10A/50W

MQHL-28E-05D
Dual Output
H igH R eliability DC-DC C onveRteR
16-80V
±5V
10A
88% @ 5A / 87% @ 10A
Continuous Input
Transient Input
Output
Total Output
Efficiency
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
16-70V
F ull P oweR o PeRation : -55ºC
to
+125ºC
The MilQor@ series of high-reliability DC-DC converters
brings SynQor’s field proven high-efficiency synchronous
rectifier technology to the Military/Aerospace industry.
SynQor’s innovative QorSealTM packaging approach ensures
survivability in the most hostile environments. Compatible
N/C
with the industry standard format, these converters operate
at a fixed frequency, have no opto-isolators, and follow
conservative component derating guidelines.
IN RTN
They are
S
E-05D-Y-E
+VIN
MQHL-28
A
10
±5Vout@
16-70Vin
CASE
ENA 1
designed and manufactured to comply with a wide range of
SYNC OUT
military standards.
N/C
TRIM
-VOUT
OUT RTN
+VOUT
SYNC IN
Design Process
MQHL series converters are:
• Designed for reliability per NAVSO-P3641-A guidelines
• Designed with components derated per:
— MIL-HDBK-1547A
— NAVSO P-3641A
Qualification Process
MQHL series converters are qualified to:
• MIL-STD-810F
— consistent with RTCA/D0-160E
• SynQor’s First Article Qualification
— consistent with MIL-STD-883F
• SynQor’s Long-Term Storage Survivability Qualification
• SynQor’s on-going life test
In-Line Manufacturing Process
• AS9100 and ISO 9001:2008 certified facility
• Full component traceability
• Temperature cycling
• Constant acceleration
• 24, 96, 160 hour burn-in
• Three level temperature screening
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
DesigneD & ManufactureD in the usa
featuring Qorseal™ hi-rel asseMbly
Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Fixed switching frequency
No opto-isolators
Output over-voltage shutdown
Clock synchronization
Primary referenced enable
Continuous short circuit and overload protection
Input under-voltage and over-voltage shutdown
Specification Compliance
MQHL series converters (with MQHE filter) are designed to meet:
• MIL-HDBK-704-8 (A through F)
• RTCA/DO-160 Section 16, 17, 18
• MIL-STD-1275 (B, D) for VIN > 16V
• DEF-STAN 61-5 (part 6)/(5, 6) for VIN > 16V
• MIL-STD-461 (C, D, E, F)
• RTCA/DO-160(E, F, G) Section 22
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 1
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Technical Specification
BLOCK DIAGRAM
REGULATION STAGE
ISOLATION STAGE
CURRENT
SENSE
7
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
1
POSITIVE
INPUT
T1
T1
T2
POSITIVE
OUTPUT
T2
2
8
3
CASE
GATE DRIVERS
UVLO
OVSD
CURRENT
LIMIT
4
ENABLE 1
PRIMARY
CONTROL
5
CONTROL POWER
OVP
ISOLATION BARRIER
INPUT
RETURN
T2
9
NEGATIVE
OUTPUT
GATE DRIVERS
12
NO CONNECT
MAGNETIC
DATA COUPLING
SYNC OUTPUT
T1
OUTPUT
RETURN
SECONDARY
CONTROL
11
NO CONNECT
10
TRIM
6
SYNC INPUT
POSITIVE
OUTPUT
TYPICAL CONNECTION DIAGRAM
28 Vdc
+
open
means
on
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
1
+VIN
2
IN RTN
3
CASE
4
ENA 1
5
SYNC OUT
6
SYNC IN
Phone 1-888-567-9596
N/C 12
N/C 11
MQHL
TRIM 10
-VOUT 9
+
Load
OUT RTN 8
+VOUT 7
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
+
Load
08/20/13
Page 2
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Technical Specification
MQHL-28E-05D ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Parameter
Min. Typ. Max. Units Notes & Conditions
100
100
-0.8
-1.2
V
V
V
V
500
800
125
135
300
50
V
V
°C
°C
°C
V
(see Note 11)
See Note 1
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Input Voltage
Non-Operating
Operating
Reverse Bias (Tcase = 125ºC)
Reverse Bias (Tcase = -55ºC)
Isolation Voltage (I/O to case, I to O)
Continuous
Transient (≤100µs)
Operating Case Temperature
Storage Case Temperature
Lead Temperature (20s)
Voltage at ENA1
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Operating Input Voltage Range
“
Input Under-Voltage Shutdown
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Shutdown Voltage Hysteresis
Input Over-Voltage Shutdown
Turn-Off Voltage Threshold
Turn-On Voltage Threshold
Shutdown Voltage Hysteresis
Maximum Input Current
No Load Input Current (operating)
Disabled Input Current
Input Terminal Current Ripple (pk-pk)
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Set Point (Tcase = 25ºC)
Positive Ouput
Negative Output
Output Voltage Set Point Over Temperature
Positive Ouput
Negative Output
Positive Output Voltage Line Regulation
Positive Output Voltage Load Regulation
Total Positive Output Voltage Range
Output Voltage Cross Regulation
Output Over-Voltage Shutdown
Output Voltage Ripple and Noise Peak to Peak
Operating Output Current Range
Single Output Operating Current Range
Operating Output Power Range
Output DC Current-Limit Inception
Back-Drive Current Limit while Enabled
Back-Drive Current Limit while Disabled
Maximum Output Capacitance
DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS
Output Voltage Deviation Load Transient
For a Pos. Step Change in Load Current
For a Neg. Step Change in Load Current
Output Voltage Deviation Line Transient
For a Pos. Step Change in Line Voltage
For a Neg. Step Change in Line Voltage
Turn-On Transient
Output Voltage Rise Time
Output Voltage Overshoot
Turn-On Delay, Rising Vin
Turn-On Delay, Rising ENA
Restart Inhibit Time
Short Circuit Start Time
Group A
Subgroup
Vin = 28V dc ±5%, +Iout = -Iout = 5A, CL = 0µF,
free running (see Note 9) unless otherwise specified
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
-500
-800
-55
-65
-1.2
16
16
28
28
70
80
V
V
14.75
14.00
0.65
15.50
14.75
0.85
16.00
15.50
1.05
V
V
V
90.0
82.0
3.0
95.0
86.0
9.0
75
10
40
100.0
90.0
15.0
3.9
100
15
75
V
V
V
A
mA
mA
mA
4.95
-5.05
5.00
-5.00
5.05
-4.95
V
V
4.90
-5.10
-20
-15
4.90
75
5.6
5.00
-5.00
0
0
5.00
250
6.1
15
5.10
-4.90
20
15
5.10
500
7.1
75
10
8
50
14.2
50
5,000
V
V
mV
mV
V
mV
V
mV
A
A
W
A
A
mA
µF
400
mV
mV
125
125
mV
mV
10
2
8.0
6.0
150
20
ms
%
ms
ms
ms
ms
0
0
0
10.5
-400
12.0
2.50
10
-200
200
-125
-125
12
6
0
5.5
3.0
100
14
Phone 1-888-567-9596
HB Grade Products, See Notes 2 & 15
Continuous
Transient, 1s
See Note 3
1, 2, 3
4, 5, 6
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
See Note 3
1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
Vin = 16V; +Iout = -Iout = 5A
Vin = 16V, 28V, 70V; ENA
Bandwidth = 100kHz – 10MHz; see Figure 14
See Note 14
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
1
1
See Note 14
See Note 14; Vin = 16V, 28V, 70V
See Note 14; +Vout @(+Iout=-Iout=0A) - +Vout @(+Iout=-Iout=5A)
See Note 14
See Notes 13 and 14; -Vout @(+Iout=-Iout=2A) - -Vout @(+Iout=8A, -Iout=2A)
Bandwidth = 10MHz; CL=11µF on both outputs
(+Iout) + (-Iout)
Maximum +Iout or -Iout
Total on both outputs
See Note 4; +Iout + -Iout; +Iout = -Iout
Total on both outputs
See Note 6
Total Iout step = 5A to 10A, 1A to 5A; CL=11µF on both outputs
“
Vin step = 16V to 80V; CL=11µF on both outputs; see Note 7
+Vout = 0.5V to 4.5V; Full Resistive Load
Resistive load
ENA = 5V; see Notes 8 & 10
See Note 10
See Note 10
www.SynQor.com
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
2, 3
2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
See Note 5
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
See Note 5
4, 5, 6
4, 5, 6
4, 5, 6
4, 5, 6
4, 5, 6
See Note 5
4, 5, 6
4, 5, 6
4, 5, 6
4
08/20/13
Page 3
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Technical Specification
MQHL-28E-05D ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Continued)
Parameter
Min. Typ. Max. Units Notes & Conditions
TBD
TBD
TBD
TBD
TBD
TBD
TBD
(see Note 11)
88
89
87
88
86
85
84
2.5
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
W
1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
1,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
2,
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
22
V
V
V
MΩ
MΩ
nF
1
1
1
1
1
1
600
kHz
1, 2, 3
500
2.0
-0.5
20
700
5.5
0.8
80
kHz
V
V
%
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
See Note 5
20
40
60
mA
%
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
EFFICIENCY
Iout = 10 A (16 Vin)
Iout = 5 A (16 Vin)
Iout = 10 A (28 Vin)
Iout = 5 A (28 Vin)
Iout = 10 A (40 Vin)
Iout = 5 A (40 Vin)
Iout = 10 A (70 Vin)
Load Fault Power Dissipation
ISOLATION CHARACTERISTICS
Isolation Voltage
Input RTN to Output RTN
Any Input Pin to Case
Any Output Pin to Case
Isolation Resistance (in rtn to out rtn)
Isolation Resistance (any pin to case)
Isolation Capacitance (in rtn to out rtn)
FEATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Switching Frequency (free running)
Synchronization Input
Frequency Range
Logic Level High
Logic Level Low
Duty Cycle
Synchronization Output
Pull Down Current
Duty Cycle
Enable Control (ENA)
Off-State Voltage
Module Off Pulldown Current
On-State Voltage
Module On Pin Leakage Current
Pull-Up Voltage
Output Voltage Trim Range
RELIABILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Calculated MTBF (MIL-STD-217F2)
GB @ Tcase = 70ºC
AIF @ Tcase = 70ºC
WEIGHT CHARACTERISTICS
Device Weight
Group A
Subgroup
Vin = 28V dc ±5%, +Iout = -Iout = 5A, CL = 0µF,
free running (see Note 9) unless otherwise specified
Sustained short circuit on output
Dielectric strength
500
500
500
100
100
500
550
0.8
80
2
3.2
-10
4.0
20
4.8
10
V
µA
V
µA
V
%
3.9
319
106 Hrs.
103 Hrs.
45
g
VSYNC OUT = 0.8V
Output connected to SYNC IN of other MQHL unit
Current drain required to ensure module is off
Imax draw from pin allowed with module still on
See Figure A
See Figure E
See Note 5
See Note 5
1, 2, 3
See Note 5
1, 2, 3
See Note 5
1, 2, 3
1, 2, 3
Electrical Characteristics Notes
1. Converter will undergo input over-voltage shutdown.
2. Derate output power to 50% of rated power at Tcase = 135ºC. 135ºC is above the specified operating range. See Figure 11.
3. High or low state of input voltage must persist for about 200µs to be acted on by the shutdown circuitry.
4. Current limit inception is defined as the point where the output voltage has dropped to 90% of its nominal value. See Current Limit discussion in
Features Description section.
5. Parameter not tested but guaranteed to the limit specified.
6. Load current transition time ≥ 10µs.
7. Line voltage transition time ≥ 100µs.
8. Input voltage rise time ≤ 250µs.
9. Operating the converter at a synchronization frequency above the free running frequency will cause the converter’s efficiency to be slightly reduced
and it may also cause a slight reduction in the maximum output current/power available. For more information consult the factory.
10. After a disable or fault event, module is inhibited from restarting for 100ms. See Shut Down section of the Control Features description.
11. Only the ES and HB grade products are tested at three temperatures. The C grade products are tested at one temperature. Please refer to the
Construction and Environmental Stress Screening Options table for details.
12. These derating curves apply for the ES and HB grade products. The C grade product has a maximum case temperature of 70ºC.
13. The regulation stage operates to control the positive output. The negative output displays the cross regulation.
14. All +Vout and -Vout voltage measurements are made with Kelvin probes on the output leads.
15. The specified operating case temperature for ES grade products is -45ºC to 100ºC. The specified operating case temperature for C grade products
is 0ºC to 70ºC.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 4
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Application Section
BASIC OPERATION AND FEATURES
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
The MQHL DC/DC converter uses a two-stage power
conversion topology. The first, or regulation, stage is a
buck-converter that keeps the output voltage constant over
variations in line, load, and temperature. The second, or
isolation, stage uses transformers to provide the functions of
input/output isolation and voltage transformation to achieve
the output voltage required.
output over-voltage limit. There is also an output current
limit that is nearly constant as the load impedance decreases
(i.e., there is not fold-back or fold-forward characteristic to
the output current under this condition). When a load fault
is removed, the output voltage rises exponentially to its
nominal value without an overshoot. If a load fault pulls the
output voltage below about 60% of nominal, the converter
will shut down to attempt to clear the load fault. After a
short delay it will try to auto-restart.
In the dual output converter there are two secondary
windings in the transformer of the isolation stage, one for
each output. There is only one regulation stage, however,
and it is used to control the positive output. The negative
output therefore displays “Cross-Regulation”, meaning that
its output voltage depends on how much current is drawn
from each output.
The MQHL converter’s control circuit does not implement an
over-temperature shutdown.
The following sections describe the use and operation of
additional control features provided by the MQHL converter.
CONTROL FEATURES
Both the positive and the negative outputs share a common
OUTPUT RETURN pin.
Both the regulation and the isolation stages switch at a fixed
frequency for predictable EMI performance. The isolation
stage switches at one half the frequency of the regulation
stage, but due to the push-pull nature of this stage it creates
a ripple at double its switching frequency. As a result, both
the input and the output of the converter have a fundamental
ripple frequency of about 550 kHz in the free-running mode.
Rectification of the isolation stage’s output is accomplished
with synchronous rectifiers. These devices, which are
MOSFETs with a very low resistance, dissipate far less energy
than would Schottky diodes. This is the primary reason why
the MQHL converters have such high efficiency, particularly at
low output voltages.
Besides improving efficiency, the synchronous rectifiers
permit operation down to zero load current. There is no
longer a need for a minimum load, as is typical for converters
that use diodes for rectification. The synchronous rectifiers
actually permit a negative load current to flow back into the
converter’s output terminals if the load is a source of short
or long term energy. The MQHL converters employ a “backdrive current limit” to keep this negative output terminal
current small.
There is a control circuit in the MQHL converter that determines
the conduction state of the power switches. It communicates
across the isolation barrier through a magnetically coupled
device. No opto-isolators are used.
An input under-voltage shutdown feature with hysteresis is
provided, as well as an input over-voltage shutdown and an
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
5V
82.5K
PIN4
PIN2
ENA1
10K
TO ENABLE
CIRCUITRY
IN RTN
Figure A: Circuit diagram shown for reference only, actual circuit
components may differ from values shown for equivalent circuit.
ENABLE: The MQHL converter has one enable pin, ENA1
(pin 4), which is referenced with respect to the converter’s
input return (pin 2). It must have a logic high level for the
converter to be enabled; a logic low inhibits the converter.
The enable pin is internally pulled high so that an open
connection will enable the converter. Figure A shows the
equivalent circuit looking into the enable pin. It is TTL
compatible and has hysteresis.
SHUT DOWN: The MQHL converter will shut down in
response to only five conditions: ENA input low, VIN input
below under-voltage shutdown threshold, VIN input above
over-voltage shutdown threshold, output voltage below the
output under-voltage threshold, and output voltage above
the output over-voltage threshold. Following any shutdown
event, there is a startup inhibit delay which will prevent the
converter from restarting for approximately 100ms. After
the 100ms delay elapses, if the enable inputs are high and
the input voltage is within the operating range, the converter
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 5
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Application Section
will restart. If the VIN input is brought down to nearly 0V
and back into the operating range, there is no startup inhibit,
and the output voltage will rise according to the “Turn-On
Delay, Rising Vin” specification.
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
SYNCHRONIZATION: The MQHL converter’s switching
frequency can be synchronized to an external frequency
source that is in the 500 kHz to 700 kHz range. A pulse
train at the desired frequency should be applied to the SYNC
IN pin (pin 6) with respect to the INPUT RETURN (pin 2).
This pulse train should have a duty cycle in the 20% to 80%
range. Its low value should be below 0.8V to be guaranteed
to be interpreted as a logic low, and its high value should
be above 2.0V to be guaranteed to be interpreted as a logic
high. The transition time between the two states should be
less than 300ns.
OUTPUT VOLTAGE TRIM: If desired, it is possible to
increase or decrease the MQHL dual converter’s output
voltage from its nominal value. To increase the output voltage
a resistor, Rtrim up, should be connected between TRIM pin
(pin 10) and the OUTPUT RETURN pin (pin 8), as shown in
Figure D. The value of this resistor should be determined
according to the following equation of from Figure E:
If the MQHL converter is not to be synchronized, the SYNC
IN pin should be left open circuit. The converter will
then operate in its free-running mode at a frequency of
approximately 550 kHz.
If, due to a fault, the SYNC IN pin is held in either a logic low
or logic high state continuously, or the SYNC IN frequency
is outside the 500-700 kHz range, the MQHL converter will
revert to its free-running frequency.
The MQHL converter also has a SYNC OUT pin (pin 5). This
output can be used to drive the SYNC IN pins of as many as
ten (10) other MQHL converters. The pulse train coming out
of SYNC OUT has a duty cycle of 50% and a frequency that
matches the switching frequency of the converter with which
it is associated. This frequency is either the free-running
frequency if there is no valid synchronization signal at the
SYNC IN pin, or the synchronization frequency if there is.
The synchronization feature is entirely compatible with that
of SynQor’s MQFL family of converters.
Figure B shows the equivalent circuit looking into the SYNC
IN pin and Figure C shows the equivalent circuit looking into
the SYNC OUT pin.
Rtrim up(Ω) = 6000Ω*Vnom
Vout - Vnom - 30000Ω
where:
Vnom = the converter’s nominal output voltage,
Vout = the desired output voltage (greater than
Vnom), and
Rtrim up is in Ohms.
As the output voltage is trimmed up, it produces a greater
voltage stress on the converter’s internal components
and may cause the converter to fail to deliver the
desired output voltage at the low end of the input
voltage range at the higher end of the load current and
temperature range. Please consult the factory for details.
To trim the output voltage below its nominal value, connect
an external resistor between the TRIM pin and the POSITIVE
OUTPUT pin (pin 7), as shown in Figure D. The value of
this trim down resistor should be chosen according to the
following equation or from Figure E:
Rtrim down(Ω) = 15100Ω*Vout - 6000Ω*Vnom
- 30000Ω
Vnom - Vout
where:
Vnom = the converter’s nominal output voltage,
Vout = the desired output voltage (less than Vnom),
and
Rtrim down is in Ohms.
Factory trimmed converters are available by request.
5V
5V
5K
PIN 6
PIN 2
SYNC IN
5K
5K
TO SYNC
CIRCUITRY
SYNC OUT
FROM SYNC
CIRCUITRY
IN RTN
IN RTN
OPEN COLLECTOR
OUTPUT
Figure B: Equivalent circuit looking into the SYNC IN pin with
respect to the IN RTN (input return) pin.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
PIN 5
PIN 2
Figure C: Equivalent circuit looking into SYNC OUT pin with
respect to the IN RTN (input return) pin.
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 6
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Application Section
External Trim Resistance (kOhms)
10000
Trim Up
Trim Down
1000
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
INPUT UNDER-VOLTAGE SHUTDOWN: The MQHL
converter has an under-voltage shutdown feature that
ensures the converter will be off if the input voltage is too
low. The input voltage turn-on threshold is higher than
the turn-off threshold. In addition, the MQHL converter will
not respond to a state of the input voltage unless it has
remained in that state for more than about 200µs. This
hysteresis and the delay ensure proper operation when the
source impedance is high or in a noisy environment.
INPUT OVER-VOLTAGE SHUTDOWN: The MQHL
converter also has an over-voltage feature that ensures the
converter will be off if the input voltage is too high. It also
has a hysteresis and time delay to ensure proper operation.
OUTPUT OVER-VOLTAGE SHUTDOWN: The MQHL
converter will shut down if the voltage at its power output
pins ever exceeds about 130% of the nominal value. The
shutdown threshold does not change with output trim or
sense drops; excessive trim-up or output wiring drops may
cause an output over-voltage shutdown event. After a
startup inhibit delay, the converter will attempt to restart.
OUTPUT UNDER-VOLTAGE SHUTDOWN: The MQHL
converter will also shut down if the voltage at its power
output pins ever dips below 60% of the nominal value for
more than a few milliseconds. Output voltage reduction
due to output current overload (current limit) is the most
common trigger for this shutdown. The shutdown threshold
does not change with output trim but at only 10%, trimdown should not trigger this event. After a startup inhibit
delay, the converter will attempt to restart. This shutdown
is disabled during startup.
28 Vdc
+
open
means
on
1
+VIN
2
IN RTN
3
CASE
4
ENA 1
5
SYNC OUT
6
SYNC IN
100
10
-10%
-8%
-6%
-4%
-2%
0%
2%
4%
6%
8%
10%
Output Voltage Adjustment
Figure E: Trim up and Trim down as a function of external trim resistance.
BACK-DRIVE CURRENT LIMIT: Converters that use
MOSFETs as synchronous rectifiers are capable of drawing
a negative current from the load if the load is a source of
short- or long-term energy. This negative current is referred
to as a “back-drive current”.
Conditions where back-drive current might occur include
paralleled converters that do not employ current sharing.
It can also occur when converters having different output
voltages are connected together through either explicit or
parasitic diodes that, while normally off, become conductive
during startup or shutdown. Finally, some loads, such as
motors, can return energy to their power rail. Even a load
capacitor is a source of back-drive energy for some period of
time during a shutdown transient.
N/C 12
N/C 11
MQHL
TRIM 10
-VOUT 9
OUT RTN 8
+VOUT 7
+
Rtrim up / Rtrim sense
Load
Rtrim down
+
Load
Figure D: Typical connection for output voltage trimming.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 7
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Application Section
When the converter is mounted on a metal plate, the plate
will help to make the converter’s case bottom a uniform
temperature. How well it does so depends on the thickness
of the plate and on the thermal conductance of the interface
layer (e.g. thermal grease, thermal pad, etc.) between
the case and the plate. Unless this is done very well, it
is important not to mistake the plate’s temperature for the
maximum case temperature. It is easy for them to be as much
as 5-10ºC different at full power and at high temperatures.
It is suggested that a thermocouple be attached directly to
the converter’s case through a small hole in the plate when
investigating how hot the converter is getting. Care must
also be made to ensure that there is not a large thermal
resistance between the thermocouple and the case due to
whatever adhesive might be used to hold the thermocouple
in place.
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
To avoid any problems that might arise due to back-drive
current, the MQHL converters limit the negative current
that the converter can draw from its output terminals. The
threshold for this back-drive current limit is placed sufficiently
below zero so that the converter may operate properly
down to zero load, but its absolute value (see the Electrical
Characteristics page) is small compared to the converter’s
rated output current.
CURRENT LIMIT: In the event of excess load, the MQHL
converter will quickly reduce its output voltage to keep
the load current within safe limits (see Figure 12). If the
overload persists for more than 14 milliseconds, the converter
will shut off, wait a restart delay, and then automatically
attempt to re-start. The timeout is internally implemented
with an integrator: counting up whenever current limit is
active, and counting down at 1/5th the rate whenever current
limit becomes inactive. In this way a series of short-duration
overloads will not cause the converter to shut down, while it
will shut down in response to sustained overloads.
THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS: Figure 11 shows the
suggested Power Derating Curves for this converter as
a function of the case temperature and the maximum
desired power MOSFET junction temperature. All other
components within the converter are cooler than its hottest
MOSFET, which at full power is no more than 20ºC higher
than the case temperature directly below this MOSFET.
INPUT SYSTEM INSTABILITY: This condition can occur
because any dc-dc converter appears incrementally as a
negative resistance load. A detailed application note titled
“Input System Instability” is available on the SynQor website
which provides an understanding of why this instability
arises, and shows the preferred solution for correcting it.
The Mil-HDBK-1547A component derating guideline calls for
a maximum component temperature of 105ºC. Figure 11
therefore has one power derating curve that ensures this limit
is maintained. It has been SynQor’s extensive experience that
reliable long-term converter operation can be achieved with
a maximum component temperature of 125ºC. In extreme
cases, a maximum temperature of 145ºC is permissible, but not
recommended for long-term operation where high reliability is
required. Derating curves for these higher temperature limits
are also included in Figure 11. The maximum case temperature
at which the converter should be operated is 135ºC.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 8
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Stress Screening
CONSTRUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS SCREENING OPTIONS
Consistent with
MIL-STD-883F
(
ES-Grade
specified from
0 ºC to +70 ºC
) (
specified from
-45 ºC to +100 ºC
HB-Grade
) (
specified from
-55 ºC to +125 ºC
)
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
Screening
C-Grade
Element Evaluation
Internal Visual
*
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Temperature Cycle
Method 1010
No
Condition B
(-55 ºC to +125 ºC)
Condition C
(-65 ºC to +150 ºC)
Constant Acceleration
Method 2001
(Y1 Direction)
No
500g
Condition A
(5000g)
Burn-in
Method 1015
24 Hrs @ +125 ºC
96 Hrs @ +125 ºC
160 Hrs @ +125 ºC
+25 ºC
-45, +25, +100 ºC
-55, +25, +125 ºC
Full QorSeal
Full QorSeal
Full QorSeal
*
Yes
Yes
QorSeal
QorSeal
QorSeal
Final Electrical Test
Method 5005 (Group A)
Mechanical Seal,
Thermal, and
Coating Process
External Visual
2009
Construction Process
* Per IPC-A-610 Class 3
MilQor converters and filters are offered in three variations of environmental stress screening options. All MilQor converters use SynQor’s proprietary
QorSeal™ Hi-Rel assembly process that includes a Parylene-C coating of the circuit, a high performance thermal compound filler, and a nickel barrier
gold plated aluminum case. Each successively higher grade has more stringent mechanical and electrical testing, as well as a longer burn-in cycle. The ESand HB-Grades are also constructed of components that have been procured through an element evaluation process that pre-qualifies each new batch of
devices.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 9
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
Mechanical Diagrams
MQHL-28E-05D-U-ES
PIN DESIGNATIONS
DC-DC ConvErtEr
16-70vin ±5vout @ 10A
Pin # Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Case U
Positive input
Input return
Case
Enable 1
Sync output
Sync input
Positive output
Output return
Negative output
Trim
No connection
No connection
NOTES
1)
Case: Aluminum with gold over
nickel plate finish for the C,
ES, and HB Grade products.
2)
Pins:
3)
Diameter: 0.040’’ (1.02mm)
Material: Copper
Finish: Copper alloy with Gold
over Nickel plating, followed
by Sn/Pb solder dip
All dimensions in inches (mm)
4)
Tolerances:
5)
Weight: 1.6 oz (45.4 g) typical
6)
Workmanship: Meets or exceeds
IPC-A-610 Class III
7)
Pin 1 identification hole, not intended
for mounting
8)
Baseplate flatness tolerance is 0.004”
(.10mm) TIR for surface
MQHL-28E-05D-W-ES
DC-DC ConvErtEr
16-70vin ±5vout @ 10A
Case W
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
a) x.xx +/-0.02 in.
(x.x +/-0.5mm)
b) x.xxx +/-0.010 in.
(x.xx +/-0.25mm)
08/20/13
Page 10
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
Mechanical Diagrams
MQHL-28E-05D-X-ES
PIN DESIGNATIONS
DC-DC ConvErtEr
16-70vin ±5vout @ 10A
Pin # Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Case X
Positive input
Input return
Case
Enable 1
Sync output
Sync input
Positive output
Output return
Negative output
Trim
No connection
No connection
NOTES
1)
Case: Aluminum with gold over
nickel plate finish for the C,
ES, and HB Grade products.
2)
Pins:
MQHL-28E-05D-Y-ES
DC-DC ConvErtEr
16-70vin ±5vout @ 10A
3)
4)
5)
Weight: 1.6 oz (45.4 g) typical
6)
Workmanship: Meets or exceeds
IPC-A-610 Class III
Pin 1 identification hole, not intended
for mounting
Baseplate flatness tolerance is 0.004”
(.10mm) TIR for surface
7)
Case Y
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Diameter: 0.040’’ (1.02mm)
Material: Copper
Finish: Copper alloy with Gold
over Nickel plating, followed
by Sn/Pb solder dip
All dimensions in inches (mm)
Tolerances: a) x.xx +/-0.02 in.
(x.x +/-0.5mm)
b) x.xxx +/-0.010 in.
(x.xx +/-0.25mm)
8)
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 11
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
Mechanical Diagrams
PIN DESIGNATIONS
MQHL-28E-05D-Z-ES
DC-DC ConvErtEr
16-70vin ±5vout @ 10A
Pin # Function
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Case Z
Positive input
Input return
Case
Enable 1
Sync output
Sync input
Positive output
Output return
Negative output
Trim
No connection
No connection
NOTES
1)
Case: Aluminum with gold over
nickel plate finish for the C,
ES, and HB Grade products.
2)
Pins:
3)
4)
5)
Weight: 1.6 oz (45.4 g) typical
6)
Workmanship: Meets or exceeds
IPC-A-610 Class III
Pin 1 identification hole, not intended
for mounting
Baseplate flatness tolerance is 0.004”
(.10mm) TIR for surface
7)
8)
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Diameter: 0.040’’ (1.02mm)
Material: Copper
Finish: Copper alloy with Gold
over Nickel plating, followed
by Sn/Pb solder dip
All dimensions in inches (mm)
Tolerances: a) x.xx +/-0.02 in.
(x.x +/-0.5mm)
b) x.xxx +/-0.010 in.
(x.xx +/-0.25mm)
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 12
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Ordering Information
MilQor Converter FAMILY MATRIX
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
The tables below show the array of MilQor converters available. When ordering SynQor converters, please ensure that
you use the complete part number according to the table in the last page. Contact the factory for other requirements.
Single Output
Full Size
MQFL-28
16-40Vin Cont.
16-50Vin 1s Trans.*
Dual Output †
1.5V
(1R5S)
1.8V
(1R8S)
2.5V
(2R5S)
3.3V
(3R3S)
5V
(05S)
6V
(06S)
7.5V
(7R5S)
9V
(09S)
12V
(12S)
15V
(15S)
28V
(28S)
5V
(05D)
12V
(12D)
15V
(15D)
40A
40A
40A
30A
24A
20A
16A
13A
10A
8A
4A
24A
Total
10A
Total
8A
Total
40A
40A
40A
30A
24A
20A
16A
13A
10A
8A
4A
24A
Total
10A
Total
8A
Total
40A
40A
40A
30A
20A
17A
13A
11A
8A
6.5A
3.3A
40A
40A
40A
30A
20A
17A
13A
11A
8A
6.5A
3.3A
40A
40A
40A
30A
24A
20A
16A
13A
10A
8A
4A
24A
Total
10A
Total
8A
Total
40A
40A
30A
22A
15A
12A
10A
8A
6A
5A
2.7A
15A
Total
6A
Total
5A
Total
Absolute Max Vin = 60V
MQFL-28E
16-70Vin Cont.
16-80Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin =100V
MQFL-28V
16-40Vin Cont.
5.5-50Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin = 60V
MQFL-28VE
16-70Vin Cont.
5.5-80Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin = 100V
MQFL-270
155-400Vin Cont.
155-475Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin = 550V
MQFL-270L
65-350Vin Cont.
65-475Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin = 550V
Single Output
Half Size
MQHL-28
16-40Vin Cont.
16-50Vin 1s Trans.*
Dual Output †
1.5V
(1R5S)
1.8V
(1R8S)
2.5V
(2R5S)
3.3V
(3R3S)
5V
(05S)
6V
(06S)
7.5V
(7R5S)
9V
(09S)
12V
(12S)
15V
(15S)
28V
(28S)
5V
(05D)
12V
(12D)
15V
(15D)
20A
20A
20A
15A
10A
8A
6.6A
5.5A
4A
3.3A
1.8A
10A
Total
4A
Total
3.3A
Total
20A
20A
20A
15A
10A
8A
6.6A
5.5A
4A
3.3A
1.8A
10A
Total
4A
Total
3.3A
Total
10A
10A
10A
7.5A
5A
4A
3.3A
2.75A
2A
1.65A
0.9A
5A
Total
2A
Total
1.65A
Total
10A
10A
10A
7.5A
5A
4A
3.3A
2.75A
2A
1.65A
0.9A
5A
Total
2A
Total
1.65A
Total
Absolute Max Vin = 60V
MQHL-28E
16-70Vin Cont.
16-80Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin =100V
MQHR-28
16-40Vin Cont.
16-50Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin = 60V
MQHR-28E
16-70Vin Cont.
16-80Vin 1s Trans.*
Absolute Max Vin = 100V
Check with factory for availability.
†80% of total output current available on any one output.
*Converters may be operated at the highest transient input voltage, but some component electrical and thermal stresses would be beyond MILHDBK-1547A guidelines.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
Phone 1-888-567-9596
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 13
MQHL-28E-05D
Output: ±5V
Current: 10A Total
Ordering Information
PART NUMBERING SYSTEM
The part numbering system for SynQor’s MilQor DC-DC converters follows the format shown in the table below.
Not all combinations make valid part numbers, please contact SynQor for availability. See the Product Summary web page for more options.
MQHL-28E-05D-Y-ES
a
pu d
bl va
ic n
at ce
io d
n
Example:
Input
Voltage
Range
Model
Name
28
28E
28V
28VE
MQFL
MQHL
MQHR
270
270L
Output Voltage(s)
Single
Output
Dual
Output
1R5S
1R8S
2R5S
3R3S
05S
06S
7R5S
09S
12S
15S
28S
05D
12D
15D
Package Outline/
Pin Configuration
Screening
Grade
U
X
Y
W
Z
C
ES
HB
APPLICATION NOTES
A variety of application notes and technical white papers can be downloaded in pdf format from the SynQor website.
PATENTS
SynQor holds the following U.S. patents, one or more of which apply to each product listed in this document. Additional patent applications may be
pending or filed in the future.
5,999,417
6,222,742
6,545,890
6,577,109
6,594,159
6,731,520
6,894,468
6,896,526
6,927,987
7,050,309
7,072,190
7,085,146
7,119,524
7,269,034
7,272,021
7,272,023
7,558,083
7,564,702
7,765,687
7,787,261
8,023,290
8,149,597
Contact SynQor for further information and to order:
Warranty
Phone:
Toll Free:
Fax:
E-mail:
Web:
Address:
SynQor offers a two (2) year limited warranty. Complete warranty information is listed on our website or is available upon request from SynQor.
Product# MQHL-28E-05D
978-849-0600
1-888-567-9596
978-849-0602
[email protected]
www.synqor.com
155 Swanson Road
Boxborough, MA 01719
USA
Phone 1-888-567-9596
Information furnished by SynQor is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by SynQor for its use, nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties which may result
from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any
patent or patent rights of SynQor.
www.SynQor.com
Doc.# 005-0005787 Rev. 2
08/20/13
Page 14
Similar pages