Data Sheet

SC16C654B/654DB
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.), with 64-byte
FIFOs and infrared (IrDA) encoder/decoder
Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
Product data sheet
1. General description
The SC16C654B/654DB is a Quad Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter
(QUART) used for serial data communications. Its principal function is to convert parallel
data into serial data and vice versa. The UART can handle serial data rates up to 5 Mbit/s.
It comes with an Intel or Motorola interface.
The SC16C654B/654DB is pin compatible with the ST16C654 and TL16C754 and it will
power-up to be functionally equivalent to the 16C454. Programming of control registers
enables the added features of the SC16C654B/654DB. Some of these added features are
the 64-byte receive and transmit FIFOs, automatic hardware or software flow control and
infrared encoding/decoding. The selectable auto-flow control feature significantly reduces
software overload and increases system efficiency while in FIFO mode by automatically
controlling serial data flow using RTS output and CTS input signals. The
SC16C654B/654DB also provides DMA mode data transfers through FIFO trigger levels
and the TXRDY and RXRDY signals. (TXRDY and RXRDY signals are not available in the
HVQFN48 package.) On-board status registers provide the user with error indications,
operational status, and modem interface control. System interrupts may be tailored to
meet user requirements. An internal loop-back capability allows on-board diagnostics.
The SC16C654B/654DB operates at 5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V, and the industrial temperature
range, and is available in plastic PLCC68, LQFP64, HVQFN48 and LFBGA64 packages.
On the HVQFN48 package, only channel C has all the modem pins. Channel A and
channel B have only RTS and CTS pins, and channel D does not have any modem pin.
2. Features
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
4 channel UART
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V operation
Industrial temperature range (−40 °C to +85 °C)
SC16C654B is pin and software compatible with the industry-standard
ST16C454/554, ST16C654, ST68C454/554, TL16C554
SC16C654DB is pin and software compatible with ST16C654D, and software
compatible with ST16C454/554, ST68C454/554, TL16C554
Up to 5 Mbit/s data rate at 5 V and 3.3 V and 3 Mbit/s at 2.5 V
5 V tolerant inputs
64-byte transmit FIFO
64-byte receive FIFO with error flags
Automatic software (Xon/Xoff)/hardware (RTS/CTS) flow control
Programmable Xon/Xoff characters
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Software selectable baud rate generator
Four selectable Receive and Transmit FIFO interrupt trigger levels
Standard modem interface or infrared (IrDA) encoder/decoder interface
Sleep mode
Standard asynchronous error and framing bits (Start, Stop, and Parity Overrun Break)
Transmit, Receive, Line Status, and Data Set interrupts independently controlled
Fully programmable character formatting:
◆ 5, 6, 7, or 8-bit characters
◆ Even, Odd, or No Parity formats
◆ 1, 11⁄2, or 2-stop bit
◆ Baud generation (DC to 5 Mbit/s)
False start-bit detection
Complete status reporting capabilities
3-state output TTL drive capabilities for bi-directional data bus and control bus
Line break generation and detection
Internal diagnostic capabilities:
◆ Loop-back controls for communications link fault isolation
Prioritized interrupt system controls
Modem control functions (CTS, RTS, DSR, DTR, RI, CD).
3. Ordering information
Table 1:
Ordering information
Type number
Package
Name
Description
Version
SC16C654BIA68
PLCC68
plastic leaded chip carrier; 68 leads
SOT188-2
SC16C654BIB64
LQFP64
plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; body 10 × 10 × 1.4 mm
SOT314-2
SC16C654BIBM
LQFP64
plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; body 7 × 7 × 1.4 mm
SOT414-1
SC16C654BIBS
HVQFN48
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
48 terminals; body 6 × 6 × 0.85 mm
SOT778-3
SC16C654BIEC
LFBGA64
plastic low profile fine-pitch ball grid array package; 64 balls;
body 6 × 6 × 1.05 mm
SOT686-1
SC16C654DBIB64
LQFP64
plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; body 10 × 10 × 1.4 mm
SOT314-2
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
2 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
4. Block diagram
SC16C654B/654DB
D0 to D7
IOR
IOW
RESET
TRANSMIT
FIFO
REGISTERS
DATA BUS
AND
CONTROL
LOGIC
TRANSMIT
SHIFT
REGISTER
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
REGISTER
SELECT
LOGIC
IR
ENCODER
RECEIVE
FIFO
REGISTERS
INTERCONNECT BUS LINES
AND
CONTROL SIGNALS
A0 to A2
CSA to CSD
TXA to TXD
RECEIVE
SHIFT
REGISTER
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
RXA to RXD
IR
DECODER
16/68
INTA to INTD
TXRDY
RXRDY
DTRA to DTRD
RTSA to RTSD
INTERRUPT
CONTROL
LOGIC
CLOCK AND
BAUD RATE
GENERATOR
MODEM
CONTROL
LOGIC
CTSA to CTSD
RIA to RID
CDA to CDD
DSRA to DSRD
INTSEL
002aaa871
XTAL1 XTAL2
CLKSEL
Fig 1. Block diagram of SC16C654B/654DB (16 mode)
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Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
3 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
SC16C654B/654DB
D0 to D7
R/W
RESET
TRANSMIT
FIFO
REGISTERS
DATA BUS
AND
CONTROL
LOGIC
TRANSMIT
SHIFT
REGISTER
A0 to A4
CS
REGISTER
SELECT
LOGIC
INTERCONNECT BUS LINES
AND
CONTROL SIGNALS
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
TXA to TXD
IR
ENCODER
RECEIVE
FIFO
REGISTERS
RECEIVE
SHIFT
REGISTER
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
RXA to RXD
IR
DECODER
16/68
IRQ
TXRDY
RXRDY
DTRA to DTRD
RTSA to RTSD
INTERRUPT
CONTROL
LOGIC
CLOCK AND
BAUD RATE
GENERATOR
MODEM
CONTROL
LOGIC
CTSA to CTSD
RIA to RID
CDA to CDD
DSRA to DSRD
002aaa872
XTAL1 XTAL2
CLKSEL
Fig 2. Block diagram of SC16C654B/654DB (68 mode)
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Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
4 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
5. Pinning information
D3
1
61 CDD
D4
2
62 RID
D5
3
63 RXD
D6
4
64 VCC
D7
5
65 INTSEL
GND
6
66 D0
RXA
7
67 D1
RIA
8
68 D2
CDA
9
5.1 Pinning
DSRA 10
60 DSRD
CTSA 11
59 CTSD
DTRA 12
58 DTRD
VCC 13
57 GND
RTSA 14
56 RTSD
INTA 15
55 INTD
CSA 16
54 CSD
TXA 17
53 TXD
SC16C654BIA68
16 mode
IOW 18
TXB 19
52 IOR
51 TXC
CSB 20
50 CSC
INTB 21
49 INTC
RTSB 22
48 RTSC
GND 23
47 VCC
CDC 43
RIC 42
RXC 41
GND 40
TXRDY 39
RESET 37
RXRDY 38
XTAL2 36
XTAL1 35
A0 34
A1 33
A2 32
16/68 31
CLKSEL 30
44 DSRC
RXB 29
45 CTSC
DSRB 26
RIB 28
46 DTRC
CTSB 25
CDB 27
DTRB 24
002aaa873
Fig 3. Pin configuration for PLCC68 (16 mode)
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Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
5 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
D3
1
61 CDD
D4
2
62 RID
D5
3
63 RXD
D6
4
64 VCC
D7
5
65 n.c.
GND
6
66 D0
RXA
7
67 D1
RIA
8
68 D2
CDA
9
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
DSRA 10
60 DSRD
CTSA 11
59 CTSD
DTRA 12
58 DTRD
VCC 13
57 GND
RTSA 14
56 RTSD
IRQ 15
55 n.c.
CS 16
54 n.c.
TXA 17
53 TXD
SC16C654BIA68
68 mode
R/W 18
TXB 19
52 n.c.
51 TXC
A3 20
50 A4
n.c. 21
49 n.c.
RTSB 22
48 RTSC
GND 23
47 VCC
CDC 43
RIC 42
RXC 41
GND 40
TXRDY 39
RESET 37
RXRDY 38
XTAL2 36
XTAL1 35
A0 34
A1 33
A2 32
16/68 31
CLKSEL 30
44 DSRC
RXB 29
45 CTSC
DSRB 26
RIB 28
46 DTRC
CTSB 25
CDB 27
DTRB 24
002aaa874
Fig 4. Pin configuration for PLCC68 (68 mode)
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
6 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
49 CDD
50 RID
51 RXD
52 VCC
53 D0
54 D1
55 D2
56 D3
57 D4
58 D5
59 D6
60 D7
61 GND
62 RXA
63 RIA
64 CDA
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
DSRA
1
48 DSRD
CTSA
2
47 CTSD
DTRA
3
46 DTRD
VCC
4
45 GND
RTSA
5
44 RTSD
INTA
6
43 INTD
CSA
7
TXA
8
IOW
9
42 CSD
SC16C654BIB64
SC16C654BIBM
SC16C654DBIB64
41 TXD
40 IOR
DSRC 32
CDC 31
RIC 30
RXC 29
GND 28
RESET 27
XTAL2 26
XTAL1 25
33 CTSC
A0 24
CTSB 16
A1 23
35 VCC
34 DTRC
A2 22
DTRB 15
VCC 21
36 RTSC
GND 14
RXB 20
37 INTC
RTSB 13
RIB 19
38 CSC
INTB 12
CDB 18
39 TXC
CSB 11
DSRB 17
TXB 10
002aaa875
Fig 5. Pin configuration for LQFP64
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Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
7 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
37 GND
38 RXD
39 D0
40 D1
41 D2
42 D3
43 D4
44 D5
45 D6
46 D7
terminal 1
index area
47 GND
48 RXA
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
CTSA
1
36 INTD
VCC
2
35 CSD
RTSA
3
34 TXD
INTA
4
33 IOR
CSA
5
TXA
6
IOW
7
TXB
8
29 RTSC
CSB
9
28 VCC
32 TXC
31 CSC
SC16C654BIBS
16 mode
30 INTC
RXC 22
RIC 23
CDC 24
39 D0
38 RXD
37 GND
GND 21
RESET 20
XTAL2 19
XTAL1 18
A0 17
A1 16
25 DSRC
A2 15
26 CTSC
CTSB 12
RXB 13
27 DTRC
RTSB 11
16/68 14
INTB 10
002aab568
Transparent top view
40 D1
41 D2
42 D3
43 D4
44 D5
45 D6
46 D7
terminal 1
index area
47 GND
48 RXA
Fig 6. Pin configuration for HVQFN48 (16 mode)
CTSA
1
36 n.c.
VCC
2
35 CSD
RTSA
3
34 TXD
IRQ
4
33 IOR
CS
5
TXA
6
R/W
7
TXB
8
29 RTSC
A3
9
28 VCC
32 TXC
31 A4
SC16C654BIBS
68 mode
30 n.c.
CDC 24
RIC 23
RXC 22
GND 21
RESET 20
XTAL2 19
XTAL1 18
A0 17
A1 16
25 DSRC
A2 15
26 CTSC
CTSB 12
RXB 13
27 DTRC
RTSB 11
16/68 14
n.c. 10
002aab565
Transparent top view
Fig 7. Pin configuration for HVQFN48 (68 mode)
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
8 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
ball A1
index area
SC16C654BIEC
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
K
002aab566
Transparent top view
Fig 8. Pin configuration for LFBGA64
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
A
CDA
RIA
RXA
D7
D5
D3
D1
VCC
RID
CDD
B
DSRA
VCC
GND
D6
D4
D2
D0
RXD
DSRD
CTSD
C
CTSA
RTSA
DTRD
RTSD
D
DTRA
INTA
GND
INTD
E
CSA
TXA
CSD
TXD
F
IOW
TXB
IOR
TXC
G
CSB
INTB
CSC
INTC
H
GND
RTSB
RTSC
VCC
J
DTRB
CTSB
RIB
VCC
A1
XTAL1
RESET
RXC
CDC
DTRC
K
DSRB
CDB
RXB
A2
A0
XTAL2
GND
RIC
DSRC
CTSC
002aab567
Fig 9. Ball mapping for LFBGA64
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
9 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
5.2 Pin description
Table 2:
Pin description
Symbol
Pin
Type Description
PLCC68 LQFP64 HVQFN48 LFBGA6
4
16/68
31
-
14
-
I
16/68 Interface type select (input with internal pull-up).
This input provides the 16 (Intel) or 68 (Motorola) bus
interface type select. The functions of IOR, IOW,
INTA to INTD, and CSA to CSD are re-assigned with the
logical state of this pin. When this pin is a logic 1, the
16 mode interface (16C654) is selected. When this pin is a
logic 0, the 68 mode interface (68C654) is selected. When
this pin is a logic 0, IOW is re-assigned to R/W, RESET is
re-assigned to RESET, IOR is not used, and INTA to INTD
are connected in a wire-OR configuration. The wire-OR
outputs are connected internally to the open-drain IRQ
signal output. This pin is not available on 64-pin packages
which operate in the 16 mode only.
A0
34
24
17
K5
I
Address 0 select bit. Internal registers address selection in
16 and 68 modes.
A1
33
23
16
J5
I
Address 1 select bit. Internal registers address selection in
16 and 68 modes.
A2
32
22
15
K4
I
Address 2 select bit. Internal registers address selection in
16 and 68 modes.
A3
20
-
9
-
I
A4
50
-
31
-
Address 3, Address 4 select bits. When the 68 mode is
selected, these pins are used to address or select individual
UARTs (providing CS is a logic 0). In the 16 mode, these
pins are re-assigned as chip selects, see CSB and CSC.
These pins are not available on 64-pin packages which
operate in the 16 mode only.
CDA
9
64
-
A1
I
CDB
27
18
-
K2
CDC
43
31
24
J9
Carrier Detect (active LOW). These inputs are associated
with individual UART channels A through D. A logic 0 on this
pin indicates that a carrier has been detected by the modem
for that channel.
CDD
61
49
-
A10
CLKSEL
30
-
-
-
I
Clock Select. The 1× or 4× pre-scalable clock is selected by
this pin. The 1× clock is selected when CLKSEL is a logic 1
(connected to VCC) or the 4× is selected when CLKSEL is a
logic 0 (connected to GND). MCR[7] can override the state
of this pin following reset or initialization (see MCR[7]). This
pin is not available on 64-pin packages which provide
MCR[7] selection only.
CS
16
-
5
-
I
Chip Select (active LOW). In the 68 mode, this pin
functions as a multiple channel chip enable. In this case, all
four UARTs (A to D) are enabled when the CS pin is a
logic 0. An individual UART channel is selected by the data
contents of address bits A[3:4]. when the 16 mode is
selected (68-pin devices), this pin functions as CSA (see
definition under CSA, CSB). This pin is not available on
64-pin packages which operate in the 16 mode only.
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
10 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 2:
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Type Description
PLCC68 LQFP64 HVQFN48 LFBGA6
4
CSA
16
7
5
E1
CSB
20
11
9
G1
CSC
50
38
31
G9
CSD
54
42
35
E9
CTSA
11
2
1
C1
CTSB
25
16
12
J2
CTSC
45
33
26
K10
CTSD
59
47
-
B10
I
Chip Select A, B, C, D (active LOW). This function is
associated with the 16 mode only, and for individual
channels ‘A’ through ‘D’. When in 16 mode, these pins
enable data transfers between the user CPU and the
SC16C654B/654DB for the channel(s) addressed. Individual
UART sections (A, B, C, D) are addressed by providing a
logic 0 on the respective CSA to CSD pin. When the
68 mode is selected, the functions of these pins are
re-assigned. 68 mode functions are described under their
respective name/pin headings.
I
Clear to Send (active LOW). These inputs are associated
with individual UART channels A through D. A logic 0 on the
CTS pin indicates the modem or data set is ready to accept
transmit data from the SC16C654B/654DB. Status can be
tested by reading MSR[4]. This pin only affects the transmit
or receive operations when Auto CTS function is enabled via
the Enhanced Feature Register EFR[7] for hardware flow
control operation.
D0 to D2, 66 to 68 53 to 55, 39 to 41,
D3 to D7 , 1 to 5 56 to 60 42 to 46
B7, A7,
B6, A6,
B5, A5,
B4, A4
I/O
Data bus (bi-directional). These pins are the 8-bit, 3-state
data bus for transferring information to or from the controlling
CPU. D0 is the least significant bit and the first data bit in a
transmit or receive serial data stream.
DSRA
10
1
-
B1
I
DSRB
26
17
-
K1
DSRC
44
32
25
K9
DSRD
60
48
-
B9
Data Set Ready (active LOW). These inputs are associated
with individual UART channels, A through D. A logic 0 on this
pin indicates the modem or data set is powered-on and is
ready for data exchange with the UART. This pin has no
effect on the UART’s transmit or receive operation.
DTRA
12
3
-
D1
O
DTRB
24
15
-
J1
DTRC
46
34
27
J10
DTRD
58
46
-
C9
Data Terminal Ready (active LOW). These outputs are
associated with individual UART channels, A through D. A
logic 0 on this pin indicates that the SC16C654B/654DB is
powered-on and ready. This pin can be controlled via the
modem control register. Writing a logic 1 to MCR[0] will set
the DTR output to logic 0, enabling the modem. This pin will
be a logic 1 after writing a logic 0 to MCR[0], or after a reset.
This pin has no effect on the UART’s transmit or receive
operation.
GND
6, 23,
40, 57
14, 28,
45, 61
21, 37, 47 B3, K7,
H1, D9
I
Signal and power ground.
O
Interrupt A, B, C, D (active HIGH). This function is
associated with the 16 mode only. These pins provide
individual channel interrupts INTA to INTD. INTA to INTD are
enabled when MCR[3] is set to a logic 1, interrupts are
enabled in the interrupt enable register (IER), and when an
interrupt condition exists. Interrupt conditions include:
receiver errors, available receiver buffer data, transmit buffer
empty, or when a modem status flag is detected. When the
68 mode is selected, the functions of these pins are
re-assigned. 68 mode functions are described under their
respective name/pin headings.
INTA
15
6
4
D2
INTB
21
12
10
G2
INTC
49
37
30
G10
INTD
55
43
36
D10
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
11 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 2:
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Type Description
PLCC68 LQFP64 HVQFN48 LFBGA6
4
INTSEL
65
-
-
-
I
Interrupt Select (active HIGH, with internal pull-down).
This function is associated with the 16 mode only. When the
16 mode is selected, this pin can be used in conjunction with
MCR[3] to enable or disable the 3-state interrupts,
INTA to INTD, or override MCR[3] and force continuous
interrupts. Interrupt outputs are enabled continuously by
making this pin a logic 1. Making this pin a logic 0 allows
MCR[3] to control the 3-state interrupt output. In this mode,
MCR[3] is set to a logic 1 to enable the 3-state outputs. This
pin is disabled in the 68 mode. Due to pin limitations on the
64-pin packages, this pin is not available. To cover this
limitation, the SC16C654DBIB64 version operates in the
continuous interrupt enable mode by bonding this pin to VCC
internally. The SC16C654BIB64 operates with MCR[3]
control by bonding this pin to GND.
IOR
52
40
33
F9
I
Input/Output Read strobe (active LOW). This function is
associated with the 16 mode only. A logic 0 transition on this
pin will load the contents of an internal register defined by
address bits A[0:2] onto the SC16C654B/654DB data bus
(D[0:7]) for access by external CPU. This pin is disabled in
the 68 mode.
IOW
18
9
7
F1
I
Input/Output Write strobe (active LOW). This function is
associated with the 16 mode only. A logic 0 transition on this
pin will transfer the contents of the data bus (D[0:7]) from the
external CPU to an internal register that is defined by
address bits A[0:2]. When the 68 mode is selected
(PLCC68), this pin functions as R/W (see definition under
R/W).
IRQ
15
-
4
-
O
Interrupt Request or Interrupt ‘A’. This function is
associated with the 68 mode only. In the 68 mode, interrupts
from UART channels A-D are wire-ORed internally to
function as a single IRQ interrupt. This pin transitions to a
logic 0 (if enabled by the interrupt enable register) whenever
a UART channel(s) requires service. Individual channel
interrupt status can be determined by addressing each
channel through its associated internal register, using CS
and A[3:4]. In the 68 mode, and external pull-up resistor
must be connected between this pin and VCC. The function
of this pin changes to INTA when operating in the 16 mode
(see definition under INTA).
n.c.
21, 49,
52, 54,
55, 65
-
-
-
-
not connected
RESET,
RESET
37
27
20
J7
I
Reset. In the 16 mode, a logic 1 on this pin will reset the
internal registers and all the outputs. The UART transmitter
output and the receiver input will be disabled during reset
time. (See Section 7.11 “SC16C654B/654DB external reset
conditions” for initialization details.) When 16/68 is a logic 0
(68 mode), this pin functions similarly, but as an inverted
reset interface signal, RESET.
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SC16C654B/654DB
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Table 2:
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Type Description
PLCC68 LQFP64 HVQFN48 LFBGA6
4
RIA
8
63
-
A2
RIB
28
19
-
J3
RIC
42
30
23
K8
RID
62
50
-
A9
RTSA
14
5
3
C2
RTSB
22
13
11
H2
RTSC
48
36
29
H9
RTSD
56
44
-
C10
R/W
18
-
7
-
I
Ring Indicator (active LOW). These inputs are associated
with individual UART channels, A through D. A logic 0 on this
pin indicates the modem has received a ringing signal from
the telephone line. A logic 1 transition on this input pin will
generate an interrupt.
O
Request to Send (active LOW). These outputs are
associated with individual UART channels, A through D. A
logic 0 on the RTS pin indicates the transmitter has data
ready and waiting to send. Writing a logic 1 in the modem
control register MCR[1] will set this pin to a logic 0,
indicating data is available. After a reset this pin will be set to
a logic 1. This pin only affects the transmit and receive
operations when Auto RTS function is enabled via the
Enhanced Feature Register (EFR[6]) for hardware flow
control operation.
I
Read/Write strobe. This function is associated with the
68 mode only. This pin provides the combined functions for
Read or Write strobes.
Logic 1 = Read from UART register selected by CS and
A[0:4].
Logic 0 = Write to UART register selected by CS and A[0:4].
RXA
7
62
48
A3
I
Receive data input RXA-RXD. These inputs are associated
with individual serial channel data to the
SC16C654B/654DB. The RX signal will be a logic 1 during
reset, idle (no data), or when the transmitter is disabled.
During the local loop-back mode, the RX input pin is
disabled and TX data is connected to the UART RX input
internally.
RXB
29
20
13
K3
RXC
41
29
22
J8
RXD
63
51
38
B8
RXRDY
38
-
-
-
O
Receive Ready (active LOW). This function is associated
with 68-pin package only. RXRDY contains the wire-ORed
status of all four receive channel FIFOs, RXRDYA-RXRDYD.
A logic 0 indicates receive data ready status, that is, the
RHR is full, or the FIFO has one or more RX characters
available for unloading. This pin goes to a logic 1 when the
FIFO/RHR is empty, or when there are no more characters
available in either the FIFO or RHR. Individual channel RX
status is read by examining individual internal registers via
CS and A[0:4] pin functions.
TXA
17
8
6
E2
O
10
8
F2
51
39
32
F10
53
41
34
E10
Transmit data A, B, C, D. These outputs are associated
with individual serial transmit channel data from the
SC16C654B/654DB. The TX signal will be a logic 1 during
reset, idle (no data), or when the transmitter is disabled.
During the local loop-back mode, the TX output pin is
disabled and TX data is internally connected to the UART
RX input.
TXB
19
TXC
TXD
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 2:
Pin description …continued
Symbol
Pin
Type Description
PLCC68 LQFP64 HVQFN48 LFBGA6
4
TXRDY
39
-
-
-
O
Transmit Ready (active LOW). This function is associated
with the 68-pin package only. TXRDY contains the
wire-ORed status of all four transmit channel FIFOs,
TXRDYA-TXRDYD. A logic 0 indicates a buffer ready status,
that is, at least one location is empty and available in one of
the TX channels (A to D). This pin goes to a logic 1 when all
four channels have no more empty locations in the TX FIFO
or THR. Individual channel TX status can be read by
examining individual internal registers via CS and A[0:4] pin
functions.
VCC
13, 47,
64
4, 21,
35, 52
2, 28
A8, B2,
J4, H10
I
Power supply inputs.
XTAL1
35
25
18
J6
I
Crystal or external clock input. Functions as a crystal
input or as an external clock input. A crystal can be
connected between this pin and XTAL2 to form an internal
oscillator circuit; see Figure 10. Alternatively, an external
clock can be connected to this pin to provide custom data
rates; see Section 6.9 “Programmable baud rate generator”.
XTAL2
36
26
19
K6
O
Output of the crystal oscillator or buffered clock. (See
also XTAL1.) Crystal oscillator output or buffered clock
output.
6. Functional description
The SC16C654B/654DB provides serial asynchronous receive data synchronization,
parallel-to-serial and serial-to-parallel data conversions for both the transmitter and
receiver sections. These functions are necessary for converting the serial data stream into
parallel data that is required with digital data systems. Synchronization for the serial data
stream is accomplished by adding start and stop bits to the transmit data to form a data
character. Data integrity is insured by attaching a parity bit to the data character. The
parity bit is checked by the receiver for any transmission bit errors. The electronic circuitry
to provide all these functions is fairly complex, especially when manufactured on a single
integrated silicon chip. The SC16C654B/654DB represents such an integration with
greatly enhanced features. The SC16C654B/654DB is fabricated with an advanced
CMOS process to achieve low drain power and high speed requirements.
The SC16C654B/654DB is an upward solution that provides 64 bytes of transmit and
receive FIFO memory, instead of 16 bytes provided in the 16C554, or none in the 16C454.
The SC16C654B/654DB is designed to work with high speed modems and shared
network environments that require fast data processing time. Increased performance is
realized in the SC16C654B/654DB by the larger transmit and receive FIFOs. This allows
the external processor to handle more networking tasks within a given time. For example,
the SC16C554 with a 16-byte FIFO unloads 16 bytes of receive data in 1.53 ms. (This
example uses a character length of 11 bits, including start/stop bits at 115.2 kbit/s.) This
means the external CPU will have to service the receive FIFO at 1.53 ms intervals.
However, with the 64-byte FIFO in the SC16C654B/654DB, the data buffer will not require
unloading/loading for 6.1 ms. This increases the service interval, giving the external CPU
additional time for other applications and reducing the overall UART interrupt servicing
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
time. In addition, the four selectable levels of FIFO trigger interrupt and automatic
hardware/software flow control is uniquely provided for maximum data throughput
performance, especially when operating in a multi-channel environment. The combination
of the above greatly reduces the bandwidth requirement of the external controlling CPU,
increases performance, and reduces power consumption.
The SC16C654B/654DB combines the package interface modes of the 16C454/554 and
68C454/554 series on a single integrated chip. The 16 mode interface is designed to
operate with the Intel-type of microprocessor bus, while the 68 mode is intended to
operate with Motorola and other popular microprocessors. Following a reset, the
SC16C654B/654DB is downward compatible with the 16C454/554 or the 68C454/554,
dependent on the state of the interface mode selection pin, 16/68.
The SC16C654B/654DB is capable of operation to 1.5 Mbit/s with a 24 MHz crystal and
up to 5 Mbit/s with an external clock input (at 3.3 V and 5 V; at 2.5 V the max speed is
3 Mbit/s). With a crystal of 14.7464 MHz, and through a software option, the user can
select data rates up to 460.8 kbit/s or 921.6 kbit/s, 8 times faster than the 16C554.
The rich feature set of the SC16C654B/654DB is available through internal registers.
Automatic hardware/software flow control, selectable transmit and receive FIFO trigger
levels, selectable TX and RX baud rates, infrared encoder/decoder interface, modem
interface controls, and a sleep mode are all standard features. MCR[5] provides a facility
for turning off (Xon) software flow control with any incoming (RX) character. In the
16 mode, INTSEL and MCR[3] can be configured to provide a software controlled or
continuous interrupt capability. Due to pin limitations of the 64-pin package, this feature is
offered by two different LQFP64 packages. The SC16C654DB operates in the continuous
interrupt enable mode by bonding INTSEL to VCC internally. The SC16C654B operates in
conjunction with MCR[3] by bonding INTSEL to GND internally.
The PLCC68 SC16C654B package offers a clock select pin to allow system/board
designers to preset the default baud rate table. The CLKSEL pin selects the 1× or 4×
pre-scalable baud rate generator table during initialization, but can be overridden following
initialization by MCR[7].
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
6.1 Interface options
Two user interface modes are selectable for the PLCC68 package. These interface modes
are designated as the ‘16 mode’ and the ‘68 mode’. This nomenclature corresponds to the
early 16C454/554 and 68C454/554 package interfaces respectively.
6.1.1 The 16 mode interface
The 16 mode configures the package interface pins for connection as a standard
16 series (Intel) device and operates similar to the standard CPU interface available on
the 16C454/554. In the 16 mode (pin 16/68 = logic 1), each UART is selected with
individual chip select (CSx) pins, as shown in Table 3.
Table 3:
Serial port channel selection, 16 mode interface
CSA
CSB
CSC
CSD
UART channel
1
1
1
1
none
0
1
1
1
A
1
0
1
1
B
1
1
0
1
C
1
1
1
0
D
6.1.2 The 68 mode interface
The 68 mode configures the package interface pins for connection with Motorola, and
other popular microprocessor bus types. The interface operates similar to the
68C454/554. In this mode, the SC16C654B/654DB decodes two additional addresses,
A3-A4, to select one of the four UART ports. The A[3:4] address decode function is used
only when in the 68 mode (16/68 = logic 0), and is shown in Table 4.
Table 4:
Serial port channel selection, 68 mode interface
CS
A4
A3
UART channel
1
n/a
n/a
none
0
0
0
A
0
0
1
B
0
1
0
C
0
1
1
D
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6.2 Internal registers
The SC16C654B/654DB provides 17 internal registers for monitoring and control. These
registers are shown in Table 5. Twelve registers are similar to those already available in
the standard 16C554. These registers function as data holding registers (THR/RHR),
interrupt status and control registers (IER/ISR), a FIFO control register (FCR), line status
and control registers (LCR/LSR), modem status and control registers (MCR/MSR),
programmable data rate (clock) control registers (DLL/DLM), and a user accessible
scratchpad register (SPR). Beyond the general 16C554 features and capabilities, the
SC16C654B/654DB offers an enhanced feature register set (EFR, Xon/Xoff1-2) that
provides on-board hardware/software flow control. Register functions are more fully
described in the following paragraphs.
Table 5:
A2
Internal registers decoding
A1
A0
Read mode
Write mode
General register set (THR/RHR, IER/ISR, MCR/MSR, FCR, LSR, SPR) [1]
0
0
0
Receive Holding Register
Transmit Holding Register
0
0
1
Interrupt Enable Register
Interrupt Enable Register
0
1
0
Interrupt Status Register
FIFO Control Register
0
1
1
Line Control Register
Line Control Register
1
0
0
Modem Control Register
Modem Control Register
1
0
1
Line Status Register
n/a
1
1
0
Modem Status Register
n/a
1
1
1
Scratchpad Register
Scratchpad Register
Baud rate register set (DLL/DLM) [2]
0
0
0
LSB of Divisor Latch
LSB of Divisor Latch
0
0
1
MSB of Divisor Latch
MSB of Divisor Latch
Enhanced register set (EFR, Xon/off
1-2) [3]
0
1
0
Enhanced Feature Register
Enhanced Feature Register
1
0
0
Xon1 word
Xon1 word
1
0
1
Xon2 word
Xon2 word
1
1
0
Xoff1 word
Xoff1 word
1
1
1
Xoff2 word
Xoff2 word
[1]
[2]
[3]
These registers are accessible only when LCR[7] is a logic 0.
These registers are accessible only when LCR[7] is a logic 1.
Enhanced Feature Register, Xon1, 2 and Xoff1, 2 are accessible only when the LCR is set to ‘BFh’.
6.3 FIFO operation
The 64-byte transmit and receive data FIFOs are enabled by the FIFO Control Register
(FCR) bit 0. With SC16C554 devices, the user can set the receive trigger level, but not the
transmit trigger level. The SC16C654B/654DB provides independent trigger levels for both
receiver and transmitter. To remain compatible with SC16C554, the transmit interrupt
trigger level is set to 8 following a reset. It should be noted that the user can set the
transmit trigger levels by writing to the FCR register, but activation will not take place until
EFR[4] is set to a logic 1. The receiver FIFO section includes a time-out function to ensure
data is delivered to the external CPU. An interrupt is generated whenever the Receive
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Holding Register (RHR) has not been read following the loading of a character or the
receive trigger level has not been reached. (For a description of this timing, see Section
6.4 “Hardware flow control”.)
Table 6:
RX trigger levels
Selected trigger level
(characters)
INT pin activation
Negate RTS or
send Xoff
(characters)
Assert RTS or
send Xon
(characters)
8
8
16
0
16
16
56
8
56
56
60
16
60
60
60
56
6.4 Hardware flow control
When automatic hardware flow control is enabled, the SC16C654B/654DB monitors the
CTS pin for a remote buffer overflow indication and controls the RTS pin for local buffer
overflows. Automatic hardware flow control is selected by setting EFR[6] (RTS) and
EFR[7] (CTS) to a logic 1. If CTS transitions from a logic 0 to a logic 1 indicating a flow
control request, ISR[5] will be set to a logic 1 (if enabled via IER[6,7]), and the
SC16C654B/654DB will suspend TX transmissions as soon as the stop bit of the
character in process is shifted out. Transmission is resumed after the CTS input returns to
a logic 0, indicating more data may be sent.
With the Auto RTS function enabled, an interrupt is generated when the receive FIFO
reaches the programmed trigger level. The RTS pin will not be forced to a logic 1
(RTS off), until the receive FIFO reaches the next trigger level. However, the RTS pin will
return to a logic 0 after the data buffer (FIFO) is unloaded to the next trigger level below
the programmed trigger. However, under the above described conditions, the
SC16C654B/654DB will continue to accept data until the receive FIFO is full.
Remark: Hardware flow control is not supported on channel D in the HVQFN48 package.
6.5 Software flow control
When software flow control is enabled, the SC16C654B/654DB compares one or two
sequential receive data characters with the programmed Xon/Xoff or Xoff1,2 character
value(s). If received character(s) match the programmed values, the SC16C654B/654DB
will halt transmission (TX) as soon as the current character(s) has completed
transmission. When a match occurs, the receive ready (if enabled via Xoff IER[5]) flags
will be set and the interrupt output pin (if receive interrupt is enabled) will be activated.
Following a suspension due to a match of the Xoff characters’ values, the
SC16C654B/654DB will monitor the receive data stream for a match to the Xon1,2
character value(s). If a match is found, the SC16C654B/654DB will resume operation and
clear the flags (ISR[4]). The SC16C654B/654DB offers a special Xon mode via MCR[5].
The initialized default setting of MCR[5] is a logic 0. In this state, Xoff and Xon will operate
as defined above. Setting MCR[5] to a logic 1 sets a special operational mode for the Xon
function. In this case, Xoff operates normally, however, transmission (Xon) will resume
with the next character received, that is, a match is declared simply by the receipt of an
incoming (RX) character.
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Reset initially sets the contents of the Xon/Xoff 8-bit flow control registers to a logic 0.
Following reset, the user can write any Xon/Xoff value desired for software flow control.
Different conditions can be set to detect Xon/Xoff characters and suspend/resume
transmissions. When double 8-bit Xon/Xoff characters are selected, the
SC16C654B/654DB compares two consecutive receive characters with two software flow
control 8-bit values (Xon1, Xon2, Xoff1, Xoff2) and controls TX transmissions accordingly.
Under the above described flow control mechanisms, flow control characters are not
placed (stacked) in the user accessible RX data buffer or FIFO.
In the event that the receive buffer is overfilling and flow control needs to be executed, the
SC16C654B/654DB automatically sends an Xoff message (when enabled) via the serial
TX output to the remote modem. The SC16C654B/654DB sends the Xoff1,2 characters
as soon as received data passes the programmed trigger level. To clear this condition, the
SC16C654B/654DB will transmit the programmed Xon1,2 characters as soon as receive
data drops below the programmed trigger level.
6.6 Special feature software flow control
A special feature is provided to detect an 8-bit character when EFR[5] is set. When 8-bit
character is detected, it will be placed on the user-accessible data stack along with normal
incoming RX data. This condition is selected in conjunction with EFR[0:3]. Note that
software flow control should be turned off when using this special mode by setting
EFR[0:3] to a logic 0.
The SC16C654B/654DB compares each incoming receive character with Xoff2 data. If a
match exists, the received data will be transferred to the FIFO, and ISR[4] will be set to
indicate detection of a special character. Although the Internal Register Table (Table 8)
shows each X-Register with eight bits of character information, the actual number of bits is
dependent on the programmed word length. Line Control Register bits LCR[0:1] define the
number of character bits, that is, either 5 bits, 6 bits, 7 bits or 8 bits. The word length
selected by LCR[0:1] also determine the number of bits that will be used for the special
character comparison. Bit 0 in the X-registers corresponds with the LSB bit for the receive
character.
6.7 Xon any feature
A special feature is provided to return the Xoff flow control to the inactive state following its
activation. In this mode, any RX character received will return the Xoff flow control to the
inactive state so that transmissions may be resumed with a remote buffer. This feature is
more fully defined in Section 6.5 “Software flow control”.
6.8 Hardware/software and time-out interrupts
Three special interrupts have been added to monitor the hardware and software flow
control. The interrupts are enabled by IER[5:7]. Care must be taken when handling these
interrupts. Following a reset, the transmitter interrupt is enabled, the SC16C654B/654DB
will issue an interrupt to indicate that the Transmit Holding Register is empty. This interrupt
must be serviced prior to continuing operations. The LSR register provides the current
singular highest priority interrupt only. It could be noted that CTS and RTS interrupts have
lowest interrupt priority. A condition can exist where a higher priority interrupt may mask
the lower priority CTS/RTS interrupt(s). Only after servicing the higher pending interrupt
will the lower priority CTS/TRS interrupt(s) be reflected in the status register. Servicing the
interrupt without investigating further interrupt conditions can result in data errors.
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When two interrupt conditions have the same priority, it is important to service these
interrupts correctly. Receive Data Ready and Receive Time Out have the same interrupt
priority (when enabled by IER[0]). The receiver issues an interrupt after the number of
characters have reached the programmed trigger level. In this case, the
SC16C654B/654DB FIFO may hold more characters than the programmed trigger level.
Following the removal of a data byte, the user should re-check LSR[0] for additional
characters. A Receive Time Out will not occur if the receive FIFO is empty. The time-out
counter is reset at the center of each stop bit received or each time the receive holding
register (RHR) is read. The actual time-out value is 4 character time.
In the 16 mode for the PLCC68 package, the system/board designer can optionally
provide software controlled 3-state interrupt operation. This is accomplished by INTSEL
and MCR[3]. When INTSEL interface pin is left open or made a logic 0, MCR[3] controls
the 3-state interrupt outputs, INTA to INTD. When INTSEL is a logic 1, MCR[3] has no
effect on the INTA to INTD outputs, and the package operates with interrupt outputs
enabled continuously.
6.9 Programmable baud rate generator
The SC16C654B/654DB supports high speed modem technologies that have increased
input data rates by employing data compression schemes. For example, a 33.6 kbit/s
modem that employs data compression may require a 115.2 kbit/s input data rate.
A 128.0 kbit/s ISDN modem that supports data compression may need an input data rate
of 460.8 kbit/s.
A single baud rate generator is provided for the transmitter and receiver, allowing
independent TX/RX channel control. The programmable Baud Rate Generator is capable
of accepting an input clock up to 80 MHz (for 3.3 V and 5 V operation), as required for
supporting a 5 Mbit/s data rate. The SC16C654B/654DB can be configured for internal or
external clock operation. For internal clock oscillator operation, an industry standard
microprocessor crystal (parallel resonant/22 pF to 33 pF load) is connected externally
between the XTAL1 and XTAL2 pins; see Figure 10. Alternatively, an external clock can be
connected to the XTAL1 pin to clock the internal baud rate generator for standard or
custom rates; see Table 7.
XTAL1
XTAL2
X1
1.8432 MHz
C1
22 pF
XTAL1
XTAL2
X1
1.8432 MHz
C2
33 pF
C1
22 pF
1.5 kΩ
C2
47 pF
002aaa870
Fig 10. Crystal oscillator connection
The generator divides the input 16× clock by any divisor from 1 to (216 − 1). The
SC16C654B/654DB divides the basic external clock by 16. Further division of this 16×
clock provides two table rates to support low and high data rate applications using the
same system design. After a hardware reset and during initialization, the
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SC16C654B/654DB sets the default baud rate table according to the state of the CLKSEL
pin. A logic 1 on CLKSEL will set the 1× clock default, whereas logic 0 will set the 4× clock
default table. Following the default clock rate selection during initialization, the rate tables
can be changed by the internal register MCR[7]. Setting MCR[7] to a logic 1 when
CLKSEL is a logic 1 provides an additional divide-by-4, whereas setting MCR[7] to a
logic 0 only divides by 1; see Table 7 and Figure 11. Customized baud rates can be
achieved by selecting the proper divisor values for the MSB and LSB sections of baud rate
generator.
Programming the Baud Rate Generator Registers DLM (MSB) and DLL (LSB) provides a
user capability for selecting the desired final baud rate. The example in Table 7 shows the
two selectable baud rate tables available when using a 7.3728 MHz crystal.
Table 7:
Baud rate generator programming table using a 7.3728 MHz clock
Output baud rate
User
16× clock divisor
HEX
DLM
program value
(HEX)
DLL
program value
(HEX)
MCR[7] = 1
MCR[7] = 0
Decimal
50
200
2304
900
09
00
300
600
1200
384
180
01
80
2400
192
C0
00
C0
1200
4800
96
60
00
60
2400
9600
48
30
00
30
4800
19.2 k
24
18
00
18
9600
38.4 k
12
0C
00
0C
19.2 k
76.8 k
6
06
00
06
38.4 k
153.6 k
3
03
00
03
57.6 k
230.4 k
2
02
00
02
115.2 k
460.8 k
1
01
00
01
DIVIDE-BY-1
LOGIC
XTAL1
XTAL2
MCR[7] = 0
CLOCK
OSCILLATOR
LOGIC
BAUD RATE
GENERATOR
LOGIC
DIVIDE-BY-4
LOGIC
BAUDOUT
MCR[7] = 1
002aaa208
Fig 11. Baud rate generator circuitry
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6.10 DMA operation
The SC16C654B/654DB FIFO trigger level provides additional flexibility to the user for
block mode operation. LSR[5:6] provide an indication when the transmitter is empty or has
an empty location(s). The user can optionally operate the transmit and receive FIFOs in
the DMA mode (FCR[3]). When the transmit and receive FIFOs are enabled and the DMA
mode is de-activated (DMA Mode 0), the SC16C654B/654DB activates the interrupt
output pin for each data transmit or receive operation. When DMA mode is activated
(DMA Mode 1), the user takes the advantage of block mode operation by loading or
unloading the FIFO in a block sequence determined by the preset trigger level. In this
mode, the SC16C654B/654DB sets the interrupt output pin when characters in the
transmit FIFOs are below the transmit trigger level, or the characters in the receive FIFOs
are above the receive trigger level.
Remark: DMA operation is not supported in the HVQFN48 package option.
6.11 Sleep mode
The SC16C654B/654DB is designed to operate with low power consumption. A special
sleep mode is included to further reduce power consumption when the chip is not being
used. With EFR[4] and IER[4] enabled (set to a logic 1), the SC16C654B/654DB enters
the sleep mode, but resumes normal operation when a start bit is detected, a change of
state on any of the modem input pins RX, RI, CTS, DSR, CD, or a transmit data is
provided by the user. If the sleep mode is enabled and the SC16C654B/654DB is
awakened by one of the conditions described above, it will return to the sleep mode
automatically after the last character is transmitted or read by the user. In any case, the
sleep mode will not be entered while an interrupt(s) is pending. The SC16C654B/654DB
will stay in the sleep mode of operation until it is disabled by setting IER[4] to a logic 0.
6.12 Loop-back mode
The internal loop-back capability allows on-board diagnostics. In the loop-back mode, the
normal modem interface pins are disconnected and reconfigured for loop-back internally.
MCR[0:3] register bits are used for controlling loop-back diagnostic testing. In the
loop-back mode, OP1 and OP2 in the MCR register (bits 2:3) control the modem RI and
CD inputs, respectively. MCR signals DTR and RTS (bits 0:1) are used to control the
modem DSR and CTS inputs, respectively. The transmitter output (TX) and the receiver
input (RX) are disconnected from their associated interface pins, and instead are
connected together internally; see Figure 12. The CTS, DSR, CD, and RI are
disconnected from their normal modem control input pins, and instead are connected
internally to RTS, DTR, OP2 and OP1. Loop-back test data is entered into the transmit
holding register via the user data bus interface, D[0:7]. The transmit UART serializes the
data and passes the serial data to the receive UART via the internal loop-back connection.
The receive UART converts the serial data back into parallel data that is then made
available at the user data interface D[0:7]. The user optionally compares the received data
to the initial transmitted data for verifying error-free operation of the UART TX/RX circuits.
In this mode, the receiver and transmitter interrupts are fully operational. The Modem
Control Interrupts are also operational. However, the interrupts can only be read using
lower four bits of the Modem Status Register (MSR[0:3]) instead of the four Modem Status
Register bits 4:7. The interrupts are still controlled by the IER.
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SC16C654B/654DB
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
SC16C654B/654DB
TXA to TXD
DATA BUS
AND
CONTROL
LOGIC
REGISTER
SELECT
LOGIC
INTERCONNECT BUS LINES
AND
CONTROL SIGNALS
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
A0 to A2
CSA to CSD
TRANSMIT
SHIFT
REGISTER
RECEIVE
FIFO
REGISTERS
FLOW
CONTROL
LOGIC
IR
ENCODER
MCR[4] = 1
D0 to D7
IOR
IOW
RESET
TRANSMIT
FIFO
REGISTERS
RECEIVE
SHIFT
REGISTER
RXA to RXD
IR
DECODER
RTSA to RTSD
CTSA to CTSD
DTRA to DTRD
MODEM
CONTROL
LOGIC
INTA to INTD
TXRDY
RXRDY
INTERRUPT
CONTROL
LOGIC
DSRA to DSRD
OP1A to OP1D
CLOCK AND
BAUD RATE
GENERATOR
RIA to RID
OP2A to OP2D
CDA to CDD
002aaa876
XTAL1 XTAL2
Fig 12. Internal loop-back mode diagram
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
7. Register descriptions
Table 8 details the assigned bit functions for the SC16C654B/654DB internal registers.
The assigned bit functions are more fully defined in Section 7.1 through Section 7.11.
Table 8:
SC16C654B/654DB internal registers
A2 A1 A0 Register Default [1] Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
Sleep
mode [3]
modem
status
interrupt
receive
transmit
line status holding
interrupt
register
receive
holding
register
Set [2]
General Register
0
0
0
RHR
XX
0
0
0
THR
XX
bit 7
0
0
1
IER
00
RTS
Xoff
CTS
interrupt interrupt interrupt
[3]
[3]
[3]
0
1
0
FCR
00
RCVR
trigger
(MSB)
RCVR
trigger
(LSB)
TX
TX trigger DMA
trigger
(LSB) [3] mode
(MSB) [3]
select [4]
XMIT
RCVR
FIFO reset FIFO
reset
FIFO
enable
0
1
0
ISR
01
FIFOs
enabled
FIFOs
enabled
INT
priority
bit 4
INT
priority
bit 2
INT
priority
bit 1
INT
priority
bit 0
INT
status
0
1
1
LCR
00
divisor
latch
enable
set
break
set parity even
parity
parity
enable
stop bits
word
length
bit 1
word
length
bit 0
1
0
0
MCR
00
Clock
select [3]
IR
Xon
enable [3] Any [3]
loop back OP2, INTx OP1
enable
RTS
DTR
1
0
1
LSR
60
FIFO
data
error
trans.
empty
trans.
holding
empty
break
interrupt
framing
error
parity
error
overrun
error
receive
data
ready
1
1
0
MSR
X0
CD
RI
DSR
CTS
∆CD
∆RI
∆DSR
∆CTS
1
1
1
SPR
FF
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
Special Register
INT
priority
bit 3
Set [5]
0
0
0
DLL
XX
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
0
0
1
DLM
XX
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
Enhanced Register
Set [6]
0
1
0
EFR
00
Auto
CTS
Auto
RTS
Special
char.
select
Cont-3 Tx, Cont-2 Tx, Cont-1
Enable
IER[4:7], Rx Control Rx Control Tx, Rx
Control
ISR[4:5],
FCR[4:5],
MCR[5:7]
Cont-0
Tx, Rx
Control
1
0
0
Xon-1
00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
1
0
1
Xon-2
00
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
1
1
0
Xoff-1
00
bit 7
bit 6
bit 5
bit 4
bit 3
bit 2
bit 1
bit 0
1
1
1
Xoff-2
00
bit 15
bit 14
bit 13
bit 12
bit 11
bit 10
bit 9
bit 8
[1]
The value shown represents the register’s initialized HEX value; X = not applicable.
[2]
These registers are accessible only when LCR[7] = 0.
[3]
These bits are only accessible when EFR[4] is set.
[4]
This function is not supported in the HVQFN48 package; TXRDY and RXRDY are removed.
[5]
The Special Register set is accessible only when LCR[7] is set to a logic 1.
[6]
Enhanced Feature Register, Xon1/Xon2 and Xoff1/Xoff2 are accessible only when LCR is set to ‘BFh’.
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7.1 Transmit (THR) and Receive (RHR) Holding Registers
The serial transmitter section consists of an 8-bit Transmit Hold Register (THR) and
Transmit Shift Register (TSR). The status of the THR is provided in the Line Status
Register (LSR). Writing to the THR transfers the contents of the data bus (D7 to D0) to the
THR, providing that the THR or TSR is empty. The THR empty flag in the LSR register will
be set to a logic 1 when the transmitter is empty or when data is transferred to the TSR.
Note that a write operation can be performed when the THR empty flag is set
(logic 0 = FIFO full; logic 1 = at least one FIFO location available).
The serial receive section also contains an 8-bit Receive Holding Register (RHR).
Receive data is removed from the SC16C654B/654DB and receive FIFO by reading the
RHR register. The receive section provides a mechanism to prevent false starts. On the
falling edge of a start or false start bit, an internal receiver counter starts counting clocks
at the 16× clock rate. After 71⁄2 clocks, the start bit time should be shifted to the center of
the start bit. At this time the start bit is sampled, and if it is still a logic 0 it is validated.
Evaluating the start bit in this manner prevents the receiver from assembling a false
character. Receiver status codes will be posted in the LSR.
7.2 Interrupt Enable Register (IER)
The Interrupt Enable Register (IER) masks the interrupts from receiver ready, transmitter
empty, line status and modem status registers. These interrupts would normally be seen
on the INTA to INTD output pins in the 16 mode, or on wire-OR IRQ output pin in the
68 mode.
Table 9:
Interrupt Enable Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
IER[7]
CTS interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the CTS interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the CTS interrupt. The SC16C654B/654DB issues an
interrupt when the CTS pin transitions from a logic 0 to a logic 1.
6
IER[6]
RTS interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the RTS interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the RTS interrupt. The SC16C654B/654DB issues an
interrupt when the RTS pin transitions from a logic 0 to a logic 1.
5
IER[5]
Xoff interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the software flow control, receive Xoff interrupt (normal
default condition)
logic 1 = enable the software flow control, receive Xoff interrupt. See Section
6.5 “Software flow control” for details.
4
IER[4]
Sleep mode.
logic 0 = disable Sleep mode (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable Sleep mode. See Section 6.11 “Sleep mode” for details.
3
IER[3]
Modem Status Interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the modem status register interrupt (normal default
condition)
logic 1 = enable the modem status register interrupt
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 9:
Interrupt Enable Register bits description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
2
IER[2]
Receive Line Status interrupt.
logic 0 = disable the receiver line status interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the receiver line status interrupt
1
IER[1]
Transmit Holding Register interrupt. This interrupt will be issued whenever the
THR is empty, and is associated with LSR[1].
logic 0 = disable the transmitter empty interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the transmitter empty interrupt
0
IER[0]
Receive Holding Register interrupt. This interrupt will be issued when the FIFO
has reached the programmed trigger level, or is cleared when the FIFO drops
below the trigger level in the FIFO mode of operation.
logic 0 = disable the receiver ready interrupt (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable the receiver ready interrupt
7.2.1 IER versus Receive FIFO interrupt mode operation
When the receive FIFO (FCR[0] = logic 1), and receive interrupts (IER[0] = logic 1) are
enabled, the receive interrupts and register status will reflect the following:
• The receive data available interrupts are issued to the external CPU when the FIFO
has reached the programmed trigger level. It will be cleared when the FIFO drops
below the programmed trigger level.
• FIFO status will also be reflected in the user accessible ISR register when the FIFO
trigger level is reached. Both the ISR register status bit and the interrupt will be cleared
when the FIFO drops below the trigger level.
• The data ready bit (LSR[0]) is set as soon as a character is transferred from the shift
register to the receive FIFO. It is reset when the FIFO is empty.
7.2.2 IER versus Receive/Transmit FIFO polled mode operation
When FCR[0] = logic 1, resetting IER[0:3] enables the SC16C654B/654DB in the FIFO
polled mode of operation. Since the receiver and transmitter have separate bits in the
LSR, either or both can be used in the polled mode by selecting respective transmit or
receive control bit(s).
•
•
•
•
•
LSR[0] will be a logic 1 as long as there is one byte in the receive FIFO.
LSR[1:4] will provide the type of errors encountered, if any.
LSR[5] will indicate when the transmit FIFO is empty.
LSR[6] will indicate when both the transmit FIFO and transmit shift register are empty.
LSR[7] will indicate any FIFO data errors.
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7.3 FIFO Control Register (FCR)
This register is used to enable the FIFOs, clear the FIFOs, set the transmit/receive FIFO
trigger levels, and select the DMA mode.
7.3.1 DMA mode
7.3.1.1
Mode 0 (FCR bit 3 = 0)
Set and enable the interrupt for each single transmit or receive operation, and is similar to
the 16C454 mode. Transmit Ready (TXRDY) will go to a logic 0 whenever an empty
transmit space is available in the Transmit Holding Register (THR). Receive Ready
(RXRDY) will go to a logic 0 whenever the Receive Holding Register (RHR) is loaded with
a character.
7.3.1.2
Mode 1 (FCR bit 3 = 1)
Set and enable the interrupt in a block mode operation. The transmit interrupt is set when
the transmit FIFO is below the programmed trigger level. TXRDY remains a logic 0 as long
as one empty FIFO location is available. The receive interrupt is set when the receive
FIFO fills to the programmed trigger level. However, the FIFO continues to fill regardless
of the programmed level until the FIFO is full. RXRDY remains a logic 0 as long as the
FIFO fill level is above the programmed trigger level.
7.3.2 FIFO mode
Table 10:
FIFO Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:6
FCR[7] (MSB), RCVR trigger. These bits are used to set the trigger level for the receive
FCR[6] (LSB) FIFO interrupt.
An interrupt is generated when the number of characters in the FIFO
equals the programmed trigger level. However, the FIFO will continue to
be loaded until it is full. Refer to Table 11.
5:4
FCR[5] (MSB), TX trigger.
FCR[4] (LSB) These bits are used to set the trigger level for the transmit FIFO
interrupt. The SC16C654B/654DB will issue a transmit empty interrupt
when the number of characters in FIFO drops below the selected trigger
level. Refer to Table 12.
3
FCR[3]
DMA mode select.
logic 0 = set DMA mode ‘0’ (normal default condition)
logic 1 = set DMA mode ‘1’
Transmit operation in mode ‘0’: When the SC16C654B/654DB is in
the 16C454 mode (FIFOs disabled; FCR[0] = logic 0) or in the FIFO
mode (FIFOs enabled; FCR[0] = logic 1; FCR[3] = logic 0), and when
there are no characters in the transmit FIFO or transmit holding register,
the TXRDY pin will be a logic 0. Once active, the TXRDY pin will go to a
logic 1 after the first character is loaded into the transmit holding
register.
Receive operation in mode ‘0’: When the SC16C654B/654DB is in
mode ‘0’ (FCR[0] = logic 0), or in the FIFO mode (FCR[0] = logic 1;
FCR[3] = logic 0) and there is at least one character in the receive FIFO,
the RXRDY pin will be a logic 0. Once active, the RXRDY pin will go to a
logic 1 when there are no more characters in the receiver.
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 10:
FIFO Control Register bits description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
3
(cont.)
FCR[3]
(continued)
Transmit operation in mode ‘1’: When the SC16C654B/654DB is in
FIFO mode (FCR[0] = logic 1; FCR[3] = logic 1), the TXRDY pin will be a
logic 1 when the transmit FIFO is completely full. It will be a logic 0 when
the trigger level has been reached.
Receive operation in mode ‘1’: When the SC16C654B/654DB is in
FIFO mode (FCR[0] = logic 1; FCR[3] = logic 1) and the trigger level has
been reached, or a Receive Time-Out has occurred, the RXRDY pin will
go to a logic 0. Once activated, it will go to a logic 1 after there are no
more characters in the FIFO.
2
FCR[2]
XMIT FIFO reset.
logic 0 = no FIFO transmit reset (normal default condition)
logic 1 = clears the contents of the transmit FIFO and resets the FIFO
counter logic (the transmit shift register is not cleared or altered). This
bit will return to a logic 0 after clearing the FIFO.
1
FCR[1]
RCVR FIFO reset.
logic 0 = no FIFO receive reset (normal default condition)
logic 1 = clears the contents of the receive FIFO and resets the FIFO
counter logic (the receive shift register is not cleared or altered). This
bit will return to a logic 0 after clearing the FIFO.
0
FCR[0]
FIFO enable.
logic 0 = disable the transmit and receive FIFO (normal default
condition)
logic 1 = enable the transmit and receive FIFO. This bit must be a ‘1’
when other FCR bits are written to, or they will not be
programmed.
Table 11:
RX trigger levels
FCR[7]
FCR[6]
RX FIFO trigger level
0
0
08
0
1
16
1
0
56
1
1
60
Table 12:
TX trigger levels
FCR[5]
FCR[4]
TX FIFO trigger level (# of characters)
0
0
08
0
1
16
1
0
32
1
1
56
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
7.4 Interrupt Status Register (ISR)
The SC16C654B/654DB provides six levels of prioritized interrupts to minimize external
software interaction. The Interrupt Status Register (ISR) provides the user with six
interrupt status bits. Performing a read cycle on the ISR will provide the user with the
highest pending interrupt level to be serviced. No other interrupts are acknowledged until
the pending interrupt is serviced. Whenever the interrupt status register is read, the
interrupt status is cleared. However, it should be noted that only the current pending
interrupt is cleared by the read. A lower level interrupt may be seen after re-reading the
interrupt status bits. Table 13 “Interrupt source” shows the data values (bits 0:5) for the six
prioritized interrupt levels and the interrupt sources associated with each of these interrupt
levels.
Table 13:
Interrupt source
Priority
level
ISR[5]
ISR[4]
ISR[3]
ISR[2]
ISR[1]
ISR[0]
Source of the interrupt
1
0
0
0
1
1
0
LSR (Receiver Line Status
Register)
2
0
0
0
1
0
0
RXRDY (Receive Data
Ready)
2
0
0
1
1
0
0
RXRDY (Receive Data
time-out)
3
0
0
0
0
1
0
TXRDY (Transmitter Holding
Register Empty)
4
0
0
0
0
0
0
MSR (Modem Status
Register)
5
0
1
0
0
0
0
RXRDY (Received Xoff
signal)/Special character
6
1
0
0
0
0
0
CTS, RTS change of state
Table 14:
Interrupt Status Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7:6
ISR[7:6]
FIFOs enabled. These bits are set to a logic 0 when the FIFO is not
being used. They are set to a logic 1 when the FIFOs are enabled.
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
5:4
ISR[5:4]
INT priority bits 4:3. These bits are enabled when EFR[4] is set to a
logic 1. ISR[4] indicates that matching Xoff character(s) have been
detected. ISR[5] indicates that CTS, RTS have been generated. Note
that once set to a logic 1, the ISR[4] bit will stay a logic 1 until Xon
character(s) are received.
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
3:1
ISR[3:1]
INT priority bits 2:0. These bits indicate the source for a pending
interrupt at interrupt priority levels 1, 2, and 3; see Table 13.
Logic 0 or cleared = default condition.
0
ISR[0]
INT status.
logic 0 = an interrupt is pending and the ISR contents may be used as
a pointer to the appropriate interrupt service routine
logic 1 = no interrupt pending (normal default condition)
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7.5 Line Control Register (LCR)
The Line Control Register is used to specify the asynchronous data communication
format. The word length, the number of stop bits, and the parity are selected by writing the
appropriate bits in this register.
Table 15:
Line Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
LCR[7]
Divisor latch enable. The internal baud rate counter latch and Enhance
Feature mode enable.
logic 0 = divisor latch disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = divisor latch and enhanced feature register enabled
6
LCR[6]
Set break. When enabled, the Break control bit causes a break
condition to be transmitted (the TX output is forced to a logic 0 state).
This condition exists until disabled by setting LCR[6] to a logic 0.
logic 0 = no TX break condition (normal default condition)
logic 1 = forces the transmitter output (TX) to a logic 0 for alerting the
remote receiver to a line break condition
5
LCR[5]
Set parity. If the parity bit is enabled, LCR[5] selects the forced parity
format. Programs the parity conditions; see Table 16.
logic 0 = parity is not forced (normal default condition)
LCR[5] = logic 1 and LCR[4] = logic 0: parity bit is forced to a logical 1
for the transmit and receive data
LCR[5] = logic 1 and LCR[4] = logic 1: parity bit is forced to a logical 0
for the transmit and receive data
4
LCR[4]
Even parity. If the parity bit is enabled with LCR[3] set to a logic 1,
LCR[4] selects the even or odd parity format.
logic 0 = odd parity is generated by forcing an odd number of logic 1s
in the transmitted data. The receiver must be programmed to check
the same format (normal default condition).
logic 1 = even parity is generated by forcing an even number of
logic 1s in the transmitted data. The receiver must be programmed to
check the same format.
3
LCR[3]
Parity enable. Parity or no parity can be selected via this bit.
logic 0 = no parity (normal default condition)
logic 1 = a parity bit is generated during the transmission, receiver
checks the data and parity for transmission errors
2
LCR[2]
Stop bits. The length of stop bit is specified by this bit in conjunction with
the programmed word length; see Table 17.
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
1:0
LCR[1:0]
Word length bits 1, 0. These two bits specify the word length to be
transmitted or received; see Table 18.
logic 0 or cleared = default condition
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 16:
LCR[5] parity selection
LCR[5]
LCR[4]
LCR[3]
Parity selection
X
X
0
no parity
0
0
1
odd parity
0
1
1
even parity
1
0
1
forced parity ‘1’
1
1
1
forced parity ‘0’
Table 17:
LCR[2] stop bit length
LCR[2]
Word length
Stop bit length (bit times)
0
5, 6, 7, 8
1
1
5
11⁄2
1
6, 7, 8
2
Table 18:
LCR[1:0] word length
LCR[1]
LCR[0]
Word length
0
0
5
0
1
6
1
0
7
1
1
8
7.6 Modem Control Register (MCR)
This register controls the interface with the modem or a peripheral device.
Table 19:
Modem Control Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
MCR[7]
Clock select.
logic 0 = divide-by-1. The input clock (crystal or external) is divided by 16
and then presented to the Programmable Baud Rate Generator (BGR)
without further modification, that is, divide-by-1. (normal default condition).
logic 1 = divide-by-4. The divide-by-1 clock described in MCR[7] = a logic 0,
if further divided by four. Also see Section 6.9 “Programmable baud rate
generator”.
6
MCR[6]
IR enable.
logic 0 = enable the standard modem receive and transmit input/output
interface (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable infrared IrDA receive and transmit inputs/outputs. While in
this mode, the TX/RX output/inputs are routed to the infrared
encoder/decoder. The data input and output levels will conform to the IrDA
infrared interface requirement. As such, while in this mode, the infrared TX
output will be a logic 0 during idle data conditions.
5
MCR[5]
Xon Any.
logic 0 = disable Xon Any function (for 16C554 compatibility) (normal default
condition)
logic 1 = enable Xon Any function. In this mode, any RX character received
will enable Xon
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 19:
Modem Control Register bits description …continued
Bit
Symbol
Description
4
MCR[4]
Loop-back. Enable the local loop-back mode (diagnostics). In this mode the
transmitter output (TX) and the receiver input (RX), CTS, DSR, CD, and RI are
disconnected from the SC16C654B/654DB I/O pins. Internally the modem
data and control pins are connected into a loop-back data configuration; see
Figure 12. In this mode, the receiver and transmitter interrupts remain fully
operational. The Modem Control Interrupts are also operational, but the
interrupts’ sources are switched to the lower four bits of the Modem Control.
Interrupts continue to be controlled by the IER register.
logic 0 = disable loop-back mode (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable local loop-back mode (diagnostics)
3
MCR[3]
OP2, INTx enable. Used to control the modem CD signal in the loop-back
mode.
logic 0 = forces INTA-INTD outputs to the 3-state mode during the 16 mode
(normal default condition). In the loop-back mode, sets OP2 (CD) internally
to a logic 1.
logic 1 = forces the INTA-INTD outputs to the active mode during the
16 mode. In the loop-back mode, sets OP2 (CD) internally to a logic 0.
2
MCR[2]
OP1. This bit is used in the Loop-back mode only. In the loop-back mode, this
bit is used to write the state of the modem RI interface signal via OP1.
1
MCR[1]
RTS
logic 0 = force RTS output to a logic 1 (normal default condition)
logic 1 = force RTS output to a logic 0
Automatic RTS may be used for hardware flow control by enabling EFR[6].
See Table 22.
0
MCR[0]
DTR
logic 0 = force DTR output to a logic 1 (normal default condition)
logic 1 = force DTR output to a logic 0
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
7.7 Line Status Register (LSR)
This register provides the status of data transfers between the SC16C654B/654DB and
the CPU.
Table 20:
Line Status Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
LSR[7]
FIFO data error.
logic 0 = no error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = at least one parity error, framing error or break indication is in the
current FIFO data. This bit is cleared when LSR register is read.
6
LSR[6]
THR and TSR empty. This bit is the Transmit Empty indicator. This bit is set to a
logic 1 whenever the transmit holding register and the transmit shift register are
both empty. It is reset to logic 0 whenever either the THR or TSR contains a data
character. In the FIFO mode, this bit is set to ‘1’ whenever the transmit FIFO and
transmit shift register are both empty.
5
LSR[5]
THR empty. This bit is the Transmit Holding Register Empty indicator. This bit
indicates that the UART is ready to accept a new character for transmission. In
addition, this bit causes the UART to issue an interrupt to CPU when the THR
interrupt enable is set. The THR bit is set to a logic 1 when a character is
transferred from the transmit holding register into the transmitter shift register.
The bit is reset to a logic 0 concurrently with the loading of the transmitter
holding register by the CPU. In the FIFO mode, this bit is set when the transmit
FIFO is empty; it is cleared when at least 1 byte is written to the transmit FIFO.
4
LSR[4]
Break interrupt.
logic 0 = no break condition (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the receiver received a break signal (RX was a logic 0 for one
character frame time). In the FIFO mode, only one break character is loaded
into the FIFO.
3
LSR[3]
Framing error.
logic 0 = no framing error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = framing error. The receive character did not have a valid stop bit(s). In
the FIFO mode, this error is associated with the character at the top of the
FIFO.
2
LSR[2]
Parity error.
logic 0 = no parity error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = parity error. The receive character does not have correct parity
information and is suspect. In the FIFO mode, this error is associated with the
character at the top of the FIFO.
1
LSR[1]
Overrun error.
logic 0 = no overrun error (normal default condition)
logic 1 = overrun error. A data overrun error occurred in the receive shift
register. This happens when additional data arrives while the FIFO is full. In
this case, the previous data in the shift register is overwritten. Note that under
this condition, the data byte in the receive shift register is not transferred into
the FIFO, therefore the data in the FIFO is not corrupted by the error.
0
LSR[0]
Receive data ready.
logic 0 = no data in receive holding register or FIFO (normal default condition)
logic 1 = data has been received and is saved in the receive holding register or
FIFO
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
7.8 Modem Status Register (MSR)
This register provides the current state of the control interface signals from the modem, or
other peripheral device to which the SC16C654B/654DB is connected. Four bits of this
register are used to indicate the changed information. These bits are set to a logic 1
whenever a control input from the modem changes state. These bits are set to a logic 0
whenever the CPU reads this register.
Table 21:
Modem Status Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
MSR[7]
CD (active HIGH, logical 1). Normally this bit is the complement of the CD
input. In the loop-back mode this bit is equivalent to the OP2 bit in the MCR
register.
6
MSR[6]
RI (active HIGH, logical 1). Normally this bit is the complement of the RI input.
In the loop-back mode this bit is equivalent to the OP1 bit in the MCR register.
5
MSR[5]
DSR (active HIGH, logical 1). Normally this bit is the complement of the DSR
input. In loop-back mode this bit is equivalent to the DTR bit in the MCR
register.
4
MSR[4]
CTS. CTS functions as hardware flow control signal input if it is enabled via
EFR[7]. The transmit holding register flow control is enabled/disabled by
MSR[4]. Flow control (when enabled) allows starting and stopping the
transmissions based on the external modem CTS signal. A logic 1 at the CTS
pin will stop SC16C654B/654DB transmissions as soon as current character
has finished transmission. Normally MSR[4] is the complement of the CTS
input. However, in the loop-back mode, this bit is equivalent to the RTS bit in
the MCR register.
3
MSR[3]
∆CD
[1]
logic 0 = no CD change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the CD input to the SC16C654B/654DB has changed state since
the last time it was read. A modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
2
MSR[2]
∆RI
[1]
logic 0 = no RI change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the RI input to the SC16C654B/654DB has changed from a logic 0
to a logic 1. A modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
1
MSR[1]
∆DSR
[1]
logic 0 = no DSR change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the DSR input to the SC16C654B/654DB has changed state since
the last time it was read. A Modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
0
MSR[0]
∆CTS
[1]
logic 0 = no CTS change (normal default condition)
logic 1 = the CTS input to the SC16C654B/654DB has changed state since
the last time it was read. A Modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
[1]
Whenever any MSR bit 0:3 is set to logic 1, a Modem Status Interrupt will be generated.
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
7.9 Scratchpad Register (SPR)
The SC16C654B/654DB provides a temporary data register to store 8 bits of user
information.
7.10 Enhanced Feature Register (EFR)
Enhanced features are enabled or disabled using this register.
Bits 0 through 4 provide single or dual character software flow control selection. When the
Xon1 and Xon2 and/or Xoff1 and Xoff2 modes are selected, the double 8-bit words are
concatenated into two sequential numbers.
Table 22:
Enhanced Feature Register bits description
Bit
Symbol
Description
7
EFR[7]
Auto CTS. Automatic CTS Flow Control.
logic 0 = automatic CTS flow control is disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable Automatic CTS flow control. Transmission will stop when
CTS goes to a logical 1. Transmission will resume when the CTS pin
returns to a logical 0.
6
EFR[6]
Auto RTS. Automatic RTS may be used for hardware flow control by enabling
EFR[6]. When Auto RTS is selected, an interrupt will be generated when the
receive FIFO is filled to the programmed trigger level and RTS will go to a
logic 1 at the next trigger level. RTS will return to a logic 0 when data is
unloaded below the next lower trigger level. The state of this register bit
changes with the status of the hardware flow control. RTS functions normally
when hardware flow control is disabled.
logic 0 = automatic RTS flow control is disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable Automatic RTS flow control
5
EFR[5]
Special Character Detect.
logic 0 = special character detect disabled (normal default condition)
logic 1 = special character detect enabled. The SC16C654B/654DB
compares each incoming receive character with Xoff2 data. If a match
exists, the received data will be transferred to FIFO and ISR[4] will be set to
indicate detection of special character. Bit-0 in the X-registers corresponds
with the LSB bit for the receive character. When this feature is enabled, the
normal software flow control must be disabled (EFR[3:0] must be set to a
logic 0).
4
EFR[4]
Enhanced function control bit. The content of IER[7:4], ISR[5:4], FCR[5:4],
and MCR[7:5] can be modified and latched. After modifying any bits in the
enhanced registers, EFR[4] can be set to a logic 0 to latch the new values.
This feature prevents existing software from altering or overwriting the
SC16C654B/654DB enhanced functions.
logic 0 = disable (normal default condition)
logic 1 = enable
3:0
EFR[3:0]
Cont-3:0 Tx, Rx control. Logic 0 or cleared is the default condition.
Combinations of software flow control can be selected by programming these
bits. See Table 23.
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Software flow control functions [1]
Table 23:
Cont-3
Cont-2
Cont-1
Cont-0
TX, RX software flow controls
0
0
X
X
no transmit flow control
1
0
X
X
transmit Xon1/Xoff1
0
1
X
X
transmit Xon2/Xoff2
1
1
X
X
transmit Xon1 and Xon2/Xoff1 and Xoff2
X
X
0
0
no receive flow control
X
X
1
0
receiver compares Xon1/Xoff1
X
X
0
1
receiver compares Xon2/Xoff2
1
0
1
1
transmit Xon1/Xoff1
receiver compares Xon1 and Xon2, Xoff1 and Xoff2
0
1
1
1
transmit Xon2/Xoff2
receiver compares Xon1 and Xon2/Xoff1 and Xoff2
1
1
1
1
transmit Xon1 and Xon2/Xoff1 and Xoff2
receiver compares Xon1 and Xon2/Xoff1 and Xoff2
[1]
When using software flow control the Xon/Xoff characters cannot be used for data transfer.
7.11 SC16C654B/654DB external reset conditions
Table 24:
Reset state for registers
Register
Reset state
IER
IER[7:0] = 0
ISR
ISR[7:1] = 0; ISR[0] = 1
LCR
LCR[7:0] = 0
MCR
MCR[7:0] = 0
LSR
LSR[7] = 0; LSR[6:5] = 1; LSR[4:0] = 0
MSR
MSR[7:4] = input signals; MSR[3:0] = 0
FCR
FCR[7:0] = 0
EFR
EFR[7:0] = 0
Table 25:
Reset state for outputs
Output
Reset state
TXA, TXB, TXC, TXD
HIGH
RTSA, RTSB, RTSC, RTSD
HIGH
DTRA, DTRB, DTRC, DTRD
HIGH
RXRDY
HIGH
TXRDY
LOW
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
8. Limiting values
Table 26: Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCC
supply voltage
Max
Unit
-
7
V
Vn
voltage at any pin
GND − 0.3 VCC + 0.3
V
Tamb
ambient temperature
−40
+85
°C
Tstg
storage temperature
−65
+150
°C
Ptot(pack)
total power dissipation per
package
-
500
mW
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Product data sheet
Min
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
37 of 58
xxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx x xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxx xxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxx xx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxx
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxx x x
Parameter
Conditions
VCC = 2.5 V
Min
Typ
VCC = 3.3 V
Max
Min
Typ
VCC = 5.0 V
Max
Min
Typ
Unit
Max
−0.3
-
0.45
−0.3
-
0.6
−0.5
-
0.6
V
VIH(CK)
HIGH-level clock input voltage
1.8
-
VCC
2.4
-
VCC
3.0
-
VCC
V
VIL
LOW-level input voltage
(except XTAL1 clock)
−0.3
-
0.65
−0.3
-
0.8
−0.5
-
0.8
V
VIH
HIGH-level input voltage
(except XTAL1 clock)
1.6
-
-
2.0
-
-
2.2
-
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output voltage
on all outputs [1]
IOL = 5 mA
(data bus)
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
0.4
V
IOL = 4 mA
(other outputs)
-
-
-
-
-
0.4
-
-
-
V
IOL = 2 mA
(data bus)
-
-
0.4
-
-
-
-
-
-
V
IOL = 1.6 mA
(other outputs)
-
-
0.4
-
-
-
-
-
-
V
IOH = −5 mA
(data bus)
-
-
-
-
-
-
2.4
-
-
V
IOH = −1 mA
(other outputs)
-
-
-
2.0
-
-
-
-
-
V
IOH = −800 µA
(data bus)
1.85
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
V
IOH = −400 µA
(other outputs)
1.85
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
V
VOH
HIGH-level output voltage
38 of 58
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
ILIL
LOW-level input leakage
current
-
-
±10
-
-
±10
-
-
±10
µA
ICL
clock leakage
-
-
±30
-
-
±30
-
-
±30
µA
ICC
supply current
-
-
4.5
-
-
6
-
-
6
mA
-
200
-
-
200
-
-
200
-
µA
-
-
5
-
-
5
-
-
5
pF
500
-
-
500
-
-
500
-
-
kΩ
f = 5 MHz
current [2]
ICCsleep
sleep
Ci
input capacitance
Rpu(int)
internal pull-up
resistance [3]
[1]
Except XTAL2, VOL = 1 V typical.
[2]
When using crystal oscillator. The use of an external clock will increase the sleep current.
[3]
Refer to Table 2 “Pin description” on page 10 for a listing of pins having internal pull-up resistors.
SC16C654B/654DB
LOW-level clock input voltage
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
VIL(CK)
Philips Semiconductors
Symbol
9. Static characteristics
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
Table 27: Static characteristics
Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; tolerance of VCC = ± 10 %, unless otherwise specified.
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
10. Dynamic characteristics
Table 28: Dynamic characteristics
Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; tolerance of VCC = ± 10 %, unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCC = 2.5 V
Min
t1w, t2w
clock pulse duration
fXTAL
oscillator/clock frequency
t6s
VCC = 3.3 V
Max
Min
VCC = 5.0 V
Max
Min
Max
10
-
6
-
-
48
-
80
address setup time
0
-
0
-
t6h
address hold time
0
-
0
-
t7d
IOR delay from chip select
t7w
IOR strobe width
t7h
chip select hold time from
IOR
t9d
read cycle delay
25 pF load
20
-
20
-
20
-
ns
t12d
delay from IOR to data
25 pF load
-
77
-
26
-
23
ns
t12h
data disable time
25 pF load
-
15
-
15
-
15
ns
t13d
IOW delay from chip select
10
-
10
-
10
-
ns
t13w
IOW strobe width
20
-
20
-
15
-
ns
t13h
chip select hold time from
IOW
0
-
0
-
0
-
ns
t15d
write cycle delay
25
-
25
-
20
-
ns
t16s
data setup time
20
-
20
-
15
-
ns
t16h
data hold time
15
-
5
-
5
-
ns
t17d
delay from IOW to output
25 pF load
-
100
-
33
-
29
ns
t18d
delay to set interrupt from
Modem input
25 pF load
-
100
-
24
-
23
ns
t19d
delay to reset interrupt
from IOR
25 pF load
-
100
-
24
-
23
ns
t20d
delay from stop to
set interrupt
-
1TRCLK
-
1TRCLK
-
1TRCLK
ns
t21d
delay from IOR to
reset interrupt
t22d
t23d
[1] [2]
25 pF load
-
ns
80
MHz
0
-
ns
0
-
ns
10
-
10
-
10
-
ns
77
-
26
-
23
-
ns
0
-
0
-
0
-
ns
[3]
25 pF load
6
Unit
[3]
[3]
-
100
-
29
-
28
ns
delay from start to set
interrupt
-
100
-
45
-
40
ns
delay from IOW to transmit
start
8TRCLK 24TRCLK 8TRCLK
24TRCLK 8TRCLK 24TRCLK
[3]
[3]
[3]
[3]
[3]
[3]
t24d
delay from IOW to
reset interrupt
-
100
-
45
-
40
ns
t25d
delay from stop to
set RXRDY
-
1TRCLK
-
1TRCLK
-
1TRCLK
ns
t26d
delay from IOR to
reset RXRDY
-
100
-
45
-
40
ns
t27d
delay from IOW to
set TXRDY
-
100
-
45
-
40
ns
[3]
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
[3]
ns
[3]
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
39 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
Table 28: Dynamic characteristics …continued
Tamb = −40 °C to +85 °C; tolerance of VCC = ± 10 %, unless otherwise specified.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCC = 2.5 V
Min
t28d
delay from start to reset
TXRDY
-
Max
8TRCLK
Min
-
[3]
address setup time
t30s
VCC = 3.3 V
[1]
25 pF load
VCC = 5.0 V
Max
8TRCLK
Min
-
[3]
Unit
Max
8TRCLK
ns
[3]
10
-
10
-
10
-
ns
90
-
26
-
23
-
ns
15
-
15
-
15
-
ns
t30w
chip select strobe width
t30h
address hold time
t30d
read cycle delay
25 pF load
20
-
20
-
20
-
ns
t31d
delay from CS to data
25 pF load
-
90
-
26
-
23
ns
t31h
data disable time
25 pF load
-
15
-
15
-
15
ns
t32s
write strobe setup time
10
-
10
-
10
-
ns
t32h
write strobe hold time
10
-
10
-
10
-
ns
t32d
write cycle delay
25
-
25
-
20
-
ns
t33s
data setup time
20
-
15
-
15
-
ns
t33h
data hold time
15
-
5
-
5
-
ns
40
-
40
-
ns
tRESET
RESET pulse width
200
-
N
baud rate divisor
1
(216 − 1) 1
(216 − 1) 1
[1]
Applies to external clock, crystal oscillator max 24 MHz.
[2]
Maximum frequency = -------
[3]
RCLK is an internal signal derived from Divisor Latch LSB (DLL) and Divisor Latch MSB (DLM) divisor latches.
(216 − 1)
1
t 3w
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
10.1 Timing diagrams
A0 to A4
t30s
t30h
t30w
t30d
CS
t31h
t32s
R/W
t31d
D0 to D7
002aaa210
Fig 13. General read timing in 68 mode
A0 to A4
t30s
t30w
t30h
CS
t32s
t32h
t32d
R/W
t33s
t33h
D0 to D7
002aaa211
Fig 14. General write timing in 68 mode
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41 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
t6h
valid
address
A0 to A2
t13h
t6s
active
CS
t13d
t15d
t13w
IOW
active
t16s
D0 to D7
t16h
data
002aaa171
Fig 15. General write timing in 16 mode
t6h
valid
address
A0 to A2
t7h
t6s
active
CS
t7d
t9d
t7w
IOR
active
t12h
t12d
D0 to D7
data
002aaa172
Fig 16. General read timing in 16 mode
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
active
IOW
t17d
RTS
DTR
change of state
change of state
CD
CTS
DSR
change of state
t18d
INT
change of state
t18d
active
active
active
t19d
active
IOR
active
active
t18d
change of state
RI
002aaa352
Fig 17. Modem input/output timing
t2w
t1w
EXTERNAL
CLOCK
002aaa112
t3w
1
f XTAL = ------t 3w
Fig 18. External clock timing
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
start
bit
RX
parity
bit
data bits (0 to 7)
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
stop
bit
next
data
start
bit
D7
5 data bits
6 data bits
t20d
7 data bits
active
INT
t21d
active
IOR
16 baud rate clock
002aaa113
Fig 19. Receive timing
start
bit
RX
parity
bit
data bits (0 to 7)
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
stop
bit
next
data
start
bit
D7
t25d
active data
ready
RXRDY
t26d
active
IOR
002aab063
Fig 20. Receive ready timing in non-FIFO mode
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
start
bit
D0
RX
parity
bit
data bits (0 to 7)
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
stop
bit
D7
first byte that
reaches the
trigger level
t25d
active data
ready
RXRDY
t26d
active
IOR
002aab064
Fig 21. Receive ready timing in FIFO mode
start
bit
TX
parity
bit
data bits (0 to 7)
D0
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
stop
bit
next
data
start
bit
D7
5 data bits
6 data bits
7 data bits
active
transmitter ready
INT
t22d
t24d
t23d
IOW
active
active
16 baud rate clock
002aaa116
Fig 22. Transmit timing
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
start
bit
D0
TX
IOW
parity
bit
data bits (0 to 7)
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
stop
bit
next
data
start
bit
D7
active
t28d
D0 to D7
byte #1
t27d
TXRDY
active transmitter
ready
transmitter
not ready
002aab062
Fig 23. Transmit ready timing in non-FIFO mode
start
bit
data bits (0 to 7)
D0
TX
parity
bit
D1
D2
D3
D4
D5
D6
stop
bit
D7
5 data bits
6 data bits
7 data bits
IOW
active
t28d
D0 to D7
byte #16
t27d
TXRDY
FIFO full
002aab061
Fig 24. Transmit ready timing in FIFO mode (DMA mode ‘1’)
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
UART frame
start
data bits
0
TX data
1
0
1
0
stop
0
1
1
0
1
IrDA TX data
1/ bit time
2
bit
time
3/ bit time
16
002aaa212
Fig 25. Infrared transmit timing
IrDA RX data
bit
time
RX data
0 to 1 16× clock delay
0
1
0
1
start
0
0
data bits
1
1
0
1
stop
UART frame
002aaa213
Fig 26. Infrared receive timing
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
11. Package outline
PLCC68: plastic leaded chip carrier; 68 leads
SOT188-2
eD
eE
y
X
60
A
44
43 Z E
61
bp
b1
w M
68
1
E
HE
pin 1 index
A
e
A4 A1
(A 3)
β
9
Lp
27
k
detail X
10
26
e
v M A
ZD
D
B
HD
v M B
0
5
10 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm dimensions are derived from the original inch dimensions)
A4
A1
UNIT A
D(1) E(1)
e
A3
eD
eE
HD
bp b1
max.
min.
4.57
4.19
mm
inches
0.81
0.66
HE
k
23.62 23.62 25.27 25.27 1.22
24.33 24.33
1.27
22.61 22.61 25.02 25.02 1.07
24.13 24.13
0.51
0.25
3.3
0.53
0.33
0.180
0.02
0.165
0.01
0.13
0.021 0.032 0.958 0.958
0.05
0.013 0.026 0.950 0.950
0.93
0.89
0.93
0.89
Lp
v
w
y
1.44
1.02
0.18
0.18
0.1
ZD(1) ZE(1)
max. max.
2.16
β
2.16
45 o
0.995 0.995 0.048 0.057
0.007 0.007 0.004 0.085 0.085
0.985 0.985 0.042 0.040
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm (0.01 inch) maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT188-2
112E10
MS-018
EDR-7319
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
99-12-27
01-11-14
Fig 27. Package outline SOT188-2 (PLCC68)
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
LQFP64: plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; body 10 x 10 x 1.4 mm
SOT314-2
c
y
X
A
48
33
49
32
ZE
e
E HE
A
A2
(A 3)
A1
wM
θ
bp
pin 1 index
64
Lp
L
17
detail X
16
1
ZD
e
v M A
wM
bp
D
B
HD
v M B
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
mm
1.6
0.20
0.05
1.45
1.35
0.25
0.27
0.17
0.18
0.12
10.1
9.9
10.1
9.9
0.5
HD
HE
12.15 12.15
11.85 11.85
L
Lp
v
w
y
1
0.75
0.45
0.2
0.12
0.1
Z D (1) Z E (1)
1.45
1.05
1.45
1.05
θ
7o
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT314-2
136E10
MS-026
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
00-01-19
03-02-25
Fig 28. Package outline SOT314-2 (LQFP64)
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
LQFP64: plastic low profile quad flat package; 64 leads; body 7 x 7 x 1.4 mm
SOT414-1
c
y
X
48
A
33
49
32
ZE
e
A A2
E HE
(A 3)
A1
wM
θ
bp
pin 1 index
Lp
L
64
17
1
detail X
16
ZD
e
v M A
wM
bp
D
B
HD
v M B
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
A3
bp
c
D (1)
E (1)
e
HD
HE
L
Lp
v
w
y
mm
1.6
0.15
0.05
1.45
1.35
0.25
0.23
0.13
0.20
0.09
7.1
6.9
7.1
6.9
0.4
9.15
8.85
9.15
8.85
1
0.75
0.45
0.2
0.08
0.08
Z D (1) Z E (1)
0.64
0.36
0.64
0.36
θ
o
7
o
0
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.25 mm maximum per side are not included.
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
SOT414-1
136E06
MS-026
JEITA
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
00-01-19
03-02-20
Fig 29. Package outline SOT414-1 (LQFP64)
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
HVQFN48: plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads;
48 terminals; body 6 x 6 x 0.85 mm
A
B
D
SOT778-3
terminal 1
index area
E
A
A1
c
detail X
C
e1
e
v
w
b
1/2 e
13
M
M
y1 C
C A B
C
y
24
L
25
12
e
e2
Eh
1/2 e
1
terminal 1
index area
36
48
37
X
Dh
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A(1)
max
A1
b
c
D (1)
Dh
E (1)
Eh
e
e1
e2
L
v
w
y
y1
mm
1
0.05
0.00
0.25
0.15
0.2
6.1
5.9
3.95
3.65
6.1
5.9
3.95
3.65
0.4
4.4
4.4
0.5
0.3
0.1
0.05
0.05
0.1
Note
1. Plastic or metal protrusions of 0.075 mm maximum per side are not included
REFERENCES
OUTLINE
VERSION
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
SOT778-3
---
---
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
04-06-16
04-06-23
Fig 30. Package outline SOT778-3 (HVQFN48)
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SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
LFBGA64: plastic low profile fine-pitch ball grid array package; 64 balls; body 6 x 6 x 1.05 mm
D
SOT686-1
A
B
ball A1
index area
A
A2
E
A1
detail X
e1
C
e
1/2 e
y
y1 C
∅v M C A B
b
∅w M C
K
J
e
H
G
F
e2
E
D
1/2 e
C
B
A
ball A1
index area
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10
X
0
2.5
5 mm
scale
DIMENSIONS (mm are the original dimensions)
UNIT
A
max.
A1
A2
b
D
E
e
e1
e2
v
w
y
y1
mm
1.5
0.3
0.2
1.20
0.95
0.35
0.25
6.1
5.9
6.1
5.9
0.5
4.5
4.5
0.15
0.05
0.08
0.1
OUTLINE
VERSION
SOT686-1
REFERENCES
IEC
JEDEC
JEITA
---
---
EUROPEAN
PROJECTION
ISSUE DATE
02-03-11
Fig 31. Package outline SOT686-1 (LFBGA64)
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
12. Soldering
12.1 Introduction to soldering surface mount packages
This text gives a very brief insight to a complex technology. A more in-depth account of
soldering ICs can be found in our Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit Packages
(document order number 9398 652 90011).
There is no soldering method that is ideal for all surface mount IC packages. Wave
soldering can still be used for certain surface mount ICs, but it is not suitable for fine pitch
SMDs. In these situations reflow soldering is recommended.
12.2 Reflow soldering
Reflow soldering requires solder paste (a suspension of fine solder particles, flux and
binding agent) to be applied to the printed-circuit board by screen printing, stencilling or
pressure-syringe dispensing before package placement. Driven by legislation and
environmental forces the worldwide use of lead-free solder pastes is increasing.
Several methods exist for reflowing; for example, convection or convection/infrared
heating in a conveyor type oven. Throughput times (preheating, soldering and cooling)
vary between 100 seconds and 200 seconds depending on heating method.
Typical reflow peak temperatures range from 215 °C to 270 °C depending on solder paste
material. The top-surface temperature of the packages should preferably be kept:
• below 225 °C (SnPb process) or below 245 °C (Pb-free process)
– for all BGA, HTSSON..T and SSOP..T packages
– for packages with a thickness ≥ 2.5 mm
– for packages with a thickness < 2.5 mm and a volume ≥ 350 mm3 so called
thick/large packages.
• below 240 °C (SnPb process) or below 260 °C (Pb-free process) for packages with a
thickness < 2.5 mm and a volume < 350 mm3 so called small/thin packages.
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on packing, must be respected at all times.
12.3 Wave soldering
Conventional single wave soldering is not recommended for surface mount devices
(SMDs) or printed-circuit boards with a high component density, as solder bridging and
non-wetting can present major problems.
To overcome these problems the double-wave soldering method was specifically
developed.
If wave soldering is used the following conditions must be observed for optimal results:
• Use a double-wave soldering method comprising a turbulent wave with high upward
pressure followed by a smooth laminar wave.
• For packages with leads on two sides and a pitch (e):
– larger than or equal to 1.27 mm, the footprint longitudinal axis is preferred to be
parallel to the transport direction of the printed-circuit board;
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
– smaller than 1.27 mm, the footprint longitudinal axis must be parallel to the
transport direction of the printed-circuit board.
The footprint must incorporate solder thieves at the downstream end.
• For packages with leads on four sides, the footprint must be placed at a 45° angle to
the transport direction of the printed-circuit board. The footprint must incorporate
solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
During placement and before soldering, the package must be fixed with a droplet of
adhesive. The adhesive can be applied by screen printing, pin transfer or syringe
dispensing. The package can be soldered after the adhesive is cured.
Typical dwell time of the leads in the wave ranges from 3 seconds to 4 seconds at 250 °C
or 265 °C, depending on solder material applied, SnPb or Pb-free respectively.
A mildly-activated flux will eliminate the need for removal of corrosive residues in most
applications.
12.4 Manual soldering
Fix the component by first soldering two diagonally-opposite end leads. Use a low voltage
(24 V or less) soldering iron applied to the flat part of the lead. Contact time must be
limited to 10 seconds at up to 300 °C.
When using a dedicated tool, all other leads can be soldered in one operation within
2 seconds to 5 seconds between 270 °C and 320 °C.
12.5 Package related soldering information
Table 29:
Suitability of surface mount IC packages for wave and reflow soldering methods
Package [1]
Soldering method
Wave
Reflow [2]
BGA, HTSSON..T [3], LBGA, LFBGA, SQFP,
SSOP..T [3], TFBGA, VFBGA, XSON
not suitable
suitable
DHVQFN, HBCC, HBGA, HLQFP, HSO, HSOP,
HSQFP, HSSON, HTQFP, HTSSOP, HVQFN,
HVSON, SMS
not suitable [4]
suitable
PLCC [5], SO, SOJ
suitable
suitable
not
recommended [5] [6]
suitable
SSOP, TSSOP, VSO, VSSOP
not
recommended [7]
suitable
CWQCCN..L [8], PMFP [9], WQCCN..L [8]
not suitable
LQFP, QFP, TQFP
[1]
For more detailed information on the BGA packages refer to the (LF)BGA Application Note (AN01026);
order a copy from your Philips Semiconductors sales office.
[2]
All surface mount (SMD) packages are moisture sensitive. Depending upon the moisture content, the
maximum temperature (with respect to time) and body size of the package, there is a risk that internal or
external package cracks may occur due to vaporization of the moisture in them (the so called popcorn
effect). For details, refer to the Drypack information in the Data Handbook IC26; Integrated Circuit
Packages; Section: Packing Methods.
[3]
These transparent plastic packages are extremely sensitive to reflow soldering conditions and must on no
account be processed through more than one soldering cycle or subjected to infrared reflow soldering with
peak temperature exceeding 217 °C ± 10 °C measured in the atmosphere of the reflow oven. The package
body peak temperature must be kept as low as possible.
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54 of 58
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Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
[4]
These packages are not suitable for wave soldering. On versions with the heatsink on the bottom side, the
solder cannot penetrate between the printed-circuit board and the heatsink. On versions with the heatsink
on the top side, the solder might be deposited on the heatsink surface.
[5]
If wave soldering is considered, then the package must be placed at a 45° angle to the solder wave
direction. The package footprint must incorporate solder thieves downstream and at the side corners.
[6]
Wave soldering is suitable for LQFP, QFP and TQFP packages with a pitch (e) larger than 0.8 mm; it is
definitely not suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.65 mm.
[7]
Wave soldering is suitable for SSOP, TSSOP, VSO and VSSOP packages with a pitch (e) equal to or larger
than 0.65 mm; it is definitely not suitable for packages with a pitch (e) equal to or smaller than 0.5 mm.
[8]
Image sensor packages in principle should not be soldered. They are mounted in sockets or delivered
pre-mounted on flex foil. However, the image sensor package can be mounted by the client on a flex foil by
using a hot bar soldering process. The appropriate soldering profile can be provided on request.
[9]
Hot bar soldering or manual soldering is suitable for PMFP packages.
13. Abbreviations
Table 30:
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
BRG
Baud Rate Generator
CPU
Central Processing Unit
DMA
Direct Memory Access
FIFO
First-In, First-Out
ISDN
Integrated Service Digital Network
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MSB
Most Significant Bit
QUART
4-channel (Quad) Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver and Transmitter
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5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
14. Revision history
Table 31:
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change
notice
Doc. number
Supersedes
SC16C654B_654DB_2
20050620
Product data sheet
-
9397 750 14965
SC16C654B_654DB_1
Modifications:
•
Section 1 “General description”:
– 2nd paragraph: added 6th sentence.
– 3rd paragraph: added HVQFN48 and LFBGA64 package options, and added second
sentence.
•
Table 1 “Ordering information”: added HVQFN48, LFBGA64, and LQFP64 (SOT414-1)
package options.
•
•
Figure 5 “Pin configuration for LQFP64”: added SC16C654BIBM option
•
•
Table 2 “Pin description”: added columns for HVQFN48 and LFBGA64 package types
•
•
•
Section 6.4 “Hardware flow control”: added ‘Remark’ following second paragraph.
•
Added Figure 6 “Pin configuration for HVQFN48 (16 mode)”, Figure 7 “Pin configuration for
HVQFN48 (68 mode)”, Figure 8 “Pin configuration for LFBGA64” and Figure 9 “Ball mapping
for LFBGA64”.
moved Section 6.1.1 “The 16 mode interface” (was Section 6.2) and Section 6.1.2 “The
68 mode interface” (was Section 6.3) to be sub-sections of Section 6.1 “Interface options”
Section 6.10 “DMA operation”: added ‘Remark’ following first paragraph.
Table 8 “SC16C654B/654DB internal registers”: added (new) Table note 4 and its reference
at FCR[3].
Table 27 “Static characteristics”:
– descriptive line following title: changed ‘VCC = 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5.0 V ± 10 %,’ to ‘tolerance
of VCC ± 10 %;’
– added ‘VCC = ‘ to the limits’ column headings
•
Table 28 “Dynamic characteristics”:
– descriptive line following title: changed ‘VCC = 2.5 V, 3.3 V or 5.0 V ± 10 %,’ to ‘tolerance
of VCC ± 10 %;’
– added ‘VCC = ‘ to the limits’ column headings
– baud rate divisor Max. columns: changed ‘216 − 1 TRCLK’ to ‘(216 − 1)’; deleted ‘ns’ from
Unit column (N is a number).
SC16C654B_654DB_1
•
Section 11 “Package outline”: added Figure 29 “Package outline SOT414-1 (LQFP64)”,
Figure 30 “Package outline SOT778-3 (HVQFN48)”, and Figure 31 “Package outline
SOT686-1 (LFBGA64)”.
•
•
Added Section 13 “Abbreviations” on page 55
Section 18 “Trademarks” re-written.
20050209
Product data sheet
-
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
9397 750 13115
-
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Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
56 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
15. Data sheet status
Level
Data sheet status [1]
Product status [2] [3]
Definition
I
Objective data
Development
This data sheet contains data from the objective specification for product development. Philips
Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification in any manner without notice.
II
Preliminary data
Qualification
This data sheet contains data from the preliminary specification. Supplementary data will be published
at a later date. Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to change the specification without notice, in
order to improve the design and supply the best possible product.
III
Product data
Production
This data sheet contains data from the product specification. Philips Semiconductors reserves the
right to make changes at any time in order to improve the design, manufacturing and supply. Relevant
changes will be communicated via a Customer Product/Process Change Notification (CPCN).
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued data sheet before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The product status of the device(s) described in this data sheet may have changed since this data sheet was published. The latest information is available on the Internet at
URL http://www.semiconductors.philips.com.
[3]
For data sheets describing multiple type numbers, the highest-level product status determines the data sheet status.
16. Definitions
customers using or selling these products for use in such applications do so
at their own risk and agree to fully indemnify Philips Semiconductors for any
damages resulting from such application.
Short-form specification — The data in a short-form specification is
extracted from a full data sheet with the same type number and title. For
detailed information see the relevant data sheet or data handbook.
Right to make changes — Philips Semiconductors reserves the right to
make changes in the products - including circuits, standard cells, and/or
software - described or contained herein in order to improve design and/or
performance. When the product is in full production (status ‘Production’),
relevant changes will be communicated via a Customer Product/Process
Change Notification (CPCN). Philips Semiconductors assumes no
responsibility or liability for the use of any of these products, conveys no
license or title under any patent, copyright, or mask work right to these
products, and makes no representations or warranties that these products are
free from patent, copyright, or mask work right infringement, unless otherwise
specified.
Limiting values definition — Limiting values given are in accordance with
the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134). Stress above one or
more of the limiting values may cause permanent damage to the device.
These are stress ratings only and operation of the device at these or at any
other conditions above those given in the Characteristics sections of the
specification is not implied. Exposure to limiting values for extended periods
may affect device reliability.
Application information — Applications that are described herein for any
of these products are for illustrative purposes only. Philips Semiconductors
make no representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for
the specified use without further testing or modification.
18. Trademarks
17. Disclaimers
Notice — All referenced brands, product names, service names and
trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Life support — These products are not designed for use in life support
appliances, devices, or systems where malfunction of these products can
reasonably be expected to result in personal injury. Philips Semiconductors
19. Contact information
For additional information, please visit: http://www.semiconductors.philips.com
For sales office addresses, send an email to: [email protected]
9397 750 14965
Product data sheet
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005. All rights reserved.
Rev. 02 — 20 June 2005
57 of 58
SC16C654B/654DB
Philips Semiconductors
5 V, 3.3 V and 2.5 V quad UART, 5 Mbit/s (max.) with 64-byte FIFOs
20. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
5.1
5.2
6
6.1
6.1.1
6.1.2
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
7
7.1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Interface options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
The 16 mode interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
The 68 mode interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Internal registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
FIFO operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Hardware flow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Software flow control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Special feature software flow control . . . . . . . 19
Xon any feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Hardware/software and time-out interrupts. . . 19
Programmable baud rate generator . . . . . . . . 20
DMA operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Sleep mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Loop-back mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Register descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Transmit (THR) and Receive (RHR) Holding
Registers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7.2
Interrupt Enable Register (IER) . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7.2.1
IER versus Receive FIFO interrupt mode
operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.2.2
IER versus Receive/Transmit FIFO polled mode
operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
7.3
FIFO Control Register (FCR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7.3.1
DMA mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7.3.1.1
Mode 0 (FCR bit 3 = 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7.3.1.2
Mode 1 (FCR bit 3 = 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7.3.2
FIFO mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
7.4
Interrupt Status Register (ISR) . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
7.5
Line Control Register (LCR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
7.6
Modem Control Register (MCR) . . . . . . . . . . . 31
7.7
Line Status Register (LSR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
7.8
Modem Status Register (MSR). . . . . . . . . . . . 34
7.9
Scratchpad Register (SPR) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
7.10
Enhanced Feature Register (EFR) . . . . . . . . . 35
7.11
SC16C654B/654DB external reset conditions 36
8
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
9
Static characteristics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
10
Dynamic characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
10.1
11
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
12.4
12.5
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
Timing diagrams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering surface mount
packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Manual soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Package related soldering information . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
41
48
53
53
53
53
54
54
55
56
57
57
57
57
57
© Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. 2005
All rights are reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without the prior
written consent of the copyright owner. The information presented in this document does
not form part of any quotation or contract, is believed to be accurate and reliable and may
be changed without notice. No liability will be accepted by the publisher for any
consequence of its use. Publication thereof does not convey nor imply any license under
patent- or other industrial or intellectual property rights.
Date of release: 20 June 2005
Document number: 9397 750 14965
Published in The Netherlands
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