Data Sheet

PCA9601
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA9601 is designed to isolate I2C-bus capacitance, allowing long buses to be
driven in point-to-point or multipoint applications of up to 4000 pF. The PCA9601 is a
higher-speed version of the P82B96 and a higher drive version of the PCA9600 that
allows many more Fast-mode Plus (Fm+) slaves on remote daughter cards in applications
with temperature range of 0 C to 85 C.
It creates a non-latching, bidirectional, logic interface between a normal I2C-bus and a
range of other higher capacitance or different voltage bus configurations. It can operate at
speeds up to at least 1 MHz, and the high drive side is compatible with the Fast-mode
Plus specifications.
The PCA9601 features temperature-stabilized logic voltage levels at its SX/SY interface
making it suitable for interfacing with buses that have non I2C-bus-compliant logic levels
such as SMBus, PMBus, or with microprocessors that use those same TTL logic levels.
15 mA drive capability over 0 C to 85 C at SX/SY allows driving a 5 V Fm+ bus with
470 pF loading.
The separation of the bidirectional I2C-bus signals into unidirectional TX and RX signals
enables the SDA and SCL signals to be transmitted via balanced transmission lines
(twisted pairs), or with galvanic isolation using opto or magnetic coupling. The TX and RX
signals may be connected together to provide a normal bidirectional signal.
2. Features and benefits










Bidirectional data transfer of I2C-bus signals
15 mA SX/SY sink capability yields 5 V Fm+ bus rise time with 470 pF loads
Isolates capacitance allowing > 400 pF on SX/SY side and 4000 pF on TX/TY side
1 MHz operation on up to 20 meters of wire (see AN10658)
Supply voltage range of 2.5 V to 15 V with I2C-bus logic levels on SX/SY side
independent of supply voltage
Splits I2C-bus signal into pairs of forward/reverse TX/RX, TY/RY signals for interface
with opto-electrical isolators and similar devices that need unidirectional input and
output signal paths
Low power supply current
ESD protection exceeds 3500 V HBM per JESD22-A114, and 1400 V CDM per
JESD22-C101
Latch-up testing is done to JEDEC Standard JESD78 which exceeds 100 mA
Packages offered: SO8 and TSSOP8 (MSOP8)
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
3. Applications
 Interface between I2C-buses operating at different logic levels (for example, 5 V and
3 V or 15 V)
 Interface between I2C-bus and SMBus (350 A) standard or Fm+ standard
 Simple conversion of I2C-bus SDA or SCL signals to multi-drop differential bus
hardware, for example, via compatible PCA82C250
 Interfaces with opto-couplers to provide opto-isolation between I2C-bus nodes up to
1 MHz
 Long distance point-to-point or multipoint architectures
4. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Type number
Topside
marking
Package
Name
Description
Version
PCA9601D
PCA9601
SO8
plastic small outline package; 8 leads; body width 3.9 mm
SOT96-1
PCA9601DP
9601
TSSOP8
plastic thin shrink small outline package; 8 leads;
body width 3 mm
SOT505-1
4.1 Ordering options
Table 2.
Ordering options
Type number
Orderable
part number
Package
Packing method
PCA9601D
PCA9601D,118
SO8
REEL 13" Q1/T1
2500
*STANDARD MARK
SMD
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C
PCA9601DP
PCA9601DP,118
TSSOP8
REEL 13" Q1/T1
2500
*STANDARD MARK
SMD
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C
PCA9601
Product data sheet
Minimum
order quantity
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
Temperature
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
2 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
5. Block diagram
VCC (2.5 V to 15 V)
8
PCA9601
1
SX (SDA)
3
2
static level offset
card side
5
7
SY (SCL)
6
TX (TxD, SDA)
RX (RxD, SDA)
higher drive,
longer distance side
TY (TxD, SCL)
RY (RxD, SCL)
4
GND
Fig 1.
002aae873
Block diagram of PCA9601
6. Pinning information
6.1 Pinning
SX
1
8
VCC
RX
2
7
SY
TX
3
6
RY
TX
3
GND
4
5
TY
GND
4
PCA9601D
Pin configuration for SO8
1
8
VCC
2
7
SY
6
RY
5
TY
PCA9601DP
002aae875
002aae874
Fig 2.
SX
RX
Fig 3.
Pin configuration for TSSOP8
(MSOP8)
6.2 Pin description
Table 3.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
Description
SX
1
I2C-bus (SDA or SCL)
RX
2
receive signal
TX
3
transmit signal
GND
4
negative supply voltage
TY
5
transmit signal
RY
6
receive signal
SY
7
I2C-bus (SDA or SCL)
VCC
8
positive supply voltage
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
3 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
7. Functional description
Refer to Figure 1 “Block diagram of PCA9601”.
The PCA9601 has two identical buffers allowing buffering of SDA and SCL I2C-bus
signals. Each buffer is made up of two logic signal paths, a forward path from the I2C-bus
interface, pins SX and SY which drive the buffered bus, and a reverse signal path from the
buffered bus input, pins RX and RY to drive the I2C-bus interface. These paths:
• sense the voltage state of I2C-bus pins SX (and SY) and transmit this state to pin TX
(and TY respectively), and
• sense the state of pins RX and RY and pull the I2C-bus pin LOW whenever pin RX or
pin RY is LOW.
The rest of this discussion will address only the ‘X’ side of the buffer; the ‘Y’ side is
identical.
7.1 Static level offset card side
The I2C-bus pin SX is specified to allow interfacing with Fast-mode, Fm+ and TTL-based
systems.
The logic threshold voltage levels at SX on this I2C-bus are independent of the IC supply
voltage VCC. The maximum I2C-bus supply voltage is 15 V.
7.1.1 Fast-mode operation
When interfacing with Fast-mode systems, the SX pin is guaranteed to sink the normal
3 mA with a VOL of 0.74 V maximum. That guarantees compliance with the Fast-mode
I2C-bus specification for all I2C-bus voltages greater than 3 V, as well as compliance with
SMBus or other systems that use TTL switching levels.
SX is guaranteed to sink an external 3 mA in addition to its internally sourced pull-up of
typically 300 A (maximum 1 mA at 40 C). When selecting the pull-up for the bus at SX,
the sink capability of other connected drivers should be taken into account. Most TTL
devices are specified to sink at least 4 mA so then the pull-up is limited to 3 mA by the
requirement to ensure the 0.8 V TTL LOW.
For Fast-mode I2C-bus operation, the other connected I2C-bus parts may have the
minimum sink capability of 3 mA. SX sources typically 300 A (maximum 1 mA at 40 C),
which forms part of the external driver loading. When selecting the pull-up it is necessary
to subtract the SX pin pull-up current, so, worst-case at 40 C, the allowed pull-up can be
limited (by external drivers) to 2 mA.
7.1.2 Fast-mode Plus operation
When the interface at SX is an Fm+ bus with a voltage greater than 4 V, its higher
specified sink capability may be used. PCA9601 has a guaranteed sink capability of
15 mA at VOL = 1 V maximum over 0 C to 85 C. That 1 V complies with the bus LOW
requirement (0.25Vbus) of any Fm+ bus operating at 4 V or greater. Since the other
connected Fm+ devices have a drive capability greater than 20 mA, the pull-up may be
selected for 15 mA sink current at VOL = 1 V. For a nominal 5 V bus (5.5 V maximum) the
allowed pull-up is (5.5 V  1 V) / 15 mA = 300 . With 300  pull-up, the Fm+ rise time of
120 ns maximum can be met with total bus loading up to 470 pF.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
4 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
7.2 High drive, long distance side
The logic level on RX is determined from the power supply voltage VCC of the chip. Logic
LOW is below 40 % of VCC, and logic HIGH is above 55 % of VCC (with a typical switching
threshold just slightly below half VCC).
TX is an open-collector output without ESD protection diodes to VCC. It may be connected
via a pull-up resistor to a supply voltage in excess of VCC, as long as the 15 V rating is not
exceeded. It has a larger current sinking capability than a normal I2C-bus device, being
able to sink a static current of greater than 30 mA, and typical 100 mA dynamic pull-down
capability as well.
A logic LOW is transmitted to TX when the voltage at I2C-bus pin SX is below 0.425 V. A
logic LOW at RX will cause I2C-bus pin SX to be pulled to a logic LOW level in accordance
with I2C-bus requirements (maximum 1.5 V in 5 V applications) but not low enough to be
looped back to the TX output and cause the buffer to latch LOW.
The LOW level this chip can achieve on the I2C-bus by a LOW at RX is typically 0.64 V
when sinking 1 mA.
If the supply voltage VCC fails, then neither the I2C-bus nor the TX output will be held
LOW. Their open-collector configuration allows them to be pulled up to the rated
maximum of 15 V even without VCC present. The input configuration on SX and RX also
presents no loading of external signals when VCC is not present.
The effective input capacitance of any signal pin, measured by its effect on bus rise times,
is less than 10 pF for all bus voltages and supply voltages including VCC = 0 V.
7.3 Connections to other bus buffers
Two or more SX or SY I/Os must not be interconnected. The PCA9601 design does not
support this configuration. Bidirectional I2C-bus signals do not allow any direction control
pin so, instead, slightly different logic LOW voltage levels are used at SX/SY to avoid
latching of this buffer. A ‘regular I2C-bus LOW’ applied at the RX/RY of a PCA9601 will be
propagated to SX/SY as a ‘buffered LOW’ with a slightly higher voltage level. If this special
‘buffered LOW’ is applied to the SX/SY of another PCA9601, that second PCA9601 will
not recognize it as a ‘regular I2C-bus LOW’ and will not propagate it to its TX/TY output.
The SX/SY side of PCA9601 may not be connected to similar buffers that rely on special
logic thresholds for their operation, for example P82B96, PCA9511A, PCA9515A, ‘B’ side
of PCA9517, etc. The SX/SY side is only intended for, and compatible with, the normal
I2C-bus logic voltage levels of I2C-bus master and slave chips, or even TX/RX signals of a
second PCA9601 or P82B96 if required. The TX/RX and TY/RY I/O pins use the standard
I2C-bus logic voltage levels of all I2C-bus parts. There are no restrictions on the
interconnection of the TX/RX and TY/RY I/O pins to other PCA9601s, for example in a
star or multipoint configuration with the TX/RX and TY/RY I/O pins on the common bus
and the SX/SY side connected to the line card slave devices. For more details see
Application Note AN10658, “Sending I2C-bus signals via long communication cables”.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
5 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
7.4 Comparison of PCA9601/PCA9600 and P82B96
The PCA9601 is a direct upgrade of the P82B96 with the significant differences
summarized in Table 4. The PCA9601 provides improved interface to the higher drive
Fast-mode Plus devices on the SX/SY sides.
Table 4.
PCA9601/PCA9600 versus P82B96
Detail
PCA9601/PCA9600
P82B96
Supply voltage (VCC) range:
2.5 V to 15 V
2 V to 15 V
Maximum operating bus voltage
(independent of VCC):
15 V
15 V
5 mA
1 mA
0.5 V over 40 C to +85 C
0.65 V at 25 C
LOW-level output voltage on I2C-bus
(SX/SY side; 3 mA sink):
0.74 V (max.) over 40 C to +85 C
0.88 V (typ.) at 25 C
LOW-level output voltage on Fm+ I2C-bus
(SX/SY side; 15 mA sink):
1 V (max.) over 0 C to 85 C
(PCA9601 only)
n/a
Temperature coefficient of VIL / VOL:
0 mV/C
2 mV/C
Typical operating supply current:
Typical LOW-level input voltage on
(SX/SY side):
I2C-bus
I2C-bus
Logic voltage levels on SX/SY bus
(independent of VCC):
compatible with
and similar
compatible with I2C-bus and similar
buses using TTL levels (SMBus, etc.) buses using TTL levels (SMBus, etc.)
Typical propagation delays:
< 100 ns
TX/RX switching specifications (I2C-bus
compliant):
yes, all classes including 1 MHz Fm+ yes, all classes including Fm+
< 200 ns
RX logic levels with tighter control than
I2C-bus limit of 30 % to 70 %:
yes, 40 % to 55 % (48 % nominal)
yes, 42 % to 58 % (50 % nominal)
Maximum bus speed:
> 1 MHz
> 400 kHz
ESD rating HBM per JESD22-A114:
> 3500 V
> 3500 V
Package:
SO8, TSSOP8 (MSOP8)
SO8, TSSOP8 (MSOP8)
When the device driving the PCA9601/PCA9600 is an I2C-bus compatible device, then
the PCA9601 is an improvement on the P82B96 as shown in Table 4. There will always be
exceptions however, and if the device driving the bus buffer is not I2C-bus compatible
(e.g., you need to use the micro already in the system and bit-bang using two GPIO pins)
then here are some considerations that would point to using the P82B96 instead:
• When the pull-up must be the weakest one possible. The spec is 200 A for P82B96,
but it typically works even below that. And if designing for a temperature range 40 C
up to +60 C, then the driver when sinking 200 A only needs to drive a guaranteed
low of 0.55 V. For the PCA9601/PCA9600, over that same temperature range and
when sinking 1.3 mA (at 40 C), the device driving the bus buffer must provide the
required low of 0.425 V.
• When the lower operating temperature range is restricted (say 0 C). The P82B96
larger SX voltage levels then make a better typical match with the driver, even when
the supply is as low as 3.3 V.
For an I2C-bus compliant driver on 3.3 V the P82B96 is required to guarantee a bus
low that is below 0.83 V. P82B96 guarantees that with a 200 A pull-up.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
6 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
• When the operating temperature range is restricted at both limits. An I2C driver's
typical output is well below 0.4 V and the P82B96 typically requires 0.6 V input even
at +60 C, so there is a reasonable margin. The PCA9601/PCA9600 requires a typical
input low of 0.5 V so its typical margin is smaller. At 0 C the driver requires a typical
input low of 1.16 V and P82B96 provides 0.75 V, so again the typical margin is
already quite big and even though PCA9601/PCA9600 is better, providing 0.7 V, that
difference is not big.
8. Limiting values
Table 5.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Voltages with respect to pin GND.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VCC
supply voltage
VCC to GND
0.3
+18
V
VI2C-bus
I2C-bus
SX and SY;
I2C-bus SDA or SCL
0.3
+18
V
VO
output voltage
TX and TY;
buffered output
[1]
0.3
+18
V
VI
input voltage
RX and RY;
receive input
[1]
0.3
+18
V
II2C-bus
I2C-bus current
SX and SY;
I2C-bus SDA or SCL
-
250
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
300
mW
Tj
junction temperature
40
+125
C
Tstg
storage temperature
55
+125
C
Tamb
ambient temperature
40
+85
C
[1]
PCA9601
Product data sheet
voltage
operating range
operating
See also Section 10.2 “Negative undershoot below absolute minimum value”.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
7 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
9. Characteristics
Table 6.
Characteristics
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C unless otherwise specified; voltages are specified with respect to GND with VCC = 2.5 V to 15 V
unless otherwise specified. Typical values are measured at VCC = 5 V and Tamb = 25 C.
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Power supply
VCC
supply voltage
operating
2.5
-
15
V
ICC
supply current
VCC = 5 V; buses HIGH
-
5.2
6.75
mA
VCC = 15 V; buses HIGH
-
5.5
7.3
mA
per TX/TY output driven LOW;
VCC = 5.5 V
-
1.4
3.0
mA
ICC
additional supply current
Bus pull-up (load) voltages and currents
Pins SX and SY; I2C-bus
VI
input voltage
open-collector; RX and RY HIGH
-
-
15
V
VO
output voltage
open-collector; RX and RY HIGH
-
-
15
V
0.3
-
15
mA
[1]
IO
output current
static; VSX = VSY = 0.4 V
IO(sink)
output sink current
VSX = VSY = 1 V; RX and RY LOW;
Tamb = 0 C to 85 C
15
-
-
mA
IL
leakage current
VSX = VSY = 15 V; RX and RY HIGH
-
-
10
A
Pins TX and TY
VO
output voltage
open-collector
-
-
15
V
Iload
load current
maximum recommended on
buffered bus; VTX = VTY = 0.4 V;
SX and SY LOW on I2C-bus = 0.4 V
-
-
30
mA
IO
output current
from buffered bus; VTX = VTY = 1 V;
SX and SY LOW on I2C-bus = 0.4 V
60
130
-
mA
IL
leakage current
on buffered bus;
VTX = VTY = VCC = 15 V; SX and
SY HIGH
-
-
10
A
Input currents
II
input current
from I2C-bus on SX and SY
RX and RY HIGH or LOW;
SX and SY LOW  1 V
[1]
-
0.3
1
mA
RX and RY HIGH; SX and
SY HIGH > 1.4 V
[1]
-
-
10
A
[2]
-
1.5
10
A
-
-
10
A
from buffered bus on RX and RY;
SX and SY HIGH or LOW;
VRX = VRY = 0.4 V
IL
leakage current
PCA9601
Product data sheet
on buffered bus input on RX and
RY; VRX = VRY = 15 V
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
8 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
Table 6.
Characteristics …continued
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C unless otherwise specified; voltages are specified with respect to GND with VCC = 2.5 V to 15 V
unless otherwise specified. Typical values are measured at VCC = 5 V and Tamb = 25 C.
Symbol Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
ISX = ISY = 3 mA; Figure 6
-
0.7
0.74
V
ISX = ISY = 0.3 mA; Figure 5
-
0.6
0.65
V
-
0.85
1
V
-
0
-
%/K
Output logic LOW level
Pins SX and SY
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
on Standard-mode or Fast-mode
I2C-bus
on 5 V Fm+ I2C-bus
ISX = ISY = 15 mA;
Tamb = 0 C to 85 C
V/T
voltage variation with
temperature
ISX = ISY = 0.3 mA to 3 mA
Input logic switching threshold voltages
Pins SX and SY
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
on normal I2C-bus; Figure 7
Vth(IH)
HIGH-level input threshold
voltage
on normal I2C-bus; Figure 8
V/T
voltage variation with
temperature
[3]
-
-
425
mV
580
-
-
mV
-
0
-
%/K
-
V
Pins RX and RY
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
fraction of applied VCC
0.55VCC -
Vth(i)
input threshold voltage
fraction of applied VCC
-
0.48VCC -
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
fraction of applied VCC
-
-
0.4VCC
V
50
-
-
mV
Logic level threshold difference
V
voltage difference
SX and SY; SX output LOW at
0.3 mA to SX input HIGH maximum
[4]
Bus release on VCC failure
VCC
supply voltage
SX, SY, TX and TY; voltage at which
all buses are to be released at 25 C
-
-
1
V
V/T
voltage variation with
temperature
Figure 9
-
4
-
%/K
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
9 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
Table 6.
Characteristics …continued
Tamb = 40 C to +85 C unless otherwise specified; voltages are specified with respect to GND with VCC = 2.5 V to 15 V
unless otherwise specified. Typical values are measured at VCC = 5 V and Tamb = 25 C.
Symbol Parameter
Buffer response
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
time[5]
VCC = 5 V; pin TX pull-up resistor = 160 ; pin SX pull-up resistor = 2.2 k; no capacitive load
delay time
td
VSX to VTX, VSY to VTY; on falling
input between VSX = input switching
threshold, and VTX output falling to
50 % VCC
-
50
-
ns
VSX to VTX, VSY to VTY; on rising
input between VSX = input switching
threshold, and VTX output reaching
50 % VCC
-
60
-
ns
VRX to VSX, VRY to VSY; on falling
input between VRX = input switching
threshold, and VSX output falling to
50 % VCC
-
100
-
ns
VRX to VSX, VRY to VSY; on rising
input between VRX = input switching
threshold, and VSX output reaching
50 % VCC
-
95
-
ns
effective input capacitance of any
signal pin measured by incremental
bus rise times; guaranteed by
design, not production tested
-
-
10
pF
Input capacitance
Ci
input capacitance
[1]
This bus pull-up current specification is intended to assist design of the bus pull-up resistor. It is not a specification of the sink capability
(see VOL under sub-section “Output logic LOW level”). When used on an Fm+ bus the load current is limited to 15 mA by the drive
capability of PCA9601. When used in a standard I2C-bus the load current is limited by the drive capability of other devices on the bus.
The maximum static sink current for a Standard/Fast-mode I2C-bus is 3 mA and PCA9601 is guaranteed to sink more than 3 mA at
SX/SY when its pins are holding the bus LOW. However, when an external device pulls the SX/SY pins below 1.4 V, the PCA9601 will
source a current between 0 mA and 1 mA maximum. When that other external device is driving LOW it will pull the bus connected to SX
or SY down to, or below, the 0.4 V level referenced in the I2C-bus specification and in these test conditions. Then that device must be
able to sink up to 1 mA coming from SX/SY plus the usual pull-up current. Therefore in Standard and Fast-mode systems the external
pull-up used at SX/SY should be limited to 2 mA. The typical and maximum currents sourced by SX/SY as a function of junction
temperature are shown in Figure 10, and the equivalent circuit at the SX/SY interface is shown in Figure 4.
[2]
Valid over temperature for VCC  5 V. At higher VCC, this current may increase to maximum 20 A at VCC = 15 V.
[3]
The input logic threshold is independent of the supply voltage.
[4]
The minimum value requirement for pull-up current, 0.3 mA, guarantees that the minimum value for VSX output LOW will always exceed
the maximum VSX input HIGH level to eliminate any possibility of latching. The specified difference is guaranteed by design within any
IC. While the tolerances on absolute levels allow a small probability, the LOW from one SX output is recognized by an SX input of
another PCA9601, this has no consequences for normal applications. In any design the SX pins of different ICs should never be linked
because the resulting system would be very susceptible to induced noise and would not support all I2C-bus operating modes.
[5]
The fall time of VTX from 5 V to 2.5 V in the test is approximately 10 ns.
The fall time of VSX from 5 V to 2.5 V in the test is approximately 20 ns.
The rise time of VTX from 0 V to 2.5 V in the test is approximately 15 ns.
The rise time of VSX from 0.7 V to 2.5 V in the test is approximately 25 ns.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
10 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
VCC
≤ 1 mA
SX (SY)
Vref
002aac838
Fig 4.
Equivalent circuit at SX/SY
002aac839
800
VOL
(mV)
700
002aac840
800
VOL
(mV)
(1)
(2)
700
(1)
(2)
600
600
500
500
400
−50
−25
0
25
50
75
100
125
Tj (°C)
400
−50
VOL at SX typical and limits over temperature.
−25
(1) Maximum.
(2) Typical.
(2) Typical.
VOL as a function of junction temperature
(IOL = 0.3 mA)
002aag005
600
VIL
(mV)
Fig 6.
typical
50
75
100
125
Tj (°C)
VOL as a function of junction temperature
(IOL = 3 mA)
002aag006
600
VIH
(mV)
500
25
VOL at SX typical and limits over temperature.
(1) Maximum.
Fig 5.
0
minimum
500
typical
maximum
400
400
300
300
200
−50
−25
0
25
50
75
100
125
Tj (°C)
200
−50
VIL at SX changes over temperature range.
Fig 7.
VIL as a function of junction temperature;
maximum and typical values
PCA9601
Product data sheet
−25
0
25
50
75
100
125
Tj (°C)
VIH at SX changes over temperature range.
Fig 8.
VIH as a function of junction temperature;
minimum and typical values
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
11 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
002aac075
1400
VCC(max)
(mV)
1200
001aai062
1000
II
(μA)
800
(1)
(2)
1000
600
800
400
600
200
400
−50
−25
0
25
50
75
0
−50
100
125
Tj (°C)
−25
0
25
50
75
100
125
Tj (°C)
(1) Maximum.
(2) Typical.
Fig 9.
VCC bus release limit over temperature;
maximum values
VOL
(V)
Fig 10. Current sourced out of SX/SY as a function of
junction temperature if these pins are
externally pulled to 0.4 V or lower
002aaf484
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0
10
20
30
ISX, ISY (mA)
Fig 11. Typical SX/SY current versus LOW-level output voltage
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
12 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
10. Application information
Refer to application notes AN10658 and AN255 for more detailed application information.
VCC (2.5 V to 15 V)
5V
TX
(SDA)
I2C-bus
SDA
R1
'SDA' (new levels)
RX
(SDA)
PCA9601
002aae876
Fig 12. Interfacing a standard 3 mA I2C-bus or one with TTL levels (e.g. SMBus) to
higher voltage or higher current sink (e.g. Fast-mode Plus) devices
VCC
VCC1
R4
R2
R5
RX
(SDA)
5V
R1
I2C-bus
SDA
I2C-bus
SDA
R3
TX
(SDA)
PCA9601
002aae877
This simple example may be limited, if using lowest-cost couplers, to speeds as low as 5 kHz.
Refer to application notes for schematics suitable for operation to 400 kHz or higher.
Fig 13. Galvanic isolation of I2C-bus nodes via opto-couplers
main enclosure
3.3 V to 5 V
remote control enclosure
12 V
12 V
3.3 V to 5 V
long cables
SDA
SDA
3.3 V to 5 V
12 V
3.3 V to 5 V
SCL
SCL
PCA9601
PCA9601
002aae878
Fig 14. Long distance I2C-bus communication
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
13 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
+V cable drive
VCC1
VCC2
R2
R2
VCC
VCC
SCL
R2
RX
SX
I2C-BUS
MASTER
SDA
SY
RX
R2
TX
TX
SX
TY
TY
R1
R1
R1
RY
R1
SY
SDA
C2
C2
PCA9601
PCA9601
C2
I2C-BUS
SLAVE(S)
RY
cable
SCL
propagation
delay ≈ 5 ns/m
C2
GND
BAT54A
GND
BAT54A
002aae879
Fig 15. Driving ribbon or flat telephone cables
Table 7.
Examples of bus capability
Refer to Figure 15.
VCC1
(V)
+V
VCC2
cable (V)
(V)
R1
()
R2
C2
(k) (pF)
Cable Cable
length capacitance
(m)
Cable
delay
5
12
5
750
2.2
400
250
n/a
(delay based)
5
12
5
750
2.2
220
100
3.3
5
3.3
330
1
220
3.3
5
3.3
330
1
100
Set master
nominal SCL
HIGH
period
(ns)
Effective
bus
clock
LOW
period speed
(kHz)
(ns)
Max. slave
response
delay
1.25 s
600
3850
125
normal
specification
400 kHz parts
n/a
(delay based)
500 ns
600
2450
195
normal
specification
400 kHz parts
25
1 nF
125 ns
260
770
620
meets Fm+
specification
3
120 pF
15 ns
260
720
690
meets Fm+
specification
For more examples of faster alternatives for driving over longer cables such as Cat5
communication cable, see AN10658. Communication at 1 MHz is possible over short
cables and > 400 kHz is possible over 50 m of cable.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
14 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
10.1 Calculating system delays and bus clock frequency
local master bus
buffered expansion bus
VCCM
remote slave bus
VCCB
VCCS
Rm
Rb
Rs
SCL
MASTER
SCL
SX
PCA9601
TX/RX
TX/RX
PCA9601
SLAVE
SX
I2C-BUS
I2C-BUS
Cm
Cb
Cs
master bus
capacitance
buffered bus
wiring capacitance
slave bus
capacitance
GND (0 V)
002aae880
Effective delay of SCL at slave: 120 + 17VCCM + (2.5 + 4  109  Cb)  VCCB + 10VCCS (ns).
C = F; V = V.
Fig 16. Falling edge of SCL at master is delayed by the buffers and bus fall times
local master bus
buffered expansion bus
VCCM
VCCB
Rm
Rb
SCL
MASTER
SX
PCA9601
TX/RX
TX/RX
I2C-BUS
Cm
Cb
master bus
capacitance
buffered bus
wiring capacitance
GND (0 V)
002aae881
Effective delay of SCL at master: 115 + (Rm  Cm) + (0.7  Rb  Cb) (ns).
C = F; R = .
Fig 17. Rising edge of SCL at master is delayed (clock stretch) by buffer and bus rise times
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
15 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
local master bus
buffered expansion bus
VCCM
remote slave bus
VCCB
VCCS
Rm
Rb
Rs
SDA
MASTER
SDA
SX
PCA9601
TX/RX
TX/RX
PCA9601
SLAVE
SX
I2C-BUS
I2C-BUS
Cm
Cb
Cs
master bus
capacitance
buffered bus
wiring capacitance
slave bus
capacitance
GND (0 V)
002aae882
Effective delay of SDA at master: 115 + 0.2(Rs  Cs) + 0.7[(Rb  Cb) + (Rm  Cm)] (ns).
C = F; R = .
Fig 18. Rising edge of SDA at slave is delayed by the buffers and bus rise times
Figure 16, Figure 17, and Figure 18 show the PCA9601 used to drive extended bus wiring
with relatively large capacitances linking two I2C-bus nodes. It includes simplified
expressions for making the relevant timing calculations for 3.3 V or 5 V operation.
Because the buffers and the wiring introduce timing delays, it may be necessary to
decrease the nominal SCL frequency. In most cases the actual bus frequency will be
lower than the nominal Master timing due to bit-wise stretching of the clock periods.
The delay factors involved in calculation of the allowed bus speed are:
A — The propagation delay of the master signal through the buffers and wiring to the
slave. The important delay is that of the falling edge of SCL because this edge ‘requests’
the data or acknowledge from a slave. See Figure 16.
B — The effective stretching of the nominal LOW period of SCL at the master caused by
the buffer and bus rise times. See Figure 17.
C — The propagation delay of the slave's response signal through the buffers and wiring
back to the master. The important delay is that of a rising edge in the SDA signal. Rising
edges are always slower and are therefore delayed by a longer time than falling edges.
(The rising edges are limited by the passive pull-up while falling edges are actively
driven); see Figure 18.
The timing requirement in any I2C-bus system is that a slave's data response (which is
provided in response to a falling edge of SCL) must be received at the master before the
end of the corresponding LOW period of SCL as appears on the bus wiring at the master.
Since all slaves will, as a minimum, satisfy the worst case timing requirements of their
speed class (Fast-mode, Fm+, etc.), they must provide their response, allowing for the
set-up time, within the minimum allowed clock LOW period, e.g., 450 ns (max.) for Fm+
parts. In systems that introduce additional delays it may be necessary to extend the
minimum clock LOW period to accommodate the ‘effective’ delay of the slave's response.
The effective delay of the slave’s response equals the total delays in SCL falling edge
from the master reaching the slave (Figure 16) minus the effective delay (stretch) of the
SCL rising edge (Figure 17) plus total delays in the slave's response data, carried on
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
16 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
SDA, reaching the master (Figure 18).
The master microcontroller should be programmed to produce a nominal SCL LOW
period as follows:
SCL LOW   slave response delay to valid data on its SDA + A – B + C + data set-up time  ns (1)
The actual LOW period will become (the programmed value + the stretching time B).
When this actual LOW period is then less than the specified minimum, the specified
minimum should be used.
Example 1:
It is required to connect an Fm+ slave, with Rs  Cs product of 100 ns, to a 5 V
Fast-mode system also having 100 ns Rm  Cm using two PCA9601’s to buffer a 5 V
bus with 4 nF loading and 160  pull-up.
Calculate the allowed bus speed:
Delay A = 120 + 85 + (2.5 + [4  4])  5 + 50 = 347.5 ns
Delay B = 115 + 100 + 70 = 285 ns
Delay C = 115 + 20 + 0.7(100 + 100) = 275 ns
The maximum Fm+ slave response delay must be < 450 ns so the programmed LOW
period is calculated as:
LOW  450 + 347.5  285 + 275 + 100 = 887.5 ns
The actual LOW period will be 887.5 + 285 = 1173 ns, which is below the Fast-mode
minimum, so the programmed LOW period must be increased to
(1300  285) = 1015 ns, so the actual LOW equals the 1300 ns requirement and this
shows that this Fast-mode system may be safely run to its limit of 400 kHz.
Example 2:
It is required to buffer a Master with Fm+ speed capability, but only 3 mA sink capability,
to an Fm+ bus. All the system operates at 3.3 V. The Master Rm  Cm product is 50 ns.
Only one PCA9601 is used. The Fm+ bus becomes the buffered bus. The Fm+ bus has
200 pF loading and 150  pull-up, so its Rb  Cb product is 30 ns. The Fm+ slave has a
specified data valid time tVD;DAT maximum of 300 ns.
Calculate the allowed maximum system bus speed. (Note that the fixed values in the
delay equations represent the internal propagation delays of the PCA9601. Only one
PCA9601 is used here, so those fixed values used below are taken from the
characteristics.)
The delays are:
Delay A = 40 + 56 + (2.5 + [4  0.2])  3.3 = 107 ns
Delay B = 115 + 50 + 21 = 186 ns
Delay C = 70 + 0.7(50 + 30) = 126 ns
The programmed LOW period is calculated as:
SCL LOW  300 + 117  186 + 126 + 50 = 407 ns
The actual LOW period will be 407 + 126 = 533 ns, which exceeds the minimum Fm+
500 ns requirement. This system requires the bus LOW period, and therefore cycle
time, to be increased by 33 ns so the system must run slightly below the 1 MHz limit.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
17 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
The possible maximum speed has a cycle period of 1033 ns or 968 kHz.
12 V
12 V
twisted-pair telephone wires,
USB, or flat ribbon cables;
up to 15 V logic levels,
include VCC and GND
3.3 V to 5 V
TX
SX
SDA
RX
3.3 V to 5 V
12 V
TY
SCL
3.3 V 3.3 V
SY
RY
PCA9601
PCA9601
PCA9601
PCA9601
SX
SX
SX
SY
SCL/SDA
SY
SCL/SDA
PCA9601
SY
SCL/SDA
SY SDA
SX SCL
no limit to the number of connected bus devices
002aae883
Fig 19. I2C-bus multipoint application
There is an Excel calculator which makes it easy to determine the maximum I2C-bus clock
speed when using the PCA9601. The calculator and instructions can be found at
www.nxp.com/clockspeedcalculator.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
18 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
002aac932
7
VCC
6
(V)
VCC
6
(V)
(1)
5
002aac933
7
(1)
5
4
4
3
3
(2)
2
(2)
2
1
1
(1)
0
(2)
(1)
0
(2)
−1
0
(2)
−1
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
time (ns)
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
time (ns)
0
(1) TX output.
(1) TX/RX output.
(2) SX input.
(2) SX input.
Fig 20. Propagation SX to TX with VRX = VCC = 3.3 V
(SX pull-up to 3.3 V; TX pull-up to 5.7 V)
Fig 21. Propagation SX to TX with RX tied to TX;
VCC = 3.3 V (SX pull-up to 3.3 V; TX pull-up to
5.7 V)
002aac934
7
VCC
6
(V)
5
4
(1)
3
(2)
2
(2)
1
0
−1
(1)
0
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
time (ns)
(1) RX input.
(2) SX output.
Fig 22. Propagation RX to SX (SX pull-up to 3.3 V; VCC = 3.3 V; RX pull-up to 4.6 V)
10.2 Negative undershoot below absolute minimum value
The reason why the IC pin reverse voltage on pins TX and RX in Table 5 “Limiting values”
is specified at such a low value, 0.3 V, is not that applying larger voltages is likely to
cause damage but that it is expected that, in normal applications, there is no reason why
larger DC voltages will be applied. This ‘absolute maximum’ specification is intended to be
a DC or continuous ratings and the nominal DC I2C-bus voltage LOW usually does not
even reach 0 V. Inside PCA9601 at every pin there is a large protective diode connected
to the GND pin and that diode will start to conduct when the pin voltage is more than about
0.55 V with respect to GND at 25 C ambient.
Figure 23 shows the measured characteristic for one of those diodes inside PCA9601.
The plot was made using a curve tracer that applies 50 Hz mains voltage via a series
resistor, so the pulse durations are long duration (several milliseconds) and are reaching
peaks of over 2 A when more than 1.5 V is applied. The IC becomes very hot during this
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
19 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
testing but it was not damaged. Whenever there is current flowing in any of these diodes it
is possible that there can be faulty operation of any IC. For that reason we put a
specification on the negative voltage that is allowed to be applied. It is selected so that, at
the highest allowed junction temperature, there will be a big safety factor that guarantees
the diode will not conduct and then we do not need to make any 100 % production tests to
guarantee the published specification.
For the PCA9601, in specific applications, there will always be transient overshoot and
ringing on the wiring that can cause these diodes to conduct. Therefore we designed the
IC to withstand those transients and as a part of the qualification procedure we made
tests, using DC currents to more than twice the normal bus sink currents, to be sure that
the IC was not affected by those currents. For example, the TX/TY and RX/RY pins were
tested to at least 80 mA which, from Figure 23, would be more than 0.8 V. The correct
functioning of the PCA9601 is not affected even by those large currents. The Absolute
Maximum (DC) ratings are not intended to apply to transients but to steady state
conditions. This explains why you will never see any problems in practice even if, during
transients, more than 0.3 V is applied to the bus interface pins of PCA9601.
Figure 23 “Diode characteristic curve” also explains how the general Absolute Maximum
DC specification was selected. The current at 25 C is near zero at 0.55 V. The
PCA9601 is allowed to operate with +125 C junction and that would cause this diode
voltage to decrease by 100  2 mV = 200 mV. So for zero current we need to specify
0.35 V and we publish 0.3 V just to have some extra margin.
Remark: You should not be concerned about the transients generated on the wiring by a
PCA9601 in normal applications and that is input to the TX/RX or TY/RY pins of another
PCA9601. Because not all ICs that may be driven by PCA9601 are designed to tolerate
negative transients, in Section 10.2.1 “Example with questions and answers” we show
they can be managed if required.
002aaf063
0
diode current
(mA)
−10−1
−1
−10
−102
−103
−104
−2.0
−1.5
−1.0
−0.5
0
voltage (V)
Fig 23. Diode characteristic curve
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
20 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
10.2.1 Example with questions and answers
Question: On a falling edge of TX we measure undershoot at 800 mV at the linked
TX, RX pins of the PCA9601 that is generating the LOW, but the PCA9601 data sheet
specifies minimum 0.3 V. Does this mean that we violate the data sheet absolute
value?
Answer: For PCA9601 the 0.3 V Absolute Maximum rating is not intended to apply to
transients, it is a DC rating. As shown in Figure 24, there is no theoretical reason for any
undershoot at the IC that is driving the bus LOW and no significant undershoot should
be observed when using reasonable care with the ground connection of the ‘scope. It is
more likely that undershoot observed at a driving PCA9601 is caused by local stray
inductance and capacitance in the circuit and by the oscilloscope connections. As
shown, undershoot will be generated by PCB traces, wiring, or cables driven by a
PCA9601 because the allowed value of the I2C-bus pull-up resistor generally is larger
than that required to correctly terminate the wiring. In this example, with no IC
connected at the end of the wiring, the undershoot is about 2 V.
6
voltage
(V)
4
send
2
receive
0
−2
horizontal scale = 62.5 ns/div
time (ns)
5V
5V
5V
300 Ω
RX
SX
TX
receive
send
PCA9601
300 Ω
2 meter
cable
GND
002aaf078
Fig 24. Transients generated by the bus wiring
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
21 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
Question: We have 2 meters of cable in a bus that joins the TX/RX sides of two
PCA9601 devices. When one TX drives LOW the other PCA9601 TX/RX is driven to
0.8 V for over 50 ns. What is the expected value and the theoretically allowed value of
undershoot?
Answer: Because the cable joining the two PCA9601s is a ‘transmission line’ that will
have a characteristic impedance around 100  and it will be terminated by pull-up
resistors that are larger than that characteristic impedance there will always be negative
undershoot generated. The duration of the undershoot is a function of the cable length
and the input impedance of the connected IC. As shown in Figure 25, the transient
undershoot will be limited, by the diodes inside PCA9601, to around 0.8 V and that will
not cause problems for PCA9601. Those transients will not be passed inside the IC to
the SX/SY side of the IC.
6
voltage
(V)
4
2
receive
send
0
−2
horizontal scale = 62.5 ns/div
time (ns)
5V
5V
5V
300 Ω
RX
SX
TX
300 Ω
receive
send
PCA9601
5V
2 meter
cable
RX
TX SX
GND
002aaf079
Fig 25. Wiring transients limited by the diodes in PCA9601
Question: If we input 800 mV undershoot at TX, RX pins, what kind of problem is
expected?
Answer: When that undershoot is generated by another PCA9601 and is simply the
result of the system wiring, then there will be no problems.
Question: Will we have any functional problem or reliability problem?
Answer: No.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
22 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
Question: If we add 100  to 200  at signal line, the overshoot becomes slightly
smaller. Is this a good idea?
Answer: No, it is not necessary to add any resistance. When the logic signal generated
by TX or TY of PCA9601 drives long traces or wiring with ICs other than PCA9601
being driven, then adding a Schottky diode (BAT54A) as shown in Figure 26 will clamp
the wiring undershoot to a value that will not cause conduction of the IC’s internal
diodes.
6
voltage
(V)
4
2
send
0
receive
−2
horizontal scale = 62.5 ns/div
time (ns)
5V
5V
5V
300 Ω
RX
SX TX
PCA9601
300 Ω
receive
send
2 meter
cable
5V
RX
TX SX
1/2 BAT54A
GND
002aaf080
Fig 26. Wiring transients limited by a Schottky diode
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
23 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
11. Package outline
SO8: plastic small outline package; 8 leads; body width 3.9 mm
SOT96-1
D
E
A
X
c
y
HE
v M A
Z
5
8
Q
A2
A
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
1
L
4
e
detail X
w M
bp
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (2)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
Z (1)
mm
1.75
0.25
0.10
1.45
1.25
0.25
0.49
0.36
0.25
0.19
5.0
4.8
4.0
3.8
1.27
6.2
5.8
1.05
1.0
0.4
0.7
0.6
0.25
0.25
0.1
0.7
0.3
inches
0.069
0.010 0.057
0.004 0.049
0.01
0.019 0.0100
0.014 0.0075
0.20
0.19
0.16
0.15
0.05
0.01
0.01
0.004
0.028
0.012
0.244
0.039 0.028
0.041
0.228
0.016 0.024
θ
8o
o
0
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm (0.006 inch) maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm (0.01 inch) maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT96-1
076E03
MS-012
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-18
Fig 27. Package outline SOT96-1 (SO8)
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
24 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
TSSOP8: plastic thin shrink small outline package; 8 leads; body width 3 mm
D
E
SOT505-1
A
X
c
y
HE
v M A
Z
5
8
A2
pin 1 index
(A3)
A1
A
θ
Lp
L
1
4
detail X
e
w M
bp
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D(1)
E(2)
e
HE
L
Lp
v
w
y
Z(1)
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.80
0.25
0.45
0.25
0.28
0.15
3.1
2.9
3.1
2.9
0.65
5.1
4.7
0.94
0.7
0.4
0.1
0.1
0.1
0.70
0.35
6°
0°
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-04-09
03-02-18
SOT505-1
Fig 28. Package outline SOT505-1 (TSSOP8)
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
25 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
12. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
12.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
12.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
12.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
26 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
12.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 29) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 8 and 9
Table 8.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
 350
< 2.5
235
220
 2.5
220
220
Table 9.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 29.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
27 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 29. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
13. Abbreviations
Table 10.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
CDM
Charged-Device Model
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C-bus
Inter-Integrated Circuit bus
I/O
Input/Output
IC
Integrated Circuit
MM
Machine Model
PMBus
Power Management Bus
SCL
Serial Clock Line
SDA
Serial DAta line
SMBus
System Management Bus
TTL
Transistor-Transistor Logic
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
28 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
14. Revision history
Table 11.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCA9601 v.3
20150924
Product data sheet
-
PCA9601 v.2
Modifications:
•
•
•
HBM corrected from “4500 V” to “3500 V”. Original material was retested and is 3.5 kV
Updated Section 4 “Ordering information”
Table 4 “PCA9601/PCA9600 versus P82B96”: Deleted reference to DIP8 in P82B96 package column
PCA9601 v.2
20110506
Product data sheet
-
PCA9601 v.1
PCA9601 v.1
20100528
Product data sheet
-
-
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
29 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
15. Legal information
15.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
15.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
15.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
PCA9601
Product data sheet
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
30 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
Translations — A non-English (translated) version of a document is for
reference only. The English version shall prevail in case of any discrepancy
between the translated and English versions.
15.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP Semiconductors N.V.
16. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCA9601
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 3 — 24 September 2015
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015. All rights reserved.
31 of 32
PCA9601
NXP Semiconductors
Dual bidirectional bus buffer
17. Contents
1
2
3
4
4.1
5
6
6.1
6.2
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.1.2
7.2
7.3
7.4
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Ordering options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Static level offset card side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Fast-mode operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Fast-mode Plus operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
High drive, long distance side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Connections to other bus buffers . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Comparison of PCA9601/PCA9600
and P82B96 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
8
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
9
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
10
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
10.1
Calculating system delays and bus clock
frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
10.2
Negative undershoot below absolute minimum
value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10.2.1
Example with questions and answers. . . . . . . 21
11
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
12
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
12.1
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
12.2
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
12.3
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
12.4
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
13
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
14
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
15
Legal information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
15.1
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
15.2
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
15.3
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
15.4
Trademarks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
16
Contact information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
17
Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2015.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 24 September 2015
Document identifier: PCA9601
Similar pages