Data Sheet

PCA9532
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
Product data sheet
1. General description
The PCA9532 is a 16-bit I2C-bus and SMBus I/O expander optimized for dimming LEDs in
256 discrete steps for Red/Green/Blue (RGB) color mixing and back light applications.
The PCA9532 contains an internal oscillator with two user programmable blink rates and
duty cycles coupled to the output PWM. The LED brightness is controlled by setting the
blink rate high enough (> 100 Hz) that the blinking cannot be seen and then using the duty
cycle to vary the amount of time the LED is on and thus the average current through the
LED.
The initial setup sequence programs the two blink rates/duty cycles for each individual
PWM. From then on, only one command from the bus master is required to turn individual
LEDs ON, OFF, BLINK RATE 1 or BLINK RATE 2. Based on the programmed frequency
and duty cycle, BLINK RATE 1 and BLINK RATE 2 will cause the LEDs to appear at a
different brightness or blink at periods up to 1.69 second. The open-drain outputs directly
drive the LEDs with maximum output sink current of 25 mA per bit and 200 mA per
package (100 mA per octal).
To blink LEDs at periods greater than 1.69 second the bus master (MCU, MPU, DSP,
chip set, etc.) must send repeated commands to turn the LED on and off as is currently
done when using normal I/O expanders like the NXP Semiconductors PCF8575 or
PCA9555. Any bits not used for controlling the LEDs can be used for General Purpose
parallel Input/Output (GPIO) expansion, which provides a simple solution when additional
I/O is needed for ACPI power switches, sensors, push-buttons, alarm monitoring, fans,
etc.
The active LOW hardware reset pin (RESET) and Power-On Reset (POR) initializes the
registers to their default state, all zeroes, causing the bits to be set HIGH (LED off).
Three hardware address pins on the PCA9532 allow eight devices to operate on the same
bus.
2. Features
n 16 LED drivers (on, off, flashing at a programmable rate)
n Two selectable, fully programmable blink rates (frequency and duty cycle) between
0.591 Hz and 152 Hz (1.69 second and 6.58 milliseconds)
n 256 brightness steps
n Input/outputs not used as LED drivers can be used as regular GPIOs
n Internal oscillator requires no external components
n I2C-bus interface logic compatible with SMBus
n Internal power-on reset
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
Noise filter on SCL/SDA inputs
Active LOW reset input
16 open-drain outputs directly drive LEDs to 25 mA
Controlled edge rates to minimize ground bounce
No glitch on power-up
Supports hot insertion
Low standby current
Operating power supply voltage range of 2.3 V to 5.5 V
0 Hz to 400 kHz clock frequency
ESD protection exceeds 2000 V HBM per JESD22-A114, 150 V MM per
JESD22-A115 and 1000 V CDM per JESD22-C101
n Latch-up testing is done to JEDEC Standard JESD78 which exceeds 100 mA
n Packages offered: SO24, TSSOP24, HVQFN24
3. Ordering information
Table 1.
Ordering information
Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C.
Type number
Topside
mark
Package
Name
Description
Version
PCA9532D
PCA9532D
SO24
plastic small outline package; 24 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT137-1
PCA9532PW
PCA9532
TSSOP24
plastic thin shrink small outline package; 24 leads;
body width 4.4 mm
SOT355-1
PCA9532BS
9532
HVQFN24
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
24 terminals; body 4 × 4 × 0.85 mm
SOT616-1
4. Block diagram
A0
A1
A2
PCA9532
SCL
SDA
INPUT
REGISTER
INPUT
FILTERS
I2C-BUS
CONTROL
LED SELECT (LSn)
REGISTER
0
VDD
RESET
1
POWER-ON
RESET
OSCILLATOR
PRESCALER 0
REGISTER
PWM0
REGISTER
BLINK0
PRESCALER 1
REGISTER
PWM1
REGISTER
BLINK1
LEDn
VSS
002aae521
Only one I/O shown for clarity.
Fig 1.
Block diagram of PCA9532
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
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PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
5. Pinning information
5.1 Pinning
A0
1
24 VDD
A0
1
A1
2
23 SDA
A1
2
24 VDD
23 SDA
A2
3
22 SCL
A2
3
22 SCL
LED0
4
21 RESET
LED0
4
21 RESET
LED1
5
20 LED15
LED1
5
20 LED15
LED2
6
19 LED14
LED2
6
LED3
7
18 LED13
LED3
7
LED4
8
17 LED12
LED4
8
17 LED12
LED5
9
16 LED11
LED5
9
16 LED11
LED6 10
15 LED10
LED6 10
15 LED10
LED7 11
14 LED9
LED7 11
14 LED9
VSS 12
13 LED8
VSS 12
13 LED8
PCA9532D
PCA9532PW
002aae518
18 LED13
002aae519
Pin configuration for TSSOP24
19 SCL
20 SDA
21 VDD
24 A2
terminal 1
index area
22 A0
Fig 3.
23 A1
Pin configuration for SO24
LED0
1
18 RESET
LED1
2
17 LED15
LED2
3
LED3
4
LED4
5
14 LED12
LED5
6
13 LED11
16 LED14
15 LED13
LED10 12
9
VSS
LED9 11
8
LED8 10
7
LED7
PCA9532BS
LED6
Fig 2.
19 LED14
002aae520
Transparent top view
Fig 4.
Pin configuration for HVQFN24
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
3 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
5.2 Pin description
Table 2.
Symbol
Pin description
Pin
Description
SO24,
TSSOP24
HVQFN24
A0
1
22
address input 0
A1
2
23
address input 1
A2
3
24
address input 2
LED0
4
1
LED driver 0
LED1
5
2
LED driver 1
LED2
6
3
LED driver 2
LED3
7
4
LED driver 3
LED4
8
5
LED driver 4
LED5
9
6
LED driver 5
LED6
10
7
LED driver 6
LED7
11
8
LED driver 7
VSS
12
9[1]
supply ground
LED8
13
10
LED driver 8
LED9
14
11
LED driver 9
LED10
15
12
LED driver 10
LED11
16
13
LED driver 11
LED12
17
14
LED driver 12
LED13
18
15
LED driver 13
LED14
19
16
LED driver 14
LED15
20
17
LED driver 15
RESET
21
18
reset input (active LOW)
SCL
22
19
serial clock line
SDA
23
20
serial data line
VDD
24
21
supply voltage
[1]
HVQFN24 package die supply ground is connected to both VSS pin and exposed center pad. VSS pin must
be connected to supply ground for proper device operation. For enhanced thermal, electrical, and board
level performance, the exposed pad needs to be soldered to the board using a corresponding thermal pad
on the board and for proper heat conduction through the board, thermal vias need to be incorporated in the
PCB in the thermal pad region.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
4 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
6. Functional description
Refer to Figure 1 “Block diagram of PCA9532”.
6.1 Device address
Following a START condition, the bus master must output the address of the slave it is
accessing. The address of the PCA9532 is shown in Figure 5. To conserve power, no
internal pull-up resistors are incorporated on the hardware selectable address pins and
they must be pulled HIGH or LOW.
slave address
1
1
0
0
fixed
A2
A1
A0 R/W
hardware
selectable
002aac505
Fig 5.
PCA9532 slave address
The last bit of the address byte defines the operation to be performed. When set to logic 1
a read is selected, while a logic 0 selects a write operation.
6.2 Control register
Following the successful acknowledgement of the slave address, the bus master will send
a byte to the PCA9532, which will be stored in the Control register.
0
0
0
AI
Auto-Increment flag
B3
B2
B1
B0
register address
002aae523
Reset state: 00h
Fig 6.
Control register
The lowest 4 bits are used as a pointer to determine which register will be accessed.
If the Auto-Increment (AI) flag is set, the four low order bits of the Control register are
automatically incremented after a read or write. This allows the user to program the
registers sequentially. The contents of these bits will rollover to ‘0000’ after the last
register is accessed.
When Auto-Increment flag is set (AI = 1) and a read sequence is initiated, the sequence
must start by reading a register different from the INPUT0 register
(B3 B2 B1 B0 ≠ 0 0 0 0).
Only the 4 least significant bits are affected by the AI flag. Unused bits must be
programmed with zeroes.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
5 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
6.2.1 Control register definition
Table 3.
Register summary
B3
B2
B1
B0
Symbol
Access
Description
0
0
0
0
INPUT0
read only
input register 0
0
0
0
1
INPUT1
read only
input register 1
0
0
1
0
PSC0
read/write
frequency prescaler 0
0
0
1
1
PWM0
read/write
PWM register 0
0
1
0
0
PSC1
read/write
frequency prescaler 1
0
1
0
1
PWM1
read/write
PWM register 1
0
1
1
0
LS0
read/write
LED0 to LED3 selector
0
1
1
1
LS1
read/write
LED4 to LED7 selector
1
0
0
0
LS2
read/write
LED8 to LED11 selector
1
0
0
1
LS3
read/write
LED12 to LED15 selector
6.3 Register descriptions
6.3.1 INPUT0 - Input register 0
The INPUT0 register reflects the state of the device pins (inputs 0 to 7). Writes to this
register will be acknowledged but will have no effect.
Table 4.
Bit
INPUT0 - Input register 0 description
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
LED7
LED6
LED5
LED4
LED3
LED2
LED1
LED0
Default
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Remark: The default value ‘X’ is determined by the externally applied logic level (normally
logic 1) when used for directly driving LED with pull-up to VDD.
6.3.2 INPUT1 - Input register 1
The INPUT1 register reflects the state of the device pins (inputs 8 to 15). Writes to this
register will be acknowledged but will have no effect.
Table 5.
Bit
INPUT1 - Input register 1 description
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
LED15
LED14
LED13
LED12
LED11
LED10
LED9
LED8
Default
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Remark: The default value ‘X’ is determined by the externally applied logic level (normally
logic 1) when used for directly driving LED with pull-up to VDD.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
6 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
6.3.3 PCS0 - Frequency Prescaler 0
PSC0 is used to program the period of the PWM output.
The period of BLINK0 = (PSC0 + 1) / 152.
Table 6.
Bit
PSC0 - Frequency Prescaler 0 register description
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
PSC0[7]
PSC0[6]
PSC0[5]
PSC0[4]
PSC0[3]
PSC0[2]
PSC0[1]
PSC0[0]
Default
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6.3.4 PWM0 - Pulse Width Modulation 0
The PWM0 register determines the duty cycle of BLINK0. The outputs are LOW (LED on)
when the count is less than the value in PWM0 and HIGH (LED off) when it is greater. If
PWM0 is programmed with 00h, then the PWM0 output is always HIGH (LED off).
The duty cycle of BLINK0 = PWM0 / 256.
Table 7.
Bit
PWM0 - Pulse Width Modulation 0 register description
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
PWM0
[7]
PWM0
[6]
PWM0
[5]
PWM0
[4]
PWM0
[3]
PWM0
[2]
PWM0
[1]
PWM0
[0]
Default
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6.3.5 PCS1 - Frequency Prescaler 1
PSC1 is used to program the period of the PWM output.
The period of BLINK1 = (PSC1 + 1) / 152.
Table 8.
Bit
PSC1 - Frequency Prescaler 1 register description
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
PSC1[7]
PSC1[6]
PSC1[5]
PSC1[4]
PSC1[3]
PSC1[2]
PSC1[1]
PSC1[0]
Default
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
6.3.6 PWM1 - Pulse Width Modulation 1
The PWM1 register determines the duty cycle of BLINK1. The outputs are LOW (LED on)
when the count is less than the value in PWM1 and HIGH (LED off) when it is greater. If
PWM1 is programmed with 00h, then the PWM1 output is always HIGH (LED off).
The duty cycle of BLINK1 = PWM1 / 256.
Table 9.
Bit
PWM1 - Pulse Width Modulation 1 register description
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Symbol
PWM1
[7]
PWM1
[6]
PWM1
[5]
PWM1
[4]
PWM1
[3]
PWM1
[2]
PWM1
[1]
PWM1
[0]
Default
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
7 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
6.3.7 LS0 to LS3 - LED selector registers
The LSn LED selector registers determine the source of the LED data.
00 = output is set high-impedance (LED off; default)
01 = output is set LOW (LED on)
10 = output blinks at PWM0 rate
11 = output blinks at PWM1 rate
Table 10. LS0 to LS3 - LED selector registers bit description
Legend: * default value.
Register
Bit
Value
Description
LS0 - LED0 to LED3 selector
LS0
7:6
00*
LED3 selected
5:4
00*
LED2 selected
3:2
00*
LED1 selected
1:0
00*
LED0 selected
LS1 - LED4 to LED7 selector
LS1
7:6
00*
LED7 selected
5:4
00*
LED6 selected
3:2
00*
LED5 selected
1:0
00*
LED4 selected
LS2 - LED8 to LED11 selector
LS2
7:6
00*
LED11 selected
5:4
00*
LED10 selected
3:2
00*
LED9 selected
1:0
00*
LED8 selected
LS3 - LED12 to LED15 selector
LS3
7:6
00*
LED15 selected
5:4
00*
LED14 selected
3:2
00*
LED13 selected
1:0
00*
LED12 selected
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
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Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
8 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
6.4 Pins used as GPIOs
LEDn pins not used to control LEDs can be used as General Purpose I/Os (GPIOs).
For use as input, set LEDn to high-impedance (00) and then read the pin state via the
INPUT0 or INPUT1 register.
For use as output, connect external pull-up resistor to the pin and size it according to the
DC recommended operating characteristics. LEDn output pin is HIGH when the output is
programmed as high-impedance, and LOW when the output is programmed LOW through
the ‘LED selector’ register. The output can be pulse-width controlled when PWM0 or
PWM1 are used.
6.5 Power-on reset
When power is applied to VDD, an internal Power-On Reset (POR) holds the PCA9532 in
a reset condition until VDD has reached VPOR. At that point, the reset condition is released
and the PCA9532 registers are initialized to their default states, all the outputs in the
OFF state. Thereafter, VDD must be lowered below 0.2 V to reset the device.
6.6 External RESET
A reset can be accomplished by holding the RESET pin LOW for a minimum of tw(rst). The
PCA9532 registers and I2C-bus state machine will be held in their default states until the
RESET input is once again HIGH.
This input requires a pull-up resistor to VDD if no active connection is used.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
9 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
7. Characteristics of the I2C-bus
The I2C-bus is for 2-way, 2-line communication between different ICs or modules. The two
lines are a serial data line (SDA) and a serial clock line (SCL). Both lines must be
connected to a positive supply via a pull-up resistor when connected to the output stages
of a device. Data transfer may be initiated only when the bus is not busy.
7.1 Bit transfer
One data bit is transferred during each clock pulse. The data on the SDA line must remain
stable during the HIGH period of the clock pulse as changes in the data line at this time
will be interpreted as control signals (see Figure 7).
SDA
SCL
data line
stable;
data valid
Fig 7.
change
of data
allowed
mba607
Bit transfer
7.1.1 START and STOP conditions
Both data and clock lines remain HIGH when the bus is not busy. A HIGH-to-LOW
transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the START condition (S).
A LOW-to-HIGH transition of the data line while the clock is HIGH is defined as the STOP
condition (P) (see Figure 8).
SDA
SCL
S
P
START condition
STOP condition
mba608
Fig 8.
Definition of START and STOP conditions
7.2 System configuration
A device generating a message is a ‘transmitter’; a device receiving is the ‘receiver’. The
device that controls the message is the ‘master’ and the devices which are controlled by
the master are the ‘slaves’ (see Figure 9).
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
10 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
SDA
SCL
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
SLAVE
RECEIVER
SLAVE
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER
MASTER
TRANSMITTER/
RECEIVER
I2C-BUS
MULTIPLEXER
SLAVE
002aaa966
Fig 9.
System configuration
7.3 Acknowledge
The number of data bytes transferred between the START and the STOP conditions from
transmitter to receiver is not limited. Each byte of eight bits is followed by one
acknowledge bit. The acknowledge bit is a HIGH level put on the bus by the transmitter,
whereas the master generates an extra acknowledge related clock pulse.
A slave receiver which is addressed must generate an acknowledge after the reception of
each byte. Also a master must generate an acknowledge after the reception of each byte
that has been clocked out of the slave transmitter. The device that acknowledges has to
pull down the SDA line during the acknowledge clock pulse, so that the SDA line is stable
LOW during the HIGH period of the acknowledge related clock pulse; set-up and hold
times must be taken into account.
A master receiver must signal an end of data to the transmitter by not generating an
acknowledge on the last byte that has been clocked out of the slave. In this event, the
transmitter must leave the data line HIGH to enable the master to generate a STOP
condition.
data output
by transmitter
not acknowledge
data output
by receiver
acknowledge
SCL from master
1
S
START
condition
2
8
9
clock pulse for
acknowledgement
002aaa987
Fig 10. Acknowledgement on the I2C-bus
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
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Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
11 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
7.4 Bus transactions
SCL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
slave address
1
SDA S
1
0
data to register
command byte
0 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
A
R/W
0
0
0
AI B3 B2 B1 B0 A
DATA 1
A
acknowledge
from slave
acknowledge
from slave
acknowledge
from slave
write to register
tv(Q)
data out from port
DATA 1 VALID
002aae526
Fig 11. Write to register
slave address
SDA S
1
1
0
command byte
0 A2 A1 A0 0
START condition
0
A
0
1
1
0
0 A2 A1 A0 1
(repeated)
START condition
(cont.)
AI B3 B2 B1 B0 A
acknowledge
from slave
R/W
acknowledge
from slave
slave address
(cont.) S
0
data from register
DATA (first byte)
A
Auto-Increment
register address
if AI = 1
R/W
acknowledge
from slave
data from register
DATA (last byte)
A
acknowledge
from master
NA P
STOP
condition
no acknowledge
from master
at this moment master-transmitter becomes master-receiver
and slave-receiver becomes slave-transmitter
002aae527
Fig 12. Read from register
no acknowledge
from master
slave address
SDA S
1
1
0
0 A2 A1 A0 1
START condition
data from port
data from port
R/W
A
A
DATA 1
DATA 4
acknowledge
from master
acknowledge
from slave
NA P
STOP
condition
read from
port
th(D)
data into
port
DATA 1
tsu(D)
DATA 2
DATA 3
DATA 4
002aae528
Remark: This figure assumes the command byte has previously been programmed with 00h.
Fig 13. Read input port register
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
12 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
8. Application design-in information
5V
5V
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
10 kΩ
VDD
I2C-BUS/SMBus
MASTER
SDA
SDA
SCL
SCL
PCA9532
RESET
A2
A1
A0
VSS
LED0
LED1
LED2
LED3
LED4
LED5
LED6
LED7
LED8
LED9
LED10
LED11
LED12
LED13
LED14
LED15
GPIOs
002aae522
LED0 to LED12 are used as LED drivers.
LED13 to LED15 are used as regular GPIOs.
Fig 14. Typical application
8.1 Minimizing IDD when the I/Os are used to control LEDs
When the I/Os are used to control LEDs, they are normally connected to VDD through a
resistor as shown in Figure 14. Since the LED acts as a diode, when the LED is off the
I/O VI is about 1.2 V less than VDD. The supply current, IDD, increases as VI becomes
lower than VDD and is specified as ∆IDD in Table 13 “Static characteristics”.
Designs needing to minimize current consumption, such as battery power applications,
should consider maintaining the I/O pins greater than or equal to VDD when the LED is off.
Figure 15 shows a high value resistor in parallel with the LED. Figure 16 shows VDD less
than the LED supply voltage by at least 1.2 V. Both of these methods maintain the I/O VI
at or above VDD and prevents additional supply current consumption when the LED is off.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
13 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
3.3 V
VDD
VDD
LED
VDD
100 kΩ
LEDn
5V
LED
LEDn
002aac189
Fig 15. High value resistor in parallel with
the LED
002aac190
Fig 16. Device supplied by a lower voltage
8.2 Programming example
The following example will show how to set LED0 to LED3 on. It will then set LED4 and
LED5 to blink at 1 Hz at a 50 % duty cycle. LED6 and LED7 will be set to be dimmed at
25 % of their maximum brightness (duty cycle = 25 %). LED8 to LED15 will be set to off.
Table 11.
Programming PCA9532
Program sequence
I2C-bus
START
S
PCA9532 address with A0 to A2 = LOW
C0h
PSC0 subaddress + Auto-Increment
12h
Set prescaler PSC0 to achieve a period of 1 second:
97h
PSC0 + 1
Blink period = 1 = -----------------------152
PSC0 = 151
Set PWM0 duty cycle to 50 %:
80h
PWM0
----------------- = 0.5
256
PWM0 = 128
Set prescaler PCS1 to dim at maximum frequency:
00h
Blink period = max
PSC1 = 0
Set PWM1 output duty cycle to 25 %:
40h
PWM1
----------------- = 0.25
256
PWM1 = 64
Set LED0 to LED3 on
55h
Set LED4 and LED5 to PWM0, and LED6 or LED7 to PWM1
FAh
Set LED8 to LED11 off
00h
Set LED12 to LED15 off
00h
STOP
P
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
14 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
9. Limiting values
Table 12. Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
VDD
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
supply voltage
−0.5
+6.0
V
VI/O
voltage on an input/output pin
VSS − 0.5
5.5
V
IO(LEDn)
output current on pin LEDn
-
±25
mA
ISS
ground supply current
-
200
mA
Ptot
total power dissipation
-
400
mW
Tstg
storage temperature
−65
+150
°C
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
+85
°C
operating
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
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Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
15 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
10. Static characteristics
Table 13. Static characteristics
VDD = 2.3 V to 5.5 V; VSS = 0 V; Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ[1]
Max
Unit
Supplies
VDD
supply voltage
2.3
-
5.5
V
IDD
supply current
operating mode; VDD = 5.5 V; no load;
VI = VDD or VSS; fSCL = 100 kHz
-
350
550
µA
Istb
standby current
Standby mode; VDD = 5.5 V; no load;
VI = VDD or VSS; fSCL = 0 kHz
-
2.1
5.0
µA
∆IDD
additional quiescent supply Standby mode; VDD = 5.5 V;
current
every LED I/O at VI = 4.3 V;
fSCL = 0 kHz
-
-
2
mA
VPOR
power-on reset voltage
-
1.7
2.2
V
VDD = 3.3 V; no load; VI = VDD or VSS
[2]
Input SCL; input/output SDA
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
+0.3VDD
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
0.7VDD
-
5.5
V
IOL
LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.4 V
3
6.5
-
mA
IL
leakage current
VI = VDD = VSS
−1
-
+1
µA
Ci
input capacitance
VI = VSS
-
4.4
5
pF
I/Os
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
+0.8
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
2.0
-
5.5
V
IOL
LOW-level output current
VOL = 0.4 V
VDD = 2.3 V
[3]
9
-
-
mA
VDD = 3.0 V
[3]
12
-
-
mA
VDD = 5.0 V
[3]
15
-
-
mA
VDD = 2.3 V
[3]
15
-
-
mA
VDD = 3.0 V
[3]
20
-
-
mA
VDD = 5.0 V
[3]
25
-
-
mA
−1
-
+1
µA
-
2.6
5
pF
VOL = 0.7 V
ILI
input leakage current
Cio
input/output capacitance
VDD = 3.6 V; VI = 0 V or VDD
Select inputs A0, A1, A2; RESET
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
−0.5
-
+0.8
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
2.0
-
5.5
V
ILI
input leakage current
−1
-
+1
µA
Ci
input capacitance
-
2.3
5
pF
VI = VSS
[1]
Typical limits at VDD = 3.3 V, Tamb = 25 °C.
[2]
VDD must be lowered to 0.2 V in order to reset part.
[3]
Each I/O must be externally limited to a maximum of 25 mA and each octal ([LED0 to LED7] and [LED8 to LED15]) must be limited to a
maximum current of 100 mA for a device total of 200 mA.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
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16 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
20 %
002aac191
(1)
percent
variation
20 %
002aac192
(1)
percent
variation
0%
0%
(2)
−20 %
(3)
(2)
−20 %
(3)
−40 %
−40
−20
0
20
40
60
100
Tamb (°C)
80
−40 %
−40
−20
(1) maximum
(1) maximum
(2) average
(2) average
(3) minimum
(3) minimum
Fig 17. Typical frequency variation over process at
VDD = 2.3 V to 3.0 V
20
40
60
100
80
Tamb (°C)
Fig 18. Typical frequency variation over process at
VDD = 3.0 V to 5.5 V
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
0
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
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17 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
11. Dynamic characteristics
Table 14.
Dynamic characteristics
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Standard-mode
I2C-bus
Min
Max
Fast-mode I2C-bus
Min
Max
Unit
fSCL
SCL clock frequency
0
100
0
400
tBUF
bus free time between a STOP and
START condition
4.7
-
1.3
-
µs
tHD;STA
hold time (repeated) START condition
4.0
-
0.6
-
µs
tSU;STA
set-up time for a repeated START
condition
4.7
-
0.6
-
µs
tSU;STO
set-up time for STOP condition
4.0
-
0.6
-
µs
tHD;DAT
data hold time
tVD;ACK
data valid acknowledge time
tVD;DAT
data valid time
kHz
0
-
0
-
ns
[1]
-
600
-
600
ns
LOW-level
[2]
-
600
-
600
ns
HIGH-level
[2]
-
1500
-
600
ns
tSU;DAT
data set-up time
250
-
100
-
ns
tLOW
LOW period of the SCL clock
4.7
-
1.3
-
µs
tHIGH
HIGH period of the SCL clock
4.0
-
0.6
-
µs
20 +
0.1Cb[3]
300
ns
20 +
0.1Cb[3]
300
ns
rise time of both SDA and SCL signals
tr
-
1000
tf
fall time of both SDA and SCL signals
-
300
tSP
pulse width of spikes that must be
suppressed by the input filter
-
50
-
50
ns
tv(Q)
data output valid time
-
200
-
200
ns
tsu(D)
data input set-up time
100
-
100
-
ns
th(D)
data input hold time
1
-
1
-
µs
tw(rst)
reset pulse width
10
-
10
-
ns
trec(rst)
reset recovery time
0
-
0
-
ns
trst
reset time
400
-
400
-
ns
Port timing
Reset
[4][5]
[1]
tVD;ACK = time for Acknowledgement signal from SCL LOW to SDA (out) LOW.
[2]
tVD;DAT = minimum time for SDA data output to be valid following SCL LOW.
[3]
Cb = total capacitance of one bus line in pF.
[4]
Resetting the device while actively communicating on the bus may cause glitches or errant STOP conditions.
[5]
Upon reset, the full delay will be the sum of trst and the RC time constant of the SDA bus.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
18 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
ACK or read cycle
START
SCL
SDA
30 %
trst
RESET
50 %
50 %
trec(rst)
50 %
tw(rst)
trst
LEDn
50 %
LED off
002aac193
Fig 19. Definition of RESET timing
SDA
tr
tBUF
tf
tHD;STA
tSP
tLOW
SCL
tHD;STA
P
S
tSU;STA
tHD;DAT
tHIGH
tSU;DAT
Sr
tSU;STO
P
002aaa986
Fig 20. Definition of timing
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
19 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
protocol
START
condition
(S)
bit 7
MSB
(A7)
tSU;STA
tLOW
bit 6
(A6)
tHIGH
bit 0
(R/W)
acknowledge
(A)
STOP
condition
(P)
1/f
SCL
SCL
tBUF
tr
tf
SDA
tHD;STA
tSU;DAT
tVD;ACK
tVD;DAT
tHD;DAT
tSU;STO
002aab175
Rise and fall times refer to VIL and VIH.
Fig 21. I2C-bus timing diagram
12. Test information
VDD
PULSE
GENERATOR
VI
VO
RL
500 Ω
VDD
open
VSS
DUT
RT
CL
50 pF
002aab880
RL = load resistor for LEDn. RL for SDA and SCL > 1 kΩ (3 mA or less current).
CL = load capacitance includes jig and probe capacitance.
RT = termination resistance should be equal to the output impedance Zo of the pulse generators.
Fig 22. Test circuitry for switching times
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
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PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
13. Package outline
SO24: plastic small outline package; 24 leads; body width 7.5 mm
SOT137-1
D
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
24
13
Q
A2
A
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
θ
Lp
L
1
12
e
detail X
w M
bp
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (inch dimensions are derived from the original mm dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
mm
2.65
0.3
0.1
2.45
2.25
0.25
0.49
0.36
0.32
0.23
15.6
15.2
7.6
7.4
1.27
10.65
10.00
1.4
1.1
0.4
1.1
1.0
0.25
0.25
0.1
0.01
0.019 0.013
0.014 0.009
0.61
0.60
0.30
0.29
0.05
0.419
0.043
0.055
0.394
0.016
inches
0.1
0.012 0.096
0.004 0.089
0.043
0.039
0.01
0.01
Z
(1)
0.9
0.4
0.035
0.004
0.016
θ
o
8
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm (0.006 inch) maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT137-1
075E05
MS-013
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
Fig 23. Package outline SOT137-1 (SO24)
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
21 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
TSSOP24: plastic thin shrink small outline package; 24 leads; body width 4.4 mm
D
SOT355-1
E
A
X
c
HE
y
v M A
Z
13
24
Q
A2
(A 3)
A1
pin 1 index
A
θ
Lp
L
1
12
bp
e
detail X
w M
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (2)
e
HE
L
Lp
Q
v
w
y
Z (1)
θ
mm
1.1
0.15
0.05
0.95
0.80
0.25
0.30
0.19
0.2
0.1
7.9
7.7
4.5
4.3
0.65
6.6
6.2
1
0.75
0.50
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.13
0.1
0.5
0.2
8o
0o
Notes
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.15 mm maximum per side are not included.
2. Plastic interlead protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT355-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
03-02-19
MO-153
Fig 24. Package outline SOT355-1 (TSSOP24)
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
22 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
HVQFN24: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
24 terminals; body 4 x 4 x 0.85 mm
A
B
D
SOT616-1
terminal 1
index area
A
A1
E
c
detail X
e1
C
1/2 e
e
12
y
y1 C
v M C A B
w M C
b
7
L
13
6
e
e2
Eh
1/2 e
1
18
terminal 1
index area
24
19
X
Dh
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A(1)
max.
A1
b
c
D (1)
Dh
E (1)
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.30
0.18
0.2
4.1
3.9
2.25
1.95
4.1
3.9
2.25
1.95
0.5
2.5
2.5
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.075 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT616-1
---
MO-220
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
01-08-08
02-10-22
Fig 25. Package outline SOT616-1 (HVQFN24)
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
23 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
14. Handling information
All input and output pins are protected against ElectroStatic Discharge (ESD) under
normal handling. When handling ensure that the appropriate precautions are taken as
described in JESD625-A or equivalent standards.
15. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
15.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
15.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
15.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
24 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
15.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 26) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 15 and 16
Table 15.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
≥ 350
< 2.5
235
220
≥ 2.5
220
220
Table 16.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020C)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (°C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 26.
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
25 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
temperature
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 26. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
16. Abbreviations
Table 17.
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
CDM
Charged Device Model
DSP
Digital Signal Processor
DUT
Device Under Test
ESD
ElectroStatic Discharge
GPIO
General Purpose Input/Output
HBM
Human Body Model
I2C-bus
Inter-Integrated Circuit bus
LED
Light Emitting Diode
MCU
MicroController Unit
MM
Machine Model
MPU
MicroProcessor Unit
POR
Power-On Reset
RC
Resistor-Capacitor network
SMBus
System Management Bus
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
26 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
17. Revision history
Table 18.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
PCA9532_4
20090317
Product data sheet
-
PCA9532_3
Modifications:
•
The format of this data sheet has been redesigned to comply with the new identity guidelines of
NXP Semiconductors.
•
•
Legal texts have been adapted to the new company name where appropriate.
•
•
Table 2 “Pin description”: added Table note [1] and its reference at HVQFN24 pin 9, VSS
Section 5.1 “Pinning”: replaced (old) Figure 1 with separate drawings for SO24 (Figure 2) and
TSSOP24 (Figure 3)
Section 6.2 “Control register”:
– 2nd paragraph: changed from “The lowest 3 bits are ...” to “The lowest 4 bits are ...”
– 4th paragraph: changed from “... by reading a register different from ‘0’ ...” to “... by reading a
register different from INPUT0 ...”
•
•
•
Section 6.6 “External RESET”, 1st paragraph, 1st sentence: changed symbol from “tW” to “tw(rst)”
Figure 11 “Write to register”: symbol changed from “tpv” to “tv(Q)”
Figure 13 “Read input port register”:
– Symbol changed from “tph” to “th(D)”
– Symbol changed from “tps” to “tsu(D)”
•
Table 12 “Limiting values”: changed symbol/parameter from “II/O, DC output current on an I/O”
to “IO(LEDn), output current on pin LEDn”
•
Table 13 “Static characteristics”:
– Descriptive line below table title: 2nd sentence is moved to Table note [1], with its reference at
column heading “Typ”
– ∆IDD parameter changed from “additional standby current” to “additional quiescent supply
current”
– Sub-section “I/Os”: symbol changed from “IL” to “ILI”
•
Table 14 “Dynamic characteristics”:
– Symbol/parameter changed from “tPV, Output data valid” to “tv(Q), data output valid time”
– Symbol/parameter changed from “tPS, Input data set-up time” to “tsu(D), data input set-up time”
– Symbol/parameter changed from “tPH, Input data hold time” to “th(D), data input hold time”
– Symbol changed from “tW” to “tw(rst)”
– Symbol changed from “tREC” to “trec(rst)”
– Symbol/parameter changed from “tRESET, Time to reset” to “trst, reset time”
•
Figure 19 “Definition of RESET timing”:
– Symbol changed from “tREC” to “trec(rst)”
– Symbol changed from “tRESET” to “trst”
– Symbol changed from “tW” to “tw(rst)”
– Symbol changed from “tRESET” to “trst”
•
•
Updated handling information
Added soldering information
PCA9532_3
20041001
Product data sheet
-
PCA9532_2
PCA9532_2
(9397 750 11459)
20030502
Product data
ECN 853-2398 29860
dated 24 Apr 2003
PCA9532_1
PCA9532_1
(9397 750 10874)
20030226
Product data
ECN 853-2398 29297
dated 12 Dec 2002
-
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
27 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
18. Legal information
18.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
18.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
18.3 Disclaimers
General — Information in this document is believed to be accurate and
reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any representations or
warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of such
information and shall have no liability for the consequences of use of such
information.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in medical, military, aircraft,
space or life support equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or applications and
therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) may cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and operation of
the device at these or any other conditions above those given in the
Characteristics sections of this document is not implied. Exposure to limiting
values for extended periods may affect device reliability.
Terms and conditions of sale — NXP Semiconductors products are sold
subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial sale, as published
at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, including those pertaining to warranty,
intellectual property rights infringement and limitation of liability, unless
explicitly otherwise agreed to in writing by NXP Semiconductors. In case of
any inconsistency or conflict between information in this document and such
terms and conditions, the latter will prevail.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted
or construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the
grant, conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents
or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from national authorities.
18.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
I2C-bus — logo is a trademark of NXP B.V.
19. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
PCA9532_4
Product data sheet
© NXP B.V. 2009. All rights reserved.
Rev. 04 — 17 March 2009
28 of 29
PCA9532
NXP Semiconductors
16-bit I2C-bus LED dimmer
20. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.3
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
6.3.4
6.3.5
6.3.6
6.3.7
6.4
6.5
6.6
7
7.1
7.1.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
8
8.1
8.2
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
17
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Device address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Control register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Control register definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Register descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
INPUT0 - Input register 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
INPUT1 - Input register 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
PCS0 - Frequency Prescaler 0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
PWM0 - Pulse Width Modulation 0 . . . . . . . . . . 7
PCS1 - Frequency Prescaler 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
PWM1 - Pulse Width Modulation 1 . . . . . . . . . . 7
LS0 to LS3 - LED selector registers . . . . . . . . . 8
Pins used as GPIOs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Power-on reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
External RESET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Characteristics of the I2C-bus. . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Bit transfer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
START and STOP conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
System configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Acknowledge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Bus transactions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Application design-in information . . . . . . . . . 13
Minimizing IDD when the I/Os are used to
control LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Programming example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Test information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Handling information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Introduction to soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Wave and reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
19
20
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28
28
28
28
28
28
29
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP B.V. 2009.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 17 March 2009
Document identifier: PCA9532_4
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