DN96

A Product Line of
Diodes Incorporated
DN96
MR11 LED Lighting application with AL8805
Introduction
MR11 lamps are one variety of Multifaceted Reflector (MR) lamps that usually employ a halogen
filament capsule as the light source. They are used in many retail and consumer lighting applications
where their size, configurability, spot-lighting capability and aesthetics provide utility and creativity.
Low efficiency, heat generation and halogen capsule handling issues are among the disadvantages of
the technology. They typically operate from 12V DC or 12V AC, using conventional electromagnetic
transformers.
LEDs offer a more energy efficient and no radiated heat, no Ultra Violet light solution to replace some
halogen lamp applications.
This reference design is intended to fit into the base connector space of an MR11 style LED lamp.
The design has been optimized for part count and thermal performance. The design can be used with
single 3W LED in the Lens section.
Figure 1: Picture of MR11 LED spot light
Data sheet
It is recommended that this design note is used with the data sheet for the AL8805 see
http://www.diodes.com/products/catalog/list.php?parent-id=91
Issue 1 – August, 2010
© Diodes Incorporated, 2010
www.diodes.com
DN96
Description
The system diagram of the MR11 lamp solution with AL8805 and SBR2A40P1 as bridge rectifier is
shown in Figure 2, and Table 1 provides the bill of materials.
Figure 2: Circuit schematic
The AL8805 is designed for LED current drive applications of up to 1A. The monolithic NMOSFET is
sized appropriately to provide a cost-effective die size and is rated to 1A, which with the hysteretic
mode of operation (the inductor current waveform will ramp +/-20% about the nominal current set
point) provides sufficient margin for accurate LED current sensing.
The use of super barrier rectifiers SBR2A40P1, reduce the power loss significantly in the rectifier
section. This is due to the ultra low forward voltage characteristic of super barrier rectifier.
As the AL8805 has a hysteretic switching topology, the switching frequency is dependent on several
factors - input voltage, target current and number of LEDs. Excel based calculators are available for
system initial evaluation and component choice.
See AL8805 Excel calculator
http://www.diodes.com/destools/calculators.html
Design Consideration
The input impedance of the CTRL pin is high and is susceptible to leakage currents from other
sources. Anything that sinks current from this pin will reduce the output current. In order to avoid any
kind of electromagnetic coupling a guard track around this pin is used.
The PCB had provision to incorporate a pi filter in order to meet the conductive EMI test requirements.
The pi-filter formed by C5, C1, C6 and L2 form a pi-filter which is used to attenuate the high frequency
conductive noise generated due to the switching of AL8805.
Issue 1 – August, 2010
www.diodes.com
© Diodes Incorporated 2010
2
DN96
Results
The performances of the systems are outlined in table 1 and in figure 3 and 4. They display a level of
efficiency generally higher than 80% with DC voltage input.
Table 1: DC Test data
DC Input (include input bridge)
Input Voltage
Input Current
(V)
(mA)
8
358.1
10
283.2
12
234.7
14
200.4
16
175.3
18
156.2
Total LED Voltage
(V)
3.42
3.42
3.42
3.42
3.42
3.42
LED Current
(mA)
669.5
669.4
669.5
668.7
668.3
669
LED Current vs Input Voltage
100
700
90
690
80
680
70
670
LED Current (mA)
Efficiency (%)
Effiency vs Input Voltage
Efficiency
(%)
79.9
80.8
81.3
81.5
81.5
81.4
60
50
40
30
660
650
640
630
20
620
10
610
0
600
8
10
12
14
16
8
18
10
12
14
16
18
Input Voltage (V)
Input Voltage (V)
Figure 3: LED driver system efficiency
Figure 4: LED driver current regulation
Figure 5 shows the typical waveform for driver operated under 12V 50Hz AC input.
Figure 5 Waveform with 12V 50HZ AC input
Issue 1 – August, 2010
www.diodes.com
© Diodes Incorporated 2010
3
DN96
The BOM in table 2 and the PCB layout in figures 6 and 7, complete the tools needed to design a MR11
LED Spotlight driver using the AL8805.
Table 2: Bill of Material
Item
Designator
1
U1
Value
AL8805
Description
1A 30V LED driver IC
Manufacturer
Diodes Inc.
2
D1
DLFS240
40V 2A Schottky Rectifier
Diodes Inc.
3
D2 D3 D4 D5
SBR2A40P1
40V 2A Super Barrier Rectifier
Diodes Inc.
4
5
R1
C1
0R15
150uF/20V
generic
Kemet
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
L1
L2
-100nF/25V
1uF/25V
-2.2uF/25V
33uH
--
Resistor, 1%, 0805
SMD tantalum Kemet D case,
T491X157K020AT
Not Fitted
SMD 0805 X7R
SMD 1206 X7R
Not Fitted
SMD 1206 X7R
LPS6235-333ML
Fitted with 0R Jumper
generic
generic
generic
Coilcraft
PCB layout
Figure 6: Top Layer
Figure 7: Bottom Layer
Conclusion
This design note provides a simple tool to design a MR11 LED spotlight driver using the AL8805 LED
driver. It provides high level of efficiency as well as LED current control over 12V AC input voltages.
The PCB designs include provision for a pi-filter to comply with the conductive EMI requirement.
Issue 1 – August, 2010
www.diodes.com
© Diodes Incorporated 2010
4
DN96
IMPORTANT NOTICE
DIODES INCORPORATED MAKE NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, WITH REGARD TO THIS
DOCUMENT, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE (AND THEIR EQUIVALENTS UNDER THE LAWS OF ANY JURISDICTION).
Diodes Incorporated and its subsidiaries reserve the right to make modifications, enhancements, improvements,
corrections or other changes without further notice to this document and any product described herein. Diodes Incorporated
does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of this document or any product described herein; neither
does Diodes Incorporated convey any license under its patent or trademark rights, nor the rights of others. Any Customer
or user of this document or products described herein in such applications shall assume all risks of such use and will agree
to hold Diodes Incorporated and all the companies whose products are represented on Diodes Incorporated website,
harmless against all damages.
Diodes Incorporated does not warrant or accept any liability whatsoever in respect of any products purchased through
unauthorized sales channels. Should Customers purchase or use Diodes Incorporated products for any unintended or
unauthorized application, Customers shall indemnify and hold Diodes Incorporated and its representatives harmless
against all claims, damages, expenses, and attorney fees arising out of, directly or indirectly, any claim of personal injury or
death associated with such unintended or unauthorized application.
Products described herein may be covered by one or more United States, international or foreign patents pending. Product
names and markings noted herein may also be covered by one or more United States, international or foreign trademarks.
LIFE SUPPORT
Diodes Incorporated products are specifically not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or
systems without the express written approval of the Chief Executive Officer of Diodes Incorporated. As used herein:
A. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which:
1. are intended to implant into the body, or
2. support or sustain life and whose failure to perform when properly used in accordance with instructions for use
provided in the labeling can be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
B. A critical component is any component in a life support device or system whose failure to perform can be reasonably
be expected to cause the failure of the life support device or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
Customers represent that they have all necessary expertise in the safety and regulatory ramifications of their life support
devices or systems, and acknowledge and agree that they are solely responsible for all legal, regulatory and safety-related
requirements concerning their products and any use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support
devices or systems, notwithstanding any devices- or systems-related information or support that may be provided by
Diodes Incorporated. Further, Customers must fully indemnify Diodes Incorporated and its representatives against any
damages arising out of the use of Diodes Incorporated products in such safety-critical, life support devices or systems.
Copyright © 2010, Diodes Incorporated
www.diodes.com
Issue 1 – August, 2010
www.diodes.com
© Diodes Incorporated 2010
5
Similar pages