dm00053454

DT0003
Design tip
Implementing fast decay mode chopping
using the L6506
By Thomas Hopkins
Main components
L6506
Current Controller For Stepping Motors
L6201, L6202, L6203
DMOS Full Bridge Driver
L298
Dual Full Bridge Driver
Purpose and benefits
The configuration using the L6506 with an H-Bridge driver IC implementing fast decay
mode or enable chopping is described. Typical applications for the L6506 implement slow
decay mode when used with H-Bridge drivers like the L6203 or the L298. In some
applications, however, having a fast decay of the motor current is needed to be able to
more quickly reduce the current in the motor.
Description
When implementing chopping on a full H-Bridge driver, two chopping modes are possible
as shown in Figure 1. The main difference between the two modes is the recirculation path
for the current and the slope of the current decay during recirculation. In slow decay, the
current ripple is lower, but the current decays slower. In fast decay, the ripple is
significantly higher, but the current can fall much faster.
Figure 1. Chopping Mode Operation
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The typical application circuit using the L6506 and the L6203 is shown in Figure 2. In this
configuration, the phase inputs, coming from the microcontroller, are connected to the four
inputs of the L6506. The L6506 senses the motor current and ANDs the PWM control
signal with the phase inputs. The modulated phase inputs are then connected to the inputs
of the L6203. In this configuration, the device implements phase chopping or slow decay
mode.
Figure 2. Circuit diagram implementing slow decay
For most applications, this is the preferred chopping method for the stepper motor.
However in some applications, specifically when you need the current to quickly change or
when implementing microstepping, fast decay mode or enable chopping can decrease the
time needed for the current to fall to the lower level. Fast decay can also operate at a lower
minimum current than slow decay mode.
The circuit can be modified to implement fast decay mode or enable chopping, as shown in
Figure 3, so that the phase inputs from the microcontroller go directly to the inputs of the
L6203 and the enable signal for each bridge is connected to one of the inputs of the L6506.
The L6506 senses the motor current and ANDs the PWM current control to the ENABLE
signal that is connected to the ENABLE input of one of the L6203.
A similar configuration can be used with other H-Bridge drivers like the L298, L6225,
L6205, L6226 or L6206.
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Figure 3. Circuit diagram implementing fast decay
Support material
Documentation
Datasheet, L6506, Current Controller for Stepping Motors
Application note, AN469, Using L6506 for current control of stepping motors
Application note, AN235, Stepper Motor Driving
Application note, AN460, Stepper Motor Driver Considerations, Common Problems and Solutions
Revision history
Date
05-Apr-2012
April 2012
Version
1
Changes
Initial release
DT0003 Rev 1
3/4
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