Data Sheet

QN902x
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
Product data sheet
1. Introduction
QN902x is an ultra low power, wireless System-on-Chip (SoC) for Bluetooth Smart
applications. It supports both master and slave modes. QN902x integrates a high
performance 2.4 GHz RF transceiver with a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 MCU, flash memory,
and analog and digital peripherals.
By integrating a Bluetooth LE compliant radio, link controller and host stack, QN902x
provides a single-chip solution for Bluetooth Smart applications. The 32-bit ARM
Cortex-M0 MCU and on-chip memory provides additional signal processing and room to
run applications for a true single-chip Bluetooth Smart solution. In addition, QN902x can
be used as a network processor by connecting to an application processor via UART or
SPI. It helps to add Bluetooth Smart feature to any product.
QN902x has built-in analog and digital interfaces. It enables easy connection to any
analog or digital peripheral, sensor, and external application processor in network
processor mode.
2. General description
QN902x is an ultra low power, high performance and highly integrated Bluetooth LE
solution. It is used in Bluetooth Smart applications such as sports and fitness, human
interface devices, and app-enabled smart accessories. It is specially designed for
wearable electronics and can run on a small capacity battery such as a coin cell battery.
QN902x integrates a Bluetooth LE radio, controller, protocol stack and profile software on
a single chip, providing a flexible and easy to use Bluetooth LE SoC solution. It also has a
high performance MCU and an on-chip memory that can support users to develop a
single-chip wireless MCU solution. Users can also utilize QN902x as a network processor
by connecting to an application processor for more advanced applications.
Additional system features include fully integrated DC-to-DC converter and LDO,
low-power sleep timer, battery monitor, general-purpose ADC, and GPIOs. These features
reduce overall system cost and size. QN902x has very low power consumption in all
modes. It enables long life in battery-operated systems while maintaining excellent RF
performance. QN9020/1 operates with a power supply range of 2.4 V to 3.6 V. The
QN9022 operates with a power supply range of 1.8 V to 3.6 V.
3. Features and benefits
 True single-chip Bluetooth LE SoC solution
 Integrated Bluetooth LE radio
 Complete Bluetooth LE protocol stack and application profiles
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution





QN902x
Product data sheet
 Supports both master and slave modes
 Up to eight simultaneous links in master mode
 Frequency bands: 2400 MHz to 2483.5 MHz
 1 Mbit/s on air data rate and 250 kHz deviation
 GFSK modulation format
RF
 95 dBm RX sensitivity (non-DC-to-DC mode)
 93 dBm RX sensitivity (DC-to-DC mode)
 TX output power from 20 dBm to +4 dBm
 Fast and reliable RSSI and channel quality indication
 Compatible with worldwide radio frequency regulations
 Excellent link budget up to 99 dB
Very low power consumption
 Single power supply of 2.4 V to 3.6 V for QN9020/1
 Single power supply of 1.8 V to 3.6 V for QN9022
 Integrated DC-to-DC converter and LDO
 2 A deep sleep mode
 3 A sleep mode (32 kHz RC oscillator on)
 9.25 mA RX current with DC-to-DC converter
 8.8 mA TX current @0 dBm TX power with DC-to-DC converter
Compact 6 mm  6 mm HVQFN48 package for QN9020, 5 mm  5 mm HVQFN32
package for QN9021, and 5 mm  5 mm HVQFN40 package for QN9022
Microcontroller
 Integrated 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 MCU
 64 kB system memory
 User-controllable code protection
High-level integration
 4-channel, 10-bit general-purpose ADC
 Two general-purpose analog comparators
 31 GPIO pins for QN9020, 15 GPIO pins for QN9021, and 22 GPIO pins for
QN9022
 GPIO pins can be used as interrupt sources
 Four general-purpose timers
 32 kHz sleep timer
 Watchdog timer
 Real-time clock with calibration
 2-channel programmable PWM
 Two SPI/UART interfaces
 I2C-bus master/slave interface
 Brownout detector
 Battery monitor
 AES-128 security coprocessor
 16 MHz or 32 MHz crystal oscillator
 Low power 32 kHz RC oscillator
 32.768 kHz crystal oscillator
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
4. Applications






Sports and fitness
Healthcare and medical
Remote control
Smartphone accessories
PC peripherals (mouse and keyboard)
Wireless sensor networks
5. Profiles and services
QN902x offers a complete list of qualified profiles and services.
Table 1.
Supported profiles and services
Profiles and services
Version
Device information service
1.1
Battery service
1.0
Blood pressure profile
1.0
Find me profile
1.0
Glucose profile
1.0
Heart rate profile
1.0
Health thermometer profile
1.0
HID over GATT profile
1.0
Proximity profile
1.0
Scan parameters profile
1.0
Time profile
1.0
Alert notification profile
1.0
Phone alert status profile
1.0
Cycling speed and cadence profile
1.0
Running speed and cadence profile
1.0
6. Ordering information
Table 2.
Ordering information
Type number Package
Name
Description
Version
QN9020
HVQFN48
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads; 48 terminals;
body 6  6  0.85 mm
SOT778-4
QN9021
HVQFN32
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads; 32 terminals;
body 5  5  0.85 mm
SOT617-13
QN9022
HVQFN40
plastic thermal enhanced very thin quad flat package; no leads; 40 terminals;
body 5  5  0.85 mm
SOT1369-2
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
3 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
7. Block diagram
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Fig 1.
Block diagram
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
4 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
8. Pinning information
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To achieve optimal performance, the back plate is grounded to the application PCB.
Fig 3.
QN902x
Product data sheet
Pin configuration for HVQFN32
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
5(;7
9''
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
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Fig 4.
Pin configuration for HVQFN40
8.2 Pin description
Table 3.
Pin description
I = Input; O = Output; I/O = Input/Output; AI = Analog Input.
Symbol
Pin
Alternate
QN9020 QN9021 QN9022 function
Type
Description
VCC
1
1
1
-
-
supply voltage
P0_7
2
2
2
SWCLK
I
default to SWCLK (input with pull-up)
P0_7
I/O
GPIO7
AIN3
AI
ADC input channel 3
ACMP1
AI
analog comparator 1 negative input
SWDIO
I/O
default to SWDIO (input with pull-up)
P0_6
I/O
GPIO6
AIN2
AI
ADC input channel 2
ACMP1+
AI
analog comparator 1 positive input
P0_6
3
3
3
XTAL2_32K
4
4
4
-
-
connected to 32.768 kHz crystal or external 32 kHz
clock; if RC oscillator is used, this pin is not connected
XTAL1_32K
5
5
5
-
-
connected to 32.768 kHz crystal; if RC oscillator is
used, this pin is not connected
P0_5
6
-
-
QN902x
Product data sheet
P0_5
I/O
GPIO5
SCL
I/O
I2C-bus clock
ADCT
I
ADC conversion external trigger
ACMP1_O
O
analog comparator 1 output
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 3.
Pin description …continued
I = Input; O = Output; I/O = Input/Output; AI = Analog Input.
Symbol
Pin
Alternate
QN9020 QN9021 QN9022 function
Type
Description
P0_4
7
I/O
GPIO4
P0_3
P0_2
P0_1
P0_0
8
9
10
11
-
6
-
-
7
-
6
7
8
9
P0_4
CLKOUT1
O
clock output 1
RTCI
I
RTC input capture
P0_3
I/O
GPIO3
CLKOUT0
O
clock output 0
T0_ECLK
I/O
timer 0 external clock input or PWM output
P0_2
I/O
GPIO2
SDA
I/O
I2C-bus data transmit
SPICLK0
I/O
SPI0 clock
RTS0
O
UART0 RTS
P0_1
I/O
GPIO1
nCS0_0
I/O
SPI0 slave select for master/slave mode
CTS0
I
UART0 CTS
P0_0
I/O
GPIO0
TXD0
O
UART0 TX data output with pull-up
DAT0
I/O
in 4-wire mode, SPI0 output data; in 3-wire mode, data
I/O
RTCI
I
RTC input capture
VSS
12
8
10
-
-
ground
VDD
13
9
11
-
-
supply voltage
P1_7
14
10
12
P1_7
I/O
GPIO15
RXD0
I
UART0 RX data input
DIN0
I
SPI0 input data in 4-wire mode; invalid in 3-wire mode
T0_0
O
timer 0 PWM output
P1_6
I/O
GPIO14
P1_6
15
-
13
FLASH_VCC -
-
14
P1_5
-
-
16
nCS0 _1
O
SPI0 slave select output for master mode
PWM0
O
PWM0 output
T0_3
I/O
timer 0 input capture/clock or PWM output
-
-
power output for flash[1]
P1_5
I/O
GPIO13
PWM1
O
PWM1 output
T1_2
I/O
timer 1 input capture/clock or PWM output
I/O
GPIO12
P1_4
17
-
-
P1_4
T1_3
I/O
timer 1 input capture/clock or PWM output
P1_3
18
11
15
P1_3
I/O
GPIO11
SPICLK1
I/O
SPI1 clock
RTS1
O
UART1 RTS
CLKOUT1
O
clock output 1
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 3.
Pin description …continued
I = Input; O = Output; I/O = Input/Output; AI = Analog Input.
Symbol
Pin
Alternate
QN9020 QN9021 QN9022 function
Type
Description
P1_2
19
P1_2
I/O
GPIO10
P1_1
P1_0
P2_7
P2_6
P2_5
P2_4
P2_3
P2_2
P2_1
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
QN902x
Product data sheet
12
13
14
15
16
-
17
18
-
-
16
17
18
19
20
-
21
22
-
23
nCS1_0
I/O
SPI1 slave select for master/slave mode
CTS1
I
UART1 CTS
ADCT
AI
ADC conversion external trigger
P1_1
I/O
GPIO9
DAT1
I/O
in 4-wire mode, SPI1 output data; in 3-wire mode, data
I/O
TXD1
O
UART1 TX data
T1_0
I/O
timer 1 input capture/clock or PWM output
P1_0
I/O
GPIO8
DIN1
I
SPI1 input data in 4-wire mode; invalid in 3-wire mode
RXD1
I
UART1 RX data
T2_ECLK
I/O
timer 2 external clock input or PWM output
P2_7
I/O
GPIO23
ACMP1_O
O
analog comparator 1 output
PWM0
O
PWM0 output
T1_ECLK
I/O
timer 1 external clock input or PWM output
P2_6
I/O
GPIO22
PWM1
O
PWM1 output
T2_0
I/O
timer 2 input capture/clock or PWM output
P2_5
I/O
GPIO21
nCS1_1
O
SPI1 slave select output for master mode
T2_2
I/O
timer 2 input capture/clock or PWM output
P2_4
I/O
GPIO20
SCL
I/O
I2C-bus master clock output with pull-up
PWM1
O
PWM1 output
T3_ECLK
I/O
timer 3 external clock input or PWM output
P2_3
I/O
GPIO19
SDA
I/O
I2C-bus data transmit
ACMP0_O
O
analog comparator 0 output
T3_0
I/O
timer 3 input capture/clock or PWM output
P2_2
I/O
GPIO18
SPICLK1
I/O
SPI1 clock
RTS1
O
UART1 RTS
T2_3
I/O
timer 2 input capture/clock or PWM output
P2_1
I/O
GPIO17
DAT1
I/O
in 4-wire mode, SPI0 output data; in 3-wire mode, data
I/O
TXD1
O
UART1 TX data output with pull-up
T3_1
I/O
timer 3 input capture/clock or PWM output
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
8 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 3.
Pin description …continued
I = Input; O = Output; I/O = Input/Output; AI = Analog Input.
Symbol
Pin
Alternate
QN9020 QN9021 QN9022 function
Type
Description
P2_0
29
I/O
GPIO16
P3_6
30
-
-
24
-
P2_0
DIN1
I
SPI1 input data in 4-wire mode; invalid in 3-wire mode
RXD1
I
UART1 RX data input
T3_2
I/O
timer 3 input capture/clock or PWM output
P3_6
I/O
GPIO30
nCS1_0
I/O
SPI1 slave select for master/slave mode
CTS1
I
UART1 CTS
RSTN
31
19
25
-
-
hardware reset, active LOW
RVDD
32
20
26
-
-
regulated PA power output
RFN
33
21
27
-
-
differential RF port
RFP
34
22
28
-
-
differential RF port
VSS
35
23
29
-
-
analog ground
VDD
36
24
30
-
-
analog power supply
REXT
37
25
31
-
-
current reference terminal, connect 56 k  1 %
resistor to ground
VDD
38
26
32
-
-
analog power supply
XTAL2
39
27
33
-
-
connected to 16 MHz or 32 MHz crystal or external
clock
XTAL1
40
28
34
-
-
connected to 16 MHz or 32 MHz crystal; if external
clock is used, this pin is not connected
P3_5
41
-
-
P3_5
I/O
GPIO29
nCS0_0
I/O
SPI0 slave select for master/slave mode
T0_0
I/O
timer 0 input capture/clock or PWM output
P3_4
I/O
GPIO28
SPICLK0
I/O
SPI0 clock
P3_3
I/O
GPIO27
DAT0
I/O
in 4-wire mode, SPI0 output data; in 3-wire mode, data
I/O
CLKOUT0
O
clock output 0
P3_2
I/O
GPIO26
DIN0
I
SPI0 input data in 4-wire mode; invalid in 3-wire mode
ACMP0_O
O
analog comparator 0 output
P3_1
I/O
GPIO25
P3_4
P3_3
P3_2
P3_1
42
43
44
45
QN902x
Product data sheet
-
-
29
35
36
37
T0_2
I/O
timer 0 input capture/clock or PWM output
AIN1
I
ADC input channel 1
ACMP0
I
analog comparator 0 negative input
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 3.
Pin description …continued
I = Input; O = Output; I/O = Input/Output; AI = Analog Input.
Symbol
Pin
Alternate
QN9020 QN9021 QN9022 function
Type
Description
P3_0
46
I/O
GPIO24
30
38
P3_0
T2_1
I/O
timer 1 input capture/clock or PWM output
AIN0
AI
ADC input channel 0
ACMP0+
AI
analog comparator 0 positive input
VSS
47
31
39
-
-
ground
IDC
48
32
40
-
-
if DC-to-DC is enabled, PWM driver is used for LC
filter; if DC-to-DC is disabled, this pin is not connected
[1]
Available only in QN9022.
9. Functional description
QN902x integrates an ultra low power 2.4 GHz radio, a qualified software stack and
application profiles on a single chip. The integrated Power Management Unit (PMU)
controls the system operation in different power states, to ensure low-power operation.
The high-frequency crystal oscillator provides the reference frequency for the radio
transceiver, while the low-frequency oscillators maintain timing in sleep states.
The integrated AES coprocessor supports encryption/decryption with minimal MCU
usage. Minimum MCU usage helps in reducing the load on the MCU and also reduces
power consumption. The embedded MCU and additional memory provides additional
signal processing capability and helps to run user applications.
QN902x includes a general-purpose ADC with four external independent input channels.
The ADC is utilized for power supply voltage monitoring. Digital serial interfaces
(SPI/UART/I2C) are integrated to communicate with application processor or digital
sensors.
The UART supports Bluetooth LE Direct Test Mode (DTM). This interface is used to
control the PHY layer with commercially available Bluetooth testers, used for qualification.
I2C-bus is integrated and supports both master and slave mode. It can communicate with
a digital sensor or EEPROM.
9.1 MCU subsystem
The MCU subsystem includes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
QN902x
Product data sheet
32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 MCU
64 kB system memory
Reset generation
Clock and power management unit
Nested Vectored Interrupt Controller (NVIC)
Serial Wire Debug (SWD) interface
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
9.1.1 MCU
The CPU core is a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 MCU offering significant benefits to application
development. It includes the following:
•
•
•
•
Simple, easy-to-use programmers model
Highly efficient ultra low power operation
Excellent code density
Deterministic, high-performance interrupt handling for 32 external interrupt inputs
The processor is extensively optimized for low power and delivers exceptional power
efficiency through its efficient instruction set. It provides high-end processing hardware
including a single-cycle multiplier.
9.1.2 Memory organization
QN902x has an on-chip system memory of 64 kB, used for storing application program
and data. It is secured with a user-configurable protection mode, to prevent unauthorized
access. The MCU is 32-bit, with an address space of 4 GB. It is shared between the
system memory, ROM, system registers, peripheral registers, and general-purpose
memory. The address space ranges from 0x0000 0000 to 0xFFFF FFFF; see Figure 5.
The system memory is secured with a user-controllable protection scheme, which
prevents unauthorized access.
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Fig 5.
Memory address map
9.1.3 RESET generation
The device has four sources of reset. The following events generate a reset:
• Forcing RSTN pin to LOW
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
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QN902x
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
• Power-on
• Brownout
• Watchdog time-out
9.1.4 Nested Vectored Interrupt Controller (NVIC)
QN9020 supports Cortex-M0 built-in Nested Vectored Interrupt Controller (NVIC) with 24
external interrupt inputs. External interrupt signals are connected to the NVIC and the
NVIC prioritizes the interrupts. Software is used to set the priority of each interrupt. The
NVIC and Cortex-M0 processor core are closely coupled, providing low-latency interrupt
processing and efficient processing of late arriving interrupts.
9.1.5 Clock and power management
QN902x provides flexible clocking scheme to balance between performance and power. A
high frequency crystal oscillator is utilized to provide reference frequency and system
clock. QN902x supports 16 MHz and 32 MHz external crystal with 50 106 accuracy.
The system clock is 32 MHz or its divided versions.
Two low-speed 32 kHz oscillators are integrated. The 32.768 kHz crystal oscillator is used
where accurate timing is needed, while a 32 kHz RC oscillator reduces cost and power
consumption. Only one works at a time.
QN902x features ultra low power consumption with two sleep modes, SLEEP and DEEP
SLEEP. After the execution of Wait For Interrupt (WFI) instruction, the MCU stops
execution, enters into SLEEP mode and stops the clock immediately. Before entering into
SLEEP mode, MCU should set the sleep timer correctly and make the 32 kHz clock ready.
If DEEP SLEEP mode is entered, it must wait for the external interrupts to wake it up.
When an external interrupt or sleep timer time-out occurs, the Wake-up Interrupt
Controller (WIC) enables the system clock. It takes 16 clock cycles to wake up the MCU
and restore the states, before MCU can resume program execution to process the
interrupt.
Only P0_0 to P0_7 and P1_0 to P1_7 can wake up MCU out of sleep states. The power
management unit controls the power states of the whole chip and switch on/off the supply
to different parts, as per the power state.
Table 4.
QN902x
Product data sheet
Power matrix
Mode
Digital regulator 32 kHz oscillator Sleep timer
Description
deep sleep
off
off
off
wait for external interrupt to
wake it up; RAM and register
content retained
sleep
off
on
on
wait for SLEEP TIMER
time-out to wake it up; RAM
and register content retained
idle
on
on
on
16 MHz or 32 MHz XTAL on;
MCU idle
active
on
on
on
radio off; MCU on
radio
on
on
on
radio on
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
9.1.6 Serial Wire Debug (SWD) interface
QN902x provides a standard SWD interface and supports up to four hardware
breakpoints and two watch points.
9.2 Flash
QN9020/1 have a 128 kB flash. The flash communicates with the MCU by internal SPI
interface and can be used to store code or data. The flash has the following features:
•
•
•
•
32 equal sectors of 4 kB each, any sector can be erased individually
Minimum 100000 erase/program cycles
RES command, 1-byte command code
Low power consumption
QN9022 has an interface to connect external flash.
9.3 Digital peripherals
9.3.1 TIMER 0/1/2/3
Timer 0 and timer 1 are general-purpose 32-bit timers whereas timer 2 and timer 3 are
general-purpose 16-bit timers. Both have a programmable 10-bit prescaler. The prescaler
source is a system clock, 32 kHz clock or an external clock input.
The timers have the following functions:
• Input capture function
• Compare function
• PWM output
The timers generate maskable interrupts in the event of overflow, compare and capture.
They are used to trigger MCU or ADC conversions.
9.3.2 Real-Time Clock (RTC)
A 32 kHz clock runs the RTC, which provides real time with calibration. It supports the
following functions:
• Time and date configuration on the fly
• One second interrupt generation, interrupt can be enabled or disabled through
software
• Input capture function with programmable noise canceler
9.3.3 WatchDog Timer (WDT)
The WatchDog Timer (WDT) is a 16-bit timer clocked by a 32 kHz clock. It is used as a
recovery method in situations where the CPU may be subjected to a software upset. The
WDT resets the system when the software fails to clear the WDT within the selected time
interval. The WDT is configured either as a watchdog timer or as an interval timer for
general-purpose use. If WDT is configured as an interval timer, it can be used to generate
interrupts at selected time intervals. The maximum time-out interval is 1.5 days.
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
9.3.4 Sleep timer
The sleep timer is a 32-bit timer running at 32 kHz clock rate. It is in always-on power
domain, used to set the interval for system to exit sleep mode and wake up MCU.
9.3.5 PWM
The PWM provides two-channel PWM waveforms with programmable period and duty
cycle. It has two 8-bit auto reload down counter and programmable 10-bit prescaler for
both channels. It supports the functions mentioned below:
• Predictable PWM initial output state
• Buffered compare register and polarity register to ensure correct PWM output
• Programmable overflow interrupt generation
9.3.6 DMA
The DMA controller is used to relieve the MCU of handling data transfer operations,
leading to high performance and efficiency. It has a single DMA channel to support fixed
and undefined length transfer. The source address and the destination address are
programmable. It can be aborted immediately in a transfer process by configuring ABORT
register, and a DMA done interrupt is generated meanwhile.
9.3.7 Random number generator
QN902x integrates a random number generator for security purpose.
9.3.8 AES coprocessor
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) coprocessor allows encryption/decryption to be
performed with minimal CPU usage. The coprocessor supports 128-bit key and DMA
transfer trigger capability.
9.4 Communication interfaces
9.4.1 UART 0/1
UART 0 and UART 1 have identical functions and include the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
QN902x
Product data sheet
8-bit payload mode: 8-bit data without parity
9-bit payload mode: 8-bit data plus parity
The parity in 9-bit mode is odd or even configurable
Configurable start bit and stop bit levels
Configurable LSB first or MSB first data transfer
Parity and framing error status
Configurable hardware flow control
Support overrun
Flexible baud rate: 1.2/2.4/4.8/9.6/14.4/19.2/28.8/38.4/57.6/76.8/115.2/230.4 kBd
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
9.4.2 SPI 0/1
SPI 0 and SPI 1 have identical functions and includes the following features:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Master/slave mode configurable
4-wire or 3-wire configurable
Clock speed configurable for master mode (divided from AHB clock)
4 MHz maximum clock speed in slave mode when AHB clock is 32 MHz
16 MHz maximum clock speed in master mode when AHB clock is 32 MHz
Configurable clock polarity and phase
Configurable LSB or MSB first transfer
9.4.3 I2C-bus
The I2C-bus module provides an interface between the device and I2C-bus compatible
devices connected by a 2-wire serial I2C-bus. The I2C-bus module features include:
•
•
•
•
•
Compliance with the I2C-bus specification v2.1
7-bit device addressing modes
Standard mode up to 100 kbit/s and fast mode up to 400 kbit/s support
Supports master arbitration in master mode
Supports line stretch in slave mode
9.5 Radio and analog peripherals
9.5.1 RF transceiver
QN902x radio transceiver is compliant with volume 6, part A: physical layer specification
for Bluetooth LE. The transceiver requires a 32 MHz or a 16 MHz crystal to provide
reference frequency. It also requires a matching network to match an antenna connected
to the receiver/transmitter pins.
9.5.2 On-chip oscillators
QN902x includes three integrated oscillators:
• HFXO: Low-power high frequency crystal oscillator supporting 32 MHz or 16 MHz
external crystal
• LFXO: Ultra low power 32.768 kHz crystal oscillator
• LFRCO: Ultra low power 32 kHz RC oscillator with 250  106 frequency accuracy
after calibration
The high frequency crystal oscillator (HFXO) provides the reference frequency for radio
transceiver. The low frequency 32.768 kHz oscillators provide the protocol timing. The
low-frequency clock can also be obtained from a 32.768 kHz external clock source. For
HFXO, the external capacitance is integrated to reduce the BOM cost. Software is used to
adjust the capacitance.
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
9.5.3 DC-to-DC converter
QN902x includes highly efficient integrated regulators to generate all the internal supply
voltages from a single external supply voltage. Optional integrated DC-to-DC
down-converter is used to reduce the current consumption by 30 %. It is useful for
applications using battery technologies with higher nominal cell voltages.
9.5.4 General-purpose ADC
QN902x integrates a general-purpose 8-bit or 10-bit SAR ADC, with a sampling rate of up
to 50 kilosample per second. It includes an analog multiplexer with up to four external
input channels. Conversion results can be moved to memory through DMA.
The main features of the ADC are as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Four single-ended input channels, or two differential channels
Reference voltage selectable as internal or external signal-ended
Interrupt request generation
DMA triggers at the end of conversions
Window compare function
Battery measurement capability
When using internal reference voltage, it is calibrated to achieve high resolution.
The ADC operates in the following three modes:
• Signal conversion mode
• Continuous conversion mode
• Scan mode (automatic switching among external inputs)
9.5.5 Analog comparator
The analog comparator is used to compare the voltage of two analog inputs and has a
digital output to indicate the higher input voltage. The positive input is always from the
external pin. The negative input can be either one of the selectable internal references or
from an external pin.
The analog comparator features low-power operation. The comparison result is used as
an interrupt source to wake up the system from SLEEP mode.
9.5.6 Battery monitor
A battery monitor is integrated by connecting supply voltage (VDD / 4) to the ADC input. It
uses the internal regulated reference for conversion.
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
10. Limiting values
Table 5.
Limiting values
In accordance with the Absolute Maximum Rating System (IEC 60134).
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Max
Unit
VCC
supply voltage
VCC to GND
0.3
+5.0
V
VDD
supply voltage
VDD to GND
Tstg
storage temperature
VESD
electrostatic discharge voltage human body model
0.3
+5.0
V
55
+150
C
RFN, RFP
-
1.5
kV
other pins
-
2
kV
RFN, RFP
-
100
V
other pins
-
200
V
-
1
kV
Typ
Max
Unit
machine model
charged-device model
all pins
11. Recommended operating conditions
Table 6.
Operating conditions
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
VCC
supply voltage
relative to GND
VDD
supply voltage
QN9020/1
2.4
3.0
3.6
V
QN9022
1.8
3.0
3.6
V
2.4
3.0
3.6
V
relative to GND
QN9020/1
QN9022
Tamb
QN902x
Product data sheet
Min
ambient temperature
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
1.8
3.0
3.6
V
40
+25
+85
C
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
12. Characteristics
12.1 DC characteristics
Table 7.
DC characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V.
Symbol
Parameter
supply current
ICC
tstartup
start-up time
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
deep sleep mode
[1][2]
-
2
-
A
sleep mode
[1][3]
-
3
-
A
idle mode without DC-to-DC
converter
[1][4]
-
0.84
-
mA
MCU @8 MHz without DC-to-DC
converter
[1][5]
-
1.35
-
mA
RX mode without DC-to-DC
converter
[1][6]
-
13.6
-
mA
RX mode with DC-to-DC converter
[1][7]
-
9.25
-
mA
13.3
-
mA
-
8.8
-
mA
50
-
-
s
TX mode @0 dBm TX power with
DC-to-DC converter
[1]
TX mode @0 dBm TX power
without DC-to-DC converter
[1]
RSTN pin remains at LOW level
Interface[8]
VOH
HIGH-level output
voltage
0.9  VCC
-
-
V
VOL
LOW-level output
voltage
-
-
0.1  VCC
V
VIH
HIGH-level input
voltage
0.7  VCC
-
-
V
VIL
LOW-level input
voltage
-
-
0.3  VCC
V
[1]
Supply current for both analog and digital modes.
[2]
Deep sleep mode: digital regulator off, no clocks, POR, RAM/register control retained.
[3]
Sleep mode: digital regulator off, 32 kHz RC oscillator on, POR, sleep timer on, and RAM/register content retained.
[4]
Idle: 16 MHz oscillator on, no radio or peripherals, 8 MHz system clock and MCU idle (no code execution).
[5]
[email protected] MHz: MCU running at 8 MHz RC oscillator, no radio peripherals.
[6]
RX sensitivity is 95 dBm when DC-to-DC is disabled.
[7]
RX sensitivity is 93 dBm when DC-to-DC is enabled.
[8]
Depend on I/O conditions.
Table 8.
16/32 MHz crystal oscillator reference clock
Symbol
Parameter
fxtal
crystal frequency
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
-
16
-
MHz
32
-
fxtal
50 
crystal frequency
accuracy
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
106
-
+50 
MHz
106
-
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 8.
16/32 MHz crystal oscillator reference clock …continued
Symbol
Parameter
ESR
equivalent series
resistance
CL
load capacitance
tstartup
[1]
start-up time
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
-
-
50

5
-
9
pF
16 MHz crystal oscillator
[1]
-
-
0.7
ms
32 MHz crystal oscillator
[1]
-
-
0.4
ms
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
-
32.768
-
kHz
-
-
100
k
Guaranteed by design.
Table 9.
32 kHz crystal oscillator reference clock
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V.
Symbol
Parameter
fxtal
crystal frequency
Conditions
106
fxtal
crystal frequency
accuracy
-
250 
ESR
equivalent series
resistance
-
-
CL
load capacitance
-
12
-
pF
tstartup
start-up time
-
1
-
s
Table 10. 32 kHz RC oscillator reference clock
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V.
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
fosc
oscillator frequency
Conditions
-
32
-
kHz
fosc(acc)
oscillator frequency
accuracy
-
500  106 -
-
TC
temperature
coefficient
-
0.04
-
%/C
foscVCC
oscillator frequency
variation with supply
voltage
-
3
-
%/V
tcal
calibration time
-
-
1
ms
Table 11. RF receiver characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C; VCC / VDD = 3 V; fc = 2440 MHz; BER < 0.1 %.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
SRX
RX sensitivity
high performance mode
-
95
-
dBm
low power mode with DC-to-DC
converter
-
93
-
dBm
Pi(max)
maximum input
power
-
0
-
dBm
C/I
carrier-to-interference co-channel
ratio
adjacent channel @ 1 MHz
-
6
-
dB
-
1
-
dB
alternate channel @2 MHz
image
image rejection
QN902x
Product data sheet
-
40
-
dB
-
19
-
dB
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 11. RF receiver characteristics …continued
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C; VCC / VDD = 3 V; fc = 2440 MHz; BER < 0.1 %.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
sup(oob)
out-of-band
suppression
30 MHz to 2000 MHz
18
-
-
dBm
2003 MHz to 2399 MHz
18
-
-
dBm
2484 MHz to 2997 MHz
18
-
-
dBm
3 GHz to 12.75 GHz
18
-
-
dBm
Table 12. RF transmitter characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C; VCC / VDD = 3 V; fc = 2440 MHz.
Symbol
Parameter
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
fo(RF)
RF output frequency
Conditions
2400
-
2483.5
MHz
CS
channel separation
-
2
-
MHz
Po
output power
TX power without DC-to-DC
converter
20
-
+4
dBm
TX power with DC-to-DC converter
20
-
+0.5
dBm
Po(RF)step
RF output power step
-
2
-
dB
Po(acc)
TX power accuracy
2
-
+2
dB
ICC(TX)
transmitter supply
current
4 dBm
-
17.6
-
mA
0 dBm
-
13.3
-
mA
4 dBm
-
10.5
-
mA
8 dBm
-
8.3
-
mA
20 dBm
-
6.1
-
mA
0 dBm
-
8.8
-
mA
4 dBm
-
6.9
-
mA
8 dBm
-
5.9
-
mA
20 dBm
-
4.3
-
mA
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
without DC-to-DC
with DC-to-DC
Table 13. RSSI characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
RSSI(range)
RSSI range
90
-
30
dBm
RSSI(acc)
RSSI accuracy
4
-
+4
dB
RSSI(res)
RSSI resolution
-
1
-
dB
Table 14. ADC characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V, with differential ADC input signal.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
VI(ADC)
ADC input voltage
single-ended mode
0
-
Vref
V
differential input mode
Vref
-
+Vref
V
ENOB
effective number of
bits
10-bit
-
9.3
-
bits
S/N
signal-to-noise ratio
10-bit
-
59.3
-
dB
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Table 14. ADC characteristics …continued
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V, with differential ADC input signal.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
SFDR
spurious-free
dynamic range
10-bit
-
65.2
-
dB
THD
total harmonic
distortion
10-bit
-
63
-
dB
DNL
differential
non-linearity
10-bit
1
+0.6
+2
LSB
10-bit
INL
integral non-linearity
2
+0.88
+3
LSB
tc(ADC)
ADC conversion time 10-bit
-
18
-
s
EG
gain error
10-bit
-
4
10
LSB
EO
offset error
10-bit
-
-
2
LSB
ICC(int)ADC
ADC internal supply
current
@1 MHz ADC clock
ADC
-
50
65
A
buffer
-
140
180
A
PGA
-
90
120
A
Table 15. Battery monitor characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V.
Symbol
Parameter
Conditions
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Vmon(bat)
battery monitor
voltage
QN9020/1
2.4
-
3.6
V
Vmon(bat)acc
battery monitor
accuracy
QN9022
1.8
-
3.6
V
-
0.2
-
mV
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Table 16. Analog comparator characteristics
Typical values are Tamb = 25 C and VCC / VDD = 3 V.
Symbol
Parameter
Vi
input voltage
0
-
VDD
V
ICC(int)A
analog internal
supply current
-
0.3
-
A
Vhys
hysteresis
-
40
-
mV
QN902x
Product data sheet
Conditions
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13. Application information
13.1 Schematic for QN9020 with DC-to-DC converter
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Fig 6.
QN9020 typical application schematic with DC-to-DC converter
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
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22 of 40
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13.2 Schematic for QN9020 without DC-to-DC converter
9&&
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0+]
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5(;7
;7$/
;7$/
9''
3B
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3B
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9&&
8
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Fig 7.
QN9020 typical application schematic without DC-to-DC converter
QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
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QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13.3 Schematic for QN9021 with DC-to-DC converter
9&&
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—)
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Q+
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—+
&
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9''
5(;7
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QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
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NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13.4 Schematic for QN9021 without DC-to-DC converter
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QN9021 typical application schematic without DC-to-DC converter
QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
25 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13.5 Schematic for QN9022 with DC-to-DC converter
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QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
26 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13.6 Schematic for QN9022 without DC-to-DC converter
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QN902x
Product data sheet
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
13.7 QN902x external component list
Table 17.
External component list
Component
Description
Value
C1
capacitor for RF matching network
1.5 pF (QN9020/2), 1.8 pF (QN9021)
C2
capacitor for RF matching network
1.0 pF
C3
capacitor for RF matching network
2.2 nF
C4
capacitor for RF matching network
8.2 pF
C5, C6, C7, C8
supply decoupling capacitors
100 nF, X5R, 10 %, 6.3 V, 0402
C9, C10
crystal loading capacitors
22 pF, NP0, 5 %, 25 V, 0402
C11
supply decoupling capacitor
1 F, NP0, 5 %, 6.3 V, 0402
C12
capacitor used for reset
1 F, NP0, 5 %, 6.3 V, 0402
C13
supply decoupling capacitor
100 nF, X5R, 10 %, 6.3 V, 0402
L1
inductor for RF matching network
1.1 nH (QN9020), 1.5 nH (QN9021), 1.3 nH (QN9022)
L2
inductor for RF matching network
2.0 nH (QN9020/2), 1.8 nH (QN9021)
L3
inductor for RF matching network
6.2 nH
L4
chip inductor for DC-to-DC
15 nH
L5
chip inductor for DC-to-DC
10 mH
R1
resistor used for current reference
56 k, 1 %, 0402
R2
resistor used for reset
100 k, 1 %, 0402
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
14. Package outline
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QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
29 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
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QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
30 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
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QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
15. Soldering of SMD packages
This text provides a very brief insight into a complex technology. A more in-depth account
of soldering ICs can be found in Application Note AN10365 “Surface mount reflow
soldering description”.
15.1 Introduction to soldering
Soldering is one of the most common methods through which packages are attached to
Printed Circuit Boards (PCBs), to form electrical circuits. The soldered joint provides both
the mechanical and the electrical connection. There is no single soldering method that is
ideal for all IC packages. Wave soldering is often preferred when through-hole and
Surface Mount Devices (SMDs) are mixed on one printed wiring board; however, it is not
suitable for fine pitch SMDs. Reflow soldering is ideal for the small pitches and high
densities that come with increased miniaturization.
15.2 Wave and reflow soldering
Wave soldering is a joining technology in which the joints are made by solder coming from
a standing wave of liquid solder. The wave soldering process is suitable for the following:
• Through-hole components
• Leaded or leadless SMDs, which are glued to the surface of the printed circuit board
Not all SMDs can be wave soldered. Packages with solder balls, and some leadless
packages which have solder lands underneath the body, cannot be wave soldered. Also,
leaded SMDs with leads having a pitch smaller than ~0.6 mm cannot be wave soldered,
due to an increased probability of bridging.
The reflow soldering process involves applying solder paste to a board, followed by
component placement and exposure to a temperature profile. Leaded packages,
packages with solder balls, and leadless packages are all reflow solderable.
Key characteristics in both wave and reflow soldering are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Board specifications, including the board finish, solder masks and vias
Package footprints, including solder thieves and orientation
The moisture sensitivity level of the packages
Package placement
Inspection and repair
Lead-free soldering versus SnPb soldering
15.3 Wave soldering
Key characteristics in wave soldering are:
• Process issues, such as application of adhesive and flux, clinching of leads, board
transport, the solder wave parameters, and the time during which components are
exposed to the wave
• Solder bath specifications, including temperature and impurities
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
15.4 Reflow soldering
Key characteristics in reflow soldering are:
• Lead-free versus SnPb soldering; note that a lead-free reflow process usually leads to
higher minimum peak temperatures (see Figure 15) than a SnPb process, thus
reducing the process window
• Solder paste printing issues including smearing, release, and adjusting the process
window for a mix of large and small components on one board
• Reflow temperature profile; this profile includes preheat, reflow (in which the board is
heated to the peak temperature) and cooling down. It is imperative that the peak
temperature is high enough for the solder to make reliable solder joints (a solder paste
characteristic). In addition, the peak temperature must be low enough that the
packages and/or boards are not damaged. The peak temperature of the package
depends on package thickness and volume and is classified in accordance with
Table 18 and 19
Table 18.
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
 350
< 2.5
235
220
 2.5
220
220
Table 19.
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D)
Package thickness (mm)
Package reflow temperature (C)
Volume (mm3)
< 350
350 to 2000
> 2000
< 1.6
260
260
260
1.6 to 2.5
260
250
245
> 2.5
250
245
245
Moisture sensitivity precautions, as indicated on the packing, must be respected at all
times.
Studies have shown that small packages reach higher temperatures during reflow
soldering, see Figure 15.
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
temperature
maximum peak temperature
= MSL limit, damage level
minimum peak temperature
= minimum soldering temperature
peak
temperature
time
001aac844
MSL: Moisture Sensitivity Level
Fig 15. Temperature profiles for large and small components
For further information on temperature profiles, refer to Application Note AN10365
“Surface mount reflow soldering description”.
QN902x
Product data sheet
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
16. Abbreviations
Table 20.
Abbreviations
Acronym
Description
ADC
Analog-to-Digital Converter
AES
Advanced Encryption Standard
AHB
AMBA High-performance Bus
BER
Bit Error Rate
DTM
Direct Test Mode
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
GFSK
Gaussian Frequency-Shift Keying
GPIO
General Purpose Input Output
LDO
Low DropOut
LE
Low Energy
LSB
Least Significant Bit
MCU
MicroController Unit
MSB
Most Significant Bit
PGA
Programmable Gain Amplifier
PWM
Pulse Width Modulation
RF
Radio Frequency
RSSI
Received Signal Strength Indicator
RTC
Real-Time Clock
SAR
Successive Approximation Register
S/N
Signal-to-Noise ratio
SoC
System-on-Chip
SPI
Serial Peripheral Interface
SWD
Serial Wire Debug
UART
Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
17. Revision history
Table 21.
Revision history
Document ID
Release date
Data sheet status
Change notice
Supersedes
QN902x v.2
20160414
Product data sheet
-
QN902x v.1
Modifications:
QN902x v.1
QN902x
Product data sheet
•
•
Information about QN9022 is added to the data sheet
Added RSSI characteristics Table 13
20150210
Product data sheet
-
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Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
-
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
18. Legal information
18.1 Data sheet status
Document status[1][2]
Product status[3]
Definition
Objective [short] data sheet
Development
This document contains data from the objective specification for product development.
Preliminary [short] data sheet
Qualification
This document contains data from the preliminary specification.
Product [short] data sheet
Production
This document contains the product specification.
[1]
Please consult the most recently issued document before initiating or completing a design.
[2]
The term ‘short data sheet’ is explained in section “Definitions”.
[3]
The product status of device(s) described in this document may have changed since this document was published and may differ in case of multiple devices. The latest product status
information is available on the Internet at URL http://www.nxp.com.
18.2 Definitions
Draft — The document is a draft version only. The content is still under
internal review and subject to formal approval, which may result in
modifications or additions. NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties as to the accuracy or completeness of
information included herein and shall have no liability for the consequences of
use of such information.
Short data sheet — A short data sheet is an extract from a full data sheet
with the same product type number(s) and title. A short data sheet is intended
for quick reference only and should not be relied upon to contain detailed and
full information. For detailed and full information see the relevant full data
sheet, which is available on request via the local NXP Semiconductors sales
office. In case of any inconsistency or conflict with the short data sheet, the
full data sheet shall prevail.
Product specification — The information and data provided in a Product
data sheet shall define the specification of the product as agreed between
NXP Semiconductors and its customer, unless NXP Semiconductors and
customer have explicitly agreed otherwise in writing. In no event however,
shall an agreement be valid in which the NXP Semiconductors product is
deemed to offer functions and qualities beyond those described in the
Product data sheet.
18.3 Disclaimers
Limited warranty and liability — Information in this document is believed to
be accurate and reliable. However, NXP Semiconductors does not give any
representations or warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or
completeness of such information and shall have no liability for the
consequences of use of such information. NXP Semiconductors takes no
responsibility for the content in this document if provided by an information
source outside of NXP Semiconductors.
In no event shall NXP Semiconductors be liable for any indirect, incidental,
punitive, special or consequential damages (including - without limitation - lost
profits, lost savings, business interruption, costs related to the removal or
replacement of any products or rework charges) whether or not such
damages are based on tort (including negligence), warranty, breach of
contract or any other legal theory.
Notwithstanding any damages that customer might incur for any reason
whatsoever, NXP Semiconductors’ aggregate and cumulative liability towards
customer for the products described herein shall be limited in accordance
with the Terms and conditions of commercial sale of NXP Semiconductors.
Right to make changes — NXP Semiconductors reserves the right to make
changes to information published in this document, including without
limitation specifications and product descriptions, at any time and without
notice. This document supersedes and replaces all information supplied prior
to the publication hereof.
QN902x
Product data sheet
Suitability for use — NXP Semiconductors products are not designed,
authorized or warranted to be suitable for use in life support, life-critical or
safety-critical systems or equipment, nor in applications where failure or
malfunction of an NXP Semiconductors product can reasonably be expected
to result in personal injury, death or severe property or environmental
damage. NXP Semiconductors and its suppliers accept no liability for
inclusion and/or use of NXP Semiconductors products in such equipment or
applications and therefore such inclusion and/or use is at the customer’s own
risk.
Applications — Applications that are described herein for any of these
products are for illustrative purposes only. NXP Semiconductors makes no
representation or warranty that such applications will be suitable for the
specified use without further testing or modification.
Customers are responsible for the design and operation of their applications
and products using NXP Semiconductors products, and NXP Semiconductors
accepts no liability for any assistance with applications or customer product
design. It is customer’s sole responsibility to determine whether the NXP
Semiconductors product is suitable and fit for the customer’s applications and
products planned, as well as for the planned application and use of
customer’s third party customer(s). Customers should provide appropriate
design and operating safeguards to minimize the risks associated with their
applications and products.
NXP Semiconductors does not accept any liability related to any default,
damage, costs or problem which is based on any weakness or default in the
customer’s applications or products, or the application or use by customer’s
third party customer(s). Customer is responsible for doing all necessary
testing for the customer’s applications and products using NXP
Semiconductors products in order to avoid a default of the applications and
the products or of the application or use by customer’s third party
customer(s). NXP does not accept any liability in this respect.
Limiting values — Stress above one or more limiting values (as defined in
the Absolute Maximum Ratings System of IEC 60134) will cause permanent
damage to the device. Limiting values are stress ratings only and (proper)
operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those given in
the Recommended operating conditions section (if present) or the
Characteristics sections of this document is not warranted. Constant or
repeated exposure to limiting values will permanently and irreversibly affect
the quality and reliability of the device.
Terms and conditions of commercial sale — NXP Semiconductors
products are sold subject to the general terms and conditions of commercial
sale, as published at http://www.nxp.com/profile/terms, unless otherwise
agreed in a valid written individual agreement. In case an individual
agreement is concluded only the terms and conditions of the respective
agreement shall apply. NXP Semiconductors hereby expressly objects to
applying the customer’s general terms and conditions with regard to the
purchase of NXP Semiconductors products by customer.
No offer to sell or license — Nothing in this document may be interpreted or
construed as an offer to sell products that is open for acceptance or the grant,
conveyance or implication of any license under any copyrights, patents or
other industrial or intellectual property rights.
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
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Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
Export control — This document as well as the item(s) described herein
may be subject to export control regulations. Export might require a prior
authorization from competent authorities.
Non-automotive qualified products — Unless this data sheet expressly
states that this specific NXP Semiconductors product is automotive qualified,
the product is not suitable for automotive use. It is neither qualified nor tested
in accordance with automotive testing or application requirements. NXP
Semiconductors accepts no liability for inclusion and/or use of
non-automotive qualified products in automotive equipment or applications.
In the event that customer uses the product for design-in and use in
automotive applications to automotive specifications and standards, customer
(a) shall use the product without NXP Semiconductors’ warranty of the
product for such automotive applications, use and specifications, and (b)
whenever customer uses the product for automotive applications beyond
NXP Semiconductors’ specifications such use shall be solely at customer’s
own risk, and (c) customer fully indemnifies NXP Semiconductors for any
liability, damages or failed product claims resulting from customer design and
use of the product for automotive applications beyond NXP Semiconductors’
standard warranty and NXP Semiconductors’ product specifications.
18.4 Trademarks
Notice: All referenced brands, product names, service names and trademarks
are the property of their respective owners.
19. Contact information
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
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NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
20. Tables
Table 1.
Table 2.
Table 3.
Table 4.
Table 5.
Table 6.
Table 7.
Table 8.
Table 9.
Table 10.
Table 11.
Table 12.
Table 13.
Table 14.
Table 15.
Table 16.
Table 17.
Table 18.
Table 19.
Table 20.
Table 21.
Supported profiles and services . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Power matrix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
Limiting values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
Operating conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
DC characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
16/32 MHz crystal oscillator reference clock . .18
32 kHz crystal oscillator reference clock . . . . .19
32 kHz RC oscillator reference clock . . . . . . . .19
RF receiver characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
RF transmitter characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
RSSI characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
ADC characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Battery monitor characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Analog comparator characteristics . . . . . . . . . .21
External component list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
SnPb eutectic process (from J-STD-020D) . . .33
Lead-free process (from J-STD-020D) . . . . . .33
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35
QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
38 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
21. Figures
Fig 1.
Fig 2.
Fig 3.
Fig 4.
Fig 5.
Fig 6.
Fig 7.
Fig 8.
Fig 9.
Fig 10.
Fig 11.
Fig 12.
Fig 13.
Fig 14.
Fig 15.
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Pin configuration for HVQFN48 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Pin configuration for HVQFN32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Pin configuration for HVQFN40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Memory address map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
QN9020 typical application schematic with
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
QN9020 typical application schematic without
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
QN9021 typical application schematic with
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
QN9021 typical application schematic without
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
QN9022 typical application schematic with
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
QN9022 typical application schematic without
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Package outline SOT778-4 (HVQFN48) . . . . . . .29
Package outline SOT617-13 (HVQFN32) . . . . . .30
Package outline SOT1369-2 (HVQFN40) . . . . . .31
Temperature profiles for large and small
components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
QN902x
Product data sheet
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
Rev. 2 — 14 April 2016
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016. All rights reserved.
39 of 40
QN902x
NXP Semiconductors
Ultra low power Bluetooth LE system-on-chip solution
22. Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
8.1
8.2
9
9.1
9.1.1
9.1.2
9.1.3
9.1.4
9.1.5
9.1.6
9.2
9.3
9.3.1
9.3.2
9.3.3
9.3.4
9.3.5
9.3.6
9.3.7
9.3.8
9.4
9.4.1
9.4.2
9.4.3
9.5
9.5.1
9.5.2
9.5.3
9.5.4
9.5.5
9.5.6
10
11
12
12.1
13
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
General description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Features and benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Profiles and services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Pinning information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pinning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Functional description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
MCU subsystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
MCU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Memory organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
RESET generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Nested Vectored Interrupt Controller (NVIC) . 12
Clock and power management . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Serial Wire Debug (SWD) interface . . . . . . . . 13
Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Digital peripherals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
TIMER 0/1/2/3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Real-Time Clock (RTC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
WatchDog Timer (WDT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Sleep timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
PWM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
DMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Random number generator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
AES coprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Communication interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
UART 0/1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
SPI 0/1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
I2C-bus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Radio and analog peripherals. . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
RF transceiver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
On-chip oscillators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
DC-to-DC converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
General-purpose ADC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Analog comparator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Battery monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Limiting values. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Recommended operating conditions. . . . . . . 17
Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
DC characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Application information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
13.1
13.2
13.3
13.4
13.5
13.6
13.7
14
15
15.1
15.2
15.3
15.4
16
17
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
19
20
21
22
Schematic for QN9020 with DC-to-DC
converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic for QN9020 without DC-to-DC
converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic for QN9021 with DC-to-DC
converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic for QN9021 without DC-to-DC
converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic for QN9022 with DC-to-DC
converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Schematic for QN9022 without DC-to-DC
converter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
QN902x external component list . . . . . . . . . .
Package outline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Soldering of SMD packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction to soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave and reflow soldering. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Wave soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reflow soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Legal information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Data sheet status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Disclaimers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contact information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Contents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
32
32
32
32
33
35
35
36
36
36
36
37
37
38
39
40
Please be aware that important notices concerning this document and the product(s)
described herein, have been included in section ‘Legal information’.
© NXP Semiconductors N.V. 2016.
All rights reserved.
For more information, please visit: http://www.nxp.com
For sales office addresses, please send an email to: [email protected]
Date of release: 14 April 2016
Document identifier: QN902x
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