stop bit(s).
In the FIFO mode, this error is associated with the character at the top of the
FIFO.
2
LSR[2]
Parity error.
logic 0 = no parity error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = parity error. The receive character does not have correct parity
information and is suspect. In the FIFO mode, this error is associated with the
character at the top of the FIFO.
1
LSR[1]
Overrun error.
logic 0 = no overrun error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = overrun error. A data overrun error occurred in the Receive Shift
Register. This happens when additional data arrives while the FIFO is full. In
this case, the previous data in the shift register is overwritten. Note that under
this condition, the data byte in the Receive Shift Register is not transferred into
the FIFO, therefore the data in the FIFO is not corrupted by the error.
0
LSR[0]
Receive data ready.
logic 0 = no data in Receive Holding Register or FIFO (normal default
condition)
logic 1 = data has been received and is saved in the Receive Holding Register
or FIFO
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8.8 Modem Status Register (MSR)
This register shares the same address as EFCR register. This is a read-only register and
it provides the current state of the control interface signals from the modem, or other
peripheral device to which the SC16IS850L is connected. Four bits of this register are
used to indicate the changed information. These bits are set to a logic 1 whenever a
control input from the modem changes state. These bits are set to a logic 0 whenever the
CPU reads this register.
When write, the data will be written to EFCR register.
Table 19.
Modem Status Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
MSR[7]
CD. During normal operation, this bit is the complement of the CD input.
Reading this bit in the loopback mode produces the state of MCR[3] (OP2).
6
MSR[6]
RI. During normal operation, this bit is the complement of the RI input.
Reading this bit in the loopback mode produces the state of MCR[2] (OP1).
5
MSR[5]
DSR. During normal operation, this bit is the complement of the DSR input.
During the loopback mode, this bit is equivalent to MCR[0] (DTR).
4
MSR[4]
CTS. During normal operation, this bit is the complement of the CTS input.
During the loopback mode, this bit is equivalent to MCR[1] (RTS).
3
MSR[3]
CD [1]
logic 0 = no CD change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the CD input to the SC16IS850L has changed state since the
last time it was read. A modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
2
MSR[2]
RI [1]
logic 0 = no RI change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the RI input to the SC16IS850L has changed from a logic 0 to a
logic 1. A modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
1
MSR[1]
DSR [1]
logic 0 = no DSR change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the DSR input to the SC16IS850L has changed state since the
last time it was read. A modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
0
MSR[0]
CTS [1]
logic 0 = no CTS change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the CTS input to the SC16IS850L has changed state since the
last time it was read. A modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
[1]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Whenever any MSR bit 3:0 is set to logic 1, a Modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
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8.9 Extra Feature Control Register (EFCR)
This is a write-only register, and it allows the software access to these registers: ‘first extra
feature register set’, ‘second extra feature register set’, Transmit FIFO Level Counter
(TXLVLCNT), and Receive FIFO Level Counter (RXLVLCNT).
Table 20.
Extra Feature Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:3
EFCR[7:3]
reserved
2:1
EFCR[2:1]
Enable Extra Feature Control bits
00 = General register set is accessible
01 = First extra feature register set is accessible
10 = Second extra feature register set is accessible
11 = reserved
0
EFCR[0]
Enable TXLVLCNT and RXLVLCNT access
0 = TXLVLCNT and RXLVLCNT are disabled
1 = TXLVLCNT and RXLVLCNT are enabled and can be read.
Remark: EFCR[2:1] has higher priority than EFCR[0]. TXLVLCNT and RXLVLCNT can
only be accessed if EFCR[2:1] are zeroes.
8.10 Scratchpad Register (SPR)
The SC16IS850L provides a temporary data register to store 8 bits of user information.
8.11 Divisor Latch (DLL and DLM)
These are two 8-bit registers which store the 16-bit divisor for generation of the baud clock
in the baud rate generator. DLM, stores the most significant part of the divisor. DLL stores
the least significant part of the divisor.
8.12 Transmit FIFO Level Count (TXLVLCNT)
This register is a read-only register. It reports the number of spaces available in the
transmit FIFO.
8.13 Receive FIFO Level Count (RXLVLCNT)
This register is a read-only register. It reports the fill level of the receive FIFO (the number
of characters in the RX FIFO).
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8.14 Enhanced Feature Register (EFR)
Enhanced features are enabled or disabled using this register.
Bits 0 through 4 provide single or dual character software flow control selection. When the
Xon1 and Xon2 and/or Xoff1 and Xoff2 modes are selected, the double 8-bit words are
concatenated into two sequential numbers.
Table 21.
Enhanced Feature Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
EFR[7]
Automatic CTS flow control.
logic 0 = automatic CTS flow control is disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable automatic CTS flow control. Transmission will stop when
CTS goes to a logical 1. Transmission will resume when the CTS pin returns
to a logical 0.
6
EFR[6]
Automatic RTS flow control. Automatic RTS may be used for hardware flow
control by enabling EFR[6]. When Auto-RTS is selected, an interrupt will be
generated when the receive FIFO is filled to the programmed trigger level and
RTS will go to a logic 1 at the next trigger level. RTS will return to a logic 0 when
data is unloaded below the next lower trigger level (programmed trigger level 1).
The state of this register bit changes with the status of the hardware flow
control. RTS functions normally when hardware flow control is disabled.
logic 0 = automatic RTS flow control is disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable automatic RTS flow control
5
EFR[5]
Special Character Detect.
logic 0 = special character detect disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = special character detect enabled. The SC16IS850L compares each
incoming receive character with Xoff2 data. If a match exists, the received
data will be transferred to FIFO and ISR[4] will be set to indicate detection of
special character. Bit 0 in the X-registers corresponds with the LSB bit for the
receive character. When this feature is enabled, the normal software flow
control must be disabled (EFR[3:0] must be set to a logic 0).
4
EFR[4]
Enhanced function control bit. The content of IER[7:4], ISR[5:4], FCR[5:4], and
MCR[7:5] can be modified and latched. After modifying any bits in the enhanced
registers, EFR[4] can be set to a logic 0 to latch the new values. This feature
prevents existing software from altering or overwriting the SC16IS850L
enhanced functions.
logic 0 = disable/latch enhanced features[1]. (Normal default condition.)
logic 1 = enables the enhanced functions[1].
3:0
[1]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
EFR[3:0] Cont-3:0 TX, RX control. Logic 0 or cleared is the default condition.
Combinations of software flow control can be selected by programming these
bits. See Table 22.
Enhanced function control bits IER[7:4], ISR[5:4], FCR[5:4] and MCR[7:5].
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Software flow control functions[1]
Table 22.
Cont-3
Cont-2
Cont-1
Cont-0
TX, RX software flow controls
0
0
X
X
No transmit flow control
1
0
X
X
Transmit Xon1/Xoff1
0
1
X
X
Transmit Xon2/Xoff2
1
1
X
X
Transmit Xon1 and Xon2/Xoff1 and Xoff2
X
X
0
0
No receive flow control
X
X
1
0
Receiver compares Xon1/Xoff1
X
X
0
1
Receiver compares Xon2/Xoff2
1
0
1
1
Transmit Xon1/Xoff1
Receiver compares Xon1 or Xon2, Xoff1 or Xoff2
0
1
1
1
Transmit Xon2/Xoff2
Receiver compares Xon1 or Xon2, Xoff1 or Xoff2
1
1
1
1
Transmit Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
Receiver compares Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
[1]
When using a software flow control the Xon/Xoff characters cannot be used for data transfer.
8.15 Transmit Interrupt Level Register (TXINTLVL)
This 8-bit register is used to store the transmit FIFO trigger levels used for interrupt
generation. Trigger levels from 1 to 128 can be programmed with a granularity of 1.
Table 23 shows the TXINTLVL register bit settings.
Table 23.
TXINTLVL register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:0
TXINTLVL[7:0]
This register stores the programmable transmit interrupt trigger levels
for 128-byte FIFO mode[1].
0x00 = trigger level is set to 1
0x01 = trigger level is set to 1
...
0x80 = trigger level is set to 128
[1]
For 32-byte FIFO mode, refer to Section 8.3.
8.16 Receive Interrupt Level Register (RXINTLVL)
This 8-bit register is used store the receive FIFO trigger levels used for interrupt
generation. Trigger levels from 1 to 128 can be programmed with a granularity of 1.
Table 24 shows the RXINTLVL register bit settings.
Table 24.
RXINTLVL register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:0
RXINTLVL[7:0]
This register stores the programmable receive interrupt trigger levels
for 128-byte FIFO mode[1].
0x00 = trigger level is set to 1
0x01 = trigger level is set to 1
...
0x80 = trigger level is set to 128
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[1]
For 32-byte FIFO mode, refer to Section 8.3.
8.17 Flow Control Trigger Level High (FLWCNTH)
This 8-bit register is used to store the receive FIFO high threshold levels to start/stop
transmission during hardware/software flow control. Table 25 shows the FLWCNTH
register bit settings; see Section 7.4.
Table 25.
FLWCNTH register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:0
FLWCNTH[7:0]
This register stores the programmable HIGH threshold level for
hardware and software flow control for 128-byte FIFO mode[1].
0x00 = trigger level is set to 1
0x01 = trigger level is set to 1
...
0x80 = trigger level is set to 128
[1]
For 32-byte FIFO mode, refer to Section 8.3.
8.18 Flow Control Trigger Level Low (FLWCNTL)
This 8-bit register is used to store the receive FIFO low threshold levels to start/stop
transmission during hardware/software flow control. Table 26 shows the FLWCNTL
register bit settings; see Section 7.4.
Table 26.
FLWCNTL register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:0
FLWCNTL[7:0]
This register stores the programmable LOW threshold level for
hardware and software flow control for 128-byte FIFO mode[1].
0x00 = trigger level is set to 1
0x01 = trigger level is set to 1
...
0x80 = trigger level is set to 128
[1]
For 32-byte FIFO mode, refer to Section 8.3.
8.19 Clock Prescaler (CLKPRES)
This register hold values for the clock prescaler.
Table 27.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Clock Prescaler register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:4
CLKPRES[7:4]
reserved
3:0
CLKPRES[3:0]
Clock Prescaler value. Reset to 0.
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8.20 RS-485 Turn-around time delay (RS485TIME)
The value in this register controls the turn-around time of the external line transceiver in
bit time. In automatic 9-bit mode RTS or DTR pin is used to control the direction of the line
driver, after the last bit of data has been shifted out of the transmit shift register the UART
will count down the value in this register. When the count value reaches zero, the UART
will assert RTS or DTR pin (logic 0) to turn the external RS-485 transceiver around for
receiving.
Table 28.
RS-485 programmable turn-around time register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:0
RS485TIME[7:0]
External RS-485 transceiver turn-around time delay. The value
represents the bit time at the programmed baud rate.
8.21 Advanced Feature Control Register 2 (AFCR2)
Table 29.
Advanced Feature Control Register 2 register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:6
AFCR2[7:6]
reserved
5
AFCR2[5]
RTSInvert. Invert RTS or DTR signal in automatic 9-bit mode.
logic 0 = RTS or DTR is set to 0 by the UART during transmission,
and to 1 during reception
logic 1 = RTS or DTR is set to 1 by the UART during transmission,
and to 0 during reception
4
AFCR2[4]
RTSCon. Enable the transmitter to control RTS or DTR pin in
automatic 9-bit mode.
logic 0 = transmitter does not control RTS or DTR pin
logic 1 = transmitter controls RTS or DTR pin
3
AFCR2[3]
RS485 RTS/DTR. Select RTS or DTR pin to control the external
transceiver.
logic 0 = RTS pin is used to control the external transceiver
logic 1 = DTR pin is used to control the external transceiver
2
AFCR2[2]
TXDisable. Disable transmitter
logic 0 = transmitter is enabled
logic 1 = transmitter is disabled
1
AFCR2[1]
RXDisable. Disable receiver
logic 0 = receiver is enabled
logic 1 = receiver is disabled
0
AFCR2[0]
9-bitMode. Enable 9-bit mode or Multidrop (RS-485) mode
logic 0 = normal RS-232 mode
logic 1 = enable 9-bit mode
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8.22 Advanced Feature Control Register 1 (AFCR1)
Table 30.
Advanced Feature Control Register 1 register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:5
AFCR1[7:5]
reserved
4
AFCR1[4]
Sleep RXLow. Program RX input to be edge-sensitive or level-sensitive.
logic 0 = RX input is level-sensitive. If RX pin is LOW, the UART will
not go to sleep. Once the UART is in Sleep mode, it will wake up if RX
pin goes LOW.
logic 1 = RX input is edge-sensitive. UART will go to sleep even if RX
pin is LOW, and will wake up when RX pin toggles.
3
AFCR1[3]
reserved
2
AFCR1[2]
RTS/CTS mapped to DTR/DSR. Switch the function of RTS/CTS to
DTR/DSR.
logic 0 = RTS and CTS signals are used for hardware flow control.
logic 1 = DTR and DSR signals are used for hardware flow control.
RTS and CTS retain their functionality.
1
AFCR1[1]
SReset. Software Reset. A write to this bit will reset the UART. Once the
UART is reset this bit is automatically set to 0.[1]
0
AFCR1[0]
TSR Interrupt. Select TSR interrupt mode
logic 0 = transmit empty interrupt occurs when transmit FIFO falls
below the trigger level or becomes empty.
logic 1 = transmit empty interrupt occurs when transmit FIFO falls
below the trigger level, or becomes empty and the last stop bit has
been shifted out of the Transmit Shift Register.
[1]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
It takes 4 XTAL1 clocks to reset the device.
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
8.23 SC16IS850L external reset condition and software reset
These two reset methods are identical and will reset the internal registers as indicated in
Table 31.
Table 31.
Reset state for registers
Register
Reset state
IER
IER[7:0] = 0
FCR
FCR[7:0] = 0
ISR
ISR[7:1] = 0; ISR[0] = 1
LCR
LCR[7:0] = 0
MCR
MCR[7:0] = 0
LSR
LSR[7] = 0; LSR[6:5] = 1; LSR[4:0] = 0
MSR
MSR[7:4] = input signals; MSR[3:0] = 0
EFCR
EFCR[7:0] = 0
SPR
SPR[7:0] = 1
DLL
undefined
DLM
undefined
TXLVLCNT
TXLVLCNT[7:0] = 0
RXLVLCNT
RXLVLCNT[7:0] = 0
EFR
EFR[7:0] = 0
Xon1
undefined
Xon2
undefined
Xoff1
undefined
Xoff2
undefined
TXINTLVL
TXINTLVL[7:0] = 0
RXINTLVL
RXINTLVL[7:0] = 0
FLWCNTH
FLWCNTH[7:0] = 0
FLWCNTL
FLWCNTL[7:0] = 0
CLKPRES
CLKPRES[7:0] = 0
RS485TIME
RS485TIME[7:0] = 0
AFCR2
AFCR2[7:0] = 0
AFCR1
AFCR1[7:0] = 0
Table 32.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Reset state for outputs
Output
Reset state
TX
logic 1
RTS
logic 1
DTR
logic 1
INT
logic 0
IRQ
open-drain
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
9. I2C-bus operation
The two lines of the I2C-bus are a serial data line (SDA) and a serial clock line (SCL). Both
lines are connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor, and remain HIGH when the
bus is not busy. Each device is recognized by a unique address whether it is a
microcomputer, LCD driver, memory or keyboard interface and can operate as either a
transmitter or receiver, depending on the function of the device. A device generating a
message or data is a transmitter, and a device receiving the message or data is a
receiver. Obviously, a passive function like an LCD driver could only be a receiver, while a
microcontroller or a memory can both transmit and receive data.
9.1 Data transfers
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse (see Figure 9). The data on the SDA
line must remain stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse in order to be valid.
Changes in the data line at this time will be interpreted as control signals. A HIGH-to-LOW
transition of the data line (SDA) while the clock signal (SCL) is HIGH indicates a START
condition, and a LOW-to-HIGH transition of the SDA while SCL is HIGH defines a STOP
condition (see Figure 10). The bus is considered to be busy after the START condition
and free again at a certain time interval after the STOP condition. The START and STOP
conditions are always generated by the master.
SDA
SCL
data line
stable;
data valid
Fig 9.
change
of data
allowed
mba607
Bit transfer on the I2C-bus
SDA
SCL
S
P
START condition
STOP condition
mba608
Fig 10. START and STOP conditions
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and STOP condition from
transmitter to receiver is not limited. Each byte, which must be eight bits long, is
transferred serially with the most significant bit first, and is followed by an acknowledge bit
(see Figure 11). The clock pulse related to the acknowledge bit is generated by the
master. The device that acknowledges has to pull down the SDA line during the
acknowledge clock pulse, while the transmitting device releases this pulse (see
Figure 12).
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
acknowledgement signal
from receiver
SDA
MSB
SCL
0
S
1
6
7
8
0
1
2 to 7
ACK
START
condition
8
P
ACK
byte complete,
interrupt within receiver
STOP
condition
clock line held LOW
while interrupt is serviced
002aab012
Fig 11. Data transfer on the I2C-bus
data output
by transmitter
transmitter stays off of the bus
during the acknowledge clock
data output
by receiver
SCL from master
acknowledgement signal
from receiver
S
0
1
6
7
8
002aab013
START
condition
Fig 12. Acknowledge on the I2C-bus
A slave receiver must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte, and a
master must generate one after the reception of each byte clocked out of the slave
transmitter.
There are two exceptions to the ‘acknowledge after every byte’ rule. The first occurs when
a master is a receiver: it must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not signalling an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. The acknowledge
related clock, generated by the master should still take place, but the SDA line will not be
pulled down. In order to indicate that this is an active and intentional lack of
acknowledgement, we shall term this special condition as a ‘negative acknowledge’.
The second exception is that a slave will send a negative acknowledge when it can no
longer accept additional data bytes. This occurs after an attempted transfer that cannot be
accepted.
9.2 Addressing and transfer formats
Each device on the bus has its own unique address. Before any data is transmitted on the
bus, the master transmits on the bus the address of the slave to be accessed for this
transaction. A well-behaved slave with a matching address, if it exists on the network,
should of course acknowledge the master's addressing. The addressing is done by the
first byte transmitted by the master after the START condition.
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
An address on the network is seven bits long, appearing as the most significant bits of the
address byte. The last bit is a direction (R/W) bit. A ‘0’ indicates that the master is
transmitting (write) and a ‘1’ indicates that the master requests data (read). A complete
data transfer, comprised of an address byte indicating a ‘write’ and two data bytes is
shown in Figure 13.
SDA
SCL
S
START
condition
0 to 6
address
7
R/W
8
ACK
0 to 6
data
7
8
ACK
0 to 6
data
7
8
P
ACK
STOP
condition
002aab046
Fig 13. A complete data transfer
When an address is sent, each device in the system compares the first seven bits after
the START with its own address. If there is a match, the device will consider itself
addressed by the master, and will send an acknowledge. The device could also determine
if in this transaction it is assigned the role of a slave receiver or slave transmitter,
depending on the R/W bit.
Each node of the I2C-bus network has a unique seven-bit address. The address of a
microcontroller is of course fully programmable, while peripheral devices usually have
fixed and programmable address portions.
When the master is communicating with one device only, data transfers follow the format
of Figure 13, where the R/W bit could indicate either direction. After completing the
transfer and issuing a STOP condition, if a master would like to address some other
device on the network, it could start another transaction by issuing a new START.
Another way for a master to communicate with several different devices would be by using
a ‘repeated START’. After the last byte of the transaction was transferred, including its
acknowledge (or negative acknowledge), the master issues another START, followed by
address byte and data—without effecting a STOP. The master may communicate with a
number of different devices, combining ‘reads’ and ‘writes’. After the last transfer takes
place, the master issues a STOP and releases the bus. Possible data formats are
demonstrated in Figure 14. Note that the repeated START allows for both change of a
slave and a change of direction, without releasing the bus. We shall see later on that the
change of direction feature can come in handy even when dealing with a single device.
In a single master system, the repeated START mechanism may be more efficient than
terminating each transfer with a STOP and starting again. In a multimaster environment,
the determination of which format is more efficient could be more complicated, as when a
master is using repeated STARTs it occupies the bus for a long time and thus preventing
other devices from initiating transfers.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
data transferred
(n bytes + acknowledge)
master write:
S
SLAVE ADDRESS
START condition
W
write
A
DATA
acknowledge
A
DATA
acknowledge
A
P
acknowledge
STOP condition
data transferred
(n bytes + acknowledge)
master read:
S
SLAVE ADDRESS
START condition
R
read
A
DATA
acknowledge
A
DATA
acknowledge
NA
P
not
acknowledge
STOP condition
data transferred
(n bytes + acknowledge)
combined
formats:
S
SLAVE ADDRESS R/W
START condition
read or
write
A
DATA
acknowledge
A
acknowledge
data transferred
(n bytes + acknowledge)
Sr
SLAVE ADDRESS R/W
repeated
START condition
read or
write
A
DATA
acknowledge
direction of transfer
may change at this point
A
P
acknowledge
STOP condition
002aab458
Fig 14. I2C-bus data formats
9.3 Addressing
Before any data is transmitted or received, the master must send the address of the
receiver via the SDA line. The first byte after the START condition carries the address of
the slave device and the read/write bit. Table 33 shows how the SC16IS850L’s address
can be selected by using A1 and A0 pins. For example, if these 2 pins are connected to
VDD, then the SC16IS850L’s address is set to 0x90, and the master communicates with it
through this address.
Table 33.
SC16IS850L address map
A1
A0
SC16IS750/760 I2C addresses (hex)[1]
VDD
VDD
0x90 (1001 000X)
VDD
VSS
0x92 (1001 001X)
VSS
VDD
0x98 (1001 100X)
VSS
VSS
0x9A (1001 101X)
[1]
X = logic 0 for write cycle; X = logic 1 for read cycle.
9.4 Use of subaddresses
When a master communicates with the SC16IS850L it must send a subaddress in the
byte following the slave address byte. This subaddress is the internal address of the word
the master wants to access for a single byte transfer, or the beginning of a sequence of
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Product data sheet
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
locations for a multi-byte transfer. A subaddress is an 8-bit byte. Unlike the device
address, it does not contain a direction (R/W) bit, and like any byte transferred on the bus
it must be followed by an acknowledge.
Table 34 shows the breakdown of the subaddress (register address) byte. Bits [2:0] are
not used, bits [5:3] are used to select one of the device’s internal registers, and bits [7:6]
are not used.
A register write cycle is shown in Figure 15. The START is followed by a slave address
byte with the direction bit set to ‘write’, a subaddress byte, a number of data bytes, and a
STOP signal. The subaddress indicates which register the master wants to access, and
the data bytes which follow will be written one after the other to the subaddress location.
Table 34 and Table 35 show the bits’ presentation at the subaddress byte for I2C-bus and
SPI interfaces. Bit 0 is not used, bits 2:1 select the channel, bits 6:3 select one of the
UART internal registers. Bit 7 is not used with the I2C-bus interface, but it is used by the
SPI interface to indicate a read or a write operation.
S
SLAVE ADDRESS
W
A
REGISTER ADDRESS(1)
A
nDATA
A
P
002aab047
White block: host to SC16IS850L
Grey block: SC16IS850L to host
(1) See Table 34 for additional information.
Fig 15. Master writes to slave
The register read cycle (see Figure 16) commences in a similar manner, with the master
sending a slave address with the direction bit set to ‘write’ with a following subaddress.
Then, in order to reverse the direction of the transfer, the master issues a repeated
START followed again by the device address, but this time with the direction bit set to
‘read’. The data bytes starting at the internal subaddress will be clocked out of the device,
each followed by a master-generated acknowledge. The last byte of the read cycle will be
followed by a negative acknowledge, signalling the end of transfer. The cycle is
terminated by a STOP signal.
S
SLAVE ADDRESS
W
REGISTER ADDRESS(1)
A
A
S
nDATA
SLAVE ADDRESS
A
LAST DATA
R
A
NA
P
002aab048
White block: host to SC16IS850L
Grey block: SC16IS850L to host
(1) See Table 34 for additional information.
Fig 16. Master read from slave
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
Table 34.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Register address byte (I2C)
Bit
Name
Function
7:6
-
not used
5:3
A[2:0]
UART’s internal register select
2:0
-
not used; set to 0
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xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx x x
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
D1
D0
D1
D0
002aab433
R/W = 0; A[2:0] = register address; CH1 = 0, CH0 = 0; A3 = 0; X = don’t care
a. Register write
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
NXP Semiconductors
SI
10. SPI operation
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
SCLK
X
D7
SO
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
002aab434
Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
b. Register read
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
last bit(1)
002aab435
last bit(2)
002aab436
R/W = 0; A[2:0] = 000; CH1 = 0, CH0 = 0; A3 = 0; X = don’t care
c. FIFO write cycle
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D6
D5
42 of 60
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R/W = 1; A[2:0] = 000; CH1 = 0, CH0 = 0; A3 = 0; X = don’t care
d. FIFO read cycle
(1) Last bit (D0) of the last byte to be written to the transmit FIFO.
(2) Last bit (D0) of the last byte to be read from the receive FIFO.
Fig 17. SPI operation
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
SC16IS850L
D7
SO
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
R/W = 1; A[2:0] = register address; CH1 = 0, CH0 = 0; A3 = 0; X = don’t care
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
Table 35.
Register address byte (SPI)
Bit
Name
Function
7
R/W
1: read from UART
0: write to UART
6
A3
not used; set to 0
5:3
A[2:0]
UART’s internal register select
2:0
-
not used; set to 0
11. Limiting values
Table 36. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
supply voltage
Vn
voltage on any other pin
Tamb
ambient temperature
Tstg
storage temperature
65
+150
C
Ptot/pack
total power dissipation
per package
-
500
mW
[1]
Conditions
[1]
operating in free air
Min
Max
Unit
-
2.5
V
VSS  0.3
VDD + 0.3
V
40
+85
C
VDD should not exceed 2.5 V.
12. Static characteristics
Table 37. Static characteristics
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; VDD = 1.65 V to 1.95 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
1.65
-
1.95
V
-
-
2
mA
V
Supplies
VDD
supply voltage
IDD
supply current
operating; no load; f = 4 MHz
Inputs I2C/SPI, RX, CTS, DSR, RI, CD
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7  VDD -
-
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
-
-
0.3  VDD V
IL
leakage current
-
-
1
A
Ci
input capacitance
-
-
3
pF
1.45
-
-
V
Outputs TX, RTS, SO, DTR
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
IOH = 800 A
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
IOL = 2 mA
Co
output capacitance
-
-
0.45
V
-
-
4
pF
-
0.45
V
-
4
pF
Output IRQ
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
Co
output capacitance
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
IOL = 1.6 mA
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
Table 37. Static characteristics …continued
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; VDD = 1.65 V to 1.95 V; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
I2C-bus
input/output SDA
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
0.7  VDD -
-
V
-
-
0.3  VDD V
-
-
0.2
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
ILIL
LOW-level input leakage current
-
-
1
A
ILIH
HIGH-level input leakage current
-
-
1
A
Co
output capacitance
-
-
7
pF
V
IOL = 1 mA
I2C-bus inputs SCL, CS/A0, SI/A1
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7  VDD -
-
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
-
0.3  VDD V
-
ILIL
LOW-level input leakage current
-
-
1
A
ILIH
HIGH-level input leakage current
-
-
1
A
Ci
input capacitance
-
-
7
pF
Clock input
XTAL1[1]
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
1.35
-
-
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
-
-
0.3
V
ILIL
LOW-level input leakage current
30
-
+30
A
ILIH
HIGH-level input leakage current
30
-
+30
A
Ci
input capacitance
-
3
pF
-
5
A
Sleep current
IDD(sleep)
[1]
sleep mode supply current
inputs are at VDD or ground
XTAL2 should be left open when XTAL1 is driven by an external clock.
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13. Dynamic characteristics
Table 38. I2C-bus timing specifications[1]
All the timing limits are valid within the operating supply voltage, ambient temperature range and output load;
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; VDD = 1.65 V to 1.95 V, and refer to VIL and VIH with an input voltage of VSS to VDD. All output load
= 25 pF, except SDA output load = 400 pF.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Standard mode
I2C-bus
Fast mode
I2C-bus
Min
Max
Min
Max
0
100
0
400
[2]
Unit
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
tBUF
bus free time between a STOP and
START condition
4.7
-
1.3
-
s
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated) START condition
4.0
-
0.6
-
s
tSU;STA
set-up time for a repeated START
condition
4.7
-
0.6
-
s
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP condition
4.7
-
0.6
-
s
tHD;DAT
data hold time
0
-
0
-
ns
tVD;ACK
data valid acknowledge time
-
0.6
-
0.6
s
tVD;DAT
data valid time
-
0.6
-
0.6
s
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
250
-
150
-
ns
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL clock
4.7
-
1.3
-
s
SCL LOW to
data out valid
kHz
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL clock
4.0
-
0.6
-
s
tf
fall time of both SDA and SCL signals
-
300
-
300
ns
tr
rise time of both SDA and SCL signals
-
1000
-
300
ns
tSP
pulse width of spikes that must be
suppressed by the input filter
-
10
-
10
ns
td2
I2C-bus modem input interrupt valid time
0.2
-
0.2
-
s
td3
I2C-bus
modem input interrupt clear time
0.2
-
0.2
-
s
td6
I2C-bus
receive interrupt valid time
0.2
-
0.2
-
s
td7
I2C-bus
receive interrupt clear time
0.2
-
0.2
-
s
td8
I2C-bus transmit interrupt clear time
1.0
-
0.5
-
s
3
-
3
-
s
3
-
3
-
s
td15
SCL delay time after reset
tw(rst)
reset pulse width
[3]
[1]
A detailed description of the I2C-bus specification, with applications, is given in user manual UM10204: “I2C-bus specification and user
manual”. This may be found at www.nxp.com/documents/user_manual/UM10204.pdf.
[2]
Minimum SCL clock frequency is limited by the bus time-out feature, which resets the serial bus interface if SDA is held LOW for a
minimum of 25 ms.
[3]
2 XTAL1 clocks or 3 s, whichever is less.
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RESET
tw(rst)
td15
SCL
002aab437
Fig 18. SCL delay after reset
protocol
bit 7
MSB
(A7)
START
condition
(S)
tSU;STA
tLOW
bit 0
LSB
(R/W)
bit 6
(A6)
tHIGH
1/f
acknowledge
(A)
STOP
condition
(P)
SCL
SCL
tBUF
tf
tr
tSP
SDA
tSU;DAT
tHD;STA
tVD;DAT
tHD;DAT
tVD;ACK
tSU;STO
002aab489
Rise and fall times refer to VIL and VIH.
Fig 19. I2C-bus timing diagram
ACK to master
SDA
SLAVE ADDRESS
W
A
AMSR REGISTER
A
S
SLAVE ADDRESS
R
A
DATA
A
IRQ
td2
td3
MODEM pin
002aab256
Fig 20. Modem input pin interrupt
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RX
next
start
bit
stop
bit
start
bit
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
D7
td6
IRQ
002aab258
Fig 21. Receive interrupt
SDA
SLAVE ADDRESS
W
A
A
A
RHR
S
R
SLAVE ADDRESS
A
A
DATA
P
IRQ
td7
002aab259
Fig 22. Receive interrupt clear
SDA
SLAVE ADDRESS
W
A
ATHR REGISTER
A
A
DATA
IRQ
td8
002aab260
Fig 23. Transmit interrupt clear
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Table 39. fXTAL1 dynamic characteristics
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; VDD = 1.65 V to 1.95 V.
Symbol
Parameter
tWH
pulse width HIGH
6
-
-
ns
tWL
pulse width LOW
6
-
-
ns
fXTAL1
frequency on pin XTAL1
-
-
80
MHz
[1]
Conditions
Min
[1][2]
Typ
Max
Unit
Applies to external clock, crystal oscillator max. 24 MHz.
[2]
1
f XTAL1 = -------------t w  clk 
tWL
tWH
external clock
tw(clk)
002aac357
1
f XTAL1 = -------------t w  clk 
Fig 24. External clock timing
Table 40. SC16IS850L SPI-bus timing specifications
All the timing limits are valid within the operating supply voltage, ambient temperature range and output load;
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C; VDD = 1.65 V to 1.95 V, and refer to VIL and VIH with an input voltage of VSS to VDD.
All output load = 25 pF, unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
tTR
CS HIGH to SO 3-state delay time
CL = 25 pF
-
-
50
ns
tCSS
CS to SCLK setup time
10
-
-
ns
tCSH
CS to SCLK hold time
10
-
-
ns
tDO
SCLK fall to SO valid delay time
-
-
35
ns
tDS
SI to SCLK setup time
10
-
-
ns
tDH
SI to SCLK hold time
tCP
SCLK period
tCH
CL = 25 pF
10
-
-
ns
60
-
-
ns
SCLK HIGH time
30
-
-
ns
tCL
SCLK LOW time
30
-
-
ns
tCL + tCH
tCSW
CS HIGH pulse width
80
-
-
ns
td11
SPI transmit interrupt clear time
200
-
-
ns
td12
SPI modem input interrupt clear time
200
-
-
ns
td14
SPI receive interrupt clear time
200
-
-
ns
tw(rst)
reset pulse width
3
-
-
s
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
CS
tCSH
tCL
tCSS
tCH
tCSH
tCSW
SCLK
tDH
tDS
SI
tDO
tTR
SO
002aab066
Fig 25. Detailed SPI-bus timing
CS
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
td10
DTR
002aaf750
R/W = 0; A[3:0] = MCR (0x04); CH1 = 0; CH0 = 0
Fig 26. SPI write MCR to DTR output switch
CS
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D7
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
SO
td11
IRQ
002aab440
R/W = 0; A[3:0] = THR (0x00); CH1 = 0; CH0 = 0
Fig 27. SPI write THR to clear TX INT
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
CS
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D7
SO
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
td12
IRQ
002aab441
R/W = 1; A[3:0] = MSR (0x06); CH1 = 0; CH0 = 0
Fig 28. Read MSR to clear modem INT
CS
SCLK
SI
R/W
A3
A2
A1
A0
CH1 CH0
X
D7
SO
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
D1
D0
td14
IRQ
002aab443
R/W = 1; A[3:0] = RHR (0x00); CH1 = 0; CH0 = 0
Fig 29. Read RHR to clear RX INT
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
UART frame
start
data bits
0
TX data
1
0
1
0
stop
0
1
1
0
1
IrDA TX data
1/ bit time
2
bit
time
3/ bit time
16
002aaa212
Fig 30. Infrared transmit timing
IrDA RX data
bit
time
RX data
0 to 1 16× clock delay
0
1
0
1
start
0
0
data bits
1
1
0
1
stop
UART frame
002aaa213
Fig 31. Infrared receive timing
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14. Package outline
HVQFN24: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
24 terminals; body 4 x 4 x 0.85 mm
A
B
D
SOT616-3
terminal 1
index area
A
A1
E
c
detail X
e1
C
1/2
e
e
12
y
y1 C
v M C A B
w M C
b
7
L
13
6
e
e2
Eh
1/2
e
1
18
terminal 1
index area
24
19
X
Dh
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A(1)
max.
A1
b
c
D (1)
Dh
E (1)
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.30
0.18
0.2
4.1
3.9
2.75
2.45
4.1
3.9
2.75
2.45
0.5
2.5
2.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.075 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT616-3
---
MO-220
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
04-11-19
05-03-10
Fig 32. Package outline SOT616-3 (HVQFN24)
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Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
TSSOP24: plastic thin shrink small outline package; 24 leads; body width 4.4 mm
D
SOT355-1
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
13
24
Q
A2
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
A
θ
Lp
L
1
12
detail X
w M
bp
e
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (2)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
Z (1)
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.80
0.25
0.30
0.19
0.2
0.1
7.9
7.7
4.5
4.3
0.65
6.6
6.2
1
0.75
0.50
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.13
0.1
0.5
0.2
8o
0o
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT355-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
MO-153
Fig 33. Package outline SOT355-1 (TSSOP24)
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15. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
15.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
15.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
15.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
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15.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 34) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 41 and 42
Table 41.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
 350
< 2.5
235
220
 2.5
220
220
Table 42.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 34.
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maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 34. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
16. Abbreviations
Table 43.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
CPU
Central Processing Unit
FIFO
First In, First Out
I2C-bus
Inter-Integrated Circuit-bus
IrDA
Infrared Data Association
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MSB
Most Significant Bit
SIR
Serial InfraRed
SPI
Serial Peripheral Interface
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
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17. Revision history
Table 44.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
SC16IS850L v.2
20120718
Product data sheet
-
SC16IS850L v.1
-
-
Modifications:
SC16IS850L v.1
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
•
Footnote removed from page 1.
20110722
Product data sheet
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18. Legal information
18.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
18.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
18.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
58 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
18.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP B.V.
19. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
SC16IS850L
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 18 July 2012
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
59 of 60
SC16IS850L
NXP Semiconductors
Single UART with I2C-bus/SPI interface
20. Contents
1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2.1
General features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2.2
I2C-bus features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
2.3
SPI features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
3
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
4
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
5
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
6
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
6.1
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
6.2
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
7
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7.1
Extended mode (128-byte FIFO) . . . . . . . . . . . 7
7.2
Internal registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
7.3
FIFO operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.3.1
32-byte FIFO mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.3.2
128-byte FIFO mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.4
Hardware flow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
7.5
Software flow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
7.6
Special character detect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
7.7
Interrupt priority and time-out interrupts . . . . . 11
7.8
Programmable baud rate generator . . . . . . . . 12
7.9
Loopback mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
7.10
Sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
7.10.1
Conditions to enter Sleep mode . . . . . . . . . . . 16
7.10.2
Conditions to resume normal operation . . . . . 16
7.11
RS-485 features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.11.1
Auto RS-485 RTS control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.11.2
RS-485 RTS inversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.11.3
Auto 9-bit mode (RS-485). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.11.3.1 Normal Multi-drop mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
7.11.3.2 Auto address detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
8
Register descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
8.1
Transmit (THR) and Receive (RHR)
Holding Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
8.2
Interrupt Enable Register (IER) . . . . . . . . . . . 21
8.2.1
IER versus Transmit/Receive FIFO
interrupt mode operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
8.2.2
IER versus Receive/Transmit FIFO
polled mode operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
8.3
FIFO Control Register (FCR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
8.3.1
FIFO mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
8.4
Interrupt Status Register (ISR) . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
8.5
Line Control Register (LCR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
8.6
Modem Control Register (MCR) . . . . . . . . . . . 26
8.7
Line Status Register (LSR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
8.8
8.9
8.10
8.11
8.12
8.13
8.14
8.15
8.16
8.17
8.18
8.19
8.20
8.21
8.22
8.23
9
9.1
9.2
9.3
9.4
10
11
12
13
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
17
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
19
20
Modem Status Register (MSR) . . . . . . . . . . .
Extra Feature Control Register (EFCR) . . . . .
Scratchpad Register (SPR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Divisor Latch (DLL and DLM). . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transmit FIFO Level Count (TXLVLCNT) . . .
Receive FIFO Level Count (RXLVLCNT). . . .
Enhanced Feature Register (EFR) . . . . . . . .
Transmit Interrupt Level Register (TXINTLVL)
Receive Interrupt Level Register (RXINTLVL)
Flow Control Trigger Level High (FLWCNTH)
Flow Control Trigger Level Low (FLWCNTL) .
Clock Prescaler (CLKPRES) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RS-485 Turn-around time delay (RS485TIME)
Advanced Feature Control Register 2
(AFCR2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Advanced Feature Control Register 1
(AFCR1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SC16IS850L external reset condition and
software reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
I2C-bus operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data transfers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Addressing and transfer formats . . . . . . . . . .
Addressing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Use of subaddresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SPI operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Static characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dynamic characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
29
29
29
29
29
30
31
31
32
32
32
33
33
34
35
36
36
37
39
39
42
43
43
45
52
54
54
54
54
55
56
57
58
58
58
58
59
59
60
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2012.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 18 July 2012
Document identifier: SC16IS850L
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